America and West Indies
June 1689

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

J. W. Fortescue (editor)

Year published

1901

Pages

57-76

Annotate

Comment on this article
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'America and West Indies: June 1689', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 13: 1689-1692 (1901), pp. 57-76. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=70671 Date accessed: 01 October 2014.


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

Contents

June 1689

June 3.167. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. The Commissioners of Admiralty attended and gave an account of the fleet. Memorandum of documents received. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CIX., pp. 226–228.]
June 3.168. William Blathwayt to the Attorney and Solicitor-General. Forwarding the state of the case respecting the repeal of an Act by Royal proclamation, for their opinions. (See No. 232.) [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXXIII., p. 265.]
June 3.169. List of ships presented by the Lords of the Admiralty for the squadron bound to the West Indies. Eight ships; to be ready in fourteen days. [Col. Entry Bks., Vol. C., p. 58, and Vol. XLVII., p. 409.]
June 3.170. Abstract of the report of the Lords of the Admiralty as to the state of the ships destined for the West Indies. The report was presented on the 6th June, and it was ordered that all diligence be used in setting out the hired ships. [Col. Entry Bks., Vol. C., p. 62, and Vol. XLVII., pp. 409–411.]
June 3.
New York.
171. Declaration of the Militia of New York. That their intention is only to safeguard the Protestant religion until the arrival of ships from the Prince of Orange, when the orders thereby brought will be promptly obeyed. Copy. ½ p. [America and West Indies. 578. No. 10.]
June 3.172. Printed copy of the preceding, as also of the declaration of the Militia of 31 May, and Henry Cuyler's deposition of 10 June (see Nos. 159, 190). Printed at Boston. 2 pp. Endorsed. Recd. 28 Nov., 1689. Duplicate of the above. Endorsed. Recd. 10 April, 1690. [America and West Indies. 578. Nos. 11, 12.]
June 3.173. Minutes of Council of New York. A message from Captain Lodowick that an express was come from Long Island reporting the arrival of five ships, but the express never appeared. Captain Leisler therefore gave the alarm in the fort. Captain Lodowick asked Colonel Bayard to issue his orders to the captains to appear, as none would do so without his orders. Colonel Bayard declined to appear in arms except as a private, while the Government was defied by the seizure of the fort. The Council however insisted that he should give orders as commanding officer.
June 4.Colonel Bayard reported that part of five companies had mutinied yesterday and joined Leisler, that two messengers from Barbados had been arrested and that preparations had been made to seize two more messengers from England and from Boston; that Leisler had grossly insulted him and had set the mob against him. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXV., pp. 109–113.]
June 5.
Barbados.
174. Lieutenant Governor Stede to Lords of Trade and Plantations. Repeating substance of the letter of May 30. (See No. 155). Signed. Edwyn Stede. Three closely written pages. Endorsed. Recd. 13 Aug., 1689. [America and West Indies. 456. No. 9, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. VIII., pp. 165–175, and pp. 180–190.]
June 6.175. Minutes of Council of New York. Resolved that the Lieutenant Governor leave for New England at once and pray for immediate relief; and that the Common Council be consulted as to a protest against the various actions of the mutinous captains. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXV., pp. 113–115.]
Duplicate copy of the Minutes from the 27th April to the 6th June, 1689. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXV., pp. 192–219.]
June 6.
Jamaica.
176. Sir Francis Watson to the King. I have duly received your Majesty's pleasure of 22 February (see No. 29), with which I have complied. I also received a letter from the Lords of the Council, and at once summoned a Council of War and proclaimed your Majesty with all possible ceremony. The frequent depredations of French and Spanish pirates, and apprehensions of the strength of the French to windward, obliged me to put the Island in a state of defence under martial law, pursuant to the late King's orders of 16 October; the French grounding their piracy on the proceedings of Sir Robert Holmes under a commission of the late King for suppressing pirates. But on receipt of your orders I directed martial law to cease. Besides the two Councillors restored by your order I have been obliged to take in two more, that were formerly suspended, to make a quorum. All is quiet here, and there is no apprehension of danger. I await your royal orders, having served for near forty years under the Lord General Monk and their late Majesties. Signed. F. Watson. 2 pp. [America and West Indies. 540. No. 6.]
June 6.
Jamaica.
177. Sir Francis Watson to Lords of Trade and Plantations. Though I have frequently addressed your Lordships since the Duke of Albemarle's death I have received no answer, so that I greatly suspect my letters have been detained, and the feelings of the people misrepresented by men of a contrary bias to the good of the Island. (I send copy of an address sent home by his late Grace through Major Knight, which sets forth the true and genuine state of the inhabitants' grievances.) And I am confirmed in my opinion by the directions of his late and present Majesty in undoing all the work done since the death of the Duke of Albemarle, which was in accordance with his Grace's methods; whereby the memory of so great and good a man is eclipsed. He was generally lamented here, especially by the planters, and he procured a perpetual Revenue Bill such as no Governor before him had been able to procure. I have recalled my proclamation of martial law in obedience to the King's orders. I must observe that the Session of the Assembly after the Duke's death was not illegal as is alleged; it was called by writ in the late King's name and sat according to precedent. There were but three Roman Catholics in the Militia, who at once quitted their commands. I have also laid aside the title of Governor in obedience to the King's orders, though I assumed it in accordance with every precedent to Colonel Doyly's time and by advice of the Crown's law-officers. The Council is so diminished by sickness that I was forced to take two suspended Councillors, Colonels Walker and Ivy, back into it. On Colonel Molesworth's arrival I shall readily submit the government to him, though I think that my forty years of service might plead somewhat for me. Signed. F. Watson. Endorsed. Recd. 23 Aug. Read 28 Aug., 1689. [Board of Trade. Jamaica, 6. No. 5, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XXXII., pp. 222–226.]
June 6.178. Sir Francis Watson to the King. I have punctually complied with your orders of 22 February, and taken off martial law, which I had proclaimed for reasons already reported. Signed. F. Watson. 1½ pp. [Board of Trade. Jamaica, 6. No. 6.]
June 6.
Hampton
Court.
179. The Dutch Ambassadors to the King. I learn that George Needham, one of the judges concerned in the unjust seizure of the ship St. Jago de la Victoria, has arrived at Plymouth with a large sum of the ship's money. I beg that he and the money may be secured pending the submission of a further memorial to you on the subject. Signed. Arnout van Citters. N. Witsen. 1 p. Endorsed. [America and West Indies. 540. No. 7, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XXXII., p. 313.]
June 6.
Boston.
180. An account of the late revolutions in New England. "I believe no part of the English America, so powerful and united as New England was, could have endured half as many abuses as we have been harassed with, with a tenth part of our patience; but our conscience was that which gave metal to our peace and kept us quiet." This sentence shows the tone of this little pamphlet. The author tries to insinuate that Sir Edmund Andros kindled the Indian War to coerce the New Englanders, that H.M.S. Rose was about to take him to France, and the like. Signed. H.B. The wholepp. [Board of Trade. New England, 5. No. 10.]
[June.]181. An answer to the account of the Revolution at Boston. Having read the declaration of the inhabitants I cannot forbear to review the same seriously, to see if there be therein any true ground for a rebellion, for so the action should in truth be termed. It is true that about eleven years ago there was a damnable popish plot in England, but why should that plot frighten us? especially since the measures taken by the Prince of Orange to secure our liberties and religion. We should have been content with that. And the vacating of our charter was no result of the plot, since the plot was discovered and defeated in 1678 and the charter vacated in 1684. And it must be confessed that our malversation and abuse of our liberties deserved that vacation, so that there is no occasion to calumniate Westminster Hall. I was an eye and ear-witness to the Commission which appointed the President and Council for the new Government, and which was an authority equal to the former charter. I and several others found no fault therein, except that the representatives of the people were not consulted as to imposing taxes and making laws; but we are not statesmen enough to know the reasons for this, and we submitted without cavil. Why another Commission should not be granted to another person by the same authority and he not expect obedience, I cannot think. So far as I know there is no complaint or imputation against the person of Sir Edmund Andros, while he and his Council have worked well and unceasingly for the welfare of the country. It could not be expected that those who gave themselves such irregular liberty in trade should not have met with some loss and inconvenience from the change; but the law being on the other side there should have been submission rather than resentment; for obedience is better than sacrifice. As there are good men and bad men in all governments so here perhaps there might be men who asked more than their just fees; but redress for such grievances should be sought in a court of law, for no laws are more severe to punish such offenders than our own. My nearness to the men of Ipswich has made me familiar with the troubles and disturbances there, but how they and their like at Plymouth have been proceeded with I do not know so well. If the records shew that it was in a legal and judicial manner, we ought to be satisfied; if not, redress should be sought in the courts of law. Expressions are charged in the Declaration as used in Court and Council which are decried and may possibly be difficult to prove; but granting them to be true, we must judge not by inconsiderate expressions but by actions, nor ought a whole Government to be condemned on no further ground. General reflections against prominent or particular persons in the eyes of judicious men prove only the unworthiness of the writers. Again in the matter of refusal to grant a writ of habeas corpus, the penalty for such refusal is a fine of £500; so that grievance might also have been redressed by law. The declaration again says that people have been fined most unrighteously with a jury and without a verdict. The law gives ample means for redress in such cases, but indeed I have never heard of any persons committed without cause shewn. As to the cavil about the mode of swearing, which has given some trouble in our civil and judicial proceedings, I cannot find that swearing with uplifted hand was enjoined by any law, but was simply a matter of practice. The laws of England, under which we now are, by far older usage or practice require the person sworn to touch some part of the Bible. This is the only legal oath therefore, as I understand, though if some other mode were appointed by law it would be alike to me. There being so much law and reason in favour of the practice, therefore it can be no great grievance. Next as to the titles of lands. Before the change of Government I heard from men well skilled in such matters that there often were mistakes and omissions in granting the titles of lands for want of observing the directions in our charter, and I am forced to regard the power granted by the King to ascertain as certain estates, and mend defective titles to be as act of special grace. But I would gladly see the same procured on easy terms as might be done here, so I would not have my countrymen spoil a sheep for a halfpenny worth of tar. I am deeply concerned over the Indian insurrection to eastward, but from what I can hear it was brought about when Sir Edmund Andros was in the south, and when forces were sent from Boston to the east before his return; and I cannot see what pleasure or profit it could be to His Excellency to expose himself and our countrymen to the hardships and danger of the service. He should rather be admired for the tender regard which he shewed for our safety, and his success should be an argument for us to unite together in the bond of peace against a heathen enemy. Had we truly regarded our Country and the enterprise of the Prince of Orange we should have remained satisfied, and not have anticipated by force and violence what might have been given to us with mildness and justice. I would not have my countrymen boast themselves too much of their own strength and value themselves too much on the success of the late action, where possibly bloodshed was averted chiefly by the prudence of those in place. Men who stand firm rather than forsake their trust ought to be rather esteemed and should be regarded not with anger, but with justice. I think it equally dangerous and unwarranted to overthrow our Government and revert to that under the old charter, for that charter is void and our privileges cannot be restored without a new one; which the King has ordered to be prepared and passed without fee. What moved my countrymen so rashly and violently I cannot yet learn, but think it very fortunate that so many prudent and able men interposed to prevent worse results from a giddy and enraged mob. Signed. C.D. Copy. 5½ closely written pages. [Board of Trade. New England, 5, No. 11.]
182. Address of the President and Revolutionary Council of Massachusetts to the King. Congratulations on accession and rejoicings over liberty restored us in address of May 20. [See No. 138.] In our address of May 20 we reported the revolution among us, since which revolution, as no orders have been received from you, the universal desire was that the Governor, Deputy-Governor, and assistants chosen and sworn, in 1686, according to charter, should assume the Government. It was not, however, thought agreeable to our constitution to fall into the full exercise of charter-government; but the officials aforesaid then resident in the country agreed to accept the Government according to the rules of the charter, and to conduct it until further directions should arrive from England; when we hope to be restored to the full exercise of our charter as formerly, though we have for a time been most unrighteously and injuriously deprived of it. That charter it was which encouraged our predecessors to found this setlement, which long flourished exceedingly, though, of late, greatly impoverished by the oppressions and hardships put upon us. We beg for a favourable interpretation of our late action and for restoration to our undoubted rights. Signed for the Council and Convention, S. Bradstreet. Large sheet. Endorsed. Recd. 9 August. Read 10 Aug., 1689. [Board of Trade. New England, 5. No. 12, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXII., pp. 114–117.]
June 6.183. Address of the General Court of New Plymouth to the King and Queen. Congratulations and protestations of rejoicing and of loyalty. On the first intelligence of what was done by the Parliament of England we, with the greatest joy and solemnity, proclaimed your Majesties, and then proceeded to the election of a Governor and assistants, according to the form of our old charter, which we enjoyed for sixty-six years, and conceived we have good title to by prescription, according to Coke, that oracle of the laws, until in 1686 it was taken from us by the illegal and arbitrary Government of Sir Edmund Andros. This being now brought to an end by the seizure of his person and other evil instruments, we felt that it would not be unpleasing to you if we resumed our former Government. We now beg, as the oldest Colony in America, the confirmation of our former rights and liberties. Signed. Tho. Hinckley, Jun. Large sheet. Endorsed. Recd. 9 Aug., 1649. [Board of Trade. New England, 5. No. 13, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXII., pp. 117–121.]
June 6.
Plymouth.
184. Order of the revolutionary government of Boston, for the removal of Sir Edmund Andros from the port to the Castle. Signed. Tho. Danforth. Copy. Signed. "Your humble servant, Wm. Hodson." Addressed to John Povey, Esq., Plantation Office, Whitehall. Endorsed. Recd. 29 July, 1689. [Board of Trade. New England, 5, No. 14.]
June 7.185. Memorandum of the moneys in a chest in James Fort stopped by the Captains of Militia. Total £773 12s. 6d. Signed. Matt Plowman. Endorsed. Recd. 29 Aug., 1689. [America and West Indies. 578. No. 13.]
June 7.
New York.
186. Clerk of Council of Barbados to William Blathwayt. Forwarding proceedings of Council and returns of imports. Signed. Jno. Whetstone. ¼ p. [Board of Trade. Barbados, 4. No. 7.]
June 9.
Barbados.
187. The Council of New York to the Earl of Shrewsbury. Within the last week we have received from Barbados and Boston the certainty of the happy news that the Prince and Princess of Orange have been proclaimed King and Queen of England, and we were in daily hopes of receiving orders to solemnise the same here. But before we could do so, all manner of government here has been totally overthrown, as in Boston, by the contrivances of some disaffected and dangerous persons. The state of this city, which depends wholly on trade, is become very desperate. No person is safe in person or estate, and the place will be ruined unless speedily relieved. On the 31st May Fort James was seized by the rabble, while the Lieutenant Governor, Council, and civil and military officers, except Captain Leisler, were met at the city hall to consult for the common safety and the suppression of the rebellion. We send you herewith the Minutes of the Council and of the General Assembly of the Council, Mayor, Aldermen, Common Council, and Military Officers, whereby you will be informed of what has passed since we last wrote. We cannot hear that hardly any person of sense or estate countenances any of these ill and rash proceedings, except some who are deluded and drawn in by mere fear, and hope for an Act of oblivion. But it is certain that unless exemplary punishment be established, every Act of the Government in future that does not agree with the temper of these ill people will bring about the same results. If the King's order should arrive for the continuance of the present Government, we are sure they would not be obeyed. We have therefore thought it advisable that the Lieutenant-Governor, Captain Nicholson, should leave by the first ship for England to give an account of the deplorable state of things here, and we beg you on receipt hereof to represent the same to the King. Signed. Frederyck Flypse, S. V. Cortlandt, N. Bayard. 4 pp. Endorsed. Recd. 31 Aug. and 2 Sept., 1682. Read at the Committee, Oct. 3, 1690. Printed in New York Documents III. 585. Copy of foregoing. 2 pp. [America and West Indies. 578. Nos. 14, 15, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXIX., pp. 200–202, and pp. 270–272.]
[June 10.]188. A collection of documents sent by Captain Nicholson with the foregoing letter.
188. I. Report of Edward Randolph on the repairs needed in the fort at New York, 4 October, 1688. Signed. Ed. Randolph. ½ p. Endorsed. Recd. from Captain Nicholson, 11 September, 1689.
188. II. Survey of the King's boats and valuation thereof, pursuant to order of 16 October, 1688. 1 p. Same endorsement.
188. III. Warrant for the above survey. 16 October, 1688. Copy. 1 p. Same endorsement.
188. IV. Certificate of Matthew Plowman as to the use of the King's boat. Scrap. Same endorsement.
188. V. Protest of Joseph Nicolls, Town Clerk, against the refusal of Jacob Leisler to deliver up to him the King's money from the fort, pursuant to order of the Council. Copy. 2 ½ pp. Same endorsement.
188. VI. Deposition of Hendrick Jacobse as to Lieutenant Governor Nicholson's interview with Lieutenant Cuyler, and his threat to shoot deponent if he did not leave the room, saying, "Get you gone; I did not send for you." Sworn before S. van Cortlandt, 5 June, 1689. 2 pp. Same endorsement.
188. VII. Deposition of John Ditchington as to the borrowing of his sloop by armed men, who carried him before Captain Leisler, by whom he was given printed proclamations from the London Gazette. Sworn 5 June, 1689. 1 p. Same endorsement. Printed in New York Documents III., 586.
188. VIII. Deposition of Philip French as to his arrest by armed men on his arrival from Boston, when he was carried before Captain Leisler, and his letters examined. Sworn 7 June, 1689. 3 pp. Same endorsement. Printed in New York Documents III., 587.
188. IX. Memorandum of Stephen van Cortlandt, 7 June, 1689, that he was disturbed by the watch at midnight, who knocked at his door and asked for information as to two men who had arrived in a canoe from Albany. ½ p. Same endorsement.
188. X. Deposition of Casperos Tellor. As to his arrest, on arriving at Albany on the 7th June, by armed men, who took him before Hendrik Cuyler and seized his letters. Sworn 8 June, 1689. 1 p. Same endorsement.
188. XI. Deposition of John Tudor. As to money paid by Henry Cuyler for release from his commission as Captain of a company at Albany, that he might move to New York. Sworn 10 June, 1689. 1 p. Same endorsement.
188. XII. Deposition of Serjeant Davy Thomas. That two soldiers of Captain Brockholes's company had been taxed with readiness to swear, if paid, that Brockholes and Macgregory intended to bring the French and Indians into the country. Sworn 10 June, 1689. 1 p. Same endorsement.
188. XIII. Deposition of Brande Schuyler. As to the appropriation of some powder belonging to himself and Robert Livingston by Captains Depeyster, de Browne, Lodowyck and Leisler. Sworn 10 June, 1689. 1 p. Same endorsement.
188. XIV. Certificate of the Clergy of New York. That Stephen van Cortlandt and Nicholas Bayard are good protestants. Signed. Henricus Selyus, James Kersbye, Pieter Jacob Marius. Latin. 1 p. Same endorsement. Printed in New York Documents III. 588. [America and West Indies. 578. Nos. 16 I–XIV.]
June 10.189. Minutes of Council of New York. The Lieutenant Governor announced his intention of going to England. Order for sale of the King's barque, which is decaying. Two letters were prepared for the Lieutenant-Governor to take to England. The Lieutenant-Governor thanked the Council for their loyal service. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXV., pp. 115–118.]
June 10.
New York.
190. Deposition of Lieutenant Henry Cuyler. That on the 30th of May last, while commanding half a company of train bands in the fort, he ordered one of his corporals to post a sentry at a certain sallyport, which corporal presently returned saying that the corporal of the troops in the King's pay would not allow it. Lieutenant-Governor Nicholson, afterwards sent for deponent in that fort, where deponent went, and his corporal, Hendrick Jacobse, with him. As soon as the Lieutenant-Governor saw the corporal he flew into a passion and said to him, "You rascal, what do you here?" The corporal answered that he was come to act as interpreter, whereupon the Lieutenant-Governor took down a pistol, threatened to shoot the corporal and drove him from the room. He afterwards said to deponent that there were so many rogues in the town that he was almost afraid to walk in the streets, and that before it should go longer on in this manner he would set the town on fire. Copy. ½ p. Printed in No. 172. [America and West Indies. 578. No. 17.]
June 10.
New York.
191. Deposition of Hendrick Jacobse, corporal. In confirmation of the forgoing deposition, so far as relates to himself. Copy. ¾ p. [Ibid. No. 18.]
June 10.192. Deposition of Serjeant Albert Bosch, of Lieutenant Cuyler's company. In confirmation of the two foregoing depositions, having heard the Lieutenant-Governor's words outside the window. Copy. ¾ p. Duplicate of foregoing. Endorsed. Recd. 10 April, 1690. [Ibid. Nos. 19, 20.]
June 10.
St. Christophers.
193. Joseph Crispe to Colonel Bayer. We are dreading every day to hear news of war with France, which will mean ruin to our estates if not a total loss; for at the first alarm we must betake ourselves to a fort, which of late we have worked hard to build, in the hope of maintaining ourselves till we are helped from home, or from the neighbouring islands. It is vain for us to think of meeting the French in the field; they are twice our numbers, better disciplined, better officered, armed and ammunitioned, and so jealous of us since the proclamation of King William that they are all hands upon their guard every night. We are obliged to do the like, which tires our men out, so they will be unfit for service when they do come to it. I hoped, when I saw the petition which you in England presented to the Prince of Orange in reference to the scarcity of these naked Islands, that before now we should have been encouraged by the sight of a squadron, but we see no sign of one yet, and fear none is intended. If so, and if there be war, all is lost. I doubt not that you, and all who are interested in us, are solicitous at Court to procure us assistance, for though this Island is most exposed of all, no other can hold out long when this is lost. It is but a small matter to secure us. Five hundred men sent timely will suffice, and I believe the Island would pay them half their wages. Besides the French we have a still worse enemy in the Irish Catholics, who despite the law to the contrary, remain in command among us and openly exercise their religion; even our fort, our one safeguard, is often under command of an Irish lieutenant of the King's companies, who may surrender it either to the French or to the Irish. The general also is a bad man, and I believe will harm us all he can before he leaves us. The sooner he goes the better, as I believe he is now contriving how to surrender the Islands to King James, as may be seen from a letter intercepted from Count de Blenac in answer to one of his. Sir Nathaniel's letter was to ask conveyance of letters to King James, as you may read by the enclosed translation. I shall send home the original later. It is what I have always believed of him, and if he be not prevented, I am persuaded that he will let the French or Irish in among us. He is of mercenary and arbitrary principles, and his Irish counsellor will do all the ill he can. The weather has been very favourable of late, but foreign provisions and ammunition are very scarce. The Dutch privateer-sloops in these parts are very brisk against the French, and keep, in a manner, all recruits from coming to them. What provisions the French have they buy from us, and there is no preventing it. A French provision-ship was taken a week ago, and the Dutch sent us all the letters to satisfy us that up to the 5th of May no war was declared between England and France. I hope that it may not be till next spring, and that the Court meanwhile will have compassion on us. A few French men of war have lately arrived. I wish them the same success as against Surinam. M. de Laurens' successor is arrived, M. Gitto by name. The French still hold St. Eustatia, but they cannot take Saba, which is still held by fifty Dutchmen. Copy. 3 pp. [America and West Indies. 550. No. 10, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XLVII., pp. 418–422.]
June 10.194. Extract from a letter from Nicholas Spencer, of Virginia. The inhabitants of Maryland, mostly Protestants, are ragingly earnest for proclaiming King William and Queen Mary. They will not believe that the order has not arrived and that the Government is not concealing it. Sometimes they are positive that they will proclaim their Majesties without the order, which will unsettle the whole Government. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LII., p. 120.]
June 11.195. Journal of Assembly of Barbados. But one member present, who waited until 3 o'clock in the afternoon. Adjourned to 9 July. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XIV., p. 185.]
June 12.
Boston.
196. Captain George, R. N., to the Secretary of the Admiralty. This is my first opportunity of writing to you since January, when I gave you an account that H. M. S. Rose was so much injured by the worm that she could not remain on the station without considerable repair. These last five months this place has been full of rumours from England of the Prince of Orange's landing, of the flight of the King to France and of his death there, after which King William and Queen Mary were proclaimed; but no confirmation arrived before two ships came in with their Majesties' proclamation on the 26th and 29th May. None the less, on the 18th of April, the people, pretending dissatisfaction with Sir Edmund Andros's government, rose up in arms, seized me first and run me into the common gaol, by the instigation of Robert Small, my carpenter, who had absented himself from his duty and joined the rebels some days before. Some hours after the Governor's coming down to the Council, there was a pretence that the designed to deliver the Government to the French, and Small spread a report that Sir Edmund intended to fire the town at one end and I at the other, beat the rest down with the frigate's guns, and escape in the smoke to France. The fort being surrounded by about fifteen hundred men was surrendered, and Small traversed several guns against the frigate and would have fired them if he had not been prevented. He proposed several ways of taking and burning the ship, which were not followed. Next day the Governor was committed prisoner to the fort and myself to Colonel Shrimpton's house, who was very kind to me through all the affair. The same day the Castle surrendered. I was sent for by the Council of Safety (as they called themselves), who asked me for an order to my lieutenant to surrender the frigate. I said it was not in my power, being a prisoner, that I could not give such an order and that my lieutenant would not obey it if I did. They told me my commission was of no force, and urged me to take one from them and serve the country. I told them my commission was still good until invalidated by one from the crown of England, that I could not accept a commission from them and did not believe they dared give me one. They still persisted in their resolution to take the ship by force, but I advised them not, as there would be a great slaughter before she was taken and that the King's ships never did surrender. I told them too that if they would let her ride without molestation there would be no danger from her, for the Lieutenant had no orders to move and would not until orders came from England; but while they were thus discoursing with me they sent two or three men aboard who persuaded the lieutenant and crew to strike yards and top-masts and declare for the Prince of Orange. They acquainted me with this, and remanded me to my confinement. On the 22nd the Council sent an order aboard for delivery of the sails, which are now in their custody. Nor was the carpenter yet quiet, for he procured a Marshal to be sent abroad by the Council to bring ashore several men to bear witness against me. This being refused by the lieutenant, the carpenter sent messages advising the men to come ashore by force if necessary, as the Council would take it kindly and would secure them their wages. On the 1st of May, at five in the morning, they left the ship and went to him, when he got them to sign a paper saying I was going to France. Such a thing never entered my thoughts, but the paper was received with much favour by the Council though I was unable to obtain a copy of it. I represented to the Council the mischief that might happen to a King's ship by such disorders, and pointed out that the King's Navy being governed by Act of Parliament was wholly independent of any Government ashore. They then advised the men to go on board their ship and submit to their officers, which they did, excepting the carpenter and half a dozen more. On the 6th May, there was a fire at the north end of Boston, and the carpenter spread a report that I had caused the town to be fired, and raised a concourse of people, who broke open the doors of my lodgings and carried me prisoner to the fort. At the same time the carpenter sent two or three armed boats to the frigate, fetched away the lieutenant and the men that would not side with him ashore, and put them into the common gaol, where they lay three days until the Council sent them on board again. The carpenter's design in this last action was to get a commission from the Council to command the ship, which he declares was promised to him. Two days afterwards I was released from the fort and acquainted the Council that unless the carpenter were secured the King's ship would not be safe; but they objected. I have since been assisted by Colonel Shrimpton in moving for the sails, but without success. On the 7th inst. an order was sent to the lieutenant to send sixteen men on shore to give evidence against me. The lieutenant sent the paper to me for my directions, and I answered that if I were aboard I should not take the responsibility of parting with men on such an order. I then went to the Government and said I should rather have expected the return of my sails, but they answered that they should not be returned without orders from England. What more they mean to do I know not. They threaten to dismantle the ship still further, but I hope that they will be stopped by orders from England. There are several ships in harbour which dare not sail for fear of pirates. I enclose copies of letters which have passed on the subject. Many of my men have deserted; and the gunner and boatswain have both declined their duty since the troubles began. Signed. Jo. George. 2½ pp. Endorsed. Read, 10 August, 1689. Annexed,
196. I. Proposals of sundry merchants of Boston to the Revolutionary Government, respecting H.M.S. Rose. The danger anticipated from H.M.S. Rose being over, the frigate should be restored and the Captain replaced in authority, for the following reasons:—1. The coast is infested with pirates. 2. All who are concerned in shipping are satisfied with Captain George's loyalty for the defence of British subjects. 3. We ought to avoid revival of the old scandals over the Acts of Trade and Navigation. 4. The ship's stores, which are of great value, are now in danger of embezzlement, for which you must consider where the responsibility will lie. 5. There are several ships outward bound, the loss of which would be due to nothing less than stupid negligence, when the remedy lies in our own hands. 6. The merchants are willing to proffer such assurances as are necessary to allay any alarm in the Country. Signed by Samuel Shrimpton and twelve more. Copy. 1 p. Endorsed. Recd. 9 August, 1689.
196. II. —Captain George, R.N., to the Revolutionary Government at Boston. When I received the King's commission to command H.M.S. Rose, I was ordered hither to secure the King's subjects in these seas from pirates and to enforce the Acts of Trade and Navigation; but since the late troubles, not only have I been put under restraint ashore, but my ship has been disabled by taking the sails from on board and countenancing the men in mutinous behaviour towards me. I now learn that there are several pirates on the coast who have plundered several vessels and wait to do further mischief. I therefore desire your assistance and your orders for the restoration of my sails, that I may do my duty against these privateers. Copy. 1 p. Endorsed. Recd. 9 Aug. 1689. [Board of Trade. New England, 5. Nos. 15, 15 I., II. and (without enclosure) Col. Entry Book, Vol. LXII., pp. 121–126.]
June 13.
St. Swithin's
Lane.
197. Robert Chaplin to William Blathwayt. Asking for copies of the depositions concerning Willoughby Chamberlayne. Signed. Robert Chaplin. ½ p. [Board of Trade. Barbados, 4. No. 8.]
June 13.
Whitehall.
198. Earl of Shrewsbury to Lords of Trade and Plantations. The King has appointed Hender Molesworth Governor and Commander in Chief of Jamaica, and would have you prepare his despatches. Signed. Shrewsbury. ½ p. Endorsed. Recd. 16 June, 1689. [America and West Indies. 540. No. 8, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XXXII. pp. 177.]
June 16.199. Account of the public slaves in Bermuda; about twenty in all, chiefly women and children. 1 p. Endorsed. Recd. 17 Nov., 1690. [America and West Indies. 477. No. 11.]
June 17.
Antigua.
200. Governor Sir Nathaniel Johnson to Lords of Trade and Plantations. The Lieutenant-Governor of St. Christophers writes to me that the French are very jealous of a breach between us, and have doubled all their guards, which obliges half the English on that Island to be on duty every night. One Captain Robinson, who arrived here two days ago, said that war with France is actually declared, and the same is confirmed from Barbados. That Island is safe enough, but in these Islands the inhabitants are in no small danger. Unless the Treaty of Neutrality stead us, I do not see how the loss of St. Christophers can be prevented. I am at present extremely ill of a flux, but as soon as I am tolerably recovered I shall go to Nevis and get in readiness all that can be spared from thence to her neighbour Island, in case of attack. We can reach them in three hours, if there be no French men-of-war to intercept us, and for some months there have been signals agreed on to indicate an attack. I doubt not that you are mindful of these Colonies, and that there will be no slackness in expediting all things needful for their security and safety. Signed. N. Johnson. 1½ pp. Endorsed. Recd. 16 Sept., 1689. [America and West Indies. 550. No. 11; and Board of Trade. Leeward Islands, 43. pp. 111, 112.]
June 20.201. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. The Commissioners of Admiralty reported that the fleet could not be ready for three weeks. Lord Roscommon, attending, reported his willingness to go the West Indies, but that his officers and men would hardly go thither. Memo. On the 22nd Colonel Luttrell's regiment was appointed.
June 21.Mr. Ayleway's petition read and referred to the Attorney General. Mr. Perry's petition on behalf of the pirates in Virginia read and referred to Lord Howard of Effingham. Letter from Lord Shrewsbury that Colonel Molesworth's commission as Governor of Jamaica was to be prepared. [Col Entry Bk., Vol CIX., pp. 229–231.]
[June 21.]202. Petition of Robert Ayleway to Lords of Trade and Plantations. Lord Howard of Effingham has reported in my former petition, objecting nothing to the legality of my patent of Auditor-General, but saying that the office is considered one which should be held by a resident of good estate. I am advised that I have good right to the office, and I beg to be heard that I may prove my fitness for it. 1 p. Endorsed. Read 21 June, '89. [America and West Indies. 636. No. 13.]
June 21.203. William Blathwayt to the Attorney General. Forwarding copy of Robert Ayleway's petition and of his patents for report. [Board of Trade. Virginia, 36. p. 5.]
June 22.204. Colonel Molesworth's proposals as to the Government of Jamaica. (1) As the senior member of Council succeeds to the government in case of the Governor's death, care should be taken to appoint a fitting person. (2) It would be well to empower the Governor to appoint a deputy rather than to appoint a Lieutenant-Governor yet, with liberty to add three or four to the Council. (3) It would be well to ascertain how far Assiento ships may sell trifling goods without infringing the Acts of Navigation. (4) It should be laid down that members of Council who have sat on a case in an inferior Court shall not act on the same case in the Court of Appeal. (5) It is much desired that there should be an appeal to the King in Council against fines exceeding £200. (6) Instructions are needed as to a clause, which the Assembly will not pass, to make the killing of negroes a felony. (7) It would be well to sell the old King's house and build a new one at Spanish Town. (8) There is a fine spot of Crown land by Port Royal suitable for a careening wharf for the King's ships. The expenses could be paid out of fines and forfeitures. (9) There is great need of powder and ammunition; and (10) of about two hundred regular troops. (11) Instructions are wanted as to the Great Seal; and (12) as to the law, not yet confirmed, that transported rebels of Monmouth's rising should serve ten years. In the matter of Admiralty, instructions are needed on the following points. (1) How offences committed ashore by officers and men of the Royal Navy shall be punished. (2) How Commanders shall succeed in cases of death, and how the orders on the point shall be enforced. (3) To adjust the Governor's power so as to admit of no dispute with captains. (4) How ships shall be supplied with stores and by whose credit, in case of failure of supply from home. (5) Frigates for the service of Jamaica should be good sailers to enable them to beat to windward. (6) As to a frigate for transport of the Governor and of stores to Jamaica. 2 pp. Endorsed. Recd. 22 June, 1689. Read 3 July. [America and West Indies. 540. No. 9, and Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XXXII., pp. 178–182.]
June 22.
New York.
205. Order of the Revolutionary Government for the proclamation of King William and Queen Mary. Copy. ¼ p. [America and West Indies. 578. No. 21.]
June 22.206. "Copy of John Burrowe's narrative sent to Lord Nottingham by Mr. Henley of Bristol." A short assortment of hearsay statements against Sir Nathaniel Johnson; that he had openly declared his intention to give up the Island to the French; that his son-in-law was a papist in disguise, and so forth. 1½ pp. Endorsed. 22 June 1689. Recd. 25 June, '89. [America and West Indies. 550. No. 12.]
June 23.207. Information delivered to Simon Bradstreet and the Magistrates of Massachusetts against Lieutenant John Jordan of New Dartmouth. Thomas Jent, ensign of Militia at New Dartmouth, complains that Jordan violently assaulted him without provocation. William Wilcott complains that Jordan tried to impress his only yoke of oxen, and assaulted him violently on his refusing. Henry Mills, constable, of New Dartmouth, complains that Jordan violently assaulted him because he, in virtue of his office, thought himself excused from a summons to arms. John Towers complains that Jordan tied him up by his thumbs for a full hour, for only lifting up his hand to parry a blow from an officer. Richard Hodges, serving as a soldier at Dartmouth, complains that he, being falsely accused of breaking into the stores, was hung up for two hours by one hand, with the other hand tied behind him to one of his legs, and a stake fixed under the naked foot of the other leg. Jordan also tied complainant neck and heels and put him to other devilish torments. Other complaints speak also of Jordan's cruelty and tyranny. When Major Savage left the fort, Jordan asked the men of Dartmouth if they would be true to him and defend it against the Boston dogs. They asked if he had any ammunition, and he answered, more than they knew of. But one hearing of a plot to carry this ammunition to New France or New York, the complainants rose and seized Jordan. The complainants now beg Governor Bradstreet to keep Jordan in durance. 4 pp. Endorsed. Recd. 4 Nov. 1689, from Capt. Nicholson. [America and West Indies. 578. No. 22.]
[June.]208. Answer of Lieutenant John Jordan to the charges against him. I was sent up to New Dartmouth under orders from Sir E. Andros on 7 November 1688. In answer to the complaint of Thomas Jent, I struck Jent because he refused to obey the order of his superior officer, Lieutenant Taylor, to help one of the inhabitants to remove his cattle. William Wilcott had the management of the cattle in the town; and I struck him because he could not provide a yoke of oxen. Henry Mills refused to take up arms to assist his fellow-townsmen, on pretext that he was constable, so I struck him once and made him go. John Towers disobeyed Lieutenant Taylor's order to get under arms, and when the Lieutenant struck him, Towers struck him back and broke his gun on him. I therefore ordered him the punishment of which he complains, and the same punishment on another occasion when he strayed from the fort contrary to orders. I punished some of the Governor's servants in the same way for the same fault. Men had been killed before by so straying. As to Richard Hodges, I found that during my absence for a few days on distant duty the storehouse had been three times broken into. I called the men together and told them that this was a capital matter, but promised to pardon them all if the culprit would confess. No one confessed, so I told them that if ever I discovered the offender I would prosecute him to the death. Thereupon several men confessed that they had received biscuits from Hodges during my absence, and more than had ever been issued to him, whereupon he was punished as he said. I find that he has been repeatedly whipped for theft, that he was once pardoned for presenting his musket at his corporal, and that he has even robbed a comrade. The other charges of cruelty are malicious lies. I was more careful of their corn and cattle than they themselves. They were afraid to go abroad and look after them, till I made them; and I employed the soldiers to thresh their corn for them. My constant care was to preserve them and their estates, but their carriage towards each other was so boorish and malicious that one would not lend a handful of hay to another, if he had got it home before his neighbour, without my command, not even to keep his cattle from starving. I was obliged to compel them before they would cut down the bushes and trees round their houses, from which the Indians would have shot them at their doors. When I came I found their men, who had been killed eleven days before, still unburied, their cattle dead and untouched, and themselves crowded in the fort, in a worse condition than Indians and stinking with nastiness, having given up all hope of relief. They were so cowardly that they durst not open the gate except at a small hole like a gun-port. There was no place to lodge the King's forces, and I was obliged to nail hides over my ammunition to shelter it. After the women and children were gone, I used such planks as had been left unburned by the Indians to build a storehouse, which they begrudged more than all that had been destroyed by the Indians. They thought it a hardship to work at their own fort, though I fed them with bread from the King's stores. In return for all my care, after the Revolution at Boston, comes an order on the 27 of April for me to be dismissed and sent to Boston. Four officers of militia brought it, and all my men revolted to them; but I called the townspeople together and still offered to defend them while I had a biscuit left. Shortly afterwards they seized me in my bed, and out of two innocent letters in my pocket fabricated this plot that I intended to go to New France. They then tied my wrists together with a codline so tight that they were like to burst, and eventually brought me to Boston, where I was put in the common gaol, and still remain a prisoner. 4 pp. Endorsed. Recd. from Col. Nicholson, 4 November, 1689. Annexed,
208. I. Orders of Sir Edmund Andros to Lieutenant Jordan, 31 October, 1688. To embark his detachment from Dartmouth and take command of the port, ship the women and children away, arm the men, do his best to secure their property for them, and maintain strict discipline. Copy. 1 p. Same endorsement. [America and West Indies. 578. Nos. 23, 23 I.]
June 25.209. Journal of Lords of Trade and Plantations. Colonel Hill's letter of 3 April, read (see No. 65), also the narrative of John Burrowes (see No. 206). [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. CIX., p. 232.]
June 25.210. Report of the Attorney General on the petition of Robert Ayleway. I have read the patent grants of King Charles II to petitioner, and conceive it to be a good grant in law, and that petitioner may execute the office by a sufficient deputy [see No. 202, June 21]. Signed. George Treby. Endorsed. Read 2 July, 1689. [America and West Indies, 636, No. 14, and Board of Trade. Virginia, 36. p. 5.]
June 26.211. Nathan Gold and James Fitch, Deputies of Connecticut, to Jacob Leisler. You and your fellow-captains sent to us for advice and assistance as need might be, which letter was presented to our General Assembly at Hartford on the 13th inst. The Assembly was extremely ready to consider what might be best for the King's service, and for your encouragement in securing these parts from French and other enemies. We were therefore deputed to come to you and to promise assistance according to our ability and your necessities. Our instructions bid us give a full account of the late motions in New York and your reasons for securing the fort; and when we came here we found with amazement the truth of what we had heard, viz., the fort out of repair, most of the great guns unfit for service, few platforms for guns, and of fifty barrels of powder the most part unfit for service. We learned too that Captain Nicholson had left the fort and passed away privately to Colonel Dongan and other papists to Cornwall, where there seem to be considerable gatherings of such, as also that there were many ill-affected persons in the city. We must, therefore, do you the justice, noble and loyal Captain Leisler, to acknowledge your good service to the King, the country and the protestant religion, and we now proceed to give you our advice. (1) That you continue as you have begun and maintain the fort pending the receipt of the King's orders. (2) That more may be spent on repair of guns and fortifications. (3) That no papist be allowed in the fort; for you must not forget the warning given on the day of the King's proclamation. (4) That no known papist be suffered with arms in his house. (5) That any persons who have embezzled arms or ammunition from the fort be seized. (6) If you are in danger from intestine or foreign enemies we shall be ready to help you. Copy. Certified by Edward Randolph. 1½ pp. Endorsed. Recd. 23 Feb. '89–'90, in a letter from Mr. Randolph of 28 Oct. Printed in New York Documents III. 589. [America and West Indies. 578. No 24.]
June 27.
Nevis.
212. John Netheway to the King and Queen. The French at St. Christophers, already numerous, have been strengthened by the revolt of an hundred and thirty armed Irishmen, which compels Colonel Hill to retire with his few Englishmen to a small fortification, which, if besieged, cannot long subsist. The Irish in Montserrat, who are three to one of the English, say openly that they will desert their allegiance and give up the Island to the French. I implore you to help us with speedy relief. Men, arms, and ammunition are sadly wanting here, and even otherwise defence would be difficult against so potent an enemy. ½ p. [America and West Indies. 550. No. 13. Col. Entry Bk., Vol. XLVII., pp. 427, 428.]
June 27.
Nevis.
213. John Netheway to Colonel Bastian Bayer. I hear that most of the Irish, both inhabitants and King's soldiers, are fled to the French with their arms and ammunition. They have also risen in Montserrat. Please press for relief to be sent to us. [America and West Indies. 550. No. 14.]
June 27.214. John Netheway to Joseph Martyn. To the same effect. Encloses a letter to the King to be delivered with all speed. [Ibid. No. 15.]
June 27.
Nevis.
215. Archibald Hutcheson to Lords of Trade and Plantations. The Governor would have been here before now, but for his sickness. He has instructed his Deputy-Governor upon notice of any attack on St. Christophers to send down four hundred men to their assistance, and despatch a sloop to Antigua to bring assistance also from thence. I arrived here late on Tuesday night and was surprised to find the Island in a tumult over a letter from Count de Blenac to Sir Nathaniel Johnson, which was taken in a sloop by a Dutch privateer, and brought here ten or twelve days ago to the Deputy-Governor. He never acquainted Sir Nathaniel of the fact, who might have removed the suspicion thereby caused of his being in the French interest, and all the trouble and inconvenience likely to result from it, not only here but in the other Islands. I have not myself seen the letter, but have heard its contents in conversation. They give reason for suspicion, and indeed no censure would be too severe for Sir Nathaniel had he ever written anything to occasion such a letter; but no man can hinder another from writing what he thinks, and it is evident that this letter of Blenac's has been written on purpose to create suspicion and disturbance. I have had some conversation with the Deputy-Governor and some of the Council, who seem to be satisfied with my reasons for this view, first, because of the probability that the French would employ such a contrivance, and next, because of the improbability that Sir Nathaniel would be capable of so base and treacherous a design. He has always been esteemed a man with a regard for his reputation and honour; and as he has shewn that he will not prostitute them to his interest and advantage, it is hard to think that he would forfeit them for the sake of ruin and disgrace to himself and his family. As far as a negative can be proved, it is impossible that he should write a letter such as to provoke such an answer from Count de Blenac. Had the Deputy-Governor reported early the suspicions caused by the letter to the Governor's disadvantage, they might easily have been removed, but now they have sunk too deep to be easily razed out. I am sure nothing on the Governor's part will be wanting, if he be not obstructed by the imprudence of the people, to fulfil his undertaking of maintaining the government faithfully till he be relieved. Colonel Hill writes that most of the papists on St. Christophers have run to the French, and that the French refuse to deliver them up, as persons in sanctuary upon score of religion. Most of the women and children have left that Island for this. I have represented to the Deputy-Governor the necessity for sending the reinforcements ordered by the Governor and for sending a sloop to Antigua, but I see no sign of his executing the former order, though four or five hundred men could reasonably be spared, which, with the like number from Antigua, would put the English on pretty equal terms with their enemies, and yet leave each of the Islands strong enough to repel an attack. I have represented this to the Deputy-Governor, but with what success I do not know. I am doubtful if the Island can be saved without this reinforcement, but with it I believe that it may. Sir N. Johnson's family embarks for England to-day. Signed. Arch. Hutcheson. 4 pp. Endorsed. Recd. 16 Sept., '89. [America and West Indies. 550. No. 16, and Board of Trade. Leeward Islands, 43. pp. 113–118.]
June 28.216. Abstract of Colonel Nicholas Bayard's Journal from 11 June to 28 June. 11 June. The Lieutenant-Governor left the city on his way to England. 12th June. The Custom House officer going as usual on board an incoming ship was stopped by a file of musketeers. The Mayor protested but was told it was by order of the Colonels of the fort. The soldiers wanting drink went to the west ward and took it from certain persons. 13th June. The soldiers attempted to force money from me and next day took it forcibly from others. 14th. Captain Brockholes landed with a packet for the Lieutenant-Governor but was taken to the fort. Hoping that it was the proclamation of King William and Queen Mary I sent for it, but on the 19th I heard that the proclamation was not come. 22 June. The Common Council met to arrange about the proclamation, which was made by the soldiers at noon. The mutinous captains refused to come to the Council, and the Mayor was grossly abused by Leisler. Five or six soldiers came before Anthony Farmer's house and dared him to come out, calling him Papist and one of Bayard's crew. 23 June. News that several gentlemen had been assaulted by Leisler and others of his faction. 24 June. Hearing that King William had been proclaimed by the soldiers, it was thought advisable that the proclamation should be again made in due form, as well as publication of the order confirming all Protestants in their places, but the proclamation was refused by one of the Committee of Safety; whereupon the Aldermen and Common Council made proclamation from the City hall. 25 June. The Council met, dismissed Matthew Plowman and appointed five Commissioners of Revenue, myself being one; whereupon Leisler appeared shortly after with eighteen or twenty armed men and after abusing us took away the resolution of the Council. Two hours later Leisler again came in and after a long altercation with Wenham, Ensign Stoll seized Wenham, one of the Commissioners, and pulled him into the street, where he was beaten and wounded to danger of his life. Two or three more gentlemen, who protested, were also nearly murdered, whereupon the rest of us resolved to escape; but the mob at once stopped me and assaulted me, and Stoll at last ran at me with a dagger and would undoubtedly have murdered me if the spectators had not rescued me into the next house, where they stood hammering at the door and threatening vengeance, which made me escape further. June 26. I resolved to go to England, for I was told that Leisler's rabble had sworn to have me alive or dead. June 27. My brother was threatened with imprisonment by Leisler, and John Crooke was cruelly assaulted and wounded in the street. June 28. The people at the fort declared themselves a Committee of Safety. I left for Albany this night and arrived on the 5th of July. Copy. Attested by N. Bayard. Printed in New York Documents III. 599. [Col. Entry Bk., Vol. LXXV., pp. 134–146.]
June 28.
New York.
217. Commission of the revolutionary leaders, appointing Jacob Leisler, Captain of the Fort. Signed, Richard Ponton, The: Roelofsse, Jean de Marest, Daniele di Clerke, Johannes Vermilse, Samuele Edsall, P. D. Lanoy, Mathias Harvey, Thomas Williams, William Lawrence. Copy. 1½ pp. [America and West Indies. 578. No. 25.]
[June?]218. Form of an Association proposed by the Committee of Safety of New York, to protest against the holding of office by any under King James's Commission, and binding all good protestants to stand for King William and Queen Mary. Copy. 2 pp. Endorsed. Recd. 20 Feb., 1690–1, from Capt. Leisler in a letter to the Bishop of Salisbury. Duplicate of the foregoing. Endorsed. Recd. 10 April, 1690. [America and West Indies. 578. Nos. 26, 27.]
[June.]219. Declaration of the Committee of Safety against all persons holding commissions from King James. Apparently an earlier form of the preceding. ½ p. Endorsed. Recd. 20 Feb. 1690–1, with a letter from Captain Leisler to the Bishop of Sarum.
Duplicate of foregoing. Endorsed. Recd. 10 April, 1689. [America and West Indies. 578. Nos. 28, 29.]
[June.]220. Proclamation for all gentlemen soldiers who have listed themselves to repair to the port of New York, before Captain Leisler's door, for further orders; and for any persons objecting against those enlisted to appear and give their reasons. Copy. ½ p. [America and West Indies. 578. No. 30.]
[June.]221. Address of the Militia of New York to the King and Queen. We rejoice over your happy deliverance of England. We too have lately groaned under the like oppression, having been of late governed mostly by Papists, who have in a most arbitrary manner subverted our ancient privileges. We were prepared to wait in patience, but invited by your royal declaration we resolved to secure ourselves to save us from betraval to a foreign enemy. We have therefore secured the fort, though we should not have presumed to do so but for our dread of being betrayed by Sir Edmund Andros, and but for Captain Nicholson's threatening to shoot a corporal of our soldiers and to fire the town. We hold the fort and the country only till your orders arrive. Copy. 2½ pp. Endorsed. Recd. 29 August, 1689. Printed in New York Documents III., 583.
Duplicate of foregoing. Endorsed. Recd. 10 April, 1690. [America and West Indies. 578. Nos. 31, 32.]