America and West Indies
June 1671

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Institute of Historical Research

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W. Noel Sainsbury (editor)

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1889

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223-238

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'America and West Indies: June 1671', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 7: 1669-1674 (1889), pp. 223-238. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=70210 Date accessed: 31 July 2014.


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June 1671

June 6. 548. Minutes of the Council of Barbadoes. Present, the Deputy Governor and three of the Council. Ordered, that whereas Thomas Bond, of the ship Noble Katherine, is employed to carry to England his Majesty's regiment under Sir Tobias Bridge, his bond not to carry off any person without ticket be null and void so far only as shall concern the carrying off of any officer or soldier of said regiment, but good and effectual as regards any other person. 1/2 p. [Col. Entry Bk., No. IX., 191, 192.]
June 7.
Barbadoes.
549. Sir Thos. Lynch to Sec. Lord Arlington. Wrote from Maderia, whence they sailed about 1st May, and arrived here but on Wednesday last, Sir Ch. Wheeler and the Welcome sailing heavily. Found 40 or 50 great ships in part to load home sugar, and a small ketch of the King's, the Eaglet, that was to wait on Lord Willoughby's plantation at Antigua, but since those islands have been lopped from his government, she is ordered hither, to what purpose of the King's nobody can tell. Wishes he had such an one to wait on the Assistance, and possibly may send home the Welcome, the King's revenue at Jamaica being so little. Hopes his Lordship has heard of Major Banister's arrival (at Jamaica). Was told yesterday that the Dutch Governor was gone sick from Surinam, and on his way home, six weeks since, at Montserrat, said Banister was gone from Surinam with the English, and that the Colony was like to be deserted. Abundance here designing for Jamaica, and some principal persons of the island: his coming and staying has confirmed those that staggered on the noise of Sir Thos Modyford's removal. A fine vessel goes with him with 150 or 200 passengers, and as many more, he is confident, will follow as will settle the island without a man from England, provided the Governor and form of government please them. They dread nothing like the 11/12 per cent.; has assured them he is instructed to lay no imposition at all. Nobody here thinks of St. Kitts or the Leeward Isles, but judges it oleumn et opera perdere to endeavour their settlement; yesterday had an address from some principals of Antigua about their coming to Jamaica. The day after their arrival was a day of thanksgiving for the ceasing of a contagious fever that had swept away divers persons of quality. The island appears very flourishing, and the people numerous and live splendidly: what they owe in London does not appear here, but has caused the Deputy Governor and Assembly to make an Act prohibiting the importation of all wines for three years, to retrench the expense of the planter and pride of the Portuguese. By this means, and the King's alienating the 4 1/2 per cent., the Government and Governor have nothing but what the capricious Assembly will give, which is little, unless they are mightily pleased, for by the law they are to be chosen new every year. Col. Christopher Codrington, my Lord's deputy, being of a debonaire, liberal humour, a native, and a planter, they have been kind to, giving him, in the two and a half years he has commanded 300,000 or 400,000 lbs of sugar; and he has got them to raise 1,100,000 or 1,200,000 lbs. sugar for finishing the four forts, where he has mounted 92 guns: when finished they will mightily secure and adorn the island. They have a good militia of about 1,500 horse and 8,000 foot, well armed and frequently exercised. Monday they got Sir Tobias Bridge's six companies together, being 340, according to the muster rolls, and they heard the King's letter and instructions with great acclamations, all but six declaring they would go for England. Sir Charles Wheeler is to provide transportation on his own ship, but the Deputy Governor and Sir Tobias will not covenant to embark above 200, thinking that, on second thoughts, many will change their minds, if there be so many effective men. Thinks it is the 14th of next month they are to embark. Intend to sail to-morrow, Sir Charles in his own flyboat: will just see him land at Nevis that he may enter into his government with all the grandeur possible, but cannot stay to see what he does at St. Kitts, having two or three merchants full of passengers, as well as the men-of-war; besides, the time for adjusting the Peace is relapsed, and they dreadfully apprehend the hurricanes, and tell him should he stay there he would draw away more than ever Sir Charles will bring there. Observes Sir Charles's concern in the 4 1/2 per cent. has made him little courted here but by the Deputy Governor, for besides that they take it for a great grievance to pay it to any but the Island's use, the methods and persons employed have made it more uneasy; for it is not possible to make the planters bring their goods to particular bays, scales, or custom house, labour and cartage is so exceeding dear, which is what they insist on; and there have been divers quarrels and several people imprisoned about it. The Deputy Governor countenances the officers so as not to fall into any offence against the King, but not so much as to exasperate his neighbours, by whose kindness only he subsists. Understands that some have taken away their sugar after seizure and offer to come to trial, and it is thought they will cast the officers by proving that it were no lawful Assembly that laid it, or else because they collect it not as the Act prescribes. Judges the Farmers will lose by it unless they bring mighty defalcations on the King, and the trade and planter will be exceedingly discouraged. Thinks that if this Deputy Governor were dealt with he might induce the Assembly to pay to the Exchequer 7,000l. per annum, which they may levy with intinitely more ease to the people and trade and advantage to the King, nor would it be lessened, as this must in time, the quantities of sugar growing less. Has written Lord Sandwich, but not thus largely, supposing his Lordship would put this into his hands. The Dover pleasure boat that came here about the customs, and which the King has hired at 70l. per mensem to wait on Sir Charles Wheeler, went hence four months since with passengers to Jamaica, and it is imagined here he will not come again for all the Governor's endeavours to apprehend him, it being reported that he had killed divers Indians, which they fear may make a war, which the Leeward Islands cruelly apprehend. Endorsed, with a summary, and "Ansd. Aug. 15, 71." 4 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVI., No. 71.]
June 8.
St. Michael's
or Bridge
Town.
Barbadoes.
550. Sir Chas. Wheler to (Sec. Lord Arlington ?). Wrote from Madeira April 28 by way of Holland, but was so over careful of the delivery of the packet that he thinks it has miscarried. Sailed thence May 2nd, and arrived at Barbadoes the 31st, all in good health. Has not been very well used in the manner of the men-of-war's keeping company with the Noble Catherine, on which his Majesty's stores were freighted. Thinks they will weigh hence this day, the Assistance making signs so to do, but to this hour has had nothing communicated to him. His Lordship was very pressing with him to be ready to sail with Sir Thos. to the intent that two men-of-war might countenance his demanding St. Christopher's; has kept company and waited Sir Thomas' times and been left at sea, and will do so still in hopes of Sir Thos. going at last to St. Christopher's, which Sir Chas. would not have done but that he knows it will be for his Majesty's service; has been a little mortified in this affair. The King's instructions were read to six companies of Sir Tobias Bridge's regiment, of 340 men, with great acclamations of joy, and they unanimously chose to return for England; upon which he contracted with Thos. Bond, master of the Noble Catherine, for transportation of 200, bringing Sir Tobias Bridge to indent they should be ready to embark, because he suspected there might be a design to keep the soldiers in the island. Sir Tobias declared that under five or six weeks he could not possibly state the arrears for defalcation, and in that time many of the soldiers might change their minds, so the medium of 200 was pitched upon as certain, and the rest to be taken care for on reasonable notice given to Sir Charles's agent, without which no master of a ship would stay expecting so long. Has observed the extreme sufferings this regiment has lain under, and possibly 100 such men are fitter to serve the King in arms in England than 500 tapsters and tailors. Is tempted much to write of this island and its government as it now stands in the vacancy of Lord Willoughby, but that is another's province, yet duty binds him say that if the King were pressed hard in Europe no man can give any rational account that he can have any interest here. However, the Deputy Governor is not an ordinary man, believes he is a worthy one, yet he lies under great temptations, as all do who seek their profit from those whom they are to govern. The bay, where there are 50 great and good ships at anchor almost all the year round, is well enough fortified, and a Governor only concerned for monarchy could secure it to his Majesty at so small a charge that it would be pity the King should not do it, for the Assembly here will never give a shilling to buy a snaffle for their own mouths as they ignorantly suppose it. Should there be any revolution in Europe, this place will not be defended long against but an indifferent force, that has the knack of offering conditions, if he does not take very false measures. Will give account by the first ship that shall part from the Leeward Isles after his arrival. Endorsed with abstract. 7 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVI., No. 72.]
June 10.
London.
551. The Committee of Gentlemen Planters in London to the Assembly of Barbadoes. Send copy of their last by Capt. Collier. Are glad to find by their welcome letters of the 7th March and 4th April their kind acceptation of their advice for the good of that once happy island, and kinder resentment of their poor labours, which hath given a keener edge, if possible, to their passionate desires and wills to cut through all manner of difficulties. Are not a little pleased with their resolution to keep the fortifications in good repair, the rumour whereof, together with a well disciplined militia, may greatly check designs of foreign invasion or domestic insurrection. Their last address still lies before his Majesty, to which in time they doubt not to receive a gracious answer, being well assured of Lord Willoughby's assistance. Pray them to rest assured of their zeal to obey their commands and prevent all mischiefs, with a just account of such public stock as they shall remit. Received by the Assembly 22nd November 1671. 1 p. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XIII., 77–78.]
June 12.
? mistake
for
Aug. 12.
Port Royal.
552. Minutes of the Council of Jamaica. Present, Sir Thomas Lynch, Knt., Lt.-Governor, and four of the Council. Ordered that, whereas there are divers soldiers, planters, privateers, and other late inhabitants of this island now at Caimanos, Musphitos, Keys, and other remote places who make scruple of returning, either fearing his Majesty's displeasure for their past irregular actions or doubting their being prosecuted by their creditors, the Governor sends forth to declare his Majesty's pardon and promise freedom from all arrests and debts to said soldiers, &c., for the term of one year, provided they return within eight months after the date hereof and enter their names in the Secretary's office, from which time their impunity shall commence; and that this be proclaimed and affixed on some convenient place at Port Royal. Ordered on consideration of the age, service, and poverty of Capt. Vallet, Judge of Legonee, that he henceforth receive a salary of 20l. per annum. Petition of his Majesty's collectors for impost, tonnage, &c., to Lieut.-Gov. Sir Thos. Lynch, that whereas there appears in the Council Book an order upon a petition of Thos. Scutt, merchant, which comprises nothing within the prayer of the petition, petitioners desire that the time of 28 days therein granted to merchants for making up their accounts be reduced to 14, petitioners having not only received great trouble themselves, but are sensible his Majesty's interest has been much damnified thereby. N.B. Sir Thos. Lynch arrived at Jamaica on 25 June 1671, and the last Council held on 28 June 1671 adjourned for eight weeks, see No. 576. 2 1/2 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XXXIV., 223–225.]
June 15.
Nevis.
553. Sir Thos. Lynch, Lt.-Governor of Jamaica, to Sec. Lord Arlington. Wrote from Barbadoes what occurred there. Stood in with Dominica on their way to caress the chief Indian Governor, Warner, that he might continue his friendship to the English, but he was not on the coast, and they passed on to Montserrat, where were seven or eight vessels. Governor Stapleton was gone to Nevis to marry Lt.-Col. Russell's daughter. The masters told them most of the produce of that island and Antigua was carried to Statia by the Dutch, and that last year they fetched thence in sloops near 400,000 lbs. tobacco. Montserrat better peopled than ever, having 300 or 400 that belong to St. Christopher's. Antigua has some, but most intend thence for Jamaica, finding it impossible to settle that island. Hears there are near 3,500 men in all these islands. Arrived at Nevis on Sunday last, and next day Sir Charles (Wheeler) and his lady were lodged at a house Governor Russell prepared for them. Tuesday the two companies were disbanded, all resolving for England, so Sir Chas. must raise his two companies here; does not see that any will go to St. Christopher's but from these islands, so the strengthening that island must be the weakening of these. Has stayed here a day extraordinary to hear answer from St. Christopher's. Yesterday Capt. Mathews returned and is to-day gone again. The Governor gives good words and promises rendition, but has no order from the King or the Captain General at Martinico; they expect every day seven frigates from France. Intend to sail to-morrow, and think to touch at San Domingo, because the time for publication of the Peace is already elapsed. Has not been well this 10 days, "so that if I had more to say I could not." Endorsed, "Rd Aug. Ansd Aug. 15.71." 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVI., No. 73.]
June 15.
[Barbadoes.]
554. Sir Tobias Bridge to Major Edmd. Andros at Lord Craven's house in Great Drury Lane. Sir Chas. Wheeler and Sir Thos. Lynch are arrived here. Has received his Majesty's orders for disbanding, which were communicated to the six companies at the head of each company, and inviting such as were free to go with Sir Chas. or Sir Thos., but there were not above 4 or 5, they chosing rather to be shipped home. The clothes for each company have been proportionably divided according to the latest muster, Sir Chas. Wheeler taking those for the four companies at the Leeward Has also sent copy of the King's letter and instructions to Lt.-Col. Stapleton, for stating the accounts of those companies. Will endeavour to the utmost to follow the orders and instructions concerning accounts, and to be faithful to the King's interest as well as just-to the officers and soldiers. The 16th July is appointed for shipping the men off, and if he comes not with them, purposes to settle his businesses so as to follow in 14 days. Desires his care for them, being sure that both officers and soldiers will be pennyless. If he comes not with them, because he would receive from Lt.-Col. Stapleton the accounts from the Leeward Isles, will commit the care of them to Capt. Barrett and the other officers. Encloses the bill of lading for one butt, mentioned in the former invoice, together with the other for the 10 butts. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVI., No. 74.]
1671 ? 555. Sir Tobias Bridge to (Capt. Talbott) concerning Lieut. Crofte's behaviour. Talbott's Lieut. has so ill behaved himself to the scandal of the King's service, by marrying another man's wife, who was then in England and since returned, and by taking to her employment of selling rum and such other pitiful things, that the were forced to bring him to a court-martial, who dismissed him, and purpose by the next muster to put another in his place, and settle things so as shall be most for the King's service and Talbott's satisfaction. Lieut. Fenwicke who went Lieut. to him out of England and has since been Lieut. to Major Andros, has likewise committed such misdemeanors, as he confessed to Capt. Langford, that his commission has been taken from him. Endorsed, "Barbadoes regiment, Lieutt Crofts Lt to Capt Talbott." 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVI., No. 75.]
June 15.
London.
556. The Committee of Gentlemen Planters in London to the Assembly of Barbadoes. Since writing the foregoing (see ante, No. 551) theirs of 20th April is come to hand; but in regard to his Majesty's absence and this ship's sudden departure, can only say that at their meeting this day Capt. Gorges expressed his thankfulness for their good opinion, but seeing his hands were full, joined in the unanimous desire that they would employ Lt.-Col. Thornburgh. Join with him, knowing Gorges to be much more capable to serve Barbadoes, united with them as formerly, than as the Assembly's solicitor, and pray this may meet with no unkind construction. Signed by Sir P. Colleton, Sir Paul Paynter, Phillip Bell, Henry Drax, John Gregory, John Searle, John Bowden, Edw. Pye, Tho. Middleton, Tho. Wardall, Ferd. Gorges, and Jac. Lucie. Received by the Assembly 22nd November 1671. 1 p. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XIII., 78–79.]
June 15.
London.
557. Ferdinand Gorges to the Assembly of Barbadoes. Has received theirs of 20th April with deep gratitude for the trust reposed in him, on receipt of which and of their general letter to his brother Planters, they procured a meeting, and calling to mind their former requests in behalf of Col. Edw. Thornburgh, who has already taken much pains in soliciting the Assembly's concerns and has entitled himself to their kindness, and observing that their said letters had not been received by the Assembly, they unanimously reiterate their requests that Thornburgh may be their solicitor with such salary as may be suitable; he himself being more capable to serve them co-united than in a single capacity. Received by the Assembly 22nd November 1671. 1 p. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XIII., 79–80.]
June 15.
London.
558. Lt.-Col. Edw. Thornburgh to the Assembly of Barbadoes. By command of the Gentlemen they have empowered here in their concerns, remits copies of all their transactions since 14th February last; by which, and the Gentlemen's letter, they will perceive that Capt. Gorges has very modestly resigned the authority sent to him to be their solicitor; and because the Gentlemen have been well pleased with his own acting in their affairs, on which he has spent near his whole time these five months, they have continued him therein, and hopes the Assembly will afford their approbation. Received by the Assembly 22nd November 1671. Encloses,
558. 1. Minutes of Meetings of the Committee for the Public Concern of Barbadoes. Present, Lord Willoughby, Sir P. Colleton, Col. Henry Drax, Ferd. Gorges, Thos. Wardall, Edw. Pye, and Col. John Searle. Feb. 28. Abstracted, see ante, No. 414. VI.
March 23. Ordered, that since they can have no relief in the imposition laid on sugars in the House of Commons, Sir Peter Colleton, Col. Henry Drax, and Capt. Ferd. Gorges attend the Parliament at Westminster and consult with Lord Willoughby of a convenient time to petition the House of Lords against this tax; and that the rest of the committee appear upon notice given by Thornburgh. That Edw. Thornburgh give his constant attendance.
April 27. Ordered, that a letter be prepared to send to the Assembly of Barbadoes by Capt. Thos. Collier that Edw. Thornburgh get all the papers of the planters, merchants and refiners put forth relating to the imposition laid upon sugar by the House of Commons, to be registered at one end of the Copy Book of Letters belonging to the committee. That J. Lucie pay Edw. Thornburgh 20 guineas and 10l.; that Edw. Thornburgh pay Capt. John Cressett 20 guineas for soliciting the business of withstanding this tax in the two Houses of Parliament, and also 7l. 11s. 3d. disbursed for fees. That this committee meet at the Cardinal Cap Tavern in Cornhill on Monday next to peruse and firm the letters to be sent by Capt. Collier.
May 1. The letter ordered to be prepared, read, approved, and firmed; and Edw. Thornburgh ordered to copy it into the Book of Letters, and also to hire a trusty messenger to go down the next tide and deliver their letters to Capt. Collier at Gravesend.
June 8. Ordered, that an answer to the letters lately received from the Assembly of Barbadoes be prepared to be sent by Capt. James Gilbert; that Sir Peter Colleton and six others named, or any three of them, wait on Lord Willoughby, to entreat his assistance in prosecuting the addresses sent from Barbadoes, and that the rest of the committee attend on notice given by Edw. Thornburgh, who is to give constant attendance; that Edw. Thornburgh send fair copies of all orders of the committee since the 17th February last to the Assembly, with their letter by Capt. Jas. Gilbert; and that J. Lucie pay Edwd. Thornburgh 20l., for which he is to account.
June 15. A letter drawn, signed by all present, to send to the Assembly of Barbadoes, and Edw. Thornburgh ordered to copy it into the Book of Letters, and send it to Barbadoes by Capt. Gilbert, with copies of their former by Capt. Collier and of this day's orders. An authority from the Assembly of Barbadoes to act as their solicitor, produced by Capt. Ferdinando Gorges, and resigned for pregnant reasons. Ordered that Edward Thornburgh continue to give his constant attendance as formerly upon this committee. Together 5 1/2 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XIII., 81–86.]
June 16.
Windsor.
559. Warrant to the Clerk of the Signet. To prepare a Bill to pass the Great Seal for making Baudouin Clasen, of Jamaica, merchant, an alien born, a free denizen of England; with a clause that he should have no benefit thereof until he has taken the oaths of allegiance and supremacy before the Governor or Deputy Governor of the island. 1/2 p. [Dom. Entry Bk., Chas. II., Vol. XXXVI., p. 13.]
June 16. 560. Minutes of the Council of Barbadoes. Ordered, that Col. Symon Lambert and others be desired to agree with Col. Richard Bayley, or any other, for the finishing of the small fort at Speights Bay, the charge to be paid by the treasurer out of the last levy for fortifications and other public charges. 1/2 p. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XI., 192.]
June 16.
Port Munday.
561. Don Francisco Zauches Calderon to Sir Thomas Modyford. Received his Excellency's letter with great satisfaction and will very willingly preserve it. Begs that the bark may without fail go out of port on Wednesday next, because it is necessary for him to arrive at San Domingo with all expedition. And his Excellency may please to write to the Lord President the cause of his stay, and that, the ship in which he came being small and not very sound, he freighted "a Billander for the carrying of the infantry, in which your Excellency did me a great favour @. . . As to the brigantine which came to the northern coast of this island, and carried a man away, I am as much troubled for it as if it were my own affair." Left at San Domingo the packet of the Queen for the Governor of the Havanna and Cuba, and so it never came to his hands. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XXVII., p. 133.]
June 16.
Barbadoes.
562. The Assembly of Barbadoes to the Gentlemen Planters in London. Have theirs of 17th Feb., and return hearty thanks for their careful diligence, and advancing money in their concerns, and conceive that they have hit the right path in forming themselves into a committee. Have also received from Colonel Edward Thornburgh copy of their proceedings up to 28th February, and if their former letter had intimated a desire for his establishment, would have saved them the trouble of voting another in his place, but the same having passed in favour of Captain Ferdinando Gorges, a person by all esteemed, and his salary of 100l. for one year allowed him, cannot make an alteration without his consent. Their former petitions having been rejected for want of the style the court expects, rather than any unreasonableness of the matter desired, are content that the Gentlemen Planters give them that dress which may make them most acceptable, provided they still keep to the heads of the address sent. Have shipped them 90 butts of sugar, viz., 30 aboard the Unity, Captain Marmaduke Woolter, and 30 aboard Captain Coleman, which are already on their voyage, and 30 aboard Captain Pidgeon, who may sail in three or four days; and out of the produce each subscriber is to be repaid, and the rest to lie in the their treasurer's hands till further order, or urgent necessity to use it in the island's cause. Have raised a very considerable levy as formerly advised to put themselves in a posture of defence. By the enclosed Act to prevent depopulation, they may understand that special care is taken to encourage mean freeholders, and deter covetous rich men from laying land to land without keeping up the cottages and families, as also by another Act for encouraging the manufacture of cotton. Deem themselves a most happy people in the continuance of his Majesty's favour in the enjoyment of their laws and privileges. Are glad to hear they intend to prosecute the obtaining a free trade with Scotland especially for men servants, which in time may prove a great means of strengthening his Majesty's dominions in these parts. Request them to use all possible interest with Lord Lauderdale for accomplishing the same. Enclose copy of another Act that all may see what encouragement is given for bringing Christian servants. Are informed through particular friends that the Bill including an imposition on their sugars is laid aside on the prorogation of Parliament, and they hope that part will never be re-assumed. A letter from a particular friend to the Governor intimated a packet to be sent from them by Captain Collier, but cannot find that any such thing was given to his care. Give them all hearty thanks for their care, and especially for their successful endeavours in putting a stop to that insupportable imposition on their sugars. Signed by Simon Lambert, Speaker of the Assembly. 2 1/2 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XIII., 41–43.]
June 16.
Barbadoes.
563. The Assembly of Barbadoes to Lord Willoughby (in London). Acknowledge with gratitude his Lordship's care in endeavouring against the laying on of the imposition on their sugars, especially by appearing at the Commons Bar to assert the truth of their allegations delivered by Sir Peter Colleton, though his endeavours produced not the effect aimed at, yet his Lordship's zeal is as cordially received as if it had brought it to the desired issue. By the arrival of Captain Collier find themselves bound in a further obligation to his Lordship for asserting their interest before the House of Lords so that they have been retrieved one whole year from that insupportable burden, by which they are obliged beyond their present abilities of requital, the public treasury being exhausted and several debts unsatisfied. Yet desiring to comply with their vote in October last of 100,000 lbs. sugar to his Lordship have been enforced to borrow so much out of their last levy, principally intended for fortifications, and have taken care that Lieutenant-Colonel Wm. Bate make speedy payment. Signed by Symon Lambert, Speaker. 1 1/2 pp [Col. Entry Bk., No. XIII., 44–45.]
June 17.
Lower
Chip-okes in
James River,
Virginia.
564. Wm. Sherwood to Joseph Williamson, Secretary to Lord Arlington, Principal Secretary of State. The past three years of his time he must attribute to his (Williamson's) worthy donation. Acknowledges the great debt he owes him, and cannot without shame look upon the foul act which was the cause of his being in that country, yet he can say without ostentation that he has found good out of evil Sends this by Captain Culpeper, a gentleman of this country, that he may not be blackened with ingratitude. Endorsed by Williamson, "Recd 13 Sept. 1671, one of those that robbed me whom I saved." 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVI., No. 76.]
June 20.
Virginia.
565. Governor Sir Wm. Berkeley to (the Committee for Trade and Plantations). Sends answers to inquiries dated 29th September 1670, but not received till January 11th by his brother Culpeper, who is able to inform of other particulars not yet mentioned, especially of their great hopes of silk of which he now sends a pattern as they now make it, and when the rest is wound, for it is newly made, will present his Majesty with 60 or 70 pounds made in the Governor's own house this year. If they had skilful men from Sicily or Naples or Marseilles they might make and send for England 500 bales yearly. 2 pp. Encloses,
565. I. Answers to the inquiries of the Lords Commissioners for Foreign Plantations to the Governor of Virginia: in reference to the Government and condition of the colony. These consist of 23 queries and answers, signed by William Berkeley. Virginia, 1671, June 20. (6 pp.)
565. II. "The draft of York River in Virginia." A pen and ink drawing 3 ft. long, scale 1/8 of an inch to a mile. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVI., Nos. 77, 77 I., II.]
21 June. 566. Minutes of the Council for Foreign Plantations. Commission and instructions of the New England Commissioners to hear appeals read and copies ordered to be made for the use of the Council. Col. Cartwright, one of the Commissioners, informed the Council that he had sent a map of New England and a book of three pages fol., containing narratives of their proceedings and observations, to the King at Oxford in 1665, which, he believed, was delivered to one of the Secretaries of State. At the request of the Lord Chancellor, Col. Cartwright had drawn up in writing a recollection of his thoughts. Another copy was given to Lord Arlington. Informed the Council that the ministers in New England, having no settled salary, would, he believed be contented that the government itself might be changed. As to the country, he affirmed that it was healthful, fruitful, and provisions plentiful, had store of good horses, and doubtless lead and copper mines, number of people fit to bear arms may probably double in 10 years. In 1652 they began to coin money with a palm branch on one side and Salem (their greatest town save Boston) on the other; they still continue to coin money, but put the date of 1652 on it, so as not to seem to (trespass on) the King's prerogative. They make frequent musters. Total forces by land 50,400. (New York, &c. 1,500, Connecticut 14,000, Providence, &c. 1,000, Plymouth 1,000, Massachusetts 30,000, New Hampshire 1,800, Mayne 1,000, Kennebec 100). As to shipping he conceived there might be about 200 sail belonging to New England, 8 or 10 ships of 200 tons burden each. 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XX VII., No. 78.]
June 21.
Nevis.
567. Sir Chas. Wheler, Governor of the Leeward Islands, to (Sec. Lord Arlington ?). Arrived on Whitsunday [11 June], and two or or three days after Sir Thos. Lynch or Capt. Hubbard seized a ship in this road, and without more ado concluded she was prize and made her sail with them on Friday; but the prize spent one of her masts, and while that was mending Sir Chas. sent the enclosed to Capt. Hubbard, who returned the answer herewith sent, and so left the ship to be judged here. Supposes he has power to erect a Court of Admiralty, having power to erect "all sorts of courts "; but, though appointed vice-admiral, is bound by "such instructions as he shall receive from H.R.H.", which he conceives is only at sea; however, that he may walk the surest path, intends to try the ship in a Court of Record, and report to his Majesty. Endorsed, "R. Aug. 30." Encloses,
567. I. Sir Chas. Wheeler to Capt. Hubbard, of H.M.S. Assistance in Nevis Road. Whereas several merchants of this island have complained that he intends to seize and carry away the ship James of Belfast to Jamaica, on pretence that she is lawful prize; but as there is a Court of Record here where Sir Chas. is Governor, he has erected a Court of Admiralty here. If said ship be condemned, the Act plainly says one-third of the penalty will be to the Governor of the place where the seizure be made. Promises a fair trial here or in Montserrat, but he has not complied in any reasonable answer. Will represent to his Majesty the grievance to his subjects in Hubbard making himself a judge, whereas he is only a seizer. Earnestly presses him not to do anything by force, but to proceed legally.
567. II. Capt. John Hubbard to Sir Chas. Wheeler. Has not time to consider his, being under sail with the prize. When he first spoke of it Sir Chas. said there was no Admiralty here, and would have him carry her to Montserrat, and that he was not concerned, it being seized before publication of his commission. Would gladly have had her tried here had there been a court, and he had time; but Sir Thos. Lynch commands him immediately to be gone, and he believes the Act will justify him in trying her in any Court of Record convenient for his voyage. Believes Sir Chas. mistakes the Act as to the other clause, for the King's Commanders have more latitude than ordinary informers, and if he tries her here there is nothing due to the Governor, but one moiety to the Admiral or Commander and the other to the King, which may be as well answered to his Majesty in one Government as another. P.S. The above is his own clear sense, but in obedience to Sir Thos. Lynch's commands intends to leave her behind, not questioning but to receive right from his justice. Together, 3 1/2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XX VI., Nos. 79, 79 I., II.]
June 22. Barbadoes. 568. Sir Tobias Bridge to Sec. Lord Arlington. Has received his Majesty's most gracious and kind letter; and his instructions for disbanding the regiment under his command have been communicated by Sir Chas. Wheeler to the Deputy Governor, himself, and the regiment. Sir Chas. Wheeler and Sir Thos. Lynch set sail for the Leeward Isles after five days' stay, so that the stating of the accounts lies upon the Deputy Governor and himself, who have contracted with Sir Chas. that the soldiers choosing to return for England shall be ready to embark on the Constant [? Noble] Katherine or some other good ship on 16th of next month, when doubts not all their accounts will be stated. Has sent orders to Lt.-Col. Stapleton to cause his Majesty's instructions to be put in execution jointly with Sir Chas. Will commit the care of those transported to Capts. Barrett and Painter and other officers to keep them in order, and await his Lordship's commands for disposing of their arms; and has written to Major Andros meantime to receive his Lordship's commands herein. Will accompany his poor comrades to England if possible, or at furthest follow by the next opportunity. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVI., No. 80.]
June 22.
Barbadoes.
569. Sir Tobias Bridge to Major Edmund Andros, at Lord Craven's house in Great Drury Lane. Though he so lately wrote, sends these few lines by Lt. Morgan. They are very busy stating the accounts according to instructions, which is very troublesome, and fears will be injurious to several who were listed in this island at their first coming over, and went to the Leeward Isles and were taken prisoners at St. Kitts, and so continue; but the instructions are positive. Hopes he will make diligent inquiry for the arrival of the ship Noble Katherine, in which it is intended to ship at least 200 of the old men, that care may be taken for their reception. She went with Sir Chas. Wheeler to Nevis, but expects her return daily, and 16th July the soldiers are to be shipped. Intends to send Capts. Barrett and Paynter and other officers to see good order kept and the arms delivered to the Tower or disposed of as he shall procure orders to direct. Respects to Capts. Cotter and Talbot and other friends. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVI., No. 74.]
June 22.
Whitehall.
570. Warrant to the Clerk of the Signet. To prepare a Bill to pass the Great Seal for making Abraham Espinosa, of Jamaica, merchant, an alien born, a free denizen of England; with a clause that he shall have no benefit thereof until he has taken the oaths of allegiance and supremacy before the Governor or Deputy Governor of the island. 1/2 p. [Dom. Entry Bk., Chas. II., Vol. XXXVI., p. 15.]
June 23.
Virginia.
571. Governor Sir William Berkeley to (Secretary Lord Arlington). Scarborough's estate so secured that on his life Fairfax [Farvacks] shall not lose one penny of his debt. Again petitions him to procure his Majesty's grant of the Surveyor-General's place for his brother Culpeper [see No. 644]; his father lost all his estate, life, and liberty in the King's service. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVI., No. 82.]
June 26.
Virginia.
572. Thomas Ludwell, Secretary to (Secretary Lord Arlington). Since his last here is come the new patent for the land between Rappahannock and Patowmeck Rivers, which formerly demurred to by the Government and Council, is now readily submitted to and the limitations thankfully acknowledged, but being not two years old and granting land taken up nine years before breeds infinite discontents and may produce sad effects. Has never observed anything so much move the people's grief or passion, or which doth more put a stop to their industry, than their uncertainty whether they should make a country for the King or other Proprietors. The patentees' agents begin already to slight the Government further than their patent warrants, and he believes their design is to get themselves freed wholly from this Government, which would ruin the country and render it incapable to defend itself. This grant includes at least a third of all left to poor Virginia by the other Proprietors of acres. Begs a stop may be put to their further pretensions till the next Assembly represent the ruin that is like to fall upon them, and that he will conceal this relation from the fury of Mr. Justice Morton. 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVI., No. 83.]
June 28.
Tower of
London.
573. Chas. Modyford to Sec. Lord Arlington. Sends letter and paper just received from his father, and likewise, in obedience to his Lordship's commands, the account of his father's estate, begging his Lordship to consider his own condition. Encloses,
573. I. An account of the profits accrued to Sir Thomas Modyford by being Governor of Jamaica. The country gave him 1,000l. per annum out of an imposition on liquors, which for the five years made not above 600l. per annum. The privateers gave him 20l. for every commission, which in all may amount to about 400l., and all their presents and his gains by them directly or indiretly never exceeded 500l. His plantations were produced by his stock carried from Barbadoes and effects sent to him from England, and are valued at three or four years' purchase. As for his estate in the writer's hands, he is debtor; what he depended on in England was the establishment money due from his Majesty, which is now 6,250l.; his Majesty's 15th of prizes brought in by privateers, amounting to 600l. or 700l., were expended on fortifications, besides which he disbursed out of his own money on fortifications 2,500l., for which his Majesty is debtor, with interest at 15 per cent. for two years, according to the custom of the country, 750l.; he paid also by order of his Majesty and Council, 1,100l., interest for which at 6 per cent. amounts to 132l.; all which sums amount to 10,732l., which is all Sir Thos'. estate that he knows of in Europe. Together, 1 1/2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVI., Nos. 84, 84. I.]
June 28. 574. Copy of the preceding. Signed in the margin by H. Slingesby. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XXVII., 134.]
June. 575. Petition of John Fairvack, of London, merchant, to the King and Privy Council. Recapitulates what has been done in reference to the debt of 840l. sterling due from Edmund Scarborough to petitioner's father, now deceased, and Governor Berkeley's suspension of the execution of the judgment given in petitioner's favour. Prays that the Governor may be ordered to take off said suspension that justice may not be delayed. Endorsed, "Recd 2 June '71. Read in Council 7 July '71. To be heard when his Royal Highness is present. To be heard 15 Sept." 1 p. [Col. Papers, Vol. XXVI., No. 85.]
June 28.
St. Jago
de la Vega.
576. Minutes of the Council of Jamaica. Present, Sir Thos. Lynch, Knt., Lieut.-Governor Sir Jas. Modyford, Major-General Banister, Thos. Modyford, Thos. Freeman, Thos. Ballard, Wm. Ivey, Anthony Collier, John Coape, Robt. Byndlosse, Thos. Fuller, Hender Molesworth, Robt. Freeman, Chas. Whitfield, and John White, all of whom were this day sworn of the Council. Ordered, on a motion made by several Judges for payment of their salaries, that inspection be made into the accounts of the revenue, and if there be any money in the Treasury that they be paid according to the Act in that case provided. Ordered, that Proclamation be forthwith made that all proceedings at law issued in the name of Sir Thomas Modyford continue in force till the next Supreme Court, and that all Justices of the Peace act by virtue of their commissions from Sir Thos. Modyford until new commissions shall be issued. Ordered, that St. Elizabeth and Clarendon parishes be united, and all proceedings both of Courts of Judicature and Sessions of the Peace be held for both parishes at the Court in Clarendon parish. Adjourned for eight weeks. 2 pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XXXIV., 221–222.]
June ? 577. "Considerations humbly offered by Sir Thomas Modyford, setting forth how his Majesty's interest may be strengthened in the West Indies by coming into a nearer friendship with the Buccaniers of Hispaniola, which may grow in time to that greatness that they will put themselves under his Majesty's Government." In primis, the Buccaniers of Hispaniola, being most French, and the rest Dutch, Walloons and [English, are in revolt against the French Government, and have offered all they have to Sir Thos. Modyford's protection. It will be no difficult matter by infusing fears and jealousies into their leaders to keep them in revolt. They have already applied to the Dutch, who have supplied them with arms and ammunition and carried away their tobacco, but supposes they intend no further than matter of trade; however, it were better the Dutch have them than the French. The Spaniards fear them much, and Don Francisco Calderon, Envoy from St. Domingo, told him they wished an accommodation made, viz., that the Buccaniers should quietly keep their bounds, and the Spaniards theirs; and the President "had commanded the rounds upon pain of death not to kill a buckaneer." Is persuaded the Buccaniers will apply to him for making those articles of accommodation, and it is possible the Spaniards will do the like, for "they acknowledge our King to be the best friend the Spaniard hath in Europe," and is so strong that he may compel the Buccaniers to reason; and. being armed with this power doubts not to fix it so, that the English shall have the greatest interest in that island. Is so near and the privateers of this port have so much influence with the Buccaniers, that he may make use of time and occasion; and success must be thereunto referred, and to the powers he may be entrusted with. Signed by H. Slingesby in the margin. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XXVII., 135.]
June ? 578. "Considerations from Sir Thomas Modyford which moved him to give his consent for fitting the privateers of Jamaica against the Spaniard." 1. The peaceable state they were under, having in May 1669 called in all commissions, and never intending to give more, till in July 1670 they were enforced by the Queen of Spain's Scaedula of 20th April 1669, commanding war against them, which arrived in June 1670. 2. The execution of this war by the violences of Rivera Pardal, who, after burning their houses, took two vessels, and would have taken all vessels from England. 3. The constant advices of more vessels preparing to come to him, "every little success setting that easily heightened nation a tiptoes." 4. His Majesty's instructions empowering the Governor on extraordinary cases by the Council's advice to use extraordinary remedies. 5. The unanimous consent of the Council and their fear of the ruin of the country. 6. The complaints of the merchants, fishermen, and sailors, fears of the planters, cries of the women and children, and the danger of the Governor's person and reputation should he have denied to take arms on so general an importunity. 7. The certain increase of the enemy's courage and pride, "if it were possible," and the debasing of ours, "which is the next to beating." 8. The fatal consequences of the foregoing evils. 9. Lord Arlington's letter of 11 June 1670, which arrived in August, commanding him to keep the privateers in the posture that letter should find them in. 10 The commission to Morgan being solely to revenge these affronts and prevent more. 11. The commission to private captains being only to execute Morgan's orders, whereby it is evident nothing was in design but his Majesty's service. 12. And whereas it may be objected that the fleet might have been called in after the coast had been secured, and so the mischief at Panama prevented; it must be considered that, the privateers finding ships, arms, ammunition, and provisions on their own charge, would not have obeyed such orders, expecting "as the late Lord General, that great master of war, adviseth, the soldier to look on the enemy as the surest pay." 13. If Sir Thos. Modyford should be censured for granting this commission, then this fatal doctrine must necessarily follow, that let French, Dutch or Spaniard make war on Jamaica, the Governor must not take up any offensive arms, till he has advised his Majesty and received his Majesty's orders to proceed therein; which advice, if it escape the enemy and all sea hazards, cannot arrive under three months, attendance for orders will take two or three months or more if the enemy's ambassador be there to put in delays, and the answer may arrive in three months; which makes nine months during which the pressure of the enemy must be endured. How destructive this doctrine will prove is easily imaginable if the advice or orders be delayed or miscarry; "and therefore my humble request to your Lordships is to advise his Majesty to be sure of a prudent and loyal person for the Government, and then trust him with that commission which the wise Romans gave their generals, videat ne Insula nostra Jamaica aliquid detrimenti accipiat . . . . . the Romans giving such large powers even inItaly, at their own doors, so well did they understand that rule of trusting him that was on the place, who clearly sees what cannot be imagined by much wiser men at so great a distance." 14. They had reason to believe that this in time might so humble the Spaniards that they would be willing to embrace a free trade. "And to conclude, the necessity of affairs was such, that if it were to be done again and I assured of all the trouble which now threatens me and worse, it could not have been avoided without the manifest ruin of this island."2pp. [Col. Entry Bk., No. XXVII., 136, 137.]
June ? 579. Petition of John Horsham, George Lapthorne, John Munion, Richard Cowes, and John Warren, merchants of Plymouth, to the King. In February 1671 petitioners sent over to Jamaica John Head and John Molum as their factors, who being deficient in making returns, petitioners pray his Majesty's letter to Lt.-Gov. Sir Thos. Lynch to countenance Samuel Girard, whom petitioners are now sending over, to require Head and Molum to render him all petitioner's goods, together with books, accounts, and particulars of debts. Annexed,
579. I. The King to Lt.-Gov. Sir Thos. Lynch. Draft of the letter requested in above petition. Endorsed by Williamson, "Merchants to Jamaica," Together, 2 pp. [Col. Papers, Vol. XX VI., Nos. 86, 86. I.]