TO THE CHARITY COMMISSIONERS FOR
ENGLAND AND WALES.
In pursuance of a Minute of the Board dated the
13th day of December 1859, I have inquired into the
condition and circumstances of the Charities under the
management of the Company of Clothworkers of the City
of London, which comprise the following endowments:—
I have stated under the title of every distinct Charity
the result of my inquiries relating to it.
Samuel Aaron, by his will of the 10th April 1730,
gave to the Company 300l., requesting them to distribute 12l. at Christmas, viz., 10l. amongst 10 poor men
in the almshouse formerly at Islington, and now in
Monkwell Street, and 2l. amongst the eight poor women
in the Whitefriars Almshouse, which is now in
This gift (of which it appears only 274l. 10s. was
received from the executors) is considered as part of the
endowment of the Countess of Kent's Almshouses, and
is not paid to them separately, but included in the
general allowance of 20l. each. The almsmen receive
also more than the prescribed allowance. (See Heath's
Mrs. Acton's Charity.
By a Minute of the Court of Assistants of the 4th of
October 1837, the master communicated to the court
that he had received from Mrs. Acton, the widow of
Mr. Samuel Acton, a liveryman of the Company, a free
gift to the Clothworkers' Company of 1,000l.; and it
was thereupon resolved that the thanks of the court be
conveyed to Mrs. Acton for the very liberal gift, with
an assurance on the part of the court that the proceeds
of that sum, when invested, should be scrupulously
devoted to charitable purposes, in conformity with the
wishes expressed by the donor.
This money was invested in the purchase of 1,082l. 11s.
Consols in the name of the Company, The dividends
have been applied in pensions of 7l. 10s. each for four
blind persons, the first of whom appeared to be nominated by the Company. The Company, I was informed,
have always considered that the words "free gift" and
the thanks of the Company for it, imply that the Company received the money free from any charitable
trust. Under this impression the return of income tax
has not been applied for, nor has any charge for
management been made by the Company. It appears
to me, certainly, that the language of the resolution
implies that the Company received the money on a
trust, which they cannot repudiate. It is a question of
no actual importance at present, as the Company have
always disposed of the money to the poor, as above
stated. (fn. 1)
William Armer, by his will of the 3rd September
1575, gave 50l. to the Clothworkers' Company, to be
delivered out to five honest householders of the handicraft of clothworkers for three years, every of them
giving security for the repayment thereof. The will
was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on
the 11th October 1575. This is one of the charities
included in the loan fund administered according to
the scheme in the report of the Master in Chancery
of the 21st July 1840, referred to under Heydon's
James Barkin, by his will of the 20th September 1675,
gave 100l. to the Clothworkers' Company, to be lent out
to five young men free of the said Company, to each of
them 20l. for three years without interest, upon giving
security for the repayment thereof at the end of the
time. The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of
Canterbury the 5th July 1677, and the money was paid
to the Company, and is included in the loan fund
administered according to the scheme in the master's
report of the 21st July 1840, referred to under Heydon's
John Bayworth, by will of the 21st March 1622, gave
to the Clothworkers' Company a messuage in the parish
of St. Mary, Fenchurch, upon trust yearly at Easter—
and the residue amongst the poor handicraftsmen of the
|To pay to Christ's Hospital||1||0||0|
|To the poor of the almshouses at
|To the parson of St. Mary Fenchurch for a sermon on All Saints'
Day, 10s.; to the churchwardens
of do. for repairing of church,
|To the parson of Farnham for a sermon on All Saints' Day, 10s.; to
the repairing of church and schoolhouse, 10s.; to the poor of the
parish, 10s.; to the schoolmaster
for a sermon, 6s. 8d.; to the clerk
for keeping clean the testator's
monument, 3s. 4d.||2||0||0|
|To the renter warden of the said
|To the clerk of do.||0||3||4|
|To the master and wardens 40s.
a piece towards their charge in
dining with the Lord Mayor||10||0||0|
The property consists of the house, No. 134, Fenchurch Street, let to Thomas Heath, for a term of 21
years, expiring at Midsummer 1864, at a rent of 120l.
The payments are made to Christ's Hospital of 20s.;
to the churchwardens of Farnham, 2l. 13s. 4d.; to the
master and wardens, 10l.; to the renterwarden and
clerk, 6s. 8d.; to the parish of St. Gabriel, Fenchurch
Street, 1l. 2s. 6d. (including 2s. 6d. for the parish clerk,
which does not appear to have been included in the
The balance is carried to the funds, which are applied
for the benefit of the poor of the Company in pensions.
(See Rogers' Gift.)
The Company do not themselves administer the portion of the gift which is for the poor of the almshouses
at Farnham, but the whole is paid to the churchwardens
of that parish. (fn. 2)
Peter Blundell, by his will of the 9th June 1599 gave
to the Company 150l. on trust, with parcel thereof to
purchase lands, out of the rents of which 40s. yearly
to be paid to the poor people of Bridewell, and the
residue employed as that the wardens should have the
benefit thereof for their pains.
The Company purchased a house in Friday Street,
which is No. 36, and let to a Mr. Richardson for a term
of 21 years, expiring in March 1865, at a rent of 28l.
The sum of 2l. a year is paid out of the rents to the
treasurer of the Bridewell Hospital. The residue is
disposed of by the Company according to the internal
arrangements. (fn. 3)
William Blunt, otherwise Blownte, by his will of
the 24th April 1596, gave 50l. to the Clothworkers'
Company (in addition to 50l. already given by him to
the said Company) the money to be delivered to 10
poor men at 10l. a piece for three years freely, and
giving security for the repayment thereof at the end of
that time. The will was proved in the Prerogative
Court of Canterbury in the year 1596, and the two sums
of 50l. were included in the loan fund administered
according to the scheme in the Report of the Master in
Chancery of the 21st July 1840 referred to under Heydon's Charity.
Richard Boylston's Charity.
Richard Boylston, executor of Thomas Boylston, by
deed poll of the 14th December 1648, after reciting that
the said Thomas Boylston, deceased, had on the 3rd
August 1642 lent to the Parliament in the name of the
Clothworkers' Company 100l. for the pressing necessities of Ireland, to be repaid out of the next subsidies,
granted and assigned to the said Company The said
sum of 100l., with full authority to receive the same,
upon condition that the said Company should yearly,
on St. Stephen's Day, the Annunciation of the Virgin
Mary, and the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, distribute to so many of the 24 poor men and women of
the said Company partakers of the charitable benevolence of Mr. William Lambe, deceased, as should on
the several feast days make their personal appearance
at the usual place of meeting, and attend the said
master and wardens to the chapel of St. James in the
Wall, and there hear the several sermons there
preached, twelve pence a piece, that is to say, if they
all appeared there 24s. every feast day, but in default
of their appearance then only 12d. to every one that
It would appear that this loan bore interest or was
repaid in 1648, for the payment to the poor appears to
have commenced in 1648 and continued to 1813. It
was then paid to the almspeople until 1819, when it
From the year 1838 when payment was resumed,
the sum of 3s. has been given to 24 poor persons, who
received Lambe's clothing on the 1st October in every
year. There is an attendance at the chapel on that
Thomas Boylston, by his will, declared that he had in
1648 delivered to the Company 800l. for the maintenance of a lecture in the parish church of Burton-uponTrent, and to pay to a preacher for the same 31l. 4s.,
and to the clerk and sexton 16s. a year.
This bequest is charged as a share of the purchase
money of the King Street and Cheapside Estate. (See
The Company attribute 32l. out of the rents to this
gift, and pay the amount annually to the lecturer at
Burton-upon-Trent, who is now the vicar of the parish,
upon a certificate that the lecture has been delivered.
Bricklis' or Brykles' Charity.
John Brykles, by his will dated the 8th November
1440, bequeathed to the Church of Allhallows the Great
and to the parson, his lands and tenements in the
parish of St. Martin Vintry, and also an annual rent of
26s. 8d. out of a certain cellar and premises in Harbour
Lane, and the yearly rent of five marks. The payment
was settled by an award of the 20th May 1515, made
for settling variances concerning the premises, the
arbitrators awarded that the Clothworkers' Company
should for ever thereafter pay the said five marks
(3l. 6s. 8d.) to the parson, churchwardens, and parishioners of the said parish. The sum of 3l. 6s. 8d.
accordingly is paid by the Company to the church
wardens of Allhallows the Great, and is applied by
them as fully described in my report of the charity in
that parish. (fn. 4)
Barbara Burnell's Charity.
Barbara Burnell, by her will of the 27th June 1630,
gave to the Company 300l. to purchase lands and pay
yearly to the parson and churchwardens of Stanmore,
7l. for a distribution of 12d. every Sunday for bread for
the poor, the parish clerk to have weekly one pennyworth thereof and 2s. yearly on Michaelmas Day for
keeping his monument clean, and to bestow 4l. 6d., the
residue, in clothing for six poor women And that the
Company should also pay yearly to a poor scholar of
Oxford, the sum of 5l. The 300l. is under the deed of
June 1734 (see Heath's Almshouses) charged as a
portion of the King Street and Cheapside Estate. It
appears by the books of the Company that the Company,
by an order of the 14th October 1685, had directed that
the 300l. should be a charge on their Islington estate.
The proportion of the rents of the estate attributed to
this charity is 12l. a year.
The sum of 7l. a year is paid annually to the churchwardens of Great Stanmore and the Exhibition has been
increased to 20l. per annum. (See Pilsworth's Charity.)
John Burnell's Gift.
John Burnell, by his will of the 15th December 1603,
gave to the Company 100l., to be lent to two young
men, free of the Company, at 5l. per cent. to be
employed as follows: 2l. 12s. for bread to 12 of the
poorest inhabitants of St. Michael Crooked Lane, 1l. 6s.
for bread to the parish of Great Stanmore, and 1l. 2s. in
coals among the poor of the said Company.
The loan fund is dealt with under the order of the
Court of Chancery of 31st July 1840, confirming the
master's report of the 21st July 1840, referred to in the
report on Heydon's Charity.
The Company charge themselves with the interest
whether the fund be lent or not, or be or be not productive, and apply the same as follows:—
|To the parish of St. Michael, Crooked
Lane, paid to the churchwarden||2||12||0|
|To the parish of Great Stammore, paid
to the churchwardens||1||6||0|
|To the poor of the Company being part
of Rogers' gift||1||2||0|
Thomas Burnell's Charity.
By a deed poll of 10th July 1655, the Company, in
consideration of 65l. paid by Thomas Burnell, covenanted
with the parson and churchwardens of Allballows,
Barking, to pay them 52s. a year for bread.
The rector and churchwardens of Allhallows are
paid 52s. a year by the Company.
T. Burnell's Charity.
By a deed poll of the 10th June 1655, the Company,
in consideration of 135l. paid by Thomas Burnell,
covenanted with the parson and churchwardens of
Stanmore, Middlesex, to pay yearly 5l. 8s., as follows:
2l. 9s. 6d. on the 29th September, and 19s. 6d. respectively on the 25th December, 25th March, and 27th June
to be applied, 30s., part of the said 2l. 9s. 6d., to be added
to 4l. 6s., the gift of Barbara Burnell, for clothing six
poor women, and the remainder 19s. 6d., and also the
other quarterly sum of 19s. 6d. to be paid to the said
parson and churchwardens to furnish 1s. 6d. of good
Suffolk cheese for the poor, to whom should be made a
distribution of bread by John and Barbara Burnell, and
Robert and Catherine Hilson.
The Company pay the 5l. 8s. to the churchwardens
of the parish of Great Stanmore.
Francis Burton by deed, 9th August 1684, released
and assigned to the Company a deed or grant of 20s.
per annum, made by the Company in the 27 Henry I.
to Rowland Hill and his wife (who had given 30l. to
the Charity) to pay annually for ever to two artizan
clothworkers 10s. each.
This gift is distributed with Rogers' Charity.
Philip Christian, by his will of the 6th December
1653, gave two houses in the parish of St. Faith to the
Company to pay to two poor boys, natives of the Isle of
Man, 10l. a piece; but if it should happen that there be
a free school in the town of Peel, Isle of Man, the said
20l. a year should go to such school, the schoolmaster
to have 18l. and the other 2l. for providing books, &c.
and also to pay 7l. a year to seven poor men or women
free of the Company, to the master and four wardens
10s. a piece, to the clerk 6s. 8d., and to the beadle
From an entry in the Company's Records it appears
that a decree in Chancery was made in 1686, which
assigned two thirds of the estate to the school, and the
other third to the poor of the Company. An entry in
the book of the Company of the 21st January 1747,
states as follows:—
"This day Dr. Thomas Wilson, rector of St. Stephen
Walbrook, attended this court and presented a
memorial and request, setting forth that he had been
the last year to visit his father, the Bishop of Man,
and brought a petition from thence from Mr. Tear,
master of the school of Peel in that island, that the
contents of the said petition were true as the poor
man had represented, that the schoolhouse founded
by Mr. Philip Christian was now by length of time in
such a ruinous condition that it must be taken down
and rebuilt. That he procured from his friends in
London some monies towards it, but far short of
completing that good work, therefore humbly hoped
this Worshipful Company would be pleased to become
contributors to so good a design which would be an
act of charity and a lasting advantage to that poor
town and neighbourhood. The court thereupon
ordered the said schoolmaster's petition to be read
and the contents considered, but the request not to be
granted for an augmentation to his salary, the estate
out of which his salary is paid being three houses in
Lovell's Court in Paternoster Row, two of them let
at 12l. per annum clear of taxes, and the other now
empty and has been so for about five years. That by
a decree in 1686 two thirds are for the schoolmaster
and the other third for the poor of the Company,
That, notwithstanding, no more than 12l. per annum
is made of this estate, 10l. per annum is continued to
be paid to the schoolmaster although he is not entitled to more than 8l. till the rents are increased.
That in regard to the schoolhouse, it appears by the
said decree that upon stating of the then account the
Company had received 230l., and thereby it was
ordered that 80l. should be deducted by the Company
to defray the charges of the suit, and the remainder,
being 150l. to be divided according to the will, so
that 100l. should be paid to complainants for the
building of a schoolhouse as prayed for by their bill,
and 50l. for the relief of the poor of the Company,
which 100l. was paid on the 19th August 1686 to
Horatio Darling by virtue of a letter of attorney from
the then Bishop of Man; that the Company having
no concern or anything to do with the schoolhouse
and in consequence lying under no obligation whatsoever to be contributory to the upholding such schoolhouse, yet to manifest their readiness to promote and
encourage all charitable good designs were pleased to
vote that 10l. 10s. should be paid (as the Company's
charity and benevolence) upon completing the said
building by the quarter warden of the Company for
the time being, and Dr. Wilson being required to
come into Court was acquainted with the resolutions
of the court afore-mentioned, for which he returned
thankful acknowledgments for himself and on behalf
of the inhabitants of the town of Peel for the court's
favor to the poor schoolmaster by allowing him now
more than the Company are obliged to pay him, and
also of a further generous and charitable act of contributing towards the support of the said schoolhouse."
The property under this endowment now consists of
the houses Nos. 8, 9, and 10 Lovell's Court, Paternoster
Row, let to Messrs. Remnant and Evans on lease for
21 years from Christmas 1848, at the yearly rent of 105l.
This money is divided according to the decree, two
thirds to the Peel school and one third to the poor of
the Company. The payment for the school is made to
the Bishop of Sodor and Man annually after deducting
5l. 5s. for the annual expenses. The net amount is
66l. 10s. to the school (of which 63l. is yearly paid), and
33l. 5s. to the poor of the Company. The difference
between the 63l. and the 66l. 10s. is reserved as a repairing fund. A letter from the Bishop of the 26th
January 1860 states that "the school is in a very satis"factory condition in every other respect but that of
room. The buildings are, I trust, likely to be extended this year, and the sum of 38l. 14s. 1d. which
you name" (being the sum referred to by the clerk of
the Company as being in hand) "will no doubt be most
acceptable, but I will not apply for it without it is
In the year 1842 the sum of 100l., in 1845 15l., and in
1848 15l., were paid by the Company in addition to the
share of the rents for the assistance of the school and in
aid of the repairs.
The payment for the poor of the Company is made to
the general relief and pension account. (See Rogers'
Oliver Claymond's Charity.
Oliver Claymond or Clement, by a codicil to his will
of the last day of February, 31 Henry VIII. (1540),
enrolled in the Mayor's Court in 1542, amongst other
things directed the Company out of lands and tenements
which he devised to them, to find a pascall light and
sepulchre light at Easter within the parish of Allhallows Staining, London, and finding yearly four
staff torches and the garnishing of 24 other torches in
the said church on Corpus Christi day to accompany
reverently the Sacrament at the procession of the same
day. It appears also as stated in the report of the
Commissioners of Inquiry (vol. 27, p. 332) by an old
paper in the possession of the parish of Hitchin, Herts,
the same person charged his houses with a sum of
6l. 13s. 4d. a year, payable by the Company in augmentation of the vicarage of Hitchin.
In the year 1551 the following note appears in the
Rental Warden's Account:—
"Paid the vicar of Hitchin for his resignment of his
title, and such evidence as he had to show concerning
an annuity of 20 nobles a year going out of Mr. Claymond's lands, 19l. 6s. 8d.
In 1555, an agreement was made with the vicar to
pay 4l. per annum. In 1558, the rental warden paid
4l. per annum. In 1560, the vicar was paid 10l., on condition that he would make no further claim for his
annuity. On the 16th May 1569, it is stated that the
Company purchased the annuity for 100l. In 1591, the
opinion of counsel was taken on the objections of the
Company to pay the annuity, and other proceedings
were taken which are not at this time very intelligible.
In July 1593, the vicar of Hitchin exhibited a bill in
the exchequer for the recovery of the annuity. Since
that time it is stated in the books of the Company that
the payment has been regularly made.
The Company hold premises Nos. 62 and 63, Mark
Lane, and 23, Abchurch Lane in fee, which they enter
in their books as derived from this devise, and which
produce a large rental. Out of the two former houses,
they pay 20s. a year to the churchwardens of the parish
of Allhallows Staining, and out of the latter 6l. 13s. 4d.
a year to the vicar of Hitchin. (fn. 5)
George Cornell, by his will of the 5th of April, 1850,
bequeathed to the Clothworkers' Company 2,000l., 3l.
per cent. annuities, upon trust to pay six annuities of
10l. a year to six blind persons, members of the Company, and in the event of there not being a sufficient
number of such persons, members of the Company,
then to such other blind persons, citizens of London, as
the court of the said Company should in their discretion think deserving of the said annuities.
The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of
Canterbury, the 9th May 1850.
The sum of 1,800l. was received, after the legacy
duty was deducted, but the Company added sufficient to
make up the 2,000l. stock, which was purchased in the
3l. per cent. reduced annuities, and which now stands
to their account.
The dividends, amounting to 60l. a year, are divided
annually amongst six poor blind persons, some being
members of the Company, and the others freemen of the
city. It may be observed that the Company construe
the word "citizen" to be confined to freemen of the
city of London.
It certainly appears to me that the modern Acts which
have opened the parliamentary franchise to the inhabitants and householders, must also have entitled them to
the appellation of citizens. (fn. 6)
Thomas Dixon, by his will of the 2nd June, 1574, gave
250l. to Christ's Hospital, to purchase lands of 10l. a
year, viz., 6l. for the Hospital, and 4l. for the Clothworkers' Company, and he directed that if the rent
should increase, the amount should be divided rate and
rate alike between the said Hospital and Company.
The estate is managed by Christ's Hospital, and the
Company receives their proportion of the rents from
that institution, according to an account rendered by
the Hospital to the Company, and which the master
and auditors and wardens sign; but I do not find that
the account of Christ's Hospital is in fact audited. In
1858–9, the income of 384l. 11s. 1d. was subject to the
payment of 51l. 6s. 6d. for outgoings, and after having
applied 6l. to Christ's Hospital and to the Clothworkers
Company 4l.; the surplus profits, amounting to
204l. 3s. 3d., were divided equally between the two
The moiety of this balance 102l. 1s. 8d., 4l. was distributed to the poor of the Company in pensions and in
casual aid as stated under the head of Rogers' Charity
and forms part of the distribution there mentioned.
George Neale Driver's Charity.
By an indenture of the 2nd July 1853, between George
Neale Driver of the one part, and the master, wardens,
and commonalty of the Clothworkers' Company of the
other part, reciting that the said G. N. Driver was
seised of the hereditaments therein-after described, subject as to those firstly described to an indenture of lease
of the 17th November, 1696, whereby the same were
demised for 500 years at the rent of 5l. And as to those
secondly described to an indenture of lease of the 1st October 1694, whereby the same were demised for 500 years at
5l. 15s. per annum, and reciting that the said G. N. Driver
was a member of the said Company, and in token of
his esteem for the same had determined, to make such
settlement of the said hereditaments in their favour as
thereby effected. It was witnessed that the said
G. N. Driver conveyed to the said Company, and their
successors and assigns, all that piece of ground on the
south side of Wellclose Square, near Ratcliffe Highway,
Middlesex, containing in breadth from east to west
20 feet, and in depth from north to south 79 feet, together with the messuage or tenement, buildings and
offices held therewith, and known as No. 35, Wellclose
Square. And also all that other piece of ground situate
on the east side of Wellclose Square aforesaid, containing in breadth 23 feet, and in depth 100 feet, together
with the messuage, &c. held therewith, and known as
41, Wellclose Square aforesaid, to hold the same, subject
to the said two leases unto the said Company, their
successors and assigns for ever, upon trust to apply the
rents thereof for the 1st, 3rd, and each successive corresponding alternate year for ever thereafter for the use of
the said Company, and to apply the rents for the 2nd,
4th, and each successive corresponding alternate year
for ever thereafter for such purposes of charity as the
court of the said Company should direct, and whether
by payment thereof to any indigent person or persons
or otherwise as such court might think proper and without responsibility for the application thereof.
The rents of this estate are as follows:—
|No. 35, Wellclose Square||5||0||0|
|" 41, "||5||15||0|
|The deductions are Crown rents||0||3||0|
|" " land tax||0||12||7|
|" " property tax||0||12||1|
The balance of the rents for each alternate year is
given away in such year at the nomination of the
master of the Company for the time being to one poor
William Edwards, by will of the 7th April, 1700,
gave 100l. in money to the Company to pay yearly at
Christmas to 10 poor artisan clothworkers or their
widows 10s. a piece amounting to 5l. a year.
This charity the Company administers with Rogers'
Thomasine Evan's Gift.
Thomasine Evans, by her will of the 11th October
1596, gave to the Clothworkers' Company five tenements
in St. Catherine Coleman parish, London, on condition
every second year to choose eight poor widows or wives
of the age of 50 years dwelling within the city of
London, whereof two to be of St. Mary, Abchurch
parish, and every second year bestow on the said eight
poor women one gown of cloth of 20s. value, and on
further trust to provide two cart loads of coal to the
poor of St. Catherine Coleman, and the like to St. Mary
The Company is the proprietor of the property in
Crutched Friars devised by this will.
The Company pay annually—
|To the parish of St. Catherine Coleman||10||0||0|
|" " Mary Abchurch||10||0||0|
The sum of 4l. a year is considered to have been included in the expenditure of clothing referred to under
Hobby's Gift. The four persons receiving clothing in
1857 received articles to the amount of 18l. 11s. 8d.
These recipients and those under Webb's Charity
attend at the church at St. Mary-at-Hill on the 5th
September in every year, if a week day, or on the following Monday. (fn. 7)
It appears by a resolution of the court of the Company of the 15th November 1613, that Richard
Farrington, by his will, gave to the Company 60l. to
buy some rent, to be distributed yearly to the poor of
the said Company, which 60l. was received of Mrs.
Farrington, late wife and executrix of the said Richard
Farrington, by Mr. Darkehurst, the last year quarterwarden, and was not employed and bestowed according
to the said Richard Farrington's will: and forasmuch as
it was not thought fit by this course that the said money
should lie dead in the hands of the Company without
any benefit coming to the poor thereby, according to
the intent of the said Richard Farrington, it was
therefore on that day agreed that from thenceforth
until the said 60l. might be conveniently bestowed and
laid out upon some purchase of land or rent, according
to the said Richard Farrington's will. There should
be distributed to the poor of the Company yearly, in
regard to the use of the said money, 3l. half-yearly to
be distributed by the master and wardens at the usual
times of distribution of the rent of the lands given to
the Company by Mrs. Holligrave.
The sum of 3l. a year is given away to the poor with
the funds referred to in the report of Rogers' and other
James Finch, by his will of the 15th February 1508,
gave to the Clothworkers' Company certain premises
in Hey Wharf Lane, in the parish of Allhallows the
Great, upon trust that the master and wardens of the
said Company should find and sustain yearly for evermore a Doctor or Bachelor of Divinity of good and
honest fame and conversation to read divinity within
Whittington College of London three days in every
week, and that such reader from time to time should be
elected by the master of the said college by the parson
of Allhallows in Honey Lane, by the parson of St.
Stephen, Walbrook, and by the parson of St. Peter,
Cornhill, and by their successors, for the time being
or by three of them, and the testator ordained that the
said master and wardens should pay yearly to the said
reader of divinity for his salary to be had of the issues
and profits of the said premises 10l. at two terms of the
year at the Feasts of Easter and St. Michael.
The Company, out of their property in Hey Wharf
Lane in Thames Street, pay annually 10l. a year to the
reader of Whittington College, who is now the Rev.
Thos. Hill, the perpetual curate of the parish of the
Holy Trinity, Minories. (fn. 8)
William Frankland, by his will of the 19th August
1574, gave to the Company his two tenements in Thames
Street, upon condition to pay 20s. a year for coals to the
poor in the parish of Allhallows the Great, and 3l. a
year to the parish of Skipton, Yorkshire.
The property of the charity consists of a house in
Thames Street, occupied by a Mr. Andrew McLaren, as
a tenant to the Company. The rentcharge of 4l. a year
is disposed of as follows:—
|To the churchwardens in Allhallows
|To the churchwardens in Skipton in
The latter parish returns an account to the Company
of the persons' names who receive the dole. (fn. 9)
Edward Gregory, formerly a member of the Company,
by deed of the 4th June 1845, granted to the Company
and their successors all that yearly rentcharge of 4l.
payable out of the manor of Cowlesfield Esturmey, in
the county of Wilts, and also out of all the lands and
tenements formerly of Lawrence Low, situate in
Cowlesfield, Cowlesfield Esturmey, and Whiteparish in
the county of Wilts, upon trust to pay the same on the
26th December in every year unto one of the three most
aged blind pensioners receiving pensions from the said
Company, every nomination to be made between
Michaelmas and Christmas days, and every such nomination to be deemed an appointment during the pleasure
of the master, wardens, and commonalty And on the
death of such augmented pensioner the next payment of
the said 4l. should fall into the general funds of the
Company for the purpose of indemnifying the said Company against the trouble and expense of receiving and
paying the said augmentation pension, and that after
the lapse of a year from the death of any augmented
pensioner the said Company should elect another pensioner, and so on from time to time for ever: Provided
that preference should be given to pensioners free of
the said Company.
The Company receive 4l. a year from a solicitor at
Devizes, Wilts, agent of Sir Frederick Bathurst. The
Company pay the money annually to one of the three
most aged of the blind pensioners. The sum is continually paid to the pensioner until he or she dies.
All the pensioners who have lately received it have
attained upwards of 90 years of age.
John Halse, by his will of the 10th August 1573,
bequeathed 100l. to the Clothworkers' Company to the
intent that the master and wardens should deliver the
same to four young men of the Company by even portions to occupy the same without interest for three
years, and so from three years to three years for ever.
The will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, and the said 100l. received by the said Company.
It is now included in the loan fund, and administered
under the scheme settled by the Master's Report of the
21st July 1840.
Ralph Hamer, by his will (date unknown), gave 100l.
to the Clothworkers' Company, to be lent out to four
young men free of the said Company, two to be retailing drapers, and the other two working clothworkers,
to have the money by equal portions for seven years,
finding securities for the repayment thereof at the end
of that time.
This is included in the Loan Fund and administered
under the scheme of the 21st July 1840, referred to
under Heydon's Charity.
John Heath, by his will of the 23rd January 1640,
gave to the Clothworkers' Company 1,500l., and directed
that 300l. should be laid out in erecting five tenements
of brick, and that with the remaining 1,200l. the Company should purchase lands of the clear yearly value of
60l., and ten poor men of the Company aged 60 years
who should be clothworkers or dressers of cloth, to
inhabit the said tenements, and for want of clothworkers
ten other mechanics and handicraftmen free of the
Company, towards whose maintenance the rent and
profits of the land should be equally divided.
The almshouses at the time of the former inquiry
were situated in the parish of St. Mary, Islington. On
the 3rd November 1824, ten almshouses and a clerk's
house were built in Monkwell Street, Cripplegate,
adjoining Lamb's Chapel or St. James in the Wall (see
Lambe's Charity). The present building bears the following inscription:—
"John Heath, by his will in 1640 having bequeathed
property to the Clothworkers' Company for the building
almshouses for the purposes of solacing the declining
years of ten poor freemen of the Company aged 60
years or thereabouts, in pursuance of such bequest ten
almshouses were erected at Islington, but the same
becoming dilapidated, were taken down and the present
built at the Company's expense, at the same time the
adjoining chapel and clerk's residence were rebuilt,
the whole being situated upon ground given by will
to the said Company in 1568 by William Lambe, citizen
of London. The first stone of the above was laid on the
3rd day of November 1824, by
The expense of the building of the houses and the
repair of the chapel was 6,600l.
The Commissioners of Inquiry (p. 231) remark that
the Company were unable to inform them how the
legacy was dealt with from the time of its receipt by the
Company until 1734, but they proceed to state the
investments made by the Company in 1734 of the sum
of 1,200l. and of other charitable bequests.
There being no account furnished of the disposition
of the money by the Company from the year 1640 to the
year 1734, a question arises similar to that to which I
referred in the case of the investment of the 360l., the
property of the Free Grammar School at Sutton-Valence.
If the Company invested moneys in the intervening
period in the purchase of real estate, as it was their
duty to do, it might not have been in their power in
the year 1734 to appropriate such lands to their own
use and attribute the investments then made to the
charities. Upon this, however, no evidence whatever
has been brought before me, and farther than the statement of the officers of the Company that they have
no knowledge of any anterior investments, or of any
documents illustrating them, it is of course not in my
power to penetrate. In a record book of the Company
it appears that a dispute had taken place between the
Company and some adjoining proprietors of land in
King Street respecting lights. On the 10th July 1734,
it appears by the same book that a draft deed was produced to the Company for the purpose of conveying and
appropriating the estate purchased in King Street to
the discharge of several charitable donations formerly
given to this Company "the several sums of money
having been received and no lands purchased therewith"; so that the estates so purchased may be
always subject to the payment of the charities of such
benefactors. It appears in the document book of the
Company or index to their muniments, that by deeds
of the 26th and 27th June 1720, there was a conveyance
by Long and others to the Company of three houses in
King Street. The deed of the 13th June 1734 referred
to by the Commissioners of Inquiry is a conveyance
from Thomas Hennand (who, I am informed, was then
the Clerk of the Company) to the Company of the premises mentioned in the Report, and it recites as its
basis a previous conveyance of the 12th and 13th June
in the same year of the same lands by the Company to
their clerk, reciting the said donations and the fact that
the Company had at several times laid out 6,074l. 10s.
(a greater sum) in the purchase of lands, and that the
same was intended to be thus conveyed for the better
and more effectual continuation and establishment of
the several and respective pious and charitable uses
The funds of the following charities were according
to this deed charged in the following proportions on
|1599||William Hewett||300 110||Topay per annum 15l. 5l.||20||0|
|1610||Richard Staper.||110||" "||5||0|
|1620||Sir Thomas Trevor||100||" "||6||0|
|1622||Thomas Hussey||120||" "||7||5|
|1631||Barbara Burnell||300||" "||12||0|
|1635||John Heath||1,000||" "||50||0|
|1648||Thos. Boylston||800||" "||32||0|
|1672||Sir Wm. Peake||100||" "||5||0|
|1675||Sir John Robinson||300||" "||12||0|
|1680||Robert Hitchins||1,500||" "||60||0|
|Paid for the purchase of houses in King Street||3,624||10|
|" " Billiter Street||1,050||0|
|" of the corner house in King Street||1,400||0|
The present property of the charities mentioned in
the foregoing table is as follows:—
|No. 18, Billiter Street, yard and work-shops.||Let to Edward Spencer, on
lease for 22 years from
|No. 93, Cheapside.||Let to the General Annuity
Endowment Company for
80 years from Michaelmas,
1854, sanctioned by the
order of the Charity Commissioners under their seal
of the 6th February 1857.||250||for the first 12½
years and 400l.
for the remainder of the
|Nos. 38, 39 and 40, King Street Cheapside (now one house).||Let to John Clarke, Edgar
P. Stringer, Joseph Robinson, and Joseph C. Ridgway
(who are directors of the
Mutual Life Assurancs
Society, but are not so described) on lease for 78
years from Michaelmas
1856, under the sanction of
the Charity Commissioners
by their order of the 16th
April 1858.||260||until Michaelmas
1876, and then
300l. for the remainder of the
The two last are building leases and no fines are now
taken. The property has been the site of very valuable
improvements. To the foregoing account it appears
that at the former Inquiry the land tax which had been
redeemed by the Company had been carried; but no
notice is now taken in the account of the land tax. If
redeemed with the property of the charity it is immaterial, if with the property of the Company, the
charity cannot of course complain of the omission.
The 300l. given by the founder for erecting the almshouses was no doubt (as the Commissioners observe,
p. 231) expended, and probably a larger sum, in the
erection of the old almshouses at Islington. The site
of these houses is stated to have been and still is the
property of the Company and not of the Charity.
Of the 570l. income produced by this estate, the proportion applicable to Heath's Trust is estimated at
112l. 13s. In 1853 the expenditure of the Company for
the maintenance of the 10 Heath's almsmen was as follows:—
|The almsmen at 20l. a piece||200||0||0|
|Medical attendance, coals, repairs,
|The same expenses in 1858 were,—|
|The other expenses as above||139||10||7|
The excess of these payments beyond the 112l. 13s.,
and the 10l. under Aaron's endowment is therefore the
bounty of the Company.
The 10 almsmen are poor freemen of the Company
chosen by the court on petition. Their trades or businesses are miscellaneous. There are always more applicants for admission than there are persons to be
admitted. (fn. 10)
Heath's Clothing Charity.
John Heath, by indenture of the 2nd December
1635, gave 1,000l. to the Clothworkers' Company, they
agreeing to pay 50l. yearly for ever, viz., to a minister
for a sermon on the day of his burial, 13s. 4d., also to
purchase so much woollen cloth as would make 30
gowns for 30 poor men and women (26 whereof to be
freemen or freemen's widows, and two men and two
women should be inhabitants of the parish where he
should be buried); also, to buy for the said men and
women linen cloth for 30 shirts and smocks, 30 leather
shoes, and 30 pair of stockings, to pay to the master
and wardens 3s. 4d. each (16s. 8d.) and to every one of
the livery present at the sermon 6d., to the clerk of the
Company 3s. 4d., to the beadle of the livery 2s. 6d.,
to the beadle of the yeomanry 1s. 6d., to the clerk of
the church 1s. 6d., and to the sexton 12d., and also to
pay yearly to two poor scholars, one of Oxford and the
other of Cambridge of the surname of Heath, 50s. a
The King Street and Cheapside estate was applied by
the Company to this and other charities (see Heath's
almshouses). The sum appropriated to this charity as
its proportion of the rent is 50l. a year.
The distribution of clothing annually made by the
Company exceeds the amount of this and the other
endowments for the purpose. (See Hobby's Charity).
The exhibitions are, like the others (see Pilsworth's
Charity), increased to 20l. a year. They have not been
usually held by persons of the name of Heath, but one
is now claimed by a sizar of that name, of Trinity College, Cambridge. There are at the same time 12 applicants; all others, however, will be excluded in favour of
Elizabeth Heather, by her will of the 4th January
1801, gave the annual inerest and dividends of the
residue of her estate to be divided amongst six poor
widows of decayed housekeepers to be annually nominated and chosen.
By a deed of the 2nd February 1842 between the
Clothworkers' Company of the one part and Robert
Joyce, Samuel Carter, and John Illidge, executors of
Thomas Bailey, who was the surviving executor of the
said Elizabeth Heather, of the other part. After reciting
the said will and that by an order of Chancery of the
26th April 1839 in a suit in which the said Robert
Joyce and Samuel Carter were plaintiffs, and the
Attorney General and Henry John Fraser and the said
John Illidge defendants, it was referred to the master
to approve of a scheme for the application of so much
of the residue of the said testatrix as should remain
after the payments of the costs therein mentioned
And that the said master had by his report of the 20th
January 1841 found that the plaintiffs, considering that
the trust funds (estimated at the annual sum of 60l.)
would be too small for the foundation of an establishment for the relief of poor widows of deceased housekeepers, had proposed as a proper scheme for the application of the said testatrix's residuary estate that the
sum should be transferred to the Clothworkers' Company, upon trusts there stated, and which scheme was
approved by the master as being as near as might be
to the charitable purposes expressed by the said will
It was by the said deed declared that the Company
should stand possessed of the funds to be so transferred
upon the following trusts, viz.:—
1st. That the Company should in each year (after
payment of the necessary charges of management) distribute the annual income among such six poor widows
of deceased housekeepers as among the applicants conforming to the rules and regulations after contained,
should appear to them to be most deserving and necessitous.
2nd. That a separate book should be kept relative to
the management of the trust, in which an account
should be entered of the name in which the said income
3rd. That the distribution should take place on the
1st December in each year, or within a week after that
4th. That to ensure a sufficient competition an advertisement should be inserted in three of the daily papers
in the first and a like in the second week of each
5th. That such advertisement should state the amount
to be distributed, the description of persons among
whom the distribution is to take place, and to whom
their applications were to be addressed, which must be
received before the 23rd November. It may also state
(if the Company think proper but not otherwise) what
would be required under the next clause.
6th. Every candidate to produce certificate of marriage and of husband's death, and to state in writing at
the time of such application, such particulars relative
to herself, her condition, and circumstances as should
be proper to be considered in deciding upon the respective claims with satisfactory references for information
as to character and verification of statement.
7th. No application to be received or considered which
should not be made previously to the 23rd November in
the year in which distribution is to be made.
8th. All moneys paid to the Company under the
before-mentioned order or under any other order in the
suit to be invested in their names in the funds or on
Government securities with liberty to alter and vary
for other securities of like nature.
The fund is now 1,207l. 12s. 5d. Consols and 635l. 15s. 3d.
3 per Cent. Reduced Annuities, producing an income of
55l. 6s. 0d.
The applicants for participation in the gift are very
numerous. There are always six pensioners of 8l. each.
The expenses of advertising and of management amount
to the balance of the fund after these payments. The
administration of the trust is stated to be very troublesome and onerous. I annex the forms of application
and a table of the names of applicants in the last year.
Petition for Mrs. Elizabeth Heather's Gift to Poor
Widows of decayed housekeepers, distributed by
the Clothworkers' Company, London.
To the Master, Wardens, and Court of Assistants of the
Worshipful Company of Clothworkers.
The humble petition of
late a housekeeper
Here insert any other particulars.
Sheweth that the petitioner is years of age, and
bears the character of being a sober and honest person
of good morals, is in destitute circumstances, and
Your petitioner therefore humbly prays to be admitted
a partaker of the above bequest. Dated this
day of 185.
Signature of applicant Residence.
in the Parish of
housekeeper, do certify
that of my own knowledge (except as to age) the above
statement is strictly correct.
This petition, together with a certificate of marriage,
and a certificate or proper proof of the death of the
husband, must be left at the Company's offices, Clothworkers' Hall, London, previous to the 23rd November.
List of Applicants, 1859.
|Name.||Age.||Circumstances.||No. of Application.||Received Gift in.||By whom introduced.|
|Bell, Elizabeth Farrell||69||Widow of Joseph, late of 4, Prince's Street, Rotherhithe, Ship
and Insurance Broker; in reduced circumstances, in consequence of the death of her two sons.||4th||—||Mr. A. Francis.|
|Birbeck, Mary||53||Widow of William, late of 12, Queen Street, timekeeper; in
destitute circumstances, and suffering from nervous
|Boughey, Catherine||66||Widow of John, late of 68, Threadneedle Street; has only a
pension of 7l. per annum from the Cordwainers Company;
infirm state of health.||16th||1849
|Brunswick, Mary Ann||64||Widow of Charles, late of 2, Mansion House Street, City,
furrier; has for many years experienced great losses and
|Cooke, Selby Ann||74||Widow of James William, late of 32, Arlington Street, Clerkenwell; nearly lost her sight; declining health.||1st||—||Mr. Pritchard.|
|Crowder, Mary||78||Widow of William, late of 3, Ocean Street, Stepney, who was
50 years in the service of Grosvenor, Chater & Co.; owing to
long and severe illness of her husband was left, in November
1857, totally unprovided for.||2nd||—||Mr. Horne.|
|De la Hunt, Mary||43||Widow of Thomas, late a blind pensioner of the Company;
left with two sons and two daughters, the eldest under 17.||1st||—||Mr. Alderman Humphery.|
|Garner, Ann||67||Widow of Frederick, cooper, late of 10, Hosier Lane; suffering
from nervous debility, and has lost the sight of an eye.||7th||1850 1855||Mr. Gregory.|
|Hayman, Harriet||87||Widow of William, late of Summerfield, Kent; entirely dependent on friends; has a son incapacitated from earning
his living.||4th||1852 1854 1857||Mr. Falkener.|
|Herbert, Jane||60||Widow of Rev. William, late of 101, Great College Street,
Camden Town, who lost his property in a Chancery suit
caused by the neglect of executors.||2nd||1857||Rev. E. J. Ward.|
|Hooper, Ann||50||Widow of Thomas, late of Middlesex Buildings, Hackney
Road; is afflicted in her knees, and has a son totally blind
to support.||4th||—||Mr. Farnan.
|Lee, Mary||81||Widow of John, late of 5, Adam's Court, Old Broad Street||6th||1856||Mr. Rutt.|
|Martin, Ann||49||Widow of Richard Joseph, late of 173, Fenchurch Street, and
freeman of this Company; out of employment, and in arrear
of rent.||1st||—||Mr. Burnell.|
|Palin, Sarah||64||Widow of George, late of 10, Craven Buildings, Strand; very
infirm; unable to work.||1st||—||The Master.
|Pottle, Mary Ann||69||Widow of Arnold, late of 15, Church Row, Limehouse, engineer;
unable to work from fractured arm; is asthmatical.||4th||—||Mr. Burnell.|
|Rowles, Esther||42||Widow of Joseph, late of 53, Cornwall Road, Upper Stamford
Street, grocer; has five children, four of whom she has to
support by needlework; parted with all to pay late husband's
medical expenses.||1st||—||Mr. Horne.|
|Smith, Mary Ann||68||Widow of Joseph, late of Bridgwater Gardens, Cripplegate;
afflicted with rheumatism; health very bad; nothing but
needlework to depend on.||5th||—||Mr. Pritchard.|
|Stretton, Clarissa||70||Widow of Charles, late of 5, Walsingham Place, Kennington,
wine merchant; afflicted with rheumatic gout; unable to
work.||10th||1846 1849 1851 1853 1855||Mr. Evans.|
|Wetherall, Ann||69||Widow of Thomas, late of Beauchamp Lodge, Hammersmith,
and Barbican; afflicted with rheumatic gout; her limbs
have become totally useless, and her sight is fast failing.||6th||—||Mr. Beachcroft.|
|Wratten, Mary||72||Widow of Joseph, late of 7, Allhallows Lane; has been blind
for many years; a pensioner under the Company.||1st||—||Mr. Davis.|
Note.—The Persons nominated to be marked thus +.
Any List having more than six names so marked will be considered void.
William Heron by his will of the 12th July 1580,
made the following bequests:—
|To Thomas Heron and his heirs for ever the
yearly rent of||5|
|University College, Oxford||5|
|To the poor of St. Sepulchre's, London||4|
|Reparation of St. Sepulchre's Church||10|
|" Clerkenwell Church||10|
And the testator directed his executors to convey his
lands to the Clothworkers' Company to perform the
several devises mentioned.
The property came into the possession of the Company
under a deed of the 31st August 1580. (fn. 11)
By a decree of the Vice-Chancellor of England dated
the 11th of June 1833, made at the hearing of a cause
Attorney General at the relation of Thomas Spencer
Hall against the Clothworkers' Company and the master
and fellows of University College, Oxford, and the
master, keeper, and fellows, scholars of Peterhouse,
Cambridge, and the churchwardens of the parishes of
Clerkenwell, St. Sepulchre, and Islington, and Stephen
Simpson and Augustus Burney, the court declare that
the lands and hereditaments devised to the defendants,
the Clothworkers' Company, by the will of the testator
and the rents and profits thereof from the time of the
filing of the information and for the future, together with
the 3,355l. 17s. Consols standing in the name of the said
Company, and the dividends thereof from the time of
filing the said information and for the future were
devoted, and ought to be applied to the charitable purposes therein-after mentioned And it was ordered
that the sum of 321l. 1s. cash in the hands of the
Company which had arisen from the rents of the hereditaments and from the interest of the said 3,355l. 17s.
Consols since the filing of the information be laid out in
the purchase of bank three per cent. annuities in the
names of the Company, and that interest thereafter to
become due as well on the said 3,355l. 17s. as also on
the bank annuities to be purchased as aforesaid,
together with what should be received by the said
Company in respect of future rents, be applied in the
first place in payment of the specific sums in the said
will mentioned, that was to say, 5l. per annum to the
heir of the testator, 5l. per annum to Peterhouse, Cambridge, 5l. to University College, Oxford, 4l. to the poor
of St. Sepulchre, 10l. towards the repairs of St. Sepulchre's Church, 4l. to the poor of Clerkenwell, 10l. to the
repair of Clerkenwell Church, and 8l. towards the repair
of the highways as in the bill mentioned And that the
said Company should yearly retain and apply to their
use one fourth part of the residue of the dividends and
rents in full satisfaction of all their interests in the
premises and of all trouble, costs, charges, and expenses to be incurred by them about the collection,
receipts, and application of the said rents and interest
And that the said defendants should annually distribute
the other three fourth parts of such residue amongst
the several charities and for the several purposes therein-before mentioned, and in aid of the several specific
gifts or sums to them rateably, and in proportion to the
amount thereof respectively, to wit, 5/46ths to Peter
house College, 5/46ths to University College, Oxford,
4/46ths to the poor of St. Sepulchre's, 10/46ths to the
repair of St. Sepulchre's Church, 4/46ths to the poor
of Clerkenwell, 10/46ths to the repair of Clerkenwell
Church, and 8/46ths towards the repairs of the highways aforesaid, such payments to be made on the 25th
of March in every year.
The distribution of the estate has been subsequently
according to the scheme above directed.
|The property consists of 3,355l. 17s.
Consols, paid in respect of a piece
of ground at the north-west end of
Cow Lane, taken in 1823 by the
Commissioners of Sewers, standing in the name of the Accountant
General of the Court of Chancery,
in the matter of the Commissioners of Sewers of the city of
London, and the master, wardens,
and commonalty of the Company||100||13||6|
|The sum of 362l. 5s. 2d. Consols,
purchased by 321l. 1s. cash (as
above-mentioned) standing in the
corporate name of the Company
(part of a sum of 36,001l. 4s. 5d.
like stock, partly belonging to
charities and partly to the Company)||10||17||4|
|No. 90, West Smithfield, by lease of
the 2nd February 1842, let to
Thomas Russell for 44¾ years, expiring Midsummer 1885||110||0||0|
|No. 91, West Smithfield, by lease of
the 1st July 1824, let to the said
Thomas Russell for a term expiring at the same time as the
|No. 92, West Smithfield, by lease of
the 1st July 1824, let to John
Mayne for a term expiring at the
same time as the foregoing||40||0||0|
The premises Nos. 90 and 91, front in West Smithfield, and No. 92, partly in West Smithfield and partly
in King Street (formerly Cow Lane), and form an area
which may be represented for the purpose of description by the following sketch:—
The leases on which this property was let were leases
involving large improvements, and by the effect of these
improvements the sites of the houses which were formerly
Nos. 93 and 94, Smithfield, and Nos. 28, 29, and 30,
Cow Lane (except so much as was taken by the Commissioners of Sewers), have become absorbed in the premises
above described as Nos. 90, 91, and 92, West Smithfield.
The distribution according to the decree is as follows:—
The specific gifts directed by the decree amounting to
51l., reduces the fund to the sum of—
|The Company's proportion is ¼th||65||2||8|
|Leaving a surplus to be divided
into 46 parts of||195||8||2|
The division of the 46 parts is as follows:—
|Parish of Clerkenwell, poor||16||19||10|
|St. Pancras highways||33||19||8|
|Peterhouse College, Cambridge||21||4||10|
|University College, Oxford||21||4||10|
|Parish of St. Sepulchre, poor||16||19||10|
|St. Sepulchre's Church||42||9||7|
|195||8||2 (fn. 12) |
William Hewer, by will of the 9th September 1715
gave to the Clothworkers 100l. for the use of the poor.
With the interest of this sum the Company annually
debits itself. The 5l. a year is carried to the account
of the Company's poor and distributed with Watson's
William Hewett, by will of the 4th April 1599, gave
300l. to the Company to the intent that they should pay
to Bartholomew's Hospital 5l. a year, to Christ's Hospital 5l. a year, and to St. Thomas's Hospital 5l. a year;
and he also gave 110l. to the Company to the intent
that they should allow yearly for ever 5l. to some poor
honest scholar of Cambridge studying Divinity.
The 410l. formed part of the funds which the Company appropriated for the King Street and Cheapside
property mentioned in the report on Heath's Almshouses; of the income of that estate the sum of 20l. is
appropriated to this Charity.
The three hospitals receive the sums of 5l. a year a
piece, and the Company have increased this exhibition
to the sum of 20l. with the other exhibitions. (See Pilsworth's Gift.)
John Heydon, by his will of the 11th March 1573,
gave 100l. to the Company to be lent out to two young
men of the Company, and the interest thereon 3l. 6s. 8d.
to be paid to the Mercer's Company.
By an Order of the Vice-Chancellor of England of the
21st March 1839 made upon the petition of the Company
under Sir Samuel Romilly's Act, relating to the said
charities, it was referred to the Master to inquire and
state to the Court what sums of money had come to
the hands of the Clothworkers' Company under the
several donations mentioned in the said petition and to
approve of a scheme for lending out the several sums
given to the said Company and for the application of
the interest, if any, to be paid by such loans; and the
Master by his report of the 21st July 1840, settled and
approved of the following scheme:—
1st. That the gift of 100l. under the will of John
Heydon, of 100l. under the will of Alexandre Iverie, of
100l. under the will of John Burnell, of 100l. under the
will of Samuel Lese, of 100l under the will of James
Stoddart, of 120l. under the will of Roger Wilcocks,
and of 26l. 13s. 14d. under the will of Katherine Hylson,
amounting together to 646l. 13s. 4d., with such additions
thereto as therein-after mentioned, should be united
together in one separate sum; and that the residue of
the several other charitable gifts in the report mentioned, which are to be lent out, without interest,
amounting together to 1,496l. 13s. 4d., should be united
into one other separate sum, and that so much of the
said several sums of 646l. 13s. 4d. and 1,496l. 13s. 4d. as
should remain after payment of the costs of the petition,
should be set apart as two several funds, the said firstmentioned sum to be called "the Loan Fund bearing
interest," and the other to be called "the Loan Fund not
bearing interest," and that the management of the
said respective funds and all matters incidental thereto
should be vested in the Company and their successors.
2nd. That the said Fund to be constituted of the said
646l. 13s. 4d., be lent by way of loan to freemen or
members of the Company in such sums as the said
Company in their discretion should think fit, but not
exceeding 300l. to any one freeman or member for a
period of three years at such rate of interest as after
3rd. That forasmuch as the sums payable, or which
have been applied in respect of the interest of the said
several sums constituting the said 646l. 13s. 4d. have
amounted to the sum of 23l. 13s. 4d., and that as the
said sum of 646l. 13s. 4d. will be reduced by the payment thereout of a proportion of the costs and expenses
in this matter, it is proposed that in order to keep the
rate of interest sufficiently low to afford an inducement
to freemen to avail themselves of the intended accommodation and at the same time to provide for the said
sum of 646l. 13s. 4d., together with so much of the said
1,496l. 13s. 4d. as would make up the principal sum of
800l., to be lent out in such manner and in such sums
as in the preceding article mentioned at the rate of 3l.
per cent. per annum.
4th. That the residue of such sum of 1,196l. 13s. 4d.,
after the making up the said 800l. as aforesaid, and
paying the proportion of the costs, charges, and expenses
in the matter in respect of the said first-mentioned sum,
be also lent to the freemen of the said Company in such
sums as the said Company in their discretion should
think fit, but not exceeding 150l. to any one freeman
for a period of three years and without any interest
whatever in respect of such loans.
5th. That in regard to the persons to whom such
loans respectively are to be made, and being such freemen or members as aforesaid, the same shall be at the
discretion and nomination of the said Company.
6th. That from the advancement of each such sum by
way of loan as aforesaid the freeman or member to
whom the same should be made shall execute a bond
with two or three sureties, as may be required, whereby
he and they shall become jointly and severally bound
unto the said Company in a penalty of double the
amount of the sum so lent and advanced, conditioned
for the repayment by the said obligors their heirs,
executors, or administrators of the principal sum so
lent, and either with or without interest, as the case
may be within the aforesaid period of three years for
which such loan is to be made.
7th. That the respective persons to whom such loans
shall be made shall bear and pay all costs and charges
attending the making and executing of the said bonds
and sureties and all other matters and things relating
8th. That in a book, to be provided and kept for that
purpose by the clerk of the said Company, shall be
entered the names and residences of the respective
borrowers and their respective sureties, the respective
professions or business, the amount of the sums lent,
the times of making such loans, and the times of the
repayment of the same, and any other particulars which
may be thought material or necessary.
9th. That when and as often as the said Company
shall have in their hands any of the moneys aforesaid
ready to be lent out by way of loan under the articles
aforesaid, the said Company shall cause to be posted up
in some conspicuous place in their common hall, and
when such moneys shall amount to 500l. or upwards,
shall also cause to be advertised in two of the London
daily newspapers a Notice that such moneys are ready
to be advanced in loans to freemen of the Company and
in the manner therein-before mentioned.
10th. That until the said sum of 800l. shall have
been lent out by way of loan under the aforesaid articles
in that behalf, the said Company shall pay interest at
the rate of 3l. per cent. per annum for the same, and of
what shall from time to time remain thereof in their
hands, and so from time to time whenever any part
thereof, which shall have been lent out, shall be repaid,
in order that the whole of the said fund may be productive and bear interest.
11th. That the interest to be paid or received by the
said Company for or in respect of the said 800l., or
every or any part thereof, shall from time to time be
duly apportioned and divided between the said several
donations respectively given by the said John Burwell,
John Heydon, Katherine Hylson, Alexander Iverie,
Samuel Lese, James Stoddart, and Roger Wilcocks
respectively, in the proportion to the amount of such
donations respectively, or of what has been received
in respect thereof, and such interest and the respective
appurtenances thereof shall be applied by the said
Company, as far as the same will extend, towards the
charitable purposes respectively declared concerning
such interest, in and by the aforesaid respective wills or
instruments in that behalf.
Under this scheme advertisements are published in
the following form, and the freemen of the Company
"Loan trusts under the management of the Clothworkers' Company. The Company have in hand
money to be lent to their freemen in sums not above
150l. without interest, or 300l. with interest at 3l.
per cent. per annum, to any one person for a period
not exceeding three years, the borrower entering
into a bond to the Company with two or three
sureties for repayment (at the end of the first year
if required)". Applications to be addressed to,
"Robert B. Towse, Clerk,
" Clothworkers' Hall, Mincing Lane, London,
Of the sum of 800l. to bear interest, there was at the
31st December 1858 250l. not lent, and 550l. lent to
freemen in sums of 300l., 100l., and 150l.
Of the money not bearing interest there was on the
31st December 1858, 734l. 1s. 4d. not lent, and 225l.
lent in sums of 25l., 50l., and 150l.
The Company requires a bond with two sureties
conditioned on repayment at the end of the year, but
the loans to those who are considered to continue
respectable and solvent are allowed to remain for three
The Company notwithstanding their care have lost
some of the loans by the failure of the sureties and have
been obliged to sue for the recovery of some of the
The sum of 3l. 6s. 8d. as the interest of the 100l.
under this endowment, is paid every year to the
Mercers' Company. (fn. 13)
Robert Hilson by his will appointed 1l. 6s. 8d. to be
yearly paid for the relief of Great Stanmore, and by
deed poll of the 25th January 1585, after reciting that
Catherine Hilson his widow for better securing the
payment of the said 1l. 6s. 8d., had paid to the Clothworkers' Company 40 marks (26l. 13s. 4d.) the Company
bound themselves to pay yearly the said 1l. 6s. 8d. to
the churchwardens of Great Stanmore, their executors,
and administrators. It is stated that this sum of
40 marks the Company ordered to be lent out for three
years to some honest man of the Company upon
sufficient sureties for payment of the principal and
interest, and at the three years end to be lent out again,
and so on from three years to three years for ever.
This sum is included in the order of the Court of
Chancery of the 21st July 1840, made upon petition
under Sir Samuel Romilly's Act for regulating the
loan charities. (See Heydon's Charity.)
The sum of 1l. 6s. 8d. a year is paid annually to the
churchwardens of the parish o Great Stanmore.
Lady or Mrs. Hinde by her will about the year 1569,
bequeathed to the said Company, 20l., upon and for
similar trusts to those declared in the will of Augustin
This money is included in the Loan Fund, administered under the scheme settled in the master's
report of the 21st July 1840, referred to in Heydon's
(fn. 14) Hitchins' Charity.
Robert Hitchins, by his will of the 24th June
1680, gave 1,500l. to the Company to purchase an
estate and apply the rents as follows:—To 20 poor men
and 20 poor women on St. Stephen's day yearly 3¼
yards of cloth at 6s. a yard, one pair of shoes, one pair
of hose, and one shirt or smock, to a minister for a
sermon 20s., to him who should read the Psalms 2s.,
to the clerk of the Company 5s., and to the beadle
2s. 6d. And he directed that six of the men and six of
the women should be inhabitants of the freedom part
of St. Giles, Cripplegate. (fn. 15)
The sum of 1,500l. is a part of the consideration of
the King Street and Cheapside Estate, applied by the
Company in 1734, to Heath's Almshouse (q.v.) and
other charities. The portion of the rent of the estate
attributed to this charity is 140l. 16s. 4d.
In 1858, the expenses of the estate preparatory to the
building leases were—
|To the surveyor||18||18||0|
|Law expenses in 1857 and 1858,
in reference to the application to the Commissioners for
Of these expenses—
|and 5l. per cent. on the share
(140l. 16s. 4d.)||7||0||9|
This leaves a net sum of 127l. 5s. 5d.
The clothing purchased by the endowment is given
away on St. Stephen's Day, the 26th December every
year. The parish of St. Giles, Cripplegate, by their
churchwardens, nominate six poor men and six poor
women, and the other recipients are free of the Company and selected by the court. They all receive the
same description of dress according to sex, and the suits
and articles are the same as are described in the report
of Hobby's Charity.
The sum expended in clothing in 1858 in respect of
this charity was 139l. 1s. 7d.
(fn. 16) Hobby's Charity.
John Hobby, by his will of the 12th March 1674, gave
3,000l. India stock to his executors for the purchase of
lands of the yearly value of 170l. to be conveyed to 14
trustees, seven of whom to be Governors of Christ's
Hospital, and seven to be of the Clothworkers' Company;
and he directed that 40l. a year should be paid to
Christ's Hospital to be employed in apprenticing four
Blue-coat boys, and 20l. more in raising stocks for
setting up such boys; and he appointed that the said
Company should have 60l. a year to be laid out in
clothing for 30 poor ancient persons, 12 of whom to be
free of the Haberdashers' Company, and the other 18 as
the said Clothworkers' Company should think fit, the
clothing to be delivered with 5s. in money to each poor
person on the 1st December yearly, the master to have
10s., each warden 5s., and the clerk 5s., and the
residue, 50l. a year, to be yearly employed towards the
discharge of 25 poor prisoners for debt in London, such
as lie in for their fees, seven out of each Compter and
11 out of Ludgate.
By an indenture of the 14th March 1677, between
Mary Hobby, relict and surviving executrix of the said
John Hobby, of the first part, the Clothworkers' Company of the second part, and the governors of Christ's
Hospital of the third part, reciting that the said Mary
Hobby had found a purchase of lands of 150l. a year, and
that it had been agreed that the said lands should be
settled on the Clothworkers' Company, and that they
should yearly pay 60l. to Christ's Hospital and should
stand entrusted with the other charity, which agreement was confirmed by a decree of the Court of
Chancery of the 22nd February, 29 Charles II., and
further reciting that she had completed the said purchase and had made another purchase of lands of 24l. a
year; it was witnessed that she conveyed to the Clothworkers' Company, certain messuages, lands, and tenements in Plumstead and Woolwich, Kent, and at
An information was filed on the 6th June 1832 against
the master, wardens, and commonalty of the Company
at the relation of Thomas Spenser Hall and Effingham
Wilson, praying that the defendants might answer the
premises and that it might be declared that the said
defendants were trustees of all the messuages, &c.
which they were possessed of under the said will and
deed for the benefit of the charities they founded, and
that all the rents and profits thereof ought to be applied
to the charitable purposes therein expressed, and that it
might be referred to one of the masters of the said
Court to take an account of all sums of money received
by the said Company for rents and profits, and also for
fines and premiums on making leases of the said messuages and hereditaments. And also to take an account
of the sums properly paid and expended by the defendants about the charitable purposes aforesaid. And that
the said master might be directed to ascertain the
amount of the sums received by said defendants yearly
and every year above the sums so paid and expended,
and to ascertain the amount of such surplus. And that
the said defendants might be ordered to answer and pay
the same, and that the same, when paid, might be applied in an augmentation of the said charities. And
that it might be referred to the master to approve of a
proper scheme for the application of the amount so to
be paid, and also of the future surplus rents of the
estates for the benefit of the said charity.
A decree was pronounced on the 10th March 1834,
whereby it was declared that the several objects or
persons to whom the specific sums in the pleadings
mentioned, amounting to 170l. a year, were given by the
will of J. Hobby, were entitled to the surplus rents
and profits of the charity estates after making the said
specific payments rateably and in the same proportion
respectively as they are respectively entitled to the said
170l. And the defendants, by their answer, admitting
a sum of 753l. to be in their hands in respect of the
rents of the estates in question received by them since
filing the information, it was ordered that after payment thereout of the said specified sums or gifts amounting to 170l. a year, or such of them as since the filing of
the information had become due and remained unpaid
and of the costs therein-after directed to be paid, the
residue (if any) should be apportioned among the said
several objects rateably and in proportion as they were
entitled to the said 170l., and it was ordered that the
future surplus of the said charity estates to be received
by the said defendants after payment of all proper
expenses and of the specific sums of 170l. and of such
costs as after mentioned (if any) be apportioned among
the said several objects entitled to the said specific sums
amounting to 170l. rateably and in proportion as they
were respectively entitled to the said 170l. And that
the costs, &c. of the relators and of the defendants be
taxed by the master in rotation and that the same be
paid by the defendants out of the surplus rents received
since the filing of the information, and in case they
should be insufficient for that purpose then out of any
future surplus rents.
The property taken and now held by the Company
under the conveyance of 1677 consists of the following
|Borstall Farm, Plumstead,
consisting of a farmhouse,
cottages, barn, and buildings, and 115a. 1r. 5p. of
land.||Let to George Russell on
lease for 14 years from
Michaelmas 1858. 200l.
was the rent in the previous lease; the present
tenant and his father are
stated to have improved
the farm since 1842 when
it came into their occupation.||250||0||0|
|(The tenant rents the adjoining land from Queen's
College, Oxford, and his dwelling-house is on that
land, and is called the Manor House of Plumstead.)|
|The North Kent Railway took a small portion of
this farm in respect of which 201l. 5s. 2d. Reduced
Annuities is standing in the name of the Accountant-General of the Court of Chancery, dividends||6||0||8|
|Six cottages in Plumstead
and 1a. 2r. 14p. of land.||Let to Thos. Edwd. Whiting for 21 years from
Lady Day 1859.||35||0||0|
|A house and shop in Plumstead.||W. Blackwell (lease expiring at Michaelmas 1861).||25||0||0|
|Four cottages and 1a. 2r. 17p.
of land at Bird's Nest Hole
in Plumstead.||W. Harrison as tenant from
year to year.||25||0||0|
|Giles squire and Little High
Grove Woodland in Plumstead containing 29a. 1r. 6p.||Lately held by Sir Lionel
Goldsmid on lease, which
expired Michaelmas 1858,
at 21l. 10s. per annum,
but at present in hand.|
|The old vicarage and about
3 acres of glebe land (which
were taken in exchange for
premises at Bramblesbury)
let at the time of the former report to Butler Adams,
such exchange being made
under the sanction of the
Inclosure Commissioners.||In hand.|
|The vicarage was let to Mr.
Brice for 61 years at 42l.
a year, to be altered into
two tenements and to
build four cottages, and
2a. 2r. 15p. of glebe land
was let to him also at 13l.
a year for 7, 14, or 21 years.
No rent being paid for the
latter premises, they are
now let to W. Jean from
Lady Day 1859 for 7, 14, or
21 years at||15||0||0|
|(Mr. Brice built two carcases, but not having further
completed his agreement, the Company is now in
possession and is offered 25l. a year for the property.)||25||0||0|
|The sum of 1,665l. was received from the Rev. Wm.
Acworth in consideration for 5a. 2r. 8p. of land
(the residue of Bramblebury not included in the
Exchange) under the authority of the Charity
Commissioners of the 3rd July 1857 and invested
in 1,822l. 3s. 2d. Consols.|
|A sum of 900l. 7s. 1d. had up to July 1857 been accumulated by the process of recouping at 10l. per
cent. on the income of the charity, a disbursement
of nearly the same amount (902l. 12s. 10d.) made
in 1842 out of the charity funds for improving the
Borstall farm, and the Company added the difference between the sum accumulated to 918l. 15s., the
price of 1,000l. Consols, making together 2,822l. 3s. 2d.
Consols, the dividends on which are||84||13||4|
|Houses Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4,
Nightingale Lane, Woolwich, and a washing establishment and 6 acres of
land.||Let to G. T. Cann for 80
years from Midsummer
1859 at 230l. for the first
four years, 240l. for the
fifth year, and 250l. for the
remainder of the term.
(This was till lately let at
175l. a year.)||250||0||0|
|The Hamper Paper Mills
at Watford, Herts, and
28a. 1r. 33p. of land abutting on the river Calne let
at 250l. per annum, but of
this the Company claim as
their own property the
Mill and about 8 acres of
land.||Let to James Smith on lease
for 41 years, expiring at
It does not appear under what circumstances or by
what means the Company became entitled to 200l. a
year of the rent of the paper mills. I have not been
able to ascertain whether they purchased or became
owners of the property adjoining the charity estate, and
the question does not appear to have been dealt with by
the decree of 1834. It appears by the conveyance of
March 1677 that the charity property did not include
what was called Hamper's Mill, and applied only to
property adjoining Hamper's Mill.
|The outgoings of this estate, consisting of
quitrents, repairs, surveys, wallscott (or
a rate for keeping up a river wall) would
amount to about||80||0||0|
|The Company charge for the expenses of
the management of the charity 5l. per
cent. on the gross amount received, which
in 1858 was about||37||15||0|
The property, according to the scheme of 1834, is
divisible into 17 parts, 6/17ths to Christ's Hospital, 6/17ths
to the Company's clothing fund, 5/17ths to poor
In the year 1853 the sum of 192l. 10s. 7d., and in 1858
154l. 15s. 5d. were paid to Christ's Hospital. The same
sums were in those years applied to the clothing fund;
the income of Evans', Heath's, Hobby's, Lambe's, Lute's,
Middlemore's, and Webb's Charities amounted together
to about 700l.
In the year 1858 the amount expended in clothing
(including Lambe's Charity, but exclusive of Hitchins')
was 708l. 19s. In May Heath's and Hobby's Charities
are given away; on the 5th of September Evans' and
Webb's; on the 1st of October Middlemore's; and on
the 18th of October Lute's Charity is given away.
The freemen of the Company and their widows know
that such gifts are to be distributed at such times, and
that it is necessary for them to attend at the Clothworkers' Hall and put down their names during the
previous month, when the cases are inquired into and
their eligibility as objects of the charities considered.
Every male recipient obtains a hat, a shirt, a coat,
waistcoat, and trowsers of blue cloth, and stockings
and boots. The cost of these suits in April 1859 was
3l. 14s. each. The women each receive a bonnet, shawl,
merino gown, flannel petticoat, a serge petticoat, shift,
stockings, and shoes. The cost of these articles in April
1859 was 2l. 0s. 5d. each. The clothes are supplied by
contract, and when the names of the selected recipients
are written off by a member of the Court of Assistants
they are entitled to go to the tradesmen indicated and
obtain the clothes.
With regard to the 5/17ths for poor prisoners, there is
an accumulated balance. Applications are constantly
received from the governor of Whitecross Street Prison.
The ordinary sum required for the release of prisoners
is 3l. It is said that the present governor, Col. Martyn
Hicks, has employed a person to get the poor prisoners
through the insolvent court, and the expense of doing
so defrayed from these funds in 1858 was 6l., and in
1859, 75l. There is now an accumulated balance of
1,221l. 12s. 8d.
The abolition of the three prisons mentioned in this
endowment and the great alterations which have taken
place in the modern laws and remedies between debtor
and creditor would appear to render it necessary to
adopt some new method of distributing charitable funds
applicable to the benefit of prisoners for debt. This,
however, raises a very large question, owing to the
number and magnitude of the gifts for distributions
in money and kind to prisoners in the metropolis and
elsewhere, and it is a question which it appears to me
ought to be considered in a more extensive point of
view than could be taken in settling a scheme for any
single charity. Instead, therefore, of recommending in
this and other like cases any application to the court
for a new scheme, I have rather preferred to leave the
disposition of the income as it may happen to be made
in the exercise of the judgment of the administrators,
the capital being secure and hereafter capable of being
applied in some manner more extensively beneficial to
the unfortunate persons for whom it is intended than
the direction for any detached and fragmentary application of a particular fund is likely to be.
With reference to the administration of this and other
charities by the Company, I may here observe that in
those cases where the Company do not take any beneficial interest in the charity, it is their habit to charge
5l. per cent. as the expense of general management,
exclusively of the actual charges for purely professional
In the other cases where the Company take a beneficial interest, no general per-centage is charged. If
the gift be, as in many cases it is, to the poor of the
Company, it is right to mention that the charge is
not in substance deducted, as the gifts by the Company
commonly exceed the amount derived from the original
It will be observed that a large portion of the estate
of this charity is situated in the parish of Plumstead.
The parish is very populous, and its inhabitants are for
the most part artizans, labourers, and poor. The incumbent of Plumstead, the Rev. Wm. Acworth,
attended at my inquiry and stated the educational
wants of the poorer classes in his parish and the efforts
which have been made by benevolent persons and by
Government assistance to supply them, and urged his
claims on the trustees as the owners of large real estate
in his district dedicated, moreover, to charitable purposes.
I stated to the Company and its officers, in the
presence of the incumbent, the disposition of the Board
to afford its sanction and aid to the trustees of charities
in the performance of the duties admitted to attach to
real estate with due liberality, and I assured them that
they might rely on the support of the Board in any
application of a proper portion of the income of the
charity estate to the local objects referred to.
Mrs. Margaret Holligrave, by indenture of the 12th
November 1595, granted to the Clothworkers' Company
all her messuages, &c. in East Smithfield, upon trust,
to pay to the poor of St. Botolph's, Aldgate, 20s. a
year; to the poor of St. Mary, Aldermary, 20s. a year;
to the prisons of Newgate, Ludgate, and the two
compters, 5s. a year each, and the residue of the rents
to the said Company to be distributed as follows: to
the master and wardens for their pains, 20s. yearly;
and the residue for the poorer sort of clothworkers,
and no others, at Christmas and Midsummer.
The whole of the premises comprised in this devise
were sold under an Act of 6 Geo. 4. to the St. Katherine's Dock Company for 11,150l., laid out in the purchase of 12,773l. 12s. 2d. Consols. In 1839 premises
in Moorgate Street, paying ground rents of the annual
value of 363l. 3s. 9d. were purchased, the stock sold for
such purpose being 12,649l. 15s. 9d., leaving 123l. 16s. 5d.
stock still in the Court of Chancery.
Under this purchase the Company are proprietors of
the following property in fee, subject to the leases
|The sum of 123l. 16s. 5d. Consols standing
in the name of the Accountant-General
to an account, "ex parte the St. Kathe"rine Dock Company"||3||14||2|
|No. 61, Moorgate Street, corner of Bell
Alley, let to Riddall, on lease expiring
|No. 62, Moorgate Street, let to Riddall
on lease, expiring Midsummer 1916||160||0||0|
|No. 63, Moorgate Street, let to Riddall
on lease, expiring Midsummer 1916||140||0||0|
The charges as to the aforesaid gift are as follows:—
|The master and wardens of the Company||1||0||0|
|St. Botolph's, Aldgate parish, paid to
|St. Mary, Aldermary, paid to churchwardens||1||0||0|
|The Poultry, Giltspur, Ludgate, and Newgate prisons, 5s. each. This is paid to
the receiver appointed by the Court of
Aldermen (Joseph Temple)||1||0||0|
|To the poor of the Company (in 1858) the
sum distributed as pensions in the
manner described in the report of
The pensions, which were formerly of sums of 4l.,
have been raised and classed in a different manner, as
stated under Rogers' Gift. (fn. 17)
Thomas Hussey, by indentures of the 4th April 1622
and the 20th March 1623, gave to the Company 120l.
to pay on the eve of St. Thomas, to 20 poor men of the
Company 6s. a piece; to 20 poor women 12d.; and to
the clerk, two beadles, butler, and porter 12d. a piece.
This bequest is apportioned to the estate purchased
as stated in my report of Heath's almshouses. The
sum of 7l. 5s. 5d. attributed from the rents to this
charity, and the distribution of this and other similar
funds and charities is mentioned under Watson's Gift.
Augustin Hynde, by his will of the 23rd June 1556,
gave to the said Company 100l., upon condition to
deliver the same to four young men of the Company,
to have the occupying thereof for three years, to each
of them 25l., taking good securities for the same, and
so from three years to three years for ever, the said
100l. to be delivered by the master and wardens and 12
of the assistants to four young men of the said Company
to have the occupying thereof for three years.
The will was proved on the 16th August 1556, and
the 100l. was paid to the Company.
This is one of the charities included in the loan
funds, now administered according to the report of the
Court of Chancery of the 21st July 1840 referred to
under Heydon's Charity.
It forms part of the moneys comprised in the schedule
to that report.
Alexander Iverie, by his will of the 25th December
1588 (31 Elizabeth), bequeathed to the Company of
Clothworkers the sum of 100l. to be paid them by his
executors, which money he willed might be employed
towards the relief and better maintenance of the poor
people of the said Company and that such small profits
as they should make for the use of the said 100l., might
for ever thereafter be employed towards the relief of
the poor people free of the said Company.
This is one of the charities included in the loan fund
now administered according to the report of the Court
of Chancery referred to in Heydon's case. It forms a
part of the money comprised in the schedule to that
report. The Company charge themselves with an
interest of 3l. a year, which they distribute to the poor
of the Company, in the same manner as the other funds
described under Rogers' Gift.
Countess of Kent's Almshouses.
The Right Honourable Margaret, Countess of Kent,
by an indenture of 14th July 1538, reciting that she
was seised in fee of four tenements at Queenhithe, and
of one tenement in Fenchurch Street, and that she and
the Clothworkers' Company were possessed of a lease
of a garden ground in Whitefriars, with an almshouse
built by the said countess for a term of 99 years, the
said countess granted the residue of her part of the
said lease to the said Company, and covenanted that
she had by will devised the said five tenements to the
Company, for which gift and for 350l. paid by the said
countess to the Company, they covenanted to pay 18l.
a year for ever for seven poor almswomen resident in
the said almshouses.
And by her will of the 3rd December 1540, the said
countess devised all her lands and tenements in London
to the said Company, to the intent that seven poor
women should be maintained continually by the said
Company out of the rents of the property in Fenchurch
Street and Queenhithe.
The Company take under the deed and by the will
of the Countess of Kent property in Whitefriars and
Fishmonger's Alley, Fenchurch Street. The houses in
Queenhithe appear to have been sold by the Company
in 1548 for the sum of 115l. 10s.
The Whitefriars estate of the Company consists of
property derived from the countess, and also of the
property purchased in 1654 of Daniel Potter at the
north of the almshouse for 330l.; on these premises a
building lease was afterwards granted.
The whole property of the Company in Whitefriars
at present is,—
|(1.) Part of Powell's Glassworks, let on
lease at a rent of||130||0||0|
|(2.) No. 18, Temple Street||42||0||0|
|(3.) No. 17, Temple Street|
|(4.) Nos. 1 to 5, St. Andrew's Court,
It does not appear what portion of this property
belongs to the almshouse and what to the Company.
There appears to be no doubt that the only property
belonging to the Company originally in Whitefriars
was the almshouse, and if the subsequent purchase of
the Company cannot be defined, it will be difficult for
them, I apprehend, to assert their exclusive claim to
any part of the property as against the charity.
|The property of the Company in Fenchurch
Street now consists of No. 118, Fenchurch Street and Fishmonger's Alley,
let at a rent of||125||0||0|
|Two tenements, Nos. 4 and 5, Fishmonger's
Alley, let for 61 years, from Midsummer
|Nos. 1, 2, and 3, Fishmonger's Alley, let
on a building lease for 61 years, from
|No. 7, let for 61 years, from Midsummer
It is probably now impossible to ascertain whether
this was taken by the Company under the deed or the
will of the countess, or whether it is charged with the
18l. a year or is to any extent an absolute devise for
the benefit of the charity.
The Company in the year 1770 transferred the almshouses which were originally in Whitefriars to Islington,
consisting of eight tenements, built by the Company on
land of their own at that place, situated in the Lower
Road. These houses were rebuilt nearly on the same
spot about five or six years ago, and were increased to
11 in number, with a garden for the whole. On this
erection the Company expended 3,359l. The almshouses
are occupied by 11 freemen's widows or freemen. They
are allowed 20l. a year each (in the whole, 220l.) and
coals, medical attendance, wages of gardener, and
repairs amounting in the year 1858 to 158l. 18s. 11d.,
and 10l. per cent. on the rebuildings which amounted
to 335l. 19s. 9d., making a total expenditure in the
year 1858 of 714l. 18s. 8d. (fn. 18)
(fn. 19) Lambe's Clothing Charity.
By an indenture of the 12th July 1568 between the
Clothworkers' Company of the one part and the Corporation of London of the other part, reciting that William Lambe intended to bequeath certain premises in
the parishes of St. James in the Wall, St. Stephen
Coleman, and St. Olave, Silver Street, to the said Company, it was covenanted that the said Company should
on the 1st of October, and on the feast days of St. Stephen, the Annunciation of the Virgin, and the Nativity
of St. John the Baptist, cause a sermon to be preached
in the Church of St. James in the Wall, and that at
every sermon four of the livery should be present and
6s. 8d. paid to the preacher of every sermon, and 13s. 4d.
to the said four liverymen.
That the said Company should give 12 gowns to 12
men at the yearly expense of 6l. 9s., and 12 gowns to
12 women at the expense of 5l. 11s., and also 12 shirts
to 12 men of the value of 1l. 10s., and 12 smocks to 12
women at the expense of 1l. 4s., and 24 pair of shoes for
the said men and women, such distribution to be made
on the 1st October in the chapel of St. James aforesaid,
amongst 12 poor aged men and 12 women being impo
tent and lame, such men and women to be present at
every of the said four sermons. And it was further
covenanted that if the chamberlain, town clerk, and
under chamberlain of the said city, or any of them
should on the 1st October be present at such sermon to
see the premises duly executed, the Company should
pay them 6s. 8d. a piece. And that the said Company
should after the decease of the donor find a chaplain
who should every Wednesday, Friday, and Sunday, say
divine service in the said chapel, and should duly preserve the said chapel, with a proviso that if the said
donor did not by will convey the said premises to the
Company to their proper use and behoof for ever discharged of all incumbrances, the said covenants
should be void.
And the said William Lambe, by his will of the 11th
October 1574, gave all his messuages, &c. in the abovenamed parishes (subject to a yearly rent of 6l. 13s. 4d.
to the Stationers' Company) to the said Clothworkers'
Company for ever to the uses, intents, and purposes of
the above-mentioned deed.
The dispositions thus directed are as follows:—
|12 gowns for men||6||9||0|
|12 gowns for women||5||11||0|
|12 shirts to men||1||10||0|
|12 smocks to women||1||4||0|
|24 pairs of shoes||6||3||0|
|Chamberlain, town clerk,
and under chamberlain||Not paid.||1||0||0|
The Company consider that notwithstanding there is
no gift of the residue, the above payments are all that
they are liable to make, inasmuch as it was only upon
the condition of making them that the Company entered
into the covenant, and it is to be observed, that by an
ultimate provision in the will, if the donor did not by
will convey the said premises to the Company discharged of all incumbrances that the said covenants
should be void.
A tabular statement of the property comprised in
this devise is given in the report of the Commissioners
of Inquiry (p. 220). Assuming that the conclusion come
to by the Commissioners is the correct one, as upon the
above circumstances it probably is, that "Lambe's
pensioners owe what they receive beyond the specified
sums to the voluntary benevolence of the Company,"
it does not appear necessary to go into the specific rents
and description of the property charged, which are
stated in the accounts of the Company to have produced a rental as follows.—
The Company continued to make the distribution to
Lambe's pensioners of sums of 4l. a year each for several
years after the last report, but for many years past the
Company have ceased to grant new pensions of 4l. a
year, the applicants for such smaller pensions not
having been considered proper objects, and instead of
such smaller pensions, the number of larger pensions
of 10l. a year was increased, which are limited to persons of either sex of the age of 60 years and upwards.
There are only three 4l. a year pensioners remaining,
and there are now 50 10l. a year pensioners, as stated
under Rogers' Gift.
By a provision in the will it is declared that if the
Company should be negligent in the performance of
the trusts, so that the same be left undone for the space
of a year, the testator willed that all bequests and devises so made to the Company should be void and then
he gave and devised all the said lands and premises to
St. John's College, Oxford, to the use of poor scholars
of the said college for ever.
The Company only charge the trust with the actual
sums specified in the deed, but they actually disburse
in relation to this endowment the following sums, after
paying the quitrent of 3s. 2d. and 6l. 13s. 4d. to the
|Clothing to the 12 men and 12 women, including the shoes (1858), and including
10s. 6d. each to the members of the Company who attend, and who average from
15 to 20||89||3||8|
|The chaplain of the Company (Rev. Chas.
Perring) who attends on Sundays, Wednesdays, and Fridays in the forenoon at
the chapel, and reads prayers and preaches
the sermon in the chapel on the 1st October, or on the Monday following, if that
be on Sunday||80||0||0|
|The clerk of the chapel||30||0||0|
The chapel, which was the ancient chapel of St. James
in the Wall in Lambe's Chapel Court and Monkwell
Street, was entirely taken down in 1825 and rebuilt
with 10 almshouses adjoining and the chapel keeper's
house (see Heath's almshouses), at an expense to the
Company of 6,600l. The annual expense of repairs,
rates, taxes, coals, insurance, &c. amount to about 60l.
(fn. 20) Lambe's Almshouses, at Sutton Valence, Kent.
William Lambe, by an indenture of the 6th April,
22nd Elizabeth, between himself of the one part and
the said Company of the other part, reciting that he
had granted to the Company a messuage and land in
Abbey Warley, Essex, a tilekiln, house, and land in
Upminster, Essex; and reciting that he had erected
six almshouses in Sutton-Valence for 12 poor almspeople; it was agreed that out of the profits of the
said lands there should be yearly paid to the said Company 4l. for an annual visitation to the free school.
And the Company covenanted to pay 4l. a year towards
the maintenance of the people in the almshouses; and
further reciting that William Lambe had by indenture
of the 20th August, 18th Elizabeth, granted to the corporation of London, governors of Christ's Hospital, a
term of 500 years in a tenement, &c. in Mile End,
Stepney, to the intent that the said governors should
yearly pay to the said Company 6l. towards the maintenance of the poor people in the almshouses. Nothing
has been received from this last named gift, which
appears to have been the subject of a suit in the 42nd
year of Elizabeth. (Reports, p. 398, vol. 30.)
There are now six almshouses at Sutton-Valence adjoining the school premises. They are six continuous
tenements with two rooms and a wash-house in each.
They are occupied by inhabitants of Sutton-Valence,
aged persons, men and women and married persons.
They are selected by the court out of names recommended by the master of the school, the rector of the
parish or his curate, and the churchwardens.
The Company pay 10l. a year to the inmate nominated
in each house, as well as occasional gifts of 10s. each on
their visitation and a ton of coals to each house.
Two widows and four men are now in the almshouses.
The sum has been increased at different times, and
since they have received 10l. a year half relief is allowed
by the parish, viz., 1s, 3d. to 1s. 6d. a week.
Laws and Regulations of the Free Grammar School
at Sutton Valence, in the county of Kent, founded
by William Lambe, Esquire, and extended by the
voluntary bounty of the Worshipful Company of
Introductory Address to the Court of Assistants of
the Clothworkers' Company.
Gentlemen, 1st November 1841.
Having fulfilled the duty undertaken by us, of
preparing a set of laws and regulations for the government of the Company's school at Sutton Valence, which
laws and regulations have duly obtained your sanction,
we have only to express our hope that they may prove
useful and beneficial, and tend to raise and dignify
the character of an institution, enlarged by you at a
very considerable charge, derived from your own funds,
and from which it is hoped that the Company, in their
corporate character, will derive lasting credit hereafter.
The instances are but few, in the history of the great
civic companies, of an act so truly beneficent and disinterested as this, but we hope that the example, which
you have herein given, will not be without its effect
upon them, for the motives are undoubtedly of great
weight, which should induce them to devote a portion
of the wealth, derived from their ancestors, to the
advancement of the sacred cause of Education, among
the rising generation of the present day.
This is one of the results which eminent statesmen
have had in view when the measure of a general investigation into the trusts and charities of the Livery
Companies of London received the sanction of the
Legislature; by anticipating that object, they will,
therefore, at once create the strongest of claims, on
their own behalf, to a lasting place among the great
institutions of the country, and render a service to the
rising generation, the importance of which our daily
experience tends to elevate and exalt to the highest
It is with pride and satisfaction we shall ever reflect
on the part you have permitted us to take in the various
measures for the improvement of the school at Sutton
|William Horne, Chairman.|
|Huntley Bacon||Members of the Committee of Record and
|T. M. Alsager|
|J. R. Bousfield|
A brief account of the early history and progress of
Sutton Valence School, would appear to be a proper
appendage to this publication.
It was founded in 1576, by William Lambe, Esq., a
member of this Company, at whose death it devolved
permanently upon the court as a trust, but so limited
were the notions of the founder, in making a provision
for its future execution, that besides assigning the
house and garden in which the school was then conducted in perpetuity to the Company, the only endowment for its support was a rentcharge of 30l. a year,
and even that was so irregularly collected, owing to the
unsettled state of the country in the following century,
that it was finally disposed of by the Company for somewhat less than 12 years' purchase.
Our predecessors did not, on that account, neglect
the trust which they had undertaken. Indeed, there is
no period of our history in which it cannot clearly be
shown, that the Company expended much more upon
the school than the original endowment, and they have
incurred a very large outlay at various periods, in
rebuilding and repairing the school-house. The court
did, moreover, bestow a large share of their attention
on the management of the school at all times, and a
reference to the rules and orders will show that frequent reports of Committees were made, and that more
space, perhaps, in those proceedings, is occupied by
that subject, than by any other. But it must at the
same time be admitted, that long periods of total
neglect often succeeded to the energy thus displayed,
and that the school never acquired much distinction, or
was of any decided benefit to the district in which it
A new era in the Company's affairs began in the year
1837. The court had consented to the formation of
various committees for the management of the general
business, and the extension of the trusts and charities,
and it was soon determined that the school at Sutton
Valence should partake of the benefits of the improved
system. The duty of reconstructing that seminary was
confided to the committee of record and trusts, who
applied themselves to it with so much assiduity, that
by the autumn of 1838, the old school had been broken
up, and all arrangements duly planned for re-opening
it upon the present plan, which took place in January
1839, when a great number of the members of the court
repaired to Sutton Valence to give due importance to
that ceremony. Divine service was performed on the
occasion in the church of Sutton Valence, and a sermon
was preached by the Company's Chaplain, in which a
pledge was given on their part, that they would carry
out this undertaking by all the means in their power.
An examination of the scholars took place in June of
the same year, which was attended by the master of the
Company, the chairman of the committee of record and
trusts, and several other members of the court, but was
conducted privately, as in the short time since the
school had been opened, it was not to be expected that
any great proficiency could have been made.
The first public examination took place in June 1840,
and afforded very gratifying proofs of the ability of the
master, and of the industry and talent of his pupils.
At the examination, however, in June 1841, the whole
had assumed a greatly improved character, Edward
Russell James Howe, one of the pupils, presented an
essay on the effects of the Norman Conquest, so well
written and so carefully reasoned, as to create the surprise of the examiner, Professor Hall, of King's College.
It of course received the prize, as well as the high
encomiums of all the company present. An order of
the court was passed, on the report of the visitors, that
Howe's essay should be printed; and it was further
ordered, that in consideration of his extraordinary
merit, and in the event of his becoming resident at one
of the universities, he should receive 50l. annually from
the Clothworkers' Company, during three years, to
enable him to complete his education.
With such encouragement the school cannot fail to
produce great and learned men, and to reflect great
honour on those by whom it is supported.
1st November, 1841.
Laws and Regulations of Sutton Valence School as
revised and adopted by court 1st November, 1848.
1. Shall be of two classes.
First.—The sons of freemen of the Clothworkers'
Company; and the sons of freewomen, born after the
admission of their mother to the freedom, and after the
death of their father; preference being given to those
whose parents have filled a respectable rank, but who
have been rendered unable by declining circumstances
to give their children a good education.
Second.—The sons of inhabitants of Sutton Valence
and its vicinity, (preference being given to those residing in that and the adjoining villages of Langley,
Leeds, Chart, East Sutton, and Lenham, but the benefit,
may extend, by the permission of the Company, to
every part of Kent.
2. The Clothworkers' boys, six in number, to be
boarded and educated at the expense of the Company.
3. No boy to be admitted under the age of nine years,
nor continue in the school after the age of 16 years,
unless by the special permission of the Company.
4. No boy to be admitted who has not previously
received the first rudiments of education. A certificate
of good health must be given, and an examination take
place by a medical man, if required, previous to
5. Sons of clothworkers who may be candidates, shall
have their names inserted in a book to be kept for
that purpose, and will then be furnished with the subjects they will be required to know; the candidates
shall be examined at the hall in Mincing Lane, by the
master of the school, in the presence of the master of
the Company, and those who can read without hesitation, give a satisfactory answer to the leading questions
in the Bible, to simple questions in geography and
English history, work the first four rules in simple
arithmetic, write a legible hand, and have a tolerable
knowledge of the Church catechism, shall be considered
as eligible for election on any vacancy occurring, when
the court shall make its own selection from such names.
6. The Kent boys to receive education free of all
expense, but not to be boarded at the cost of the Company; and both classes of scholars in addition to
English, French, German, arithmetic, and writing,
shall pursue some branch of classical or mathematical
learning, and other subjects, qualifying the scholar, if
required, for admission to either of the universities.
7. Application for the admission of the Kent boys to
be in writing, addressed to the master of the school,
accompanied by the recommendation of two respectable
housekeepers, which applications are to be submitted
for the approval of the court.
8. All boys not present at the opening of the school
after the vacations, without a legitimate excuse, to be
punished as the master may think fit; and if absent
more than six days, to be subject to expulsion, at the
discretion of the master and the trustees of the school.
9. The Clothworkers' boys, or any of the Kent boys,
that may board with the master shall attend Divine
service on the Sabbath at Sutton Valence parish
church, or at any other church in the neighbourhood,
attended by a master.
10. The name of each scholar, and in the case of a
Kent boy the names of the persons by whom he was
recommended, together with the date of his admission
and of final departure from the school, shall be registered
in a book kept for that purpose by the master, or by his
usher under his direction, with a column for remarks
by those members of the Company who may occasionally
visit the school.
11. Every scholar shall wear a cap similar to that
worn by boys on the foundation of other free grammar
schools, to be provided annually at the expense of the
Company; but in the event of its being lost or wilfully
injured or damaged, his parents shall be at the expense
of substituting another.
12. The school hours shall be as follows: from Lady
Day to Michaelmas, in the morning from 7 to 8, and
from half-past 9 till half-past 12; and from half-past
2 to half-past 4 in the afternoon. From Michaelmas to
Lady Day: from 9 to 12 in the morning, and from
2 to 4 in the afternoon.
13. The holidays shall commence on the 30th June,
and continue for six weeks; and on the 23rd December,
and continue for five weeks; and 10 days at Easter from
Maunday-Thursday, but it shall not be compulsory for
the boys to leave school at the latter period.
14. An examination of the scholars shall take place
previously to the Midsummer holidays every year by
an examiner, to be approved by the Committee of Record
and Trusts, and prizes shall be distributed to the most
deserving by the master of the Company for the time
being, accompanied by two of the wardens and the
chairman of that committee; and the names of the
scholars obtaining such prizes shall be recorded on
boards to be affixed in the schoolroom for that purpose.
15. A copy of these laws and regulations shall be
given to the parents immediately after election.
1. He shall be a member of the Church of England,
a graduate of one of the Universities of Oxford or
Cambridge, in priest's orders, and not more than 35
years of age at the time of election.
2. He shall be allowed a salary of 120l. annually, and
five tons of coals for the use of the schoolroom and
establishment, and also occupy the school-house and
garden adjoining, free of all rent and taxes.
3. He shall be allowed 30l. annually for the board,
and all charges connected therewith of each of the six
Clothworkers' boys, the Company reserving to themselves a discretionary power of increasing the number
to 12 on the same terms.
4. He shall have the entire superintendence and
government of the school.
5. He shall appoint, subject to the approbation of
the Company, an usher or assistant master, for whom
he shall be allowed 80l. annually. (fn. 21) In the event of
the introduction of other masters into the school,
similar allowances to be made, at the discretion of the
Company as to their amount.
6. He shall appoint the books to be read in the several
classes; and personally instruct the scholars, more
especially the higher classes, in Latin and Greek.
7. He shall furnish to the Company at Midsummer
and Christmas a report of the number of scholars during
the preceding half year, distinguishing the classes, and
setting forth the subjects taught in each, with such
other information as he may consider expedient to
8. He shall read, or cause to be read, prayers twice a
day in the school.
9. The religious instruction of the pupils shall be
strictly in conformity with the doctrines and articles of
the Established Church.
10. He shall not take upon himself any cure or
other employment, without the previous consent of the
11. He shall make the system of education the same
for the foundation scholars as for those of the Clothworkers' Company. No distinction being made in the
treatment of any of the boys.
12. He shall keep a register for the inspection of
the members of the court, to contain a statement of the
punishments inflicted from time to time, and for what
cause they were inflicted.
13. He shall not inflict, unless for trivial faults, any
personal chastisement at the time when the faults are
committed, but carry them into effect when necessary
to be inflicted on the following morning, immediately
14. He shall take especial care that during the hours
of play the boys shall not be allowed to ramble about
the country, but he shall know where they are, that
they may always feel under his control and observation
whether present or not.
15. He shall give a bond to the Company engaging
to resign his office when called upon to do so by them.
A house is rented in the village by the Company for
boarding and lodging the day scholars on the foundation
to which a matron has been appointed.
Besides the master and wardens of the Company who
are visitors by virtue of office, the school shall be under
the general superintendence of the Committee of
Record and Trusts.
An exhibition of 20l. a year, applicable either to
Oxford or Cambridge, has been specially created by
the court for scholars on the foundation, on their
becoming resident at either of those universities, but
only to be bestowed on the recommendation and approbation of the master, in concurrence with the court. (fn. 22)
Two exhibitions of 10l. a year each, payable by St.
John's College, Cambridge, to scholars of Sutton
Valence School upon their entering the university,
were founded by Mr. Francis Robins in the year 1721.
The National School of Sutton Valence.
The Company in November 1838 gave 50l. towards
building the national school in the village, and 20l.
subsequently towards erecting a house for the master
and mistress, they have also since 1839 subscribed 24l.
annually, in consideration whereof 24 boys are educated
free of expense, and called "the Clothworkers' boys."
At the annual visit to Sutton Valence for the examination of the boys of the Clothworkers' school, a gratuity
is given towards providing a dinner for the children of
the national school.
The Free Grammar School at Sutton Valence,
By letters patent of the 9th February, 18th Elizabeth
(1576), Her Majesty, at the instance of William Lambe,
ordained that there should be one grammar school at
Sutton Valence to be called "The Free Grammar
School of William Lambe" for the education of boys
and youths in grammar for all time to come; and that
after the death of the said William Lambe, the Clothworkers' Company should be the governors of the said
school, and they were incorporated as such governors.
And by a deed of the 10th February following, 30l. a
year was made payable out of certain messuages and
lands in Kent to the said Company for the maintenance
of the said school, 20l. thereof for the schoolmaster, and
10l. for the usher.
And John Maplisden by his will dated the 20th June
1713, gave a rentcharge of 5l. a year issuing out of
property in the parish of Ullcombe for the usher of the
said school; and Francis Robins by his will of the 7th
July 1720 gave 600l. to St. John's College, Cambridge,
to found two exhibitions of 10l. a year a piece, to be
paid to two poor deserving lads of the name or kindred
of Robins or Sabb, born in Kent; and for want of such
to two poor and apt lads born in Chart, Sutton, Leeds,
Langley, or Lenham, and educated at Sutton school.
As to this latter part of the endowment there was a boy
sent from the school to Cambridge in 1854 and who
remained there till 1858; and there is at the present
time a boy in the school who is ready for Cambridge.
The founder, William Lambe, also charged his estates
in Essex (which now belong to the Company) with 4l.
to the master and four wardens for a visitation of the
Sutton Valence school, which money is carried to the
credit of the school.
In an account of the school, printed by authority of
the Company in 1848 and which I append, it is stated
that "besides assigning the houses and gardens in
which the school then was conducted in perpetuity to
the Company, the only endowment for its support
was a rentcharge of 30l. a year, and even that was so
irregularly collected, owing to the unsettled state of
the country in the following century, that it was
finally disposed of by the Company for somewhat less
than 12 years' purchase."
In Stowe's Chronicle (edition of 1598, p. 349) it is
said that "William Lambe erected a free school and six
almshouses at Sutton Valence, where he was born,
and appointed for the master 20l. and the usher 10l.
yearly for ever, and to the six almshouses 10l. a year
with an orchard and garden."
The records of the Company show that in 1594 "a
convenient lodging or chamber was ordered to be
made for the master over the schoolhouse."
It is not certainly ascertained whether the buildings
at present existing stand on the property of the charity
or on land which has been purchased by the Company.
The schoolhouse was built about 1840 at an expense of
800l. It communicates with the master's house by a
covered way and has dormitories over it. It was originally built for a dining room, the old schoolroom then
remaining but which has since been pulled down.
It appeared at the last inquiry, that from 1760 to
1818 the sum of 2,220l. 4s. 9d. was expended in repairs
of the school, dwelling and almshouses; and very large
sums have since been expended on the same objects.
The premises consist of the schoolmaster's house and
a schoolroom detached, and these with a garden and
yard and the almshouses and small gardens stand upon
somewhat more than an acre of ground.
The rentcharge of 30l. was, by a deed of the 10th
February 1605, sold for 360l. This money is stated not
to have been re-invested and to form part of the capital
funds of the Company. There is no record at least of
the re-investment of the 360l., nor is there any record
of the manner in which it was disposed of. There is
no evidence that it has been kept in money or in any
manner ear-marked. Lands or real estate have been
purchased by the Company subsequently to the sale of
the rentcharge from time to time; and the Company
claims to be entitled to say that such purchases were
made exclusively with their own money and not with
the money of this charity.
The gift of John Maplisden of 5l. a year was charged
on property in Ulcombe. Of this 50s. a year was paid
in respect of a small farm in Ulcombe occupied by a
man of the name of Bates. The farm has been recently
sold, having been purchased by a gentleman named
Whittich of Tenterden. The other 50s. is paid to
Mr. Milligan (the master not to the usher) from a
house in the village of Sutton Valence, occupied by
William Higgins, formerly belonging to William Cotton
Shirley and now to Sir Edward Filmer. It is supposed
to be transferred in exchange for an estate called
The annual expenditure of the Company on the school for several years past is exhibited in the following
|Books and prizes||7||7||0||10||13||6||5||18||9||7||7||4||7||5||3||8||4||0|
|Repairs to schoolhouse||88||16||1||94||13||0||132||1||3||107||17||3||248||3||6||66||10||4|
|Rent and taxes||49||17||5||59||2||7||44||5||2||58||13||1||56||15||11||66||4||0|
|Exhibitions to scholars||—||—||12||10||0||50||0||0||50||0||0||50||0||0|
|Member of court (fees)||—||1||1||0||1||1||0||1||1||0||—||1||1||0|
|New building, 10 per cent on outlay||—||46||11||10||46||11||10||46||11||10||46||11||10||46||11||10|
|Seymour and Mrs. Goodchild for books left at
The master's house and premises over the school
afford accommodation for about 12 or 13 boarders,
besides the two assistant masters. It appears that in
1818 the then master had 23 boarders and had accommodation for 30; and since that time the old schoolroom was taken down.
The Company considers that at the present time 24
boys are admissible on the Kent foundation, including
the parishes of Sutton Valence, East Sutton, Chard,
Leeds, and Langley. This was adopted under the ordinances of November 1786. Each boy is admitted on
the certificate of the master that he has received the
first rudiments of education, and a certificate of good
health must be given, and an examination take place
by a medical man if required previously to admission.
The present master is the Rev. Henry Mawson
Milligan, who was appointed in 1848. About the year
1837 or 1838, the Company began to nominate six boys,
the sons of freemen, as boarders, for each of whom the
Company at first paid 30l. a year, and subsequently
40l. a year. There are at the present time six Clothworkers' sons and 15 day boys on the Kent foundation,
and one day boy not on the foundation. The master
also has four private pupils in the house: he was not
at the time of his appointment allowed to take such
boarders, but he has since been permitted to do so.
The present master's salary is 180l. a year, and the
usher is appointed by the master at a salary of 80l. a
year. The Company subscribe 24l. annually to the Sutton Valence national school for boys and girls, which is
supported by voluntary subscriptions and the payments
of the children. There is also a British and Foreign
school in the parish.
The master of this school has furnished me with an
account of his income and expenditure (Appendix A),
which does not appear in any respect exaggerated, for
the purpose of showing that the receipts barely meet
the expenditure and allow but very little for the restoration of furniture, wear and tear, &c. It appears that
if the school is to be continued in its present form that
a large sum of money must be expended by the Company in repair or rebuilding, not less than 2,000l. and
upwards. The Company are under no recognised obligation to make the expenditure nor to sustain the
school at any expenditure beyond the income with
which it may be chargeable in respect of the 360l.
It becomes an important question in what way the
duties of the Company and the educational claims of the
locality and the public can be reconciled.
The present measure of usefulness of the institution
appears to be small; whether the changes in local circumstances and in the increase of the opportunities of
education generally are such as to impede or advance
the condition of the school are matters on which I cannot
form any opinion. I append to the report a copy of an
address, signed by many respectable inhabitants of the
district, who conclude that a school of the highest class
would flourish in Sutton Valence, but at the same time
appear to think that it requires considerable support
from the Company, and that it should afford a commercial education. I do not see that any public object
is gained by the application of large funds to sustain a
grammar or middle-class school where the upper or
middle classes would do nothing to support it without
that expenditure. I think if the Company were to
appoint a master and permit him to have the use of the
school-house and premises free of rent and taxes, the
school, if really necessary to the inhabitants, should he
a self-sustaining establishment. The present master is
desirous of resigning his appointment, and it may be
more useful that his successor should be a certificated
master, able to give a good commercial education and
depending on his own exertions for his success. (fn. 23)
|The residence, free of rent, taxes, and
|A garden of about half an acre|
|Board of six boys||240||0||0|
|Salary of second master||80||0||0|
|Board of six clothworkers' sons||120||0||0|
|Salary of second master||60||0||0|
|Board and lodging of ditto||30||0||0|
|Salary of third master||50||0||0|
|Candles and soap||30||0||0|
The Sutton Valence Grammar School.
The undersigned, being the parish officers of the
several parishes of Sutton Valence, East Sutton, Chart
Sutton, Leeds, and Langley, beg leave to submit the
following observations for the consideration of the
Worshipful Company of Clothworkers, trustees of the
That it is within the knowledge of some of those
whose names are hereunto attached that previous to the
year 1838, the school, on the whole, was very well
attended, both by pupils resident in the neighbourhood
as well as by boarders from other parts of the county.
That subsequent to the year 1838, when a system of
education of a higher class was introduced into the
school until a year or two previous to the death of the
Rev. Mr. Goodchild, and also during the first few years
of the present master's engagement, the school appeared
to go on very satisfactorily; but that the last few years
it has gradually declined, and from the small number
of pupils now attending it is evident that, as now conducted, the school has become of very little use to the
That the undersigned can conscientiously bear witness
to the great liberality shown by the Clothworkers' Company in appropriating considerable sums annually from
their own funds for the purposes of the school, and they
highly appreciate the views expressed by the Company
in 1838 and in 1848, with the object of improving the
character and value of the establishment.
That it is the opinion of the undersigned that the
success of all schools of that high order contemplated
by the Company can only be secured by superior talents
on the part of the head master, who should be a man
who has distinguished himself at one of the universities
in such a manner as to be able by his own abilities and
judgment to command the respect and attention of the
public, and also to merit the continued support and good
opinion of those who may have placed pupils under his
That the undersigned feel it to be their duty to state
that in their opinion the present master of the school is
not well adapted to fill the office which he now holds,
and in respectfully submitting that opinion for the consideration of the Company, the undersigned believe
that they are only giving expression to the general
feeling of the majority of the respectable residents of
the parishes which they represent.
That it is the opinion of the undersigned that the
healthy character of the locality in which the school is
situate, its accessibility from the metropolis, its nearness
to the county town, and the support and countenance
which it would receive from the Clothworkers' Company
are advantages of the greatest importance, and afford
such inducements as without doubt would command
the services of a first-class man as master of the school.
In support of the opinion they entertain, that a firstclass school would meet with ample support from the
neighbourhood and from the county of Kent generally,
they would point out the success which has gradually
attended the grammar school at Cranbrook, especially
the great increase in the number of pupils at the
grammar school at Maidstone, which within these
two years, under the management of a new master of
known ability and discretion, has risen from a state of
decay, and is now a most flourishing school; and in
both these cases the only limit to the number of boarders
appears to be the want of adequate accommodation.
Many rumours have been circulated as to the future
intentions of the trustees of the school, and it is evident
that the time has arrived when same alterations must
be effected in order to make the establishment of any
use, either to the neighbourhood, to the Clothworkers'
Company, or to the public generally.
The undersigned venture respectfully to recall the
attention of the Company to the address which they
issued in 1838, and especially to the memorandum prepared by them and dated the 27th of July 1848, which
contain statements and suggestions of a most valuable
character, and the undersigned beg leave to express
their decided conviction that with masters competent
by ability, discretion, and right temperament to carry
out the views therein set forth, the school would become
one of the first establishments of the country.
The undersigned are of opinion that it is most
desirable that the school should be continued on such a
footing that all the higher branches of knowledge may
be there obtained which would qualify the scholars to
avail themselves of the great advantages which are
open to cultivated talent in this free country. They
would, however, most respectfully submit for the consideration of the Company that it would be very
advisable and also advantageous to many of the inhabitants of the neighbourhood that the higher course of
education carried on in the school should admit of such
a modification in practice that those who might desire
their sons to receive a course of education there more
especially adapted to the ordinary commercial and
other practical business pursuits of life might have the
option of availing themselves of the advantages of a
good school without their children being required to go
through the whole of the extended course of education
hitherto contemplated by the Company.
Thomas Alfred Woollett.
Edwin James Godden.
Richard Fitch Spicer.
Wm. E. Long, junr.
P. S. Punnett.
D. A. Minor.
At a meeting held at the "Bell Inn," Maidstone, on
the 19th of January 1860, it was resolved unanimously:
"That the chairman of the meeting be deputed to
attend at Clothworkers' Hall on Tuesday the 24th
instant and hand in the before-written paper; to give
any evidence in support of the same; and also to
hand in a copy of the same to the Inspector under
the Charity Commission."
P. S. Punnett,