East Indies
January 1624

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Institute of Historical Research

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W. Noel Sainsbury (editor)

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1878

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226-242

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'East Indies: January 1624', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, East Indies, China and Japan, Volume 4: 1622-1624 (1878), pp. 226-242. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=69772 Date accessed: 25 October 2014.


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Jan 1624

1624. Jan. 2–5.381. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Capt. Weddell's desire to have Mr. Willen rather than Mr. Copland for preacher referred. Messrs. Venn and Stone discharged from underwriting for a dividend. Motion of Sir William Throckmorton, brother to Lady Dale, concerning his sister's business; answered that his Majesty having granted a commission to end the same, it became not this Court to decline that course, but to attend the issue thereof. Gratification of 4l. to Thomas Parr, for copying out the examinations in Lady Dale's business, containing 160 sheets. Bond of Bickford, lately returned out of the Indies, to be delivered to him. Capt. Weddell informed the Court that he had mustered 214 men aboard the Great James, but that the most part of them have no clothes; the ship to be paid on Thursday next, but none to receive pay except such as shall have their clothes aboard. On the entreaty of a worthy gentleman, brother to "Lord Aburgayney," the estate of Thos. Bromley, deceased, late the Company's servant, to be paid to his brother. Jacob Herewin, a stranger, but a free denizen, to have his freedom, paying 100 marks fine. Information that the Company's new year's gifts are well accepted, and that his Majesty had expressed himself well satisfied with the benefit the kingdom received by the trade of the East Indies. The committee to conclude with Kerridge concerning his entertainment. Mr. Governor much grieved that Hurte, a man recommended by him, should give any just cause to be questioned; he is called in and told of his want of due respect to Mr. Deputy; ordered that the business be suspended. Mr. Ellham to attend wholly to the Company's letters to the Indies. Messrs. Venn and Parkhurst to furnish green and crimson satins to be sent to the Indies; the best choice of those colours is in the Low Countries. The cloths ready, and part of the quicksilver. Elephants' teeth and tapestry to be provided.
Jan. 5.—Oaths taken by the auditors, Ralph Handson, Roger Gifford, and Thos. Colthurst, to proceed with two pair of books at once; the Company's debts, rate of interest, price of ryalls, and the like to be kept secret; and because the work was great, the opinion was to begin with the second stock, the first being ended in that; Mr. Eyans, the fourth auditor, to attend on Wednesday to meet the rest of the auditors. Report of Mr. Deputy that the committee appointed for that purpose had conferred with Mr. Kerridge, and had come to an issue, if the Court approved, that he should serve the Company three years in the Indies for 400l. per annum; 100l. to set him to sea, and 300l. gratification at the end of four years; that he shall deliver 1,000l. to the Company, for which if he survive four years he shall receive 2,000l., but if he die, only 1,000l.; he shall forbear all private trade and hinder it in others by all possible means, and shall have the like commission that the President at Bantam had. After some conference with Kerridge, the Court ratified the above-recited agreement, and represented the Company's love and good opinion towards him, the necessity of his restraining private trade, and the damage which hath happened to the Company by ripping open bales and embezzling calicoes, for prevention whereof he was desired to take care; and it was ordered that a new article be inserted in the sea commission, to be read once every month, that if any damage in that kind shall accrue to the Company, the mariners shall give satisfaction out of their wages. The services recommended to Mr. Kerridge are that he should settle the trade at Surat, the business of the Red Sea, the affairs of Ormuz, and the Persian trade, some of which might perhaps require his presence. Two months' imprest to be allowed the mariners at the discretion of Capt. Weddell. The committee to view Messrs. Andrews, Burlamachi, and Corsellis and Sir Francis Crane's tapestries, and buy "the best and best cheap." Anthony Varneworthy, propounded for a factor, to be inquired of further. Sir Humphrey Handford to be satisfied why the Company gave 6s. the dollar to the widow of Isaac Steevenson; and to make a report in the business of Capt. Bonner. Mr. Lord, a preacher, referred to another time. Henry Bate, lately returned from the Indies, to have his bond cancelled and his freedom of the Company.
Minutes of a meeting to consider of commodities to be sent to Surat upon this fleet. It was thought fit to add to the first proportions ten pieces of velvets (mostly crimson), ten suits of tapestry, also ten chests, and six blocks of tin, and vermillion according to former years. [Eight pages. Court Minute Bk., VI., pp. 333–341.]
Jan. 6.
Batavia.
382. The grievances of the Committee of the English East India Company delivered to General Peter de Carpentier and the Committee of the Netherland East India Company in the fort of Batavia, 6 Jan. 1623–4. "We will not censure, but reason moveth us to conceive that this State doth exasperate both inhabitants and strangers, Christians and heathen, unto estranged conversations towards our nation, who being survilely overawed by your displeasure, though they dare not express the same in plain terms, yet do manifest as much in all their demeanours, and shun both personal civilities and mutual commerce, unless urgent necessity occasion either the one or the other"; so that though they seem to have free trade, no man comes to their house to buy or sell anything that can be gotten or vended elsewhere. Your restraint of trade either by threatened force or intolerable exactions, your pretended or rather sought-for quarrels with the Chinese, to the subversion of that trade, and your unreasonable imposts in Batavia, approve our residence in this place to be rather a prison than a place of free trade, and well may be the forerunner to further mischiefs if not in time prevented; likewise your usurped authority, your worse than heathenish persecution, in course of pretended justice; your more than uncivil upbraiding us with the lie in council, are such arguments of danger that both reason and religion bid us beware and use the most honest and lawful prevention for the preservation of our employers' estate and our own safeties. These capital causes, tending to the dishonour of our nation and the utter ruin of our employers' estates, we have hitherto with unwonted patience suffered, through the hope that now at last they would cease, seeing that all material points of difference have been referred into Europe; but your unjust and disgraceful proceedings on Saturday last, the 3rd January, "in this petty business for our blacks' housing," pulling down their houses without warning, and then appointing us a place to build others, and having almost half finished the same, commanding us to leave off, as though you made it your pastime to vex us, and put our masters to further charge, and other such like occasions, admonish us that this is no place for us to continue to reside in. Therefore our request is that we may peaceably depart, with all that belongeth to us, so soon as we may provide some other place of residence; whereunto we expect your friendly answer, "without accustomed invections." Endorsed, "Copy of our grievances delivered the Dutch 6 Jan. 1623, with a request for freedom to depart from Jacatra." [One page and a half. O.C., Vol. X., No. 1139.]
Jan. 6.
Batavia.
383. Another copy of the above. Endorsed, "English protest against the Dutch, delivered to the General, Peter de Carpentier, No. 8," and in Bradshaw's hand, "Left by Mr. Tompson by the Comtee for Foreign Affairs, 4° Feb. 1651–2." [One page and a half. East Indies, Vol. III., No. 1.]
Jan. 7.384. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Complaint of the Generality that some of the committees trust out the Company's goods over desperately; also of Mrs. Salmon, late wife of Capt. Bonner, about the payment of money due to her husband and to the widow of Isaac Stephenson. William Whaley, who had formerly forgotten himself in slighting the Company's gift of 10l. for his leg lost in their service, acknowledged his fault; said 10l. to be paid to him. Letter from Mr. Misselden, dated Amsterdam, 13 Dec. 1623, read, requesting a copy of the Company's letter to the Mayors, concerning the entrance into the present treaty with them, and relating that the Mayors are to have their meetings in Zealand for two years next, and it will fall out inconvenient for the treaty, in respect his occasions require his attendance at Delft in Holland. It was conceived they shall be forced to use the help of the Lord Ambassador to procure from the States a commission to some particular persons to treat with the English Commissioners at Amsterdam, and end if they may; but this motion found impediment. It was resolved to demand 70,000 ryals for the injuries done in the Moluccas; and as concerning Jacatra, Misselden fears that the point, being handled by the Dutch by virtue of their pretended sovereignty, will stand upon the point de jure and not de facto, and that the Chinese demanding justice of the Dutch, they could not deny them, and notwithstanding that the English had appealed from the sentence according to the treaty, yet the Dutch did not admit thereof, but proceeded to the execution of the sentence: ordered that the Secretary intreat Sir Henry Marten to draw up a case in obscure terms, whereupon good advice may be taken both here and in the Netherlands, that the Company's Commissioners may be there directed how to proceed. Information from Mr. Barlow that the Dutch press for security for their pepper to be brought by the English out of the Indies, according to last year's treaty, but that the security required is of "such quality as no prince in Christendom will except unto;" it will therefore be fit that the English demand for security for the monies due to them, "all their people here in London, to be bound persons and goods." Mr. Barlow to advertise the Dutch, that the Company expects that they should send men authorised to treat concerning said assurance. Mr. Kerridge informed that if his stay in the Indies be longer than his covenanted time, his allowance shall be in all respects in proportion. Messrs. Lord, Benson, and Morehouse present their services as preachers into the Indies, the Court having particular recommendation of Mr. Lord from Dean White, under whom he served as curate, and from Mr. Shute, and others; entertained him at 60l. per annum for five years; he is to give bond not to exercise any private trade, and appointed to preach on Sunday sennight at Great St. Helen's, and to take for his text, "Have no fellowship with the works of darkness, but rather reprove them." Complaint again made of the disorder aboard the ships outward bound; ordered that those that lie not aboard by night shall not be allowed victuals or wages. Oath taken by Thomas Eyans as auditor. [Four pages. Court Minute Book, VI., No. 341–344.]
Jan. 8.
Surat.
385. John Facye to the East India Company. Death of Thomas Read (purser); confused state of his books; he kept all things to himself, by Charles Wood's counsel. Sends book of wills, inventories of dead men, and some run away at Ormuz. Mr. Billings, formerly purser of the Whale, is placed purser of the Reformation, bound for Bantam. Endorsed, "John Facie, purser's mate in the Reformation." [One page. O.C., Vol. X., No. 1140.]
Jan. 8/18.
Ispahan.
386. Extract of letter from Ispahan, delivered by the Bewinthebbers to [Robt.] Barlow at Amsterdom, and by him sent to the East India Company. That the Portugals came by night with rowing vessels under the castle of Ormuz, and shortly was the Reformation and two Moors ships set on fire. The Moors were wholly burnt, but the fire in the English ship was quenched by the help of the Netherlanders. She was in the greatest peril, having all her men sick, to the number of 40; and the Netherlands' ship (the Huesduna) left her 16 men to bring her to Surat. [Dutch. Half a page. O.C., Vol. X., No. 1141.]
Jan. 8/18.387. Translation of the preceding. [Half a page. O.C., Vol. X., No. 1142.]
Jan. 9–16.388. Court Minutes of the East India Company. No man to be suffered to let his account run out all the year long. In case Messrs. Misselden and Barlow cannot execute the treaty in Zealand, the States to be moved by the Lord Ambassador to authorise the Company there to appoint two commissioners to treat at Amsterdam. Mr. Barlow to make known to the Dutch that if they stand upon security for bringing home their pepper they must give the like for the Company's monies. Request of John Holloway concerning interest. The secretary to attend Sec. Calvert, with the earnest request of the Company, that he will move the King forthwith for his licence to build forts in the Indies. Capt. Fowkes recommended by Sir H. Vere, under whom he served in Bohemia, to command in the Company's intended fort in the Indies; he demanded 150l. per annum, which the Court thought too great a salary, "neither did they think it fit to send a captain till they had a fort;" notwithstanding, to prevent others that might perhaps be of less merit, and yet procure strong recommendation, the Court were content to speak with him on Monday next. Petition of Phillip Hill, recommended by his Majesty, for a lieutenant's place. Request of Mr. Clitherowe that he may send his son Robert into the Indies, under the care of Mr. Kerridge, upon like terms for his passage as had been granted to Mr. Towerson's son. John Cappur to draw up the articles between the Company and Mr. Kerridge. Muster taken by Capts. Weddell and Clevenger; 190 men aboard the Admiral, and 14 aboard the Vice-Admiral; to begin to pay imprest on Monday next, and care to be taken as to the mariners' sureties, for it is said that divers that are contented to victual aboard, do give out that they will not go the voyage. Complaint of excessive expense of victuals aboard the ships outward bound; the pursers to send home their accounts. The letters for the Indies to be made ready, and Mr. Ellam to attend at the Courts on the usual days.
Jan. 12.—Motion on behalf of Thomas Wade and the orphans of Mr. Gelstropp, deceased, concerning their dividends in cloves and calicoes. The present price of cloves not to be abated. Mr. Decrowe's account concerning the joint stock of the United Company delivered to the solicitor, for the better defending of the suit with Decrowe. Offer of Bishop, a jeweller, to sell two rich pearls weighing 18 carats a piece, and other jewels; to be considered, the Court remembering that good profit had formerly accrued by pearls. Charge for interest on bills to be taken off. Sir William Garroway not to be charged with interest due on bills, the Company having been beholden to him for forbearance of moneys to as great a value. Examination of the accounts of Edward Pike, deceased; also of his brother, George Pike, who had also served the Company as a factor at Surat; to be allowed 4s. per ryal, notwithstanding his brother's private trade, in regard Edward Pike lost his life in the Company's affairs. Request of Mr. Lanman, "now ready to proceed with his books," for the accounts of Edward Seagar and of John Lamprier, who supplies the place of purser general in John Young's stead. Report of Mr. Munnes that the Governor is very weak and ill, being much grieved at a message sent him from Sir Randall Cranfield, "which was to have his money, or otherwise he would come by it how he could;" this, Mr. Governor conceived, had relation to Sir Randall's adventure, but Mr. Munnes understood it of his dividend; if it be his dividend the warrant is to be forthwith delivered to him. Complaints concerning the miscarriage of divers at the committee of the generality for pursers' business. A General Court to be called, "both to set out the diligence of the committees in point of reformation, and to question the miscarriage of some particular committee." Order to be given to the factors in India to forbear to use lime for whiteing of calicoes, which burns the cloth and disgraces the use thereof, whereas it would be whited in three or four days more in the open air. Motion of Kerridge on behalf of John Norris as a writer at Surat; some thought the Company already over charged with factors, others that the Company hath been ill served by factors made of mariners, and would be still if able factors were not sent from hence; resolved that a note of the factors already entertained be presented to the next Court, when Norris and one Varneworthy shall both receive answer.
Jan. 14.—Order concerning the sending of Mr. Clitherowe's son to the Indies. Augustine Spaldinge's wages may supply his adventure so far as they will go. Concerning Sir Randall Cranfield's message to the Governor (see above); messenger sent to his house, but found him not at home. Advice of a parcel of coral sent to Roanne for the Company's use. Concerning the money claimed by the widow of Mr. Baffin, late master of the London, deceased in the Indies, for her husband's estate; the pretence was for 835l.; ordered by general consent that she shall have 500l. in full of all demands, provided that Robt. Bourne, who is authorized "thereunto, together with the said late wife of Baffin and her present husband shall join in a discharge to the Company; also that the woman, being in years and deaf, had made an unequal choice, and a man not of the best governed, the Court promised so to work with the husband that some honest means may be allotted her out of the same." On the petition of Beversham to ship out his indigo, the Court wished him to examine his carriage towards them, and then judge whether he deserved the favour or not; and it must also be remembered that he let go Ruy Frere, the late general of the Portugal fleet at Ormuz; referred for consideration. Andrew Evans, formerly master of the Ann, to be master of one of the pinnaces. Letter read from Mr. Barlow with demands of the Dutch of "many petty sums" due to them from the Company, amounting to 2,847l.; answer to be returned that what can be proved to have been received to the Company's use they will pay. Note read of the names of all the factors entertained to go in these ships. John Norris entertained as a writer for seven years. Pruson to see the Company's books in presence of one of the auditors and Mr. Lanman. Mr. Deputy and two others to attend Mr. Attorney and Sir John Walter concerning the business of Ball in the Star Chamber. Mr. Guy, an examiner in the Star Chamber, to be gratified to the value of 40s. in calicoes. Capt. Gerrard Fowkes again offers his services to command in the intended fort in the Indies; resolution to give him 200 marks per annum; he desires time to consider. Demand of Henry Bate for 303 ryals disbursed in the Bear rejected. Provision of cloth to be furnished from the Lady Craven, where the best conditioned is to be had. Offer of three samples of tapestry at 3l. and 4l. the Flemish ell; too high priced. Gratuities to Messrs. Graves and Coxe, the keepers of the council chamber door. Motion of Mary Cokayne about her brother's estate; Messrs. Browne and Bownest to take a review of the business and report to the Court.
Jan. 16.—Letter received from the directors of the [Dutch] East India Company dated 5/15 Jan., to be translated against next Court. Concerning the payment of money from Mrs. Harrison for so much charged to her late husband's account. Mary Cokayne attended with "one of the secundaries of the counter," and Mr. Davies, a lawyer, and desired to be heard; ordered that Mr. Lanman deliver unto them the truth of the case, and if they be not satisfied therewith, let her take her course. Mr. Lord, lately entertained to go a preacher, having given testimony of his sufficiency by a sermon preached at St. Helens, to have 20l. to buy him books, and two months' pay by way of imprest. The opinion of Sir Horatio Vere to be asked about Capt. Fowkes. John Parker, a youth whose father died in the Company's service, entertained, on Capt. Love's recommendation. Discussion and agreement with Mr. Roe, last master of the Star, to go master in the same ship at 7l. per month, to take the son of Capt. Parker, deceased in the Company's service, into his care. Draught articles between the Company and Mr. Kerridge read, concerning his intended employment at Surat; to have priority of Mr. Rastell; he expects to be the prime man at Surat, where he wished to settle, and that Mr. Rastell might go to Ormuz; the Court pressed Kerridge to go for Ormuz and begin a factory there, who answered Rastell might do the business in Persia as well as he, for that he for his part is utterly unacquainted either how to deal with princes or how to treat with a people whom he understands not, nor they him, and thought a fitter man than either might be thought upon, and named Methwold; the Court said they did not expect he should treat with the King of Persia, for the Governor of Shiraz would suffice, besides the Court was informed that Capt. Weddel offers to undertake to treat and to settle the trade of Ormuz, if the Company will allow him but 200l. above covenant, so flexible he holds the Persian and apt to entertain the English. Kerridge contented to treat with the Governor of Shiraz, and promised his best endeavours for the settling of the trade, but desired he might be authorized to have priority of Rastell, which the Court yielded unto, only they desired Kerridge so to carry it as might give least offence, who also promised that if Rastell shall refuse to go for Ormuz he will then take the business and settle it to the best of his skill. "The Court was very careful to endeavour the settling of Ormuz, and to gain the trade which the Portugals had formerly in that place, and were of opinion that if the Company had once estabished a factory there they should have both silk and other commodities brought thither in barter for Surat commodities." Kerridge to be careful to send away the ships as he can get them laden, except where the safety of the fleet is respected, the stay of the ships being over chargeable to the Company. Knives, feathers, and strong waters to be sent in these ships. James Reymond, a boy little of growth but of extraordinary forwardness, whose father lost his life in the Company's service, to be entertained. [Nineteen pages. Court Minute Book, VI., pp. 345–365.]
Jan. 17.
London.
389. Chamberlain to Carleton. Thinks Sir Robert Sherley with his Persian wife have come out of the clouds, as he cannot learn where Sherley has been all this while. Hears his request for an audience in quality of an ambassador is granted at Newmarket, because he lies not far off at his sister's, Lady Crofts, "the best retreat and means he hath here." [Extract from Domestic Corresp., Jac. I., Vol. CLVIII., No. 33, Cal., p. 149.]
Jan. 17 ?390. [The President and Council] to the East India Company. Advised them at large of the state of their affairs on 15 Dec. last [1623] by the Royal Exchange and the Elizabeth. Enclose copies of their protests against the Dutch in Batavia and Amboyna [see ante, Nos. 364, 377] to be delivered to Governor Speult, and are resolved to call their people from thence, as formerly advised. Have referred all their controversies with the Dutch into England, being utterly hopeless to bring them to any reason here. This pinnace is dispeeded expressly with advice. The General has been very irresolute whether to send her or no; but may be, he did it of purpose to prevent us from sending large advices by her that they might complain first. Their jealousy is such that they dare not trust their letters with us, "measuring our actions by their own sinister practices." Have refused to sign the receipts sent to them by the General for spices and powder, because they are false and unjust. Explanations "so that the lavish expences, and gifts of the Governor, their exploits abroad upon particular conquests, their particular buildings brought upon account of fortification and gallies, tingans, &c., brought to account, * * * will amount unto twice as much as in equity we ought to contribute"; and are constrained to pay for their one third of spices more than the Dutch for their two thirds. Cargo of the Exchange in pepper and cloth to the value of 72,751 ryals, and of the Elizabeth in pepper, spices, and tamarinds, to the value of 70,884 ryals. Jesson in the Coaster has gone up the river (of Jambi) for the rest of the Anne's lading, but of the Bee and Bear he writes not. Intend to despatch the Anne for England if she arrive in time, but if it be the middle of March before she can be made ready the seamen will be very unwilling to go in her, being unprovided of clothes to keep them warm, and fearful to meet with foul weather upon our coast. Coarse clothes should be sent to encourage them to undertake the voyage at any time. Fear the Discovery will not come fully laden from Acheen, as there are so many Dutch on the coast of Sumatra. Great want of "stuff" to trim the ships, especially the Moon, Ruby, Diamond, and Unity. [Two pages, mutilated and imperfect. O.C., Vol. X., No. 1133.]
Jan. 17.
Batavia.
391. Extract of letter from Thomas Brockedon, Henry Hawley, and John Goninge to the East India Company, with marginal notes in Italian. The Dutch have delivered a general account of the charges of the Moluccas, Amboyna, and Banda, which are now sent. Remarks on the different items. In every particular unreasonable to allow a certain sum for soldiers and fortifications, but all other excesses should be rejected; their new buildings in Banda amount to an excessive sum. Excessive gifts and extraordinaries given without our knowledge ought all to be overviewed; the expense of the Governor's table and riotous shooting of powder no way tolerable. There should be a moderation of taxes and rating; and a narrow examination of all the accounts, being so generally full of exactions. The second year's account amounts to more than the first. Arrival of the Discovery on the 14th from Sumatra with only 317 bahars of pepper. Great hope that the Abigail will get her lading. In reference to the money owing the Company in Pooloroon. The reason Mr. Welden did not demand the debts owing at the time the Pooloroonese were attacked was that at the cruel torturing of the Pooloroonese the Governor Sonck exceedingly urged them to confess whether the English were not accessory in their pretended treason against the Hollanders, and knowing the Governor to be his enemy, Welden had just cause to doubt of his safety, if he should at that time have given the least occasion of distaste. The Dutch may well make good said debts, out of the great quantity of gold found amongst "those miserable people of Pooloroon, whereof the Governor (by report) had no small share." It will be seen that spices can be bought better cheap in England than the Dutch offer them here. Thus "they daily invent one new device or other to heap charge upon you." [Six pages. O.C., Vol. X., No. 1144.]
Jan. 17.
Batavia.
392. Henry Hawley to Thomas Keightley. Refers to letters sent by the Elizabeth and Exchange which departed the 15th Dec. His most material cause of writing is to signify the state of their trade in union with the Dutch. Unless their "potent and partial" constructions of the agreement of 1619 be rectified in Europe confusion will follow. Before Batavia the Dutch keep never less than 20 ships; the Piscadores are fortified with 15 or 16; the Moluccas with six, seven, or eight; and Masulipatam and Pulicat with more or less. Hath any man reason to conceive that this excessive charge can be maintained with the trade of three ships? As for their plantations, the best of their people are Chinese, and their burghers being such of their own nation as are married with "the scum sent out of Holland," or with the Indians, prove the worst neighbours merchants can desire. These things move him to consider that the greatest of their inconveniences is their union with the Dutch, for howsoever it seems necessary, first, for security, secondly, for accommodation of trade, and thirdly, for participation in the Moluccas, &c., these are but delusions. First, they not only live in suspicion throughout all India, in respect of this confederacy with such notorious tyrants and encroachers, but are every day in danger in their own persons from their feigned friends. Secondly, it is apparent that all their agreements "are but as nets to entangle poor knats." Thirdly, the variety of devices in strange stratagems and strained governments will make our own Pooloroon prove more available than all we shall enjoy with the Dutch. Why they have hastened their resolution to remove from this place. The Dutch "upon every sleeveless pretence" make whom they list their enemies, and forbid us from trade with them, as they have done with China, Bantam, and Ceram, whose people they exasperate with the most barbarous cruelties. These things must be prevented in Europe, and so ordered that each may freely pass into all parts of India (the Moluccas, &c. only excepted). Pooloroon will stand us in good stead for spices, yet for cloves the Dutch most be agreed with, whose store is far more than the world can consume, or the Spaniards. It is resolved against the spring to send a ship to Tanjore and plant a factory there. If Molucca spices cannot be obtained, trusts some good order will be taken for replanting in Pooloroon. This foundation being laid, viz., first, that all parts of India may be free; secondly, that their projects for fortification and commerce with Bantam may succeed; thirdly, that Pooloroon may be restored; and lastly, that Tanjore fail them not, it will follow of necessity that the Dutch "must change their copy," or the English will sink them in all their designs. Then it will be necessary that ships of greatest burden pass to and from England, and only small vessels be kept in India for expedition. (Postscript.)—The China Ambassadors have been publicly feasted by the General, and they purpose before going, to commune with them of their willingness of friendly commerce. A principal point to be handled in Europe, is that peaceable trade be free for all that are not professed enemies. It is likewise to be remembered that order and Christian duties in these heathenish parts should shine as the diadem over all the rest, for which cause a religious and well-qualified teacher ought not to be neglected, whose words and works concur. Mr. Wren intends not to stay above one year. "The Univerity aboundeth with excellent men that want means, but unless his preaching be in deeds as in doctrine, I wish rather none, for a dissolute head must needs have a diseased body." Wishes to be furnished with a prescription of Statutes, Acts, Ordinances, and orders fit for this trade and government. Hears ("and not improbably") that the Dutch intend some mischievous plot to ruin them; but will prevent "their longing for opportunity, if the Devil himself sit not at the stern to pick occasions where none is offered." Very much mutilated by damp; in parts illegible. [Seven pages. O.C., Vol. X., No. 1145.]
Jan. 19.393. Court Minutes of the East India Company. One hundred cloths to be sent for Ormuz, of stammels, greens, and other light colours. Browne, master of the Star, having rudely said he would not lie aboard, is discharged from the Company's service. Complaint of Capt. Clevenger of the Jonas, that his ship is abridged of the wonted proportion of cider. Capt. Clevenger, of the Jonas, and Mr. Swanley, master of the Great James, promised to amend their fault in not lying aboard their ships; Capt. Weddell and Mr. Johnson to be warned to receive the like charge at the next Court. Complaint that vagrants thrust themselves aboard the Company's ships and consume the victuals; ordered that the pursers require the names of those that eat. Mr. Deputy reported Mr. Attorney General's readiness to advise and assist the Company in the suits against George Ball in the Star Chamber and Chancery, as also that both he and Sir John Walter refused any fee for the same. Nomination of Messrs. Roe and Roberts in place of Mr. Browne, for master of the Star; to attend on Monday next. Concerning the estate of Harrison, late the Company's treasurer. Letter read from Mr. Beversham, late master of the Lion, wherein he labours to excuse himself of having given way to the escape of Ruy Frere, prisoner at the taking of Ormuz, but speaks nothing of bringing in his indigo, &c. Letter also read from Mr. Barlow that "the Dutch intend to hold the Company hard to it," and that they claim divers petty sums. Mr. Ellam to require an account current from Barlow for monies and goods received. Suit of John Holloway renewed, to take off 460l. interest charged to his account in the first joint stock, for six several reasons; ordered that he be discharged of said interest. Petition of 21 grocers that divers parcels of pepper underwritten to be shipped out may be sold in town, for there is a want of pepper to serve the land; resolved not to give way to it. Mr. Swanley, master of the Great James, "fairly reprehended for not lying aboard;" "his answer was mild and full of respect, promising to amend that fault," and the Court were content to allow him fresh victuals for his own table, but would not give way to such immoderate expence as had been. [Five pages. Court Minute Book, VI., pp. 366–371.]
Jan. 20.394. Report [of Sir John Coke] to the Duke of Buckingham, "concerning the spoils and depredations made in the Indies." That the East India Company is possessed of goods taken from the Portugals at Ormuz and at sea, valued by themselves at 26,000l., and from the Chinese at 28,000l., besides the golden prize, stuff prize, date prize, rice prize, 17 pieces of ordnance, and the "chalow junk," unvalued; the total cannot be so little as 100,000l. It is argued that these goods were taken either by piracy from friends or by reprisal from enemies, and if piratically taken, that both goods and ships are forfeited to his Grace, and the takers and their estates at his Majesty's mercy; but that if the goods were lawfully taken by reprisal, then a tenth is due to his Grace. Reasons against questioning the Company for piracy: that it would dishonour the nation abroad; be doubtful against so great a Company; tend to the overthrow of the Company and trade; and prejudice his Majesty, who, besides the main support of his customs, hath by this Company a considerable strength by sea against any enemy; also in favour of compounding with the Company for tenths, which it is easier to obtain, and by encouraging seamen in those parts, may happily expel the Portugal and get the whole trade of the East into our hands. Also concerning the consul at Leghorn. [Three pages. East Indies, Vol. III., No. 2.]
Jan. 21–26.395. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Choice made of crimson and other light colour velvets. Motion on behalf of Sir John Suckling, Comptroller of his Majesty's house, that the money owing to him from the old stock may make good his arrears to the second joint stock; after serious dispute on both sides, the Court considered that he is "a person of a quality," and that a courtesy done him cannot be lost, and remitted the brokes, provided he forthwith made good his payments, with promise to pay duly hereafter. Message sent to "a great person" to pay in the arrear of his adventure, who told Mr. Deputy that if there were no remedy he would pay it, but if he should understand that any other adventurer were borne withall, of what quality soever, the Company must expect to hear of it. Letter read from the Dutch East India Company, dated 15 Jan. 1624, that, whereas they are to pay to the English 23,000 ryals, the assurance formally offered may be accepted, intimating that it may fall out that those ryals are already paid in the Indies. The Court took knowledge of no other assurance than Messrs. Croppenbergh, father and son, which is no way equivalent with that required by the Dutch, and they cannot require less; but if the Dutch think upon a more reasonable security of their parts, "be it by charterparty or such like," this Company is ready to meet with them in all friendly performance, and in a reciprocal quality according to the words of the treaty; Mr. Bownest to speak privately to Mr. Croppenbergh concerning the same. John Ducy to have lodgings at Blackwall, late in the occupation of Mr. Fotherby. Complaints of the contents of the beef cask and of the undersized fish. One Cowper, earnestly recommended by Lord Annand [sic] and Mr. Attorney General, entertained steward's mate; as also Nicholas Woolley, who had before refused to go in other condition than factor. Complaint against David Gelly, purser's mate in the Jonas, for slack attendance aboard, that he is a Frenchman, married to a jeweller's daughter, and provides himself with money for private trade; he is to attend the next Court.
Jan. 23.—Request of Mr. Hopkins, that whereas Lady Dale, in right of her late husband, owes him 600l., and is for assurance content to assign to him her adventure in the second joint stock, the Company would give way thereto; it was answered that they were to make good their own just pretences against Sir Thos. Dale, as well upon his stock as otherwise, and may not prejudice their legal proceedings with Lady Dale; also that the Dutch must be satisfied for monies taken out of their fort by Sir Thos. Dale. Request of Thos. Wade and the orphans of Mr. Calthrop concerning the taking out of their dividends. Ordered that the ships should hasten and fall down to Gravesend, "for that if the Portugal, as he is now provoked, should light upon the Company's ships without this supply, it might be an occasion of great mischief." Francis Cowper to go aboard the Star and acquaint himself with the work of steward's mate, and deliver his answer after a week's trial, which favour was shown him in respect he had been recommended by my Lord of Annand and Mr. Attorney General. Request of one Fish, sometime servant in the salting-house at Blackwall, for consideration for work done several nights and holidays; the Court gave him for answer that they will allow him nothing, for if he wrought sometimes by night he was oftentimes spared by day. The names of the Scout and the Spy given to the two new pinnaces built for this voyage. The secretary forthwith to provide Capt. Weddell's commissions. Motion of Sherrington and partner concerning Mr. Taylor's debt. Edwin Guy, late purser in the London, to receive his wages, as Mr. Bownest finds little matter to object against him.
Jan. 16 (26).—As the Star cannot take in all the stores for Jacatra, the rest to be disposed of in the other ships. Concerning the desire of Mr. Prusson to see the pursers' books which are kept by Mr. Munnes, which the auditors refuse to show, save what appertains to cordage, which the Court approved of, and ordered accordingly, provided they be shown in the presence of two auditors and Mr. Lanman, and that Prusson be not permitted to toss over the books at his pleasure. Report of Messrs. Style and Venn, that Sir Horatio Vere speaks much good of Mr. Fowkes, who is propounded for captain of the fort in the Indies, both for his sufficiency and good carriage as "a sober, discreet young gentleman, and free from the vice of drunkening incident to soldiers, only he had never commanded, but been a gentleman of a company;" also that Sir John Burlacy had seconded Sir Horatio's good testimony, and Col. Ogle promised to give him such instructions as should make him more serviceable in his place. The Court rested satisfied upon these recommendations of the fitness of the man, but respited further proceedings until Fowkes declared whether he would accept the Company's offer of 200 marks a year or not. Examination of Mr. Thornhill and John Walker in reference to the complaint of the smallness of the fish supplied to the Company. David Gelly, who went out purser's mate in the Dolphin, and returned purser's mate in the Lion, is questioned whether he hath not married since his entertainment a jeweller's daughter, and is furnished with money and goods for private trade; he answered that he had married a French schoolmaster's daughter, wherein he had committed an error against the orders of the Company; that his wife's brother was a poor working jeweller, and that he was neither furnished with means nor instructions for private trade; with which answers the Court was satisfied. Report of Messrs. Abdy and Coxe, that they have given Humphrey Handford full satisfaction of the reasons inducing the Company to allow Stevenson's widow 6s. per ryal and Capt. Bonner's widow only 5s., and they think the Company will hear no more of it. Discussion about the sealing of a release to Mrs. Harrison in respect of her accounts. The stock of one Barkham, deceased (which was thought to be Mr. Decrowe's money), to be detained for satisfaction of the sum of 400l. in difference between Harrison and Decrowe. Mr. Soane's account of moneys due to the Company for Buttall Wharf; to be examined. Mr. Wylde, one of the factors of this fleet, to receive 30l. imprest. The desire of Mr. Kerridge to go in the Jonas and have the great cabin to himself, assented to. [Eleven pages and a half. Court Minute Book, VI., pp. 371–382.]
Jan. 27.396. Sec. Calvert to [Sec. Conway]. Encloses a petition from the East India merchants, upon which he requests Conway to ascertain the King's pleasure. Remembers the business very well, having been one of the commissioners that treated with the States. What the merchants now desire was then agreed upon. [Extract from Domestic Corresp., Jac. I., Vol. CLVIII., No. 51, Cal., p. 153.]
Jan. 27.397. Sir William Cokayne, Raphe Freman, Nich. Leatt, Morris Abbott, Hum. Slany, Robt. Bell, Christ. Clitherow, and Rich. Ven to the Privy Council. Are sorry to observe their displeasure about Capts. Gyles and Pett. Have long since paid Capt. Gyles two months' entertainment more than his due. Contracted with Capt. Pett to build two pinnaces for 1,270l.; have paid his workmen and lent him great sums over and above his contract, and are ready to account with him, which he rejects. Request, therefore, reference to the Commissioners of Navy or whoever their Lordships shall appoint. [Domestic Corresp., Jac. I., Vol. CLVIII., No. 53, Cal., p. 153.]
Jan. 28.398. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Desire of Mr. Semper to take out two half capitals in calicoes, but the book being shut, for so small a quantity the Court will not open it. Complaint that some that took calicoes to ship out sell them in town. The Court, observing that Mr. Beversham, late master of the Lion, absents himself and slights the Company, resolved to procure a warrant from the Lords of the Council to fetch him, and question him as well for his breach of order as for the escape of Ruy Frere. David Gelly, purser's mate in the Jonas, not to go further than Surat, for that having married a jeweller's daughter, the Company are jealous lest he should fall to private trade. In reference to the employment of Capt. Fowkes; he is called in and after discussion entertained as captain in their intended fort at 200 marks per annum, to begin at Midsummer next and to forbear private trade, but it was resolved not to send him until their next despatch for Jacatra. Request of Mr. Chamberlain to have 20 barrels of indigo to ship for France; the Court, hopeful that the whole trade of indigo for France might be drawn this way, were of opinion that they might pleasure him. Henry Wheatley thought upon to supply the place of purser in the Great James, Thos. Thornborough, by some visitation of sickness, being unable to do service. Request of Thomas Bostock that he may continue tenant for certain lands at Deptford, at the rate of 40s. per acre, his ancestors having held it for 60 years: the Company contented that he should hold it from year to year at that rent. Claim of Dr. Page to certain tithes from the Company for lands in Deptford. The Court retaining "a worthy memory" of Mr. Harrison, late treasurer of the Company, ordered that Mrs. Harrison shall receive a quietus est and full discharge from the Company. Petition of the gunners of the Jonas, Star, and Eagle that they are denied each of them a servant, as in former voyages, but have boys thrust upon them; resolved that these boys be sent as the gunners' apprentices. Request of Mr. Lord, the preacher, to be allowed a boy to attend him the voyage; was told he might make choice of sundry boys already shipped, whom he shall find apparelled to his hand, and when he came in the country he may take liking of some Indian boy, as others of his profession have done before him, with which answer he rested satisfied. [Five pages. Court Minute Bk., VI., pp. 382–387.]
Jan. 28.
Batavia.
399. John Goninge and Joseph Cockram, in the name of the President and Council, to General Pieter de Carpentier and Council, in answer to their acts of the 14/24th and 16/26th inst. In reference to the sums that the Pooloroonese were indebted to them during the time of Robt. Haies, as proved by the books of John Cartwright, factor, and the reasons said debts were not demanded at the time the Pooloroonese were apprehended and imprisoned, as Richard Welden and others have alledged; that having intelligence that the Pooloroonese were often mainly urged "upon the torture" to confess whether the English were not accessory to their pretended treason, it put them in no little fear; for if they should have accused the English, there had been as little favour to be expected as others, by woeful experience, have found at Amboyna, "so that they attributed their deliverance to the great mercy of God, by giving such constancy to those miserable people, being otherwise impossible for flesh and blood to suffer such torments rather than to accuse the innocent." May not accept the "trifle" of spices they offer in satisfaction of the Governor's riotous expense of powder in Banda, except provisionally. Cannot sufficiently marvel that Governor Speult should now bring in new charges, never thought of in the time of [Geo.] Muschamp, for they never heard of the pinnaces Arnhem and Surat, and believe said charges to be inventions of the Governor's. The English required to join in the charge, but denied to participate in the profit. Conjunction upon terms of such inequality altogether unfit, but these matters already referred into Europe. Know not what they mean by pernicious attempts, misdemeanors, insolencies, &c., or that they had ever cause to forewarn their people, much less to "judge, to whip, to seize, to distrain, to confiscate, to torture, and to execute his Majesty's subjects of Great Britain as your own vassals." Suppose that the tractate which authorised us to cut timber to "build * * * did also intend that our people should live in houses. Room is not so scant in the vast fields of Batavia that of necessity we must lodge our slaves in our own chambers. Neither are our blacks more dangerous than those other multitudes of the same rank, that scarce have a knife to offend. But it seems your eye is upon every occasion that may disaccommodate us, and you will play at small game rather than sit out." These unkindnesses presaging more dangerous consequences, persuade us to remove from hence, and have thought good in friendly manner to give notice thereof. Remark upon the 24th, 3rd, and 27th articles of the tractate concerning fortifications as contradictory. It were far better to shake hands in time than to [continue their braw]lings to the shame of themselves, their countries, and the religion they [profess]. [Three pages and a quarter. Mutilated by damp; in parts illegible. O.C., Vol. X., No. 1146.]
Jan. 28 ?400. "List of all the writings sent in this packet from Jacatra," viz.:—Copy of general letter sent in the Exchange and Elizabeth. General account of the Moluccas, &c., in Dutch. Copy of grievances delivered the Dutch the 6th Jan. Acts in Dutch of 14/24 and 16/26 Jany. Protests delivered the Dutch in Batavia, 12 Dec. 1623; against Governor Speult, sent to Amboyna per the Amsterdam; and against the Dutch in Jambi. Letter directed to the Governor and Council. Particular letters to Thomas Keightley and to the honourable Company. [Half a page. O.C., Vol. X., No. 1147.]
Jan. 30.
Newmarket.
401. Sec. Conway to the East India Company. Requires their advice on an offer from the King of Persia for free trade, brought to his Majesty by Sir Robt. Sherley, whose expenses must be defrayed. [Minute. Conway's Letter Bk., p. 104, Cal., p. 155.]
Jan. 30.
Newmarket.
402. Sec. Conway to Lord Treasurer Middlesex. Acquaints him with his letters to the East India and Turkey Companies, and requests him to consult with the merchants thereon. Concerning the defraying of Sir Robert Sherley's expenses. [Minute. Conway's Letter Bk., p. 105, Cal., p. 155.]
Jan. 30.403. Court Minutes of the East India Company. Request of Allen Colly, purser's mate of the James, for the place of purser, having understood that Thos. Thornborough is visited with sickness. Application of Mr. Soane, "the city's farmer of Buttall wharf," for consideration of his pains taken in the collection of the Company's rents. Henry Wheatley, mate in the Jonas, chosen to go purser in the Great James; Capt. Weddall prayed earnestly that Wheatley might be continued mate as before, but it being the general opinion that "he is a spirit more than ordinary," the Court conceived he is the fitter to make a purser, "who, if he be a milksop, will be subject to continual abuse." He was called in and admonished, but the Court was "content to wink at his errors in his last return," out of a hope that by his future diligence he will redeem what is past. The power of the pursers taken into consideration, and ordered that all the masters and pursers be at Court on Monday next. The excessive expence of the Company's wine and powder discussed; which the Court utterly misliked, and gave orders to forbear in future; only it was left to the discretion of masters to do honour to strangers of quality. Here it was remembered that the Ann, meeting Capt. Pring in the main and near no land, shot off 135 pieces; resolved to give masters and gunners particular charge to refrain that excess. The Great James drawing much water, and being now deeply laden is to be carried to Tilbury. Motion of Capt. Weddall for 150l. due to him by bond from Capt. Hall. Request of Messrs. Langham and Sherrington for 60l. for interest on account of Francis Taylor's adventure in the first joint stock. Suit of John Holloway in reference to his bills; Sir John Wild and Mr. Town Clerk to be made acquainted therewith. Concerning an order in Chancery in a cause between William Palmer, plaintiff, and John Garrett and Francis Waldoe, defendants, about an adventure in this Company. The coral expected at Dover to be sent in the ships. [Four pages and a half. Court Minute Book, VI., pp. 387–392.]