|737. Henry VIII. to —.|
|"Trusty and well-beloved," understanding from the marquis of
Exeter your good service against the rebels who have lately made insurrection, we thank you, assuring you of our remembrance. Although the rebels
in Lincolnshire are subdued, and the gentlemen and ringleaders in our
lieutenant's hands, there remains a faction on the borders of Yorkshire
which we mean to make an example of. Notwithstanding our letters to our
said cousin (Exeter) since the discomfiture of the Lincolnshire men, one for
you to retire and the other for your stay, we have commanded our said
cousin to come forward with the gentlemen named in a certain bill, and to
send the rest back home with orders to see to the quiet of the country there.
Those who return shall be recompensed according to a book to be made of
their charges; for the rest our treasurer, at the place where they shall stop,
shall take order. Windsor Castle, 16 Oct., 28 Hen. VIII. Signed with a
Letters missive, p. 1.
|738. Duke of Norfolk to the Lord Chancellor and other
Lords of the Council.|
|Sends a letter just received from his son. His number is far more
than he looked for, and the King has commanded him only to have 5,000 to
go towards my lord Steward. The lord Marques can have no fewer than
2,000 or 3,000, and the gentlemen of Gloucestershire 1,000 or more, whom
he would be sorry to miss. Asks if he may increase his company to 6,000.
Even then will be obliged to send 1,500 or 2,000 home. Asks whether,
having taken the musters, he may ride to Cambridge to look after his own
company, and return the next day. Hamersham, (fn. 1) 2 p.m.|
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed.
|739. Darcy to Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon.|
|Last night received from them a packet of the King's letters to himself
and others of worship. Has delivered some and sent others forth to be delivered,
as they may for danger pass. The effect of them was that Sir Arthur Darcy
under him, joined with the other gentlemen should stay or distress the
commons who are up in the north and commit the heads to sure ward.|
|They have been stayed for 14 days with policies and persuasions, or else
they would have already joined the commons of Lincolnshire. Those of this
shire and to the north and west are so increased that it passes his power to
meddle with them. Has no ordnance, artillery, or money. The bearer can
tell of their numbers and captains, and of the danger here. "At the King's
strong castle of Pountefret, even the most simply furnished that ever I think
was any to defend," 16 Oct., 1536. Signed.|
P. 1. Add. Endd.
|R. O.||2. Draft of the same, in lord Darcy's hand.|
Pp. 2. Endd.
|740. Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon to Darcy.|
|This day at 3 p.m., between Nottingham and Newark, received
Darcy's letters, showing that "your" country is in great rebellion. Have sent
the letter in post to the King, and trust Darcy will look to all bridges and
passages, "that the said rebellious shall have no passage over." Newark,
16 Oct. Signed.|
P. 1. Add. Endd.: "My lord Steward's iiijth letter."
|[16 Oct. ?]|
|741. Sir Ric. Tempest to Sir George or Sir Arthur Darcy.|
|I hear your father would speak with me. I will gladly do so if he
will allow me to come and go safe. I am of your blood, and would take
part with you against any lord in England. Credence for the bearer.|
Hol., p. 1. Add.
|742. Sir Ric. Tempest to the Earl of Cumberland.|
|Received about midnight his letter dated Skypton this Monday at
1 o'clock, and perceives he is gone towards Carlisle, to defend the Borders
against the Scots, leaving his son to serve the King against the rebels
"lately insurrected in Lincolnshire." Was this day at Pomfret and heard
from lord Darcy that those who rose in Holdenshire, of whom Tempest
wrote in a former letter, have been stayed by Darcy's writing to them.
Those in Lincolnshire, a very great multitude, are going forward without
stop. Puts the King's subjects in readiness, and when his Highness'
pleasure is known, will accompany Cumberland's son. Sandall Castle,
Monday, at midnight. Sealed.|
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
|743. Jacques de Coucy [Lord Vervins] to the Deputy of Calais.|
|Certain sailors who had gone to the herring fishery tell me that their
master has been taken because the number of the crew exceeded the safeconduct. This does not seem likely, as in the safe-conducts given here, the
pages are not included or numbered. I beg you, therefore, to set the said
sailors free if their number does not exceed, exclusive of the pages.
Boulogne, 16 Oct. Signed.|
Fr., p. 1. Add.
|744. Sir Gregory Casale to —.|
|Commend me to my lord Privy Seal and say there is no news except
that the Emperor is at Genoa and many Italians are gone thither, amongst
others the duke of Florence, to congratulate him on his safe return, or else
to condole on his bad fortune in this expedition. All here wonder that the
French suffered the shattered Imperial army to return into Italy. The
French have no army in Italy except the forces of Guido Rangoni, who is
in the marquisate of Saluces, and those of Turin which hold Grugliastum,
Carignanum, and Turin. Peace is treated for more earnestly than ever, and
many think it will succeed, as the French are not stirring, while the Emperor
has dismissed his Italians and 10 insignia of Germans who had reached Trent
on their way to Italy. The Emperor has few Germans with him and has
made the Marquis de Vasto captain general. I think he does not intend to
give Milan to the French king, but to defend it at the expense of Italy, and
supposes that the French king will only get possession of it at vast expense
to himself after laying it entirely waste. What makes me think this is that
the Emperor has sent an ambassador to Venice to say that he is willing to
give Milan to the French, under certain conditions which the latter will not
accept. He therefore does not wish it either for himself or his brother, but
will create another duke provided the Venetians will aid in defending the
Duchy. Therefore, let Ambrosius and Latinus, who have been sent to
negociate the peace, say as they like, I believe them not.|
Latin, pp. 2. Extract headed: Ex litteris Dni. Gregorii Casalii die xvj.
Octobris Florentiæ datis.
|745. John Thompson, master of the Masundue of Dover, to
|Begs that in the matter he has promised to do, he may not be troubled
with other officers than the paymaster; so that, if successful, it may be
known his deed; if the contrary, he may be punished. London,
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
|746. Antony Sentleger to Cromwell.|
|Have me excused that I send you not your fat doe this year; as
soon as I can find one you shall have it. I send you cheeses of my great
dairy and a crane of my own killing. I beg your favor. But for the goodness I found in your father and you, in my lord Cardinal's days "and now in
the King his Grace's days," I had been undone. I am of the King's blood
of the "surar-seyd," and so cousin-german to his Grace, (fn. 2) whom may it please
to give me some prebend or free chapel. I have lived "harly" since the
late lord of Canterbury died. Slendon, 17 October.|
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
|747. [Henry VIII.] to the Earl of Shrewsbury.|
|—"whereof we have also sith the arrival of your said letters had
more knowledge of divers other persons and therefore do mistrust the same
to be the more likely to be true." Moreover, as we are informed by our
lieutenant that the rebels in Lincolnshire have retired the gentlemen only
remaining in the city, who offer to come to him in person:—if you find this
true, advance at once as our lieutenant, with my lords of Rutland and
Huntingdon and all the forces of Leicestershire and Nottingham, against the
said rebels of Yorkshire. If you think it desirable, send for the earl of Derby,
Lord Darcy, Sir Richard Tempest, and others, to whom we have addressed our
letters to aid you. If you require artillery, send to our lieutenant, to whom we
have despatched a special commandment, meaning to see him furnished with
other ordnance from Ampthill by Sir Anthony Browne, whom we have already
despatched towards him with a good band. We have appointed John
Gostwick as treasurer to go with you, and will send another to our lieutenant
to supply his room, with money likewise. We have sent our commission to
you under our great seal. If the gentleman and commons of Lincolnshire
be not yet repressed or come in, you are to join with our lieutenant against
them, and that, being accomplished, proceed against those of Yorkshire and
Holderness as before expressed. You are also to send hither in safety the
lord Hussey, Huddiswell, and Cutler, servant to the said lord Hussey, with
such conductors that no one of them may speak to another till they come to
our presence. When all things are appeased in Lincolnshire and Holderness,
you are to dissolve the whole army and come home, sending the ordnance by
our cousin of Rutland to Nottingham Castle. Doubt not that we will reward
you hereafter, "assuring you that your ser[vice] done unto us heretofore is
so thankf[ul] unto us as you can wish and desire."|
Draft, in Derby's hand, pp. 4. Endd.: Post scripta to my lord of
Shrewsbury of 17 Oct.
|748. Henry VIII. to Shrewsbury, [Rutland and Huntingdon].|
|Forasmuch as we have heard that divers traitors have assembled in
Yorkshire, though we do not believe the matter dangerous yet we marvel,
considering your accustomed circumspection, you have not ere this by espial
or otherwise investigated, and—it being so long since you first heard of the
matter—advertised us of the truth. We require you therefore to find
means to inform us of the whole truth by your letters to which we would
give credence before many others. Intending to punish that insurrection
to the example and terror of all others hereafter, however the matter may
stand at your receipt hereof we require you to act as follows:—First, if
you find there is indeed such a rebellion as reported, you shall according to
our former letters of the 15th inst., "advance yourselves with all your
forces" against the said rebels, &c. Second, if your learn that the said
rebels were once up but have retired again, you shall, with no greater forces
than you think requisite and necessary with due consideration of our honor
your persons and also our charges, proceed to the parts where the rebellion
first began. There you shall find out the authors thereof and, calling before
you the chief offenders of every town and village, administer such execution
and punishment to the said authors, gentlemen or otherwise, that others
shall beware of like attemptates in time coming. And you shall punish
not only those who were openly in rebellion but all who you find were
counsellors, procurers, and abettors of them or would have joined or aided
them. If you advance only for the punishment of the traitors after their
dispersal you shall send home such of your forces as you do not require.
Finally we marvel that the nobles and gentlemen of those countries, knowing
you so nigh them with such puissance, do not more diligently advertise you
of the rebellion; and we think that on your arrival there you should have
special regard to their slackness in this and trust them the less.|
Draft in Wriothesley's hand with corrections and the last sentence added
in Derby's hand. Pp. 9. Endd.: by Wriothesley. Minute of the letters
sent to my lord Steward, 17 Oct. Commences "Right trusty and right wellbeloved cousins."
|R. O.||Post scripta [apparently to the preceding letter].—Our servant Leonard
Bekwith has just arrived with letters from the mayor and commons of
York and Sir George Lawson (copies sent herewith). The report of the
rebellion in Yorkshire is confirmed, and the city of York is in great danger
of being taken by the rebels. We desire you as before to advance thither
with all your forces to the rescue, and to "the utter repression and vanquishing of the said rebels." We have written to the mayor and Commons
thanking them for their fidelity in keeping the said city and promising your
speedy advance thitherward.|
|And considering that Sir Arthur Darcy is now with his father at Pomfret
Castle, to which many other gentlemen of those parts, we hear, have repaired,
we have for the more speedy comfort of our said city written to lord Darcy
to send his son Sir Arthur with 1,000 men now at Pomfret to the said city
of York to abide our coming thither, and meanwhile joining with the mayor
and commons to resist the rebels to the utmost; the said lord Darcy himself
remaining at Pomfret Castle for its defence. Therefore good cousin advance
against these rebels with all diligence, and address your letters to all the
gentlemen of these parts to attend on you as our lieutenant.|
Draft, in Derby's hand, pp. 3.
|749. Henry VIII. to Darcy.|
|This day arrived one Leonard Beckwith with letters to us from the
mayor and city of York, and also from Sir George Lawson, showing that the
commons of Beverley, Cottingham, Holdenshire, Marshland, Richmondshire,
&c. have assembled to enter the city of York, and attempt things contrary
to their allegiance. We wonder you have not advertised us more certainly
thereof, nor done your best at the beginning, as we understand you might
easily have done for the repression of the same. You shall immediately
send your son Sir Arthur with 1,000 persons, who are said to be already
assembled in Pomfret, to the said city of York, and do your utmost for its
defence, remaining still at Pomfret Castle for its security. Furthermore,
you shall follow the directions of the earl of Shewsbury, whom we send as
our lieutenant-general into those parts for the repression of the rebels. You
shall declare this to the rest of the gentlemen with you.|
Draft, in Derby's hand, pp. 2. Endd. by Wriothesley: The minute of
the letters to the lord Darcy. On the back is a partial draft of the same
|750. Sir Thos. Audeley, Chancellor, to Cromwell.|
|This afternoon arrived Bekwith, receiver of the Augmentations (?) in
Yorkshire, with letters from Sir George Lawson and the mayor of York, showing that a rebellion had broken out in Beverley, Holdenshire, and other parts
thereabouts, the rebels intending to come to York. Sir Geo. Lawson and the
mayor and citizens have made good preparations for defence. Aske is the
ringleader of the rebels. By some default of the gentlemen there was no
good endeavour in the prime to repress them, but as soon as the rebels hear
the lord Steward is advancing, to whom letters have been despatched this
day, they will retire. Letters have also been written to lord Darcy, who is
in Pomfret Castle, and six or seven score gentlemen with him, to send his
son, Sir Arthur Darcy, with 1,000 men lying in the town of Pomfret, to
York, he himself retaining 200 to keep the Castle. The gentlemen are to
gather all the forces they can and draw to the lord Steward, or to such places
as he commands them. Bekwith has substantially served the King in this.
Today letters have come from my lord of Suffolk, stating that Sir Robert
Tyrwytt, Sir Wm. Ascu, and all the gentlemen of any reputation in Lincolnshire, have come to the Duke most joyous that they have escaped the wages
of these traitors. Whereupon there is a despatch to the duke of Suffolk to
repair to Lincoln and use himself in all points as was devised in the despatch
at your being here on Sunday last, and that Sir Ant. Brown shall repair to
him with 2,000 men from Ampthill. It was also devised since your
departure that the duke of Norfolk, the marquis of Exeter, and Anthony
Kingston with the power of Gloucestershire, to the number of 5,000 men,
shall advance to the lord Steward to repress the rebellion in Yorkshire if
need be, and that the duke of Norfolk and the lord Steward should be joined
together in the commission of lieutenant. Nevertheless, if the matter be no
greater than is reported, the King will change their going, as the lord
Steward has now with him 30,000 men. The duke of Norfolk, the Marquis,
Mr. Kingston, and Mr. Controller, are at Ampthill for the musters.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. St. P. i. 478.
|751. Wriothesley to Cromwell.|
|On receipt of your letters by this bearer I presented to the King
those directed to him, who thanked you and promised repayment as soon as
money shall come in, but said the day was very short. With your letters
news came that as the matter of Lincolnshire is appeased, in Yorkshire
there is no less business than ever, all the country being assembled, but
the gentleman, with my lord Darcy and the bishop of York, at Pomfret
out of their dangers. The city of York also is loyal, whither the King has
sent Sir Arthur Darcy to animate them. You are to send all the money you
have got by John Freman to Master Gostwick, who is treasurer with my
lord Steward, who is advancing with all his force against those traitors. You
must borrow as much more money for the King. My lords of Rutland and
Huntingdon also go with my lord Steward, Norfolk and Exeter; and
Anthony Kingston with 1,000 Gloucestershire men is to follow if need be.
Will inform Cromwell by his next of those retired to Kent, Essex, and
Sussex. Windsor, this present Tuesday.|
Hol., p. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. St. Pap. i. 479.
|752. Wriothesley to Cromwell.|
|Sends the King's answer made to the Council touching the payment
of those who were stayed at London and afterwards ordered to retire.
"Your Lordship must be both husband and housewife, and so care for all
|This has been a busy day here. News from York that the rebels mean to
take and spoil the city. The King has written to lord Darcy to send thither
Sir Arthur with 1,000 men from Pomfret, and to all the gentlemen about York
to repair thither for its defence till the coming of my lord Steward. He has also
sent new instructions to my lord Steward to make speed thither. This agrees
with the letters sent on Sunday, except that his Highness takes this rebellion
so much to heart that even if it be appeased before my lord Steward set
forth he is to resort to the very places where it began, and punish all who
gave any aid though they never stirred. All the gentlemen of Lincolnshire
whose names I sent are come in, and the sheriff has taken and presented to
Suffolk one of the most arrant traitors, whose goods the King has given to
Sir William Pickering. Suffolk is now about Lincoln, and has received
fresh instructions to execute the tenor of the letters sent on Sunday night.|
|Having written thus far, with letters ready for Suffolk, a new post arrived
with letters which the King said contained matter much variable from the
other, speaking of marvellous numbers of men. And his Grace desired to
see you here tomorrow. Windsor, Tuesday night.|
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
|753. The Council to Cromwell.|
|According to your message by Thomas Wriothesley, we moved the
King for an order for the satisfaction of such persons of the counties of
Kent, Essex, and Sussex as were first stayed at London and afterwards
commanded to retire. His answer was that you should require all the
captains who came to you for recompense on their fidelities to declare the
true numbers of their men and the distance they brought their companies to
London, and take order that each may receive for every man in his band ½d.
a mile outward and ½d. a mile homeward. Windsor, Tuesday night. Signed
by Audeley, John earl of Oxford, Robt. earl of Sussex; Edward bishop of
Hereford, and Ric. bishop of Chichester.|
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
|754. Norfolk and Sandys to Henry VIII.|
|We find here that it will be impossible to furnish Sir Anthony
Browne with near 2,000 horsemen as so many have been sent back and so
many are on foot, which latter the duke of Norfolk will this day discharge.
A little before our coming, arrived here Thomas Armerer, my lord Admiral's
servant, who showed Mr. Chancellor of the Augmentations and Sir Anthony
Browne that my lord of Suffolk and his master would be tonight at Lincoln,
where the gentlemen were come in and the country peaceable. We think
the sending of the men with Sir Anthony would be chargeable, and that
they would arrive too late, but we shall have as many as possible ready tomorrow to ride upon your command. Those who have brought men ask
money for coats. It is said 8d. a day is not enough to find both man and
horse, now that the horses are found on hard meat. Men used to have 8d.
a day in summer when the horses went to grass. Some have already paid
their men 10d. a day. To those who depart home we will pay 8d. a day.
Tuesday, 17 Oct. Signed.|
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
|[17 Oct.]||755. Norfolk and others to Henry VIII.|
|"Sir," considering the letters now sent from my lord of Suffolk, I
beg to know whether he or I shall set forward towards my lord Steward, for
I think you will not have both go. I should soon be ready to set forward
with my lord Marquis and the gentlemen of Gloucestershire. If you wish
my lord of Suffolk to go, as he expects, send letters to the gentlemen of
Gloucestershire to join him, for without them Sir Anthony Browne shall
not have 2,000 men, "and scarce with them." In any case good store of
money must be sent. I beg you with haste "to advertise me and my
fellows here." Signed by Norfolk, H. marquis of Exeter, William lord
Sandys, Sir William Poulet, and Sir Anthony Browne.|
P. 1. In Norfolk's hand. Add. Endd.
|756. Rich. Cromwell to Cromwell.|
|Last night my lord Admiral, Mr. Russell, and I, with our companies
arrived at Lincoln, where we found as obstinate persons as ever I saw, who
would scarce move their bonnets to my said lord, and probably would have
withstood us if we had not stolen upon them. To-day Mr. Brian's company
arrived with my lord's Grace, and 10 or 12 persons have come in. It is
reported they have burned their beacons about Lowthe, but we hear of no
assembly. My lord Admiral is as gentle and toward a gentleman as can
be, my lord's Grace, Mr. Russell, and Mr. Brian likewise, and there is
nothing done in council but they call me to it, which I find is owing to my
lord Admiral. Lincoln, Tuesday.|
|Mr. Ant. Lee and Mr. Barniston attend constantly upon me. Signed.|
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
|757. Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Hu[ntingdon] to Darcy.|
|This morning the King sent me, the earl of Shrewsbury, a commission to be his lieutenant Northwards, with other letters commanding us not
to march North till the rebels in Lincolnshire be appeased. This done,
we shall march towards the rebels in Yorkshire, and meanwhile we desire
you to do what you may to stay the passages. Touching our coming, you
shall be informed by our letters from time to time. Newark, 17 Oct.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: "My lord is Steward ffifte lettre."
|758. [Shrewsbury] to Norfolk.|
|This day 1 received the King's letters commanding me, with haste,
to turn my face to the repression of the traitors assembled in Yorkshire,
if I thought myself with the earls of Rutland and Huntingdon of sufficient
force to give the stroke without danger of the King's dishonor; and if,
on the other side, I thought the adventure dangerous, then I should in haste
advertise your Grace, "now being at Ampthill mustering of that band
who his Grace had appointed, with five thousand chosen men, to come
shortly hither to us." As, by a letter from the abp. of York to my lord of
Rutland, whereof I send you a copy, and by another letter (copy enclosed)
which I received from lord Darcy at 4 p.m. this day, it appears that the
rebels number 40,000 and daily increase, while I and those with me, who
intend to advance thither tomorrow are little over 7,000; I beg you will
march towards Doncaster and we will do the best we can, either to set some
stay, or keep them in play till you come: Newark, 17 Oct.|
Copy, p. 1. Headed: A copy of the letter sent to my lord of Norfolk.
|759. Sir Brian Hastyngs to Shrewsbury.|
|The rebels in the North are above 40,000. The captains are "the
worship of the whole shires" from Doncaster to Newcastle, except the earls
of Cumberland and Westmoreland. It is thought lord Darcy will give over
the castle of Pomfret: the rebels have taken the abbey. Lords Latimer and
Scrope are sworn to the rebels, with the "worshipful" of their retinue.
"This day following" some of them muster in Barnsdale and Barnslay.
Let the King know this in haste, for here is none I dare trust. On Monday
last the rebels were received into York with procession at 5 p.m. Hatfield,
St. Luke's even, midnight.|
Copy, p. 1. Headed: Copy of Sir Brian Hastingis letter knight, sent
unto me the earl of Shrewsbury: at midnight, the xviij. day of October; and
addressed to the duke of Suffolk.
|760. Darcy to Henry VIII.|
|Whereas by your Highness' letters you marvel you have not been
advertized of the unlawful assembly in Holderness and Howdenshire, and
that the same is still unrepressed: I have at divers times informed you
thereof, both by letters and instructions, and have never had any total
answer but a part of the same addressed to me. Also where you marvel that
I did not advertize you that I had been forced to flee to Pontefract Castle
with 12 horse: I used all the policy I knew for the repression of the unlawful assemblies, and when I found I could not prevail I repaired to
Pontefract with such number of persons as seemed convenient. It has been
the custom in time of war for the stewards of your house of Pontefract to
repair thither and assemble the gentlemen of the same to try and know how
many men can be in readiness upon a certain time or upon an hour's
warning. And I was forced by my disease to go more than two miles on foot,
"wherein appeareth no dread nor fear" but to do faithful service to your
Highness as I have done to you and your father above 46 years. These
unlawful assemblies arose not only in Howdenshire "but forthwith in
manner throughout all the North parties," to the marvel of all your true
subjects who were unable to suppress them, as Sir Arthur Darcy can declare.
Pomfret Castle, 17 Oct.|
Corrected draft, pp. 3. Endd. by Darcy: Copy of the King's letter sent
by Sir Arthur, the xvijth day of Oct. ao 1536, and mine answer, and none
answer from the King again."
See Darcy's Letter Book (No. xviii.).
|R. O.||2. "A remembrance of things committed to Sir Arthur Darcy, kt., (fn. 3) to be
declared to the King's Highness."|
|(1.) Where the commons before arose in the Marshland, Holdenshire,
Holderness, Yorkswold, and the East Riding; they are now up in the West
and North Ridings, Wenssedale, Coverdale, Swaldale, Mydderdale, Kyrkebieshire, Messhamshire, Langestorth, Craven, Cleveland, Dent, Sedbare, and all
Richmondshire and Yorkshire. They are 60,000–40,000 harnessed—and
march forward so that they were expected before this castle this day; 20,000
entered York yesterday, while great numbers were before Hull and Scarborough Castle. (2.) They have surprised many gentlemen in their own
houses and taken Sir Chr. Danbie, Sir William Malorie, John Norton,
Richard Norton his heir, Roger Lassells, [Robert Bowes and Richard
Bowes], (fn. 4) Sir Ralph Ellerker, jun., (fn. 5) Sir Oswald Willesforth, Sir Thos. Metham
his son and heir, and Sir Piers Vavasor, [Sir John and Sir William Constable,
of Holderness], (fn. 6) and also lord Latymer. My lord of Cumberland, on his
way to Hexham, returned for safety to Skipton Castle with lord Scrope.
(3.) The commons swear every man, priest and other, and charge them, on
pain of death, to come to musters, where they pick out the best men. (4.)
They can not be resisted for no man can trust his tenants, and few their
own servants. (5.) They spare no man's goods [and say they will have the
King's money wherever they find it]. (fn. 6) [(6.) Many would gladly leave
them but dare not]. (fn. 6) (7.) The castle is wholly unfurnished and the town
of Pounfrett and towns about will not aid us. The commons stop the
passages for victual. (8.) We in the castle must in a few days either yield
or lose our lives. (9.) [The coming of Sir Arthur to the King shall not
interfere with the King's command to him by letter, as in his absence lord
Darcy will put things in readiness]. (fn. 6) "The said [Sir Arthur]" (fn. 7) shall show
there is no likelihood of vanquishing the commons with any power here.|
Corrected draft, pp. 8. Headed 17 Oct. 1536. Endd. by Darcy: Copy
of our letters and instructions sent by Sir Arthur to the King 17 Oct. 1536,
"and none answer again."
|17 Oct.||761. Darcy to Henry VIII.|
|The insurrection has so increased all over the North that we are in
great danger of our lives and see no way how it can be repressed.
Sir Arthur Darcy, the bearer, will make a full report. Pomfret, 17 Oct.
Copy from Darcy's Letter Book (No. xx.), half-page.
|R. O.||762. Aske and Lord Darcy.|
|"The anssur off Thomas Strangways mayd to hym by y[e] capytane
Aske and uthers of certene ynst ruccons (instructions) wretyn on ye baksyd
of ys byll."|
|When I came to York I found captain Aske, with one Rudyston, Mukton
and Yerwys (Gervaise) Caluerd at Sir George Lawson's house. Of these I
only knew Caluerd. When I had declared my message, the Captain and
Rudston answered they knew my lord (fn. 8) for a noble man and of the King's
Council, and therefore suspected that I came rather to see their strength
than to learn their oath and intentions. Then "without longer abide," I
went to my lodging; and the same night Mukton and Gervais Caluerd
brought me a copy of the oath of Lincolnshire, hurriedly written, and
advised me, as they were to hold musters on the morrow, to leave the town
at once; and so I did.—Thomas Strangways.|
|ii. "The true copy of the instructions which my lord (fn. 9) sent with me to
|A memorandum for Thomas Strangways to follow at York to Aske,
Captain of the Commons, "then being there and the city yielden":—
(1.) That he desires the articles of their griefs. (2.) Also of their oaths.
To bring copies of both the premises to me and others of the King's Council
in Powynfrett castle. (3.) To see their numbers and what gentlemen are
with them. (4.) If he met any sure friend to get him to move the captain
and commons to pass by Powynfrett castle, or else delay their coming. This
to give time for succour to arrive.—Thomas Strangways.|
Hol., pp. 2. Injured by damp and slightly mutilated.
|763. Jaques Doublet, the French Admiral's Lieutenant at
Dieppe, to Lord Lisle.|
|I understand that you detain as prisoners two French sailors, the one
named Vincent Le Jeune, and the other Robert Guerault, I know not why.
I desire that you will deliver them or send your reasons. Dieppe, 17 Oct.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Sealed.
|764. [Henry VIII.] to the Duke of Suffolk.|
|We have received your letters of the 15th inst. declaring the coming
in of the gentlemen named in a schedule, and other things which shall be
particularly answered hereafter; also the relation of lord Talbot touching
the rebellion in the North, and a letter to you from our cousins of Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon. First, concerning the rebellion in the
North, we have by former letters, and also now, taken order with our cousins
of Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon, as we showed you in our last
letters of the 15th inst. 2. Touching the going to Lincoln, we approve your
purpose, and require you to proceed as we signified to you in our said last
letters by our servant Harper. Though the gentlemen pretend "this truth
and fidelity towards us," you shall try out, by examining the ringleaders of the
multitude, how they really used themselves; "which you shall not well do
if you shall be over hasty in the execution of such of the mean sort" as
shall best know the same. Meanwhile you may execute as many of the
common traitors in Lincoln, Horncastle, Lowth, &c. as shall seem requisite
"for the terrible example of like offenders," and not execute one alone, as by
your letters you intended. If any gentlemen have notably offended, you
shall spare the execution of them, and either send them to us or detain them
in ward. Where you made suit for the goods of the traitor delivered you
by the sheriff as reward to Sir William Pickering; we are content.|
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 6. Endd.: Minute of a letter to my lord of
Suffolk, 18 Oct.
|765. Henry VIII. to Suffolk.|
|We have received your sundry letters, one containing a recapitulation
of your former advertisements, with the certainty of all such forces as you
and our cousins of Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon have between
them, "the exility whereof we greatly marvel," and a declaration of the
tumults now stirred in the North parts; the other confirming those news by
letters sent to us and otherwise, with your offer to advance against the rebels
there. We thank you for your towardness and desire you to continue at
Lincoln or therabouts for the pacifying of those parts, especially because we
have reserved you and your band to attend upon us in case we should go
thither ourselves. You are to proceed according to our former letters, and
inform Shrewsbury, our lieutenant for the other journey into Yorkshire, that
we have already sent after him our cousins of Norfolk and Exeter with
5,000 picked men on horseback, and have appointed Sir Anthony Browne
with a good number to come to you [if you require further assistance; but
if you think yourself sufficiently furnished you shall make no mention of Sir
Anthony Browne, but reserve him for your strength], (fn. 10) and we have sent
orders to him on receiving warning from you to go to you at once. But if
you signify that you have no need of him he is to return to us. Let your
warning be the more speedy to avoid expenses. If you do not think it
necessary to keep with you so great forces you may send home with good
guides for the quiet settling of them in their countries as many of your band
as you think fit, so as to diminish the enormous expenses. We send this
day a good sum to you, and likewise a great sum to the earl of Shrewsbury,
of which you may advertise him.|
Draft, with corrections in Derby's hand, pp. 3. Endd.: The minute to
my lord of Suff. 18° Octobris.
|R. O.||2. An earlier draft of the preceding in Wriothesley's hand, with some
variations, especially in the passage about Sir Anthony Browne.|
Imperfect, pp. 2.
|766. Henry VIII. to Norfolk, Exeter, and Sir Ant. Browne.|
|Having received news of an insurrection in Yorkshire, our pleasure
is that you, our cousins of Norfolk and Exeter, with the Gloucestershire
men to the number in all of 5,000, shall, according to the determination at
your departure, advance towards the earl of Shrewsbury and proceed with
him against the rebels, for we have resolved for sundry causes that Suffolk
shall not go against them, but remain in Lincolnshire. And whereas you
Sir Anthony Browne were directed to repair to Suffolk with 2,000 men, and
you have only in readiness about 560, you shall march forward with those
you have; and in case Suffolk shall in your journey thitherward write to
you that your coming is unnecessary, you shall return immediately. (fn. 9) As to
the wages of 8d. a day [for men on horseback] (fn. 10) which you say in your last
that you can pay to those that shall retire, we doubt not that by good policy
you will be able to pay also those who go forward with you at the same
wages, but you must have special regard to our charges which will grow
excessive unless care be taken not to exceed our old rate of wages, and that
there be a difference used in the wages of those who serve us on horseback
as demilances or archers on horseback and those who for their own ease will
come on horseback and afterwards serve on foot. (In margin:—We have
this day despatched a great sum to our treasurer Gostwick for your satisfaction in that behalf.)|
Draft corrected by Derby, pp. 2. Endd.: To my lord of Norfolk, &c.
|R. O.||2. Draft in Wriothesley's hand of the first part of the preceding.|
Pp. 3. Endd.: To my lord of Norfolk, 18 Oct.
|R. O.||767. The Council's Memoranda.|
|"Letters to my lord of Norfolk and the Council at Ampthill. Willing
to satisfy my [lord] of Suff. desire mentioned in his letters with all diligence
possible concerning ordnance, &c." It. that Sir Ant. Browne shall set
forward towards my lord of Suffolk with the 560 men, as appointed in the
King's last letters, with the 10 pieces of ordnance and 1,000 foot; or else,
if possible, 1,000 horse. It. That my lord of [Norf]olk and lord Marquis
shall set forward with all speed to my lord Steward.|
In Derby's hand, p. 1. Slightly mutilated.
R. O. S. P. v. 481.
|768. Wriothesley to Cromwell.|
|This morning received your letters by Thomas Averey with those last
sent you by Master Gostwick. Went to the King who was not ready. Sent
them in to his chamber. His Majesty after reading them sent them back,
approved your reasons for remaining at home today, especially for money,
but desired you would be with him tomorrow. Sees no such cause here as
should make this great "hobleshof." Explains what he wrote about the
numbers of men with Suffolk and my lord Steward. Yesterday my lord
Admiral, Russell, Brian, and Master Cromwell were all in Lincoln, Suffolk
with the rest coming quietly after, and it is thought the Yorkshiremen when
they hear it will soon be at a point; for he that came from York yesterday
says they knew nothing of the appeasing of the other part. I send you a
copy containing such false and untrue surmises as have been reported in
|Since writing John Wingfield arrived here with letters from Suffolk, the
bishop of York, Lord Darcy and others declaring all Yorkshire to be up,
with messages from them of Lincolnshire to the other. The King orders
you to despatch to Master Gostwick at least 20,000 mks., which will serve
for one month's wages to my lord Steward, Norfolk and their companies;
also a convenient sum to my lord of Suffolk. who has but 3,200 men, and
now Master Browne goes to him with 2,000 horses. You shall promise
them more money shortly after, for which you shall make shift to the utmost,
coining plate from the Jewel house. His Majesty appeareth to fear much
this matter, and has no great trust in Darcy. Windsor, Wednesday
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
|R. O. St. P., i. 482.||2. "The report made in the North Country."|
|1. That every man shall bring in all the gold they have, and that it shall
have the touch of the Tower. 2. "That there shall be no church within
five miles, and that all the rest shall be put down," and all the chalices,
jewels, &c. taken. 3. That every man shall be sworn what substance he is
of, and if he is worth more all his goods shall be taken. 4. No man shall
eat white bread, goose, or capon without paying "a certain" to the King;
5, and a noble shall be paid for every wedding, burying, and christening.
6. No cloth shall be made, but it shall be brought to a place assigned and
sealed with two seals, and "his" name set upon it, and if it go in or shrink
the goods of all those shall be forfeit. These things slanderously reported
through the country make every man think they shall be undone for ever.|
R. O. St. P. i. 483.
|769. Wriothesley to Cromwell.|
|Have shown your letters to the King, written in answer to mine of
this day declaring the great trouble you have had in getting 10,000l. together.
He says as no more can be got at present you shall send 3,000l. to Thomas
Hatcliff and 7,000l, to Master Gostwick promising them more with speed,
and borrow in his Grace's name. I told him the difficulty you have had in
this already, and that you would not meddle with his plate till you came
hither tomorrow. "There is here a great matter made of that which would
in my poor opinion be redubbed with less preparation." This day we have
written to Norfolk, Exeter, and Sir Anthony Browne to advance with all
speed; also to my lord Steward, to Suffolk for his continuance in Lincoln
and thereabouts, and to Darcy and the bishop of York to declare the untruth
of the reports in the bill I sent to your Lordship this day. Also to Tristram
Tashe to pay the money in his hands to Master Gostwick, &c. Windsor,
Hol. Add.: My lord Privy Seal, at the Rolls. Endd.
R. O. St. P. i. 484.
|770. Wriothesley to Cromwell.|
|Though even now I wrote to your Lordship, I am commanded again
to desire you to make all the speed you can to send forth the money, and
this night despatch it both to my lord Steward and to Suffolk. It is now
doubtful whether Sir Anthony Browne shall go with Suffolk or with Norfolk.
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal, at the Rolls.
|771. Henry VIII. to Shrewsbury.|
|We marvel at the report of lord Talbot, your son, to the duke of
Suffolk, our lieutenant to suppress the rebellion in Lincolnshire, that all the
force you have of your own and the earls of Rutland and Huntingdon is only
6,000 men. We have already sent towards you our cousins of Norfolk and
Exeter with 5,000 picked men, and desire that you will advance with all diligence towards the rebels according to our former letters, not doubting that
they will seek to hide themselves at your approach. And as your good policy
in sending the herald at arms to the rebels in Lincolnshire led to a good result
you shall now [send the same herald with proclamations according to a
minute enclosed which you may alter at discretion to these rebels in
Yorkshire.] (fn. 11) |
|And as the number of your company is diversely reported, we desire you
to take musters privily and inform us with diligence. We have this day
sent money for the wages of the bands with you and our said cousins, which
we think should be sufficient.|
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Endd.: The minute to my lord
|772. Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon to Henry VIII.|
|Received "this present Tuesday" at eight in the morning the King's
letters, dated Windsor, 15th inst., and commission to Shrewsbury to be the
King's lieutenant against the rebels in Yorkshire. I, the earl of Shrewsbury,
have sent up lord Hussey and one Cutler, his servant, by my fellow Coffene.
Lord Hussey appeared glad to come to your Highness, not doubting but to
try himself your true subject; and to say the truth, there appeared nothing
to the contrary since he came to us. For he has brought hither to serve
your Grace 200 men well horsed and harnessed, which meanwhile we have
committed to Sir William Hussey his son. My fellow Coffene is very ready
and diligent; please send him back as soon as convenient. Newark,
|As commanded, we have sent you George Huddswell by the servants of
the sheriff of co. Nottingham. Signed.|
P. 1. Add. Endd. Sealed.
|773. Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon to Henry VIII.|
|This present hour, 11 p.m., I, your servant, George earl of Shrewsbury,
received from Sir Brian Hastings a letter which I send enclosed. As we
learn from that letter and others, that the number of the rebels is too great
for us to encounter without putting all in hasard, which is contrary to
your high commandment, before the receipt of the said letter we sent
to my lord of Suffolk for a band of horsemen. If they come we shall
learn more of the number of the rebels: we tarry till my lord of Norfolk's
coming. Southewell in haste, 18 Oct. at midnight. Signed.|
P. 1. Add. Endd.
|774. Shrewsbury, Rutland, and Huntingdon to Suffolk.|
|Have just heard that the rebels of Yorkshire came yesterday to
Doncaster and swore the mayor and commons; "never sheep ran faster in
a morning out of their fold than they did to receive the said oath." The
King's letters to lord Darcy and others, which Suffolk forwarded, could
not be delivered because the rebels keep such a close watch about Pountfret
Castle. Hear the earl of Northumberland is taken. Desire that either
the lord Admiral or Sir Francis Brian may be sent to them with as many
light horse as Suffolk can spare. Southwell, 18 Oct. Signed.|
P. 1. Add. Endd.
|775. Duke of Norfolk to the Council.|
|Urges them to send money to Stamford by Saturday. His company
being above 4,000 at Cambridge cannot be divided, part home and part
northwards, till he comes to them. The expense to him will be very
great unless the King increases the wages. Assures the lords that without
money his company will take the greatest reproach without desert that ever
men did. Tarries only for an answer to the letters sent by Mr. Dudley
and John Wingfield. Will then ride post to his men and advance as fast
as he can. Would rather than to win 10,000 mks. that he and his
company, were where the duke of Suffolk now is, and furnished with money.
Hopes the lord Steward will not adventure the battle till his coming.
Ampthill, Wednesday night.|
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: resc[eived] the xix. day of October. Sealed.
|776. Norfolk and others to Henry VIII.|
|This hour we received letters from my lord Steward to your Highness
and to me, the duke of Norfolk, "which your Grace's letters ye shall receive
with this and the copy of mine the said duke." As to the haste desired by
my lord Steward; we cannot be at Doncaster before tomorrow se'nnight,
for our horses are too weak to go more than 20 miles a day. My company (Norfolk's) are at Cambridge "whom I never saw since their coming
forth," and mine (Exeter's) are stayed at Bukkingham by the countermand.
The gentlemen of Gloucestershire are at Stony Stratford. The 10,000l.
sent us will not despatch the army here and pay those who go northwards
till Sunday next. We cannot advance further than they may be paid,
without disorder ensuing. My lord Steward desires 20,000l.; wherefore
how much shall we want? The shame shall be ours and the hurt your
Highness's. Ail complain that they cannot live on 8d. a day. Amptell,
Wednesday, 7 o'clock. Signed: T. Norffolk—H. Exetar—Wyllm Sandys
—William Poulet—Willm. Kyngston—Antone Browne.|
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
|777. Sir Edw. Wyllughby to Cromwell.|
|Writes in answer to a report made to Cromwell that he has not the
love of the people in the country, and does not spend his living in convenient
and liberal manner. Has the universal love of all the people but two, who
rule all the shire after their fantasies utterly against justice. No suits or
complaints are made against him. As to spending, he that has no more
living than he, and spends more, lives not honestly and truly. Keeps as
many men servants in his house as any man in the shire under the degree of
a baron, and yet Sir Giles Strangways' lands and living double his. Wodland in Dorsetshire, 18 Oct. Signed.|
|Asked his favour last year for the sheriffwick of Dorsetshire, and desires
the same now.|
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. L.'s Remains, p. 404.
|778. Latimer and John Russell (fn. 12) to Cromwell.|
|Have examined John Scurfeld, the prisoner of Bristow, according to
Cromwell's letter. Perceives neither malice nor subtlety in him, but rather
simplicity and innocence, though his letters were written very suspiciously.
"His delight was to have them punished, which were bruited to deny the
Sacrament." He accordingly "enlarged his pen at liberty," and brought
himself into suspicion for lack of discretion, being not yet 19. He has been
"hampered" therefor meetly well already, and is now carried again to Bristow
to put in sureties for his forthcoming. Hartl[ebury], 18 Oct. Signed.|
|The bearer can tell Cromwell how he might "perfect the common wealth
about Tewkesbury." Thanks Cromwell for his goodness to him.|
In Latimer's hand, pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
Vit. B. xiv. 229. B. M.
|779. Richard Pate to Henry VIII.|
|"Pleaseth it your Highness to be advertised that after the Emperor
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . for the space of five days, and took his journey thence
towards Nise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . plenty of rain, that it did not only
increase the rivers we had to p[ass and make them in a] manner impassibles,
but also discomfited both man and beast, that to behold . . . . . . . [no] less
pity, then (than) thereof at this present tedious to make a further count
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . that passed seven rivers, that by deepness and
rapacity put the pietons of . . . . . . . . . . . . . jeopardy compelled to
wade up to the shoulders, and even thus his Mai[esty] . . . . . . . . . said
Nise, lay in a monastery without the same three days, only to keep hy . . .
. . . . . . . now lying round about him, that otherwise peradventure (spite
of all the . . . . . . . . . . . . entered the city, there abusing themselves
contrary to reason and congru[ity] . . . . . . . . . . good order in all such
things put, as well as to the contentation and quie[t . . . . . . . . . . . .
the satisfaction of the other licentious appetites, committed his camp to . . .
. . . . . . . . . . his captains, and now not well at case by these intolerable
storms suffe . . . . . . . . . . . city for his repose with all his nobles, the
gates whereof before were . . . . . . . . . . . his guard that it was lawful
for no man to enter in without a reasona[ble] . . . . . . . . . . . insomuch
as the bishop of Rome's nuncio was thereat kept at such . . . . . . . . . . . .
the Emperor's commandment declared unto him thereof, for a time he
sea[med more willing to] turn for that night into the camp, then (than) to
enter, notwithstanding Don . . . . . . . . . . . . having that province commended to his wisdom, dispensed with his pleas[ure] . . . . . . . . . place
to enter. Soon upon this the ambassador of Venice and I approaching . . .
. . . . . . . . there found a secretary of the Emperor's sent purposely from
Grandvele th . . . . . . . . . . . . . ne sick to find the mean, that we might
enter without delay as . . . . . . . . . . . we continued a sevennight,
ambiguous a great while, whether that w[e should perform the] rest of our
journey by sea or land, the truth at last disclosed. For when that [I went
to Grand]vele to know the truth, he made me answer, that it was not as yet
fully . . . . . . . . . . . unto Mount Faucolnet to know how that ambassadors
should be appointed. W . . . . . . . . . . . rant said he would know
incontinent the Emperor's pleasure, which was that . . . . . . . . . . . .
lond, unto such time that he was informed that I was sick and not able
[for the fatigues of the] voyage, the very cause (as I am informed) that the
rest were provided for . . . . . . . . . . . . charged out of ships and barks
the greatest copye of meal that I hav[e] . . . . . . . . . . for the 2,000 old
soldiers left in garrison all this winter in those parties . . . . . . . . . . . .
artillery where in ore omni populo fuit that the duke would give that . . . .
. . . . . . . . unto his Majesty for revenues of a like valour in other parties
out of . . . . . . . . . . [ad]versaries. Betwixt this and Savona we were
retained by a contrary [wind . . . . . . . . . set a land we reposed ourselves
so many mo in the mean way them . . . . . . . . . . . noctem (when our
galleys could scarce be discerned) of Monique after s . . . . . . . . . .
you; that divers gentlemen of good experience said that they never . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . cion given but of Calyce, and in divers sundry convenient
places . . . . . . . . . . . . . but tedious he took land compelled by feebleness
of body and sickness. And . . . . . . . . . . . . . gross artillery of his
camp to be disbarked, and sent by land the . . . . . . . . . . . [Alex]andria.
In Savona met with his Majesty welcoming him into . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
sent from the signory of Gene, all vestured in black gowns of v[elvet. . . .
. . . . . of the which number Master Antony Vivald, your most faith[ful
servant] . . . . . . . . sid himself with some private message unto his pr . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vessels were in great danger, and his message
performed repaired him[self and] his company there to supply his office with
the rest accordingly, and thence leaving [certain] of his colleagues behind
him departed to Gene."|
|The Venetian ambassador told me that he heard from the Emperor at the
last audience that he would remain here all October, and then go to Spain;
of which he informed the Signory, who have already chosen four
[ora] tours to congratulate him on his safe return into Italy. The Emperor
arrived at Genoa on the 11th inst., and is lodged in prince Doria's house,
but is not yet perfectly recovered of his [ill]ness caused by overmuch travel.
He has lost more of his army than he could have done by battle. On the
14th the dukes of Bavers and Brouneswike, the count Palatine, and other
German nobles took leave of him, after seeing certain notable relics, especially the bowl that Christ drank out of at the Last Supper. The Emperor
will only retain this winter 1,200 selected Almains, 8,000 Spaniards and
6,000 Italians, and has made the marquis of Guasto his captain-general,
"but what he is, that shall be of the league of the said Italy, succeeding
Antony de Leva, it is yet uncertain and unknown." Today the duchess of
Savoya came to town accompanied by the cardinal Carrachelus, governor of
Milan, the Emperor meeting her on the way, and lodging her in his palace.
From Nice the Emperor sent a gentleman with his last resolution concerning
peace to the bishop of Rome, (fn. 13) who sent back his principal secretary to the
|The contrary party desire [peace] with honest conditions, and if Milan
may be obtained, he (the French king) cares for nothing else while he lives.
The third day after I was settled in Antony Vivald's house, where I am
treated like a prince, the Signory sent three ancient men to welcome me as
your Grace's orator, whom they acknowledge as most singular patron.
Thanked them for their kindness.|
|"The 15th day of this month I was [with Gr]andvele to know if the
common rumour of the Emperor's departure into Spain were . . . . . ding
the credible information I had thereof before of like personages, for there
were other diverse of no small judgment, thinking it so far . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . the year no less past, then persuading the contrary, that they . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . succeed, except they saw him take his galley, and he
made m . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . of a surety, and that he intended not to
delay the same very . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . perceiving me by my
visage, by the tenuity of my voice, and by the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . body
at the present, that I was very sick, dismissed me with h . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . defer all further communication unto two or three days following
when I should . . . . . . . . . . . . . . and incontinent commanded one of
his servants to go to one of the Emp[eror's physicians to] monish him to
see unto me, which courtesy refused of me with . . . . . . . . . . . . should
not need for that, that he resorted unto me every other day . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . friend, that I might have him at all hours with a beck. Of
th . . . . . . . . . . . teur I shall shortly write unto your Grace, as yet to
no man perfectly . . . . . . . . . . . think that we shall not depart before
the galleys of Spain be re . . . . . . . . . . . of the contrary opinion,
believing that we are not like to tarry her[e] . . . . . . . . . . . . . present,
against when the prince Doreas hath commanded his vess[els] . . . . . . .
. . . . . . ines. All the princes of Italy that in this war remained at ho[me]
. . . . . . . . . . . these two or three days unto this city to visit his Majesty,
and to be p . . . . . . . . . . . . . . pleasure in certain things pertaining
to the tranquillity of their . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sophie hath won two
kingdoms of such as were in league with th[e Turk; of] which the one he
hath conferred upon his sister, wife to the King [of] . . . . . . . . . . . . .
slain as a violater of his faith, and the other upon one of his bro[thers] . .
. . . . . . . . . . . avanceth himself toward the dominions of the said Turk,
that [from Constanti]nople hath sent his army against this his mortal enemy.
And pre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . against the next spring, as further
your Serenity shall perceive by t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . with conveyed.
There be two postes despatched, the one to Rome and the o[ther] . . . . .
. . . . . . . . upon whose return (as they say) the Emperor taketh his
galley, purposin[g in the coming] spring to visit Italy again, as many likelihoods seemeth to a . . . . . relie require, if peace be not in
the mean season contrived, and . . . . . . . . . . . . . . niis rebelleth against
the said Turk, and demandeth aid of the Emperor . . . . . . . . . . . part
of all Greece for the intolerable taxes he now at this present askit[h] . . . .
. . . . . yne his double war intended, against whom therefore he useth great
. . . . . . . . . . . . . that also that they deny to pay his unlawful demands.
The grand [master of Rho]des is dead, as the common saying is the order of
the same alate taking . . . . . . . . . . . . . his galleys. As knoweth our
Lord God Omnipotent, who send them . . . . . . . . . . . . . . fortune to
the honour and land of his Majesty to the discomfit of . . . . . . . . . . . . .
[ene]mies, and keep your Grace Nestor's year to live in health, prosp[erity]
. . . . . . . . . . renome worthy the same, a protector and defender of his
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . crudelity encroacheth not, nor so increase as his
servants may . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . yoke of his servitude, but live quietly
the service of Chri[st. Written at] Geane, 18 Oct."|
Hol., pp. 3. Mutilated. Add. Endd.
|780. Henry VIII. to the Duke of Suffolk.|
|We have received your letters dated Lincoln 17th inst., and thank
you for your policy used "in the recovering thereof" by sending before you
our Admiral and others in your company. You desire the speedy sending
to you of Sir Anthony Browne and his band and supplies of ordnance and
munitions as expressed in your letter to the duke of Norfolk. We have
instructed Norfolk to see you furnished with all diligence, and Sir. Ant.
Browne to advance with like speed towards you with ordnance. By your
letters it appears that the rebels of Lincolnshire are not yet fully stayed, but
some attempt as much as they dare to renew the rebellion by setting up
beacons, putting themselves in harness, and appointing new assemblies.
You are to use all dexterity in getting the harness and weapons of the said
rebels brought in to Lincoln or other sure places, and cause all the boats on
the Humber or means of passage into Yorkshire to be taken up. After this,
if it appear to you by due proof that the rebels have since their retires from
Lincoln attempted any new rebellion, you shall, with your forces run upon
them and with all extremity "destroy, burn, and kill man, woman, and child
the terrible example of all others, and specially the town of Louth because
to this rebellion took his beginning in the same." We have sent you this day
a good sum of money, and will send more as required.|
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 7. Endd.: To my lord of Suffolk of
the 19th of October.
|ii. P.S.—This day Sir Francis Brian arrived about noon, and has declared
to us the state of business in those parts, with your prudent devices for the
same, for which we thank you. As [for] the coming in of Sir John
Thymbleby according to the direction of you our lieutenant, although we
resolved generally upon the punishment of all who have been with the
traitors, gentlemen and others, yet being upon their suits moved with mercy
and desiring to spare those, especially of the gentlemen who will hereafter
do us good service, you are to entertain the said Thymbleby in such sort
that others may see "we mind nothing less than their destruction," unless
they continue in their rebellion. You are to keep him with you and
promise him both to be harmless at your hands, and that you will all be
suitors for him if he will indeed serve us in the repression of the rest of
the traitors. You shall also declare openly, so that it may come to the ears
of all the rout, that all gentlemen and men of "havour" who will submit
to you and truly serve us in such sort as you shall appoint shall be sure
from bodily hurt, and that you will intercede with us for them. You shall
also make like promise to the multitude, if they will present their captains
and onsetters to you our lieutenant to be used according to our laws, and
plainly declare the means used to bring them into this misery, that you
will be suitors for them also, the towns of Louth, Horncastle, Ankaster only
excepted. We have caused an answer to be made to the articles sent by the
traitors, which we send you stamped and open that you may direct it; but
in no wise date it nor seal it but send it open. You shall cause it to be sent
to them with a special commandment that it be read openly in the hearing
of all men in their company; which we think is so conceived as of itself to
make them repent their follies and ask mercy without further tarrying.|
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 6. Endd.: The post scripta of the
letters sent to the duke of Suffolk, &c.
|R. O. St. Pap. i. 463.||2. "Answer to the petitions of the traitors and rebels in Lincolnshire."|
|"First we begin and make answer to the 4th and 6th articles, because
upon them dependeth much of the rest." Never heard that princes' counsellors
and prelates should be appointed by ignorant common people nor that they
were meet persons to choose them. "How presumptuous then are ye, the
rude commons of one shire, and that one of the most brute and beastly of
the whole realm and of least experience, to find fault with your prince for
the electing of his counsellors and prelates?" Thus you take upon yourself
to rule your prince. As to the suppression of religious houses we would
have you know it is granted to us by Parliament and not set forth by the
mere will of any counsellor. It has not diminished the service of God,
for none were suppressed but where most abominable living was used, as
appears by their own confessions signed by their own hands in the time
of our visitations. Yet many were allowed to stand, more than we by the
act needed; and if they amend not their living we fear we have much to
answer for. As to the relief of poor people, we wonder you are not ashamed
to affirm that they have been a great relief, when many or most have not
more than four or five religious persons in them and divers but one; who
spent the goods of their house in nourishing vice. As to the Act of Uses
we wonder at your madness in trying to make us break the laws agreed
to by the nobles, knights, and gentlemen of this realm, whom the same chiefly
toucheth. Also the grounds of those uses were false and usurped upon
the prince. As to the fifteenth, do you think us so faint hearted that ye of
one shire, were ye a great many more, could compel us to remit the same,
when the payments yet to come will not meet a tenth of the charges we
must sustain for your protection? As to First Fruits, it is a thing granted
by Parliament also. We know also that ye our commons have much
complained in time past that most of the goods and lands of the realm
were in the spiritual men's hands; yet, now pretending to be loyal subjects,
you cannot endure that your prince should have part thereof. We charge
you to withdraw to your houses and make no more assemblies, but deliver
up the provokers of this mischief to our lieutenant's hands and submit
yourselves to condign punishment, else we will not suffer this injury
unavenged. We pray God give you grace to do your duties and rather
deliver to our lieutenant 100 persons than by your obstinacy endanger
yourselves, your wives, children, lands, goods, and chattels, besides the
indignation of God.|
Corrected draft, pp. 8. In Sadler's hand.
|Harl. MS. 283, f. 80. B. M.||781. Henry VIII. to Lord Darcy and the Archbishop of
|"Whereas it is come to our knowledge, partly by your advertisements
and partly otherwise," that the traitors assembled in those parts have been
trained into their rebellion by false reports "noised and set forth among
them by divers most devilish and detestable persons" (copy of which false
reports we send herewith); albeit we have sent a main army for their
repression in such terrible sort as all may take example, we require you
nevertheless to declare to them on your honour and the price of your soul
that these reports are groundless, and command all those persons in that
assembly "which will be—."|
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: To the lord Darcy and the
bishop of York.
|Harl. MS. 442, f. 135, B. M.||782. Lincolnshire Rebellion.|
|Proclamation stating that rebellions have been stirred up, especially
in Lincolnshire by slanderous rumours to the effect that the King intended
to have all the gold in his subjects' hands sent in to the Tower to be touched,
and all unmarked cattalls and the chalices, &c. of parish churches, and to
exact fines for wedding, christening and burying, and licences for eating
wheaten bread, pig, goose or capon, which were never intended by him or
the Council. The rebellion has now been suppressed, and the King calls on
anyone hearing such slanderous rumours to apprehend those who spread
them. No large assemblies to be allowed without special licence. If there
are any riots in any part of the kingdom, all the people are commanded to
return home, and if after this they refuse, they will be severely punished.|
Modern copy, pp. 4.
|783. Henry VIII. to the Earl of Derby.|
|We lately commanded you to make ready your forces and go to the
earl of Shrewsbury, our lieutenant to suppress the rebellion in the North;
but having since heard of an insurrection attempted about the abbey of
Salley in Lancashire, where the abbot and monks have been restored by the
traitors, we now desire you immediately to repress it, to apprehend the
captains and either have them immediately executed as traitors or sent up to
us. We leave it, however, to your discretion to go elsewhere in case of
greater emergency. You are to take the said abbot and monks forth with
violence and have them hanged without delay in their monks' apparel, and
see that no town or village begin to assemble. We shall remember your
charges and service. We send a commission under the Privy Seal as your
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 6. Endd.: The minute to my lord of
Derby the 19th of October.
|784. The Pilgrimage of Grace.|
|R. O.||Petition to the captain of the commons of Yorkshire and York City
by the monastery of St. Mary's [Salley], (fn. 14) suppressed, 21 priests besides the
abbot, who were reinstated by the commons on the 12th inst. The church
of St. Mary's, Tadcaster, which they had in pure and perpetual alms has
been since the time of the Commons' insurrection, 8th inst., withdrawn by
Sir Arthur Darcie, who has detained the Church goods, inventory of the
abbey, &c. in Pomfret Castle. Beg they may have the above, with their
corn and tithe of "laithes" in Tadcaster, restored.|
|ii. Order for religious houses suppressed.|
|The religious persons to re-enter their houses, make a bill indented of all
their goods, delivering the one part to the farmer, and continue divine
service till "our petition be granted." They are to receive all victuals by
indenture from the farmer. "And we trust in God they shall have shortly
their right." No person to emblezzle any of their goods on pain of death.—
"By all the whole consent of the herdmen of this our pilgrimage for
|iii. Draft of a protection by Robt. Aske and other "herds of the common
wealth," to the abbey of St. Mary's, York, which has promised to aid them
in their "pilgrimage for grace."|
Corrected drafts, pp. 4.
|R. O.||2. "Md. delivered to the captain Aske and by his commandment of artillery
as appeareth hereafter:—|
|"In primis vij. c. sheaf of arrows. Item. one c. bows. Itm. xl. spears."|
|R. O.||785. Monastery of Salley to Sir Thomas Percy.|
|Petition of the abbot and convent of St. Mary of Saley of Percy's
ancestors' foundation. Beg him to consider their present need, due to the
suppression of their monastery. The whole country supports them in
entering their house and is ready to extend the pilgrimage of Christ's
Faith and the common wealth, because it is rumoured that the captain has
resigned his captainship, and that order is made for the farmers of suppressed
houses to enter and occupy, and the religious to avoid possession until the
Parliament, whereof neither place nor time is yet fixed, and this has given
rise to suspicion. They mistrust their "most sinister back friend,"
Sir Arthur Darcy, and are advised by the commons to remain in their house.
Beg to know his pleasure for the succour of their house which has been
well helped by Sir Stephen Hamerton (fn. 15) and [Ni]cholas Tempest (fn. 15) whom
they can only acquit by prayer "except it would pleas[e your good
mastership]e to minister unto them condigne . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . with your . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . further
to them and us. And so * * *|
Fragment, p. 1. Mutilated. Add. at head. Endd.: "Aske servant,
Hamerton, Nicholas Tempest, Percy."
|R. O.||786. Salley Papers. (fn. 16) |
|"A pension to the abbot of Salley."|
|The parsonage of Gisburne in Craven, Yorks., formerly belonging to the
house of Staynsfeld, Linc. "And further with what pension in money as
your good mastership shall think of charity being sore diseased and not like
long to continue."|
|R. O.||2. Paper headed "Summa Summarum" being notes, perhaps for a sermon,
maintaining that it is lawful to fight for faith and country, that men should
bear injuries done to themselves, but not those done to God and their
Lat., p. 1.
|R. O.||3. Verses for the rebels in the Pilgrimage of Grace. 16 stanzas of
seven lines each.|
|Begins: "Crist crucifyid, For thy woundes wide, Us commons guyde,
Which pilgrimes be Thrughe Godes grace For to purchache Old welth
and peax Of the Spiritualtie." Ends: "Crim (fn. 17) crame (fn. 18) and riche (fn. 19) With
three lll (fn. 20) and yer liche As some men teach God them amend And that
Aske may Without delay Here make a stay And well to end."|
|787. Henry VIII. to Sir Piers Dutton and Sir William
|Has seen Dutton's letter to Sir Thomas Audeley, the Chancellor,
declaring the traitorous demeanour of the late abbot and canons of Norton,
on the coming of the commissioners for the suppression thereof. Thanks
him for his policy used to apprehend them. Has also seen Brereton's letter
to Cromwell, and thanks him likewise. As the abbot and canons have
traitorously stirred up insurrection they are without delay to have them
hanged in such places as they think advisable for a terrible example to
Corrected draft, p. 1. Endd.: Copy of the letters to Sir Piers a Dutton
and to Sir William a Brereton 19° Octobris A° rr. Hen. VIII. 28.
Harl. MS. 6989, f. 58. B. M.
|788. The Privy Council to Norfolk, Exeter, and Sir A.
|This morning arrived a post with the enclosed letters to Norfolk, and
others to the King of which they send copy; which you will see was commanded "to have first passed by you." The King desires you to send to
my lord of Suffolk the munitions mentioned in his letter to Norfolk, and that
Sir Anth. Browne shall, with the 560 men mentioned in his Grace's last
letters and 440 more on horseback, to make up a full thousand, if they can,
advance speedily to Suffolk with the 10 pieces of ordnance before appointed
you. If they cannot make up near 1,000 horse, they must take the 560
before prepared and with them as near 1,000 foot as they can. Norfolk and
Exeter with the band of 5,100 limited to them, shall make like speed to my
lord Steward and take certain order for posts both between Lincoln and
Windsor and the places where they shall fortune to be. The King has
presently despatched to Mr. Cofferer by Dr. Leighe and Dr. Leighton 2,000l.
for your good furniture at setting out, and a special treasurer shall wait
upon you. This day there is also despatched to Mr. Gostwick over 10,000
marks, to Hattecliff with my lord of Suffolk 5,000 marks, and more shall
come after. Any bruit of want of money would be most injurious. Windsor,
19 Oct. Signed by Audeley, Cromwell, Sussex, and the bishop of
Modern copy, pp. 2. Numbered at the head: cxxiii.
|789. Rich. Cromwell to Cromwell.|
|This day we hear news that there are 6,000 persons up about Hull
intending to win the same, and, if not, to set fire to it. Sir Rauf Ellerker
lies in the town. He and his company are nearly famished, but my lord's
Grace has sent one of Mr. Tyrwitt's sons with victuals, gunpowder, &c. to
defend themselves till they shall have better succour. The traitors have
sent into Lincolnshire for aid, saying they will take care to have their
desires of any gentlemen in the shire; but as yet we hear of none assembling,
and most of the gentlemen are come in. Hopes the King will not impute
slackness to my lord's Grace. Thinks if he were here himself he could not
do otherwise, considering how busy they are in other parts and how hollow
the people here are, who would gladly join the rebels in Yorkshire, and
would rather die than "one to utter another." And though it has pleased
his Highness to say they were afraid of their shadows, in truth I never saw
gentlemen forwarder than they have been, contriving day and night how to
take the original movers; for if they were to take but two men cruelly, the
rest are so hollow they would to them in Yorkshire straight. There is but
a water between, and a thousand could cross in one night; so that they must
not be treated roughly; they must first be won, then asked about the
originators, and finally used according to their deserts. States this because
the King's council are amazed that his Highness should think they have not
done their duty. Today your servants, Mylysent and Bellowe, have come
hither, and state that your servant Mamby's father, was one of the procurers
of this treason; so it would be well you detained your said servant with you.
Lincoln, Thursday. Signed.|
Pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
Cleop. E. iv. 142.** B. M. L's Remains, 375.
|790. Bishop Latimer to [Cromwell].|
|The bearer can tell your Lordship to what effect some (fn. 21) expound the
enclosed prophecy. He has it, I trow, but of hearsay, but you can try the
truth because you love antiquities. I therefore send it by my man, that
hath heard further than I. Hartl[ebury], 19 Oct.|
Hol., p. 1.
|Ib., f. 143.||2. Copy, apparently very corrupt, of some old Latin verses lamenting the
oppression and spoliation of the Church.|
|Begins: "Sancta Sion filia, dudum in cruore
Dedicata Domino, languet in dolore."|
|Ends: "Plebem tuam, Domine, ne sinas perire
Quam redemit precium tui mortis diræ."|
|After which follows in the same hand a copy of some other verses found
graven on the stone on a high rock in St. Michael's Mount, Cornwall.
These contain a fanciful prophecy, in the style of Merlin, relating to the year
"Si pax formetur Draco Candidus egredietur
In cursu Galli ruet hinc Albania valli.
"Ad cultum fidei gaudebunt se redituro (sic),
Imperium mundi sibique dabit huic Henrici (sic)."
|791. John Gostwyk to Cromwell.|
|Please send me Anthony Rocke, for I cannot do without him. Two
of my men have fallen sore sick. I have received the King's letters to be
treasurer of my lord of Shrewsbury's army. Give me instructions about the
wages of captains, petty captains, and noblemen. A letter from you would
comfort me; I fear you are angry that you do not write. I have paid much
of my lord of Suffolk's army. Newark, Thursday night.|
|Please let me have money at once, for 20,000l. will not serve.|
Hol., p. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
|792. Sir Thomas Percy to the Subprior of Watton.|
|"Forso[much] as I am in the King's business and his commonalty
and for your . . . . and the wealth of this realm of England," I desire you
to send me by bearer two geldings. As I am forth of my own country and
it is now so ch . . . . d, I trust you will not say me nay. I am certified
you [have] a great trotting bay gelding, which I look for as one. From my
lady's manor at Semar, Thursday after St. Luke's day.|
Hol., p. 1. Add.
|793. Duke of Norfolk and Marquis of Exeter to Henry
|Will execute the King's letters just received by Sir John Dudley.
Ask the King to take it in good part if they are not with the lord Steward
as soon as necessary. The King writes that they shall receive money from
Mr. Gostwike who is with the lord Steward, but they have not enough with
them to bring their company thither. Ask to have sufficient sent them to
Stamford on Saturday. As to the King's pleasure not to advance the wages,
do not wish to put him to superfluous charge, but the men cannot live upon
their wages. Intend to divide their men under captains and allow them only
according to the King's letter. If the men grudge upon reasonable ground
for lack of money, will cause the captains to give them money out of their
own purses. Ask the King to lend them 1,000l. each, which they will
repay on their return. Wishes they had each of them here ready money for
100l. land, to be sold for 15 years' purchase. Amptell, Thursday, 9 a.m.
In Norfolk's hand. P. 1. Add. Endd.
|R. O.||794. Norfolk to [Henry VIII.].|
|"Sir, when I shall have my company at Stamford I intend to ride to
my lord Steward with a few company to consult with him what shall be best
to done (sic). I trust to hear answer of my letter fr[om] your Grace on
Sunday by noon at Stamford."|
Hol., p. 1.
|795. Sir Edw. Grey [Lord Powis] to Cromwell.|
|Complains that though he honestly bought the monastery of Stratmarcell from the late abbot and convent, and Cromwell has seen the indentures, the Chancellor of the Augmentations has directed his surveyors to
survey the abbey and lands to the King's use. "At my poor house of the
Poole" (?), 19 Oct. Signed.|
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: The paquett of K.
|796. John Schere, Prior of Launceston, to Cromwell.|
|I have sent you your fee by this bearer, whom I desire you to credit.
Launceston, 19 October.|
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell lord Privy Seal. Endd.
|797. John Husee to Lady Lisle.|
|I received your letter and had before prepared for Mr. George, your
son, six yds. velvet for a coat, which would have been made long ago but
that there was one sick in the tailor's house; but it has proved not to be
plague. Mr. John Basset will doubtless apply himself diligently to learning. I cannot yet be despatched of my lord's bill, but hope to be next
time I am at Court. My bill for the search is signed, and I trust to bring
it over with me. Lyppingcot is here, and will be shortly at Calais. London,
Hol., p. 1. Add.
On the back:—"Received of Mr. Campion the 9th of September, six
yards of black velvet."
|798. Jaques de Coucy [Sieur de Vervins] to the Deputy of
|I have received your letter and understood that the mariners of whom
I wrote are at liberty. I will inquire about the sheep taken out of the flock
of John Winbanc. If they be in this county I will have them restored and
the offenders punished. As to the four compaignons of the garrison of
Tournehen, whom you demand as having been taken at Campaignes within
your pale, I am informed they came by night to take prisoner a man at
Boucqhault, in the county of Guisnes, and on the alarm being raised other
compaignons came up, who pursued and took them. It seems to me and
others that if they had been taken within your pale in this manner, they
ought to be declared lawful prize, without infringing your neutrality. It is
not a parallel case to the man of Ardre, whom you caused to be surrendered;
because when he was taken he was not attempting anything against the
Emperor's countries. Boulogne, 19 Oct. Signed.|
Fr., p. 1. Add.
Harl. MS. 6,989, f. 59. B. M.
|799. The Privy Council to Norfolk and Exeter.|
|As by letters from my lord Steward and Suffolk it appears that the
number of the rebels increases daily, his Grace's pleasure is that you my
lord of Norfolk take with you the rest of your band above the number
appointed, which you wrote was 1,500 men or thereabouts, and that you, my
lord Marquis, likewise take the rest of your band, if you together think it
so expedient, "hosting yourselves to my lord Steward with all possible
diligence." For the more perfect keeping of Lincolnshire in quiet his
Grace has commanded my lord Chamberlain, Mr. Poulet, and Mr. Kingston
with the rest of the Gloucestershire men, not being of the 1,000 going with
you, to furnish, if possible, 2,000 persons on horseback and on foot at
Ampthill, and send them with speed to my lord of Suffolk. And as the
matter seems hot and dangerous his Grace desires you, my lord of Norfolk,
to advertise him by bearer whether you think it expedient he should levy an
army and advance in person against the rebels. Windsor, 20 Oct. Signed
by lord Chancellor Audeley, Cromwell, Oxford, Sussex, and the bishops of
Hereford and Chichester.|
Modern copy, numbered at the head "cxxiv.," pp. 2. With a note that
the orig. is endd. "In secundo exitu versus Doncastre." (fn. 22)
|800. Norfolk to the Council.|
|I have this hour received your letters dated Windsor 19th inst.,
mentioning letters I should receive in the packet which were first directed to
me. There are no such. You write to me to send my lord of Suffolk
munitions, contained in a letter sent to me. I have received no such letter,
and if I had, could not do it, as I am 25 miles from Amptell, and have
this day despatched the rest of my company that shall go home. Concerning
the number to be sent to Sir Anthony Browne, it is now too late, he being
at Staunford, and all the army appointed to come to Amptell sent home,
and he having 600 horse only of the best of that company. As to his
taking ten pieces of ordnance, I never heard of such an appointment. He
has none, and I only six falconets and 20 small iron pieces carried in two
carts. I have only 1,000 bows, 1,000 sheaf of arrows, and 500 bills, and
can part with none of it to my lord of Suffolk. I marvel that Sir Anthony
Browne should have so many, unless there is some new rebellion in Lincolnshire, and that you would have my lord of Suffolk join my lord Steward
before my coming. I am apt to think that some desire great company more
for glory than necessity. Touching the 2,000l. to be sent me, you will see
by Atclyff's letter enclosed that I shall only have 1,200l. Where you, my
lord Privy Seal, write that in ten days I shall have a sufficient sum to
vanquish these rebels, neither my lord Marquis nor I will be able to keep
our companies so long without money. My brother William has not yet
arrived. Tomorrow I shall be at Huntingdon. I had 1,500l. of my own at
starting, without which "here would have be ill work. The pension of
France hath now done no hurt to me nor the King's affairs." In haste at
Cambridge, Friday at 10 p.m.|
Hol., pp. 2. Endd.: My lord of Norfolk to the Council, 20 Oct.,
28 Hen. 8.
|801. Thos. Hatteclyff to the Duke of Norfolk and the Lords
of the King's Council.|
|This morning came to Ampthill my lord your brother William,
Dr. Lyghton, and Dr. Lee, and delivered 2,000l. to Mr. Cofferer, who
delivered the remainder of it, 1,200l., to me to convey to your Grace to
Stamford. I, thinking you were here at Huntingdon tonight, brought it
here with me; where Mr. Freman brought me a letter from my lord
Privy Seal mentioning that I should receive 3,000l. from the said Freman, to
be employed in Lincolnshire. Freman "requireth me to the receipt
thereof," but I have put him off till I come to Stamford tomorrow.
Huntington, 20 October.|
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
|R. O.||2. Received, 20 Oct. 28 Henry VIII., of Dr. Leighton and Dr. Lee,
1,999l. in crowns of the sun, for the payment of the rest of the army not
discharged, and for my lord of Norfolk's prest. Signed: By me, Edmund
|802. Norfolk to the Earls of Shrewsbury, Rutland, and
|Has received their letters of the 18th inst., and written to the King,
as by the copy they shall perceive. The King has sent him to "associate"
them; and to such men he will with good-will come, and to the lord Steward,
in particular, as to a father and leader. Scribbled at Cambridge, 20 Oct.|
Copy, p. 1. Endd: "Copy of my lord of Norfolk's letter to my lord
Steward;" and again: To my lord Steward, and my lord of Rutland, and
my lord of Huntington.
|803. Sir William Poulet and Sir William Kyngeston to
[the Lords of the Council].|
|"These shall be to advertise your good lordships" that this Friday,
at Bekinsfeld, between 6 and 7 p.m., we received your letters by Mr. Wells,
containing the King's pleasure for us to stay 2,000 of the army discharged
at Ampthill, and send them with speed to my lord of Suffolk. All the
army that came to Ampthill are discharged, except 5,000 that my lord of
Norfolk and my lord Marquis have, and 560 horse with Mr. Browne. The
rest, being mostly horsed, made haste home to spare their charges, but we
shall this night return to Ampthill and do our best. This Friday, the last
of the army were despatched, and my lord Marquis departed. On Thursday
last, my lord of Norfolk departed, and we, with the cofferer (fn. 23) and others, have
since delivered to the master of the ordnance the ordnance and ammunition,
&c. to be brought to the Tower and to Windsor; so there remains no more
stuff but Mr. Bryan's. The 2,000l. sent by Mr. Leighton and Mr. Lee we
have used:—300l. to pay what was unpaid, 500l. sent to my lord of Norfolk,
1,200l. delivered to Mr. Atclif for my lord of Norfolk, with which and 500l.,
remainder of 1,000l. he had to "prest" those who have gone forward, he
has ridden to my lord of Norfolk. He desires to know whether to tarry
with Norfolk or Suffolk. Let Mr. Gostwyke and him have no lack of money,
and all shall go well; for my lord of Norfolk, and my lord Marquis and
their company went forward very willingly, and those who were returned
were sorry to return. You write we are to make up the number with footmen rather than fail; "footmen shall in this deep time of winter make little
speed." We will do our best to get horsemen. Send money for their
"prest" for six or eight days.|
|Number of the army at this time assembled, 19,394: whereof—prested
forwards with my lord of Norfolk's own band, 2,000; with him of Gloucestershire men, 1000; with Sir Ant. Browne, 560; with my lord Marquis, 2000;
the residue, returned, were able and well furnished.|
|After setting forward the 2,000 we shall repair to the Court. "This
despatch" has been made by my lord of Norfolk to the King's honour and
the people's satisfaction, "saving that their return was displeasant to them."
This matter proves more diffuse as the cofferer with the books has this day
left Ampthill. Bekinsfelde, Friday night. Signed.|
In Paulet's hand, pp. 4.
|R. O.||2. Cover apparently of the preceding letter, addressed in the same hand
to the lord Privy Seal and other lords of the Council.|
Endd.: Master Comptroller and Master (blank—).
|R. O.||804. — to his Cousin Towneley.|
|"Cousin Towneley," I have received a letter from Mr. Captain in
this our Pilgrimage of Grace to raise the commons of Lancashire. I am
displeased with your brother for not being sworn, it "being reported he
should be very near that time;" but that I refer to your wisdom. I have
sent to the commons of Lancaster side for taking of the gentlemen who
favour us; I doubt not but you shall have great pleasure thereby. I send a
copy of the said letter from him by consent of barons and commonalty,
"that upon sight thereof ye fail not with all your company to be on— (fn. 24)
Thewseday next by— (fn. 24) of the clock in all your best array, as ye will
avoid displeasure of the contrary doing."|
|805. At Barlings Abbey.|
|"[The co]nfess[ion] of Mathue busshop of Calsidone and commendatory of our blessed Lady of Barlinges," Linc., 20 Oct., 28 Henry VIII.|
|On Thursday, 5 Oct., in the way from Barlings Monastery to Barlings
Grange, a number of men, well horsed, came up to him and compelled him
to return with them to Barlings. Asked the protection of one of the
leaders, "my old lady Tailbois chaplain, called Sir Edmund," who said the
monastery should have no harm if he gave the party meat and drink. Gave
them beef and bread, and also the meat that was on the spit for his brethren's
supper. In the night a great number of persons forcibly entered the
house and slept in the chambers and on the "hay mowes." The two
leaders—, (fn. 25) of Wragby or thereabouts, commanded that he and his
brethren should prepare to go with them to the fields. The abbot said they
would come and sing the Litany, leaving them to do as they pleased. Then
the two leaders said they would either have horse or money to buy horse,
or he should smart for it, and the abbot gave them each a crown and begged
them to be content. He said it was contrary to their vow to wear harness,
but the two chieftains swore they should; whereupon the abbot turned to
the altar to hear mass, trembling so that he could unnethe say his service.
The same day came Thomas Kirton of Scothorn, and said he had the night
before met 80 horse coming to fire the monastery, because the abbot would
not relieve the host, but he showed them 200 were lodged there. Kirton
also said Mr. Sampoull, a man of fourscore, had been taken from his bed to
be sworn, and to send his son and heir with them; and that Mr. Thomas
Litilbury sent the abbot word, as advice, to please the "ungracious company."
Bartilmew Becroft of Appullay, after this, on Friday, charged him in the
name of the sheriff to bring to the rout all his house, with all the harness
and victuals he could. A man dwelling in the Marsh told him Mr.
Willoughbybye (sic) intended to "take up" his monastery that Friday if
he were not compliant. Then came Wm. Wright and Thomas Herlay, and
commanded him, in the name of the grand captain of the whole host,
Mr. Willoughbybye (sic), to meet the host at Langwathe Lane End with
his brethren and harness and victuals. Came with beer, bread, cheese, and
six bullocks, which he there presented to Mr. Willoughby and the sheriff,
begging that he and his brethren might return home. Willoughby, seeing they
were tall men, would not consent, but assigned Thomas Dymmock of Carleton
to choose such as he thought fit. Dymmock, hearing there were 20 brethren,
first demanded 16, but finally was content with a promise of six, Thos.
Brodley, Hen. Sadbar, Ric. Caton, Wm. Herseham, Wm. Kendall, and
Jas. Warton, who were sent next day, and Mr. Sampcotes was their captain.
The abbot pressed the captains to proclaim what victuals he had brought,
supposing thereby to appease the rout. (fn. 26) He also got a passport to gather
victuals for the host, intending, under that pretext, to escape out of the
country the next Sunday, but was stayed by hearing other counties were
risen besides Lincolnshire.|
Pp. 8, worn and injured by damp.
Hist. MSS. Com. Report VI., 445.
|806. The Earl of Derby.|
|Commission to levy men in Lancashire and thereabouts. 20 Oct.,
28 Hen. VIII.|
|ii. Henry VIII. to the Earl of Derby.|
|(The letter of which, No. 783, dated 19 Oct., is a draft.) 20 Oct.,
28 Hen. VIII.|
|2. Letter from the earl of Derby to the gentlemen upon the same.|
|R. O.||807. Thomas [Stanley] (fn. 27) to Lord Darcy.|
|I have had a most painful journey, and am lame with riding. My
lord of Derby is determined to be against the commons, and on Thursday
night had a letter from the King to raise men and join the earl of Shrews
bury. He has in commission all Lancashire, Cheshire, North Wales, and
Staffordshire, except what Shrewsbury has. He show[ed me] the commission, and said no ancestor of his had ever had the like; I answered, "no
more should he no[ther have] had" but to aid my lord Crumwell and
others. "I talked so lon[g with him] that he was displeased." The people
are wholly with the commonalty, but he is very stiff. It will be Wednesday
next before he can set forward with my lord Mounteg[le]. On Thursday
the commons beyond Psalley rose and took Mr. Hamerton; if one quarter
of Lancashire rise the rest will. This day I spoke with a servant of Lord
Mountegle's, who came from the Court. The bearer will give you his
news. "Your beadsman and son, Thomas . . . . ."|
Hol., p. 1. Mutilated. Add.: To my lord.
Cott. Appx., 1., 65. B. M.
|808. [Suffolk and Fitzwilliam to Henry VIII.]|
|Have received his letters of the 18th of this month, October, and heard
John Winkfeld's credences. Trust that their coming to Stamford with such
speed was no hindrance to the "sparpling" of the rebels. Since their
arrival have done all they could for the King. Whatever reports he has
heard, the truth is that when "I your lieutenant and I your admiral," with
Ric. Crumwell, arrived at Stamford on Tuesday week, we found Sir John
Russell, Sir Fras. Bryan, and Sir Wm. a Parre with only 900 men, and no
ordnance or money. If the number had been as great as was reported,
we would not have staid as long as we did, till the following Sunday. While
there the retinues of "me your lieutenant, and others" came in, so that by
Friday noon there were 5,000 men, of whom 3,000 were horsed and
harnessed, and the rest had neither horse, harness, nor weapon. Hearing
that the rebels began to "sparple," either for fear of my lord Steward at
Nottingham or for fear of us, as the artillery arrived on Friday, we thought
it well to discharge those who had no arms, because the rebels hearing of it
would think we considered ourselves strong enough to beat them, and
because if those without weapons had been supplied there would have been
but few left for the lord Steward, and because they wanted harness, and if
it came to a fight 3,000 well equipped would be sufficient. Intended to
march forward on Saturday, and desired the lord Steward to do the same,
who answered that he could not leave Nottingham till he had money, and
that he would not march till h[e had] answer of the King's pleasure concerning the . . . . . . sent to the King by the herald Lan[caster]. Waited,
therefore, till Sunday, and then set forward, and desired the lord Steward to
do the same. It is 36 miles from Stam[ford] to Lincoln. "I your
lieutenant" marched 10 miles that night with the ordnance. At the [place]
where I lodged lord Talbot and Sir Marmaduke Constable came from the
lord Steward "desyring me on his behalf in suche * * *|
Mutilated. Pp. 2. In the hand of Fitzwilliam's clerk.
|809. Ric. Branborowe alias Spiser, of Bath, to Cromwell.|
|Complains that Sir Walter Hungerford, lord Hungerford, caused him
to be wrongfully imprisoned at Bath, 20 Oct., 28 Hen. VIII., on a charge
of speaking unseemly words, whereas he never knew what [the] prophesy
did mean. Is an old man with a wife and children. Begs Cromwell to
write to the mayor of Bath to accept sureties for him.|
On parchment. Add: "Sir Thomas Cromwell, knt., lord Privy Seal."
|810. William Dynham to Cromwell.|
|Since my suit for the "annual decimes and primer fruits" of the
school of Wyke St. Mary in Cornwall, the bishop of Exeter has demanded
one year's tithe of the schoolmaster "not yet brought in corporal possession,"
and desired the bearer, then sheriff, to serve process against him for it,
which he has hitherto forborne on my report of your goodness in the same.
I fear the bishop will make further trouble without your letters. Lyfton,
20 Oct. Signed.|
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
|811. Sir John Donne to Cromwell.|
|In behalf of the bearer, Jas. Starkey, who desires to be received into
Cromwell's service. 20 Oct. Signed.|
P. 1, Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
|812. John Husee to Lord Lisle.|
|Recommends the bearer, some time since attendant on Lisle in
Somersetshire. He can shoot well and sing and play at organs. I told him
you were already full of servants. London, 20 Oct.|
Hol., p. 1. Add.
|813. John Husee to Lady Lisle.|
|This day I received yours of the 9th, and am sorry you are so much
displeased with me for my last writing. I thought I could do no less than
inform you as I was credibly informed; "for I am not of a nature to keep
long venom in my stomach, notwithstanding it grieved me not a little." I
think I have not so deserved. Sendy writes that your ladyship is displeased
with him also, for which I am very sorry. He never advertised me of anything touching my lord and your ladyship. Mr. Skryven can inform you
about my lord's causes. Mr. George Goodall went eight days ago for him
and is not yet come back. Mr. Holt calls for money and says you wrote
that he should have been paid ere this. "And where your ladyship writeth
that you write not all you think or may, your ladyship may like a noble
woman write and think at your pleasure, as reason is; and such poor men as
I am must do as well as God will give us grace." London, 20 Oct.|
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 20, 27 Oct.
|814. Thos. Fowler to Cromwell.|
|In accordance with Cromwell's letters the wines of the two British
(Breton) ships shall be safely kept, and if the owners apply for them, Fowler
will direct them to make their suit to the King and Cromwell. Calais, 20 Oct.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd. erroneously: Dec. 20.
Add. MS. 32,646, f. 89. B. M.
|815. Queen Margaret to Henry VIII.|
|Hopes Henry will comply readily with her desire lately expressed, or
at least that he will send a secret servant to whom she may show her mind.
It concerns both his interest and hers. Henry has doubtless heard of the
contract of marriage between her son and the French king's daughter.
Believes he will ask Henry's "counsel" to the same as is reasonable.
Hopes Henry will consider her honor, as the French king will, for the honor
of his daughter. He will never have one so devoted to him in this realm
as herself. Will think it long till his answer come. Thanks Henry for the
nobleness he has shown her daughter, who will never have her blessing if
she do not all he commands her. 20 Oct.|
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.