Henry VIII
October 1536, 16-20

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James Gairdner (editor)

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1888

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'Henry VIII: October 1536, 16-20', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 11: July-December 1536 (1888), pp. 284-314. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=75480 Date accessed: 30 August 2014.


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October 1536, 16-20

16 Oct.
R. O.
737. Henry VIII. to —.
"Trusty and well-beloved," understanding from the marquis of Exeter your good service against the rebels who have lately made insurrection, we thank you, assuring you of our remembrance. Although the rebels in Lincolnshire are subdued, and the gentlemen and ringleaders in our lieutenant's hands, there remains a faction on the borders of Yorkshire which we mean to make an example of. Notwithstanding our letters to our said cousin (Exeter) since the discomfiture of the Lincolnshire men, one for you to retire and the other for your stay, we have commanded our said cousin to come forward with the gentlemen named in a certain bill, and to send the rest back home with orders to see to the quiet of the country there. Those who return shall be recompensed according to a book to be made of their charges; for the rest our treasurer, at the place where they shall stop, shall take order. Windsor Castle, 16 Oct., 28 Hen. VIII. Signed with a stamp.
Letters missive, p. 1.
[16 Oct.]
R. O.
738. Duke of Norfolk to the Lord Chancellor and other Lords of the Council.
Sends a letter just received from his son. His number is far more than he looked for, and the King has commanded him only to have 5,000 to go towards my lord Steward. The lord Marques can have no fewer than 2,000 or 3,000, and the gentlemen of Gloucestershire 1,000 or more, whom he would be sorry to miss. Asks if he may increase his company to 6,000. Even then will be obliged to send 1,500 or 2,000 home. Asks whether, having taken the musters, he may ride to Cambridge to look after his own company, and return the next day. Hamersham, (fn. 1) 2 p.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed.
16 Oct.
R. O.
739. Darcy to Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon.
Last night received from them a packet of the King's letters to himself and others of worship. Has delivered some and sent others forth to be delivered, as they may for danger pass. The effect of them was that Sir Arthur Darcy under him, joined with the other gentlemen should stay or distress the commons who are up in the north and commit the heads to sure ward.
They have been stayed for 14 days with policies and persuasions, or else they would have already joined the commons of Lincolnshire. Those of this shire and to the north and west are so increased that it passes his power to meddle with them. Has no ordnance, artillery, or money. The bearer can tell of their numbers and captains, and of the danger here. "At the King's strong castle of Pountefret, even the most simply furnished that ever I think was any to defend," 16 Oct., 1536. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O.2. Draft of the same, in lord Darcy's hand.
Pp. 2. Endd.
16 Oct.
R. O.
740. Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon to Darcy.
This day at 3 p.m., between Nottingham and Newark, received Darcy's letters, showing that "your" country is in great rebellion. Have sent the letter in post to the King, and trust Darcy will look to all bridges and passages, "that the said rebellious shall have no passage over." Newark, 16 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: "My lord Steward's iiijth letter."
[16 Oct. ?]
R. O.
741. Sir Ric. Tempest to Sir George or Sir Arthur Darcy.
I hear your father would speak with me. I will gladly do so if he will allow me to come and go safe. I am of your blood, and would take part with you against any lord in England. Credence for the bearer.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
[16 Oct.]
R. O.
742. Sir Ric. Tempest to the Earl of Cumberland.
Received about midnight his letter dated Skypton this Monday at 1 o'clock, and perceives he is gone towards Carlisle, to defend the Borders against the Scots, leaving his son to serve the King against the rebels "lately insurrected in Lincolnshire." Was this day at Pomfret and heard from lord Darcy that those who rose in Holdenshire, of whom Tempest wrote in a former letter, have been stayed by Darcy's writing to them. Those in Lincolnshire, a very great multitude, are going forward without stop. Puts the King's subjects in readiness, and when his Highness' pleasure is known, will accompany Cumberland's son. Sandall Castle, Monday, at midnight. Sealed.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
16 Oct.
R. O.
743. Jacques de Coucy [Lord Vervins] to the Deputy of Calais.
Certain sailors who had gone to the herring fishery tell me that their master has been taken because the number of the crew exceeded the safeconduct. This does not seem likely, as in the safe-conducts given here, the pages are not included or numbered. I beg you, therefore, to set the said sailors free if their number does not exceed, exclusive of the pages. Boulogne, 16 Oct. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
16 Oct.
R. O.
744. Sir Gregory Casale to —.
Commend me to my lord Privy Seal and say there is no news except that the Emperor is at Genoa and many Italians are gone thither, amongst others the duke of Florence, to congratulate him on his safe return, or else to condole on his bad fortune in this expedition. All here wonder that the French suffered the shattered Imperial army to return into Italy. The French have no army in Italy except the forces of Guido Rangoni, who is in the marquisate of Saluces, and those of Turin which hold Grugliastum, Carignanum, and Turin. Peace is treated for more earnestly than ever, and many think it will succeed, as the French are not stirring, while the Emperor has dismissed his Italians and 10 insignia of Germans who had reached Trent on their way to Italy. The Emperor has few Germans with him and has made the Marquis de Vasto captain general. I think he does not intend to give Milan to the French king, but to defend it at the expense of Italy, and supposes that the French king will only get possession of it at vast expense to himself after laying it entirely waste. What makes me think this is that the Emperor has sent an ambassador to Venice to say that he is willing to give Milan to the French, under certain conditions which the latter will not accept. He therefore does not wish it either for himself or his brother, but will create another duke provided the Venetians will aid in defending the Duchy. Therefore, let Ambrosius and Latinus, who have been sent to negociate the peace, say as they like, I believe them not.
Latin, pp. 2. Extract headed: Ex litteris Dni. Gregorii Casalii die xvj. Octobris Florentiæ datis.
17 Oct.
R. O.
745. John Thompson, master of the Masundue of Dover, to Cromwell.
Begs that in the matter he has promised to do, he may not be troubled with other officers than the paymaster; so that, if successful, it may be known his deed; if the contrary, he may be punished. London, 17 October.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
17 Oct.
R. O.
746. Antony Sentleger to Cromwell.
Have me excused that I send you not your fat doe this year; as soon as I can find one you shall have it. I send you cheeses of my great dairy and a crane of my own killing. I beg your favor. But for the goodness I found in your father and you, in my lord Cardinal's days "and now in the King his Grace's days," I had been undone. I am of the King's blood of the "surar-seyd," and so cousin-german to his Grace, (fn. 2) whom may it please to give me some prebend or free chapel. I have lived "harly" since the late lord of Canterbury died. Slendon, 17 October.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
17 Oct.
R. O.
747. [Henry VIII.] to the Earl of Shrewsbury.
—"whereof we have also sith the arrival of your said letters had more knowledge of divers other persons and therefore do mistrust the same to be the more likely to be true." Moreover, as we are informed by our lieutenant that the rebels in Lincolnshire have retired the gentlemen only remaining in the city, who offer to come to him in person:—if you find this true, advance at once as our lieutenant, with my lords of Rutland and Huntingdon and all the forces of Leicestershire and Nottingham, against the said rebels of Yorkshire. If you think it desirable, send for the earl of Derby, Lord Darcy, Sir Richard Tempest, and others, to whom we have addressed our letters to aid you. If you require artillery, send to our lieutenant, to whom we have despatched a special commandment, meaning to see him furnished with other ordnance from Ampthill by Sir Anthony Browne, whom we have already despatched towards him with a good band. We have appointed John Gostwick as treasurer to go with you, and will send another to our lieutenant to supply his room, with money likewise. We have sent our commission to you under our great seal. If the gentleman and commons of Lincolnshire be not yet repressed or come in, you are to join with our lieutenant against them, and that, being accomplished, proceed against those of Yorkshire and Holderness as before expressed. You are also to send hither in safety the lord Hussey, Huddiswell, and Cutler, servant to the said lord Hussey, with such conductors that no one of them may speak to another till they come to our presence. When all things are appeased in Lincolnshire and Holderness, you are to dissolve the whole army and come home, sending the ordnance by our cousin of Rutland to Nottingham Castle. Doubt not that we will reward you hereafter, "assuring you that your ser[vice] done unto us heretofore is so thankf[ul] unto us as you can wish and desire."
Draft, in Derby's hand, pp. 4. Endd.: Post scripta to my lord of Shrewsbury of 17 Oct.
17 Oct.
R. O.
748. Henry VIII. to Shrewsbury, [Rutland and Huntingdon].
Forasmuch as we have heard that divers traitors have assembled in Yorkshire, though we do not believe the matter dangerous yet we marvel, considering your accustomed circumspection, you have not ere this by espial or otherwise investigated, and—it being so long since you first heard of the matter—advertised us of the truth. We require you therefore to find means to inform us of the whole truth by your letters to which we would give credence before many others. Intending to punish that insurrection to the example and terror of all others hereafter, however the matter may stand at your receipt hereof we require you to act as follows:—First, if you find there is indeed such a rebellion as reported, you shall according to our former letters of the 15th inst., "advance yourselves with all your forces" against the said rebels, &c. Second, if your learn that the said rebels were once up but have retired again, you shall, with no greater forces than you think requisite and necessary with due consideration of our honor your persons and also our charges, proceed to the parts where the rebellion first began. There you shall find out the authors thereof and, calling before you the chief offenders of every town and village, administer such execution and punishment to the said authors, gentlemen or otherwise, that others shall beware of like attemptates in time coming. And you shall punish not only those who were openly in rebellion but all who you find were counsellors, procurers, and abettors of them or would have joined or aided them. If you advance only for the punishment of the traitors after their dispersal you shall send home such of your forces as you do not require. Finally we marvel that the nobles and gentlemen of those countries, knowing you so nigh them with such puissance, do not more diligently advertise you of the rebellion; and we think that on your arrival there you should have special regard to their slackness in this and trust them the less.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand with corrections and the last sentence added in Derby's hand. Pp. 9. Endd.: by Wriothesley. Minute of the letters sent to my lord Steward, 17 Oct. Commences "Right trusty and right wellbeloved cousins."
R. O.Post scripta [apparently to the preceding letter].—Our servant Leonard Bekwith has just arrived with letters from the mayor and commons of York and Sir George Lawson (copies sent herewith). The report of the rebellion in Yorkshire is confirmed, and the city of York is in great danger of being taken by the rebels. We desire you as before to advance thither with all your forces to the rescue, and to "the utter repression and vanquishing of the said rebels." We have written to the mayor and Commons thanking them for their fidelity in keeping the said city and promising your speedy advance thitherward.
And considering that Sir Arthur Darcy is now with his father at Pomfret Castle, to which many other gentlemen of those parts, we hear, have repaired, we have for the more speedy comfort of our said city written to lord Darcy to send his son Sir Arthur with 1,000 men now at Pomfret to the said city of York to abide our coming thither, and meanwhile joining with the mayor and commons to resist the rebels to the utmost; the said lord Darcy himself remaining at Pomfret Castle for its defence. Therefore good cousin advance against these rebels with all diligence, and address your letters to all the gentlemen of these parts to attend on you as our lieutenant.
Draft, in Derby's hand, pp. 3.
[17 Oct.]
R. O.
749. Henry VIII. to Darcy.
This day arrived one Leonard Beckwith with letters to us from the mayor and city of York, and also from Sir George Lawson, showing that the commons of Beverley, Cottingham, Holdenshire, Marshland, Richmondshire, &c. have assembled to enter the city of York, and attempt things contrary to their allegiance. We wonder you have not advertised us more certainly thereof, nor done your best at the beginning, as we understand you might easily have done for the repression of the same. You shall immediately send your son Sir Arthur with 1,000 persons, who are said to be already assembled in Pomfret, to the said city of York, and do your utmost for its defence, remaining still at Pomfret Castle for its security. Furthermore, you shall follow the directions of the earl of Shewsbury, whom we send as our lieutenant-general into those parts for the repression of the rebels. You shall declare this to the rest of the gentlemen with you.
Draft, in Derby's hand, pp. 2. Endd. by Wriothesley: The minute of the letters to the lord Darcy. On the back is a partial draft of the same despatch.
[17 Oct.]
R. O.
750. Sir Thos. Audeley, Chancellor, to Cromwell.
This afternoon arrived Bekwith, receiver of the Augmentations (?) in Yorkshire, with letters from Sir George Lawson and the mayor of York, showing that a rebellion had broken out in Beverley, Holdenshire, and other parts thereabouts, the rebels intending to come to York. Sir Geo. Lawson and the mayor and citizens have made good preparations for defence. Aske is the ringleader of the rebels. By some default of the gentlemen there was no good endeavour in the prime to repress them, but as soon as the rebels hear the lord Steward is advancing, to whom letters have been despatched this day, they will retire. Letters have also been written to lord Darcy, who is in Pomfret Castle, and six or seven score gentlemen with him, to send his son, Sir Arthur Darcy, with 1,000 men lying in the town of Pomfret, to York, he himself retaining 200 to keep the Castle. The gentlemen are to gather all the forces they can and draw to the lord Steward, or to such places as he commands them. Bekwith has substantially served the King in this. Today letters have come from my lord of Suffolk, stating that Sir Robert Tyrwytt, Sir Wm. Ascu, and all the gentlemen of any reputation in Lincolnshire, have come to the Duke most joyous that they have escaped the wages of these traitors. Whereupon there is a despatch to the duke of Suffolk to repair to Lincoln and use himself in all points as was devised in the despatch at your being here on Sunday last, and that Sir Ant. Brown shall repair to him with 2,000 men from Ampthill. It was also devised since your departure that the duke of Norfolk, the marquis of Exeter, and Anthony Kingston with the power of Gloucestershire, to the number of 5,000 men, shall advance to the lord Steward to repress the rebellion in Yorkshire if need be, and that the duke of Norfolk and the lord Steward should be joined together in the commission of lieutenant. Nevertheless, if the matter be no greater than is reported, the King will change their going, as the lord Steward has now with him 30,000 men. The duke of Norfolk, the Marquis, Mr. Kingston, and Mr. Controller, are at Ampthill for the musters. Tuesday.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
[17 Oct.]
R. O. St. P. i. 478.
751. Wriothesley to Cromwell.
On receipt of your letters by this bearer I presented to the King those directed to him, who thanked you and promised repayment as soon as money shall come in, but said the day was very short. With your letters news came that as the matter of Lincolnshire is appeased, in Yorkshire there is no less business than ever, all the country being assembled, but the gentleman, with my lord Darcy and the bishop of York, at Pomfret out of their dangers. The city of York also is loyal, whither the King has sent Sir Arthur Darcy to animate them. You are to send all the money you have got by John Freman to Master Gostwick, who is treasurer with my lord Steward, who is advancing with all his force against those traitors. You must borrow as much more money for the King. My lords of Rutland and Huntingdon also go with my lord Steward, Norfolk and Exeter; and Anthony Kingston with 1,000 Gloucestershire men is to follow if need be. Will inform Cromwell by his next of those retired to Kent, Essex, and Sussex. Windsor, this present Tuesday.
Hol., p. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[17 Oct.]
R. O. St. Pap. i. 479.
752. Wriothesley to Cromwell.
Sends the King's answer made to the Council touching the payment of those who were stayed at London and afterwards ordered to retire. "Your Lordship must be both husband and housewife, and so care for all together."
This has been a busy day here. News from York that the rebels mean to take and spoil the city. The King has written to lord Darcy to send thither Sir Arthur with 1,000 men from Pomfret, and to all the gentlemen about York to repair thither for its defence till the coming of my lord Steward. He has also sent new instructions to my lord Steward to make speed thither. This agrees with the letters sent on Sunday, except that his Highness takes this rebellion so much to heart that even if it be appeased before my lord Steward set forth he is to resort to the very places where it began, and punish all who gave any aid though they never stirred. All the gentlemen of Lincolnshire whose names I sent are come in, and the sheriff has taken and presented to Suffolk one of the most arrant traitors, whose goods the King has given to Sir William Pickering. Suffolk is now about Lincoln, and has received fresh instructions to execute the tenor of the letters sent on Sunday night.
Having written thus far, with letters ready for Suffolk, a new post arrived with letters which the King said contained matter much variable from the other, speaking of marvellous numbers of men. And his Grace desired to see you here tomorrow. Windsor, Tuesday night.
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[17 Oct.]
R. O.
753. The Council to Cromwell.
According to your message by Thomas Wriothesley, we moved the King for an order for the satisfaction of such persons of the counties of Kent, Essex, and Sussex as were first stayed at London and afterwards commanded to retire. His answer was that you should require all the captains who came to you for recompense on their fidelities to declare the true numbers of their men and the distance they brought their companies to London, and take order that each may receive for every man in his band ½d. a mile outward and ½d. a mile homeward. Windsor, Tuesday night. Signed by Audeley, John earl of Oxford, Robt. earl of Sussex; Edward bishop of Hereford, and Ric. bishop of Chichester.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
17 Oct.
R. O.
754. Norfolk and Sandys to Henry VIII.
We find here that it will be impossible to furnish Sir Anthony Browne with near 2,000 horsemen as so many have been sent back and so many are on foot, which latter the duke of Norfolk will this day discharge. A little before our coming, arrived here Thomas Armerer, my lord Admiral's servant, who showed Mr. Chancellor of the Augmentations and Sir Anthony Browne that my lord of Suffolk and his master would be tonight at Lincoln, where the gentlemen were come in and the country peaceable. We think the sending of the men with Sir Anthony would be chargeable, and that they would arrive too late, but we shall have as many as possible ready tomorrow to ride upon your command. Those who have brought men ask money for coats. It is said 8d. a day is not enough to find both man and horse, now that the horses are found on hard meat. Men used to have 8d. a day in summer when the horses went to grass. Some have already paid their men 10d. a day. To those who depart home we will pay 8d. a day. Tuesday, 17 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
[17 Oct.]755. Norfolk and others to Henry VIII.
"Sir," considering the letters now sent from my lord of Suffolk, I beg to know whether he or I shall set forward towards my lord Steward, for I think you will not have both go. I should soon be ready to set forward with my lord Marquis and the gentlemen of Gloucestershire. If you wish my lord of Suffolk to go, as he expects, send letters to the gentlemen of Gloucestershire to join him, for without them Sir Anthony Browne shall not have 2,000 men, "and scarce with them." In any case good store of money must be sent. I beg you with haste "to advertise me and my fellows here." Signed by Norfolk, H. marquis of Exeter, William lord Sandys, Sir William Poulet, and Sir Anthony Browne.
P. 1. In Norfolk's hand. Add. Endd.
[17 Oct.]
R. O.
756. Rich. Cromwell to Cromwell.
Last night my lord Admiral, Mr. Russell, and I, with our companies arrived at Lincoln, where we found as obstinate persons as ever I saw, who would scarce move their bonnets to my said lord, and probably would have withstood us if we had not stolen upon them. To-day Mr. Brian's company arrived with my lord's Grace, and 10 or 12 persons have come in. It is reported they have burned their beacons about Lowthe, but we hear of no assembly. My lord Admiral is as gentle and toward a gentleman as can be, my lord's Grace, Mr. Russell, and Mr. Brian likewise, and there is nothing done in council but they call me to it, which I find is owing to my lord Admiral. Lincoln, Tuesday.
Mr. Ant. Lee and Mr. Barniston attend constantly upon me. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
17 Oct.
R. O.
757. Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Hu[ntingdon] to Darcy.
This morning the King sent me, the earl of Shrewsbury, a commission to be his lieutenant Northwards, with other letters commanding us not to march North till the rebels in Lincolnshire be appeased. This done, we shall march towards the rebels in Yorkshire, and meanwhile we desire you to do what you may to stay the passages. Touching our coming, you shall be informed by our letters from time to time. Newark, 17 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: "My lord is Steward ffifte lettre."
17 Oct.
R. O.
758. [Shrewsbury] to Norfolk.
This day 1 received the King's letters commanding me, with haste, to turn my face to the repression of the traitors assembled in Yorkshire, if I thought myself with the earls of Rutland and Huntingdon of sufficient force to give the stroke without danger of the King's dishonor; and if, on the other side, I thought the adventure dangerous, then I should in haste advertise your Grace, "now being at Ampthill mustering of that band who his Grace had appointed, with five thousand chosen men, to come shortly hither to us." As, by a letter from the abp. of York to my lord of Rutland, whereof I send you a copy, and by another letter (copy enclosed) which I received from lord Darcy at 4 p.m. this day, it appears that the rebels number 40,000 and daily increase, while I and those with me, who intend to advance thither tomorrow are little over 7,000; I beg you will march towards Doncaster and we will do the best we can, either to set some stay, or keep them in play till you come: Newark, 17 Oct.
Copy, p. 1. Headed: A copy of the letter sent to my lord of Norfolk.
17 Oct.
R. O.
759. Sir Brian Hastyngs to Shrewsbury.
The rebels in the North are above 40,000. The captains are "the worship of the whole shires" from Doncaster to Newcastle, except the earls of Cumberland and Westmoreland. It is thought lord Darcy will give over the castle of Pomfret: the rebels have taken the abbey. Lords Latimer and Scrope are sworn to the rebels, with the "worshipful" of their retinue. "This day following" some of them muster in Barnsdale and Barnslay. Let the King know this in haste, for here is none I dare trust. On Monday last the rebels were received into York with procession at 5 p.m. Hatfield, St. Luke's even, midnight.
Copy, p. 1. Headed: Copy of Sir Brian Hastingis letter knight, sent unto me the earl of Shrewsbury: at midnight, the xviij. day of October; and addressed to the duke of Suffolk.
17 Oct.
R. O.
760. Darcy to Henry VIII.
Whereas by your Highness' letters you marvel you have not been advertized of the unlawful assembly in Holderness and Howdenshire, and that the same is still unrepressed: I have at divers times informed you thereof, both by letters and instructions, and have never had any total answer but a part of the same addressed to me. Also where you marvel that I did not advertize you that I had been forced to flee to Pontefract Castle with 12 horse: I used all the policy I knew for the repression of the unlawful assemblies, and when I found I could not prevail I repaired to Pontefract with such number of persons as seemed convenient. It has been the custom in time of war for the stewards of your house of Pontefract to repair thither and assemble the gentlemen of the same to try and know how many men can be in readiness upon a certain time or upon an hour's warning. And I was forced by my disease to go more than two miles on foot, "wherein appeareth no dread nor fear" but to do faithful service to your Highness as I have done to you and your father above 46 years. These unlawful assemblies arose not only in Howdenshire "but forthwith in manner throughout all the North parties," to the marvel of all your true subjects who were unable to suppress them, as Sir Arthur Darcy can declare. Pomfret Castle, 17 Oct.
Corrected draft, pp. 3. Endd. by Darcy: Copy of the King's letter sent by Sir Arthur, the xvijth day of Oct. ao 1536, and mine answer, and none answer from the King again."
See Darcy's Letter Book (No. xviii.).
R. O.2. "A remembrance of things committed to Sir Arthur Darcy, kt., (fn. 3) to be declared to the King's Highness."
(1.) Where the commons before arose in the Marshland, Holdenshire, Holderness, Yorkswold, and the East Riding; they are now up in the West and North Ridings, Wenssedale, Coverdale, Swaldale, Mydderdale, Kyrkebieshire, Messhamshire, Langestorth, Craven, Cleveland, Dent, Sedbare, and all Richmondshire and Yorkshire. They are 60,000–40,000 harnessed—and march forward so that they were expected before this castle this day; 20,000 entered York yesterday, while great numbers were before Hull and Scarborough Castle. (2.) They have surprised many gentlemen in their own houses and taken Sir Chr. Danbie, Sir William Malorie, John Norton, Richard Norton his heir, Roger Lassells, [Robert Bowes and Richard Bowes], (fn. 4) Sir Ralph Ellerker, jun., (fn. 5) Sir Oswald Willesforth, Sir Thos. Metham his son and heir, and Sir Piers Vavasor, [Sir John and Sir William Constable, of Holderness], (fn. 6) and also lord Latymer. My lord of Cumberland, on his way to Hexham, returned for safety to Skipton Castle with lord Scrope. (3.) The commons swear every man, priest and other, and charge them, on pain of death, to come to musters, where they pick out the best men. (4.) They can not be resisted for no man can trust his tenants, and few their own servants. (5.) They spare no man's goods [and say they will have the King's money wherever they find it]. (fn. 6) [(6.) Many would gladly leave them but dare not]. (fn. 6) (7.) The castle is wholly unfurnished and the town of Pounfrett and towns about will not aid us. The commons stop the passages for victual. (8.) We in the castle must in a few days either yield or lose our lives. (9.) [The coming of Sir Arthur to the King shall not interfere with the King's command to him by letter, as in his absence lord Darcy will put things in readiness]. (fn. 6) "The said [Sir Arthur]" (fn. 7) shall show there is no likelihood of vanquishing the commons with any power here.
Corrected draft, pp. 8. Headed 17 Oct. 1536. Endd. by Darcy: Copy of our letters and instructions sent by Sir Arthur to the King 17 Oct. 1536, "and none answer again."
17 Oct.761. Darcy to Henry VIII.
The insurrection has so increased all over the North that we are in great danger of our lives and see no way how it can be repressed. Sir Arthur Darcy, the bearer, will make a full report. Pomfret, 17 Oct. 1536.
Copy from Darcy's Letter Book (No. xx.), half-page.
R. O.762. Aske and Lord Darcy.
"The anssur off Thomas Strangways mayd to hym by y[e] capytane Aske and uthers of certene ynst ruccons (instructions) wretyn on ye baksyd of ys byll."
When I came to York I found captain Aske, with one Rudyston, Mukton and Yerwys (Gervaise) Caluerd at Sir George Lawson's house. Of these I only knew Caluerd. When I had declared my message, the Captain and Rudston answered they knew my lord (fn. 8) for a noble man and of the King's Council, and therefore suspected that I came rather to see their strength than to learn their oath and intentions. Then "without longer abide," I went to my lodging; and the same night Mukton and Gervais Caluerd brought me a copy of the oath of Lincolnshire, hurriedly written, and advised me, as they were to hold musters on the morrow, to leave the town at once; and so I did.—Thomas Strangways.
ii. "The true copy of the instructions which my lord (fn. 9) sent with me to York."
A memorandum for Thomas Strangways to follow at York to Aske, Captain of the Commons, "then being there and the city yielden":— (1.) That he desires the articles of their griefs. (2.) Also of their oaths. To bring copies of both the premises to me and others of the King's Council in Powynfrett castle. (3.) To see their numbers and what gentlemen are with them. (4.) If he met any sure friend to get him to move the captain and commons to pass by Powynfrett castle, or else delay their coming. This to give time for succour to arrive.—Thomas Strangways.
Hol., pp. 2. Injured by damp and slightly mutilated.
17 Oct.
R. O.
763. Jaques Doublet, the French Admiral's Lieutenant at Dieppe, to Lord Lisle.
I understand that you detain as prisoners two French sailors, the one named Vincent Le Jeune, and the other Robert Guerault, I know not why. I desire that you will deliver them or send your reasons. Dieppe, 17 Oct. 1536. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Sealed.
18 Oct.
R. O.
764. [Henry VIII.] to the Duke of Suffolk.
We have received your letters of the 15th inst. declaring the coming in of the gentlemen named in a schedule, and other things which shall be particularly answered hereafter; also the relation of lord Talbot touching the rebellion in the North, and a letter to you from our cousins of Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon. First, concerning the rebellion in the North, we have by former letters, and also now, taken order with our cousins of Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon, as we showed you in our last letters of the 15th inst. 2. Touching the going to Lincoln, we approve your purpose, and require you to proceed as we signified to you in our said last letters by our servant Harper. Though the gentlemen pretend "this truth and fidelity towards us," you shall try out, by examining the ringleaders of the multitude, how they really used themselves; "which you shall not well do if you shall be over hasty in the execution of such of the mean sort" as shall best know the same. Meanwhile you may execute as many of the common traitors in Lincoln, Horncastle, Lowth, &c. as shall seem requisite "for the terrible example of like offenders," and not execute one alone, as by your letters you intended. If any gentlemen have notably offended, you shall spare the execution of them, and either send them to us or detain them in ward. Where you made suit for the goods of the traitor delivered you by the sheriff as reward to Sir William Pickering; we are content.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 6. Endd.: Minute of a letter to my lord of Suffolk, 18 Oct.
18 Oct.
R. O.
765. Henry VIII. to Suffolk.
We have received your sundry letters, one containing a recapitulation of your former advertisements, with the certainty of all such forces as you and our cousins of Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon have between them, "the exility whereof we greatly marvel," and a declaration of the tumults now stirred in the North parts; the other confirming those news by letters sent to us and otherwise, with your offer to advance against the rebels there. We thank you for your towardness and desire you to continue at Lincoln or therabouts for the pacifying of those parts, especially because we have reserved you and your band to attend upon us in case we should go thither ourselves. You are to proceed according to our former letters, and inform Shrewsbury, our lieutenant for the other journey into Yorkshire, that we have already sent after him our cousins of Norfolk and Exeter with 5,000 picked men on horseback, and have appointed Sir Anthony Browne with a good number to come to you [if you require further assistance; but if you think yourself sufficiently furnished you shall make no mention of Sir Anthony Browne, but reserve him for your strength], (fn. 10) and we have sent orders to him on receiving warning from you to go to you at once. But if you signify that you have no need of him he is to return to us. Let your warning be the more speedy to avoid expenses. If you do not think it necessary to keep with you so great forces you may send home with good guides for the quiet settling of them in their countries as many of your band as you think fit, so as to diminish the enormous expenses. We send this day a good sum to you, and likewise a great sum to the earl of Shrewsbury, of which you may advertise him.
Draft, with corrections in Derby's hand, pp. 3. Endd.: The minute to my lord of Suff. 18° Octobris.
R. O.2. An earlier draft of the preceding in Wriothesley's hand, with some variations, especially in the passage about Sir Anthony Browne.
Imperfect, pp. 2.
18 Oct.
R. O.
766. Henry VIII. to Norfolk, Exeter, and Sir Ant. Browne.
Having received news of an insurrection in Yorkshire, our pleasure is that you, our cousins of Norfolk and Exeter, with the Gloucestershire men to the number in all of 5,000, shall, according to the determination at your departure, advance towards the earl of Shrewsbury and proceed with him against the rebels, for we have resolved for sundry causes that Suffolk shall not go against them, but remain in Lincolnshire. And whereas you Sir Anthony Browne were directed to repair to Suffolk with 2,000 men, and you have only in readiness about 560, you shall march forward with those you have; and in case Suffolk shall in your journey thitherward write to you that your coming is unnecessary, you shall return immediately. (fn. 9) As to the wages of 8d. a day [for men on horseback] (fn. 10) which you say in your last that you can pay to those that shall retire, we doubt not that by good policy you will be able to pay also those who go forward with you at the same wages, but you must have special regard to our charges which will grow excessive unless care be taken not to exceed our old rate of wages, and that there be a difference used in the wages of those who serve us on horseback as demilances or archers on horseback and those who for their own ease will come on horseback and afterwards serve on foot. (In margin:—We have this day despatched a great sum to our treasurer Gostwick for your satisfaction in that behalf.)
Draft corrected by Derby, pp. 2. Endd.: To my lord of Norfolk, &c. 18° Octobris.
R. O.2. Draft in Wriothesley's hand of the first part of the preceding.
Pp. 3. Endd.: To my lord of Norfolk, 18 Oct.
R. O.767. The Council's Memoranda.
"Letters to my lord of Norfolk and the Council at Ampthill. Willing to satisfy my [lord] of Suff. desire mentioned in his letters with all diligence possible concerning ordnance, &c." It. that Sir Ant. Browne shall set forward towards my lord of Suffolk with the 560 men, as appointed in the King's last letters, with the 10 pieces of ordnance and 1,000 foot; or else, if possible, 1,000 horse. It. That my lord of [Norf]olk and lord Marquis shall set forward with all speed to my lord Steward.
In Derby's hand, p. 1. Slightly mutilated.
[18 Oct.]
R. O. S. P. v. 481.
768. Wriothesley to Cromwell.
This morning received your letters by Thomas Averey with those last sent you by Master Gostwick. Went to the King who was not ready. Sent them in to his chamber. His Majesty after reading them sent them back, approved your reasons for remaining at home today, especially for money, but desired you would be with him tomorrow. Sees no such cause here as should make this great "hobleshof." Explains what he wrote about the numbers of men with Suffolk and my lord Steward. Yesterday my lord Admiral, Russell, Brian, and Master Cromwell were all in Lincoln, Suffolk with the rest coming quietly after, and it is thought the Yorkshiremen when they hear it will soon be at a point; for he that came from York yesterday says they knew nothing of the appeasing of the other part. I send you a copy containing such false and untrue surmises as have been reported in Yorkshire.
Since writing John Wingfield arrived here with letters from Suffolk, the bishop of York, Lord Darcy and others declaring all Yorkshire to be up, with messages from them of Lincolnshire to the other. The King orders you to despatch to Master Gostwick at least 20,000 mks., which will serve for one month's wages to my lord Steward, Norfolk and their companies; also a convenient sum to my lord of Suffolk. who has but 3,200 men, and now Master Browne goes to him with 2,000 horses. You shall promise them more money shortly after, for which you shall make shift to the utmost, coining plate from the Jewel house. His Majesty appeareth to fear much this matter, and has no great trust in Darcy. Windsor, Wednesday morning.
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. St. P., i. 482.2. "The report made in the North Country."
1. That every man shall bring in all the gold they have, and that it shall have the touch of the Tower. 2. "That there shall be no church within five miles, and that all the rest shall be put down," and all the chalices, jewels, &c. taken. 3. That every man shall be sworn what substance he is of, and if he is worth more all his goods shall be taken. 4. No man shall eat white bread, goose, or capon without paying "a certain" to the King; 5, and a noble shall be paid for every wedding, burying, and christening. 6. No cloth shall be made, but it shall be brought to a place assigned and sealed with two seals, and "his" name set upon it, and if it go in or shrink the goods of all those shall be forfeit. These things slanderously reported through the country make every man think they shall be undone for ever.
[18 Oct.]
R. O. St. P. i. 483.
769. Wriothesley to Cromwell.
Have shown your letters to the King, written in answer to mine of this day declaring the great trouble you have had in getting 10,000l. together. He says as no more can be got at present you shall send 3,000l. to Thomas Hatcliff and 7,000l, to Master Gostwick promising them more with speed, and borrow in his Grace's name. I told him the difficulty you have had in this already, and that you would not meddle with his plate till you came hither tomorrow. "There is here a great matter made of that which would in my poor opinion be redubbed with less preparation." This day we have written to Norfolk, Exeter, and Sir Anthony Browne to advance with all speed; also to my lord Steward, to Suffolk for his continuance in Lincoln and thereabouts, and to Darcy and the bishop of York to declare the untruth of the reports in the bill I sent to your Lordship this day. Also to Tristram Tashe to pay the money in his hands to Master Gostwick, &c. Windsor, Wednesday.
Hol. Add.: My lord Privy Seal, at the Rolls. Endd.
[18 Oct.]
R. O. St. P. i. 484.
770. Wriothesley to Cromwell.
Though even now I wrote to your Lordship, I am commanded again to desire you to make all the speed you can to send forth the money, and this night despatch it both to my lord Steward and to Suffolk. It is now doubtful whether Sir Anthony Browne shall go with Suffolk or with Norfolk. This Wednesday.
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal, at the Rolls.
[18 Oct.]
R. O.
771. Henry VIII. to Shrewsbury.
We marvel at the report of lord Talbot, your son, to the duke of Suffolk, our lieutenant to suppress the rebellion in Lincolnshire, that all the force you have of your own and the earls of Rutland and Huntingdon is only 6,000 men. We have already sent towards you our cousins of Norfolk and Exeter with 5,000 picked men, and desire that you will advance with all diligence towards the rebels according to our former letters, not doubting that they will seek to hide themselves at your approach. And as your good policy in sending the herald at arms to the rebels in Lincolnshire led to a good result you shall now [send the same herald with proclamations according to a minute enclosed which you may alter at discretion to these rebels in Yorkshire.] (fn. 11)
And as the number of your company is diversely reported, we desire you to take musters privily and inform us with diligence. We have this day sent money for the wages of the bands with you and our said cousins, which we think should be sufficient.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Endd.: The minute to my lord Steward.
18 Oct.
R. O.
772. Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon to Henry VIII.
Received "this present Tuesday" at eight in the morning the King's letters, dated Windsor, 15th inst., and commission to Shrewsbury to be the King's lieutenant against the rebels in Yorkshire. I, the earl of Shrewsbury, have sent up lord Hussey and one Cutler, his servant, by my fellow Coffene. Lord Hussey appeared glad to come to your Highness, not doubting but to try himself your true subject; and to say the truth, there appeared nothing to the contrary since he came to us. For he has brought hither to serve your Grace 200 men well horsed and harnessed, which meanwhile we have committed to Sir William Hussey his son. My fellow Coffene is very ready and diligent; please send him back as soon as convenient. Newark, 18 Oct.
As commanded, we have sent you George Huddswell by the servants of the sheriff of co. Nottingham. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. Sealed.
18 Oct.
R. O.
773. Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon to Henry VIII.
This present hour, 11 p.m., I, your servant, George earl of Shrewsbury, received from Sir Brian Hastings a letter which I send enclosed. As we learn from that letter and others, that the number of the rebels is too great for us to encounter without putting all in hasard, which is contrary to your high commandment, before the receipt of the said letter we sent to my lord of Suffolk for a band of horsemen. If they come we shall learn more of the number of the rebels: we tarry till my lord of Norfolk's coming. Southewell in haste, 18 Oct. at midnight. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
18 Oct.
R. O.
774. Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon to Suffolk.
Have just heard that the rebels of Yorkshire came yesterday to Doncaster and swore the mayor and commons; "never sheep ran faster in a morning out of their fold than they did to receive the said oath." The King's letters to lord Darcy and others, which Suffolk forwarded, could not be delivered because the rebels keep such a close watch about Pountfret Castle. Hear the earl of Northumberland is taken. Desire that either the lord Admiral or Sir Francis Brian may be sent to them with as many light horse as Suffolk can spare. Southwell, 18 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
[18 Oct.]
R. O.
775. Duke of Norfolk to the Council.
Urges them to send money to Stamford by Saturday. His company being above 4,000 at Cambridge cannot be divided, part home and part northwards, till he comes to them. The expense to him will be very great unless the King increases the wages. Assures the lords that without money his company will take the greatest reproach without desert that ever men did. Tarries only for an answer to the letters sent by Mr. Dudley and John Wingfield. Will then ride post to his men and advance as fast as he can. Would rather than to win 10,000 mks. that he and his company, were where the duke of Suffolk now is, and furnished with money. Hopes the lord Steward will not adventure the battle till his coming. Ampthill, Wednesday night.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: resc[eived] the xix. day of October. Sealed.
[18 Oct.]
R. O.
776. Norfolk and others to Henry VIII.
This hour we received letters from my lord Steward to your Highness and to me, the duke of Norfolk, "which your Grace's letters ye shall receive with this and the copy of mine the said duke." As to the haste desired by my lord Steward; we cannot be at Doncaster before tomorrow se'nnight, for our horses are too weak to go more than 20 miles a day. My company (Norfolk's) are at Cambridge "whom I never saw since their coming forth," and mine (Exeter's) are stayed at Bukkingham by the countermand. The gentlemen of Gloucestershire are at Stony Stratford. The 10,000l. sent us will not despatch the army here and pay those who go northwards till Sunday next. We cannot advance further than they may be paid, without disorder ensuing. My lord Steward desires 20,000l.; wherefore how much shall we want? The shame shall be ours and the hurt your Highness's. Ail complain that they cannot live on 8d. a day. Amptell, Wednesday, 7 o'clock. Signed: T. Norffolk—H. Exetar—Wyllm Sandys —William Poulet—Willm. Kyngston—Antone Browne.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
18 Oct.
R. O.
777. Sir Edw. Wyllughby to Cromwell.
Writes in answer to a report made to Cromwell that he has not the love of the people in the country, and does not spend his living in convenient and liberal manner. Has the universal love of all the people but two, who rule all the shire after their fantasies utterly against justice. No suits or complaints are made against him. As to spending, he that has no more living than he, and spends more, lives not honestly and truly. Keeps as many men servants in his house as any man in the shire under the degree of a baron, and yet Sir Giles Strangways' lands and living double his. Wodland in Dorsetshire, 18 Oct. Signed.
Asked his favour last year for the sheriffwick of Dorsetshire, and desires the same now.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
18 Oct.
R. O. L.'s Remains, p. 404.
778. Latimer and John Russell (fn. 12) to Cromwell.
Have examined John Scurfeld, the prisoner of Bristow, according to Cromwell's letter. Perceives neither malice nor subtlety in him, but rather simplicity and innocence, though his letters were written very suspiciously. "His delight was to have them punished, which were bruited to deny the Sacrament." He accordingly "enlarged his pen at liberty," and brought himself into suspicion for lack of discretion, being not yet 19. He has been "hampered" therefor meetly well already, and is now carried again to Bristow to put in sureties for his forthcoming. Hartl[ebury], 18 Oct. Signed.
The bearer can tell Cromwell how he might "perfect the common wealth about Tewkesbury." Thanks Cromwell for his goodness to him.
In Latimer's hand, pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
18 Oct.
Vit. B. xiv. 229. B. M.
779. Richard Pate to Henry VIII.
"Pleaseth it your Highness to be advertised that after the Emperor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . for the space of five days, and took his journey thence towards Nise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . plenty of rain, that it did not only increase the rivers we had to p[ass and make them in a] manner impassibles, but also discomfited both man and beast, that to behold . . . . . . . [no] less pity, then (than) thereof at this present tedious to make a further count . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . that passed seven rivers, that by deepness and rapacity put the pietons of . . . . . . . . . . . . . jeopardy compelled to wade up to the shoulders, and even thus his Mai[esty] . . . . . . . . . said Nise, lay in a monastery without the same three days, only to keep hy . . . . . . . . . . now lying round about him, that otherwise peradventure (spite of all the . . . . . . . . . . . . entered the city, there abusing themselves contrary to reason and congru[ity] . . . . . . . . . . good order in all such things put, as well as to the contentation and quie[t . . . . . . . . . . . . the satisfaction of the other licentious appetites, committed his camp to . . . . . . . . . . . . . his captains, and now not well at case by these intolerable storms suffe . . . . . . . . . . . city for his repose with all his nobles, the gates whereof before were . . . . . . . . . . . his guard that it was lawful for no man to enter in without a reasona[ble] . . . . . . . . . . . insomuch as the bishop of Rome's nuncio was thereat kept at such . . . . . . . . . . . . the Emperor's commandment declared unto him thereof, for a time he sea[med more willing to] turn for that night into the camp, then (than) to enter, notwithstanding Don . . . . . . . . . . . . having that province commended to his wisdom, dispensed with his pleas[ure] . . . . . . . . . place to enter. Soon upon this the ambassador of Venice and I approaching . . . . . . . . . . . there found a secretary of the Emperor's sent purposely from Grandvele th . . . . . . . . . . . . . ne sick to find the mean, that we might enter without delay as . . . . . . . . . . . we continued a sevennight, ambiguous a great while, whether that w[e should perform the] rest of our journey by sea or land, the truth at last disclosed. For when that [I went to Grand]vele to know the truth, he made me answer, that it was not as yet fully . . . . . . . . . . . unto Mount Faucolnet to know how that ambassadors should be appointed. W . . . . . . . . . . . rant said he would know incontinent the Emperor's pleasure, which was that . . . . . . . . . . . . lond, unto such time that he was informed that I was sick and not able [for the fatigues of the] voyage, the very cause (as I am informed) that the rest were provided for . . . . . . . . . . . . charged out of ships and barks the greatest copye of meal that I hav[e] . . . . . . . . . . for the 2,000 old soldiers left in garrison all this winter in those parties . . . . . . . . . . . . artillery where in ore omni populo fuit that the duke would give that . . . . . . . . . . . . unto his Majesty for revenues of a like valour in other parties out of . . . . . . . . . . [ad]versaries. Betwixt this and Savona we were retained by a contrary [wind . . . . . . . . . set a land we reposed ourselves so many mo in the mean way them . . . . . . . . . . . noctem (when our galleys could scarce be discerned) of Monique after s . . . . . . . . . . you; that divers gentlemen of good experience said that they never . . . . . . . . . . . . . . cion given but of Calyce, and in divers sundry convenient places . . . . . . . . . . . . . but tedious he took land compelled by feebleness of body and sickness. And . . . . . . . . . . . . . gross artillery of his camp to be disbarked, and sent by land the . . . . . . . . . . . [Alex]andria. In Savona met with his Majesty welcoming him into . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . sent from the signory of Gene, all vestured in black gowns of v[elvet. . . . . . . . . of the which number Master Antony Vivald, your most faith[ful servant] . . . . . . . . sid himself with some private message unto his pr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vessels were in great danger, and his message performed repaired him[self and] his company there to supply his office with the rest accordingly, and thence leaving [certain] of his colleagues behind him departed to Gene."
The Venetian ambassador told me that he heard from the Emperor at the last audience that he would remain here all October, and then go to Spain; of which he informed the Signory, who have already chosen four [ora] tours to congratulate him on his safe return into Italy. The Emperor arrived at Genoa on the 11th inst., and is lodged in prince Doria's house, but is not yet perfectly recovered of his [ill]ness caused by overmuch travel. He has lost more of his army than he could have done by battle. On the 14th the dukes of Bavers and Brouneswike, the count Palatine, and other German nobles took leave of him, after seeing certain notable relics, especially the bowl that Christ drank out of at the Last Supper. The Emperor will only retain this winter 1,200 selected Almains, 8,000 Spaniards and 6,000 Italians, and has made the marquis of Guasto his captain-general, "but what he is, that shall be of the league of the said Italy, succeeding Antony de Leva, it is yet uncertain and unknown." Today the duchess of Savoya came to town accompanied by the cardinal Carrachelus, governor of Milan, the Emperor meeting her on the way, and lodging her in his palace. From Nice the Emperor sent a gentleman with his last resolution concerning peace to the bishop of Rome, (fn. 13) who sent back his principal secretary to the Emperor.
The contrary party desire [peace] with honest conditions, and if Milan may be obtained, he (the French king) cares for nothing else while he lives. The third day after I was settled in Antony Vivald's house, where I am treated like a prince, the Signory sent three ancient men to welcome me as your Grace's orator, whom they acknowledge as most singular patron. Thanked them for their kindness.
"The 15th day of this month I was [with Gr]andvele to know if the common rumour of the Emperor's departure into Spain were . . . . . ding the credible information I had thereof before of like personages, for there were other diverse of no small judgment, thinking it so far . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . the year no less past, then persuading the contrary, that they . . . . . . . . . . . . . . succeed, except they saw him take his galley, and he made m . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . of a surety, and that he intended not to delay the same very . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . perceiving me by my visage, by the tenuity of my voice, and by the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . body at the present, that I was very sick, dismissed me with h . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . defer all further communication unto two or three days following when I should . . . . . . . . . . . . . . and incontinent commanded one of his servants to go to one of the Emp[eror's physicians to] monish him to see unto me, which courtesy refused of me with . . . . . . . . . . . . should not need for that, that he resorted unto me every other day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . friend, that I might have him at all hours with a beck. Of th . . . . . . . . . . . teur I shall shortly write unto your Grace, as yet to no man perfectly . . . . . . . . . . . think that we shall not depart before the galleys of Spain be re . . . . . . . . . . . of the contrary opinion, believing that we are not like to tarry her[e] . . . . . . . . . . . . . present, against when the prince Doreas hath commanded his vess[els] . . . . . . . . . . . . . ines. All the princes of Italy that in this war remained at ho[me] . . . . . . . . . . . these two or three days unto this city to visit his Majesty, and to be p . . . . . . . . . . . . . . pleasure in certain things pertaining to the tranquillity of their . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sophie hath won two kingdoms of such as were in league with th[e Turk; of] which the one he hath conferred upon his sister, wife to the King [of] . . . . . . . . . . . . . slain as a violater of his faith, and the other upon one of his bro[thers] . . . . . . . . . . . . . avanceth himself toward the dominions of the said Turk, that [from Constanti]nople hath sent his army against this his mortal enemy. And pre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . against the next spring, as further your Serenity shall perceive by t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . with conveyed. There be two postes despatched, the one to Rome and the o[ther] . . . . . . . . . . . . . upon whose return (as they say) the Emperor taketh his galley, purposin[g in the coming] spring to visit Italy again, as many likelihoods seemeth to a . . . . . relie require, if peace be not in the mean season contrived, and . . . . . . . . . . . . . . niis rebelleth against the said Turk, and demandeth aid of the Emperor . . . . . . . . . . . part of all Greece for the intolerable taxes he now at this present askit[h] . . . . . . . . . yne his double war intended, against whom therefore he useth great . . . . . . . . . . . . . that also that they deny to pay his unlawful demands. The grand [master of Rho]des is dead, as the common saying is the order of the same alate taking . . . . . . . . . . . . . his galleys. As knoweth our Lord God Omnipotent, who send them . . . . . . . . . . . . . . fortune to the honour and land of his Majesty to the discomfit of . . . . . . . . . . . . . [ene]mies, and keep your Grace Nestor's year to live in health, prosp[erity] . . . . . . . . . . renome worthy the same, a protector and defender of his . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . crudelity encroacheth not, nor so increase as his servants may . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . yoke of his servitude, but live quietly the service of Chri[st. Written at] Geane, 18 Oct."
Hol., pp. 3. Mutilated. Add. Endd.
19 Oct.
R. O.
780. Henry VIII. to the Duke of Suffolk.
We have received your letters dated Lincoln 17th inst., and thank you for your policy used "in the recovering thereof" by sending before you our Admiral and others in your company. You desire the speedy sending to you of Sir Anthony Browne and his band and supplies of ordnance and munitions as expressed in your letter to the duke of Norfolk. We have instructed Norfolk to see you furnished with all diligence, and Sir. Ant. Browne to advance with like speed towards you with ordnance. By your letters it appears that the rebels of Lincolnshire are not yet fully stayed, but some attempt as much as they dare to renew the rebellion by setting up beacons, putting themselves in harness, and appointing new assemblies. You are to use all dexterity in getting the harness and weapons of the said rebels brought in to Lincoln or other sure places, and cause all the boats on the Humber or means of passage into Yorkshire to be taken up. After this, if it appear to you by due proof that the rebels have since their retires from Lincoln attempted any new rebellion, you shall, with your forces run upon them and with all extremity "destroy, burn, and kill man, woman, and child the terrible example of all others, and specially the town of Louth because to this rebellion took his beginning in the same." We have sent you this day a good sum of money, and will send more as required.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 7. Endd.: To my lord of Suffolk of the 19th of October.
ii. P.S.—This day Sir Francis Brian arrived about noon, and has declared to us the state of business in those parts, with your prudent devices for the same, for which we thank you. As [for] the coming in of Sir John Thymbleby according to the direction of you our lieutenant, although we resolved generally upon the punishment of all who have been with the traitors, gentlemen and others, yet being upon their suits moved with mercy and desiring to spare those, especially of the gentlemen who will hereafter do us good service, you are to entertain the said Thymbleby in such sort that others may see "we mind nothing less than their destruction," unless they continue in their rebellion. You are to keep him with you and promise him both to be harmless at your hands, and that you will all be suitors for him if he will indeed serve us in the repression of the rest of the traitors. You shall also declare openly, so that it may come to the ears of all the rout, that all gentlemen and men of "havour" who will submit to you and truly serve us in such sort as you shall appoint shall be sure from bodily hurt, and that you will intercede with us for them. You shall also make like promise to the multitude, if they will present their captains and onsetters to you our lieutenant to be used according to our laws, and plainly declare the means used to bring them into this misery, that you will be suitors for them also, the towns of Louth, Horncastle, Ankaster only excepted. We have caused an answer to be made to the articles sent by the traitors, which we send you stamped and open that you may direct it; but in no wise date it nor seal it but send it open. You shall cause it to be sent to them with a special commandment that it be read openly in the hearing of all men in their company; which we think is so conceived as of itself to make them repent their follies and ask mercy without further tarrying.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 6. Endd.: The post scripta of the letters sent to the duke of Suffolk, &c.
R. O. St. Pap. i. 463.2. "Answer to the petitions of the traitors and rebels in Lincolnshire."
"First we begin and make answer to the 4th and 6th articles, because upon them dependeth much of the rest." Never heard that princes' counsellors and prelates should be appointed by ignorant common people nor that they were meet persons to choose them. "How presumptuous then are ye, the rude commons of one shire, and that one of the most brute and beastly of the whole realm and of least experience, to find fault with your prince for the electing of his counsellors and prelates?" Thus you take upon yourself to rule your prince. As to the suppression of religious houses we would have you know it is granted to us by Parliament and not set forth by the mere will of any counsellor. It has not diminished the service of God, for none were suppressed but where most abominable living was used, as appears by their own confessions signed by their own hands in the time of our visitations. Yet many were allowed to stand, more than we by the act needed; and if they amend not their living we fear we have much to answer for. As to the relief of poor people, we wonder you are not ashamed to affirm that they have been a great relief, when many or most have not more than four or five religious persons in them and divers but one; who spent the goods of their house in nourishing vice. As to the Act of Uses we wonder at your madness in trying to make us break the laws agreed to by the nobles, knights, and gentlemen of this realm, whom the same chiefly toucheth. Also the grounds of those uses were false and usurped upon the prince. As to the fifteenth, do you think us so faint hearted that ye of one shire, were ye a great many more, could compel us to remit the same, when the payments yet to come will not meet a tenth of the charges we must sustain for your protection? As to First Fruits, it is a thing granted by Parliament also. We know also that ye our commons have much complained in time past that most of the goods and lands of the realm were in the spiritual men's hands; yet, now pretending to be loyal subjects, you cannot endure that your prince should have part thereof. We charge you to withdraw to your houses and make no more assemblies, but deliver up the provokers of this mischief to our lieutenant's hands and submit yourselves to condign punishment, else we will not suffer this injury unavenged. We pray God give you grace to do your duties and rather deliver to our lieutenant 100 persons than by your obstinacy endanger yourselves, your wives, children, lands, goods, and chattels, besides the indignation of God.
Corrected draft, pp. 8. In Sadler's hand.
Harl. MS. 283, f. 80. B. M.781. Henry VIII. to Lord Darcy and the Archbishop of York.
"Whereas it is come to our knowledge, partly by your advertisements and partly otherwise," that the traitors assembled in those parts have been trained into their rebellion by false reports "noised and set forth among them by divers most devilish and detestable persons" (copy of which false reports we send herewith); albeit we have sent a main army for their repression in such terrible sort as all may take example, we require you nevertheless to declare to them on your honour and the price of your soul that these reports are groundless, and command all those persons in that assembly "which will be—."
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: To the lord Darcy and the bishop of York.
Harl. MS. 442, f. 135, B. M.782. Lincolnshire Rebellion.
Proclamation stating that rebellions have been stirred up, especially in Lincolnshire by slanderous rumours to the effect that the King intended to have all the gold in his subjects' hands sent in to the Tower to be touched, and all unmarked cattalls and the chalices, &c. of parish churches, and to exact fines for wedding, christening and burying, and licences for eating wheaten bread, pig, goose or capon, which were never intended by him or the Council. The rebellion has now been suppressed, and the King calls on anyone hearing such slanderous rumours to apprehend those who spread them. No large assemblies to be allowed without special licence. If there are any riots in any part of the kingdom, all the people are commanded to return home, and if after this they refuse, they will be severely punished.
Modern copy, pp. 4.
19 Oct.
R. O.
783. Henry VIII. to the Earl of Derby.
We lately commanded you to make ready your forces and go to the earl of Shrewsbury, our lieutenant to suppress the rebellion in the North; but having since heard of an insurrection attempted about the abbey of Salley in Lancashire, where the abbot and monks have been restored by the traitors, we now desire you immediately to repress it, to apprehend the captains and either have them immediately executed as traitors or sent up to us. We leave it, however, to your discretion to go elsewhere in case of greater emergency. You are to take the said abbot and monks forth with violence and have them hanged without delay in their monks' apparel, and see that no town or village begin to assemble. We shall remember your charges and service. We send a commission under the Privy Seal as your authority.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 6. Endd.: The minute to my lord of Derby the 19th of October.
784. The Pilgrimage of Grace.
R. O.Petition to the captain of the commons of Yorkshire and York City by the monastery of St. Mary's [Salley], (fn. 14) suppressed, 21 priests besides the abbot, who were reinstated by the commons on the 12th inst. The church of St. Mary's, Tadcaster, which they had in pure and perpetual alms has been since the time of the Commons' insurrection, 8th inst., withdrawn by Sir Arthur Darcie, who has detained the Church goods, inventory of the abbey, &c. in Pomfret Castle. Beg they may have the above, with their corn and tithe of "laithes" in Tadcaster, restored.
ii. Order for religious houses suppressed.
The religious persons to re-enter their houses, make a bill indented of all their goods, delivering the one part to the farmer, and continue divine service till "our petition be granted." They are to receive all victuals by indenture from the farmer. "And we trust in God they shall have shortly their right." No person to emblezzle any of their goods on pain of death.— "By all the whole consent of the herdmen of this our pilgrimage for grace."
iii. Draft of a protection by Robt. Aske and other "herds of the common wealth," to the abbey of St. Mary's, York, which has promised to aid them in their "pilgrimage for grace."
Corrected drafts, pp. 4.
R. O.2. "Md. delivered to the captain Aske and by his commandment of artillery as appeareth hereafter:—
"In primis vij. c. sheaf of arrows. Item. one c. bows. Itm. xl. spears."
Small slip.
R. O.785. Monastery of Salley to Sir Thomas Percy.
Petition of the abbot and convent of St. Mary of Saley of Percy's ancestors' foundation. Beg him to consider their present need, due to the suppression of their monastery. The whole country supports them in entering their house and is ready to extend the pilgrimage of Christ's Faith and the common wealth, because it is rumoured that the captain has resigned his captainship, and that order is made for the farmers of suppressed houses to enter and occupy, and the religious to avoid possession until the Parliament, whereof neither place nor time is yet fixed, and this has given rise to suspicion. They mistrust their "most sinister back friend," Sir Arthur Darcy, and are advised by the commons to remain in their house. Beg to know his pleasure for the succour of their house which has been well helped by Sir Stephen Hamerton (fn. 15) and [Ni]cholas Tempest (fn. 15) whom they can only acquit by prayer "except it would pleas[e your good mastership]e to minister unto them condigne . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . with your . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . further to them and us. And so * * *
Fragment, p. 1. Mutilated. Add. at head. Endd.: "Aske servant, Hamerton, Nicholas Tempest, Percy."
R. O.786. Salley Papers. (fn. 16)
"A pension to the abbot of Salley."
The parsonage of Gisburne in Craven, Yorks., formerly belonging to the house of Staynsfeld, Linc. "And further with what pension in money as your good mastership shall think of charity being sore diseased and not like long to continue."
P. 1.
R. O.2. Paper headed "Summa Summarum" being notes, perhaps for a sermon, maintaining that it is lawful to fight for faith and country, that men should bear injuries done to themselves, but not those done to God and their neighbours.
Lat., p. 1.
R. O.3. Verses for the rebels in the Pilgrimage of Grace. 16 stanzas of seven lines each.
Begins: "Crist crucifyid, For thy woundes wide, Us commons guyde, Which pilgrimes be Thrughe Godes grace For to purchache Old welth and peax Of the Spiritualtie." Ends: "Crim (fn. 17) crame (fn. 18) and riche (fn. 19) With three lll (fn. 20) and yer liche As some men teach God them amend And that Aske may Without delay Here make a stay And well to end."
19 Oct.
R. O.
787. Henry VIII. to Sir Piers Dutton and Sir William Brereton.
Has seen Dutton's letter to Sir Thomas Audeley, the Chancellor, declaring the traitorous demeanour of the late abbot and canons of Norton, on the coming of the commissioners for the suppression thereof. Thanks him for his policy used to apprehend them. Has also seen Brereton's letter to Cromwell, and thanks him likewise. As the abbot and canons have traitorously stirred up insurrection they are without delay to have them hanged in such places as they think advisable for a terrible example to all others.
Corrected draft, p. 1. Endd.: Copy of the letters to Sir Piers a Dutton and to Sir William a Brereton 19° Octobris A° rr. Hen. VIII. 28.
19 Oct.
Harl. MS. 6989, f. 58. B. M.
788. The Privy Council to Norfolk, Exeter, and Sir A. Browne.
This morning arrived a post with the enclosed letters to Norfolk, and others to the King of which they send copy; which you will see was commanded "to have first passed by you." The King desires you to send to my lord of Suffolk the munitions mentioned in his letter to Norfolk, and that Sir Anth. Browne shall, with the 560 men mentioned in his Grace's last letters and 440 more on horseback, to make up a full thousand, if they can, advance speedily to Suffolk with the 10 pieces of ordnance before appointed you. If they cannot make up near 1,000 horse, they must take the 560 before prepared and with them as near 1,000 foot as they can. Norfolk and Exeter with the band of 5,100 limited to them, shall make like speed to my lord Steward and take certain order for posts both between Lincoln and Windsor and the places where they shall fortune to be. The King has presently despatched to Mr. Cofferer by Dr. Leighe and Dr. Leighton 2,000l. for your good furniture at setting out, and a special treasurer shall wait upon you. This day there is also despatched to Mr. Gostwick over 10,000 marks, to Hattecliff with my lord of Suffolk 5,000 marks, and more shall come after. Any bruit of want of money would be most injurious. Windsor, 19 Oct. Signed by Audeley, Cromwell, Sussex, and the bishop of Hereford.
Modern copy, pp. 2. Numbered at the head: cxxiii.
[19 Oct.]
R. O.
789. Rich. Cromwell to Cromwell.
This day we hear news that there are 6,000 persons up about Hull intending to win the same, and, if not, to set fire to it. Sir Rauf Ellerker lies in the town. He and his company are nearly famished, but my lord's Grace has sent one of Mr. Tyrwitt's sons with victuals, gunpowder, &c. to defend themselves till they shall have better succour. The traitors have sent into Lincolnshire for aid, saying they will take care to have their desires of any gentlemen in the shire; but as yet we hear of none assembling, and most of the gentlemen are come in. Hopes the King will not impute slackness to my lord's Grace. Thinks if he were here himself he could not do otherwise, considering how busy they are in other parts and how hollow the people here are, who would gladly join the rebels in Yorkshire, and would rather die than "one to utter another." And though it has pleased his Highness to say they were afraid of their shadows, in truth I never saw gentlemen forwarder than they have been, contriving day and night how to take the original movers; for if they were to take but two men cruelly, the rest are so hollow they would to them in Yorkshire straight. There is but a water between, and a thousand could cross in one night; so that they must not be treated roughly; they must first be won, then asked about the originators, and finally used according to their deserts. States this because the King's council are amazed that his Highness should think they have not done their duty. Today your servants, Mylysent and Bellowe, have come hither, and state that your servant Mamby's father, was one of the procurers of this treason; so it would be well you detained your said servant with you. Lincoln, Thursday. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
19 Oct.
Cleop. E. iv. 142.** B. M. L's Remains, 375.
790. Bishop Latimer to [Cromwell].
The bearer can tell your Lordship to what effect some (fn. 21) expound the enclosed prophecy. He has it, I trow, but of hearsay, but you can try the truth because you love antiquities. I therefore send it by my man, that hath heard further than I. Hartl[ebury], 19 Oct.
Hol., p. 1.
Ib., f. 143.2. Copy, apparently very corrupt, of some old Latin verses lamenting the oppression and spoliation of the Church.
Begins: "Sancta Sion filia, dudum in cruore Dedicata Domino, languet in dolore."
Ends: "Plebem tuam, Domine, ne sinas perire Quam redemit precium tui mortis diræ."
After which follows in the same hand a copy of some other verses found graven on the stone on a high rock in St. Michael's Mount, Cornwall. These contain a fanciful prophecy, in the style of Merlin, relating to the year 1306, beginning:—
"Si pax formetur Draco Candidus egredietur In cursu Galli ruet hinc Albania valli.
And ending:—
"Ad cultum fidei gaudebunt se redituro (sic), Imperium mundi sibique dabit huic Henrici (sic)."
Pp. 6.
[19 Oct.]
R. O.
791. John Gostwyk to Cromwell.
Please send me Anthony Rocke, for I cannot do without him. Two of my men have fallen sore sick. I have received the King's letters to be treasurer of my lord of Shrewsbury's army. Give me instructions about the wages of captains, petty captains, and noblemen. A letter from you would comfort me; I fear you are angry that you do not write. I have paid much of my lord of Suffolk's army. Newark, Thursday night.
Please let me have money at once, for 20,000l. will not serve.
Hol., p. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
[19] Oct.
R. O.
792. Sir Thomas Percy to the Subprior of Watton.
"Forso[much] as I am in the King's business and his commonalty and for your . . . . and the wealth of this realm of England," I desire you to send me by bearer two geldings. As I am forth of my own country and it is now so ch . . . . d, I trust you will not say me nay. I am certified you [have] a great trotting bay gelding, which I look for as one. From my lady's manor at Semar, Thursday after St. Luke's day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
[19 Oct.]
R. O.
793. Duke of Norfolk and Marquis of Exeter to Henry VIII.
Will execute the King's letters just received by Sir John Dudley. Ask the King to take it in good part if they are not with the lord Steward as soon as necessary. The King writes that they shall receive money from Mr. Gostwike who is with the lord Steward, but they have not enough with them to bring their company thither. Ask to have sufficient sent them to Stamford on Saturday. As to the King's pleasure not to advance the wages, do not wish to put him to superfluous charge, but the men cannot live upon their wages. Intend to divide their men under captains and allow them only according to the King's letter. If the men grudge upon reasonable ground for lack of money, will cause the captains to give them money out of their own purses. Ask the King to lend them 1,000l. each, which they will repay on their return. Wishes they had each of them here ready money for 100l. land, to be sold for 15 years' purchase. Amptell, Thursday, 9 a.m. Signed.
In Norfolk's hand. P. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O.794. Norfolk to [Henry VIII.].
"Sir, when I shall have my company at Stamford I intend to ride to my lord Steward with a few company to consult with him what shall be best to done (sic). I trust to hear answer of my letter fr[om] your Grace on Sunday by noon at Stamford."
Hol., p. 1.
19 Oct.
R. O.
795. Sir Edw. Grey [Lord Powis] to Cromwell.
Complains that though he honestly bought the monastery of Stratmarcell from the late abbot and convent, and Cromwell has seen the indentures, the Chancellor of the Augmentations has directed his surveyors to survey the abbey and lands to the King's use. "At my poor house of the Poole" (?), 19 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: The paquett of K.
19 Oct.
R. O.
796. John Schere, Prior of Launceston, to Cromwell.
I have sent you your fee by this bearer, whom I desire you to credit. Launceston, 19 October.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell lord Privy Seal. Endd.
19 Oct.
R. O.
797. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
I received your letter and had before prepared for Mr. George, your son, six yds. velvet for a coat, which would have been made long ago but that there was one sick in the tailor's house; but it has proved not to be plague. Mr. John Basset will doubtless apply himself diligently to learning. I cannot yet be despatched of my lord's bill, but hope to be next time I am at Court. My bill for the search is signed, and I trust to bring it over with me. Lyppingcot is here, and will be shortly at Calais. London, 19 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
On the back:—"Received of Mr. Campion the 9th of September, six yards of black velvet."
19 Oct.
R. O.
798. Jaques de Coucy [Sieur de Vervins] to the Deputy of Calais.
I have received your letter and understood that the mariners of whom I wrote are at liberty. I will inquire about the sheep taken out of the flock of John Winbanc. If they be in this county I will have them restored and the offenders punished. As to the four compaignons of the garrison of Tournehen, whom you demand as having been taken at Campaignes within your pale, I am informed they came by night to take prisoner a man at Boucqhault, in the county of Guisnes, and on the alarm being raised other compaignons came up, who pursued and took them. It seems to me and others that if they had been taken within your pale in this manner, they ought to be declared lawful prize, without infringing your neutrality. It is not a parallel case to the man of Ardre, whom you caused to be surrendered; because when he was taken he was not attempting anything against the Emperor's countries. Boulogne, 19 Oct. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
20 Oct.
Harl. MS. 6,989, f. 59. B. M.
799. The Privy Council to Norfolk and Exeter.
As by letters from my lord Steward and Suffolk it appears that the number of the rebels increases daily, his Grace's pleasure is that you my lord of Norfolk take with you the rest of your band above the number appointed, which you wrote was 1,500 men or thereabouts, and that you, my lord Marquis, likewise take the rest of your band, if you together think it so expedient, "hosting yourselves to my lord Steward with all possible diligence." For the more perfect keeping of Lincolnshire in quiet his Grace has commanded my lord Chamberlain, Mr. Poulet, and Mr. Kingston with the rest of the Gloucestershire men, not being of the 1,000 going with you, to furnish, if possible, 2,000 persons on horseback and on foot at Ampthill, and send them with speed to my lord of Suffolk. And as the matter seems hot and dangerous his Grace desires you, my lord of Norfolk, to advertise him by bearer whether you think it expedient he should levy an army and advance in person against the rebels. Windsor, 20 Oct. Signed by lord Chancellor Audeley, Cromwell, Oxford, Sussex, and the bishops of Hereford and Chichester.
Modern copy, numbered at the head "cxxiv.," pp. 2. With a note that the orig. is endd. "In secundo exitu versus Doncastre." (fn. 22)
20 Oct.
R. O.
800. Norfolk to the Council.
I have this hour received your letters dated Windsor 19th inst., mentioning letters I should receive in the packet which were first directed to me. There are no such. You write to me to send my lord of Suffolk munitions, contained in a letter sent to me. I have received no such letter, and if I had, could not do it, as I am 25 miles from Amptell, and have this day despatched the rest of my company that shall go home. Concerning the number to be sent to Sir Anthony Browne, it is now too late, he being at Staunford, and all the army appointed to come to Amptell sent home, and he having 600 horse only of the best of that company. As to his taking ten pieces of ordnance, I never heard of such an appointment. He has none, and I only six falconets and 20 small iron pieces carried in two carts. I have only 1,000 bows, 1,000 sheaf of arrows, and 500 bills, and can part with none of it to my lord of Suffolk. I marvel that Sir Anthony Browne should have so many, unless there is some new rebellion in Lincolnshire, and that you would have my lord of Suffolk join my lord Steward before my coming. I am apt to think that some desire great company more for glory than necessity. Touching the 2,000l. to be sent me, you will see by Atclyff's letter enclosed that I shall only have 1,200l. Where you, my lord Privy Seal, write that in ten days I shall have a sufficient sum to vanquish these rebels, neither my lord Marquis nor I will be able to keep our companies so long without money. My brother William has not yet arrived. Tomorrow I shall be at Huntingdon. I had 1,500l. of my own at starting, without which "here would have be ill work. The pension of France hath now done no hurt to me nor the King's affairs." In haste at Cambridge, Friday at 10 p.m.
Hol., pp. 2. Endd.: My lord of Norfolk to the Council, 20 Oct., 28 Hen. 8.
20 Oct.
R. O.
801. Thos. Hatteclyff to the Duke of Norfolk and the Lords of the King's Council.
This morning came to Ampthill my lord your brother William, Dr. Lyghton, and Dr. Lee, and delivered 2,000l. to Mr. Cofferer, who delivered the remainder of it, 1,200l., to me to convey to your Grace to Stamford. I, thinking you were here at Huntingdon tonight, brought it here with me; where Mr. Freman brought me a letter from my lord Privy Seal mentioning that I should receive 3,000l. from the said Freman, to be employed in Lincolnshire. Freman "requireth me to the receipt thereof," but I have put him off till I come to Stamford tomorrow. Huntington, 20 October.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O.2. Received, 20 Oct. 28 Henry VIII., of Dr. Leighton and Dr. Lee, 1,999l. in crowns of the sun, for the payment of the rest of the army not discharged, and for my lord of Norfolk's prest. Signed: By me, Edmund Pekham.
P. 1.
20 Oct.
R. O.
802. Norfolk to the Earls of Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon.
Has received their letters of the 18th inst., and written to the King, as by the copy they shall perceive. The King has sent him to "associate" them; and to such men he will with good-will come, and to the lord Steward, in particular, as to a father and leader. Scribbled at Cambridge, 20 Oct.
Copy, p. 1. Endd: "Copy of my lord of Norfolk's letter to my lord Steward;" and again: To my lord Steward, and my lord of Rutland, and my lord of Huntington.
[20 Oct.]
R. O.
803. Sir William Poulet and Sir William Kyngeston to [the Lords of the Council].
"These shall be to advertise your good lordships" that this Friday, at Bekinsfeld, between 6 and 7 p.m., we received your letters by Mr. Wells, containing the King's pleasure for us to stay 2,000 of the army discharged at Ampthill, and send them with speed to my lord of Suffolk. All the army that came to Ampthill are discharged, except 5,000 that my lord of Norfolk and my lord Marquis have, and 560 horse with Mr. Browne. The rest, being mostly horsed, made haste home to spare their charges, but we shall this night return to Ampthill and do our best. This Friday, the last of the army were despatched, and my lord Marquis departed. On Thursday last, my lord of Norfolk departed, and we, with the cofferer (fn. 23) and others, have since delivered to the master of the ordnance the ordnance and ammunition, &c. to be brought to the Tower and to Windsor; so there remains no more stuff but Mr. Bryan's. The 2,000l. sent by Mr. Leighton and Mr. Lee we have used:—300l. to pay what was unpaid, 500l. sent to my lord of Norfolk, 1,200l. delivered to Mr. Atclif for my lord of Norfolk, with which and 500l., remainder of 1,000l. he had to "prest" those who have gone forward, he has ridden to my lord of Norfolk. He desires to know whether to tarry with Norfolk or Suffolk. Let Mr. Gostwyke and him have no lack of money, and all shall go well; for my lord of Norfolk, and my lord Marquis and their company went forward very willingly, and those who were returned were sorry to return. You write we are to make up the number with footmen rather than fail; "footmen shall in this deep time of winter make little speed." We will do our best to get horsemen. Send money for their "prest" for six or eight days.
Number of the army at this time assembled, 19,394: whereof—prested forwards with my lord of Norfolk's own band, 2,000; with him of Gloucestershire men, 1000; with Sir Ant. Browne, 560; with my lord Marquis, 2000; the residue, returned, were able and well furnished.
After setting forward the 2,000 we shall repair to the Court. "This despatch" has been made by my lord of Norfolk to the King's honour and the people's satisfaction, "saving that their return was displeasant to them." This matter proves more diffuse as the cofferer with the books has this day left Ampthill. Bekinsfelde, Friday night. Signed.
In Paulet's hand, pp. 4.
R. O.2. Cover apparently of the preceding letter, addressed in the same hand to the lord Privy Seal and other lords of the Council.
Endd.: Master Comptroller and Master (blank—).
R. O.804. — to his Cousin Towneley.
"Cousin Towneley," I have received a letter from Mr. Captain in this our Pilgrimage of Grace to raise the commons of Lancashire. I am displeased with your brother for not being sworn, it "being reported he should be very near that time;" but that I refer to your wisdom. I have sent to the commons of Lancaster side for taking of the gentlemen who favour us; I doubt not but you shall have great pleasure thereby. I send a copy of the said letter from him by consent of barons and commonalty, "that upon sight thereof ye fail not with all your company to be on— (fn. 24) Thewseday next by— (fn. 24) of the clock in all your best array, as ye will avoid displeasure of the contrary doing."
P. 1.
20 Oct.
R. O.
805. At Barlings Abbey.
"[The co]nfess[ion] of Mathue busshop of Calsidone and commendatory of our blessed Lady of Barlinges," Linc., 20 Oct., 28 Henry VIII.
On Thursday, 5 Oct., in the way from Barlings Monastery to Barlings Grange, a number of men, well horsed, came up to him and compelled him to return with them to Barlings. Asked the protection of one of the leaders, "my old lady Tailbois chaplain, called Sir Edmund," who said the monastery should have no harm if he gave the party meat and drink. Gave them beef and bread, and also the meat that was on the spit for his brethren's supper. In the night a great number of persons forcibly entered the house and slept in the chambers and on the "hay mowes." The two leaders—, (fn. 25) of Wragby or thereabouts, commanded that he and his brethren should prepare to go with them to the fields. The abbot said they would come and sing the Litany, leaving them to do as they pleased. Then the two leaders said they would either have horse or money to buy horse, or he should smart for it, and the abbot gave them each a crown and begged them to be content. He said it was contrary to their vow to wear harness, but the two chieftains swore they should; whereupon the abbot turned to the altar to hear mass, trembling so that he could unnethe say his service. The same day came Thomas Kirton of Scothorn, and said he had the night before met 80 horse coming to fire the monastery, because the abbot would not relieve the host, but he showed them 200 were lodged there. Kirton also said Mr. Sampoull, a man of fourscore, had been taken from his bed to be sworn, and to send his son and heir with them; and that Mr. Thomas Litilbury sent the abbot word, as advice, to please the "ungracious company." Bartilmew Becroft of Appullay, after this, on Friday, charged him in the name of the sheriff to bring to the rout all his house, with all the harness and victuals he could. A man dwelling in the Marsh told him Mr. Willoughbybye (sic) intended to "take up" his monastery that Friday if he were not compliant. Then came Wm. Wright and Thomas Herlay, and commanded him, in the name of the grand captain of the whole host, Mr. Willoughbybye (sic), to meet the host at Langwathe Lane End with his brethren and harness and victuals. Came with beer, bread, cheese, and six bullocks, which he there presented to Mr. Willoughby and the sheriff, begging that he and his brethren might return home. Willoughby, seeing they were tall men, would not consent, but assigned Thomas Dymmock of Carleton to choose such as he thought fit. Dymmock, hearing there were 20 brethren, first demanded 16, but finally was content with a promise of six, Thos. Brodley, Hen. Sadbar, Ric. Caton, Wm. Herseham, Wm. Kendall, and Jas. Warton, who were sent next day, and Mr. Sampcotes was their captain. The abbot pressed the captains to proclaim what victuals he had brought, supposing thereby to appease the rout. (fn. 26) He also got a passport to gather victuals for the host, intending, under that pretext, to escape out of the country the next Sunday, but was stayed by hearing other counties were risen besides Lincolnshire.
Pp. 8, worn and injured by damp.
20 Oct.
Hist. MSS. Com. Report VI., 445.
806. The Earl of Derby.
Commission to levy men in Lancashire and thereabouts. 20 Oct., 28 Hen. VIII.
ii. Henry VIII. to the Earl of Derby.
(The letter of which, No. 783, dated 19 Oct., is a draft.) 20 Oct., 28 Hen. VIII.
2. Letter from the earl of Derby to the gentlemen upon the same.
R. O.807. Thomas [Stanley] (fn. 27) to Lord Darcy.
I have had a most painful journey, and am lame with riding. My lord of Derby is determined to be against the commons, and on Thursday night had a letter from the King to raise men and join the earl of Shrews bury. He has in commission all Lancashire, Cheshire, North Wales, and Staffordshire, except what Shrewsbury has. He show[ed me] the commission, and said no ancestor of his had ever had the like; I answered, "no more should he no[ther have] had" but to aid my lord Crumwell and others. "I talked so lon[g with him] that he was displeased." The people are wholly with the commonalty, but he is very stiff. It will be Wednesday next before he can set forward with my lord Mounteg[le]. On Thursday the commons beyond Psalley rose and took Mr. Hamerton; if one quarter of Lancashire rise the rest will. This day I spoke with a servant of Lord Mountegle's, who came from the Court. The bearer will give you his news. "Your beadsman and son, Thomas . . . . ."
Hol., p. 1. Mutilated. Add.: To my lord.
20 Oct.
Cott. Appx., 1., 65. B. M.
808. [Suffolk and Fitzwilliam to Henry VIII.]
Have received his letters of the 18th of this month, October, and heard John Winkfeld's credences. Trust that their coming to Stamford with such speed was no hindrance to the "sparpling" of the rebels. Since their arrival have done all they could for the King. Whatever reports he has heard, the truth is that when "I your lieutenant and I your admiral," with Ric. Crumwell, arrived at Stamford on Tuesday week, we found Sir John Russell, Sir Fras. Bryan, and Sir Wm. a Parre with only 900 men, and no ordnance or money. If the number had been as great as was reported, we would not have staid as long as we did, till the following Sunday. While there the retinues of "me your lieutenant, and others" came in, so that by Friday noon there were 5,000 men, of whom 3,000 were horsed and harnessed, and the rest had neither horse, harness, nor weapon. Hearing that the rebels began to "sparple," either for fear of my lord Steward at Nottingham or for fear of us, as the artillery arrived on Friday, we thought it well to discharge those who had no arms, because the rebels hearing of it would think we considered ourselves strong enough to beat them, and because if those without weapons had been supplied there would have been but few left for the lord Steward, and because they wanted harness, and if it came to a fight 3,000 well equipped would be sufficient. Intended to march forward on Saturday, and desired the lord Steward to do the same, who answered that he could not leave Nottingham till he had money, and that he would not march till h[e had] answer of the King's pleasure concerning the . . . . . . sent to the King by the herald Lan[caster]. Waited, therefore, till Sunday, and then set forward, and desired the lord Steward to do the same. It is 36 miles from Stam[ford] to Lincoln. "I your lieutenant" marched 10 miles that night with the ordnance. At the [place] where I lodged lord Talbot and Sir Marmaduke Constable came from the lord Steward "desyring me on his behalf in suche * * *
Mutilated. Pp. 2. In the hand of Fitzwilliam's clerk.
20 Oct.
R. O.
809. Ric. Branborowe alias Spiser, of Bath, to Cromwell.
Complains that Sir Walter Hungerford, lord Hungerford, caused him to be wrongfully imprisoned at Bath, 20 Oct., 28 Hen. VIII., on a charge of speaking unseemly words, whereas he never knew what [the] prophesy did mean. Is an old man with a wife and children. Begs Cromwell to write to the mayor of Bath to accept sureties for him.
On parchment. Add: "Sir Thomas Cromwell, knt., lord Privy Seal."
20 Oct.
R. O.
810. William Dynham to Cromwell.
Since my suit for the "annual decimes and primer fruits" of the school of Wyke St. Mary in Cornwall, the bishop of Exeter has demanded one year's tithe of the schoolmaster "not yet brought in corporal possession," and desired the bearer, then sheriff, to serve process against him for it, which he has hitherto forborne on my report of your goodness in the same. I fear the bishop will make further trouble without your letters. Lyfton, 20 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
20 Oct.
R. O.
811. Sir John Donne to Cromwell.
In behalf of the bearer, Jas. Starkey, who desires to be received into Cromwell's service. 20 Oct. Signed.
P. 1, Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
20 Oct.
R. O.
812. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
Recommends the bearer, some time since attendant on Lisle in Somersetshire. He can shoot well and sing and play at organs. I told him you were already full of servants. London, 20 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
20 Oct.
R. O.
813. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
This day I received yours of the 9th, and am sorry you are so much displeased with me for my last writing. I thought I could do no less than inform you as I was credibly informed; "for I am not of a nature to keep long venom in my stomach, notwithstanding it grieved me not a little." I think I have not so deserved. Sendy writes that your ladyship is displeased with him also, for which I am very sorry. He never advertised me of anything touching my lord and your ladyship. Mr. Skryven can inform you about my lord's causes. Mr. George Goodall went eight days ago for him and is not yet come back. Mr. Holt calls for money and says you wrote that he should have been paid ere this. "And where your ladyship writeth that you write not all you think or may, your ladyship may like a noble woman write and think at your pleasure, as reason is; and such poor men as I am must do as well as God will give us grace." London, 20 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 20, 27 Oct.
20 Oct.
R. O.
814. Thos. Fowler to Cromwell.
In accordance with Cromwell's letters the wines of the two British (Breton) ships shall be safely kept, and if the owners apply for them, Fowler will direct them to make their suit to the King and Cromwell. Calais, 20 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd. erroneously: Dec. 20.
20 Oct.
Add. MS. 32,646, f. 89. B. M.
815. Queen Margaret to Henry VIII.
Hopes Henry will comply readily with her desire lately expressed, or at least that he will send a secret servant to whom she may show her mind. It concerns both his interest and hers. Henry has doubtless heard of the contract of marriage between her son and the French king's daughter. Believes he will ask Henry's "counsel" to the same as is reasonable. Hopes Henry will consider her honor, as the French king will, for the honor of his daughter. He will never have one so devoted to him in this realm as herself. Will think it long till his answer come. Thanks Henry for the nobleness he has shown her daughter, who will never have her blessing if she do not all he commands her. 20 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.

Footnotes

1 Amersham in Bucks.
2 It would seem by this that the writer was a son of Sir Thomas St. Leger who married Anne duchess of Exeter the sister of Edward IV.
3 This has been crossed out and replaced by Sir Robert Ouztred and then again inserted and Sir Robert's name crossed out.
4 These carefully crossed out and an "n" in margin in another hand.
5 "th'eldre" corrected into "the younger."
6 Crossed out.
7 Sir Arthur's name is crossed out in this draft, and that of Sir Robert Ouztred substituted, without further correction; but Sir Arthur is the name in the Letter Books.
8 Darcy.
9 This passage is much corrected. In § 2 the purport is:—If Suffolk appoint you to repair to him you shall go and remain as long as he thinks expedient. And if he thinks he may spare you, you shall still wait upon Norfolk and Shrewsbury. If he write that your coming is unnecessary you shall return.
10 Cancelled.
11 Cancelled with a general instruction in the margin substituted:—To use such practice by the said herald or otherwise as may lead to like success with the Yorkshire rebels.
12 The writer of the letter 14 Oct. No. 708 in this Volume.
13 This name is represented by a cipher.
14 Crossed out.
15 Noted in margin in another hand.
16 Although the two papers following the first of these documents have no distinct reference to Salley, they are found together with other Salley papers and are not unlikely to be connected with the doings at the monastery.
17 Cromwell.
18 Cranmer.
19 Ric. Rich.
20 bp. of Lincoln, Leigh, and Layton.
21 "Sum," M.S., not "he," as printed.
22 This endorsement, if contemporary, certainly did not apply to the contents of the letter.
23 Edm. Peckham.
24 Blank.
25 Blank.
26 This item noted in the margin.
27 The writer of the letter No. 635.