March 1579, 21-31


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'Elizabeth: March 1579, 21-31', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 13: 1578-1579 (1903), pp. 466-476. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73396 Date accessed: 21 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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March 1579, 21-31

March 21. 622. WILSON to DAVISON.
I have been earnest with the Queen to send you in 'imprest' £200 or more, for your relief, considering the great charges you sustain not only in your expenses but also in the exchange when you have need. But whatsoever I could say, 'my hap' was not to help you, and I fear till you return it will be very hard to get any money from hence. Her Majesty was once minded that you should repair homeward, but afterwards, 'upon speech used,' this intention was stayed. I would be sorry you should want, and the best advice I can give you is to put you in mind of sparing in this hard world, and if recompense come hereafter take it for a gain unlooked for, though you have deserved so well.—Westminster, 21 Mar. 1578. Add. Endd. ½ p. [Holl. and Fl. XI. 87.]
March 22 623. ROSSEL to WALSINGHAM.
Although my services do not seem very acceptable, I do not want to forsake the continuance thereof, although I am out of favour all round owing to the impression conceived of the support given by me to the service of your nation, my good will to which will not be removed by anything I may undergo ; awaiting your promised favour. Our affairs continue to be badly handled. Divisions increase. The Prince of Parma has written to the Estates and the magistrates of the towns inviting them to peace, as a subtle means of bringing them to disunion. A summary reply has been sent. I would have forwarded copies of letter and reply, had I not had to attend to the business of the French, by order of the States. The Emperor has written in regard to the peace, as you may see by the tenor of his letter ; to which end there is talk of sending deputies. Those who will go to Cologne are not yet nominated. The nobility of Artois are assembled at Hesdin, where la Motte should be, to decide on disunion, to which they have not been able to persuade the people of Arras. La Motte is proclaimed the enemy of his country ; in spite of which the Marquis of Havrech is there with the rest. Councillor Richardot has been sent as 'orator' ; I doubt he will come too late. The town of Mons, which we regarded as sure, has been shaken by the persuasion of the Bishop of Arras, and a certain Carlier and other parsons who found themselves at Mons. The chief basis of their persuasions is the events that have happened at Ghent. They hope to 'remedy' the town of St Omer by an attempt with Count Egmont's troops. The Count has gone thither in disguise, which makes us hope for some good result. To-day the French and Scots, who have received their money, will go back into Flanders ; the others will follow to-morrow. M. de la Noue will march in person. By this means sundry of la Motte's plans will be checked, by his being hard pressed. Meanwhile, the enemy is trying his luck before Maestricht, whither he has marched all his forces, and has encamped before it in three places. We hope he will do nothing, for the town is strong and well furnished, the citizens and soldiers willing. In Louvain very few people remain ; which makes us discuss an escalade, of which you will shortly hear tell. To remedy our affairs, and get money, the States assembled have decided to levy the tenth penny for some time. Our reiters, who have been retained, are about Zutphen, passing a muster ; and will receive pay. I hope shortly to send you the admirable league and union between the King of France and the knights of his order, and the reciprocal oath of each to the other against the Religion. M. de Guise has certainly a levy on hand ; we do not know on whose behalf. M. d'Alençon has asked a passage of the Genevese through their city, we do not know with what intent ; though we have news of the marriage resolved on between the Queen and him, which God's power alone can avert. Those of Geneva, being apprehensive, have ordered that all men of their obedience shall be suitably armed. I have given the gentleman a map of the seventeen provinces lately printed, which will be acceptable to you.—Antwerp, 22 March 1579. Add. Endd. Fr. 2 pp. [Holl. and Fl. XI. 87 bis.]
March 23. 624. 'A note of such goods as is now already provided by the merchant strangers from Hamburgh, whereof part is already shipped, and the custom to her Majesty paid.'
Martin Hensburgh (kerseys, cottons, and 'tuft-mockadows'). Jerome Benalio (kerseys and wool). Nicholas de Gozzi, Philip Gualterotti (kerseys). Tommaso and Federigo Bartolommeo, Philippo Corsini (kerseys and cloths). Innocent Locatelli (kerseys and northern dozens). Po. Vergisini, Emanuel Demetrius (kerseys and wool). Jacob Hanneman, Peter Semyng (kerseys). Andreas de Loo (170 fothers of lead for the Duke of Saxony ; also, for him and his company, 20 'sarplers' of wool). Endd. with date by Burghley. 1 p. [Hanse Towns I. 49.]
March 23. 625. 'A note of such packs as are entered in the Queen's books of customs by the merchants strangers for Hamburgh, and shipped in the ships following.'
Showing how much had been shipped by the above traders (with Martin de la Falye) in the Barkesmith of Lee, William Butler master, and the Seaflower of Lee, Edward Bryan master. Also goods packed and not yet entered, by the above (with John Zuane and Anthony Fredrigo), cloths ready to be packed, 'as the packer supposes, for he hath seen them.' Endd. with addition in Burghley's hand : an Estimate only. 1½ pp. [Hanse Towns I. 50.]
March 23. 626. 'Sundry ways from Embden to Frankfort and Mainz, passing to the Eastward of Lingen, and all without danger, though those that should possess Lingen had wars with the passers and travellers that way. 23 Martii 1578.'
From Embden to 'Askendorp,' Haselune, 'Osenborch,' Ibrugh, Warendorf, Midenburg [Widen—], Soest, Paderborn, Derberg, 'Seigehennt' [Ziegenhain], Marpurg, Runkel, Friberch [Friedberg], Frankfort, 'Mens.' [Distances given throughout.] This way is not near any part of King Philip's country nor near Lingen, which is the place that is so much doubted. The nearest they will come to it is Haselune, which is three leagues from it, and the river Hase between. If they fear to go within 3 leagues of Lingen, they may pass by Stickhusen in East Friesland, and by Apen in Oldenburg, which both lie on a branch of the Ems, and so to 'Delmanhurst,' and join the way again at Warendorp or Midenburg. This is not 8 leagues out of their way. If they think it too much to carry their goods 8 leagues out of the way to avoid as great a danger as they say it is to pass Lingen, they may cross a branch of the Ems at 'Stickhouse,' and so to Clappenburg, and come into the way again at 'Ossenburgh.' So they will not come within 6 leagues of Lingen, nor go 3 leagues out of their way. Endd. as above. Date in Burghley's hand. ¾ p. [German States I. 74.]
March 24. 627. Another 'note' containing the same information as No. 625, with a good many additional details ; as that the Barkesmith was 70 tons and the Seaflower 50 ; that Delafalye and Hensburgh bought from Edward Holmes of Newbury 450 kerseys (paying £400 for the same), from Thomas Dollman of Newbury, 90 ; from Philip Kisten of Newbury, 50 ; from Alexander Every of London, 400 ; from Jacob Buskins of Norwich, 200 pieces tuft-moccadoes ; from John Phillips of London, 300 pieces of 'cottons' ; and the others from these and other clothiers named John Newton, Richard May, William Gilborne, James Deane of London, William Twyne, Humphrey Holmes, Philip Kisten, Bryan Chamberleyn, Richard Chief of Newbury, and John West of 'Basingestoker.' Endd. [?] by Walsingham : Cloths entered in the custom house for Hamburgh, with the names of the ships in which they are to pass ; added by Burghley : delivered by Mr Young the packer. 4 pp. [Ibid. I. 51.]
Having a few days ago received from Mr Pietro Bizarro, together with a little book which he has composed, a letter of yours, I was glad to hear of your good disposition and prosperous health, and that of 'Madamoselle,' your consort, and your little girl. I pray God to continue it, and that your daughter may grow as in age and in body, so in the fear of Him, in virtue and in honour. I thank you both for your courteous offers, and for your news, assuring you similarly that if I can do you any pleasure you will find me ready and desirous. As for news, you shall know that in our parts matters have advanced so that the enemy has full impunity in misdoing, so much that those who are well affected cannot without danger go far outside good towns or secure places. It is much to be deplored that things have got into this state. Count 'Holach' is working night and day to collect the remains of the cavalry, some 3,000 or 4,000 horse. God grant that with a little force of that kind the cause may be advanced more than has hitherto been done by unlimited soldiers and reiters. We may the better hope it, that our common cause is not ordered by the power or prudence of men, but by the mercy and providence of God, which commonly delivers when all human counsels fail, as experience has recently shown.—Dordrecht, 24 March 1579. Holograph. Add. Endd. Fr. 1 p. [Holl. and Fl. XI. 88.]
March 27. 629. DAVISON to the SECRETARIES.
The decision of the Artesians etc. deferred to the 15th inst. has been put off till the 26th, which was yesterday ; partly in hope to have had the goods stayed here, at Ghent, and at Tournay discharged, and so have satisfied the commons, but chiefly because most of the towns of Hainault, being practised underhand from hence, have since disavowed the negotiations of their deputies in the former meeting at Arras, as exceeding the limit of their commission. How they agree, or what will be resolved in their present assembly is still in expectation. The Viscount of Ghent, confirmed in his folly by plausible letters from the King, who is said to have 'ratified him governour' of Artois and Hesdin, does, as one utterly forgetful of his duty to his country and senseless of his own particular safety, labour by all possible means to push the matter forward ; having therein singularly abused the expectation of the Prince and States here, who were persuaded that his presence would have rather redressed than impaired the state of things there, though some wise men, thoroughly acquainted with the nature and disposition of the man, never hoped better of him. Count Egmont failing of his enterprise upon St Omer has left it for a prey to la Motte, who as we hear has entered the town with certain companies. The rest of his forces, 2,000 in number beside the Walloons esteemed to be for him, 'travail' and spoil the country about Dunkirk and Borbourg, seeking to divert the forces of the States to the defence of that corner while the Spaniard with less disturbance follows his attempt on Maestricht. This day la Noue with certain regiments of French and Scots is departed into Flanders to join the peasants, already in arms to the number of 7,000 to 8,000 to make head against him. Count Lalaing, solicited by the Prince from the confederacy with those of Artois, under a hope that they mean here to go roundly forward in Monsieur's respect, 'whose he remains,' was driven to retire from Mons by occasion of a popular tumult stirred up against him by the Bishop of Arras and the Abbot of Hannon, instruments for the Spaniards whose credit with the magistrates and most part of the commons since makes the state of that town suspected. From Maestricht we hear that the enemy battered the town all day long yesterday, on the hither side, with 20 or 30 pieces of great ordnance. The defenders, being soldiers and burghers to the number of 3,500 able men, are as we hear resolved to sell their honour dearly. To-day or to-morrow it is thought the enemy gives the first assault. What the States have answered to the letter of the Prince of Parma you may see by the copies herewith sent, published in print. It seems that the purpose of sending commissioners to Collen to meet such as should come from the Emperor, is grown cold by the labour of the Duke of Anjou's ambassador, who pretending that they cannot do it without prejudice to their contract with his master, has solicited that they would without more delay go through with their resolution in his respect ; considering the time is now expired which they had limited for the same. What they will do in the one or the other is still in suspense. Draft. Endd. 1½ pp. Appended is a pamphlet of four leaves, sm. 4to : 'Copie d'une lettre du Prince de Parme, envoyée aux Estats généraux des pais bas assemblez en Anvers : datée du douziesme de Mars MDLXXIX et la response des dicts Estats généraux sur icelle, datée du XIX du dict mois de Mars.' Dated, Petersem. (Antwerp : Plantin, 1579.) [Holl. and Fl. XI. 89.]
March 27. 630. DAVISON to BURGHLEY.
I have intermitted my duty of writing to your Lordship by reason of some infirmity in my eyes, the extremity of which has been such that for a month I was scarce able to read or write at all. I hope you will therefore dispense with my fault. How things have fallen out here meantime you will no doubt have been made acquainted by Mr Secretary. We are still doubtful what will come of the matter of Artois, suspended by a new difficulty on the part of those of Hainault, most of the towns of which at their last meeting, on the 15th inst. disavowed the negotiation of their deputies with those of Artois, as going beyond the limits of their commission, and professed not to divide themselves from the generality. The resolution was put off to the 26th, which was yesterday. St Omer is fallen into the hands of la Motte, who has 2,500 men in the field, 'travailing' the country about Dunkirk and Bourbourg. La Noue went yesterday to make head against them. Maestricht is battered, but not yet assaulted, that we hear of. Of the States' answer to the enemy's offer of peace, and such other things as are occurring at present, you will be better informed by the pieces enclosed.—Antwerp, 27 Mar. 1579. Add. Endd. 1 p. [Holl. and Fl. XI. 90.]
March 27. 631. DAVISON to LEICESTER.
I let the last post pass without a letter to you, by reason of some business I had with the Prince at the instant of his departure. By the former one I sent you a rate of the prices of such silks as you wrote to me for, and I have since been expecting your answer. Of news, I can send little that you would be glad to hear, save that most of the towns of Hainault, practised from hence, disallowing what their deputies treated at Arras, seem indisposed to divide themselves from the generality ; which has not a little amazed the authors of the confusion. There is some hope that most of the towns of Artois will follow the example, though the rest happen to play the fool. La Motte has entered St Omer, and is thought to hold himself assured of Bethune and Ayre ; his forces being in the field to the number of 2,500 men. [The rest as in letter to Secretaries.] Draft. Endd. 1 p. [Ibid. XII. 91.]
Mar.28[?] 632. [The QUEEN?] to [the ESTATES OF HOLLAND AND ZEALAND?]
. . . . ever consented to the said placard, and that a foreigner who was in no way benefited by you should, without having injured you, pay the penalty inflicted by your new statutes in direct opposition to your contract. If lack of means hinders you from satisfying him, he is content to have patience for a further reasonable term to be agreed upon by himself or his deputy and you, provided you will give him good security for payment then of his arrears in London, and pay him from now the interest (rente) according to the contract made with his father-in-law. It seems to us that this is reasonable, and that you will make no difficulty about agreeing to it ; or, if it is refused, you will compel us to give him the relief (moyen) he has asked. Copy (preceding leaf gone). Below in margin, L. Tomson has written : The 28 March were letters written from her Majesty to the Prince and States of Holland and Zealand in behalf of the merchant adventurers, for the money lent them by Mr Goddard etc. at the time of the 'rest' of their ships. This seems to be part of the letter in question. Fr. 14 ll. [For. E. B. Misc. II.]
March 29. 633. On the QUEEN'S MARRIAGE.
1. An Regina acceptura sit coniugem.
2. An Dux Alensonensis sit aptus coniunx.
3. An si Regina non nubat, possit salva esse a periculis magnis et quomodo id fieri possit.
Ad primum affirmative :—
1. The general judgement of the realm plainly requesting her Majesty to marry, both for her own comfort, and to stablish the succession that is 'in uncertain,' in her issue ; and offering to honour and obey whomsoever she may choose at home or abroad.
2. Her Majesty yielded thereto, and has accepted all manner of suits from foreign princes, as from the Emperor, the Duke of Holst in person, from the King of Sweden, from the French king Charles IX for himself, afterwards for his brother Henry, being Monsieur d'Anjou, now king ; and afterward by the king for his brother François, Duke now of Alençon.
3. The good things that will result are many, and not well to be noticed :
(1.) Hope of issue to succeed ; whereby all competitors 'of' the Crown shall have cause to stay their attempts during her life, and after her death shall forbear to seek to usurp the Crown by violence and blood.
(2.) The notice of mischiefs to be avoided, which are innumerable.
i. The purpose of all Papists to subvert religion. ii. The 'avenge' of Spain, France, etc. which, if her Majesty remain unmarried, is certainly to be looked for whenever their own countries are quiet.
Ad primum negative :—
Her Majesty is of such years as either there will be no hope to have issue, or if she should conceive, danger of delivery ; and in so doubtful a case, it were better that she should continue unmarried, and prolong her years as God and nature shall yield, and provide so to govern her realm that she may be strong by God's goodness to withstand all attempts during her life. And then she ought rather to consider how the whole realm may succeed to such person as by the law of God and man shall be meet to come to it without violence or blood.
Ad secundum affirmative :—
The Duke is by all men 'commended to have a good wit,' and to be of a courteous condition. The only lack in himself is his blemish in his face. By him, being a brother of France, and of so great credit as he is at this day, the Queen will have such assistance that she will not need to fear any attempts.
Ad secundum negative :—
1. The Duke persists in his papistical religion, whereby he is unmeet to be a husband for her Majesty, both as dissenting from her in the principal bond of love, which is religion, and because by him all papists within the realm and all fugitives abroad will increase their obstinacy.
2. As the next heir to the Crown of France, he will be overgreat a person, if his brother dies without issue, to be jointly King of France and England ; and if he have a son by the Queen, that son will hereafter be resident rather in France than in England, and England will have a viceroy, whereby great calamities may ensue, as when King Henry VI was in France.
3. It may be doubted, if the Queen have no issue, how Monsieur shall continue love to her ; but that he will mind more to obtain the marriage of the Scots Queen, seeking thereby if the Scots King should die, to establish in his issue all the three Crowns of France, England, and Scotland.
Memo. in Lord Burghley's hand, and endd. by him: 29 Martii 1579. Consultanda de matrimonio Reginæ cum Duc. Andegav. 3 pp. [France III. 17.]
About March 31. 634. DAVISON to LEICESTER.
The course of things here makes me fear that I shall have 'every day worse argument than other' to write to you. The hope we had of bridling the Artesians by soliciting underhand most of the towns of Hainault from their confederacy begins to quail, the labours of the abbot of Hannon and other instruments for the Spaniards having so far prevailed with them that they have this week agreed, as we hear, to make a truce of three months with the enemy ; and for the rest they stand upon such terms with the Prince and States as make their recovery desperate. But hitherto their final resolution is suspended. Count Lalaing's consenting to this truce has utterly changed the hope of his private reconcilement with the generality. The Viscount of Ghent, besides governing Artois, is created marquis of Rysbourg, from the name of a signory of his own in Artois, and the abbot of Hannon made bishop of Namur for his good service. In sum, the King spares no policy or cost to reconcile those of the nobility that either in credit or any other respect may advance his purpose. The Walloons, upon the entry of la Noue into Flanders, are said to be gone to la Motte. From Maestricht we have no news of any assault, though they have continued the battery for three days. Monsieur's matter is like to 'take the colder success' for the late interview between him and his brother at Paris. From letters of persons of credit in that Court it is assured to the Prince and others here that the marriage with one of the daughters of Spain is again on foot, however he 'bear her Majesty in hand' to the contrary. To-morrow should begin the first 'cession' of our new assembly, if the slack coming of the deputies do not defer it. To Monsieur's advantage, if I be not 'abused' you may be assured there will be nothing determined. (Erased) : The course of our doings here will drive your gossip [qy. the Prince] to take an extraordinary resolution, as I guess ; but I know to whom I write this much. You will do well to send me a cipher, that I may more frankly acquaint with that which I — Draft. Endd. : 1578 March. To my L. of Leicester. 1 p. [Holl. and Fl. XI. 92.]
March 31. 635. ROSSEL to WALSINGHAM.
The Estates have chosen me to content some who are more malcontent than the Malcontents, that is the French who were brought by Duke Casimir, whom with something on account of what is due to them I am trying to have paid 'in parchment,' and, as I said in my last, to get them to come back into Flanders. This they have done, and are being led with the Scots by M. de la Noue to attack the declared enemy, that is la Motte and his adherents. He had sent his people as far as the suburbs of St Omer, thinking to enter by favour of M. de Capre, his precursor there. This has failed, as Count Egmont, arrived this evening, reports. The state of Artois is considered desperate. The Viscount of Ghent has changed his viscounty for a marquisate, and by royal patent is confirmed in his government of Artois and Hesdin. There is seen the ambition of our nobles in these parts. We think that affairs are set right in Hainault. The Abbot of Marolles is back again in the Council of State. Cambray is safe, and Valenciennes. If Count Lalaing were anything of a man of business he would secure the country and the frontier, since he has recognised his mistake and begun to do better offices, on which and various accounts M. d'Alençon is greatly offended with him. The States have sent for Count Lalaing to come to Antwerp for their assurance, and have moreover nominated certain gentlemen to bring M. d'Alençon back as protector. You will no doubt have heard from your ambassador in France of his arrival in Paris and welcome from the King, who made him sleep that night in his own room, for more private conference. At the same juncture the Duke of Guise has arrived in Paris, greatly caressed and welcomed. I see no progress in the peace-proposals nor in our meeting of the States-General. The enemy before Maestricht has ceased his battery, not being able to make an advantageous breach, and is trying to mine ; but I perceive that he will be mined himself by necessity, being at a great disadvantage from the rain that has come on and by lack of victuals, the river being blocked by our people. Within the town are 8,000 combatants, including some peasants whom they took in to work on the ramparts. If I were free from that onerous duty I would tell you more particulars of importance, which would make various practices and designs clear to you. This I will do shortly.—Antwerp, the last of March 1579. Add. Endd. Fr. 1⅓ pp. [Holl. and Fl. XI. 93.]
? 1578
John Wanton, an Englishman resident in Morocco, has arranged with the Shereef to supply a great quantity of iron cannon-balls, 30, 40, and 100 lbs. weight, with other munitions, and for that purpose has sent hither an Englishman named John Williams, servant and agent to Mr Hogan, formerly servant to Matthew Field, now Hogan's partner, who are to send the cannon-balls and munitions in question, the Shereef having to pay in saltpetre and sugars. Williams left this city on the 26th of last December, to embark at 'Waroiche' [qy. Harwich] in a vessel about to sail for those parts with advices that within 3 or 4 months at the outside Hogan and Field will have here a great quantity of balls and other munitions. It is common report that a year ago Williams took from this kingdom to the old Shereef 30 barrels of similar iron balls. In like manner it is known that other English merchants sent from hence to Barbary a year and a half ago a hulk laden chiefly with oars for galleys, and artillery. Hogan has gone with the munitions in the galleon in which Field, who is here, and his partners have shares. Endd. by L. Tomson. Ital. 1 p. [Portugal I. 13.]
637. Another copy, without last par. Marginal notes by L. Tomson, and endd. : The Amb. of Portingal's memorial. John Wanton, residing now in Marochos. Hugan, Feld, conveyors of iron shot, pellets, thither, 5° mtij. Ordered to be before the LL. to-morrow 6to They were there. Ital. 1 p. [Ibid. I. 13a.]