America and West Indies
August 1720, 1-10

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Institute of Historical Research

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Cecil Headlam (editor)

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1933

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77-97

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'America and West Indies: August 1720, 1-10', Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 32: 1720-1721 (1933), pp. 77-97. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=74103 Date accessed: 27 November 2014.


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August 1720, 1-10

Aug. 2.
Suffolk Street.
169. Rev. W. Gordon to the Council of Trade and Plantations. At ye last Court of Grand Sessions in Barbadoes there were very extraordinary proceedings against me and my friends, in our absence, and several bills of indictment prefer'd and found. Application was made in our behalf to ye Clerc of ye Crown for copies of all ye proceedings, wch. being matters of record he could not justify ye refusal of, but he did the same in effect, by demanding £157l. 10s. 0d. as fees for ye copies, wch. my Attorneys there did not think proper to give etc. Prays to be allowed to take copies from the copy transmitted to the Board, in order to apply to H.M. for redress. Signed, W. Gordon. Endorsed, Recd. Read 2nd Aug., 1720. 1 p. [C.O. 28, 15. No. 96.]
Aug. 2.
Councill Chamber, Whitehall.
170. Order of Lords Justices in Council. Upon hearing the claim of William Lord Craven (v. July 20) and Mr. Attorney General on behalf of the Crown, ordered that Sir Robt. Raymond H.M. Attorney General do forthwith bring a scire facias for the vacating the Letters Patents made by King Charles II to the Proprietors of the Bahama Islands, and for resuming the same into the Crown, pursuant to the Address of the House of Peers in 1705. Signed, Edward Southwell. Endorsed, Recd. Read 11th Jan., 1720/21. 2 pp. [C.O. 23, 1. No. 28.]
Aug. 2.
Whitehall.
171. Mr. Delafaye to the Council of Trade and Plantations. The Lords Justices remind you of the state of H.M. Plantations, which, when you attended their Excys. 19th July, you were directed to lay before them. Their Excys. upon your Representation praying for an additional two rooms, etc. etc. (v. 28th July) direct that you should apply to my Lord Chamberlain that he may write to my Lord Stanhope for H.M. Orders. etc. They command me to write to Sr. Robert Sutton and to Mr. Pulteney to solicit the French Court for an order to their subjects to confine their Fishery to the limits prescribed by the Treaty at Utrecht: and also to signify their Excys. pleasure to the Secretary at War that he take care of dispatching the proper orders for removing three Companys of Col. Philips' Regiment from Placentia to Annapolis Royal. Signed, Ch. Delafaye. Endorsed, Recd. Read Aug. 3rd, 1720. 1½ pp. [C.O. 323, 8. No. 12.]
Aug. 4.
Whitehall.
172. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Duke of Newcastle. Refer to their application to the Lords Justices 28th July. Continue:—We have received their Excellencies orders to apply to your Grace, that you may write to my Lord Stanhope and desire him to obtain H.M. orders for building two additional rooms to our Office etc. v. C.S.P. 9th Jan., 1718. [C.O. 389, 37. pp. 186, 187.]
Aug. 4.
Treasury Chambers.
173. Mr. Stanhope to Mr. Delafaye. Mr. Walpole, the Auditor of the Plantacons, having represented to my Lords of the Treasury the arbitrary proceedings of the Assembly of New York in taking into their owne hands the sole management of the Revenues raysed for the support of H.M. Civil Government and entirely excluding the Officers of the Crown from any concerne therein contrary to antient practise and in defiance of H.M. prerogative their Lordships desire the said Representation to be laid before the Lords Justices for their orders etc. Signed, C. Stanhope. Addressed. 1 p. [C.O. 5, 1085. No. 29.]
Aug. 4.
Whitehall.
174. Council of Trade and Plantations to the Lords Justices. Governor Shute having informed us (v. 9th Sept., 17th Dec. 1719) that Monsr. Vaudrevil Governor of Canada has refused to restore several of our captives etc., we humbly offer that H.M. Ministers at the Court of France be directed to complain of this infraction of the Treaty of Utrecht and to require an order for their immediate releasement. [C.O. 5, 915. p. 313.]
Aug. 4.
Whitehall.
175. Council of Trade and Plantations to Mr. Delafaye. Reply to Aug. 2. We have made some progress in the draft of a Representation, etc. By reason of the multiplicity of books and papers the same is drawn from, it will necessarily take some time etc. [C.O. 324, 10. p. 282.]
Aug. 6.
Annapolis Royal.
176. Governor Philipps to Mr. Popple. Acknowledges letter of 26th Aug. last, "with instructions for raiseing hemp and makeing tarr etc., which I shall take care to promote when the circumstances of this Province will admit thereof." Signed, R. Phillips. Endorsed, Recd. 26th Nov. 1720. 1 p. [C.O. 217, 3. No. 14; and 218, 1. p. 486.]
[? Aug. 6.]
Annapolis Royal.
177. Governor Philipps to the Council of Trade and Plantations. As there are not frequent oppertunities of correspondence between this place and Great Brittain, I am carefull to make use of such as offer to acquaint your Lordships with the posture of affaires in this Province. Matters continue here in the same situation, in regard to the French inhabitants, who seem yet undetermined which party to choose, tho' if left to themselves would certainly embrace that of enjoyeing their possessions, by becomming subjects to Great Brittain, but the neighbouring French Governors, finding that these people will no longer be serviceable to their interest after sweareing allegiance; and judging (too well) of the consequence of wanting such a number of hands, to strengthen and improve their Collonys are makeing use of all stratagems to draw them to their party, to this end the priests are all assembled at Minas to be nearer to Cape Breton, where their great Council is held, between which places they are continually passing and repassing, from whence they disperse false pacquetts, and insinuations among the people, as fast as they can be coyn'd. Among other things they are told that the promise made them of injoying their religion is but a chimera, and what they must not depend on, for they will quickly be reduced to the same state with H.M. Popish subjects in Ireland and their priests denyed them; I indeavour all I can to undeceive them, but scarce hope to find more credit with them than their priests. If these prevaile, here will be a great many fine possessions become vacant. I beleive it would not be difficult to draw as many people almost from New England, as would supply their room, if it wear not robbing a neighbouring Collony, and perhaps not gaining much by the exchange, therefore hope there are schemes forming at home to settle this Colony with British subjects in the spring, before which time these inhabitants do not think of moveing, haveing the benefit of the inlargement of time I granted untill such time I shall receive your Lordships farther commands: What is to be apprehended in the resetling these farms is disturbance from the Indians who do not like to hear of the French goeing off and will not want prompting unto mischief. Encloses following. The convention therein mentioned, was an affair transacted by General Nicholson, who can give the best account thereof; and how far H.M. stands obliged to make good at this time of day, what should have been executed seven yeares agoe according to that Treaty. The want of the presents which I have expected for the Indians, has made me delay speaking with them hitherto, but finding it no longer adviseable to deferr that matter (upon information that the discontented French are daily practising to possess them with notions of some ill designs formed by the Government against them) have sent an express over the Bay (where the most considerable of them keep) to assemble their Chiefs with whom I shall indeavour to settle a peaceable, and friendly corrispondence, but I am sorry to find the French have so well made their advantage of our neglect of this countrey, that their Government prevailes both among the inhabitants and natives, and the Kings authority (which is confined within this fort, for want of meanes to extend, and diffuse it's influence over the several inhabited parts) is in a manner despised, and ridiculed; This I have the mortification to experience almost every day in many respects, perticularly by letters that have fallen into my hands from some principall officers of Cape Bretton, wherein the people addressed to, are told, that they may for forme sake, apply to me, but in case I do not grant their request, they may follow their own inclination. These things (with submission) require speedy and effectuall redress, that H.M. authority may be better maintained and supported within this Province. Nothing shall be wanting on my part towards doeing my duty, but whilst I am shut up within this garrison, without the necessary conveniency of lookeing abroad, the people of Minas and Chignecto know very well they are out of my power and in spite of anything I can doe to obstruct carry on a clandestine trade with Cape Breton, which they supply yearly with corn and cattle in exchange for the woollen and linnen manufactures of France. These practices may in a great measure be prevented and the people kept in better obedience, if I might be permitted to hire and arm a sloop, with some troops of the Garrison, when occasion requires to visit the settlements, and observe their actions the charge of which will be inconsiderable compared with that of a station ship which will cost the Government three or four thousand pounds pr. annum, and this not more than £400, one year with another, and that service every [? way] answered; And if I durst propose what I think farther necessary towards the retrieving the affaires of this Province and settling it with safety, it would be the addition of 100 men, this Garrison being too small to supply all dutys, that may be required in the several services of this Goverment in its present scittuation. I have wrote to the Governor of Quebec (according to my instructions) to propose his sending Commissioners in conjunction with those who shall be appointed on the part of H.M. for settling the boundaryes of the Province, but have not yet received his answer. As to the trade of this country (to which I have not yett had time to speake) it is intirely hitherto in favour of Boston, consisting in fish, furrs, feathers and oyle; Of the first there is not less than 80 or 100,000 quintalls catched a season by the vessells of New England, which they carry to all the markets of Portugal the Mediterranean and West Indies; the furr trade is carryed on by four or five sloops who make three voyages in the yeare, bringing with mostly West Indie commodityes, and provissions of New England with some European goods, all which they put off here sometimes at 4 or 500 pr. cent. and carry away by computation 9 or £10,000 worth of furrs yearly, without paying the least duty or import towards the support of this Goverment, which is without any settled fund, to bear the necessary contingencys thereof, which must fall a charge upon the Goverment at home, while those people reap all the proffit; there is likewise in the upper part of the Bay a very good coal mine, which the people of Boston fetch at their pleasure not only without paying any acknowledgement to the Lord of the Mannor (His Majesty) but without the good manners to ask his leave. By the next I shall have the honour to transmit the Minutes of Council with the several orders thereupon, which hitherto have not been very materiall. If I am too circumstantiall in my account of matters, it is from a desire of informing your Lordships of the true state of this H.M. Province, that proper measures may be taken in every case toward settling and secureing this countrey under H.M. obedience. R. Philipps. Endorsed, Recd. 20th Nov., Read 1st Dec. 1720. Undated. 10¾ pp. Enclosed,
177. i. Governor St. Ovide de Brouillan to Governor Philipps. Louisbourg, 8th June (N.S.), 1720. I profit by the return of Father Justinien to congratulate you on your safe arrival and to thank you for your letter and good faith etc. I shall give all my care to maintain with you the union of the two Nations etc. As to the savages, I have always inclined them to peace and quiet; I do not know up to the present that they have contravened it etc. Father Justinien informs me of the precise orders which you have given to the inhabitants of Nova Scotia to take the oath or withdraw, that is apparently those whom you mean by the natives of the country of whom you speak to me in your letter; I have tried no less when occasion served to inspire in them a spirit of tranquility to the best of my power, but, Sir, however just may be the resolution you have taken to determine them in consequence of the express orders of the King your Master, you will allow me to represent to you that the inaction in which these people have remained up to the present, neither can nor ought to be imputed as a crime to them, both on account of the lack of the essential aid for their transmigration and on account of the obstacles put in their way by the Governors who have preceded you. I cannot refrain, Sir, from declaring to you that the two clauses of your Proclamation which relate to the term and the circumstances of their evacuation appear to me to be scarcely in accordance with the assurances of good will which they had from the Court of England above all after a Treaty and a Convention of good faith between the late Queen and King Louis XIV, a Treaty which has been executed in its entirety by France and in part by England. You are aware Sir, that by this Convention the fate of the inhabitants of Nova Scotia was and should be the same as that of the inhabitants of Placentia, nothing could exceed the graciousness and good faith with which that evacuation was carried out, and I shall have the honour to represent to you that nothing could be harder than the extremity or rather the impossibility to which these poor people would be reduced if you refused to relax in any degree the limit of time you have allowed them and the manner of their departure which you exact, etc. Signed, St. Ovide de Brouillan. Endorsed, Recd. 26th Nov. Read 1st Dec. 1720. French. 3¾ pp. [C.O. 217, 3. Nos. 15, 15.i.; and (without enclosure) 218, 1. pp. 486–493; and (abstract of letter) 217, 30. pp. 10, 11.]
Aug. 8.
London.
178. Lt. Governor Hart to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Your letters of 7th and 26th Aug., 1719 did not come to my hands untill 28th April, which I instantly communicated to the Council. Refers to their proceedings thereon (No. i). As to the Boundaries of Maryland, his account must be imperfect, being done at a great distance from the place etc. Continues: There yet remains of that Province uncultivated a vast tract of land, from the falls of Pattowmeck, to the first fountains of that river (which was never yet discover'd) to the 40th degree of Northern Latitude, the limitts prescrib'd by the Lord Baltemore's Charter. This tract, by the report of the Indn. traders, and of the natives who dwell on it, is of much greater extent, and a more promising soil, than what is now inhabitted in Maryland; tho' for rich and fruitful land, fine prospects, stately and useful trees, and numbers of capacious, safe and beautiful rivers, it yields to none in North America. I have, during my Government always preserv'd a good understanding with the neighbor Indians: and it is principally from their intelligence, I have the information I now offer etc. About 30 miles from the falls of Pattowmeck, is a remarkable high mountain, from its figure called the Sugar Loaf, which is part of that ridge of mountain that rises to the southward of Carolina, and extends to the River St. Lawrence in Canada, on the back of all, and in many places approaches very near the British Plantations. The River Pattowmeck, which is 200 miles navigable for the Royal Navy, runs from the South, and has its course most North, within a few miles of the Sugar-loaf Mountain; near which is another large River, whose course is directly south, and is said to be a considerable branch of the Missisipi: Now it is observ'd both by the traders and Indians, that all the rivers, branches and springs, on the confines of Virginia and Maryland, whose current tends nor'ward fall into Pattowmeck: on the other side all rivers etc. that tend southward empty themselves into Missisipi. On my enquiring of the Indians, how far it was to the great River (for they know Missisipi by no other name) from the falls of Pattowmeck, they answered, six suns, that is, six days march which computed at 30 miles in a day, makes 180. Again I demanded how far it was from the falls to the great northern lakes; they reply'd eight s[uns], that is 240 miles. These Lakes are the known [? fountains] of the Missisipi to the southward, and of St. La[wrence] to the nor'ward. This account of the Indians, I find agreeable to the dis[?cription] given me by those who trade with them from [?other] parts of ye Plantations; and has a better confirm[ation] from what Colonel Spotswood, H.M. Lt. Governor of Virginia, imparted to me in March past, that the French traders had advanced so far from [their] new settlements on Missisipi, as to attempt the carr[ying] over to their interest, several Indian Nations in [?alliance] with Virginia; But that those Nations had rejected [their] offers, and given him assurance, they wou'd not relin[quish] their antient friendship with the English. Your Lordsps. may please to observe that Maryland [is in] the center of the Plantations,and that Virginia[is] only next door to it. The French never make settlements abroad, but [they] immediately erect forts for their security (the wa[nt] of which in my humble opinion, is a great defect in our Colonies) and it is reported on all hands they [have] strongly fortified themselves, at convenient distan[ces] both on Missisipi, and on the Lakes, to preserve communication with Quebec. By this intercous[rse] from the northern to the southern seas, the French will engross the valuable inland trade of furrs and [     ] also place a girdle on all the British C[olonies] which how heavy hereafter it may sit on [their] loins, is submitted to your Lordsps. great wisdom and penetration by etc. Signed, Jo. H[art]. Endorsed, Recd. Read 9th Aug., 1720. 3 pp. Enclosed,
178. i. Copy of Minutes of Council of Maryland, showing their proceedings in obedience to instructions of 7th and 26th Aug., 1719, for the furthering of the making of pitch and tar etc. and of a proclamation, 29th April 1720, advertising the clause in the Act against the clandestine running of uncustomed goodsand requiring a more strict examination thereof etc. Annapolisl, 28th April, 1720. Same endorsement. 11¾ pp. [C.O. 5, 717. Nos. 83, 83.i.]
Aug.9.
Admiralty office.
179. Mr. Burchett to Mr.Popple. My Lords Commrs. of the Admty. desire you will lay the enclosed before the Lords Commrs. for Trade etc. Signed, J.Burchett. Endorsed, Recd. 11th Aug. 1720. Read 5th July, 1722. Addressed. 1 p. Enclosed,
179. i. Mr.Bridger to Mr. Burchett. Portsmouth, 25th June, 1720. More than 400 pine trees have been cut here without licence, upon unappropriated lands etc. The Agent to Mr. Taylor agreed with people here to cut mast trees to load 6 ships, without giving me notice. I have the contract, and there are but 2 ships' loadings contracted for these years etc. Last week I prosecuted three persons (v. 25th June supra) etc.; and notwithstanding they confessed themselves to be the cutters, yet because I could not prove that those trees were cut upon unappropriated land, I was cast etc. So long as the owners probandi must lye upon the King, no officer will ever be able to prove a tree's being cutt, for the people are all of a party against the King etc. as 25th June supra. Signed, J. Bridger. Copy. 1½ pp. [C.O. 5, 868. ff. 270, 271, 271v, 273v.]
Aug. 9.
Whitehall.
180. Mr. Delafaye to the Council of Trade and Plantations. Encloses following papers, which may be of use in relation to the general state which you are directed to prepare of H.M. Plantations in America. The Lords Justices direct that if you observe anything in them that may require immediate orders to be given, you should forthwith represent the same to them. I am also ordered to transmit to your Lordships for your consideration the enclosed copy of a memorial from Mr. Horace Walpole Auditor of ye Plantations to the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury. Remainder of letter refers to the French and English in Africa etc. Signed, Ch. Delafaye. Endorsed, Recd. 12th, Read 15th Aug., 1720. 2 pp. Enclosed,
180. i. Governor Philipps to the Lords Justices. Annapolis Royall, May 26th, 1720. I arrived the middle of Aprill being the earliest season that sloops come upon this coast, etc. At my landing, I made a review of the garrison, and fortifications; the first of which I found compleat, and in very good condition, excepting a few old men, but the place in as bad state as is possible to describe, both within, and without with severall practicable breaches, so wide, that tenn men might enter a breast, which considering our present scittuation, with the French inhabitants, and Indians has obliged me contrary to the resolutions of the board of Ordnance, to direct the Engineer to make some necessary repairs on the works. The third day after my arrival here I was visited by the Priest of this district of Annapolis, at the head of 50 lusty young men, as if he meant to appear formidable, whom I recieved as civilly as possible, and after giving them assurances of H.M. favour, and protection, caused the priest to read to them one of the Proclamations I had prepared, according to my Instructions, and will (I hope) be found exactly conformable thereto (v. No. ii). I asked him afterward if he did not allow that H.M. condescention therein expressed did not exceed even the people's expectation, he answered that H.M. was very gracious, but that the people were not at liberty to swear allegiance, because in Generall Nicholson's time, they had sett their hands unanimously to an obligation of continuing subjects of France, and retiring to Cape Breton, and that for another reason that they were sure of having their throats cutt by the Indians, whenever they became English men, he was answered to both very fully, and the true interest of the people demonstrated but arguments prevaile little, without a power of enforcing, for the case is that they find themselves for severall years the only inhabitants of a large country except the small garrison of this place, which having been so much neglected they make noe account of, and began to think they had as much right as any other. They were indeed very much surprised, at the arrival of a Chiefe Governour which they never expected, often saying that person was not born, and therefore are getting out of his way as fast as they can, as you will find by the sequel, that so being once joined in a body, with the help of the Indians to favour their retreat, they can march off at their leisure, by the way of the Bay of Vert, with their effects, and destroy what they leave behind, without the danger of being molested by this Garrison, which scarce suffices to secure the Fort in its present condition. To return to my Journal, the next day I sent a proclamation up the River with a letter to the Priest to require him to assemble all his people, and to read it to them againe, and when they had considered well of it, to send me their answer, which they did much sooner than I expected (being I suppose determined, before hand) (v. No. iii). Whilst these matters passed I made choice of the King's Councill (v. No. iv), and after duly qualifying ourselves, according to law, by taking and subscribing the oaths required, and my Commission read, I acquainted them with what passed in relation to the French inhabitants of this River, and who expected my reply to their paper, upon which it was agreed, that a letter be wrote to order them to send six Deputys to represent the whole, with whom I would conferr (v. No. v). I allso acquainted the Councill that I intended the next day to send some of the Proclamations to the chiefe settlements, at Minas, and Chignecto, with a letter to each, which had their approbation (No. vi). I had at this time information that the Priest of this River, absented himself the same night he sent me his letter, but supposing him not farr off, I wrote to him very civilly (v. No. vii.) I am told since he is gone to Menis to consult with his bretheren there (of mischief no doubt) as may be gathered from his letter. The Deputys of this River now presented themselves as required, and the Councill assembled, but two of the six being found improper persons to manage the intrest of the people, as having no possessions, or effects to loose, they were returned, with a second letter to the inhabitants to choose two of the most substantial persons in their stead. Tho' I had reason to expect nothing less from this procedure than a thankfull complyance, with what was demanded for their own good, instead thereof they tooke this occasion of shewing their contempt of H.M. Government by refusing to alter their first choice (v. No. ix), however I granted their request to send two persons to Cape Breton for advice in the measures they should take, being glad to make use of that opportunity of writing to the Governor (v. No. x). During these transactions they have on all sides been practising with the Indians who are intirely in their interest, to gett them to play their part, and to assert their native right to this country, in opposition to that of H.M., for which end I am told they are assembling. The Chiefe of this River Indians, who are but few and inconsiderable amongst the rest, has been with me accompanied with half a score others, and desired me to resolve him if the French were to leave the country whether the two Crownes, were in allyance, whether I intended to debarr them of their Religion, or disturb them in their traffick, to all which querys, I answered to sattisfaction, and sent them away in good humour, promising they would be very peaceable while the Union lasted between the two Crownes; I must observe here that I have hitherto deferr'd sending for the Chiefs of the other Indians expecting every day the arrival of the presents I applyed for, and were preparing to be sent before I came from home, and can never be more serviceable then at this juncture. In the mean time have signified my intentions to them. This morning I had intelligence that the inhabitants of this River are hard at worke in opening a communication through the woods, to Minas (which was formerly a road) in order to retire thither with their cattle, and effects, and had sent to Minas that those people might doe the same on theire side, upon which (with the advice of the Councill) I dispatched an order to both places to stop them (No. x). At the same time arrived the Deputys from Minas, and a letter from theire body, with another from one of the King's Councill, by whom I had sent up the Proclamations, and was directed to make his best observations, of their behaviour and designes, which being read before the Councill the whole proceedings was then taken into consideration and it was agreed, that whereas my Instructions direct me to acquaint you with the effect of the Proclamation and that I have neither order nor power sufficient to drive these people out, nor prevent their doing what damages they please to their houses and possessions, and likewise for the sake of gaining time and keeping all things quiet till I shall have the honour of your farther commands in what manner to act, that it is most for H.M. service, to send home the deputys, with smooth words, and promise of enlargement of time, whilst I transmitt their case home and receive H.M. farther direction therein. Thus stands the present posture of affaires here in the course of which I hope my conduct may have the honour of your approbation, at least so farr, as I have not err'd from my Instructions, except in enlarging the time of evacuation, which was by advice of the King's Councill. I account it a misfortune that the beginning of my Government has afforded matter of trouble, and difficulty. It is a hard, and uneasy task (in my circumstances) to manage a people, who will neither believe nor hearken to reason (unless it comes out of the mouth of their priests), and at the same time to keep up the honour and dignity of Government. If they are permitted to remaine upon the footing they propose, it is very probable, they will be obedient to Government as long as the two Crownes continue in allyance, but in case of a rupture, will be so many enemys in our bosom and I cannot see any hopes, or likelyhood, of making them English, unless it was possible to procure these priests to be recalled, who are tooth and naile against the Regent, not sticking to say openly that it is his day now, but will be theirs anon, and having others sent in their stead, which (if any thing) may contribute in a little time to make some change in their sentiments, and give them opportunity of opening their eyes, which hitherto, are shutt even to their own interest; Like care must be taken to prevent the Governour of Cape Bretons carrying on his secret correspondence with them, and our Indians, to whom he yearly makes presents, to secure them in the French interest. As to the Indians all mischief that they are capable of acting is to be expected from them whenever the inhabitants are obliged to retire, many of whom will joyne them in disguise to disturb us in the building any fortifications, and as they are not a people that can be mett with in open field, I can advise no better expedient, than that the Government be at the charge, of taking 200 of the Mohoc Indians from New Yorke side into the service, which will be no great expence, who being a terror to these, and allways faithfull to the English, will in my humble opinion be of very good consequence, toward the settling this country. But all this I submitt to your better judgment. You will be pleased to observe that the lands at Minas, which afford great quantitys of wheat yearly, and the best farms as yett in the country, are liable to be all drowned by cutting a dike, which the inhabitants at going off, will not want ill nature to doe. It would be great pitty those farmes should want inhabitants when vacated by the French, and great inconveniency to the Garrison which they supply with plenty of fresh provision; I have sent a paper to Newfoundland to be communicated to the people there to acquaint them with H.M. desire of their removing to this country by a sloop I sent express with some provisions for the Garrison of Placentia, being accidentally informed that no store ship was arrived there in the Fall, and that they were in apprehenson of want, and made use of the same opportunity for drawing one company from thence, as a small reinforcement to this place, which I hope will meet with approbation. Whilst I am writing this, Deputy's from the inhabitants of this river, who had disobeyed command in the choice of their representatives, and were cutting the communication to Minas, are come with a submission, signed by the body (enclosed), so that I am not out of hopes, by keeping up the authority of Governmt. amongst them to bring them to obedience, they say they will oblige themselves to be good subjects in every respect, excepting that of taking up armes against the King of France, and I would humbly propose that if an oath were formed, for them to take, whereby they should oblige themselves, to take up armes, against the Indians if required, to live quietly and peacably in their houses, not to harbour nor give any manner of assistance to any of the King's enemys, to acknowledge H.M. right to these countrys, and pay obedience, to his Government, and to hold their lands of the King by a new tenure, instead of holding them as at present from the Lords of Mannors, who are now at Cape Breton, where at this day they pay their rent: How farr this may be thought sufficient to qualifie them as subjects to the Crowne of Great Brittan. I have but one thing more to offer, which is, that schemes might be sett on foot at home for settling the Eastern coast, which would soon putt this country in a condition of being (instead of a charge as it is now) the most beneficiall Collony to Great Brittan of any in America, etc. Signed, R. Philipps. Endorsed, Recd. 12th. Read 19th Aug., 1720. 10 pp. Enclosed,
180. ii. Proclamation by Governor Philipps. Annapolis Royal, 10th April, 1720. Although the French inhabitants of Nova Scotia have, by their obstinacy and neglect, allowed the time stipulated in the Treaty of Utrecht for their taking an oath of allegiance to H.M. or withdrawing from the country with their effects, H.M. in his great indulgence and favour grants them an extension of four months from this date to take the said oath, promising, to all those who shall conform thereto, the free exercise of their religion and that they shall enjoy civil rights and privileges as if they were English, so long as they shall behave like good and faithful subjects of H.M., and that their goods and possessions shall descend to their heirs. But it is positively forbidden to those who shall choose to leave the country to do any kind of damage to their houses or possessions, or to alienate, dispose of or carry away with them any of their effects, etc. Endorsed, Recd. 12th, Read 15th Aug., 1720. Copy. French. 1 p.
180. iii. Governor Philipps to Revd. Father Justinien Durand, Recollet. Annapolis Royal, 30th April, 1720. I command you to read preceding in full Assembly and thereafter to display it on the door of the Chapel etc. If you have anything to offer me on your part, I shall be very ready to agree to any reasonable demands etc. Signed, R. Philipps. Endorsed as preceding. Copy. French. 1 p.
180. iv. Father Justinien Durand to Governor Philipps. I assembled the inhabitants and read them the Proclamation (No. ii.) etc. Encloses their reply. I left them entirely at liberty to take whichever course they thought the most advantageous. If your Excellency does not think fit to grant what they ask of you, I beg you to permit me to withdraw to Isle Royale, in order that the troubles that may arise may not be imputed to me. I am and shall be very far from fomenting trouble etc. In a country like this, open to all who wish to plunder and maltreat them, the shortest way is to leave it at once when one has no longer any claim there, etc. Signed, Justinien Durand, Recollet indigne. Same endorsement. Copy. French. 1 p.
180. v. French Inhabitants of the River to Governor Philipps. We have assembled to reply to your Proclamation (No. ii). It is notorious that we cannot take the oath to his Britannic Majesty without running a very certain risk of being slaughtered in our houses by the savages who threaten us every day. This, Sir, is why we cannot make any other oath than this, namely, to be faithful to King George, without being obliged to take arms against anyone. This we very humbly entreat you to be willing to accept, promising to keep it faithfully. Your Excellency will see plainly that it is the savages whom we fear, inasmuch as we are all ready to abandon all our wealth to save our lives, and if your Excellency cannot allow us to remain here upon this oath, we humbly beg you to allow a little more time to withdraw, it being almost impossible in so short a time, the country being bare of provisions by the sowing recently made etc., and therefore we pray you to grant us the favour of carrying away the effects we have to support our lives, hoping that your Excellency will allow us to go to Isle Royal to ask for aid in withdrawing, it being impossible for us to withdraw by ourselves in so short a time, the greater part of us having no carts, we hope you will graciously allow those of us who have carts to withdraw with them, or to hire or buy them etc. Signed, Nicholas Lavigne and 135 other French inhabitants. Same endorsement. Copy. French. 1½ pp.
180. vi. Names and qualifications of H.M. Councill for Nova Scotia. (i) John Doucett, Lt. Governor, and a person of great worth, and honour. (ii) Lawrence Armstrong Major to the Regiment, and long acquainted with the affaires of this country. (iii) Paul Mascaransq, Chief Enginier, and a person of great prudence, and capacity. (iv) John Harrison, Chaplaine to the Garrison, of long standing. (v). Cyprian Southeck, a very honest man, often employ'd in the service of these countrys and of great benefittt to the Publick by his mapps, and draughts. (vi) Hibert Newton, Collector of H.M. Customes an honest person. (vii) Aurthur Savage, merchant, removed from Boston to settle here. (viii) John Adams, merchant, an inhabitant of long standing in this place and a man of sense. (ix) William Skeen, Surgeon to the Garrison, a gentleman of learning, and read in the Civil Law. (x) Peter Boudre, an English man, and inhabitant of this place reputed an honest man. (xi) William Sheriff, Commissary of the Musters. (xii) Guilliam Philipps, son to an eminent merchant of Boston. Same endorsement. 1 p.
180. vii. Governor Philipps to the French inhabitants of the River of Annapolis Royal and neighbourhood. Annapolis Royal, 30th April, 1720. Commands them to send six representatives with full powers to treat with him on 4th May, concerning the Proclamation etc. (No. ii). Signed, R. Philipps. Same endorsement. Copy. 1 p.
180. viii. Governor Philipps to the Inhabitants of Minas. Annapolis Royal, April 28, 1720. (a) Encloses Proclamation and invites them to take the oath to H.M. Concludes: I await your reply by Father Felix and four deputies chosen by you etc. (b) Same to the Inhabitants of Chignecto. As preceding, but concluding:—As a token of my readiness to be of service to you, I have granted permission to the bearers of this letter to embark from Mines 50 barrels of grain to be sold amongst you for your subsistance, without being obliged to return first with it to this port, and according to your merits you will have other proofs of my good will. Signed, R. Philipps. Same endorsement. French. Copy. 2 pp.
180. ix. Governor Philipps to Father Durand. Annapolis Royal, 2nd May, 1720. I was very much surprised to learn that you had absented yourself from the head of the River without my leave. My design is to treat both you and the inhabitants with all kindness you could wish etc. Notwithstanding this proceeding on your part, I have a true esteem for your person and character, and you can have free access to me without fear, as I am ready to satisfy all reasonable demands, etc. Signed, R. Philipps. Same endorsement. Copy. French. 1¾ pp.
180. x. Same to the inhabitants of the River of Annapolis Royal and neighbourhood. Annapolis Royal, 7th May, 1720. Order to elect two deputies of standing and estate in place of two of the six chosen but lacking in such qualifications. Signed and endorsed as preceding. Copy. French. 1 p.
180. xi. Inhabitants of Annapolis Royal to Governor Philipps. 14th May (N.S.), 1720. We have chosen six deputies to represent and act for us etc. Signed, J. Duan and 103 others. Same endorsement. Copy. French. 1 p.
180. xii. Same to Same. Annapolis Royal, 20th May, (N.S.) 1720. Reply to No. x. We cannot comply, since these are the most suitable deputies we can find etc. Ask for permission for two or three representatives to go to Isle Royale in order to consult the Governor there, etc. We cannot take the oath required, and must withdraw and send at once for carts etc. Signed, J. Duon and 109 others. Same endorsement. Copy. French. 3 pp.
180. xiii. [? Governor Philipps to ? Governor St. Ovide de Brouillan.] Refers to previous letter and encloses copy of Proclamation. (No. ii.) Continues: As one could not reasonably expect anything but a peaceable submission to the forms prescribed, founded as they were on the Treaty etc., so H.M. cannot but be surprised to learn that, instead, they are now endeavouring to disturb the peace of this Government by intriguing with the savages to assemble on this occasion to uphold their birthright to this country, and I am informed that they may do it in tumultuous fashion, the fatal consequences of which in case any act of hostility is committed must inevitably tend to the confusion of those who are the promoters thereof: and it is very evident that the French inhabitants are these same persons, both by some expressions which they have let fall on this head, as that they hoped that we should separate good friends etc., and by some signs of contempt they have recently shown to my authority, and what gives me the more reason to suspect that there is some evil and rash design on foot, is the sudden departure of Father Justinien who never absented himself before without the knowledge and consent of the Governor. I have given them all the proofs of my good will and the mildness of my Government possible in the short time I have been amongst them. But as their priests have always taught them to regard themselves as subjects of France, and to observe the counsel and direction of the Governor of Isle Royale, they have now asked my permission to send deputies for your advice in this affair, to which I have the more readily assented because I do not doubt that you are fully informed of the intention of His Most Christian Majesty to maintain a close and inviolable alliance between the two Crowns, and that therefore you will not make any other use of the power and influence you have over this people than to persuade them to take the measures which will lead to their own good, and at the same time to preserve the peace and tranquility of these countries, and I cannot but think that whatever happens in this matter, whether good or ill, it will naturally be construed as the effect and consequence of your counsel, etc. Same endorsement. Copy. French. 2 pp.
180. xiv. Proclamation by Governor Philipps. Annapolis Royal, 18th May, 1720. Notwithstanding the favours and intentions of kindness of H.M. towards the French inhabitants of this Province which I have published in a Proclamation etc. (No. ii), and that I have since put into practice all possible measures for their welfare and interest, the said inhabitants have hitherto only replied to these demonstrations of goodwill by ingratitude, and above all by their extreme contempt and disobedience to what I had required of them, which was only for their own good present and future, as also by the enterprise which I am informed the inhabitants of this River have undertaken of cutting a communication across the woods to Les Mines, and sending to ask the inhabitants of the latter place to help by cutting their part, without asking my leave or even informing me thereof: which rash proceeding gives me good reason to believe that they have some evil designs on foot; either to bring by this communication a number of people to molest this H.M. garrison, or to carry off their effects and cattle from hence, and to set up a General Assembly at Les Mines, or Chinecqto, to keep themselves independent of H.M. and the Government. I therefore positively order and strictly command all persons whatsoever to desist at once from such enterprise, and if they disobey, I shall be obliged to regard this proceeding as an act of defiance to the authority of the King, and take such measures as I shall deem fit to preserve this H.M. Government and Province, and I order that no person leave his place of residence secretly and without my permission. French. 1 p.
180. xv. French inhabitants of Miniss to Governor Philipps. We have received your Excellency's orders, which were read to us in Assembly, and which we cannot accept for several reasons. You demand an oath of us, which would expose us and our families to the fury of the savages, who daily threaten us and watch all our actions and steps to see if we do anything contrary to the oath taken in the presence of General Nicholson and two officers of Isle Royale, an oath which has been communicated to the Court of England as well as that of France, and from which it is difficult to free ourselves, and if we did not keep our word to our invincible Monarch, we could only expect punishment at the menacing hands of the savages. However, Sir, we engage ourselves to keep the same faith as we have hitherto done, and will do no act of hostility against any right of H.M. so long as we shall be on his territory. You tax us with having remained upon our property more than the year stipulated by the articles of peace. It has been impossible to do otherwise for several reasons, and since we have been allowed to sell our property and moveables, we have not been able to find any merchant to buy them. So that the privilege granted to us has proved useless. So too with that which was granted by a letter of Her late Majesty, Queen Anne, the appraisement of our property by Commissioners, and payment of the amount, as was done at the evacuation of Placentia, and other places etc. Signed, Claude Codrot, and 178 others. Same endorsement. Copy. French. 2 pp.
180. xvi. John Adams to Governor Philipps. Grand Prez, Minis, 14th May, 1720. Your Excellency's Proclamation sent pr. Mr. Blin was published here etc. The people in general here seem to be much concerned, loath to leave their habitations, and estates their ancestors left them, and afraid to stay and possess them under the nomination of English, to have their throats cutt by the Indians, most of them notwithstanding flatter themselves whith hopes that your Excellency will please to extend your pitty, and compasion to them, their wives, and little ones and not force them away they know not where, because they dare not take the oath of allegiance etc. as preceding. They say they were in hopes to reap some benefitt from H.M. letter whereby they had leave to sell their moveables, and imoveables, if they went off, which they are forbid to doe by H.E.'s Proclamation. Severall desired me to represent these their grievances to you etc. The Father Justinien staid a few days here and went to Checunectook in order to goe to Cape Breton, in some discourse I had with Father Felix yesterday he excused himself that he could not waite on the General, at this time, there was a sick person, of whom he must recieve confession, and that part of his parish at Pigigit had not fait leurs Pasque, but the Father Justinien would bring an officer of distinction with him from Cape Bretton, who would assemble all the inhabitants here, and goe with them, and he would take that opportunity to waite on the Generall with them, he praised the constancy of the inhabitants, who (as he said) declared when they were assembled they would doe no other wise, than what they did, when the two French Officers, were here in General Nicholson's time, that he and they would all goe away together, to the Island St. John's, under the French King's Dominions, he found great fault with the Proclamation, that the word Public was not inserted to exercise of religion, that by that was meant only in their owne houses as in England and Ireland and that clause only put there to amuse the people. The Indians also, are very busiy on this occasion going from place to place, to inform one another, they have robed a challop at Cobagit of 30 or £40 worth of goods that four French men had bought of Mr. Blin, and carried there to trade. I hear it whispered among the French that all the Indians, farr, and near are expected here in a month's time, and by the hints they gave you may have an army of French this summer at Annapolis, whether in a hostile manner or noe I know not. I met with the Chiefe of the Indians at Checunectook here with severall others his followers, to whom I delivered the message your Excellency was pleased to charge me with, he seemed well pleased, but said the English were very dilatory, in settling affaires with them but they were ready to come to a good agreement, whith the English, when you pleased to appoint them to come, etc. It is my humble opinion it would be for H.M. service, and the more speedy settlement of this Collony, if the French inhabitants might be permitted to stay on such conditions, as your Excellency might think expedient, that strict regard be had to H.M. letter containing them, and that a speedy accommodation, be made with the Indians etc. Subscribed, H. E. recd. this 18th and read in Council 19th May. Signed, J. Adams. Same endorsement. Copy. 3½ pp.
180. xvii. French inhabitants of Annapolis River to Governor Philipps. Pray H.E.'s forgiveness in the matter of electing deputies (No. xii) and the communication road to Les Mines (No. xiv) etc. "We had no evil intention, but merely to make this, the only road, in case we had to evacuate the country without carts etc. We hope our future behaviour will prove our good faith" etc. Present two new deputies, Abrant (= Abraham) Bourg and Jairmaint Savoy, chosen in place of the two rejected (No. x.) 33 signatures and 67 marks. Same endorsement. French. 3 pp.
180. xviii. Giles Hall, John Henshaw etc. to Governor Philipps. The interest we have engaged in the Fishery for these three years past, on the Island called Cape Cansor, within the limits of your Excellency's Government, makes us presume to congratulate your Excellency upon your safe arrival etc. We humbly lay before your Excellency the disturbence, and trouble we have from time to time, been oppressed with, from the French in the carrying on of our Fishery on the Island aforesaid etc., but more especially this last summer, the French King's subjects in a hostile and warlike manner landed, kept guards, and insultingly, carried off and damaged great quantitys of our fish, but not being in a condition for defence, we made the wrong done us to M. St. Ovid etc. Pray for protection the next season etc. Signed, Giles Hall, John Henshaw, Jose Appleton, John Henshaw for James Bodoine, John Marshall. Same endorsement. Copy. 1½ pp. [C.O. 217, 3. Nos. 6, 6 i–xviii; and (without enclosures) 218, 1. pp. 471, 472.)
Aug. 10.
Whitehall.
181. Mr. Popple to the Agents etc. for the Governments on the Continent of America. Encloses following. Concludes: The Council of Trade and Plantations desire as particular answers as you can make, and that they may receive the same with all convenient speed. Subjoined,
181. i. Queries sent to Col. Vetch, for Nova Scotia, Jere. Dummer for Massachusets Bay and New Hampshire, Brigr. Hunter for New York and New Jersey, Joshua Gee, for Pensylvania, Col. Hart for Maryland, Col. Blakiston for Virginia, Jos. Boone for Carolina. (i) What is the situation of ye Colony/Province under your Government ? the nature of the country, its longitude, latitude etc. (ii) What are the reputed boundaries thereof? (iii) What is the Constitution of the Govermts? (iv) What is the trade of the Colony, the number of shipping, their tonnage, and the number of seafaring men, with their respective increase or diminution ? (v) What quantity and sorts of British manufactures do the inhabitants annually take from hence ? (vi) What trade has the Colony with any foreign Plantations or any part of Europe besides Great Britain ? How is that trade carried on ? What commodities do the people send to, or receive from foreign Plantations ? (vii) What methods are there used to prevent illegal trade, and are the same effectual ? (viii) What is the natural produce of the country, staple commodities and manufactures ? (ix) What mines are there ? (x) What may be the annual produce of the commodities of this Colony ? (xi) What is the number of inhabitants whites and blacks ? (xii) Are the inhabitants increased or decreased of late, and for what reasons ? (xiii) What is the number of the Militia ? (xiv) What forts and places of defence are there within your Government ? and in what condition ? (xv) What number of Indians have you, and how are they inclined? (xvi) What is the strength of yr. neighbouring Indians? (xvii) What is the strength of your neighbouring Europeans? (xviii) What effect have the French Settlements on the Continent of America upon H.M. Plantations ? (xix) What is the revenue arising within your Governmt., and how is it appropriated ? (xx) What are the ordinary and extraordinary expences of your Government ? (xxi) What are the establishments, civil and military within your Governmts., and what officers hold by Patent immediately from the Crown ? [C.O. 323, 4. pp. 282–286.]