||P.R.O., S.C. 6, Henry VIII, 2101.
||The Accounts of the Churchwardens of St. Martin's, 1525–1603 (p. 103), under the
years 1544–6 contain the following item: "Receved of the gyfte of mayster Northe Chauncelor of
the Augmentacyon at the Request of Edward myllet A coope of grene Satten A brygges Wt flowers
and a Redd Crosse of the same Satten owt of the Rowncevall. It'm Receued of the Same gyft at
the Request abovenamed one payre of Censors of Coper and gyLtte A Lampe of Latten and A Corporox case Wyth the clothe thervnto Apertenyng."
||P.R.O., E. 315/216, fo. 60b.
||P.R.O., L.R. 1/38, fo. 12.
||"[The … day of September was buried at saint] Martens be-syd Charyng-crosse ser
[Humphrey Forster] knygght of … shyre, with ij goodly whytt branchys, xxiiij stayffe torchys,
and iiij tapurs … a pesse, and with a harold of armes with hy [s coat armour], and ys pennon of
armes and ys cott armur, [targatt], and sword and elmett, and crest, and vj dosen of [scocheons];
and the chyrche hangyd with blake and armes; [and many] morners." (Henry Machyn's Diary—Camden Socy., pp. 114–5.)
||His will, dated 16th September, 1556, was proved on 29th September. (P.C.C.,
||His will (P.C.C., 3 Martyn) is dated 28th December, 1573, and was proved on 16th
||P.C.C. 72 Hayes, dated 27th February, 1601–2, and proved on 27th November, 1605.
||In 1590 Master Humfrey "Foster" was presented "for having a window called a Clerestorie
of 18 lights looking beyond his house into le Springe garden." (P.R.O., L.R. 1/44, fo. 2613—trans.)
||Fine between Abigail Digbie widow quer: and Sir William Forster def: of one messuage
with appurtenances in the parish of St. Martin-in-the-Fields, in perpetuity, for £120 (Easter 4 Jas. I).
She was the widow of Sir George Digby of Coleshill, co. Warwick, and daughter of Sir Arthur
Heveningham. She had previously resided at the house on the site of Downing Street. (Survey
of London, XIV, pp. 106–7.)
||John Digby, afterwards Earl of Bristol, was born in 1580. He was knighted in 1607.
From 1611 to 1618 he spent much time at the Court of Spain, whither he had been accredited
ambassador, chiefly in connection with a proposed marriage between Prince Charles and the Infanta.
In 1618 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Digby. After employment on an unsuccessful mission
to save the Palatinate he was in 1622 again sent to Madrid to further the proposed marriage. At
first he met with success, and was rewarded by being created Earl of Bristol, but the arrival of Prince
Charles and Buckingham at Madrid in 1623 upset his plans, and he managed to give offence to both.
He returned home in disgrace, and in 1626 Buckingham and he mutually impeached one another.
From then he lived in retirement until the outbreak of the Civil War, in which he first sided with
the parliament, but afterwards went over to the King. He was captured at Exeter in 1646, and
soon after retired to France, where he lived until his death in 1653.
||P.R.O., C.P. 25 (2), 324, 17 Jas. I, Trin.
||Sir Robert Naunton, born in 1563, was educated at Cambridge where he was appointed
public orator in 1594. Under the patronage of the Earl of Essex he spent some years abroad,
nominally as a travelling tutor, but chiefly to gather political intelligence for his patron. He
returned to Cambridge about 1600, but soon afterwards again entered political life. He was
knighted in 1614. In 1616 he became master of requests and was afterwards made surveyor of
the court of wards. In 1618 James I promoted him to be secretary of state. In this post he came
into conflict with Gondomar, the Spanish ambassador, and in 1623 resigned, receiving the
lucrative office of master of the court of wards, a position which he held until March 1635. A
few days later he died at Letheringham, Suffolk. Naunton left a valuable account of the chief
courtiers of Elizabeth, which has several times been printed.
||See, e.g., letter dated 22nd February, 1622–3, to Sir Edward Conway (Hist. MSS.
Commn., MSS. of Earl Cowper, I, p. 130), and letter dated 22nd June, 1633, to Sir John Coke
(ibid., II, p. 22).
||"20 August 9 Chas I. True Bill that, at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields on the said day,
Richard Rose of the said parish yoman stole and carried away a round jewell sett with diamonds
worth sixty pounds, a gold ring sett round with diamonds worth thirteen pounds six shillings and
eightpence, another gold ring with five diamonds foure in square and one in middle worth thirteen
pounds six shillings and eightpence, a black inamelled ring with a knott and a pointed diamond in
it worth ten pounds, another gold ring with four diamonds worth thirteen pounds six shillings and
eightpence, another gold ringe inameled with divers colours worth twenty shillings, a jewel called
A True Lovers Knot inameled black with one or two diamonds worth six pounds thirteen shillings
and eightpence, a gold ring worth forty shillings, a Cluster of Nutts with rubies of gold worth
thirteen pounds six shillings and eightpence, a Golden Fly sett with rubies diamonds and sapphires
worth ten pounds, a great gold ringe inameled black worth forty shillings, two diamonds with a
pendant worth five pounds, two padlocks of gold inameled worth twenty shillings, and eighty
pounds in numbered moneys, of the goods chattels and moneys of Sir Robert Naunton knt, Master
of the Court of Wards and Liveries." (Middx. County Records, III, pp. 53–4.)
||P.C.C., 121 Sadler.
||Daughter of Sir Thomas Perrot and widow of Sir William Lower.
||Baptised 2nd October, 1620, at St. Martin-in-the-Fields. (G.E.C., s.v. Bayning.)
||Widow of Sir Maurice Dromond, "gentleman Usher of his mats privy Chamber." Will
dated 20th April, 1640, proved 13th May, 1642. (P.C.C., 62 Campbell.)
||P.R.O., C.P. 25(2), 575 Mich., 1657.
||P.C.C., 214 Nabbs.
||Marriage Licences, Faculty Office.
||Indenture dated 15th June, 1696, between John Tisser the elder of the Inner Temple and
John Tisser his younger son and heir apparent and James Tisser of St. Paul's, Covent Garden.
(P.R.O., C. 54/4805, No. 2.)
||In December, 1688, administration of Roger Godfrey's goods was granted to his only
daughter, the Hon. Elizabeth Garinbert, wife of Hercules Garinbert, Count Dorian, his widow,
Elizabeth Godfrey, "prius renunciante." (P.C.C., Admon. Act Book.)
||Her occupation of the premises preceded the entry of her name in the ratebooks: "Lost
between Charing Cross and Norfolk-street … on Friday night last, a Diamond Ring … Whoever
gives notice so as it may be had again, to Mrs. Man at Young Mans Coffee-house at Charing Cross,
shall have 4 Guineas reward." (The Postman, 28th February—3rd March, 1702–3.)
||The connection, if any, between "Jenny Man's Coffee House" at Charing Cross at the
end of Anne's reign and "Young Man's" is obscure.
||Deed Poll, dated 11th June, 1751, as to seizure by the Sheriff of Middlesex of the
remainder of a lease owned by Richard Holloway in a messuage "theretofore called the Green Man
and Heathcock but now the King and Queen situate at or near Charing Cross." (Middlesex
Register, 1751, I, 521.)
||Described by the Westminster Bridge Commissioners' Surveyor in 1756 as "old brick
||There was another Turk's Head Bagnio on the other side of the way, see p. 248.
||P.C.C., 268 Lisle.
||Indentures, dated 10th August, 1758, (i) between (1) Edmund Smith and Benjamin
Horne, (2) Elizabeth, Phoebe and Ann Barcroft and (3) Samuel Seddon and John Simpson, relating
to the King and Queen, and (ii) between (1) Edmund Smith and Benjamin Horne, (2) Joseph
Johnson and Elizabeth his wife and Gerard Vanhorn, and (3) Samuel Seddon and John Simpson,
relating to the other house in the tenure of "Thomas Leslie, Grocer." (P.R.O., C. 54/6017, Nos.
18 and 17.)
||"Then an Intimation was given to the Board that … Messrs. Drummond … intended
to Cause a new House to be built on the said Grounds … to Front the said Street And that it was
Apprehended that Messrs. Drummond Proposed … to Cause the Front thereof … to be Built in
a Form different from the General Plan Approved of by this Commission … Whereupon It was
Ordered That Mr. Seddon do forthwith Apply to the said Messrs. Drummond and acquaint them
… that this Commission will not Consent to the Building of any House … which shall Vary from
the said General Plan" (P.R.O., Works, 6/35, p. 144—28th November, 1758). "Mr. Drummond Junr and Mr. Phillips the Builder Attended And … Produced a Plan of the intended new
House proposed to be Built by Messrs. Drummond on the West Side of the Street leading from
Charing Cross … Resolved That the Board doth Approve of the said Plan as it is now Altered"
(ibid., pp. 152–3—12th December, 1758). The house was built at once, but the legal formalities
were not settled until 1765 (indenture, dated 12th June, 1765, between (1) Samuel Seddon and
John Simpson, (2) five of the Commissioners, and (3) Andrew Drummond—P.R.O., C. 54/6165).
||See indenture dated 15th December, 1758, between (1) Elizabeth, Phoebe and Ann
Barcroft, (2) Edmund Smith and Benjamin Horne, and (3) Andrew Drummond. (Middx.
Register, 1759, I, 147.)