Forbes, ii. 68.
|697. Poynings and Vaughan to the Queen.|
|1. They received the Queen's letters brought by Mr.
Horsey at 7 p.m., wherein she alters her former articles
between her and the Vidame; willing them to pass with
him to Newhaven and quietly take possession of the town
without offending the inhabitants, and that they should
procure the handwritings of M. De Bevoyes, and other
captains and gentlemen; all which he has done with speed.|
|2. Understands by Horsey that the Vidame has returned
to her upon letters which he met on the way, which landed
here this morning at 9 o'clock.|
|3. He has sent hither an Italian gentleman named Macell
del Bene, whom he desires should pass the seas with him.
All things shall be put in readiness to sail, if wind and tide
permit. They received this day an answer from Sir W.
Kelwaye by the messenger that carried his letter, that he
intends to be here to-morrow by noon.—Portsmouth, 26 Sept.
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
|Sept. 26.||698. Sir Adrian Poynings to Cecil.|
|1. Received the Queen's letters, with a letter from Cecil
by Mr. Horsey, this night, willing him to receive into his
company the Vidame, and so to pass to Newhaven, and devise
how he may enter. Perceives by Horsey that the Vidame
has returned again to the Queen, wherefore he desires to
know her pleasure, for he had determined to embark on
Sunday. Horsey has brought hither with him an Italian
gentleman named Macell del Bene, sent by the Vidame to
pass over with him to Newhaven, he therefore desires to
know if Cecil thinks it meet to do so.—Portsmouth, 26 Sept.
|2. P. S.—Has received here 1,600 men, of which 500 or
600 have been ill chosen.|
Orig. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 2.
|Sept. 26.||699. Cuthbert Vaughan to Cecil.|
|Poynings has shown him the letters brought by Horsey,
and upon debating the same they differ in opinion. Poynings
thinks he must not embark without the Vidame; the writer
thinks the Queen would possess the town, with or without
him. The wind being good, in his opinion they should
embark, and leave a ship to convey the Vidame. Is sure
that if two or three of the bands landed they would be
joyfully received. If the first determination had stood, the
Queen would have been in possession of the town. He means
not to touch Poynings in credit, and to satisfy his request
he signed the letter to the Queen. Desires Cecil to send
the orders concerning his office. If the journey did not
require such speed, very few of the bands from Dorset and
Hants should receive wages.—26 Sept., at 12 o'clock p.m.,
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 3.
|Sept. 26.||700. Thomas Morley to —|
|Has victualled sundry ships for the transport of 1,600
soldiers. Sir Adrian Poynings hasting him to ship the men,
victuals, etc., aboard to-morrow, he has given to every
captain his bill for the embarkation of his band. There
are here seventeen sail with 220 mariners in wage.—The
dock near Portsmouth, 26 Sept. 1562. Signed.|
Endd. Pp. 2.
|Sept. 26.||701. Order for the embarkation of 1,600 men.|
|Sept. 26.||702. Smith to Throckmorton.|
|Throckmorton's servant (whom he met as he was coming from
Calais to Boulogne) having told him that he was at Orleans, the
writer hastened to Montreuil, where he heard the Cardinal of
Bourbon (Governor of Picardy) was, but on his arrival there
he found he was at Douay, but he met him returning to
Montreuil. He could learn nothing, but that the Court was
toward Rouen, that the Swiss who had come to Lyons on
the Prince's part had gone home again, and that the Protestants had a great overthrow in Lyons. Smith said the
Queen had a great affection for the house of Bourbon and
D'Albret, and that all this preparation was to see if she
could get some means to pacify these troubles in France
without overthrowing either party; and that the house of
Guise were always suspected by the Queen. The only
answer he could get was that many good offers had been
made to his brother, but he refused all. Has now sent
Nicholas (Throckmorton's man) to see where he can meet
him. Thinks that before this there will be 3,000 Englishmen,
with the Lords Warwick and Grey, in Newhaven, who were
ready when he left London. The Queen does not mean
war with France, but for the defence of religion. Does not
like Throckmorton being still in Orleans; for why should he
not follow the Court, being Ambassador ?—26 Sept. 1562.
Orig., with armorial seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
|Sept. 26.||703. Another copy of the above.|
Copy. Endd. Pp. 3.
|Sept. 26.||704. Smith to Throckmorton.|
|Being uncertain where he shall find him, he has sent
the bearer to seek him out.—Abbeville, 26 Sept. 1562.
Orig. with armorial seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|Sept. 26.||705. John Abington to Cecil.|
|Upon his arrival here he sent two of his clerks [to Newhaven], whose report he sends herewith. He will (in answer
thereto) send wood, hops, hoops, and other necessaries. Oxen
and muttons shall be sent over from time to time. Sends a
loaf of bread which came from thence; corn is good and cheap
there. Meat is but little dearer there than here. The ships
shall be victualled for fourteen days. More money is wanted.
—Portsmouth, 26 Sept. 1562. Signed.|
Orig. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|Sept. 26.||706. Ellen Farnham to Challoner.|
|1. It has pleased God to punish her by taking away her
dear husband and youngest child, both within two days.
Her cousin Beaumont has the wardship of her child by
bequest of her husband, with 100l. to pay for her. Was
under the necessity of coming here within a fortnight after
her husband's decease, who having sold his house, she has
made bold to use Challoner's during the weeks she tarries
here. Her cousin Beaumont, Mr. Drue Drurie, Mr. Thomas
Sackvile, her brother, Mr. John Farnham, and her brother
Francis and his wife, whom she found here, are supping with
her to make her merry. His writings which her husband had
she will keep safely until he returns.—From his house at St.
Jones (John's), 26 Sept. 1562. Signed.|
|2. P. S.—Mr. Drue Drury desires to be commended.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Challoner. Pp. 2.
|Sept. 27.||707. The Queen's Declaration. (fn. 1) |
|Complaints have been brought to her from a multitude of
the King's subjects in Normandy of their persecution by the
Duke of Aumale and the adherents of the house of Guise, and
considering the King cannot succour them, by reason of the
Guisians, she has thought good to send a number of her
subjects into Normandy to land at Dieppe and Havre-deGrace. She has commanded them to defend these towns and
such others as they can from ruin. In manifestation hereof
she has caused this declaration to be sealed with the great
seal, which is delivered to her lieutenant, to be by him shown
to all the French King's subjects.|
Draft by Cecil, and dated and endd. by him. Pp. 4.
|Sept. 27.||708. Draft translation of the above into French. Hampton
Court, [blank] Sept. 1562.|
Endd. Pp. 6.
|Sept. 27.||709. Fair copy of the above translation into French. Hampton
Court, 27 Sept. 1562.|
Endd. Pp. 5.
|[Sept. 27 ?]||710. M. De Foix to the Lords of the Council.|
|Has been informed about wrongs sustained in Brittany by
the English. Three weeks ago he sent an express message
about this matter to the French King, who at once ordered
the Duke D'Etampes to inquire into it, who wrote that he
had caused restitution to be made. Signed.|
Add. Endd. Pp. 3.
|Sept. 28.||711. Poynings and Vaughan to the Privy Council.|
|This day, at 8 a.m., they embarked all the soldiers, and
take this tide to St. Helen's, and remain there till 5 o'clock
at night, then take their voyage to Newhaven. They have
taken from hence the master gunner and five others to serve
the turn until the Master of the Ordnance comes. The Master
Treasurer has but 100l. towards paying the soldiers.—Portsmouth, 28 Sept. 1562. Signed.|
Orig., with seal. Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
|[Sept. 28.]||712. Cuthbert Vaughan to Cecil.|
|1. Knowing the desire the Queen has that this enterprise
should have good effect, he has reminded Mr. Poynings to lose
no time, although all things were not in such readiness as
was requisite. At 8 a.m. they had all embarked, yet they
will not hoist sail until 8 p.m. In all things hitherto
has found Poynings, of a contrary opinion; and if he
stands so precisely to follow every branch and jot of the
articles he fears it will breed discord between the French
and the English. He thought it necessary this morning,
not only to take the duty of his own band at embarking, but of others, as appertains to his office. Mr.
Poynings, under pretence of speed, offered by force to restrain
him, although time served from 6 a.m. until 5 p.m., when it
was only two hours' work to embark the whole number.|
|2. He is not meet nor able to serve with Poynings in
matters of such importance as these; he therefore beseeches
Cecil to provide some other in his place, and he will bestow
his travail until the Earl of Warwick come. He would not
bear the trouble of mind that he has had here since his arrival
for any earthly thing, and yet in danger to bear the fault of
|3. P.S.—Asks for instructions, signed by the Queen, concerning the exercising of his office whilst he remains.|
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. and dated. Pp. 4.
Forbes, ii. 87.
|713. Orders for the English Soldiers in Newhaven.|
|1. On their arrival in the church or market place they
shall give thanks to God. They shall behave courteously
towards the French. None shall take any victuals, etc. by
violence from the French upon pain of death. None shall
quarrel with the French. None, of whatsoever degree he be
(being English), shall draw any weapon within the town.
Any English who shall draw his weapon or fight without the
town shall lose his right hand. Any soldier that gives a
blow within the town shall lose his hand. No soldier shall
pass the precinct of the town without license of his captain.
No soldier shall steal any weapon to the value of sixpence
upon pain of death. Any soldier swearing any detestable or
horrible oath, or found drunk, shall receive six days' imprisonment for the first offence, and pay one day's wages to him that
shall present the same; and for the second offence shall
receive ten days' imprisonment and be banished the town.
None shall use any unlawful game, viz., as dice, cards, tables,
making or marring, upon pain of six days' imprisonment. Any
soldier taken out of his lodgings without his sword and dagger
shall receive one day's imprisonment, and pay one day's wages
to him that takes him. None shall lend money upon any
weapon or armour upon pain of ten days' imprisonment and
the loss of money so lent. No captain shall take in his band
any that belongs to another captain, or that is discharged for
disorder, without the consent of his late captain. Any soldier
that leaves his watch before he is lawfully discharged, if it be
in scout or on the walls, shall suffer death; if he be of the
search or market watch he shall lose both his ears and be
banished the town. No soldier shall keep any woman other
than his wife upon pain . . . . . .|
|2. Set forth by Sir Adrian Poynings, lieutenant to the
Queen, in the absence of the Earl of Warwick.|
Copy. Pp. 3.
|[Sept. 28.]||714. Another copy of the above, omitting several of the concluding articles.|
Endd. by Cecil. Pp. 3.
|Sept. 29.||715. Richard Clough to Challoner.|
|1. Sent his last letter twenty days since, enclosing a bill
of exchange for 1,420 ducats and seven and half rials, together
with other letters. Since which he has received his of the 13th
and 21st ult., which he has sent into England. Is sorry that
he has been so ill handled for money by Francisco Bravo,
but the same has been done here upon several occasions.
Delivered Challoner's money to Fleming on the 1st June,
but could not get the bill for a long time after. Nevertheless
they are Challoner's friends, for upon the receipt of his last
letter the writer went to Fleming and showed him how ill
Challoner had been used, whereupon he showed Francisco
Bravo's letters, who wrote that he was sorry that Fleming
had charged him with the payment of the money at the
Court, as there was none to be had, and that money was
worth five and six per cent. at the Court. If the writer
knew that Challoner would take order for his money in the
fairs, he could find men who would take it, and it would
be more to his profit; but no man will meddle with it when
payment is made at the Court.|
|2. From the 20th to the 24th inst., the Germans were
passing the Rhine between Mentz and Oppenheim, being
3,500 horsemen and 5,000 footmen, all gunners, to serve
the Prince of Condé; M. D'Andelot is their general. The
Landgrave is making a new army, but to what purpose is
unknown. Maximilian was crowned King of Bohemia at
Prague about the 16th inst., and on the 10th of October,
the Emperor, his son, and the Princes of the Empire, are to
meet at Frankfort, where Maximilian is to be crowned King
of the Romans.|
|3. Perceives by letters of the 12th inst. from England,
that 10,000 men are in readiness to pass over to France;
and it is reported in England (and also here), that Rouen,
Dieppe, and Newhaven are promised to be delivered to the
|4. Sends enclosed twenty-five dozen of the best lute strings
he could get. Signed.|
Orig. Hol., with seal. Add. Endd. by Challoner. Pp. 5.
|Sept. 29.||716. Valentine Brown to Cecil.|
|1. Has despatched Captains Read and Brickewell, and Mr.
Goodall, and asks him to further such as Sir Robert Brandlinge and Mr. Anderson shall appoint there to sue for the
money which they lent for setting forward this service.|
|2. When Mr. Brian Fitzwilliam was here lately, to discharge the soldiers of the town, the writer was forced to lend
him 50l. above his duties.—Newcastle, 29 Sept. 1562.|
|3. P. S.—In his last letters to him he wrote his opinion
touching his [Cecil's] cause; and promises that when his
wife returns from Tynemouth he will advertise him what they
have learned therein; the party and her mother being presently there at the christening of Lady Percy's daughter.
Orig. The P.S. in Brown's hol. P. 1.
|Sept. 29.||717. Charges at Berwick.|
|1. The money due to Captains Read, and Brickewell, and
their bands, upon their setting forth from Berwick to Newhaven, from Christmas 1561 to the 29 Sept. 1562, amounts
to 3,148l. 12s., whereof the Treasurer of Berwick paid
them 2,740l.; also 518l. 12s. borrowed of Sir Robert
Brandling and Mr. Anderson; and 398l. 16s. borrowed for
their transportation and imprests.|
|2. Richard Goodall, who is sent with the bands, has
received his wages to the 29 Sept. last, without any further
Copy. Endd. Pp. 2.
|Sept. 30.||718. Randolph to Cecil.|
|1. Since the Queen's arrival at Aberdeen they have
consulted how to reform this country. It was thought best
to begin at the head, and that the Earl of Huntly shall either
submit himself and deliver up his disobedient son, John
Gordon, in whose name all these pageants have been wrought,
or utterly to use all force against him for the subverting of
his house for ever. For this purpose she remains here a good
space, and has levied 120 arquebusiers, and sent to Lothian
and Fife for the Master of Lindsey, Grange, and Ormiston. Her
purpose is to take the two houses held against her, for which
purpose she has a cannon within 16 miles all ready, and
other pieces there are in this town sufficient.|
|2. It is worth writing how this cannon came into these
parts. In the Duke's government none was so great with
him as the earl of Huntly, then Lieutenant, who to give this
people a greater terror obtained to have a cannon to lie in
Strathbogie, which stood always in the middle of the court
a terrible sight to as many as entered the house, or who had
offended the Earl. This cannon, three days before the Queen
should come there, was carried into a cellar; but she knowing
that it belonged to her, sent to the Earl to cause it to be
carried four miles to a place appointed. Captain Hay was
sent with this message on the twenty-fifth, and returned with
the answer that not only that which was her own but also
his body and goods were at her command. He found it
strange that he should be so hardly dealt with for his sons
offences, whereunto he was never privy; and for the taking
of the houses that were held against her, he would be the
first to hazard his body. These and other like words,
mingled with many tears and sobs, he desired to be reported
to his dear mistress from her most obedient subject; and that
though the time was short to mount the cannon and carry it
to the place appointed, yet his obedience should appear
therein. "The lady his wife with heavy cheer leadeth the
messenger into her holy chapel, fair and trimly hanged, all
ornaments and mass-robes ready lying upon the altar, with
cross and candles standing upon it, and said unto him:
Good friend, you see here the envy that is borne unto my
husband; would he have forsaken God and his religion, as
those who are now about the Queen's grace and have the
whole guiding of her have done, my husband had never
been put at as now he is. God, saith she, and He that is upon
this holy altar, whom I believe in, will, I am sure, save us,
and let our true-meaning hearts be known; and as I have
said unto you, so I pray you let it be said unto your mistress.
My husband was ever obedient unto her, and so will die her
faithful subject." She also desired him to report what she
said to his mistress. The first part of the message was told
to the council, and the rest in secret to the Queen, to move
her heart to pity. She knows so many of their conceits that
she does not believe a word of either, and so declared the
same herself unto her council, whereat there has been much
|3. He has conveyed out of his house the chief of his
substance, and it is not yet resolved whether his house shall
be the first beseiged. His friends have clean left him.
Quietly there favour him the Earls of Athol and Sutherland,
who both are with the Queen. Hears nothing more of the
Duke or Bothwell.|
|4. Against the 6th Oct. the justice court is appointed. If
so many be convicted as are justly accused, there will be such
a reformation in these north parts as never was seen. Men
have great hope that the Earl of Murray will do much good
in this country. His power of men is great, and the revenue
esteemed 1,000 marks a year; the country, pleasant. The
place called Ternawe is very ruinous, save the halle, very fair
and large. The last Earl was King James the Fifth's bastard
brother, who was much beloved; since that time the whole
country has been under the Earl of Huntly.|
|5. Touching the Laird of Findlater there is a strange
history, which the writer believes to be true. There was one
Findlater, who was master of the household to the Queen
Mother,. who had commission many times to confer with
Cecil and the Commissioners at their being at Edinburgh.
He was disinherited by his father, and his land given to
John Gordon, second son of the Earl of Huntly. Two causes
moved his father thus to do. One, that he solicited his
father's wife to dishonesty, not only with himself but with
other men. The other, that he took purpose with others to
take his father and put him into a dark house, and there
keep him waking until he became stark mad; and that being
done, he thought to enter into possession of the house and
land. Sure tokens being given that this was true, his father
(by the persuasion of his wife, who was a Gordon,) gave the
whole land to John Gordon, who after Findlater's death
married her. God plagued the iniquity of the same woman;
for within a month of her marriage John Gordon cast his
fantasy to another, and because he would not depart from
the land, which was all her's for her lifetime, he locked her
up in a close chamber, where she remains This is one of the
chief causes why he enterprised such things as he has done,
thinking he would be forced to set her at liberty and forego
the land whilst she lived.|
|6. There is great difficulty in getting letters conveyed.
Many times it costs him to send to Berwick more than two
days' allowance. Writes in favour of the bearer, Mr. Graham.
This Queen writes to Queen Elizabeth, and Lethington to
Cecil. He has been especially moved to write, though he
knows this Queen has no goodwill to write of the matter,
which is that the Master of Maxwell is prisoner to the Earl
of Northumberland, with whom he has been at least four
months, and cannot get the favour either to return or be
put to some reasonable ransom. His friends, his father, the
Earl of Murray, the Earl of Argyll, and others, desire Cecil
to be a means that he be put to some reasonable ransom, so
that he should not be forced to come to and fro twice or
thrice a year. Whilst it was in controversy whose prisoner
he was, he favoured the Earl of Northumberland's part,
thinking to have found more favour at his hand than at Lord
Grey's.—Aberdeen, 30 Sept. 1562. Signed.|
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Cecil's secretary. Pp. 8.
|[Sept. 30.]||719. The Queen to Edward Ormsby.|
|He shall embark with 400 soldiers for Newhaven, where
400 more will meet him from Portsmouth, who shall come
thither by pinnaces and the benefit of oars and the tides. If
he pass to Newhaven with 400, he is to send the remaining
200 to Dieppe. Let Armigil Wade see this letter and aid
Draft, in Cecil's hol. Endd. Pp. 2.
|Sept. 30.||720. Outlay for France.|
|Received by two warrants 5,000l., whereof for Portsmouth
is prested 2,379l. 9s. 10d., and for Rye 1,128l. 9s. 10d.; sum
total, 3,507l. 19s. 8d.|
Orig. P. 1.
|Sept. 30.||721. Richard Clough to Challoner.|
|1. Received the packet enclosed from Robert Farnham
Challoner's servant, the last of September. The English
shipped for France on the 27th inst. Is departing for
Germany about affairs of the Queen, and expecting to remain
there about two months. Has given his fellow, John Conyes, a
commission to write to Challoner by every post.|
|2. The Germans have passed towards France, and the
people of Brabant are much offended that they must have
Bishops, who are looked for daily.—Antwerp, 30 Sept. 1562.
Orig. Hol. Add. Endd. by Challoner. Pp. 3.
|[Sept.]||722. Intelligences from Italy.|
|1. Letters from Constantinople state that the Turk is in
good health, and purposes to go to Adrianopole next spring.
The Georgians have asked aid against the Sofi, The daughter
of the Signior has made advances towards Aly Bascio, who
has excused himself.|
|2. It is written from Rome that the Pope expects the
arrival of the Cardinal of Lorraine and the French Bishops at
the Council. It is reported in the Consistory that the French
army has gained many successes over the Huguenots. The
election of the future Pope is urged. The Legates are favourably spoken of, especially the Cardinal of Mantua. The
galleys of Count Frederic Borromeo are about to leave Civita
Vecchia for Naples.|
|3. On the 16th, at Messina, it was reported that Mustafa
had been killed by certain Christian renegades, and his galley
|4. At Prague, on the 20th, the King of Bohemia was
crowned, and the Queen on the 22nd, with great rejoicings.
They will be at Frankfort on 20th October. (fn. 2) |
Orig. Ital. Pp. 3.
|[Sept.]||723. — to — (fn. 3) |
|P. S.—Has received his letters of 12 Sept. Maximilian
and his Queen were crowned on 20 Sept. at Prague.|
Ital. P. 1.