Elizabeth
September 1562, 1-10

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Joseph Stevenson (editor)

Year published

1867

Pages

275-293

Annotate

Comment on this article
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'Elizabeth: September 1562, 1-10', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 5: 1562 (1867), pp. 275-293. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=71927 Date accessed: 29 July 2014.


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

September 1562, 1-10

Sept. 1.559. Instructions to Sir Thomas Smith.
1. He is to repair to such place as Throckmorton may be with the Queen's letters to the King, the Queen Mother, and the King of Navarre for his credit in the office of Ambassador, and upon delivery of the same he is to use speed. He shall direct his speech principally, first, to declare the Queen's grief to hear of these troubles, and that she did foresee in the beginning that if the matters of religion were brought into this controversy it would raise all Christendom. Next he is to declare the Queen's determination to keep peace with the King; and, further, to assure them that the end shall prove her to be a Princess of honour. If they request him to resolve the same into any particularities, he is to rest upon these general terms.
2. To the latter point he is to inform them that whilst there are such manifestations to extirpate all who do not profess the religion of the Bishop of Rome, she cannot but judge the continuance of these troubles to tend to her disadvantage.
3. He is to repeat these said points, for she desires these troubles to be appeased, with these two causes provided for. The matters of religion to rest in indifferent terms, without subscription of that which we profess, and the staying of the government of the crown out of the hands of the house of Guise. If this can be done by treaty or intercession, she would seek no other means; but if other means shall be thought meeter, she will not neglect them, to preserve peace and amity with that crown. She has in the latter clause disclosed her full intent, so that he may better frame his proceedings thereafter. He shall take his way by Paris, and resorting to Marshal Brisac with her letters he shall ask a passport to the Court. He shall repeat the complaints made with respect to the plunder of her subjects by the inhabitants of Bretagne.
Draft, corrected by Cecil. Endd. Pp. 7.
Sept. 1.560. Abridged copy of the above.
Pp. 3.
Sept. 1.561. The Palsgrave to Knollys and Mundt.
1. Promises to serve the Queen. The Protestant Princes have taken steps to prevent any German soldiers going into France to serve the enemies of the Gospel, and have sent an embassy to stop these dissensions. Whilst, however, those who differ from them in religion allow soldiers to be levied in their territories, such endeavours are in vain, and the embassy which had arrived at Strasburg was considered unnecessary by their adversaries.
2. Since this bloody tragedy is encouraged by the Pope, and as he intends that the nations which have shaken off his yoke should undergo the same misfortunes, the Queen is right in thinking that Condé should be assisted. As D'Andelot is already leading some thousands of horse and foot from Germany into France, the Palsgrave thinks that if she would send over some of her soldiers quickly it would cause terror in the enemy, and be a great relief to the religious.
3. The Palsgrave thinks it most necessary that there should be a good understanding among the Protestants. Certain Princes have agreed that if one of them is attacked on account of religion, the others shall assist him, but the formation or a common league requires grave consideration. He thinks that a free association is more trustworthy and useful than an enforced one. As her envoys are about to visit the other Princes he would like to hear what they resolve on in this matter, and will leave nothing undone to strengthen the goodwill of both towards each other.—Heidelburg, Cal. Sept. 1562.
Copy. Lat. Pp. 5.
Sept. 1.562. Challoner to Cecil.
1. The bearer, Mr. Moffett, has received his despatch from the King, by favour of the Count De Feria. He is a faithful servant of the Queen, and he intends now to remain at home.
2. Sends herewith copies of certain letters sent since his man Withipoll departed, by other bearers by way of Flanders. Has not heard from him since the 8th of last June. If the Queen will grant his suit, already mentioned, he will then accomplish what he offered. Is very desirous to be allowed to depart hence. Begs that he will ask Sir Richard Sackvile to cause the 51l. which he unnecessarily detained to be repaid to his servant. Farneham.—Madrid, 1 Sept. 1562. Signed.
3. P. S.—By the letter from R. Hogan, Cecil shall understand somewhat from Segovia. Looks every day to hear from Cordova when Cecil's leather hangings shall be finished. Cobham sends a cuero of St. Martin's wine, which he supposes will be too strong for his drinking; Challoner purposes to provide for him at this next vintage certain cueros (alias hogskins) of vino de Yeppez and Villa Real, which are not so heady.
Orig., with armorial seal, the P.S. in Challoner's hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 3.
Sept. 1.563. Copy of the above omitting the P.S.
Endd. by Challoner: Sent by Mr. Moffett. Pp. 2.
Sept. 1.564. Cuerton to Challoner.
1. Writes him by Lenarys, the muleteer, by whom he has sent two ferdels containing all the things which came from London.
2. Sent a letter to him twenty days since by a courier. They say that with Challoner's letters was bound a bundle of letters for Licençiado Egas Vanergas, which he has not received. He is a good father to the writer's child Margaret, and also a great friend of his wife, and is one to whom the Count De Feria bears goodwill. He is a right honest gentleman.—Bilboa, 1 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. by Challoner. Pp. 2.
Sept. 1.565. John Fleming to Francisco Bravo.
Wrote on the 14th ult. to Bravo to pay to Challoner certain sums of money received by the writer from Gresham.— Antwerp, 1 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add.: To Bravo, at Valladolid. Span. Pp. 2.
Sept. 2.566. Mary, Queen of Scots, to the Queen.
Begs that payment may be made to the bearer and others who having obtained sentence in the Admiralty Court for the restitution of their goods spoiled in Northumberland.— Aberdeen, 2 September 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd.: For Greme and his colleagues. Broadside.
Sept. 2.567. Thomas Bishop to the Earl of Bedford.
1. Thanks the Earl and "my singular good lady" for their goodness. Rauf Lacy in his examination reported himself to one John Hume, a Scotchman. He has much dissembled the matter, having had time to confer with his mistress's servants. Hume, lately driven off the sea upon the "fore" Saturday, has been with the writer at Pocklington. He is of a fervent religion, and will not be corrupted in his conscience. He has told him all the doings of Lacy beyond the seas, being other matter "nor" he has confessed. He has been a notable espial for his mistress, as well in this realm before his departure as beyond the seas, to set forth that which was suspected. Has written to Cecil some part thereof, which he desires him to pass in the next post.
2. Lacy sent a secret man to pray Hume to come to him. Bishop, in order to understand the fautors of Lacy's mistress planted about him, caused Hume to practise with Lacy's sister on his going homewards. Hume, for his quality upon the lute, shall have access even to the greatest in Scotland. Lacy should remain where he is, or at least be under good bond to appear.—Pocklington, 2 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Sept. 2.568. The Queen to Throckmorton.
Has sent Sir Thomas Smith as her Ambassador resident, to whom she has given several letters. When Throckmorton went over she lent him certain of her plate and silver vessels, which he shall leave with Smith. Whereas request has been made to take Henry Middlemore into her service, she wills Throckmorton to leave him there with his successor.—Greenwich, 2 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
Sept. 2.569. Aid required by the French.
M. De Cakeville (fn. 1) [Sackville] shall request the Queen to furnish the following assistance: 1,500 foot; 500 horse should be disembarked at Dieppe; four cannon; 20,000 weight of powder, and 1,000 shot; also six field pieces, with suitable store of ammunition, and a sufficient quantity of beer for her troops; also 1,000 pikes.
Copy. Endd. by Cecil: 2 Sept. Fr. Pp. 4.
Sept. 2.570. Windebank to Cecil.
They have arrived at the Count Palatine. M. D'Oysel has departed, evil contented with the answer which he received. They will be forced shortly to buy horses, because waggons are no more to be got; so that 20l. or 25l. will be expended. They will go through the whole journey with Mr. Knollys, as Mr. Thomas could not have the like commodity to see this country. Desires to know whether they shall return with Knollys, or remain at Strasburg.—Heidelberg, 2 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
Sept. 2.571. News from France.
1. On the 15th August D'Andelot returned from Germany with 3,000 pistoliers and 5,000 foot soldiers.
2. On the 17th the Duke of Deux Ponts must have joined him with 1,000 pisto iers and 2,500 foot soldiers. On the 18th they were about to join M. De Ponsenat, who had 6,000 Swiss, and the Baron Des Adrets and M. Monbrun with 4,000 men, after which they would set out for the Prince de Condé. The Baron Des Adrets has from 600 to 700 cavalry, comprising 150 pistoliers from Geneva. The Queen of Navarre, the Count of Rochefoucault, M. Duras, and the other great lords of Gascony, whose forces amount to 8,000 foot and 1,500 horse, are going to join the Prince, as will also do the Prince De Pourçain, who is in Champagne with 600 horse and 2,000 foot.
3. There are in Orleans twenty-eight companies of foot and more than 1,200 gentlemen.
4. There are sent to Bourges twelve ensigns of foot with M. D'Yvoy as governor of the town, together with 300 arquebusiers on horse; there are also three more ensigns of foot in that town. On the 18th of August, in an assault on Bourges, M. De Guise lost 2,500 men. He has been obliged to send to Paris to seek for powder. M. D'Yvoy sent word after the assault that he could hold out more than six weeks.
5. The following forces are in the camp of the Duke of Guise:—2,000 cavalry of the gendarmerie, of which half are not trustworthy, as they are Protestants; 600 reiters; twenty ensigns of Germans under the Rhinegrave; twenty-seven ensigns of French, of which four are at Blois and Beaugency. 3,000 Swiss are about Beaugency, where great numbers are dying of the plague; they are for the most part unarmed. The Duke D'Aumale is at Louviers, with 500 horse and 1,200 foot; all the fortified places are in the hands of the Protestants, who also have in Rouen 1,200 foot and 300 or 400 horse, and in Dieppe 600 foot and about 200 horse. The Count of Montgomery is near Caen with 700 or 800 horse and 3,000 foot. There are besides several other lords and gentlemen who levy both horse and foot for the Prince.
Copy, in a French hand. Endd. by Cecil: 2 Sept. 1562. Fr. Pp. 4.
[Sept. 2.]572. Translation of the above into English.
Draft, dated 4 Sept., corrected by Cecil. Pp. 3.
[Sept. 2.]573. Another copy of the above translation.
Draft, dated 4 Sept., corrected by Cecil. Endd. Pp. 4.
Sept. 2.574. Challoner to John Frampton.
1. Received his letters . . . . . . . . . . yesternight. Sent the petitions of Frampton and Castlin for redress to the King by the Duke of Alva, but has not yet received an answer.
. . . Desires to be remembered to Mr. Tipton.—2 Sept. 1562.
Hol. Draft, mutilated. Endd. Pp. 3.
Sept. 3.575. Mundt to Cecil.
Signified from Spires in their common letter on the 27th August, that they intended to start the day after for Heidelburg to the Elector Palatine, which they did. For what passed between them he refers him to their common letter, written to the Queen. The meeting of the Protestant Princes for the rejection of the Council of Trent will take place at Fulda on the 12th. Whilst they were performing their new instructions, he remembered that at Naumburg in '61, and again in April in the present year, he had asked the Prince Palatine and the Duke of Wurtemberg to let the Queen know what was done at Naumburg, and lately they promised they would do so. On his reminding them of this, the Count of Erbach and the Chancellor replied that they remembered the promise, but that as nothing certain about the refusal was determined on they could not write to him. Nor could they sufficiently agree amongst themselves about the refusal, for some did not approve of it, and the Duke of Wurtemberg caused a wordy writing to be drawn up by certain doctors. For when a man has refused to have a certain judge for his cause he ought to appoint another, and those who are of this opinion think that they ought to persevere in the protest made to the Emperor in the last Diet at Augsburg in 1559, of which a copy was sent to the Queen from Naumburg; or that the Council at Trent should be rejected in some very short writing. Others think that there is need of a solemn refusal. They have promised to inform Mundt and Knollys of all that happens. They do not know, however, whether they will be able to reach the place of convention, as they wish to have the Queen's new commands quickly. Can learn nothing certain about Maximilian's constancy in religion.—Worms, 3 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. Lat. Pp. 3.
Sept. 3.576. Knolles and Mundt to the Queen.
1. On the 28th ult. they came to Heidelberg, but the Palsgrave was not at home, but returned about 9 p.m. Next day they requested audience, but were not received till Sunday the 30th ult., when before 9 a.m. the Chancellor conveyed them to court, where they found the Prince at service in his chapel, where shortly after was a sermon. When it was finished, they were brought unto a secret place where they found the Prince, with only the Chancellor. They informed him of their general commission to all of the Confession of Augsburg, and delivered their letters.
2. They then proposed the remedies; one by the present succouring of the Prince of Condé, the other by making a general league, and desired to know the Prince's determination therein. The Chancellor answered that, being matters of great importance, as-soon as possible they should know his mind concerning the whole matter, and so led them to dine with him, and the Princess his wife. He would have lodged them in his Court, but they desired to be excused in consequence of the Queen's busines. The same night he presented them at their lodging with a number of great pots of wine. On the next day they went to visit and dine with the Earl of Erbach, who took it in such good part, that he would needs come and sup with them the same night at their lodging. The Earl is within his own jurisdiction an absolute Lord, and yet great master over the Prince's house, and director of all his affairs.
3. Upon Tuesday they were sent for again, just before supper, where in the presence of the Palsgrave, his son Prince Lewis, the Earl of Erbach, and three other Councillors, the Chancellor brought the answer in writing, which they send to the Queen. They were not satisfied with one article. They learnt that amongst the Protestant Princes in Germany there was no other league, but an agreement of minds by word and promise, that if any were invaded in respect of religion the rest should concur together in his defence. This agreement they esteem of more force than any league that stands upon particular conditions, In this case every man is bound to confer all he can, and it does not provoke the adversary to make a contrary band; and further, the expenses which grow upon the continual maintenance of Captains are avoided. The assistance which they give to the Prince of Condé (to whom they were bound by no promise), is a proof of this, to whom they will lend a hundred thousand guilders, and become securities to answer to the whole pay of his soldiers for three months, which will amount to three hundred thousand guilders. The same night they supped with him, and after taking their leave he sent one to their inn to defray their charges, and lent his own waggon to take them on their way, with the liberty to take it as far as they thought good. Although they had need of it, they would not take it further than Worms.
4. They understand by the Palsgrave that about the 18th October the Emperor's son, Maximilian, accompanied by the Duke of Bavaria, will be at Frankfort where all the Electors will be. The cause whereof is supposed to be for the creation of Maximilian as King of the Romans; and inasmuch as the Emperor comes strongly accompanied, the temporal Electors will bring with them the Dukes of Wurtemberg and Zweilberge, and the Landgrave. M. D'Oysel (who has been here for some time to stop M. D'Andelot's purpose, and to persuade the Princes that the cause of these troubles in France was not religion,) has now returned into France, and has found little credit here, although he brought with him S. Michael for a witness, which was given unto him at his departure from the Court.—Worms, 3 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 5.
Sept. 3.577. Cuerton to Challoner.
1. Sends now a letter from Withipoll, who wrote that he should depart by way of Bristol. Many men of war leave Spain for France daily.
2. The bearer, Solchaga, is repairing to the Council to inform them of what passes. Prays that he may dine with him. James Connant has sent all Chamberlain's stuff which was consigned to Challoner's servant in London.—Bilboa, 3 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. by Challoner: Received 10 Sept. Pp. 2.
Sept. 4.578. Throckmorton to Vielleville.
The bearer will inform him of the disaster which has happened to the writer, who asks for his advice how to act under the circumstances.—Orleans, 4 Sept. 1562.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Sept. 5.579. The Earl of Rutland to Cecil.
This day received with other letters from Thomas Bishop one for him, and another which Bishop received from John Hume, a Scot. Has given order to Sir Thomas Gargrave for letting Ralph Lacy to bail.—Thurgarton, 5 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Sept. 5.580. Intelligence from France.
1. The King's camp before Bourges amounted to 18,000 men. The garrison agreed to serve the King, and marched out, and at present are placed in the German quarter of the camp.
2. M. D'Yvoy is the brother of M. De Janlis, a good Huguenot, whose lieutenant was defeated at Paris the other day, had his head cut off, and was dragged at the tail of a horse, and his body hanged on a gibbet. The Huguenots in Bourges made two or three good salleys, and killed about 150 of the enemy. 1,200 of those in Orleans captured a convoy of artillery, guarded by 400 or 500 men, near Châteaudun.
3. The King's camp has left Bourges to take Gien, and then to go to Orleans or Rouen. One of the two governors of Rouen, named Morvillars, has retired with fifty gentlemen, because his colleague wished to admit 200 or 300 English into the town to serve the Prince. He has renounced his oath to serve the said Prince, as has also done M. De Senarpont and his son, who have left Orleans. By the capitulation of Bourges M. D'Yvoy was to go to Orleans to renounce the oath that he has given to the Prince. The Queen Mother hopes that through his means they may be able to come to some arrangement about Orleans with the Prince. The Count of Rochefoucault has retired to his house. D'Andelot is bringing from Germany 2,000 reiters and 6,000 foot, and that the Count Egmont is on the frontiers of Artois with 4,000 men for the purpose of helping the King of France.
4. In Guienne M. Duras was near Agen on the 1st inst.; since then there is news that as he was marching to Lyons to succour the Baron Des Adrets. Duras has been declared a traitor at Bordeaux, and beheaded in effigy. They have also cut off the head of Captain John Du Guet for having tried to give up the castle of Bordeaux to the Huguenots. Neither that town nor Bayonne or Paris have been besieged by the Huguenots. More than 100,000 foot and 15,000 horse are engaged in this civil war. The Huguenot party is constantly diminishing, and that of the King increasing. The camp of M. De Monluc is at Agen, in which there are about 900 Spaniards collected from the frontier garrisons. The Duke of Montpensier has gone to join M. De Monluc. The English have withdrawn.
Copy. Endd. by Challoner. Fr. Pp. 4.
Sept. 5.581. Advices from Italy.
1. Milan, Sept. 2. Giovanni Di Mendoza has arrived to consign Sardinia, in the name of the King Catholic, to the King of Navarre. The French Catholics have taken Maçon, killed all the Huguenots, and hanged two preachers. It is decided that the Prince of Parma shall have precedence over the Prince of Florence.
2. Trent, Sept. 2. The question which arose on 25 August (An Christus obtulerit in Cana expiativum et propitiatorium sacrificium), and that respecting the use of the cup, have caused great discussions. The Bishop of Verona died this day in consequence of a blow received from the Bishop of Salamanca in a dispute de potestate pontificia.
3. Rome, Sept. 5. The Pope will send 100,000 crowns to the King of France, who will reduce the whole of his realm to the obedience of Rome. Local intelligence from various parts of Italy.
Ital. Pp. 4.
Sept. 6.582. M. De Vielleville to Throckmorton.
Considering into whose hands he has fallen, he may be sure of good treatment. The Queen Mother has commanded him to desire him to be at Aubigny to-morrow, where he will be welcome. Has given 100 crowns to the bearer, and Throckmorton will find 200 more here in the hands of M. Du Peron, of the King's chamber.—Bourges, 6 Sept. 1562.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Sept. 6.583. Passport for Throckmorton's Servant.
A passport for one of Throckmorton's servants going into England.—Bourges, 6 Sept. 1562. Signed: Catherine;—De L'Aubespine.
Orig. Fr. P. 1.
Sept. 6.584. Meliadus Spinola to Challoner.
Received last night his letter of the 3rd, and had some talk with the bearer. Unfortunately seven or eight days ago Francisco Bravo left for Valladolid. Doubts whether payment will be made by him without the bill of exchange. Received another letter from Challoner yesterday morning upon the same subject, respecting which he offers explanations. Desires to be remembered to Cobham.—Medina del Campo, 6 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Endd. by Challoner. Ital. Pp. 3.
Sept. 7.585. Sir Thomas Dacre to Cecil.
This day received letters for Mr. Treasurer, which he delivered, and presently sends a garrison man with the packet to Mr. Randolph. Upon Lord Grey's departure hence for the Court he instructed him to furnish his Deputy Warden with as many of this garrison as he should require, especially for the purpose of destroying and wasting of such corn as the Scots had sown within English ground. And this day, upon his request, he did adlimit to him 350 footmen and all the horsemen of the garrison, without whom the corn could not have been destroyed but with great loss of people, for the inhabitants of the country are not able to do it themselves. This day the Deputy and his company destroyed the corn and some mown hay, and there came to them within English ground above 100 horsemen and footmen, who shot arrows at them, pricked with great skirmishing at them, took seven or eight of them prisoners, with their horses, and carried them into Scotland. The Earl of Bothwell is lying at Hawick, six miles from his house of Hermitage, in Liddesdale, and with him are the Trumbles of Liddesdale. No more of his friends will go to him, as he is considered not to have done well in making such an escape as he has done. Has just received a packet from Randolph for him, which is herewith sent.—Berwick, 7 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 3.
Sept. 7.586. List of the Party of the Prince of Condé.
List of the number of troops which the principal followers of the Prince of Condé brought with them into the field.
Copy, in a French hand. Endd. and dated by Cecil. Fr. Pp. 14.
Sept. 7.587. The Coronation of the King and Queen of Bohemia.
1. On Monday the 7th September the King and Queen entered into Prague with the Archduke Ferdinand and Charles his brother, and the Duke and Duchess of Bavaria. The King brought with him 600 Hungarian gentlemen on horseback, apparelled in gowns of cloth of gold, velvet, and satin, decked with plumes of feathers, as well themselves as their horses, with their targets and lances with long pencils of white and red taffeta. Besides these he brought 3,500 horse. From the city there went out to meet him 5,000 horse, the more part with chains of gold, and a great number of people on foot, whereof there were three ensigns with their drums and fifes. At the entry to the town there was prepared a canopy of cloth of gold, under which they placed themselves with the Duke and Duchess of Bavaria. The Duke and the two Archdukes went foremost, and in this order went to the high church where the Emperor was. The Archbishop of Prague made an oration, which lasted an hour and a half. From thence they went to the palace, and there remained fourteen days, feasting and banquetting with one another.
The Coronation of the King.
2. On Sunday the 21st Sept. at 5.30 a.m. the King went from the palace to the High Church on foot, accompanied with a great number of gentlemen. Before him went the Marshal of Moravia with a sword in the scabbard on his shoulder; his doublet and hosen were white; he had ou a short gown of black damask with a great number of buttons of gold. He entered into the chapel of King Lewis and there was apparelled in pontificalibus, with an alb and other ornaments of crimson velvet, embroidered, and laid over with pearls; a surcoat of cloth of silver with guards of crimson velvet embroidered with pearls, with a stole of the same velvet embroidered in like manner. Upon this he had a cope of cloth of tissue, the ground of silver and the upper part gold, with the border and hood of crimson velvet embroidered with pearls. In certain places were set thirtysix great rubies and diamonds, and between them forty pieces of gold, and in each of them two great pearls. At the end of the said cope that falls upon the breast was a great diamond set in gold. The garments were esteemed at least at 120,000 florins.
3. After this he went in procession in the midst of the bishops, and before him the Archbishop of Prague and seven other bishops carrying each a relic in his hand. After these came an ancient gentleman of Bohemia with a ball of gold with a cross; after him followed another with a sceptre, and after him came Rosenburg, the High Chamberlain, with the royal crown in his hand, which is all of gold with five sapphires, every one as big as half an egg, set without foil, each in four clasps of gold, and between these other great stones and rubies. In the midst, over the forepart, was a ruby as big as half a nut, set between four clasps of great value, and on the top at the ends a number of orient pearls. This is esteemed to be worth 250,000 dollars. Before all these went four ancient gentlemen; one with a cake of gold, another with one of silver, and the other two had each a small blue vessel.
4. In this sort he went into the quire, where the high altar was, where he found the Emperor clothed in pontifi- calibus at the right hand of the altar, with a cope of crimson cloth of gold and the imperial crown on his head. Before him stood the Count Eberstein, captain of the guard of horsemen, with the sceptre; another earl of the house of Eberstein held the ball, and before them stood one who carried the imperial sword. A little from them on the right was the Duke of Bavaria, and behind him the Archdukes Ferdinand and Charles. On the other side stood the Duke of Brancui and the Prince of Plas, a Bohemian, and other noblemen. In the midst of the quire was a canopy of cloth of gold, and under it a traverse of the same, open, and by it a chair covered with cloth of gold, very rich. Before the altar was also another traverse of cloth of silver, and in the midst thereof a stripe of crimson cloth of gold, in manner of the arms of Austria.
5. The King being come to this place, all they that carried the relics and the crown and ornaments set them on the altar. The Archbishop turning to the King read certain chapters and caused him to lay his hand on the Testament, saying that he should keep what he had promised; then the King with a loud voice said that he would, and also keep them in peace, quiet, and justice. Next the Archbishop began his Mass, and when he had passed the Gloria in Excelsis he said the prayers recommending the King unto God, with request to send him wisdom; after the Epistle, which was read by the Bishop of Mytria, the Archbishop took the King up again and said other two prayers of like sort, and then willed him to open his right arm, the clothing whereof was unsewn to his shirt and only laced. In the fore part of his arm near the wrist he made a cross with the holy oil, saying certain words; then they opened his breast and there the Archbishop made another cross; the like did he also on his back.
6. After this the King knelt before the altar, when the Archbishop girt on his sword, and delivered to him the sceptre and the ball, with certain prayers. The Archbishop then spake to the Viceroy; who then said, that the King having sworn their laws and customs, there rested only their consent that he should be crowned, which he asked. They all answered twice Yez, Yez, which is yea, yea, and this they did thrice. The Archbishop and the Bishops then set the crown on the King's head. This done, the King with the crown on his head went under the canopy, and the Archbishop began to sing the Te Deum, and the organs and the singing men made an end thereof. Which done, the King went into a little chamber behind the altar, where the holy oil was washed. After this he came with his crown and other ornaments and sat down in his chair.
7. When Mass was done the Emperor, King, and the rest went to the palace, where having changed their garments and laid off their crowns they, with the Queen, the Duke and Duchess of Bavaria, and the Princess Anne, dined together. The said Princess was apparelled in crimson velvet with guards of pearls, and a girdle of great emeralds and rubies and a collar of diamonds and pearls; on her head she had an attire of the like with great pearls interlaced. The Bohemians served the King as his gentlemen waiters.
The Coronation of the Queen.
8. The next day (being the 22nd) the Queen went to the High Church with twelve ladies waiting upon her in gowns of cloth of gold with goldsmiths' work, and eighty ladies apparelled in train gowns, laid over with lace of gold and garnished with buttons of gold. The Queen had about her gown in sundry parts great buttons of gold, made like friars' knots, each of them with a great table diamond and four great round pearls. Her sleeves were pointed with white ribbon and aiguilletes of goldsmiths' work set with pearls; she had on her head a jewel with a great emerald and a ruby, and on each side of the same sundry diamonds, with a crown on the top set in like manner with diamonds and at the pendant a great pear pearl of great value; on the other side two great table diamonds and a very rich emerald. This jewel is worth 22,000 ducats, so that her whole apparel was worth 150,000 florins or above.
9. At her coming to the church she went into the chapel of King Lewis, and from thence was brought forth in procession in like sort as the King was, with the bishops and officers carrying the relics and the crown, &c. After her came an abbess to wash the holy oil. She then came before the altar unto the traverse which was set up for the King. The Emperor was in his traverse, but not in his pontifical apparel, with the imperial sword hefore him; the King in like manner in a traverse somewhat further off. The Duchess of Bavaria was next, then the Archdukes, the Duke of Bavaria and the Princess Anne apparelled in purple cloth of gold guarded with three borders of goldsmiths' work with a number of buttons of gold, having each of them three pearls. Her girdle was very rich, of table diamonds with great pearls between; she had about her neck a very rich carcenet of great diamonds and pearls, and two jewels on her head, each of them with a diamond and a ruby garnished with pearls. On the other side was the Princess Elizabeth apparelled in russet cloth of gold, guarded with goldsmiths' work, with many great buttons of gold; and on her head a border of great pearls, and a carcenet of the same, with a jewel of a very great square diamond and a ruby over it with a pearl pendant.
10. The Queen went to the altar where she knelt down. Mass was said, and she was anointed and crowned by the Archbishop in precisely the same manner as the King had been, the same crown being used, which however was too little. They dined in the same place and in like manner as the day before, and on the next day all the King's presidents came to offer themselves to justice. In the afternoon they tourneyed on horseback, the challengers being the Archdukes Ferdinand and Charles and their Chief Chamberlains Paysel and Charles of Coltino. They were apparelled in white, yellow, and black, being cloth of gold, black velvet, and silver; there were forty defendants. They made an end at half past six.
Copy. Endd. by Challoner. Span. Pp. 6.
Sept. 7.588. Translation of the above into English.
Pp. 7.
Sept. 7.589. Francisco Bravo to Challoner.
Has received his two letters of 26 August and 7 September, both upon the money now due. Reasons why he cannot settle the same at this time.—7 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Challoner: Touching the 400l. sterling, and 7l. 10s. made me over by Richard Clough, with Bravo's dilatory excuses. Span. Pp. 3.
Sept. 8.590. Throckmorton to the King of Navarre.
Thanks him for the favour which he, the King, and the Queen Mother have shown by sending a trumpet to conduct him to their ministers. His equipage is in such disorder through the misfortune that happened to him at Chateaudun, that he will not be able to leave this place before Friday or Saturday. He therefore will not detain the trumpet.— Orleans, 8 Sept. 1562.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Sept. 8.591. Another copy of the above.
Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Sept. 8.592. The Constable of France to Throckmorton.
The Queen Mother has ordered him to say that she will let him know where she is, and will have a lodging kept for him.—Camp at Sardon, 8 Sept. 1562. Signed: Montmorency.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
[Sept. 8.]593. Another copy of the above, dated 9 Sept.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Sept. 8.594. MM. Mentreville, Soquence, and Coton to Cecil.
Beg that he will assist their cause. Their adversaries design the ruin of the country, which, to escape their cruelty, is willing to give itself up to England. They are ready to acknowledge Queen Elizabeth as their mistress.—Rouen, 8 Sept. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil: The Governors of Rouen. Fr. Pp. 2.
Sept. 8.595. Cuerton to Challoner.
Sent a letter by Solchaga six days ago. Looks daily for ships from England. Asks him to assist the bearer, Martin De Borgoa, having been unjustly condemned by the judge who came upon the scriveners. He is repairing to Madrid to seek redress from the Council. If the Count De Feria is there, he asks Challoner to recommend the bearer to him, and if he should lack twenty or thirty ducats to let him have them upon the writer's account.—Bilboa, 8 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Challoner. Pp. 2.
Sept. 9.596. Throckmorton to the Queen.
1. Before leaving Paris he informed Brisac, Governor of Paris (who has the oversight of him), that he meant for surer passage to Bourges to go by St. Mathurin, Montargis, and Gien, a way not haunted with men of war. Brisac told him he could not allow him to travel that way, saying those towns were at the Prince of Condé's devotion; but that if he will go by Chartres, Bonneval, Châteaudun, and Blois, he [Brisac] would guarantee him to go safely.
2. He went the way Brisac prescribed, and passed safely until the 1st inst.; he overtook the artillery beyond Châteaudun, near La Ferté, in the Beauce. Had not been long in the train when the avant couriers of the Catholic party discovered their enemy of Orleans. To avoid disaster he sent to the Admiral (who was chieftain of the Protestant party) to ask for security for himself and his train; when at that instant the Admiral charged on their enemies. He, chancing to be in the fury of the charge, was taken and spoiled of all he had; above 6,000 crowns of the sun; and had not M. De Grmamont come to their succour, they must have been cut in pieces.
3. The Admiral defeated their enemies, whereof 300 were slain, and many wounded; they also took six cannons, and forty-three carts loaded with powder, and some bullets. He has lost the Queen's instructions, letters, ciphers, and all notes and papers of consequence, so he is without means to accomplish her charge. This bearer, Francisco, accompanied him, and can bear testimony of his losses.
4. The Admiral was accompanied by MM. De Grammont, De Janlis, and De Fontenay (brother to De Rohan), and 800 or 900 horse. After the victory, not having the means to carry away the ammunition and artillery, they burnt the powder and destroyed the artillery. Then they marched to Orleans, where they advised him to go with them for safety, which he yielded to.
5. They arrived at Orleans about 2 o'clock a.m. next day. He has lodged in the Admiral's house, where he has continued since his arrival; and the Prince and he have often declared that their chiefest trust, next to God, was in the Queen.
6. The state of Orleans is thus, viz.: There are 1,200 horsemen in the town, and 5,000 footmen, beside the inhabitants. They do not want victuals for six months. The Prince has had nine or ten cannons and culverins made within the town, and they will make seven or eight more. They have fortified almost all the weak places with platforms, ravelines, and parapets. The counterscarp is in a manner finished. They have a good store of powder, but they had some misfortune heretofore by fire. The plague is very rife here, and daily diminishes their numbers. The Princess of Condé, her eldest son, and Madame l'Admiral, are within the town.
7. Besides the victory named was another won on the same day by M. Durasse against M. De Monluc, in Gascony, where there was slain 800 horsemen and 1,000 footmen. On the same day Bourges surrendered to the Queen Mother and the King of Navarre, by M. De Yvoy, the manner of which capitulation she will perceive by a memoir enclosed.
8. M. D'Andelot makes his musters in Lorraine on the 15th inst., of 4,000 horsemen and 6,000 footmen, upon the charge of the Princes of Almaine, who will not take any money of the Prince to pay their soldiers until the matter is brought to some other point. They are satisfied to take D'Andelot's promise and bill for the money by them disbursed.
9. The King dislodged from Bourges on the 6th inst., and from thence his camp marched to St. Palais with the intention to pass the country of Sologne, taking the way to Aubigny, belonging to the Earl of Lennox's brother, and so pass the River Loire at Gien. The Constable and the Duke of Guise are resolved to convert the greatest part of their force against Rouen and Newhaven; for they are informed that those places are unmanned. Also they suspect that the Queen will succour those places. They intend to impeach D'Andelot's coming with the Almains.
10. The Bishop of Orleans and M. D'Alluy (one of the four principal secretaries) are despatched from the King's camp into Piedmont, to make restitution of the holds there to the Duke of Saxony. The regiment of Frenchmen in Bourges since the rendition are secretly retired. They had promised to serve against the Prince of Condé, but especially against the Englishmen and Almaines. Of these soldiers 600 or 700 came to this town to serve the Prince of Condé.
11. There is great practice made by the Queen Mother to win MM. De Janlis and De Grammont from the Prince. The two chieftains at the conflict, where he met with his misfortune, behaved valiantly.
12. Wrote a letter to Vielleville to inform the Queen Mother of his disaster, and to know what he should do; the copy of which, with Vielleville's answer, he sends herewith. They sent a trumpet for him to Orleans, to conduct him to the King, to whom he will depart as soon as he can. In the meantime he sends Francisco, her courier, with this despatch.
13. Sir Peter Mewtas "is departed to God's mercy at Dieppe." The Papists not being strong enough to exterminate the Protestants in this country by force, and understanding the Queen's preparations on one side, and the coming of Almaines on the other, again offer to the Prince of Condé the observation of the edict of January.
14. He has recovered all the Queen's plate, her instructions lately sent him to negotiate with the Queen Mother, her cipher, with other papers, part of his apparel, some of his horses, and 350 crowns.
15. After three years and six months service here, he hopes she will deliver him of this charge by her speedy revocation. He sends herewith a declaration, lately set forth by the Prince of Condé, upon the judgment given against him and them for rebellion.
16. It will appear very strange to the Queen Mother that the Queen should send a minister to negotiate with her in such matters, being unauthorized by her letters of credence. —Orleans, 9 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Portions in cipher, deciphered. Pp. 9.
Sept. 9.597. Throckmorton to Cecil.
This day (9th inst.) he despatched Francisco, the courier, in post, with advertisements of the surrendering of Bourges, etc. They have offered to the Prince of Condé the observation of the edict of January, which is but to trap the Admiral. It will not be amiss for Cecil to tell M. De La Haye that the Prince and his party should make no composition, unless England is agreeable thereunto, the Queen being at such charge. The writer has barely escaped with his life. Through the Prince he has recovered part of what he lost. He does not think his cipher fell into any man's hand, but it should be changed, and another sent by Cecil's next despatch. It is necessary for Cecil to have an eye to M. Nantouillet and his doings, he being the most dangerous hostage that is in England.—Orleans, 9 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Portions in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 3.
Sept. 9.598. Copy of the above.
Portions underlined to be expressed in cipher. Endd.: By a Frenchman. Pp. 3.
Sept. 9.599. Throckmorton to Cecil.
The bearer can inform Cecil how he and his have lost all they had here, the details of which he gives. Desires Cecil that he may be rid from this charge. Received a few words from him of the 25th ult., with a memorial written in French and in cipher, addressed to the Prince of Condé from De La Haye. Cecil states that the Queen shall have Newhaven. Since the writing thereof here is arrived one Landonye, servant to the Admiral, who was sent from thence on the 2nd inst. from De La Haye, and brings word that the English shall land at Dieppe. The cipher which was lost with his papers and money, twenty four miles from Orleans, is recovered, with the Queen's last instructions sent to him, and through the Admiral's means he has received 350 crowns of the money. Has been obliged to borrow of M. De Vielleville 500 crowns. The Chiefs here asked him what old captains came with the Earl of Warwick. They wished that Lord Grey, or some of his experience, were with him. Sir James Croft is no apprentice, and is a kinsman to the Earl, who might be well employed here. Since he came here one of his folks has fallen sick of the plague in the house where his train is lodged. It is so violent here that since he came eighty or one hundred persons have died.—Orleans, 9 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig., partly hol. A few passages in cipher, deciphered. Add. Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 4.
Sept. 9.600. Another copy of the above.
Endd. Pp. 3.
Sept. 9.601. Clough to Challoner.
1. Wrote a month ago with letters from England. Delivered to Mr. John Fleming here on the 1st of June 455l. 16s., and also 7l. 10s. The money sent to him in Spain altogether amounts to 456l. 5s. Fleming has written to Francisco Bravo that upon sight of his letter he was to pay Challoner. Since then has been to England, and has just returned. Sends with this Challoner's bill for 1,420 ducats.
2. Since his return from England he has received a letter from him touching certain letters of his. Has always sent by the first post all letters which he has received from England. Both parties in France treat each other very cruelly about matters of religion.
3. M. D'Andelot has been to Germany for help. He crossed the Rhine about the 23rd ult. with 5,000 footmen, and 2,500 horsemen. All the Princes of Germany will arm immediately. After the Germans had crossed the Rhine they entered Lorrain and went to Verdun, where there were a great number of spiritual men who had fled out of divers places. They have taken Verdun, and have slain above 1,500 Papists. They have done no further harm; they pay for what they take, and allow the inhabitants to pass quietly through the country. — Antwerp, 9 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Challoner. Pp. 5.
Sept. 9.602. The King of Navarre to Throckmorton.
Both he and the Queen Mother are very much annoyed at the hinderance of his journey, and hope that they shall see him by Friday. He should send some one to engage his lodging.—Camp at Sardon, 9 Sept. 1562.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 2.
Sept. 9.603. Another copy of the above.
Fr. Pp. 2.
Sept. 10.
Forbes, ii. 43.
604. Throckmorton to the Queen.
M. De Morvilliers has lately retired to his house from his charge at Rouen, and from interfering any more in the Prince of Condé's cause. The Prince and Admiral have therefore sent as governor a gentleman named M. De Bricquemore, as well to join the Count of Montgomery in governing Normandy, as also to accomodate the Queen's army for their safer descent. Knows Bricquemore to be a valiant, wise, and an honest gentleman.—Orleans, 10 Sept. 1562. Signed.
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecils secretary. Pp. 2.
Sept. 10.605. The Lords of Berne to the French Ambassadors.
The answer following was made by the Council of Berne to MM. De Mendoza and Coignet in reply to their proposition of September 9th. They have perused the solicitation of the Ambassadors touching the revocation of the bands of Berne in the service of the town of Lyons. Their men by desiring to keep the town have not offended the King. They have despatched two members of their council to Lyons to revoke the bands of Berne. And having perceived from the captains the let that kept them at Lyons (that is to say, the delay of their wages), they have written again to them to dislodge from Lyons. They have since despatched another of their council to make earnest declarations to the captains. As the army of the Lords of Tavennes and Maugiron is near Lyons, they pray that the bands of Berne be allowed to depart peaceably.—10 Sept. 1562.
Copy. Endd. Fr. Pp. 3.
Sept. 10.606. English translation of the above.
Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 3.
Sept. 10.607. The Fire in the Isle of Pico.
On Sunday night the 10th September 1562 the crew of the ship Nostra Señora de la Luz, bound from St. Domingo, being 250 leagues from Terceira, saw a great and very dazzling light in the east. Several days later on arriving at Fayal they found that the Island of Pico was burning, and that all the inhabitants had fled. Learnt from the inhabitants that the fire had commenced the same time that they saw the light at sea.
Copy. Endd. by Challoner. Spanish. Pp. 3.

Footnotes

1 Originally written M. De Horsey.