Wills
42 Edward III (1368-9)

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Centre for Metropolitan History

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Author

R. R. Sharpe (editor)

Year published

1890

Pages

105-123

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'Wills: 42 Edward III (1368-9)', Calendar of wills proved and enrolled in the Court of Husting, London: Part 2: 1358-1688 (1890), pp. 105-123. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=66909 Date accessed: 25 July 2014.


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ANNO 42 EDWARD III.

Monday next after F. of Annunciation of V. Mary [25 March].

Stute (William), fishmonger.—To be buried in the church of S. Peter the Less. (fn. 1) To Sir Walter de Aldebury, Canon of S. Paul's, John Tryg, fishmonger, and Sir Robert, rector of the said church of S. Peter, he leaves all his lands and tenements in the parish of S. Peter aforesaid, together with the reversion of other lands and tenements acquired from John Spenser de Cocham, to hold the same in fee. To Juliana his wife he leaves all his goods and chattels. Dated London, Thursday, viz., 13 May, A.D. 1361.

Roll 96 (39).

Monday next after the Feast of H. Trinity [4 June].

Helys (Richard, son of John).—To be buried in the church of S. Dunstan in Fletestrete near his father and mother. Bequests to the said church and the church of S. Olave in Old Jewry and ministers therein. To William Gisborgh a pot, a pan, with basin and ewer, and four silver spoons. To his lord and master John Deynes ten pounds, and to Ralph Prote twenty pounds. Certain rents in the parish (sic) of S. Dunstan and S. Brigid in Fletstret to be sold for the maintenance of secular priests to celebrate for the good of his soul, &c. Dated Friday, viz., 26 May, A.D. 1368.

Roll 96 (75).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Margaret, Virgin [20 July].

Peyntour (Hugh).—Bearing in mind the words to Hezekiah, "Set thine house in order, for thou shalt die and not live," (fn. 2) he makes his will in manner following:—To be buried in the churchyard of S. Giles without Cripulgate near his child. To Agnes his wife he leaves his mansion house, together with all vessels of silver and brass, beds, and utensils belonging to his hall, chamber, and kitchen. All his implements and colours belonging to his art to be sold for pious and charitable uses. Bequests to the church of S. Giles aforesaid, its belfry, high altar, &c., also to the light of the painters (lumini pictorum) in S. Mary's Chapel, and various ministers therein; the several lights of H. Trinity and S. Mary, the light called "Salve," and the light of the Fraternity of S. George in the same church; the inmates of divers hospitals and prisons; the women of the house of S. Katherine; the several anochoresses of S. Giles, S. Benedict, and S. Mary de Manny; the hermit of S. Laurence Jewry, the hermit in the meadows beyond the Thames, the hermit near Charryngecrouche, and the hermit near Bisshopisgate. Provision made for the maintenance of masses and tapers, for funeral and observance of obit. Bequest of twenty shillings to any one undertaking a pilgrimage with naked feet to the church of S. Thomas of Canterbury and there offering at the high altar on his behalf one penny, at the tomb of S. Thomas one penny, at the head of S. Thomas one penny, at [the shrine of] S. Mary "under the vout" one penny, and at the shrines of S. Augustine and S. Stephen respectively one penny; and also to any making a pilgrimage on his behalf with naked feet to S. Mary de Walsingham and there making certain offerings he leaves forty shillings. To Agnes his wife for her maintenance and the maintenance of his children he leaves a table of six pieces of Lumbardy (unam tabulam de vi. peces de Lumbardy) which cost him originally twenty pounds, irrespective of work subsequently done to it and irrespective of a casse and other things belonging to it. To Isabella de Norton and Leticia de Weston of St. Albans he leaves sums of money. Directions to sell his three girdles harnessed with silver and a processional cross of silver gilt, together with its staff. Dated London, Monday next after the Feast of S. Barnabas [11 June], A.D. 1361. Roll 96 (100).

Morice (Thomas), pleader. (fn. 3) —To be buried in the church of S. Dunstan of Stebenheth. (fn. 4) Bequests to the new chapel atte Nordore of the church of S. Paul and the shrine of S. Erkenwald. Provision made for a chantry in Guildhall Chapel (in capella de Gealda London). Further bequests to the churches of S. Paul, S. Thomas de Acon near the Conduit, H. Trinity near Algate, and the church of the Carmelite Friars in Flettestret; to the rectors and vicars of the churches of London for their pittance; to various monasteries and convents in London and its neighbourhood for masses; to the inmates of divers hospitals; to the poor and those unable to work of the parishes of Stebenheth, Brambele, (fn. 5) Stratford, and Hakene; to his servants, and others. To Katherine his sister he leaves two marks and a piece of silver with roses and enamel at the bottom; to Cecilia her daughter and Nicholas her son sums of money. To Thomas his son called "Cobham" he leaves his leasehold interest in the manor of Rondal, with stock, &c. To Matilda his daughter three dorsers (dorsalia), three pieces of silver to match one another, a small ewer (aquatorium) of silver, and other goods. Bequests also to the abbeys of Waltham Holy Cross, of Stretford, of St. Albans, and of Westminster; as also to the respective priors of H. Trinity, London, the new hospital of S. Mary without Bisshopesgate, S. Bartholomew de Smethfeld, and of Elsingspitle, for the maintenance of chantries. All his rents and tenements within the City, its suburbs and liberties, to be sold by his executors, and the proceeds to be divided into three parts, whereof one part he leaves to Cecilia his wife by way of dower, and the residue to be devoted to the fulfilment of his will as expressed in his testament. To the Lord Bishop of London he leaves a cup of silver gilt with ewer to match, and a gold ring with sapphire, that he may assist in executing his will. All his grain and fruit on his lands in the parishes of Worwoteham (fn. 6) and Trottesglive (fn. 7) to be sold in aid of the fulfilment of his testament. Also to his aforesaid wife he leaves a moiety of his grain on lands in the parishes of Stebeneth and Hakenee, together with everything belonging to his hall, as dorsers, bankers, quissins, tables, &c., and divers household chattels, comprising a silver spice-dish and cups, and vessels belonging to the kitchen. To Thomas de Cobham his son he leaves all his armour. His black girdle with silver buckles he bequeaths to the crucifix at the Nordore of S. Paul's Church, and another of yolw (fn. 8) with silver buckles to the image of S. Mary in the new work of the aforesaid church; and another girdle of blew he leaves to the shrine of S. Erkenwald. Also to the aforesaid image of S. Mary he leaves five gold rings which remained when he paid gold in the King's Court, (fn. 9) and which he then promised, but never delivered. Dated Friday next after the Feast of H. Trinity [4 June], A.D. 1368. Roll 96 (101).

Hiltoft (John), goldsmith.—To be buried in the churchyard of S. Paul's called "le Pardoncherchehawe." Bequests to the said church, the church of S. Mary le Bow and ministers therein, for pious uses for the health of his soul, the souls of Alice his former wife and others; also to the priors and convents of H. Trinity within Algate, S. Mary de Overee in Suthwerk, S. Bartholomew de Smethefeld, &c., for similar uses. Provision also made for chantries in the churches of S. Matthew in Fridaystrete, S. Vedast, and S. Peter de Wodestrete, and his executors bound to provide for the celebration of a thousand masses immediately after his decease. To the Abbot and Convent of Lesnes, co. Kent, he leaves a hundred pounds in relief of the house and for pious uses for his soul. Among the names of individual beneficiaries appear those of Margaret, wife of William Tyngewyk, goldsmith, and their three children; Petronilla, wife of Henry de Markebi, and their three children; Beatrice Hyltoft his kinswoman, Walter Hyltoft de Hyngolmelys, (fn. 10) co. Lincoln, John Cayle de Waynflet, co. Lincoln, William Gerard de Orreby, co. Lincoln, Margaret Hyltoft, a nun in the Priory of Tyxle, (fn. 11) co. Lincoln, Johanna Hyltoft his kinswoman, and many others. He also makes bequests to the Convent of Stykeswolde, co. Lincoln; to poor men of the craft of goldsmiths, to London Bridge, the churches of S. Mary atte Nax, S. Olave de Sylverstrete, S. Peter de Hyngolmelys, co. Lincoln, the Abbey of Glastyngbury, (fn. 12) the Abbey of Chertseye, co. Surrey, the churches of Takkele and Lendon, co. Essex, the church of Erhythe, co. Kent, &c. To the aforesaid Johanna Hyltoft he leaves his cattle and grain in the vill of Claydon, co. Bucks; and to Stephen Cavendyssh, William Welde, and others a pipe of wine to drink among themselves. Dated London, Monday next before the Feast of S. Dunstan [19 May], A.D. 1368. Roll 96 (102).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Luke, Evangelist [18 Oct.].

Deynes (John), ironmonger.—To be buried in the church of S. Olave, Jewry, near the tomb of Margaret his late wife. Bequests to the said church and ministers therein, and the new and old fabric of S. Paul's. Provision made for chantries in the aforesaid church of S. Olave. To Walter Freman, goldsmith, he leaves forty shillings. To Henry his son one hundred marks of silver. To Alice his wife a moiety of his goods and chattels, and his entire household store; also his mansion in the parish of S. Olave aforesaid for life. Dated London, 29 July, A.D. 1368.

Roll 96 (120).

Sutton (William de), "chesemonger."—To be buried in the churchyard of S. Peter upon Cornhill. Bequests to the ministers of the said church, to the works of London Bridge and S. Paul's, the five orders [of friars] residing in London, the Rector of "Papay," (fn. 13) the Fraternity of S. Mary atte Nax, &c. His place within Bischopsgate in the parish of Papay to be sold for payment of debts and maintenance of a chantry. The residue of his goods he leaves to Johanna his wife. Dated London, Tuesday next after the Feast of S. John Baptist [24 June], A.D. 1368.—Here follows a list of his "debts" (or what is owing to him).

Roll 96 (121).

Stonelee (John de), cordwainer.—To be buried in the church of S. Michael de Paternosterchirch. Bequests for repainting the picture of the small crucifix and image of the Blessed Mary standing in the wall of the said church, and to the high altar and ministers of the same church. To Elena his wife, by way of dower and for her share of his goods, he leaves twenty marks of silver; also a tenement in le Forstrete, parish of S. Giles without Crepulgate, for life; remainder to Johanna his daughter in tail; remainder in trust for sale for pious uses. His wife appointed guardian of his said daughter, she giving security at the Chamber of the Guildhall according to the custom. His estate in a tenement in Redecruchestrete in the parish of S. Giles aforesaid to be sold to fulfil his testament. To Walter his apprentice he leaves all his chests, aumbries, forms, and all other utensils in his shop, and releases the said apprentice from the remainder of his term of service. To Sir Thomas de Beere, rector of the church of S. Michael aforesaid, and to William Boyvile, respectively, he leaves a girdle with long silver-mounted knife (fn. 14) hanging thereto, so that they undertake to act as executors. Dated London, Wednesday next after the Feast of Translation of S. Thomas the Martyr [7 July], A.D. 1362. Roll 96 (135).

Morlee (Thomas).—To be buried in the chapel of S. Mary in the church of S. Benedict near Pauleswharf. Bequests to the said church. His tenement in the parish of S. Benedict aforesaid he leaves in aid of the chantry of Henry atte Swanne in the said church, for the good of the testator's soul, the souls of Edith his wife and others. To Isabella atte Fryth his servant he leaves all his shops in the parish of S. Alban in Wodestrete; and to Richard Morlee his kinsman lands and tenements in the parishes of S. Margaret and S. George in Suthwerk. Dated London, 11 August, A.D. 1368.


All the writings and testaments contained in this roll (in isto Rotulo) were acknowledged before the Mayor and Aldermen in the Chamber of the Guildhall on Monday next after the Feast of Assumption of V. Mary [15 Aug.], and afterwards enrolled at the Husting aforesaid, &c. Afterwards, on Wednesday next after the Feast of S. Michael, Archangel [29 Sept.], anno 43 Edward III. [A.D. 1369], there came John Duke de Morle, kinsman and heir of Thomas de Morle, late citizen of London, viz., son of Robert, brother of Thomas, before the Mayor and Aldermen in the Chamber of the Guildhall, and thereupon put his claim.

Roll 96 (136).

Courteys (John), fishmonger.—To be buried in the chancel of the church of S. Michael Queenhithe, where Margaret his late wife lies buried. Bequest to the rector of the said church for tithes and oblations forgotten. To Alice Bugge he leaves a certain shop which he had formerly acquired from Sir John Wodhall, late rector of the church of S. Michael aforesaid, and Sir William Curlyng, Canon of S. Paul's. To John his son he leaves his dwelling-house for life; remainder in trust for sale for pious uses for the good of his soul, the souls of Margaret his late wife and others. Nicholas Uske and Agnes his wife to enjoy a life interest in a certain mansion in the parish of S. Michael aforesaid and a shop at le Saltwharf; remainder in trust for sale for payment of debts. The guardianship of John, son of Richard Courteys, he entrusts to one of his executors. The residue of his goods he leaves to Katherine his wife and John his son in equal portions. Dated London, 8 August, A.D. 1368. Roll 96 (145).

Deynes (Henry, son of John, ironmonger), mercer.—To be buried in the church of S. Olave in Old Jewry. All his rents and tenements in the City of London which he got by inheritance, and also the reversion of all tenements held by Alice Deyns his stepmother for life, to be sold, and the proceeds disposed of as thereinafter written. Bequests of sums of money to divers religious orders, and the hospital called "Elsynges spitel"; to six priests of Oxford for prosecuting their studies (studio vacaturis), the work of S. Paul's, the new work of the belfry of S. Margaret's at Lothebury, and the maintenance of the clock (ad custodiam horologii) of S. Pancras; to Walter Freman, goldsmith, Walter Freman de Merstone, Beatrix his aunt, Henry Frowyk, and others. Dated London, 1 September, A.D. 1368. Roll 96 (146).

Burton (William de), goldsmith.—To be buried in the chapel of S. Mary in the church of S. John Zakary. Bequest to the said church of a missal and portifory to be used in praying for his soul, but so that Alice his wife have an easement of the same so long as she reside in the parish. Bequests also to the high altar of the said church and to the almonry of S. Dunstan of the Goldsmithery of London. To Alice his wife he leaves all his stock, alive and dead, in his manor of Warbelton, (fn. 15) his chamber and all vessels belonging to his kitchen, a cup of silver called "Byker," and twelve silver spoons. To Robert Stolyon of Warbelton an ox or thirteen shillings and fourpence at the election of his wife. To Isabella, wife of William Essex, a silver cup with covercle. A certain book which he had of John Hiltoft to be sold, and the money devoted to the health of his soul. Bequests to the Prior of Tanrigge; (fn. 16) to Friar John Soubourne of the Augustinian Order; Sir Henry de Spondon, rector of the church of S. John Zakary; Sir Robert Lepere, perpetual vicar of the church of S. Laurence, Old Jewry; and the Minoresses without Algate, for pious uses. Provision made for chantries. Also to Alice his wife he leaves the custody of William and Richard his sons, and a tenement and shops in the parishes of S. John Zakary and S. Mary de Stanynglane for life; remainder to his aforesaid sons in successive tail. To Thomas de Renham, goldsmith, he leaves his interest in a certain tenement in the parish of S. Peter de Westchepe, on condition that the said Thomas surrender to his executors a bond for eighty marks. Mention made of Roger his brother. Dated London, 31 August, A.D. 1368.


Be it remembered that Thomas Reynham delivered in court to Sir Henry de Sponden (sic), executor, &c., the aforesaid writing, according to the form of the legacy, &c.

Roll 96 (147).

"Fitz" (fn. 17) Rauf (John), tailor.—Bequests to the church of S. Mary Magdalen near Oldefyshstret and ministers therein, the inmates of hospitals, and the five orders of friars for masses, &c. To Alice his sister and to Margaret, daughter of Margaret his sister deceased, he leaves sums of money, as also to the fraternity of his craft of S. John and the fraternity of S. Mary atte Stronde. To Sir John Pountfreyt, chaplain, and Sir John Langetoft he leaves a certain messuage in the parish of S. Mary Magdalen aforesaid in fee. To Margaret his wife the residue of his goods, after payment of debts and funeral expenses. Dated London, Thursday next after the Feast of S. James, Apostle [25 July], A.D. 1368.

Roll 96 (148).

Writelee (John de), of the parish of S. Mary atte Hulle.—To be buried in the churchyard of S. Mary atte Hulle. Certain shops held on lease by Adam Canoun to be sold after expiration of the term and the proceeds devoted to pious uses. To Alice his wife he leaves the rest of his lands and tenements in the parish of S. Mary aforesaid for life; remainder in trust for sale for pious uses, unless his said wife be enceinte at the date of making his will, of which fact he knows not, in which case she is to enjoy the same in fee. Bequest of sixpence to the high altar of Reynham. Dated London, Monday next after the Ascension of our Lord [18 May], A.D. 1368. Roll 96 (149).

Gauder (fn. 18) (Thomas), "purcer." (fn. 19) —To be buried in the church of S. Magnus the Martyr in Briggestret, in the same tomb with William Gauder his late master. Bequests to the said church and ministers therein, and for the maintenance of the Fraternity of Salve in the same; also to each lazar at le lokes, at Hakeneie, and in the hospitals of S. Giles without Holbourne and S. James near Westminster; to each prisoner in bocardo, (fn. 20) and in the house for women and house for felons within Neugate, various religious orders, his apprentices, and others. To John his brother and to Geoffrey his son he leaves money and clothes. Provision made for chantries in the church of S. Magnus aforesaid. To Cristina his wife for life tenements in the parish of S. Agnes within Aldresgate; remainder in trust for sale for pious uses. Dated London, 1 August, A.D. 1368. Roll 96 (156).

Worstede (John de), mercer.—To be buried in the chapel of the B.V. Mary in the church of S. Laurence Jewry. After payment of debts his goods are to be divided into three parts, whereof one part he leaves to Isabella his wife by way of dower of his goods and chattels movable, and the residue as directed. Also to his said wife he leaves all goods belonging to his house and his entire chamber, except his wearing apparel, which is to be distributed among the poor. Bequests to the church of S. Laurence aforesaid, Sir Robert Leper, vicar, and other ministers thereof; also to the churches of S. Mary le Bow, S. Paul, and S. Thomas de Acon; to London Bridge, various religious orders in London, the conventual churches of Berkyngg, Haliwell, Clerkenwell, and Stratford, the inmates of prisons and hospitals, &c. Among individual beneficiaries appear the names of John his son, Beatrix his daughter, wife of Thomas de Mountey, Johanna his daughter, a nun at Berkyngg, Thomas, son of Thomas Worstede, Simon de Worstede, junior, Thomas de Wodeford, Isabella de Worstede, junior, Friar Peter Dolsaly of the Preaching Friars, and others. To the hall of Balliol, Oxford, he leaves twenty shillings, and a similar sum to be distributed among the rectors of London churches for pittances. To the aforesaid John his son he leaves his portifory, missal, Bible, and Legends of Saints for life; remainder to the church of S. Laurence aforesaid; also the reversion of tenements in the said parish of S. Laurence in tail, after the decease of his wife. To his aforesaid wife he gives a life interest in certain houses formerly belonging to William de Causton, late mercer, in the parish of S. Michael de Hoggenelane in Wodestrete; remainder to his said son. Dated London, 10 August, A.D. 1368. Roll 96 (154).

Watford (Robert de), carpenter.—To be buried in the churchyard of the Priory of S. Bartholomew de Smethefeld called "le Pardonchirchehawe." (fn. 21) Bequests to the said priory of rents in the parishes of S. Mildred in the Poultry, S. Michael de Hoggenlane, and S. Nicholas Shambles, and lands and tenements in Medelane in the parish of S. James de Garlekhithe. A taper of ten pounds to be given yearly after the decease of Agnes his wife to S. Paul's Church, to stand before the crucifix in the new work, there to burn on Sundays and festivals, and every Friday during the mass of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The sacristan of S. Bartholomew's to cause the said taper to be so brought, and to have the remains of the same left unconsumed. Should the said crucifix be removed, the taper is to be transferred to the conventual church of the priory. The residue of his goods he leaves to Agnes his wife. Henry de "Lathebury" mentioned. Dated London, Wednesday next after the Feast of S. Dunstan [19 May], A.D. 1368. Roll 96 (155).

Amesbery (William de), merchant.—To be buried in the churchyard of S. Martin Orgar. Bequests to the church of S. Martin and ministers thereof. To Idonya his wife he leaves certain tenements in the parish aforesaid (sic), so that she maintain three chantry priests for the good of the souls of Thomas atte Wyche, late "stokfysshemongere," and of Leticia, wife of the same, for the space of one year next after his decease, in the aforesaid church. To Hugh his nephew the sum of twenty shillings, a feather bed, two sheets, a chalon, and a whytel. The residue of his goods he leaves to his wife to dispose of for the good of his soul, also a sum of money due on a bond from Philip Aylwyne de Colecestre. Dated London, Wednesday the Vigil of S. Laurence [10 Aug.], A.D. 1368. Roll 96 (169).

Monday next before the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.].

Syward (William), "peautrer."—Bequests to the church of S. John Evangelist in Frydaystrete, of which he was a parishioner, and to the parish church of Waltham Holy Cross. To Alice his wife he leaves his tenement in the parish of S. Margaret upon (super) Lothebury for life; remainder to his children, and in default of heirs of their bodies to pious uses. Dated London, Monday, 10 April, A.D. 1368. Roll 96 (172).

Champneys (John).—To be buried in the church of S. Elena within Bisshopesgate. Bequests to the said church and the parish church of S. Michael upon Cornhulle and ministers thereof. Forgives John Sibyli de Chikeneye, co. Essex, a moiety of a debt of ten pounds, provided that the said John pay the other moiety to Katherine his wife within one year after his decease. Also to his said wife and to Richard his son he leaves a shop in Bryggestrete, parish of S. Magnus near London Bridge, for their several lives; remainder to pious uses. Gilbert his brother appointed one of his executors. Dated London, Friday the morrow of S. Laurence [10 Aug.], A.D. 1368. Roll 96 (181).

Mortymer (John), saddler.—To be buried in the churchyard of S. Mary de Wolchirchawe. Bequests to the church of S. Mary aforesaid and ministers thereof. Johanna, daughter of John Goby, senior, to have the sum of ten pounds which Juliana his wife gave her for her marriage; and Margaret, daughter of Walter Frensshe, to have the sum of six pounds which the aforesaid John Goby left to her, the same to be paid to her out of the sum of seven pounds which John Frensshe owed the testator. Provision made for tapers at his funeral and for the maintenance of chantries in the aforesaid church, charged on a certain tenement near Berbynderlane in the parish of S. Mary aforesaid, which tenement he leaves to the aforesaid John Frensshe in tail male; remainder to Nicholas Kylby. Dated London, 25 May, A.D. 1368.—Also to Sir John Lythe, chaplain, he leaves his baselard (baslardum (fn. 22) ) with silver harness, his best silk girdle, best trenchour (fn. 23) with handle of mazer, and two silver spoons with case (cum cofyno). Further bequests to his brewer, sub-brewer (sub braciori), and servants of divers cloaks, tunics, saddles for hakeneys, and instruments of his shop. Roll 96 (186).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Martin, Bishop [11 Nov.].

Lovekyn (fn. 24) (John), "stokfisshmonger."—To be buried before the altar in the middle of S. Mary's Chapel in the church of S. Michael de la Crokedelane. To Margaret his wife, by way of dower and of the third part of all his lands and tenements in the City of London, he leaves for life his tenement wherein he lived in Thames Street, subject to a charge for maintenance of a perpetual chantry in the church of S. Michael aforesaid, according to the terms of the will of Pentecost Russell; also other tenements, reversions, and rents in Thames Street and near Billynggesgate in the parish of S. Mary atte Hulle for life, charged with an annuity to Leticia Gubbe, daughter of Mabel his late wife; remainder in trust for sale for pious and charitable uses for the good of his soul, the souls of Mabel and Margaret his wives, Gilbert de Mordon, and others. To the Prior and Conventual Church of S. Mary without Bisshopesgate he leaves his estate in certain cellars in the Vintry in the parish of S. Martin, in return for their prayers. To Richard Claydych his chaplain he leaves a tenement at the corner of Crokedelane, in aid of the said Richard's chantry at Kyngestone (fn. 25) in the chapel of S. Mary Magdalen, for life, or so long as he shall live there; remainder to the said chapel and ministers of the same and their successors for ever. To John Lovekyn his nephew (nepoti) a tenement in Candelwykestrete, parish of S. Mary de Abbecherche. Certain other tenements at Billynggesgate, one being called "Treiereswharf," in the parish of S. Mary atte Hulle, and others upon Oysterhull and in Tower Street, to be sold for pious and charitable uses. William de Walworth (fn. 26) his servant appointed one of his executors. Dated London, Thursday next after the Feast of S. James, Apostle [25 July], A.D. 1368. Roll 96 (196).

Monday next before the Feast of S. Clement, Pope [23 Nov.].

Atte Hale (William).—To be buried in the great church of H. Trinity, London, within Algate. Bequests to the said church and the prior and canons of the same. To Richard his son the reversion of his capital tenement at the corner of Lymstrete, after the decease of Agnes his wife, in tail; and to Alice and Mariota his daughters in tail similar reversions of shops annexed to the aforesaid tenement, situate in the parish of S. Andrew upon Cornhull, with cross remainders; ultimate remainders in trust for sale for pious uses. To Thomas his son, a canon in the Priory of Gricherche (fn. 27) (sic), certain rents in the parish of S. Botolph without Algate for life, and the sum of forty shillings to be paid by his executors as soon as his son celebrates his first mass. To Katherine his daughter, a sister in the Abbey of Minoresses of S. Clare near Algate, a certain annual rent in the parish of S. Botolph aforesaid for life; remainder to the said abbey after the decease of the said Katherine and his aforesaid wife. Further bequests to various orders of friars in London. His wife appointed guardian of his aforesaid children, she giving security at the Guildhall according to the custom. Dated London, 20 April, 42 Edward III. [A.D. 1368]. Roll 96 (198).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Andrew, Apostle [30 Nov.].

Eylesham (Adam de), goldsmith. If he die in London, desires to be buried in S. Paul's churchyard near the tomb of Elienora his late wife. Bequests to the churches of S. Paul and S. Vedast. Leaves sixty shillings for one hundred and thirty pounds of wax to be made into tapers and torches to burn at his funeral and at his obit before the image of the Virgin and the Rood in the church of S. Vedast, before the image of the Blessed Mary de "Newerk" and the Rood at le Northdore in S. Paul's, and before the image of the Blessed Mary in the church of S. Michael le Quern. Further bequests to the poor and infirm in prison and elsewhere, to each order of friars in London for trentals, and to various individuals. To Juliana his daughter he leaves mazer cups, silver spoons, and household goods; and to John his son five marks for putting him to a trade. To Alice his wife forty shillings by way of dower, and the residue of his goods not otherwise disposed of. To the Priory of Eylsham (fn. 28) a chalice of the value of forty shillings. Dated London, Monday, 5 June, A.D. 1368. Roll 96 (202).

Briklesworth (John).—To be buried in S. Paul's churchyard called "le Pardouncherchawe." Provision made for chantries in the church of S. Paul and the chapel of la Gyhalle, London. Bequests to each order of mendicant friars in London so that they say Placebo and Dirige for his soul; the convents of Westminster, Stratford near London, and Lesnes, (fn. 29) for their prayers. To Alianora his sister, a nun of Sympingham, (fn. 30) he leaves an annual rent issuing out of his tenements at Rothewell, co. Northampton, for life, pursuant to the will of William his father; and to Johanna his sister the value of ten marks, but so that William Stanes have them not. To John Yve, chaplain, his gold vestment, a chalice [and] corporals to the value of ten marks, on condition that he undertakes administration of his will; and to William de Lubenham his best silver girdle, and personal clothing such as the said William may choose, upon the same condition. Bequests also of money or household goods to Roger Daventre, Richard, John, and William, the testator's sons, and Leticia his daughter [a nun] at Stratford, to which convent he leaves two tenements in Ivelane, London. Other tenements in Syvethenlane, Fynkeslane, and in the parish of S. Bartholomew the Less to be sold for pious uses. Also to Leticia his wife and to Richard his son he leaves tenements in Bassinggeshawe, the Poultry, at Billynggesgate, in Soperlane, Watlyngstret, Chepe, and elsewhere. Also to his said wife he leaves the Rectory of Claveryngg and Langeleye, (fn. 31) and his entire term to come in the Abbey of Westminster (totum terminum meum venturum in Abbath' Westm'), so long as she remain unmarried; upon remarriage the aforesaid rectory is to remain to the Prior and Convent of Pryterwell, (fn. 32) co. Essex. Also to Richard his son the reversion of tenements in Briggestrete. Dated London, Wednesday, 13 September, A.D. 1368.

Roll 96 (210).

Heynes (John).—To be buried in S. Mary's Chapel in the church of S. Andrew de Holburne. His dwelling-house he leaves to Alice his servant, daughter of William Hankyn, and to John her son and the heirs of the body of the said John; remainder in trust for sale for pious uses in the aforesaid church. His tenement called "le Peye super le hoop" to be likewise sold for the maintenance of a chantry in the aforesaid chapel. His movable goods to be divided into two parts, whereof one part he leaves to his son and wife, and the other to pay his debts and the sum of thirteen shillings and fourpence to each of the fraternities of Corpus Christi and of S. John, to which he belonged. Dated Holburn, 12 July, A.D. 1368. Roll 96 (211).

Benyngton (Simon de), draper.—To be buried in S. John's Chapel, to the south of the chancel of the church of S. Laurence in Old Jewry, near Idonia his late wife. To Idonia his present wife he leaves lands and tenements in the parishes of S. Laurence aforesaid and S. Mary de Aldermanbury for life; remainder to the church of S. Laurence for the maintenance of chantries therein for the good of his soul, the souls of his wives, of Roger his father and Cecilia his mother, John de Abyndon, and others. In default of the vicar and parishioners of S. Laurence aforesaid providing the chantry priest, the aforesaid lands, tenements, and rents are to go to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty of the City of London for the time being, for the maintenance of a chantry in Guildhall Chapel. To the Master and Brethren of the house or hospital of S. Thomas de Acon, near the Conduit of London, a certain quitrent for the maintenance of a chantry in the church of S. Thomas aforesaid, at the altar of S. Mary in gysma, (fn. 33) for the good of his soul, the souls of John de Abyndon, late draper, Idonia, wife of the same, John their son, and others; similar remainder to the foregoing in case of default. Dated London, 14 October, 42 Edward III. [A.D. 1368].

Roll 96 (214).

Hattefeld (John de), pepperer.—To be buried in the church of S. Mary de Bothawe. Bequests to the said church and ministers thereof. To Elena his wife all his lands, tenements, and rents in the City of London for life, with the exception of an annual rent of ten pounds which he leaves to John his son. Pecuniary bequests to Walter and John Tendryng, Sir Nicholas Hereward, chaplain, his servants at Bothale (fn. 34) (sic), his cook, chamberlain, and others. His interest in a curtilage and a tenement belonging to the Prior and Convent of Tortyngton, situate in the parish of S. Swythin, to be sold for pious uses. Also to Elena his wife he leaves a tenement called "Capilhors" (fn. 35) in the parish of S. Mary de Appechirche for life, subject to a certain payment for pious uses, as also his tenements in the vill of Calais; remainder to his aforesaid son in tail. Dated London, near lerber, (fn. 36) at his own house, 12 August, A.D. 1368. Roll 96 (215).

Monday next after the Feast of S. Hilary [13 Jan.].

In the Hale (Thomas), "curreour."—To be buried in the church of S. Giles without Crepulgate near the tomb of Margery his late wife. His dwelling-house and others in Whytecrouchestret in the parish of S. Giles aforesaid to be sold to pay his debts and to maintain a chantry in the aforesaid church, the residue of the proceeds being divided between Cecilia his wife and his children. Also to his said wife he leaves his term to come in certain houses, shops, &c.; and to John and Thomas, senior, his sons, his term in other houses, shops, &c., held under the Prior and Convent of Chrycherche, (fn. 37) London. The residue of his goods and chattels he leaves to his wife for the maintenance of his children. Dated London, Sunday, 30 July, A.D. 1368.

Whereupon came the aforesaid Cecilia and put her claim, &c.

Roll 96 (236).

Vivyen (Peter), corder.—To be buried in S. Paul's churchyard. Bequests to the old and new work of the said church. To William Spenser, fishmonger, shops in the parish of S. Michael upon Cornhull for the sum of fifty pounds sterling, forty pounds of which he leaves to be divided equally among John, William, and Isabella his children. Separate guardians appointed for each of his said children, they giving security at the Guildhall according to the custom. To Sir William, the rector of the church of S. Mary Magdalen in Milkstret, twenty shillings. Bequest of ten marks for providing a chantry priest in the church of All Hallows at the Hay. Dated London, Sunday next after the Feast of S. Martin in Yeme [11 Nov.], A.D. 1367. Roll 96 (237).

Monday next after Feast of SS. Fabian and Sebastian [20 Jan.].

Hathefeld (William de), chandler.—To Emma his wife for life a certain tenement in lane called "Bordhwelane" in the parish of S. Mary de Colchirche, charged with the maintenance of a chantry in the said parish church, for the space of four years next after his decease, for the good of his soul, the souls of Beatrix his late wife and others; remainder to Stephen and William his sons in successive tail. Other tenements near the church of S. Thomas "de Aquino" (fn. 38) to be sold for pious uses in the church of the Friars Minors of London. Dated London, 10 July, A.D. 1368. Roll 96 (242).

Rokel (John).—To be buried in the churchyard of the Apostles Peter and Paul at Brawyng. (fn. 39) Bequest to the church of S. Paul. Leaves a heifer (unum relevium (fn. 40) boviculum) to be driven before his corpse at his funeral by way of relief. To the fabric of the church of Brawyng he leaves twelve oak trees. To Essabella his wife his tenement in Haywardlane, parish of All Hallows the Great, for a term of nine years, upon the expiration of which the same is to be divided between his said wife and Johanna his daughter; ultimate remainder in trust for sale for the maintenance of a chantry in the church of All Hallows aforesaid for the souls of [his] father and mother, John Rokele (sic) and Essabella, wife of the same. Dated in the parish of Brawyng in the diocese of London, Monday the Feast of S. Edmund, King and Martyr [20 Nov.], A.D. 1368.

Roll 96 (243).

Footnotes

1 1 Or "le Poor" in Broad Street.
2 2 The message of Isaiah the prophet to the King of Judah (2 Kings xx. 1).
3 1 Narrator.
4 2 Stepney.
5 3 Bromley by Bow.
6 1 Wrotham, co. Kent.
7 2 Trotterscliffe or Trottiscliffe, co. Kent.
8 3 Yellow.
9 4 Quando dedi aurum in Curia domini Regis. The testator followed the vocation of a pleader in the King's Court, and probably this bequest is the result of some vow he had made in connexion with his professional work.
10 1 Ingoldmells, near the sea coast.
11 2 Sixle (?) or Sixhill, co. Lincoln, where there was at one time a Gilbertine priory of nuns and canons dedicated to the Blessed Virgin (Tanner's 'Notitia Monast.,' p. 267).
12 3 Co. Somerset.
13 1 S. Augustine near London Wall (Newcourt, 'Repertorium,' i. 258).
14 1 Commonly known as a "baselard."
15 1 Co. Sussex (?).
16 2 Tanridge, co. Surrey, where there was a priory of Canons Regular of the Order of S. Augustine.
17 1 One of the earliest instances met with in the Husting Rolls of the French form "Fitz" being used for Lat. filius in a Latin document. Throughout this Calendar filius, as part of a proper name, has been rendered "Fitz." At what period "Fitz" became usual in London, Mr. Loftie says he does not know, but he is of opinion that it was before the reign of Henry III. ("Historic Towns," 'London,' pp. 36, 177).
18 1 Or Gander (?).
19 2 Pouchmaker.
20 3 Not altogether an uncommon name for a prison. A prison at Oxford was also sarcastically so called, probably with reference to the form of syllogism known as "Bocardo," out of which the reasoner could not "bring himself back into his first figure" without the use of special processes. Other prisons have also received sarcastic names.
21 1 The churchyard near the Charterhouse enclosed and dedicated, at the expense of Ralph Stratford, Bishop of London, and also of Sir Walter Manny, for the burial of those who fell victims to the Black Death in the years 1348 and 1349. There were at least two other churchyards of this name within the City, viz.: (1) The great churchyard of S. Paul's, situate to the northwest of the cathedral, famous, among other things, for its cloister embellished with a painting of the Dance of Death, commonly known as the Dance Macabre and as the Dance of Paul's; (2) The churchyard of S. Dunstan's in the East, which we shall find later on to have been sometimes called by this name.
22 1 A knife worn at the girdle ('Memorials,' pp. 430, 532).
23 2 Probably a carving-knife.
24 3 Sheriff in 1342, and afterwards four times Mayor. The contents of this will have been very fully, although not very accurately, set out by Herbert in his 'History of the Twelve Great Livery Companies of London' (vol. ii. p. 56). He took considerable pains to trace the different owners of the property mentioned, and to show that it formed part of the site of Fishmongers' Hall as it existed before the Fire of London. In the margin there is a note to the effect that the enrolment was produced in the Court of Chancery in re Attorney-General v. Fishmongers' Company, in evidence for the defendants.
25 1 See Major Heales's 'Early History of the Church of Kingston-upon-Thames' (pp. 167, 172), where he gives the date of Lovekyn's will as 4 May, evidently confounding the Feast of S. James [25 July] with the Feast of SS. Philip and James [1 May].
26 2 The same who, when Mayor for the second time in 1381, struck down Wat Tyler in Smithfield, for which he was knighted on the field.
27 3 H. Trinity, called Christchurch; corrupted into "Crichurch" and also "Creechurch."
28 1 Ellesham or Ailesham, co. Linc.
29 2 Co. Kent.
30 3 Sempringham, co. Linc., where Sir Gilbert de Sempringham instituted a new model of a religious life, called the Gilbertine or Sempringham Order.
31 1 Situate near each other on the border of Essex and Herts.
32 2 Prittlewell, where there was a priory of Cluniac monks.
33 1 Gesma or gesina, Fr. gesine=a lying in child-bed. Cf. Pro imaginibus Dei et B. Virg. Matris suæ Mariæ à le Gesine, an. 1419 ('Inventar. Ecclesiæ Noviom.,' cited by Du Cange).
34 2 Bothawe, near Dowgate, so called from a haw, or yard, where boat-building was carried on.
35 3 Capul, capel, caple, &c.=a horse (Halliwell's 'Arch. Dict.').
36 1 The Erber or Arber, a famous old house situate on the east side of Dowgate near the church of S. Mary Bothaw. At different times it was inhabited by Richard Nevill, Earl of Warwick, George, Duke of Clarence, brother of Edward IV., and Sir Francis Drake (Stow's 'Survey,' Thoms's ed., 1876, p. 87).
37 2 H. Trinity, Christchurch, within Aldgate.
38 1 For the second time (cf. p. 35, supra) we have this dedication to S. Thomas Aquinas instead of the commonly received one, S. Thomas de Acon. That De Acon may possibly be no more than a corruption of De Aquino suggests itself.
39 2 Braughin, co. Herts.
40 3 This appears to be the correct reading of the word, the probable interpretation being that the animal was to serve as a heriot or relief to his lord of the manor, if not as a principal, or mortuary gift to the priest performing his funeral service. (See Part I. pp. 489 n., 611 n.)