Tunbridge, April 25, 1863.
We, the undersigned, hope that you will not consider
the following suggestion relative to the Tunbridge school
as out of your province to present to the notice of the
worshipful Company of Skinners.
The Company is going to expend a large sum of money
upon a new school, which will be a lasting ornament and
improvement to the ancient town of Tunbridge.
We have seen, Sir, the plans of the elevation, and the
building is already in progress, but we find, to our great
surprise, that though there will be a fine central tower,
admirably adapted for such a purpose, there is to be no
Upon the paramount necessity of a good turret clock in
a building of this kind we need not dilate, as the utility is
so apparent that we feel sure it has only to be properly
represented to the worshipful Company to be at once
A couple of hundred guineas would be sufficient for the
purpose, which we are sure will not weigh for one moment
in the scale against the benefits to be derived, leaving the
ornamental part of the question out of view. Immediate
steps, however, should be taken, as a peculiar chamber is
needed for the purpose.
Hoping, Sir, that you will excuse the liberty we have
thus taken in intruding ourselves upon your notice, and
will kindly further our object,
We remain, Sir,
Your very obedient servants,
(Signed) Edw. Scoones.
G. Wielding, M.D.
J. H. Pattisson, L.L.B.
C. Otway, Clerk, M.A.
G. J. Handford, Clerk, M.A.
Wm. Stephen Thomson, M.A.
Arthur T. Beeching.
Saml. E. Pierce.
Chas. Male, Colonel.
William M. Till, M. D.
John Gorkam, Surgeon.
Henry Larkings, Merchant.
Wm. Chippendale, Gentleman.
L. M. Wibmer.
R. Mamison, Grocer.
A. T. Skinner, Ironmonger.
Jos. Snelling, Bookseller.
Chas. Smith, Grocer.
E. Stidolph, Auctioneer.
T. P. Charlton, Land Surveyor.
J. F. Bowman, Gentleman.
J. H. Schröder, Gentleman.
Mrs. Sifton Wynne.
Mrs. Fredk. Pryor.
Mrs. F. Savile.
W. Fleming, B.C.L., Tunbridge
Chas. H. Peake.
Richard Ware, Postmaster.
W. Wells, Chemist.
Thos. J. Secker, M.A., Clerk.
Richard L. Allnut, M.A.,
Incumbent of St. Stephen's.
J. J. Benzie, Hair Dresser, &c.
Mark G. Thompson,
Watch Maker &c.
Rev. James Ind Welldon, D.C.L., late Fellow of St. John's
Board, washing, &c., with tuition in classics, mathematics, French, &c.:—
| (fn. 1) Upper School||66||guineas per annum.|
Ten guineas are deducted for foundationers. (fn. 2)
A deduction is made for clergymen's sons; and when
more than one of a family are in Dr. Welldon's house at
the same time.
|Modern department||10 guineas per annum.|
|French or German (private lessons)||6||ditto|
Linear drawing is taught throughout the Lower School
and suspension, and to such lads in the other forms as
desire to learn.
Rev. James Ind Welldon, D.C.L., late Fellow of St. John's
Rev. Edward Ind Welldon, M.A., late Fellow of Queen's
Rev. J. R. Little, M.A., late scholar of St. John's Coll.,
J. Langhorne, Esq., M.A., late scholar of Christ's Coll.,
Rev. J. Stroud, M.A., late postmaster of Merton Coll.,
D. Hanbury, Esq., M.A., Trinity Coll., Camb.
E. H. Goggs, Esq., B.A., Christ's Coll., Camb.
D. S. Ingram, Esq., B.A., scholar St. John's Coll.,
A. C. Pearson, Esq., B.A., St. John's Coll., Camb.
M. Berncastel, Modern Languages.
J. Hayden, Esq., Organist and Choir Master.
Mr. Monk, Writing and Arithmetic.
The Upper School consists of the VI., V., IV. Forms
No boy (Statutes XXIII., XXIV.,) can be admitted
unless of the age of eight years, able to write competently,
and read English perfectly.
No boy can be allowed to continue in Dr. Welldon's
house who is not out of the Lower School by 15 years
of age, out of the Fourth Form by 17 years of age, and out
of the Fifth Form by 18 years of age.
Each boy, on becoming a boarder, will be required to
produce a certificate of good conduct from his late master.
Each boy will be expected to bring six towels and two
pairs of sheets.
A term's notice is required before removals, or payment
for a term.
The Christmas holidays commence on the Thursday
before Christmas Day, and last five weeks; the Easter
holidays on the day before Good Friday, and last two
weeks; the Midsummer holidays on the last Wednesday
in July, and continue till the next Friday six weeks.
Every boy will be required to return on the day closing
each vacation, as the business of the school will recommence on the next morning before breakfast.
Exhibitions, &c., to which the Scholars of Tonbridge
School are eligible.
Sixteen exhibitions of 100l. a year each (four of which
are awarded annually), to be held for four years by boys
going to the universities of Oxford or Cambridge; to
these all boys in the school are eligible—preference being
given to scholars upon the Foundation, if qualified in the
judgment of the examiner.
By the regulations boys must have been five years at the
school before they are eligible to these exhibitions; and
no one can sit for them if more than 19 years of age.
The examination is in the last week in July.
A fellowship at St. John's College, Oxford, founded by
Sir Thomas Whyte.
One scholarship of 20l. per annum at Brasenose College,
Oxford, founded by Mr. Henry Fisher.
Six exhibitions of 16l. per annum each, tenable at any
college of either university, founded by Sir Thomas
One exhibition of 2l. 13s. 4d. per annum, founded by
Mr. Thomas Lampard.
One exhibition of 35l. per annum (in default of scholars
from Sevenoaks School), founded by Mr. Robert Holmedon.
Two exhibitions of 75l. per annum each, tenable at Jesus
College, Cambridge (in default of scholars from Sevenoaks School), founded by Lady Mary Boswell.
Two exhibitions of 6l. per annum each, founded by Mr.
Greek and Latin No charge for foundationers. (fn. 1)
|Mathematics, &c. (in Upper
School)||4 guineas per annum.|
|Writing, Arithmetic, &c. (in
Lower School)||3 " "|
|French||2 " "|
|German||4 guineas per annum.|
|Drawing||4 " "|
|Music||4 " "|
|Dancing||4 " "|
|Fencing||4 " "|
|Drilling||15 shillings "|
Boys intended for the military colleges, can be taught
military drawing, &c.
No boy can be admitted unless of the age of eight years,
able to write competently, and to read English perfectly.
Charity Commission. Tonbridge Free Grammar School.
Tonbridge, Kent, 30th April 1863.
Having read your notice of the 18th instant, affixed
to our parish church, that you, as Inspector of Charities,
should attend at Skinners' Hall, Dowgate Hill, on the 1st
proximo, to receive information touching the management
of the Free Grammar School of Tonbridge, and any improvement, in the statutes or otherwise, whereby the benefit of the same may be extended, I, as one of the many
cestui que trusts of the school property, avail myself of
your invitation to address you.
Many of the inhabitants of Tonbridge and its vicinity
have larger families than pecuniary means. I may say, by
way of short preamble, I have 10 sons, one of whom has
completed his education at this school, two are now at it,
and others preparing for it, and therefore it is a subject
of importance to myself.
The school property has the reputation of being very
large, and likely to be increasingly so by the falling in of
1st. I would suggest that the statutes and regulations
of the school should be more freely distributed among the
parents of the school boys than they are, that a printed copy
should be given on each boy's admission for guidance and
information of parents and scholars.
If, as I understand, that they are out or nearly out of
print, it would be well to have a new edition forthwith
printed and circulated.
There is reference in them made to certain original
orders of Sir Andrew Judd; these should be given in notes
for the right understanding of the statutes.
2ndly. That the annual accounts of the school estates and
funds be advertised in the local papers in a clear and
intelligible form, or at least printed and transmitted to the
parents of the boys.
3rdly. The objects of the founder being twofold—first, a
gratuitous education in grammar to the youths in Tonbridge
and parts adjacent; and, secondly, the benefit of the town
of Tonbridge from the increase of trade and other advantages, which would result from the influx of scholars—all
regulations, and extensions, therefore, which may operate as
inducements to parents to send their boys to Tonbridge
school, would be in strict conformity with and complete
fulfilment of the declared objects of the founder.
The education here is not now confined to what is understood by "grammar." The time of the masters is not
therefore wholly devoted to instructing therein, which it
ought to be, or the boys ought to be gratuitously taught
writing, arithmetic, mathematics, French, &c., out of funds
of the school estates if they are included under the term
"grammar," instead of being extra charges.
The present annual payment for each boy by his parents
for learning at the school is—
|Writing and arithmetic||3||3||0|
To say nothing of other acquirements and accomplishments learnt and paid for by the parents of foundationers,
or boys of the first class, which are generally included in a
4thly. Upon the supposition that the school property has
the wherewithal that this school should a free and thorough
education in its fullest sense as far as possible and become
a model to other schools similarly circumstanced and not
to be fettered by precedents here or elsewhere, if not suited
to the circumstances and requirements, the place, and age.
5thly. That an assistant master should be appointed for a
less number of scholars than 40 boys in the first class or
foundationers, (see Statute XLIII.), and that there be an
assistant master for every 10 or 15 boys.
6thly. That the salary of every assistant be considerably
raised above 84l. per annum, so as to ensure first-rate instruction, and at the same time to enable them to devote
themselves to the development of the scholars' mental
powers and to their instruction without parents having to
supplement the present mode of education by a costly
private tutorial system, which is now absolutely necessary
with respect to 19 out of 20 schoolboys.
This reformation or improvement was strongly urged by
the late Prime Chancellor of the University of Cambridge,
and has been adopted in some of its colleges.
7thly. The plan of the 16 munificent exhibitions appears
to me good, though it is not sufficiently defined what is
meant by "duly qualified."
8thly. Alterations in the house and buildings for the head
master of the school were imperatively required, especially
the dormitories were not in a state fit for the scholars.
(See Statutes XXI.)
The want of a clock in the plans of the proposed new
buildings is considered a serious omission, and your attention is drawn to the subject by a memorial largely signed
in the town, and which want of time, I understand, only
prevented being much more numerously signed.
9th. I must add that the school, though susceptible of
the above improvements for the twofold object of Sir
Andrew Judd, appears to me to be very well mastered, and
that it reaps its full proportionate share of success at the
I have the honour to be, Sir,
J. H. Pattisson.
Thos. Hare, Esq.,
Inspector of Charities.
The Statutes and Regulations of the Free Grammar School at Tunbridge,
founded by Sir
Andrew Judd, Knight, 1553, of which the Master,
Wardens, and Court of Assistants of the Worshipful
Company of Skinners of London are Governors.
By the letters patent or charter of King Edward the
Sixth made in the seventh year of his reign, A.D. 1553,
for erecting and establishing a grammar school in the town
of Tunbridge, in the county of Kent, for the institution
and instruction of boys and youth in the said town and
country there adjacent ("expressed in the language of the
said charter, "in dictâ Villâ et Patriâ ibidèm adjacente"),
it was ordained that from thenceforth there should be one
grammar school in the said town of Tunbridge, which
should be called the Free Grammar School of Sir Andrew
Judd, Knight, in the said town, for the education, institution, and instruction of boys and youth in grammar, with
one master and under-master, to continue for ever; and it
was further ordained, after the death of the said Sir Andrew
Judd,—who was thereby empowered, during his life, to
make fit and wholesome statutes and ordinances in writing,
for the government and direction of the master and undermaster and scholars of the school aforesaid, and other things
concerning the said school,—that the master, wardens,
and commonalty of the Mystery of Skinners of London,
for the time being, should be called, and they were thereby constituted governors of the possessions, revenues, and
goods of the said school, with full power and authority
to nominate and appoint the said master and under-master
of the said school so often as the said school should be
void of a master and under-master; and that the same
governors, with the advice of the warden and fellows of
the college of All Souls, in the University of Oxford, for the
time being, from time to time, should, and might be able
to make, if need should be, fit and wholesome statutes
and ordinances in writing, concerning the order, government,
and direction of the master and under-master, and scholars
of the school aforesaid, for the time being, and other things
touching and concerning the same school, and the order,
government, preservation, and disposition of the revenues
to be appointed for the same school, which same statutes
and ordinances it was ordained should be inviolably observed from time to time for ever: and the said Sir Andrew
Judd, in his lifetime, in exercise of the power given to
him by the said charter, made certain orders or statutes in
writing, which he appointed to be observed for the government of the said Free Grammar School.
A suit having been instituted in the Court of Chancery,
touching the school estates, and the application thereof,
and for the establishment of the school, by the decree made
therein, dated the 16th day of March 1820, it was, amongst
other things, referred to one of the masters of the said
Court, to approve of a scheme for the future establishment
of the Free Grammar School, having regard to the then
annual rents of the school estates.
By the report of the said master, dated the 24th day of
December 1824, he certified that, having considered of
the several schemes which had been laid before him, together
with the said letters patent, and the said orders or statutes
of the said Sir Andrew Judd, he had thought it expedient
and proper to consider, that the privileges of the said Free
Grammar School should not only extend to boys and youths
whose parents or guardians should bonâ fide reside within
the town and parish of Tunbridge, but also to such boys
and youths whose parents or guardians should reside in
any other parish or place in the county of Kent, within
the distance of ten miles by the ordinary roads and ways
from the church of the said town of of Tunbridge; which
boys and youths should be considered as constituting the
first class: and, that there might be a sufficient number
of youths to receive the exhibitions therein-after mentioned, he had thought it proper and advisable, that there
should be another, or second class, comprehending all boys
and youths of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, who
being qualified under the regulations therein-after mentioned, should be capable of receiving the said exhibitions:
and the said master further certified, that he had thought
it requisite and proper to alter and enlarge several of the
said orders of the said Sir Andrew Judd, and that certain
other of the orders of the said Sir Andrew Judd appeared
to him to be inapplicable or unnecessary for the future
government of the said school: and the said master being
of opinion that exhibitions for youths going from the said
school to one of the universities of Oxford or Cambridge,
might be most beneficially established, he had prepared such
articles as appeared to him to be necessary for effectuating
that purpose; and also such other new articles as from the
then present circumstances appeared to him to be necessary
for the future government and establishment of the said
Free Grammar School; and that the several articles thereinafter set forth in his said report formed, and he had approved
of the same as, a proper scheme for the future establishment
of the said Free Grammar School, from Christmas 1824,
having regard to the then annual rents of the said school
By orders of the Lord High Chancellor, dated respectively the 18th of July 1825 and 12th June 1844, it was
directed that the aforesaid report as to the scheme for the
future establishment of the Free Grammar School at
Tunbridge should be varied in certain articles of the same
scheme, and that the scheme for the establishment of such
Free Grammar School should be, and consist of the several
articles therein-after mentioned, reserving at all times to
the Skinners' Company,—they taking the advice of All
Souls, College, in the University of Oxford,—the power to
make such regulations respecting the said Free Grammar
School, as having relation to the plan thereby directed to
be carried into execution, are not inconsistent with the
said plan; and also such regulations, as having no relation
to the said plan, the said Company had authority to make,
prior to the institution of the said suit; the same being
made with the advice of the said college, where it was
requisite for the Company to act with such advice, and
without it, where such advice was not necessary, as in the
said order is mentioned.
For the future establishment of the Free Grammar School,
as directed to be carried into effect by the said order of
the Court of Chancery, is as follows, viz.:—
That the master of the said school be whole of body,
well reported, Master of Arts in degree, if it may be, chosen
by the Company of Skinners of London, to whose direction
the founder committed the governance of his said school
and order, always foreseen that the schoolmaster and usher
teach the grammar approved by the King or Queen's
Majesty, and that the schoolmaster be first allowed by the
ordinary, and by examination found meet, both for his
learning, and dexterity in teaching, as also for his honest
conversation, and for right understanding of God's true
religion, set forth by public authority, whereunto he shall
stir and move his scholars, and also shall prescribe to them
such sentences of Holy Scripture as shall be most expedient
to induce them to godliness.
That the master always appoint and elect the usher, as
often as the place shall be void, whom, so appointed, and
presented to the said Company of Skinners, they are to
admit, not knowing sufficient cause to refuse him.
That the master and usher have their houses and wages
during their lives, not sufficiently convicted to have
neglected their office; and if it shall happen that either of
them be so convicted at any time, yet that he be not straightly
removed, but gently warned and admonished, and so for
the second time; and that then, if, after the second
admonition, he do not amend and diligently follow his
office and charge in the school that he, so offending, be
utterly expulsed and removed, and another to be received
into his room, and to be done with all diligence by the
said Company of Skinners.
That the master and usher shall neither of them be a
common gamester and haunter of taverns; nor by any
extraordinary or unnecessary expenses in apparel, or otherwise, become an infamy to the school, and an evil example
to the young, to whom, in all points, they ought to show
themselves an example of an honest, continent, and godly
If it happen that the master or usher be visited with a
common disease, as the ague, or any other curable sickness,
that he, so visited, be tolerated for the time, and his wages
fully allowed, so that his office be discharged by his sufficient deputy; but if they or any of them fall into any infectious or incurable disease, especially through their own
evil behaviour, then that he, so infected, be removed and
put away, and another to be chosen in his room.
If it happen that the master or usher, after long time
spent in the school, do wax impotent, and unable, through
age or other infirmities, to endure the travail and labour
necessary in the school, that he be favourably borne withal,
so that his office be satisfied by his sufficient deputy,
although he himself be not present.
That the master or usher be at liberty to remain single,
or to marry, or to take priesthood, so that he trouble not
himself with any care or worldly business that might hinder
his office in the school.
That if any controversy happen to arise or grow between
the master and usher at any time, that they then refer the
whole matter to the master and wardens of the Company
of Skinners in London, and to their successors; and they
to stand to their order and determination in the same,
upon pain of deprivation from their office.
If there happen to be such contagious sickness as the
plague, or such like, that the school cannot continue, yet,
nevertheless, both the master and usher shall have their
wages fully paid, being always in readiness to teach as
soon as God shall make such contagious sickness to
If it shall happen that the master or usher shall die at
any time in their office, their executors or administrators
shall receive so much money as for his or their service was
due at the hour of his or their death, and in such case the
room to be supplied with as much convenient speed as
may be; and, for the vacant time, the survivor to satisfy
for the whole charge, and to receive so much as is due for
That the master keep a register, and in the same write
the name and surname of every scholar at his entering;
and that the same master of the same school shall make
a just and true account to the said master and wardens of
Skinners, or two of them, yearly, of all such scholars as
shall have been received into the school, and the names of
such as shall have departed thence, so that a true account
may be kept thereof.
Acknowledging God to be the only author of all knowledge and virtue, it is declared by the said Sir Andrew
Judd, that the master and usher of the school, with their
scholars, at seven of the clock, do, first devoutly kneeling
on their knees, pray to Almighty God, according to the
form to be by the master prescribed.
That the master, twice in a month at least, examine
those that be under the usher's hands, to understand how
they profit and go forward in their learning.
That the usher practise and use such order and form in
teaching as the master shall think good.
That all the scholars, upon Sabbaths and Holydays, resort
in due time to Divine Service in the parish church of
Tunbridge, the master and usher, or one of them at the
least, being present to oversee them; and that the master
and usher do duly, every Monday in the morning, call to
reckoning all such of his scholars as shall either absent
themselves from the church, or come tardy to it, or otherwise use themselves not reverently there in praying,
every one of them having a Prayer Book, in Latin or
English, according to the said master's appointment.
Considering that virtue and knowledge, by praise and
reward, are in all estates maintained and increased, and
especially in youth, it is declared by the said Sir Andrew
Judd, that in every year, once, to wit on the day of the
visitation of the school herein-after appointed, there be
kept in this school disputations upon questions provided
by the master, from one of the clock at afternoon, till
even song time, at which disputation the master is to
desire the vicar of the town, with one or two others
of knowledge, or more, dwelling nigh, to be present in
the school, if it please them to hear the same:—the
disputations ended, to determine which three of the
whole number have done best by the judgment of the
master and learned hearers; and that the first allowed
have a pen of silver, whole of gilt; the second a pen of
silver parcel gilt; the third a pen of silver, for their
rewards; and that the whole company go in order decently,
by two and two, into the parish church, the three victors
to come last next to the master and usher, each of them
having a garland upon their heads, provided for the purpose,
and in the church, then and there to kneel or stand in
some convenient place, to be approved by the discretion of
the wardens and master of the school, and to say or sing
some psalms or hymns, with a collect, for the preservation of
the King's or Queen's Majesty, and to have some honourable
remembrance of their founder, so to be appointed and
devised by the master. (fn. 3)
That it shall not be lawful for the master or usher, or
any of their friends, at going away from their office, to
spoil beforehand, or take away from thence, any such
things as are set up and fastened in their house or houses,
and planted in their orchards or gardens, but freely to
leave the same with as good will as for their time they
have enjoyed the use thereof.
That the Company of Skinners have an inventory in
their hands of all things that appertain unto the school, be
they books or implements in the master's or usher's house,
so that at the departing they may be staid to the school's
That there shall be truly written, word for word, two
copies of these ordinances, the one ever to remain in the
hands of the Skinners, the other in the custody of the
master of the said school; or at such time as the master's
place is vacant, to remain in the usher's hands, so that they
both may thereby learn what appertaineth to their office, and
also that on their admission they shall promise, before
honest witnesses, to keep and see executed all such points
as concern them and their scholars, to the uttermost of
their power, during all the time they remain in the office.
That both the master and usher shall endeavour themselves to the continual profiting of all the said scholars of the
said grammar school, and of their parts faithfully observe
and keep all the points and articles herein-before and
herein-after contained, as by the same orders more plainly
doth and may appear; and finally, if the said master or
usher shall manifestly neglect or break any such orders,
being thereof twice admonished by the said master and
wardens, governors aforesaid, and, notwithstanding,
continue the breach thereof, that then it shall be lawful to
the said master and wardens, governors aforesaid, to expel
and put out the party so offending, and to place another
able man in his room or office.
That the house and buildings for the master of the said
school shall be made to accommodate, and shall be maintained in a state fit for the accommodation of his family
and scholars; and that a suitable house and building
shall be provided and maintained for the usher, his family,
That the master of the said school shall not take, or
board, diet, or lodge in his house, or rooms, above the
number of sixty scholars, inclusive of the twelve scholars
mentioned in the sixth original order of Sir Andrew Judd;
and that the usher shall not take above the number of
forty scholars, inclusive of the eight scholars mentioned
in the said sixth original order of Sir Andrew Judd, unless
it shall seem convenient to the Company of Skinners
that the said master and usher, upon occasion may have
a greater number at board and lodging with them.
That no boy be admitted into the school, who shall not
at the time of the application for admission, be of the age
of eight years.
That no boy be admitted into the said school, who shall
not, previously thereto, be able to write competently, and
read English perfectly; and the master of the said school,
for the time being, shall examine every proposed scholar,
and admit him, if he shall be so qualified, but not otherwise.
That no boy shall be allowed to continue in the said
school after he shall have completed the nineteenth year
of his age.
That any housekeeper of the town of Tunbridge shall
be permitted to receive not exceeding thirty boys as
boarders, who shall be scholars of the said Free Grammar
School, provided such inhabitant shall obtain from the
said governors a written license for that purpose, upon the
production of testimonials from the master as to the moral
character and fitness of the applicant for the charge of
such boarders, and that the said license be renewed annually
by the said governors.
That the salary of twenty pounds, given to the master
by the said Sir Andrew Judd, be increased to the sum of
five hundred pounds per annum, clear of all deductions;
and that the salary given by the said Sir Andrew Judd to
the usher be increased to the sum of two hundred pounds
per annum, clear of all deductions; the said salaries to be
paid half-yearly, at Christmas and Midsummer, by the
said governors, out of the rents of the said estates; such
respective salaries to commence from Midsummer Day, one
thousand eight hundred and twenty-four.
That the annual sum of seven pounds ten shillings be
paid by every boy, who shall not be in the first of the
aforesaid two classes described in the master's report to the
scheme, to the master, and the annual sum of three pounds
to the usher, for his instruction at the said school: such
payments to be respectively made by the parents or
guardians of the said boys.
That sixteen exhibitions of one hundred pounds a year
each be founded, as part of the establishment of the said
school, for the boys thereof, who shall go off to the
University of Oxford or Cambridge, under the regulations
herein-after set forth.
N.B.—By an order of the Court of Chancery, dated
14th August 1828, these exhibitions are reduced from
four to three in number every year, until a certain debt
incurred for erecting the school buildings is satisfied.
That such boys as shall be of the first class of scholars,
and shall be duly qualified to receive such exhibitions, shall
be preferred to those of the second class. Provided such
boys have been continuously of the first class for five years,
or fifteen school terms preceding; but no boy shall be
eligible to an exhibition unless he shall have been a scholar
of the said school for five years, or fifteen school terms.
That the boys now in the school, whether above or under
nineteen years of age, who shall respectively be applicants
to go off to college upon the said exhibitions prior to
Christmas, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine,
shall, in case such boys respectively shall, at the time of
such application, have been five years in the said school,
immediately after such application, be examined by such
person or persons as the governors shall appoint; and, if
found duly qualified, such boys shall respectively be thereupon presented by the governors to such exhibitions, provided that a number not exceeding two be presented in
any one year.
That until Christmas, one thousand eight hundred and
twenty-nine, the said governors shall appoint an examiner
to attend at the annual visitation, for the purpose of
examining all the boys in the school.
That upon the annual visitation, from and after Christmas, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine, an
examiner shall be appointed by the governors for the
examination of the boys and youths who shall be canditates
for the said exhibitions.
That the said examiner shall be of not less than seven
years' standing at, and a resident member of, one of the
universities of Oxford or Cambridge, and have taken the
degree of Master of Arts, or Bachelor of Civil Law, and
that application be made by the said governors to the
warden and fellows of the college of All Souls, Oxford,
to nominate such examiner, if the said warden and fellows
shall think fit.
That the said examiner do, on every annual visitation,
publicly examine all the boys and youths in the said school,
to ascertain their progress in learning.
That the said examiner shall subsequently examine in
the schoolroom all such boys and youths as shall become
canditates for exhibitions, and shall report to the governor
and master respectively, the names of all such of the said
last-mentioned boys and youths in the said classes respectively, as he shall find qualified to stand for exhibitions.
That the said examiner shall in such report arrange
the names of the said candidates in the said respective
classes, according to their respective excellence in classical
That from and after Christmas, one thousand eight
hundred and twenty-nine, the said governors shall yearly
present or give, at their said visitation, the exhibitions to
any four of the boys and youths of the said first class, who
shall be reported by the said examiner as qualified for the
same; and in case there shall not be found in the said first
elass boys and youths qualified as aforesaid for an university
education, to receive the said four exhibitions, then the said
governors shall present or give all or so many of the said
annual exhibitions as the boys and youths in the first class
shall not receive, to any of the boys and youths of the
second class, who may be reported by the said examiner as
qualified to receive such exhibitions.
That the said examiner shall be paid the sum of fifteen
pounds fifteen shillings; and also the further sum of
fifteen pounds fifteen shillings for his travelling and other
expenses; and that such payments shall be provided for
by the said governors out of the said estates.
That the said exhibitions shall be held by the said
exhibitioners for four years, from the commencement of the
university term next after the presentation of such exhibitioner, and for such portion of the said four years only, as
they shall be bonâ fide resident at one of the universities
during the usual terms; and in case any of the said exhibitions shall cease before the expiration of such period as
aforesaid, then the said exhibitions, for the residue of the
said period, shall be given by the governors of the said
school, for the time being, to any youths then, or formerly
members of the said school, who shall have undergone the
aforesaid examinations, and proved themselves qualified for
the exhibitions, although they failed in obtaining the same,
and who shall be then resident members of one of the said
universities, and be under the degree of Bachelor of Arts;
always preferring the youths of the first class to those of
the second class.
That, it appearing from the list of boys and youths now
of the said school, and of the times of their entrance, that
a small number only can be qualified to be candidates for
the said exhibitions prior to Christmas, one thousand eight
hundred and twenty-nine, and that the full number of
exhibitions intended to be hereby established cannot, at
the soonest, be filled until four years from that period, the
unappropriated surplus funds, and the surplus of the general
account of the rents of the said estates, shall from time to
time be applicable to the expense which will attend the
alteration and repairs of the said house of the master, and
of that intended for the usher, and of the schoolroom and
other buildings, and of the garden and other grounds to
be enjoyed therewith respectively, and the purchase of suitable books for a library, and increase of the number of
exhibitions, or rewards to the said exhibitioners, who may
distinguish themselves at either of the said universities, or
for the establishment of other branches of classical education, or for any other purposes for the better establishment
of the said school, as the court shall from time to time think
proper to order and direct; and that for the purposes
aforesaid, the said governors, or any persons interested in
the said school, are to be at liberty to apply to the court
as they may be advised.
That all the assistant masters, which may be necessary
for the boys of the second class, shall be provided by the
master, and be paid by him, and the usher, in the proportions of their respective salaries.
That in case the scholars of the said school, belonging to
the first class, shall amount to the number of forty, there
shall be provided at the expense of the said estates, one
assistant master, to assist in the education of such boys;
and so an additional assistant master shall be provided for
every additional twenty scholars, unless it shall appear to
the Skinners' Company, with the advice of All Souls College,
that an assistant master should be appointed for a less
number of scholars in the first class than forty.
That every such assistant master requisite for the boys
of the first class, shall be a member of the established
religion of England, and, if such can be obtained, shall
have taken a degree at either of the universities of Oxford
That the said master shall have the appointment and
removal of all assistant masters, subject always to the visitatorial power of the governors.
That every assistant master shall be at liberty to take
boys, scholars of the said school, as boarders in his house,
not exceeding twenty in number.
That the salary of every such assistant master shall not
exceed eighty-four pounds per annum.
That a sum not exceeding twenty pounds per annum be
allowed to the master for supplying the schoolroom with
That the annual sum of two hundred pounds be allowed
to the governors for the expenses of the visitation of the
That neither the master, usher, or assistant masters of
the said school shall absent themselves therefrom, except
at the periods of, and during the vacation.
That rules and regulations as to the hours of attendance
in the school of the master, usher, and assistant masters,
and boys, or youths, and the fixed holidays to be given,
shall be submitted by the master of the said school to the
said governors, during the recess at Christmas, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-four, who are, before the
expiration of such recess, to settle the same; and such
governors are, from time to time thereafter, to alter or vary
such rules or regulations, as circumstances may require,
and in the settlement of such rules and regulations, and in
any subsequent alteration or variation thereof, the said
governors are to have regard to the twentieth and twentyfirst articles in the statutes of Sir Andrew Judd, in the
said report set forth, and the general purpose of the founder
as therein expressed.
That the said rules and regulations, when settled by the
said governors, and as the same shall be from time to time
altered or varied by them, as in the next preceding article
is mentioned, shall be considered as, and be part of the
scheme for the future establishment of the said Free Grammar School, and shall be from time to time added to the
other articles herein set forth as forming the scheme for the
future establishment of the said school, and the future conduct and government thereof, and the same shall be printed
with such other articles, as is mentioned in the next or
That the governors do provide printed copies of the
articles approved for the future government of the said
school, to be distributed at their said annual visitation in
the said school.
That instead of the annual visitation of the governors
as directed by the twenty-seventh original order of the said
Sir Andrew Judd, being on the first or second day after
May-day, it shall hereafter be held on the Tuesday next
preceding the day on which the summer vacation in each
year is appointed to commence.
Additional Rules and Regulations, settled by
the Governors, viz.:
That the master and usher, and such assistant masters
as may be hereafter appointed, and all the scholars of the
said school, shall daily attend at the school, from Lady Day
till the 5th of November, at a quarter before seven o'clock,
and from the 5th of November till Lady Day, at half-past
seven o'clock in the morning, and prayers being read on
their first entrance into the school, according to the 12th
article, they shall continue in the school till half-past eight
That after breakfast, the master and usher, and assistant
masters, and all the scholars shall return to the school at
half-past nine, and shall continue therein until half-past
twelve o'clock on whole school-days, and until one o'clock
That on whole school-days, the master and usher, and
assistant masters, and all the scholars shall return to the
school after dinner at two o'clock in the afternoon, and
shall continue therein till four o'clock, and that then
prayers shall be read according to the form to be by the
That the master and usher, and all assistant masters
shall remain in the school, diligently teaching, reading,
and intrepreting, during the several hours and times above
prescribed, and that neither the master, usher, or any
assistant master shall depart, or be absent from the school
during such hours or times, without urgent and sufficient
cause, and that in anywise either the master or usher shall
be present always.
That the master be at liberty to give twelve holidays in
the course of the year, the following to form part of the
same, viz., the founder's day, the King's birthday, and the
That a certificate of the entry and admission of every
boy into the school, in the form subjoined, be forwarded
to the governors by the master of the school, on the same
day (or following day at farthest to that) on which such
entry and admission take place, viz.:
To the Master and Wardens of the Skinners' Company,
Governors of Tunbridge School.
This is to certify that
aged years, son of and
of in the county of was this
day entered and admitted a scholar of Tunbridge School
as a boy.
Dated this day of 18
That no boy leave the school before the day and time
appointed by the master for the commencement of the
Christmas, Easter, and Midsummer holidays, except upon
urgent and unavoidable necessity, and with permission from
the master under his own signature.
That no boy remain away from the school after the day
appointed for his return by the master, except in case of
illness or unavoidable necessity, of which notice must have
been given to the master; as the active duties of the school
will commence on the next day.
That during the half-year no boy be absent from the
school without the especial permission of the master; and
that a written notice be given to the master by the parent
or guardian of every boy, whenever absence from school
may be required.
That all instances of disregard of the above orders be
reported to the governors, who may direct that the halfyear in which the offence shall be committed shall not be
allowed to form part of the five years necessary to qualify
a boy to become a candidate for an exhibition.
That no boy after his admission into the school, shall
be permitted to be absent from the same, except at the
stated periods of the holidays, unless prevented by illness;
of which a certificate, signed by a medical attendant, must
be sent to the master, under the penalty of his being
disqualified from becoming a candidate for an exhibition.
That the vacations be at three periods of the year, viz.,
at Christmas, Easter, and Midsummer; that the Christmas
holidays do commence on the Thursday before Christmas
Day, and that the boys do return on that day four weeks;—
that the Easter holidays do commence on the day before
Good Friday, and that the boys do return on that day two
weeks;—that the Midsummer holidays do commence on the
last Thursday in July, and that the boys do return on that
day six weeks.
That in all cases of extreme impropriety of conduct on
the part of any boy, which may in the opinion of the
master render it advisable to expel the boy from the school,
the master shall in the first instance have the power of
suspending him from attending in the school, and after reporting the case to the governors, shall, with their sanction,
proceed to expulsion.
That the gilt, parcel gilt, and silver pens be awarded to
the three boys who shall, in the judgment of the examiner,
have done best in the production of Greek verses, Latin
verses, or Latin essays, so that no one boy may receive more
than one of the pens as a prize at the same visitation in
accordance with the statutes. All other prizes (except those
given by the master of the school) to be awarded by the
governors, according to the respective merits of the boys,
as reported by the examiner.
The Scholars from Tunbridge School are eligible to the
following Fellowship and Exhibitions.
A fellowship at Saint John's College, Oxford, founded
by Sir Thomas Whyte.
Six exhibitions of 13l. per annum each, tenable at any
college of either university, founded by Sir Thomas Smith.
One scholarship at Brasenose College, Oxford, of
17l. 9s. 6d. per annum, founded by Mr. Henry Fisher.
One exhibition of 2l. 13s. 4d. per annum, founded by
Mr. Thomas Lampard.
One exhibition of 4l. per annum, (in default of scholars
from Seven Oaks School,) founded by Mr. Robert
Two exhibitions of 75l. per annum each, tenable at Jesus
College, Cambridge, (in default of scholars from Seven
Oaks School,) founded by Lady Mary Boswell.
Two exhibitions of 6l. per annum each, founded by
The Skinners' Company in account with Laurence Attwell's Fund.
|May 1.||To balance of rents received applicable to loans
from this account at this date, from which
amount the loans specified per contra have been
made and are now outstanding||11,165||7||6|
|May 1.||To balance||2,910||7||6|
|By loans made to following, outstanding at this date:—|
|Sept. 1839.||E. Williams||5||0||0|
|July 1840.||J. Stott||100||0||0|
|Aug. 1841.||H. Woodhatch||100||0||0|
|July 1842.||B. Thorn||50||0||0|
|Dec. 1843.||J. Gill||50||0||0|
|Aug. 1848.||J Johnson||200||0||0|
|Nov. 1848.||H. S. Eicke||200||0||0|
|Jan. 1852.||J. H. Smith||200||0||0|
|Jan. 1854.||J. D. Dennis||200||0||0|
|July 1854.||J. H. Hayward||200||0||0|
|Jan. 1856.||C. Beauchamp||200||0||0|
|Feb. 1856.||F. L. Moore||100||0||0|
|July 1857.||W. McDaniel||200||0||0|
|Aug. 1858.||A. Edwards||200||0||0|
|March 1859.||W. W. Pyne||200||0||0|
|Nov. 1859.||J. Sankey||200||0||0|
|Dec. 1859.||E. Wade||150||0||0|
|July 1860.||H. T. Duggins||200||0||0|
|Aug. 1860.||F. Richardson||200||0||0|
|Sept. 1860.||E. Christmas||200||0||0|
|Oct. 1860.||E. Cleasby||200||0||0|
|Nov. 1860.||H. T. Watts||200||0||0|
|Feb. 1861.||W. J. Hayward||200||0||0|
|"||G. A. Dean||200||0||0|
|July 1861.||L. Dixon||200||0||0|
|Oct. 1861.||E. H. Clunn||200||0||0|
|Oct. 1862.||H. Cumming||200||0||0|
|" 1862.||J. Dorman||200||0||0|
|Dec. 1862.||C. F. Cole||200||0||0|
|April 1863.||J. Land||200||0||0|
|"||T. J. Jeffry||200||0||0|
The Skinners' Company in account with Thomas Hunt's Estate.
|June 24.||To amount to credit of this trust deducting
amount of loans now outstanding as per contra||4,000||0||0|
|" Loans repaid to June 23, 1862, viz.:—|
|June 24.||To balance at this date||2,910||0||0|
|June 24.||By loans made from this trust outstanding at
this date, viz.:—|
|By cash paid in loans, viz.:—|
|Aug. 1848.||Edward Cleasby||200||0||0|
|May 1851.||George Colgate||200||0||0|
|Nov. 1851.||E. H. Jones||40||0||0|
|May 1852.||J. Thurman||200||0||0|
|Feb. 1854.||Thomas Stevens||200||0||0|
|July 1854.||George Colgate||200||0||0|
|May 1855.||Edward Cleasby||200||0||0|
|June 23.||By balance carried forward||2,910||0||0|