OUNDLE, NORTHAMPTONSHIRE. Sir Wm. Laxton's Charities.
At a meeting held in the Vestry Room on
Saturday the 13th June 1863, in consequence
of a letter received by the Churchwardens from
the Commissioners of Charities.
The Rev. J. Nussey, Vicar and Chairman.
J. W. Smith, Esq.
G. M. Edmonds, Esq.
J. C. Martin, Esq.
H. Yorke, Esq.
H. S. Smith, Esq.
Mr. Richard Price.
Mr. Linnell, Churchwarden.
It was resolved unanimously,—
That this meeting desire to convey to the Charity
Commissioners their thanks for the opportunity of
communicating with them on the subject of Laxton's
That they feel from late changes instituted by the
Grocer's Company that great improvements have already
been made in the management and operation of the
That they consider some further improvements practicable, but in consequence of the shortness of the
notice no suggestions of improvement could be sufficiently matured to be presented to the Charity Commissioners so soon as Monday next.
That, previously to offering any suggestions, they
deem it would be desirable to communicate with the
Grocers' Company respecting them.
That, therefore, they would feel obliged to the Charity
Commissioners if they would allow them another
opportunity at some early period for presenting such
suggestions as they may find themselves enabled to
That the chairman be requested to communicate
these resolutions to the Charity Commissioners, and
also to the Grocers' Company.
Grammar School, Witney,
30th June 1863.
As preliminary to my answers to the questions
contained in your letter of the 18th instant relative to
the Witney Free Grammar School, it will be convenient
to state that the school, founded about 1660, was intended to be free to 30 boys, natives of the town of
Witney, the poorer applicants having priority of admission to the foundation.
In 1805 the Governors, exercising a power vested in
them, limited the number of free scholars to 10, who
were to be boys born in Witney, of parents not assessed
to the maintenance of the poor, and ordered that a fee
of 1l. 6s. per quarter should be paid by other scholars on
The improvement of the Blue Coat School in this
place, the rise of national schools, and more recently of
a Wesleyan school have entirely absorbed the class contemplated in the revised statute, and the school has
practically ceased to be free to any—I mean in the sense
of "gratis"—by right, though I have from time to time
remitted the fees in the case of a few, sons of widows in
I will now take your questions as they come.
1st. Is the school duly maintained?
This seems to me to have a three-fold bearing, and I
accordingly beg to inform you,—a, that the schoolroom,
master's house, and premises generally are, through the
liberality of the Governors, kept in excellent repair; b,
that the endowment being a rentcharge of 63l. per annum,
is regularly paid half yearly and applied to its intended
uses. If the question refer to the suitable payment of
the masters, I have only to state that the salary of
the head master is 30l. per annum, nearly the whole of
which is paid for rates and taxes incident to the mastership; and that of the usher and writing master com
bined is 25l., sums which, as I need scarcely observe,
represented in 1660 a considerably larger amount than
they do now; c, that the routine of school work is
carried on regularly from 9 to 12 o'clock every morning,
and in the afternoon from 2 to 4 or 5, according to the
season of the year.
2nd. What are the numbers and average age of the
During nearly 20 years the average attendance of day
scholars has been 15 or 16, and since 1854, when the
usher or second master began taking boarders in connexion with the grammar school, the number receiving
education in the school has been about 30, never more
than 33 nor less than 28 or 27. At the present time the
number is 30, viz., 14 day boys and 16 boarders; of these
12 are under 12 years of age, 15 are 12 and under 14
years of age, and three are between 14 and 15 years of
age. Boys are not admitted earlier than 7 years old,
and very few have remained beyond 15.
3rd. What is the course of instruction?
By the statutes it is limited to teaching the Latin,
Greek, and Hebrew languages, or any of them, with
writing, casting accounts.
On my appointment to the mastership I took upon
myself the responsibility of introducing an extended
course adapted to the requirements of the town and the
age, and from time to time slight additions have been
To give efficiency to the plan, I engaged in 1845 a
young man who, after being a pupil of mine, had been
kindly sent by the then Rector of Witney to the Oxford
Diocesan training school for teachers to fit him for
school work. I am pleased to say that the good opinion
I then formed of his moral qualities, varied abilities and
singular aptitude and taste for teaching has been confirmed by 18 years experience. The course pursued in
the school comprises religious and moral instruction,
Latin and Greek, the first book of Euclid, algebra, &c.,
history, English grammar, geography, general English
literature, writing in its usual varieties, arithmetic, bookkeeping, linear drawing and mapping, and land surveying, with practice out of doors. Much attention is paid
to reading and spelling with rules, to analyzing, parsing,
and transposing works as Milton and Cowper, to dictation, to information on common subjects, by carefully
reading and the next day writing from memory; to the
proper style of letter and note writing, both commercial
and social. A French and drawing master comes twice
a week to teach such boys as wish to have lessons, and
drilling is regularly practised under the direction of the
sergeant of the R. O. Volunteers. Such are the subjects,
means, and appliances for instruction open to all the
scholars in this school. You will not expect that all
boys go through the whole course. Very few have
learned Greek—only a few, fcom time to time, Euclid,
or algebra, or land surveying, or French and drawing
under the Oxford master; but all learn Latin aud go
through the rest of the above-mentioned course. I have
only to add on this point that reviewing and examinations are frequent, and that discipline and diligence in
studies are sought to be maintained by moral persuasion
and vigilance, any other means being exceptions to the
rule, few and far between.
4th. Is the present condition of the school, in your
opinion, satisfactory or otherwise?
As regards education and the constant, diligent, and
efficient manner in which the course of instruction is
carried on, I consider the school to be in a very satisfactory state.
In respect to the number of the scholars, considering
that the school was intended for 30 boys in a town of
which the population is about 3,000, and that the average
attendance of boys during many years has scarcely
exceeded the half of the specified number, the state of
the school appears to be unsatisfactory; yet, in fairness
to the establishment and all connected with it, and to
enable others to form a correct opinion on this point, I
beg leave to state a fact which materially modifies the
above admission. After careful inquiry from time to
time, I have found that all the boys of this town whose
parents have been able to pay the fees have in their day
been scholars in this school, with very rare exceptions,
and these, for the most part, being boys who have been
admitted to establishments possessing great advantages,
as Christ's Hospital, Marlboro College, the Benevolent
Medical School at Epsom. At the present time the day
boys and boarders together amount to 30, as before
stated, 14 of the former, 16 of the latter. Strange as it
may seem and scarcely credible, I believe, that with the
exception of three or four at other schools out of the
town, these 14 day boys comprise all the sons (old
enough to go to boys' schools) of the inhabitants of this
town who can afford to pay the fees. It seems more
surprising when it is known that the fees alluded to,
including all charges for books, stationery, and drilling
rarely amount to more than 6l. per annum. Few,
therefore, as the boys from the town are in comparison
of what the population would lead anyone to expect,
and short as they fall of the wishes of those more immediately concerned, they appear to be all which under
the circumstances of the case can be looked for. And
so, except as not satisfying wishes, I hardly see how
the condition of the school, even in this point, can be
described as unsatisfactory. There has been during all
the years of my acquaintance with this town a scarcity
of boys, I mean of the sons of professional men and
upper tradesmen, but the small fry is, I perceive, on the
increase, and there is therefore a fair probability that in
time they will be gathered in the school net as they
come to the proper size and age, and the number in
attendance be larger than it is now or has been for time
Apologising for the delay that has occurred in replying
to your letter, and trusting I have given you all the
information you require,
I have the honour to be,
Your obedient servant,
P.S.—I find I have omitted mentioning that the boys
have the benefit of the overlooking of an assistant in
the schoolroom and in their play, and walks and
This young man, lately a pupil here, is paid for his
services jointly by myself and the second master.
Mr. Hare's Report, 15th Dec. 1863.
A scheme was framed under the Endowed Schools
Act, 1869, and approved by Her Majesty in Council on
24th March, 1873, for the conversion to education of
divers non-educational charities therein mentioned, and
for the establishment of schools to be called the Grocers'
A copy of the scheme is annexed.
By an Order of the Board of 16th July 1873, the
Governing Body of the Schools were authorised to sell
and release unto the Company for their own use and
benefit the entire beneficial interest belonging to the
Charities in certain messuages, rent-charges, and
By an Order of the Board of 15th August 1876
directions were given by way of Scheme in partial
variation of the said Scheme framed under the Endowed
Schools Acts as follows, viz.:—
As to Clause 26.—That the stipend of the Head Master
should be fixed at 100l. per annum, and that he should
also receive a further payment of 1l. yearly for each boy
attending the said schools up to the number of 400, and
of 10s. yearly for each such boy above that number.
As to Clause 27.—That the tuition fees to be paid by
each boy attending the said schools should be fixed at
not less than 3l., nor more than 6l.
As to Clause 29.—That the following words, viz.,
"except with the written permission of the Governors,
which in special cases may be given with the recommendation of the Head Master," should be inserted
at the termination and form part of this clause.
Approved by Her Majesty in Council 24th March 1873.
Endowed Schools Commission.
Scheme for the Conversion to Education of divers Noneducational Charities, and for the Establishment of
Schools to be called The Grocers' Company's
Part I.—General Objects of the Scheme, the School
Fund, and the Governing Body.
Object of Scheme.
1. The object of this Scheme is to establish and
maintain Middle-class Schools in London or its vicinity.
Name of Schools.
2. The Schools shall be called the "Grocers' Company's Schools."
Declaration as to the application of property in Schedules A., B., and C. for purposes of education.
3. The Endowed Schools Commissioners, with the
consent of the Master, Wardens, and Commonalty of the
Mystery of Grocers of the City of London, herein-after
referred to as "the Company," in pursuance of the 30th
section of the Endowed Schools Act, 1869, hereby
declare that it is desirable to apply for the advancement
of education, the whole of the rentcharges, hereditaments, and sums of money in that behalf specified in
Schedules A., B., and C. hereunto annexed, subject as to
the hereditaments specified in Schedule B. to such of the
charges specified in Schedule D. as affect the same
Discharge of all existing Trusts of the property, except those specified in Schedule D.
4. Upon this Scheme coming into operation, all trusts
and directions contained in any Act of Parliament,
Letters Patent, Statute, Deed, or Instrument, relating
to the said rentcharges, hereditaments, and sums of
money specified in Schedules A., B., and C. respectively,
shall be repealed and abrogated as if the same were
hereby enumerated for that purpose, and the said rentcharges, hereditaments, and sums of money shall be
held by the Company upon trust for the Governing
Body herein-after constituted for the purpose of this
Scheme as herein-after provided.
5. The Governing Body under this Scheme, hereinafter referred to as "the Court," shall be the Master,
Wardens, and Court of Assistants of the Company for
the time being.
Religious opinions not to affect the qualification of future Governors.
6. Provided always, that religious opinions, or attendance or non-attendance at any particular form of
religious worship, shall not in any way affect the qualification of any person for being one of the Governing
Order of the Charity Commissioners to be obtained.
7. The Governing Body shall forthwith apply to the
Charity Commissioners for England and Wales for an
order authorising the sale and release to the Company
of the entire beneficial interest free from incumbrances
in the said rentcharges and hereditaments specified in
Schedules A. and B. respectively, subject only as to the
said hereditaments specified in Schedule B. to such of
the charges specified in Schedule D. as affect the said
hereditaments, and to the tenancies subsisting therein
Payment by the Company of the School Fund.
8. The Company shall within three months after the
date of the order of the Charity Commissioners authorising the said sale and release, pay to the Governing
Body the price for the said rentcharges and hereditaments, subject as aforesaid, which shall be accepted as
sufficient by the Charity Commissioners, and also the
amount of the capital sums specified in Schedule C.,
together with such further sum not exceeding 10,000l.
of their own free gift as shall make up the aggregate
amount of 30,000l. to be called "The School Fund."
Accounts of School Fund.
9. Full accounts of the receipts and expenditure of the
School Fund shall be kept and audited annually, and
submitted to the Charity Commissioners in the form set
out in Schedule E., unless the Charity Commissioners
shall prescribe some other form.
Part II.—The Schools and their Management.
Schools of higher or lower scale.
10. The Schools established under this Scheme shall
be in a single building or otherwise as the Court shall
determine. They shall be conducted on some suitable
site or sites to be chosen by the Court within three miles
of the City of London, or, with the consent of the
Endowed Schools Commissioner, at a further distance
therefrom. They shall be adapted for Day Scholars,
amounting if possible to not less than 500. And a residence for a Head Master may, if the Court shall so
determine, be added.
11. The Schools shall in the first instance be opened
for boys, but the Court shall have power at any time to
convert them wholly or partly to the use of girls if
12. The aim of the Schools shall be to give a practical
education suitable for the children of that class who
desire to educate their children up to the age of 14 years
13. The Boys' Schools shall be under the direction of
one man, called the Head Master, unless the Court
thinks it better to carry them on in two distinct buildings
and to appoint a Head Master for each.
Appointment and qualification of Head Master.
14. The Head Master shall be appointed by the Court.
The circumstance that a candidate for the appointment
is not and does not intend to be in Holy Orders shall
not affect his qualification. In order to obtain the best
candidates the Court shall for a sufficient time before
making any appointment give public notice of the
vacancy, and invite competition by advertisements in
newspapers or other methods, as they may judge best
calculated to secure the object.
15. The Court may dismiss a Head Master without
assigning cause, after six calendar months' written
16. For urgent cause the Court may, by resolution
passed at a meeting duly convened as a special one for
that purpose, declare that a Head Master ought to be
dismissed from his office, and in that case they may
appoint another special meeting to be held within not
less than a week of the former one, and may then by a
similar resolution wholly and finally dismiss him. And
the Court assembled at the first of such meetings may,
if they think fit, at once suspend a Head Master from his
office until the second meeting. Full notice and opportunity of defence at both meetings shall be given to the
Head Master affected by such resolution.
Declaration to be signed by Head Master.
17. Every Head Master, previously to entering into
office, shall be required to sign a declaration to be
entered in the Minute Book of the Court, or book to be
kept for that purpose, in the following form:—
"I, declare that I will always,
to the best of my ability, discharge the duties of
Head Master of the Grocers Company's School at
during my tenure of the
office, and that if I am removed by the Court, I will
acquiesce in such removal, and will thereupon relinquish all claim to the mastership, and its future
emoluments, and will deliver up to the Court. or as
they direct, possession of all the property then in
my possession or occupation as such Head Master as
Head Master to reside in the house assigned to him in his official character.
18. Every Head Master shall reside in the dwellinghouse (if any) assigned for his residence. He shall have
the occupation and use of such house and of any other
property of the School Fund, or of the Company of
which he becomes possessed in respect of his official
character and duties and not as tenant, and shall if
removed from his office, deliver up possession of such
house and other property to the Court, or as they
direct. He shall not, except with the permission of the
Court, permit any person to occupy such house or any
Head Master not to have other employment.
19. Every Head Master shall give his personal
attention to the duties of his School, and during his
tenure of office he shall not accept or hold any benefice
having the cure of souls, or any office or appointment,
which in the opinion of the Court may interfere with
the proper performance of his duties as Head Master.
Head Master not to receive other than authorised fees.
20. No Head Master or Assistant Master shall in
respect of the School work, receive, or demand from any
boy in any School administered under this Scheme, or
from any person whomsoever on behalf of any such
boy, any gratuity, fee, or payment, except such payments as are prescribed or authorised by this Scheme,
or by the Court.
Jurisdiction of Court over scholastic arrangements.
21. Within the limits fixed by this Scheme, the
Court shall prescribe the general subjects of instruction, the relative prominence and value to be assigned
to each group of subjects, the division of the year into
school time aud vacation, the payments by the scholars,
and the holidays to be given. They shall take general
supervision of the sanitary condition of the School
buildings and arrangements. They shall determine what
number of Assistant Masters ought to be employed.
They shall every year assign the amount which they
think proper to be paid out of the income of the School
Fund, for the purpose of maintaining Assistant Masters
and a proper plant and apparatus for carrying on the
instruction given in the School.
Court to consult the Head Master.
22. Before making any regulations as to any School
under the last preceding clause, the Court shall consult
the Head Master thereof, if there be one, in such a
manner as to give him full opportunity for the expression of his views.
Jurisdiction of Head Master over scholastic arrangements.
23. Subject to the rules prescribed by or under the
authority of this Scheme the Head Master shall have
under his control the choice of books, the method of
teaching, the arrangement of classes and School hours,
and generally the whole internal organisation, management, and discipline of his School; provided that if he
expel a boy from his School, he shall forthwith make a
full report of the case to the Court.
Head Master to appoint and dismiss Assistant Masters, and to distribute fund assigned to Assistant Masters or plant.
24. The Head Master shall have the sole power of
appointing and dismissing all Assistant Masters in his
School, and shall determine in what proportions the
sum assigned by the Court for the maintenance of
Assistant Masters and of plant and apparatus ought to
be divided among the various persons and objects for
the aggregate of whom it is assigned. And the Court
shall pay the same accordingly, either through the
hands of the Head Master, or directly, as they think
HeadMaster may submit proposals to the Court.
25. The Head Master may from time to time submit
proposals to the Court for making or altering regulations as to any matter within his province relative to
his School, and the Court shall consider such proposals
and decide upon them.
Income of Head Master.
26. The Head Master shall receive a fixed stipend of
200l. a year, He shall also receive payment according
to the number of boys in the School; that is to say,
such sum calculated on such a scale, uniform or
graduated, as may be agreed upon between him and the
Court, being not less than 1l. yearly for each boy.
These payments shall be made terminally, and shall
not be made for any boy who has not belonged to the
School for the whole term.
Payments for entrance and tuition fees.
27. All boys, except as herein-after provided, shall
pay such entrance and tuition fees as the Court shall
fix from time to time, provided that no such entrance
fee thall exceed 1l., and that no tuition fee shall be
less than 3l. or more than 5l. No extra of any kind
shall be allowed without the sanction of the Court.
28. All payments for entrance and tuition fees in
each School shall be made in advance to the Head
Master thereof, or to such other person as the Court
shall from time to time determine, and shall be
accounted for by the person receiving them to the
Court, and shall be treated by the Court as part of the
general income of the School Fund.
Ages for the School.
29. No boy shall be admitted into the School unless
he has attained the age of seven years and is under the
age of 12. No boy shall remain in the School after the
expiration of the term in which he attains the age of
Withdrawal of idle or incapable boys.
30. The Head Master shall, with the sanction of the
Court, make regulations for the withdrawal of boys
from his School in cases where from idleness or incapacity to profit by the studies of the plaec, they have
fallen materially below the standard of position and
attainment proper for their age.
To whom school is open.
31. Subject to the provisions established by or under
the authority of this Scheme, the Schools and all
advantages of the Schools shall be open to all boys
who are of good character, and of sufficient bodily
Mode of admission.
32. Applications for admission shall be made to the
Head Master, or to some other person named by the
Court, according to a printed form to be approved of by
the Court, and delivered to all applicants.
Register of applications.
33. The Head Master or other person named by the
Court shall keep a register of applications showing the
date at which every application is made for the admission of a boy, the date of his admission, withdrawal, or
rejection, the cause of rejection, and the age of a boy
at the date of the application.
34. Every applicant for admission shall be examined
by or under the direction of the Head Master, who
shall appoint convenient times for that purpose and
give reasonable notice to the parents of those boys
whose turn is arriving. No boy shall be admitted
except on the terms of undergoing such examination
and being found fit for admission. Those who are so
found fit shall, if there is room for them, be admitted
in order according to the dates of their application, but
it shall be competent to the Court to direct that if there
is not room their priority shall be determined by Competive Examination, and boys nominated by the Court
or by any member of the Court, shall in all cases have
priority of admission on passing the usual examination.
35. The examination for admission shall be graduated
according to the age of the boy, but it shall never fall
below the following standard, that is to say:—
Reading monosyllabic narrative and Writing text
Easy sums in the first two Rules of Arithmetic.
The Court may raise the minimum standard for all
or any of the Schools from time to time if they deem it
Provisions for special exemptions from religious instruction and worship.
36. The parent or guardian of or person liable to
maintain or having the actual custody of any scholar
may claim, by notice in writing addressed to the Head
Master of the School, the exemption of such scholar
from attending prayer or religious worship, or from
any lesson or series of lessons on a religious subject,
and such scholar shall be exempted accordingly, and a
scholar shall not by reason of any exemption from
attending prayer or religious worship or from any
lesson or series of lessons on a religious subject, be
deprived of any advantage or emolument in his School
or out of the School Fund to which he would otherwise
have been entitled. If any teacher in the course of
other lessons at which any such scholar is in accordance
with the ordinary rules of his School present, teaches
systematically and persistently any particular religious
doctrine, from the teaching of which any exemption
has been claimed, as in this clause before provided, the
Court shall, on complaint made in writing to them by
the parent, guardian, or person liable to maintain or
having the actual custody of such scholar, hear the complaint, and inquire into the circumstances, and if the
complaint is judged to be reasonable, make all proper
provisions for remedying the matter complained of.
37. The Court and the Head Master shall, each
within their own departments, as herein-before defined,
and, subject to the provisions of this Scheme, make
proper regulations for the religious instruction to be
given in the School.
Subjects of secular instruction.
38. The subjects of secular instruction shall be the
Reading and Spelling.
The Elements of Algebra and Geometry.
Geography, Political and Physical.
Some Branch or Branches of Physical Science.
One or more of the following Languages,—Latin,
English Grammar and Composition.
The Court shall prescribe to which of the foregoing subjects the main efforts of the teachers shall be
Arrangements for instruction.; Extra subjects.
39. The boys in each School shall be instructed in
the foregoing subjects according to the arrangements
made by the Head Master. The Court may also provide for lessons being given by competent teachers in
Navigation, Land Surveying, or Agricultural Chemistry,
to every boy who is sufficiently advanced to profit by
such instruction, but not so as to interfere with the
arrangements made by the Head Master for the conduct
of the School business.
40. There shall be once at least in every year an
examination of the scholars by an Examiner or Examiners appointed for that purpose by the Court, and
paid by them, but otherwise unconnected with the
School. The Examiners shall report to the Court on
the proficiency of the scholars in each School, and on
the state of the School as regards instruction and
discipline, as shown by the results of the examination
and with special regard to the elementary subjects.
The Court shall communicate the reports to the Head
Head Master's Annual Report.
41. The Head Master shall make an Annual Report
to the Court on the general condition of his School, the
details of his entrance examinations, and any special
occurrences which have happened in his School during
the past year. He also may mention the names of
any boys who in his judgment are worthy of praise or
substantial reward, having regard both to proficiency
Exhibitions at the Schools themselves.
42. By way of exhibitions tenable at the School, the
Court shall grant exemptions from the payment of
tuition fees for such periods and on such conditions as
the Court shall think fit. Such exemptions shall be
given as the reward of merit only, and shall be assigned
—in the case of candidates for admission, on the result
of the examination provided for in clause 34—in the
case of boys already attending a School, on the Reports
of the Examiners and Head Master, and no exemption
shall be granted to any boy if the Head Master reports
that he is rendered undeserving of it by ill-conduct.
The Court may, under the above conditions, exempt
boys from the payment of the whole, or of one half of
the tuition fee, but such exemption shall in every case
be liable to forfeiture in the event of misconduct or
failure to maintain a reasonable standard of proficiency.
The boys so exempted shall, if children of freemen of
the Company, be called and ranked as Grocers Scholars,
and in all other cases as Foundation Scholars, and the
degrees of exemption shall be further distinguished if
the Court think fit. Not more than 10 per cent. of the
boys shall be wholly exempt, and no further exemptions
shall be allowed, when such exemptions, total and
partial, reach the proportion of one in every five boys
in the School. In providing such exemptions, the
Court shall arrange that one-third shall be competed
for, in the first instance, by children of freemen of
the Company, and none of this class shall be thrown
open to all comers until the Head Master has reported
that there are not enough of such children who, on
examination, prove worthy to take them. Subject to
this preference, the emoluments of the Endowment
shall be freely and openly competed for.
43. The Court may also, in cases of distinguished
merit, grant further exhibitions tenable at the School
in the shape of money payment, or in such other shape
as they think fit.
Exhibitions to Schools of higher scale.
44. The Court may also give at their discretion, for
competition by all scholars, one or more Exhibitions of
25l. a year, each tenable for three years, either in a
School of higher scale, or by way of starting or outset
in life, under such regulations as the Court shall in each
Exhibitions not to be perverted from their proper purpose.
45. The Exhibitions established under this scheme
shall be tenable only for the purposes of education, or
gaining a start in some profession or calling. If the
holder is guilty of misconduct or idleness, or wilfully
ceases to pursue his education, it shall be competent to
the Court to determine the Exhibition.
46. The Court may, if they think fit, agree with any
Head Master that in consideration of an annual contribution by him of a fixed sum of money, the Court shall
annually add to it another fixed sum, and that the whole
shall be invested and accumulate for his benefit, and shall
be given to him in the way of Pension or Superannuation
Fund, on retirement after 20 years' service, or in the
event of permanent disability by illness; and that in
the event of dismissal or resignation before the expiration of 20 years, the fund produced by his own contribution shall be returned.
47. If and when the Court decide upon the establishment of a School for Girls, they may conduct it
upon the general principles, mutatis mutandis, herein
before laid down for the Boys' Schools; or they may
apply for a fresh Scheme to the Charity Commissioners.
Residue.; Unapplied surplus.
48. If there is any residue of income, the Court may
employ it in increasing the stipend of any Head Master,
or the Fund applicable to the payment of Assistant
Masters and School plant or apparatus, in improving
the accommodation of the School buildings, in aiding the
games of the Scholars, or generally in promoting the
spirit and efficiency of the Schools. Whatever they do not
think fit to spend in these ways, they shall, on passing
the yearly accounts, state as Unapplied Surplus, and
shall deposit it in a Bank, and if the sums so deposited
rise to 300l., they shall invest the same in Government
Stock, in the name of the Official Trustees of Charitable
Funds, to the general credit of the Trust.
Saving of lawful claims against Trust funds.
49. Nothing contained in this Scheme shall prejudice
any lawful claim against the Trust funds; and the
Trustees who have acted up to the date of this Scheme
shall have the same right to indemnity out of the Trust
funds against the consequences of all acts done by them
in the execution of their Trusts, as they would have had
supposing this Scheme had not been passed.
50. The Court may receive any additional donations
or endowments for the general purposes of the Schools.
They may also receive donations or endowments for any
special objects directed by the donors, provided that such
objects are certified by the Charity Commissioners to be
for the general benefit of the Schools, and not calculated
to give privileges to any boy on any other ground than
that of merit, and not otherwise inconsistent with, or
calculated to impede, the due working of the provisions
of this Scheme.
Charity Commissioners to decide doubtful questions.
51. If any doubt or question arises among the Court
as to the proper construction or application of any of
the provisions of this Scheme, the Court may apply to
the Charity Commissioners for their opinion and advice
thereon, which opinion and advice when given shall be
binding on the Court.
Commissioners to make new Schemes.
52. The Charity Commissioners may from time to
time, in the exercise of their ordinary jurisdiction,
frame Schemes for the alteration of any provisions of
this Scheme or otherwise for the government or regulation of the Trust, provided that such Schemes be not
inconsistent with the first part of this Scheme, or with
anything contained in the Endowed Schools Act, 1869.
Scheme to be printed.
53. This Scheme shall be printed and a copy given to
every person who shall become a Governor of the Trust,
and to every Master, or Assistant Master, and Teacher
appointed to the School, and sold at a reasonable price
to any person who may wish to buy one.
Date of Scheme.
54. The date of this Scheme shall be the day on which
Her Majesty by Order in Council declares Her approbation of it.
Annual Charges on the whole of the Company's
Property under a Decree of Commissioners of
Charitable Uses, dated the 3rd day of September
|9||2||0||Under the will of Sir Henry Kebyll, dated
15th March 1514, payable among seven poor
men of the mystery of grocers, such as
had been leaseholders or occupiers of the
same mystery in the City of London, and
fallen into decay and poverty.|
|6||0||0||Under the will of John Grove, to be distributed yearly for ever among the poor
almsmen within Grocers Hall, equally.|
|11||13||4||Under the will of William Pennefather,
dated 26th January 1636, to be divided
equally among seven poor almspeople,
from time to time dwelling in the almhouses in the Court Yard of Grocers Hall.|
|5||0||0||Under the will of Catherine Viscountess
Conway, dated 29th March 1637, for five
poor widows of freemen of the Company,
|10||0||0||Under the will of Dame Ann Middleton,
dated 20th May 1645, for 10 poor men and
women, aged and past labour, or otherwise
|1||0||0||Under the will of John Wardall, dated 29th
August 1656, to two poor freemen of the
Company, at 10s. each.|
|7||0||0||Under the will of Sir Thomas Middleton,
date unknown, for the poor of the Company.|
|7||0||0||Under the will of Edmund Turville, date
unknown, amongst the poorest members
of the Company.|
|20||0||0||Under the will of Lady Middleton abovementioned, to be paid to 10 poor ministers'
widows, 40s. a piece.|
|12||0||0||Under the wills of Robert Lambert and
Nicholas Styles, dates unknown, to be
distributed amongst poor persons of each
of the wards of the City of London.|
Two freehold houses, Nos. 29 and 30, Old Jewry, in
the City of London, held by the Company upon the
trusts of the will of Thomas Knolles, or Knowles, dated
12th July 1432, for a free and perpetual alms for the
support and relief of the poor of the Company.
A freehold house, No. 23, Walbrook, devised to the
Company by the before-mentioned will of John Wardall,
to the intent that the Company should pay yearly the
sums mentioned in the first part of Schedule D.
[By a codicil to the will, the whole improved rent is
given for the use and profit of the almsmen of the
The rectory and tithes of Forden, in the county of
Montgomery, and a fee farm rent of 27l. per annum out
of the rectory of St. Austell, in the county of Cornwall,
conveyed under the directions of the will and codicil of
Lady Middleton before-mentioned, to the Company, to
be by them disposed as follows:—
|To the parish of West Ham||5||0||0|
|To poor prisoners 40l., afterwards
|To clergymen's widows||20||0||0|
|To Christ's Hospital||10||0||0|
|To 10 poor aged and impotent persons to be selected by the court||10||0||0|
|By a codicil to the will the testatrix
gave to the minister of Forden||30||0||0|
And the residue for the relief of such poor and
aged people as the Company should think fit.
The whole of the fixed charges, except those specified
in the 2nd part of Schedule D., and the charge in favour
of Christ's Hospital, which has since been redeemed by
the Company, are already included in Schedule A.
|Gifts for loans||3,450||0||0|
|Gifts under the will of Gilbert
Keat before-mentioned, for the
|To the churchwardens of St. Botolph,
|To the churchwardens of East Greenwich||6||10||0|
|To the parish of West Ham||5||0||0|
|To the minister of Forden||30||0||0|
The Grocers' Company's Schools.
Abstract of Accounts for the Year ending.
N.B.—Receipts or expenses not falling under any
specific heads should be inserted separately in an appropriate place under one of the more general heads.
|1. From Endowment.|
|2. From Fees of Scholars.|
|Entrance fees during the whole year|
|Property tax returned|
|Total income of the year|
|Balance at commencement of account|
|1. Management of the Trust.|
|Salary of clerk|
|Postage, Stationery, &c.|
|2. Expenses on Property occupied by School.|
|Repairs, &c. in excess of income of
|Rates and taxes|
|3. Temporary or Extraordinary Expenses.|
|Interest on money borrowed|
|Pensions (or annual payments under
|4. Net Expenditure on Schools.|
|Salary of Head Master|
|Aggregate payment for Assistant
Masters, school apparatus, &c.|
|Expenses of examination|
|Gas, water, coal, &c.|
|Total expenses of the year|
|Unapplied surplus (less current balance)|
|Balance in hand at close of account)|