America and West Indies
September 1670, 16-30


Institute of Historical Research



W. Noel Sainsbury (editor)

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'America and West Indies: September 1670, 16-30', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 7: 1669-1674 (1889), pp. 94-110. URL: Date accessed: 23 October 2014.


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September 1670, 16-30

Sept. 16. 263. Grant to Peter Jennings of the Office of Attorney-General for Virginia during pleasure, with all fees, &c. (Dom. Entry Bk., Chas. II., Vol. 33, p. 48đ.)
Sept. 20.
264. Governor Sir Thos. Modyford to Sec. Lord Arlington. Since his last no public despatch has arrived. Has, in pursuance of his promise, sent three papers for the Council of Plantations, but thought it his duty first to put them in his Lordship's possession. The first informs, of his Majesty's increasing revenue here, and how it is exceeded by its necessary disbursements without reflections on the customs at home which the goods exported produce, resigning all considerations for the Governor's support to his Majesty's pleasure, The second, presents the means to increase the revenue, and that, with so little regret to the inhabitants, that it will come into his Majesty's coffers with as little noise as the high rents of the Crown lands do at home. The third imports the means for the speedy increase of people, which is the foundation of all, the causa sine quâ non; and therefore has been the larger and perhaps the bolder in it, for these reasons: It is reported here and at home that this Island was to be sold to the Spaniard, or at least that there was a working to that purpose and therefore advised their factors not to plant for as one lately expressed it is not a place to live long or get an estate in as affairs now stand betwixt England and Spain; they have further buzzed in the people's ears that his Majesty as Lord of this Island, may impose what taxes he pleases on the native commodities before exportation, because it was conquered at the charge of the State and so no consent of the freeholders necessary but that we shall live under an arbitrary government which his Lordship well knows how much Englishmen abhor. To banish these apprehensions makes bold to pen the first proposition so full by which the chief and almost the only difficulties will be removed. Admittance of foreigners and liberty of conscience have been provided for in his instructions, and both are very needful and prevalent baits, especially the last to increase the number of his Majesty's subjects here. The rest carry their reasons with them. Was in hopes to have sent the Survey of this Island, with their numbers, and the Comodities the place produces, but the Receiver-General could not bring it to perfection, for this, must beg his Lordship to expect it by the next. Had advice from Admiral Morgan the 12th inst. by Captain Heath that having sailed round this Island, he stood over to the Coast of Cuba, where he left one ship to take a prisoner for intelligence, a storm separated 3 of his ships, so that he had but 7 when Heath met him: 3 good ships and a catch have since arrived at this port and dispatched themselves to him. Captain Bradley last week brought in a Quaker's vessel commanded by one Watson, which he recovered from a Spanish man-of-war 13 days after he had taken her, with 6 sailors; said Watson, 2 quaking preaching women, and the rest, the man-of-war carried into The Havana, chased by Bradley within shot of the Moro Castle. Incloses,
264. I. Statement of the Revenue of the Island of Jamaica. Arising from a duty on wines, spirits, and beer, tonnage of shipping, licences to sell ale, quit rents, fines, and forfeitures, amounting to 1,870l., besides H.R.H. 10th and his Majesty 15th in time of war, which have been but a small matter; also of the necessary disbursements for support of the government, comprising 1,960l. for salaries, viz., 1,000l. to the Governor, 400l. to the Deputy Governor, 200l. to the Major-General, 80l. to the Chief Judge, and the rest for salaries of Assistant Judges, other officers, ammunition, and incidental expenses for the Fort, amounting to 3,473l. 16s.; from which may be abated about 750l. for the sale of old powder, and 400l. for the office of Deputy Governor which is needless. Jamaica, 1670, August.
264. II. Propositions how the Royal Revenue may be increased without considerably hindering the settlement. There was, by account taken last July, granted by patent 213,746 acres of land on which was reserved to his Majesty, one penny per acre of such as were under manurance, which rent, by the Governor's agreement with the Assembly, was not to be altered, till his Majesty thought fit to reserve a greater rent. Advises this may be done safely after 250,000 acres are granted, which will be by the time these are at home. The Order to bear this sense; Forasmuch as his Majesty is informed that his Island of Jamaica is now very considerably settled and the land very fruitful and passes from man to man for considerable prices; his Majesty being willing to increase the Royal Revenue of the Island, the better to protect his subjects there, has thought fit to command the Governor that after 250,000 acres of land are granted, he do not grant any more but on payment of 3d. per acre as a fine, and 1d. rent per acre whether manured or not; and after 250,000 acres have been granted under such fine and rent, then to grant no more but on payment of 6d. per acre fine, and 2d. per acre rent, until 1,000,000 acres be granted in the whole. Supposes it may be requisite to moderate this order towards servants newly out of their time, slaves newly made free, and other poor indigent men, that take up but 5 to 30 acres, in regard such small plantations are the strength of the Island, the greatest producers of provisions, and ought to be encouraged. The next 250,000 acres will be taken up in two years and add to the revenue 1,041l. 13s. 4d., besides the fine which will amount to 3,125l.; and is confident if no wars hinder, in three years after the other 500,000 may be granted away, which will make the yearly Revenue more by 5,166l. 13s. 4d., besides the 6d. fine of 15,499l. 19s., after this his Majesty may make what he pleases of the remaining six millions of acres.
264. III. Propositions for the speedy settling of Jamaica. That his Majesty by Proclamation declare this Island to belong to the Crown of England; that he holds himself obliged to protect his subjects there, as amply as in any other his Dominions; and that neither he nor his successors will impose any tax or other charge upon them, without the consent of the Freeholders. That his Majesty's authority there may admit any persons of what nations soever to settle, and naturalise them for that Island only. That his Majesty will continue the allowance of Liberty of conscience and a free exercise of Religion to all persons. These being granted, the goodness of the soil is now so well known, that there will need no other invitation. That all prudential means be used to encourage the Scots to come hither, as being very good servants, and to prevent them from going to Poland and other nations. That they may have license gratis or at moderate rates to trade for negroes in Africa. "Did those Honorable persons, which make that Royal Company so glorious, but fall into considerations, how much more it is his Majesty's interest to increase the number of his subjects than bullion of Gold or Silver (which by law all nations may import) they would not only freely consent to this proposal for us, but for the whole nation and foreigners also; mankind is the principal, gold the accessory, increase the first considerably and the other must follow." From 24 years' experience Governor Modyford affirms, that Barbadoes had never risen to its late perfection, had it not been lawful for Dutch, Hamburghers, our own whole nation and any other to bring and sell them Blacks or any other servants in their infancy. That they may have a coin allowed, by a mint set up either there or in England, or may be permitted to export to Jamaica, as much English coin as they import bullion." This the jealous Spaniard allows in the Indies as essentially necessary to their traffic, though in most other things he be austerely reserved to his no small prejudice." Lastly. That the Laws made by the Assembly, long since sent home for the Royal assent, be returned confirmed under the Great Seal, or so many of them as his Majesty shall approve. Together 7 pp. [ Col. Papers, Vol. XXV., Nos. 59, 59 I., II., III.]
Sept. 20.
265. Governor Sir Thos. Modyford to Sec. Lord Arlington. Copy of preceding letter and also of the three enclosures to same. [Col. Entry Bk., No. 27, pp. 54–60.]
Sept. 20.
266. Extract from the above letter of Sir Thos. Modyford that the merchants have buzzed in the people's ears that the King may impose what taxes he pleases. Also copies and extracts from inclosures to same. Endorsed by Williamson, Rec. from Sir Thos. Modyford. Together 5 1/2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXV., Nos. 61–63.]
1670 ? 267. An Act for Naturalization. Be it enacted by his Excellency the Governor of this H.M. island and the Assembly, that it shall be lawful for any Governor of this island, by public instrument under the broad seal, to declare any foreigner settled in this island, who shall take the Oath of Allegiance, or otherwise give security thereof, to be fully naturalized, as if born within his Majesty's Dominions. And the Governor shall receive for the same 10l., and his clerk for writing it 10s. and no more. And whereas several aliens have patented or purchased lands, houses, &c., and afterwards sold the same to his Majesty's liege people; it is enacted that all who have so bought of aliens, shall be confirmed in the peaceable possession of said purchases. Endorsed by Williamson, "Jamaica." 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXV, No. 60.]
Sept. 22. 268. Petition of divers planters and merchants trading to the Leeward Isles to the Council for Foreign Plantations. That said Islands are one hundred leagues to leeward of Barbadoes and producing better indigo and sugar, their trade is so much to the disadvantage of Barbadoes, that the inhabitants thereof rather wish that said islands were displanted, than that they should contribute to their safety and prosperity, as may appear by their delay in re-establishing St. Christopher's. Wherefore petitioners pray that a Governor of said islands be constituted under his Majesty, and not subordinate to the Governor of Barbadoes; nothing doubting that said islands will be enabled not only to defend themselves, but to help even Barbadoes itself. And further that the English and their negroes who are to be removed from Surinam, may be sent to St. Christopher's to plant; which will be a great security to his Majesty's people there against the French, who are very powerful and unneighbourly in that island. Signed by Geo. Gamiell, Wm. Burt, Geo. Hill, Wm. Sewster, H. Lawrence, Wm. Baxter, Hen. Bale, and Val. Austin. Annexed,
268. I. Report of the Council for Foreign Plantations to the King on above petition. Have called before them divers planters and merchants belonging to Barbadoes, as well the petitioners as Lord Willoughby, and heard the reasons and objections on all sides. Are of opinion that it would be for his Majesty's service that there were a Governor-in-Chief over said islands, not subordinate to the Governor of Barbadoes for the annexed—
268. II. Reasons, because ; 1, the French are seated upon part of St. Christopher's, and have much increased the number of their people and their forces, trade, and plantations there and in the neighbouring islands: 2. Because St. Christopher's lying 100 leagues north-west from Barbadoes, the wind commonly blowing east, north-east, or south-east, and there setting a great current westwards, the passage to Barbadoes is uncertain, sometimes in 7 or 8 days, but for the most part in as many weeks; and on a sudden attack, any of the islands may be lost, before relief could come from Barbadoes, or indeed notice be given of danger: 3. Because it was found most agreeable to the desires of the planters and inhabitants of the Leeward Isles. Together 3 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. 45, pp. 1–3.]
[Sept. 22.] 269. Copy of the above petition of planters and merchants trading to the Leeward Isles, received and read in Council 22nd Sept. 1670. Annexed,
269. I. Reasons why the petitioners desire there may be a General commissionated over them not subordinate to the Barbadoes. The Council and Assembly being all planters there, it is to their interest that the Caribbee Islands be destroyed, and petitioners can prove that several have wished these islands sunk, declaring it would be better for them. How then can said islands upon invasion expect any relief from Barbadoes, who already wish their ruin, as appears by their late delay in re-establishing St. Christopher's. Besides Lord Willoughby has detained for the use of Barbadoes 10 barrels of powder and two guns procured of his Majesty for the defence of Nevis, and has not sent a good proportion of ammunition as commanded by his Majesty. That the great distance from Barbadoes will not admit of her assisting these islands at a juncture which cannot possibly be gained in less than five or six weeks, in which time they might be overrun. St. Christopher's after the French had taken it might have been regained if assistance had appeared within a reasonable time. That insolencies lately committed by the French are unavoidable, without a General in chief to take care of these islands, who is very necessary for the future safety of the same. Read in Council 27th Sept. 1670. [Col. Entry Bk., No. 94, pp. 4–5.]
Sept. 23.
270. Gov. Sir Thos. Modyford to Sec. Lord Arlington. Has recovered the promised Survey, &c., by the extraordinary diligence of his Majesty's Receiver-General. Could wish it were more perfect, but hopes betwixt this and March to reduce it to a more certainty. His Majesty will find great quantities of land granted to some persons, among whom his son, 6,000 acres granted, whose name he made use of for himself, having about 400 (sic) persons in his family, and so but half their due; 5,000 to Capt. Noy, waste land by the sea side, mostly covered with salt water, where is a very hopeful work begun for salt, &c.; and 3,200 to one Styles, who never had hands proportionable, nor will, as Modyford judges, but who within a year of the Governor's coming made oath that his Majesty had granted him a Privy Seal for that quantity, which he had lost by the way; desires his Lordship to direct Modyford's son to search the Privy Seal Office, whether there be any such grant. As to the rest, the proportion of hands is not wanting, and on the whole grants added together his Lordship will find double the number. Encloses,
Thomas Amor --10Robt. Fargasson-24Rice Prosser --38
Southwell Atkins-1,070James Gosling --800John Putnam --200
Charles Barnett-90Thomas Groves-238Dearmon Regaine-145
John Bassett --78John Hooper --140More --40
Thomas Booth --12John Hunt --180George Robbins-12
William Basnett-60Thomas Hudson-390Thomas Reese --60
Capt. Thomas Browne-1,060More --120Clement Richardson-846
Joseph Barger --11David Jones --70William Richardson-10
Francis Butterfield-30Thomas Johnson-350John Stokes --25
Samuel Backs, Esq.-200Widow Lawrence-73John Stevenson-211
Christopher Cooper-690Henry Lupton-400Edmond Sweet-140
Cæsar Carter --60John Lucy --92Thomas Stacey --120
Gawell Crouch --100Richard Layton-90James Scott --17
Thomas Carpenter-6Nicholas License-264Thomas Steward-60
John Clarke --90Samuel Lewis, Esq.-880John Stephens --60
Josiah Child and Mate-1,330Edward Madox-30John Salisbury-150
John Davenport-340Thomas Manning-125Walter Tresias --120
Francis Davis --120Daniel Pearse --8Tobias Wilson --50
Thomas Evans --215Charles Probert-64Thomas Wiltshire-122
Stephen Evans --300Thomas Paulhill-700John Wallis and Boucher-150
Col. Thomas Freeman-1,309 1/2
In this parish are families -- 59And by estimation people -- 590
Nicholas Alexander-760Thomas Griffin --15Luke Phillips --150
Robert Avery --30Matthew Halpin-60Henry Poores --40
Thomas Bend --80John Harris --60John Price --140
Edmund Bates --49Thomas Harry --120Francis Powell-17
John Barton --150George Hooke --90Richard Pearce and Elliott --90
John Banfield --60Henry Henderson-30Matthew Price --60
John Campion --90John Hobby and Alexander --82William Powell-30
More --13John Hobby --126Robert Puncher-60
Cornelius Cole --90George Hunt --45William Ring --70 1/2
Henry Cole --30John Hutchins --30William Rives, Esq.-210
William Davis --150Samuel Hancock-60Walter Roles --40
Thomas Evans and Mate --160John James and Mate-70Richard Richardson, Esq. --1,034
George Elkin and Petty-563Edward Jackson-30Richard Richardson and Mate --152
Edward Elliot and Pearse --80Peter Jacob --30Edward Reid --30
Francis Fouracers-160John Gerrard and Jourden --30Thomas Reid --150
Lieut.-Col. Robert Freeman --1,338 3/4John Lamstead-30James Rogers --30
Col. Thomas Freeman-440Major Richard Lloyd-1,370Clement Richardson-50
Edward Fox --90Major Lloyd and Burton --294Thomas Ransdon-130
Thomas Fargar-345Bryan Mascall, and Sylvester --54Robert Stubbs and Mate-66
Richard Gwinnell-140Matthew Oliver-30Jacob Stokes --640
Morgan George-30Robert Thompson-30Jacob Stokes and Smith-1
William Sheldrake-35Stephen Valley-55Robert Woddard-60
Benjamin Smith-60Thomas Whittle-60William Witch-30
Robert Smith --374William Wolfe-30John Wilson and William Parker --30
Major John Saunderson-44Henry Winkes and Mate --65John White and Elkins-30
Thomas Swaine-60James Wallis --30John Wimble and Seamore --152
John Terry --58
Jenkin Thomas-18 1/2
Charles Thomas-30
In this parish are families -80.And by estimation persons -- 960
John Andrewes-4John Cahaune and Mate-11George Home --218
Henry Archboule, Esq.-2,030George Campe --91Francis Hope --12
Thomas Aldworth-5William Capon-6John Hattevill --20
John Akin --7 1/2John Clove --20William Jones --60
John Bonnett --5Edmond de la Crez-660Walter Jenkins-34
Edward Bussell-11William Davison-240John Johnson --12
Robert Bull --34Nicholas de la Roch-6Andrew Jewell --30
Charles Benway-30Richard Dunn --60John Jefferies --24
Doctor Richard Brian-351Henry Dawkins-15Thomas Joyce --30
John Barrett and Mates-90Robert Davis and Morgan --200Samuel Keamor-30
Nicholas Barrett and Mate --20Francis Daniell-33 1/2Abraham Keeling-60
Edward Berry --279Edward Exceceune-17William Kilgress-8
Capt. Samuel Barry-400John Edwards and Mate-56William Cane --13
Major William Buston-878George Ecclestone-14Nicholas Keine-643
Titus Boreman --78William Elder --96Jane Leader --19
John Browning-22Thomas Edmonds-70Widow Lane-5
Widow Backhouse-28Richard Feilder-100Francis Larow --48
James Barry --27Jeremiah Fowler-63John Lewis --600
James Boney --50Morris Fleyne --42Nicholas Leford-40
More --12Henry Ford --100Jacob Lucy and Company --34
William Burt --110Thomas Flood --3William Launce-336
George Bennett-234William Ford --210John Maverley-130
Nicholas Butler and Mate --34Jenkin Lloyd-7William Mayo --40
John Baugh --11Mary Fisher-7 1/2Sir James Modyford-530
Francis Bussell and Smith --60William Groves-15James Manderson-34
Henry Bowen and Mate-84Luke Grose --28Owen Macarta --56
Thomas Butler-31Charles Griffin --9Alexander Mills-41
Phillip Botterill-22James Grimes --7 1/2John Murrow --14
Henry Banfield-21Sampson George-40Christopher Mayam-30
John Burdis and Mate-23Robert Galloway-9 3/4Robert Moody --50
William Bent and Henry Bonner --800Widow Gay --74Richard Mapeley-28
George Blundall-15John Garrett --8 1/2William Parker-10
John Belfield --369Daniel Garvin --2 1/2Wm. St. Onyon-10
Jasper Blanch --6Nathaniell Guy-190John Priest --80 1/2
John Cooper --512Morgan Hopkins-19John Pond --6
Samuel Conyers-216William Hazard-11Janes Pinnuck --802
Thomas Cater --100Charles Hudson-44John Potter --142 1/2
Matthew Cotton-40 1/2Lieut. - Coll. Richard Hope and ye Inhabitants --970Joseph Phypes --84
Joseph Casteele-217 1/2Lieut. - Coll. Richard Hope --1,497John Pitts-7 1/2
Richard Collinwood-50Gowen Hill --80John Pearse --80
Ancill Cole --20James Howell --1,233Capt. William Parker-1,534
John Cooke --107Richard Hussett-8Robert Pyatt --62
Capt. Thomas Clarke-605James Hunt --8Capt. William Rivers-60
John Cape and Westbury --22John Hendy --47Ralph Rippon --20
Markham Clouds-7 1/2Nicholas Hancock-50John Robinson-46
Anthony Collier-44John Hone --21James Russell --9
Thomas Brewer-211Henry Hammot-6Francis Russell and Mates --53
Edward Stanton and Henry Bonner --500Gregory Hubbart-48Moses Raco --18
Edward Manton (sic)-374Thomas Todd and Mate-49Francis Scarlett, Esq.-1,000
John Spread --9 1/2Peter Tarragon-16Thomas Taylor-18
Lieut. John Stanley-90Anne Thorne --156Richard Thorne-16
Morris Sheham-4William Tanton-24William Wilson-80
David Spence --7 1/2Thomas Trinado-38Hugh Weekes-44
John Stiles and Mate-67Peter Turpin --622Charles Whitfield-950
Cornelius Struys-122Thomas Tuttle --40William Warren-707
Thomas South --60William Terrill-15Edward Wooden-7 1/2
Richard Seaward-7Thomas Tothill-1,300Thomas Watson-9
John Stephens --20Richard Teage-88Richard Wood-70
William Sparkes-75Capt. William Vallett-220John Wilson-20
Samuell Sawyer-14Thomas Vaughan-37Anthony Woodhouse-4
Richard Smith --16Richard Wilson-54George Wattle-56
Thomas Sampson-120William Waters-8James Woodall-8 1/2
James Thompson-18Capt. Saul Wanner-60Richard Valley-200
John Williams --30John Walker-308
William Warrington-270Charles Whitefield-51
Henry Wastell and Mate-16
In this parish are families- 194.People by estimation- 1,552
John Archer --560Thomas Davis --440William Herbert-120
Capt. John Bourden-2,255William Deane --597John Hillier and Perrot-320
Richard Beckford-578George Dunkin and Mate --60Francis Hull --100
John Bonner --82Timothy Dodd --300Alice Howell --15
William Bunn and Mate-64Oliver Dust --60William Harker-164
Robert Bedford-30John Drinkewater-27George Holyday-33
John Berry-40John Ellis-150Simon Huse --3
Lieut.-Colonel Robert Bindlos --1,935Henry Edey --30Cary Hellgar --146
Edward Blackman-62George Elkin --3,286Wm. Hobbleton-120
Coll. Thomas Ballard-2,391Dorothy Eaton-220Francis Inians --453
More --1,000Augustine Evans-401John Jackson --30
Peter Burton-78Capt. William Freeman-40Wm. Knowles --760
Richard Boyse --148Bartholomew Fant --1,130George Knight --63
Susanna Barker-160Angelina Fant --210Thomas Lyon --96
Anthony Burroughs-40William Floyd --60Samuel Long --18
Thomas Burden-67Widow Farefield-385Thomas Lilly --782
Francis Barnes --60Major Thomas Fuller-1,309Samuel Lewis and Francis Man-1,555
Hersey Bawett --32 1/2Humphrey Freeman, Esq. --627William Mullins Esq. --522
William Benton-44Tobias Foot --120Capt. Hender Molesworth --2,480
Edward Burt --27Roger Fugas --30Wm. Matthews-520
Christopher Butler-9John Flemming-34John Moore-19
Nicholas Collins-60Robert Ford --100Charles Morgan-910
John Casteele --210John Gimball --618William Mosely-1,242
John Collett --120Andrew Groves-38William Morris-40
John Colebeck-812William Gray --720Bryan Macue --30
Capt. Colebeck and Inhabitants --1,340John Gillingham-120Thomas Modyford, Esq. and Company-6,090
Josua Cooper --60William Gibson-45Phillip Masters-411 1/2
William Cussaus-551Richard Guy --270Thomas Martin-130
John Cater --252Joachim Hane --420Hugh Mighty --140
James Casement-190William Hebb, Esq.-437William Mathewes-170
James Crookshanke-90Henry Hilliard-100Sir James Modyford-3,500
Matthew Crew --800Wm. Hill and Mate-190William Markham-33
Thomas Cox --300Nicholas Homes-100Lucas Martin --30
Bryan Clackey --100William Hubblethorne and Mate --160Sir Thomas Modyford-109
Derby Cecill --110Anthony Hopper-70George Newell --475
Francis Crookshanke-40George Hollowfield-140George Needham, Esq.-1,764
Major Anthony Collier and Mates --2,600George Hanborow-450Capt. John Noye-5,868
Coll. John Cope-144Edward Hans and Mate-123William Oakes --19
John Doughty and Mate-80Richard Hemmings-1,600John Parsons and Mate-30
Francis Phillips-33John Hatkins and Mate-1,190Joseph Peters --30
Alexander Pitts and Mate --90John Ridgway --340Thomas Webb --250
Francis Price and Mate-150Royall Company-470Michael Whaley and Mate-163
Thomas Parnell-120Henry Rimes --530Henry Weston --61
William Perkins-88Thomas Raby --398John Went --81 1/2
Thomas Pitts --500Fulke Rose --380More --150
James Parsons --34Jos. Char. Stevenson-30John Welting --150
John Parish --175John Slicker --90Robert Willias and Mates --120
More --120James Sharpington-60John Wooley and Mates-201
Joseph Peters --55Henry Saw --400George Woodger and Parris --100
George Reekstead-60George Tirlow --42Isaac Wells --9
George Russell-160John Thomas and Mate-153William White --15 1/2
Bartholomew Roe-33Thomas Tyler --210John Whiting --30
Evan Rice --120John Vine --45
Henry Veasy --90
More --33
In this parish, families are- 158.People by estimation- 2,370.
Capt. Whitigift Aylmor-294Timothy Dodd --108Capt. Richard Oldfield-370
Major Thomas Ascough-880John Davis and Mate-119Aaron Peterson-250
William Aldridge and Mate --60John Davenport Esq.-220Francis Price --175
Edward Allen --155Bartholomew Dowse-10Thomas Perry --180
Edward Arthur-250Lieut. John Dowler-9Robert Paine --4
Robert Bennet --30Robert Evans --18Francis Palmer-200
Thomas Burgan-62John Frizell --300Edmund Roe --215
John Bagnoll --36John Frizell and Mate --300Elizabeth Reid --927
Francis Bostock-8 1/4Capt. Richard Guy-758Capt. George Reid-1,403
Stephen Bassett-276William Gaywood-64Edward Rawlins-120
Edward Barfield and Mate --100Thomas Griffin and Mate-171Roger Reynolds-4
Charles Buckley and Mate --205Richard Garland and Mate --60John Steele and Mate-800
Wm. Bragg --950Joseph Gunn --90Thomas Small --15
Thomas Bland --8William Gillman-43Edmund Sykes --150
Hersy Barrett --300Lieut. Richard Hysam-984John Styles --3,200
Thomas Butler --510Daniell Harris --7 1/2William Sams --400
Elizabeth Bagnoll-7Robert Hazell --270John Stubbs --320
Lieut.-Col. John Cope-683Thomas Jones --370Wm. Thorpe-68
Laurence Charnock and Mate --740Richard Jenkins-108James Tuckey and Mate-50
Gilbert Cope --80To the Inhabitants of the Parish --500John Trigg-90
Robert Cote and Mate-23Thomas Johnson-250Richard Vildy --60
John Cantrill --21Doctor Thomas Jones-20John Weaver and Mate-200
Nicholas Clarke-210Robert Kilby --300John Wright --60
Jonathan Cock-1,000Capt. John Laugher-204John Wilson and Mate-66
William Collier-120Owen Mason --150Ellis Ward and Mates-233
Theo. Cary --83Alexander Martin-206William Wright and Company --418
Sir James Modyford-1,000Samuel Warren-360
Capt. Robert Nelson-1,300Edmund Willett-72
John White --259
In this parish, families- 83People by estimation996
Lewis Anderson-58Michaell Garrett-91John Newman --112
John Ashley --156James Griffin --60Richard Ollife --66
The Widow Allwinckle-600Edward Garret and Mate-30Richard Phelps-320
Cornelius Adams-50Richard Greene-260Jasper Pickerine-550
Eleanor Barrett-55Edward Gerrard-25John Powell --60
Richard Barrett-149Hugh Ginge --20Roger Phypes --80
John Butcher and Mates-297 1/2John Gage --10Wm. Pritchett --30
George Booth-1,200Martin Goldin --20George Pattison-122
Robert Barriffe-100William Gunter-200Wm. Pearse --42
Widow Bolton --100Capt. Christopher Horner-1,083Ralph Rippon --140
Robert Brownlow-190John Hill-275George Rickets-40
Edward Bramfield-100Henry Hilliard-1,668Edward Ray and Mate-109
John Bankes and Street-60John Hewitt --890Thomas Roden --243
Ezraell Baldwin-400George Holsworth-186Edmund Rule and Mate-330
Nicholas Bolton-500George Hammond-65Phillip Roberts-405
Anthony Boroughs-30John Hunt --120Roger Ramsy and Mate-41 1/4
Peter Beckford-2,238Richard Hooton and Gunter --100Thos. Robinson and Mate-50
Lieut.-Col. Robert Bindlos-250Richard Haymas-100George Ragg --36
Edward Bull --61Thomas Halse --466Elias Sedgwick-10
Joseph Bathurst-1,200Capt. Joachim Hane-1,500Francis Starkey-227
Major Anthony Collier-1,261Harman Jacob --305Francis Sperry --349
Jane Clarke --240Lt.-Coll. William Ivy-1,075More --240
Thomas Casnell-270John Jonson --220John Smith --76
Richard Carr --30Edward Isles --30Robert Smith --180
Edmund Cross --90Ralph Johnson-40Robert Stone --75
William Courtman-65Ruth Kilby --90John Stiles --90
Thomas Cole --136Hugh Kinn --81John Shewin --30
William Coxhead-54William Lord --435Nathaniell Shin and Mate-84
George Child --120John Lock --35Robert Smart --60
Edward Cock --136Robert Little --106Michaell Saunders-120
Lord Clarendon-3,000Capt. Samuel Long-2,200John Shaw --450
Barbara Call --70Jane Lumbard --150Amos Stevens --10
Peter Cockup --60Robert Leonard-100John Sheppard-185
Robert Cooper --90John Loyd and Frankling --379John Skellin --210
Capt. Edward Collier-1,020John Lory --50John Thompson-300
Peter Copake --160Originall Lewis-70Joseph Taylor-12
Henry Dunnell-30Richard Mugg and Mates-770John Taylor --190
John Downer --210John Marshall --186John Townsend-210
John Durant --432John Magill and Mate-60Benjamin Tillinghurst-300
Henry Douch --20Adam More --90Robert Varney, Esq.-701
Henry Davis --41 1/4John Morant --30John Vizard-120
John Fisher --138Valentine Munby-105Priscilla Willoughby-600
William Frogg-90Francis Man --285John Warren --188
William Frame-120Wm. Mason --185Robert Warner and Mate-350
William Follar --30Richard Masey --50Robert Wright-100
Hugh Gilbert --93 3/4Daniell Morris --30Tobias Winsor-60
Joseph Gardner-570Widow Netherland-120Thomas Waite --88
Richard Gray --180Thomas Wills --32
William Gent --240
In this parish are, families- 143People by estimation- 1,430
St. Thomas' Parish ------14,825 1/259590
St. David's Parish ------11,946 3/480960
St. Andrew's Parish ------29,199 3/41941,552
St. Katherine's Parish ------68,5901582,370
St. John's Parish ------25,197 3/483996
Clarendon Parish ------39,260 3/41431,430
We likewise calculate the Privateers, Hunters, Sloop, and Boatmen which ply about this Island, and are not reckoned in any of the above Parishes, to be at least 2,500 lusty able men - - }------2,500
The four Parishes on the North Side, vizt., St. George's, St. Marie's, St. Anne's, and St. James, and the Leewardmost parish, St. Elizabeth, hath not been yet collected, as not worth it, by reason of its distance and new settlements, where we find about 20,000 acres patented, and calculate there cannot be less than 1,500 people - - - - - - - - - - - - - }20,000---1,500
209,020 1/271711,898
More; We calculate of Persons in the Towns of Port Royal and St. Jago to be no less than, men, women and children - - - - - - - }3,300
"The Receiver-General hath not yet received any rent these two years, it not being worth the going so far every year, the last collection amounting to but 151l. 9s., whereof some being for three and some two years; but now this Michaelmas he begins to collect for two years, and is ordered at the same time to take an exact account of all the persons in. every family, which, with the rental (when finished) shall be presented for his Majesty's view, and we are confident will amount to one half more at least than the above calculation, this being guessed at according to the last collection, made two years since." [Col. Entry Bk., No. 27, pp. 61–80 and p. 82.]
[Sept. 23.] 271. "Commodities which this island produceth, with a calculation of the quantities of some of them." There are 57 sugar works, producing yearly 1,710 thousand weight of sugar; 47 cocoa walks, yielding 188,000 lb. of nuts, in seasonable years in these improving; 49 indigo works, producing 49,000 weight of indigo per annum, and other walks and works daily adding. Three salt ponds, containing upwards of 4,000 acres, under the management of Captain John Noye, yielded this year 10,000 bushels, he affirming to have been able to make as many tons if he could have had vent for it. The mountains are full of pimento or Jamaica pepper, and, if there were encouragement, 50,000 weight might be yearly sent off. An undestroyable quantity of fustick, brasilletto, lignum vitæ, ebony, sweet-smelling, and other curious woods, of which great quantities are daily exported. Anotto (by the Spaniards called Acheot), vanillas, china roots, cassia, fistula, and tamarinds, the planters endeavour to increase, being very good drugs. The land very good for cotton and tobacco, but the other commodities being more profitable, very few busy themselves with it. Large savanas and great stocks of cattle, which have increased within these six years from 60 tame cattle to 6,000. Sheep, goats, and tame hogs in great plenty, so that they are past all danger of want, and hope in a short time to furnish the ships homeward bound. Signed, by the Governor's command, by Thos. Tothill, Receiver-General. 1 p. [Col. Entry Bk., No. 27, p. 81].
Sept. 23.
272. Commission (with corrections by Williamson) to Colonel Lynch. Appointing him Lieut.-Governor of Jamaica, to command in chief in the want, absence, or disability of Sir Thos. Modyford, or other his Majesty's chief governor there, during pleasure. Parchment. Endorsed, Minute of Sir Thomas Lynch's Commission. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXV., No. 64.]
Sept. ? 273. Draft of preceding, with corrections by Williamson. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXV., No. 65.]
Sept. 25. 274. The King to the Duke of York. Directing him forthwith to give order for the hiring of two good merchant ships of 150 to 200 tons, well fitted and victualled for five months at least, for bringing off such of his Majesty's subjects as yet remain upon Surinam. 1/2 p. [Dom. Entry Bk., Chas. II., Vol. 31, p. 61 đ.]
Sept. 28. 275. Petition of Chas. Modyford in behalf of Sir Tho. Modyford and the planters and traders of Jamaica, to the King. That Sir Thos. Modyford, Governor of Jamaica, was strictly commanded to call in the privateers and endeavour a trade with the Spaniard; which he did to his utmost perform, by hanging six privateers and restoring two ships, as by the affidavits annexed will appear. This civility to the Spaniards, who in retaliation used his Majesty's subjects worse than formerly, occasioned all the privateers to betake themselves to Tortugas to the French; which had been undoubtedly the less of the Island had not the Governor had order from his Majesty, by the Duke of Albemarle, to grant or not commissions against the Spaniards as to him should seem most advantageous; whereupon, proclaiming war against the Spaniard, all the privateers came in. Prays that his Majesty, if he deems it fitting that the privateers should be called in, will signify his pleasure, since Gov. Modyford ought to persist in the way he is in, till his Majesty order the contrary, when he prays that Sir Wm. Godolphin, Envoy Extraordinary for Spain, have order to have an article added to the Articles of Peace, whereby the King of Spain may acknowledge that Jamaica belongs to his Majesty; for if the privateers are ordered to be reduced and that omitted, it will discourage all persons to trade or plant there, since the Spaniards have raised and do at this present raise men to attempt the island. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol, XXV., No. 66.]
276. Reasons presented by Chas. Modyford to the King in Council why privateers should not wholly be discontinued in the West Indies, it being of great concernment and at present the security of the island of Jamaica. 1. By the frequent intelligence which by means of privateering it hath of the coming of the King of Spain's fleet, and of designs against the island, which if wanted, the islanders may grow secure and being set upon unawares be easily overcome, for hunting, upon which privateers greatly depend, would be laid aside on the north of Jamaica where the Spaniards might easily land, fortify, and become impregnable, and the English lying in the midst of the King of Spain's dominions, are so great an eye sore to them, that they would be glad on any terms to be rid of such a neighbour. 2. What is gotten by the privateers is brought into Jamaica, and assists the planters, and encourages the merchants to come there. 3. It will appear but reasonable to have privateers, when it shall be considered how inhumanly treacherous and cruelly the Spaniards use the English there that fall into their hands, making them work like slaves, and forcing their shipping and goods from them; as will appear by the oaths of Roger Baker, commander of the Leghorn Merchant, Major Samuel Smith, late Governor of Providence, Henry Wasey, commander of the Concord, and Francis Steward, herewith delivered. 4. Privateering 'tis feared cannot now be well reduced without great charge to his Majesty and much prejudice to the island; for Sir Thos. Modyford used his utmost endeavour to reduce them, but they went to Tortugas to the French, turned pirates and took English as well as Spaniards, who reaped no benefit, and the island lost above 1,000 men and 8 or 9 ships; so that it was much feared, that had not his Majesty's letter to the Governor given timely encouragement to countenance them, the island might have been in the time of the late war lost by their joining with the French. 5. If there should be no men-of-war in the Indies, the Spaniards would undoubtedly attempt Jamaica, or at least take every ship sent from Jamaica to England. Will only add that if it be his Majesty's pleasure the privateers should be reduced, he would send sufficient forces, and order Sir William Godolphin, Envoy Extraordinary for Spain, to procure an acknowledgment from the King of Spain that Jamaica doth belong to his Majesty's Crown, and that an attempt on it shall be an absolute violation of the peace; for without it, if the privateers be reduced no merchants will trade, or any person settle a plantation there. Endorsed by Sec. Lord Arlington, Pretended reasons why privateers ought to be maintained in the West Indies. 1 1/2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXV., No. 67.]
Sept. 28.
277. "Additional Propositions" to the Privy Council about Jamaica, "offered by order from Sir Thos. Modyford, by Chas. Modyford." In regard by contract with the Assembly here his Majesty's subjects are to pay one penny per acre for all that is planted, and that the rents amount not yet to 150l., and that it is a great trouble for his Majesty's officers always to be running out the manured land to find how many pennies are due, it is proposed that his Majesty send order that after 200,000 acres are granted, the Governor reserve 1d. per acre for every acre granted whether manured or not, there being as yet but 165,000 granted, and after 500,000 be granted to reserve 2d., and after 750,000 4d., till there be a million; for these reasons:—(1.) The island is so well settled, that so great an encouragement as formerly is not so absolutely necessary. (2.) There is not that reason for obliging future settlers as there was for the first settlers and old soldiers, the first settlers having borne the heat of the day, to make it easy and safe for new comers. (3.) Trade will increase and every man's land prove more profitable so the augmented rents will be easier paid. (4.) A considerable revenue which is necessary to repay his Majesty's great charges and support the government cannot be better raised than by annexing it to the Estates, which can never be thought a grievance to posterity, as all aids, taxes, impositions, and subsidies generally are. (5.) This his Majesty will receive as a right, and not be obliged to lessen any part of his prerogative for it; and therefore after the first million acres are granted, it is presumed that a reasonable fine of ready money, as well as a rent of 6d. or 12d. per acre may be reserved, not judging it reasonable the rents should be generally the same, lest in time their interest should be too much united. (6.) It will be some satisfaction to the first settlers, to find how much they have been favoured. (7.) This will be a great revenue, Barbadoes, which consists but of 126,000 acres, every year loading away 200 ships with sugar, indigo, and cotton, and this Island is above 60 times as big, with better land; here being also cattle, horses, and pastures in great plenty, "so that there is nothing wanting but whites and blacks to go through stitch with our designs of planting." To hasten this settlement and forward the revenue all means are to be endeavoured for filling the Island with people. (1.) By ordering all such as lie on the parishes in the three nations that are of able body, and all other superfluous persons; whom the owners of shipping will willingly transport, the price being males 12l. to 15l., females 10l. to 12l. ready money with which they buy cocoa which near doubles at their return, so that many have been brought hither within these ten months. (2.) By ordering the Governors of the Windward Islands, especially Barbadoes, to encourage superfluous planters and servants to come hither, forbid them other new settlements, and suppress false scandals of this place; which his Majesty's letter required of the late Lord Willoughby, but without effect, for he sent near 1,500 lusty men to Sta. Lucia, most of whom subscribed to come with Sir Thos. Modyford, where they were all lost; therefore its necessary to have it enquired how his Majesty's commands are observed. (3.) By inclining the nobility, gentry, and merchants to settle plantations; some of which have already begun to their great advantage, among whom Alderman Beckford can tell of 2,000l. per annum he gets, clear of all charges. (4.) By inclining the Royal Company to send plenty of negroes, the war with Holland and France having been a great hindrance to this Settlement, and the having no blacks from the Royal Company since 1665 a greater. 2 1/2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXV., No. 68.]
[Sept. 28.] 278. Copy of the above propositions of Sir Thos. Modyford to the Privy Council, with additions, "To the intent I may never incur the real or seeming displeasure of his Majesty's Council, but walk enntirely by their directions, humbly desire their Lordships' considerations and solutions to these ensuing queries "—1. Whether he may continue to allow our men-of-war, who else could not subsist and carry always in their vessels a gang of dogs, to victual at certain parts of Cuba and Hispaniola, which are infinitely stocked with cattle and hogs and have very few or no inhabitants, which are brought to this market, and is a great help to the poorer sort of planters and but little detriment to the Spaniard. 2. Whether he should forbid our seamen and merchants holding a trade and correspondence with the Indians of Darien and Yucatan to the southward of Campeachy, whom the Spaniards account rebels, but have no actual authority over them, and from whom our people have tortoiseshell, logwood, and other commodities for beads and knives. 3. Whether if they happen to take Indians who are under the Spanish Government and will not hold peace with the English, they may not sell them for slaves in Jamaica. Modyford has never suffered any Indians to be sold in Jamaica for slaves, except the Caribbees of St. Vincent, with whom Lord Willoughby had war, so that many Indians live very contentedly amongst them. Received from Charles Modyford, Sir Thos. Modyford's son, 28th September 1670. 3 1/2 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. 27, pp. 36–39.]
Sept. 28. 279. "Sir Thos. Modyford's proposal about logwood, &c.," being the second query in the preceding copy of his propositions to the Privy Council. Endorsed by John Locke, Logwood and as above. 28 Sept. 1670. Lord Ashley, afterwards Earl of Shaftesbury, was a member of his Majesty's Privy Council at this time, and John Locke was his private secretary. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXV., No. 69.]
1670 ? 280. Propositions of Chas, Modyford, by order of Sir Thos. Modyford, to his Majesty's Privy Council concerning Jamaica. That they would take notice that, according to order from his Majesty's ministers, Sir Thos. Modyford did proclaim peace with the Spaniard, upon which 'twas certain the privateers would have gone to the French at Tortugas, had not Sir Thos. prevailed with them to stay till answer came to his letters to the Duke of Albemarle and the Lord Keeper; which he desires may be sent as soon as possible, with the Council's approbation of what he has already done. And if his Majesty think not fit he should, or the Spanish Ambassador, decline employing the privateers there, that his Majesty would authorise the Governor to keep 1,000 of them, with 10 of their most considerable ships, in pay, for security of the island; for these reasons :—(1.) Because the French increase daily in those parts, having already ships of 70 guns. (2.) They live encompassed by the Spanish quarters, who, whatever they pretend, intend their supplanting, knowing the island was taken from them by force, which consideration will never die. (3.) It is necessary to keep up a military spirit in that people, which when reduced to dull trained bands will come to nothing, (4.) 1,000 men under good pay and discipline will do more than 5,000 train soldiers or new raised men. (5.) The reputation of such a force will prevent the enemies' attempts, so that planting will go on uninterrupted. (6.) Such a force may be in a readiness on all emergencies to execute his Majesty's commands. (7.) In regard the state of the island is not yet fully assured from the pretensions of the Spaniard, the settlement of plantations is hindered: and therefore he prays that if his Majesty do not approve of the aforesaid reasons, Sir W. Godolphin may be ordered to conclude on what terms that island stands with the Spaniard, it not being positively mentioned or understood to be included in any articles of peace yet made; they having granted commissions against all to the southward of the Tropic of Cancer, and did, last June 1669, make prize of one ship, one ketch, and three sloops at Caimanos, as appears by affidavits annexed. The resolutions of the Council to the following queries as soon as possible are also desired. The first three queries are the same as are in Modyford's propositions calendared ante, No. 278. The remaining query has reference to the Spaniards having many of his Majesty's subjects in irons, and having lately carried away some fishermen from Caimanos; whether in such new actions of hostility, the Governor may not retaliate until he has received his Majesty's orders, in regard of the time the obtaining those orders must take up ? Annexed,
280. I. Affidavits of Sam. Hutchinson, commander of the Hopewell, and Edward Attenberry, giving account of the Spaniards' attempt upon the English fishermen at Caimanos, the burning of the Governor's house, carrying away all his goods, taking one ship, one ketch, and three sloops, and destroying all the fishing boats upon the island. Jamaica, 1669, June 16. Together 3 1/2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXV., Nos. 70, 70 I.].
1670 ? 281. Copy of the preceding propositions of Modyford, but without the queries and affidavits. 1 1/2 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. 27. pp. 30– 40.]
Sept. 30.
St. Michael's
282. Jo. Newington's address to James Drawater, merchant, at Jo. Lindupps, at the Bunch of Grapes in Ship Yard, by Temple Bar. All the news he can write is that one Hugh Peachell, who has lived in this island almost 20 years with many persons of good esteem, and lately with Col. Barwick, and who it was observed gained much money, yet none thrived less than he, falling sick three weeks since, was much troubled in his conscience, but would not utter himself to any but a minister, who being sent for, he did acknowledge himself the person that cut off the head of King Charles, for which he had 100 l., and with much seeming penitence and receiving such comfort as the divine, one parson Leshley, an eminent man here, could afford him, he died in a quarter of an hour. This he may report for a real truth. One Mr. Hewel, condemned for the same, and he thinks now in Newgate, will be glad to be acquainted of this. 1/2 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXV., No. 71.]
Sept. 30.
283. Copy of the preceding. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXV., No. 72.]