1293. See under 1367, infra.
1295.—A long roll containing a list, made about the end of the
fourteenth century, of all the lands and tenements belonging to the
various officers in the abbey. It is headed, "Omnia terræ, tenementa,
prata, pascua, pasturæ, molendina, grangia et columbaria subscripta,
pertinent ad diversos officiarios infra monasterium Sancti Edmundi
anno regni regis Edwardi primi vicesimo tercio, et sunt taxata et
decimata ut patet, etc." They are arranged under the several wards,
East, West, South, Rysbygate, and North, and then under the various
streets in the several wards. The inventory of records printed in 1890
observes that "nearly all the streets mentioned bear the same names as at
the present time; one exception is Angel-hill, which was then known as
Mustowe." The names of the various tenants are given, but the
rents are not specified. The possessions of the Hospitals of St. Peter
and St. Nicholas are also enrolled. And then follows the "Taxatio
domini Regis Edwardi primi" assessed upon the property of the
1299—1538.—Seven Sacrist rolls of the abbey:—
1299.—"Computus fratris Joh. de Snaylwell, sacr. Sancti
Edmundi, a festo M[ichaelis] anno r. r. E. xxvii usque in crastino [sic] Palm. anno r. r. E. supradicto." Endorsed as
being an account "in parte" for 27 Edw. The sum total of
receipts is 184l. 14s. 10¼d., and of expenses 203l. 11s. 2¾d. The
latter include 33s. 4d. given to the poor on three principal feasts
and 30s. on Maundy Thursday. The last entry in the account is
this: "Comp. lib. magistris Oxon. pro decima decime xls xd qua.
Item eisdem pro vestiar. xiid. Item eisdem pro incepcione
eorundem anno preterito omisso cs."
1357.—Account of Simon de Langham, from Annunc. to Mich.
31 Edw. III. Amongst the "profectus ecclesiarum" are these
entries, which occur also in the preceding roll, but are not there so
fully expressed, "De oblacionibus ad nigram crucem, iiijli xxid.
De pixide sancte Sythe, xiili xixs vid ob. qua. De pixide sancte
Petronille, ijs iiijd." Receipts are entered "de charnepeny" (in
the preceding account, "scharnepeny") "de landmol" (afterwards
"landmool") and from reliefs "cum hadgovel" (afterwards "hadgavel,"). The expenses include gifts to servants of the King and
Prince, and to others. Sum of receipts, 212l. 3s. 4½d.; of
expenses, 260l. 16s. 4d.
1369–70.—Account of John de Lavenham, Mich. 43 Edw. III.
—Mich. 44. The names of the chapels are given separately under
the "profectus ecclesiarum": St. John "ad fontem," St. John
"ad montem," St. Laurence, St. Margaret, and St. Nicholas. The
chest of St. Petronilla continues to be as little productive in com
parison of that of St. Syth as in both the preceding accounts;
elevenpence against 4l. 10s. In addition to offerings at the Black
Cross there are now offerings "ad hostium cripti ad imaginem
saucte Marie," "de nova cruce ad hostium Raketey," and "de
magna cruce." The vineyard is returned as producing nothing,
which is the case also in other years. To the shrine of St.
Edmund 748 lbs. of wax were devoted, 220 lbs. to the candlesticks
before the high altar, 98 lbs. "in les voutys" (the galleries or
triforia), 36 lbs. in the refectory. The chapels lighted were those
of St. Andrew, St. James, St. Botulph, and St. Mary; nothing was
expended on lights in those of St. Giles and St. Mary Magd.
Under the head of Feoda there is, "Item, forthdrove et Wasseil,
ijs." The names of all the officers, servants, and workmen, receiving gowns (many of them furred) are given. "In cerevisia
empta pro le O vjs. Item, solut. Henrico de Lakingheth pro le
O vjli." In 1299 there is an entry for the "Oo," and in the
account for 1401–2 there are similar entries running thus, "pro
cerevisia de le Oo sacriste: sol domino priori pro le Oo," while in
that for 1418 it is "pro le Oo per adventum." It seems therefore
that these entries refer to extra allowances or "pitantiæ," given on
the seven days before Christmas, the days of the Advent antiphons.
See infra under 1537–8. The expenses of the sacrist for two
journeys to London are given, the first accompanied by twelve
months, the second by six, "pro ordinibus," i.e., for ordinations.
Among gifts to the poor are ten shillings "pro anima fratris
Johannis de Grafton," and among general gifts, "tribus scolaribus
Oxon. xs." Allowances to scholars at Oxford, not at Cambridge,
are also found in the subsequent accounts. The sum of receipts is
387l. 13s. 7d.; of expenditure, 402l. 7s. 2d.
1401–2, 3 Hen. IV.—Account of Robert de Ikelyngham. The
"Raketey" of the last roll is now "Rakenteyn;" the great cross is
said to be "in corpore ecclesie;" there is a chapel "de le Charnel"
(the site of which is now marked in the centre of the present
churchyard); a "nova imago" of St. Mary near the Black cross,
and a chapel of St. Andrew in the infirmary. "In furthedrove et
Wosshayle ad Nat. [Domini], ijs." "In expensis domini episcopi
Aladen. et al. pro ordin. fac. ixs," i.e., for holding an ordination;
there was also an additional payment of apparently ten shillings
to the same bishop and his servants. This was one of the many
Irish bishops who are perpetually met with as suffragans in
England, Thomas, bishop of Killala.
1418, 5–6 Hen. V.—Account of William Barwe. Two additional alms-chests are mentioned, those of St. Katherine and of
abbot Baldwin. The account of wine bought is entered more
specifically than in the preceding accounts, as seven pipes of red
wine, and four "de antiquo folio" which cost three pounds each.
The red wine varies from 52s. the pipe to 3l. 8s. 8d. A bell called
Clopton is repaired. For the soul of abbot William Cratfeld 12l.
are laid out, and 10s. distributed to the poor for the soul of dom.
Richard Tymworth. Twelve pence were given to the boy-bishop,
"episcopo sancti Nicholai," and rewards to minstrels at Christmas
and the feast of St. Edmund. Two of the brethren preached in
the churchyard during Lent. There are expenses for a law-suit
with the town in reference, in some way not specified, to the sacrist's
account. Receipts, 358l. 6s. 7d.; expenses, 520l. 6s. 2½d.!
1429–30.—Account of John Cranewys, 8 Hen. VI. "pro parte."
There is a remarkable diminution in the receipts from charitable
offerings; the returns from the chapel of St. Nicholas, from oblations at Pentecost, at the image of St. Mary by the crypt-door, at
the new cross in the body of the church, at the various alms-chests
at the churches, and even at the high altar, are all "Nil"! Two
shillings and eightpence were gained from the vineyard. Two
mortuaries, amounting to 46s. 8d., were received for two strangers
who died in the town. Rents in the town were reduced to the
amount of 11l. 11s. 3d. Twenty shillings were given to the poor
on the days of the burial of W. Tymworth and J. Dagworth.
Under the head of Dona data we have the rewards to the boybishop of St. Nicholas and to minstrels on St. Edmund's day, and
the following:—"Magistro Thome Mapyltone, lathomo domini
Regis, veuienti de London ad supervidendum magnum campanile
et ad dandum consilium super reparacione ejusdem hoc anno,
xxvis viiid. Item, dat. alio lathomi venienti cum eodem, causa
predicta, vis viijd. Item, dat. famulis eorundem, iijs iiijd. Item,
dat. dompne Willelmo Boxfford equitanti versus London. ad ordinem
sacerdotalem recipiendum hoc anno, vjs viijd. Item, dat. episcopi
Imiliensi [Robert Windele, bishop of Emly (fn. 1) ] conferenti ordinem
W. Derham et J. Harlowe in villa de Bury, xiiis iiijd. Item, dat.
clero ejusdem, xxd." For a horse taking one scholar to Oxford,
3s. 4d. Receipts, 338l. 3s. 1d.; expenses, 405l. 0s. 11¾d.
1537–8.—Account of Edward Rowgham, Mich. 29 Hen. VIII.
—Mich. 29. On paper.
The chapel of St. Laurence is the only one from which anything
is received, and the oblations at crosses and altars entirely disappear. Among expenses those for the Os cease; "Item, pro le O
in Adventu, nil." "In supplementum trium scolasticorum [Oxon.]
vis." "Expensæ in Quadragesima: Dat. diversis concionatoribus in
Quadragesima et eorum famulis, xliis viiid. Item, pro aliis expensis,
ut in ficubus, amigdolis, raceniis, pomis, pane, et servicia, et aliis,
xxvis xd ob." Under the head of "Distribucio pauperum," besides
usual 80 shillings, we have, "Item, dat. sororibus de banco in Circumcisione Domini, iis. Item, distribut. in pane pro animabus d. Rob.
Poleye, d. Nicholai Hallesworth, et d. Willelmi Bury, xxxs." The
boy-bishop now appears thus, "Dat. in honorem sancti Nicholai,
xiid"; followed by, "Item, regiis mimis et aliis, diversis temporibus,
vis." Receipts, 330l. 18s. 7d.; expenses, 332l. 16s. 1¼d.
1304, 14 Dec.—Long roll of pleadings (nine membranes) at Bury
on the morrow of St. Lucy, 33 Edw. I., before the justices Will. de
Berford, Will. Howard, and Will. de Carletone, in pursuance of letters
patent from the King, dated at Morpat, 29 Aug., between the Abbot
and Nich. Fuk, with sixty-one other townsmen of Bury, (all whose
names are given,) with reference to alleged invasion of the rights of the
abbot and his officers with regard to jurisdiction within the town.
The townsmen resisted the collection by the abbot's bailiff's of fines and
dues, "ac quasdam corruptelas et ordinaciones legi et consuetudini
regni Regis ac libertatibus dicti abbatis sibi per cartas progenitorum
Regis concessis contrarias in eadem villa proprio motu statuerunt
observandas, ac diversa tallagia super pauperibus tenentibus ipsius
abbatis de eadem villa pluries pro voluntate sua assiderunt, et
tallagia illa per graves districtiones ab eisdem extorserunt." Also,
on the Monday next after the Nativity of B. Mary in the 30th
year of the King, Nich. Fuk with his fellow-conspirators "ordinaverunt et statuerunt quod nullus mancret inter eos in dicta villa
habens catalla ad valenciam xxs quin eis solveret duos solidos et
unum denarium, quam quidam solucionem vocant inter se Hantsingsilver," and that any one having chattels to the value of ten marks
should pay 46s. 8d.; and these sums they extorted from various persons
whose names are given. Also that no one should remain beyond a year
and a day in the town without being by oath to observe their conventicles and ordinances. Also at the same time they appointed bailiffs of
their own, and summoned persons to appear before them for trial of
causes; and usurped the wardship of minors and orphans; of which
instances are given which occurred on the Tuesday after the f. of St.
Dunstan in the 32nd year of the King. In the same year, on the
morrow of the Assumption of B. Mary, they appointed gate-keepers for
the several gates of the town. And at various other times in the years
30–32 of the King, they hindered the abbot's bailiffs from levying
amercements and making distraints, resisting them "vi et armis, scilicet,
gladiis, arcubus et sagittis" (sattitis, MS.!), and imposed tallages of
their own on the abbot's tenants. They made also this ordinance,
"quod si quis de confederacione predictorum Nicholai et aliorum
vendiderit tenementum suum, si ille qui propinquior sit in sanguine
venditoris venerit postmodum ad proximam Portmannotum, et velit
restituere emptori quantum pro illo tenemento dederit, amovebitur ille
emptor et tenementum liberetur petenti. Statuerunt eciam quod si quis accionem habuerit petendi tenementum in dicta villa, nisi illud infra annum
et diem venerit et petierit, per non clamium ab accione exclusus erit;
et similiter quod uxor de tenementis que sunt jus suum et hereditate[m]
sua[m], per virum suum alienatis, post mortem viri sui excludatur petendo
eadem tenementa seu recuperando imperpetuum." They imposed
charges varying from 5s. yearly to a halfpenny per week upon thirtyfive persons, whose names are recited, who were the abbot's men.
"Lapides et grossas petras super ecclesiam et domos dicte abbatie ad
infringendum et onerandum tecturam et cooperturam ecclesie sue et
domorum maliciose projecerunt, et homines supradictos domos cooperientes gratis lapidaverunt, et per sic eos ab opere suo sepius
impediverunt, ac homines, monachos, servientes et nuntios ipsius
abbatis in negotiis suis missos per dictam villam transeuntes verbera
verunt, et male tractaverunt, per quod idem abbas servientium eorum
ea racione pluries (sic) amisit." By all which things the abbot
says that he is damnified to the value of 2,000l. And Nicholas
Fuk and the remainder of the defendants deny in general all the
charges of conspiracy and molestation and interference with the
abbot's rights; but with regard to the tax levied on residents and the
imposing an oath to observe the ordinances, they say "quod ipsi
habent Aldermannum et Guildam mercatorum in villa predicta, et
sunt liberi Burgenses, et reddunt judicia per Aldermannum de placitis
in curia ipsius Abbatis, coram ballivis ejusdem in predicta villa
placitarum, et quod ipsi absque aliquibus conventiculis illicitis convenerunt ad Grildaulam suam quotiens opus fuerit ad tractandum de
communi proficuo et utilitate hominum et Burgensium predicte ville
sicut eis bene licet. Et quod ipsi et antecessores eorum et predecessores Burgensium, etc., tali consuetudine usi sunt a tempore
cujus non exstat memoria, scil. capiendi de quolibet homine manente
in predicta villa, existente in decenna abbatis loci predicti, habente
catalla ad valenciam xxiis, id, per sic quod mercare possit inter eos et
eorum consuetudinibus mercatorum gaudere in eadem villa; et similiter
percipiendi xlvis viiid de quolibet homine ville predicte habente
catalla ad valenciam x marcarum ad suam mercatum tenendum, et
quod talis est ipsorum super hoc consuetudo, scil. quod xii Burgenses
de villa predicta eligere consueverunt quatuor homines ejusdem ville
annuatim ad Gildam suam mercatoriam tenendum, quorum quilibet
habeat catalla ad valenciam x marcarum, qui quidem quatuor homines
sic electi premuniri consueverunt per duos Burgenses de Gilda predicta
qui dicuntur les dies ad Gildam suam predictam tenendum, [et] iidem
quatuor homines sic electi plegios invenire consueverunt coram Aldermanno et Burgensibus in Gilda aula predicta ad tenendum Gildam
predictam, vel quod quilibet eorum solveret xls viiid qui Gildam
illam tenere recusaret. Et ad hoc faciendum consueverunt Aldermannus et Burgenses in villa predicta distringere singulos homines
manentes in eadem villa habentes catalla ad valenciam x marc. inter
eos mercari volentes et eorum consuetudinibus mercatoriis uti et
gaudere." To the charge respecting wardships they say they are not
bound to reply, because the abbot has varied the form of the complaint
in the writ and in the narratio. As to their usurping the custody of
the gates they say that for twenty years previous to the date alleged
they have been seised of that custody. With regard to their refusing
to pay toll ("theoloneum"), all persons born in the town and living
there and holding tenements have been accustomed from time immemorial to be free from toll on paying two farthings, which rent is
called Hadgovel. The corruptions and customs alleged to be contrary
to the realm are their old customs always used by their ancestors in the
court of the abbot, and they have not by any conspiracy made any
new ones. Short rejoinders from the abbot follow. The jury
consists of Thomas de Bavent, Robert de Barsham, Roger le Sturmyn,
Peter de Mellis, Robert de Stanham, Knts., Thomas de Mikelfeld,
William de Hoo, John de Dureftherd, Robert Martin, Nicholas de
Glannvile, John de Preston, and John de Hotebovile; who say that
Nicholes Fuk and the rest are not guilty of any conspiracy and have
not usurped the cognizance of any pleas, or taken amercements, or
appointed bailiffs; but that they have often hindered the abbot's
bailiff in regard of the assize of bread and beer and forestallings, &c.,
and have levied tallages upon poor tenants against the will of the
abbot and executed distraints, and by force and arms have made
rescues from the abbot's distraints, and although they are ignorant of
the names of the particular doers, these things were done by the
maintenance of Nicholas Fuk and the rest; "et quod quidam de villa
predictae, quorum nomina ignorant sibi, per assensum et manutenenciam
predictorum Nicholai et omnium aliorum, tractaverunt cum arcubus
ad lapides (sic) in operarios ipsius abbatis in cooperiendo domos et
edificia ecclesie ipsius abbatis predicte, sicut idem abbas queritur, sed
dicunt monachos ipsius abbatis non verberaverunt nec male tractaverunt;
dicunt tamen quod predictus Robertus filius Nicholai Fuk verberavit
vulneravit et male tractavit quendam nuncium ipsius abbatis in villa
predicta de facto suo proprio, et non per manutenenciam vel assensum
predictorum Nicholai et aliorum." And they assess the damages at
200l. The decision of the case was then carried up to Westminster
before the King's Council, for hearing of the abbot's denial of the
alleged customs; and again brought back to Bury for the ascertaining
by a jury the names of those found guilty as above, who are specified
to the number of forty-two. Further pleadings ensued as to questions
of right, and the towns-people produce the record of an agreement
made on the Thursday after Mid-Lent Sunday 21 Edw. I. 
before the judges, by which the right of choosing the alderman, on
license from the abbot first obtained, was granted to the town, a
right previously disclaimed together with the custody of the gates
before William de Valence and John de Warrenne, Earl of Surrey, in
the time of Henry III. Orders are issued for levying the damages by
distraint, and for arrest of defaulters; and the roll ends with a writ from
the King (without date) enjoining the alderman on election to be
presented to the abbot for admission, and to swear upon the high
altar of St. Edmund to preserve all the rights of the abbey from
infringement, &c., and with the sentence of the judges against the
claim of the town to wardships and the right of levying the merchanttax, and reserving the custody of the gates to the abbey.
The case is noticed in Yates' Hist. of Bury, p. 128.
1316.—Copy made in the 17th cent. from f. 26 of the book entitled
Nomina Villarum in the Exchequer, of the return made by the
Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk to the writ dated at Clifton, 5 March,
9 Edw. II. for the names of the cities, towns and villages in each
hundred, with their lords, so far as relates to the hundreds of Balberge,
Corsford, Thinghowe, Risebrege, Thewardistre, Blakeburne, and
1341, 12 March, 15 Edw. [III.], Angl. 2 Fran. At Westm.—
Letters patent granting that, whereas the charters granted to the abbot
and convent provide that no secular person or minister of the King
shall enter the borough besides them and their ministers, by reason
whereof no justices have ever held any pleas, but the King has now
commissioned justices to try cases of oppression and extortion, &c.,
committed by his officers and others in the counties of Norfolk, Suffolk,
Essex and Herts, and these justices have held a session at Bury, nevertheless, out of the affection the King bears to the glorious martyr the
blessed Edmund, whose body lies in the abbey, this session of the justices
or any process by them there made shall not hereafter be any prejudice
to the abbey, or be drawn into a precedent. Seal lost.
1349, 29 Sept., f. of St. Mich., 23 Edw. III.—Acknowledgment by
William [de Bernham], abbot of Bury, of the receipt of fifty marks
from Richard de Drayton, Ralph le Bochier, and others of the town of
St. Edmund, in full payment of 2,000 marks agreed to be paid to
Richard de Draughton, the late abbot, and his successors, in yearly
payments of 100 marks for twenty years, as appears by a record in
Chancery. Small fragment of green seal.
1353–1439.—Five rolls of accounts of St. Saviour's Hospital, largely
of agricultural produce and expenses.
1353, Mich.—1354, Mich. Robert Cottone, "claviger." Total
receipts, 39l. 9s. 11½d.; expenses, 39l. 19s. 6¾d. Mention occurs
of a garden called "le Duffuszerd."
1374–5.—Nicholas de Banham, "claviger," in the time of brother
Nicholas de Snytterton, hospitaler. Among the receipts are
oblations "de pixide," 2s. 9d. Rents appear in this account.
The stipend of the claviger is one mark. "In stipendio capellanorum nihil, quia in compoto domini." Mention occurs of "le
vynezerd." A deficiency of 38l. 0s. 10d. was made up "de cofris
domini, de quibus dominus habebit allocacionem in compoto suo
proprio, quia ipse satisfecit omnibus tangentibus ipsum compotum."
1385–6.—Brother Walter de Totyngtone, hospitaler. Oblations,
2s. 5d. Receipts, 104l. 17s. 11d. Expenses, 185l. 5s. 10¾d.
Nicholas Banham is still claviger. "In stipendio Willelmi
Palfreyman xijs xd, et non plus, quia sibi donata pro amore
hospitalarii eidem extendunt per tempus hujus compoti ad xiis.
In tunica sua cum linura vs vid. In roba cum furrura hoc anno
data Willelmo atte Lee, quia multa bona procurans, et semper
excusans nimiam absenciam W. hospitalarii per moram factam
London. pro negociis ecclesie, xvijs viijd, unde in furrura ijs.
Item in roba Willelmi Rys, quia amicus ecclesie etc., causa supra,
xvijs viijd unde in furrura ijs." John Kyrkestede is rewarded in
the same way for the same reason. "In liberacione T. Hasteley
nihil computatur quia pro singulari amore persone sue [sic].
Item in panno albo dato confessori domine die novi anni vijs
causa supra." "Stipendia sacerdotum; Item in salariis domini
Johannis de Alcunby, domini Johannis Lomb, et domini Johannis
Baroun, vili, cuilibet eorum xls." There follows a further account
by Totyngton, "de hiis que non concernunt compotum officii sui,
anno qua supra," in which while the receipts are 13s 4d. the
expenses are 151l. 17s. 2¾d. Under the head of "Elemosina"
are noted 25s spent in necessaries for five clerks at the Hospital;
20d to a poor man to buy seed for his land; 20s to the fabric of
the church at Melford; "in expensis factis London. circa Johannem
Mykelwode addiscentem scribere cum Keteryngham, xls, viz. in
mensa, in lecto, in necessariis pro corpore suo, et stipendio magistri
sui, per compotum Johannis de Botlysham, attornati hospitalarii
in hac parte." Under the head of "Dona," "Item in dono tribus
clericis domine Norff. venientis illuc pro honore et solacio parochianorum apud Melford, in iii. paribus caligarum de sanguin,
iijs ixd, prec. par. xvd. Item, in dono Johanni Allertone, quando
missus per dominam comitissam Norff. fuit presens in sessione pacis
in theloneo per ministros domini abbatis, ne rebellio etc. xiijs iiijd.
In dono famulo suo xxd." At the visitation of the convent
on St. Saviour's day each professed monk had 6d and the prior
1386–7.—The same hospitaler. Oblations, 2s. 9d. Receipts,
106l. 2s. 9½d; Expenses, 234l. 3s. 6¾d. The priests are John
Alcunby, John Lomb, John Baroun, and William Chapman.
Among ornaments for the chapel of St. Thomas are a "silverbox" placed beneath the feet of his image, 12d, and a base bought
of Simon, the abbey mason, for the image to stand on "ad dextrum
cornu altaris," 5s. "In iij libris rubiis cum servicio sancti Thome
tam de passione quam de translacione, xiijs iiijd. Item in
apparatu altaris in dicta capella, viz. in uno Reredeos, uno selure,
i frontell, ij curtynes, ij auterclothes, ii corporasz, ij towayl, ij
pilweres rebaned, ls. In majori campana empta pro campanili
xs." "In expensis W. Heynes querentis unum portiforium
apud Wrabbenase, valoris xls, quod defuit per triginta annos
et amplius, eundo et redeundo, viijd. In xij boulys emptis
pro recreacione sacerdotum, xd." Six pence were paid to John
Homb for his expenses in going to Clare to get a doctor in theology to preach on St. Thomas' day, then to Sudbury for tiles
for the pavement of St. Thomas' chapel, and then to Melford.
The day of SS. Fabian and Sebastian was observed with feasting.
A supplementary account (as before) shows further expenses to
the amount of 155l. 17s. 10¾d. Among these is a horse bought of
dom. Thomas Pope for 46s. 8d. which is noted as being "in
perditione, per delusionem predicti Thome Pope." Among gifts
are payments to the minstrels of the Countess of Norfolk and
those of the Earl Marshal; to a suffragan bishop "pro labore suo,"
and his chaplain and valet; to a valet bringing 24 rabbits from Sir
John Eyr; to a preaching friar who came from Oxford; and
"magistro J. Bromptone pro labore suo circa rotulum villanorum, in
panno de scarlet empto de Egidio atte Pyrie, vjs viijd."
1438–9.—Adam Babyngton, bailiff. Receipts, 23l. 16s. 9d.;
Expenses, 21l. 14s. 8d. This is only the account of the farmbailiff, and not of the hospitaler.
1364, 2 Nov. 38 Edw. III. At Westm.—Letters patent, granted at
the request of the burgesses, confirming the exemption from all tolls
and customs at markets and fairs contained in the charter of Hen. [III.]
to the abbey and convent and burgesses of St. Edmund. Great seal in
white wax, perfect except in a portion of the legend.
1367, 24 Oct. 41 Edw. III. At Westm.—Exemplification, at the
request of the burgesses, of process at Bury [in 1292–3] in pursuance
of writs from Edw. I. dated at Westm., Friday after Exalt. of H. Cross
an. 20, and at Wellebek 17 Feb. an. 21, for trial of dispute between the
abbey and the town respecting the appointment of alderman and the
keeping of four gates, together with other complaints with relation to
the assize of bread and beer, interference with traders, opposition to
the abbot's authority in cases of assault and violence, and to the burgesses'
not permitting his bailiffs "amovere fimaria extra villam ad nocumentum
plebis jacencia et corrupcionem corporum et impedimentum transeuncium," &c. The following were the jury: Stephen de Hauekedone,
Robert le Fraunceys, Ralph de la Kersunere, Simon le Wilde, Walter de
Clopton, Richard de Saxham, Sampson de Batesford, William de
Rugham, Hervey Gorge, Robert le Engynur, John de Hunstertone, and
William de Thelintham. It ends with an agreement with regard to the
main point of dispute, that John de Orfeuere who had been elected alderman shall renounce his election; that the person elected shall be presented
to the abbot who shall admit him, unless he can show reasonable and
manifest cause to the contrary; on admission he shall be sworn at the
high altar of St. Edmund to preserve the rights of the abbey; that
keepers of four gates shall be chosen by the burgesses and admitted by
the sacrist or his bailiffs at le Tolhus, and the custody of the fifth or
east gate to remain with the abbey and convent. Hereupon, licence
being first obtained from the abbot, John le Orfeuere was unanimously
re-elected alderman, and was admitted by the abbot. A large portion
of the great seal, in green wax, remains. This process is frequently
referred to in the trial in 1304, supra.
1370. See under 1401.
1385, 9 Apr., an. 8. At Westm.—General pardon from Richard II.
to Thomas Halesworth, [alderman] of Bury for all insurrections, treasons
and offences committed by him or anyone of the persons of the town
before 22 Dec. an. 6 ; as also release from all sums of money
due from him or his predecessors for which he or they are bound in the
Chancery; excepting that he and others are to contribute their due
quota in payment of a fine of 2,000 marks. The introductory clause is
as follows:—"Omnibus ballivis et fidelibus suis ad quos presentes litere
pervenerint, salutem. Sciatis quod cum omnes homines ville de Bury
ab omni gracia perdonacionum et remissionum in parliamentis nostris
annis regni nostri quinto et sexto aliis ligeis nostris dicti regni nostri
per nos factarum, quampluribus enormibus delictis suis cansantibus,
privati fuissent et excepti, ac postmodum ad supplicacionem quorundam
Magnatum nobis assistencium, et pro co quod certi homines ejusdem
ville tam pro seipsis quam pro singulis aliis personis predicte ville vicinis
suis gratie nostre in omnibus se humiliter submiserunt, ipsique homines
pro seipsis et singulis vicinis suis predictis ut ad graciam nostram
admitti possent quendam finem duarum milium marcarum cum consilio
nostro, . . . . pretextu finis predicti, ad instanciam predictorum
Magnatum, de benignitate nostra regia ipsos ad hujusmodi graciam
nostram duxerimus acceptandos; Nos ea consideracione perdonavimus et
remisimus Thome Halesworthe de Bury sectam pacis nostre," &c.
The larger portion of the great seal remains in white wax. The town
had incurred heavy penalties on account of the excesses committed there
by the rioters under Jack Straw in 1381, when Chief Justice Cavendish
was beheaded by them in the market-place, and the prior of the abbey
was also murdered.
1387, 20 Apr. an. 10. At Westm.—Renewal by Rich. II. of the
preceding pardon, at the supplication of the abbot and convent, adding the
particulars that Thomas Halesworth of St. Edmund, otherwise called
Thomas Halesworth, "Squier," was excepted from pardon by Parliament,
among the persons of Bury, as one of the principal of those who were in
insurrection in the county of Suffolk, and that twenty persons submitted
themselves and were bound for themselves and others to a fine of 2,000
marks, and that pardon had been promised to each of these and to all
others who should severally for themselves apply for it. Seal, in white
wax, nearly perfect.
1390, 20 Feb., an. 13. At Westm.—"T[este] J. Cassy."—Letters
patent of Richard II. exemplifying a process in the Exchequer in
Nov. 1389, releasing the town from the balance due of the fine
of 2,000 marks; reciting several writs; 1, of 5 Feb. an. 8, by which
Roger Rose, alderman, Edmund FitzLucas, James Marham, John
Osebern, Thomas Fornham, Adam Waterward, Thomas Ewelle, John
Gollere, Thomas Godard, Geoffrey Wolleman, Henry Wrotham,
Thomas Bernyngham, Richard White, Thomas Lacford, Alan de Denham, William Chevele, Thomas atte Perye, John Rery, John Calf, John
Berard, Richard Rougham, Stephen Belman, William Thetford, and
Walter Lucas, all of Bury, were appointed to assess and levy the fine,
many persons having refused to pay the sums charged upon them; 2, of
16 Nov. an. 9, to the barons of the Exchequer to summon Robert de
Kedyngton and John Overton, the bailiffs, Robert de Bekerton, serjeantat-arms, Thomas de Ikworth, and William Hore, who had been appointed to supply information as to the condition and means of the various
persons assessed and to appear with the assessment rolls, and also John
Broghton, tailor, John Hanle, William de Draghton, John Berard,
Edward Honton and Thomas Halesworth, appointed deputy collectors,
to appear before them to give account of the sums collected; reciting
further that the said persons appeared at the Exchequer, and rendered
their accounts, producing also at the same time a writ, dated 6 July
an. 13, to the Exchequer, ordering discharge from further account on the
ground that the proceedings were represented to be contrary to the
charters of liberties granted to the abbey, directing that the assessment
should be made by the officers of the abbey, and granting 500 marks of
the balance to the prior (the abbacy being vacant) in relief of the abbey,
which is greatly depressed by injuries on the part of the townsmen;
reciting further that the persons summoned are discharged from all
further process, the sum of 1,000l. having been paid to the King by
three several tallages, and the balance of 500 marks being granted to
the abbey. Fragment of the Exchequer seal.
. . . . .—Copy (early in the fifteenth century, on a long roll of eight
membranes) of an Inspeximus charter [of Henry IV ?]; reciting and
confirming the following charters:—
A. Richard II., 24 Nov. an. 7 , at Westm., being Inspeximus of
1. Edw. I., at Fyndon, 19 June, an. 33 , granting that
the abbey may hold at Henhowe the pleas arising in the eight
hundreds and half which are in its liberty.
And also Inspeximus of
2. Edw. III., confirming
3. Edw. II. of 22 July an. 4  at Wodestok, confirming the
i. Canute, with the English version. Printed in Kemble's
Codex Dipl. iv. 15. 17.
ii. Five charters of Edw. Conf. in English, as follows:—
a. Confirming charters of Canute and Hardicanute.
Printed in Kemble's Codex Dipl. iv. 231.
b. Granting the half hundred. Ibid. iv. 222.
c. Granting exemption from taxes. Ibid. iv. 224.
d. Granting a mint to abbot Baldwin. Ibid. iv. 223.
e. Granting Mildenhale to the abbey. Ibid. iv. 194.
iii. Richard I., 21 Sept. an. 1 . At Westm.
iv. Edw. I., 16 Nov. an. 9 . At Westm. confirming—
a. Charter of Hen. I. n.d. At Westm.
b. Charter of John, 15 March an. 1 . At
v. Edw. I., 10 Feb. an. 10 . At Claryndon.
4. Edw. III., 13 Sept. an. 4 . At Nottingham.
5. Edw. III. 4 May, an. 10 . At Westm.
6. Edw. III. 24 May, an. 26 . At Westm.
7. Edw. III. 4 June, an. 27 . At Westm.
B. Hen. [1. ?] at Falaise, n.d. witness Al. de Ver.
C. John, 20 July an. 17 . At Oxford.
D. Richard II., 12 Apr. an. ii. . At Westm.
The conclusion of the original confirmation charter is not given, and
its date therefore does not appear, nor is the name of the King who
grants it given at the beginning.
1408, 10 Jan., 9 Hen. IV.—Indenture by which Thomas Halysworthe,
alderman of the town, agrees on behalf of the town to accept five
shillings from John Wollebetere as the annual rent for a tenement in le
Cornmarket for which ten shillings has been formerly paid. Twentythree seals are attached, bearing initials, merchants' marks, and other
devices, of the following witnesses: Adam Watirward, Richard Rougham,
John Osbern, Giles Pirye, Roger Framptone, and John Notyngham,
formerly aldermen, Geoffrey Baret, William Methewold, John Launey,
John Toft, John Drenkestone, Richard Baxstere, Walter Draweswerd,
Roger Lystere, Geoffrey Salle, Edward Houtone, Richard Iremongere,
Adam Baxstere, Thomas Ferour, William Ampe, chaundeler, Walter
Cook, Michael Lalleford, John Regges, John Broughtone, and John
Haule, burgesses. The two counter-parts of the indenture are
1424, 1 Dec. an. 4. At Westm.—Two skins of an Inspeximus charter
granted by [Hen. VI.] to the abbey, wanting the first one or two skins.
The portion remaining contains an exemplification of a charter of Hen.
V. granted 1 Dec. 1414, in which are recitals of
i. Charter of Rich. II., 24 Nov. an. 7 , reciting
a. Edw. III. 13 Sept. an. 4 . At Nottingham.
b. — 24 May, an. 26 . At Westm.
c. — 4 June, an. 27 . At Westm.
ii. John, 20 July, an. 17 . At Oxford.
iii. Rich. II. 6 Aug. an. 20 . At Dover.
1447, 13 Nov. an. 26. At Westm.—Letters of Hen. VI. ordering
that the charter of privileges granted to the abbey by Henry I. be observed,
namely that it should enjoy the privileges granted by Canute and
Edward [the Confessor], that no secular officer should enter the borough
except by consent of the abbot and convent, that they and the burgesses
should be free from all tolls and customs at markets and fairs, and their
domains free from all scots, gelds and aids. Fragment of great seal, in
1469.—See under 1556, infra.
1477, 8 June.—Ordinances for the reformation of abuses in the craft
of the weavers; on two membranes.
"This indenture made the viiith day of June in the xviith yeere of
the reigne of Kyng Edward the iiiith between Thomas Heigham and
William Helperby, bayliffes of the right reverent fader in God thabbot of
Bury Seynt Edmund of the toune of Bury Seynt Edmund, on the one
partie, and John Ivy, Edmund Baker, Regnold Chardro, John Dyllewyne,
John Mey, Thomas Langham, Thomas Page, Richard Stokes, Thomas
Carletone, John Mace, Robert Langham, Robert Spark, John Mey the
yongger, Robert Parmenter, Richard Syward, John Fystone, Edmund
Goodale, Edmund Oklie, John Langham, Richard Grene, William
Cole, John Lombe, Thomas Drawswerd, Thomas Senowe, John Honell,
Clement Glokke, Huc Ravyshy, Henry Longge, and John Parmenter,
of Bury aforsayd, wulvene and lynene veweres, on the othere partie,
wythnesseth. Forasmoche as many persones and greate multytude of
people as weell of menne as womenne and childrenne withinne the
toune of Bury Seynt Edmund bee dayly gretly occupyed be the mene
of the crafte of wevers, wewyng all manor of wulvene and lynene cloethe,
to the greate avayle and profyth as weell of the sayd toune as the contre
adyoynyng and the inhabitants of the same, and most specyally to the
syngler increse profyth and avauntage of the ocupiers of the seyd crafte
of pleyne wewyng bothe wulvene and lynene, wiche, be the deceyvable
and untrewe werkyng and wewyng of some persones vsyng the seyd
crafte, ys greateley discresyd, apeyred and decayed, and dayly discreseth
apeyreth and decayeth, to the greate displesure of Almyghty God, and
greate hurte henderyng and losse of alle the inhabitants of the seyd
toune and cuntre, and be lyklynesse to the vtter distruccione of the
occupiers of the seyd crafte lesse thanne convenyent ordinaunces and
bylawez be made ordeyned and prowyded for reformacione of such subtylytes untrewthes and deceytes as be some persones be vsyd in the seyd
crafte; Wherfore alle the ocupiers of the seyd crafte withinne the
seyd toune of Bury, by one assent prayin and in the weye of charyte
hertely besechen the Secristene of the monastery of Bury aforesayd, lord
of the seyd toune, that certeyne provysyouns bylawes and ordinaunces
may be maad, to the plasiere of God, increse and profyte of the seyd
crafte toune and cuntre, be the sadde and discrete advyse of his officers
and councell, made inactyd and auctorysed in maner and forme as
hiere after foleweeth:—
Furst, yt ys be alle the persones ocupying the seyd crafte provyded, agreed, and be the consent of the Secristene afornseyd, be the
advyse of his officers and counceyll, inactyd, and for a byghlawe, to the
plesure of Allmyghty God and profyte increse and avauntage of the seyd
crafte, toune and cuntre, made and auctorysed, that every mane as weell
maisters, howsholders, apprentyses, servauntes hierid be the yeere ore
be the iourney, as all other men ocupyeng or excersysyng the seyd
crafte of alle maner of wullene or lynene wewyng in the seyd toune of
Bury xall dewly assemble and mete togedere yeerly in the feste of
Translacione of seynt Edward Kyng and Confessor in the Guyldehalle of
the seyd toune of Bury, and thanne and theire chose iiii. discrete persones
[underlined for deletion] and able mene of the seyd crafte hauyng free
holde within the seyd toune of Bury to be wardeyns, guyders and rewlers
of the seyd crafte and alle persones ocupying the same for the yere
folwyng, wiche iiii persones so chosen xall be presentyd within the
space of xii dayes thanne immedyate folwyng by the olde wardeyns ore
odere substancyall menne of the seyd crafte to the Balyffez of the seyd
toune of Bury in the Tollehous of the seyd toune, and thanne and there
xall take their charge of the seyd Baliffes, and be sworene upone a boke
dewly trewly dylygently and indeferently to ocupye excersyse fulfille
and execute every poynt to them belonggyng their seyd office, and truly
to correcte and presente alle maner defautes deceytes misprysiouns doone
be ony persone ocupying the seyd crafte.
Also yt ys be alle the persones aforne rehersyd, provyded inactyd
and auctorysyd that the sey[d] iiii wardeyns in the maner and forme above
rehersyd chosene and swore xall have full auctoryte and power yeerly
in the place and tyme above rehersyd, and fro tyme to tyme as often be
their discrecione xall thoughte behofull neccessary or expedyent to swere
every persone occupying or excersy[s]ing the seyd crafte within the
seyd toune of Bury dewly and treuly to kepe performe obeye fulfille and
execute every poynt conteynyd and comprysid in this articule and every
articule folwyng. The seyd wardeyns xall have also fro tyme to tyme,
as oftene be their discrecione they thynkke convenyent or metely [power
to ?] make dwe serche in the seyd crafte, and have full auctoryte and
power to entre in every mannys hous occupying the seyd crafte dewly
and trewly to serche if ony thyug be usyd occupyed or excersysyd be
ony persone in the seyd crafte contrarye to these ordinaunces and bylawes
as hereafter be rehersyd. And if ony persone dewly chosene to be wardeyne refuse and wyll not take his charge dewly and treuly to ocupye
and excersyse the seyd office in maner and forme afornrebersyd, thanne
that persone so refusyng xall lose and forfete xiiis iiiid, whereof the
Secristene of Bury afornseyd for the tyme beyng xall have the one half,
and the othere half to go to the sustentacione and mayntenaunce of the
payent of the Assencione of oure Lord God and of the yiftys of the Holy
Gost, as yt hath be customed of olde tyme owte of mynde yeerly to be
had to the wurschepe of God, amongge other payenttes in the processione
in the feste of Corpus Xr[ist]i. And yf ony wardeyne of the seyd crafte be
after the charge as ys afornrehersyd be hym take neclygent remisse or
in ony maner of wyse defectyff in executyng or in excersysyng of his
seyd office, that wardeyne so devly founde defectyff xall loose and forfete
for euery poynt that he is founde fauty or defectyff in iijs. iiijd., wherof
the seyd Secristene xall haue the one half, and the other halfe to go to
the sustentacione and mayntenaunce of the seyd pagent.
Also yt ys be alle the occupierez of the seyd crafte, with the assent
and agreement of the Secristene afornseyd in maner and forme aboue
rehersyd, provydyd, agreed, inactyd and auctorysyd, that euery persone
vsyng the seyd crafte xall in maner and forme abouerehersyd dewly
assemble and mete togedere the tyme and place afornrehersyd, and
thanne and there aforne the wardeyns or other substancyall menne of
the seyd crafte take their charge and be swore dewly and treuly to kepe,
performe, obeye, fulfille, and execute euery poynte conteynyd and comprysyd in these provysiouns ordinaunces and bylawes. And yf ony
persone occupying the seyd crafte of necligence wylfulnesse or frowardnesse, or ony other cause, withoute licence of the wardeyns of such cause
as the seyd wardeyns xall thynkke resonable, be absent, and mete not
with the wardeyns occupiers of the seyd crafte at the place and tyme
afornelymytyd and assignyd, or diligently geve not his attendaunce
abowte suche thyngges as there and thanne xall be do and executyd, or
be disobedyent vnto the seyd wardeyns in takyng of their othe or charge,
or ony other thyng that the wardeyns with the more part of the
substancyall householders of the seyd crafte xall be put to hym or
resonably assignyd hym to do, or if ony persone occupying the seyd
crafte be rebell to the seyd wardey[n]s and wyll not suffir them pesibly
without grutchyng to entir into his hous and to euery place convenyent
to make their serche dewly in maner and forme afornrehersyd, that
persone so dewly fownde defectyff in ony of these poyntes afornseyd
xall forfete and loose for euery poynt that is so found defectyff in xiijs.
iiijd., wherof the Secristene afornseyd xall haue the one halfe, and the
seyd wardeyns the other halfe to the sustentacyone and mayntenaunce of
the seyd payent and profythe of the seyd crafte.
Also yt ys in maner and forme and be the auctoryte afornrehersyd
ordeynyd and provydyd that no persone fro this day forward take upon
hym to sette vp ony loomes or to occupie the seyd crafte within the
sey[d] toune of Bury but suche persones as haue be apprentyses to the
seyd crafte and haue sufficient kunnyng and understondyng in the same,
and so be examynyd and admyttyd be the seyd wardeyns as able menne
to sette vp and occupie the seyd crafte, and that no persone of the seyd
crafte within the toune of Bury xall not [sic] occupie at oonys moo
thanne iiij loomes, and that no persone haue [having ?] sufficient
kunnyng and understondyng in the occupacione and excersyse of the
seyd crafte and not beyng of pouere and hauour to sette up loomes and
occupie the seyd crafte to his owyne propir vse increse and avauntage,
occupie excersyse or werke in the seyd crafte be yeer be day or be the
iourney with ony persone or persones within the seyd toune of Bury but
suche persones or persone as be the seyd wardeyns be admytted to
occupie the seyd crafte, and haue beforne the seyd wardeyns take their
charge and be sworne trewly to obserue and kepe alle these bylawes
provysyonys and ordenaunces. And that no persone occupying [and]
excersysyng the seyd crafte witholde or here ony persone to labour with
hym in the seyd crafte be the yeer, the moneth, the wyk, the day, or be
the iourney, but suche as he wull answere for as weell for his good
demenyng and beryng ageyne the seyd wardeyns and euery other
persone of the seyd crafte as for the good and sufficient werkemanshepe
of wiche [suche] werke as xalbe wroughte be hym, and that euery
persone so wythhold heryd or wagyd be the yeer or lesse tyme contynue
in the seyd toune occupyid in the seyd crafte be the space of a yeere
xall paye to the mayntenaunce and sustentacione of the seyd payent iiijd
And that no persone presume [any person presuming] to do contrarye
to ony poynt conteynyd in these articules and poyntes afornrehersyd,
xall forfete and loose for euery poynt that is so founde defectyff in xiijs
iiijd, wherof the Secristene afornseyd xall haue the one halfe and the
seyd wardeyns to [sic] the othere halfe to the sustentacione and mayntenaunce of the seyd payent and profyth of the seyd crafte.
Also yt ys in maner and forme and be the auctoryte afornrehersyd
ordeynyd and provydyd that euery foreyne weuer that fettyth of the
seyd toune of Bury mennys yerne for to webbe xall be contributorie
vnto the sustentacione of the seyd payent lyke as a deyzin weuer oweeth
to bee. And that no persone of the seyd crafte in Bury shalle receywe
any apprentycez for shortere terme thanne he be lykly to haue sufficient
kunnyng withinne space of vii yere, nor to reseyue apprentys under
colour of a journymanne for short tyme for to entre hym in the crafte
for a lucre. And that no persone of the seyd crafte shalle werke his
crafte of weuyng wuluene or lynene in the seyd toune of Bury with ony
other manne thanne with a manne of the same crafte. And that no
persone presume to do contrarie to ony poynt conteynyd in these
articules vpon peyne of forfeture of xxs as oftyne tymys as ony persone
of the seyd crafte is founde defectyff, wherof the Secristene afornseyd
xall haue the one halfe, and the seyd wardeyns the othere halfe to the
sustentacione and mayntenaunce of the seyd payent and profyth of the
Also yt ys in maner and forme and be the auctoryte afornrehersyd
ordeynyd, inactyd and provydyd that no persone of the seyd crafte
within the toune of Bury xall not [sic] receyve non apprentice into the
seyd crafte fore shorter ore lesse tyme thanne vii yere. And that no
persone of the seyd crafte in Bury xall not make no debate amongges
the seyd felashippe, and wull not be rewlyd or be rebell and [marked
for deletion] ayens the wardeyns, and will not be gouerned, xall forfete
and loose for euery poynt that he is founde fauty or defectyf in xiiis
iiijd, wherof the Secristene afornrehersyd xall haue the oone halfe, and
the seyd wardeyns the othere halfe to the sustentacione and mayntenaunce of the seyd payent and profyth of the seyd crafte.
Also yt ys in maner and forme and be the auctoryte afornrehersyd
ordeynyd, inactyd and provydyd that what persone of the seyd crafte
withholde a jurnymanne for a terme withinne wiche terme the jurnymanne be vacant for the defaute of werke the maister shalle satysfye
vnto his jurnymanne for his losse be warde of the wardeyns, but yf the
maister and the seyd journymanne may accorde be them selfe, and what
journymanne witheholde with the maister of the seyd crafte begynne a
werke in his maisteris loome and then leve of that werke and ocupie
hym in other place, or be idell, wher thourghte his maisteris werke be
not sped but is henderyd azens his custemers, xall satisfie to his maister
of his damage by the consyderacione of the wardeyns but if the parties
acorde be them selfe. And if ony persone manne or womanne dwellyng
in Bury or in ony other toune compleyne hem vp[on] ony weuer in Bury
that heire yeerne is not put in theire webbe, or that the webbe is ony
[marked for deletion] onesufficiently wroughte, or ony other deseythe
or defaute done to them in there webbe, and shewe the webbe or thanne
it be fullyd, the werkemanne xall make aseethe and amendez vnto the
ovener of the webbe for his harmes after the consyderacione of the
wardeyns and agreement of the pleyntyff. Also yf ony persone of the
seyd crafte be malyce or fals coueytyse procure or aloyne ony apprentycez
seruauntez or journymenne from the servyse of his maister that vsythe
the same crafte in Bury, he xall make amendes vnto the maister after
the awarde of the wardeyns and agrement of the maister. And no
persone presume to do contrarye to ony poynt conteynyd in these
articules vpone peyne of forfeture xiijs iiijd, wherof the Secristene
aforneseyd xall haue the one halfe, and the seyd wardeyns the othere
halfe to the sustentacione and mayntenaunce of the seyd payent and
profythe of the seyd crafte.
Also yt ys be alle the occupiers of the seyd crafte withe the assent and
agrement of the Secristene aforneseyd provydyd, agreed, inactyd and
auctorysed that no maner persone nor persones foreners comyng to the
seyd toune of Bury xall not (sic) take vpone hym nor of them to sette vp
ony loomes to occupye the seyd crafte of wuluene and lynene wewying
withs in the seyd toune of Bury but suche as haue be apprentyses to the
seyd crafte withinne the seyd toune of Bury, and have sufficyent kunnyng
and vnderstondyng in the same, and so to be examynyd and admyttyd be
the seyd wardeyns as able menne to sette vp or to occupie the seyd crafte.
And alle suche persones or persone foreners or forener beforne the
wardeyns and mo of the most substancyalle menne of the seyd crafte
take their charge and be sworne dewly and trewly to kepe, performe,
obeye, fulfille and execute euery poynt conteynyd and comprysed in the
provysyouns ordenaunces and bylawes abowe rehersyd and after
rehersyd, and that persone or persones foreners that xall so be admyttyd
to sette vp the seyd crafte xall pay at the begynnyng in settyng vp of
his or their crafte of alle maner of wuluene and lynene wewyng xiiis
iiijd, whereof the Secristene afornseyd xall haue the one half and the
wardeyns [underlined for deletion] other halfe to go to the sustentacione and the mayntenaunce of the seyd payent and crafte. And that
no persone presume to do contrarye to ony poynt conteynyd in this
articule vpone peyne of forfeture as oftyne tymys as ony persone is
founde defectyff in xxs, wherof the Secristene afornseyd xall haue the
one halfe, and the wardeyns to the sustentacion vse and profyte of the
seyd payent and crafte the other halfe.
Also yt ys be the agrement and assent afornrehersyd ordeynyd
provydyd agreed inacted and auctorysed of alle the persones occupying
the seyd crafte ordeynyd that one day with inne Lentene duryng the
lete of the seyd toune of Bury to be assignyd be the discrecione of the
Balyffez of the seyd toune xall appiere beforne the seyd Baliffez, be the
retourn and warnyng of the subbaylleffez of the seyd toune and the
wardeyns, xii or xiiii honeste and discrete persones of the seyd crafte
thanne and there to be sworne and streytely chargyd be the seyd Baliffez
trewly and indeferently to inquere and to present alle the persones that
in ony poynt mysbehave them or do ayene or contrarye to ony of these
bylawes provysiouns and ordenaunces aforrehersyd, and them dewly to
punyshe accordyng to the same bylawes provysionnys and ordenaunces.
And if ony persone warnyd be the wardeyns and subbaylleffez in maner
and forme rehersyd to appere beforne the seyd Baylleffez make defaute
and appere not, that persone so makyng defaute xall forfete iiis iiijd,
wherof the Secristene afornseyd xall hawe the one halfe, and the
wardeyns to the sustentacione vse and profythe of the seyd payent and
crafte [the other half omitted].
Also yt ys assentyd, agreed, ordeynyd and provydyd that alle the forfetures, fynes, peynes ore amercymentez that xall growe be reasone of
the ordenaunces, provysyonnys and bylawes as weell to the seyd
Secristene as to the seyd wardeyns xall be lenyed and gadered be the
wardeyns and seruauntes and officers of the seyd Secristene, that is to say
be the subbaylleffez accordyng to the stretes to them be the clere of the
Tollehous deleuered of alle such presenttementes wiche xall be presentyd
and amercyd; wiche seyd wardeyns and subbaylleffez xall yeerly make
a trewe accounpte to the seyd Secristene of suche duetes as to hym
xall be longgyng in that behalf, and to the sustentacione of the
seyd payent and crafte of that parte thereto xall be longgyng
and perteyne, takyng for their labour as weell for the gaderyng
of the seyd duetes as for their attendaunce in the tyme of the
makyng of theire accounpte of euery xiid iid be them gaderyd as weell
of the seyd Secristene ys part as for the other of the seyd crafte.
Prouydyng alwey that the seyd wardens and subbaylleffez bee their
othes hawe alwey alowaunce and be dischargyd of alle suche parcellez as
they may not gadere nore make leuy of. In wythenesse whereof the
parties aboue named to these present indentures interchaungeably haue
put their sealys. Youene the day and yeer above wretene."
The seal of the bailiffs is attached, in red wax, and is perfect: a shield
bearing three crowns, surmounted by a helmet. "S' officii ballivor' ville
de Buri S[anct]i Edm[und]i." The indenture is marked with lateral indentation.
1490–1, 1493–4.—Two rolls of accounts of the bailiff of the manor
of Great Bartone.
i. "Compotus Willelmi Cok collectoris redditus et firme manerii."
Mich. 6 Hen. VII—Mich. 7 Hen. VII.
ii. Account of the same collector, Mich. 9 Hen. VII.—Mich. 10
The total of receipts in the former year is 97l. 8s. 2¾d. and half a
farthing; of disbursements, including payments, &c. to the abbot,
97l. 6s. 6d. half-farthing. In the latter year, receipts 81l. 9s. 10¾d.;
disbursements 87l. 0s. 0½d.
1516, 20 Nov. an 8. At Westm.—Inspeximus charter of Hen. VIII.,
reciting the charters to the abbey from that of Canute, and commencing
with the inspeximus of Hen. VII. of 1 Dec. an. 3. Three sheets; 194
lines, numbered in the margin. Great seal, broken. In a brown paper
parcel, with other documents, marked "1" on a metal label.
1520, 13 Dec. 12 Hen. VIII. At Hampton.—Copy, on paper,
about the beginning of the 17th cent. (certified by John Kitson) of a
grant from the King to the abbey of the goods of outlaws, of waifs, &c.,
superseding, for the removal of doubts and ambiguities, a previous grant
dated at Croydon 12 Apr. an. 5 (1514), which the abbot has surrendered.
Copy of another grant of the same date, of deodands and treasure
1526.—A quarto book in a parchment cover, containing on 39 leaves
of vellum, well written and well preserved, a rental of the property in
Bury belonging to the Sacristan. The following title is prefixed:—
"Rentale reddit. assic. (sic) ville de Bury S[anct]i Edmundi pertinen. offic.
Sacr[a]e monasterii Sancti Edmundi annuatim percipiend. ad festa S[anct]i
Mich[ael]is arc[hangel]i et Pasch. equis porcionibus, renovat. pei domp. Thomam
Gnatsale Sacram antedict. mon. ao r. r. Henrici octavi decimo octavo."
1540, 25 March. 31 Hen. VIII. At Walden.—Copy, on paper, in
the 17th cent. of the grant to Thomas Kitson, of London, knt., and
Margaret his wife, for the sum of £3710 and 20d, of the manors of
Rysbie, Sextens otherwise called Westley, Chevington, Hargrave,
Downdham, Fornham All Saints, Fornham St. Genevieve, and Fornham
St. Martin, and the park of Chevington, lately belonging to the dissolved
monastery of Bury.
1541.—Two receipts from John Acres for 24l. paid by John Holt,
gentleman, in two payments, for the tenth and fifteenth due 4 Feb. 1541
from the town of Bury. There is a receipt for another payment of
tax in 1542, and ten receipts in the reigns of Mary and Elizabeth.
1546, 28 Jan. 37 Hen. VIII.—Contemporary copy on a paper roll of
a decree in the Court of Augmentation in a suit respecting tithes between
William Clyfton, citizen and merchant tailor of London and farmer of
all the tithes formerly held by the almoner of the abbey, and Thomas
Saxsey, clerk, master of St. Nicholas Chapel in Bury and parson of
Fornham All Saints.
1556, 12 Feb. 2–3 Phil. and Mary.—Exemplification of a process in
9 Edw. IV. (1469) in which the Abbot of Bury established his right by
production of charters to exclusive jurisdiction in the town of Bury,
against all secular officers, whereupon sessions were adjourned from
Bury to Henhowe. On three skins. Small fragment of seal.
1560.—Three receipts for payments for the supply of clothes and
arms for soldiers sent forth from Bury.
1564.—A quarto paper book containing a rental of the town of
Bury. This is wrapped in two folio leaves of a MS. breviary, containing portions of the offices for the days of St. Paul and St. John
1569.—Account of money laid out by Bartholomew Brokesby in the
assurance of lands to Sir Nicholas Bacon for the use of the town of
1570–1.—Three receipts for payment for clothes and arms for
1571, 6 June. 13 Eliz.—Contemporary copy of a grant by the
Queen to Nicholas Bacon, esq., of the office of bailiff of Bury as fully
as formerly held by Robert Drury, knt., and Clement Heigham, knt.,
with the annual fee of 7l.
1571–1575.—A folio paper book of forty leaves, in parchment cover,
containing orders made respecting servants and workmen in Bury,
licenses to dwell in the town and orders to depart, punishments by
placing in the stocks in the market-place and whipping at the bullring, etc.; beginning on Sunday 14 Jan. 1570(–1) and ending 11 Dec.
On the first page the following "articles" are written:—"Articles to
be enquired of and put in execucion at the meting of the towneship of
Burye the xiiiith daie of Januarye 1570.
1. First, that every person do repaire to churche every Sondaie and
holydaie, and there continewe according to the Q. Majesties lawes,
upon peyne in the late statute provided.
2. Item, that every artifycer and labourer suspected of loytring do
weekely declare to one of the cunstables of the warde every
Sondaie in the morning where he wrought every daie in the said
weeke, and the said cunstable to enquire immediatlie the truth
3. Item, that every journeyman do serve according to the Q. Majesties statutes.
4. Item, if any labourer shall not be provided of worke on the Sondaie
for the weeke following, then the curate or cunstable to move the
parishe for worke.
5. Item, every spynster to have (if it may be) vilb of wolle everye
weeke, and to bringe the same home every Saterdaie at night, and
if any faile so to doe, the clothier to advertise the cunstable thereof
for the examynacion of the cause, and to punyshe it according to
the qualitye of the falte.
6. Item, serch to be made every moneth ones in every warde for the
resorte of vagaboundes and newe comers into the warde.
7. Item, that no pore person to be suffered to kepe their childrene
at home able to serve, but put them to service, without their be
speciall cause to the contrarye. [An illustration of this order is
given on 28 Jan. following, when Agnes Servall, daughter of Joan
Johnson, is enjoined to go to service before Easter, on pain of whiphing both mother and daughter, and in the mean time to be of
good behaviour, and to keep her church on the sabbath days.]
8. Item, that there be no person that set up any allehowse unles he
shuld have licence under the justices' hands."
At the end of the volume is a list of "the names of the inhabitants
for comen conference" in 1570, and on other pages, i. names of poor
people to whom gowns were given in Nov. 1572 at the charge of the
town house; ii. winter liveries given 30 Oct. 1574; iii. cards and
spinning-wheels also given in Oct. 1574.
1604, 14 June. 2 Jas. I.—Grant from the Crown to Robert Drury,
knt., of the tithes &c. formerly belonging to the almoner of the monastery, on a lease for forty years. Great seal, in white wax, partly
1607.—A folio paper book, containing 22 written leaves, in a parchment cover, bearing the following title; "Constitucions, lawes, statuts,
decrees and ordinaunces" made 18 July 5 Jas I. "by the alderman,
assistants and burgesses of the burghe of Bury St. Edmunde, for the
good government of the said burghe and of the people and inhabitants
of the same," by virtue of letters patent granted 3 Apr. 1606 to the
alderman and burgesses; examined and approved by Sir Edw. Coke,
knt., and Sir Will. Danyell, knt., justices of assize for Suffolk, in their
circuit, 21 July, 1607. The signatures of Coke and Danyell are
attached at the end of the orders. The orders, in number 132, are
arranged under the following heads: i. To avoid idleness and relieve
the poor. ii. To avoid the misdemeanours daily done in inns, taverns,
alehouses and tippling houses. iii. To avoid common nuisances within
the streets and lanes. iv. For apprentices and the making them free
for service done, and how freemen shall order themselves. v. For the
good government of the corporation and to avoid abuses to the alderman
and burgesses. vi. For process and fees of the court of record. vii. For
the true working of cloth. The orders for the regulation of this trade
amount to 38. viii. For the sale of victuals. ix. A prohibition to
tailors, saddlers, &c. for the buying of cloth, silk, &c. to sell again.
x. For usage of the fairs and markets by strangers. xi. Against freemen colouring foreign goods. xii. To avoid swearing and using unseemly songs, ballads, libels and rhymes. Fourpence for every oath,
and for every such song twelve pence; in default, the house of correction. xiii. To prevent the infecting of youth in Popery by schoolmasters. No one, except the master and usher of the free grammar
school, to teach children to read, write, or understand the English,
Latin, French, Italian or Spanish tongues, without license of the alderman and burgesses, upon pain of forfeiting for every default 6s. 8d.
xiv. That lanterns and candles may be shewed in winter, as well to give
light to such as for just causes go abroad in the night as to find out such
as commit misdemeanours in the dark. xv. To prevent the excessive
dearth of wood, coals, and other fuel. No brewers, dyers, or others
using much fuel in their trades to burn any wood or charcoal, but only
sea-coal, sedge, straw, or other such things; and no innkeepers to brew
except for their own families. xvi. To prevent deceits by such as buy
and sell by unsealed weights and measures. xvii. To prevent the excessive turning of barley into malt and the unnecessary number of
maltsters, and the making of malt at unseasonable times. xviii. For
the better ordering of the market. xix. For the ordering of linen
weavers in their trade. Nine orders. xx. For the ordering of bakers
in their trade and the keeping the assize of bread. Twenty-seven
orders. xxi. For the relief of the cutlers dwelling in this borough, and
to prevent the resort of cutlers that are straugers.
At the end of the volume are added three subsequent orders. One
of 27 July 1608, that whereas on 11 Apr. by a fire commencing in a
malt-house covered with thatch 160 dwelling-houses and 400 outhouses
and houses of necessary use, or thereabouts, were utterly consumed, the
loss being esteemed not so little as 60,000l., to the utter undoing of
many of the inhabitants, the thatched houses being the principal occasion of the fire being carried by the wind, it is ordered that no person
building or repairing any house with overway and spars cover it with
thatch but wholly with tile, slate, lead, or board. (fn. 2) Another on 1 Sept.
1609 that whereas the streets are greatly impaired by the multitude of
brewers' carts having wheels shod with iron, to the general annoyance
of the inhabitants and of all such as resort hither, no brewer shall carry
beer through the streets in any cart having such wheels. A third of
6 Jan. 162¾ that no one be elected for burgess in parliament but such
as shall have been admitted a free burgess of the council of the borough,
and shall have taken oath to defend its franchises.
1609, 1 Apr. 7 Jas. I.—Copy, on a paper roll, of a charter of incorporation for the clothiers, clothworkers, woollen weavers, and tailors
Copy, on a paper roll, of constitutions and orders for the regulation
of the corporation, submitted by George Boldero, clothier, and George
Fisson, tailor, masters of the art of clothiers, &c., and Edmund Heinard,
clothier, and Edward White, weaver, to Lord Chancellor Ellesmere, and
approved by him.
Copy of a subsequent petition from clothiers and tailors, &c., praying
that the charter may be withdrawn and the corporation suppressed,
on the ground that it was obtained by only a few persons against the
will of the majority, and is made only a means for extorting money.
1613, 10 July.—Agreement signed by 40 burgesses that whereas the
common carrier of the town has usually travelled towards London on
Wednesday morning in every week, he shall henceforth for the better
observation of the sabbath day, set forth upon Monday and make his
return upon Saturday, and the letter carrier so to travel that he may
make his return upon Saturday.
1614, 20 Oct.—List of all the inhabitants of St. Mary's parish owing
service at the court leet, and of all the brewers, innholders, alehousekeepers, butchers, millers, and "deasners" in the same parish.
1616–17.—Papers relating to a dispute between the brewers and the
1. Copy of a petition from the common brewers of the town to the
Privy Council, setting forth that whereas they are from time to
time, according to the statute, restrained to sell their beer at set
prices, the innholders and alehouse keepers, as not being within
the letter of the statute, and not selling out of their houses, take
liberty to brew beer of such excessive strength, priced at the rate
of 8d. per gallon, as that the beer made by the common brewers is
not vendible; such strong beer being also an extraordinary waste
of malt and wheat, and a bewitching means to draw the people to
drunkenness, idleness, and other vices displeasing to God. And
although many of the said innkeepers have been imprisoned and
otherwise punished so far as by law they might be, yet they
persist and increase in their disorder. The Council therefore are
prayed to interpose their authority.
2. Original letter from the Privy Council to the Justices of Assize
for Suffolk, directing them at the next assizes to take notice of this
complaint, and to order some effectual course for the reformation
of so foul an abuse; Greenwich, 23 June, 1616. Signed by
G. [Abbot] Cant., T. Ellesmere, Canc., T. Suffolke, E. Worcester,
Lenox, Pembroke, Fenton, E. Zouche, W. Knollys, E. Wotton,
Raphe Winwood, and Tho. Lake.
3. Copy of a petition to the justices of assize from "a great number
of poor people," whose names are subscribed, setting forth that
"we have many years been relieved by those innkeepers which
had the liberty to brew their beer in their own houses, not only
with money and food, but also at the several times of their brewing,
(being moved with pity and compassion, knowing our great
extremities and necessities) with such quantities of their small
beer as has been a continual help and comfort to us with our poor
wives and children; yet of late the common brewers, whose number
is small and their benefits to us the poor as little, notwithstanding
in their estate they are wealthy and occupy great offices of malting,
under pretence of doing good to the commonwealth, have for their
own lucre and gain privately combined themselves, and procured
orders from the Privy Council that none shall brew in this town
but they and their adherents, and by that means seek further to
enrich themselves by prohibiting of our said continual benefactors
from brewing; so that we your poor suppliants with our families
shall be utterly undone and impoverished." They pray therefore
that the brewers may not be allowed to debar so many charitable
persons from brewing, and thereby to undo a great number of poor
men with their wives, children, widows, fatherless, and orphans.
The names of fifteen innholders are subjoined, with those of twentyeight petitioners, mentioning their wives and children.
4. Order of the judges of assize referring the matter to the Recorder,
Alderman, and others for examination; 4 July, 1616.
5. Reasons against brewing in inns and alehouses; 25 March, 1617.
6. Account of the hearing of both parties before Robert Brown, the
alderman, Sir John Heigham, knt., Thomas Richardson, serj.-atlaw and recorder, and John Gooderich, coroner, by virtue of letters
from the Privy Council, with their order thereupon that all common
innkeepers and alehouse keepers shall from henceforth be wholly
suppressed from brewing in any of their houses or in any place to
serve their houses, except such as shall be licensed to brew ale
only. Of this paper there is a fair copy, and also a rough draft
with corrections, signed by Sir T. Heigham. To the latter is
subjoined a draft of a letter from one J. M. to one of the burgesses
in Parliament, asking for advice respecting the carrying out of the
1617/8, 22 Feb.—Citation from the Court of Arches to the alderman
and burgesses of Bury to appear for the acceptance of a legacy from
Stephen Peers, M.D., of Goville and Caius College, Cambridge, of
1,000l. on trust to pay 50l. yearly to the said college, and to lend the
principal to honest young tradesmen in sums of 30l., or 40l. at most,
with good security, at 5 per cent. interest. Legacies of 2,000l. to
Norwich and 1,000l. to Cambridge and King's Lynn are also bequeathed
upon similar conditions.
1620.—Petition in Chancery from Sir Nicholas Bacon, bart., of
Redgrave, dated 23 June 1620, complaining that since the incorporation of the borough ten years since, the alderman and burgesses do not
only maintain not so few as 300 alehouses besides the common inns, but
levy for the town the amerciaments, recognizances, &c. which belong
to him by virtue of the grant to his father of the rights formerly
possessed by the Abbey.
1620–1628.—Sheriffs' indentures with the alderman and burgesses,
and writs, for parliamentary elections:—
1. 1620, 2 Jan.—Election of Thomas Jermyn, knt., and John Woodford, esq. Signed by William Springe, sheriff. On parchment.
2. 1623, 15 Jan.—Writ from Nat. Barnardiston, sheriff, for an
election. On paper.
3. 1625, 11 Jan.—Election of Thomas Jermyn, knt., and Emmanuel
Gifford. Signed by Samuel Ailemer, sheriff. On parchment.
4. 1627/8, 14 Feb.—Writ from Maurice Burrowe, sheriff, signed by
Robert Aldhouse, deputy sheriff. On paper.
1632, 28 Sept.—Grant from the governors of the Free School to the
feoffees of the town lands, in pursuance of an indenture dated 21 Jan.
in the same year, of all the tithes formerly belonging to the chapel
or hospital of St. Peter, which were sold and conveyed to the said
governors by Charles Somerset, esq., son and heir of Sir George
Somerset, knt., by deed dated 20 March 24 Eliz. ; and the said
governors release the said feoffees from payment of 100l., part of a sum
of 200l. lent to them towards the purchase of the churches in the town
of Bury, &c. A broken impression of the school seal is attached, which
may possibly be amongst the earliest in existence, representing our
Lord, with five heads of persons around Him, and His words beneath,
"Sinite puerulos venire ad Me." [This is contained in a parcel wrapped
up in brown paper, with the number "1" attached on a tin label.]
1635.—Papers relating to a muster of the trained bands:—
1. Copy, certified by Theo., earl of Suffolk, lord lieut. of the county,
of a letter to him from the Privy Council, enjoining him, in consequence of daily advertisements from parts abroad of great
preparations by neighbouring princes and states, both by sea and
land, to have immediate and careful musters made of all the trained
forces, and to see that their arms be complete according to the
modern fashion, to the providing of which arms clergy and
recusants are to contribute; 27 April, 1635.
2. Letter from the earl of Suffolk, to the Alderman, recorder, and
deputy-lieutenants of Bury, in accordance with the preceding;
Suffolk House, 8 May.
3. Muster-rolls for the High, East, West, North and South Wards of
all the able men from 16 to 60; taken 29 May. These rolls are of
much local interest as giving the names of probably almost all the
families then resident in Bury. An endorsement gives the total
number as 1335.
1662. Resolution, signed and sealed by 12 commissioners for carrying
out the Act for the well governing of Corporations, that Oliver Hovell's
place as one of the 24 burgesses be void, he having refused to sign the
declaration required by the Act, and admitting William Browne in his
place; 24 Oct. 1662. To this is attached the declaration referred to,
against the Solemn League and Covenant, with the signatures of all the
members and officers of the Corporation. On parchment. A copy of
this is entered in the Corporation Minute-book.
1667.—Rental-book of the houses in Bury belonging to the town.