Report on the Charities of the Drapers' Company
Part I

Sponsor

Centre for Metropolitan History

Publication

Author

City of London Livery Companies Commission

Year published

1884

Pages

120-146

Citation Show another format:

'Report on the Charities of the Drapers' Company: Part I', City of London Livery Companies Commission. Report; Volume 4 (1884), pp. 120-146. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=69708 Date accessed: 31 October 2014.


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DRAPERS' COMPANY.

TO THE CHARITY COMMISSIONERS FOR ENGLAND AND WALES.

In pursuance of a minute of the board on the 13th day of November 1860, I have inquired into the condition and circumstances of the Charities under the management of the Drapers' Company of the City of London, and I have stated under the head of each specific endowment the result of my investigation.

The style or title of the Draper's Company is "The Master and Wardens and Brethren and Sisters of the Guild or Fraternity of the Blessed Mary the Virgin of the Mystery of Drapers."

The government of the Company is vested in the—
Master, Four wardens, and Court of assistants, consisting of a minimum of 12, but now consisting of 21 besides the master and wardens.

The livery, consisting of upwards of 300 (about 320), who are necessarily free (and by a recent regulation free four years before eligible for the livery).

Many freemen and freewomen are not on the livery; the number of these are unknown.

The freedom is acquired—

I. By patrimony; the son or daughter of a freeman having been born after the parent had taken up his freedom is free.

II. By servitude; seven years to a freeman or freewomen of any calling.

III. By redemption on payment of 100 guineas at the option of the court; and

IV. By the free grant of the court.

Sir Thomas Adams' Charity.

Sir Thomas Adams, by an indenture of the 20th June 1666, granted to the Drapers' Company an annuity of 40l., charged on the manor of Chaworth in Essex, in trust to pay the same to the Professor of Arabic in the University of Cambridge.

This is received without deduction from Lord Maynard, and paid to the Professor of Arabic at Cambridge. The Rev. Henry G. Williams is the present professor.

Sir Thomas Adams' Charity.

Sir Thomas Adams bequeathed to the Company 200l. to be lent out at 40s. per cent., to be paid to the poor of the Company.

The 200l. is part of the 3,811l. 10s. 6d. administered under the decree in Clonne's Charity, and the 4l. per annum is applied to the pensions to the poor on the roll (see Kendrick's Charity).

Lady Askew's or Ascue Almshouses.

Lady Askew or Ascue, according to the Company's books, by her will (I presume in consideration of some devise or bequest which does not appear), laid upon the Company the obligation to provide and assign seven poor widows of good name and honest conversation severally to have and hold the tenements or almshouses in Beech Lane during their lives rent free, and to distribute amongst the poorest people of the Company 20s., part of the Company's rent of the land in Beech Lane adjoining to the said almshouses, and to take for their pains the yearly sum of 10s.

The almshouses regarded as derived from this foundation are eight old tenements in a row in Beech Lane, St. Giles Cripplegate. They are about to be removed to Tottenham under the arrangements referred to in my report on Milborne's Almshouses. They are occupied by eight poor widows, chosen by the master and wardens at a court of wardens.

The will of Dame Ann Askue, of which a copy is in the possession of the Company, purports to devise to the Company seven tenements in the parish of St. Giles, Cripplegate, and also two gardens and two lodges and stable, and one capital messuage and a hog yard adjoining in Beech Lane, in the said parish, for the sustenance of the almshouses, with a gift of the residue of the issues and profits to the poor of the Company at the discretion of the master and wardens. Except the almshouses and the houses belonging to Walters' trust, the Company have no property in Beech Lane.

Nothing in the way of income is known to have been derived from any gift of Lady Askew. There is 1l. paid annually to the general charities on account of her donation, but nothing to this institution.

The principal fund from which the inmates of these almshouses are supported is derived from,—

Buck's Charity.

Robert Buck, by his will of the 17th November 1620, gave to the Drapers' Company a messuage and land in the parish of Langley, Kent, on trust that the renter warden should pay to the two younger wardens 20l. for the purchase of clothing, which, with 3l. in money, should be sent to the parish of Ugley in Essex, for such of the surname of Buck as should inhabit Bollington Hall. And he directed that the clothing and money should be given in the second year to the parish of Manendine in Essex, and in the third year to the parish of Stansted-Mountfichett, in Essex. And he further directed the following payments:—

£s.d.
To the eight poor widows in the Beech Lane Aimshouses, 2s. 6d. a month each1200
To the wardens0100
Clerk068
Renter-warden068
Beadles034

And the residue to the wardens for the repairs of the estate, or to such other charitable uses as they should deem expedient.

The Commissioners of Inquiry referred this case to the Attorney-General. An information ex-officio was filed by Sir John Campbell, Attorney-General, on the 28th May 1838, stating the said certificate of the Commissioners, and that according to the true construction of the will the whole of the rents of the said lands and premises ought to have been applied to charitable purposes, and the said Company were not nor had ever been entitled to any part thereof for their own use and benefit, and they ought to account for all such sums as had been received by them out of such rents, and applied for their own use and benefit, and that all proper directions ought to be given for the proper application of the said rents and profits for the future: And praying that it might be declared that the whole of the lands, &c., and the rents thereof, were applicable to charitable purposes, and that the Company were not entitled to apply any part of the rents thereof to their own use, and that an account might be taken of the sums received by the Company, or by any persons on their behalf, in respect of the rents of the said lands or from such fines or premiums as aforesaid, and of their application thereof, and that in taking such accounts they might not be allowed any such sums which should not appear to have been applied by them to the purposes of the charity in accordance with the intention of the testator; and that they might be decreed to make good whatever upon such account should appear to have been received by them over and above what they had properly applied and disposed of as aforesaid. And that all proper inquiries might be directed for the purpose of ascertaining of what the lands and premises so devised as aforesaid consisted, and that all directions might be given for the proper application of the sums which should be coming from the said Company upon such accounts to be taken as aforesaid, and for securing the rents of the said lands for the future for the charitable purposes as intended by the will of the said testator as aforesaid.

The suit appears to have been terminated in pursuance of an arrangement, shown in the following correspondence, between Mr. Parkes, acting for the Attorney-General, and Mr. Lawford on behalf of the Company:—

"21, Great George Street,
26th June 1839.

"Dear Sir,
Attorney-General v. Drapers' Company (Buck's Charity).

"As it appears from the defendants' answer that the surplus revenue belonging to this charity carried to the Company's general account has been more than repaid out of the Company's income in monthly stipends of 1l. 9s. paid to each of the eight poor women residing in the almshouses in Beech Lane, I am desirous of being informed whether the Company will consent to a decree to keep for the future the whole proceeds of the charity distinct from their general account, and not carry over the surplus revenue as heretofore; if so, I will prepare and send you minutes of proposed decree, as the account prayed against the Company will be waived in the event of their consenting to the terms now suggested. They must, however, pay the costs of the suit, which they can retain from the future receipts of the charity estate.

"I am, &c.
"Joseph Parkes."

"Drapers' Hall,
26th May 1840.

"Dear Sir,
Attorney-General v. Drapers' Company (Buck's Charity).

"We are favoured with your letter of the 19th instant, with a copy of that of the 26th June last, and in reply to your proposal, we beg to state that we have no objection to the defendants' entering a resolution on their books to keep for the future the whole proceeds of this charity distinct from their general account, and not carry over the surplus revenue as heretofore; and in order to dispose of the suit we will recommend our clients to pay the costs, as between party and party, out of their own funds, and the suit can then be dismissed upon the usual petition, which we will direct our clerk in court to sign; the arrangement above suggested will effect what you propose in your letter of the 26th June last; but we should object to any decree for which there seems no reason, but, in truth, if the facts had not been misunderstood by the Commissioners there could have been no suit.

"We are, &c.
"E. and J. Lawford."

"21, Great George Street,
22nd August 1840.

"Dear Sir,
"Attorney-General v. Drapers' Company.

"I see no objection to ending this suit by the arrangement mentioned in your letter of the 26th May, and which will save the expense of a hearing.

"You will therefore be good enough to enter the resolution on the Company's books as proposed, and obtain the sanction of the Company thereto in the usual manner. When this is done please to make an early appointment for me to inspect the resolution. I enclose you my costs in the suit, which I will at the same time settle with you. The information may then be dismissed as proposed.

"I am, &c.
"Joseph Parkes."

By an order of the Master of the Rolls of the 30th April 1841, it was ordered that the information might stand dismissed out of the Court without costs.

It appears that there was no resolution of the Company subsequently to the last-mentioned letter, but that previous to the letter of Mr. Lawford of the 26th May 1840 the subject had been brought by him to the notice of the Court of Assistants; their resolution thereon is recorded in the following minute of the 14th April 1840, authorising the arrangement:

"It is resolved, that the Court do authorise the clerk of the Company to pay the costs in question, and to adopt such course as may appear to him most proper for staying the proceedings in the information filed against the Company in relation to Buck's Charity, either upon the terms mentioned in the letter from Mr Parkes or such modification of the plan proposed as shall appear to him expedient."

Since the dismissal of the information, and in pursuance of the arrangement made with the Attorney-General's solicitor, the practice has been to carry the income of the estate to one account, intituled "Robert Buck's Trusts," with 5l. a year from Lady Ramsey and the 6l. 8s. from Henry Butler's Charities.

The estate, as described by the Commissioners of Inquiry, consists of an old mansion-house at Caring, in the parish of Langley, near Maidstone in Kent, and 98 acres of land let to George Cutt, a yearly tenant of 140l., the rent not having been raised since the last inquiry.

£s.d.
The eight almspeople each receive 2l. 2s. per month201120
The water rate is paid280
Insurance100
The gifts of clothing every third year to Stansted-Mountfitchett, Manendine, and Ugley (the last three years, including 3l. in money)25911
The gift of clothes in 1860 consisted of 67 yards Dowlas, 30 of blue serge, 18 of towelling, 1 gross buttons, 23 yards blue cloth, 3 black beaver bonnets, 3 felt hats, 9 tanned sheepskins. It is forwarded to the churchwardens of the several parishes.
The payments of 1l. to the wardens, 13s. 4d. to the clerk, 3s. 4d. to the beadle, and 3s. 4d. to the upper porter are also made200
£232911

On the 31st December 1860 the balance of payments entered in the Company's books in excess of receipts on account of the three charities was 767l. 0s. 8d.

It appears by the state of this account, and the proceedings and correspondence, that the administration of the fund, whatever discretion or absolute power the Company may theoretically assert, is practically satisfactory; that even more than the charity could strictly require is applied for its benefit; and the Attorney-General has thought that any legal proceedings would be idle, in which opinion I have no doubt the Commissioners will concur.

Dame Mary Ramsay's Gift.

Dame Mary Ramsay, by her will of the 8th July 1601, gave to the Company 200l. towards the relief of the poor of the said Company. The management of the loan fund is stated in my report on Clonne's Charity. Of the interest of this sum at 5l. per cent., 5l. or one moiety is annually carried to the account of the poor in the almshouses in Beech Lane, and 5l. to the poor of the Company.

Butler's Gift.

Henry Butler bequeathed to the Company 100l. to purchase lands and pay thereout 4l. a year to the eight poor widows in the Beech Lane almshouses. To this was subsequently added an unpaid accumulation of 34l., and making together 134l., the interest of such amounting to 6l. 8s. a year is paid to the same account as Robert Buck's Trust.

Whitbread's Gift.

Samuel Whitbread, as executor of his father, transferred 833l. 6s. 8d. Consols to the names of the master and wardens, in trust, to pay the annual dividends amongst the poor widows in the Beech Lane almshouses, as declared by an indenture of the 22nd April 1797. The fund now stands as part of a large sum of like stock in the corporate name of the Company, which varies annually as circumstances require. The dividends, amounting to 25l. a year, are divided half-yearly in January and July amongst the eight widows in the Beech Lane almshouses, in addition to what they receive from the Robert Buck Trust. This annual gift amounts to 1l. 11s. 3d. each.

Asilwood's or Hazlewood's Charity.

John Asilwood or Hazlewood devised to the Drapers' Company by his will of the 27th November 1532 all his messuages and tenements in the parishes of St. Bennet, Gracechurch Street, St. Clement, near Lombard Street, and St. Edmund towards the support of poor brethren and and sisters of the said Company.

The book of abstracts of deeds of the Company, referred to by the Commissioners of Inquiry (vol. 32, part 2, page 434) under the head of "Gracechurch," refers to an indenture by which the property appears to have been vested in fee simple in John Haslewood (or Asilwood), William Milborne, William Calby, and John Rudstone. Of these it would seem that Asilwood was the survivor, but whether he held the property in his own right or as trustee of the Company, does not appear, and may be very doubtful, especially having regard to the decision in the case of the Attorney-General (relator, Thos. Spencer Hall) v. the Fishmongers' Company, mentioned in my report on the charities administered by that body (pages and ).

The house in Gracechurch Street was purchased by the City of London under the London Bridge Approaches Acts, and the purchase money was received by the Company, and a portion has been reinvested in the purchase of a house in Mark Lane.

The rent of the property before the sale and the income of the purchase money since, as well as the rents of the Mark Lane property, have been carried to the account of the income of the Company, and has not been regarded as subject to any charitable trust (except as to 105l. a year mentioned in Colborne's case).

The Commissioners of Inquiry certified this case to the Attorney-General. It does not appear, however, that any steps have been taken in the matter. The Drapers' Company are not aware of any proceedings subsequent to the Commissioners' Inquiry, nor have my inquiries been the means of gathering any additional information relating to it.

Upon the subject of the origin of the title of the Company to property acquired under devises prior to the Reformation, I would also refer to my concluding observation in the report on Sir John Milborne's almshouses, below.

Bancroft's Charity.

Francis Bancroft, by his will of the 18th March 1727, gave to the Drapers' Company all his real and personal estate, on trust, to lay out 4,000l. or 5,000l. in purchasing a piece of ground, and building thereon almshouses for 24 old men, with a chapel and schoolroom for 100 poor boys, and two dwelling-houses for masters, and the residue of his personal estate to be employed in the purchase of estates of inheritance to answer such charitable purposes for ever, and any surplus to be applied in improving the charity as the Company should think fit. The testator directed that the 24 old men should be members of the Company, and appointed by them and the two schoolmasters to be chosen, and the 100 boys to be placed in the school by the said Company. And he further directed that the 24 old men should have 8l. a year each, half a chaldron of coals, and a baize gown every third year; that the two masters should have each 30l. a year, and 20l. a year should be allowed for coals and candles, and that the boys should be clothed yearly. Also he directed two sermons to be preached yearly, the ministers to receive 20s. each and the readers 10s., and clerks and sextons 2s. 6d. each; and he directed that the children on leaving school should have 2l. 10s. for clothes or 4l. for binding them apprentice. And he gave to the clerk of the Company 20l. a year and 30s. to his man.

The Commissioners of Inquiry, by their report on the parish of St. Dunstan, Stepney, in the county of Middlesex, in which this institution was established, set forth the residuary, real, and personal estate which accrued to the Company under this devise and bequest (vol. 4, p. 182), together with the fact of the purchase by the Company in pursuance of the will of about five acres of ground at Mile End, on which the almshouses, chapel, school, and master's houses then stood. They stated also in detail the real estate derived under the founder's will and the investments made by the Company out of the residuary personal estate. They also stated the augmentations in the charitable disbursements which had been made: first, in 1803. by the conversion of the day school for the 100 boys into a boarding school, the increase of the salaries of the masters, and the appointment of a chaplain.

The Commissioners made a later report on the same institution, on the occasion of the inquiry into the charities under the Drapers' Company (vol. 32, pt. 2, p. 421). The only material additions to the former report were the fact that the accumulations of stock had increased since the former report from—

40,800l. Consolidated Annuities, and

33,400l. 3l. per cent. Reduced Annuities;

to

40,900l. 3l. per cent. Consols, and

33,800l. 3l. per cent. Reduced Annuities;
that the almsmen had been increased from 24 to 30. Six additional houses having been erected, and that a question of the proportionate amount of rents of some property in Coleman Street, purchased partly with money of the charity and partly with the property of the Company, was a matter for the decision of a court of equity, and had been therefore certified to the Attorney-General. The steps taken on this point are mentioned at No. 19, in the following table:—

The present estate of the charity consists of the following particulars:—

£s.d.
1.The hospital at Mile End, consisting of school house, schoolrooms, dormitories, dining rooms, with matrons and servants' apartments a chapel, and two masters' houses. The school, chapel, and masters' houses face the entrance at the opposite end of a parallelogram of 150 feet by 300 deep. The other school buildings are at the rear of the school, chapel, and masters' houses.
The almshouses, which consist of 14 houses on each side of the same quadrangle and one at each side of the entrance, making altogether 30 housesIn hand
The whole of the foregoing premises occupies an area of 3 a. 1 r. 34 p., which includes the centre of the quadrangle, the ground formerly used as a burial ground at the back of the right wing of the almshouses and the playgrounds of the scholarsIn hand
2.The garden ground adjoining the hospital premises at the back of the left wing of the almshouses, comprising 1 a. 1 r. 35 p., let to Benjamin Calley as tenant-at-will (subject to the allowance for tithe and land tax)2000
Nos. in the Printed Report.
5. 3.A farm at Hadleigh in Suffolk (Burton End Farm), 212a. 1r. 1p., and a farmhouse and buildings, let to Isaac Strutt, by agreement for a lease for 21 years, from Michaelmas 186126500
The Eastern Union and Hadleigh Junction Railway Company purchased from the Company in the year 1858 a piece of land at Hadleigh containing 8 a. 0 r. 6 p., being a portion of Burton End Farm, for 900l., which was invested in the purchase of 930l. 6s. 8d. Consols in the names of the Accountant-General. By an order of Vice-Chancellor Page Wood, of the 5th March 1859, on the petition of the Company, the 930l. 6s. 8d. stock was directed to be sold and the proceeds applied towards the purchase of No. 11, Poultry, in the City of London, the purchase money of which amounted to 3,600l. The stock produced 890l. 15s. 10d., and the residue, being 2,709l. 4s. 2d., was raised by the sale of 2,845l. 8s. 10d. Reduced Annuities standing to the account of the Company and belonging to the charity. The Vice-Chancellor required the purchase to be made under the sanction of the Board which was given by order of the 4th March 1859. (See No. 17 in this Table below.)
3. 4.A farm called Salt Coat Farm, in the parish of Woodham Ferris, Essex, containing 78 a. 2r. 8 p. of land, and a farmhouse and buildings let to George Carter (lease expired), and now tenant from year to year6000
2. 5.Clopton Hall Farm, in the parish of Great Dunmow, Essex, a farmhouse and buildings and 283 a. 2 r. 24 p. of land, let to Peter Portway by agreement for lease for 14 years, from Michaelmas 185628400
Carried forward62900
Brought forward62900
Nos. in the Printed Report.
£s.d.
1. 6.Manor of Clopton Hall, Essex, quitrents1465
The fines and profits received by the steward of the manor, Mr. Wade, solicitor of Great Dunmow—
£s.d.
18591400
18606100
July 1843 to " 1856582162
1857 and 185848100
Average3600
5065
4. 7.A house and several cottages and 3 a. 3r. 34 p. land, in the parish of Prettlewell, in Essex, let to Benjn. Spendylow upon lease for 21 years, from Michaelmas 18565000
6. 8.Three houses at Chiswick, Middlesex, on the road from Chiswick Church to Hammersmith, let to Mr. Wm. Rageork on lease for 21 years, from Lady-day 18515000
7. 9. 1.Nos. 273 and 274, Holborn, with house, workshops, stabling, &c., opening into Whetstone Park (at the back), let to James Sturm under agreement for lease for 21 years, from Lady-day 186135000
7. 10.No. 276, Holborn, a house and shop let to Sydney Still by lease for 21 years, from Lady-day 186115000
7. 11.No. 277, Holborn, a house and shop let to William Hall on lease for 21 years, from Midsummer 18519000
8. 12.No. 9, Godliman Street (Paul's Chain), a house let to Wm. Rayeork for 21 years, from Midsummer 18424500
13.A fee-farm rent issuing from the manor of Apley Grange, in the county of Lincoln, received from the lord of the manor, Charles Tyrwhit Drake, Esq., deducting 15l. for land tax and collection8500
14.Eight fee-farm rents from the following manors in Yorkshire:—
£s.d.
Aldborough, near Ripon4917111/8
Rawcliffe, near Ripon22445/8
Knottingly, near Ferrybridge98
Bengal, near Selby1910
Rothwell, near Leeds6889
Marchden, near Huddersfield2978
Altofts, near Warmsfield1113
Owston, near Doncaster29118
33912
The charges allowed on the foregoing to the collector:—
£s.d.
Land tax67180
Advertisements1190
Poundage176
873
25290
15.A quitrent issuing out of houses in Honey Lane Market on property of the Drapers' Company400
Carried forward1,755155
Brought forward1,755155
16.An undivided moiety of No. 10, Poultry (the other undivided moiety belonging to Dixon's Charity), let to Elizabeth Boyall for 21 years, from Michaelmas 1851, at 180l.9000
17.No. 11, Poultry, on lease for 13 years, from Michaelmas 1859, to William Horner17500
18.A portion of the house No. 55, Gracechurch Street (the residue belonging to Rainey's Charity), let (the entire house) for 21 years, from Christmas 1855, to Thomas Statchet Palmer at 135l., for this portion, ¼th33150
19.A portion of the rent of a house at the back of Coleman Street leading from Glean Alley, being the same proportion to the entire rent of 300l. a year, as 9l. bore at the time of the purchase to 70l., the rent at that time. The premises, which front in Basinghall Street, are let to William Trego for 21 years, from Midsummer 1848, at 300l.38116
The question as to the charity share of this rent was the matter which the Commissioners of Inquiry thought it right, as before stated, to refer to the Attorney-General. The Company, when they became aware of that measure, came to the following resolution (May 1839).
"The clerk of the Company called the attention of the Court to the report of the Commissioners of Inquiry adverting to the rentcharge of 9l., and which was certified to the AttorneyGeneral, as the 9l. a year did not then bear the same proportion to the whole rent of the premises as it did when originally charged thereon. And the Court referring to their minutes of 15th March 1758, whereby it appeared that a small piece of ground in Glean Alley, Coleman Street, was then purchased by the Company out of cash of Bancroft's trust for 260l., and referring also to minutes of 24th October 1759, whereby, with the view of letting the ground in question with the premises belonging to the Company, agreed with the tenant to purchase his interest for 25 guineas. And it appearing that this arrangement was carried into effect, and the lease surrendered and an agreement afterwards entered into with the tenant for a lease of the whole premises at 70l. a year. And it further appearing that it was resolved that 9l. a year should be payable out of the premises on account of Bancroft's trust. And it appearing that such 9l. had since been carried to such trust. And that in May 1787 the premises were again let for 61 years at 120l. a year. And that the Commissioners of Inquiry in 1820 called the attention of the then clerk of the Company to the above circumstances, with an intimation that the trust ought to have the benefit of the improvement in the rent since the apportionment. And it appearing that the said Commissioners stated that if 9l. was the fair proportion when the rent was 70l., the charity would be entitled to about 15l. 8s. 6d. per annum, and that as the trust ought to have had the benefit of the improved rent from 1820, such a sum ought to be carried to the account of the trust as would be sufficient to cover the arrears of the difference from that time, adding, however, that in the opinion of the Commissioners the more correct mode of ascertaining what was due to the charity would be by taking the present actual value of the portion of the premises purchased as aforesaid and of the remainder thereof and divide the reserved rent in the same proportion, which being considered, and it appearing that from the state of the property the latter mode would be the least beneficial to the charity, it was resolved that the sum of 115l. 13s., being 18 years' arrears of the difference between 15l. 8s. 6d. a year suggested by the Commissioners and 9l. carried to that account, be carried to the credit of Bancroft's trust, and that thenceforth there also be carried to the credit of the trust in respect of the piece of ground in question the annual sum of 15l. 8s. 6d. in accordance with the recommendation of the Commissioners of Charity.
Carried forward2,093111
Brought forward2,093111
And subsequently, in July 1839, the clerk of the Company informed the Court that the solicitor of the Attorney-General stated that if the Court undertook to pay the 15l. 8s. 6d., during the present lease of the premises no further proceedings would be carried on against the Company. It was resolved that the clerk be authorised to accede to the solicitor's proposition.
The funded property of the charity is— 47,700l., Bank 3 per cent. Consolidated Annuities1,43100
32,454l. 11s. 2d. 3 per cent. Reduced Annuities937126
(This includes a purchase of 300l. in the year 1861.)
£4,497145

The charges and expenditure on the estate of the charity are as follows:—

1.—The Charges.

£s.d.
The collection of the fee-farm rents and the land tax have previously been deducted from the gross rents.
The clerk and his man under the will21100
Rentcharges on the portion of the Holborn property (No. 9 in the above table), part of the Unicorn Brewery; 2l. 10s. each to the parishes of Waldren, Harwich, and Putney, out of which 1l. 10s. is retained for land tax600
Tithe of the garden ground at Mile End1160
Land tax on ditto1100
£30160

In the year 1859 a sum of 91l. was paid for the cost of the conveyance of the premises in the Poultry purchased by the Company, but this cannot be regarded as a usual charge.

2.—Expenditure on the Charity.

The Head Master of the Hospital:—
£s.d.£s.d.
Salary25000
Coals (about)400
Ditto Stipend as Chaplain of the Hospital31100
285100
The Under Master:—
Salary16000
Coals400
16400
The usher6000
(with board, lodging, and washing.)
The matron6000
(with board, lodging, and washing.)
Five female servants76100
(with board and lodging.)
Porter (an almsman)1600
Chapel clerk (an almsman)500
Two gatekeepers, 10l. and 5l. (two of the almsmen who are in the lodges)1500
Thirty almsmen at 30l. per annum90000
The pensions are stated by the Commissioners of Inquiry to have been increased from time to time, and to have been finally raised in 1815 to 20l. They were raised to 26l. in July 1835, and from 26l. to 30l. in the year 1853 (17th March).
Donations for the relief of sick almsmen (say)2500
Coals for almsmen, say8000
The housekeeping expenses for the school of 100 boys, the usher, matron, and female servants, exclusive of salaries in 1860)1,007310
Carried forward2,694310
Brought forward2,694310
The accounts of the dietary and allowances of food are set forth in the accompanying printed regulations of the hospital (Appendix, p. 6)
The clothing of the 100 boys in school (see Regulations, Appendix, p. 5):—
£s.d.
185830512763500 average
1859485010
1860172156
Shoes, 1858171152
Caps, &c. 1859189193
1860132710
Washing 185814986
1859136117
1860165211
Medicine and medical attendance for almsmen and boys10500
Apprentice and gifts—
£s.d.
1858850066134 average
18597500
18604000
Every boy who leaves the school is allowed 2l. 10s. to buy clothes, or an apprentice fee of 10l. if bound as an apprentice. (This has been increased from 4l., see Regulations, Appendix, p. 2.) The indentures are in that case prepared by the clerk of the Company, unless the master is free of London when the indentures are prepared at the Guildhall. The boys now leave the school at 14, unless the time is prolonged by special application to the committee. The apprentice fees and gratuities for apprenticeship are not always applied for. They are not obliged to be apprenticed immediately on leaving the school, and often deferring the application for the 50s., probably with the view of obtaining the apprentice fee.
The allowance for stationery for the school books, &c.7500
The visiting committee of five members, who visit the hospital every fortnight, carriage hire, and the master, wardens, and committee, one annual visitation (the last Thursday in July), with clerk and surveyor, and some of the court. The committee on this occasion receives the usual fee of 2l. 2s. each (25l. 4s. in July 1860), (say)6000
Clocks, repair, &c., say600
Gaslights at hospital31100
Rates, taxes, and insurance, say6500
Repairs and surveyor's charges—
£s.d.
185839166
1859308122
1860216131
say 30000
Incidental expenses—
1858711211
18594092
186051910
say 5500
4,09372

At the end of the year 1860 there was a balance to the credit of the charity above the disbursements of 235l. 6s. 2d., which, with a small sum added to it, making 274l. 17s. 6d., was invested in the sum of 300l. 3l. per cent. Reduced Annuities.

The duties of the head master and the second master and the other officers of the establishment are pointed out in the printed statement of the foundation and rules of the hospital annexed to this report.

The almspeople are chosen from the freemen of the Company (or freemen in preference) by the master and wardens at a court of the master and wardens. There is no prescribed limit as to age, but aged men are generally selected. Their wives are admitted with them, but cannot remain when they become widows. A daughter of an almsman of competent years is permitted to be with him.

The boys are not restricted to any class or condition. They are presented by members of the Court of Assistants in rotation, and if thought proper and eligible appointed by the master and wardens. The class of parents of the children very greatly varies, from that of professional persons to domestic servants. It is, in fact, an entire relief of the parent of the expenses of the child from 7 to 15. The education is in reading, writing, arithmetic, Latin, and drawing. It is a good middle class education. The present master is the Rev. William Hunt. He is a clergyman of the Church of England, and has been accustomed to tuition at Birmingham and Marlborough. The second master, Mr. Cornelius Laycock, is not in orders. The usher is William Grant, who has been in a training school. The whole of the appointments are made by the Court of Assistants.

The present matron is the widow of a late under master, and has held that situation about 10 years. She appoints the female servants.

Sir Edward Barkham's Charity.

Sir Edward Barkham gave, by his will of the 14th January 1632, an annuity of 6l. 13s. 4d. issuing out of a house in Cheapside. Six of the oldest and poorest freemen to have 20s. each, and the clerk and beadle each 6s. 8d. The house belongs to Lord Tredegar, and the rentcharge, amounting to 5l. 6s. 8d. (1l. 6s. 8d. being deducted by the owner for land tax), is received by the Company. The amount of the gift to the poor of the Company is carried to the account of the charities general (see Sir Richard Champion's Charity), and forms part of the fund distributed on the quarter day to the quarterly poor. The 13s. 4d. is paid to the clerk and beadle as directed.

Lady Bayly's Charity.

Lady Bayly, by some gift or bequest to the Company, purchased from them, 2d. in meat, 1d. in bread, and 1d. in money for each of five poor persons every Sunday at the Church of St. Michael, Paternoster Royal, being poor householders in that parish. The Company pay 4l. 6s. 8d. a year to the churchwardens of the parish.

Bloomer's Charity.

Giles Bloomer, by his will of the 22nd February 1676, bequeathed to the Company 100l. to be lent at 3l. per cent. to an upholsterer free of the Company, and the interest distributed among 10 persons of the Company, 6s. each. And he also gave one third of the residue of his personal property to be placed out in like manner and distributed amongst the poor of the Company by 6s. to each, and if any upholsterers, to have 12s. each; and if a third of the residue amounted to 300l., then 3l. per annum to be disposed of as follows:—

On a dinner for the wardens30s.
Clerk of the Company20s.
Beadle and porter (5s. each)10s.

The sum of 100l. forms part of the 3,811l. 10s. 6d. advanced under the decree of the Court in Clonne's Charity. The sum of 9l. is carried to the pensions of the poor on the roll (see Kendrick's Charity). The sum of 3l. is the charge imposed upon the Company by the deed poll mentioned in Clonne's Charity, that being the interest of the loan fund. There are also payments of—

18s to the account of the warden, 12s. to the clerk, and 3s. to the beadle of the Company, which continue to be annually made. These, I presume, with the exception of the payment to the poor of the Company beyond the 3l., represent the extent of the residuary estate of the testator.

Blundell's Charity.

Peter Blundell, by his will of the 9th June 1599, gave to the Company 150l. to purchase lands to pay thereout 40s. for poor prisoners in the Compter in the Poultry, and the residue to be bestowed that the master and wardens should have the benefit for their labour and pains. The sum of 40s. a year is paid annually to Mr. Temple, the city officer, who receives the payments for the prisons; 1l. 12s. a year is carried to the account of the master, and the other 6l. 8s. to that of the wardens of the Company. There does not appear to be any reason for fixing this charge upon any especial property.

Sir William Boreman's School, Greenwich.

Sir William Boreman, Clerk of the Green Cloth to King Charles 2nd, by his will of the 3rd February 1684, devised to the Drapers' Company a schoolhouse and premises and certain fee-farm rents, rentcharge, and lands for the maintenance of a schoolmaster, and for the lodging, clothing, feeding, education, and maintenance of 20 poor boys, and for the maintenance of four poor widows to be placed in an almshouse. And he bequeathed to the Company 500l. for the increase of the revenue of the said school and the poor boys.

The school was subjected to a body of ordinances and statutes prescribed by the founder, by which he directed that 20 boys, born in Greenwich, the sons of seamen, watermen, and fishermen, inhabitants of East Greenwich, especially of such loyal men as have served the King in his wars, should be maintained with meat, drink, lodging, clothes, and teaching, and are to be chosen by the Company on every vacancy from two to be nominated by the minister and churchwardens, and the feoffees to appoint the master and to be the sole electors, visitors, and governors of the foundation, and the founder thereby also directed the order of religious teaching and divine services.

The property of the charity at present is as follows:—

£s.d.
1.The schoolhouse at the back of London Street, Greenwich, consisting of a large schoolroom, a dormitory over, and several other sleeping apartments for the master and his family, and the boys; there is also a dining-room, kitchen, and domestic offices, a garden and playgroundIn hand.
2.Eight houses in Bexley Place, on the north side of London Street, Greenwich, which was a portion of the site of the original premises near the school called the Lyon House and White House, and which was described by the Commissioners as vacant at the time of the last inquiry, let on a building lease to Robert Juter for 66 years, from Midsummer 1821, at7000
3.A house in London Street, let to A. K. Bristow for 21 years, from Michaelmas 1847, at5400
4.A house in London Street adjoining the last, let to Hugh Hughes (which has been assigned to A. R. Bristow) for 21 years, from Michaelmas 18473600
5.A builder's yard and cottage let to Henry Durnford for 21 years, from Christmas 1847, at6000
The three last-mentioned tenements were comprised in the lease to Thos. Suter of 1786, mentioned in the report of the Commissioners of Inquiry (Vol. 2, page 28).
6.The fee-farm rent issuing from the manors of Pulham St. Mary and Pulham St. Magdalen.
£s.d.
Gross amount108145
£s.d.
Deduction—
Land tax21120
Collection500
26120
8225
The fund is remitted to the Company by Robert Copeman, and the allowance for collection appears always to have been made. The Company have nothing in their possession to show whether the feefarm rent is collected in small sums or in one or more payments. If the latter, the charge would appear to be high.
£s.d.
7.A fee-farm rent from the manor of Offord, in the county of Kent3000
It is paid by the solicitor of Lord Amhurst, and there is deducted for remittance100
2900
8.A rentcharge from the manor of Borkingfold, in Kent.
£s.d.
Gross4000
Land tax1000
3000
9.The sum of 7,400l., 3l. per cent. Consols, standing in the name of the Company, and being part of a larger sum22200
10.1,500l. 3 per cents. Reduced, also standing in the name of the Company, and part of a larger sum4500
The additional 500l. beyond what appeared at the last inquiry was purchased with 481l. 5s., cash accumulations in the year 1859.
The 1,000l. which forms the previous fund is stated to be the produce of Sir William Langham's legacy.
£62852

The disbursements in respect of the institution are—

£s.d.
To the master of the school for the board, clothing, and education of the 20 boys, at 22l. per head44000
Up to month of January last (1861) the amount had been 21l. per head. The increase has been made on the ground of the increased price of necessaries.

Statutory allowances.

The clerk of the Company800
The visitation dinner (which now forms an additional gift to the master) of300
Donation to a boy (for an oration)0100
451100

The above form the separate expenses which are charged to Sir William Boreman's Trust. There is a further income and an additional branch of the establishment under William Clavell's foundation, and the expenses not included in the above table are charged upon the joint fund being apportioned.

Clavell's Charity.

William Clavell, who had been educated in the school, by his will bequeathed to the Company a legacy of 5,000l., (which they received in June 1818) for the maintenance, education, and clothing of so many additional boys as the same would provide for. The sum has been increased by accumulations from 5,700l. 3l. per cent. Reduced Annuities, the amount at the last inquiry, to 7,200l. like stock, which stands to the account of the Company as part of a larger sum.

The dividends amount to 216l. per annum, which, with the income of Sir Wm. Boreman's trust, forms an annual receipt of 844l. 2s. 5d.

£s.d.
On the Clavell branch of the establishlishment, or Clavell's establishment, there are eight boys, for whose board, clothing, and education the master receives, at 22l. per head17600
The joint expenses on the Boreman foundation and Clavell establishment are—
Rates and taxes13176
Medicine and attendance816
Coals13120
Repairs on the school premises, including surveyor's charges—
£s.d.
186060010
185918310
18586368
In 1858 and 1860 there were considerable improvement in the school furniture and in the erecting of lavatories, which cannot be regarded as an annual expense. They may average yearly about4000
Books and stationery (1860)1054
Pension to a retired master4000
301164

The master of the school at this time is Mr. Peter Blake. He had been a schoolmaster in Greenwich previously to his election to this office in February 1854. He has no other profits, although the statutes permit him to teach 20 oppidans or town boys for his further benefit and advantage. The foundation and establishment boys are nominated by the minister and churchwardens of East Greenwich on every vacancy, who present two boys, described and certified to be of the qualifications mentioned in the statutes, not less than seven nor more than nine years of age, and otherwise as before stated. The presentation recites the will and the cause of the vacancy, and proceeds—

"We hereby certify that the children hereafter named appear to us to be both of them qualified and to be the most preferable objects according to the limitations above mentioned."

The boys are generally removed about the age of 14. There is no further benefit in the way of apprenticeship or any future provision. No record is preserved of the subsequent history of the children educated in the school. There is no instruction in navigation or any other special science.

At the end of the year 1860 there was a balance in hand on the account of Boreman's Trust of 171l. 16s. 1d., and on account of Clavell's Trust of 90l. 4s. 1d.

Sir W. Langhorne's Charity.

Sir William Langhorne, in the year 1713, gave to the Company a sum of money which, with savings, was invested in the sum of 1,000l. Reduced Annuities, and was appropriated to the Green Coat School, and now forms part of the 1,500l. Reduced Annuities mentioned in the report on that school.

At the former inquiry Mr. H. Smith, the then clerk of the Company, stated that the above legacy was originally invested in Bank 4 per cent. Annuities, and afterwards transferred to South Sea Stock, in which there appears to have been several changes and some loss, and it was converted into 200l. South Sea Annuities, which, with 500l. South Sea Annuities added to the account in March 1748, were sold out in 1775, and the produce laid out on mortgage of an estate in Ireland, which mortgage was paid off in 1811, and the money invested in 1,000l. 3l. per cent. Reduced Annuities. (fn. 1)

Buck's Charity.

Robert Buck, by his will of the 17th November 1620, gave to the Drapers' Company 300l., to be lent to three young men at 3l. 6s. 8d. per cent., and the produce paid on the 8th November to 40 poor men and women of the Company receiving no other pension of any other men's gifts. The 300l. forms part of the 3,811l. 10s. 6d. mentioned in Clonne's Charity, and the 10l. a year is appro priated to the pensions of the poor on the roll mentioned in Kendrick's Charity.

Campe's Charity.

Lawrence Campe, by an indenture of the 17th March 1612, gave (inter alia) 5l. a year to the Drapers' Company for the relief of their poor. The 5l. a year is received from the churchwardens of St. John-the-Baptist, Walbrook, and is carried to the fund of the charities general for the "poor on the roll." (See Kendrick's case.)

Crawley or Cawley's Charity.

William Cawley, as appears by an old book of the Drapers' Company, directed them to pay 2l. 3s. 4d. annually to the mayor of Winchester for the use of the poor of that city. The payment is annually made by the Company on the receipt of the mayor.

Sir Richard Champion's Charity.

Sir Richard Champion by his will of the 22nd October 1568, gave to the Company 200l. to be lent to four young men without interest.

And he directed his wife, Barbara Champion, to buy so much lands as would countervail the yearly alms of Mr. Mylborne.

Dame Barbara Champion, by a codicil to her will of the 23rd September 1576, gave 100l. to the Drapers' Company, to be lent out to young men without interest, and gave to the Company lands and tenements in St. Margaret Pattens and St. Dunstan's in the East, which she had purchased in part performance of the will of her husband.

In a report of the Committee of the Company of the 8th December 1791 under the head of "monthly pensions," it is stated that "these pensions were established by the wills of Thomas Russell and Sir Richard Champion, each giving 2s. 6d. per month to 13 poor persons of the Company, the former are directed to be to members of the Company, the latter to poor men or women."

In a book of extracts of wills in the possession of the Company there is the following entry: "The Company according to the will and appointment of Lady Champion and in performance of the last will of Sir Richard Champion, knight and alderman, deceased, are with the rents of certain lands given to the Company to pay monthly, viz., 12 times in the year, to 13 poor brethren or sisters of the Company the sum of 32s. 6d., viz., to each of them, 2s. 6d., being the like pencon as is paid Sir John Milbourne's penconers by his appointment."

In the same book of extracts is the following statement of the will of Lady Champion:—

"Whereas I, the said Dame Barbara Champion, did of late purchase of one Dabridge Cort, gentleman, certain lands and tenements in the parishes of St. Margaret Patton and St. Dunstan in the East of London as by the writings thereof made may appear. The which purchase so by me made was in part of performance of the testament and will of Sir Richard Champion, knight, late citizen and alderman of London, deceased, my late husband. Now my mind and will is that all the said lands and tenements so by me purchased of the said D. Cort, with all and singular their appurtenances, profits, and commodities, shall be and remain wholly unto the master wardens and fellowship of the Worshipful Company of Drapers of London, and to their successors, master and wardens of the same Company or fellowship of Drapers of London. To have and to hold all the same lands and tenements with all their issues, rents, profits, and comodities so by me purchased of the said D. Cort unto the master, wardens, and company or fellowship of the drapers of London, and to their successors for ever, in part performance of the said testament and last will of the said Sir Richard Champion, my late husband, deceased, and the residue that shall be unperformed of the testament of my said late husband, as well touching the drapers as touching the poor prisoners, or otherwise, I will that my executors with all convenient speed shall see the same performed and finished as my trust is in them."

It appears by the old account books in the possession of the Company that after the death of Sir Richard Champion the widow, during her lifetime, paid to the Company 19l. 14s. a year under her husband's will, which would be 4s. more than the 19l. 10s. which the husband's gift would annually amount to, and the Company paid the 19l. 10s. to the poor. After the death of Lady Champion, her executors paid the Company 11l. 14s. per annum, which, with 8l. a year, the then rent of the premises in St. Margaret Pattens and St. Dustan's in the East, made up the like sum of 19l. 14s. This payment continued for a few years and then ceased, but nothing appears to account for the cessation, which may be conjecturally explained either by the estate being fully administered or by the possible payment of a capital sum sufficient to provide for the future annual deficiency of which, however, no trace appears. The same payment was continued to the poor after the excess ceased to be received from the executors.

The receipts for rent are first entered in ancient and contemporary accounts of the Company under the head of "revenues belonging to the Company of Drapers called the House Lands, wherewith the said Henry May is to be charged for one whole year, ending at the feast of St. Michael the Archangel, 1578."

(Among others.)—

"St. Margaret Pattens and St. Dunstan in the East."

"Edward Blow, pewterer, payeth by the year for certain tenements in the parishes of St. Margaret Pattens and St. Dunstan in the East given to the Company by Sir Richard Champion, viii l."

The discharge is thus stated: "Item, paid, to divers poor people of our Companie in the presence of the masters and the wardens, the charity bequeathed by Sir Richard Champion, kt., for xii. months, the last month ending the last of September 1576, at xxxii s. vid. for one month amongst the poor, some, xix l. xiij s."

For two or three years the receipt from the executors of Lady Champion is thus entered,—

"Received of Master Thomas Heardsome, one of the executors of the Lady Champion, deceased, in money towards the performance of Sir Richard Champion, his devise for the poor of this Company the sum of xi l. xiv s."

The Company have administered this charity for 70 years past under the recommendation of the committee of the 8th December 1791 hereafter mentioned, and the payment forms part of the gift to the poor on the roll. By some oversight the 19l. 10s. a year has not been brought into the account, an omission which will, however, be seen to be substantially immaterial, inasmuch as a very much larger sum has been always paid than the charities would amount to, including that sum.

A search has been made amongst the muniments of the Company, but nothing can be found showing what was the bequest of Sir Richard Champion for four prisoners. An ancient copy of the will of Lady Champion was discovered, by which it appears that she gave 30l. to be distributed amongst the poor prisoners of several city and neighbouring prisons by 10l. a year in three years; and it is not improbable that the gift of the husband was to be distributed within a short period in the same manner.

The premises in St. Margaret Pattens and St. Dunstan's in the East comprised in the purchase from Dabridge Cort and other property. comprising altogether 19 messuages taken under the London Bridge Approaches Act prior to the last inquiry (volume 32, part 2, p. 434). The Company received on that occasion for the whole property so taken the sum of 19,676l. The accounts of the Company do not enable them to distinguish the amount received in respect of the Dabridge Cort purchase, supposed to be the Champion property from the amount received for the other estates. If, as stated by the Commissioners of Inquiry (p. 434), the Champion Estate consisted of 11 messuages, it may be roughly estimated that the latter estates included 11/19 of the whole, and therefore produced about 11,000l.

The Commissioners of Inquiry (see vol. 32, part 2, p. 434), state that they had certified the case to the Attorney-General. Upon examination of the Parliamentary returns of proceedings by the Attorney-General, I do not find that any steps have been taken in the matter; and the Drapers' Company, who must have been parties, are not aware of any such proceedings.

The two sums of 200l. and 100l. were not brought into the loan charities or made part of the scheme referred to in Clonne's Charity, as I have elsewhere observed; nor are these sums specifically in existence, or at present represented by any fund.

The Commissioners of Inquiry in their report (vol. 32, part 2, p. 447) state the method of keeping the accounts of the charities. That system was established in conformity with a report of a committee, made the 8th of December 1791, which recommended that,—

"If the proposed method should be approved by the court your committee would recommend that the amount of the charities should be kept in the Company's books in the following manner, to wit,—That all the charities should be charged to the account of Charities General, as they are paid, and that at the end of the year each trust for which a separate account is kept should be debited and the account of Charities General credited for the amount of the different founders' allowances; and that in like manner the Company's income should be debited for the amount of each specific charity for which no account is separately kept in the Company's books, and a list made of the names of the persons to whom such charity was given, together with the Company's additional allowances, in order to show that the provisions in the different founders' wills have been substantially complied with."

The committee at the time of making that report contemplated that it would be "more for the benefit of the poor that the said charities should be consolidated, and that instead of giving the trifling sums established by the pensions therein-before mentioned, and the small sums on the different charity days above stated, all the poor of the Company upon the roll, except those provided for by almshouses and pensions, should be paid pensions of 6l. 6s. a year;" and which occasioned an annual excess of payments on the charity account above the receipts of 80l. 3s. 10d. The pensions of 6l. 6s. per annum adopted in pursuance of that recommendation have at various times been increased and now amount to 16l. per annum, and the excess above the allowances have been augmented in proportion, and in the last year ending 31st December 1860, amounted to 486l. 14s. 10d. I have elsewhere mentioned the progressive augmentation of the stipends of the almspeople, which have increased the aggregate amount of the excess of payments over receipts on the "Charities General" to a much larger sum.

This aggregate excess in the same year was 1,235l. 2s. 4d. exclusive of large gifts of a charitable nature from the funds of the Company not brought into the account of "Charities General" to other poor of the Company."

Christopher Clarke's Charity.

Christopher Clarke, by his will of February 1671, gave certain messuages and land in Whitechapel, on trust, to pay—
and the residue to the poorest freemen of the Company who should be greatest objects of charity, 20s. each.

s.d.
To the poor wardens100
To the clerk100
To the beadle and porter68

The property consists of the following particulars:—

£s.d.
Nos. 66, 68, and 69, Whitechapel Road, let to William Plumpton for 31 years, from Michaelmas 18548600
(Permission to grant this lease was granted under the seal of the Board, 20th June 1854, on the terms therein mentioned).
Nos. 70, 71, Whitechapel Road, let to Charles Champion for 21 years, from Christmas 184010000
No. 72, Whitechapel Road, by lease for 21 years, from Christmas 1842, to Joseph Skinner4000
No. 73, Whitechapel Road, by lease for 21 years, to Christmas 1840, to John Savage4500
Plots of land at Mile End, formerly 6a. 1r. 17½p. (and of which about one acre has been taken by the Eastern Counties Railway Company), let to the representatives of John Gardner, tenant from year to year29100
The sum of 376l. 0s. 5d. 3l. per cent. Consols standing in the name of the AccountantGeneral of the Court of Chancery. This is the produce of the 345l. received for land taken by the Canal Company mentioned in the report of the Commissioners of Inquiry, vol. 32, part 2, page 4431158
The sum of 1,072l. 7s. 8d., 3l. per cent. Consols, produced by the sum of 1,000l. cash, received from the Eastern Counties Railway Company in respect of the acre of land (above-mentioned) formerly in Gardner's occupation at Mile End3235
A sum of 211l. 12s. 9d. Reduced 3l. per cent. Annuities the produce of 200l. cash received from the Eastern Counties Railway for a small piece of land at Mile End, taken for the railway670
35061

The estate is subject to a ground rent of 6s. 6d. to the lord of the manor of Stepney in respect of the copyhold land.

I am informed that the property in the Whitechapel Road is held not in fee simple, but subject to a lease, dated the 16th January, 27th Elizabeth (1585), granted by Henry Lord Wentworth to John Denton of part of the waste soil or ground of the manor of Stevonheath for a term of 500 years from the Michaelmas before the date of the lease, reserving a rent of 20 pence a year. This lease and the premises therein comprised was assigned to John Clarke by deed of the 5th April 1610 for the residue of the term. I do not observe that this is mentioned in the report of the Commissioners of Inquiry.

There is paid to the wardens and clerks of the Drapers' Company 1l. 6s. 8d.

The balance is paid to the account of the Charities General (see John Rainey's Charity) and applied for the benefit of the poor of the Company. (fn. 2)

Frances Clarke's Charity.

Frances Clarke, widow of Roger Clarke, gave 200l. to the Drapers' Company, and by an indenture of the 15th February 1608 the Company covenanted with her to pay to the poor prisoners in the Compter, Wood Street, 10l. a year at Midsummer and Christmas for releasing them out of prison or relieving them if they lie there, as should be most agreeable to charity.

The Company desire the Governor of Whitecross Street Prison to acquaint them annually with the names of prisoners for debt who can be released at the expense of a sum not exceeding 5l. The governor in conformity with this application supplied the Company (in 1860) with a list of twenty-three prisoners who could be released by the Insolvent Debtors Court, or by arrangement, for sums varying from 5l. to 2l. 2s., making up the sum of 109l. 15s. 6d. (the exact sum which the clerk of the Company had in his letter intimated that the Company could bestow). This fund was made up as follows:—

£s.d.
Clarke's Charity1000
Kendrick's Charity72156
Ogborn's "2700
109156

Clonne's Charity.

Owen Clonne, by his will of the 22nd August 1563, gave to the Company his lands and tenements in the parishes of St. Andrew Hubert, St. Margaret Pattens, and St. Mary at Hill, on trust, to sell the same and lend the produce to 10 young men of the Company for five years at 5l. per cent., and distribute the profit to the poorest householders of the Company.

The Commissioners of Inquiry, after mentioning the sale of the premises for 1,100l., observe that with regard to this and several other sums of money held in trust to lend at different rates of interest and to apply to other charitable uses, the Company paid the income without making any such loans, and that upon the question of the manner in which the Company were bound to comply with the loan trusts the case had been certified to the Attorney-General.

An information ex-officio was filed by the AttorneyGeneral in February 1839 (which was afterwards amended) against the Drapers' Company, stating the following bequests and gifts:—
and praying for the establishment of a scheme.

£s.d.
Owen Clonne1,10000
John Heydon10000
John Quarls20000
Henry Jay5000
Dame Mary Ramsay20000
Lawrence Thompson10000
Roger Cotton10000
William Cotton15000
Sir John Jolles20000
Hugh Johnson20000
Nicholas Wheeler6000
Robert Buck30000
Sir Allen Cotton30000
Robert Wilson10000
Sir George Garrett10000
Martin Hall30000
Sir Thomas Adams20000
Robert Winch10000
Giles Bloomer10000
3,96000

The information was heard before the Master of the Rolls on the 12th November 1841, and by his order it was referred to the master in rotation to approve of a proper scheme for the administration and regulation of such charities, and a scheme was accordingly approved by the report of Sir George Rose of the 14th December 1843, which was (with some slight alterations) confirmed by order of the Court of the 20th February 1844, under which order it was declared that the sum of 3,960l. was in the hands of the Company to be applied on loans, as mentioned in the scheme, out of which the taxed costs, amounting to 148l. 9s. 6d., were to be paid, which left 3,811l. 10s. 6d. in the hands of the Company, which was in accordance with the scheme invested in the purchase of 4,246l. 8s. 11d. Consols in the corporate name of the Company.

The Company in pursuance of the arrangement expressed in the scheme executed a deed poll under their common seal, dated the 22nd June 1843, reciting the proceedings in the suit, the scheme, and the resolution of the Court of Assistants of the 9th March 1843, that the master, wardens, and clerk should be authorised to make the several payments mentioned in the schedule, amounting in the whole to 153l. 15s. 4d., although it might happen the principal moneys from which the same should arise might be wholly or partially lost, it was thereby declared that the Fraternity should from time to time cause the same annual sum of 153l. 15s. 4d., to be paid accordingly. The schedule therein referred to is as follows:—

£s.d.
To the poor of the Drapers' Company, and 2l. to the master and wardens in respect of Owen Clonne's Charity, the annual sum of5600
The like, in respect of Henry Jay's Charity200
The like, in respect of Lady Mary Ramsay's Charity1000
The like, in respect of Wm. Cotton's Charity2100
The like, in respect of Robt. Buck's Charity1000
The like, in respect of Sir Allen Cotton's Charity400
The like, in respect of Robt. Wilson's Charity168
The like, in respect of Sir George Garrett's Charity300
The like, in respect of Martin Hall's Charity600
The like, in respect of Thomas Adams' Charity400
The like, in respect of Robt Winch's Charity200
The like, in respect of Giles Bloomer's Charity300
Amount payable to the Mercer's Company, pursuant to J. Heydon's Charities368
Amount payable to the churchwarden of St. Peter-le-Poor and the master and four wardens of the Drapers' Company, pursuant to J. Quarle's Charity620
Amount payable to the poor of St. Peter's, Cornhill, pursuant to L. Thompson's Charity900
Amount payable to the poor of St. Clement's, Eastcheap, and Whitchurch, pursuant to Roger Cotton's Charity500
To the poor of the parish of Whitchurch, pursuant to said William Cotton's Charity2100
To the poor of the parish of St. Michael, Crooked Lane, pursuant to said Wm. Cotton's will210
To the poor of several charities, and to the four wardens of the Drapers' Company, pursuant to Sir John Jolle's Charity600
To the poor of two parishes, pursuant to Hugh Johnson's Charity1000
To the poor of the parish of St. Giles', Cripplegate, pursuant to Nicholas Wheeler's Charity1100
To the poor of two parishes, pursuant to the will of Sir Allan Cotton800
£153154

The scheme settled and approved by the order of the 20th February 1844 was as follows:—

1. That for the purpose of carrying into effect the object of the several testators before mentioned the several sums given by them and now in existence shall be blended together and form one fund, and shall be lent out by the master and wardens of the Drapers' Company to such persons, members of the said Company, as they shall think fit, at such rate and interest and for such terms as hereinafter mentioned.

2. That the loans from the said fund shall be made by the said master and wardens to any deserving and honest member of the said Company who may appear to the said Company to require such assistance, in any sums not exceeding 400l., which they are hereby empowered to lend accordingly, and at the rate of 4l. 10s. per cent. per annum; but no loan of the said charity funds is to be made to any master or warden, clerk, officer, or servant of the said Drapers' Company.

3. That all persons borrowing from the said fund shall find not less than two sureties, who shall join with them to enter into a bond to the said Company for the repayment of any loan to be made as aforesaid, and interest according to the terms on which any such loan shall have been made, and the said master and wardens shall at their discretion, as and when they shall think fit, call upon the person receiving such loan to find another person as surety in the place of any surety who shall have been accepted and who may have died or become insolvent, or have left the United Kingdom, or become in such circumstances as no longer to be a sufficient security for the repayment of any loan and interest aforesaid. And the said Company shall have power from time to time, as they shall find it expedient with a view to the interest of the said charity, to call in and compel payment of any of the said loans, and for that purpose to take such steps and proceedings as they may be advised.

4. That the period of repayment of any loan from this Company to any such person as aforesaid shall be not exceeding seven years, the person borrowing being at liberty at any time, on giving one month's notice in writing to the said master and wardens, to pay off the amount thereof, together with the interest thereon calculated as aforesaid, such person being at the whole expense of preparing the bond or other security for the repayment of such loan.

5. That unless there shall be no other application for loans after the publication of the advertisement hereinafter directed, it shall not be competent to the trustees of the charity to renew the amount of any or to regrant by way of loan any sum previously lent out to any poor honest member as aforesaid.

6. That the said Company having undertaken under their common seal to pay to the several charities and persons as heretofore the several sums directed in the wills of the testators before amounting to 150l. 15s. 4d., whether they shall be in receipt of any money for interest or otherwise, or otherwise the said Company shall be at liberty from time to time and at all times to invest or leave uninvested all money belonging to this fund during the time it shall not be lent out on loan as is herein directed, but the said Company shall once in every year cause an advertisement to be inserted in two or more London daily newspapers of the greatest circulation according to the return of the Stamp Office, and that such advertisement shall be in the form following, mutatis mutandis, or as near thereto as the circumstances of the charity will permit.

Form of Advertisement.

"Notice is hereby given that the sum of £, part of certain charity funds given to the Drapers' Company by various to be lent in sums not exceeding 400l. for a period not exceeding seven years at 4½ per cent. interest per annum. The persons wishing for such loans will be required to enter into bonds for the repayment thereof with two sureties. Applications to be made in writing with the names of the proposed sureties to the Clerk of the Company on or before the day of at whose office all further particulars may be obtained."

7th. That the said Company shall direct their clerk to receive such written applications, and he shall also be directed to give all applicants the requisite information of the qualifications necessary to entitle the persons to the benefit of the said charity, and shall likewise lay before the master and wardens at their meeting next after such advertisement the names of every applicant, and proceedings shall then be taken to ascertain whether such applicant is or is not duly qualified and a proper object to receive the benefit of the said charity, and shall grant or refuse such applications as to them shall seem right.

8th. That a memorandum explaining the general nature and object of this scheme shall be put up in some public and convenient part of the buildings called Drapers' Hall of the said defendants, the Drapers' Company.

The advertisements are inserted once a year in two newspapers, which have been the "Times" and the "Morning Advertiser." Some moneys have been lent since the scheme, and all such moneys have been repaid, and I am informed that in every case, excepting one, the repayment has been made, not by the principal, but by the surety.

The applications have not been frequent, and the appropriation of funds for this object does not appear to be attended with any benefit generally.

There is at present an application for the loan of a sum of 300l., which is about to be granted. I have been asked whether it is incumbent on the Company to sell out a portion of the stock in order to make this loan, or whether it might be made out of any floating incomes in the hands of the Company, the charities being on such advance indebted to the Company to that extent; and I have had no hesitation in saying that it is perfectly competent to the Company to advance the funds from any sources which it might be convenient to them to apply, the Company being by the decree liable to the full extent of the prescribed capital, and for the annual payments under the deed poll.

The sum of 56l. a year mentioned in the schedule as applicable in respect of the interest of Clonne's Charity for the poor of the Company (with the exception of 1l. 12s. 0d. to the wardens and 8s. to the master) forms part of the fund applied quarterly to the poor on the roll, which contains 60 pensioners at 4l. a quarter as mentioned in Kendrick's Charity.

The 1l. 12s. and 8s. are paid to the officers accordingly.

Colborne's Charities.

Henry Colborne, by a codicil to his will of the 7th August 1655, directed his trustees to purchase a lease of the rectory of Kirkham, and lay out the profits for the first 16 years (except 100l. a year to his son) to purchase lands to maintain schools and poor people, to be settled upon the Drapers' Company.

In 1673 the liability of the Company in respect of the lands and endowment and the rights of the respective townships interested in the endowment were settled by the Court of Chancery. It would seem from the Report of the Commissioners of Inquiry (vol. 2, p. 250), that the Company instead of purchasing lands specifically for the charity charged their own estates (which are in Cheapside, Honey Lane Market, Dowgate Hill, St. Swithin's Lane, Botolph Lane, Lower Thames Street, and Monks Lane, together with 884l. 10s. 3l. per cent. Consols now in the Court of Chancery in the name of the Accountant-General to the credit of the Company) with an annual sum of 105l. The property thus charged remains the same as specified by the Commissioners of Inquiry (ubi sup.), except that the premises in Gracechurch Street and Sherborne Lane have been taken for City improvements, and a house in Mark Lane has been purchased with part of the proceeds, and the sum of 884l. 4s. 10d. 3l. per cent. Consols above referred to, the residue of the said proceeds, remaining in the name of the Accountant-General of the Court of Chancery.

The sums paid by the Company (exclusive of 45l., 16l. 10s., and 8l. for the Kirkham Schools) are—

£s.d.
To the schoolmaster at Goosnargh, Mr. Lawrence Disley2500

Mr. Disley was appointed by an order of the Company, dated the 8th November 1860, on the recommendation of the vestry of Goosnargh and Whittingham, "during the pleasure of the Court, and until a more suitable master according to the statutes of the said school shall be found fitting for that situation."

The Drapers' Company remit also annually the sum of 5l. to the chapel wardens of the chapelry of Goosnargh. They have no account of the distribution.

The Company also remit 5l. 10s. a year to the vestry clerk or churchwardens of Kirkham, and receive a receipt from the churchwardens or one of them. The subsequent appropriation amongst the several townships, a matter in which the Company does not interfere. The Board have had under their consideration the distribution of this sum in the township of Hambleton, which was the subject of a lengthened correspondence with the incumbent (see File, 6,323.)

The Kirkham school has been the subject of a recent scheme in the Court of Chancery.

In March 1836 an information was filed by the AttorneyGeneral at the relation of Peter Hesketh Fleetwood and others, trustees of Kirkham School, under Barker's will, against the Drapers' Company and the Rev. James Webber, the vicar of Kirkham, and Fox and Halls, the masters of the Kirkham School, stating the will of Henry Colborne and the decree of 1673, the will of James Barker, and a decree of the Chancery of the County Palatine of Lancaster, of August 1805, a private Act of Parliament of the year 1813, discharging certain estates in Westmoreland from the use of Barker's will, and settling other estates in lieu thereof, a scheme settled by the registrar of the Court of the County Palatine in August 1825, and containing various statements of dissatisfaction with the management of the said school, and praying (amongst other things) an inquiry whether the estate comprised in the indenture of the 10th December 1673, and thereby vested in the Drapers' Company for the purpose of securing the annual payment of 105l. to be applied for charitable uses expressed in the codicil of H. Colborne, were still vested in the Company or in what manner such annual payment was then secured, and that by the decree of the Court the power of nominating and removing the several masters of the Free School, and of making regulations for the management thereof, might for the future be vested in the trustees of James Barker's Charity either solely or jointly with the Drapers' Company, and in case the Court should be of opinion that the nomination of the masters of the school to be established as aforesaid out of the said H. Colborne's Charity ought to continue vested in the Drapers' Company only, or that no other subjects of education ought to be taught therein other than those directed by the decrees aforesaid respecting the said charity, then that a separate school might be established out of the said J. Barker's Charity, and that it might be referred to the Master to approve of a scheme for the regulation thereof, comprising such subjects of education as were adapted to the wants of the inhabitants of the said parish, and that the power of nominating and removing the masters of such separate school, and making regulations for the management thereof, might be vested in the trustees of the said J. Barker's Charity, or in such other persons as the Court should think fit.

By the decree of the Court of Chancery of the 30th of July 1840 (by Lord Langdale, M.R.), it was declared that the charitable bequests created by the will of J. Barker ought to be established, and the trusts thereof carried into execution, and that the Drapers' Company were entitled to appoint, and that they and their successors should for ever thereafter appoint, the preacher, schoolmasters, and usher of Kirkham School, and that for ever thereafter the trustees of the charitable gift of the said J. Barker, upon just and reasonable cause appearing to them, should from time to time be entitled to remove such persons respectively from being preacher, schoolmasters, or usher respectively of such school, and that upon every such removal the trustees of the said charitable gifts should give due notice in writing to the Drapers' Company of such removal; and it was ordered that the said Company should proceed to appoint a successor to the person who should have been so removed, and that the trustees of Barker's Charity and the Reverend Jas. Webber, D.D., or other the vicar for the time being of Kirkham, be visitors of the said school; and it was ordered that the relators and the Drapers' Company should respectively propose before the Master, and that the said Master should approve of a scheme for the management of Kirkham's School, having regard to the declarations aforesaid, and for the application to such school of what the Master should, under the directions for apportionment, apportion in respect of Kirkham School aforesaid for the application of the annual sum of 69l. 10s., paid by the defendants, the Drapers' Company, to the schoolmaster, preacher, and usher of the said school, and in settling such scheme the said Master was to be at liberty to extend the instruction to be given in the said school to such matters other than the matters then taught in the school as the said masters should deem to be fit to be taught, and that the defendants, the Drapers' Company, and their successors, and the trustees of Barker's Charity should from time to time make all such ordinances and regulations for the management of the school, as they should deem proper, which should from time to time be observed by the masters and usher accordingly. And the defendants, other than the Drapers' Company, were dismissed from the suit.

The Master made his report on the 16th December 1844, approving of the scheme therein set forth, and the cause coming on, on the said report and on further directions on the 6th May 1845, an order was made which, after reciting the steps in the cause, proceeds as follows:—

"And it appearing by the will of J. Barker that provision was thereby made for exhibitions for scholars going to the University of Cambridge only, and the counsel for all parties consenting, it was ordered that the order confirming the report be discharged, and that the scheme approved of by the Master for the apportionment of the income of Barker's Charity be amended by striking out the words 'Oxford or,' and that the scheme approved of by the Master for the management of the said Kirkham School be amended by striking out of the 40th rule the words 'Oxford or,' and that the said report when so amended be confirmed, and it was declared that the several schemes approved of by the said Master for the application of the charity estates, and the management of Kirkham School aforesaid, subject to the alterations therein-before directed, were fit and proper schemes for those purposes, and it was ordered that the same, with such alterations and amendments, be established and carried into execution."

The clause of the scheme which affects this charity is the eleventh, and is set forth in the printed scheme appended to this report. By that clause the payments to the three masters are directed to be made in conformity with the scheme of 1673, and those payments are made a part of the settled and larger salaries appropriated to the several masters by the said scheme.

The 69l. 10s. is remitted by the Company half-yearly to the Rev. Jno. Burrough, the head master of the Kirkham School, to whom notice was sent of the present inquiry. (fn. 3)

Sir Allan Cotton's Charity.

Sir Allan Cotton, by his will of the 25th July 1627, bequeathed to the Company 300l., to be lent to three young men at 4l. per cent., and distributed—

£
To the poor of the Company4
To the poor of St. Martin Orgar4
To the poor of Whitchurch, Salop4

The 300l. forms part of the 3,811l. 10s. 6d. mentioned in the report on Clonne's Charity. The 4l. a year is paid to the churchwardens of St. Martin Orgar, and 4l. to the churchwardens of Whitchurch. The 4l. to the poor of the Company forms part of the pensions to the poor on the roll mentioned in Kendrick's Charity.

Roger Cotton's Charity.

Roger Cotton, by his will of the 26th June 1602, bequeathed to the Company 100l., to be lent to two young, men, free of the Company, at 5l. per cent., half to the parish of St. Clement, Eastcheap, and the other half to the parson and churchwardens of the parish of Whitchurch, Salop, and to two of his nearest kinsmen, if there dwelling, for the poor of the said parishes who should not live idly.

The 100l. forms part of the 3,811l. 10s. 6d. mentioned in Clonne's Charity, and the 2l. 10s. is paid to the respective churchwardens of St. Clement and Whitchurch.

William Cotton's Charity.

William Cotton, by his will of the 25th June 1606, gave to the Company 150l. to buy land at 7l. 10s. per annum, or to be lent to young men of the Company at 5l. per cent.

£s.d.
To the poor of Whitchurch2100
" St. Michael, Crooked Lane2100
" the Company2100

The 150l. forms part of the 3,811l. 10s. 6d. mentioned in Clonne's Charity. The 50s. a year is paid to the churchwardens of Whitchurch, and 50s. a year to the churchwardens of St. Michael, Crooked Lane. The 50s. to the poor of the Company forms part of the quarterly bequest to the poor on the roll (see Kendrick's Charity).

Sir Thos. Cullum's Charity.

Sir Thos. Cullum, by his will of the 2nd May 1662, devised to the Drapers' Company four houses in the parish of Trinity Minories, leased at 41l. 10s. a year, to be disposed of as follows:—

£s.d.
To the poor of Hawstead, Suffolk, 2s. a week in bread, and 6s. to the churchwardens5100
To the poor of Allhallows, Lombard Street, for the poor, in coal5100
St. Thomas' Hospital500
Bedlam Hospital300
Poor prisoners in Ludgate300
" Poultry Compter300
Poor of the Company500
Wardens at 10s. each200
To the clerk0100

and the residue to the Company for their own use.

The property charged is a builder's yard and five houses in Church Street in the Minories belonging to the Company. The premises are let to Mr. Symonds under an agreement for a lease for 21 years, from Lady-day 1861, at a net rent of 250l.

£s.d.
The Company pay to the churchwardens of Hawstead, Suffolk, on their receipt5100
The Company also pay to the churchwardens of Allhallows, Lombard Street5100
The treasurer of St. Thomas' Hospital500
" Bethlehem Hospital300
To the chamberlain of London (by Mr. Temple) for the prisoners of Ludgate and Poultry600

To the poor of the Drapers' Company, which is carried to the account of the Charities General (see John Rainey's Charity), 5l.

The sum of 2l. is carried to the account of the wardens, and 10s. to that of the clerk.

The gift of the residue, "and what else, should at any time arise of the property," to the Company for their own use, clearly carries the balance to the Company.

Deacle's Charity.

John Deacle, by his will of the 24th July 1706, bequeathed to the Company 100l., to be placed out at interest, and the produce distributed yearly to the poorest of the Company at Bow Church on the 5th November.

Certain poor freemen of the Company about 80 in number) receive 2s. 6d. each, not at Bow Church, but at the Hall of the Company, in the month of November, in respect of this and Hollis's Charity. They are the same persons who receive the 10s. each under Royley's Charity.

Dixon's Charity.

Henry Dixon devised, by his will of the 9th November 1693, all his messuages and tenements to the Drapers' Company, in trust, after paying all expenses of receiving the rents, &c., to dispose of the residue towards placing apprentices to handicraft trades in the first place such poor boys as should bear his Christian and surname, 5l. each; and in the next place such poor boys as should bear his surname only, 4l. each; and for want of such, then so many boys of the parishes of Bennington and Enfield, St. Catherine Coleman, and St. Mildred Poultry, London, 4l. each; and for want of such, the sons of the tenants, 3l. each; and, lastly, for want of such, any poor boys as the Company should nominate 4l. a-piece.

And by a memorandum to his will of the 10th April 1695 he directed the Company to pay 40s. yearly to St. Catherine Coleman for coals for the poor in Northumberland Place in that parish.

The premises, which consist of copyhold tenements of the manors of Enfield and Worcester, are stated by the Commissioners of Inquiry (vol. 32, part 2, p. 428) to have been from time to time surrendered to trustees for the charity. The last admission having been on the 2nd June 1829, when Edward Lawford and others were admitted. I cannot find there has been any subsequent admission. Edward Lawford is still surviving.

The present estate of the charity is.—

Enfield—Middlesex.

£s.d.
1. Land at Enfield, abutting east on the New River, south on the garden of W. Child and on ground leading to Clay Hill, Nos. 11, 12, and 13 on the Company's map, containing 2a. 3r. 39p., and let to William Dimsdale Child for 21 years, from Michaelmas 18402100
2. Ten houses on the west side of Baker Street, Enfield, with land at the back, extending about 94 feet in depth and 116 feet in length, let to W. W. Newton for 61 years, from Midsummer 18302000
3. House and shop, with garden in Baker Street, Enfield, the garden extending about 120 feet in depth by about 84 feet in breadth, let to Joseph Matthews for 21 years, from Christmas 18411500
4. A parcel of ground in Baker Street, Enfield, consisting of a school house (the School of Industry) and 23 perches of land1000
(The school house is said to have cost 800l., but the lease does not appear to have been taken up, and therefore the covenant was not entered into. There is no intention to
Carried forward£6600
Brought forward6600
terminate the tenancy before the expiration of 61 years mentioned in the report of the Commissioners of Inquiry (vol. 32, part 2, page 429.)
5. A house, garden, and field in Baker Street, Enfield, on lease to Thomas Challis for 21 years, from Lady-day of 1841—
a. r. p.
Map 7. 5 1 14.—Close11000
" 8. 3 1 21.—House, &c.
" 9. 0 0 32.—Coach house, &c.
" 10. 0 2 8.—Kitchen garden
6. Land at Enfield, Enfield Chace, 8a. 3r. 5p., occupied by Sir George Prescott's representatives, tenants from year to year990
7. Allotment on Enfield inclosure, 11a. 2r. 34p., land and house, barn and field, let to Joseph Woodhouse for 21½ years, from Lady-day 1841, expires Michaelmas 18624800
8. Allotment of land in Wold Marsh, Enfield, 6a. 1r. 20p., let to James Griggs, tenant from year to year2400
Bennington.—Hertfordshire.
9. The Bell Public-house, with 2 meadows, Nos. 82, 83, 84 on the Company's map, making altogether 3a. 0r. 6p., in the occupation of Thomas and George Simpson, on an agreement for lease for 21 years, from Michaelmas 18553000
10. Cutton Hill farm in the same parish, farm house, barns, and premises, and 138a. 3r. 36p. in 87 inclosures, very much detached, let to Leonard Procter by an agreement for lease for 21 years, from Michaelmas 184210000
St. Mildred's Poultry.
11. No. 9, Poultry, let to Henry Withers on lease for 21 years, from Michaelmas 184117000
12. No. 10, Poultry (an undivided moiety, see No. 16 in the table of Bancroft's Charity), let to Elizabeth Bayall for 21 years, from Michaelmas 1851, at 180l.9000
The funded property is 2,278l. 10s. 11d. Bank 3l. per cent. Consols6871
£715161

The charges and disbursements of this estate and the charity are as follows:—

£s.d.
Surveyor's charges on looking after the farms300
Clerk of the Company (under scheme hereinafter stated)3000
£3300

In March 1847 the Company presented their petition to the Court of Chancery, stating that the income arising from the tenements and premises of the charity at the time the Company accepted the trusts of the will was the yearly sum of 202l. 6s. or thereabouts, but that the same, with the dividends on the said Bank Annuities, was then of the yearly value of 646l. 19s. or thereabouts, in addition to the interest upon an Exchequer Bill for 500l., and praying that it might be referred to the Master to settle a scheme for the future regulation and management of the charity, and for the application of the yearly income of the charity estates and funds towards the charitable objects mentioned and pointed out in the said will, or as near thereto as might be, having regard to the said will and to the yearly increase of the said funds, and in settling such scheme the AttorneyGeneral might be at liberty to attend before the Master.

The Court, by its order of the 12th March 1847, referred it to the Master to approve of a scheme for the future regulation and management of the charity, with liberty to the Attorney-General to attend, and the Master was attended accordingly, and made his report of the 9th May 1848, wherein he stated the will of Henry Dixon, and that the Drapers' Company proposed the following scheme for the future administration of the said charity:—

Scheme.

That the sum of 30l. per annum should be paid to the clerk of the Drapers' Company for his trouble in collecting the rents and profits of the said charity, and in carrying into effect the orders which shall from time to time be made by the court of assistants or any committee of the said Company, and that all the residue and remainder of the dividends, interest, rents, issues, and profits of the said charity property, after deducting all the expenses attending the same, shall be applied in the following manner, that is to say:—

In, for, and towards placing apprentices to handicraft trades in the first place of such poor boys, wheresoever born, as shall bear the Christian name and surname of the said testator "Henry Dixon," and are of the age of 14 years or more, the sum of 30l. for each such boy, and also for the payment of the sum of 10l. to every such boy so placed out apprentice as aforesaid that shall duly and truly serve his said apprenticeship, and who shall be made free of the City of London by virtue of such service, and who shall apply for the same within a month after he shall be made free of the said city; and in the next place in, for, or towards the placing apprentice to handicraft trades of such poor boy, wheresoever born, as shall bear the surname of "Dixon" only, and shall be of the age of 14 years and upwards, the sum of 20l. for each boy, and for the payment of the sum of 10l. to every such boy so placed out apprentice that shall duly and truly serve his said apprenticeship, and who shall be made free of the City of London by virtue of such service, and who shall apply for the same within a month after he shall be made free of the said city; and for want of such of them, in and for placing out apprentice to handicraft trades of such and so many poor boys born and resident in the several parishes of Bennington, in the county of Hertford, and Enfield, in the county of Middlesex, and of the parishes of St. Catherine Coleman, in the City of London, and St. Mildred in the Poultry, in the said City of London, and who respectively shall be of the age of 14 years or upwards, a sum of not less than 5l. nor exceeding 25l. for each such boy, and also for the payment of a sum of 10l. to every such boy of the said several parishes so placed out apprentice as shall duly and truly serve his apprenticeship, and who shall be made free of the city of London by virtue of such service, and who shall apply for the same within a month after he shall be free of the said city; and in case there shall not be any boys within the description above mentioned, that the said Drapers' Company do apply the said dividends, interest, rents, issues, and profits in or for the placing out apprentices to the trades aforesaid of such of the sons of the tenants which now are or hereafter shall be tenants of the lands, hereditaments, and premises, or any part thereof which constitute a portion of the property in question in this matter, and whose parent or parents shall desire the same, and which boys are of the age of 14 years or upwards, a sum not less than 5l. nor exceeding the sum of 25l. for each such boy, and for the payment of the sum of 10l. to every such son of a tenant so placed out apprentice within two months after he shall have served the term of seven years as an apprentice upon his producing a certificate of his having served such apprenticeship under the hands of the churchwardens for the time being of the parish in which he shall have served his said apprenticeship; and in case there shall be no boys answering the description or descriptions aforesaid, that the said Drapers' Company may be at liberty to apply the said dividends, interest, rents, issues, and profits to and for the placing out apprentices to the trades aforesaid any poor boys as the court, commonly called the court of wardens of the Drapers' Company for the time being, shall from time to time nominate, think fit, and appoint, and which boys shall be of the age of 14 years or upwards, a sum of 25l. for each such boy, and for the payment of the sum of 10l. to every such boy so placed out apprentice that shall duly and truly serve his said apprenticeship, and who shall be made free of the City of London by virtue of such service, and who shall apply for the same within a month after he shall be made free of the said city.

That the said Drapers' Company shall in the month of February 1849, and in every subsequent year, pay the sum of 5l. as an annual donation to the trustee or trustees or schoolmaster for the time being in aid of the funds of the National School of the parish of Bennington, in the county of Herts, and in case the said National School shall at any time cease to exist then that the Drapers' Company may be at liberty to pay the said annual sum of 5l. for the support of any school or schools that may be situate in any parish in which a portion of the hereditaments and premises belonging to the said charity may be situate.

That the sum of 5l. shall be annually paid to the churchwardens of the parish of St. Catherine Coleman, London, in buying of coals to be given to the poor people residing in the said parish.

The Master approved the said proposed scheme, and the report was confirmed, and by the order of the Court of the 29th May 1848 it was ordered that such scheme should be carried into effect, and it was ordered that the costs of the petition and of the Attorney-General should be taxed and paid by the Drapers' Company out of the fund of the charity therein mentioned.

The disbursements for the charity purposes have been—
£
In 1860, placing out apprentices655
After gifts160
£815

The sums were paid to 55 apprentices in sums from 5l. to 25l. Few applications are made from persons of the name of the testator, and a few from the parishes named in his will, and the others are children recommended by members of the Company. The rule of qualification is that they shall be over 14 years of age, and they are bound for seven years. When they are outdoor apprentices there is a private arrangement that they shall be allowed something by the Master for board and lodging. The Company have no information of the subsequent career of the apprentices, unless they apply for the after gift on taking up their freedom.

In 1860 16 apprentices applied for such after gift and received it.

There is annually a gift of 5l. to the Bennington School, and 5l. paid to the parish of St. Catherine, Coleman Street, instead of the 40s. a year appointed by the will.

At the end of the year 1860 there was a balance to the credit of the charity of 544l. 1s. 10¾d. (fn. 4)

Footnotes

1 3rd May 1882.
Her Majesty by Order in Council of this date declared Her approbation of the following scheme for the administration of the charities of Sir Wm. Boreman, Wm. Clavell, and Sir William Langhorne.
Scheme for the Administration of the Foundation and Endowments above mentioned or referred to.
Future administration of foundation.
1. The foundation and endowments above mentioned or referred to shall henceforth be administered as one foundation in accordance with the provisions of this scheme under the name of Sir William Boreman's Nautical School at Greenwich, herein-after called the foundation.
Management of property.
2. The estates and property of the foundation, except as otherwise hereby provided, shall continue to be managed by the Worshipful Company of Drapers of the City of London, herein-after called the Company, according to the general law applicable to the management of property by trustees of charitable foundations. And the Company shall in each year pay over to the governing body, hereinafter constituted and called the governors, or as the governors shall direct, the income of such estates and property, after deducting all proper charges for management and necessary outgoings (including the statutory payment of 8l. to the clerk of the Company), and a reasonable balance for current expenses of management. And in case of dispute as to such deductions or payments, either party may refer the matter to the Charity Commissioners for England and Wales, whose decision shall be final.
Timber and minerals.
3. Any money arising from the sale of timber or from any mines or minerals on the estates of the foundation shall be treated as capital, and shall be invested under the direction of the Charity Commissioners, except in any special cases in which such Commissioners may allow such money or any part thereof to be otherwise dealt with.
Accounts.
4. The accounts of the Company in respect of the foundation shall be made up and balanced to the 31st day of December in every year, or some other convenient day to be approved from time to time by the Charity Commissioners. The accounts shall be examined by a committee consisting of not less than five members of the Court of Assistants of the Company, and signed by such committee and the clerk of the Company within two calendar months after the day to which they are made up. As soon as practicable after the accounts are so signed they shall be audited in accordance with regulations to be approved by the Charity Commissioners.
Abstracts of accounts.
5. The Company shall in each year cause a sufficient abstract of the accounts to be printed, and shall send the same within 30 days after the audit to the governors, and to the Charity Commissioners, and shall publish the same in one or more local newspapers. Such abstract shall be in the Form A. given in the Schedule hereto, unless some other form is prescribed by the Charity Commissioners, in which case the form so prescribed shall be followed.
The School.
Governing body.
6. Subject as herein provided, the governing body of the foundation herein called the governors, shall consist of nineteen persons, of whom five shall be called ex-officio governors, and fourteen shall be called nominated governors.
Ex-officio governors.
7. The ex-officio governors shall consist of the vicar and churchwardens of St. Alphege, Greenwich, Her Majesty's Astronomer Royal, and the Captain Superintendent of the Greenwich Hospital School, respectively for the time being, if they respectively shall be willing to accept the office; but any such Astronomer Royal may from time to time by writing under his hand delegate his office as governor to some other fit person for any specified period, if the person so delegating his office so long remain Astronomer Royal.
Nominated governors.
8. The nominated governors shall be competent persons duly qualified to discharge the duties of the office, and shall be appointed by the following electing bodies respectively in the following proportions; that is to say, two by the corporation of the Trinity House in London, two by the members of the School Board for London elected by the Greenwich division of the Metropolis, and ten, of whom two shall be resident in the parish of Greenwich, by the Company.
Such appointments shall be made as often as there may be occasion by the body entitled to appoint, at a meeting thereof which shall be convened, held, and conducted as nearly as may be in conformity with the ordinary rules or practice of such body. Every nominated governor shall be appointed to office for the term of five years, reckoned from the date of the appointment. The first nominated governors shall be appointed as soon as conveniently may be after the date of this scheme. The chairman or other presiding officer of each meeting at which the appointment of any nominated governors or governor shall be made, shall forthwith cause the names or name of the persons or person so appointed to be notified, in the case of the first such appointment to the vicar of St. Alphege, Greenwich, and in the case of every subsequent appointment to the chairman of the governors or their clerk, if any, or other acting officer. Any appointment of a nominated governor not made as aforesaid within six calendar months from the date of this scheme, or of the notice herein-after prescribed of the occurrence of a vacancy, as the case may be, shall for that turn be made by the then existing governors.
Vacancies.
9. Any nominated governor who shall become bankrupt or incapacitated to act, or express in writing his wish to resign, or omit for the space of one year to attend any meeting, or in the case of a governor appointed by the Company as being a resident in the parish of Greenwich, shall cease to be so resident, shall thereupon forthwith vacate the office of governor; and the governors shall cause an entry to be made in their minute book of every vacancy occasioned by any of the said causes, or by the death or the expiration of the term of office of any nominated governor; and as soon as conveniently may be after the occurrence of any vacancy a new nominated governor shall be appointed by the body entitled as aforesaid to make such appointment. Any governor may be re-appointed. Notice of the occurrence of every vacancy of the office of nominated governor shall be given as soon as conveniently may be by or under the direction of the governors to the proper electing body or the clerk, if any, or other acting officer of such body.
Declaration by governors on entry into office.
10. Every governor shall, at or before the first meeting which he attends upon his first or any subsequent entry into office, sign a memorandum declaring his acceptance of the office of governor, and his willingness to act in the trusts of this scheme. And until he has signed such a memorandum he shall not be entitled to act as a governor.
Meetings of governors.
11. The governors shall hold meetings in some convenient place in Greenwich, or elsewhere, as often as may be found necessary or desirable, and at least twice in each year, in Greenwich, on and at convenient days and times to be appointed by themselves, and to be notified to each governor by the clerk, if any, or by some other person acting under the direction of the governors, at least seven days before every meeting.
Preliminary meeting.
12. A preliminary meeting for the arrangement of the conduct of the business shall be held upon the summons of the vicar of St. Alphege, Greenwich, upon some day to be fixed by him, being within one calendar month after the time at which, under the provisions herein contained, the administration of the foundation shall, subject as herein provided, pass to the governors.
Chairman.
13. The governors shall, at the said preliminary meeting, and afterwards at their first meeting in each year, elect one of their number to be chairman of their meetings for the current year, and they shall also make regulations for supplying his place in case of his death, resignation, or absence during his term of office. The chairman shall always be re-eligible.
Quorum and voting.
14. A quorum shall be constituted when five governors are present at a meeting. All matters and questions, except as herein provided, shall be determined by the majority of the governors present at a duly constituted meeting; and in case of equality of votes the chairman shall have a second or casting vote. Whenever the decision on any matter or question so determined is carried by the votes of less than a majority of the number of governors for the time being, any two governors may, within 15 days from the day of the decision, require by a notice addressed to the chairman of the meeting that the decision shall be once reconsidered at a special meeting, to be held not later than one calendar month next after such decision.
Special meetings.
15. The chairman or any two governors may at any time summon a special meeting for any cause that seems to him or them sufficient. All special meetings shall be convened by or under the direction of the person or persons summoning the meeting by notice in writing delivered or sent by post to each governor, specifying the object of the meeting. And it shall be the duty of the clerk, if any, to give such notice when required by the chairman or by any two governors.
Adjournment of meetings.
16. If a sufficient number of governors to form a quorum are not present at any meeting, or if the business at any meeting is not fully completed, those present may adjourn the meeting to a subsequent day and time, of which notice shall be given in manner aforesaid to each governor.
Minutes.
17. A minute book and proper books of account shall be provided and kept by the governors, and minutes of the entry into office of every new governor, and of all proceedings of the governors, shall be entered in such minute book.
Accounts.
18. The governors shall cause full accounts to be kept of their receipts and expenditure in respect of the foundation; and such accounts shall be stated for each year, and examined and passed by the governors at the first meeting in the ensuing year, unless some other meeting shall be appointed for the purpose with the approval of the Charity Commissioners. A copy of the accounts so passed shall be signed by the chairman of the meeting.
The governors shall cause sufficient abstracts of the accounts to be published annually for general information. Such abstracts shall be in the form B given in the schedule hereto, unless some other form is prescribed by the Charity Commissioners, in which case the form so prescribed shall be followed.
Business arrangements.
19. The governors may from time to time make such arrangements as they may find most fitting for the custody of all deeds and other documents belonging to the foundation, for the deposit of money, for the drawing of cheques, and also for the appointment of a clerk, or of any necessary agents or other proper officers for their assistance in the conduct of the business of the foundation, at such reasonable salaries or scale of remuneration as shall be approved by the Charity Commissioners, but no governor acting as such clerk or officer shall be entitled to any salary or remuneration.
Transfer of administration of foundation to governors.
20. So soon as the full number of governors shall have been completed according to the provisions of this scheme, or upon the expiration of the first three calendar months after the date of this scheme, if the full number of governors shall not then have been completed, the administration of the foundation shall, subject as herein provided, pass to the governors in place of the present governing body, and such governing body shall thereupon, subject as herein provided, become ipso facto removed and discharged from their office, and shall cause all deeds, minute and account books, and other papers and documents belonging or relating to the foundation, except such as are needful to be retained by them for the management of the estates and property of the foundation by them as herein provided, and all cash balances (except a sufficient balance for current expenses of management), and personal effects belonging thereto, and not herein required to be transferred to the Official Trustees of Charitable Funds, to be transferred to the governors as they shall direct. In the meantime the foundation shall continue to be administered and managed so far as may be necessary by the present governing body as nearly as may be in conformity with the provisions of this scheme. The aforesaid time of three calendar months may be extended, if necessary, by an order of the Charity Commissioners, made upon the application of any one or more of the present governing body, or of the governors, if any.
Governors may act although body not full.
21. After the administration of the foundation has passed, subject as herein provided, to the governors as aforesaid, the governors for the time being, if a quorum is constituted, may act for all the purposes of this scheme, although the governing body as herein-before constituted is not full.
Carrying scheme into effect.
22. The governors shall take all proper measures for carrying the provisions of this scheme into effect as soon as practicable.
Saving of interests of scholars.
23. Any payment, or exemption from payment, or other benefit to which any boy who was on the 27th day of September 1878, being the date of the publication of this scheme, on the foundation is legally entitled thereunder shall be continued to him.
The School and its Management.
Day school.
24. The school of the foundation shall be for boys, and shall be maintained in or near the parish of Greenwich, and shall be a day school only.
School site and buildings.
25. As soon as conveniently may be the governors shall provide upon some convenient site in or near the parish of Greenwich, and if it may be, near the river side, proper school buildings suitable for not less than 200 day scholars, and planned with a view to convenient extension, and may apply for the purpose a sufficient sum, and such sum shall accordingly on the application of the governors be provided or raised, if needful, by the Company out of the capital endowment or property of the foundation by sale or otherwise, but for all the purposes of this clause the governors and the Company shall act subject to the consent and approval of the Charity Commissioners. The site and buildings so provided shall be transferred to the Official Trustee of Charity Lands and his successors in trust for the foundation, and shall be managed exclusively by the governors.
Head master.; Appointment.
26. There shall be a head master of the school. He shall be a graduate of some university in the United Kingdom, or have such other qualification or certificate or other test of his attainment as may be fixed from time to time by any regulation of the governors, approved by the Charity Commissioners. Every head master shall be appointed by the governors at some meeting to be called for that purpose, as soon as conveniently may be after the occurrence of a vacancy, or after notice of an intended vacancy. In order to obtain the best candidates, the governors shall, for a sufficient time before making any appointment, give public notice of the vacancy and invite applicants for the office by advertisements in newspapers, or by such other methods as they may judge best calculated to secure the object.
Dismissal.
27. The governors may dismiss the head master without assigning cause, after six calendar months written notice, given to him in pursuance of a resolution passed at two consecutive meetings held at an interval of at least fourteen days, and convened for that purpose, such resolution being affirmed at each meeting by not less than two thirds of the governors present.
The governors for what in their opinion is urgent cause may by resolution passed at a special meeting convened for that purpose, and affirmed by not less than two thirds of the whole number of governors for the time being, declare that the head master ought to be dismissed from his office, without the aforesaid notice, and in that case they may appoint another special meeting to be held not less than a week after the former one, and may then by a similar resolution, affirmed by as large a proportion of governors, absolutely and finally dismiss him. And if the governors assembled at the first of such meetings think fit at once to suspend the head master from his office until the next meeting, they may do so by resolution affirmed by as large a proportion of governors. Full notice and opportunity of defence at both meetings shall be given to the head master.
Declaration to be signed by head master.
28. Every future head master, before entering office, shall sign a declaration, to be entered in the minute book of the governors, to the following effect:—
"I, [..], declare that I will always to the best of my ability discharge the duties of head master of Sir William Boreman's Nautical School at Greenwich during my tenure of the office, and that if I am removed by the governors, I will acquiesce in such removal, and will thereupon relinquish all claim to the mastership and its future emoluments, and will deliver up to the governors, or as they direct, possession of all the property of the school then in my possession or occupation."
Head master's official residence.
29. The head master shall dwell in the residence, if any, assigned for him. He shall have the occupation and use of such residence and of any other property of the school of which he becomes the occupant as such head master, in respect of his official character and duties, and not as tenant, and shall, if removed from his office, deliver up possession of such residence and other property to the governors, or as they direct. He shall not, except with the permission of the governors, permit any person not being a member of his family to occupy such residence or any part thereof.
Head master not to have other employment.
30. The head master shall give his personal attention to the duties of the school, and during his tenure of office he shall not hold any benefice having the cure of souls, or undertake any office or employment which, in the opinion of the governors, may interfere with the proper performance of his duties as head master.
Masters not to be governors.
31. No head or assistant master of the school shall be a governor.
Masters not to receive other than authorised fees.
32. Neither the head master nor any assistant master shall receive or demand from any boy in the school, or from any person whomsoever on behalf of any such boy, any gratuity, fee, or payment, except such as are prescribed or authorised by this scheme.
Jurisdiction of governors over school arrangements.
33. Within the limits fixed by this scheme, the governors shall prescribe the general subjects of instruction, the relative prominence and value to be assigned to each group of subjects, the arrangements respecting the school terms, vacations, and holidays, and the payments of day scholars. They shall take general supervision of the sanitary condition of the buildings and arrangements. They shall determine what number of assistant masters shall be employed. They shall every year assign the amount which they think proper to be contributed out of the income of the foundation for the purpose of maintaining assistant masters and providing and maintaining a proper school plant or apparatus, and otherwise furthering the current objects and the efficiency of the school.
Governors to consider views and proposals of the head master.
34. Before making any regulations under the last foregoing clause the governors shall consult the head master in such a manner as to give him full opportunity for the expression of his views. The head master may also from time to time submit proposals to the governors for making or altering regulations concerning any matter within the province of the governors. The governors shall fully consider any such expression of views or proposals, and shall decide upon them.
Jurisdiction of head master over school arrangements.
35. Subject to the rules prescribed by or under the authority of this scheme, the head master shall have under his control the choice of books, the method of teaching, the arrangement of classes and school hours, and generally the whole internal organisation, management, and discipline of the school, including the power of suspending boys from attendance at the school, for any adequate cause to be judged of by him, but upon suspending any boy he shall forthwith report the case to the governors, and the governors shall thereupon remit or confirm such suspension or expel the boy as they think fit.
Assistant masters.; Payments for school objects.
36. The head master shall have the sole power of appointing and may at pleasure dismiss all assistant masters, and shall determine, subject to the approval of the governors, in what proportions the sum assigned by the governors for the maintenance of assistant masters, or the other current objects of the school shall be divided among the various persons and objects for which it is assigned in the aggregate. And the governors shall pay the same accordingly, either through the hands of the head master or directly as they think best.
Income of head master.
37. The head master shall receive a fixed yearly stipend of 150l. He shall also be entitled to receive a further or capitation payment calculated on such a scale, uniform or graduated, as may be fixed from time to time by the governors, at the rate of not less than 1l. nor more than 2l. a year for each boy attending the school. The governors may arrange so that if in any of the first three years from the first appointment of a head master under this scheme the income of the head master under the foregoing provisions of this clause is less than 300l., the difference shall in such year be made up to him out of the income of the foundation.
Payments for entrance and tuition.
38. All boys, except as herein-after provided, shall pay entrance fees on admission to the school, and such tuition fees as may be fixed from time to time by the governors, provided that no such entrance fee shall be more than 1l. and that no such tuition fee shall be fixed at the rate of less than 3l. or more than 6l. a year for any boy. Provided nevertheless that all boys whose fathers are or, if dead, were seamen, watermen, or fishermen and inhabitants of the parish of Greenwich shall be admitted without payment of any entrance fee, and shall be charged tuition fees at the rate of one half of the tuition fees which would otherwise be payable by such boys respectively. Except as aforesaid, no difference in respect of entrance or tuition fees shall be made between any scholars on account of place of birth or residence. No extra or additional payment of any kind shall be allowed without the sanction of the governors, and the written consent of the parent or person occupying the place of parent of the scholar concerned.
All payments for entrance and tuition fees shall be made in advance to the head master, or to such other person as the governors shall from time to time determine, and shall be accounted for by the person receiving them to the governors, and treated by them as part of the general income of the foundation.
Ages for school.
39. No boy shall be admitted into the school under the age of seven years. No boy shall remain in the school after the age of 15 years, or if he attains that age during a school term then after the end of such term, except with the permission of the governors, which in special cases may be given upon the recommendation of the head master.
To whom school is open.
40. Subject to the provisions established by or under the authority of this scheme, the school and all its advantages shall be open to all boys of good character and sufficient health who are residing with their parents, guardians, or near relations within degrees to be determined by the governors. No boy not so residing shall be admitted to the school without the special permission of the governors.
Applications for admission.
41. Applications for admission to the school shall be made to the head master, or to some other person appointed by the governors, according to a form to be approved of by them, and delivered to all applicants.
Register of applications.
42. The head master or some other person appointed by the governors shall keep a register of applications for admission, showing the date of every application and of the admission, withdrawal, or rejection of the applicant, and the cause of any rejection, and the age of each applicant.
Entrance examination.
43. Every applicant for admission shall be examined by or under the direction of the head master, who shall appoint convenient times for that purpose, and give reasonable notice to the parents or next friends of the boy to be so examined. No boy shall be admitted to the school except after undergoing such examination and being found fit for admission. Those why are so found fit shall, if there is room for them, be admitted in order according to the date of their application, but if there is not room for all, they shall be admitted in the following order of priority:—
(1.) Sons of watermen, seamen, or fishermen, inhabitants of the parish of Greenwich, who have served in the Royal Naval or Marine forces;
(2.) Sons of watermen, seamen, or fishermen, inhabitants of the parish of Greenwich, who have not so served;
(3.) Sons of parents who are, or, if dead, were inhabitants of the parish of Greenwich;
(4.) Other boys.
The examination for admission shall be graduated according to the age of the boy, and shall be regulated in other particulars from time to time by or under the direction of the governors, but it shall never for any boy fall below the following standard, that is to say :—
Reading;
Writing from dictation;
Sums in the first two simple rules of arithmetic.
Religious exemptions.
44. The parent or guardian of, or person liable to maintain or having the actual custody of, any scholar attending the school as a day scholar may claim by notice in writing addressed to the head master, the exemption of such scholar from attending prayer or religious worship, or from any lesson or series of lessons on a religious subject, and such scholar shall be exempted accordingly, and a scholar shall not, by reason of any exemption from attending prayer or religious worship, or from any lesson or series of lessons on a religious subject, be deprived of any advantage or emolument in the school to which he would otherwise have been entitled. If any teacher in the course of other lessons at which any such scholar is in accordance with the ordinary rules of the school present, shall teach systematically and persistently any particular religious doctrine, from the teaching of which any exemption has been claimed, as in this clause before provided, the governors shall, on complaint made in writing to them, by the parent, guardian, or person liable to maintain or having the actual custody of such scholar, hear the complainant, and inquire into the circumstances, and if the complaint is judged to be reasonable, make all proper provisions for remedying the matter complained of.
Instruction.
45. Subject to the foregoing provision, religious instruction in accordance with the doctrines of the Church of England shall be given in the school. Instruction shall also be given in the school in the following subjects :—
Reading, writing, and arithmetic;
Geography and history;
English grammar, composition, and literature;
Practical mathematics, and the application of steam and machinery to navigation;
Navigation and nautical astronomy;
Surveying on land and water;
At least one foreign European language;
Natural science;
Drawing, drill, and vocal music;
and in such other subjects as the governors shall from time to time prescribe. Subject to the above provisions, the course of instruction shall proceed according to the classification and arrangements made by the head master.
Annual examination.
46. There shall be once in every year an examination of the scholars by an examiner or examiners appointed or approved by the governors, but otherwise unconnected with the school. The day of examination shall be fixed by the governors after consulting with the head master. The examiner or examiners shall report to the governors on the proficiency of the scholars and on the condition of the school, as regards instruction and discipline, as shown by the result of the examination. The governors shall communicate the report to the head master.
Head master's annual report.
47. The head master shall make a report in writing to the governors annually at such time as they shall direct on the general condition and progress of the school, and on any special occurrences during the year. He may also mention the names of any, boys who, in his judgment, are worthy of reward or distinction, having regard both to proficiency and conduct.
Prizes.
48. The governors may award prizes of books or other suitable rewards as marks of distinction to any boys mentioned as worthy of reward or distinction by the head master or by the examiner.
Scholarships for boys from public elementary schools.
49. The governors shall apply not less than the sum of 150l. yearly in maintaining scholarships tenable at the school of the foundation, each of which shall entitle the holder to a free education at the school and to a payment in money at the rate of 10l. a year. These scholarships shall be competed for in the first place by boys who are and have for at least three years been in any of the public elementary schools in the parish of Greenwich, and whose fathers are, or, if dead, were seamen, watermen, or fishermen, and inhabitants of the parish of Greenwich. In cases of equal merit preference shall be given to such as are sons of seamen who have served in the Royal Navy. In default of fit candidates so qualified as aforesaid, these scholarships shall be competed for by boys who are sons of poor inhabitants of the parish of Greenwich and are and have for at least one year been in any of the public elementary schools in the parish of Greenwich. For the purposes of this clause the Greenwich Hospital School shall be reckoned as a public elementary school.
Apprenticing and exhibitions for boys.
50. The governors shall apply the yearly sum of 250l. in providing apprenticeship premiums of the value of not more than 50l. each for apprenticing the holders in the mercantile marine service, or exhibitions for enabling the holders to qualify themselves for entry into the scientific branches of the Royal Navy, or other nautical service, or some profession or skilled employment connected therewith, and to be awarded to boys who are and have for not less than three years been in the school of the foundation.
Exhibitions for girls.
51. The governors shall, if the income of the foundation is sufficient, apply the further yearly sum of 100l. in maintaining exhibitions of such number and yearly value as they think fit, tenable at any place of higher education, approved by them, to be awarded to girls who on examination show proficiency in knowledge of the liturgy and catechism of the Church of England, and to be competed for in the first place by girls who are and have for at least three years been in any of the public elementary schools in the parish of Greenwich, and whose fathers are, or, if dead, were, seamen, watermen, or fishermen, and inhabitants of the parish of Greenwich. In cases of equal merit preference shall be given to such as are daughters of seamen who have served in the Royal Navy. In default of fit candidates so qualified as aforesaid, these exhibitions shall be competed for by girls who are daughters of poor inhabitants of the parish of Greenwich, and are and have for at least one year been in any of the public elementary schools in the parish of Greenwich.
Conditions as to scholarships exhibitions, and other benefits.
52. Every scholarship, apprenticeship premium, and exhibition under this scheme shall be given as the reward of merit, and shall be subject to such conditions of award and tenure, as, subject to the provisions of this scheme, the governors shall lay down. Every scholarship and exhibition shall, except as herein provided, be freely and openly competed for, and shall be tenable only for the purposes of education. No scholarship, apprenticeship premium, or exhibition shall be granted for which there shall be no candidate so qualified as aforesaid who on examination shall be adjudged worthy to take it. If the holder of a scholarship or exhibition shall, in the judgment of the governors, be guilty of serious misconduct or idleness, or fail to maintain a reasonable standard of proficiency, or wilfully cease to pursue his or her education, the governors may at once determine the scholarship or exhibition, and for this purpose, in the case of an exhibition, may act on the report of the proper authorities of the school or place of education at which the exhibition is held, or on such other evidence as the governors think sufficient. For the purposes of this clause the decision of the governors shall be final in every case.
Application of Income.
Repairs and improvements fund.
53. The Company shall transfer the sum of 1,500l. three per cent. Government stock into the name of the Official Trustees of Charitable Funds, and the governors shall place the same in their books to a separate account, entitled "Repairs and Improvements Fund." The income of such fund shall be paid to the governors, and applied by them in ordinary repairs or improvements of property used for the purposes of the school, and if not wanted for that purpose shall be accumulated for the like purpose in any future year or years.
54. The governors may, if they think fit and the income at their disposal suffice for the purpose, agree with the head master for the formation of a fund in the nature of a pension or superannuation fund, the main principles of such agreement being that the head master and the governors respectively shall contribute annually for a period of 20 years such sums as may be fixed on; that these contributions shall accumulate at compound interest; that in case the head master serves his office for 20 years he shall on his retirement be entitled to the whole of the accumulated fund; that in case he retires earlier on account of permanent disability from illness he shall also be entitled to the whole of the same fund; that in all other cases he shall, on his ceasing to be master, be entitled to the amount produced by his own contributions, If any question shall arise upon the construction or working of this provision, the same shall be referred by the governors to the Charity Commissioners, whose decision thereon shall be final and conclusive.
Residue.
55. Subject to the payment of the expenses of management of property and business, and of any necessary or proper outgoings any income of the foundation, received by the governors and not applied under the foregoing provisions, and not needed as a balance to meet current expenses, may be applied either in increasing the said yearly sum for exhibitions to be competed for by girls, or in improving the accommodation or convenience of the school buildings or premises, or generally in extending or otherwise promoting the objects and efficiency of the school, and so far as not so applied shall, on passing the yearly accounts, be invested in the name of the Official Trustees of Charitable Funds in trust for the governors in augmentation of the endowment of the foundation.
General.
Further endowments.
56. The governors may receive any additional donations or endowments for the general purposes of the foundation. They may also receive donations or endowments for any special objects connected with the foundation, which shall not be inconsistent with or calculated to impede the due working of the provisions of this scheme. Any question arising upon this last point shall be referred to the Charity Commissioners for decision.
General power of governors to make regulations.
57. Within the limits prescribed by this scheme the governors shall have full power from time to time to make regulations for the conduct of their business and for the management of the foundation, and such regulations shall be binding on all persons affected thereby.
Question of proceedings under scheme.
58. Any question affecting the regularity or the validity of any proceeding under this scheme shall be determined conclusively by the Charity Commissioners upon such application made to them for the purpose, as they think sufficient.
Construction of scheme.
59. If any doubt or question arises among the Company or the governors as to the proper construction or application of any of the provisions of this scheme, the Company or the governors, as the case may be, shall apply to the Charity Commissioners for their opinion and advice thereon, which opinion and advice when given shall be binding on the Company or the governors, as the case may be, and all persons claiming under the foundation who shall be affected by the question so decided.
Jurisdiction of ordinary abolished.
60. From the date of this scheme all jurisdiction of the ordinary relating to or arising from the licensing of any master in the school shall be abolished.
Jurisdiction of visitor.
61. From the date of this scheme all rights and powers reserved to, belonging to, claimed by, or capable of being exercised by any person or body other than Her Majesty as visitor of the foundation shall be transferred to Her Majesty, and all such rights and powers and also any like rights or powers vested in Her on the 2nd day of August 1869, shall be exercised only through and by the Charity Commissioners for England and Wales.
Charity Commissioners may make new schemes.
62. The Charity Commissioners may from time to time, in the exercise of their ordinary jurisdiction, frame schemes for the alteration of any portions of this scheme, provided that such schemes be not inconsistent with anything contained in the Endowed Schools Act, 1869, and amending Acts.
Foundation to be governed exclusively by this scheme.
63. From and after the date of this scheme the foundation shall for every purpose be administered and governed wholly and exclusively in accordance with the provisions of this scheme, notwithstanding any former or other scheme, Act of Parliament, charter or letters patent, statute, or instrument relating to the subject matter of this scheme.
Scheme to be printed and sold.
64. The governors shall cause this scheme to be printed, and a copy to be given to every governor, master, and assistant master, upon their respective appointments, and copies may be sold at a reasonable price to all persons applying for the same.
Date of scheme.
65. The date of this scheme shall be the day on which Her Majesty by Order in Council declares Her approbation of it.
SCHEDULE.
SIR WILLIAM BOREMAN'S NAUTICAL SCHOOL AT GREENWICH.
ABSTRACT OF ACCOUNTS FOR YEAR ENDING
N.B.—Receipts or expenses not falling under any specific heads should be inserted separately in an appropriate place under one of the more general heads.
A.—Company's Account.
Annual Income Receivable.
£s.d.
Houses or land let on lease for 21 years or less, gross rental
Houses or land let on lease for more than 21 years, gross rental
Houses or land, annual tenancies, gross rental
Rentcharges
Mineral rent
Interest on unpaid purchase moneys of lands taken or sold
Government stock, annual dividends
Interest or dividends on other investments (to be set out separately)
Special or casual receipts
Total gross annual income£
Receipts for Year ending
1. From Endowment.£s.d.£s.d.
*Rents for the year received
Arrears of rent received
Sales of timber, or profits of woods
Minerals
Specify whether sale, rent, or royalties.
Dividends on Government stock
Interest or dividends on other investments (to be set out separately)
Interest on cash at bankers
Special or casual receipts
2. Incidentals.
Property tax returned
3. Extraordinary.
Capital sums raised for School site and buildings
Total receipts£
Expenses.
£s.d.£s.d.
1. Management of business.
Salary of clerk or other officers
Postage, stationery, stamps, &c.
Law expenses (ordinary)
2. Charges on the Foundation.
Specify in detail.
3. Expenses on property not in the occupation of the School.
Repairs
Rates and taxes (excluding property tax)
Insurance
Land tax, &c.
4. Temporary payments.
Property tax
5. Payment to Governors.
Total expenses£
B.—Governor's Account.
Receipt for Year ending
£s.d.£s.d.
1. From endowment.
Received from Company
Interest on investments
Interest on cash at bankers
2. From fees of pupils.
Entrance fees for the whole year
Tuition fees
1st quarter or term
2nd quarter "
3rd quarter "
4th quarter "
Total income of the year Balance at commencement of account
Total receipts£
£s.d.
* Arrears of rent still due for current year
" " previous years
Expenses.
£s.d.£s.d.
1. Management of business.
Salary of clerk or other officers
Postage, stationery, stamps, &c.
Advertisements
2. Expenses on property in the occupation of the School.
Repairs in excess of income of Repairs Fund
Rates and taxes
Insurance
3. Temporary expenses.
Interest on money borrowed ( l.)
Pension payments
Other payments
4. Extraordinary expenses of the year.
Specify in detail.
5. Investments made during the year.
6. Net Expenditure on the School.
Salary of head master
Payment for assistant masters, school apparatus, &c.
Examiners' fees and expenses Printing examination papers, &c.
Book prizes
Books (for library, &c.)
Paper, pens, ink, &c.
Gas, water, coal, &c.
Cleaning, porterage, &c.
Special payments:—
Lecturer on any special subject
Prize-day expenses, &c. &c.
7. Scholars, Premiums, and Exhibitions.
Specify according to Clauses
Total expenditure of the year
Unapplied surplus (less current balance)
Balance in hand at close of account
Total£
Repairs and Improvements Account for the Year ending
Dr.
£s.d.
Balance at commencement of account
Dividends on £ Government stock
£
Cr.
£s.d.
Ordinary repairs
Extraordinary repairs or improvements
Balance to next account
£
2 Christopher Clarke's Charity.
27th May 1864. By an order of the Board of Charity Commissioners of this date, the Company were authorised to sell, for the sum of 3,000l., a field containing 1a. 3r. 37p. situate on the western bank of the Regent's Canal at Mile End.
13th April 1865. By an order of the said Board of this date, the Company were authorised to sell, for the sum of 3,500l., a piece of land containing 2a. 0r. 12p. situate on the east side of the Regent's Canal at Mile End.
The above sales were subsequently completed, and the purchase money invested in Consols in the name of the Official Trustees of Charitable Funds, in accordance with the directions contained in the respective orders.
3 Colborne's Charities.
4th February 1879 and 31st July 1880.—Her Majesty by Orders in Council of these dates declared Her approbation of the two following Schemes affecting the above charities:—
Scheme for the Administration of the above-mentioned Foundations and Endowments other than those the Trusts whereof are declared respectively by an Indenture dated the 13th day of May 1848, and two Indentures dated the 10th day of December 1855.
Future administration of foundation.
1. The foundations and endowments dealt with by this scheme shall henceforth be administered as one foundation, in accordance with the provisions of this scheme, by the governing body herein-after constituted, under the name of Colborne and Threlfall's Endowed School, herein-after called the foundation.
Governing body.
2. The governing body of the foundation, herein-after called the governors, shall, when completely formed and full, consist of eleven persons, of whom eight shall be called representative governors, and three shall be called coöptative governors.
Representative governors.
3. The representative governors shall be competent persons duly qualified to discharge the duties of the office, and shall be appointed by the following electing bodies respectively in the following proportions and for the following terms of office, that is to say—
Four for the term of six years by the twenty-four vestrymen of the chapelry of Goosnargh;
Two for the term of five years by the ratepayers of the township of Goosnargh with Newsham; and
Two for the like term by the ratepayers of the township of Whittingham.
Such appointments shall be made as often as there may be occasion by the body entitled to appoint, at a meeting thereof which shall be convened, held, and conducted as nearly as may be in conformity with the ordinary rules or practice of such body or failing such rules or practice then in conformity with regulations to be made or approved by the Charity Commissioners for England and Wales. The first representative governors shall be appointed as soon as conveniently may be after the date of this scheme. The chairman or other presiding officer of each meeting at which the appointment of any representative governors or governor shall be made shall forthwith cause the names or name of the persons or person so appointed to be notified, in the case of the first such appointment to the governor whose name then stands first on the list of coöptative governors, and in the case of every subsequent appointment to the chairman of the governors or their clerk, if any, or other acting officer. Any appointment of a representative governor not made as aforesaid within six calendar months from the date of this scheme, or of the notice herein-after prescribed of the occurrence of a vacancy, as the case may be, shall for that turn be made by the then existing governors.
The proper expenses, if any, attending the appointment of every representative governor, unless otherwise provided for, shall, on the particulars thereof being submitted to and allowed by the Charity Commissioners, be paid by the governors out of the income of the foundation.
Coöptative governors.
4. The first coöptative governors shall be the following persons, that is to say:—
The Reverend William Shilleto, Vicar of Goosnargh;
Charles Roger Jacson, of Barton Hall, Esquire, J.P.; and
William Philip Park, of Altadore, Land Surveyor;
and their appointment shall take effect from the date of this scheme.
The future coöptative governors shall be competent persons duly qualified to discharge the duties of the office, and shall be appointed in every case by the general body of governors at a special meeting, by a resolution to be forthwith notified by them, with all proper information, to the Charity Commissioners, at their office in London; but no such appointment shall be valid until it has been approved by the said Commissioners, and their approval certified under their official seal. The said first and all future coöptative governors shall be appointed to office for the term of seven years, and as to all future such governors the term of appointment shall be reckoned from the date of the approval.
Vacancies.
5. Any governor who during his term of office shall become bankrupt or incapacitated to act, or express in writing his wish to resign, or omit for the space of two consecutive years to attend any meeting, shall thereupon forthwith vacate the office of governor; and the governors shall cause an entry to be made in their minute book of every vacancy occasioned by any of the said causes or by the death or the expiration of the term of office of any governor; and as soon as conveniently may be after the occurrence of any vacancy a new representative or coöptative governor, as the case may be, shall be appointed by the body entitled as aforesaid to make such appointment. Any governor may be re-appointed. Notice of the occur rence of every vacancy of the office of representative governor shall be given, as soon as conveniently may be, by or under the direction of the governors to the proper electing body or the clerk, if any, or other acting officer of such body.
Religious opinions of governors.
6. Religious opinions, or attendance or non-attendance at any particular form of religious worship, shall not in any way affect the qualification of any person for being a governor under this scheme.
Declaration by governors on entry into office.
7. Every governor shall, at or before the first meeting which he attends upon his first or any subsequent entry into office, sign a memorandum declaring his acceptance of the office of governor, and his willingness to act in the trusts of this scheme. And until he has signed such a memorandum he shall not be entitled to discharge the functions of a governor.
Meetings of governors.
8. The governors shall hold meetings in some convenient place in Goosnargh, or elsewhere, as often as may be found necessary or desirable, and at least twice in each year, on and at convenient days and times to be appointed by themselves, and to be notified to each governor by the clerk, if any, or by some other person acting under the direction of the governors, at least seven days previously to every meeting.
Preliminary meeting.
9. A preliminary meeting for the arrangement of the conduct of the business shall be held upon the summons of the governor whose name then stands first on the list of coöptative governors upon some day to be fixed by him, being within one calendar month after the time at which, under the provisions herein contained, the administration of the foundation shall have passed to the governors in place of the present governing body.
Chairman.
10. The governors shall, at the said preliminary meeting, and afterwards at their first meeting in each year, elect one of their number to be chairman of their meetings for the current year, and they shall also make regulations for supplying his place in case of his death, resignation, or absence during his term of office. The chairman shall always be re-eligible.
Quorum and voting.
11. A quorum shall be constituted when four governors are present at a meeting. All matters and questions shall be determined by the majority of the governors present at a duly constituted meeting; and in case of equality of votes the chairman shall have a second or casting vote.
Special meetings.
12. The chairman or any two governors may at any time summon a special meeting for any cause that seems to him or them sufficient. All special meetings shall be convened by or under the direction of the person or persons summoning the meeting by notice in writing delivered or sent by post to each governor, specifying the object of the meeting. And it shall be the duty of the clerk, if any, to give such notice when required by the chairman or by any governors having a right to summon such meeting.
Minutes.
13. A minute book and proper books of account shall be provided by the governors, and kept in some convenient and secure place of deposit to be provided or appointed by them for that purpose, and minutes of the entry into office of every new governor, and of all proceedings of the governors, shall be entered in such minute book.
Vesting property.
14. From and after the date of this scheme all lands and hereditaments, not being copyhold, belonging to the foundation, and all terms, estates, and interests therein, shall be vested in the Official Trustee of Charity Lands, and his successors in trust for the foundation; and all stock in the public funds and other securities belonging to the foundation, and not hereby required or directed to be otherwise applied or disposed of, shall be transferred to the Official Trustees of Charitable Funds in trust for the foundation.
Management and letting of estates.
15. All the estates and property of the foundation not required to be retained or occupied for the purposes thereof shall be let or otherwise managed by the governors or by their officers acting under their orders, according to the general law applicable to the management of property by trustees of charitable foundations.
Timber and minerals.
16. Any money arising from the sale of timber or from any mines or minerals on the estates of the foundation shall be treated as capital, and shall be invested in the name of the Official Trustees of Charitable Funds, under the direction of the Charity Commissioners, except in any special cases in which the governors may be authorised by such Commissioners to deal otherwise with such money or any part thereof.
Transfer of administration of foundation to governors.
17. So soon as the full number of governors shall have been completed according to the provisions of this scheme, or upon the expiration of the first three calendar months after the date of this scheme if the full number of governors shall not then have been completed, the administration of the foundation shall pass to the said governors in place of the present governing body, and such governing body shall thereupon so far as relates to the subject matter of this scheme become ipso facto removed and discharged from their office, and shall cause all deeds, minute and account books, and other papers and documents belonging or relating to the foundation, and all cash balances and personal effects belonging thereto, and not herein required to be transferred to the Official Trustees of Charitable Funds, to be delivered or transferred unto the said governors or as they shall direct. In the meantime the foundation shall continue to be administered and managed so far as may be necessary by the present governing body, as nearly as may be in conformity with the provisions of this scheme. The aforesaid time of three calendar months may be extended, if necessary, by an order of the Charity Commissioners, made upon the application of any one or more of the present governing body, or of the governors, if any.
Govern or may act although body not full.
18. After the administration of the foundation has passed to the governors as aforesaid, the governors for the time being, if a quorum is constituted, shall have power to act for all the purposes of this scheme, although the governing body as herein-before constituted is not full.
Temporary school arrangements.
19. So far as may be practicable and convenient each school of the foundation may be carried on as heretofore until the end of any school term current at the date of this scheme, or until such other time as may, with the approval of the Charity Commissioners, be fixed by the body for the time being having the administration of the school under this scheme.
Provision to present masters.
20. The present principal teacher of each school of the foundation shall, at or before the time allowed under the last foregoing clause, declare to the governors, in writing, whether or not he or she is willing to take and hold the office of principal teacher of the same school under this scheme, and if he or she shall declare himself or herself to be so willing he or she shall retain the office without further appointment, subject in all respects to the provisions of this scheme; but, if he or she shall fail to make such declaration within the time so limited as aforesaid, or shall declare that he or she is not so willing, the governors may forthwith remove him or her from the said office.
Provisions as to schools to be brought into operation as soon as practicable.
21, The governors shall take all requisite measures for bringing the provisions of this scheme into active operation for the regulation of the schools as soon as practicable, and they shall have power to make all suitable and proper arrangements for that purpose.
The Schools and their Management.
Schools of the foundation.
22. The schools of the foundation shall be a school for boys and a school for girls, and shall be maintained in or near the township of Goosnargh with Newsham, in the present school buildings or in any other suitable buildings hereafter to be provided for the purpose by the governors, and each school shall be conducted as a public elementary school under section 7 of the Elementary Education Act, 1870.
Masters not to be required to be in Holy Orders.
23. No person shall be disqualified for being a master in either school by reason only of his not being, or not intending to be, in Holy Orders.
Teachers.
24. The governors shall appoint, pay, and at their pleasure dismiss all teachers in each school, and subject to any regulations of the Education Department in force for the time being, shall have power to regulate and prescribe from time to time their respective qualifications.
Payments for tuition.
25. All scholars in each school shall pay such tuition fees, suitable in an elementary school, as the governors shall fix from time to time.
Instruction.
26. Religious instruction in accordance with the principles of the Christian faith shall be given in each school under such regulations as shall be made from time to time by the governors. No alteration in any such regulations shall take effect until the expiration of not less than one year after notice of the making of the alteration shall have been given by the governors in such manner as they shall think best calculated to bring the matter within the knowledge of persons interested in the schools. Subject to the control of the governors instruction in the subjects required by the regulations of the Education Department shall also be given in each school according to the classification and arrangements made by the principal teacher.
Religious exemptions.
27. The parent or guardian of, or person liable to maintain or having the actual custody of, any day scholar in either school may claim, by notice in writing addressed to the principal teacher, the exemption of such scholar from attending prayer or religious worship, or from any lesson or series of lessons on a religious subject, and such scholar shall be exempted accordingly, and a scholar shall not by reason of any exemption from attending prayer or religious worship, or from any lesson or series of lessons on a religious subject, be deprived of any advantage or emolument in such school to which he or she would otherwise have been entitled. If any teacher in the course of other lessons at which any such scholar is in accordance with the ordinary rules of the school present, shall teach systematically and persistently any particular religious doctrine, from the teaching of which any exemption has been claimed, as in this clause before provided, the governors shall, on complaint made in writing to them by the parent, guardian, or person liable to maintain or having the actual custody of such scholar, hear the complainant and inquire into the circumstances, and if the complaint is judged to be reasonable, make all proper provisions for remedying the matter complained of.
Regulations of Education Department.
28. The governors shall not be precluded by any provision in this scheme from conforming to any regulations which the Education Department under the Elementary Education Act, 1870, or under any authority, may impose as the conditions of a grant of money, provided that such regulations shall not be inconsistent with the provisions of the Endowed Schools Acts, 1869, 1873, and 1874.
Scholarships and exhibitions.
29. A yearly sum of not less than 20l. shall be applied in the following ways, or one of them, that is to say:—
(a.) Providing one or more scholarships each of the yearly value of not more than 5l., to be awarded to boys or girls who have passed in one or both of the two highest standards recognised by the regulations of the Education Department, and tenable at the schools by scholars pursuing the study of higher subjects;
(b.) Providing an exhibition or exhibitions each of the yearly value of not more than 10l., tenable at some place of higher education, to be awarded under such regulations as the governors may prescribe by competition among scholars who have attended either of the schools for at least three years.
In default of candidates who on examination prove worthy to take such scholarships or exhibitions, so much of the said sum of 20l. as is thereby left not disposed of shall be invested in the name of the Official Trustee of Charitable Funds in trust for the foundation in augmentation of its general endowment.
Conditions as to scholarships and exhibitions.
30. Every scholarship and exhibition established under this scheme shall be given as the reward of merit, and shall, within the limits aforesaid, be freely and openly competed for, and shall be tenable only for the purposes of education. If the holder shall, in the judgment of the governors, be guilty of serious misconduct or idleness, or fail to maintain a reasonable standard of proficiency, or wilfully cease to pursue his or her education, the governors may at once determine the scholarship or exhibition, and for this purpose, in the case of an exhibition held away from the schools of this foundation, may act on the report of the proper authorities of the school or place of education at which the exhibition is held, or on such other evidence as the governors think sufficient. For the purposes of this clause the decision of the governors shall be final in every case.
General.
Further endowments.
31. The governors may receive any additional donations or endowments for the general purposes of the foundation. They may also receive donations or endowments for any special objects connected with the foundation, which shall not be inconsistent with or calculated to impede the due working of the provisions of this scheme. Any question arising upon this last point shall be referred to the Charity Commissioners for decision.
General power of governors to make regulations.
32. Within the limits prescribed by this scheme the governors shall have full power from time to time to make regulations for the conduct of their business and for the management of the foundation, and such regulations shall be binding on all persons affected thereby.
Question of proceedings under scheme.
33. Any question affecting the regularity or the validity of any proceeding under this scheme shall be determined conclusively by the Charity Commissioners upon such application made to them for the purpose as they think sufficient.
Construction of scheme.
34. If any doubt or question arises among the governors as to the proper construction or application of any of the provisions of this scheme, the governors shall apply to the Charity Commissioners for their opinion and advice thereon, which opinion and advice when given shall be binding on the governors and all persons claiming under the trust who shall be affected by the question so decided.
Jurisdiction of ordinary abolished.
35. From the date of this scheme all jurisdiction of the ordinary relating to or arising from the licensing of any master in either school shall be abolished.
Charity Commissioners to make new schemes.
36. The Charity Commissioners may from time to time, in the exercise of their ordinary jurisdiction, frame schemes for the alteration of any portions of this scheme, provided that such schemes be not inconsistent with anything contained in the Endowed Schools Acts, 1869, 1873, and 1874.
Foundation to be governed exclusively by this scheme.
37. From and after the date of this scheme the foundation shall for every purpose be administered and governed wholly and exclusively in accordance with the provisions of this scheme, notwithstanding any former or other scheme, Act of Parliament, charter, or letters patent, statute, or instrument relating to the subject-matter of this scheme.
Scheme to be printed and sold.
38. The governors shall cause this scheme to be printed, and a copy to be given to every governor and teacher, upon their respective appointments, and copies may be sold at a reasonable price to all persons applying for the same.
Date of scheme.
39. The date of this scheme shall be the day on which Her Majesty by Order in Council declares Her approbation of it.
Scheme for the Administration of the Foundations and Endowments above-mentioned or referred to.
Future administration of foundation.
1. These foundations and endowments shall henceforth be administered as one foundation in accordance with the provisions of this scheme, by the governing body hereinafter constituted, under the name of the Kirkham Grammar School, herein-after called the foundation.
Subject matter of scheme.
2. The foundations and endowments dealt with by this scheme are:—
(1.) The above-named free grammar school;
(2.) The foundation known as Barker's Charity, applicable for the purposes of the said school and for apprenticing certain poor children of the town of Kirkham;
(3.) The yearly sum of 75l. derived under the gift of Henry Colborne, applicable under a scheme of the High Court of Chancery for educational and other charitable purposes for the benefit of the townships and places in the above-named parish of Kirkham other than Goosnargh-cum-Newsham and Whittingham.
Scheme no to affect Grimbaldson's endowment, or obligation of townships as to repair Trusts for poor continued.
3. Nothing in this scheme shall affect any endowment or trusts under the will of William Grimbaldson for the benefit of the uppermost master of the free school of Kirkham, or any obligation of the said townships and places or any of them to repair the buildings of the school of the foundation.
4. The yearly sum of 5l. 10s., part of the said yearly sum of 75l., shall be applied for the benefit of the poor people of the said townships and places in the parish of Kirkham other than as aforesaid.
Governing body.
5. The governing body of the foundation, herein-after called the governors, shall, when completely formed and full, consist of 13 persons, of whom nine shall be called representative governors, and four shall be called coöptative governors.
Representative governors.
6. The representative governors shall be competent persons duly qualified to discharge the duties of the office, and shall be appointed by the following electing bodies respectively in the following proportions, that is to say—
Four by the court of the Company named the master and wardens and brethren and sisters of the guild or fraternity of the Blessed Mary the Virgin of the Mystery of Drapers of the city of London;
Two by the justices of the peace for the county of Lancaster acting in and for the petty sessional division of Kirkham; and, Three by the Kirkham Local Board of Health.
Such appointments shall be made as often as there may be occasion by the body entitled to appoint at a meeting thereof which shall be convened, held, and conducted as nearly as may be in conformity with the ordinary rules or practice of such body. Every representative governor shall be appointed to office for the term of five years, reckoned from the date of the appointment. The first representative governors shall be appointed as soon as conveniently may be after the date of this scheme. The chairman or other presiding officer of each meeting at which the appointment of any representative governors or governor shall be made, shall forthwith cause the names or name of the persons or person so appointed to be notified, in the case of the first such appointment to the coöptative governor whose name then stands first on the list of coöptative governors, and in the case of every subsequent appointment to the chairman of the governors or their clerk, if any, or other acting officer. Any appointment of a representative governor not made as aforesaid within six calendar months from the date of this scheme, or of the notice herein-after prescribed of the occurrence of a vacancy, as the case may be, shall for that turn be made by the then existing governors.
Coöptative governors.
7. The first coöptative governors shall be nine instead of four, that is to say:—
The Rev. Richard Moore, Vicar of Lund, near Preston; The Rev. John Shepherd Birley, of Moss Lee, Boltonle-Moors, clerk in holy orders; The Rev. Henry Williams Mason, Vicar of Kirkham; Edmund Birley, of Clifton Hall, Preston, Esquire; Charles Birley, of Bartle Hall, Preston, Esquire; Henry Langton Birley, of Carr Hall, Kirkham, Esquire; Edward Garlick, of Preston, Esquire; Thomas Shaw, of Preston Street, Kirkham, Esquire; and, Thomas Fair, of Lytham, Esquire; and their appointment shall take effect from the date of this scheme.
The future coöptative governors shall be competent persons duly qualified to discharge the duties of the office, and shall be appointed in every case by the general body of governors at a special meeting, by a resolution to be forthwith notified by them, with all proper information to the Charity Commissioners, at their office in London; but no such appointment shall be valid until it has been approved by the said Commissioners, and their approval certified under their official seal. The said first, and all future coöptative governors, shall be appointed to office for the term of seven years, and as to all future such governors, the term of appointment shall be reckoned from the date of the approval.
Vacancies.
8. Any governor who during his term of office shall become bankrupt or incapacitated to act, or express in writing his wish to resign, or omit for the space of two consecutive years to attend any meeting, shall thereupon forthwith vacate the office of governor; and the governors shall cause an entry to be made in their minute book of every vacancy occasioned by any of the said causes, or by the death or the expiration of the term of office of any governor; and as soon as conveniently may be after the occurrence of any vacancy a new governor shall be appointed by the body entitled as aforesaid to make such appointment, but so that except at first as herein-before provided the number of coöptative governors shall never be more than four. Any governor may be re-appointed. Notice of the occurrence of every vacancy of the office of representative governor shall be given, as soon as conveniently may be, by or under the direction of the governors, to the proper electing body or the clerk, if any, or other acting officer of such body.
Religious opinions of governors.
9. Religious opinions, or attendance or non-attendance at any particular form of religious worship, shall not in any way affect the qualification of any person for being a governor under this scheme.
Declaration by governors on entry into office.
10. Every governor shall, at or before the first meeting which he attends upon his first or any subsequent entry into office, sign a memorandum declaring his acceptance of the office of governor, and his willingness to act in the trusts of this scheme. And until he has signed such a memorandum he shall not be entitled to discharge the functions of a governor.
Meetings of governors
11. The governors shall hold meetings in some convenient place in Kirkham, or elsewhere, as often as may be found necessary or desirable, and at least twice in each year, on and at convenient days and times to be appointed by themselves, and to be notified to each governor by the clerk, if any, or by some other person acting under the direction of the governors, at least seven days previously to every meeting.
Preliminary meeting.
12. A preliminary meeting for the arrangement of the conduct of the business shall be held upon the summons of the governor whose name then stands first on the list of coöptative governors upon some day to be fixed by him, being within one calendar month after the time at which, under the provisions herein contained, the administration of the foundation shall have passed to the governors in place of the present governing body.
Chairman.
13. The governors shall, at the said preliminary meeting and afterwards at their first meeting in each year, elect one of their number to be chairman of their meetings for the current year, and they shall also make regulations for supplying his place in case of his death, resignation, or absence during his term of office. The chairman shall always be re-eligible.
Quorum and voting.
14. A quorum shall be constituted when five governors are present at a meeting. All matters and questions, except as herein provided, shall be determined by the majority of the governors present at a duly constituted meeting; and in case of equality of votes the chairman shall have a second or casting vote. Whenever the decision on any matter or question so determined is carried by the votes of less than a majority of the number of governors for the time being, any two governors may, within 15 days from the day of the decision, require by a notice addressed to the chairman of the meeting that the decision shall be once reconsidered at a special meeting, to be held not later than one calendar month next after such decision.
Special meetings.
15. The chairman or any two governors may at any time summon a special meeting for any cause that seems to him or them sufficient. All special meetings shall be convened by or under the direction of the person or persons summoning the meeting by notice in writing delivered or sent by post to each governor, specifying the object of the meeting. And it shall be the duty of the clerk, if any, to give such notice when required by the chairman or by any governors having a right to summon such meeting.
Adjournment of meetings.
16. If a sufficient number of governors to form a quorum are not present at any meeting, or if the business at any meeting is not fully completed, those present may adjourn the meeting to a subsequent day and time, of which notice shall be given in manner aforesaid to each governor.
Minutes.
17. A minute book and proper books of account shall be provided by the governors, and kept in some convenient and secure place of deposit to be provided or appointed by them for that purpose, and minutes of the entry into office of every new governor, and of all proceedings of the governors, shall be entered in such minute book.
Accounts.
18. The governors shall cause full accounts to be kept of the receipts and expenditure in respect of the foundation; and such accounts shall be stated for each year, and examined and passed annually by the governors at the first meeting in the ensuing year, unless some other meeting shall be appointed for the purpose with the approval of the Charity Commissioners. Every such account shall be signed by the governors present at the meeting at which it shall be passed.
The governors shall cause sufficient abstracts of the accounts to be published annually for general information. Such abstracts shall be in the form given in the schedule hereto, unless some other form is prescribed by the Charity Commissioners, in which case the forms so prescribed shall be followed.
Business arrangements.
19. The governors may from time to time make such arrangements as they may find most fitting for the custody of all deeds and other documents belonging to the foundation, for deposit of money, for the drawing of cheques, and also for the appointment of a clerk or of any necessary agents or other proper officers for their assistance in the conduct of the business of the foundation, at such reasonable salaries or scale of remuneration as shall be approved by the Charity Commissioners, but no governor acting as such clerk or officer shall be entitled to any salary or remuneration.
Vesting property.
20. From and after the date of this scheme all lands and hereditaments, not being copyhold, belonging to the foundation, and all terms, estates, and interests therein, shall be vested in the Official Trustee of Charity Lands and his successors in trust for the foundation; and all stock in the public funds and other securities belonging to the foundation, and not hereby required or directed to be otherwise applied or disposed of, shall be transferred to the Official Trustees of Charitable Funds in trust for the foundation.
Management and letting of estates.
21. All the estates and property of the foundation not required to be retained or occupied for the purposes thereof, shall be let or otherwise managed by the governors or by their officers acting under their orders, according to the general law applicable to the management of property by trustees of charitable foundations.
Timber and minerals.
22. Any money arising from the sale of timber or from any mines or minerals on the estates of the foundation shall be treated as capital, and shall be invested in the name of the Official Trustees of Charitable Funds, under the direction of the Charity Commissioners, except in any special cases in which the governors may be authorised by such Commissioners to deal otherwise with such money or any part thereof.
Transfer of administration of foundation to governors.
23. So soon as the full number of governors shall have been completed according to the provisions of this scheme, or upon the expiration of the first three calendar months after the date of this scheme, if the full number of governors shall not then have been completed, the administration of the foundation shall pass to the said governors in place of the present governing body, and such governing body shall thereupon, so far as relates to the subject matter of this scheme, become ipso facto removed and discharged from their office, and shall cause all deeds, minute and account books, and other papers and documents belonging or relating to the foundation, and all cash balances and personal effects belonging thereto, and not herein required to be transferred to the Official Trustees of Charitable Funds, to be delivered or transferred unto the said governors or as they shall direct. In the meantime the foundation shall continue to be administered and managed so far as may be necessary by the present governing body as nearly as may be in conformity with the provisions of this scheme. The aforesaid time of three calendar months may be extended, if necessary, by an order of the Charity Commissioners, made upon the application of any one or more of the present governing body, or of the governors, if any.
Governors may act, although body not full.
24. After the administration of the foundation has passed to the governors as aforesaid, the governors for the time being, if a quorum is constituted, may act for all the purposes of this scheme, although the governing body as herein-before constituted is not full.
Temporary school arrangements.
25. So far as may be practicable and convenient, the school may be carried on as heretofore until the end of any school term current at the date of this scheme, or until such other time as may, with the approval of the Charity Commissioners, be fixed by the body for the time being having the administration of the foundation under this scheme.
Provision as to present master.
26. The present head master of the school shall, at or before the time so allowed under the last foregoing clause, declare to the governors, in writing, whether or not he is willing to take and hold the office of head master of the school under this scheme, and if he shall declare himself to be so willing he shall retain the office without further appointment, subject in all respects to the provisions of this scheme; but, if he shall fail to make such declaration within the time so allowed as aforesaid, or shall declare that he is not so willing, the governors may remove him from the said office.
Mr. Robert Charlton and Mr. Benjamin Stuttard, now holding office as second master and third master respectively, shall without further appointment retain office as assistant masters of the school under this scheme. Each of them may be removed by the governors for a cause for which he might have been removed if this scheme had not been made, but neither of them shall be subject to dismissal by the head master. The salary of the said Robert Charlton as assistant master shall be not less than 120l. yearly. The salary of the said Benjamin Stuttard as assistant master shall be not less than 80l. yearly.
Provisions as to school to be brought into operation as soon as practicable.
27. The governors shall take all requisite measures for bringing the provisions of this scheme into active operation for the regulation of the school as soon as practicable, and they shall have power to make all suitable and proper arrangements for that purpose.
Saving of interests of scholars.
28. Any payment, exemption from payment, or other benefit to which any boy, who was on the 31st day of May 1879, being the date of the publication of this scheme, on the foundation, is legally entitled thereunder, shall be continued to him.
The School and its Management.
Day and boarding school for boys.
29. The school of the foundation shall be a day and boarding school for boys, and shall be maintained in or near the township of Kirkham in the present school buildings, or in any other suitable buildings hereafter to be provided for the purpose by the governors.
Masters not to be required to be in Holy Orders.
30. No person shall be disqualified for being a master in the school by reason only of his not being, or not intending to be, in Holy Orders.
Head master. Appointment.
31. There shall be a head master of the school. He shall be a graduate of some university in the United Kingdom. Every future head master shall be appointed by the governors at some meeting to be called for that purpose as soon as conveniently may be after the occurrence of a vacancy, or after notice of an intended vacancy. In order to obtain the best candidates, the governors shall, for a sufficient time before making any appointment, give public notice of the vacancy and invite applicants for the office by advertisements in newspapers, or by such other methods as they may judge best calculated to secure the object.
Dismissal.
32. The governors may dismiss the head master without assigning cause after six calendar months' written notice, given to him in pursuance of a resolution passed at two consecutive meetings held at an interval of at least 14 days and convened for that purpose, such resolution being affirmed at each meeting by not less than two thirds of the governors present.
The governors for what in their opinion is urgent cause may, by resolution passed at a special meeting convened for that purpose and affirmed by not less than two thirds of the whole number of governors for the time being, declare that the head master ought to be dismissed from his office without the aforesaid notice, and in that case they may appoint another special meeting to be held not less than a week after the former one, and may then by a similar resolution, affirmed by as large a proportion of governors, absolutely and finally dismiss him. And if the governors assembled at the first of such meetings think fit at once to suspend the head master from his office until the next meeting, they may do so by resolution affirmed by as large a proportion of governors. Full notice and opportunity of defence at both meetings shall be given to the head master.
Declaration to be signed by head master.
33. Every future head master, previously to entering into office, shall be required to sign a declaration, to be entered in the minute book of the governors, to the following effect:—
"I, declare that I will always to the best of my ability discharge the duties of head master of the Kirkham Grammar School during my tenure of the office, and that if I am removed by the governors, I will acquiesce in such removal, and will thereupon relinquish all claim to the mastership and its future emoluments, and will deliver up to the governors, or as they direct, possession of all the property of the school then in my possession or occupation."
Head master's official residence.
34. The head master shall dwell in the residence assigned for him. He shall have the occupation and use of such residence and of any other property of the school of which he becomes the occupant as such head master, in respect of his official character and duties, and not as tenant, and shall, if removed from his office, deliver up possession of such residence and other property to the governors, or as they direct. He shall not, except with the permission of the governors, permit any person not being a member of his family to occupy such residence or any part thereof.
Head master not to have other employment.
35. The head master shall give his personal attention to the duties of the school, and during his tenure of office he shall not hold any benefice having the cure of souls, or undertake any office or employment which, in the opinion of the governors, may interfere with the proper performance of his duties as head master.
Masters not to be governors.
36. No head master or assistant master of the school shall be a governor.
Masters not to receive other than authorised fees.
37. No head master or assistant master shall receive or demand from any boy in the school, or from any person whomsoever on behalf of any such boy, any gratuity, fee, or payment, except such as are prescribed or authorised by this scheme.
Jurisdiction of governors over school arrangements.
38. Within the limits fixed by this scheme, the governors shall prescribe the general subjects of instruction, the relative prominence and value to be assigned to each group of subjects, the arrangements respecting the school terms, vacations, and holidays, the payments of day scholars, and the number and payments of boarders. They shall take general supervision of the sanitary condition of the school buildings and arrangements. They shall determine what number of assistant masters shall be employed. They shall every year assign the amount which they think proper to be contributed out of the income of the foundation for the purpose of maintaining assistant masters and providing and maintaining a proper school plant or apparatus, and otherwise furthering the current objects and the efficiency of the school.
Governors to consider views and proposals of the head master.
39. Before making any regulations under the last foregoing clause, the governors shall consult the head master in such a manner as to give him full opportunity for the expression of his views. The head master may also from time to time submit proposals to the governors for making or altering regulations concerning any matter within the province of the governors. The governors shall fully consider any such expression of views or proposals, and shall decide upon them.
Jurisdiction of head master over school arrangements.
40. Subject to the rules prescribed by or under the authority of this scheme, the head master shall have under his control the choice of books, the method of teaching, the arrangement of classes and school hours, and generally the whole internal organisation, management, and discipline of the school, including the power of expelling boys from the school or suspending them from attendance thereat for any adequate cause to be judged of by him; but upon expelling or suspending any boy he shall forthwith report the case to the governors.
Assistant masters.; Payments for school objects.
41. The head master shall have the sole power of appointing, and may at pleasure dismiss, all assistant masters, and shall determine, subject to the approval of the governors, in what proportions the sum assigned by the governors for the maintenance of assistant masters, or the other current objects of the school, shall be divided among the various persons and objects for which it is assigned in the aggregate. And the governors shall pay the same accordingly, either through the hands of the head master or directly, as they think best.
Income of head master.
42. The head master shall receive a fixed yearly stipend of 150l. He shall also be entitled to receive a further or capitation payment calculated on such a scale, uniform or graduated, as may be fixed from time to time by the governors, at the rate of not less than 2l. nor more than 5l. a year for each boy attending the school. The amount of this further or capitation payment shall be ascertained and paid to the head master by the governors, together with the proper proportion of his fixed stipend, at such convenient intervals or times as the governors may think fit.
Boarders.
43. The governors may make such regulations and arrangements as they may think right for the reception of boarders either in the house of any master, or in a hostel or hostels conducted under the management of the governors, or, if they think fit, in both of those ways.
Payments for tuition and boarding.
44. All boys, including boarders, except as herein-after provided, shall pay tuition fees to be fixed from time to time by the governors at the rate of not less than 4l. nor more than 8l. a year for any boy residing in any of the said townships and places in the parish of Kirkham other than as aforesaid, and of not less than 6l. nor more than 12l. a year for any other boy. The payments to be required from boarders, exclusive of the tuition fees, shall not exceed the annual rate of 40l. in a hostel, or 50l. in a master's house, for any boy. No extra or additional payment of any kind shall be allowed without the sanction of the governors and the written consent of the parent, or person occupying the place of parent, of the scholar concerned.
All payments for tuition fees shall be made in advance to the head master, or to such other person as the governors shall from time to time determine, and shall be accounted for by the person receiving them to the governors, and treated by them as part of the general income of the foundation.
Ages for school.
45. No boy shall be admitted into the school under the age of eight years. No boy shall remain in the school after the age of seventeen years, or if he attains that age during a school term then after the end of such term, except with the permission of the governors, which in special cases may be given upon the recommendation of the head master.
To whom school is open.
46. Subject to the provisions established by or under the authority of this scheme, the school and all its advantages shall be open to all boys of good character and sufficient health who are residing with their parents, guardians, or near relations within degrees to be determined by the governors, or in some boarding house conducted under regulations made by the governors. No boy not so residing shall be admitted to the school without the special permission of the governors.
Applications for admission.
47. Applications for admission to the school shall be made to the head master, or to some other person appointed by the governors, according to a form to be approved of by them, and delivered to all applicants.
Register of applications.
48. The head master or some other person appointed by the governors shall keep a register of applications for admission, showing the date of every application and of the admission, withdrawal, or rejection of the applicant, and the cause of any rejection, and the age of each applicant.
Entrance examinations.
49. Every applicant for admission shall be examined by or under the direction of the head master, who shall appoint convenient times for that purpose, and give reasonable notice to the parents or next friends of the boy to be so examined. No boy shall be admitted to the school except after undergoing such examination and being found fit for admission. Those who are so found fit shall, if there is room for them, be admitted in order according to the dates of their application, but if there is not room for all, preference shall be given to such of them as are residing in any of the said townships or places in the parish of Kirkham other than as aforesaid.
The examination for admission shall be graduated according to the age of the boy, and shall be regulated in other particulars from time to time by or under the direction of the governors, but it shall never for any boy fall below the following standard, that is to say:—
Reading; Writing from dictation; Sums in the first four simple rules of arithmetic, with the multiplication table; Outlines of the geography of England.
Special exemptions from religious instruction and worship.
50. The parent or guardian of, or person liable to maintain or having the actual custody of, any scholar attending the school as a day scholar may claim by notice in writing addressed to the head master the exemption of such scholar from attending prayer or religious worship, or from any lesson or series of lessons on a religious subject, and such scholar shall be exempted accordingly, and a scholar shall not, by reason of any exemption from attending prayer or religious worship, or from any lesson or series of lessons on a religious subject, be deprived of any advantage or emolument in the school to which he would otherwise have been entitled.
If the parent or guardian of, or person liable to maintain or having the actual custody of, any scholar who is about to attend the school, and who but for this clause could only be admitted as a boarder, desires the exemption of such scholar from attending prayer or religious worship, or from any lesson or series of lessons on a religious subject, but the persons in charge of the boarding houses of the school are not willing to allow such exemption, then it shall be the duty of the governors to make proper provisions for enabling the scholar to attend the school, and have such exemption as a day scholar, without being deprived of any advantage or emolument to which he would otherwise have been entitled.
If any teacher in the course of other lessons at which any scholar exempted under this clause is in accordance with the ordinary rules of the school present, shall teach systematically and persistently any particular religious doctrine, from the teaching of which any exemption has been claimed as in this clause before provided, the governors shall, on complaint made in writing to them by the parent, guardian, or person liable to maintain or having the actual custody of such scholar, hear the complainant, and inquire into the circumstances, and if the complaint is judged to be reasonable, make all proper provisions for remedying the matter complained of.
Instruction.
51. Subject to the foregoing provision, religious instruction in accordance with the doctrines of the Church of England shall be given in the school under such regulations as shall be made from time to time by the governors. No alteration in any such regulations shall take effect until the expiration of not less than one year after notice of the making of the alteration shall have been given by the governors in such manner as they shall think best calculated to bring the matter within the knowledge of persons interested in the school. Instruction shall also be given in the school in the following subjects:—
Reading, writing, and arithmetic; Geography and history; English grammar, composition, and literature; Mathematics; Latin; French and German; Natural science; Drawing, drill, and vocal music.
Greek may be taught at an additional fee of not less than 3l. a year for each boy. Subject to the above provisions, the course of instruction shall proceed according to the classification and arrangements made by the head master.
Annual examination.
52. There shall be once in every year an examination of the scholars by the examiner or examiners appointed for that purpose by the governors, and paid by them, but otherwise unconnected with the school. The day of examination shall be fixed by the governors after consulting with the head master. The examiner or examiners shall report to the governors on the proficiency of the scholars and on the condition of the school, as regards instruction and discipline, as shown by the result of the examination. The governors shall communicate the report to the head master.
Head master's annual report.
53. The head master shall make a report in writing to the governors annually at such time as they shall direct on the general condition and progress of the school, and on any special occurrences during the year. He may also mention the names of any boys who, in his judgment, are worthy of reward or distinction, having regard both to proficiency and conduct.
Prizes.
54. The governors may award prizes of books or other suitable rewards as marks of distinction to any boys mentioned as worthy of reward or distinction by the head master or by the examiner.
Foundation scholarships for boys from elementary schools.
55. The governors shall apply the sum of not less than 60l. yearly in maintaining in the school scholarships, to be called Foundation Scholarships, each of the yearly value of not less than 6l. nor more than 10l. These scholarships shall be competed for by boys who are being and have for at least three years been educated at any of the public elementary schools in any of the said townships and places in the parish of Kirkham other than as aforesaid, and the governors shall make such arrangements relative to the elections to these scholarships as seem to them best adapted to secure the double object of attracting good scholars to the school of this foundation, and advancing education at the said public elementary schools. No scholarship under this clause shall be granted for which there shall be no candidate so qualified as aforesaid who on examination shall be adjudged worthy to take it.
Other scholarships.
56. The governors may apply a yearly sum of not more than 100l. in maintaining in the school other scholarships of such number, tenure, and value as they may think fit. These scholarships shall be awarded in favour of boys already attending the school upon the report of the examiner or examiners made on the result of the annual examination, but no such scholarship shall be awarded to any boy unless the head master shall report that he is deserving of it by reason of his character and good conduct.
Exhibitions.
57. Subject to such reasonable regulations, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Scheme, as the governors may from time to time prescribe, they shall also apply 100l. a year in maintaining exhibitions tenable for three years at any place of higher education approved by them, and to be awarded to boys who are being and have for not less than three years been educated at the school.
Conditions as to scholarships and exhibitions.
58. Every scholarship and exhibition established under this scheme as aforesaid shall be given as the reward of merit, and shall, except as herein provided, be freely and openly competed for, and shall be tenable only for the purposes of education. If the holder shall, in the judgment of the governors, be guilty of serious misconduct or idleness, or fail to maintain a reasonable standard of proficiency, or wilfully cease to pursue his education, the governors may at once determine the scholarship or exhibition, and for this purpose, in the case of an exhibition held away from the school, may act on the report of the proper authorities of the school or place of education at which the exhibition is held, or on such other evidence as the governors think sufficient. For the purposes of this clause the decision of the governors shall be final in every case.
Education of Girls.
Education of girls.
59. The yearly sum of 200l. shall be applied in providing for the higher education of girls either by means of a school for girls to be established at Kirkham, under under a scheme to be made under the Endowed Schools Act, 1869, and Amending Acts, or by means of exhibitions tenable at any place of higher education to be awarded and held under regulations not inconsistent with anything contained in those Acts, to be made by the governors, and to be approved by the Charity Commissioners. The establishment of such school or exhibitions may be postponed for three years from the date of this scheme, or for such further period, if any, as may be allowed by the Charity Commissioners.
Application of Income.
Repairs and improvements fund.
60. As soon as the state of the funds of the foundation will admit, the governors shall transfer the sum of 1,000l. Government stock into the name of the Official Trustees of Charitable Funds, and shall place the same in their books to a separate account, entitled "Repairs and Improvement Fund." The income of such fund shall be paid to the governors, and applied by them in ordinary repairs or improvements of property used for the purposes of the school, and if not wanted for that purpose shall be accumulated for the like purpose in any future year or years. Until the Repairs and Improvement Fund is provided, the governors shall treat the sum of 30l. a year as applicable to the same purposes as the income of the Repairs and Improvements Fund.
Pensions.
61. The governors may, if they think fit, and the income at their disposal suffice for the purpose, agree with the head master for the formation of a fund in the nature of a pension or superannuation fund, the main principles of such agreement being that the head master and the governors respectively shall contribute annually for a period of 20 years such sums as may be fixed on; that these contributions shall accumulate at compound interest; that in case the head master serves his office for 20 years he shall, on his retirement, be entitled to the whole accumulated fund; that in case he retires earlier on account of permanent disability from illness he shall also be entitled to the whole of the same fund; that in all other cases he shall, on his ceasing to be master, be entitled to the amount produced by his own contributions. If any question shall arise upon the construction or working of this provision, the same shall be referred by the governors to the Charity Commissioners, whose decision thereon shall be final and conclusive.
Residue.
62. Subject to the payment of the expenses of management of property and business, and of any necessary or proper outgoings, any income of the foundation not applied under the foregoing provisions, and not needed as a balance to meet current expenses, may be applied in improving the accommodation or convenience of the school buildings or premises, or generally in extending or otherwise promoting the objects and efficiency of the school, and so far as not so applied shall, on passing the yearly accounts, be invested in the name of the Official Trustees of Charitable Funds in trust for the foundation in augmentation of its general endowment
General.
Further endowments.
63. The governors may receive any additional donations or endowments for the general purposes of the foundation. They may also receive donations or endowments for any special objects connected with the foundation, which shall not be inconsistent with or calculated to impede the due working of the provisions of this scheme. Any question arising upon this last point shall be referred to the Charity Commissioners for decision.
General power of governors to make regulations.
64. Within the limits prescribed by this scheme the governors shall have full power from time to time to make regulations for the conduct of their business and for the management of the foundation, and such regulations shall be binding on all persons affected thereby.
Question of proceedings under scheme.
65. Any question affecting the regularity or the validity of any proceeding under this scheme shall be determined conclusively by the Charity Commissioners upon such application made to them for the purpose as they think sufficient.
Construction of scheme.
66. If any doubt or question arises among the Governors as to the proper construction or application of any of the provisions of this scheme, the governors shall apply to the Charity Commissioners for their opinion and advice thereon, which opinion and advice when given shall be binding on the governors and all persons claiming under the trust who shall be affected by the question so decided.
Jurisdiction of ordinary abolished.
67. From the date of this scheme all jurisdiction of the ordinary relating to or arising from the licensing of any master in the school shall be abolished.
Jurisdiction of visitor.
68. From the date of this scheme all rights and powers reserved to, belonging to, claimed by, or capable of being exercised by, any person or body, other than Her Majesty as visitor of the foundation, shall be transferred to Her Majesty, and all such rights and powers, and also any like rights or powers vested in Her on the 2nd day of August 1869, shall be exercised only through and by the Charity Commissioners for England and Wales.
Charity Commissioners may make new schemes.
69. The Charity Commissioners may from time to time, in the exercise of their ordinary jurisdiction, frame schemes for the alteration of any portions of this scheme, provided that such schemes be not inconsistent with anything contained in the Endowed Schools Act, 1869, and Amending Acts.
Foundation to be governed exclusively by this scheme.
70. From and after the date of this scheme the foundation shall for every purpose, except as herein provided, be administered and governed wholly and exclusively in accordance with the provisions of this scheme, notwithstanding any former or other scheme, Act of Parliament, charter or letters patent, statute, or instrument relating to the subject matter of this scheme.
Scheme to printed and sold.
71. The governors shall cause this scheme to be printed, and a copy to be given to every governor, master, and assistant master upon their respective appointments, and copies may be sold at a reasonable price to all persons applying for the same.
Date of scheme.
72. The date of this scheme shall be the day on which Her Majesty by Order in Council declares Her approbation of it.
SCHEDULE.
Kirkham Grammar School.
Abstract of Accounts for year ending—
N. B.—Receipts or expenses not falling under any specific heads should be inserted separately in an appropriate place under one of the more general heads.
Annual Income Receivable.
£s.d.
Land a. r. p. let on lease for 21 years or less, gross rental
Land a. r. p. let on lease for more than 21 years, gross rental
Land a. r. p. let on annual tenancies, gross rental
Houses, cottages, &c., gross rental
Mineral rent
Interest on unpaid purchase moneys of lands taken or sold
Three per cent. Government stock, annual dividends
Interest or dividends on other investments (to be set out separately)
Special or casual payments
Total gross annual income£
Receipts for year ending—
1. From endowment.£s.d.£s.d.
* Rents for the year received
Arrears of rent received
Sales of timber, or profits of woods
Minerals
Specify whether sale, rent, or royalties.
Dividends on 3 per cent. Government stock
Interest or dividends on other investments (to be set out separately)
Interest on cash at bankers
Special or casual payments
2. From fees of pupils.
1st quarter or term
2nd quarter "
3rd quarter "
4th quarter "
3. Incidentals.
Property tax returned
4. Hostel Account.
Net profit from
Total income of the year
Balance at commencement of account
Total receipts£
Expenses.
£s.d.£s.d.
1. Management of business.
Salary of clerk or other officers Postage, stationery, stamps, &c. Advertisements
Law expenses (ordinary)
2. Charges on the Foundation, if any.
Specify in detail.
£s.d.
* Arrears of rent still due for current year
" " " previous year
£
£s.d.£s.d.
3. Payments for non-educational purposes.
4. Expenses on property not in the occupation of the School.
Repairs
Rates and taxes (excluding Property tax)
Insurance
Land tax, chief rents, &c.
Tithes, &c.
Expenses of woods
5. Expenses on property in the occupation of the School.
Repairs, &c. in excess of income of Repairs Fund
Rates and taxes
Insurance
6. Temporary annual expenses.
Interest on money borrowed (£)
Pension payments
Other payments
Property tax
7. Extraordinary expenses of the year.
Specify in detail.
8. Investments made during the year.
9. Net Expenditure on the School.
Salary of head master
Payment for assistant masters, school apparatus, &c.
Examiners' fees and expenses
Printing examination papers, &c.
Book prizes
Books (for library, &c.)
Paper, pens, ink, &c.
Gas, water, coal, &c.
Cleaning, porterage, &c.
Special payments:—
Lecturer on any special subject
Prize-day expenses, &c. &c.
10. Scholarships.
Specify according to Clauses.
11. Exhibitions.
12. Payment for Education of Girls.
Total expenditure of the year£
£s.d.
Unapplied surplus (less current balance)
Balance in hand at close of account
Total£
Repairs and Improvements Account for the year ending—.
Dr.
£s.d.
Balance at commencement of account
Dividends on Government stock
£
Cr.
Ordinary repairs
Extraordinary repairs or improvements
Balance to next account
£
Hostel Account for year ending—.
£s.d.
Receipts.
From fees for boarding:
1st quarter or term
2nd " "
3rd " "
4th " "
Total£
Expenditure.
£s.d.£s.d.
Maintenance:
Meat, &c.
Bread, &c.
Groceries
Beer
Vegetables
Other expenses:—
Matron
Domestic servants
Washing
Medical expenses
Fittings and furniture
£
Net profit carried to general account£
4 Henry Dixon's Charity.
By an order of the Board of Charity Commissioners dated the 6th April 1880, the Company, as the trustees of this charity, were authorised to effect the purchase, in trust for the charity, at a price not exceeding 1,200l., of a piece of land containing 4a. 1r. 19p. or thereabouts, with the stabling, barns, and other buildings thereon situate in the parish of Enfield, in the county of Middlesex, on the east side of a street called Baker Street, and a right of foot and carnage way to the said property from Churchbury Lane, subject to a right of footway across the said property and to provide the amount required for completing the purchase and defraying the necessary attendant expenses (which were ascertained and allowed at the sum of 51l. 14s. 6d.) by the sale of a competent portion of the sum of 3,329l 15s. 11d. Consolidated 3l. per cent. Annuities then held by the Company, and representing the investment of surplus income of the charity.