Liber albus I
Fols. 1-20

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Institute of Historical Research

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Historical Manuscripts Commission

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1907

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1-20

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'Liber albus I: Fols. 1-20', Calendar of the Manuscripts of the Dean & Chapter of Wells: volume 1 (1907), pp. 1-20. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=67364 Date accessed: 28 July 2014.


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THE MANUSCRIPTS OF THE DEAN AND CHAPTER OF WELLS. VOL. I

LIBER ALBUS I.

Grant and bond of the master and brethren of St. John's hospital Bristol, to maintain the chapel of the Holy Ghost in the churchyard of St. Mary of Radeclive, built by Master Henry Tessun formerly precentor of Wells, canon of Salisbury of the prebend of Bedmynstre, when archdeacon of Bath, who by will appointed that the office of the dead should be therein performed for ever: to find a secular chaplain with a clerk or one of their brethren to serve the same, who shall first take an oath to the rector of the prebend of Bedmynstre for the indemnification of the said prebend, and shall daily sing placebo, dirige, and morning mass, according to the use of the church of Salisbury, for the souls of Herbert, Robert and William bishops of Salisbury, Joscelin, Roger and William bishops of Bath and Wells, the said precentor, his ancestors and successors, rectors of the said prebend, Master Walter de Sancto Quintino archdeacon of Taunton (for that the said archdeacon added the precentor's name in the daily mass which he appointed in the great church of Wells at the altar of the holy Saviour which the said precentor set up, and in the bond for the same which he procured), and of all benefactors of the work, and all resting in the said churchyard: also to find bread and wine for poor chapels and churches* of the archdeaconry of Bath requesting the same by way of charity: to render yearly on the vigil of the said precentor's obit (namely the ides of August) to the communar of the chapter for the time being one mark, to be by him divided among the canons and clerks of the said church present at his anniversary, or absent only from infirmity: the celebrant to be presented every year in the chapter at Wells, and approved by the archdeacon of Bath, and this instrument to be read; no priest to officiate two years in succession: submitting themselves for these purposes to the bishop of Bath and Wells or his official for the time being. In recompense for which the executors of the said precentor have given them 63 marks to purchase a perpetual rent towards the repair of their house, the receipt whereof is acknowledged, and in accordance with his will have assigned to them a rent with the appurtenances by the churchyard of Radeclive which he purchased of Peter son and heir of Peter the clerk of Bristol for 20 marks, and a rent which he purchased of John Thurbern near the said churchyard, saving the ancient rent of the rector and church of Radeclive from the said lands and messuages, and have rendered to them all charters, etc. Three copies of this instrument, one remaining in the said hospital, a second in the treasury of Wells, and the third in the church of Bedminster. Sealed by brother Elyas, master of the said hospital, with his own and the common seal, and by the said archdeacon of Taunton for the executors. Dated 1254, Sunday after the Epiphany.
R.I. f. 2 (defective, commencing at *): III. f. 180.

Inspeximus and confirmation of the above by W. bishop of Bath [and Wells].
R.I. f. 2 (defective).

Four petitions to the pope, and a short memorandum, which follow (f. 2d.) are repeated, f. 96; below, p. 120.

Grant by Walter de Andely knight to . . . bishop of Bath and Wells, of four acres of land in Stokgummer in a great cultura between Prestun and Stokgummer, and the advowson of Stokgummer church, to hold of him and his heris in frank almoin, with warranty. Witnesses: Sir William de Fortibus, Sir Nicholas Poinz, Sir Philip de Columbariis, . . . . . . Henry Luvel, John de Aure, William Everard, William Marmiun, War . . . . . .
R.I. f. 3 (defeotive).

Fine levied at Westminster in the quinzaine of [the Purification 43] Henry III, between William bishop ofBath plaintiff (by Master Richard de S[tances his attorney]), and Walter de Andeby (sic) impedient, of four [acres of land] in Stokgummer and the advowson of the church there.
R.I. f. 3 (defective. See Somerset Record Society, vi. p. 182.)

There charters (defective) which follow (f. 3d.) are repeated, two in the body of the Register (ff. 107d., 89), and the third in R. III. f. 124; below, pp. 145, 109, 376.

Fine levied at Westminster in the octave of St. John Baptist 13 Edward I, between Robert Dandely demandant, and Master Thomas de Button dean of Wells and the chapter tenants (by Hugh de la Hele their attorney), of four acres of land and the advowson of Stokgummer, whereof an assize of last presentation was summoned between them, assuring the same to the dean and chapter.
R.I. f. 4. (Somerset Record Society, vi. p. 264.)

Fine levied in the king's court at Wilton three weeks after Easter 33 Henry III before the justices in eyre, between Thomas parson of Stokegumer plaintiff, and Henry prior of Goldclive deforciant, of two crops of one acre of oats and one quarter of wheat, arrears of an annual rent of the crop of one acre of oats and half a quarter of wheat due to the said Thomas [at] Monekesselver: the prior and his successors to pay the said rent yearly in future to the said Thomas and his successors at Monekesselver, and the said Thomas remits the arrears and all damages.
R.I. f. 4d. (Somerset Record Society, vi. p. 148.)

Memorandum that in 1287 on the vigil of the Assumption at vespers there was a solemn procession to the altar in the chapel of the Virgin at the petition of Hugh Rufus of Dychesgate, who gave to the dean and chapter, to the honour of the Virgin, half a mark yearly of the houses which he inhabits, to be distributed for his soul to those present at the said procession.
R.I. f. 4d. (Repeated f. 120d., where it is upside down.) (f. 5 wanting.)

Table of contents of the numbered charters following (ff. 9–61) with a few additions. R.I. ff. 6,7.

Received, the king's writ to summon . . . . prior of Montacute, Nicol de Meriet, Ph[ilip] Denebaud and William Lup . . . . . . on the information of his bailiffs of Exeter (by Walter Gervase and John de Exon of county Devon), to shew cause why they take toll, stallage . . . . . . . of Exeter contrary to the liberties granted by the charters of his predecessors.
R.I. f. 8 (defective).

Transmission by R. de Scures bailiff of Wells, to the bailiff of Nortchur', of a writ of King Henry III addressed to W. bishop of Winchester, commanding him to right Robert de Columbariis concerning two carucates of land in Hach, which he claims to hold of the said bishop by the service of one knight's fee, but is deforced by the dean and chapter of St. Andrew's Wells, and directing the said bailiff to summon the dean and chapter to the next county court.

Memorandum that a day was set at the Bench in London on the octave of St. John.
R.I. f. 8.

Memorandum that on Sunday before the Beheading of St. John Beptist 1246, Thomas precentor of Beth, Master John de . . . . sent on behalf of the prior and convent of Bath, brought with them to (?) Bath the following writings sealed by the chapter of Wells, namely an accord between the churches, the date whereof is to be altered, a confirmation of the same, a confirmation of goods, and a confirmation in duplicate of liberties concerning murders and amercements, five in all, to be sealed anew because of faults in them.
R.I. f. 8.

Memorandum that on St. Jerome's day, Gilbert de Dunstorre brought two pairs of writings concerning the confirmation of an accord bearing the chapter seal, and other documents relating to the same matter, and the appropriation of the church of Suthstok, whereof they had previously one pair.
R.I. f. 8.

Memorandum that previously 'dum fui circa visitacionem faciendam' they had one pair concerning the confirmation of Suthstok, as I heard from the treasurer.
R.I. f. 8.

Memorandum that on the vigil of St. Denis, Walter the sacrist of Bath brought a pair of letters concerning the confirmation of the church of Suthstok, reciting the bishop's grant of the said church with the chapel of Cumba, and promised to bring back others which they had before.
R.I. f. 8.

Memorandum that on St. Nichasius' day, Th[omas] the precentor of Bath and Master Th[omas] brought back two pairs of confirmations concerning the church of Suthstok, not including the chapel of Cumba, and other documents.
R.I. f. 8.

Memorandum that on Monday the morrow of St. Hilary 1246, arrived letters from King Henry addressed to the dean and chapter of Wells, dated Werwell 20 December xx[xi] Henry [III], summoning the dean and five representatives of the chapter to a council in London on the morrow of the [Purification].
R.I. f. 8.

. . . . . of Bath to the bailiff of Cury, enclosing the King's writ reciting that at an inquisition held by the sheriff of Somerest it was found that J. formerly . . . . . . . to the dean and chapter of Wells the amercements of his men and . . . . . . and that the dean and chapter were in possession thereof while . . . . . and enjoining . . . to . . . . . the same to the dean and chapter from the death of the said bishop.
R.I. f. 8d (defective).

Notification by the chapter of Wells to N. archdeacon of Salisbury, dated iV id. January 1247, that during the vacancy of the see they have appointed Master Adam de Gessiz and Gilbert de Sarum proctors to collect a subsidy to the pope from the manors of the abbot and convent of Glastonbury within his archdeaconry.

Similar notifications to the archdeacons of Wiltshire, Berkshire and Dorest.
R.I. f. 8d.

Writing of the dean and chapter, reciting that W. bishop of Bath and Wells claimed the fruits of vacant benefices, granted to them by his predecessors and in their possession for more than 40 years, but withdrew his claim on preusing their evidences; and granting to him for life two thirds thereof, without prejudice to their rights. Witnesses: H. Tesson precentor, H. de Lond[on] treasurer of Wells, Master W. de Sancto Quintino archdeacon of Tanton, H. sub-dean, N. succentor, W. provost of Cumba, Luke de Mombir' (Membiry), W. de Cusint[on], J. de Teynt[on], J. de Hereford, J. de Sutton, A. de Gessich, E. de Badestan, R. Giffard, W. de Purle, J. de Derham, J. le Fort, J. de Butt[on] canons of Wells. Dated Wells, id. Decemb. 1249.
R.I. f. 8d.

A similar instrument, in the name of W. bishop of Bath and Wells, of the same date, with the same witnesses.

R.II. f. 15d.

Memorandum that on St. Lawrence' day 1251 the chapter of Wells granted to Sir Richard de Button, who on the feast of . . . . . . . was canon of the prebend late of Luke de Membiry, the houses which were of Elyas the chaplain, provided that he should perform yearly the obit of the said Elyas, and provided that he should restore a piece of land which Luke had occupied of that which was of W. Buch', formerly held of the chapter by the said Luke.
R.I. f. 8d.

Memorandum that on the Assumption 1251 the chapter of Wells granted to John de Derham canon . . . . . the houses which were of Luke de Membiry, built by him on a piece of land of the chapter which William Buch gave for his wife's soul, at a rent of one mark, namely half a mark to be distributed in the choir on her anniversary, and half a mark on the anniversary of the said Luke, and he shall have again another piece of land which the said Luke had occupied, and Richard de Button ought to restore to him.
R.I. f. 8d.

Customs which the church of Pilton ought to have in the park of Pilton and without: with the lord's oxen eight oxen, five cows, one bull, one plough horse, and thirty pigs with the lord's pigs quit of pannage; one load of dead wood, and one pension against Christmas, a corrody for eight men as villeins have, half a load of oats for his horse, and one penny cum alba virga ad capistr; emend', fencing for his curtilage and meadows, of the lord's churchest ten hens at Martinmas, one cheese at the Ascension, and against Easter one bushel of wheat.
R.I. f. 8d.

Memorandum that on the feast of the seven brethren 1253, when William de Otteford vicar of the church of Wells craved leave of absence of the chapter until Michaelmas, as well for the account he ought to render to the executors of J. dean of Wells as for wheat, etc. to be saved in Kent, they refused leave, but let him well conceal . . . . . . . vigil of Michaelmas or the morrow and . . . . . . as vicar in his . . . . . or send the chapter . . . . . . . his vicarage.
R.I. f. 8d. (defective).

i. Charter of King Richard [I] giving to the church of St. Andrew Wells and Reginald bishop of Bath and his successors in frank almoin his manor, advowson, and hundred of Northcuri, with all liberties. Witnesses: Hugh bishop of Durham, Godfrey bishop of Winchester, Hugh bishop of Chester, Hubert bishop of Salisbury, Earl Hamelin de Warenn', Earl Robert of Leicester, Earl Richard of Clare, William Mariscallus, John his brother, William de Forz, Henry de Longo Campo, Roger de Pratell[is], John his brother, William de St. John, Geoffrey son of Peter, Ralph son of Godfrey the king's chamber. lain, Hugh Bard', Robert de Witefeld. Dated Canterbury, 27 November 1 Richard I, by the hand of the elect of Ely, chancellor.
R.I. f. 9: III. f. 25. See the inspeximus, R.I. f. 280d.; III. f. 27.

ii. Order of King Richard [I] to the men of Northcuri, reciting the above gift, to regard the bishop as their lord. Tested by H[ugh] bishop of Durham, Canterbury, 4 December.
R.I. f. 9: III. f. 25.

Charter of King John confirming grants made by King Richard [I] and by himself while count of Mortain to the church and canons of St. Andrew Wells, of the manor, hundred, and church of Northcuri with the land of Hacche and Wrentis, and warranty. Witnesses: Geoffrey archbishop of York, and others named. Dated Le Mans, 30 Sept. 1 John.
R.I. f. 9: III. f. 25d. (See original deeds, No. 15; also Rotuli Chartarum, p. 25.)

iii. Writ of King Richard [I] to the sheriff of Somerset and his bailiffs, directing them to deliver seisin of the manor and advowson of Northcuri with appurtenances to the church of St. Andrew Wells and Reginald bishop of Bath and his successors. Tested by Hugh bishop of Durham, Canterbury, 26 November.
R.I. f. 9: III. f. 25.

iiii. Charter of King John confirming to the church and canons of St. Andrew Wells grants made by King Richard [I], and by himself when count of Mortain, of the manor, hundred, and church of Northcuri with the land of Hacche and Wrent', and warranty: also granting a market at Northcuri every Wednesday. Witnesses: J. archbishop of Dublin, and others named. Dated Bristol, 10 Sept. 7 John.
R.I. f. 9: III. f. 26 (an abbreviation). (See Rotuli Chartarum, p. 158b.)

v. Charter of King John granting to St. Andrew Wells, the dean and canons there, St. Peter Bath, the prior and monks there, and Joscelin bishop of both churches and his successors quittance of toll throughout the king's land for all they buy and sell. Witnesses: R. earl of Chester, S. de Quency earl of Winchester, William Briwer, Walter de Lascy, William de Braosa, William de Cantilupo, Ralph Gernun, Thomas de Erdington. Dated Marleberg' 26 November 9 John. by the hand of Walter de Gray the chancellor.
R.I. f. 9d.: III. f. 2d., 14d.

Note of a similar charter under the seal of Walter bishop of Bath and Wells.

R.III. f. 2d.

vi. Confirmation by John count of Mortain of a grant made by King Richard his brother to the church of St. Andrew Wells and Reginald bishop of Bath and his successors, of the manor, advowson, and hundred of Northcuri with its liberties and customs, as King Richard and King Henry his father held the same. Witnesses: Hugh bishop of Coventry, Stephen Ride (sic) the count's chancellor, Robert de Bretoil, Hamon de Valuin', Hugh de Malalnoi, Theobald Walter, William de Buchet', Master Peter de Littelbir' Cantuar'.
R.I. f. 9d.

vii. Confirmation by John count of Mortain of a gift made by Rainald bishop of Bath to the church and canons of St. Andrew Wells of the manor of Nordcuri with the church and the land of Hacche. Witnesses: Robert count of Mellent, William earl of Salisbury, Stephen Ridel * the count's chancellor, Hamon de Valuin', Simon de Marisco, Ralph Morin, Robert de Teil, Fulk de Cantel', Robert de Mortuo Mari, Henry de Monteforti, Patrick his brother, Henry de Ver, Engelram de Pratellis. Dated Marleberg'.
R.I. f. 10; III. f. 25d., where the names from * are found. (See original deeds, No. 11.)

viii. Grant by John count of Mortain to Reinald bishop of Bath and his successors and to the church of St. Andrew Wells, of the land of Hacche with its appurtenances belonging to their manor of Northcuri, which King Richard his brother gave them by charter, confirmed by the said John. Witnesses: Stephen Ridel the count's chancellor, Roger de Novo Burgo * his sewer, Walter de Dunstanv[ille], Roger de Plan', Engeram de Pratellis, William son of John, Peter de la Stan', Luke de Trublev[ille]. Dated at St. Edward's.
R.I. f. 10: III. f. 407, where the names from * are found.

ix. Writ of John count of Mortain to the sheriff of Sumerset and his bailiffs, to permit Rainaud bishop of Bath peaceably to have his manor of Northcuri granted by King Richard and the said John to him and his church of Wells, with the advowson and hundred. Tested by William de Wendeuall' at Merleberg'.
R.I. f. 10: III. f. 25d.

x. Writ dc intendendo of John lord of England addressed to the knights and free tenants of the hundred of Northcuri, notifying the grant of the manor of Northcuri, with the advowson, the land of Hacche, and the hundred, to the church and canons of St. Andrew Wells, for the health of his soul and that of his brother the late King Richard. Dated Beaudeford (Beauford), 17 April.
R.I. f. 10: III. f. 28. (See original deeds, No. 14.)

xi. Writing of Geoffrey son of Peter addressed to the knights, free tenants, and the whole hundred of Northcuri, notifying that J. lord of England has rendered to the church of St. Andrew in Wells and to the canons the manor, church, and hundred of Northcury. Tested at Westminster 29 April, by writ of John lord of England from beyond the sea.
R.I. f. 10: III. f. 28, where the writer is styled "justice" in the margin.

[xii.] Inspeximus and confirmation by King Henry [III] of a charter of King John his father, dated Bristol, 10 September 7 John (see R.I. f. 9: above p. 6). Witnesses: Eustace bishop of London, and others named. Dated Westminster, 12 February 11 Henry [III].
R.I. f. 10d.: III. f. 407d. (Charter Rolls, Cal. i. p. 8.)

xiii. Charter of King Henry [III] to Joscelin bishop of Bath, Peter dean of Wells and the chapter, and their successors, granting them licence to disafforest the manor of Northcuri and enclose and make parks of the woods thereof, and that the men dwelling there shall be quit of forest pleas. Witnesses: Richard bishop of Durham, and others named. Dated Fuleham, 15 May 13 Henry [III].
R.I. f. 10d: III. f. 26d. (Charter Rolls, Cal. i. p. 104.)

Charter of King Stephen giving to the church of St. Andrew Wells and bishop Robert the churches of Northcuri and Perretona to make prebends in the said church. Witnesses: H. bishop of Winchester, Richard de Luci, William Mart', Dated London.
R.I. f. II: III. f. 26, where the bishop of Winchester's name is incorrectly given as Hugh.

xiiii. Confirmation of the above gift by Theobald archbishop of Canterbury and papal legate.
R.I. f. II: III. f. 26.

Confirmation by Rainald 'minister of the church of Bath' to the common fund of the canons of Wells, of the manor of Northcuri with the land of Hacche, given by King Richard and his brother John count of Mortain to St. Andrew Wells. Witnesses: Alexander dean of Wells. Thomas *archdeacon of Wells, Master Godfrey archdeacon of Bath, William de Cerdra, Jocelin the chaplain, master Ralph de Lichel', master Roger de Doueliz, Master Nicholas de Luuariis, Richard de Ken, Hamelin de Columbariis steward, Richard the chamberlain, Serlo the butler, Richard the marshal.
R.I. f. 11: III. f. 28, where the names from * are found.

xv. Confirmation by Savaricus bishop of Bath and Glastonbury to the church and canons of St. Andrew Wells of a grant made by Rain[ald] late bishop of Bath to their common fund, of the manor, church and hundred of Northcuri and the land of Hacche, to hold the same quit of all dues to the archdeacons and their officials. Witnesses: William abbot of Betenesden, Gilbert son of William, *William the chaplain, Master Richard de Alneto, Robert de Perers, Herbert de Well'.
R.I. f. 11: III. f. 26d., where the names from * are found.

xvi. Acknowledgment by Ralph son of Bernard that he has received the whole land of Hacche, which is a member of the manor of Northcuri, of Reinaud bishop of Bath and his church of Wells, to hold for life at a rent of two wax candles of 4lb. payable to the said church on St. Andrew's day, to revert to the bishop and his successors and to the said church. Witnesses: Alexander dean of Wells, Master Robert de Geldeford archdeacon of Bath, etc.
R.I. f. 11d.

xvii. Grant by Ralph son of Bernard to Baldwin the cook his servant, of half a virgate of land in the town of Hacche in fee and inheritance, to hold of him and his heirs by the service of one pound of cumin. Witnesses: Stephen Flandrensis, etc.
R.I. f. 11d.

xviii. Gift by Ralph son of Bernard to Edmund his hunter, of one ferling of land in Hacche which Richard de Perrees held, for his service and a rent of one pound of cumin at Michaelmas. Witnesses: Stephen Flandrensis, *Ralph son of William, Robert son of William, William son of Hardin, John son of Geoffrey, Gervase.
R.I. f. 11d.: III. f. 216, where the names from * are found.

xix. Agreement between the dean and canons of Wells and Richard son of Bernard, that Richard and his heirs shall content William his brother concerning 15 marks received, of 30 marks for which they fined with him for his claim to the manor of Hacch, upon the security of his rent of Liminton; and when the same be contented the dean and chapter shall return this chirograph, and make a quitclaim of the said 15 marks. Oath by the parties in full chapter.
R.I. f. 11d.: III. f. 216d.

xx. Charter of restitution by Hugh de Gundevill to the church of Curi of Hunilandes in the manor of Curi, which by evil counsel he took from the said church. Witnesses: John de Bathonia, Robert de Gundevill, # Hamelin de Gundevill, Geoffrey Hibernensis, Eustace de Horsintone, William de Horsintone, Robert the marshal.
R.I. f. 11d.: III. f. 35, where the names from * are found.

xxi. Charter of Richard son of Ralph son of Bernard war-ranting to the dean and chapter of Wells the manor of Hacche, which his father held, against William his brother, and all others claiming under his father, his mother, himself, or the said William, and on failure of this warranty conceding 'our land of Limington' in exchange, with indemnity for all pleas and expenses. Witnesses: Hugh de Well' archdeacon of Wells, Joscelin his brother, *Simon de Pateshyll, Master Eustace de Facunberg, James de Poterna, Richard de Mulcegros (sic) justices of the king, Master Roger de Sanford, Hugh Nichol canons of Wells.
R.I. f. 11d.: III. f. 208d., where the names from * are found.

xxii. Fine levied at Porecestre on the morrow of Trinity 7 John before the King and his justices, between Richard son of Bernard demandant and Alexander dean of Wells and the chapter tenants, of the manor of Hacche, upon a writ of mort d'anccstor. Quitclaim by the said Richard, with warranty against William his brother and his heirs, and all men of their stock, in consideration of 30 marks.
R.I. f. 11d: III. f. 216d. (Somerset Record Society, vi. p. 24.)

xxiii. Quitclaim by Gilbert Gule and Christina his wife, daughter of Thomas de Bolonia, to St. Andrew and the church of Wells, of all the land which the said Thomas and they held at Northcuri, formerly of the demesne of the church thereof, confirmed by an oath. Done in chapter at Wells, in the octave of St. Peter and St. Paul, in the third year from the translation of St. Thomas M. Witnesses: Walter the chaplain of Northcuri, Godfrey de Wedmore, *Gilbert de Dultyng, George, Adam de Hereford priests, Walter the chamberlain, Master Richard de Warewic, Master Peter de Cantebreg', Stephen de Bradeford, Philip [son of] Alan. Martin de Wynescombe, John de Cerde.
R.I. f. 12: III. f. 38d, where the names from * are found.

xxiiii. Agreement between Peter dean of Wells and the chapter on the one part, and John de Alre and Agnes his wife on the other part, in settlement of a dispute; the chapter saying that the said John and Agnes had set up a dyke in Saltmore and wrongfully impounded cattle of theirs and of their men there (where they claimed unlimited right of pasturing their own cattle and those of their men of the church of Northcuri), so as wrong-fully to enclose their grove of Stathe, and were occupying certain land by the chapel of St. James, and obstructing a road to Stathemore between the said chapel and grove: while the said John and Agnes said that the dean and chapter had wrongfully destroyed the said dyke, and prevented the cattle of strangers from passing across Stathemore to Saltmore, and had wrongfully converted certain places into meadow wherein the said John and Agnes had the right to pasture cattle. John and Agnes for themselves and their heirs of Stathe, to enable the dean and chapter to enclose their grove of Stocwode and a part of Pinkeham, grant 2(1/2) acres and (1/8) acre to the north-east of Stocwode and 12(1/2) acres in Bradelegh within Stocwode; also common of pasture in Saltmore for fourscore beasts; leave to convert into meadow 60 acres in Stathemore where the said John and Agnes had rights of pasture from Childesmorweye westward, reserving their right to pasture after the hay is carried; and release all right in disputed dykes, moors, ways, etc., of the dean and chapter, saving a right of way to Segemore. The dean and chapter grant in exchange 3(1/4) acres in Merstowe, 5(1/2) acres by Rodweye, 3(3/4) acres in Esterclive, and in a meadow by the wood of Stathe 2(1/2) acres and (1/8) acre; also 1(1/2) acres in the said meadow in exchange for one acre in Hullemede and half an acre in Wodebrech croft; leave to the said John and Agnes and their heirs of Stathe to enclose their grove of Stathe, and as much as they will of their land and the meadow adjoining the said grove, and such part of Saltmore as they think fit, and convert it into meadow, saving their common of pasture for fourscore beasts as aforesaid, and right to pasture after the hay is carried; also a right of way for cattle from Stathe by the rhine of Peret and by Curilade road to Saltmore. This agreement to be confirmed by fine. Oath by Walter the chamberlain on behalf of the dean and chapter, and by the said John for himself, his wife, and their heirs: two writings made, one sealed by the said dean, the other by the said John; all doubts to be referred to arbitration. Done on St. Mark's day 1233, in the chapel of St. Gregory of Stoke at Northcuri, in the presence of P. dean of Wells, W. the subdean, Master R. de Berkelay, John Kauuel, Sir John de Reyni, Gilbert Dacus, William Malet, Thomas de Regny, *Henry de Herlegha.
R.I. f. 12: III. f. 35, where the last name is found.

Fine levied at Westminster a month after St. Hilary 18 Henry III, between Peter dean of Wells and the chapter plaintiffs, and John de Alra and Agnes his wife deforciants, of a dyke set up and common of pasture in Saltmore, and the enclosing of the dean and chapter's wood of Stok, embodying the above agreement.
R.I. f. 13: III. f. 36. (Somerset Record Society, vi. p. 78.)

Fine levied at Westminster a month after St. Hilary 18 Henry III, between Robert son of William Odde demandant, and Peter dean of Wells and the chapter tenants, of 30 acres of land in Huntheham. Quitclaim by the said Robert.
R.I. f. 13d.: III. f. 23d. (Somerset Record Society, vi. p. 77.)

XXVi. Gift by Nicholas the clerk, son of William de Elmeham, to the chapter of Wells, of his land of Lamleg' in the manor of Northcuri given him by his father, and one acre of meadow on the west side of Wrentiches ford by the land of Richard Herebert, paying a yearly rent of 12d. at Michaelmas to Henry the Hundredesman, with warranty, in consideration of 5 marks. Witnesses: Walter the chamberlain, Philip de Wike, etc.
R.I. f. 13d.: III. f. 37, where the witnesses names are given as below.

XXVii. Inspeximus and confirmation by William de Elmeham of the above gift. Witnesses: Walter the chamberlain, Sir Philip de Wike, Geoffrey de Brideport, Philip de Cnolle, Geoffrey de Wudeford, Henry le Hundredesman, Walter le Marchaunt de Wrentyssh.
R.I. f. 13d.: III. f. 30d., where the names from * are found.

Charter of King Edward [the Confessor] to bishop Gyse (in Saxon, beginning 'Edward king gret Harold erld and Aylnod abbot and Godwine and ealle mine peynes on Sum'seten frendliche,') conferring on him the bishopric.
R.I. f. 14. A Latin translation below.

See Kemble, Codex Diplomaticus,Evi Saxonici, no. 838, iv. 198.

A second charter to the same (beginning 'Edward king gret Harold Erl and Touid minne schyre refen and alle mine peynes inne Summersaeten frendliche'), confirming a sale to him by Aelfred of his land at Hlytton (Lutton, f. 14d.) Dated Peddredan (Perret). Witnesses: Eadithe mine ibedden, Haroldes aerles, etc.
R.I. f. 14. A Latin translation, f. 14d. (xxix). Cod. Dipl., no. 839, iv. 199

A third charter to the same (beginning 'Eadward king gret Harold Erl and Aylnod abbot and Godwine schyrereuen' etc.) conferring on him the bishopric as fully as bishop Duduc or any of his predecessors held it.
R.I. f. 14. A Latin translation, f. 14d. (xxx). Cod. Dipl., no. 835, iv. 195.

Charter of King Harold (beginning 'Harold king greet Ayllnod abbot and Touid' etc.) confirming the liberties granted by King Edward to bishop Gyso.
R.I. f. 14. A Latin translation, f. 14d. (xxxi). Cod. Dipl., no. 976, iv. 305.

xxxii. Grant by King William II to bishop John of the abbey of of St. Peter Bath with all the possessions belonging thereto at his accession, in augmentation of the bishopric of Somerset, in order that he should there establish his see. Dated vi kal. Feb. 1090.

Note that a grant of this benefice was made by the contrivance of archbishop Lanfranc at Winchester in the year 1088, and confirmed at Dover on the above date. * Witnesses: Thomas archbishop of York and many others named.
R.I. f. 14d.: III. f. 341, where the witnesses' names are found.

See Original Deeds, No. 3; a facsimile in Somerset Archaeological and Nat. Hist. Soc. xxii, opp. p. 114. Printed Mon. Angl. ii. 266; Hickes, Disscrtatio Epistolaris 47; Somerset Record Soc. vii. 40. Adam de Domerham, i. 278.

xxxiii. Charter of King Stephen to Robert bishop of Bath confirming to him the bishopric, with all liberties that bishop John or his predecessors had. Dated Westminster, at Easter at the general council. Witnesses: William archbishop of Canterbury, Thurstan archbishop of York, Hugh archbishop of Rouen, etc.
R.I. f. 14d. (Somerset Record Society, vii. 57.)

xxxiiii. Charter of R[obert] duke of Normandy, son of King W[illiam] and brother of King W[illiam] and King H[enry], addressed to A. archbishop of Canterbury etc., confirming the grant of the city of Bath made by his said brothers to St. Peter and to bishop John.
R.I. f. 15: III. f. 220d. See Adam de Domerham Historia de rebus gestis Glastoniensibus, ed. Hearne, i. 286.

Licence by King Henry [II] to Robert bishop of Bath to enclose all his parks, as they were enclosed in the time of king Henry his grandfather. Witness: Richard archdeacon of Poitiers. Dated Gloucester.
R.I. f. 15.

xxxv. Confirmation by King Henry [II] to the church of St. Peter Bath of all gifts and liberties in the city and without granted to the bishop by King Henry his grandfather, and of all other reasonable gifts to the said church and bishop and to the church of St. Andrew Wells. Witnesses: Henry bishop of Bayeux, Froger bishop of Seez, *William de Hum' constable, Maurice de Oreou' (rectius Creon), Roland de Dinan, Stephen steward of Anjou, William son of Ralph steward of Normandy, Hugh de Cressi, Robert de Harecort, Robert Marmiun. Dated Argenton.

R I. f. 15: III. f. 2d., where the names from * are found.

xxxvi. Licence by King Henry [II] to Reginald bishop of Bath to keep hounds for the chase as his predecessors did throughout Somerset. Witnesses: John Cumin and Robert son of Bernard. Dated Clarendon.
R.I. f. 15.

xxxvii. Licence by King Richard [I] to Rainald bishop of Bath and his successors to mine for lead upon their lands in Sumerset; and to make a borough upon their land of Radeclive, with a market and all liberties that any borough in the king's land of all England has. Witnesses: Walter archbishop of Rouen, Hugh bishop of Durham, Hugh bishop of Coventry, *Robert earl of Leicester, William earl of Arundel, William earl of Salisbury, William Mareschal, John his brother, Hugh Bard'. Dated Canterbury, 26 November I Richard I, by William bishop elect of Ely and chancellor.
R.I. f. 15: III. f. 343, where the names from * and the date are found

Licence of King Richard [1] to Reginald bishop of Bath to keep hounds for the chase. Witnesses: Hugh bishop of Durham, Hugh bishop of Chester, etc. Dated Canterbury, 26 November I Richard [1], by the hand of William bishop elect of Ely, chancellor.
R.I. f. 15d.

Licence to the same to keep hounds for the chase throughout Sumerset, namely to take all beasts except hart, hind, buck and doe, and to have their pursuit (percursum) of all beasts hunted in their parks. Witnesses: Baldwin archbishop of Canterbury, Hugh bishop of Durham, * Hugh bishop of Coventry, William Marescal, Hugh Bard'. Dated 26 November I Richard [1], by the hand of William bishop elect of Ely, chancellor.
R.I. f. 15d. * For these names and date see the Inspeximus, R. III.f. 392d. (Mus. Brit., Cart. Harl. 83 C, 10. Facsimiles of Royal and other Charters in the British Museum, i. 70.

xxxviii. Charter of King Richard [1,] witnessed by Baldwin archbishop of Canterbury, Walter archbishop of Rouen; and dated Canterbury, 26 November 1 Richard I., by the hand of William bishop elect of Ely, chancellor; confirming to the church of St. Peter Bath and to bishop Rainald and his successors the following gifts and liberties granted by King William, King Henry his brother, and King Henry 'our father,' namely:


A charter of King William [II], addressed to O. bishop of Salisbury, T. abbot of Glastonbury and A. the sheriff, granting to St. Peter Bath, bishop John and his successors in almoin, to the augmentation of his see, the whole city of Bath; witnessed by W. bishop of Winchester, R. bishop of Lincoln, R. count of Mellent, H. earl of Warewick, R.son of Haimon, E. the sewer, R.son of Germ', R. the spenser, W. de la Rochell'.
A charter of King Henry [1], dated Windsor, iii non. Sept. 1101, confirmingthe above at the request of bishop John; witnessed by Queen M., A. archbishop of Canterbury, G. archbishop of York, M. bishop of London, etc.
A charter of King Henry [1], dated Gedinton, St. Peter and St. Paul's day. addressed to A. archbishop of Canterbury, G. archbishop of York, M. bishop of London, R. bishop of Lincoln, S. bishop of Worcester, R. bishop of Chester, O. bishop of Exeter, W. bishop of Winchester, R. bishop of Chichester, G. bishop of Rochester, H. bishop of Thetford, H.


abbot of Glastonbury, W. count of Mortain, R. son of H.,A. the chamberlain, etc., granting the said city to the said church and bishop John as above, with liberties, and a fair on St. Peter's day; witnessed by M. bishop of London, R. bishop of Lincoln, etc.

For these three charters see Adam de Domerham, i. 283 6.


A charter of King Henry [1], confirming his gifts to St. Peter in Bath, where he and William his brother established the see of all Sumerset formerly at the town of Wells, namely the city itself to farm, the hidage of 20 hides thereto belonging, with pleas, laws, justices, customs, etc.; witnessed by R. bishop of Salisbury, W. bishop of Exeter, W. bishop of Winchester, R. [bishop of] London, R. [bishop of] Lincoln, etc.; and confirmed by the king and queen at Waltham of the bishop of Winchester, vi id. Aug. 1111, on the king's passage to Normandy, with their seals and those of G. de Aquila, R. bishop of Salisbury, etc.
A charter of King Henry [II]. (See No. xxxv: above p. 13.)
A charter of King Henry [I], dated at Winchester, addressed to the bishop of Winchester, the sheriff of Hampshire, etc. granting to the church of Bath, bishop God [frey] and his successors the land of Dokemersf[eld] with the church and liberties, as R. bishop of Durham and after him the said king held the same; witnessed by G. the chancellor, S.de Sig',etc.
A charter of King Henry [II], dated at Gadint[on] by the hand of [W. de] Const'arch [deacon] of Oxenef[ord] then sealer, confirming a concord in the king's court between Reginald bishop of Bath and Henry de Tilli, in favour of the bishop, concerning the manor of Dokemersf[eld] and fee of Dinra, granted to the church of Bath by Henry [1]; witnessed by R.archbishop of York, G. bishop of Ely, J. bishop of Norwich, etc.

(See inspeximus f. 46 d., clxxxi., below p.54.)


A charter of King Henry [II],dated at Winchester,granting licence to Reginald bishop of Bath to impark his wood of Dokemeresfeld; witnessed by R.son of Stephen the chamberlain, T. son of Bernard, etc.

R.I. ff. 15d—17.

xxxix. Letters patent of King Henry [III], reciting the aid provided by S. archbishop of Canterbury primate and cardinal, and by all his suffragans when, on account of the excesses of Falkasius de Breaute, the said king was besieging Bedeford castle; namely from prelates holding their portions in severalty, half a mark for every carucate held in demesne, and for the carucates of their knights, free tenants, villeins, and their undertenants 2s.; from abbots, priors, and other prelates not holding in severalty, their knights, free tenants,and villeins, and their undertenants likewise 2s.; and that men of their demesnes and fees should join the army to draw engines etc. for the siege; and acknowledging that this was done of their free will, without prejudice to their rights. Dated Bedeford, 10 August 8 Henry [III], in presence of H. de Burgo justice, and others named.
R.I. f. 17. (See pat. 8 Hen. III. m. 4, and Cal. p. 464, where 18 August is the date given.)

xl. Grant and demise by Reginald de Cornhull, son of Reginald de Cornhull, to Joscelin bishop of Bath, of the land and capital mansion which was his father's opposite the church of St.Helen in London, between lands of Henry de St. Helen and Hugh de Sibeton to the south, and land late of Roger Horloc and Joce the spicer and of Master Gregory to the north, extending with garden etc. from the high street leading to Bisopesgate on the east to Bradestrate and the land of Master Gregory and Joce Juvenis to the west, to hold to the bishop and his successors of the grantor and his heirs at a yearly rent of one pound of wax or 4d. within the quinzaine of Christmas, without occasion and miskenning, saving the services of the chief lords, with warranty: the bishop gave 200 marks as gersum. Witnesses: P. bishop of Winchester, Earl W. Mariscallus rector domini regis et regni, Hubert de Burg justice.
R.I. f. 17.

Charter of Edward king (in Saxon, addressed to Harold erl, Ailnod abbot, Touid schirereue and alle mine peines on Sumerseten) granting land aet Veodmor to bishop Gyso, inne to his clerken bileua aet sce Andrea aet Vyllan.

A Latin translation of the same.
R.I. f. 17d. Cod. Dipl., no. 837, iv. 197.

Charter of Eadgyp seo hlauedi Edwardes Kynges lefe (in Saxon, addressed to the Hundred at Wedmore) granting land at Merkerun (Merke) to bishop Gyso, into his cononcan aet sce Andrea aet Vyllan.

A Latin translation of the same.
R.I. f. 17d. Cod.Dipl.,no. 918,iv.257.

Charter of Edvard ging (in Saxon, addressed to Harold, Aegelnod abbot, Godvyne scyregerefan & alle mine pegenas on Sumerseten,) confirming to bishop Giso land aet Chyv (Chyw).

A Latin translation of the same.
R.I. f. 17d., 18. Cod. Dipl., no. 836, iv. 196.

Charter of Eadgyp se hlauedige (in Saxon, addressed to Harold erl mine brodar, Touid etc.) granting to bishop Gyso land at Milferton.

A Latin translation of the same.
R.I. f. 18. Cod. Dipl., no. 917, iv.256.

Charter of William [I] in Saxon, with Latin translation.

Willelm kyng. Willelme de curcello gret frendliche. Anð ic biddle þe þ þv do þ þis Rom feoh forð cume. of minan mann. 7 syððan œlchen pegene anð hire mannū æet þisse Michælis massen bifullan vite. 7 tou cyðe þis to munt acuht anð to bristove. þat mann þe hit undon habben þ hit don. 7 pær hit forð ne cumeð. sethe se. /b?/p.and þu þar after. 7 æc ic beode þat namman ne sy svo þearf þ nyme ænige name in Gyse./b?/p. lande ær hyt to foran hym syfe cume. ne þu. ne nan þiurre manna. God þe gehealde.

Willelmus rex Willelmo de Curcello salutem. Mando tibi quatinus intromittas ut denarii Romani solvantur ad instans festum Sancti Michaelis. de hominibus meis & preter de liberis & servis. Et hoc notum facias aput montem acutum & Bristoll'. ut qui nondum solverunt solvant. Et de hiis qui non solverunt fiat inquisitio. per dictum Episcopum & preterea per te. Prohibeo etiam ut nullus sit ita temerarius quod capiat mamium (sic) super terram. G. episcopi antequam veniat coram eo. nec tunec aliquis tuorum. Valete.
R.I. f. 18.

Gift by E[* dward] dean of Wells and the chapter to Hugh de la Hele and the heirs of his body of a messuage with [* three fardels] of land in their manor of Northcury (which messuage with three fardels Richard de la Hele his father held), to hold of them and their successors at a yearly rent of 11s. 1d. for all services, saving suit of the hundred and court of Northcury, and the king's service, and 5 marks for relief of every heir, with warranty. Witnesses: Sir Walter de Loueny, Sir Baldric de Noneton knights,* Nicholas Braunche, Geoffrey de la Slo, Thomas de Mere, Roger Huet, Robert le Yreys.
R.I. f. 18d: III. f. 203, where the names from * and the reading tribus furdellis are found. In R.I. it is cum fardel' terre, and in the warranty clause cum predicta terra. Compare the mandate to the bailiff of Northcory, R.III. f. 203, below p. 408.

Bond of Hugh de la Hele to the dean and chapter of Wells in 60l., payable if in any place he happen to be against the dean and chapter in deed or counsel. Witnesses: Sir Walter de Loueny, Sir Baldric de Noneton knights etc.
R.I. f. 18d.

xli. Licence by king Henry [III] to Joscelin bishop of Bath and his successors freely to dispose by will of their goods moveable and immoveable and their growing crops, exempting their executors from all interference by the sheriff or other officers of the king or other secular person. Witnesses: P. bishop of Winchester, Stephen de Setgrave justice of England, John earl of Lincoln and constable of Chester, Hugh Despenser, Ralph son of Nicholas, Ralph Gernun, Godfrey de Crawecumb', Geoffrey Despenser, Geoffrey de Kauz, John de Plessetis. Dated Westminster, 27 March 18 Henry [III], by the hand of Ralph bishop of Chichester, chancellor.
R.I. f. 19.

xlii. Ordinance of Jocelin bishop of Bath touching ground (area) and houses in Wells before the great gate of the canons, granted by Nicholas de Wells to the church of St. Andrew Wells the said bishop and his successors, namely that they be assigned in future to one of the canons free of secular demands, as the ancient grounds of the canons are. Witnesses: Hugh archdeacon of Wells, etc.
R.I. f. 19d.

xliii. Grant by Nicholas de Wells to the said church, J.bishop of Bath and his successors, of the last mentioned ground with houses, to dispose after his decease as the other canons' houses, without power of alienation.
R.I. f. 19d.

xliiii. Grant by Ralph Preciosus to the chapter of Wells of a messuage at Wells between the messuage late of Leobert the clerk and land late of Adam de Lectuna, subject to a yearly rent of 18d. to Walter de Dunheve and Walter de Wicha and their heirs, provided the same be never sold, but let to farm to one of the canons at a cess, such cess (deducating the 18d. aforesaid) to be divided among the canons and vicars present at the anniversary of the grantor.
R.I. f. 19d.

xlv. Grant and quitclaim by Malger the priest vicar of Wells to Ralph Preciosus of his land, lying between the messuage late of Adam de Lectuna and the messuage of Leobert the clerk,with the buildings thereon, subject to a rent of 18d. to Walter de Dumheva and Walter de Wika and their heirs. Witnesses: Richard de Athber, Adam Magot etc.
R.I. f. 19d.

xlvi. Grant by Ralph Preciosus to the chapter of Wells of a manse with buildings between the manse late of Leobert the clerk and land late of Adam [de] Lectona to be let (as above) on competent gersum to be distributed on the grantor's anniversary; and if by the custom of the kingdom the chapter may not possess the same, they shall provide a resident canon and it shall be delivered to him by the chapter, `to whom I entrust my functions for ever, to hold in my right' on the terms above mentioned.
R.I. f. 19d.

xlvii. Ratification by Robert bishop of Bath, addressed to the dean and canons of Wells, of a gift made by Robert `our archdeacon' to Gilbert Cawete and his heirs of one acre of land in the street of Wells (which the said bishop had given him) for 12d. yearly to be paid to the said archdeacon and his successors. Witnesses of the gift and confirmation: Richard archdeacon of Poitiers, *Peter prior of Bath, William prior of Bruton, Richard dean of Wells, Robert subdean, Paris, Master Fust', William de Sancta Fide, Odo, Master Martin, William Flammang, Ralph Martre, Geoffrey Franc', Hamon nephew of the bishop, Alexander the cook, William Boneville.
R.I. f. 20: III. f. 362, where the names from * are found

xlviii. Gift by Ralph son of Bernard to St. Andrew Wells, Reginald bishop of Bath and his successors of the churches of Holecumba and Lameia for a prebend of the church of Wells. Witnesses: *Master Walter prior of Berliz, Master Robert de Geldeford, Joc' the chaplain, David chaplain of the dean of London, Master Roger, Adam the clerk of London, Ralph Huse (Hosata) clerk, Hamon Cabbus, Simon Buzum, Peter Corbuzun, Nicholas de Cliva, Henry de Cliva, Henry de Traci, Nicholas Pictau [iensis], Humphrey Ruffus, Clement de Bathonia, Richard the chamberlain.
R.I. f. 20: III. f. 385, where the witnesses' names * are found.

xlix. Gift by Ralph son of Bernard to Simon 'my clerk' in almoin of the church of Holecumba. Witnesses: *Henry de Sicca Villa, Herbert the chaplain, Adam de Risford, Richard Ruffus, William the marshal, Croc, John Colle.
R.I. f. 20: III. f. 390d., where the witnesses' names * are found.

1. Charter of Leticia de Say, reciting that Ralph son of Bernard her lord in his last will, [* in the presence of] Stephen chaplain of Dinid' his confessor, of the said Leticia, Jordan de Wethemed, William de Rifford and others, restored to St. Nicholas and the church of Holecumbe the land and wood, with a villein named Semar tenant thereof and all that goes with him, whereof he had wrongfully deprived the said church; and whereas he had given the said manor to the said Leticia in dower, requested her to ratify the restitution thereof; and granting the same to the said church and the parsons thereof, in accordance with the charter they have of Robert de Renni. Witnesses: *Osbert dean of Dunesford, Jordan de Westmed (sic), Robert de Cortelega, William de Rifford, Ralph de Eueroriz (sic), Richard Ruffus, Richard Bucell', Gervase Capun, Robert Russell.
R.I. f. 20: III. f. 382, where Leticia de Sar' is read, the word coram correctly inserted, and the witnesses' names * are found.

li. Charter of Robert de Renni (in the rubric Robert Fitz Payn), confirming a gift made by William de Renni his father to Robert his chaplain as well in the church of St. Nicholas Holecumbe as in lands pertaining thereto; and giving further land extending from the cross of Edric Borda (*Gorda) to the water leat on the south side, and from the leat all the lands and thickets between the Birigg' road and between the water of Cotteleg' as far as the paved road (strata ferrata). Dated 1150, Robert being bishop of Exeter, Walter, Hugh de Auco, *Ralph son of Gocelin being archdeacons, and Alvred archdeacon of Cornwall. *Supplementary gift to the chaplains of the said church of common of pasture in all grantor's land in Holecumba. *Witnesses of all these gifts: Cradoc de Sancta Julitta, Simon de Bonavilla, William de Mirl', Nicholas de Holecumba, William son of Hugh, Richard Penna. Dated at the castle of St. Julitta.
R.I. f. 20d.: III. f. 375, where the reading Gorda, the names from *, the supplementary gift and witnesses are found.

lii. Notification by S. 'minister' of Exeter to J. bishop of Bath and Glastonbury of the admission and institution of Henry de Cicestria, at his request, to the church of Holecumba.
R.I. f. 20d.

liii. Charter of Robert de Renni (Rinni) confirming a gift made by William de Renni his father to Robert his chaplain in almoin in the church of St. Nicholas Holecumb' and lands pertaining thereto, and giving further land extending from the cross of Edric Borda to the water leat on the south, and from the leat all lands and thickets between the Herbethleg, road and between the water of Cordeleg, as far as the paved road (strata ferrata). Dated 1156, Robert being bishop of Exeter, Walter, Hugh de Auco, William de Cucusfell' archdeacons, Aliorum (sic, *Alvred) archdeacon of Cornwall. Supplementary gift to the chaplains of the said church of common of pasture upon all grantor's land of Holecumbe. Witnesses: The canons of St. Peter's Exeter, to wit Richard son of Rainfrid, *John Paz, Gervase, Baldwin son of William, Robert the precentor, Hemer' the dean, Richard Crappa [Gappa ?], William son of Eduacer, Master Gilbert Porr', Master Walter, Robert de Hane [Haue ?], Master Baldwin, Richard de Saresb[iria], Baldwin the priest, Richard de Witast', Alexander the clerk, Walter Peverel, Michel Burguing', Robert de Ketenor, William Imaring' and the whole hundred of Holecumba.
R.I. f. 20d.: III. f. 391, where the names from * are found.



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