The area dealt with in the third and concluding volume of
the survey of the former parish of St. Martin-in-the-Fields
centres round Trafalgar Square and has the church as its
most prominent feature. Buckingham Palace, St. James's
Palace and Marlborough House, although all within the parish boundary,
have been left to form the subject of separate monographs to be issued at
some future date. The eastern strip of the parish, including Drury Lane
Theatre, has also been omitted since it can be more conveniently
described with the parish of St. Paul Covent Garden.
The church of St. Martin-in-the-Fields is, perhaps, more widely
known than any other London parish church, but little has hitherto
been published concerning its history and architecture; it is hoped
therefore that the description contained in the present volume will fulfil
It is fitting that the survey volume issued in 1939, the Jubilee
Year of the Council, should contain an account of the offices in Spring
Gardens from which the Council first carried on the government of
The volume affords two interesting examples of the development of
place nomenclature. "Spring Garden," first used for the garden near
Whitehall Palace in its original meaning of a "plantation," came after
the conversion of that garden into a public pleasure ground, to be used
for other similar places of amusement. "Mews," now applied to any
stable premises even when converted to other uses, was the name given
to the buildings at Charing Cross where the royal hawks were kept,
and had originally no association with horses.
A new departure in this volume is the reproduction in colour of
four watercolour drawings from the Council's collection. Several
drawings of Carlton House preserved in the library at Windsor Castle
have been reproduced by gracious permission of His Majesty the King.
Thanks are due to the officials at the Public Record Office, the British
Museum, the Westminster City Council, the Office of Works and the
Commissioners of Crown Lands for assistance afforded during the compilation of the volume. Valuable information for the early history of the
area has been obtained from the records preserved in the library of the Dean
and Chapter of Westminster, from the monuments of Bethlem Hospital,
and from manuscripts in the possession of the Marquess of Salisbury.
St. Martin's Church authorities have given every facility to make
the record as complete as possible. Mr. D. W. Harrington has kindly
allowed the Council to reproduce his measured drawings of the steeple.
The Rev. E. E. Dorling, M.A., F.S.A., has revised the heraldic
blazons and drawn the marginal shields. The historical part of the
volume and its general editorship are the work of Miss Ida Darlington,
M.A. (Lond.), and of Mr. J. O. Thorne, B.A. (Oxon), assistants in
my department. The Architect to the Council desires that his appreciation shall be recorded of the work done in the preparation of the volume
by Mr. W. Dathy Quirke, A.R.I.B.A., and other assistants in his
G. H. GATER,
Clerk of the London County Council.
The County Hall,
Westminster Bridge, S.E.I,
Note. The preface and the greater part of the volume were in
type before the outbreak of hostilities in September, 1939. The diversion
of staff to other duties and other reasons connected with the war have
caused a delay of several months in the issue of this volume.