XLV.—No. 1, SARDINIA STREET (Demolished).
The land lying to the south of Sardinia Street between Wild Street
and Drury Lane, was leased by Henry Holford to John Ittery on 20th April,
1618, when it was described (fn. 1) as "one hundred foote of ground from the
south side of the … close, called Oldwich Close, as the same then was
marked and measured out north and south in bredth, and extending in
length downe to the ditch there towardes the east, which plott of ground
was then to be forthwith inclosed by the said John Ittery from the residue
of the close." Before 1629, this ground had been "inclosed with a trench
or ditch on the north side … and on the west end … with a mudd
wall." The southern and eastern boundaries were respectively the lands
of the Earl of Clare and the common sewer. At the latter date what soon
afterwards became known as Duke Street, and was subsequently called
Sardinia Street, was described as "the pathway on the south side thereof,
leading from Princes Streete towardes Holbourne, the said pathway
conteyning in breadth 10 foote." It may, therefore be taken for granted
that no houses had at that time been built on the north side of Sardinia
Street. In 1652 the land came into the hands of Humphrey Weld (fn. 2) who
apparently developed the Duke Street frontage of his property at the same
time as the Wild Street frontage. There is a record of one house in Duke
Street built by Weld "to which hee added a yard or backside" and let on
5th October, 1661, on a 21 years' lease. (fn. 3) Moreover, it will be noticed that
Hollar's Plan of 1658 (Plate 3) shows the Duke Street frontage fully built.
No. 1 was demolished in 1906, in connection with the formation of
Kingsway and its subsidiary streets, when old Sardinia Street itself was
The ground floor treatment of the premises (Plate 11) was typical
of the 18th-century tenement design. The windows were strongly
shuttered to afford protection when required.
A boundary stone of the parish of St. Clement Danes and an iron
tablet of that of St. Giles were attached to the premises, and appear in the
The Council's collection contains:—
Sardinia Street—View looking west in 1906 (photograph).
(fn. 4) No. I, Sardinia Street—ground floor (photograph).
Sardinia Place—View looking north from Sardinia Street (1906) (photograph).
Sardinia Place—View looking north from Little Wild Street (1906) (photograph).
Close Roll, 5 Chas. I. (2800)—Indenture between Richard Holford and Sir Edward
Stradling, reciting the earlier indenture.
||See p. 93.
Chancery Proceedings, Bridges, 465–184. Plea of John Corrance.