THE HUNDRED OF ORLINGBURY
containing the parishes of Brixworth; Broughton; Cransley; Faxton; Hannington; Hardwick; Harrowden, Great; Harrowden, Little; Isham; Lamport; Old alias Wold; Orlingbury; Pytchley; Scaldwell; Walgrave
Map of the Hundred
At the time of the Domesday Survey these parishes were divided between
two hundreds, the eastern portion, containing the parishes of Broughton, Cransley, Hannington, the Harrowdens, Orlingbury with the
hamlet of Withmale, and Pytchley, being the Hundred of 'Ordinbaro'.
The western half, containing Brixworth, Faxton, Lamport with the hamlet of
Hanging Houghton, Old alias Wold,
Scaldwell, and Walgrave, constituted the Hundred of 'Maleslea'. This
latter hundred took its name from,
and doubtless had its meeting-place
at, Mawsley in Faxton, described by
Bridges as 'a hamlet of one or two
cottages and a wood'. (fn. 1) The two
hundreds were united before the
middle of the 13 th century, occurring in 1246 and 1252 as the Hundred of Orlingbury and Malesle, (fn. 2)
but from 1275 (fn. 3) onwards the name
of Mawsley is omitted.
In 1329 it was reported that the ancient farm of the hundred had been
4 marks until John de Aston when he was sheriff raised it to 8 marks 'to the
impoverishment of the people'. (fn. 4) This statement appears to be inaccurate, as
John de Aston was sheriff in 1303, and again in 1316, but in 1252 the value of
the hundred was returned as 8 marks. (fn. 5) Six years earlier it had been 6 marks. (fn. 6)
The hundred was still in the hands of the Crown when Bridges wrote, but
later in the 18th century was acquired by the family of Young who held
Orlingbury Manor. (fn. 7)
|| Hist. of Northants. ii, 96. Thomas de Lodinton had licence to inclose 5 acres in 'Malislewode', within the
metes of the forest of Rockingham, in 1291: Cal. Pat. 1281–92, p. 488.
|| Assize R. 614, m. 41; ibid. 615, m. 5.
|| Rot. Hundr. (Rec. Com.), ii, 12.
|| Assize R. 632, m. 26 d.
|| Ibid. 615, m. 5 d. In 1264 the fixed receipts accounted for by the sheriff were worth £6 6s. 0d.: L.T.R.
Misc. file 5, no. 5.
|| Ibid. 614, m. 41.
|| Court Rolls in the possession of the family: ex inf. Miss Joan Wake.