Edward VI
June 1551, 16-30

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Institute of Historical Research

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William B. Turnbull (editor)

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1861

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129-140

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'Edward VI: June 1551, 16-30', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Edward VI: 1547-1553 (1861), pp. 129-140. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=70329 Date accessed: 20 October 2014.


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June 1551, 16-31

June 16.381. The Council to the Marquis of Northampton. Had received his letter of the 6th. On Sunday last the French Ambassador notified to his Majesty his election into the Order of St. Michael, and yesterday requested audience again that he might receive an official acceptation thereof in order to certify the King his master of the same; wherein, as they can conjecture, he is a very precise and circumspect man, intending to write even the same words that he should receive. Desire him to explain to the French King the high gratification of their master, which was perhaps not so apparent to the Ambassador. "The King's Majesty's young nature being of such modesty that in his most gladness hath not much outward show thereof, and besides that his Majesty's French speech being not natural to him, cannot so abundantly express the joy of his heart as if he should have answered in his natural speech as the French King did in his." Are informed that the English Commissioners and the Scots have agreed upon a treaty, the particulars of which in writing they expect to receive by Sir Thomas Chaloner in four days, and request him to notify this to the French King. [Three pages. Draft.]
June 16.
Nantes.
382. The Marquis of Northampton to the Council. When he reached Blois, Mandosse invited him to visit the King's children, then in the castle. Next morning, horses being sent for him and his company, they rode to the castle, where they were received by the Governor with great ceremony, and being brought to the Dauphin's presence, were embraced of him, the Duke of Orleans, and the two young ladies, their sisters, as amiably as could be imagined. On Saturday night he lodged at Saumur, and after supper was visited by Marshal St. André, who told him that he intended to be at Boulogne about the end of the month, whence he would proceed by sea direct to London, minding to return by land to Dover and thence to Calais. The Marshal again called next morning before starting: he takes with him a train of 700 horse at the least. The same day a "fond part happened in Saumur. A lewd priest had been with his pix to minister after their manner to some sick person;" and passing by the lodgings of the Marquis, the most of whose company were in the streets, and "seeing that none of them would stoop to his idol, he fell in such a rage as were too long to rehearse." This had been evil taken by the authorities, who committed the priest to ward, and sent to apologise for "the priest's lewdness, whom they would see punished as his folly deserved." He thanked them, and interceded for the priest, desiring no man's hurt, the rather that the fault had been found by themselves, no complaint having been made on the part of the English. He arrived here yesterday, and was welcomed with a solemn peal of gunshot out of the castle. On his landing the President, Provost, and chief men of the town met him and welcomed him with an oration. Was attended to his lodging by the lieutenant of the castle with the guard, and immediately thereafter M. de Chastillon also arrived, and, booted and spurred, visited him with many congratulations, telling him that the King would be glad to see him at Chateaubriand next Friday. Believes that next Sunday the King determines to receive the Order. Requests that if Sir William Pickering's credentials and instructions have not been despatched, they may be forwarded in time; and that they will send back Francis the bearer immediately, as he is so necessary a man for divers good services that few of his sort can handle so well as he. [Four pages and a half. Indorsed by Cecil.]
June 20.
Rome.
383. Intelligence from Rome. On Sunday night Matthew della Porte, sent by his Holiness to Parma with a brief of peace, returned with the same unperused. This highly enraged his Holiness, who considered himself excessively insulted, because on Monday previous, the 8th inst., Duke Octavio had written to him from Reggio, being there with the Duke of Ferrara and Cardinal de Medicis, of his inclination to return to obedience, giving up Parma in exchange for Camerino, and submitting almost to his Holiness' pleasure. The refusal of the Duke to receive the brief is by many attributed to Don Diego having early intelligence of its publication and sending to Don Ferrante, who by the time it arrived in Parma had so employed his troops there as to make the Duke wish no more such communications. Sig. Astor Baglione was arrested on Sunday, and next day taken to a castle of Julio Duffalino; and on the previous night the officers went to the house of the Count Pittigliano, but did not find him there. Last Monday there was a consistory. His Holiness made vacant the legation of Viterbo, which was St. Angelo's and gave it to Carpi, who left on the following Monday to take possession, and on the same day Sig. Rodolpho Baglione was sent with 3,000 foot and 300 horse to take Castro, and being restored in all that Pope Paul had taken from him, on Thursday left Rome for the said enterprise. On Wednesday there was a congregation of Cardinals, at which his Holiness was present, where it was resolved that Sig. Juliano Cesarini, Sig. Alessandro Colonna, and Sig. Giovan. Anto, di Gravina should raise infantry and horse for de fence of the city, as well as to patrol the coast, if necessary, in regard of the Turk's fleet; and to raise money for this and other matters besides the sums payable to all the officers, to levy a fresh housetax on the city, payable by landlord and tenant, at the rate of a giulio per scudo on the rental; and the same day it seems his Holiness sent his master of the household to Cardinal Farnese, wishing him to give up the whole armoury, which it is said will supply more than 800 men. On Thursday there was another congregation, where it was resolved to send a brief to the two Cardinals Farnese exhorting them to return to Rome. The same day his Holiness gave permission to the Cardinals of Tournon and Ferrara to leave Rome, but conditionally that neither the one nor the other should go beyond Ferrara and Venice under pain of privation of the hat. There is a probability of peace between Duke Octavio and his Holiness. It is said there is to be a creation of Cardinals for the purpose of raising money. [Italian. Two pages.]
June 21.
Venice.
384. Peter Vannes to the Council. Letters from Rome of the 14th curt. mention that the Duke of Ferrara had been mediating between the Bishop of Rome and Duke Octavio at the instance of the former, and that the Duke had agreed to restore Parma on condition of receiving the estate of Camerino, with 8,000 crowns per annum, and the life-possession of Civitas Nova [Città Nuova]. The Bishop was therewith well pleased; caused it to be propounded in the consistory, and despatched a brief to the Duke. Cardinals Tournon and Farnese refused to be present at the consistory, and M. Monluc said that the Bishop of Rome and others going about this kind of peace did as they that reckon beside their host. On the other hand the Emperor had offered to the Bishop, that in case Parma were restored to him, he would be content to deliver into his hands such part of the country as at present he occupies. The news from Lombardy are that Don Fernando has entered the country of Parma; de vastating the smaller towns and destroying the crops. In like manner Pietro Strozzi had left Mirandola and entered the territory of Bologna, spoiling the country and taking several towns and castles belonging to the Bishop of Rome, the custody of some of these castles being committed to Sig. Cornelio Bentivoglio. Wherefore the Bishop's army was fain to return from the attempt on Parma, thinking it more expedient to defend their own than to offend others. It is said that at Mirandola much preparation was being made of ladders, both of wood and of cord, and various kinds of vessels to serve upon the Po, for what intent not known. The Emperor sends into Italy 8,000 Almains and 1,000 horsemen. Letters from the Duke of Ferrara to his Ambassador here of the 25th inst. mention that on its march to join Don Fernando the Bishop of Rome's army had encountered three companies of Duke Octavio's infantry, in number 5,000 or 6,000, with some horse, going to Mirandola, and being of larger force had defeated them with much slaughter on both sides. The Duke's horse saved themselves towards Mirandola, and the chief captains of the Bishop, sorely wounded, were conveyed to Modena for recovery. On the same afternoon went towards a great bridge called Lenza, whither Don Fernando had sent to meet them 200 light horse and 100 hagbuts mounted. Many think and wish, for the pulling down of the Bishop of Rome's ungodly proceedings, that the French King should shortly strengthen his army here. The Venetians and other princes of Italy preserve neutrality towards the different parties, each looking to the conservation of his own estates. No further intelligence of the Turk's army. [Two pages.] Annexed,
384. I. The information detailed in the preceding letter. [Italian. Two pages and a half.]
June 22.
Bologna.
385. Intelligence from Bologna. The enemy's cavalry daily soeurs the country, making great booty of the cattle, besides feeding their horses with the crops in the ear, and so alarming every one, that the terrified husbandmen, instead of reaping and thrashing the grain, take refuge in the city, with their families, chattels, and cattle, and there is only wheat and meat sufficient for 15 days. If matters go on so, they who wish to live will require to reap the corn themselves with arms in their hands; and if they delay too long, what the enemy threaten, that they will burn the whole harvest, is likely to come to pass; and it must happen if they take Crevacuore, round which are encamped 2,000 of the enemy's infantry and 500 Celate, with many pieces of artillery, that maintain a constant fire on two very strong towers of the castle; these are gallantly defended by 800 infantry, but who are in great want of provisions, there being only enough for three days. And what is no good sign, 100 Celate ordered hither by Don Ferrante at the request of Sig. Giovanni Battista in defence of these places, would have wished to come within the city last night, fearing some great attack by the enemy. Three days ago our cavalry rescued M. Annibale Albergato, who had been captured by the enemy's cavalry; besides him there are four of them prisoners in Bologna, and other three were brought in yesterday, who were deprived of their arms and horses and allowed to go free. But this is a poor set-off for the numerous cattle they have captured, and of which our horsemen have recovered very few.
P.S. Crevacuore is taken, and the enemy have already arrived at San Giovanni. [Italian. Two pages.]
June 23.
Augsburg.
386. Dr. Wotton to the Council. Arrived here on the 19th inst., having been longer on the way, partly by reason of the great heat, and partly for the words which the Queen Regent and the President de Saint Maurice showed him at Brussels. For, being persuaded that the Emperor would leave Augsburg on the 2d, and that he would be unable in time to meet his Majesty there; and knowing that the Emperor's fashion of old was to give no audiences while travelling, but only when he rests anywhere by the way, had thought none could be had till he came to Worms, where the Queen and President said he would remain some time. As it would take eight or nine days for the Court to come from Augsburg to Worms, no great haste was necessary; but on arriving at that place, and finding no likelihood of the Emperor's coming, although he had met divers of the Court, and amongst others the Chapel, going down, he proceeded hither, and on the morrow after his arrival notified the same to Mons. D'Arras, requesting audience. One had been appointed for last evening, but postponed until this afternoon by reason of the Emperor having received letters which required attention. As the ordinary post leaves in the afternoon, he shall be unable to write further, but will as soon as he conveniently may after he has done with the Emperor. [One page and a half.]
June 23.
Chateaubriand.
387. The Marquis of Northampton and the other Ambassadors to the Council. Mentioning their arrival at Chateaubriand about 4 p.m. last Friday, and the occurrences of that evening and three following days, including the ceremonial of investiture, the entertainments, and coursing. Also the conferences respecting the proposed marriage of King Edward with the Queen of Scots—declined in consequence of her being affianced to the Dauphin—and then with the Princess Elizabeth, daughter of King Henry II. [Sixteen pages. Indorsed by Cecil.]
Eod. die.Copy of the preceding in Sir J. Masone's Letter-Book. [Ten pages. Printed by Tytler, Vol. i., p., 385.]
Portion of a more modern copy of the preceding. [Two pages.]
June 24.
Chateaubriand.
388. Sir Philip Hoby to Cecil. In reference to some private affairs, which he requests Cecil will urge on and send the necessary legal document for Masone's seal and signature. Their proceedings with the French stand in good terms, and he hopes are like to proceed to better. Requests to be informed of any intelligence received from the Emperor's Court, as such may be of use to the Ambassadors in their treating of the weighty matters whereon they were engaged. [One page.]
June 26.
Chateaubriand.
389. The Marquis of Northampton and the other Ambassadors to the Council. On Wednesday last, after dinner, they had another conference with the French Commissioners respecting the amount of dowry to be settled on the Princess Elizabeth in the event of her marriage with his Majesty, the particulars of which are minutely detailed. After long discussion they reduced their original demand of 1,500,000 crowns to 800,000; and the French raised their offer of 100,000 to 200,000 crowns. Desire to have farther instructions, and that they may be sent speedily by the bearer, William Thomas, as the King leaves for Nantes on Monday next, minding to tarry on the way, and there not above eight or ten days, intending to conduct the Queen where she shall be brought to bed. Such removings greatly add to their charges, and they have already troubled the country so much with the furniture of their numerous horses, that if they have to wait till the King's removing from Nantes, they believe it shall not be possible for them to be supplied, the train of the Court being so great as it is. "Garter's reward was a chain weighing 200 crowns and somewhat more, and the gown which the King wore that morning, which was of damask, set with agletts esteemed between 20 and 30 pounds." Have received the reply of the French Commissioners in writing, and send it herewith. [Six pages.]
Annexed to this letter is the reply referred to. [French. Two pages. Indorsed by Cecil.]
Eod. die.Copy of the preceding, without the reply, in Sir John Masone's Letter-Book. [Five pages.]
The reply entered separately thereafter. [Two pages.]
Extracts from the preceding letters of the 23d and 26th June [Three pages.]
June 26.
Chateaubriand.
390. The Marquis of Northampton to the Earl of Warwick. Their proceedings stay only upon the sum of the dote, wherein they have gone as far as their instructions lead. Requests speedy and complete instructions. The bearer will communicate fully his private opinions to him. [One page and a half.]
June 27.
Venice.
391. Peter Vannes to the Council. After Don Fernando Gonzaga had joined the Bishop of Rome's army, he marched towards Parma for the impeachment of the harvest there, and partly upon a mistaken trust of some rebellion in that city. Meanwhile Pietro Strozzi, with 5,000 foot and 600 horse, daily hurts and damnifies with spoiling and wasting the territory of Bologna and other possessions of the Bishop of Rome. Wherefore Don Fernando had intended to go towards him, but changed his mind, returning to Parma and pursuing the like course of devastation. M. Brissac, the French King's lieutenant of Piedmont, has written to Don Octavio to be of good cheer, as he has ready to aid him 4,000 foot and 800 horse, and that 15,000 Swiss shall shortly follow; the French King being resolved to leave nothing undone that may stand for the defence of the Farnese family, whom the Bishop of Rome is wholly bent to destroy, levying for that purpose both men and money. The Duke of Florence has lent the said Bishop 100,000 crowns, having his assurance upon the traffic of the alums in Italy, which remains in the Bishop's hands; and the Bishop is about to make 16 or 17 new Cardinals, all to the intent he may make money that way. With great difficulty he permitted Cardinals Tournon and Ferrara to leave Rome, upon condition and pain of deprivation that the latter should remain at Ferrara and the former here. He has also written briefs commanding under pains Cardinal Farnese and his brethren to return to Rome, and is offended with the Duke of Urbino for entertaining the said Cardinal, notwithstanding the Farneses are his own brothers-in-law. These proceedings are greatly misliked by the Seigniory and other princes of Italy. They write from the Imperial Court that the French Ambassador there, having inquired of the Emperor why he made war against Duke Octavio, received for answer, to assist the right of the Bishop of Rome, whom he would serve and obey to the most of his power. The Ambassador rejoined, that his master would not fail to do the like for his friends. The French here say that their King has been more slack in making of necessary provisions, trusting that motions of peace, as the Bishop of Rome had promised, had been at a point. Of the Turk's fleet since it sailed from Constantinople no certain news have been heard, whereat they much marvel here. Many think they will land on some part of the realm of Naples. It is said the Prince of Spain will go to Spain, and the King of Bohemia remain in Italy, who being so great a personage is nothing allowed in the secret hearts of great men of this country. [Two pages. Indorsed by Cecil.]
June 30.
Augsburg.
392. Sir Richard Morysine to the Council. Because Wotton writes at large what answer the Emperor makes to the requests moved for, and has no leisure as yet to learn the news of the Court, Morysine is again driven to do as well as he can, because the one that can do better is, by greater affairs, otherwise occupied. Letters from Italy confirm the skirmish for the passage, and most of them agree that the slain on both sides are much fewer than were reported at first to have been on the one. Matters of Parma had been nearly agreed upon between the Bishop and Octavio, but Ferrante Gonzaga, enemy to this atonement, while they were on the point of settlement, fell to the spoiling of certain villages; whereupon Octavio tore the writing in pieces, and will hearken to no more accord. So solicitous for peace is the Duke of Ferrara, that he left not to offer to Octavio his son in hostage and his fortresses in pledge, that the Bishop, or he for the Bishop, would see performed whatsoever was promised; but Octavio, now past trusting the Bishop, means to trust himself, and such as he hopes will not deceive him. Ferrante has done no more harm about Parma than Strozzi and Octavio have done about Bologna. Ferrante is battering Colorno and Peu, two castles now in the hands of Octavio. Strozzi has sacked Crevacuore, not far from Bologna, and has taken Castel St. Agatha, in which he has left a garrison. Horatio has taken Castel St. Giovanni, and left in it as guardian Sig. Cornelio Bentivoglio. Camillo Orsino was opposed to Baptista di Monte leaving Bologna without a garrison of 2,000 men; but the Bishop's nephew, furious and headlong, not much unlike his uncle, uses haste and heats for his councillors, and by leaving Bologna thus unprovided, has put it in great hazard, if Bentivoglio has any friends alive that dare help him home. It were not amiss that Julius III. did render by force to this man's family what Julius II. took from them by violence. Speculates on certain possibilities of those wars. The French say there are men in readiness among the Swiss who but tarry the sound of the drum. The Duke of Florence has sent Sig. Atto da Monte Aguto with 2,000 foot to the Bishop, and Sig. Rodolpho Baglione is coming from the same Duke against Octavio with a good number of horse. The Emperor has sent to Italy Baron Zesnicke with 4,000 landsknechts and 600 heavy armed horse. Gentlemen of his chamber report that the French Ambassador has been of late with the Emperor, who used very quick language to him, saying, "Mons., in France and in Almaine, I am dead once in a fortnight, or once in three weeks. True it is, I am oft sick, and could many times, in my pains, be content it were God's will to take me from this painful life. But when my pains do cease, and I hear that in France it hath been noised I was dead, or could not live, I pluck a good heart to me again, and think I find no physic that doth me more good than this my mind and desire to disappoint others that so fain would have me gone. Mons. Ambassador, I am, as you see, alive; and see that you tell your master, if he will not let me alone, I am like enough to live to put him to farther trouble than ever I did his father." The Ambassador told Wotton and him a piece of the tale; but, taking them for his friends, bestowed only the sweet upon them, keeping the sour for himself. Wotton says D'Arras told him a good piece of the tale, all but the threats; notwithstanding divers of the chamber tell the tale out as has been written. Subsequent to this interview with the Emperor, the Ambassador forthwith despatched his cousin Mons. de Formes to his master. Speculates on the results of the double dealings of "the Bishop that trotteth up and down from French to Imperials, from Imperials to French, who hath gain for his God and loss for his greatest evil." The Turk's navy seems to him to have the Jews' Messias for their lodesman, so is it still a-coming and never cometh. One of the best proofs that it is abroad is that on the 1st inst. the Venetians sent out their General to see their sea towns safe, as well from Christians as from Turks, and who will not return till foreign galleys be where they may do the Venetians no harm. It may serve as a likelihood of his coming that the Bishop of Rome gathers money to provide against his navy at all his sea towns, Terracina, Ostia, Civita Vecchia, and Spiaggia. The Bishop disburses 10,000 crowns, his Cardinals among them 5,000. the clergy, his officers, and the people of Rome 50,000. The scholars have been sent away from Pavia until the wars be at an end. There are news from Hungary that Ambassadors have come to Sig. Castaldo, saying that Fra Georgio and the rest of the realm, unless it be the Queen, Count Petrovitz, with a few others, would be glad that Ferdinando had the Vaivode's part, and so the whole realm of Hungary, so that he did provide some honourable recompence for the son and heir of the Vaivode. Supposed that the best is written to the Court and bettered in the telling, to give stomach to the Imperials, and abuse such as could better bear the contrary news. "Here is within these two days much noise of seven millions of gold come, if God will, from Peru into Spain. Two millions are for the Emperor's part, the other five millions are to be parted among a great sort of venturers such as could, what chance soever had happened, have lost no more than others do gain that bide no adventure at all. This massy treasure hath been too long a-coming, to come now so quickly. Princes are not wont to trust the seas so long with so much gold; much less merchants are to be entreated to leave such sums these many months out of their hands, not only without any usury, but with a continual hazard of the principal." If the gold were come, men think the Prince would make more haste homeward. He is still in Italy, and it is not known where or when he will embark. Hears that Melancthon has drawn up a confession for the churches in Germany; that Brentius and other learned men do the same; the whole to be afterwards gathered and confirmed by consent of the learned men in Germany. This is to be exhibited to the Council, if any, protesting thereby to the world present and to the time to come their faith which they profess toward God. If the Bishop will needs have his partial and private assembly to be taken for a General Council, then they will use such means of defence as right and law offer them against an unrighteous judge in his own cause. Trusts their Lordships will now either let both Wotton and him come home, or, if they shall alter purposes, send him his despatch and Wotton his abode. Most humbly beseeches them that he may come home if they mean (which he trusts in God they do not) to suffer the Emperor's massing Ambassador, by foul and hateful idolatry, to provoke God's wrath upon the realm, and shall not be able to provide at the Emperor's hands that the King's Ambassador may rightly serve God abroad. "Whatsoever he saith of me, how gentle soever his answer is, I must pray your honours to remember what he writeth of me, and not what he saith to Mr. Wotton of me. I suspect his gentleness a good deal worse than I was afraid of his testiness. I am in no better favour with him than any in my case can be; neither do I desire to buy his love upon such price, as both he holdeth it, and I am certain hereafter I shall not be able to live of it. I trust your Lordships do perceive the fault was in the matter, and not in me, that I sped no better. Mr. Wotton hath a more mannerly nay than I had, but even as flat a nay as mine was, the Emperor's choler spent upon me, hath taught him to use others with more gentleness." [Four pages and a half.]
June 30.
Augsburg.
393. Dr. Wotton to the Council. . . . . . . Had informed the Emperor of his Majesty's desire to be supplied with 20 lasts of powder, and other things, as contained in a schedule delivered to Mons. D'Arras. The Emperor expressed himself glad to gratify his Majesty if there were sufficient powder in the Low Countries to serve necessities at home and friends abroad, and turned Wotton over again to M. D'Arras, who prayed him for the passion of God to bear with him three or four days till the King of the Romans be gone. He then begun to speak of the friar, and of the report of the naming of England to be all Jewish, when the Emperor by signs and nods willed those of his chamber to depart so as to leave them alone. . . . . (illegible). The Emperor continued, "Ought it not to suffice you that ye spill your own souls, but that ye have a mind to force others to lose theirs too? My cousin, the Princess, is evil handled among you; her servants plucked from her, and she still cried upon to leave mass, to forsake her religion, in which her mother, her grandmother, and all our family have lived and died." Said to his Majesty that when he left England she was honourably entertained in her own house, with such about her as she herself best liked, and thought she must be so still, since not hearing to the contrary he was driven to think there is no change. "Yes, by St. Mary, saith he, of late they handle her evil, and therefore say you hardly to them, I will not suffer her to be evil handled by them. I will not suffer it. Is it not enough that mine aunt, her mother, was evil entreated by the King that dead is, but my cousin must be worse ordered by councillors now? I had rather she died a thousand deaths, than that she should forsake her faith and mine. The King's Majesty is too young to skill of such matters." Professing that it became him not to dispute with his Majesty, yet was forced somewhat to answer him, said he knew the King's Majesty was young in years, but yet, the Lord be praised for his gifts poured upon him, as able to give an account of his faith as is any Prince in Christendom being of thrice his years; and as for the Lady Mary, though she had a king to her father, hath a king to her brother, and is akin to the Emperor; yet in England there is but one king, and the king hath but one law to rule all his subjects by. The Lady Mary being no king, must content herself to be a subject. "A gentle law, I tell you, said he, that is made, the King's Majesty being no" . . . . (illegible). Wotton appears then to have sought permission for Chamberlain to have the English service in his own house, without access of strangers. "English service in Flanders! quoth he; speak not of it. I will suffer none to use any doctrine or service in Flanders that is not allowed of the Church." . . . . Said, that "if his cousin the Lady Mary might not have her masses, he would provide for her a remedy, and in case his Ambassador were restrained from serving of God, he had already given him order if the restraint come to-day that he should to morrow depart." . . . . While he was writing the French Ambassador called and mentioned that two days since he had letters from France, and that there never was greater hope of amity between his country and England than at present. . . . Many think France will break with the Emperor. Venice arms 50 galleys, which is considered a sign that the Turk will come. The Emperor is amended very suddenly, and looketh meetly well of it. Upon Saturday last he invested his son in the Dukedom of Burgundy. Men much wonder that the Prince was not invested while the Electors were here, more that he neither tarried to do this while the King of the Romans was gone, nor brought it to pass that the King of Romans, being the next door to him, came to this solemnity. Their houses stand so that the King of the Romans at pleasure may come to the Emperor unseen. Most true it is that neither the King of the Romans, nor Maximilian, nor the Archduke came thither, and yet the Emperor came out of his chamber and did his son this honour in the chamber of presence. To-day or tomorrow the King of the Romans departs. On Friday last took leave of him; he sends his Majesty most hearty commendations with offer of perpetual amity. The King is much fallen away since he saw him last. . . . . There is great dearth in Italy, especially in Rome; many dead there for hunger. Bread in Rome is in wonderful scarcity: their corn was wont to come from Sicily, Naples, and Spain, and now in all these places restraint is made that none go abroad. Magdeburg does well. "If your Lordships shall think well the Ambassador to be restrained . . . . doubt but ye will also . . . . away, for I may happen to meet with a mess of foul play ere I get home. I think to do me pleasure he himself would witness that I am very fit for the fire that is God's angel. If your Lordships keep this there till I be past the places of peril, I will think I have great wrong if he be not in his grave when I shall be out of the fire." [Eight pages. Imperfect draft. Mutilated, and almost illegible; the document being destroyed by the injudicious application of galls.]
Along with the preceding, in handwriting of the early part of last century, is the following précis either of the original letter, now missing, or of the lost portions of the draft.
"Mr. Nicholas Wotton, Ambassador with the Emperor at Augsburg, had audience of him, and having declared his instructions unto the Emperor, his answers were:—
"1. That my Lady Mary's matter concerning mass was of importance, and therefore he said he would think of it and speak with D'Arras, of whom he should know his answer in it.
"2. That as for the request for the King's Highness' Ambassador to have the communion secretly, &c., he knowing in his conscience that the communion, used as it is in England, is not good, but contrary to the order used by all the Church so many hundred years, he should offend God if he permitted it, and that therefore he may not and would not do it.
"3. That as for the arrests made in the Low Countries, the Emperor made strong at it, and said he knew nothing of it. 'Marry,' quoth he, 'the French at Dieppe had staid some of my subjects' ships, whereupon the French ships were staid again in the Low Countries; and unless there were some of the English merchantmen's goods in their ships, he knew not what it should mean.' He could say no more to it at this time, but he said he would write to the Queen his sister of it, who shall certify and satisfy the English Ambassador there in this point.
"4. That the Emperor did remit Mr. Wotton for an answer for the licence for the powder to Mons. D'Arras, whereupon he was earnest with Mons. D'Arras for it. His excuses were, that the King of England had no need at that time of it; that the Emperor had need of it, and should lack for himself, for now the Turk hath opened the war again."
June 30.
[Greenwich.]
394. King Edward VI. to Sir John Masone, recalling him from his embassy in France. [One page. Draft.]
June 30.
[Greenwich.]
395. Same to Sir William Pickering, intimating his appointment as resident Ambassador in France. [One page. Draft.]
June 30.
[Greenwich.]
396. Instructions from King Edward VI. to Sir William Pickering, to be observed by him on entering upon his duties as Ambassador after the departure of Sir John Masone. [Five pages. Indorsed by Cecil. Draft.]
June 30.
Greenwich.
397. Second instructions given by the King and Council to the Marquis of Northampton and his colleagues. They may accept of 600,000 crowns, but no less; shall agree to no relinquishment of his Majesty's titles, rights, or claims to anything in France or Scotland; shall decline any offensive and defensive war treaty; and shall listen to no alterations of religion in England, that "perchance may be moved by the practices of the Romans and their adherents." [Two pages. Copy in Sir J. Masone's Letter-Book.]
June 30.
Greenwich.
398. Letter from the Council to the Marquis of Northampton and his colleagues. Have received their letter of the 23d by Sir William Cobham, and highly approve of their proceedings. The suite of the Marquis de St. André had been ordered to take shipping at Boulogne, and on the 1st or 2d of July the Marquis himself would embark at Dieppe. Send farther instructions. By letter from Morysine of the 9th inst. learn that Dr. Wotton was at Ulm and would in two days be at the Emperor's Court. In Flanders the Regent waxeth very gentle to English merchants, has granted the requests of the merchants that made the forfeiture there, and farther offers by their Ambassador in England to cause the penal laws of Flanders touching the punishment of not tolled merchandise to be qualified and made easier. The gentleness is more than has been wont, the cause whereof may be conjectured. Hear that there is preparation of ships to the seas, and Skipperus appointed thereto; and that the frontiers of Flanders are full of men of war and upon good guard. Inclose the letters and instructions of Sir W. Pickering. [Nine pages. Indorsed by Cecil. Draft.]
Eod. die.Copy of the preceding in Sir John Masone's Letter-Book. [Three pages.]