Mary
June 1556

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Institute of Historical Research

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William B. Turnbull (editor)

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1861

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227-231

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'Mary: June 1556', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Mary: 1553-1558 (1861), pp. 227-231. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=70433 Date accessed: 30 August 2014.


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Contents

June 1556

June 8.
Rome.
507. Cardinal Morone to Queen Mary. Expressive of his sense of her Majesty's thanks for the little service rendered to her and her realm, at the request of Cardinal Pole. Her Majesty's Envoy will testify to his desire to fulfil her wishes in all things. [Latin. One page.]
June 9.
Rome.
508. Sir Edward Carne to same. On Corpus Christi, Francisco arrived in post, bringing her Majesty's letters for the expedition of the bishoprics of Winchester and Chester, those for his Holiness, and that of the 30th March for himself. On Saturday the 6th had audience, and delivered them to his Holiness in presence of Cardinal Morone; at the same time declaring his instructions. His Holiness could not express how much he was beholden to that blessed Queen, making a cross upon her Majesty's name contained in the letter, and said he would cause her letter to be read in the consistory. Touching the peace, he was wondrous glad to hear that it should not want her Majesty's furtherance; and said that he had sent two Legates for that purpose, in discharge of his duty towards God, for if he did not declare unto the Sovereigns the great necessity of the common weal of all Christendom to have a perfect peace, God would impute his silence thereon to him, appointed as he is over His flock here. It was more than time to be doing therein, considering the realm of Poland does so waver, that the King there, being compassed with naughty sects round about him, neither can nor dare do anything against them. The King of the Romans is similarly situated, and both daily call upon his Holiness for help, and some provision for amendment, which he cannot do without a General Council. This, he said, cannot be well done unless peace is made; for although there might be abstinence from war, the uncertainty of peace would be occasion to keep men in arms, and mistrust of each other would render the passages unsafe for such as should come to the Council. Such Council he designs to hold here in St. John Lateran, being in every respect the fitter spot, as the head Church in Christendom, where many wholesome and holy Councils have in times past been held, and Rome being the communis patria, free of resort to all the world. Moreover, it had often been thought that more good might have been done in councils where the Pope was present; and therefore he should preside over this, which, being in a manner decrepit for age, he could not do were it held elsewhere, by reason of his inability to travel. In regard to the provisions of Winchester and Chester, it shall be done as speedily as possible, but will require a somewhat longer time, as the process made by the Lord Legate to try the yearly value of Winchester must be committed to certain Cardinals whereon to report to the Consistory before the new tax can be made; but no time shall be lost, as it shall be diligently solicited. So also the pension of 1,000l. sterling yearly to the Lord Cardinal shall be assigned according to her Majesty's pleasure, which in all things shall be followed with good speed. In such Cardinal Morone, who rejoices much in her Majesty's letters, does travail, as he is most ready always in whatever relates to her Majesty or her realms. Since his letter of 15th ult., occurrents have been few. On the 19th Cardinal Caraffa left for France with divers antiquities, to be presented to the French King; and some say that part of his charge is to have the said King to take under his protection the Dukedom of Paliano, as he has Parma and Mirandola. A number of workmen have gone to fortify Paliano, Neptuno, and Rocca del Papa, and several captains have also been sent there. The Legate to the Emperor left on the 30th ult. The Ambassador from Poland has returned. Understands that his petition to his Holiness was for licence to priests to marry, the laity to communicate under both species in that country, and for certain dimes upon the clergy, to be spent against the Turk. The answer which he received was general, with a reference of all such matters to the General Council. Four Ambassadors from Genoa have also been here very honourably, with the obedience of that state to his Holiness; they visited Carne, declaring the goodwill, amity, and service that the state has to their Majesties, desiring him to inform her Majesty thereof. On the 26th ult. his Holiness kept the anniversary of his coronation, when he was warned to be at the chapel by the officers appointed for that purpose, and was invited to dine with the Pope that day. Being at the Court, on his Holiness coming forth, the Portuguese Ambassador would have kept him from his accustomed place next the French Ambassador, and next to Carne would be the Ambassador of Poland. "I came to the Ambassador of Portugal as gently as I could, and for that he would not give me my place, I took him by the shoulder and removed him out of that place, saying that it was your Majesty's Ambassador's place always. Beneath me he would not stand, neither next me he should not, for the Ambassador of Polonia who claimed next to me. Whereupon the Portugal went and complained to the Duke of Paliano, who went straight to the Pope, and after him went the said Ambassador of Portugal to him himself. His Holiness willed him to depart there hence; he desired that I should depart likewise. And thereupon the Duke came to me saying that the Pope his pleasure was I should depart also. I asked him, why ? He said that his Holiness, to avoid dissension, would have me to depart. I told him I made no dissension, for if the other would keep his own place, and not to usurp upon the place that always the Ambassadors of England in times past were wont to be in, he might be in quiet, and suffer me to be in quiet likewise, and not to seek that seemed him not. All this year he never sought it till now: why now I cannot tell. But he may be sure he shall not have it of me, unless your Majesty command it. Also the Master of the Household, with his Holiness, said that I was invited, and that Portugal was not, but came upon his own head. I am much bound to the Marquis of Saria; he was very angry with the Portugal, being his brother, to attempt any such thing against your Majesty's Ambassador, and sent to me as soon as he heard of it. Indeed he was not there. I kept my place from him, sending him to seek his place in such sort that all the Ambassadors there thought it well done, and others that were indifferent said no less. I told the Duke that I would not lose a jot of your Majesty's honour for no man; for it is the place for Ambassadors of England nigh 1,000 years before there was any King in Portugal." [Four pages.]
June 19.
Paris.
509. Dr. Wotton to Sir William Petre. Two days after his last letter, Gower by appointment met Somer, whom Wotton had instructed to assure him that the Queen took his advertisements in good part, and if he served her faithfully therein would not fail to consider it as it should deserve. Gower promised very earnestly to do his best, and explained that his not seeing Somer sooner arose from the great suspicion entertained of him by the rebels, whom to make weary of watching him he had remained so long within doors. He is in great need of money, and knows not what shift to make. Says that the rebels as yet have no answer from the Earl of Devonshire, but that they sent Henry Killigrew post unto him about last Whitsuntide, and on his return, which is looked for shortly, they expect good news. They say he is in a town of the Duke of Ferrara, and is persuaded that if he should return into England, it would cost him his life. Says that the rebels begin somewhat to mislike things now, and do not speak so stoutly as they did at first; they are in lack of money, so that he has been driven to lend them some of the little he had. They have heard that Rosey, Danyell, and others have suffered, whereof they are very glad, as they knew most of their secrets. Also says that the Killigrews are at the sea with four or five barks, and have taken good prizes, trusting yet to take more, and in case the worst fall, the gains thereof will be able to find them all this next winter in some island. One Ormesby, who says he is a pensioner, and fled from England because he was sent for to come to the Court, has been with Wotton. He confesses that he knew of Dudley's coming over by these means; the latter wished him to be his surety for 40l., but he was warned by a friend that if he became bound, he were like to pay it himself, since Dudley would probably be outlawed for debt next term. Wherefore he excused himself, saying that he would rather give him part of the little he had than be security. On this Dudley told him that he stood in debt for 1,000 marks, and therefore was driven to flee the realm, but that he should be entertained as a captain in the French King's service. From this Ormesby dissuaded him as much as he could. Ormesby had also sold a gown to Aston, but says he never knew that either of them had any conspiracy in hand. He has been residing at Boulogne since he left England, and showed his case to Lord Clinton on his returning homeward that way. Has besought Wotton to write for him, which he now does. Never heard of him or his case before, and intends not to move more in it, unless he knows somewhat better of both than he does. To-day Somer and Gower have met again, and they have taken order how to hear of each other, as Wotton is going to the Court to remain thereabouts. [Two pages. Partly in cipher, deciphered.]
June 21.
Calais.
510. Deposition of Sir Henry Palmer ("of the age of 60 years and above") that the house and lands called Sandingfield Abbey, in French la Maison de St. Engelvert, lie within the English pale, which he proves by various instances of payment and compositions. Note.—"Sir Henry Palmer could not abide whilst the double hereof might be made out again. Nevertheless, the original hereof remaineth here subscribed with his own hand." [Four pages. Copy.]
June 24.
Calais.
511. Deposition of Sir John Peterson, priest, notary public, parson of Colham ("of the age of 72 years or thereabouts"), before Lord Wentworth and the Council of Calais, in the church of St. Nicholas there, after high mass, as to the privileges of the Hospital of St. Engelvert or Sandingfield, and its lying within the English pale. Corroborated on the day following by Sir Peter Bredvelt, late Master of the said Hospital. [Signed by both deponents. Five pages and a half.]
June [24].512. The Council to Wotton. Four or five days ago the French King's agent here delivered to them a supplication lately presented to the Constable touching the monastery of St. Engelvert, called by the English Sandingfield, to which it appears the French King lays claim, as being within the compass of his territory. Although it has been known, time out of mind, to belong to the Queen's pale, yet they had determined to search out the certainty thereof, and having for that purpose written to the Deputy and Council of Calais to signify their knowledge therein, they had received the letters, of which copies are herewith sent, relating to the evil handling of her Majesty's subjects upon the frontiers by Senarpont and the French. Though the letter of Senarpont to Lord Grey seem to be somewhat indifferently tempered, yet his doings and talk by mouth, both to the trumpet at Boulogne and to those that were sent to him to Guisnes, appear to have been more haughty and stout than courtesy and friendship require; which gives them cause to mistrust, lest some quarrel or pique be thereby intended. To avoid this, and in evidence of her Majesty's sincere desire for justice and peace, desire him to have audience of the King and Constable thereon; and touching the matter of Sandingfield, he is to explain that her Majesty found herself possessed of it at her accession, that it had been quietly possessed and enjoyed without challenge by her brother, King Edward, and her father, King Henry, to whom it was also surrendered at the suppression of the religious houses as a member of his dominions, and has with all other church lands been confirmed to her Majesty by the Pope's Holiness since she came to the crown. The most credible and ancient men of Guisnes and the Marches of Calais have also deposed the same to have ever been in their remembrance within the English pale, of which the limits extend, as they affirm and is well known, to a valley a large English mile beyond Sandingfield, where such monies as have been paid by the French for their pension or otherwise to the King of England have been received, as all proved by many writings and evidences. Wherefore her Majesty hopes the King will not allow his officers on the frontiers to prejudice her right, or interfere with the husbandmen in their agricultural operations in the said territory, but will be content to name one or more on his part to meet with Commissioners from her Majesty, calmly to debate this his alleged claim. With reference to the note given to Wotton by the Constable concerning certain spoils committed on the French by Cole and other pirates, her Majesty has been informed that this Cole, with Stevenson, Thomson, and other pirates, are presently on the seas, and have taken several merchantmen of Bristol and others, indifferently of English, Spanish, Flemish, Irish, and French traders. Her Majesty is therewith so much offended that she has appointed [some of her navy to chase these pirates]. [Twelve pages. Draft, imperfect.]
June 27.
Brussels.
513. Emanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy, to Queen Mary. Recommends Col. Wallerthum, a German, already recommended to her by the King. Hopes that by her Majesty's favour he will obtain his rights. [French. One page.]
June 29.
Brussels.
514. Sir John Masone to [Peter Vannes]. This is to accompany Sir Philip Hoby's letters inclosed, wherein he thinks he makes answer touching the factor provided for at Luque [Lucca]. The realm is out of debt, in perfect quietness, the matter of the conspiracy excepted; having come to the bottom of which, and examined the matter thoroughly, trusts they will shortly be quiet in that also. Lewknor, the groom-porter, Francis and Edmund Verney, and one Turner, were condemned on the 17th inst. God send them their pardon, or else to die His servants! The King of Bohemia arrived this day at Spires, so as about the 15th or 16th proximo they trust to have him in Brussels. The King is setting his stable and a part of his house in order to be sent to England, and they trust he will be ready himself to set off about the end of next month. The pestilence begins here to be somewhat hot, and therefore this day the Emperor and his Majesty depart hence, the one to a monastery, and the other to a house of pleasure two leagues out of the town. The Emperor rides upon a mule so lustily as these seven years he showed not so great a cheer. "The frantic Pope hath, I think, made him call his spirits together."
P.S.—Vannes' last letters were very short, and by the ordinary just arrived hears there is none at all. Until he hears again, this is to be the last. If there be any occasion for Vannes to slack friendship, wishes he knew it. [Two pages. Indorsed, "A copy of a letter sent from Mr. Masone to the Ambassador here at Venice."]


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