||P.R.O., Ministers' Accounts, Henry VIII, 2101.
||P.R.O., E. 315/191, No. 177.
||P.R.O., E. 315/236, fo. 4b.
||P.R.O., E. 315/224, fo. 452.
||P.R.O., C. 66/951.
||"Mr Robertus Perie alias Haward" was buried at St. Martin's on 3rd January, 1560–1.
(Registers of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, 1550–1619, p. 109.)
Ibid., pp. 60, 65.
||Feet of Fines, Middx., Trin., 22 Eliz.
||Afterwards Sir Humphrey Forster, who died some time in the period 1602–5.
||Feet of Fines, Hil., 28 Eliz.
||That Field's property was in this neighbourhood appears from the fact that the ratebooks
for 1582 to 1584 show "Mr Field" between "Nicholas Christian," who had a lease of the
premises on the site of Kirke House (see p. 82), and "Richard Browne," whose property lay to the
north of Naunton House (see p. 104). John "Feilde," one of the surgeons of Queen Elizabeth,
died in 1585, leaving all his property to his wife Barbara. (Westminster Wills, 221, Elsam.)
||Ministers' Accounts, Henry VIII, 2101.
Accounts of the Churchwardens, 1525–1603, p. 117.
||Andrew Weston is mentioned frequently in the Accounts of the Churchwardens as receiving
payment for joinery work ("makynge of two new pewes," "makinge of two seates and Deskes in
the Quire for the vycar and the Clerke," "takynge Downe of the Roode Lofte," etc.) in St. Martin's.
||P.R.O., E. 315/219, fo. 11b.
||P.R.O., L.R. 1/47, fo. 304b and E. 310/19/97, fo. 40.
Accounts of the Churchwardens, 1525–1603, p. 295. In the register the name is given
(under date of 25th September, 1577) as "Mr. Thomas Whithell," with the added note "peste."
||Buried at St. Martin's, 19th January. (Registers of St. Martin's, 1550–1619, p. 133.)
||P.R.O., E. 310/19/97. In 1590 "Master John Stanhopp" was presented "for having
a tenement part of which stands on the wall of the aforesaid park [St. James's], and he has six windows
looking into 'le Springe garden' to the detriment of the Queen's walks there." (P.R.O., L.R. 1/44,
fo. 261, etc.—trans.)
||P.R.O., C. 66/1358, m. 10.
||P.R.O., L.R. 1/42, fo. 538.
||John Stanhope, born about 1545, was third son of Sir Michael Stanhope. In 1596 he
was appointed treasurer of the chamber, and knighted, and in 1605 was created Baron Stanhope of
Harrington. Died on 9th March, 1620–1. In his will he describes himself as "Master and Comptroller generall of all his Mats Post."
||True Bill against "Thomas Nicolls, yoman, and John Moore, taylor, alias John West,
yoman, … for entering burglariously … on the night of 20 Jan. 44 Eliz. the dwelling-house of Sir John
Stannehoppe knt., and stealing therefrom five ornaments called cushinges worth three pounds, a
carpett worth twenty shillings, and a woollen-cloth 'skrenecloth' worth ten shillings, of the goods
and chattels of Sir John Stannehoppe knt." (Middx. County Records (Sessions Rolls), I, p. 280.)
||He was buried at St. Martin's on 14th March, 1620–1. (G.E.C.)
||P.C.C., 31 Dale.
||"I give … unto my said sonne, Sr Charles, all the armour, pistolls, Callivers, and all other
instrumentes for Warr which now are … in my nowe dwelling house in St. Martins in one litle
Chamber there Called the Armoury Chamber. Item I likewise give … unto my said sonne, Sr Charles
Stanhope, all such of my plate as I did ordinarily use when I was a Courtier and brought home wth
me into my Chamber in my nowe dwellinge house, … One silver Bason and Ewer plaine, twoe
silver standinge pottes, two other silver pottes, two other Ewers, two silver Candlestickes, two black
nuttes covered and bound wth silver, three silver Bowles, One silver perfuming pann, One silver
||The house had been devised unreservedly to his mother (see above), who did not leave a
will. Administration was granted in 1640 to her children Charles, Lord Stanhope, Catherine,
Viscountess Cholmondeley, and Lady Elizabeth Tollemache. The steps by which the sole
ownership of the house came to Charles are obscure.
||Letter dated 12th July, 1624, from Charles, Lord Stanhope, to Secretary Conway,
from Charing Cross. (Cal. of S. P. Dom., 1623–25.)
||Dorothy, daughter of Sir John Livingston, and sister of Sir James Livingston, 1st Earl
||James, 1st Duke of Ormonde.
||Christopher, 2nd Duke of Albemarle.
||His will (P.C.C. 24 Bence) was proved on 12th February, 1675–6.
||Joseph Williamson, b. 1633, became in 1665 editor, when the court was at Oxford during
the plague, of the news-sheet called the Oxford Gazette, which on the royal return to Whitehall
became the London Gazette. In 1672 he was made clerk of the council in ordinary and knighted,
and in 1674 was appointed secretary of state, a position which he held until 1678. He was master
of the Clothworkers' Company in 1676 and president of the Royal Society 1677–80. In 1696
he was appointed joint-plenipotentiary at the congress of Nimeguen and in 1698 signed, as joint
commissioner with Portland, the first partition treaty at Loo. He died in 1701.
Dict. Nat. Biog.
||P.R.O., C. 54/4528, No. 5.
||He was the builder of Craig's Court, on the other side of the road.
||"April 13, 1680. Licence to Joseph Cragg, who is in possession of a house near Charing
Cross, called Stanhope House, the back part whereof stands on the Old Spring Garden wall, which
part is now very much decayed, so that he is obliged to rebuild the said house, and the said wall,
being now also rotten, is not able to sustain the superstructure, to proceed in his building on the
Old Spring Garden wall on which the back of the old house stood, but so as he cope the said wall
on the side towards the Old Spring Garden at the same height as it was before and as the adjoining
parts of it are coped, and also licence to him to make a door in the said wall into the Old Spring
Garden as formerly, and to use the same and to have windows into the Old Spring Garden as
formerly." (Cal. of S. P. Dom., 1679–80, p. 436.)
||The name "Stannup" Court does not, however, appear in the ratebooks until 1703.
In the plan of the district before the street widening, given in J. T. Smith's Antiquities of Westminster, and reproduced in Plate 80, "Cromwell's Palace" is shown within the Court. There
is not a vestige of evidence to show that Cromwell ever lived at Stanhope House, which for the
whole period of the Commonwealth is shown by the ratebooks as in the occupation of either Lord
or Lady Stanhope (see also pp. 85–6).
||"Stanhope Court, a good handsome Place, with a Freestone Pavement, and well built
Houses, especially those which front Spring Garden." (Strype's edition of Stow's Survey, 1720,
Book VI, p. 77.)
||According to a deed of 1747 (indenture, dated 17th February, 1746–7, between Philip
Craig and his sons and Sir Philip Meadows and Vigerus Edwards—Middx. Register, 1746, II, 622)
three houses abutted on Spring Garden and four on the street, but the fourth is not shown in the
street in the ratebooks.
||A letter from the Prince of Orange to the House of Lords has a MS. note: "Partridge
of Charing Cross to print the Prince's letter." (Hist. MSS. Commn., MSS. of the House of Lords,
1689–90, p. 1.)
||He sold Daniel Baker's Poems upon Several Occasions (1698) and Charles Hopkins'
poem The Art of Love (1700). (Plomer's Dictionary of Booksellers and Printers, 1668–1725.)
||"Masquerade Habits to be Let, at Five Shillings per Habit, the greatest Variety of any
Place soever, being very Curious and Comick, at Tom's Cofee-house, next door to Young Man's
Coffee-house, Charing Cross." (Quoted by MacMichael, Charing Cross, p. 57, from the Daily Post
for February, 1725.)
||Indenture, dated 28th November, 1758, between (1) Philip Craig and his sons, (2) Vigerus
Edwards, (3) the Commissioners, and (4) Samuel Seddon and John Simpson. (P.R.O., C. 54/6037,
||Indenture, dated 27th February, 1759, between (1) Samuel Seddon and John Simpson,
(2) the Commissioners, and (3) Philip Craig and his sons. (Ibid., No. 10.)
||"It being Represented to the Board that the Kitchen or Cellar Windows of Four Houses
lately Built by Philip Craig Esqr on the West side of the Street leading from Charing Cross, are very
much Darkned by means of the Foot Pavement laid before the Fronts of the said Houses being so
high as to Range even with the Plates of the said Windows; And that the same unless remedied
will be very Prejudicial to his Estate, Whereupon the Board … Ordered that the Mason do forthwith Take up and Relay so much of the present Foot Pavement as will be necessary to Redress
the said … Complaint." (P.R.O., Works, 6/35, p. 181, 3rd April, 1759.)
||Indenture, dated 16th August, 1770, between (1) James Craig, (2) Judith Lewin and
(3) Judith Lewin and Archibald Napier (Middx. Register, 1770, V, 163).