This volume is the third of those dealing with the former parish of St. Margaret,
Westminster, and the second (and concluding) volume on the neighbourhood of
Whitehall. Only a portion of the Horse Guards (on the site of the old Tilt
Yard) was within the parish of St. Margaret, the remainder being in St. Martin-in-the-Fields. As it was thought that the block of buildings extending from the Horse
Guards to the Admiralty could most naturally be treated as a whole, it was decided to defer
an account of the Horse Guards until it and the other buildings mentioned could be dealt
with together in a later volume of the Survey of London on the parish of St. Martin-in-theFields. The present volume is therefore confined to that portion of the ancient Palace of
Whitehall which lay west of the road and south of the Horse Guards, and, in addition, the
northern side and western end of Downing Street. With regard to the illustrations of the
interiors of Nos. 10 and 11, Downing Street, it is well to point out that the survey of these
premises was made in 1927, when Mr. Stanley Baldwin and Mr. Winston Churchill respectively were the occupants.
In the course of the time which has elapsed since the publication of Vol. XIII,
certain further information has come to light on matters dealt with in that volume. To render
the record of Whitehall as complete as possible, a short appendix has been added to this
volume containing the more important of these particulars. With the same object four
additional drawings from the Wren Collection at All Souls' College, Oxford, are given at
the end of the volume.
I gladly take this opportunity of placing on record the valuable assistance which the
Council has received in the preparation of the volume.
The Earl of Berkeley, Mary, Countess of Ilchester, and the Viscountess Astor very
kindly granted permission for the reproduction of three oil-paintings of Whitehall from
St. James's Park in the reign of Charles II. The Westminster City Council again placed its
excellently arranged series of ratebooks and overseers' accounts at the Council's service.
These have proved of the utmost value, and without the information derived from them it
would have been impossible to produce so complete an account of the residents in Downing
Street as it may be claimed that this volume contains. The Dean and Chapter of Westminster again allowed the Council to examine and make extracts from their fine collection of
early monastic deeds, and the first chapter of the volume is to a large extent based on the
information thus obtained. To assist in the drafting of the account of the Holbein Gate,
Mr. Chas. E. Russell most courteously lent the Council two original drawings of that
structure. One of these has with his kind permission been reproduced in the volume.
The Society of Antiquaries also kindly allowed the reproduction of Vertue's original
drawing of the Gate. Thanks are also due to the Curator of the Soane Museum for
assistance courteously rendered and for permission to reproduce several drawings in that
collection, to the Bodley Librarian, and the Librarian of Worcester College, Oxford, for
allowing the reproduction of Wyngaerde's sketch of Whitehall, and of Inigo Jones' designs
for the alteration of the Cockpit Playhouse, and to the Librarian of All Souls' College, Oxford,
for the facilities again afforded to the Council's officers for inspecting, and selecting for reproduction, drawings in the Wren Collection.
The volume was almost ready for press when, in response to the Council's request,
the Director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, forwarded photographs
of a number of drawings of No. 10, Downing Street, showing the house as altered for
Sir Robert Walpole. The Director's courtesy in placing these valuable records at the
Council's disposal in connection with the volume is much appreciated. Having regard
to the advanced condition of the volume, it was not found possible to include these drawings
in their proper position, but they have been placed towards the end.
The records of H.M. Office of Works and of H.M. Commissioners of Crown Lands
have again been unreservedly placed at the Council's service, and the kindness of the former
in lending numerous plans for reproduction is gratefully acknowledged. The assistance
freely rendered by the officials in the Public Record Office, the British Museum, and the
Guildhall Library is also much appreciated. The Architect to the Council desires that
his appreciation shall be recorded of the work done in connection with the preparation of the
volume by Mr. C. J. T. Dadd, F.S.I., Mr. W. Dathy Quirke, A.R.I.B.A., and other
assistants in his department.
The kindness of the Rev. E. E. Dorling, M.A., F.S.A., in advising on the heraldic
descriptions and the drawings for the marginal shields is gratefully acknowledged.
The historical information contained in the volume has been prepared by Mr. W.W.
Braines, B.A. (Lond.), a principal assistant in my department.
I cannot conclude this preface without referring with great regret to the death,
during the preparation of this volume, of Dr. Philip Norman, my colleague in the general
editorship of the series. Dr. Norman acted as general editor on behalf of the London
Survey Committee ever since the amended arrangement between the Council and the
Committee was come to in 1909, and consistently evinced the keenest interest in the work.
His suggestions and queries on the proofs of those volumes which were prepared by the
Council were always to the point, and such as to compel (as they willingly received) the most
careful attention. His keenness in the work persisted even during the illness which
culminated in his death, and only the development of that illness prevented him from continuing his notes throughout the present volume.
MONTAGU H. COX,
Clerk of the London County Council.
The County Hall,
Westminster Bridge, S.E.I.