Roll 404
30-31 Henry III (part 1 of 2)

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Col. John Parker (editor)

Year published

1903

Pages

6-59

Citation Show another format:

'Roll 404: 30-31 Henry III (part 1 of 2)', Lancashire Assize Rolls: 4 John - 13 Edward I (1903), pp. 6-59. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=69817 Date accessed: 30 October 2014.


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Assize Roll 404. Lancashire.

30-31 Henry III.

m. 1.

Pleas and Assizes taken at Lancaster in three weeks from the day of S. Michael in the thirtieth year of the reign of King Henry son of King John [20 October 1246], and the beginning of the thirty-first year, before R. de Thurkelby and his fellows [Gilbert de Preston, Master Simon de Wauton and John de Cobham, Justices in Eyre.].

Novel disseisin—William le Taillur and Eve his wife v. John son of Emma and Thomas the Miller re the fourth part of a mill &c., in Lever.

John Harewud and Adam de Dunandegreue, jurors, absent. Verdict— that defendants erected the mill on ground the joint property of William and Eve, against their consent. Judgment for plaintiffs; and the said fourth part of the mill to be pulled down. Damages 12d.

Novel disseisin— Amice wife of Thomas de Pennelbiry v. Thurstan de Holaunde re 16 acres in Holaund.

James de Pemberton, a juror, absent. Verdict for plaintiff for 2 acres only, with Judgment. Sureties for defendant, Richard de Walton, Elias de Tonge; surety for Thomas, William de Bradeshaghe. Damages 2s.

Novel disseisin—Gilbert de Brarton, Brun de Crumpton, Jordan his brother, Simon de Lee, Hugh his son, and Adam son of Elias v. the Abbot of Roche, Andrew de Thoong, and Robert Scalpy re a quarry (minera), &c. in Crumpton.

Defendants absent and were not attached, being of the county of York. Adam de Dunandegreue, William de Egewurth and Peter de Mendecro, jurors, absent. Verdict—that defendants delved in land joint property of plaintiffs, took earth away and excluded them from the quarry. Judgment for plaintiffs. Damages 2s.

Novel disseisin—Geoffrey son of Luke v. same re same.

Plaintiff withdraws: sureties, Peter de Crumpton and Luvecocc Scayff.

Novel disseisin—Andrew de Shollere v. same and Robert de Blakeburnesire re common of pasture in a wood at Shollerg.

Defendants absent and not attached being of the county of York. The case proceeds. Verdict for plaintiff, with Judgment. Damages 2s.

Mort d' Ancestor—Sigherid, in right of her nephew Robert son of Otho her brother v. Augustine de Taneldeford re 8 acres in Lathum.

Verdict—that Robert died seised in fee of 7 out of the 8 acres. Judgment for plaintiff for 7 acres only. Plaintiff being poor, fine remitted.

Novel disseisin—Roger de Penelbiry v. Ranulph de Boulton, Mabel late wife of Henry de Boulton, John son of Griffin, John son of Godith, Hugh his brother, Adam de Heton, Robert his brother, Matthew brother of the said Robert, Ralph de Heton, Jordan and Selvestre de Heton, and Matthew le Hore re 20 acres in Haliwell.

Adam de Heton attached by Adam Rabucke and William de Yserwude; and Matthew de Heton and Matthew le Hore, by William le Buker and Roger del Hurst of Heton. Verdict for plaintiff with Judgment. Damages 2s.

Sabina wife of Ranulph de Hole appoints the said Ranulph her attorney in Assize of Novel disseisin v. the Abbot of Deulacres.

m. 1 dorso

Writ of Utrum—Whether an oxgang and a third of an oxgang (all but one acre) in Croston be free alms belonging to two parts of Croston Church, of which Philip is parson, or the lay fee of Peter le fiz le Chapelain.

Philip says that one Stephen his predecessor held in fee and by right of his Church in the present King's time and took the profits (expleta).

Peter acknowledges the land to be the right of the said two parts of the said Church; but says that one Geoffrey (Philip's immediate predecessor) brought an Assize against him (Peter) before Robert de Lexinton and his fellows for the same land: and it was agreed in the said Court to the effect that Peter acknowledged the land to be the right of Geoffrey and his Church; in consideration whereof Geoffrey granted it to Peter for life at a service of 2s. per annum, to revert to the said two parts of the said Church at Peter's death.

Novel disseisin—Hugh son of Walter v. Hugh de Crag and Thunnoka his wife re 3 acres in Kellett.

Verdict for plaintiff, with Judgment. Damages ½ mark.

Novel disseisin—Elena daughter of Richard de Alreton v. Richard her father re 2 oxgangs in Whithenhull.

Richard admits claim, Judgment for plaintiff. Damages remitted.

Novel disseisin—Osbert de Daniscales v. Ralph de Mitton re 1 acre of wood in Acton [Aighton].

Verdict for defendant, with Judgment.

Novel disseisin—Roger de Holaund v. Simon de Haleshal re tenement in Holaund.

Plaintiff withdraws. Sureties, William son of Adam de Holaund and Henry de Holaund; sureties for fine, William de Lidyate and Robert le Waleys (Walensis).

Novel disseisin—Roger de Kyuerdal v. Hugh de Langewurth, William de Wurtheton, John son of Hugh, Henry son of Richard de Morlei, William le Hunte and Ailsy Dun re a messuage and 4 acres in Derewent.

The three last-named defendants absent, and could not be found, so not attached. Robert do Boulton and Adam de Windehull, jurors, absent. Verdict for defendants, with Judgment. Surety for plaintiff, Henry de Whalley.

Warranty—Richard de Tharilton and Avice his wife v. John de Mundegum re an oxgang in Tharilton.

Plaintiffs have a charter of the land from Adam de Mundegum, father of John, under whom they hold it. They acknowledge that they have undisputed possession. Judgment for defendant.

Novel disseisin—Geoffrey de Glasebrok v. Gilbert de Kilchith, Richard son of Basil and William his son re 8 acres in Glasebrok.

Roger de Hurleton, a juror, absent. Verdict for defendants, with Judgment. Surety for plaintiff, Richard Banastre.

William parson of Waleton gives 1 mark for leave to concord with Alan son of Simon and Godith his wife in plea of land: surety, the said Alan.

Elias le Wudeward and Richard his brother give ½ mark for leave to concord with same in plea of land: surety, the same Alan.

In the Fine Elias is styled "Elias son of Henry de Ravenesmeles," and the land is in that vill. (Lancashire Fines, p. 102, no. 117).

Robert son of Eadwin gives ½ mark for leave to concord with same in plea of land: surety, Richard le Wudeward.

Adam son of Alan gives ½ mark for similar leave: surety, William his son.

Amice wife of Alan de Wyndhil appoints the said Alan her attorney v. Richard Ekleston in plea of Acquittance.

Agnes wife of Roger de Mulinaus appoints the said Roger her attorney v. same in similar plea.

m. 2.

Novel disseisin—William de Bradeshal v. Henry de Turbok and David le Carpenter of Wurkythesle re a third part of a mill in Torton.

John de Haspull, Richard de Boelton [erased] and John de Hulton, jurors, absent. Verdict for plaintiffs, with Judgment. Surety for defendants, Adam de Biry. Damages, 2s.

Novel disseisin—Robert de Birun v. Adam de Biry and Roger de Shytleswurth re common of pasture in 30 acres in Shitleswurth.

Verdict that defendants have appropriated 30 acres. Judgment for plaintiff. Surety for defendants, Ranulph de Boulton. Damages 2s.

Novel disseisin—Andrew de Sholuer, Alward Thagun and Roger de Pilkington v. the Abbot of Roche, Andrew de Thoong and Robert Scalpy re 40 acres in Sholleregh.

Defendants absent and not attached being of the county of York, so the case proceeds without them. Elias de Bosco, William de Halch and Alexander de Heton, jurors, absent. Verdict—that defendants took away mineral (mineram) from the said land without right. Judgment for plaintiffs. Damages 2s.

Novel disseisin—Roger de Bradeschagh v. William de Bradeschagh re 6 acres in Turton.

William de Leuer and John son of Robert de Halgton, jurors, absent— later John comes. Verdict for plaintiff, with Judgment. Damages 3s.

Novel disseisin—Ralph le Noreys and Matilda his wife v. Thomas le Feuer re freehold in Cliderhou.

Plaintiffs did not prosecute: sureties, Richard son of Ralph de Preston and Thomas son of Ralph de Preston.

Novel disseisin—William le Blund, John de Marisco and Adam his brother v. Adam de Pemberton, William his son and James de Pemberton re common of pasture in the moors and marshes of Pemberton.

Adam de Winstanesleg and William de Crull, jurors, absent. Later, John de Marisco withdraws from the writ: sureties, Thomas Lidgyatelegh and Robert son of Hugh de Burleg. Verdict for plaintiff with Judgment. Damages 12d.

Mort d' Ancestor—Richard de Flixton, in right of Adam de Barton his brother v. Richard de Trafford re 20 acres in Platton.

Defendant says that not he, but the Prior of the Hospital of S. John of Jerusalem in England, holds the land: this plaintiff admits. Judgment for defendant.

Mort d' Ancestor—Warin le Pestur, in right of William le Pestur his father v. Michael le Fulun and Edith his wife re a messuage and ½ acre in Flokeburg.

Adam Skinner [Pelliparius] of Flokeburg, a juror, absent. Verdict— that William le Pestur held in fee and Warin is his son and heir. Judgment for plaintiff.

Novel disseisin—Adam de Bilington v. John de Bradehull and Robert his brother re 16 acres in Bilington.

Verdict for plaintiff with Judgment. Damages ½ mark.

Warranty—William le Taillur and Eve his wife v. John son of Emma re an oxgang and a half in Leure.

Plaintiff withdraws: sureties, Adam de Parua Leure and John son of Agnes de Parua Leure: surety for fine, John de Leure.

m. 2 dorsc

Novel disseisin—Adam de Holaund v. Richard de Eukeston, Margery his wife, Stephen de Eukeston, Avice his wife, Thomas Bussell and William and Nicholas his sons re common of pasture in 12 acres in Eukeston.

Verdict—that defendants have appropriated 12 acres. Judgment for plaintiff. Damages 2s.

Receipt of homage—Bernard de Mitton v. Ralph de Mitton re homage and reliefs for freehold in Gusenhach.

Plaintiff holds 5 oxgangs in Gusenhach of the gift of one Beatrice daughter of Robert, mother of plaintiff and grandmother of defendant, who is her heir, and of whom plaintiff should hold the tenement paying homage and reasonable reliefs: but Ralph refuses to receive his homage to loss of plaintiff, who claims damages.

Ralph says he is heir of Beatrice, but holds nothing of her inheritance; he is son of Robert de Mitton (elder brother of Bernard), who should have been heir of Beatrice had he survived her; and should Bernard die without issue, the tenement would revert to defendant. This Bernard admits. Judgment that Ralph takes no homage. Sureties for plaintiff, Thomas de Besleg and Richard Russel of Plumton.

Dower—Agnes late wife of William de Tarleton v. Richard Banastre re a third of 2 acres in Bretherton.

Defendant admits that Richard [sic] late husband of Agnes was seised in fee, with power to grant dower. Judgment for plaintiff. Surety for defendant, Roger de Wirkithileg.

Receipt of Homage—Richard son of Thomas de Burnhull v. Peter de Burnhull re homage and reliefs for freehold in Burnhull.

Plaintiff claims that Peter should receive his homage &c. for land held of him. Plaintiff absent, but appears later, and being under age is excused fine.

Breach of Covenant—Ralph de Mitton v. John de Winkedeleg re 18 acres in Acton [Aighton].

Plaintiff says that a covenant was made before the Justices in Eyre last at Lancaster, that John should give him 18 acres in the said vill, and he claims 40s. damages for breach of covenant. This covenant John denies. It is adjudged that John wage his law by 12 sureties, and let him come with his law on Wednesday; surety, Mathew de Notton. Later they come to terms, Ralph giving ½ mark for leave to concord; surety, William de Carleton. And it is agreed that John grant him a remitter (remittit ei legem).

Novel disseisin—Henry de Whalley v. Hugh de Langewurth, William de Wurthington, John son of Hugh, Henry son of Richard de Merlay, William le Hunte and Ailsy Dun re 4 acres and a lodge (logia) in Derewent.

Hugh alone appears; William attached by Thomas his brother and John de Clophull; John, by William, man of Hugh de Langewurth (hoi'em Hugonis), and Arthan de Langewurth; the other defendants not found. Verdict for defendants with Judgment. Surety for plaintiff, Roger de Kiuerdale.

Novel disseisin—Robert de Plesington v. same defendants re 20 acres in Tocholes.

Verdict for defendants, with Judgment. Surety for plaintiff, Henry de Walleygh.

Novel disseisin—Bernard de Mitton v. Ranulph de Gosenard re 20 acres in Gosenarch.

Richard de Clathon, a juror, absent. Verdict for defendant, with Judgment.

Entry—Robert de Ribbelcestre and Amabel his wife v. the Abbot of Stanlawe re 10 acres and the moiety of a mill in Ribbelcestre.

Plaintiffs did not prosecute: sureties, John son of William de Ribbelcestre and Hugh son of William de Ribbelcestre.

Novel disseisin—Roger de Kerneford v. William de Lancastre re tenement in Kerneford.

Plaintiff withdraws; sureties, Hugh de Crag and Paul de Kerneford; and Roger has nothing.

m. 3.

Novel disseisin—Warin de Witingeham v. Jordan de Wheteleg, Richard and Adam his sons, Richard de Gosenier and Lettice his wife and Robert de Frekelton re common of pasture in 3 acres in Whitingeham.

Robert son of Richard de Goseneregh, a juror, absent. Verdict that defendants, except Richard de Goseniere, have broken up (frussuerunt) and appropriated 3 acres. Judgment for plaintiff against all but Richard de Goseniere, and for Richard v. plaintiff. Damages 2s.

Novel disseisin—Peter son of Robert de Hewud v. Gervase de Haliwell, Hawise his wife, Hugh son of Gervase and Wimarca his wife re 2 acres in Hewude.

Andrew de Wytewurthe, William de Shamelesbiry and Peter de Medewycroft, jurors, absent. Verdict for plaintiff, with Judgment. Damages 2s.

Novel disseisin—William de Kingesle v. Richard de Chernok re a messuage and 20 acres in Cherleg.

Thomas de Clophull, William Pictor, and Adam son of Adam de Perbald, jurors, absent. Verdict—that defendant enfeoffed plaintiff of a certain waste, in virtue of which plaintiff occupied defendant's land to the extent named, and Richard forthwith took that land into his own hands. Judgment for defendant.

Novel disseisin—Richard de Whythingeham and Hawise his wife v. William de Carleton re common of pasture in Hinskipe.

Plaintiffs did not prosecute: surety, Robert son of Adam de Inskipe.

Mort d'Ancestor—Sigherith, in right of her nephew Robert son of Otho her brother v. Thomas son of Mary re 8 acres in Lathum.

Defendant says he has no claim but as guardian of Richard son of Richard under age and in his ward. Case sine die till Richard be of age.

Novel disseisin—Eugenia de Radecliue v. Jordan de Quickenslawe re 8 acres in Eggewurth.

William de Samelesbiri, a juror, absent. Verdict for plaintiff, with Judgment. Damages 12s.

Novel disseisin—Adam de Byri v. Geoffrey de Radecliue re land, 6 feet wide by 60 feet long in Byry.

Verdict for plaintiff, with Judgment. Surety for defendant, Adam de Radecliue. Damages 1d.

From the whole County of Lancaster, liberties excepted, for its fine before Judgment—100li.

Mort d' Ancestor—Robert le Blund, in right of Robert le Blund his father v. John son of William re 6 acres in Clypin.

Sine die till defendant be of age.

Writ of Right—Thomas Bussel v. Richard son of Avice re 2 acres in Euckeston.

Defendant appeals to a Grand Assize. Robert de Stokeport (sworn), Roger de Alleston (sworn), Thomas de Bythun (sworn), and Roger Gernet (sworn), 4 Knights to choose 12 to form Jury of Grand Assize; the Jury is chosen. Later the parties come to terms, Thomas giving ½ mark for leave; surety, the said Richard. It is agreed that Thomas remits all claim, for which Richard gives him 1 mark.

The Abbot of Cokersand gives ½ mark for leave to concord with Jordan son of Torfin re land; and has a chirograph.

Novel disseisin—Adam de Holaund v. Thomas Bussel and William and Nicholas his sons re 1 acre in Eukeston.

Verdict for plaintiff, with Judgment. Damages 12d.

m. 3 dorso.

Novel disseisin—Eve daughter of Ralph v. Nicholas son of John re freehold in Auton.

Eve did not prosecute and has no sureties, therefore nothing.

Novel disseisin—Richard Banastre v. William son of Henry and William son of John Bekanesho re 4 acres in Bekanesho.

Verdict for defendants, with Judgment.

Warranty of Charter—William son of Robert v. Adam son of Mary re 1½ acre in Houwyk.

Plaintiff did not prosecute: surety, Robert son of Norman de Langeton; he had not another surety.

Dower—Robert de Rybbelcestre and Amabel his wife v. William Mutun.

Plaintiffs did not prosecute; sureties, Richard son of Jordan de Wetelay and Richard son of Uthred de Halueston.

Novel disseisin—William son of William and Alice his wife v. Syward de Derewent, Julliana his wife and Adam son of Syward re 1 acre of land belonging to the 4th part of Halsnade.

Adam was attached by Thomas de Waterfal and Roger de Quicstan. Verdict for plaintiffs, with Judgment. Surety for Syward, Henry de Whalegh. Damages 12d.

Novel disseisin—Alan de Birkestad v. Adam de Bikerstad, Simon his brother, Gilbert de Rohal, Roger de Birkestade, Walter de Birkestade and Richard de Birkestad re a third of half a carucate in Birkestad.

Later, Alan withdraws: sureties, William de Bykerstad and Richard del Bank; surety for fine, Adam de Bikerstad.

Novel disseisin—Jordan de Kircham v. Bernard de Mitune, Walter de Barton, Ranulph de Gosenargh, Benedict de Biseligh, and Hugh de Middelton re common of pasture in 30 acres in Gosenharegh.

Same v. same and Adam de Wirhal re obstruction of a way in Gosenargh.

Verdict—that defendants broke up for cultivation 30 acres &c. and blocked the access of plaintiff to his pasture. Judgment for plaintiff in each case, and the road to be as it was (sit sic esse solebat). Damages 2s.

Dork.

John de Monasteriis fined for wrongful detention from Agnes daughter of Geoffrey de Monasteriis, as appears on the Roll of Roger de Thirkelby and his fellows in Eyre in com. Ebor.

Cumberland.

Ralph de Levington gives 1 mark for leave to concord with Alan le Noreys and Margery his wife, in plea of Warranty of Charter, and has a chirograph.

It appears from the Fine that the Warranty was for 10 oxgangs in Staffol, co. Cumberland. (Lancashire Fines, p. 100, no. 127).

Geoffrey de Middleton gives ½ mark for leave to concord with Roger son of Robert de Middelton in plea of Wager of Law; surety, Adam de Blakeburn.

Warranty of Charter—Robert de Molinaus v. Adam de Mulinaus re a carucate in Thorneton.

Plaintiff withdraws; sureties, Walter de Scarisbrek and Henry de Eyntre.

Writ of Utrum—Robert Blundel parson of Hacton [Aughton] church v. Maddock son of Lewel and Quenilda late wife of Richard le Waleys re 2 oxgangs in Hacton.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, William Doomsman (Judicator) of Litherlaund and Walter de Scharesbek.

Novel disseisin—Alan de Bikerstat v. Adam de Bykerstat and others re common of pasture in Birkerstat.

Plaintiff withdraws; sureties, Alan de Windul and William de Waleton; sureties for fine, William de Waleton and Richard de Sud.

William de Lancastre appoints as his attorney William de Mulineus or Richard de Kyrkeby v. William son of Ketel in plea of land; and v. Adam son of Jordan de Lingard and others in similar plea.

Henry de Mitton acknowledges that he owes to Avice late wife of Adam son of Gilbert ½ mark, to be paid yearly at two terms—half at Whitsuntide and half at the Nativity of our Lord—for the wardship of Adam son of the said Avice, while under age, and she to keep him till of age, with power to destrain, &c.

m. 4.

Novel disseisin—Roger de Brochol v. Matilda de Ribbeton, Robert and William her sons and Richard de Ellesleia, re common of pasture in 4 acres in Brochol.

Verdict for plaintiff with Judgment. Damages 2s.

Writ of Right—Robert de Samplesbiry, Adam, James and Roger, his brothers v. William de Samplesbiry re 3 parts of 8 oxgangs in Shamplesbiry.

Plaintiffs claim the 3 parts as their reasonable share of the inheritance of Roger de Shamplesbiry, father of Robert, Adam and James, lately deceased, whose heirs they are. One Cospatrik their ancestor was seised thereof in fee in the time of King John, the now King's father, and died seised of this and other lands and tenements; after his death the right descended to his four sons Roger, the eldest, Richard, Uctred, and Alan, among whom the said tenement was divided; Roger, the eldest son and father of the plaintiffs, having for his share 8 oxgangs of which they each now seek their share, viz., each an oxgang and a half and one fifth of an oxgang.

Defendant admits that Cospatric was seized of 14 oxgangs in the said vill, but says he enfeoffed the said Richard, Uctred and Alan his sons, each of them of 2 oxgangs, and of the other 8 died seised; and Roger, his firstborn son, succeeded to these as heir. The said 8 oxgangs were never divisible nor divided.

Robert, Adam and James offer the King 1 mark for an enquiry; surety Thomas de Quick; and William offers 1 mark for the same; sureties, Roger de Astan and Adam de Hothon. An enquiry ordered.

Later, defendant gives ½ mark for leave to come to terms; surety, Adam de Hocgton; and has a chirograph. (Lancashire Fines, p. 99, no. 109).

Mort d'Ancestor—Robert son of Stephen de Preston, in right of the said Stephen v. William son of Walter (as to a messuage and 3½ acres of land), William son of Gunne (as to 1 rood of meadow) and William son of Astin (as to 1 rood of meadow) re a messuage and 3½ acres of land and 2 roods of meadow in Preston.

Defendants say no action lies; for plaintiff lately sued them in Preston court on a writ of Right, after which no writ of Mort d'Ancestor runs. This plaintiff admits and is nonsuited; surety Richard son of Godith.

Novel disseisin—Richard Whithand, Alice his wife, Henry de Lascell and Agnes his wife v. Alan de Windehull, Hugh le Seriaunt, Adam son of Hucgtred, John son of Beatrice, William de Cockeshull, Henry Trebuch, Richard son of Uctred, Henry Swan and Kenewreg his brother, Leising de Windehull and Adam his son, Gilbert de Groneg, Henry Spere, Adam son of William le Harper, Thomas de Brakenwait, Hugh de Crochurst, William and Adam his sons, Cecily de Reinford, Robert Miller, Hugh sons of Siward and Adam Herlot re 10 acres of land in Reinesford.

Alan, John and Henry Trebuch appear, but not the other defendants, Adam is attached by Uctred his father; William, by Richard Clerk and Alexander de Windehull; Richard son of Uctred, by Adam and William his brothers; Henry Suan, by William Bark and Adam Little (parvum); Leising, by William his son and Adam Rabuck; Gilbert, by Patrick and Roger sons of Alured; Henry Spere, by Henry son of Arkel and Thomas son of Godrit; Hugh de Crokhurst, by Alan de Windehull and Hugh de Middelton; William son of Hugh, by Robert de Thorinton and Roger de Molineaus; Adam, by Adam de Bulling and Henry son of George; Cecily, by Henry de Wlaukelawe; and Robert Miller, Hugh son of Siward and Adam Herlot, were not attached, not having been found.

Verdict for plaintiff for 10 acres, to wit, certain moor and certain wood. Judgment accordingly. Damages 12d.

Acquittance of Service—Robert de Molineus v. Adam de Mulinaus re service which William de Ferrers, Earl of Derby, guardians of the lands and heir of Almaric le Butyler, exacts for freehold held of defendant in Thorneton.

Plaintiff says that one William le Butyler compelled him to make suit at his Court.

There being no mention in the writ that Adam should be mesne (medius) between Robert and the said William, plaintiff is nonsuited: surety, William de Waleton. (Lancashire Fines, p. 104, no. 121).

Warranty of Charter—The Prior of the Hospital of S. John of Jerusalem in England v. William de Prees re an oxgang and a half and 3 acres in Neuton.

Plaintiff does not prosecute; sureties, Roger son of Jordan de Nueton, Richard son of Jordan de Neuton.

Proof of Freedom—William de Hamelton v. John son of Geoffrey de Hacuneshond who claims him as his villein.

Plaintiff withdraws; sureties, Roger son of Halewart and Hugh son of Alan de Wyrisdal; surety for William's fine, the said John son of Geoffrey. Let it be known that William acknowledges he is a villein of the said John, and he is delivered to John in the same Court.

m. 4 dorso.

William de Karleton gives ½ mark for leave to concord with Robert de Stok, in a plea of Acquittance.

Fine made at Lancaster, 25 June, 1256—10 years later. The defendant was Robert de Stokeport, of whom William held 1½ carucate in Karleton. (Lancashire Fines, p. 120, no. 147).

Mort d'Ancestor—Richard son of Adam de Staning, in right of Adam v. Baldwin de Preston and Avice his wife re a messuage and 2 acres of land in Ingol.

Defendants say that they claim only during the minority of John son of William de Yeland whom William his father enfeoffed by charter produced. This is admitted by the plaintiff. Nonsuit.

Mort d'Ancestor—Warin de Corney v. Abbot of Cokersand and others re 19 acres in Uproucheclive.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, Simon son of William de Grenol and John son of Roger de Pul.

Mort d'Ancestor—Alice daughter of Adam de Warton, in right of Adam v. Roger Aylward re 4 acres in Warton.

Verdict for plaintiff, with Judgment.

Novel disseisin—Thomas Buscell, Stephen de Eukeston and Avice his wife v. Henry de Whallay, Adam de Holaund, Matthew and Richard his brothers, Richard Carpentar, Henry his brother, Richard son of Alward, William son of Swein, Roger Parden, Nicholas de Piner, Robert de Pecco, Richard de Wulmore, Thomas de la legh, Simon de Gerardeshalth, Hugh de Holaund, Thomas de Whithenhull, Roger de Eukeston, Adam his brother, Hamo de Werington, Walter de Holaund, Simon Redberd, Adam Fivewinterald, Richard de Kiuerdal, Madin son of William de Holaund, Gilbert Tailor of Holaund, Henry de Holaund, Roger son of Thurstan de Holaund, William son of Matilda, Geoffrey de Whallay, John de Blakeburne, Henry son of William de Liveshay, Richard de Meluer, Benedict de la Lawe, John de Rotholueswurth, Alexander Daunger, Robert son of Richard de Hecles and Uctred de Wallay re 4 acres of land in Eukeston.

Henry de Wallay, Adam de Holaund, Thomas de Withenhull and John de Blakeburne appear. The others were attached viz. Richard and Matthew brothers of Adam de Holaund, by Henry Spere, Thomas de Siuerleg, Richard de Wulvemor; Thomas de la Legh, by Henry son of Arkel and Henry Spere; Hamo, by Henry son of Martin de Holecroft and Hugh de Fayrwa; Thomas de Withenhull, by Adam Widfare and Gilbert de Westeley; Roger de Eukiston, by Richard Judge (Judicem) of Eukeston and William de Swiney. Richard de Kiuerdal, by Gospatric de Kiuerdale and Peter de Kiuerdale; Madin, by Richard son of William and Robert son of Juliana; Geoffrey de Whallay, by Patrick le Harper and Benedict son of Ranulph de Billington; Henry son of William de Livesley, by Richard de Witton and William Bagger; Richard de Melwrith, by Robert de Melwrith and William Bacun; Robert son of Richard, by William Liveshey and Jordan de Eccleshull; the others not found.

Verdict for Plaintiffs against all but John de Blakeburne: Judgment accordingly. Damages ½ mark.

Novel disseisin—William de Derusbiri, John de Sutton, Alan le Norreis and William le Norreis v. Adam son of William Blundel re common of pasture in Sutton.

Defendant admits that he has enclosed and appropriated one acre. Judgment for Plaintiffs. Defendant to custody, later fined ½ mark; sureties, Alan le Norreis, William le Norreis.

Novel disseisin—Quenilda de Slaneden v. Matthew son of Adam, Henry son of Ivo and Agnes his mother re ½ oxgang in Humfridesfeld.

Matthew does not come, and was attached by Adam de Rodes, and Peter de Hallestud; case proceeds in default.

Verdict, that defendants disseised Plaintiff, but before the term named; Judgment for defendants.

Novel disseisin—Elias le Harpur and Alice his wife v. Elias de Dene and Thomas de Stanlawe re common of pasture in Reved.

Plaintiffs do not prosecute; sureties, Robert de Kuntecliue and Adam son of Henry de Reued.

Novel disseisin—William de Hauckeswurth v. Richard son of Alan re 7½ acres in Dillesworth.

Verdict for Plaintiff, with Judgment. Damages 4s.

Mort d'Ancestor—Edith daughter of Ranulph v. Ranulph son of Jordan re 3 acres in Lindale.

Plaintiff does not prosecute; sureties, Thomas de Lindale and Gregory son of John.

m. 5.

Dower—Juliana late wife of Henry de Waleton v. Richard son of Henry re a third of 12 oxgangs in Wavertre and re a third of 4 oxgangs in Kirkedale, as dower.

Defendant calls to warrant William son of Henry de Waleton, who says he ought not to answer, for Juliana got her dower before Robert de Lexinton and his fellows, and it was agreed that Juliana should quitclaim all her rights in all the said lands of the said Henry, her late husband, for certain lands and tenements which William granted viz. 4 oxgangs in Neusum, 2 in demesne and 2 in service, and 3 oxgangs in Wavertre in demesne, and 40 acres of waste in Waleton, reserving to Juliana the dower she held before. The rolls of that Eyre are searched and testify to this effect. Nonsuit. Surety for plaintiff, Richard de Waleton. (Lancashire Fines, p. 101, no. 114.)

Writ of Utrum—Whether 16 acres of land in Samelesbiry be free alms pertaining to the Church of Samelesbiry, whereof the Abbot of Stanlawe is parson, or the lay fee of William de Samelesbiry.

The Abbot says that one Henry his predecessor, late parson of the said Church, was seised in fee, as in right of his Church, in the time of the now King. William calls to warrant Eadmund son and heir of John de Lascy Earl of Lincoln, who is under age and in the King's custody, claiming by charter of Roger de Lascy grandfather of Eadmund. Sine die till Eadmund be of age.

Mort d'Ancestor—Mariota wife of Henry de Yolton and Sigherith her sister, in right of Walthef de Clafton their father v. Roger le Fraunceis (holding 2 oxgangs) and Uctred Plat (holding 2 oxgangs) re 4 oxgangs of land in Farleton.

Defendants say that Mariota and Sigherid were born long before Waltheof espoused their mothers. Henry de Yolton gives ½ mark for leave to concord; surety, John son of Walthef; and Uctred gives also ½ mark; surety, Roger le Fraunceis; and they have a chirograph. Sigherith, being under age, is granted 1 oxgang till of age, so that she, when of age, may be able to sue for the whole of the said land if she wish. (Lancashire Fines, p. 104, no. 122.)

Novel disseisin— Ranulph de Hole and Sabina his wife v. Abbot of Deula Cresse re tenement in Brune.

Plaintiff withdraws; sureties, William de Hull, Robert son of Adam de Westhusum.

Acquittance of Service—William de Karleton v. Robert de Stoks re service exacted by William de Lancastre for freehold held of defendant in Karleton.

Plaintiff says that William de Lancastre compels him to make suit every three weeks at his Court at Geirstak. Defendant admits that plaintiff holds of him. Plaintiff gives ½ mark for leave to concord, and Robert agrees to acquit him of the service, and is told to go to the said Court and do so. (Lancashire Fines, p. 120, no. 147.)

Novel disseisin—John de Leh v. Avice de Ingol re 2 acres of land in Ingol.

Verdict for plaintiff, with Judgment. Baldwin de Preston, husband of Avice, fined. Damages 2s.

Novel disseisin—Richard son of Robert v. Robert de Faleghes and others re common of pasture in Gosenarch.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, Richard de Hacton and Richard de Barton.

Novel disseisin—Adam de Ekleston v. William de Lancastre and others re tenement in Ecleston.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, John de Orhil and Richard de Maghale.

Novel disseisin—Matilda late wife of Thomas de Whitingham v. Alexander Clerk, Matilda his wife and Ranulph de Gosenar re a messuage and an acre of land in Whitingham.

Defendants say that plaintiff lies, for they and Alice wife of Ranulph sued one Alice de Syngelton for the said tenement on a writ of Right; and it was agreed that Alice should give up the same as the right of Matilda and Alice. Plaintiff says that she sued the said Alice for the same at Westminster, as her dower, and Alice came and surrendered the premises to her: and plaintiff took the King's writ to the Sheriff of Lancashire, and Richard le Butyler then Sheriff put her in seisin, and she held for 10 weeks till Alexander and the others ejected her. The defendants admit this. Judgment for plaintiff with damages, which are taxed by the jury at 2s.

Alice late wife of Alan de Singelton gives ½ mark for leave to concord with William son of Alan, in plea of fine made.

Lancashire Fines, p. 92, no. 100.

Margery wife of Alan le Norreis appoints the said Alan her attorney v. Matilda de Ingoles in plea of debt.

m. 5 dorso.

Mort d'Ancestor—Benedict Blundell, in right of Simon his father v. William Russell and Amabel his wife re an oxgang in Barton.

Defendants call to warrant Richard son and heir of William Blundel who comes and warrants.

It is agreed that defendants shall hold in peace, and Richard makes exchange to Benedict to the same value.

Entry—Thomas de Sivredeleg v. Roger son of Henry and Alice his wife re 8 acres in Siurdeleg.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, Adam de Pemberton and William de Billing. Later plaintiff comes and pursues his writ, &c. [fine erased].

Dower—Suunyna late wife of William de Grenhull v. William de Lancastre re tenements in Kerneford.

Plantiff did not prosecute; sureties, Michael de Greenhol and William his brother.

Novel disseisin—Ralph de Mitton v. Jordan son of Ralph re common of pasture in Cheydesleg, of which defendant has assarted and worked about 20 acres and reduced them to culture.

Verdict for plaintiff for 2 acres only: Judgment accordingly. Damages 2s.

Obstruction—Richard de Winkedeleg v. Richard de Monleg, Ralph his son, Richard de Daniscole and Osbert his son re obstruction of a way in Autton.

Plaintiff says that he cannot get to his pasture and land, to cultivate it, as conveniently as he used to. Verdict for plaintiff. Judgment—that the obstruction be removed at defendant's charge. Sureties for defendant, Robert de Wikedele and John de Bradhull. Damages 2s.

Mort d'Ancestor—Richard de Wurkedeleg, in right of Roger his father v. William son of Odo re 8 acres of land in Barton.

Defendant calls to warrant Gilbert de Barton, who denies that Roger died seised of the land. Verdict—that Roger was ejected by Gilbert two years before his death. Judgment for defendant. Surety for plaintiff, Gilbert de Kulcheth.

Novel disseisin—Adam de Radcliue v. Adam de parva Leure re 12 acres arable and 80 acres waste in Radecliue.

Verdict and Judgment for defendant. The jury find in addition that Adam de Leure disseised Adam de Radcliue of a wood in the said waste, and of part of the waste. Judgment for plaintiff for this amount. Surety for defendant, Roger de parva Boulton. Damages 12d.

Writ of Entry—Ralph de Mitton v. John de Winkedeleg and Robert his son re 10 acres of land in Acton, in which they have no entry except through Simon de Grenehurst, to whom Robert de Mitton father of Ralph, his heir, demised it for a term now expired.

Defendants admit that they have entry through Simon, but say that he was enfeoffed by Hugh de Mitton, not by Robert. Each party gives ½ mark for a trial. The jury, elected by consent of the parties, say that Simon was never enfeoffed nor held in fee but for a term. Judgment for plaintiff.

John son of Henry de Hewode and Avice his wife acknowledge that they have given to Reyner de Arches his heirs and assigns all their lands, without exception, in Hapton, which Thomas Clerk of Halvetham gave to the said John in marriage with Avice; as is more fully contained in a grant of John and Avice which Reyner has produced.

m. 6.

John Arbalaster [Ballistarius] gives one mark for leave to concord with Eve, late wife of Geoffrey Arbalaster [Ballistarius] as to dower, and has a chirograph.

Lancashire Fines, p. 96, no. 104.

Writ of Right—William son of Simon v. William son of Richard re 22 acres in Alithweit.

York

Defendant has put himself on the grand assize, but does not appear on the fourth day. The land seized into the King's hands, and defendant ordered to be at York on Wednesday after Martinmas.

Novel disseisin—Richard Travers v. Adam de Hutune and Richard de Hutune re right of estover in Adam's wood in Hutun.

Adam says that the wood is owned by defendants, and plaintiff has no ground in the wood that he can show. Plaintiff nonsuited, with leave to proceed by another writ if he can.

Mort d'Ancestor—Adam son of Rygherigh v. Gilbert son of Gilbert Smith [Faber] and many others.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, Alan de Ruynacres and Maddoc de Atton.

Proof of Freedom—Peter de Burnul v. Siward son of Matilda whom he claims as his fugitive villein (nativum et fugitivum).

Siward comes not on the fourth day, and this day was appointed for him to prove his freedom before the Justices, but he does not proceed. Sureties, Jordan de Pecwurtham and William de Whithull.

Mort d'Ancestor—Adam son of Emma v. Adam le Chef re half an oxgang in Farnwurth.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, Adam de parva Leure and John de Magna Leure. Later Adam appears. [Fine erased].

Novel disseisin—William son of Absalon and Eduth his wife v. Stephen son of Thomas re one oxgang and a messuage in Wythington.

Stephen says that William gave him the premises in free marriage with Avice his daughter and enfeoffed him thereof by deed produced, and relies on the jury of the said Assize and on the witnesses named in the said deed. Verdict and Judgment for defendant.

Mort d'Ancestor—Adam de Farnwurth, in right of Emma his mother v. Adam le Chef re half an oxgang in Farnworth.

Verdict, that Emma died before the term named. Later the parties come to terms, Adam le Chef paying half a mark for leave; surety, Adam son of Emma.

Adam de Radeclyue, a juror of that Assize, pays a fine of 40s. for himself and eleven fellows, for trespass.

Mort d'Ancestor—William son of William Godman v. Abbot of Cokersand re one oxgang and 6 acres in Gayrstang.

Plaintiff withdraws: he and sureties fined viz. Richard son of William Godman and William son of Hamo de Bilburgh.

Dower—Alice late wife of Elyas de Plesinton v. Abbot of Kyrkestal re a third of 5 oxgangs in Huncotes, as dower.

It appears that plaintiff has received a part of her dower. Nonsuit— with leave to proceed by another writ.

Mort d' Ancestor—Sibilla wife of Adam de Lairebrech, in right of Agnes daughter of Adam her sister v. Adam son of Robert de Pulton re a toft and an acre in Pulton.

Defendant says that plaintiff had a sister of the same father and mother, Avice by name, who had a daughter Alice still living, apart from whom plaintiff cannot claim. Plaintiff nonsuited.

Mort d' Ancestor—Alan Forester, in right of Hugh his father v. Avice late wife of Hugh (holding 10 acres), Hugh son of Avice (holding 10 acres), and William le Forester (holding 12 acres) re 32 acres in Elhale.

Defendants say that Alan had an elder brother Robert, who had several children, now living, by his lawful wife. Plaintiff nonsuited.

Writ of Entry—Michael son of Michael de Thornton v. Richard son of Michael re 2 oxgangs in Trefeld.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, Roger de Shingelton and Roger de Hamelton.

m. 6 dorso.

John son of Robert gives half a mark for leave to concord with William de Meoles, in plea of land.

Lancashire Fines, p. 102, no. 115.

Dower—Sibilla late [wife] of Alan son of Warin v. Stephen son of Kenwrek re a third of 2 oxgangs in Simundeston, as dower.

Defendant says that plaintiff was never joined in lawful wedlock. Nonsuit; mandate to Bishop of Chester for Convocation to enquire before him into the truth of the matter, and report by letters patent.

Breach of Covenant—William son of William de Tunstall v. William son of Thomas de Tunstall re 2 oxgangs in Tunstall.

Covenant made between Thomas de Tunstall father of defendant, his heir, and William de Tunstall father of plaintiff, his heir, to the effect that Thomas gave to William the service of one Roger brother of Thomas, for 2 oxgangs which Roger held of him in Tunstall, with remainder, if Roger died without heir of his body, to William son of William to hold in his own demesne, quit of Thomas and his heirs for ever.

Plaintiff says that William his father died seised of the service of Roger and as William died before Roger, who died without issue, the land should come to plaintiff as son and heir: he claims damages 40s., and produces the chirograph. (Cf. Lancashire Fines, p. 48, no. 15.)

Defendant says that William father of William was never in seisin of the service of the said Roger nor of the land.

The parties come to terms, defendant giving 20s. for leave by surety of plaintiff, and they have a chirograph.

Writ of Entry—Roger de Asteleg v. Alexander de Tyldesleg re half an oxgang in Asteleg demised by plaintiff to defendant for a term now expired.

Judgment for plaintiff. Surety for defendant, Richard de Pyninton.

Novel disseisin—Adam son of Alexander de Radeclyue and Peter son of Adam v. Adam son of William de Radeclyue re common of pasture in Radeclyue, about 4 acres, in which defendant has dug for minerals (minera).

Same v. same, before the same jury, re 3 acres in the same vill.

Robert de Sipwaldbotle, a juror, absent. Verdict, as to the 3 acres, for plaintiffs, with Judgment. Damages 12d.

Verdict, as to common of pasture—that plaintiffs have ample pasture for all their beasts: Judgment for defendant.

Dower—Alice late wife of John de Walton v. Gregory son of Adam re a third of 2 oxgangs &c. in Waleton, as dower.

Plaintiff comes and acknowledges that Gregory has satisfied her claim, and she is content. Defendant fined for not doing so before.

Robert de Mulinaus gives half a mark for leave to concord with Adam de Molinaus in a plea of Acquittance, by surety of the said Adam, and they have a chirograph.

Lancashire Fines, p. 104, no. 121.

Elyas de Cnolle gives half a mark for leave to concord with Adam de Palay and Christian his wife in plea of Warranty of Charter: surety, Richard de Knolle.

m. 7.

Novel disseisin—Robert son of Adam v. William de Carleton re headlands (chevescis) in several places in Inscype, containing about 2 acres.

Henry de Forton, a juror, absent. Verdict for defendant, with Judgment.

Novel disseisin—Richard de Wytingham and Hawise his wife v. William de Karlton and others re tenements in Soureby.

Plaintiffs did not prosecute; sureties, Robert son of Adam de Inscip and Roger Spark.

Novel disseisin—Simon de Halsal v. Adam de Mulineus and others re a tenement in Maghal.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, Richard son of Simon and Richard son of William.

Proof of Freedom— Gilbert de Nutehil and Adam le Erl v. William parson of Flyxton Church, who claims them as his fugitive villeins (nativos et fugitivos suos).

Defendant comes not on the fourth day; sureties, Hugh son of Alward and William son of the same. Gilbert and Adam dismissed sine die.

Novel disseisin—Gilbert de Kiuerdale v. Richard Banastre re 3 acres in Kiuerdale.

Verdict for plaintiff, with Judgment. Sureties for defendant, Adam son of Lagheman and Richard de Whetelegh. Damages 2s.

Novel disseisin—Robert de Penelbyry v. Roger son of Elyas and John son of Robert re 12 acres in Halcghton.

Verdict—that the land is not Robert's separate property but his common pasture. Judgment for defendants. Surety for plaintiff, Richard de Muston.

Agnes, late wife of German de Flixton, who brought two writs v. the Sheriff of Lancaster for the restoration of the chattels and animals of the said Agnes, which Henry de Thorbok and Henry son of Wenn took and detained, does not prosecute; sureties, Ranulph son of Richard de Warnwathe and Simon de Boxton.

Writ of Entry—Adam son of William v. Richard Banastre re 2 acres in Bretherton.

Defendant has no entry except through Adam Banastre, to whom William son of Ulkelf, whose son and heir plaintiff is, demised for a term now past. Defendant claims through Adam Banastre, his father, who took possession of the land as his villenage, as the plaintiff's father was villein of Adam and held in villenage. Both parties demand a trial, and Richard gives one mark for a jury. Afterwards they come to terms, Adam giving half a mark for leave; surety, the Prior of Lythum. (Lancashire Fines, p. 96, no. 103.)

Nativity—The same Richard withdraws his writ (de nativitate) v. the said Adam: sureties, Roger son of Hervey and John son of Adam.

Mort d' Ancestor—Geoffrey de Byron, in right of Richard de Byron his brother v. Geoffrey de Wyrkesl re 12 acres in Wirkedel.

William de Magna Leure, a juror, absent. Verdict—that Richard died seised, and Geoffrey is his next heir. Judgment for plaintiff.

Novel disseisin—Andrew de Choller, Ailward Thagun and Roger de Pilkenton v. Robert de Stapleton, Thomas de Cutheworth and Henry le Low re 20 acres in Shollere.

Defendants not present; not attached, being of the county of York; William de Middleton, a juror, absent. Verdict that defendants removed bracken and rushes (feugeram et cooperturam) which were on the land and did not allow the plaintiffs to use it. Judgment for plaintiffs. Damages 2s.

Novel disseisin—Siward de Derewent and Cecily his wife v. William son of William Assolf, William, Adam and John, his sons and Ralph son of Emma re common of pasture in one acre in Holsnade.

William son of William Assolf absent, attached by Henry his brother and Roger son of Simon de Quicstan: Elias de Thorboc, a juror, absent.

Verdict—that defendants broke up and enclosed (frussauerunt et incluserunt) about half an acre only. Judgment accordingly. Damages 12d.

m. 7 dorso.

Novel disseisin—Alice de Liverseg v. Richard son of Andrew de Hunneswurthefeld re common of pasture in Honeworthesfeld, 1 acre.

Plaintiff says that Robert de Liverseg her father had common of pasture in 1 acre, in the time of John, the King's father that now is, and on his death the right descended to plaintiff as daughter and heir, who claims 20s. damage for loss.

Defendant admits the right to common after the crops and hay were carried, and denies that he ever interfered with this right. Andrew his father died seised of the land, and Matthew, father of Andrew, held it all his time in his separate take—neither Alice nor any of her ancestors had common there till after the crops of hay were carried—he claims a trial. And plaintiff gives 1 mark for a jury; sureties, Henry le Wilde of Buterwurth and Thomas his brother.

Verdict of Jury, elected by consent—that Robert de Liverseg, father of Alice, died seised of common of pasture in the said acre, and could common there all the year with all his cattle. Judgment for plaintiff.

Nuisance—Roger de Birkel v. Geoffrey de Middelton re a pond (stagnum) constructed in Bure which detains water and floods plaintiff's land.

Adam de Biry v. same re same.

Verdict for defendant in latter case, and for plaintiff in former, in that defendant when he made the pond diverted the water and laid waste Roger's land. Judgment that the pond be destroyed (prosternetur) so far as it is a hurt.

Afterwards it is agreed that the pond remain as it was when the writ was issued on the defendant undertaking to pay a rent of half a mark yearly for ever, by equal portions at Martinmas and Whitsuntide, with liberty to distrain for rent on the stones of the said mill and the waterflow (per lapides eidem molendino et fusum) in case of default.

Novel disseisin—Agnes daughter of Richard de Salisbyry and Avice her sister v. Hugh son of Ranulph re a fourth part of the vill of Salesbyry.

Defendant absent; surety William de Thorenton.

Verdict—that Agnes and Avice recovered seisin before the last Justices in Eyre. Judgment for plaintiff, damages ½ mark.

Novel disseisin—Roger son of Adam v. Ralph de Kellet re 2 oxgangs in Slyne.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, Roger Playrd of Kertmel and Gospatric son of William de Balton.

Novel disseisin—Thomas Bussel of Eukestan, Richard de Stanediss and Stephen de Armetheriding v. Adam de Holaund, Thomas de Leghis and Richard de Eukeston re a parcel of land, about 1 acre, in Eukeston.

Thomas de Leghes attached by Henry Spere and Henry son of Airkell; Richard de Eukeston, by Nicholas de Eukeston and Roger de Kerden. William Painter (Pictor), a juror, absent. Verdict—that Adam and the others had common of pasture in the land, which is not plaintiffs' freehold. Judgment for defendants.

Mort d'Ancestor—Christian wife of Robert son of Gene, in right of Jost de Thochol her father v. John de Lewed re 16 acres in Thocol.

Defendant says that the land came to him in marriage with one Edusa his wife and he has no claim till after her death, and he has issue by her one Henry his son under age and in his ward. Josctius and Christian cannot deny this. Judgment for defendant.

m. 8.

Novel disseisin—Roger de Hurleton v. Robert de Morcroft re 1 acre in Hurleton.

Verdict for defendant with Judgment.

Mort d' Ancestor—Richard de Flixton v. Wigan de Lachok re 12 acres in Lachok.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, Geoffrey de Clascrok and Robert son of Wolueter de Clascrok.

Novel disseisin—Alice de Liverseg v. Patrick son of Michael, Richard son of Andrew, William son of Beatrice, Henry son of Ivo, Roger son of Adam and Michael de Lightholevers re common of pasture in about 8 acres in Hunwurthefield.

Patrick attached by Alward de Buterwurth and Walter de Kleg. Verdict—that defendants enclosed and broke up about 8 acres. Judgment for plaintiff. Damages 2s.

Gilbert de Barton gives 20s. for leave to concord with Thomas Gresley in plea of Custom and Service; surety, Matthew de Redeman.

Lancashire Fines, p. 93, no. 101.

John de Blakeburn gives 1 mark for leave to concord with same Thomas in plea as to why he hunted in the forest of the said Thomas; sureties, Geoffrey de Middelton and Gilbert de Culchef. Richard de Alreton and Henry de Whallay give 1 mark for same; sureties, Ralph de Mitton and Roger de Bradshag. And the said John, Richard, and Henry acknowledge that they have no right of chace in the said forest, and that they and their heirs will not hunt there without the leave and will of Thomas and his heirs.

Proof of Freedom—Robert son of Hugh v. Richard de Muston who claims him as his fugitive villein.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, Adam le Chef de Farnworth and Roger son of Sigherith de Farnworth.

Novel disseisin—Adam de Sunderland v. Hugh de Osbaldeston and Robert de Stodelhirl re common of pasture in Osbaldeston

Geoffrey de Quallay, a juror, fined for trespass. Verdict for plaintiff, with Judgment. Damages 6s.

Novel disseisin—John son of Henry de Heghwude and Avice his wife v. Thomas de Halwetham clerk and Roger and William his sons re 8 acres in Hapton.

Thomas admits the disseisin. Judgment for plaintiff. Surety for Thomas, Richard Fitun. Damages 16s.

Writ of Entry—Jordan Cullot and Matilda his wife v. Robert le Feure of Cliderhow re 1 toft in Cliderhow.

Defendant admits that he has no entry except through Alexander Creaunt father of Matilda (his heir), who demised it to him for a term now past, Judgment for plaintiffs.

Hugh Queor de Rey gives ½ mark for leave to concord with Hugh son of William and Cecily his wife and Henry de Dunham and Hawise his wife, in plea of land; surety, Hugh son of William; and has a chirograph.

Lancashire Fines, p. 105, no. 123.

Writ of Entry—Margery daughter of Albert v. Robert de Bothelton and Godith his wife and Matilda daughter of Walter de Atton re 1 oxgang in Clayton.

Plaintiff says that defendants have no entry save through Richard del Feld to whom Albert de Clayton, father of Margery (his heir), demised for a term now past. Defendants say that Matilda has a husband, Roger le Fraunceis by name, who is not named in the writ. Plaintiff nonsuited. No fine on account of her poverty.

Writ of Entry—William son of Ailsy v. Robert de Boulton re 18 acres in Claiton.

Plaintiff claims that the land was demised to defendant by Ailsy de Claiton for a term now past.

Defendant says that Ailsy gave him the land and enfeoffed him by charter produced: and as plaintiff shows nothing as to the term, and defendant produces the charter, Judgment for defendant. No fine because of plaintiff's poverty.

Cumberland.

Writ of Right—Abbot of Caudre v. Prior of Cunigesheued. Day given at Appleby on the morrow of S. Martin. The Abbot appoints Brother Walter, his monk, his attorney.

Quonyna wife of Roger Gernet appoints her husband her attorney v. William son of Uctred and others, in plea of land.

Richard de Dutton gives ½ mark for leave to concord with Richard son of Vivian and Hugh Gogard, in plea of land; surety, Henry de Whalley.

Lancashire Fines, p. 97, no. 106.

m. 8 dorso.

Writ of Entry—Richard son of Richard le Feriman v. Richard Clerk of Crouington re an oxgang in Crouington.

Defendant absent on the fourth day, and elsewhere has made default; Sheriff has seized the land into the King's hands. Judgment for plaintiff.

Dower—Hawise late wife of Robert Corbin v. Henry de Waleton re a third of one oxgang in Hulm, as dower.

Defendant denies that Robert Corbin was ever seised in fee, and asks a trial. Afterwards the parties come to terms, Henry giving ½ mark for leave (surety, Roger de Mulinaus) and it is agreed that Hawise remit all claim on receipt of 10s. from Henry.

Mort d'Ancestor—Alice and Aldusa, in right of William de Raidewath their father v. Alexander son of Robert re ½ acre and 4 perches in Chadewik.

Adam de Thornam and Robert [erased] William de Middelton, jurors, absent. Verdict—William died seised, and Alice and Aldusa are his heirs. Judgment for plaintiffs.

Novel disseisin—Swain son of Osbert v. Richard de Frekelton, Adam de Shyngelton and Adam his son re 2 parts of 2 acres in Frekelton.

Verdict—that Adam de Shingelton and Adam his son disseised the plaintiff. Judgment for plaintiff against these two, and for Richard de Frekelton against the plaintiff. Damages 12d.

Novel disseisin—Roger de Melling and Robert de Mulinaus v. Simon de Wadacre, William de Witnes, Robert Bakere and Richard his brother re 1 acre in Melling.

Simon alone appears. William was attached by John de Widnes and Richard de Hupton; other defendants not found.

Verdict for defendants; Judgment accordingly. Surety for Simon's fine William de Litherland. Damages 12d.

Novel disseisin—Juliana late wife of Henry de Waleton v. William de Waleton re 1 oxgang and 20 acres in Waleton, and 8d. rent.

Verdict for plaintiff for 1 oxgang and 5 of the 20 acres. Judgment for plaintiff for that amount, and for defendant for 15 acres and 8d. rent. Plaintiff not fined because of her poverty. Sureties for defendant, Adam de Cnousle and Henry de Ditton. Damages ½ mark.

Nativity—Abbot of Chester v. Hugh son of Wiun and Robert son of Gregory, whom he claims as his fugitive villeins.

Plaintiff absent; sureties, Richard de Moston and Richard de Trafford.

Proof of Freedom—Hugh son of Alexander v. Abbot of Chester, who claims him as his villein.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, Thomas le Velur of Jacton and Richard de Staining.

Novel disseisin—Richard son of Henry de Waleton v. Maddoc son of Bledena and divers others re tenements in Hacton.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, Alan de Ruynacres and Richard de Forneby.

Mort d'Ancestor—Robert le Eir, in right of Richard his father v. Prior of Birscogh re 4 acres in Lathum.

William de Lidgyate, a juror, absent. Verdict—that Richard le Eyr, father of plaintiff, only held a lease from year to year as tenant at will under the Prior. Judgment for defendant. No fine, plaintiff poor.

Ranulph de Scharples acknowledges that he has by his charter granted to Henry his brother a piece of land in the vill of Scharples doing homage, viz.—that part called Folescalis and the buildings thereon, within certain bounds more fully named in the charter which is produced by Henry in the name of Ranulph.

m. 9.

Novel disseisin—Agnes late wife of Richard son of Robert v. Ralph son of Richard re a fifth of ½ oxgang in Cholleston.

Defendant absent on the fourth day. Sheriff has seized the land into the King's hands. Judgment for Agnes.

Writ of right—Adam de Pemberton v. Peter de Burnhull re 200 acres in Pemberton.

Plaintiff says that Alan his father was seised in fee in the time of King Henry, grandfather to the now King, taking thence issues to the value of ½ mark, and the right descended to plaintiff as son and heir; and that such is his right he offers to deraign (disrationare) by the body of a certain free man of his, Philip by name, as by the view of Adam his father (ut de visu Ade patris sui).

And Peter comes and defends (i.e. resists) Adam's right and the seisin of the said Alan, his predecessor, and he is prepared to defend it by the body of a certain free man of his, John de Cophull by name, who is ready to defend it with his body as the Court shall decide; and it is decided that John give gage to defend (vadium defendendi) and Philip give gage to deraign (vadium disrationandi). Sureties for John, Richard de Trafford, Adam de Radecliue, John de Blakeburne and Richard de Pynington; sureties for Philip, Alan de Windhull, William de Pemberton, James de Pemberton and John del Mers.

Day given them on the morrow of the octave of St. Martin at York [19th November], and thither let them come armed.

Afterwards at Warr [Warwick] was a duel armed and fought (Duellum armatum et percussum) between them: and the said Philip was vanquished in the field. Judgment—that the said Peter and his heirs after him hold that land in peace, quit of said Adam and his heirs for ever. And Adam is fined, and Philip to gaol.

Richard le Buteller gives ½ mark for leave to concord with Henry le Buteller in plea of Warranty of Charter; surety the said Henry.

Lancashire Fines, p. 100, no. 111.

Writ of Entry—Brun de Pull, Margery his wife and Ammiria her sister v. Richard le Butiller re 5 acres in Blenkanesho.

Plaintiffs say that the land is the inheritance of Margery and Ammiria, and that defendant has no entry but by Gilbert son of Outhkell to whom Outhkell de Wartbanc (who had only the custody of Margery and Ammiria while under age) demised it.

Defendant says he should not respond, as he claims only as guardian of Almeric son of Simon de Thorinton, a minor and in his ward, and during whose minority he claims. Plaintiff nonsuited. No fine because poor.

Warranty—Abbot of Cokersand v. Roger de Hurleton re 48 acres in Hurleton.

Plaintiff holds by charter of Robert de Hurleton father of Roger, of his gift and feoffment.

Later Roger comes to terms the Abbot paying ½ mark for leave.

Novel disseisin—Richard son of William and Simon son of Gilbert v. Robert de Lathum, Simon de Haleshale, Adam de Cnousle, Henry de Torboc senior, Thurstan de Hoylaund, Henry son of Adam and Robert de Stratton re the fourth part of 180 acres in Ruwinton.

Robert de Lathum, Simon, Adam and Thurstan, appear; the others absent. Robert de Stratton attached by Adam his brother and Adam de Deneby; the others not found.

Verdict—that the land is in Anlawesaregh, not in Rowington. Plaintiffs nonsuited, with leave to proceed by another writ; sureties, Adam de Haywod and John de Ruwington.

Novel disseisin—Andrew de Shalwer, Award Takun and Roger de Pylkinton v. Simon son of Thomas de Chaydok and John his brother re 5 acres in Chalwer.

William de Middelton and Henry de Hepethe, jurors, absent. Verdict for defendants, with Judgment.

Robert de Mulinaus and Alice his wife acknowledge that they have granted and quitclaimed to Grimbalde de Elhal one oxgang in Elhal, which Robert had in free marriage with the said Alice his wife, to hold of Robert and Alice and the heirs of Alice for ever, as is more fully shown in the charter which Grimbald possesses.

Mort d'Ancestor—Adam son of Thomas de Sengelton, in right of his father v. Alexander Clerk re two parts of an oxgang in Witingeham.

Defendant says the land is the inheritance of one Matilda his wife who is not named in the writ.

Plaintiff nonsuited; excused fine being under age.

m. 9 dorso.

Novel disseisin—Thomas de Bethun v. William son of Henry de Waleton and others re tenements in Botle.

Plaintiff withdraws; sureties, Adam de Octon and Richard de Thornton; surety for fine, Roger Gernet of Burgh.

Dower—Richard de Birches and Margery his wife v. Adam de Aldewainestath re dower wherein Martin son of Adam, late husband of Margery, endowed her in that vill.

Plaintiffs did not prosecute; sureties, Philip Page of Failesworth and Jordan son of Adam de Tongton.

Novel disseisin—Adam Laweman and Richard Banastre v. the Abbot of Evesham, Clemence late wife of Robert Banastre, William parson of Leylond Church, Robert de Farenton, Alan son of Jordan, John Biscop, John son of Thomas, Ralph son of Richard, Adam son of Gilbert, Simon de Waleton, William son of William, Richard son of Richard, William son of Richard, Richard son of Robert, Walter son of Geoffrey, John son of Robert, John son of Richard and Robert son of Wilecons re common of pasture in Waleton, where defendants have broken up and enclosed 100 acres.

William parson of Leylund Church alone appears. The other defendants were attached, viz.:—The Abbot, by Henry de Basag and Dobbe son of Willecons; Clemence, by Richard son of Robert and Richard son of Walter; Robert de Farenton, by William son of Ralph and Thomas son of William; Alan son of Jordan, by Richard de Bulaye and John Ithgate; John son of Thomas, by Thurstan his brother and Robert his brother; Ralph son of Richard, by Thomas son of Tilla and John son of Thomas; Adam son of Gilbert, by Gilbert son of Gilbert and Gemman his brother; Simon de Waleton, by Peter Smith (Faber) and Moddoc de Waleton; William son of William, by Peter Smith and Thomas son of William; Richard son of Richard, by Hutte son of Thomas and Robert his brother; William son of Richard, by Dobbe son of Ralph and Alcok his brother; Richard son of Robert, by Augustine de Waleton and William son of Richard de Waleton; Walter son of Geoffrey, by Thomas son of William and William son of Crotha; John son of Robert, by Richard son of Abraham and Dobbe son of Bibby; John son of Richard, by Henry his son-in-law and William brother of John; John Biscop, by Robert son of Jordan and Henry his brother; Robert son of Willecons by Ralph de Farenton and Henry de Farenton.

As the Jury have not viewed, case adjourned to Wednesday, All Saints' Eve.

Later Henry Banastre, Adam Lagheman, and Richard Banastre are called and come not; sureties William son of Avice de Colevill, Peter Smith of Waleton, Robert le Gras and Geoffrey de Waleton.

Novel disseisin—Abbot of Cokysand v. Robert de Netelham re 1 acre in Haton and Hansfeld.

Verdict for plaintiff with Judgment. Damages 12d.

Novel disseisin—Hugh Fitun v. Richard son of John Fitun re common of pasture in Harewude, in a moor and a wood.

Verdict for plaintiff with Judgment. Surety for defendant, Henry de Claiton. Damages 2s.

Novel disseisin—Walter de Blossevill v. William de Lancastre and others re tenements in Wolueston.

Bucks. Worcester

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, Luke de Colum of the county of Buckingham, and Thomas de Liclington of the county of Worcester.

Breach of Covenant—Alan le Norreis v. Richard son of Henry de Waleton re covenant as to 4 oxgangs in Kyrkedal.

Plaintiff says that the tenements were demised by him by defendant for a term of twelve years from Michaelmas 30 Henry III, and that he ought to have reasonable estover in the defendant's woods in Kyrkedal, viz., husbote, heibote and his pigs quit of pannage, but he has been deforced of these and claims 40s. damages; and he produces the covenant.

Defendant admits the covenant which he denies having broken—he never hindered plaintiff from having estover in the said wood as is stated, and this he can defend against him and his suit as the Court have decided. Judgment that he wage his law by twelve manucaptors by wager of law.

Later the parties have leave to concord as they are poor, and it is agreed that Alan remït the said law and damages.

m. 10.

William Banes gives ½ mark for leave to concord with the Abbot of Cokersand in plea of land. Surety, the said Abbot.

Writ of Right—Richard son of Henry de Merton v. the Prior of Birscow re 24 acres in Merton which the plaintiff demised to the Prior while under age.

Defendant objects that he does not hold the land in its entirety, in that one Beatrice mother of Richard holds 5 acres, Thomas le Vilur 6 acres and Adam Welot 3 acres of it. This plaintiff admits.

Nonsuit—with leave to proceed by another writ.

Mort d' Ancestor—Margery daughter of Siward de Kelgrinesarewe, in right of her father v. Thomas de Betham (as to ⅓ of an oxgang) and Jordan son of Quenilda (as to ⅓ of an oxgang) re ⅓ of 2 oxgangs in Kelgrimesarewe.

Thomas de Betham objects that the land was the inheritance of one Ammira his wife by whom he has issue one Ralph his son, and that he claims no interest in the land save by the law of England. Plaintiff nonsuited.

Jordan calls to warrant Warin de Waleton, who calls Richard Banastre, who calls Robert de Stokeford, Roger Gernet, Quenilda his wife, and Ralph son and heir of the said Ammira, late wife of the said Thomas—who say that no action lies, for the land was villenage of Hugh do Moreteyn of whom Siward, father of plaintiff, held in villenage.

Later Robert de Stokford and the others object that the vill of Kergrimesarh is a member of Singelton, the King's lordship, where such a writ does not run: this plaintiff admits. Nonsuit; excused fine because poor.

Novel disseisin—John de la Le v. Gilbert de Ingol re ½ acre in Ingol.

Defendant absent, was attached by Adam de Ingol and Robert Goldsmith (Aurifaber). Verdict for plaintiff, with Judgment. Damages 12d.

Mort d' Ancestor—Walter son of Gilbert de Scarisbreck, in right of his father v. the Abbot of Cokersand, Avice daughter of Simon de Nathelarg, Henry de Aspenewell and Robert de Nathelarg re 10 acres in Hurleton.

Defendants object that they do not participate in any tenement, and that the claim is against them jointly and not individually. Nonsuit.

Proof of Freedom—Gilbert de Arkewright and William Redtopping v. Grimbald de Elhale who claims them as his villeins.

Plaintiffs withdraw, sureties William de Shollers and Robert his brother, Robert de Foxton and Simon de Elhale; and plaintiffs come before the Justices and acknowledge that they are villeins of Grimbald, to whom they are given up.

Novel disseisin—William de Waleton v. William de Ferrars, Earl of Derby, and Agnes his wife re tenements in Derby.

Plaintiff withdraws, sureties Adam son of Basil de Sonky and Henry le Serjaunt of Ditton: surety for fine, Henry de Holaund.

Hamo de Pulton and Robert his brother give ½ mark for leave to concord with Robert Banastre in plea of Nativity.

Lancashire Fines, p. 100, no. 112.

Richard de Whiteleg and Roger his brother give 2 marks for leave to concord with Robert de Lathum in plea of Nativity; sureties, Warin de Waleton and Ralph de Stanedis; and they have a chirograph.

Lancashire Fines, p. 98, no. 107.

Writ of Entry—William son of Utred v. Alan de Crawchal and Goda his wife re 2 parts of ½ an oxgang in Ravenesmoles.

Plantiff says that Alan has no entry but through Roger son of Richard, to whom plaintiff demised the land for a term now expired. Defendant says that William granted it to Roger, by charter produced, and that William was then of sound mind. Both parties ask a trial. Verdict—that William was a minor and demented when he made the grant. Judgment for plaintiff. Surety for defendant's fine, Richard de Magehal. The charter to be destroyed.

Alice wife of Robert de Coygners appoints Roger Bernard her attorney v. Thomas de Bethum in plea of Quo jure.

Robert de Stocford appoints Roger de Kirkeby his attorney v. Isabel daughter of Siward in plea of Mort d'Ancestor.

m. 10 dorso.

Mort d'Ancestor—William son of Syward v. Richard Bussell re 5 acres in Leland.

Plaintiff withdraws: sureties, Hamo de Latton and John de Annelesherg: surety for fine, Richard Bussel.

Mort d'Ancestor—William de Hoton, in right of Roger his father v. William de Thynhil re 29 acres in Hoton.

Verdict, that Roger died seised and William is next heir. Judgment for Plaintiff. William de Thinyill being under age excused fine.

Mort d'Ancestor—Henry son of Lawrence de Par, in right of his father v. Roger son of Hugh re ½ an oxgang in Par.

Verdict, that Lawrence died seised and Henry is next heir. Judgment for Plantiff.

Mort d'Ancestor—Roger de Sonkey, in right of Jordan de Sonkey his father v. Henry de Stonidis re 6 acres in Lanketr.

Defendant claims under lease for 5 years from Abbot of Cokersand. Nonsuit, with leave to proceed v. the Abbot. Surety for fine, Adam de Cnusleg.

Novel disseisin—Alan de Bikerstath v. Adam de Bikerstath re common of pasture in Bikerstath.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties Adam son of Rykerith de Dalton and Maddoc de Atton.

Novel disseisin—Adam son of Henry v. Thomas de Waleton re tenements in Gerstan.

Plaintiff did not prosecute: sureties Peter de Billing and Roger de Billing.

Richard son of Walter gives 1 mark for leave to concord with William de Pres in plea of land: surety the said William.

Novel disseisin—Robert de Wadacre v. William de Lancastre, Roger Bluselaunte, Richard Collan and Roger son of Agnes re freehold in Gairestang.

Later plaintiff withdraws; sureties Henry de Atton and Alan de Tranaker; surety for fine Richard le Butiller.

Waste—Roger de Heton v. William de Lancastre re destruction of a mill in Thorveregh.

Plaintiff says that one Elis, servant of William, laid low the mill 5 years ago by William's order, and claims 40s. damage for waste.

Defendant appears by Rolland Reuesgile his bailiff who says the mill was not destroyed by his lord's order.

Plaintiff gives 1 mark for enquiry, surety Adam de Kellet. Later they come to terms, Roger giving ½ mark for leave, surety Alan de Echeleswyk. (Lancashire Fines, p. 97, no. 105.)

Writ of Entry—Ranulph de Boulton v. Adam son of Richard re 5 acres in Heton.

Defendant does not appear on the 4th day, and elsewhere has made default. Sheriff has seized the lands into the King's hands, etc. Judgment for plaintiff.

Cumberland.

Warranty—Walter de Mulecastre, by his attorney, v. Hugh le Bigot and Jennet his wife re 3 carucates in Thorpen, which William son of William claims.

Defendants do not appear on the 4th day. Plaintiff's attorney says he did not expect his writ at Karlisle. Defendants to be at Appelby on Saturday next after the Octave of All Saints: same day given to William in Banco.

Roger Gernet who held the whole vill of Rybeton to farm of Alice de Byrun mother of Roger de Byrun, comes before the Justices, and gives to Roger son and heir of the said Margery [sic] all the land aforesaid, in presence of Margery [sic], and a chirograph that Roger has had thereof; and the said Alice [sic] remits to the said Roger, her son, all her rights therein for ever.

Dork.

Writ of Right—Amice daughter of Benedict v. James de Righton and Alice his wife re a moiety of 6 oxgangs in Righton.

Plaintiff claims as her share of the inheritance of Benedict father of herself and Alice. Defendants had objected, at the King's Court at York, that Alice [sic] was base born: thereupon a mandate of the Archbishop of York that Amice was born in lawful wedlock.

Defendants on the 4th day do not come. The Sheriff seised the lands into the King's hands. Defendants to be at York on the morrow of the Octave of S. Martin to hear judgment.

On that day defendants appear at York and admit the claim.

m. 11.

Dower—Matilda late wife of Richard son of Gilbert v. Robert son of Robert and others re tenements whereof Richard her late husband endowed her, in Thornton.

Plaintiff withdraws; sureties, Robert de Woluisheg and William his brother; Matilda is excused fine being poor.

Adam de Kellet gives ½ mark for leave to concord with Roger Gernet re estover in a wood; surety the said Roger.

Proof of Freedom—John son of Alan v. Roger Gernet who claims him as his villein.

Plaintiff withdraws; sureties Adam de Askelbek and Gervase son of Warin de Bolrun. John makes fine for himself, ½ mark, by Alan his father, and acknowledges that he is Roger's villein; and he is delivered to Roger, and Roger in the same Court delivers John to the Brethren of the Hospital of S. John of Jerusalem in England.

Acquittance of Suit—Alan de Windehull, Amice his wife, Roger de Mulinaus and Agnes his wife v. Richard de Eccleston re Acquittance of Suit exacted from them by the now King (by reason of the wardship of the lands and heir of John de Lascy, late Earl of Lincoln) for freehold held by them of Richard in Reynhull, whereof defendant who is mesne should acquit them, viz.: 2 carucates in Reynhill being all the vill of Reynhill with all liberties and easements thereto belonging, held by Knight's service.

Plaintiffs say that defendant should warrant the said land to them against all men. The bailiff of the Archbishop of York, who has the wardship of the said Earl's lands and heir, has distrained them to make suit at his Court at Reinhill every 3 weeks, of which suit Richard should acquit them. They ask 40s. damages.

Defendant admits that plaintiffs hold of him by Knights Service, as stated, and that he should warrant the lands or any part thereof that was being sued for: but says he is not bound to acquit him of suit by any deed of feoffment they have.

[Case ends abruptly—no result.]

Suit at Mill—Roger de Heton v. William de Lancastre re exaction of custom or suit for freehold in Torvergh.

Plaintiff says that defendant has destrained him to make suit at his mill at Ulverston, which is not due: for William de Lancaster, grandfather of William (his heir), enfeoffed Augustine father of Roger in half a carucate in the vill of Thorveregh to hold of him and his heirs by service of a 48th part of one Knight's fee, for all services, reserving to the said William and his heirs hart and hind, boar and sow, roe and goshawk (cervo suo et cerva apro et lea capriolo et austoribus), as by charter to this effect produced. He also produces charter of Gilbert son of Roger son of Reinfrid confirming the charter of William: and he claims 100s. damages for being distrained to make suit.

Defendant, by his attorney, says that he justly distrained Roger to make suit at his mill; for William de Lancaster, his ancestor, was seised of the suit of the said Augustine at the said mill and died so seised, and Helewise daughter of William and mother of defendant, her heir, died so seised of the suit of Roger and his ancestors at the mill, and the defendant all his time has been seised thereof.

Plaintiff denies that either Augustine his father or himself made suit at the mill and puts himself on the Grand Assize.

Four knights, William de Furnell, Hugh Phytun, Richard de Halfiston and Robert de Lathum appointed to choose the jury of 12.

Later the parties come to terms, Roger giving 1 mark for leave, surety Alexander Clerk—and he has a chirograph. (Lancashire Fines, p. 97, no. 105).

Quod permittat etc.—Richard son of Henry de Waleton v. William son of Henry de Waleton re estover in a wood belonging to defendant at Waleton.

Plaintiff claims husbote and haibote, [wood] for burning and making enclosures and other estover without view of William's foresters, and his pigs quit of pannage—as appurtenances of the tenement he holds of William, of the gift of Henry their father, and of which William has deprived him for one year, to the damage of 40s.

The parties come to terms, defendant giving ½ mark for leave, surety the plaintiff.

Mort d'Ancestor—Matilda wife of Roger son of Adam and Eda her sister, in right of their mother Siritha late wife of Alexander Miller [Molendinarii] v. Alice late wife of Alexander Miller re a messuage etc. in Wulueston.

Defendant admits that Siritha died seised in fee. Judgment for plaintiff. Surety for defendant, Adam de Reueshad.

m. 11 dorso.

Novel disseisin—Vital le Hope v. Ralph de Mitton re tenement in Atton.

Plaintiff withdraws: sureties, Thomas de Rayleg and Arn son-in-law of Adam de Sunderlaunde; surety for fine, Ralph de Mitton.

Writ of Entry—Richard son of Walter v. Robert de Howod re tenement in Clatton.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, John de Gairstang and Robert de Gayrstang.

Writ of Entry—Same v. Adam Smith (Faber) re 1 acre in Clatton.

Plaintiff did not prosecute: sureties, Richard de Sowreby and Richard de Quittingeham.

Writ of Entry—Same v. Robert son of Baldwin and Juliana his wife re 4 acres in Clatton.

Plaintiff did not prosecute: sureties, Roger de Singleston and William de Clatton.

Writ of Entry—Same v. William son of Roger re 5 acres in Clatton.

Plaintiff did not prosecute: sureties, Richard de Gayrstang and Ranulph his brother.

Jordan de Stubhum gives 1 mark for leave to concord with the Abbot of Furnais in plea of Warranty of Charter.

Lancashire Fines, p. 100, no. 113.

Mort d' Ancestor—Edith wife of Henry le Taillur, in right of Gamell Forestar her father v. the Abbot of Furnais (holding 30 acres), Norman de Holm and Richard his brother (5 acres), Ellen de Holm (66 acres), Michael son of William (99 acres) re 200 acres in Holm.

Defendants object that Edith had an older brother, Adam by name, who succeeded Gamel and held the land: this the plaintiff cannot deny. Judgment for defendants. Plaintiff excused fine, being poor.

Writ of Entry—Cecily de Gorhull v. Adam de Radecliue re 1 oxgang in Radecliue.

Plaintiff says that Defendant has no entry save through William de Radecliue who disseised her. Adam says that William de Radecliue, his father, held the land of Hugh son of Spraging, father of Cecily, who exchanged it for land in Gorhull, which she now holds as heir of Hugh; and he produces a Charter to that effect between Hugh and William. The plaintiff says the Charter should not effect her, for she held the land in dispute, by feoffment of Hugh, for 6 years and more during his life, and for 2 years after his death, notwithstanding the Charter, until William father of Adam disseised her. Both parties appeal to a jury.

Novel disseisin—William de Turs v. William de Lancastre re tenements in Lowyk.

Same v. same re common of pasture in Steyneslith.

The plaintiff withdraws: sureties, Adam de Turs, William son of Tunnok, John de Barthe and Adam Brun; surety for fine, Alan de Steynton.

Novel disseisin—Richard son of William v. Gilbert de Barton, Henry de Eccleshawe and Hugh his brother re 8 acres in Apshull.

Defendants say it is common of pasture, and not separate. Verdict for plaintiff with Judgment. Damages 2s.

Novel disseisin—Ralph son of Adam and Ammiria his wife v. Alexander son of Elyas de Winkedeleg re a messuage and 15 acres in Atton.

Defendant absent and was not found. Adam de Sunderlaund a juror fined. Verdict for plaintiff with Judgment. Damages 4s.

Novel disseisin—The Abbot of Stanlawe v. Richard de Hale and Alan le Norreis re 12 acres in Wulueton.

Verdict that the land is not in Hale not in Wulueton: Judgment for defendants.

Writ of Entry—Thomas de Syueredel v. Roger son of Henry and Alice his wife re 8 acres in Syuerdel.

Roger absent on 4th day: Sheriff to seize land into the King's hand. Defendants to be at Appelby on Thursday next before Martinmas.

m. 12.

Writ of Right—Robert de Koyners, Alice his wife and Mathew de Redeman v. Thomas de Bethum re right of common in Yholand.

The defendant exacts common in plaintiffs' land, while they have none in his, nor does he make suit for this right. Defendant says that his ancestors since the Conquest, and for time without mind, have wont to common in the lands of the ancestors of Alice and Matthew in the said vill, without any reciprocal rights. Later, he says he has never commoned in plaintiff's land, that put in view being as much his own ground as plaintiffs'; but none of them knows his own separate part as the land has never been divided up between them.

Later each party gives 5 marks for leave to concord. (Lancashire Fines, p. 107, no. 128).

Novel disseisin—Robert de Eccleshil v. Henry de Whallay, Richard de Alfeton, Roger de Alfetone, Syward de Over (Superior) Derwent, Adam his son and Roger de Kyuedal re 10 acres in Eccleshull.

Adam and Roger not found. Verdict that plaintiff was never seised of any tenement, that described being common of pasture. Judgment for defendants.

Acquittance of Suit—Robert son of Hugh v. Adam de Pemberton re Acquittance of Suit for freehold in Pemberton, exacted by Robert de Banastre.

Plaintiff holds of Adam 16 acres of land by suit of 7 pence a year for all services, and Robert de Banastre compels him to make suit at his court at Neweton every 3 weeks, which Adam as mesne should acquit. Damages claimed 60s.

Defendant admits he should acquit the plaintiff of the suit, but says he never caused damages to the extent of 60s., nor of a single penny, as Robert pretends. Both parties ask for a trial by Jury.

Mort d'Ancestor—Hugh Russell of Chaddesl son of Robert son of Hugh, in right of his father v. Grimbald de Ellahal re 20 acres in Elhal.

Verdict that Robert died seised in fee, and Hugh is his heir. Judgment for plaintiff.

Novel disseisin—Henry de Torbok v. Henry de Whallay re 4 acres in Eggewurth.

Verdict for plaintiff, with Judgment: damages 12d.

Novel disseisin—William son of Gilbert de Lancaster v. William de Lancastre re tenement in Staynerlith.

Plaintiff withdraws, sureties Roger de Stainerlith and Simon Peperwhit.

m. 12 dorso.

Novel disseisin—Adam de Blakeburne v. Matilda late wife of Roger de Blakeburne re 1 acre and 1 rood in Claiton.

Defendant attached by Dike Slitling of Claiton and Hugh de Salebury. Verdict for plaintiff, with Judgment. Damages 12d.

Novel disseisin—Alexander parson of Pulton church v. Adam de Pulton, John de Kirkeby, John de Pulton, James his son, John son of Baldwin and Robert his brother re one messuage, a perch of land and a little more in Pulton.

Verdict that plaintiff was never seised. Judgment for defendant. Surety for plaintiff, Adam Clerk.

Novel disseisin—Richard Phitun v. Hugh Fitun, John son of Henry, Richard son of William, Matthew and Alexander his brothers, Thomas de Bosco, Hugh le Kew, Hugh son of Lewin, Simon de Harewde, Elias son of Arnold, Adam son of Amabel and William his brother, Henry son of Cecily and Henry le Waleis re 3 acres in Harewod.

Hugh Fitun alone comes and answers for all. Verdict that Hugh entered by goodwill of plaintiff, and under a covenant between them. Judgment for defendants.

Writ of Entry—Adam son of Alexander de Radecliue v. Roger de Oswaldestwisel re 1 acre and 1 rood in Radecliue, demised to Henry de Oswaldetwisel by Simon de Radecliue grandfather of Adam for a term now past.

Roger denies that he holds the land or held it at the time the writ was issued, as he had previously enfeoffed thereof one Roger his little son, who is now seised; both parties ask trial by jury, which is ordered.

Novel disseisin—Richard son of Wennok v. Warin son of Henry, Thomas son of George, Roger son of Thomas, Elias son of Thomas and Thomas le Despenser re 5½ acres in Clayton.

Defendants were not attached, not having been found. Verdict against all but Thomas Dispenser and Roger, with Judgment. Damages 5s.

Novel disseisin—Peter de Burnhull v. Adam de Pemberton, William his son and James son of Henry re 6 acres in Hines.

Verdict that plaintiff was never in seisin. Judgment for defendants. Sureties for plaintiff, Adam de Notton and Adam de Radecliue.

Robert de Toreny acknowledges that he owes to Roger de Leirc[estre] 9 marks, which he will pay at Nativity a° 31. Surety, Roger de Thurkelby.

Day given to Gervase de Boulton v. William de Lancastre, on arrival of the Justices in Westmorland.

m. 13.

Novel disseisin—Simon son of Michael de Boulton and Ralph son of Adam v. William de Lancastre re a place containing 60 acres in Boulton.

Roland de Reuegyl, defendant's bailiff, appears for him and says no action lies, as plaintiff shares the land with other joint owners and none of them knows his own separate portion.

[Ends abruptly.]

Mort d'Ancestor—David son of Richard de Hilton, in right of his father v. Hugh son of Robert re 4 acres in Clifton.

Verdict for plaintiff, with Judgment.

Wardship—Christian de Thurs v. Alexander de Kyrkeby re custody of the lands and heir of Thomas de Kyrkeby.

Plaintiff claims that Thomas held of her in socage, and she is nearer (propinquior) to the said heir. She gives ½ mark for leave to concord, surety, William de Turs; and Alexander acknowledges the said custody to belong to Christian, and she gives him 20s

Peter de Burnhill gives 1 mark for leave to concord with John de Abburgham in plea of land; surety, the said John.

Lancashire Fines, p. 98, no. 108.

Novel disseisin—Matilda daughter of Henry v. Roger de Brockhol, Richard de Lathum, John son of Stephen, Hugh de Compesti and Henry le Muner re common of pasture in Brochol, 20 acres.

Richard was attached by John de Dusteshag and William le Muner of Brochol; John, by Henry son of Robert de Ribelton and Alan Parchehare; Hugh, by Bimme de Dene and Hugh de Brochol; Henry, by Roger son of Gamelly and Richard del Greues of Brokholes. Verdict for defendants, with Judgment. Plaintiff excused fine, being poor.

William de Lancastre v. Adam son of Jordan de Lingarth and others in plea of land, adjourned to the coming of the Justices to the first Assize.

Writ of Entry—William de Tunstal v. William son of William re 7 perches in Tunstal, which Thomas father of plaintiff demised to William father of defendant for a term now expired.

Defendant demands a view. Adjourned to the coming of the Justices to the first Assize.

Juliana de Waleton gives ½ mark for leave to concord with William de Waleton in pleas of dower and custody and debt, surety the said William; and they have a chirograph.

Lancashire Fines, p. 101, no. 114.

Dower—Christian late wife of Henry son of Quenilda v. Hugh de Crokhurst re a third part of 12 acres in Billing, as dower.

Defendant says that not he, but one Adam de Knollesle, holds the land; which plaintiff admits. Nonsuit. Plaintiff has leave to proceed against Adam and is excused fine, being poor.

The Abbot of Kokersond gives ½ mark for leave to concord with Alice de Singelton in plea of land, and they have a chirograph

Lancashire Fines, p. 103, no. 119. Alice is there styled "de Thorinton."

Thomas parson of Sleiteburne appoints John de Chauncefeud his attorney v. Adam son of Adam de Biry in plea of Warranty of Charter.

Lancashire Fines, p. 102, no. 116.

Warranty of Charter—The Prior of the Hospital of S. John of Jerusalem in England (by his attorney) v. Gilbert de Barton.

Westminster.

Adjourned to the Quinzaine of S. Hilary, at Westminster.

Matilda wife of Roger le Fraunceis appoints the said Roger her attorney v. Simon de Halsal in plea of land.

Westmorland.

The Prior of Cuningesheued appoints Rouland de Roueggil his attorney v. Thomas de Leck in plea of Mort d'Ancestor, and v. Thomas del Gile in plea of Warranty.

m. 13 dorso.

Novel disseisin—Adam son of Henry v. John son of Richard de Cunercheleg, Simon le Serjaunt, Adam son of Walthef, William his son, Ambrose son of Edusa, Roger de Balsagh, Robert Smith (Faber), John de Plumton and Ranulph son of Walthef re 1 acre in Ditton.

John son of Richard alone appears. Adam son of Waltheof attached by Ranulph de Ditton and Roger his brother; William, by Thomas de Apleton and Thomas de Denton; Roger, by Roger Carpenter of Apilton and Brun de Kyuerdeleg; the other defendants not found. Verdict for defendants with Judgment.

Novel disseisin—Gregory de Wymmerle v. the Abbot of Kokersond re common of pasture in Gayrstang, a certain pasture containing about 20 acres.

The Abbot says that the disseisin, if any, was in the time of his predecessors. Verdict for defendant, with Judgment.

Novel disseisin—Alexander de Etheliswyc and Matilda his wife, Ranulph de Gosenarg and Alice his wife v. Alice de Singelton, Matilda de Baylegh, Ralph de Baylegh and Mabel de Baylegh re 8 acres in Singelton.

Verdict for plaintiffs, with Judgment. Damages for Matilda 12s., for Alice ½ mark.

Novel disseisin—Godith daughter of Bernard de Kerneford v. William de Lancastre re ½ carucate in Kerneford.

Roland de Reuegill his bailiff appears for defendant. Verdict that plaintiff of her own free will released and quitclaimed the ½ carucate by charter, in exchange for 20 acres which William gave her. Judgment for defendant.

Mort d'Ancestor—Avice de Scalmardal v. Peter de Skelmardal re 15 acres in Skelmardal.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; surety, Alan de Lathum.

Mort d'Ancestor—William son of Ughtred v. Robert son of Ughtred and Adam his father [sic] re 1½ oxgang in Kelgrimesarewe.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, Henry son of Award de Warton and Roger his son.

Geoffrey de Wytingham gives ½ mark for leave to concord with Richard de Wytingham and Hawyse his wife in plea of land; surety, the said Richard: they shall have a chirograph.

Lancashire Fines, p. 99, no. 110.

Warranty—Hugh de Aculleschwe, Henry de Aculleschwe, William Goddelowe and Adam de Adburgham v. the Prior of the Hospital of S. John of Jerusalem in England.

Plaintiffs did not prosecute; sureties, William de Akolwesag and Gilbert his brother. And Hugh was present but went away—so to custody; surety for Hugh, Matthew de Notton.

Warranty of Charter—Simon son of Thomas de Chaydok v. Geoffrey son of Luke de Crompton re 16 acres in Crompton.

Plaintiff did not prosecute; sureties, Adam de Cromton and Adam de Heton.

Cumberland.

Writ of Right—William de Terryby v. Hugh Buche re ½ carucate in Aynstapelith.

Dork.

Hugh absent on 4th day, and elsewhere made default, to wit before the Justices last in Eyre at Carlisle on the Octave of S. Michael [6 October]. The Sheriff was ordered to seize etc., and has done nothing in the matter; the order is produced. The Sheriff is ordered to be at York on the Octave of S. Martin [18 November] to hear judgment.

m. 14.

Mort d' Ancestor—Adam son of Patrick, in right of his father v. Beatrix late wife of Ralph de Eccleston re 2 parts of an oxgang in Little Eccleston.

Defendant absent; Roger Wate, a juror, fined for trespass. Verdict for plaintiff with Judgment.

Novel disseisin—Robert le Tayllur and Richard Clerk of Cotum v. John del Lee, Baldwin de Preston, Gilbert de Ingoles, William son of Gilbert and William his brother re ½ acre of turbary in Cotum.

Verdict for defendants, with Judgment. Surety for plaintiff, Richard le Butiller.

Debt—Ralph de Mitton v. John de Wynkithelay re 36s. arrears of annual rent of 2s.

Defendant held of Robert de Mitton father of Ralph (his heir) 40 acres in Acton [Aighton] by service of 2s. yearly, and Robert died seised; John has detained the rent for 18 years past: claim of 40s. damages for loss.

Defendant disclaims the debt, as plaintiff has no proof beyond his own statement (simplex dictum suum). Judgment for defendant, and plaintiff may proceed by another writ. Surety for defendant, John son of Thomas de Mitton.

Writ of Entry—Adam son of Nicholas v. William son of William re an oxgang in Tunstall.

Westmorland.

Nicholas father of plaintiff demised the land to William father of defendant for a term now past, namely for life. Defendant asks a view. Adjourned to Thursday next before the Feast of S. Martin at Appelby by aid of the Court (per auxilium curiae).

Novel disseisin—John de Wynkydele, Richard de Wynkedele and Robert de Wynkydele v. Ralph de Mitton, Ralph son of Richard, Richard de Menlegh, Richard son of Thomas, Peter de Acton, Jordan son of Thomas, Alexander de Acton, Alan Carpenter, William Smith (Faber), Adam de Calder and Richard de Calder re common of pasture in Acton, 20 acres.

Defendants enclosed and assarted 20 acres. Verdict, that Ralph is chief lord of the vill and has the right to appropriate to himself of his wastes by the Provisions of Merton; and plaintiffs have enough pasture. Judgment for defendants.

Dower—Tunoka late wife of Roger de Erghum v. John de Erghum re a third of 2 oxgangs in Erghum, as dower.

Defendant says that Roger was never seised of the land in demesne, and both parties demand a trial. Verdict for defendant, with Judgment. Plaintiff excused fine, being poor.

Writ of Right—Alice late wife of Alan de Singelton v. Elias son of Herbert re an acre in Frekelton.

The land is the inheritance of Alice, and was demised to defendant by her late husband Alan, whom, in his life time, she could not gainsay. Defendant calls to warrant Richard de Frekelton, who says the land was his, and that Alan was never seised of it. Later they come to terms, Alice giving ½ mark for leave, by surety of Richard de Frekelton; and it is agreed that Alice remit all claim, Richard giving her 40d.

Homage—Richard de Thorneton v. Alice de Singelton re free tenement in Thorneton, held of her and for which she should receive his homage.

Plaintiff withdraws; sureties, Alexander de Eccleswyc and Adam de Pulton; surety for fine, William de Carleton.

m. 14 dorso.

Dower—Alice late wife of Alan de Singelton v. Robert Scissor re a third of ½ an oxgang in Kotum as dower.

Appelby.

Defendant calls to warrant William de Lancastre, and is ordered to have him at Appelby on Thursday after the feast of S. Martin.

Writ of Right—Robert son of Gilbert and Avice his wife v. William de Karlton, William de Eccleston, Geoffrey de Heriz, Hugh son of Syward, Roger le Blunt, Adam Stute, Alan son of Roger and Hugh de Stapelford re common of pasture in Eccleston.

Avice is daughter and heir of Henry de Eccleston who was seised in fee when he died. Defendants call to warrant Adam son of Ralph; and they come to terms, Adam giving ½ mark for leave. And Robert and Avice remit all their right and claim in the said land, and Adam gives to them 2 acres in the said vill, of his demesne.

Mort d'Ancestor—Henry son of Roger de Bradul, in right of his father v. John son of Alan and Matilda his mother re 10 acres in Billinton.

Same v. Eva de Sicho and Alice her daughter re 6 acres there.

Same v. Richard de Ponte re 3 acres there.

The defendants absent. Verdict, that Roger died seised in fee, and Henry is heir; but Roger died before the term stated in the writ. Judgment for defendant. Surety for plaintiff, John de Bradhul.

Dower—Jennet late wife of Roger de Tunstall (by her attorney) v. William son of Thomas de Tunstall re a third part of 2 oxgangs in Tunstall, as dower.

Defendant says that Roger was never seised, so that he could grant dower, and both parties demand a trial. Verdict, that Roger neither when he wed plaintiff nor ever after was seised in fee; for before his marriage he released to the said William all his rights, by chirograph [dated 20 January 1226-7] made before Martin de Pateshull and his fellow Justices in Eyre in that county; but William allowed Roger to retain possession for life, with reversion to William and his heirs. (Lancashire Fines, p. 48, no. 15.) Judgment for defendant; plaintiff excused fine, being poor.

Writ of Mesne—Ralph de Stanidiss, Henry de Stanidiss, Adam de Dokesbiri, Hugh Goggard, Roger de Adelinton, Richard de Adelinton, John de Adelinton and Ranulph de Adelinton v. William de Ferrars, Earl of Derby re acquittance of suit exacted from plaintiffs by the guardians of John late Earl of Lincoln and Constable of Chester for a free tenement held of defendant in Stanediss, Adelinton and Dokesbiri.

Plaintiffs did not prosecute; sureties, Richard de Frekelton and Richard Cheydesle.

m. 15.

The Lord the King's writ to the Sheriff of Lancaster (he having been given to understand that he has been deceived in the concession he made to the Abbot of Furneis, of the homage and suit of Michael le Fleming [Flandrensis] for freehold held of the said Lord the King in chief) ordering him, by oath of honest and lawful men of that neighbourhood who know best and will tell the truth thereof, diligently to enquire what loss could happen the said Lord the King from his grant to the said Abbot of the homage and suit of the said Michael, and what profit could arise if he resumed the same into his own hands. The Sheriff to send to the King, in the Quinzaine of Easter, the Inquisition before made, under seal of the Sheriff and jurors, which they should warrant for themselves and their heirs; and to cause the said Michael to attend to certify the King on such matters as he may bring for inquiry.

The Sheriff makes Inquisition as follows:—if the heirs of the said Michael come to the King's hand, he loses their homage, relief, custody or escheat, the gift of the Church of Aldingeham, maidens and widows. If the whole county be amerced before the Justices for each carucate, the King loses as much as appertains to 20½ carucates. They have seen the said Michael and his bailiff do suit. If a general Army summons be issued, as well of farmers as of tenants in chief, then will Michael go in that army. If the King wishes to exact aid from farmers who hold by charter, then it is out of the King's will to exact it from Michael as from other farmers. They say that they have seen the King's serjeant going about in Furnais on the said Michael's land and in Kartmel to make an attachment for the Crown. If the King should occasion (pariat) a general tallage (carriagium) he loses what belongs to 20½ carucates. Such profit the King would have if he retained the homage and service of Michael in his own hands. The jurors of this Inquisition:—Richard de Coplaund, Mathew de Redeman, Geoffrey Arbalaster, Gilbert de Croft, Thomas de Bethum, Walter de Winewik, Henry de Lee, Grimbald de Ellehal, Adam de Bredekirke, William de Clifton, Adam de Copmannewra, Adam de Biry, Adam son of Gilbert de Urswik, Vivian Gernet, Waldef de Tatham, Roger de Halghton, John de Oxeclive and Adam de Middelton.

Henry, by the Grace of God &c., to all Archbishops Bishops Abbots Priors Earls Barons Justices Sheriffs Reeves (praepositis) Ministers and all Bailiffs and all his faithful subjects inspecting this present charter, greeting.

We have inspected a charter of Stephen late Earl of Bolon and Moreton, whereby he gave to God and S. Mary of Furneis and the Abbot of the same all his forest of Furneis and Wannegia [Walney] with all chace therein; and Dalton and all his lordship under Furneis with men and all belonging thereto viz. in wood in plain in land and in water; and Ulveston, and one Roger Bristwald; and his fishery in Lancastre and Warin the Little (Warinum Paruum) with all his lands and soc and sac, tol and theam and infangenethef, and whatsoever is contained in all Furnais, except the land of Michael le Flemeng. We have also inspected the Charter of King Henry I. granting and confirming the same and whatsoever the gifts of present or future faithful Christians might bring. We have inspected the confirmation of King Henry II., our grandfather, confirming the above, and also the gift of Michael le Flemeng, Fordebotle and Crinelton and Ros which they had from Michael in exchange for Berdesey. We have inspected the confirmation of King Richard, our uncle, confirming the above, and also the gift of Walthef son of Eadmund, Newby with all belonging to it; and the gift of Richard de Morevill and Avice his wife, Saleset with all belonging; and the gift of William Grein de Orge, Winterburne with all belonging. We have also inspected the confirmation of King John, our father. We therefore in reverence of God, and for the health of ourself and the souls of our ancestors and our heirs do confirm all the above, and do grant in addition the homage and service of the heirs of Michael le Fleming for all the lands he holds of us in Furneis, by 10 pounds yearly, so that William le Flemeng son and heir of the said Michael and his heirs for ever shall answer to the said Abbot and Monks and their successors for his homage which Michael was wont to pay to us and for the rent of 10 pounds, which rent the said Abbot &c. at our suit shall pay to us at the feast of S. Michael for all services tallage and demands: saving to the said William and his heirs all his lands tenements and liberties debts and customs, so that the Sheriff or his bailiffs may not enter in future upon that land, as neither ought they to do upon any alms of the said Abbey of Furnais. But Crown pleas when they shall occur shall be attached by our Coroner and the Abbot's bailiff, and shall be pleaded before us or our Justices: saving to us fines thence coming, and chattels of fugitives and condemned persons and their lands and tenements for a year and a day, and other things regarding our Crown. These being witnesses &c. &c.

Charter of King Henry the elder (senioris).

Henry by the Grace &c. to the Justices, Barons, Sheriffs and all Ministers of all England, Normandy and of the sea ports, and expressly to the Reeves (prepositis) of Hampton and of Hastings and of Dover and of Barbeflet and of Kain and of Ostreham and of Diapa, greeting &c. I command that the men and horses and all things of the Abbey of Furnais and the monks there serving the Lord be quit of toll (theolonio) and of passage and puntage and all other customs whenever they come, and let no one unjustly vex or disturb them on pain of forfeiture of ten pounds.

Peter de Burnhul acknowledges that he owes to John de Aubuneham 6 marks, for fine between them, which he will pay at Easter A° 31.

Lancashire Fines p. 98, no. 108.

The Abbot of Furneis appoints John de Chauncefeud or William de Hilton his attorney v. William Grein de Orge in pleas of Warranty of Charter and Novel disseisin; and v. Alice de Stauele in plea of Covenant.

m. 15 dorso.

The King's orders to the Justices diligently to enquire whether to the King, or to some other person, belongs the appointment of a Serjeant to keep the peace in that county, who is commonly called "Gritserjaunt": and, if they find that it is to the King, then all who hinder John de Holm, whom the King sent thither to enjoy that office, shall be so chastised by fines that others may learn from their example not to resist the King's commands.

Upon this come Adam de Biry (sworn), Roger Gernet (sworn) William de Tunstall (sworn) William de Clyfton (sworn) John de Le (sworn) Ralph de Mitton (sworn) William de Carlton (sworn) Richard de Trafford (sworn) Adam de Radecliue (sworn) Robert de Schereswurth (sworn) Richard de Burgh (sworn) Warin de Walton (sworn) Richard Banaster (sworn) Alan le Noreys (sworn) Simon de Halsale (sworn) jurors chosen for this inquisition.

William de Sameleburi acknowledges that he owes to Robert, Adam and James, his brothers, 6 marks, of which he will pay half at the Purification B.V.M. A° 31, and half at the Invention of the Holy Cross, in the same year, which failing &c.