America and West Indies
July 1708, 23-30

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Cecil Headlam (editor)

Year published

1922

Pages

40-56

Annotate

Comment on this article
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'America and West Indies: July 1708, 23-30', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 24: 1708-1709 (1922), pp. 40-56. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73784 Date accessed: 28 July 2014.


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

Contents

July 1708, 23-30

July 23.
Whitehall.
57. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Earl of Sunderland. Enclose copy of Governor Handasyd's letter of May 19 last. [C.O. 138, 12. p. 299.]
July 23.
Whitehall.
58. Council of Trade and Plantations to Governor Dudlay. Acknowledge letters of Nov. 10 and Feb. 16, 1707. We are very glad from the account you give us that you have had good success against the Indian Enemy, and are sensible of your care and dilligence, and of the good service you have done, which we shall not be forgetfull of as occasion requires. We are considering your proposall for attacking the French in Canada and Port Royall, and shall lay the same before H.M. for her pleasure thereupon. We are glad to perceive the Government of Rhode Island have been so sensible of their duty as to assist you in your late expedition against the French, and we doubt not but their good correspondence with you will tend to the mutual advantage of both Governments. As for the paper you sent us containing your defence against a complaint presented to H.M. at Windsor, June 23, 1707, the said papers shall be made use of as occasion offers; and if your friend Mr. Chamberlain have not received the like from yourself, we will deliver it to him, keeping a copy for ourselves, and while you act for H.M. service you may depend that we shall doe all that in us lyes to protect you from any unjust complaints against you. We have laid before my Lord Treasurer what you write in relation to the Commissions which limitts the two Officers of the Customs you mention to the Port of Boston, and we doubt not but his Lordship will give the necessary directions therein. Mr. Allen's title to the lands in New Hampshire is now depending before a Committee of H.M. Council, and you will in time be informed of what is done. We have nothing to say upon Mr. Usher's account, but that we shall consider the same when referred to us. As for what you write about Mr. Collins' contract with the Navy Board for masts, we have also been informed of that matter by Mr. Bridger, and have examined the same, and been attended by Mr. Collins, who did produce to us H.M. license for cutting of masts, dated May 31, 1707, which having been mislaid was the reason of its not being sent to New England; and has been the occasion of all the disorder that has hapened there, however, we must advise you to give all the assistance you can to Mr. Bridger in preventing waste in the woods. Mr. Collins has promised to send the said license to New England by the first opportunity. Whereas we have been informed that the logging trade and the great number of saw mills in New Hampshire do occasion great waste in the woods, and that Mr. Bridger himself does connive thereat, you are also to take the most effectuall care for preventing this mischief, and to admonish Mr. Bridger thereof, that for the future he do not permit or connive at such practices. Mr. Vaughan has attended us, and produced to us his powers for the Agency of New Hampshire. We shall give him all the assistance we can, in the affair he comes about. We have laid before H.R.H. the Lord High Admirall the account you have given of the good services performed by Captain Stucley. We are now to take notice that in your box which brought your last letter there were severall others not relating to our Board, and which were much more in bulk than what was for us, which is a considerable increase of charge to this office, we must therefore remind you of the letter writt you March 26, 1707, upon that subject, and we expect that for the future all letters adressed to our Board be sent in packets by themselves, and that no letters to other persons be inclosed therein. [C.O. 5, 912. pp. 481–484.]
July 25.
Windsor.
59. Order of Queen in Council. In pursuance of a report from the Lord High Treasurer, the Council of Trade and Plantations are to dispatch letters to the several Governors in America, directing them to transmit to H.M. Board of Ordnance here, as soon as may be, an account of the remains of all the Ordnance-stores in their respective Governments, and also to send like accounts once a year (and oftner, if it shall be found necessary) to the said Board as abovementioned. Signed, William Blathwayt. Endorsed, Recd. Read July 30, 1708. 2 pp. [C.O. 323, 6. No. 66; and 324, 9. pp. 247, 248.]
July 27.60. Canada Survey'd, or the French Dominions upon the Continent of America briefly considered in their situation, strength, trade and number, more particularly how vastly prejudiciall they are to the British interest, and a method proposed of easily removing them.
It cannot but be wondred att by all thinking men who know the valuableness of the Brittish Monarchy in America, both with regard to their power and trade, that a nation so powerfull in shiping, so numerous in subjects, and other ways so wisely jealous of their trade, shou'd so tamely allow such a troublesome neighbour as the French, not only to sitt down peaceably beside them, but with a handfull of people vastly dispersed to possess a country of above 4,000 miles extent, quite encompassing and hemming in betwixt them and the sea, all the Brittish Empire upon the said Continent of America, by which they have already so mightily obstructed the Brittish trade, all America over, and must in time totally ruin the same, unless seasonably prevented, as will appear by the following considerations, (and what renders us intirely inexcusable is, that the half of one year's loss we sustain in trade by them, besides the vast expence both the Crown and Country is att, in maintaining of troops and garrisons upon their frontiers, bribing of the natives for their friendshipps, or indeed, more properly speaking, being tributaries to those inhumane savages for their favour and assistance; the half, I say, of one year's loss we sustain would, if rightly aplyed, wholly dispossess them of the Continent and Newfoundland, and by so doing render H.M. sole and peaceable possessor of all the North Continent of America, large enough to form four kingdoms as bigg as Great Brittain). As to the situation of the country possesst by the French in North America, and commonly all comprehended under the prevailing name of Canada, the seat and residence of their Governor Generall being upon the place properly so called, its situation is from about 54 degrees North Latitude, begining to the East ward of Port Nelson in the country of the Escimoes, extending itself all the way Southwest to the mouth of the river Missasippi, which falls into the Bay of Appalatchip in the great Bay of Mexico, about the Latitude of 23 degrees and 30 minutes, comprehending as itt goes their part of Newfoundland, the Islands of St. Peter, Accadia or Nova Scotia, which borders upon the Brittish Province of New Hampshire, whose boundaries to the Eastward is the little river St. Croy (as the French alledge), not far to the North East of this, upon the head of the Bay of Fundy, they have a settlement called Port Royall, where is a stone fort pretty strong, garrison'd by 5 regular Companyes, though not exceeding 30 men a company, their cheifest strength consisting in their officers, which are generally double the number of ours, here is also a small town of about 100 familyes, and upon a place call Minas and the Country about there are betwixt 2 and 300 familyes more, being in all able to raise about 400 men, besides some natives who join with them, this is a distinct government of ittself, both the Governor and Lieut. Governor having their Commissions immediately from the French King, yett under the command of the Governor Generall, who resides att Quibeck, the present Governor of Port Royall is M. Supercass, formerly Governour of Placentia. a very brave and experienced officer; the Lieut. Governor M. Bonaventure, formerly a sea officer. Against this place the Governmt. of New England made two efforts last summer unsuccessfully only through want of Officers and conduct, and now justly fears their returning the blow upon the little Province of New Hampshire, by which they must inevitably ruin the same, and consequently deprive the Crown of Brittain of all the masts, timber and navall stores which itt produces both in perfection and plenty, unless suddenly supported by the Crown, with some regular troops and stores of warr. This country of Accadia is that which was formerly by us called Nova Scotia, sold (as is generally reported) by the Lord Sterling to the French, and extends ittself all the way North East from the river St Croy, in Latitude of 43, to Cape Britton in Latitude of 47, where is the entry to the Gulph of Canada or St Lawrence, so called from the great river of that name, which disembogues itself into itt, and which justly both from its extent and largeness is said to be the greatest in the known world. Upon this river of St. Lawrence or Canada, the French have their chief towns, forts and settlements, in the mouth of which about Latitude of 51, lyes a large Island called Anticosty, about 16 legues in length, where the French in time of peace had some small settlements for the benefitt of fishing and hunting, but now desolate by reason of the warr. This river is about 20 leagues over att the mouth, but so high and mountanous is the country that you can see land distinctly from one side to the other, upon both sides of this river in time of peace were stragling settlements, but now mostly deserted untill you come up as high as Tadousack, which is about 20 leagues below the City of Quibeck. This town, which is the seat of the Governour Generall, Intendant and Bishop, lyes about 120 leagues from the mouth of the river, about Latitude of 47, situate upon a high promontory or neck of land formed by the great river, which runs by the West side of itt, and another river which runs by the East side of itt, and is by them called little river. The Great River, which is fresh for 10 leagues below this town, and navigable for about 60 above itt for vessells of 50 tunns, forms befor this town a sort of a bason, or harbour, though none of the best, because the rapidity of the river as well as the great tide (itt flowing about 7 fathom right up and down), makes the ships ride a great strain, but the water is constantly smooth by reason of the highness of the land on both sides, and the narrowness of the River, itt being scarse haff a mile over att the town, which is divided in two by the names of the Higher and Lower, in the first of these is the Castle or fort, where the Governor resides, being a spacious stone building courtways, affording a great deal of good lodging for him and the severall Officers under him, as allso a large guard Hall for the soldiers and another for the Officers, itt is built upon a precepice att the very point of the land, directly over the River, and so high that the foundation of itt is att least 100 yards above the surface of the water, there are no great gunns within itt, but a little above itt to the right hand, is a Battery of about 20 gunns, the biggest of them not exceeding a 12 pounder: there is likewayes a little above this, upon the pitch of all the Hill a little stone redoubt with six small gunns, this commands in some measure the passage from the land to the town, being placed in the center of the neck of land, betwixt the two Rivers, they were also, when I was there about two years ago, drawing a stone wall of about 20ft. high, quite across this neck of land, to secure itt upon that side, there are in the upper Town three handsome churches, a noble large seminary of the Jesuits (who are the principall proprietors of that Country) three cloisters of priests, two nunneryes, two hospitalls, the Intendants and Bishops' palaces, which are all very noble buildings. The lower Town is built almost round the foot of the hill on which the upper Town stands, extending from the one River to the other, from itt to the High town is a winding coach-way of a pretty large circumference, and yett very steep, but the foot passage to itt is full as steep as going up any ordinary stairs of a house, in this lower town just opposite to where the ships ride is a stone bastion with six 18 pounders mounted upon itt, and upon the opposite side of the River a little lower upon a small point is a battery of eight 12 pounders, but no redoubt or cover for the men. In the Low town is one Church and a great many good stone buildings. In both the towns will be about 300 dwelling houses, and they can raise about the same number of fighting men besides souldiers, of which there are not ordinarly above three Companyes, who seldom exceed 30 men a Company, about a league below this town lyes the Isle of Orleans, being about 7 leagues in length, and in most places not above two miles broad, the river is navigable on both sides of itt, but the main Channell is on the west side of itt which is generally about a mile broad, but upon the other side mostly not above a quarter of a mile, this Island is very well peopled, having 3 parish Churches upon itt, and near 300 familyes upon itt, upon both sides of the River opposite to this Island the country is well planted with people, who may in all amount to 200 familyes more. So that I believe for about 20 miles round Quibeck may be about 800 familyes who could not raise above so many fighting men. The Governor Generall is Governor of Quibeck in particular, the present is the Marquis de Vauderoile, and the Lieut. Governour M. Anglosery, both these have serv'd in the Country above 20 years, and have raised themselves by their services. About 30 leagues South-west from this, upon the same river, lyes a small fortifyed town called, from the confluence of three Rivers, Trois Rivieres, itt is only pallisadoed round, having nothing of a fort in itt, only lodgings for the Governor and Officers, and hath not above 50 familyes in itt besides soldiers, itt hath a particular Governor of its own, who is att present an Italian, called the Marquiss de Crisafi, in this town lyes ordinarly six of their companyes of Foot. About 30 leagues above this, and 60 from Quibeck, upon the same river, lyes the City of Montreall, upon an Island of the same name, about 5 leagues in length, this Town is equall in bigness and number of inhabitants to Quibeck, but not altogether so well built, nor so rich as the other, hither the tide flows, and barques of 50 or 60 tuns can come up, this town is pallisadoed round, lying pretty levell, and hath 3 or 4 block houses att itts severall corners, itt hath three Churches, as many convents and a hospitall, itt is the next best Government to that of Governour Generall, upon whose death the Governour of this place generally succeeds a course, the present Governour is M. Du Ramsey, the Lieut. Governour M. Gallifait, and town Major M. du Muy. There are some small towns besides, such as Shambly and Sorrel, where sometimes a Company or two lyes, as also severall little forts, commanded by Captains and Subalterns, such as Fort Frontinack, built upon the side of Corlar's Lake, to curb the trade of the English from Albany and the five Nations of Indians in league with them, there are also to the Westward severall little forts in the way to Missasippi, such as Fort Crevecour, and Fort Louis in the Straits, where are a few french and Indians placed for the conveniency of their trade, and to give them a title to the country, through which every year there goes one Officer of note with about 40 men to view the condition both of their trade and garrisons, all the way to Missasippi, which is likewayes subject to the Governour Generall, the present Governour of which is the Sieur Deberville, a Canadian born, and brother to the commander of that name who plundered Nevis in the west Indies. The whole number of regular troops the french have in all the above mention'd countryes is 28 Companyes, who were not two years agoe above 30 a Company, and are generally posted as follows; at Placentia in Newfoundland 3 Companyes, commanded for the time after the removall of M. Supercass by M. Moniack, att a new little fort in Charles Straits, or Labeadore, called fort Pontchartrein, commanded by M. Certomanche, one Company, att Port Royall 5 Companyes, att Quibeck 3 Companyes, att Trois Rivieres 6 Companyes, att the Citty of Montreal 7 Companyes, the other 3 are generally in some of the forts upon the frontiers of Albany, and the 5 Nations in league with us, the immediate Commander or General of all those troops under the Governour Generall, and to whom they give the title of Commandant de Troupes, is the Marqui de St. Croy. Having given a pretty exact account of the situation, strength and number of all the chief places in this country, the number and disposition of their regular troops, with the names of their chief Officers, the whole number of which will not amount to above 5000 inhabitants, dispersed almost as many thousand miles, itt may be easily believed itt cannot be very difficult to reduce such a country, especially since we have above 20 times their number upon the same Continent, but ere we think of reducing them, lett us first see what their country produces by way of encouragemt., and next, what damage they now doe the Brittish trade all America over, but more immediately upon the Continent, and what further they must neces sarly doe in time, when more populous, if not prevented. As to their trade, which chiefly consists in furrs and fish, of both wch. they have but to great a quantity, in so much, that had they but hands to manage the same they would quickly glutt all Europe with both, as they have in some measure done with the first, for two years agoe I see, according to their computation, above £60,000 value in beaver alone, besides all other furrs and peltry, of which their magazines were full, and which were not to be sent home att that time, because the European marketts were then glutted with them. And as to the ordinary sorts of fish, such as codd, heak, pallock and haddock, every bay and creek along all their coasts abound with them farr beyond the Bancks of Newfoundland, as they doe also with herring and mackerell, but above all for whale fishing their coast excells all places ever yett heard of. They have also particular to that great river of St. Lawrence a fish they call a white porpoise in infinite numbers, which hath afforded them a new and advantageous manufactory, for besides the vast profitt the oyle of them affords, they have found a way to tann their skinns, of which they make the finest upper leather for shooes imaginable, far excelling any marokin, as I have found by experience, having worn shooes made of them, which never grow hard with being wett. The french King hath given a considerable sume for the advancing of this manufactory, which is not to be done anywhere but in such a country as that, for no bark save that of Cyrus will tann their skinns. The soil here is also very fertile, as well appears by the grains itt produces, not only in vast quantityes but the best of itts kind upon the whole Continent, especially wheat and pease of all sorts, and that in so short a time, notwithstanding the coldness of their winters, for though they doe not sow their wheat till May, they reap itt in great perfection in the beginning of August. But now that we have sufficiently surveyed the country, lett us only consider how infinitely more agreeable this climate would be to our Northern constitution then Darien, what a vast revenue the furr trade would bring into the Crown, having all the Nations of Indians upon the North Continent, who make so vast a body of people, intirely att our devotion. How vast an improvement of shipping and Navall Stores could be made here, where the timber of all sorts is the best upon the whole Continent, and the fishing there of all sorts would exceed all the others in the world. But having said enough to show the country is both commodious and advantageous enough to be inhabited, lett us next consider some more pungent and powerfull arguments, which must prevail upon every true Brittain, who hath any regard to the honour, interest or safety of his Country, to endeavour the reduction of that country, att any rate, and those arguments arising so naturally from two of the first and great principles, which are born almost with all mankind, will need but very little enforcing, and are these, self-interest and self-preservation, both which to a demonstration plead for the reduction of this place, etc. For consider how much that Colony endammages the Brittish interest over all America, as well as upon the Continent. In order to which, we must first consider ye complexness of their commerce, and how much the disturbance of the trade of the Continent affects all the Brittish Colonyes in America, which will easily appear by considering their dependance upon the same, as in the following particulars. There is no Island the Brittish possess in the West Indies that is capable of subsisting without the assistance of the Continent, for to them we transport their bread, drink and almost all the necessaryes of humane life, their cattle and horses for cultivating their plantations, lumber and staves of all sorts to make casks of for their rumm, sugar and molosses, without which they could have none, ships to transport their goods to the European marketts, nay, in short, the very houses they inhabitt are carryed over in frames, together with the shingles that cover them, in so much that their very being, much more well being, depends almost intirely upon the Continent. And now that we have made itt evidently appear that the interest of the whole British Empire in America, is inseparably linkt with that of the Continent, itt remains next to consider how much damage the Colony yearly doe the said Brittish Continent, in ruining and obstructing their trade, the expence they occasion the same by the warr, besides the loss of people, every one of whom are vastly valuable, in so new and trading Colonyes. To make this more evidently appear, lett us consider the particular Governments which suffer mostly by them (though indeed all the Brittish Continent doe considerably already, and are ere long like to doe more), but to come to particulars, New York and the Jerseyes have of late, by means of the french seducing over to them a great part of the five Nations (who have so long been in league with the Crown of Brittain), and are known by the names of Senecas, Makuas, Onondagos, Cajugas and Oneidas, the french Missionaryes, who swarm among them, have carryed over, both to the French interest and religion, a great many of them, and with them the furr trade, which was formerly so valuable and profitable to those Colonyes of the Brittish, that merchants now in London, who lived there 20 years agoe, say there used to be exported from thence yearly about £50,000 value in beaver and other furrs, this they have not only almost intirely lost, but are att a vast expence, both of blood and treasure, to defend their frontiers from the insults of those troublesome neighbours, so that the expence the Crown and Country is att yearly in maintaining of troops and garrisons, as well regular as Country militia, the presents and charges of cultivating a friendshipp with the above named five Nations, building and repairing fortifications, and furnishing stores of warr, amounts yearly to above £20,000, besides the vast loss the inhabitants sustain, who have any settlements upon the frontiers, being obliged wholly to abandon the same, and leave them desolute and uninhabited, and what further yett affects the trade (besides the raising the price of all provisions, by the desertion of many of the most fertile plantations) the pressing of men to serve on the frontiers renders all labour so much the dearer, especially sailors, in-somuch that the wages of an ordinary sailor to goe to the West Indies in any of the mercht. shipps is att least £4 10s. or £5 per month, all which att last must in some measure come upon the purchasers of their goods in the West Indies. So that I think I will undertake to demonstrate that the Colonyes of New York and Jerseys suffer yearly, what with the loss of trade, expences of the warr, desertion of plantations, scarcity of labourers and sailors, all which is alenerly [? annually] occasioned by the French att least £50,000. Next to them along shoar, North East, is Connecticout, a Propriety Government, which also borders with the french, and feels sufficiently the effects of their ill neighbourhood, in so much, that the very expences they are att yearly, for the payment of their men, whom they are obliged to keep in arms upon their frontiers, cost them £7,000, while the loss they sustained in their trade, by the want of those people's labour, amounted to three times that sume, they being obliged, not only to lay waste and leave uncultivated a great many of their frontier plantations, but to neglect their making of pitch, tarr, rosin and turpentine, which that Country produces in great quantity, and which are so much the interest of the Crown to encourage, as appears by the Act of Parliament for that effect. So that itt can easily be made appear that this small Propriety Country, by a modest computation, suffers yearly in expence and obstruction of trade, the loss of att least £20,000, besides their losses occasion'd by the coasting privateers from Port Royall and Quibeck. But to give the finishing stroke to all, and shew unanswerable arguments for reducing Canada at any rate, lett us only consider New England, a country of att least ten times the trade of all forementioned Colonyes, and whose loss doe more then exceed their proportion to the same. New England is so well situate for trade, both with respect to the conveniency of its harbours, the commodityes itt affords for commerce, the healthyness of the climate, which with the genius of the people calculate to improve all those advantages, have rendred itt a place of vast trade and buisiness, for besides that the inland country affords great quantityes of all sorts of provisions, horses, cattell, and lumber, fitt to be transported to the West Indies and elsewhere, the maritime parts affords an immense quantity of timber fitt for shipping, masts and all navall stores, which they have not fail'd to improve to the best advantage, for they yearly build some hundreds of vessells, while their sea costs, which are wonderfully rich in fish of all sorts, affords them advantageous cargos to load them withall. But of late years, the disturbance they have mett withal, in every part of their commerce, from their troublesome neighbours the french, hath been of so fatall consequence, that itt hath almost intirely ruined that Country, and must ere long inevitably doe so, if some remydy be not quickly afforded them. For besides the ravaging the frontiers, burning their uttermost towns and settle ments, murdering and carrying away captives ye inhabitants by the french, and their unexpressably savage accomplices, the Indians, who have no compassion on either sex or age, nor are they bounded by any laws of reason or religion, but do exercise all manner of barbarityes upon their prisoners of all sorts, long after quarter is given, those unparalelled hostilityes not only lay waste the uttermost parts of this country, but occasion a constant expence and trouble of keeping a considerable force upon the frontiers, who, after all, are not able to prevent frequent irruptions of the barbarous enemy, who are favoured in their enterprises by the thickness and impassableness of the woods, with which they are well accustomed. These and the like reasons have rendred uninhabited one of the best and most fertile countryes upon all the Continent, commonly called the Eastern Country, from its situation with regard to Boston, where formerly the English had both garrisons and very thriving plantations, but by the disturbance they mett withall from their neighbours, the french att Port Royall, they have been forced at last totally abandon the same. And though the loss of the country and its produce was very considerable, yett was the smallest part that attended the deserting of that country, for by itt they have not only lost a verry considerable furr trade, which was caryed on in that Country while the English possest itt, which is now wholly gone over to the french, but what was yett of more consequence by farr, and was justly reckoned the chief branch of the New England trade, their fishery is quite ruined by itt, for whereas they had many hundreds of vessells, who formerly both catched and made their fish along this shore, they are now, by the french (and Indians instigated by them) almost wholly debared this trade, to the unexpressible loss of New England in particular, and all the English Islands in generall, who used to be supplyed from thence with codd and mackrell, in great quantityes, and att low rates for the subsistance of themselves and slaves, the considerations of all those hardships they lay under made that Governmt. undertake two expeditions last summer against Port Royall, which both proved unsuccessfull for want of Officers of conduct and some regular troops, and cost the country £20,000 expence, besides double that loss in a total sist of trade for the time, and now the french, as I am credibly inform'd, having gott a reinforcement from france, both of men and ammunition, resolve to return the blow upon the little province of Main, which they are no ways capacitate to resist, and which, being the magazine from whence the Crown hath masts, timber and other navall stores, will make the loss generall to Brittain, as well as particular to that place. But to sume up the whole, I believe itt will plainly appear to any considering person, that the loss, expence and detriment in trade, (besides the barbarous murthers of many persons) sustain'd by the English upon the Continent in America from the french who inhabitt the same Continent, amounts to severall hundred thousand pounds yearly, and must in time, as the french grow more numerous, be vastly more, for by their situation, the french have sourrounded and hemmed in betwixt them and the sea, all the English Governments upon the Continent, so that in time, when they are fully peopled, as they project in a great measure to be, after the warr is over, by transporting thither (as Monsieur Rodot, the present Intendant of Canada, told me the french King designed), 20,000 men, who will chuse rather to gain their bread by hunting and gunning, then by labouring the ground. Should such a thing happen, they may easily in time be able to make the Brittish find use for their shipping and be forced to transport themselves elsewhere and leave their improvements to their more powerfull neighbours, and though this should never happen, yett posterity will blame us for risking the same while the remedy is so easily in our power, and the expence will not amount to near one half of the yearly loss we sustain from them, as will appear by the following scheame, which the author, who pretends to know that country as well as any subject of the Crown, and who made itt his buisiness to know, with that designe of being capable to serve his country, engages to give his assistance in putting the design in execution. To effectuate which great enterprise (so vastly advantageous to the honour and interest of the Crown and the people of great Brittain and itts Empire in the west Indies and North America), there would need no more than two battallions of regular Troops from Great Brittain, who would cost the Crown no more expence, excepting their provision and transportation, then they now doe in Scotland, where they are idle, nor more men of warr for their convoy and protection than are ordinarly employed in attending the Colonyes of New York, New England, or conveying home the Virginia fleets, which they might likeways doe in the fall after that expedition was over. With those two battalions and six men of warr joyned from New England with 1000 of their best men, which they will readily furnish and transport by sea to goe directly to Quibeck about the latter end of May, or beginning of June, fitted with bombs, mortars and one or two bomb ketches, while a body of 1500 men from Nework, Jersey and Connecticout, which they would readily furnish, marched by land being joyn'd by our five Nations of Indians directly to Montreal, with which number they would hardly fail of takeing that place, and att least preventing their regular troops, who are mostly quartered thereabouts, from coming to the assistance of Quibeck, which, by cutting off the inhabitants of the Isle of Orleans from joyning them, which might be done by sending two nimble, well mann'd sloops up thither before the fleet came in sight, and as itt is almost humanely impossible the town could hold out, being attacqued att three different places att once upon the side to the water, where itt hath no walls, and could not have any great number to defend itt, while the fireing their houses by the bombs would employ many of them to quench itt, upon taking of which two towns of Quibeck and Montreal, all the rest of their forts and settlemts. would fall of course into the hands of the Crown, and will not only afford a booty to the captors farr exceeding all the expence of the undertaking, but infinitely advance the commerce of the Brittish over all America, and particularly make them sole masters of the furr, fish and navall stores trade over all the Continent, and H.M. sole Soveraign of the North Continent of America, and of hundreds of nations of new subjects, who will become intirely obedient to her laws, when they have no preists to poyson them, nor no rivall Monarch to debauch them from her interest and make Canada a noble Colony, exactly calculate for the constitutions and genius of the most Northern of the North Brittains. Being therefore fully perswaded that nothing but the want of a trew state and information of the vast disadvantages the french Governmt. of Canada occasions to the commerce of Brittain, and the easiness of its being reduced to the subjection of that Crown, hath been the reason why our Ministers of State, who have so wisely and successfully manag'd the great affairs of the Nation, have never put this project in execution, I doubt not but upon their having maturely considered the above reasons, they will fall upon such methods as their greater wisdom shall think fitt for remeding all the aforesaid grievances occasioned by the said Colony of french, towards which the author shall be alwayes most ready to contribute what further information and assistance he is capable of, then whom none is a more intirely devoted servant to the Crown and interest of great Brittain. [? by Capt. Vetch. of. Aug. 4. Ed.] Endorsed, Recd. from Capt. Vetch, Read July 27, 1708. 11½ pp.
Annexed,
60. i. Abstract of preceding, 1¾ pp. [C.O. 323, 6. Nos. 64, 64.i.; and (duplicate) Nos. 65, 65.i.; and 324, 9. pp. 221–246.]
July 27.
Treasury Chambers.
61. Mr. Taylour to Mr. Popple. Enclose following. My Lord Treasurer desires the opinion of the Council of Trade and Plantations, whether they think it necessary to have this office and salary continued. Signed, Jo. Taylour. Endorsed, Recd. Read July 30, 1708. Addressed. ½ p.
Enclosed,
61. i. John Rayner to the Lord High Treasurer. Prays to be allowed £150 per annum as Attorney General of New Yorke and £75 advanced for his voyage, as in the case of S. Broughton. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 1049. Nos. 88, 88.i.; and 5, 1121. pp. 312–314.]
[July 29.]62. List of fishing-boats and seamen sailed from Chichester to the Newfoundland Fishery, Midsummer 1707–1708. Nil. Signed, Hen. Baker, Collector etc. Endorsed, Recd. Sept. 29, Read Aug. 4, 1708. 1 p. [C.O. 194, 4. No. 74.]
July 29.
Whitehall.
63. The Earl of Sunderland to Governor Crowe. I write this at the desire of Mr. Robert Harmsworth, the last patentee in the office of Clerk of the Markets in Barbadoes, who has some moneys arising out of the profits of his place lying in the hands of Mr. Raynes Bate, which you make some difficulty of suffering Mr. Bate to remitt to him, not being well satisfyed, it seems, of his having such a patent. I can assure you that he had it and about Feb. last resigned it to Mr. Meckaskell, etc. Signed, Sunderland. [C.O. 5, 210. p. 111.]
July 29.
Whitehall.
64. Same to Governor Lord Lovelace. Encloses Address of Lt. Governor and Council of New Jersey, complaining of the proceedings of the General Assembly there. It is H.M. pleasure that upon your arrival there you enquire into the matter of fact and send me an account thereof as it shall appear to you, that I may lay the same before the Queen. [C.O. 5, 210. p. 112.]
July 29.
Whitehall.
65. The Earl of Sunderland to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses following for their report. Signed, Sunderland. Endorsed, Recd. July 29., Read Aug. 3, 1708. ¾ p. Enclosed,
65. i. Copy of Memorial of Geo. Vaughan, June 1,1708, q.v.
65. ii. Address of Council and Assembly of New Hampshire to the Queen, Portsmouth, N.E. Oct. 22, 1707. Notwithstanding his late Majestie was gratiously pleased to send a supply of artillery and ammunition for your Majesties Fort at Great Island, since which the great expence of rebuilding said Fort, and constant keeping of men in pay for the better defence of this your Majesties province towards the sea; together with the extraordinary charge of defending the frontiers by land against the Indian Rebels, assisted by the French from Canada and Port Royal, has reduced your Majesties poor subjects to a great distresse, many of whome have been necessitated to remove, by which our number and strength are lessend, cannott provide for their families, but with hazard of their lifes, many ffeilds lying untild, unlesse such as are under covert of the Garrisons. At present wee labour under a great want of good small armes and ammunition, which are daily waisted and lost in the wildernesse, in persuite of the Enemy. And by reason of our poverty cannot be supplyed. Your Majesties petitioners therefor most humbly pray of your most Excellent Majestie, that of your Majesties Royal bounty they may be supplyed with such a quantity of small arms of several sorts, and ammunition proper for them, as well as for the great Ordinance at your Majesties Fort, which will at all times be thriftily expended for the defence of your Majestie's good subjects etc. Signed, Charles Story, Secretary, John Pickerin, Speaker. Endorsed, Recd. July 29, Read Aug. 3, 17, 1708. 1 p.
65. iii. Address of the Assembly of New Hampshire to the Queen. [Portsmouth, Feb. [ ], 1707.] Our Ancestors and Predecessors weare eighty years past comeing over from England, and issueing out from the neighbouring Colonies, and by and with their concurrence and encouragement peaceably and in a publick manner, entred and sett downe upon the now inhabited lands of this Province, and which were not onely then Vacuum domicilium, but a miserable desert and surrounded with the barbarous salvages, from whose Sachims our Ancestors all along informed and assured us the said lands were honestly and justly purchased for their use. Wee and our Ancestors through the great mercy of Almighty God, by the expence of our Treasure and the swett of our brows, have now turned this wildernesse into a fruitful feild. Wee have with the expence of our lifes and estates defended this your Majesties Province in New England in two long and distressing warrs, against the barbarous salvages assisted by the French King's subjects, and which wee are yett engaged in, and must have suffered very much were wee not encouraged and protected by the great and constant care and vigilance of his Excellency our Governor and the assistance of his other Government both as to men and mony. By the deligent industry and expence of your Majesties loyal subjects, wee have soe improved this your Majesties Countrey that the trade thereof is become very considerable and of great importance and advantage to your Majestie and your people of Great Brittaine. All this has been done without the least aid or assistance imaginable of Mr. Mason, or those that succeed him in their pretended claime to this Countrey. The possessions and estates of this Province have been bought and sold, and have descended from family to family for now neare 70 years together, and except it be a very few of the inhabitants, is all they have in the world. Notwithstanding [ ] the Governour's interposition, who endeavoured to [ ] the differences [ ] from any difference of our own right, wee made overtures to an Agreement, but Mr. [Allen's] death prevented any further proceedings therein. If your Majesties most loyal subjects of this your Majesties Province may by your Majesties Royal favour be confirmed and encouraged in the possession and enjoyment of what they have acquired soe just a right to, and may yett be protected and defended from the unreasonable and unjust [cla] ime and demand of Mr. Allen, which they confidently promise themselves, from the late instance of your Majesties great justice done them in the same case, when Mr. Allen appealed from a judgment of your Superiour Court here to your Majestie in Council, where judgment was affirmed in favour of the inhabitants, and hereby your sacred Majestie will not onely have the grateful acknowledgment of your Majesties most loyal and dutiful subjects, in this your Majesties Province, but your Majestie and your people in all places will reap the benefitt and advantage thereof in the increase of the Trade of this Countrey by a greater supply of your Majesties Navy. Pray for the consideration of their case, etc. Signed and endorsed as preceding. Torn. 1 p.
65. iv. Address of the Council and Assembly of New Hampshire to the Queen, Portsmouth, N.E. Oct. 22, 1707. Since our late Addresse, wee are surprised with advise from England that several disaffected persons, have petitioned your Majestie for the remove of Colonel Dudley, our present Governour, for male-administration, which wee are well assured was done out of a perticuler pique by the principal of the said petitioners, who drew in others to subscribe that knew nothing of Col. Dudley, nor had any ffamilies or concerns in New England. And wee admire the more thereat, for that your Majestie had then received an Addresse from the Council and Assembly of this Province, humbly representing the great care and good conduct of Col. Dudley in the Government thereof both as to the warr as well as Civil administration. And wee are humbly bold to lett your Majestie know that wee are still of the same opinion, haveing daily instances of his indefatigable paines for the defence of the ffrontiers against the French and Indian enemy, who by his prudent fforesight and good intelligence which he has alwayes gained of the enemies motion, and where they designed to make an attack, has sent seasonable releife soe as that their designes have been totally defeated, and your Majestie's good subjects and their estates thereby preserved. Wee therefore most humbly pray that the malitious insinuations of a few male-contents may have noe impression upon your Majestie to the prejudice of Col. Dudley, but that if it consists with your Majestie's good pleasure, he may still be continued in his Government. Whereby wee firmly beleive your Majestie's Honour, the interest of the Crown, and the welfare and prosperity of your good subjects here will be better promoted than by another person not soe well acquainted with the affaires of this Countrey. Wee render our most sincere thanks to Almighty God for the successes of your Majesties victorious armes, and the happy Union of your Majesties Kingdome of great Brittaine, which will for ever advance your Majestie's Glory and tend to the ruine of the Enemy of the repose of Europe. Signed and endorsed as preceding. 1 p.
65. v. Address from the Justices, Officers of the Militia, Merchants, etc. of New Hampshire to H.M. Similar to preceding, in favour of Governor Dudley. Signed, Jno. Walker, Clement Hughes, Jno. Cutts, R. Wibird, Samll. Allcock, John Janurirde, B. Gambling, Jonathan Thing, Jacob Green, Geo. Jaffrey, Obediah Mors, Richard Gerrish, Sampson Sheafe, Joseph Smith, John Knight, Winthrop Hilton, John Gillman, Robert Coffin, Jno. Low, Samll. Hartt, Moses Leavitt, David Levans, Thomas Wilson, Isaac Green, Joshua Winget, Thomas Tebbetts, Shed. Walton, Nath. Hill, Josh. Peirce, Tobias Langdon, John Sherburn, James Gillman, Henry Gillman, Richd. Waldron, Geo. Vaughan, Thomas Phipps, Ichabod Plaisted, Theo. Atkinson, Theophilus Dudley, Samuel Calcot, sen., Jno. Tuttle. Endorsed as preceding. 1 p.
65. vi. Address of the Ministers of New Hampshire to the Queen. As preceding, in favour of Governor Dudley. Signed, Jno. Cotton, Minister of Hampton; Nathl. Rogers, Portsmouth; John Pike, Dover; John Buss, Oyster River; John Emerson, Newcastle; Theophilus Cotton, Minister of the Isles; John Odlin, Exeter. Same endorsement. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 864. Nos. 235, 235. i—vi; and (without enclosures) 5, 913. p. 1.]
July 30.
Whitehall.
66. W. Popple to W. Lowndes. Reply to Mr. Taylour's letter, July 27. Quotes Representation and Order of Council Dec. 14, 1699 [C.S.P. 1699. Nos. 1061, 1062]. The Council of Trade and Plantations are of opinion that all the reasons mentioned in the said Representation for an Attorney General for New Yorke (except that relating to pirates) do still subsist, and particularly that of illegall trade; and therefore they cannot but think it necessary the said office and salary be continued. [C.O 5, 1121. pp. 315, 316].
July 30.
Whitehall.
67. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Earl of Sunderland. Enclose following for H.M. signature (Cf June 26, 1708).
67. i. Additional Instruction to Governor Handasyd. Whereas diverse merchants and planters, traders to and inhabitants of Our Island of Jamaica, in behalf of themselvs and others Our subjects in Our said Island, have made complaint to Us of severall unjust and vexatious proceedings obtained there, and that several writs of escheat have issued out of Our Supream Court of Judicature in Our said Island, for trying the complainants' title to their lands and negroes, notwithstanding they have held and enjoyed the same many years, and that when judgment was given for Us upon such writts, the said lands and negroes have been granted by you, Our Governor, to the Prosecutors and Informers, and whereas such proceedings is contrary to Our former Instruction to you, etc. (quoted), and whereas your breach thereof does give incouragement to groundless and vexatious suits against our subjects in Our said Island, on account of escheats or forfeitures, to the disquieting the minds of Our said subjects, a due protection and enjoyment of whose property is necessary to the well carrying on the trade of that Our Island so beneficial to this Our Kingdome. It is therefore Our will and pleasure, that you do not molest the complainants or any other Our subject in Our said Island, on account of escheats or forfeitures of lands or negroes, without good and sufficient grounds for your so doing; and that whenever any lands or negroes shall be adjudged escheat or forfeit to Us, you do under pain of our highest displeasure, strictly observe Our foresaid Instruction to you in that behalf, in forbearing to make any grant of such escheat or forfeiture to any person or persons whatsoever till you shall have given Us an account of all escheats or forfeitures so adjudged, by the first opportunity that shall offer, after such judge ment given, and that you shall have received Our Royall pleasure. [C.O. 138, 12. pp. 302–305].