Wills
39 Edward III (1365-6)

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Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

R. R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1890

Pages

84-91

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'Wills: 39 Edward III (1365-6)', Calendar of wills proved and enrolled in the Court of Husting, London: Part 2: 1358-1688 (1890), pp. 84-91. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=66906 Date accessed: 21 November 2014.


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ANNO 39 EDWARD III.

Monday the Morrow of Feast of Purification of V. Mary [2 Feb.].

Hyngestworth (Nicholas de), "peutrer."—To be buried in his parish church of S. Martin within Ludgate, where he used to sit during service. Bequests to the said church and ministers thereof, to divers orders of friars, the old and new work of S. Paul's, and to the executors of Master Thomas Lonemenstre, late rector of the church of S. Martin aforesaid, for tithes and oblations forgotten. Provision made for chantries therein for the good of his soul, the souls of Margaret his late wife and others. For the repair of the belfry of the parish church of Hyngestworth (fn. 1) he leaves twenty shillings. To Johanna his wife the reversion of a tenement in Fletestrete for life; remainder to William, Thomas, and John junior his sons; remainder, in default of heirs of their bodies, to pious and charitable uses. Also to Walter his son shops in Sholane recently acquired from John Ware, Chamberlain of S. Paul's. To Robert his son a tenement in Brydelane. To Katherine, Agnes, and Agatha his daughters respectively he leaves forty pounds of silver for their marriage. Dated London, Sunday next before the Feast of S. Katherine, Virgin and Martyr [25 Nov.], A.D. 1364.—A codicil containing further bequests to William, Thomas, and John junior his sons, who are to be in the custody of his wife. To John senior his son he leaves all the utensils of his trade after the decease of his wife, and a thousand pounds of pewter (mille stagni) when he takes a house of his own.

Roll 93 (15).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Valentine [14 Feb.].

Cressyngham (John de), senior.—To be buried in the church of S. James de Garlekhith at the entrance of the chancel. Bequests to Sir Thomas the rector for permission to be buried there, and to other ministers, high altar, &c. To John his son and Matilda, wife of the same, he leaves all his tenements and rents in the parishes of S. James de Garlekhith and S. Michael de Bassyngeshawe, together with the reversion of tenements and rents in the parish of S. Faith in Oldedeneslane (fn. 2) after the decease of Matilda his wife. Further bequests of money to John Comberlawe, the Master of the Hospital of S. Giles without Holeborne, to each order of friars mendicant in London, &c. Dated London, Wednesday next after the Feast of Purification of V. Mary [2 Feb.], A.D. 1364. Roll 93 (28).

Monday next after F. of S. John ante portam Latinam [6 May].

Bykenore (Robert), of the parish of Derteford. (fn. 3) —Bequests to S. Edmund's Chapel at Derteford, the high altar of the church at Derteford, its chaplains, &c. To Agnes, daughter of Alice his late wife, he leaves a tenement in the lane of S. Martin Orgar, his growing crops in the manor of Northcraye, (fn. 4) and a pair of swans in the water of Northcraye (unum par signorum qui sunt in stagno de Northcraye). To Robert de Louthe a pair of swans swimming at Portebrugge (fn. 5) (unum par signorum euncium apud Portebrugge); and to Edmund Lambyn and Richard Sone a pair of swans swimming in Stoneham Ree. (fn. 6) To William de Kyrkeby he leaves his big horse called "Bayard" (fn. 7) and three quarters of barley (tria quarteria ordei palmal'). To John Boch six quarters of the same, his new rayed (stragulatam) cloak, and his rayed tunic. To William Hunte two quarters of the same and a cloak of bluet (fn. 8) (de Blueto). To John Cook, William Claydon, and others he also leaves divers measures of the same barley. To Margaret his late wife's servant he leaves a sum of money, a curtepy (curtam robam) of morre (fn. 9) with hood, and a green tunic with hood. Dated at Derteford, 8 April, A.D. 1365. Roll 93 (48).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Dunstan [19 May].

Wirlyngworth (Thomas de), goldsmith.—To be buried in S. Paul's great churchyard before the high cross. Bequests to the said church, the church of S. Matthew in Fridaystrete and the Fraternity of S. Katherine therein; also to Walter de Chalfhunt; John Bulstrode and John Caldecote his apprentices; William Leveryngton, goldsmith; Cristina [his wife?], daughter of John Ippegrave, and to John, Thomas, and William her sons. To the same Cristina he leaves his (sic) entire chamber, all the utensils of his house, and his tenement in Westchepe for life; also the guardianship of her aforesaid sons upon sufficient security. To John Chalfhunt he leaves a life interest in his brewery in Fridaystrete, he paying an annual rent of forty shillings to the church of S. Matthew aforesaid in aid of a chantry. Dated London, 20 March, A.D. 1364.—Also to the aforesaid church of S. Matthew he leaves a piece of land situate near the rectory of the same. To each order of friars in London six shillings for pious uses, &c.

Roll 93 (53).

Abyndon (Nicholas de).—To be buried in the church of the hermit friars of the Order of S. Augustine, London. Bequests to each of the four orders of friars in London; to Sir William the rector of the church of S. Andrew upon Cornhull, and for the maintenance of chantries in the said church; to various hospitals; to lepers at la lokes and at Hakeneye; the convents of Stratford and S. Elena, London. Bequests also of money and chattels to William the bailiff of the manor of Eselyngham, co. Kent; to each of his six servants; to Mary his daughter, wife of John Bradmedwe, and to Margery their daughter, and others. To Walter Parker he leaves twenty pounds, his best girdle, and a knife with a haft made after a certain fashion (ad modum unius barcar'), and silver mounted, so that he be one of his executors. To Johanna his wife, by way of dower, and before anything else that may be due to her at his death, he leaves all his stock and crops at the aforesaid manor of Eselyngham, her entire chamber, and all beds and household utensils; also his tenement in Lymstret, London, for one year after his decease; remainder to Mary his daughter and Margaret her daughter aforesaid for their lives; remainder to pious uses. Should his wife claim or receive any portion of the above tenement as her free-bench or dower according to the use and custom of the City of London, she is then to lose the whole of the goods and chattels bequeathed to her above. Dated London, 10 September, A.D. 1361. Roll 93 (56).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Barnabas [11 June].

Everard (Johanna, daughter of William, late goldsmith).—To be buried in the church of S. Dunstan near Fancherch. Bequests to ministers in S. Paul's, to John Ive, rector of the church of S. Michael in Wodestrete, the rectors of S. Dionisius, S. Peter in Bradstrete, S. Margaret in Fridaystrete, and S. Alphege. To Alice Necleswelle forty shillings, and all her cloths and kerchiefs (flammiola), except a cloak, which she leaves to Margaret Prentis. To Johanna Kent a red Wytel (fn. 10) and a white Witel. Certain rents in Hosihereslane, (fn. 11) parish of S. Mary le Bow, to be sold for pious uses. Dated in the parish of S. Michael in Wodestrete, the Feast of S. Dunstan [19 May], A.D. 1365. Roll 93 (61).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Botolph, Abbot [17 June].

Thame (James de), senior.—To be buried in the church of S. Margaret Moysi in Fridaystrete. Bequests to the said church and ministers therein; also for maintenance of a chantry for the good of his soul, the souls of Alice his [late] wife and others; also to the new and old work of S. Paul's. Alice his wife to retain all the goods formerly belonging to John de Essex her former husband, a shop in the Goldsmithery of London for life, and the remaining term of William Peutrer his apprentice. To John his son certain rents in the parish of All Hallows in Bredstrete, tenements in Martelane and the Goldsmithery, and rents in Old Change; and to James his son a tavern called "le Flourdelys" in Westchepe, a shop formerly belonging to William de Causton near the tavern called "le Cardinalshat," and his leasehold interest in a tenement in Goderonelane, in tail; remainder to pious uses for the good of his soul, the souls of Alice his late wife and others. Dated London, 6 February, A.D. 1364. Roll 93 (65).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Margaret, Virgin [20 July].

Danyel (William), brewer.—To be buried in the churchyard of S. Katherine Trinity. Bequests to the said church and ministers thereof, to divers religious orders for trentals, to anchorites of London, the work of S. Paul's, &c. A certain tenement to be sold, and the proceeds given to the chaplains in the church of S. Katherine aforesaid for masses for the good of his soul, the souls of Peter his father, his mother, Roesia his wife, and others. A certain other tenement and shops in the parish of S. Botolph without Alegate to be sold for pious uses. To John Chaundeller release of a quitrent. Dated London, Wednesday in Easter week [13 April], A.D. 1365.

Roll 93 (71).

Monday next after the Feast of S. James, Apostle [25 July].

Pycard (fn. 12) (Henry), vintner.—To John called "Pycard senior" and John called "Pycard junior" certain tenements which he jointly acquired with William Doget; remainder, in default of heirs of their bodies, in trust for sale for pious uses. Dated London, 3 July, A.D. 1361. Roll 93 (83).

Dyk (William de), draper.—To be buried in the churchyard of S. Nicholas Coldabbie. Bequests to the said church and ministers thereof. To Dionisia his wife his tenement in Distaflane in the parish of S. Nicholas aforesaid, in trust for sale to pay his debts; also all his cloth and goods and chattels. Dated at his mansion house, 7 April, A.D. 1361. Roll 93 (90).

Monday next after the Feast of All Saints [1 Nov.].

Clerk (John le), "ropere."—To be buried in the chancel of the church of H. Trinity the Less. Bequests to the said church, and provision made for chantry therein, funeral obsequies, keeping obit, &c.; also to divers orders of friars in London and the old work of S. Paul's. To Rosa his wife and Johanna his daughter he leaves sums of money, silver and mazer cups, spoons, &c. Also to his wife his tenement in the parish of H. Trinity aforesaid for life in trust for sale, one fourth of the proceeds being devoted to pious uses. To John his brother twenty shillings, his best gown, and a surcoat for summer (? pro estate) with hood. To Elizabeth, Christiana, and Agnes his sisters twenty shillings respectively. To Cristiana, daughter of Johanna his first wife, he leaves the sum of ten pounds which is due to her, to be paid as soon as she find an honest husband. Also to Rosa his wife he leaves a tenement near Quenhethe. Bequests to his executors. Dated Sunday next after the Feast of S. Bartholomew [24 Aug.], A.D. 1357. Roll 93 (114).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Edmund, Archbishop [16 Nov.].

Wetherisfeld (John), "juweler."—To be buried in the churchyard of S. Dionisius, London. Bequests to the church of the said Dionisius and ministers thereof. To the Carmelite Friars of London two trentals (fn. 13) (sic), and to the Preaching Friars, Friars Minors, and Augustinian Friars respectively one trental. To the Fraternity of S. Mary de Bedlem without Bisshopesgate, of which he was a brother, six shillings and eightpence. To Matilda his wife his tenement in the lane of S. Margaret atte Patyn in the parish of S. Dionisius for life; remainder to Nicholas his son in tail; remainder to pious uses in the said parish church. Dated at his mansion, 3 February, A.D. 1364. Roll 93 (126).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Hilary [13 Jan.].

Walsted (Richard de).—To be buried at the north gate of the church of S. Christopher. Bequests to the said church, the ministers and fraternity therein, the church of S. Botolph without Byssopesgate and ministers therein, the houses for lepers in the City of London, the Abbey of H. Trinity near "Towrhille," the anchoresses of London, &c. To Isabella his niece, Thomas Walsted, Agnes his niece, William de Southsex, and others he leaves money and chattels, including a silver Bolle and a standing Nutte. To Isabella his wife for life his tenement in the parish of S. Botolph aforesaid; remainder to pious uses. Further provision made for chantries for the good of his soul, the souls of Isabella his wife, John his father, Matilda his mother, and others. To the fabric of S. Mary de Bedleem he leaves forty shillings, to be paid when the building is commenced. Among other beneficiaries are Geoffrey Ayling, William de Salflet his chaplain, Sir Henry Payabul, Thomas Redheved, and William Murle, to which last he leaves a long cloak with a piece of faldyng (fn. 14) (cum uno faldyng). Dated London, V. Kal. August [28 July], A.D. 1365.

Roll 93 (149).

Cantebrugg (Ralph de), merchant.—To be buried in the church of S. Christopher, London, alongside Margery his late wife. Bequest of an annual quitrent in aid of a chantry in the said church, as by deed (fn. 15) he is bound, and to the rector of the same for the time being, so that the said rector and successors say a Placebo and Dirige on the eve of his obit, and seven masses on the day of his obit, in the said church for the good of his soul, the souls of Margery and Ermina his late wives, Sibil his present wife, William his father, and others. Instructions as to presentation to the above chantry. To Sibil his wife he leaves his capital tenement and shops in Bradestrete for life, subject to certain charges for the above chantry, &c., and reserving to Robert de Erith and Juliana, wife of the same, a certain long chamber, with chymeney, privy, and garret above the said chamber, which served as a hayloft, together with an easement of stabling for two horses. After the decease of his said wife the whole of the aforesaid tenements are to remain to the said Robert and Alice in tail, subject to the same charges; remainder to Henry his son, to whom he also leaves other property. To William Daubeneye in tail a shop near Cornhull, but a certain Pentys contiguous to it is to be entirely removed after the decease of John Duston; remainder to the aforesaid Robert and Juliana. Dated London, Palm Sunday [6 April], A.D. 1365.

Roll 93 (150).


In a goune of falding to the kne.

He further describes Nicholas, the Oxford Clerk, as having his books and appliances of science On shelues all couched at his bed's hed, His presse icoured with a faldyng red.

Footnotes

1 1 Hinxworth, co. Herts.
2 2 Old Dean's Lane, afterwards known as Warwick Lane, near S. Nicholas Shambles.
3 1 Dartford, co. Kent.
4 2 Near Dartford.
5 3 A manor near Dartford, given by Edward III. to the Priory of Dartford.
6 4 Stanham or Stoneham, a hamlet situate a little more than half a mile north-west of Dartford. The "Ree" ([Greek: reo], ruo, rio) probably refers to the little stream called the Cranford. The neighbourhood of Dartford was much given up to swan culture, as witness the names "Swanley" and "Swanscombe." King Henry VI. granted to the eldest son of Sir John Stewart, Knt., and of Matilda his wife, who at the time resided in their mansion house at Dartford, permission to make use of his swan-mark, viz., a little ragged staff, no one being allowed to use a swan-mark without licence from the king and unless possessed of a certain amount of freehold property (see Hasted's 'History of Kent,' i. 225).
7 5 Properly a bay horse, but also a horse in general.
8 6 A blue cloth.
9 7 Murrey, a dark red colour.
10 1 A wytel, variously spelt whitel, wyltel, &c. (A.-S. [see printed volume, p.88]), more properly signified a white coarse cloth, and was in common use down to the fourteenth century as meaning a blanket. Cf. the following proverb quoted in 'Liber Horn' of the City Records (fol. 159): "Who so strekit his fot forthere [th]an [th]pe whitel wille reche he schal streken in [th]e straw."
11 2 Afterwards known as Bow Lane.
12 1 There was a Henry Pycard, vintner, who was Mayor in 1356-7, and of whom Stow records that in 1363 he "did in one day sumptuously feast Edward III., King of England, John, King of France, David, King of Scots, the King of Cyprus, then all in England, Edward, Prince of Wales, with many other noblemen, and after kept his hall for all comers that were willing to play at dice and hazard" ('Survey,' Thoms's edition, p. 41).
13 1 Meaning a sum of money for procuring two trentals of masses to be said by each order of friars for the good of his soul.
14 1 A kind of frieze or rough napped cloth, of which coarse wrappers or mantles were usually made (A.-S. feald, plica). Later on we shall come across a bequest of collobium meum de Faldyng—Hust. Roll 114 (76). Chaucer describes the West-country Shipman as clad
15 2 The deed is enrolled in the Husting on Monday next after the Feast of S. Nicholas, Bishop [6 Dec.], 10 Edward III. [A.D. 1336], Roll 63 (262). It purports to be a grant to the testator (who is there described as a fripperer) by the executor of Walter Waldeshef of lands, houses, &c., formerly belonging to the said Walter in the parish of S. Christopher, subject to certain charges towards the maintenance of a chantry in the said parish church for the good of the souls of the said Walter and others.