America and West Indies
March 1728 , 1-15

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Institute of Historical Research

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Cecil Headlam (editor) Arthur Percival Newton (introduction)

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1937

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46-58

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'America and West Indies: March 1728 , 1-15', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 36: 1728-1729 (1937), pp. 46-58. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=72444 Date accessed: 21 October 2014.


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March 1728, 1-15

March [2].
London.
92. Sir William Codrington to Mr. Popple. In reply to enquiry, states that he intends to return to Antigua. "I have waited onely to have some appeales sent me from thence and Barbados. I have one now that lies before the Council for ten or twelve thousand £s and expect one from Barbados and two more from Antigoa for considerable sums, wch, I was in hope to have had over before this, but ye Lt. Generall Mathewes will not heare any causes untill my Lord Londonderry arrives, therefore I intreat their Ldsps. will be so good as to grant me leave for two yeares longer" etc. Signed, W. Codrington. Endorsed, Recd. 2nd, Read 5th March, 1727/8;. Holograph. 2 pp. [C.O. 152, 16. ff. 156, 157, 157v.]
March 4.
St. James's.
93. Mr. Shute to Mr. Popple. In reply to enquiry, recommends Samuel Penhallow jr. and — Atkison to supply two vacancies in the Council of New Hampshire caused by the death of S. Penhallow sr. and George Vaughan. Signed, Samuel Shute. Endorsed, Recd. Read 5th March, 1727/8;. 1 p. Enclosed,
93. i. List of Councillors of N.H. and persons recommended to fill vacancies. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 870. ff. 53, 54, 56v.]
March 4.
London.
94. Col. Spotswood to the Council of Trade and Plantations. cf. 20th Feb. Abstract. Hopes he has not been too particular in displaying the discouragements, which he knows to have put a stop to the raising naval stores in Virginia. As the person who raised and imported the hemp which the Lords of the Admiralty observe to be as good as the best Riga (v. 15th Feb.), it behoved him to account for his giving over that manufacture, and losing the stock of proper seed, which he had with great industry propagated etc. Continues: From my first residence in America, I fell into the way of thinking, how the British Plantations might be made stil much more useful to their Mother-country etc., by supplying her with all kinds of naval stores, and rescuing her from precarious dependance on the Northern Crowns etc. For it was with no small concern that, in my passage to Virginia, in 1710, I observed in each of our men of war, two Muscovites walking the quarter deck, to learn our art of navigation; and understood that this privilege was allowed them for the sake of the hemp, which we were necessitated to bring from their Prince's country. Nor was it a more agreeable reflection, how in the beginning of the last war, we were forced to court the Sweed to let us have tar to fit out our Fleet. And how did our want of iron, from the same Nation, make us bear with all those injuries and insults which were committed in 1717 upon our ships in the Baltick? These considerations, together with His late Majesty's Speech to the Parliament, for promoting naval stores in our own Plantations animated me to try whether our aforesaid wants of hemp, tar and iron could not be produced in Virginia etc. May challenge the Nation to shew the man, who has embarked so extensively as himself in the undertaking, or pursued it with more zeal for his country's service etc. Continues : I not only ingaged as many of the inhabitants as I could persuade etc., to enter upon raising the said stores, but I also joyned myself, for example sake, in partnership with several persons of substance, to lead or carry on the design: and for that purpose we took up, after the usual manner of Virginia, 55,000 acres of the Crown's desart and ungranted lands; whereof one tract of 40,000 acres, having some very rich grounds, mixt with a great deale of piney lands, we appropriated to the production of hemp, tar and pitch; and the other tract of 15,000 acres having abundance of good iron oar, was set apart for the iron project. Then to seat and settle these lands, and to carry on our works, we built upwards of fourscore houses, and imported above 300 persons and particularly the hemp and tar tract we seated with 30 plantations of German tennants, consisting of above 100 people, whose charges of importation into the country we mostly defray'd, and provided them with houses, working tools, cattle, and all necessaries to make their new settlements etc., allowing them 5 years to reimburse us our bare expences on their account, without paying any interest for that time, or any rent for the first three years; and thereafter their annual rent, for the land they held of us, was to be so moderate, as one pound weight of hemp, or flax, for each acre. Besides I had, of my own separate property, a very considerable plantation, stocked with some of the best of my negroes, and managed by a skilful and long experienced Englishman; who contracted for himself and his sons to instruct in the art and mystery of raising hemp and flax, all such servants and slaves, as I should place under their direction: and as we engaged to push on the said concern wth. vigour, I spared no cost in providing all the needfull houses, machines and materials, and in procuring seed from England, Riga and other parts. But experience shewed us that no seed answered so well, as a certain wild, or accidental seed, wch. we found in the country, and which I therefore was very careful to propagate, as well as ready to supply my neighbours with. For I perceived people in Virginia were discouraged from proceeding on hemp, by the ill-success they had in raising it from the seed: some having been disapointed by being furnished from England with bad seed; others by sowing old seed (without knowing that hemp seed generally sprouts in the first spring, altho' not put in the ground; and seed once sprouted, before sown, will produce nothing), and all adventurers in general failed, by not making a due observation, how the seed and grain, of the growth of the Northern parts of Europe, ripen a month sooner in our America, and that the hemp runs too hastily to seed, before the stalk grows to any considerable length. Whether that property may not be altered by often sowing, I am not certain; but this I know, that I sowed it for two years, without any visible amendment: and that hemp, which I sent home, and proved after various tryals in Woolwich Yard to be considerably superiour to the best Russia, and equal in strength to the best Riga hemp, was made from the above-mentioned wild seed. As to the tar concern, an house built amidst the pine woods, and tar burners set to work; who made tar, which was found to be far better than what was commonly made in the low lands of Virginia and Carolina. But whether this excelling quality was owing to ours having been produced from the upland pines; or that we hapened to let our tar lye mellowing a long while in open pits without barrelling it up, with it's fiery quality for immediate exportation or sale; as is usually done; or whether the peculiar skill of our tar-burners bettered the commodity, we had not experience enough to decide: because we were obliged to put a stop to that kind of manufacture, by the Act of Parliament coming over, and prescribing a new method to be observed in the making of tar. Hereupon we considered how greatly the consumption of pine- trees would be encreased by this new method, since we were to be debarred extracting from the knots of light-wood, and decayed limbs of trees (which were always to be found plentifully scattered upon the ground throughout the pine woods) and even from whole groups, of some hundreds, of pine- trees, wch. we often behold, all on a sudden, to sicken and dye together, as if they grow from one common root; for altho' the sap and wood of those trees will rot and moulder away, yet the fat substance, of which the tar is made, never perishes or consumes by anything; but by fire: and since we were hereafter to draw our tar from no other, than live standing pines, we must destroy trees, of perhaps three score and four score foot in length, for the sake of burning only eight foot at the stump. Besides we considered that people had ever taken the liberty to gather up, and use the lightwood-knots, wch. they found upon the ungranted lands; and that even such Proprietors of land, as had no design of making tar themselves, would scarce refuse a neighbour to disencumber his ground of them: but to cut down a tree, for ye making tar, would be deemed a trespass, and not easily allowed of. Wherefore we concluded upon the expediency of enlarging our surveys of land, and two tracts, wch. then amounted to about 14,000 acres, are encreased to the above-mentioned large tract of 40,000 acres. But after a great number of pine trees had, not only by me, but by several other adventurers, been barked and managed according to the directions in the Act of Parliament, I never could hear of any one's succeeding to make tar after that new method. And at last, that I might be assured there was no neglect in those, who were to tend the kiln, I was myself there, both by night and day and was an eye wittness, that with all possible care, we did not get one barril of tar out of twenty trees; notwithstanding the remaining parts of some of those trees were so full of turpentine, that being brought to the saw-pit, the sawyers could not cut above one foot, without stopping to clean their saw. So that if the East Country tar be made after the manner prescribed in the Act (of wch. there is good reason to doubt), there must be some peculiar skill in extracting it, wch. we are ignorant of. And lastly as to the iron concern; my partners and I went roundly to work and set up the first furnace, that ever was known in North America, for casting pig and sow iron, and tho' we miscaried in our first attempt, by the failure of our hearth-stones, yet the little iron which we sent home, was so approved of, that immediately both at Bristol, and Bermingham, partnerships were formed for making and importing pigiron from America. And the iron wch. I have since imported has grown yearly more in esteem with the iron-masters in England who find it the best in the world for some certain uses, and also that they being mixed at the forge with the English, proves as tough and good as the Sweedish iron. These undertakings were so liked by many of the Virginians, that several persons sold their possessions in the lower parts of the country, and removing with their wives and children, with their servants and slaves, and with all their substance, took up larger tracts of land in these upper parts, where I was carrying on the aforementioned projects. And the Assembly for the encouragement of such adventurers, as well as for better securing the frontiers, erected those upper parts into two new counties; exempting all the inhabitants thereof from paying publick taxes for ten years etc., and petitioned the King to grant them an exemption from quit-rents etc. About a year and a half afterwards, the Assembly for the further encouragement of naval stores, passed an Act, whereby they gave a bounty (additional to that given by the British Parliament) of £4 for every tun of Virginia hemp, and of 2s. for every barril of tar, made after the new method prescribed by the Act of Parliament; and accordingly lodged in their Treasurer's hands £5200 appropriated to such uses. And they moreover addressed me, then as their Governor, to go in person to Albany, to endeavour to conclude a peace with the five Nations and other Northern Indians, who at that time were continually making inroads upon that part of the Colony where these undertakings were on foot. Thus far the under- taking appearing to be countenanced and encouraged, was carried on with spirrit and vigour; for notwithstanding I had lost by death two of my principal and most active partners, and that the rest were grown less sanguine upon the adventure, finding it was a work of more time and difficulty than they apprehended at their first setting out; yet I piquing myself upon the success of the project, took upon me the whole concern, after reimbursing my partners all their expences, wch. amounted to no less than £5000; besides what I had been in disburse for my own share. And that I pursued this project chiefly with a view to the publick good, one of my letters to your Lordships' Board may sufficiently manifest; seeing I therein proposed to make a free offer of all my possessions and improvements in Virginia, to be made use of and carried on, as the Ministry should please, for the benefit of the Navy: contenting myself with the honour of the first projection, if ever my plan should succeed to lessen the dependance of the British Nation on the Northern Crowns; and wholly relying on my Prince's favour to make any further use of my faithful services, or allow me a competent support for what I should surrender etc. v. 1st June, 1724. Continues:—I am next to display what has obstructed and discouraged the design. After I was thus deeply embarked, and while I was in ful pursuit of the adventures, I to my great surprise, found myself superseded in my Government; and my successor, soon after his arrival, calling a new Assembly, passed an act which declared the abovementioned sum of £5200 to be no longer appropriated for paying the bounty on naval stores, and applied the same to paying the Burgesses for their attendance in Assembly. He passed also another act, laying a duty of 40s. per head on imported slaves; the passage of wch. was remarkable, seeing he had all along vehemently declared against giving his assent to any such bill, and did not favour it, until he understood that I had made a contract with the Affrican Company for 400 negroes; as intending to push on my undertakings with the utmost vigour. And what was stil more remarkable, when a bill was brought in the same session, for the protection of my works (some mallicious attempts having been made upon them), he personally interposed, in a very extraordinary manner, to stop it. Moreover he without disguise took measures to draw from me all my German tenants, and openly abetted them in their not paying their rent, and in not working for me according to their agreements. These with some other unfavourable proceedings of the same stamp, were sufficient to let the country see, that the Adventurers on naval stores would not be encouraged under his Government, and so could not but give a check to the spirit, wch. I had been labouring to raise among the people, for applying part of their lands and industry that way. But when, instead of the bounty, which had been long expected from the Assembly's petition, for a remission of the rights and quit- rents in the two new erected counties, this Governor obtained (by what means or representation, I shall not venture to say) an hard restraint upon all the generous Adventurers, whereby no person was, for seven years, to be allowed to take up within these two counties, more than 1000 acres, in his own or any other name in trust for him; this new and extraordinary restriction (which was not to affect the rest of the Collony, or any other Province in North America; but was confined solely to the very spot, where the grand undertakings, for raising all manner of naval stores were on foot) did not only dishearten, but also disable the Adventurers from pursuing their design: and more especially since the Governor would divest them of even the lands wch. they had taken up and improved, before the date of the restraining order. Upon this I came to England, in 1724, to represent the case; and at my first arrival attended at your Lordship's Board, with a great number of merchants who joyned with me to satisfie your Lordships that tar could not be made in the Plantations, after the method prescribed by the Act of Parliament: and altho' in my petition to His late Majesty, for the confirmation of my lands, I particularly set forth, how my zeal for the nation's service, in promoting naval stores in the Plantations, had involved me in the difficulties, which affected my grants etc., yet your Lordships did not think anything I had alledged in my petition, or more largely urged in my case before your Board, concerning naval stores, to be material enough, to have the least notice taken thereof in your report etc., or by any manner of expression to satisfie his Majesty that I had done wel, in endeavouring to raise naval stores: so that it remains to this day a doubt, whether our endeavours of that sort shall not pass for misdeeds; and whether the Adventurers shall not loose their lands and improvements, for embarking too far in such an undertaking. These, my Lords, are the real discouragements, wch. I know to have put a stop to the progress of naval stores in Virginia; But what has been the finishing stroke to cut off our supplies of American tar, every dealer therein will readily say, is the ceasing to give a bounty therein; for they demonstrate by their accompts, that while tar bears at home so low a price, as it does at present, they cannot import it without a premium: which however the merchants, trading in that Plantation commodity, judge now may be reduced one fourth of the former bounty; provided the payment be made after the course of the Navy bills, and that the duty of 7s. 6d. pr. last at importation be also taken off etc. Continues:—I must entreat your Lordships to excuse me from concerning myself any farther about hemp and tar, after I have suffered so severely etc. But as to iron (which undertaking I still pursue with courage; because I am secure in my grant for the land, where that is carrying on) I herein humbly offer some observations and proposals etc. for encouraging the casting of that metal in America, and then importing it in pigs and sows, to be further manufactured in Great Britain etc. England is obliged to import yearly above 20,000 tons of bar-iron from foreign countries for the greatest part whereof we always pay money, and is thus dependent on the pleasure of foreign states for its supply etc. Neither is there the least prospect that we can attain to the providing ourselves from our own home produce with iron enough etc., seeing that the vast quantity of large charcoal, wch. so many additional furnaces must necessarily consume, is an expence far beyond what the woods of Great Britain and Ireland are ever likely to afford. But on the continent of North America, where it has of late years been discovered, that we have great store of rich iron ore, wood so plentifully abounds, that the new-seated inhabitants, in this age, are continually labouring to destroy the same, in order to clear the lands for tillage, or open the country for air and prospect. Timber, which the nation very much wants, will make up a great part of the ship's ladings, for no vessel loaded either entirely with iron, or intirely with timber, can bear the sea etc. As I propose that the manufacture of iron should, in the Plantations, be carried no farther than to castings; and that their pig-iron should be brought to Great Britain, to be forged into bar, or hammer-iron, my scheme does not tend to the lessning of any one furnace etc., but will supply a great many more etc., and create a large demand on our Country Gentlemen for their copse-wood as well as an additional consumption of our sea-coal etc. Proposes the taking off the present duty of 4s. per tun on such iron, and the freeing it from the charge of landing and weighing at the Custom-House keys etc. Signed, A. Spotswood. Endorsed, Recd. 5th, Read 6th March, 1727/8;. 12 pp. [C.O. 323, 8. No. 85.]
March 5.95. Petition of Six Lords Proprietors of Carolina to the King. Refer to petition of 27th May, 1727, referred to Committee of Privy Council. Continue:—Petitioners being informed some difficulties may probably arise with respect to the method of such surrender, and being desirous to shew, their ready inclination to remove every obstacle and concur in all things which may tend to your Majesty's honour and consequently to the peace and prosperity of your Majesty's subjects in that Province by setling it in the most safe and beneficial mannor, Your petitioners do now most humbly offer and propose to your Majesty, that you will be pleased to accept from your petitioners an absolute and intire surrender of their respective shares and interests not only of the sovereignty, but of the right and property they have to the soil in the said Province of Carolina by virtue of the two Charters granted by King Charles the Second, humbly praying your Majestie will be graciously pleased to direct and cause to be paid to your petitioners each of them respectively the sum of £2,500 without any fee or deduction upon the payment of which they are willing in due form to execute a surrender of their intire propertie in the sd. Province of Carolina as above. And in regard your petitioners have several arrears of quit-rents and other dues unaccounted for which by reason of the disorders and distractions in the said Province, they have not been able to collect and receive whereby a great arreare of debt now remains due and unpaid from your petitioners to their officers and others. Your petitioners doe therefore most humbly pray your Majestie that upon your Majesties accepting the before mentioned surrender, your Majestie will be graciously pleased to give proper instructions to your Governor or any other your Majesty's officers to assist your petitioners in setling their demands of arrears of quit-rents or other dues and to receive and collect the same for the use of your petitioners thereby to enable them to discharge the demands which are now upon them by reason of the said quit-rents and dues being unpaid. Signed, D. of Beaufort, Ld. Craven, James Bertie, H. Bertie, J. Colleton, Archd. Hutchinson. [C.O. 5, 290. pp. 257, 258.]
March 5.
St. James's.
96. H.M. Warrant appointing William Randolph to the Council of Virginia. Countersigned, Holles Newcastle. [C.O. 324, 36. pp. 35, 36.]
March 5.
London.
97. Commodore St. Lo. to the Council of Trade and Plantations. As promised 18th Aug., encloses plan of the Grand Beach at Placentia, "that your Lordships may dispose of the same for the advantage of the Fishery, presuming that of right it belongs to the fishing shipps etc., they now find them- selves deprived of that benefit by the Lt. Governor, who makes the Commanders pay to him very extravagant rents yearly for the use of the same" etc. Refers to letters of 20th and 30th Sept., and 15th Nov. Continues:—Several of the French inhabitants of Placentia, who had taken the oaths to his late Majesty, and continued there, and on the West side of that Bay, finding themselves male treated, soon after quitted their residence (and retired to Cape Britton, and others into the Bay of Fortune and D'Espoir) from under the wings of (as they call him) an arbitrary Lieut. Governor, who afterwards seized upon and sold their Plantations, an instance of which I here inclose etc. This is a manifest encroachment on the fishery and imposition on all H.M. good subjects etc. Signed, John St. Lo. Endorsed, Recd. 5th March, Read 2nd April, 1728. 2 pp. Enclosed,
97. i. Copy of grant of a plantation by Lt. Govr. Gledhill. v. C.S.P. Sept. 30, 1727, encl. i. Same endorsement. 1 p. [C.O. 194, 8. ff. 148, 148v., 149v.—150v.]
March 6.98. Petition of Henry Newman to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Is directed by Lt. Governor Wentworth to solicite the passing of the Triennial Act of New Hampshire, sent home in 1724, since other Corporations at home and in the Plantations are allowed this privilege etc. Signed, Henry Newman. Endorsed, Recd. 7th March, Read 24th May, 1728. ? p. [C.O. 5, 870. ff. 65, 66v.]
[March 7.]99. Address of the Clergy of S. Carolina to the King. Welcome, thrice welcome, Great Sir, to the throne of your Ancestors etc. 10 signatures. Endorsed, Rd. March 7, 1728, from the Bishop of London, who desired it might not be inserted in the Gazette. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 383. No. 36.]
March 7.
Whitehall.
100. Mr. Popple to Mr. Fane. Encloses draught of bill for the batter and more effectual preservation of H.M. woods in America, and for encouraging the importation of Naval Stores from thence, for his opinion thereupon in point of law, as soon as possibly may be. [C.O. 324, 11. pp. 63, 64.]
March 7.
Jamaica.
101. Governor Hunter to Temple Stanyan. Has nothing to add to letter of 10th Feb., but would "be glad to know Mr. Coleman's resolution as to Mr. Bowerman's offer." If the Assembly reflects the disposition and temper which is generally observed at present in the country, he may hope for a good issue etc. "We have had no ship from Europe since my arrival or advice from Mr. Hopson since he sail'd for ye coast." Encloses duplicate of 10th Feb. Signed, Ro. Hunter. Endorsed, R. May, 22th. Holograph. 1 p. [C.O. 137, 53. ff. 24, 25v.]
March 8.
Westminster.
102. H.M. letters patent renewing patent of Alexander Henderson, Attorney General of Jamaica. Countersigned, Cocks. Copy. [C.O. 324, 49. ff. 55—57.]
March 11.103. Mr. Beake and Mr. Meure to Mr. Popple. Ask that hearing of complaint against Lt. General Mathew may be deferred. Signed, Tho. Beake, Abraham Meure. Endorsed, Recd. Read 12th March, 1727/8;. 2 pp. [C.O. 152, 16. ff. 158, 158v., 159v.]
March 12.
Boston.
104. Lt. Governor Dummer to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Since my last to your Lordships wee have had a long Sessions of the General Court of this Province, copies of all the Votes, Acts and Orders, passed therein shall bee sent you as soon as the Secretary can prepare them who looses no time in copying them over. In perusing the said votes &c., your Ldships will perceive the great struggle that has been made for more bills of Credit which are insisted on as absolutely necessary for the support of the Government and the trade and buisness of the inhabitants: for which important occations divers bills have passed the House of Representatives and met with a non-concurrence at the Councill. At length a bill entituled An Act for Fortifications etc., passed both Houses, but the sd. bill seeming to be inconsistent with instructions from their Excellencys the Lords Justices, d. Sepr. 27th, 1720, and also with the instructions from your Lordships dated Februr. 8, 1726/7, signed by Mr. Popple, I thought it necessary to take the advice of H.M. Council of this Province thereon who gave it their opinion that the bill was inconsistent with sd. instructions, notwithstanding that they had before passed a Concurrence on it (as they say) in another capacity: upon wch. I rejected the bill. After that another bill was projected and passed both Houses intituled an Act for raising and settling a publick Revenue for and towards the defraying the necessary charges of this Government wch. bill being for an emission of sixty thousand pounds altho' it was for raising a revenue for the support of the Government, yet the interest onely being to be apply'd for that service I thought it necessary to summon all the Council of the Province (whereof 23 appeared) to take their opinion upon it with reference to the aforementioned instructions, and their answer I now inclose to yr. Lordships. Upon which I shall onely observe that tho' they mention in the first part thereof that they don't think themselves obleiged to give any further advice on the sd. bill then what they expressed by their concurrence to it as part of the Legislature, they nevertheless say as follows: "At the same time they cannot but think it will be as well for H.M. honour and service and agreeable to your duty to H.M. as for the good and welfare of the Province and the necessary support of the Government thereof if the bill bee consented to by your honour." Upon which I passed the bill conceiving my selfe in all difficult and doubtful cases most safe in p'sueing the advice of H.M. Council: wch. if it be agreeable to your Ldships' sentiments as I have alwayes endeavoured to conforme my selfe I shall have greater satisfaction. As to the hundred thousand pounds that your Lordships mention'd you expected I would take effectual care to have brought in and burnt to ashes according to the time appointed by the Act for emitting the same I have already acquainted your Ldships of my proceedings therein that I have persued it as farr as lay in my power, but inasmuch as it lay with the General Court by an Act to appoint p'sons for the receiving and burning thereof wch. I could not at that time obtaine, and that the Commissioners for calling in the mony were under some difficulty as to sueing out the mortgages, which they thought they wanted the authority of the Genl. Court to assist them in. I was willing to do the next best I could which was to consent to a resolve now passed wch. will effectually bring in all the sd. bills within the space of 4 years wch. considering the equity of redemption provided for in the first Act will not protract the time above one year eaven for the last payment beyond what the borrowers might have done by vertue of that Act. I lately received a letter from your Lordships dated the 31st of August wch. mentions that some Governors of H.M. Plantations have not made abstracts in the margins, of the Minutes of Council and Assembly etc., wch. I think has alwayes been don on those sent from hence but if your Ldships will please to point out where wee have been wanting I shall take care while I have the honour to bee in command to have it p'formed. Before the Court rose they voted a Committee to consult proper measures to restore the value of the bills of Credit of this Province wch. if it can be done propperly will doubtless be for H.M. service and the benefit of the people. It may not be improper to add one word further concerning the Act for calling in the 100,000 that tho the burning of them is not incerted therein yet its all one, for the bills are all dead when they are return'd into the Treasury as much as if they had never been made, and a reason given for not incerting it was that whereas many of them might be good bills and so by being changed for bills torn and defaced might save the charge of making more for that use and for the yearly emissions for the charges of the Government. I inclose your Lordships the copy of advice of Council for passing this bill etc. Signed, Wm. Dummer. Endorsed, Recd. 14th, Read 24th May, 1728. 4 pp. Enclosed,
104. i. Minutes of Council of the Massachusetts Bay, Feb. 17—20, 1728. Endorsed, Recd. 29th April, 1728. 1 p.
104. ii. Minute of Council, Jan. 26, 1728. 1 p. Same endorsement. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 870. ff. 104—105v., 106v., 107, 108v., 109, 110v.]
March 13.
Whitehall.
105. Duke of Newcastle to the Council of Trade and Plantations. H.M. having been pleased to continue Richard Philips in the employment of Governor of Placentia and Capt. General and Governor in Chief of Nova Scotia etc., you are to prepare draughts of a Commission and Instructions for him etc. Signed, Holles Newcastle. Endorsed, Recd. 14th, Read 16th March, 1727/8;. 1 p. [C.O. 217, 5. ff. 9, 10v.]
[March 15.]106. Officers of H.M. Yard at Woolwich to Col. Spotswood. Oct. 27, 1725. Certificate that they found the sample of Virginia hemp submitted by him, to be considerably superior to the best Russia, and equal in strength with the best Riga hemp. Cf. 4th March, 1728. Signed, T. Holmes. Endorsed, Recd, (from Col. Spotswood) 15th March, 1727/8;. Copy, ? p. [C.O. 5, 1321. ff 12, 13v.]
March 15.
Whitehall.
107. Mr. Popple to Sir Jacob Ac[k]worth, Surveyor of H.M. Navy. Requests a return of prices of Naval Stores for some years before the Revolution to 1698, and for as many years as possible since Christmas, 1716. [C.O. 389, 28. p. 335.]
March 15.108. David Dunbar to Temple Stanyan. Encloses letter from New England concerning the condemnation of 200 fine masts for H.M. use, and asks for directions thereon from the Duke of Newcastle, and also upon the question of furnishing the Spaniards with large planks etc. Being about to imbark, asks that his former memorial may be referred to the Board of Trade etc. Signed, David Dunbar. Addressed. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 898. No. 44.]
March 15.
Whitehall.
109. Duke of Newcastle to the Council of Trade and Plantations. I have laid before the King your report upon the Duke of Montagu's petition etc. His Majesty expected your report would have been more particular upon several points, of which H.M. would be apprised, in order to form a judgement whether his Grace's request is proper to be granted. H.M. would know of what advantage you apprehend that the settling of Tobago may be to his Revenue, and to the Trade and Navigation of his subjects in this Kingdom; how it may affect H.M. other Dominions in America, in the relation to their security and commerce; and what effect it would have upon the trade and navigation of other Nations possesst of Colonies and Plantations in America etc. Returns report of 27th Feb. for their opinion "in these particulars and such others as may occurr to you." Signed, Holles Newcastle. Endorsed, Recd. 18th, Read 22nd March, 1727/8;. 1½ pp. [C.O. 28, 19. ff. 102, 102v., 103v.]