Henry VIII
October 1536, 21-25

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1888

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'Henry VIII: October 1536, 21-25', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 11: July-December 1536 (1888), pp. 315-349. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=75481 Date accessed: 01 October 2014.


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October 1536, 21-25

21 Oct.
R. O.
816. Henry VIII. to Norfolk.
We have received your letters, dated Cambridge, Friday at 10 o'clock, declaring your loyalty and the politic means you have devised against the rebels now assembled in the North parts. Thanks him profusely. "And whereas in your said letters, right prudently weighing and considering the diversity between these rebels and thothers lately up in Lincolnshire," he has thought it expedient first to temper them, if it might be, with policy, and devised a letter to be sent to them by himself and Shrewsbury for that purpose (of which, according to the copy, the King highly approves); and and if those means would not serve, to proceed against them with force, as the case might require, having meanwhile taken special regard to the fortification of the bridges at Nottingham and Newark and all other passages, so that the rebels shall be either enforced within short time to meet the strength of our forces or disperse; the King thinks all his devices well planned. He is therefore to write to the earl of Shrewsbury desiring him to settle himself [at Newark] (fn. 1) in such a strong place as he may keep without danger till Norfolk come to him. He shall with all speed arrange with him for the keeping of the bridges of Newark and Nottingham and the passages thereabouts, that the rebels may nowhere have any passage out of Yorkshire. The King has the surety of the earl of Shrewsbury and the speedy furniture of those two bridges and the other passages so much at heart that Norfolk's advertisement thereof shall be more acceptable than a present of 10,000l., for we hear the rebels have come near our said cousin. We send you a certain oration lately made by some of our subjects touching the malice and iniquity of this rebellion and a proclamation thereupon devised by our council to be sent to all parts of the realm. By these you may the better furnish your letters to be sent to the rebels, and you may further set forth the said book and proclamation as you may think most expedient to induce the traitors to submit and [encourage] your soldiers to the greater detestation of this abominable rebellion attempted by them of Yorkshire.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 9 (the first leaf found apart). Endd.: Copy of my lord of Norfolk's letter, 21° Octobris, anno rr. Hen. VIII. 28.
[21 Oct.]817. The Council to the Duke of Norfolk.
We have received your letters dated at Cambridge, 20th inst., at 10 p.m., showing that you had received our letters there and could not therefore comply with the King's letters of the 19th concerning the furniture of Sir Anthony Browne with men and 10 pieces of ordance, and of Suffolk with the artillery and munitions which he intended should have been conveyed to him from Ampthill. We have shown your letters to the King for your excuse. His Highness never intended that Suffolk should join with my lord Steward before your coming, nor that there is any new rebellion attempted in Lincolnshire so far as we know: yet he had reasons for sending Suffolk new succours and ordnance, because the rebels in Yorkshire had grown to a great multitude, and might allure these hollow hearted and new reconciled fellows in Lincolnshire to their faction. Moreover Suffolk has by the King's commandment sent to Shrewsbury most of the ordnance he had with him, and has also sent to Sir Ralph Ellerker part of his men and munitions for the defence of Hull. Thus you can perceive how necessary it is he should have a strength to remain at Lincoln near the frontiers of Yorkshire. Mr. Atcliff will see you supplied with money.
Draft in Derby's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: Letters from the Council to my lord of Norfolk.
[Oct.]
R. O.
818. Captains of Holderness.
Names of the captains of Holderness which came first to Hull about St. Wilfred's Day, the 12th inst.:—Ambler of Preston, bailiff of a wapentake, Ric. Kenney, of Keyngham; the proctor of Ottringham, and Robt. Lamyn, of Ottringham. Their message was to have Sir John Constable, Sir John Constable his son, and Sir Wm. Constable, of Hatfelde.
The second time, viz., Saturday or Sunday following, came to Hull from Beverley:—Rudston, "with a perle in his eye," Stapleton, s. and h. to Stapleton, a fellow of Grayes Inn, and Metam, s. and h. to Mr. Metam. Their message was to have harness, men, money, and ordnance. Henrison, Kemsey, and Brown were pledges for Hull.
The third time there came to Hull Mr. Grymston, of Cottingham, Quarton, of Hullbridge, the proctor of Cottingham, named Smith, "as they suppose," and Webster, of Beverley.
The fourth time:—Ambler aforesaid, Wright, a gentleman, Kenney, and Thompson, farmer of the ferry boat at Hasell. Their message was to have Sir Ralph Ellerker and Sir John Constable.
"Guy Kayme, Thomas Dunne, and Aske were the messengers that came out of Lincolnshire to infect the residue. My lord Admiral's priest."
Pp. 2.
21 Oct.
R. O.
819. Henry VIII. to the Town of Hull.
Thanks them for their defence of the town. Promises not to forget their loyalty. Is sending such several armies as will destroy the traitors if they continue together. Has ordered his Council at Lincoln to see to their relief, 21 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII.
Draft, p. 1. Endd: Copy of letters to the mayor and inhabitants of Kingston-upon-Hull.
21 Oct.
R. O.
820. Henry VIII. to Sir Ralph Ellerker, Jun.
Thanks him for his endeavours to defend Hull from the rebels. Promises not to forget his loyalty. Is sending such several armies as, will destroy the traitors if they continue together. Windsor, 21 Oct., 28 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Endd.: Copy of the letters to Sir Ralph Ellerker, the younger.
21 Oct.
R. O.
821. Henry VIII. to—.
A circular letter thanking the person addressed for his obedience to the summons of the commissioners of musters on the breaking out of the rebellion in Lincolnshire. The King, on hearing that it was appeased, deferred his journey to Ampthill, and caused many of his subjects to return home; but, understanding that there is a like assembly made in Yorkshire, although he has already sent forces against them, which he hopes will soon repress the same, thinks it necessary to have an army royal in case he should require to advance against the rebels in person, and has appointed the person addressed, with—able men, of whom—shall be archers, to attend him. Commands him to be ready to advance at an hour's warning, to such place as shall be appointed Windsor, 21 Oct., 28 Hen. VIII.
P.S.—Commands him to attend at Northampton by 7 Nov., with his company.
Pp. 2.
R. O.2. Another copy. Signed with a stamp.
R. O.3. Another copy, unsigned, and without the postscript.
Much mutilated, pp. 2.
21 Oct.
R. O. St. Pap. I. 488.
822. Wriothesley to Cromwell.
No letters have arrived since Cromwell's departure except from Norfolk to the Council. He says that of the 2,000l. sent by Leighe and Leighton there remain to be conveyed to him but 1,200l., and he can send no munitions to Suffolk, as he has heard nothing of the 10 pieces of ordnance appointed to be conveyed with Mr. Browne. Suffolk is quite unfurnished, as he sent all he had to my lord Steward, and Norfolk would not make much haste in the conveyance of them, for he writes, "I marvel what such a number of men as goeth with Sir Anthony Browne should do at Lincoln, except men would have them more for their glory than their need, unless they shall go to my lord Steward." Hatcliff also, it seems by Norfolk's letters, knows not that he should be treasurer with my lord of Suffolk, for he desires to know what to do with 3,000l. which Freman wrote that he had to deliver to him for Suffolk's use. The King's pleasure is you shall with all diligence send out 100 books to be distributed by several messengers by my lords Suffolk, Norfolk, Steward, and others. All the said 1,200l. is gone with my lord of Norfolk, so that my lord Marquis, being behind, has not a penny to convey himself and his train toward my lord Steward. You had better send him 400l. or 500l. with all speed. Windsor, 21 Oct.
Hol. Add.: My lord Privy Seal. Endd.
21 Oct.
R. O.
823. The Council to [Paulet and Kingston]. (fn. 2)
We have received your letters dated at Bekynsfeld last night, and showed them to the King, who thanks you for your diligence, and desires you will endeavour to furnish 2,000 men, and according to his former letters, cause them to be sent, with good leaders, to the duke of Suffolk. His Grace sends by the bearer 1,000 mks. for their conduct money. You are to be careful in spending it, and see the remainder, if any be, at your repair hither, delivered to his Majesty's own hand. He also desires that if the munitions and ordnance delivered again to the master of the ordnance be not so far returned from Ampthill that it would be long before you could retire the same, you shall in any wise send to my lord of Suffolk one cartload of bills, one cartload of bows and arrows, a third of javelins, with strings, and 10 pieces of ordnance, which should have been conveyed to him with Sir Anthony Brown's train. But if you cannot recover the same to Ampthill you shall cause the master of the ordnance to bring the rest of that ordnance and all the other munitions that were at Ampthill hither to Windsor, and by no means to London. And if you cannot furnish my lord of Suffolk from that which was at Ampthill and the other at Stamford, write at once to my lord Privy Seal, now at London, to appoint some honest persons from thence to see my lord of Suffolk furnished.
Corrected draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: From the Council to my lord of Norfolk, 21° Octobris anno rr. H. VIII. 28. One sentence inserted in the lower margin by Audeley.
[21 Oct.]
R. O.
824. Sir William Paulet and Sir William Kyngston to Cromwell.
This Saturday night, Mr. Greneway changing his horse at Amptell, showed them the news in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire, and of the duke of Suffolk and Lord Admiral, and how these have stayed Sir Ant. Brown in Stamforde, thinking themselves strong enough with the help of the gentle men of the country. Think the communication between Sir Ralph Ellerker and the rebels of Yorkshire shows that on the appearance of the duke of Norfolk and lord Steward's forces they will withdraw, like those of Lincolnshire, more for dread than loyalty, wherein is great peril. Doubt of their proceedings to make the 2,000 men and set them into the King's charge till they know his Grace's further pleasure. Desire to know the King's pleasure, and till then will lie still. "Every gentleman's band discharged upon the musters be home into their countries," and so severed that they cannot be suddenly collected. The best horsed men went with Sir Francis Brian, and since with Sir Ant. Brown, so that the rest will be footmen, and not more than 500 or 600 in all. Amptell, Saturday night. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
21 Oct.
R. O.
825. Norfolk to the Council.
Has just received their letters. It will not be possible to gather again his whole company in so short a time, as above 2,000 were sent home yesterday. Thinks the same as to my lord Marquis' company. Does not think it possible to send 2,000 more to Lincolnshire, nor that it will be necessary upon such order as he will take, which Rogers will show. Will go to my lord Steward with all haste. Cambridge, this Saturday.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 21 Oct. Anno rr. 28.
R. O. St. Pap. i.485. (fn. 3) 826. Lancaster Herald's Mission.
"The manner, fashion, and ordering of me, Lancaster, herald at arms," sent from Scroby, 21 Oct., by the earl of Shrewsbury, steward of the Household and lieutenant-general from Trent northward, and the earls of Rutland and Huntingdon, to Pomffrett to read a proclamation to the rebels assembled there.
As he approached Pomfret, overtook companies of common people of husbandry who saluted and gave great honour to the King's coat of arms which he wore. Asked why they were assembled in harness, and they answered to prevent the "comontte" and Church being destroyed; for, they said no man should bury, christen, wed, or have beasts unmarked without paying a tax and forfeiting the beast unmarked to the King's use. Told them such things had never been thought of. In riding into the town got promise of 300 or 400 to go home, and resorted to the Market Cross to make proclamation. Was sent for in going thither by Robt. Haske, captain of the host, being in the castle. On entering the first ward found "many in harness of very cruel fellows," and a porter with a white staff, and at each of the two other ward gates a porter with his staff and harnessed men. Was brought into a hall full of people and commanded to await the captain's pleasure. Was standing at the high table in the hall declaring the proclamation, when Haske sent for him into his chamber, "and there keeping his port and countenance as though he had been a great prince with great rigour and like a tyrant, who was accompanied with the archbishop of York, the lord Darcy, Sir Robt. Counstable, Mr. Magnus, Sir Christopher Danby, and divers other." Saluted the archbishop and lord Darcy, showing the cause of his coming, "and then the said Robt. Aske, with a cruel and inestimable proud countenance, stretched himself, and took the hearing of my tale," to which he gave no reverence, but "supersticiusly" demanded my proclamation, which I took from my purse and gave him. He read it openly without reverence to any person, and said he would of his own wit answer it. Then standing in the high place of the chamber, he said:—"Herald, as a messenger you are welcome to me and all my company, intending as I do, and this proclamation sent from the lords shall not be read at the Market Cross nor amongst my people who are all in accordance with our articles, determined to see a reformation or die." I asked what his articles were, and he said one was to go with his company to London on pilgrimage to the King to have all vile blood put from his Council and noble blood set up again; to have the faith of Christ and God's laws kept, and restitution for wrongs done to the Church, and the "comonte" used as they should be. I asked for this in writing, as my capacity would not serve to bear it away. So he called for the oath he gave his people and said the articles were in it, and delivered it to me, offering to put his hand to it. I prayed him to put his hand to it, and he did so, saying with a proud voice "This is mine act who so ever say to the contrary." I fell on my knee saying I was charged by the King's councillors to read my proclamation. He refused me leave, but said I should have safe conduct at all times to bring messages, if I wore the King's coat of arms; and that if my lord of Shrewsbury or other lords wished to speak with him they should have safe conduct. He said "Herald, recommend me to the lords fro whence you come, and say to them that it were meet that they were with me, for it is for all their wealths that I do." Then he commanded lord Darcy to give me two crowns reward, whether I would or no, and led me out of the castle and proclaimed that I should have safe conduct to come and go in the King's coat. He took leave and reentered the castle "in high honour of the people as a traitor may. And I missed my horse, and I called to him again for to have my horse, and then he made a proclamation that whoso held my horse and brought him not again immediately bade kill him without mercy. And then both my horse was delivered to me; and then he commanded that 20 or 40 should bring me out of the town." I think if I might have read the proclamation all the "plough comounte" would have gone home, for they say they are weary of the life they lead, and if any oppose the captain's will he shall die. "And this all to be true I the said Lancaster hath written this with my hands and true report as mine oath is. Lancaster Herralde."
Pp. 3. Endd.: The Declaration of the Herald.
R. O.2. [The intended proclamation of Lancaster Herald].
The King, considering the proneness of commons to believe light tales and to rebel without cause, esteems "this, your rebellion (ye commons of the North)," to proceed from such light causes, taking great unkindliness that you, his Northern subjects, have shown so much unnaturalness. For he thinks that in recompense for his pains, trouble, and charges for your sakes ye might have forborne your unlawful assemblies, and sued him by petition declaring your griefs, till either he had given you some unreasonable answer or declared those surmises to be true, viz., that you should not christen, bury, wed, eat bread of wheat, pigs, geese, or capons without paying a tribute; that you should have no parish church within five miles of another, that your beasts should be marked, &c., which ye may now, by our Sovereign's proclamation, perceive to be most false and spiteful inventions, and devised by their authors, for their own purpose, to bring the country to ruin and give place to our ancient enemies the Scots. Now since ye have shown your unnaturalness without cause to his Majesty, he thinks ye can do no less than be sorry that you have abused (and thereby run into deadly sin) your fidelity. "Wherefor the King's Majesty, which hath chief charge both of your souls and bodies, exhorteth you in Christ, as a pitiful shepherd over his sheep," that you now cry God and him mercy and pardon. If I, his poor officer of arms, perceive you ready to submit in such order as he shall appoint, his Highness has commanded me to declare his general pardon for all insurrections and felonies done before the first day of— (fn. 4) ten persons only excepted. Now, sirs, note the benignity of your prince! Now note how, &c., &c.
In Sadler's hand. Pp. 5.
Commences: "Forasmuch as the King's Majesty, our most gracious and natural Sovereign lord," &c.
Ends: "For ye had never so merciful a King and Sovereign."
R. O.3. Proclamation in the King's name, headed, "George, Earl of Shrewsbury, &c." noting the existence of various slanderous rumours by which the people have been moved to rebellion [in Yorkshire], (fn. 5) and have given the King lawful occasion to advance with fire and sword against them, their wives, and children.
Unfinished. Draft in Derby's hand. Pp. 2.
R. O.4. Proclamation in the King's name for the rebels who have been misled by false reports of things never intended by the Council to return to their houses.
Draft, in Sampson's hand, p. 1. Endd.: The minute of the letter sent to the traitors.
R. O.827. The Lincolnshire Rebellion.
"All these persons following were presented by the whole country as notable offenders."
Wm. Marshal, Roland Barker, Thos. Dixon, Wm. Gaynesborough, Robt. Michel, Thos. Kingston, Thos. Webster, John Parkinson, John Sparling, John Walker, John Bagett, Jas. Dawson, Wm. Colyson, Wm. Smyth of Louthe, Thos. Noble, John Plumer, Henry Plumer, Robt. Hudson, Wm. Harison, Wm. Nixon, Ric Philipson, Jas. Wilson, Robt. Cutnam, Robt. Haule, Wm. Parsons, Edward Richardson, Thos. Richardson, John Warde, and Thomas Ogle.
ii. "Others that were great offenders and put to bail."
Guy Kyme, John Fissher priest of Skarthey, John Lyon priest of Biscarthorpe, John Manbye of Louth; Thos. Brodley, Ric. Catton, Wm. Holme, and James Whauton, canons of Berlinges; Sir—parson of Dodington, Robt. Yolle priest of Louth, Ric. Neve of Horncastle, Wm. Holton priest of Louth, Sir Ralph Grey priest; John Heron, Wm. Gregory, John Ambrose, Wm. Conesby, Ric. Leighton, and Henry Jenkinson, monks of Bardeneye; the abbot of Kirkestede, Reynold Kirbye, Wm. Ripon, and Hugh Ledney, monks of Kirkstede; Thomas Moyne gentleman, Wm. Woodmansey of Ketleby, [John Heron monk], (fn. 4) John Wade of Boston.
Added a little way below, but struck out afterwards:—
[Ant. Curteys], (fn. 6) (—Donne of Thornton, struck out "for he is neither prisoner in warde nor upon sureties.")
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Names in column.
R. O.2. "The names of such prisoners as be let to bail upon recognizance."
The sureties and prisoners are in two columns and are of Lincolnshire. The names of sureties number 145, of prisoners 79. Of the latter the names Guy Kayme, Anthony Curtesse, and Thos. Ratforde, priest, are each marked with a cross.
ii. "The names of prisoners remaining in the castle at Lincoln," 29 in number (the same names as in § li.)
Pp. 9. The last three in a different hand from the rest.
R. O.3. Another list of offenders, viz.:—
Wm. Smythe of Louthe, Thos. Noble, John Palmer, Robt. Hudson, Wm. Harison, Wm. Naxon, Ric. Philipson, Robt. Cotnam, Wm. Persons, Guye Kyme (and the other names in § 1., ii., down to Hen. Jenkynson, monk of Bardney.
P. 1.
21 Oct.
R. O.
828. The Lincolnshire Rebellion.
i. Examined at Lincoln, 21 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII.
(1.) Nich. Melton of Louth, shoemaker, says Thomas Foster, yeoman of 10l. of land, dwelling in Louth, who has appeared here and sworn on Sunday after Michaelmas Day last at procession time, having three crosses of silver there borne, said they should never follow the crosses again. John Wylson, (fn. 7) sawyer, who has not yet appeared here, reported this from man to man; to do which Robt. Norman, (fn. 8) roper, not yet here appeared, gave him a penny.
A number of people gathered at the choir door after evensong and took the keys from the churchwardens "for saving [of the chu]rche jewels," and deponent got them to keep. The church has been watched ever since. On Monday morning about 100 of the town met at the church door and by the exhortation of divers (names 17, of whom Hen. Saunderson, Thos. Manbye, labourer, John Stokker, cobbler, John Stacye, cobbler, — Walker, labourer, and — Smythe, labourer, are described as "being here in prison") agreed to ring the common bell, which was done by Ric. Lattercotts and John Wylson. Then Mr. John Hennage came to town and wished to speak with deponent privately, but the people carried him to the church and swore him to be true to God, the King, and the [commo]nalty. They went then to the market place and took divers books from the Chancellor's (fn. 9) servant and burnt all but one which deponent has. Meanwhile the country resorted to them, and some 40 went to Legburne and brought John Bellowe and Mr. Mynycente and put them in prison, all the country crying to kill Bellowe. Sir Wm. Skipwith came in unsent for, and commoned with them a short space and then returned home to Ormysbye. On Tuesday the country mustered at Louth, 20,000, and went to Caster for the King's commissioners, whom they found on horseback and brought to Louth, i.e. Sir Wm. Askewe, Sir Robt. Tyrwhit, and others. On Wednesday they sent for Sir Andrew Byllesby, by Hen. Farnesyde, and for Mr. Forcette, who came and were sworn. Sir Wm. Skipwith came in again and tarried with the other gentlemen. A muster was held on a hill by the cross called Julian Bowre and captains chosen. On Thursday they gathered at Towse Athyenges heath and proceeded towards Lincoln. Lay that night about Market Reason and there on Hammalton hill met another host, some 10,000, deponent knowing no more gentlemen among them but Mr. Moyne. On Friday they came to Lincoln, meeting on Graunge Athyenges h[eath], five miles from Lincoln, another 2,000 gathered thereabouts. On Saturday they mustered at New Porte and agreed to send a letter to the King. All this time they were comforted by the vicar of Lowth. William Asshebye said he cared not if his man spent 20 nobles so that he himself might tarry at home. Had out of the church of Lowth about 40l.; Wm. Kynge went from Lincoln for part of it. Kynge and Wm. Barbor were paymasters of the Lowth men. Their purpose (fn. 10) was to fight against the King if he would not grant what they asked.
(2.) Philip Trotter of Horncastle, mercer, says that on Tuesday after Michaelmas Day last, about nine o'clock in the morning the common bell was rung, by command of Wm. Leache, by one Davy, a weaver. (fn. 10) Robt. Forman, Wm. Passeley, Wm. Bywaters, this deponent, Robt. Scothyby, and others gathered in the churchyard, and Sir Nicholas Leache, parson of Belcheforthe, brother of the said William Leache, reported the deeds of the men of Louth. Wm. Leache and deponent with some 500 then went towards Screlysbye, and deponent with six or seven persons (names four), was sent to fetch Sir Robert Dymmokke, his son the sheriff and his other son Arthur. (fn. 10) They found the said Dymmokks at Screllytbye Hawlle with Mr. (fn. 11) Dymmokke of Carltone, Mr. Dyghtone of Sturtone, and Mr. Saunderson, all whom came to William Leache, leaving Sir William Sandon in the house; and he, too, when sent for, came with his cap in his hand. They were all sworn; after which the gentlemen departed, (fn. 12) all save Sandon, whom they carried to Horncastle and put in the Moot Hall, and then in Wm. Bywater's house. Sandon, however, went with Leach for Thomas Lytulburye and Sir John Copuldyke. They then went to Bullyngbroke for the Bishop's Chancellor, whom they found in a chantry priest's house and swore him lying sick in bed. Deponent and some 9 or 10 lay there that Tuesday night. In the morning the sheriff and other gentlemen were in Horncastle with the commons, who sent for the said Chancellor and another priest called the surveyor. The sheriff sent deponent to Lowthe, to know if lord Borowgh were there, and he spoke with Sir Robt. Tyrwhit, Sir Wm. Skypwith, and Mr. Askewe, who said lord Borough was fled, but if he came they trusted it would be for no evil. Returned to Horncastle and found the assembly had killed the Chancellor and hanged Wolsey. The sheriff's servant Wytton went with the answer from Louth and saw the Chancellor's and Wolseye's bodies "burying in the churchyard." They met on Thursday between Horncastle and Screlysby, and deponent was ordered by Wm. Leache to fetch, from Horncastle church, a banner of silk of Lyon Dymokkes arms, which had been in the field the day before. Deponent bare it then and on Friday and Saturday; and on Sunday left in the "playnfelde," when certain persons put it in a "boogett" with a white cloth round the pole's end and so carried it to Scotham and Lincoln till Thursday, when it gave place to a new banner painted on linen, "with the five wounds of Christ, a chalice with the Host, a plough, a horn, with a scripture." On the Friday they departed home and took this banner to Horncastle church, where it remains. Never during that time heard from the North, except that the common seal of Beverley should come in their aid. There were monks of Barlyngs, Bardnaye, Kyrkysted, and Ryesbye with them. Had guns at Lincoln, which he supposes came from Grymmysbye. The rising was because of a report that the ornaments of the Church would be taken away.
ii. Examined in Lincoln 22 Oct.
William Longbotham of Horncastle, barber, gives similar deposition to the preceding. Went to Stannysbye for Thos. Lytylberye, and to Haryngton for Sir John Copuldyke, and then to Partney for Ralph a Grene and warned them to be at Horncastle next morning. Went thence to Bullyngbroke and lay that Tuesday night at Humph. Lytylburye's house on the road to Horncastle. Went next day to Stan[nysbye] for Thomas Lytelburye, and then came to Horncastle. At Leache's command he brought a banner from Horncastle church with the arms of Lyon Dymmokke, but left it on the ground, as Leache said it was treason to bear it. On Friday he went with the township to Langwythe, and lay at Weltone. The said banner was on Sunday changed for a white cloth, and afterwards for a new banner with the five wounds, &c. Thinks another banner was brought from Tetsaulle or Conysbye. Heard that Robt. Forman gave them 3l. 6s. 8d., and Robt. Lovell 20s.; the abbot of Barlyngs sent victuals.
iii. Examined in Lincoln, 23 Oct.
(1.) Thomas Foster of Louth, yeoman and singing man:—Said to Robt. Jonson, smith, at procession on Sunday after Michaelmas Day "Go we to follow the crosses for and if they be taken from us we be like to follow them no more." After evensong he saw many people, among them John Wilson, sawyer, coming to the choir door to demand the keys of the jewels from the churchwardens. Heard afterwards that they got the keys. The common bell was rung, and afterwards he met Nich. Melton and others, armed, coming from the church door to the well in the market stead. Next morning he heard there was a cry made in the church. Mr. Hennage came to the town and was carried to the church by force by Melton and his company. Melton and one young Styell, now here in prison, sent Wm. A[sby]e, chief constable of Louth and Loutheske, to the church, and then called all thither to be sworn. Melton and his company then fetched Mr. Franke, the bishop's officer, from the Saracen's Head, with his books, which they burned on the Corn hill, together with all English books of the New Testament, and other new books they could get by proclamation. Arthur Graye brought a book called "Frythe his book," and Thos. Spencer, Robt. Walleys and many others also brought books. They then swore the priests who came to the bishop's court, and some of the priests gave money, as John Tacye, here prisoner, reported. That evening Wm. West and others urged Melton to leave going to Castor next day, and make no more business, but he said he had otherwise appointed. Bellowe and Mynycente were fetched from Legburne. On Tuesday the common bell was rung, and Mr. Hennage went, as he thinks, towards the King. They went to Castor and fetched thence certain gentlemen, whom they put in Guy Keymys house. A letter was devised to be sent to the King by Sir Edward Madysone and written by Richard Cursone. On Wednesday the commons of Reysone came in with letters from lord Hussey and the mayor of Lincoln for Sir Robt. Tyrwyt, Sir Wm. Askewe, and others, to stay the country. Went to muster at Julian Bowre, and that afternoon Sir And. Byllysbye and Mr. Forcette came in with 40 or 50 persons from Alforde. On Thursday they met at a heath called Towse of the Lynge, lay at Market Reysone that night, and came to Lincoln on Friday. The commons of Kyrtone Soke, &c. came in. Thinks Wm. King can tell what money they received.
(2.) Robt. Bawdynge of Spyllysbee "sometime cook to the lord Wyllybye who died nine years past" says he came to Horncastle on Wednesday before the killing of the Chancellor and hanging of Wolsee. On Thursday morning he met in the field Sir Fras. Stonar, priest, surveyor to the lady Willoughby, against whom Thos. Smythe of Spyllysby and others were very sore; but the gentlemen spoke in his favor, especially Mr. Sandon and Mr. . . yne, and he remained with Sir John [Cow]puldyke as a ruler at Lincoln.
iv. Confession of the abbot of Barlings "by his own hand writing," 3 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII. Summary of deposition in almost the same words as that under 20 Oct.
v. Examined, Lincoln, 3 Nov.
Thos. Bradley, subprior of Barlings, born at Othersffelde, Yorkshire, canon professed 8 years, and priest 4 (?) years;—On Wednesday after Mich. word came of the rising at Lowth and Horncastle. On Thursday about 100 persons from the host about 3 miles under 2 men of Ragbye lay there all night and took away with them 10 priests (named). Before they left, Bartholomew Bycroffte (fn. 13) of Apullaye came in the sheriff's name commanding the master of the house to bring all his house to the host with victuals. After that Thos. Harley a servant of Bardnaye abbey brought the same command in Mr. Willoughby's name. The abbot and the 10 canons then went to the host and spoke with Dymmock, the sheriff. Next day the abbot and 6 of the canons in harness joined the rebellious within a mile of Lincoln, 7 Oct The abbot delivered the canons to Mr. Hamcots, captain of the wapentake of Lawress, and they went to the host every day till Wednesday, and twice took victuals. With them was a priest of Netlam. Sir John Copuldike lay every night at their house. One Stanys read a proclamation (fn. 13) on Sunday, 8 Oct., that he should be a messenger to the King from them asking that there should be no more taxes and taleings and no more monasteries and churches suppressed, and that the King should take noblemen in to his Council and remove Cromwell, the Chancellor of Augmentations, and certain heretic bishops, as the bishops of Lincoln, Canterbury, St. David's, &c.
vi. Lincoln, 4 Nov. 28 Hen. VIII.:—Henry Thornbek, cellarer of Barlings of 28 years:—Heard on Michaelmas Day at a fair at Swettuns beside Slefforde that church jewels should be taken; and after, that all cattle unmarked should be confiscated and christenings and burials taxed. Thinks this the cause of insurrection. The rest of the deposition is similar to the preceding. A priest of Gowta with a company met him and the abbot on Thursday. On the Friday they joined the host at Langwyth lane end, where the sheriff referred them to Thos. Dymmoke of Carlton. Never saw ruler of religious house in the host except his master. Saw monks of Bardney and Kyrksted and a canon late of Welbek, now parson of Snellonde, and many priests. Thinks all the gentlemen were there against there wills, but some of them might have escaped at first. His master got a passport to go to Swaytton, 5 miles from Slefford, for victuals, but never used it.
Wm. Ersham, Ric. Wering, James Wartham, and Wm. Kendall, canons of Barlings:—Short similar depositions. Wartham knew none of the gentlemen but Mr. Copuldik and Sampcots.
vii. Examination of Thomas Mawre, monk and priest of Bardnay, chaplain to the abbot, aged 36, 4 Nov.:—On Monday next after Michaelmas Day one Skelton servant to Mr. John Hennage was at the abbey seeking his master, and said that Lowthe had risen in evil fashion. About a week before Michaelmas a son of Robt. Palffreyman, now with his father at Hedlington, told him that on St. Matthew's Day or the Sunday before, he saw a tall serving man in the church of Lowthe, "who said openly that at silver dish with which they went about to beg for their church was more meeter for the King than for them, and in like wise said by St. George's coat was not meet for him"; on which one of the people "fashioned to draw his dagger, saying that Lowthe and Lowthesk should make the King and his master such a breakfast as he never had." Supposes he was the lord Privy Seal's servant. On Wednesday after Mich. certain commons required the abbot and his company to go with them; and word came of the killing of Dr. Raynys. Wm. Wright and Thos. Harlow, serving men, who were petty captains, went forth every day and returned to the house at night. Deponent and 3 other monks went on Saturday morning by command of Wm. Wright who presented them to Wm. Willoughbye and they lay that night at Barlay mowth grange with one Trusse servant to Mr. Robert Tyrwyt of the Court. When he and his fellows returned the abbot received them without "contradiction." Thinks the gentlemen were there against their wills. Saw in the field monks of Kyrkested, Reysbye and Barlings.
Ric. Laynton, Wm. Gregorie, Hugh Leadnham, John Jherome, John Ambrose, and Wm. Cunysby, monks of Bardnaye, give similar depositions. The first saw one of the gentlemen, Mr. Moyne, on Friday threatened by the people especially by a smith of Wragbye. The first two of these returned home, as Mawre did on Monday; the rest waited for the license of their captain Mr. Willoughby (fn. 14) till Wednesday.
viii. Same day:— "Henry Jenkinson, monk and priest of Kirkested late of the abbey of [Vallis Dei] in Lincolnshire of th[age of] xxx years saith [th]at he never [knew of] this rebellion till T[uesd]aye next after [Mi]chelmas d[ay] and that word was [broug]ht by one John [Parker] servant to [tha]bbot and dwelling there near, an old man, by her . . . .the sam[e P]arkar returned upon the Wednesday and brought [wor]de [that] yf they came not forth to the host. . . . should be bu . . . . . the[ir] own house; upon which word about iiij. of the clock in the [ev]ynnynge" the abbot, cellarer, bowsar, deponent and all the monks able to go, 17 in all, went to the outer gate, where they met a servant of the abbey who said the host had pardoned them for that night, but they must be at Horncastle next day, Thursday, at 11 o'clock. Next day they went, all except the abbot; the cellarer and bowsar horsed and with battle axes, the rest unhorsed. On the "said Tuesday" some 60 persons had carried away their serving men. The monks presented themselves to the sheriff, who said they were welcome. They excused their abbot as being sick. The abbot gave their bowsar 20s. and a horse laden with victual. That day two of them went home sick; four went on Friday and four on Saturday, and the rest stayed with Arthur Thymblebye captain of their hundred, and went to Burton near Lincoln till Tuesday morning. The abbot was glad of their return, and thanked God there was no business. Their serving men tarried till the host broke away: one was a petty captain, Henry Flem[yn]ge.
ix. Reynold Kyrbye, monk of Kyrkested, late of the abbey of Vallis Dei aforesaid, says as Jenkinson did, except that the 20s. was delivered to Henry Flemynge, petty captain. At their departure Mr. Arthur Thymbleby gave them two passports.
x. Wm. Rypune, monk of Kyrkested, late of Vallis Dei, says the abbot was commanded by one of his own servants, John Parker, to come to the host of Horncastle. Brother John Hocheson has the two passports.
xi. Thomas Ratfford, (fn. 15) canon, parson of Sneyllond, six miles from Lincoln, heard first of the rebellion on Wednesday after Michaelmas Day, at Lady Taylbois' house. Went home to Fulneby, and met Mr. Nich. Sanderson and his son Tho[mas] in harness, who said the Bishop's chancellor was slain, and Wolsey h[anged], and order taken in the wapentake of Wraggo that all between 16 and 60 years should be at Horncastle the [next] day, Thursday. Then Sanderson (fn. 16) and Mr. Fulneby t[al]ked together alone. The Sandersons went through the village of Sney[llond], telling the same to every man, "and so th[e sa]me Sander[son came] thither again [up]on Thurse[day]e, in the . . . nynge, ab[out] . . . . the clock, and took [with h]ym the said [Mr. Fuln]ebye and. . . . . moo to Langtun wynde. . . . . .where they. . . . . . . . . .with many . . . . . number of iiijor or . . . . . . . .th men v. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . er the said Sanderson and Fulneby said to th[e] . . . . [the]y would go to Horncastle, commanding them . . . . . . at the west end of Langwith," till they heard further. On Friday they resorted to that place, and met all the host of Horncastle.
xii. Examination of Guy Kayme, of Lowth, 5 Nov. a° dicto:—Knew nothing of the rebellion till Monday afternoon; for on Saturday and Sunday he was at Grimsby about the conveyance of certain suspected pirates of a ship of Feversham to Lincoln. Was there by commission of Wm. Skipwith, John Hennage, Mr. Messendyne, and Mr. Moyne, and came to Lowth on Monday to show Mr. Hennage that the honest men of Grimsby would rather keep them there than send them to Lincoln, to be lost in prison. At the town's end he met Mr. Hennage, who would not hear him for haste, fearing the commons would follow him. Went into the town and tried to stay them, but Thomas Nobull bade him speak of no stay, or they would kill him. Got leave to go that night to Mr. Hennage, whom he found "in a little village two miles from his own house, and his wife with him, to whom he showed that [the]ym of Lowthe ware [det]ermined to go the next day to Castor to take the gentlemen [who] were purposed to be there that Tuesday, to sit upon the co[mmission] for sessing of the second subsidy; and so he tarried there all [that ny]ght, and Mr. Henage departed incontinent to . . . . . . . . . [m]ornynge being Tuesday, he went again . . . . . . . . . . a letter from the said Mr. Henage, directed . . . . . .[wh]at was written in it he remembreth not . . . . . . . . . . at Castor, after the taking of divers . . . . . . . . . . d thens who were Robert Tyrwytt [, knight, Wm. Askewe, kn]yght Edward Madyson, knyght, and Mr. [Portyngtune] . . . . all men departed toward Lowth, and . . . . . . . . . . lodged in this Guye Keymes house [the] said Tyrwyt and Portyngtune, and in Brownys house the said Askewe." That Tuesday night Madyson was sent to the King with a letter, by consent of the commons, for Melton and others would not let it go till they had read it. On Wednesday all was quiet till two letters, (fn. 17) taken at Market Reason, were brought in by—. (fn. 18) They were from Lord Hussey and the mayor of Lincoln to Tyrwyt and Askewe. The common bells were then rung. On Thursday they met at Towseathelings Heath, and other gentlemen came in and they chose captains. Next day they went towards Lincoln, and mustered at Duneham lings, where they were joined by people of Kyrton Soke. "Upon the Saturday they sent out of every . . . . . . . certain to the number of 500 men or thereabouts t . . . . . . fetch in the lord Hosey (fn. 19) aforesaid, of whom Syr [Chr. Ascue] was captain who [w]as departed vj. [how]res bef[ore] . . . . . . to Sir John Markma . . . the lady Hosye . . . . . . . . . . . and that night th[ey lay]e in the Bishop's howse [and the] next Sunday return[ed to] Lyncoln, and so ther re . . . . . . on the Monday un . . . . . ther men in the fe . . . . . . . in again. Upon T . . . . . eal . . . . . . brought to Lincolne . . . . . . . . . . . . . . remembreth not. W . . . . . . hande in the ch . . . . . . . . . . . . . brith not; yet then he . . . . . . . . . sente with the bringers of . . . . . . . with a lettre and divers articul[s] . . . . . . . . of divers men, as may appear by the same, and so he de[parted inco]ntynente by commandment of the gentlemen and the commons with the said Thomas Dunne and the said ij. men that came from Beverley toward Bartune," and came to Beverley next Wednesday, about 11 a.m. (fn. 20) Found there all the people assembled outside the town, and old Sir Ralph Elthergare with them. Delivered the letter to one Raffullis, who gave it to Dunne to read. Were asked what they did with suppressed monasteries, and answered "Nothing," and how their men were ordered, and answered that those who could found themselves, and the rest were helped. (fn. 21) Next day, Thursday, they went with the Commons to Hunyslowe Beacons, and saw many men gathered, and Dunne read "the said articles [up]on (?) the bill underwitten by the gentlemen's hands." (fn. 22) There were about 3,000. Guy and Dunne asked licence to depart, but were asked to "tarry till the next day to the meeting of Mr. Aske and ij. of the Rudstonys, (fn. 23) with other." (fn. 22) On the morrow "went to a hill above Wyghton, and ther saw the people of Bewlay, Cotyn[gham a]nd other whither cam one man from the said Aske to yo . . . . Stapulton and other . . . . g with the men of Beverlay, desyr[yng] them to come and . . . . n in the field, whither the same gentlemen went . . . . . .her servants, the same Kayme, and which gentlemen and . . . . . comm[uned] secretly (fn. 23) together, which he heard not, but only . . . . he heard Aske say he would be . . . . . . . spake to Mr. Stapulton to move Mr . . . . . . nt they would command them any . . . . . . . nne Stapulton said to Aske, here be . . . . . . . . . [t]hat came from the host, will you . . . . . to which he answered and said, they . . . . . . [brou]ght us any writing (fn. 24) from the . . . . . . . . they said nay, unless certain . . . . . . ouer gentlemen hath sent to the King; to which he said, that as for the articles, he knew them as well as they, and as for credence by mouth, he would take none of them." Asked leave to depart. He bade them God be with them, saying, "they were pilgrims, (fn. 21) and had a pilgrimage gate to go." He said he had himself "been in Lincolnshire, amongst both the companies, and sworn." Went thence to Hasill, thence to Bartune, and thence home, for all were then "sperkeld."
xiii. James Johnson, of Staynton, examined 5 Nov.:— On Saturday after Mich., three men, "two in grey frieze coats, and the third, named Mr . . . . e, in a plain riding coat, were in the town, and the lesser one said one of the two parish churches in the churchyard 'should not stand there . . . . and asked further who dwelled in them, and this [examt] answered that in the one the parson dwelled, and in the ot[her] a good gentleman. And he asked him again whether . . . . any rent therefor, and this poor man said y . . . . . . . good. And then the said lesser man said he w . . . . . blame for, and he dwelled there he would pay . . . . . .heard the bigger man nor the said Mr. Se . . . . . ."
In Ap Rice's hand, pp. 28. Very mutilated, stained, and worm-eaten, with marginal notes in other hands, and separate headings to each deposition.
21 Oct.
R. O.
829. Thomas Hatteclyff to Sir William Paulet.
This night past John Freman delivered to me, at Huntingdon, a letter from my lord Privy Seal which mentioned that I should receive 3,000l. from Freman, for the King's affairs at Lincoln. As you know, I am paymaster to the duke of Norfolk; so thereupon I and Mr. Pagenham rode post to Cambridge, where Pagenham had orders to attend his Grace. Will deliver the money I had, with an account of all prests by Mr. Cofferer and me to those of the Duke's company, to Pagenham, so that Mr. Goswike may reckon fully with each. This night I trust to be at Stamford to receive the 3,000l., and will then make all haste to Lincoln; and so I pray you inform my lord Privy Seal. Cambridge, 21 October, at 11 a.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To Mr. Comptroller. Endd.
21 Oct.
R. O.
830. Wm. Cavendyssh to Cromwell.
At the contemplation of Mr. Button, lord Beauchamp has appointed Cavendish his auditor, and wishes him to keep the audit at All Hallow tide. Is obliged to attend to the dissolution of these religious houses, and can not be at leisure till after Christmas. Asks Cromwell to move lord Beauchamp to postpone his audit. Wishes for an answer by the bearer. Northawe, 21 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
21 Oct.
R. O.
831. Richard Cotton to Cromwell.
I have presented your company to my lord of Norfolk and Mr. Brown; their whole number was 200. We are all appointed to attend on Mr. Brown, who has desired me to take charge of your Lordship's company as you commanded me at my departure. I have returned 40 of those that were worst horsed. There were 12 Essex men; tall of person and good archers, that had no saddles, but rode upon "panylles" after their country fashion, but I bought them saddles. There was great murmur at the wages, 8d. a day, which was too little to find them and their horses, but I have pacified them with fair words. Many of your company here are younger brothers, who have little money and are horsed by your Lordship; either they will spoil their horses for lack of meat or make shifts that will not be to your Lordship's honor. The bearer, Wm. Johnson, has hurt his arm and cannot go this voyage. We shall have great lack of him as he took much pains in providing lod[g]ing for all our company. Burne, 21 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
21 Oct.
R. O.
832. J. de Morbeque to the Deputy of Calais.
I have this morning received your letters, with those written to you by the Sieur de Vervins. The said sieur is not well informed, as you will see by the deposition of Mons. de Palme, who has made inquiry of the truth from your subjects of Campaignes. I should be glad if you would send to De Vervins once for all, and if he will not return my men I shall ask you to arrest the first Frenchmen who come within your pale. If my men did the like to the French that they have done, they would have many opportunities, but I would not allow them against your pleasure. If the shoemaker of Ardre was unlawfully taken I will discharge him free of expense. I beg that he may discharge the compaignon of mine taken by his own fault by the French keeping garrison at the castle of Crezecque. Tournehen Castle, 21 Oct. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
22 Oct.
R. O.
833. [Henry VIII.] to Suffolk [and Others].
Have received yours of the 20th, with a declaration of your whole proceedings, because you think we have noted some contrariety in your writings; also with a request to know what wages to pay, &c. As for the proceedings, has been entirely satisfied with them; yet, to be plain, the reports of the numbers of the rebels sent at sundry times "by you, Sir Francis Brian, John Wingfield, and others" show some contrariety. Reminds them of this that they may give the less credence to light rumours and tales, but has conceived no displeasure towards them. Assures them of his confidence in them.
As for wages, each man on horseback shall have 8d. a day, and the captains and petty captains the wages accustomed. It appears they have not consumed above 2,284l. Thanks them for it. Has appointed Thomas Attecliff to supply John Gostyke's room with them, and sent him 3,000l. for that purpose over and above that already delivered them by J. Gostyke: they shall not lack money. They write they have sworn certain gentlemen and others according to the King's commission. Does not remember sending any commission except certain articles signed: asks if they administered the oath according to these. Sends herewith certain interrogatories, articles, &c. also signed. As in these articles he has appointed them to divide their bands into companies; he has commanded Sir Anthony Browne to repair to them, and Sir W. P., comptroller of his household, and Sir W. K., his vice-chamberlain, to levy 600 men for them, of those lately mustered at Ampthill.
Willing you our lieutenant of our county of Lincoln to remain at Lincoln, unless upon great causes for the necessary aid of our cousins of Norfolk and Shrewsbury they require you to spare some of your men. (fn. 25)
Corrected draft, pp. 10, in Wriothesley's hand, the last slip containing some corrections in the King's own hand. Endd. in the same hand: Minute of letters sent to my lord of Suff., 22 Oct., in the morning.
[22 Oct.]
R. O. St. P. f. 471.
834. Wriothesley to Cromwell.
Sends two letters from Master Comptroller, being the same already answered by the Council here, to the effect that they shall desist from levying the 2,000 men appointed, and pay any that have assembled, for which 1,000 marks was sent yesterday. Letters from my lord of Suffolk declare all well there. The town of Louth is come in, 200 newly sworn, and 15 persons presented to my lord Lieutenant, whose names I send. The chief doers are in ward, viz.: Holy Doctor Makerel, Captain Cobbler, Manby, and others; but 200 rebels have entered Hull by appointment, and, if they take that way, ere long one pair of light legs will be worth five pair of hands to them. Norfolk will be tonight with my lord Steward; his train comes after with my lord of Surrey. Special command was sent to him yesterday to see the passages at Nottingham and Newark surely fortified. Norfolk has but 2,000 men with him, which he thought enough. My lord Marquis has no more, and with the Gloucestershire men they will only be but 5,000. Mr. Hatcliff has been written to to wait on Suffolk in Gostwick's stead. A letter also came to your lordship from Master Richard, which the King has, containing only the news before expressed.
Since writing, I have had access to the King, who thanked you for your trouble in the preparations, but wished to know particulars, and after I had taken my leave, called me again, wishing you would "taste the fat priests thereabouts," viz., Dr. Wolman, Dr. Bell, Dr. Knight, and others about Paul's or elsewhere. He said Dr. Chamber had, of his own accord, presented him 200 marks, and Dr. Lupton, 100l. I cannot send your lordship the bill of names till next post, for it was sent for when I began to copy it. No order is yet taken for munitions to be sent to Suffolk, but they will consult with the King after dinner. My lord Marquis they say is supplied with part of the 1,200l., but yesterday they said otherwise. Windsor, this Sunday.
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
22 Oct.
R. O.
835. Sir William Poulet and Sir William Kyngston to Cromwell.
We have received the King's letters twice for setting forth 2,000 men, and have made several answers that the men returned home after the musters, and it will be long ere they can be brought again together. Have therefore set forward to make what we can in the country, which will draw 600 men; the rest must be had in other countries. Whereof we have written this Sunday, which day Greneway is with the King by 10 o'clock from my lord of Suffolk, declaring Lincolnshire quiet and Sir Ant. Brown stayed at Stamford, so as not to waste the King's money. We have therefore written ere we hastily proceed.
The King writes for us to send my lord of Suffolk such ordnance and artillery as Sir Ant. Brown should have had. Have answered that the duke of Norfolk took what he wanted for Mr. Brown and himself to Stamford. Have this day sent to Mr. Brown to learn my lord of Suffolk's mind and to repair to my lord with the artillery and his company, 500 men, besides the 600 he has returned of able men well-horsed. This declares little need of able men.
The King's letters appointed two cart loads of bows, sheaves of arrows, and strings, one of bills and another of javelyns, and ten pieces of ordnance that should have gone with Mr. Brown, and in case there was not enough to write to your Lordship to furnish the same out of the Tower.
The King's pleasure, by his letters this Sunday, was that all artillery should tarry at Amptell, and, if possible, be sent to Windsor. This comes too late: the ordnance will be this Sunday in London and Windsor. Have written for answer how to proceed upon this last news. Amptell, Sunday, 22 October. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
22 Oct.
R. O.
836. The Council to Paulet and Kingston.
We have seen your letters written yesterday to my lord Privy Seal showing the difficulty you have in furnishing the 2,000 men for which you returned to Ampthill. His Grace thanks you for your efforts to do what is necessary with the least charge. Suffolk writes that he thinks the sending of more men to him will not be necessary, which is confirmed by what Norfolk said to you at his departure. Nevertheless, that Suffolk may in all cases be well furnished, as you think you can furnish 500 or 600 men, you are to send the same to him with good guides and ten pieces of ordnance.
Corrected draft in Wriothesley's hand, p. 1. Endd.: The minute of the letters sent to Master Comptroller and Mr. Kingston, being at Ampthill, 22do Octobris.
[22 Oct.]
R. O.
837. Sir Will. Poulet and Sir Will. Kingston to the Lord Chancellor and the Council.
This Sunday morning we received letters from you and money by Mr. Chalcott and other, our fellows of the guard, which we shall use to the King's profit. We hope the King and you perceive by Mr. Greneway and our last letters, that Suffolk has no such need of men and ordnance as your last and first letters purport; but we have sent to Mr. Browne to Stamford to offer, if need be, to go to Suffolk and my lord Admiral. We have also written to Sir Anthony to keep the number of men he has and to return no more; for though we mean to send more after, those he has are more ready. Since our last coming to Amptell, Mr. Browne has returned to us for money 120 tall men horsed, and we know that he returned other 500 at several times because they were more than the 560 wanted by Norfolk.
All the King's ordnance left by Norfolk at Amptell after he and Mr. Browne were furnished to his mind is gone towards Windsor and London according to the King's first and second commandment. They left Amptell on Friday, so it is too late to stay them for the purposes mentioned in your last. We have written in our other letters what may be done about the furniture of the 2,000 meu. If the King wish us to send for Sir John Bruges, Sir John Russell, Mr. Welshe, and such others as have great numbers it will be long before they will be ready, "and therefore and for the news that Mr. Greneway brought, and also for that my lord of Norfolk said at his departing that he doubted not to have men i-now in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire if he may have money sufficient; which my lords we pray you to consider amongst all other things specially." We shall not fail to get ready men in these borders, but they will not exceed 500 or 600 as we last wrote. Desire to know whether on this last news we shall proceed or stay. Amptell, Sunday. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: Mr. Comptroller to the Council.
[22 Oct.]
Cott. Appx. 1. 66. B. M.
838. [Suffolk and Fitzwilliam to Henry VIII.]
Yesterday those of Horncastle came in and submitted themselves, bringing with them the chief stirrers of the rebellion, including the murderer of the bishop's chancellor. Took their oaths according to instructions. Sends two lists of the rebels brought in and of the gentlemen sworn since Greneweye's dispatch. Has today fixed with the sheriffs what wapentakes shall come before them from day to day to take the oath. Shall then take away their harnesses and weapons. Leave this till the last, lest the people should doubt of the King's mercy, and, secondly, because it might have been an occasion for them to rise again when they heard of the rebellion in the North; thirdly, because when the gentlemen and the country are sworn, it can be done with less trouble; "which devise surely Sir . . . . . . . . . do not doubt . . . . . . . . . . p[ut] in execution accordingly. A[nd whereas his] highnes commanded as to see all th[e ways from] this contrey into Yorkshire to be stop[ped . . . . this] was done before your commandment in th[is matter came to] us, for we rekenned therein, as your hig[hnes doth, that] it was a thing moost requisite to bee p[erformed] . . . . . And this day we bee advertised that Sir [Anthony] Browne is remaignyng at Stamfford [till such time] as your pleasure shal be to commaunde hym, a[nd if the same] may be that he shall come hider h . . so . . . . . redy and to us he shall be welcome. And forasmuche as we of y . . . . . . . . . . have so muche to doo that we cannot pos[sibly provide for all] things ourselfs, which is convenient to bee d[one, we have] not oonly appointed John Williams mais[ter] . . . . . . to make a booke of all such detections a[s have been made] by gentilmen, yeoman, or commoner, but [have appointed] Gonson with the marshall to take the [examinations of] all prisoners, and in likewise to make b[ooks of the same]; which books oons made and fynysshed [we will not] faille to send your highnes the copie[s thereof, and] though percaas all men bee not ponyss[hed as they have] demerited for lakke of tyme, yet n[u]ll[um tempus] occurat Regi, and God being your Graces frynde, [as we] doubt not but that he is and will be, the treato[r]s [of] this rebellion shalbe in suchwise ponysshed in tym[e] as shalbe to the fearfulle example of all others. As to the newes of the North we will not molest your highnes with anything in that behalf at th[is] time, for bycause my lord Stieward is moche nerer those parties than we bee, who we doubt not but * * *
Pp. 2. Mutilated. In the hand of Fitzwilliam's clerk.
[22 Oct.]
R. O.
839. Rich. Cromwell to Cromwell.
Has no news but what he has already written. My lord Admiral and the other gentlemen are in good health and merry. I beg you to tender the tenour of my former letters that the dolour may be assuaged in the hearts of such as I have advertised you of. Lincoln, Sunday. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
22 Oct.
R. O.
840. G. earl of Shrewsbury to Norfolk.
Received yesterday at 4 p.m. Norfolk's letters to Rutland, Huntingdon, and himself, which they answered this day. Is glad the King has commanded Norfolk to come there, for he would rather serve under him than any other. Scrobye, 22 Oct., 8 p.m. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
22 Oct.
R. O.
841. The Northern Rebellion.
Confession of William Breyar, 22 Oct., 28 Hen. VIII., before Sir Edmund Walsingham, Sir William Sydney, Richard Layton and Th[omas] Lee, clerks, and Richard Pollard.
Was in Colchester for 14 days until Corpus Christi last, as a sanctuary man. Then came to London and lay at the sign of the Axe against Durham Place and the Axe without N . . . . . . for a month. Then went, stopping a day or two at each, from London to Horley beside Bayly . . (?), the abbey of . . . . . . . . . Oxford, Abynton, where he got the Queen's livery of a sumpter man, Oxford again, Camden (Campden, Glouc.), where he got 8s. for surgery craft, Pedylstreate, Warwick, Wynscomb, where he bought a nag for 10s., Newcastle-under-Lyen, Sir Thomas Boteler's, of whom he got 5s., Preston in Anderness, Plumpton, Burton, Kirbylondisdale, (at the last four he "had no company,") to Dent. At Dent, a smith, hearing he wore the King's livery, said, "Thy master is a thief, for he pulleth down all our churches in the country." Some one rebuked the smith but every one said: "It is not the King's deed but the d[eed] of Crumwell, and if we had him here we would crum him [and crum] him that he was never so Crumwed, and if thy master were [here] we would new crown him." Finally he had to fly for his life and came to Kirkebylonsdale, where he complained to the officers, who said, "Alas man! what didst thou there, for they of Dent [and] of iij. other parishes thereabouts were sworn on Monday last past, to [wh]om and wherefore they could not tell;" one of Dent who would not be sworn had fled to Sir Marmaduke Tunstall. Next day he went to Lancaster and tarried one "beate." Told an honest man of the town that if any men of Dent came to Lancaster they shall be stayed, for they were not the King's true subjects. Told this also at Warrington, and to Sir Thos. Butler next day at Buassae, and then went to Hons Chapel, one night, and met two men coming to take possession in Mr. Butler's lands for the King. Thence to an ale house beside . . . . . . ., one night; to Sturley, one night, where they spoke of a reported commission to take all beasts not marked, and said it had been done at last Nottingham sessions; to Ratfford (Retford) in the Clee, one night, where there was report of a tax on every child and "chymley" and of the marking of beasts. There at midnight he heard there was an insurrection in Lincolnshire and the King's commissioners slain and lord Borowe fled.
Went then to a gentleman's house a mile from thence, where was lord Borowe, who said no man should move without the King's command; thence to Bawdere (Bawtry) and met W. Jakson, serjeant-at-arms, Doncaster, Pomfret Castle, where he met Burgayn one of the King's auditors, and to the Tabert at Beverley. At Beverley he heard a gentleman say the rebels might be sure of Holderness for he dwelt there and could dispend 40l. a year. In Beverley market they talked of going to London to have "fower docepyers in the realm" and bringing home the goods of Cheapside and of the South. (fn. 26) Went to the steward of the town, one Ferclyff, servant to Mr. Payge, who told him the bishop of York had written to the town to make no business. Two canons, whom the goodman of the Tabert knows, came there, saying they came from Lincolnshire, and spoke treasonous words. Next afternoon the town bell was rung, and one Wylson and one Dendake(?), with an armed company, commanded him to the Town Hall, where Wilson made a proclamation, in the name of Robert Aske, that every man should be sworn to God, the King, and the commons, and to maintain Holy Church. Deponent and the rest were sworn, and were commanded to be in the West Wood field, armed, at 4 o'clock to meet Sir Ralph Elderker, the younger. One Raffuls told him and bailly Stuard, and others, that Robert Aske and another gentleman had been at dinner at the house of a gentleman called Bapthorpe: the bailly said, "I marvel what Robert Aske doth with Mr. Babthorpe, for he is a worshipful gentleman." Deponent passed himself at Beverley as Wm. Cobb. Stole away from Beverley, "beated" at York and came to Tadcaster, where he met the brother of Robert Aske, who said he had been last Sunday at Mr. Babthorpe's house with his brother but had stolen away and was "going to his master." Went thence to Caowde (Cawood) and showed the bishop of York that they of Beverley intended to kill him. The bishop said he knew it and had sent to lord Darcy for leave to come to Pomfret Castle for safety, for he was afr[aid] of his own neighbours. The bishop gave him a horse and 20s. to carry a letter to the King, and he came to Pomfret Castle to lord Darcy, who sent him to the lord Steward at Nottingham Castle. The lord Steward commanded him to say by the way that the rebels in Lincolnshire were few and unarmed, which he did. From Nottingham he went to the White Hart at Leicester, Sulby Abbey, where the abbot gave him 3s. 4d., the Cock at Stonestrotford, Dunstable, to a town seven miles from Windsor, and to Windsor, where he delivered the letters to the King from the bishop of York to the duke of Norfolk.
Bryer furthermore says he told Sir Thomas Butler he had a letter for my lord of Derby, which he had not, and that he had lately carried letters from the King to the French king and knew the King would not take part against the Emperor; also that every beneficed man should answer to certain articles. Has said also that he had of Sir Thomas Butler a hors[eand] . . s. in money; also that at Beverley he showed . . . . . e suffragan of Yorkshire and Sir John Miller, clerk, that they of Dent were traitors, and they answered "God help us and send all for the best."
ii. Names of abbeys and priories where William Bryer has been since leaving London for the North and in his return to London.
Bysham, Oseney, Ay Ensam, Wynch[combe], Hales, Pershore, Crokystoun, "and there had of the same abbot [and] thabbot of Rosytor . . . .," Valroyall, and Sulby. At all these they asked him if any more abbeys should be suppressed and he said "Nay."
iii. Interrogatories for Wm. Bryer.
Seven questions with answers. He went into the North "to be out of knowledge of men for that he was burned in the hand," and for this reason he did not come to the King to declare the demeanour in Dent. Denies all complicity with the rebels.
Pp. 10. Faded and mutilated.
iv. Confession of Edmund Fowill, 23 Oct., 28 Hen. VIII., before Edm Walsyngham and Wm. Sydnay, knights, Ric. Layton, and Thos. Lee, clerks, and Ric. Pollard, gent.
Heard, 11 Oct., of John Jowis of Hornehill, Kent, at a muster at the grea[t] . . in Boughton Streate, and of Adam Fe . . . . . at Fefersham, and again on the 12th Oct., of a glover of Strode, certain sayings (quoted) implying sympathy with the rebels in the North.
Pp. 2. Edge worn.
[23 Oct.]
R. O. St. P. 1. 490.
842. Wriothesley to Cromwell.
Master Cofferer returning from Ampthill brought hither an account of the moneys spent there by him and his colleagues, which, as your return was not certain, he desired me to send to you. You will see that Norfolk has received above 5,000l., and my lord marquis besides his conduct money a prest of 500l. for his conveyance from Ampthill to my lord Steward. The Gloucestershire men be also meetly well afore.
Since writing, your Lordship's letters of this morning arrived, which I immediately took to the King. He approves your proceedings and thanks you for your remembrance touching the prests. He is glad you remembered my lord of Wiltshire, and that you wrote for so good a sum; "for his Grace being very merry said there was a servant of king Edward's, his grandfather, which made once a suit unto him for 1,000 oaks that he might only obtain 20, and so he trusted your request to my lord of Wiltshire should purchase 500l., or such a matter by the reason it was so great, which being less would else percase have wrought nothing with him." The King does not mislike your device for the conveyance up of the traitors, but thinks they should first be examined, and bade me send you a copy of his articles which before I had ready, saying he doubts not when they shall be examined there will appear a smoke amongst the gentlemen, on which he would determine who should be brought up. Thought, but did not suggest, that they might be examined here as well as there. Desired copies of the gentlemen's names and of those of the traitors to be sent to Cromwell. Perceives that his Highness would have that traitor in the motley coat well examined. Windsor, Monday.
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O.2. Fair copy of No. 843, not dated or endorsed.
R. O.3. Names of gentlemen of co. Lincoln sworn according to the King's Commission 19 and 20 October:—
Sir Robt. Dymmok, Sir Robt. Tyrwit, Sir John Copildike, John Hastings, Ralph a Grene, yeoman, Sir Wm. Saundon, John Hennege, Sir Thos. Wissenden (sic), Ant. Ireby, Edward Dymmoke, sheriff of the shire, Sir Wm. Skipwith, Sir Wm. Askue, Sir And. Billesby, Wm. Willoughby, Thos. Portyngton, Edw. Forfett (sic), Thos. Dymmok, Thos. Moygn,Arth. Dymmoke, Wm. Qwadring, Thos. Kyne, Thos. Littylbury, Nich. Girlington, John Aungelyne of the Marche, John Bothe, Humph. Litelbury, John Aungebye of Aschobye, Oliver Wetherwike, Ric. Thimbelbye, Thos. Twittybye, Robt. Dighton, Wm. Stanley, Edw. Hannybye, John Merling, Alex. Hamcots, Thos. Mahew, Matthew Seinpoole, Thos. and Ant. Billesbye, Thos. Pepper, Thos. Dale, Vincent Meres, Thos. Rigges, James Pake, Wm. Wymbyche, And. Offerbye, John Skipwith, John Torney, Ric. Talbot, Arthur Bocher, John Hastings, Simon Moyne, Thos. and Geo. Staynes, Humph. Missenden, John Sheffeld, Hugh Grauntham, Thos. Drope, Thos. Wright, Thos. Quadring, Fras. Stoner, priest, John and Godfrey Lynsey, John Fitzwilliam, Nich. Saunderson, Lybeus Alcoke, Peter Pygotte, Ric. Crowen, Thos. Sokeshedd, Thos. Marley, Robt. Ustwayte, Ant. Curtes, John Wastling, Edm. Skerne, John Atklyff, Robt. Askue, Godfrey Bulneby, Thos. Goohand Geo. Fitzwilliam, Matthew Thymbylbye, John Kayme, Chr. Sarborowghe, Wm. Anbye, Arth. Thymbylbye, Ric. Fishebourne, Oswald Masshynberde "fryer of the Rodes," Austen Masshingberde, Geo. Foster, Wm. Armyn, John Simson, Ric. Johnson, Wm. Lambe, Rendal Smyth, John Webster, Robt. Balding, Wm. Drope.
Pp. 3. 96 names in column.
R. O.4. [Names of the Traitors.]
Matthew the abbot of Barlings, Robt. Cave, gentleman, Nich. Mylton, shoemaker, principal captain of Louthe, John Walker, John Yerber, John Bagot, John Stocker, John Steyll, John Stacyne, Wm. Colyson, Jas. Dawson, Wm. Smyght, Thos. Maunbye, victualler, "the most busiest at Louth," Harry Shomaker, Wm. Marshall, John Harryson, Edm. Wynter, Barnard Fletcher, Wm. Marshall, Rowland Barker, John Sheyne, Wm. Gainsborowe, Robt. Mychell, Thos. Keneston, Philip Trotter of Horncastle, mercer ("took the coat armour of Sir Lionel Demoke and ware it upon his back"), Robt. Sowthebye, Wm. Longbothon of Horncastle, barber (took the standard of the said Sir Lionel and bade "go forward, all is ours"), William Woodmanse, serving man, "brought the seal from Beverley of the rising there." Most of the above names have the designation "butcher," "shoemaker," "tailor," or the like added.
P. 1. 28 names in column.
23 Oct.
R. O.
843. Northern Rebellion.
Memoranda.
To send Sir Ant. Browne to Louth with his band. To send another captain to Horncastle with 500 "or fewer if ye think good." Another captain to Reson with 500 or fewer. To bring all the boats to one place and there appoint a captain and men. To send another captain and men to Grimsby "because their ordnance came thence; and to cause some of the same town to come in afore you to be examined." To cause those examined to declare whether, or no, the gentlemen did wink at this rebellion or might have stopped it at the first had they been willing. To know what abbots, monks, nuns, or canons either set them on or aided them. To know whether they had any intelligence with other foreign shires; and what ways they used to have it and who were their ministers in it. To consider with themselves if it be likely so few villains and labourers could have stirred or raised in despite of so many gentlemen their own tenants against them and us. To consider also that though some gentlemen might be ill-beloved amongst their neighbours, yet it is impossible but that a great part of these in the bill were advertised in time so that, had they been willing, these matters should have been soon redressed. To cause them to declare whom they sent abroad to set forth their matters and into what countries they be gone. To remember that since they were minded eftsoons to rebell after their first submission, as your letters purport, and no gentleman amongst them did advertise either you or us, what truth can be in those? Item we marvel to hear not accused neither Kendall, the vicar of Lowthe, nor Kyng the bailiff, which have been accused by Madeson and others; nor yet Robert Leche, who after their letters and answer to us by our herald, brake up the same, saying he would see what their answer was ere it should depart; yet no mention is made of him in your last bill of submission nor accusation.
Draft in Sadler's hand, pp. 2. Endd. by Wriothesley: The articles sent to my lord of Suffolk, 23 Oct.
R. O.2. "Interrogatories to be ministered to [Ken]dall, the vicar of Lowthe."
1. How long he has been vicar? 2. What faculty he is learned in? The next interrogatories are partly illegible, but refer to geomancy, chiromancy, and unlawful science, the insurrection (?) begun at Louth; the points mentioned in a paper headed "The Reports made in the North Country" [No. 768 (2)]; and the movements of the Commons.
In Cromwell's hand, mutilated and faded, pp. 4. Endd.
23 Oct.
R. O.
844. Sir William Poulet and Sir William Kyngston to the Lords of the Council.
This Monday at 2 p.m., by Skynner the King's messenger, we received your letter, with the King's pleasure that the 600 men should be set forward towards the duke of Suffolk immediately. The best men of these countries of Beds, Bucks, and Northt. went at the first with Sir Francis Brian, Sir William Aparre, and Sir John Seint John, so that we have to seek the men of the persons named in the enclosed bill. We cannot be sure of the number, but will do our best. Touching the ordnance you write for to be sent with like speed; remember that by our several letters we advertised you that my lord of Norfolk had taken sufficient for himself and Sir Ant. Browne, which is now in Stamford. The rest departed from Amptell towards Windsor and London on Friday last, and was nigh there when your last letters of restraint came. However, we certified my lord Privy Seal of the King's pleasure therein, which we doubt not but that he has well considered. This country is barren of men and victual, and we hear they are sore straited in Stamford for victual, as the whole army passes that way. Many of the army in going forward take men's horse and mares from the plough, without any agreement or restitution. We have had the justices of the peace with us, and they have agreed to take order with every town and village, so that there shall be as little such hurt as may be, "whereof the captains at their return would be warned." Amptell, Monday 4 p.m., in haste. Signed.
In Paulet's hand, pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Chancellor and other the lords of the King's Council. Endd.: From Mr. Comptroller to the Council, 23 Oct.
ii. Men appointed to furnish the 600. Bishop of Lincoln, 100; of Ely, 200; lord Bray, 100; Sir George Throgmerton, 100; Sir Thos. Rotheram, 30; Ralph Verney, squire, 20; lord Mordaunt, 20; Sir Wm. Gascoyne, 20; Sir Mich. Fissher, 20; Mr. Checheley, 30. Total, 640, wherof we shall make out the best men and best number we can.
P. 1, small slip.
23 Oct.
R. O.
845. Norfolk to Henry VIII.
Sends letters just received from my lord Steward, addressed to the King and himself. Has only four servants with him; his company cannot come till tomorrow, nor my lord Marquis before Wednesday. Sees no advantage, therefore, in his going to Doncaster 30 miles hence, where he could only give advice. Has already written to my lord Steward not to adventure battle before his coming. To go there and come back would encourage the enemies. If (though it is unlikely) my lord Steward should risk battle and be overthrown, my lord of Suffolk and I ought jointly to hold the passages of this river, and proceed as 1 wrote from Cambridge. My lord of Suffolk should be warned at once. I have not slept two hours these two nights, and must take some rest. Newark upon Trent, Monday, 6 a.m.
Sir, at writing this my nephew Brian was here, and is returned to my lord of Suffolk. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 22 (fn. 27) October.
[23 Oct.]
Cott., App. 1. 63. B. M.
846. Norfolk to [Henry VIII.]
Since receiving his letters of the 21st, lord Talbot has been with him and assured him that his father will not give them battle till Norfolk comes; that there is no fear of the rebels winning the passages at Doncaster, and the other bridge (fn. 28) named in his letter to your Majesty; and that it will be time enough if Norfolk comes to him on Wednesday or Thursday. Hopes by then to have passed Doncaster, where they die very sore of the sickness. He says that true subjects come to them daily in great numbers; that Sir Ric. Tempest has taken one of their captains, a tall man, late lord Darcy's servant. Sir Henry Savell has been twice amongst his tenants, and brought much harness and men for them. Sir Bryan Hastings has brought his father 300 tall men. Lord Dacre intends to join us with lord Scrope, coming by my lord of Cumberland and Sir Ric. Tempest. "Sir, I pray God some tidings be true that is sore bruited in these parties, that is to say, that the enemies woll not fight against me. I am in some . . . . . . . . . . the love they bear me, either a goo . . . . . . . . . . . or come to me, which to bring to pass [I shall use the] best dexterity I can. And because my . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . doth think that the traitor Aske w . . . . . . . . . . . . proclamations to be read where he is . . . . . . . . . . . Sir Ric. Tempest by two ways to . . . . . . . . . . the wretched people may know . . . . . . . . . . Sir, I have this morning seen th . . . . . . passages hereabouts, and doubt no . . . . . . . if my lord Steward be overthrown . . . . . . . him which God forbid. I shall put s[uch order] . . . that my lord of Suff., or at the le[ast] . . . . . . . part of his company coming to he . . . . . . . . shall never come over Trent, but t . . . . . . . tion. And if your mind be that he sh . . . . . . . to me, yet I shall do my best . . . . . . . them, but and if so be that I . . . . . . . lord Steward then I cannot . . . . . . . ."
Has instructed my said [lord] how to fortify his camp, and order his battle if forced to fight. His father is desirous to [have] 1,000 of Suffolk's horse for scourers. Lord Talbot marvels at the yielding of Pomfret, which is said to be stronger than the castle here, which Norfolk thinks not "prenable," without battery of greater pieces than demi-culverins. Sees that lord Talbot mistrusts lord Darcy. Fears only two things; lack of victual and my lord Steward's fighting before his coming. Newark upon Trent, Monday, 11 o'clock. Signature (not Norfolk's own) in the same hand as the letter.
Pp. 3.
23 Oct.
R. O.
847. Sir John Whyt to Cromwell.
Commends the bearer, John Browne, for services at the castle of Dublin when besieged by Thomas Fitzgerald, and begs expedition of his suits. Trusted him as his own son in watch and ward. Dublin, 23 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
23 Oct.
Add. MS. 8,715, f. 293. B. M.
848. Bishop of Faenza to Mons. Girolamo Dandino.
* * * It is reported from England that the people are rising, and more than 40,000 men are in arms, on account of abbeys which the King had suppressed, taking the crosses and chalices and giving away the property to whomsoever he pleased. The people disclaim any illwill against the King, though they take his castles and artillery, but they demand Cromwell, the archbishop of Canterbury, another of the Council, and in fine all those whom they consider causes of these errors. They have taken a servant of Cromwell's, blinded him and put him to death wrapped up in an ox hide. The King has been compelled to send men to put down the commotion; but the report was so serious, and so little can he trust in the men of the country, that it is thought he will either have to surrender to them those they demand and come back to obedience to the Church, for which they cry out, or he will lose his life. The insurrection must be greater than reported, for the passages being closed, no one would dare write what did not seem correct. The king of Scotland is here. Those who have spoken to him say he is of the best disposition, well-inclined to religion and conscious of the king of England's errors. The King (Francis) intended to honor him as befitting a King, but he prefers to be treated like a son and so he stands on the most familiar footing. Little more ceremonies are used towards him than to the Dauphin, and it is considered certain that they will give him Madame Madalena, whom he asked of the King at their interview.
The cardinal du Bellay has written to the bp. of Macon that the Pope should strengthen Francis' inclination for this marriage, as he might be able to use the king of Scotland in avenging the Church against the king of England; whom Francis treats with respect and does not wish to offend as long as he is at peace and strong, as he has much money which he could lend the Emperor. Francis has sent La Pomerea thither (to England) to tell him (Henry) about this match. Du Bellay thinks that he (Henry) will not say that it displeases him, especially now, but that he will try to put it off by offering his daughter to Mons. d'Orleans. The Grandmaster is desirous of it and very ill-content with the king of England, who he wishes were killed. He says that Francis is not bound to him at all, and when he has needed anything it has been seen what aid he has given, and that Henry (quello) has said that he has had nothing but deceit from France (di qui).
Ital. Modern copy, pp. 6. Headed: A Mons. Girolamo Dondino, da Molins, li 23 Ottobre. (fn. 29)
23 Oct.
Nero, B. XI. 262. B. M.
849. Constanso Benet to Sir Thos. Dingle.
I hear that my letters to you have not been delivered, but they have been brought to the Religion. Would write oftener, but I am mostly in the country with my lord, who was at Melchebourne last summer well and lusty and came thence straight to Berwick as there was sickness in St. John's. I am very glad to hear that you have obtained the commandry of "Grase, the which ys Schyngeye." On Oct. 4 a rebellion arose in Lincolnshire, and the King summoned the nobles to meet with their power at Ampthill with three days' warning. 200,000 men were ready. My lord of Shrewsbury came out of Wales with a great number of Welshmen and pacified the rebels, and sent certain of them to the King. It is not known what punishment they will have. Many gentlemen were with them, but had been taken and kept against their wills. Barwycke, (fn. 30) at my lord's place, 23 Oct.
Mutilated P.S. in Italian.—My lord tells me that the Grand Master, (fn. 31) is dead, "per loquale mane despia[ciu]to molto * * * et si per caso v. s. retorna qui in Egliterra presto, primo que andiati in Maltta, vendeti li culiari et portati li dinari con voi."
P. 1. Add.: Al Signor fr. Thomas Dingle, comandatore de Badsle and Mayne et de Schingey, sia datta in la corte (fn. 32) de M. Rmo. lo Grant Maystro de Rhodi.
24 Oct.
R. O. St. P. I. 491.
850. Henry VIII. to Suffolk [and others].
Has received their letters of the 22nd inst., written at 12 at night, containing an account of their proceedings and two schedules of names, one of the persons newly sworn, the other of notable traitors presented to them by the township of Horncastle and places thereabouts. Thanks them and trusts they will soon get the harness and weapons brought into them, which, next the "ordering of the passages" is a thing he has much to heart. Received this Tuesday morning letters from the lords of Shrewsbury and Norfolk;—the first declaring Shrewsbury to lie within a mile of Doncaster and to have sent on 1,200 men and 6 pieces of ordnance to Doncaster and Rasshington Bridge to keep the passages;—the second written by Norfolk, stating that he remained at Newark and that his forces could not come to him till this present Tuesday, and that our cousin of Exeter could not be there till tomorrow. As Doncaster is 30 miles from Newark and the distance cannot be traversed in short time, and if Shrewsbury, either being pressed by the rebels or thinking it desirable to attack them, should be worsted, it would be very necessary then to have the passages so kept as to compel the rebels to remain on the other side of the water till they were compelled by want of victuals to disperse. You are therefore, on receiving notice from Norfolk of any such chance, to leave such a one ruler with such number of men as you think meet to remain at Lincoln and repair to such places as shall be thought meet for the keeping of the passages. We send a commission for this purpose under our great seal, in which we have joined you and Norfolk together as our lieutenants.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, with corrections by the King, pp. 8.
ii. Memoranda in Derby's hand added:—
"A letter to my lord of Norfolk signifying that upon his request the King's highness hath directed his letters and commandment unto the duke of Suffolk according to his desire and also a commission for the same purpose. Item, thanks for his second letters whereby the King's highness hath conceived much comfort.
"A letter to Mr. Comptroller and Mr. Kingston commanding them to return hither with diligence in the Council's name."
P. 1. Endd.: Minute of the King's letters to my lord of Suffolk of the 24th of October.
[24 Oct.?]
R. O.
851. Wriothesley to Cromwell.
The King wishes him to send the master of the ordnance hither tomorrow, telling him to commit what the King ordered him to do there to the order of Anthony till his return. Windsor, Tuesday night.
Lord Hussey is not yet come, but was yesterday within 20 miles. Master Coffyn has the bringing of him.
Sends two letters to Cromwell and mistress Cromwell from master Richard.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O.852. Lord Husee to the Council.
This is all I know touching the rebellions in Lincolnshire begun Monday, 1 Oct., at Louth, from my house 35 miles.
On Monday lord Clynton sent word there was an insurrection at Louth against the bishop's officers, and Sir Wm. Skypwyt and John Hannage taken. Sent my servant Horneby to Sir John Litilbery, but he brought but a slack answer on Tuesday night. Sent to lord Clynton on Wednesday morning, but he was gone. On Wednesday I heard of a rising at Horncastle and sent Cuttelar and Dalys to Gybson and others of the town to say that if the commissioners had exceeded their commission I would help to see it redressed, and desired three or four of them to come and speak with me. Three or four came and brought me a letter from the gentlemen, which I sent to lord Cromwell, and said the commons wished me to sue for their pardon with certain conditions. I said the King did not condition with rebels, but if they would submit to his mercy I would ride to him for them myself. In this "I was more bold by the King's letter." On Tuesday I sent a letter to Sir Robt. Turwyt and Sir Wm. Asqwe offering to help to stay the country; but it fell into the rebels hands. Wrote also to Thos. Holland, Ant. Ereby, Nich. Robson, and the other commissioners of Holland to stay the country and guard it from the Lynsey men, but they had "begun to ruffle." Ereby wrote to me he had seven or eight score men to serve the King, after I was gone and the country all stayed except Boston, Swynshed, and Kertyn. I wrote them to meet me with my lord of Suffolk. There came, as they informed me, seven or eight score men with Ant. Erby, and I heard no more of them. He is with my lord of Suffolk, for one of my servants, Federston, saw him. I sent Cuttelar to Lincoln with a letter John Hannage left me for the captains, bidding him say anything to get himself away. Had a letter from Moyne to meet the commissioners at Spyttyll, and sent word I would meet them at Lincoln. Sent this letter to lord Cromwell. Lord Borrowe wrote to me, 4 Oct., for advice, and I told a servant of his, one Cowper, to pray his lord to meet me at Lincoln with 300 and I would not fail him. About 100 of the bishop's and my tenants of Slefford came to my house saying "they were informed I would go my way." Answered I would go and come when I list. They said they would die and live with me, but would not strike stroke against the rebels. I "bade them walk home, knaves," and trusted to see them hanged shortly. They said I should not go from them, and watched my house. On Thursday I sent armed servants to await me at Colwyke, Sir John Markeham's. On Saturday, hearing they were coming to my house, I went to my lord Steward in a priest's gown and cope. On Thursday I wrote to my lord Steward and lord Huntingdon that I would be with them on Saturday and have their answer. On Saturday night I came to Colwyke, and the rebels came to my house at Slefford and swore my wife to go after me and fetch me, and sent one Hudswell with her. On Sunday night they came to Colwyke "where I watched them surely and commanded my servants in the morning to bring them after me to the castle of Nottingham, and so delivered them to my lord Steward." My wife made labour to my lord Steward and my lord Huntingdon for her children, "like a fool" saying that if she brought me not again the rebels would burn my house and destroy them. The rebels left my house on Sunday, and my servants came to me with my lord Steward on Tuesday night. Twenty of them came to me on Friday, and I sent them back unarmed, "for my lord would not break the proclamation that he had made." I have 200 men, of whom my son is captain, with my lord Steward and eight score under Ant. Erby with my lord of Suffolk. I have 300 harness in the King's service. I tarried to stay the country, and as long as I was at home there was no rising in Kesten or Holland.
Begs the Council to intercede with the King for him.
Pp. 5. Endd.: My lord Hussey's confession. Add. at head: To the King's Council by the lord Huse.
853. The Lincolnshire Rebellion.
R. O.The confession of George Huddyswyll afore William Coffyn, Esq., and Richard Pollard, Gentleman.
That on Monday after Michaelmas day he was commanded by Thos. Wilson and Fras. Grimsby, constables of Horkestowe, to wait upon the justices next day at Caster; which he did, with six other persons of Horkestowe, viz., Thos. Coke, Wm. Jackson, Edm. Jaklyng, Robt. Stenton, John Grimsby, and Edw. Pennell. When they came to Caster the justices were not there, but in a field beside the town. At the same time there were about 2,000 of the commons, with the priests in great number, when Anthony Williamson, Harry Pennell of Saxby, and divers others proclaimed aloud that the justices had a commission from the King to take all men's harness from them and bring it to the castle of Bullyngbroke, and said they would not obey. All the commons said they would keep their harness to themselves. The priests were the same Tuesday at Caster to have waited on the bishop's commissary, as it was commonly noised that he would keep a court there that day. The commons then elected the said George to be a ruler of them all, and went forthwith to the church where all the said priests were, to the number of about eight score, and demanded of them whether they would take their part. They said they would, and delivered divers papers into the hands of the said George and bade him burn them, which he refused to do, but delivered them again to the said priests, whose names are Wm. Hoggeson, the dean of Grimsby, the dean of Rasyn, and others. Then all the commons with the priests went to the market-place, where the said priests burned their own books themselves, and the said George, with all the commons and priests, went to a hill called Caster Hill, thinking to have spoken there with the said justices of peace, but they fled away. Then the commons of Lowythe, to the number of 3,000, came to the said George and his company, well harnessed, saying they would have the said justices of peace or slay them and all who would take their part. One, Browan (fn. 33) of Louth, with Wm. King of the same, and one Curson, were chief captains, and the said George sent one Edw. Kydwall to Sir Wm. Ascue to desire him to return to him and his company or he would be slain. Sir William accordingly came, and the said George gave him an oath upon a book to be true to God, the King, and the commons. Sir Edward Maddyson, John Maddyson, John Bowathe, and Mr. Merbery then came to the said commons with the said Sir Wm. Ascue, and the said Sir Edw. Maddyson and John Bowathe took like oath. The same day the commons of Louth brought Sir Robt. Turwyt and Thos. Portington to the said George and his company, and then John Porman, gentleman, as a captain, gave them an oath to be true to God, the King, the commons, and Holy Church. Then all the said commons returned to Caster. The said Sir Wm. Ascue, Sir Edw. Maddason, John Bowath, and Thomas Portington demanded of the said George and others what caused them to make this insurrection. To which the said Porman, with a loud voice, answered, "that they will take the King to be the supreme head of the Church, and he shall have the first fruits and the tenth of every benefice, and shall have also the subsidy granted to him, but he shall have no more money of the commons during his life nor he shall suppress no more abbeys." He also said the commons would have the bishop of Canterbury, the lord Crumwell, the bishops of Lincoln, Rochester, Ely, Worcester, and Dublin to murder them. On Wednesday night one Wm. Merley, head constable of the hundred of Yerborowe, commanded the commons there, every man, on pain of hanging at his own door, to be at Yerborowe Hill next day in the morning to wait on Philip Turwyt, gent., which the said George and all the commons of that hundred accordingly did, and were commanded by Merlowe (sic) and the bailey of Berton to remove to Hamelton Hill to abide the coming of the commons of Louth with their captains, viz., the said Philip Turwyt, John Rud, and Robt. Hopkinson. Then Sir Robert Turwyt, as chief ruler of the hundred of Yerborowe, chose captains for them, and when they came to the said hill there was one Thomas Mowyn with 200 persons in harness, and the said George knows not but that he came of his own free will. The knights and gentlemen, after being in council at the foot of the hill, went to the town of Market Reson, where they remained Thursday night, and part of the commons lay the same night in the field. On Friday in a "myrefield" two miles from Rasyn, the "said" Sir Andrew Bylsby, Mr. Forset, and other gentlemen went to council again with the knights and gentlemen, and Sir Andrew said the commons were unruly. Sir Wm. Skipwith said they should be ordered whether they would or no, and every gentleman said it shall be well done that they be ruled. They had submitted to the knights and gentlemen, but the said George says the latter did not intend the reformation of the insurrection, but furthered it to the utmost of their power. Sir Wm. Skipwith the same day commanded six persons to the sheriff, Mr. Dymmok, to what purpose he knows not. The knights and gentlemen sent 12 persons of the commons on Thursday to lord Hussae, for what cause he knows not, nor what answer they had from him. Thomas Moyn said on the Thursday, amongst the commons, that lord Borowe would be with his power amongst them on Friday, provided he might come safely; at which the commons greatly rejoiced. The said Thomas Mowyn was a great promoter of the insurrection. Lord Borowe came not against them. They removed from the myrefyld to a field called Dunnam Lyngs, and tarried there till 3 p.m. the same Friday. Then the gentlemen went into counsel again and read a letter, one Cutteler, servant to lord Hussey, and John Turnay standing before them. Then, when they had consulted together, Sir William Ascue asked Cutteler if lord Hussey was at home and would take their part. Cutteler answered that he and all his house were at the commons' command. They then went to Lincoln, where they were well entertained, and the officers of the town commanded that victuals should be sold to them at reasonable price. The gentlemen lodged that night with the dean and canons in the Close of Lincoln, and were well entertained. Philip Turwyt, captain to the said George, on Saturday sent him to accompany Sir Chr. Ascue and others, to the number of 500, to fetch lord Hussey from his house to Lincoln. Found that lord Hussey had left his house, so they went and lodged that night at the bishop's castle, which they spoiled. Next day, Sunday, Sir Chr. Ascue had meat and drink for all from lady Hussey, and was by her offered 20 angel nobles, but would not take them. The said George went that Sunday with lady Hussey to Colwyke, where lord Hussey was, to ask if the said lord would go to Lincoln, and he answered he would not go. Desired to tarry with lord Hussey and serve the King, and Hussey sent him to the lord Steward, where he remained imprisoned until brought to Windsor.
ii. "Interrogatories to examine the said George Huddyswell."
(1.) Where the insurrection began, and why, and by whom. To which he says it began in Lowath, "for the jewels of their church, but by whom he knoweth not." (2.) Of whom had the traitor's aid? Answers that those who tarried at home gave supplies to the others, and they had money from all the parish priests and from the abbots of Thorneton, Berlyngs, and Bardney. (3.) What gentlemen came to them of their own will? Answers, Thomas Dymmoke, Robert Dyghtton, Mr. Grantam, and Mr. Mowyn. (4.) Whether he knew Robert Aske, and where he was amongst the traitors of Lincolnshire. Aske was on the Thursday with Thomas Mowyn at Hamelton Hill.
Pp. 8. With numerous underlined passages and marginal notes. Mutilated. Endd.
24 Oct.
R. O.
854. The Lincolnshire Rebellion.
Confession of John Browne, of [Louth], Linc., taken 24 Oct. 28 Henry VIII., before Richard Layton and [Thomas] Lee, clerks, and Ric. Pollard, gent.
On Sunday after Michaelmas Day last the insurrection in Lincolnshire [began at] Lowth as follows:—That day as the parish went in procession, "a cross of silver borne [in front]," Thomas Foster cried, "Masters, step forth and let us follow the cr[osse this] day: God knoweth whether ever we shall follow it hereafter or nay." The same Sunday, after evensong, Nic. Melton, shoemaker, John Wils[on] alias Jok Unsant, carpenter, and others (named) went with an armed company to the church and took the keys of the treasure house from the churchwardens, because it was said Wm. Asby, chief constable, would deliver the jewels next day to the Bishop's chancellor at his coming. The church was watched all night. Next day the Chancellor's servant came to the town, and also one John Hennage came as officer to the bishop of Lincoln to choose a chief officer for the next year as accustomed. The commons took the Chancellor's servant and Hennage, and brought them to the Market Hill and caused the former to burn his own books and let him depart; and with divers priests gathered there to meet the Chancellor, called the heads of the town "by the name of churles" to come out of the Town Hall, where they were assembled to choose an officer, and take oath to God, the King, and commons for the [wealth] of Holy Church. Then they went to Legborne, two miles off, and by the way met John Bellowe, the lord Privy Seal's servant, whom they took with great violence. Part of them, returning with Bellowe, met Sir Wm. Skipwith, and compelled him to take the oath. They put Bellowe in the stocks in the town. The rest of the commons, with Thomas Manby, came to Legborne nunnery, and with great violence carried off one — (fn. 34) Millesaunt, Wm. Eleyn, and this deponent. They put Millesaunt in the stocks with Bellowe, and compelled Eleyn and deponent to take the oath. The priests (fn. 35) then in the town promised the commons to warn their parishes to meet the commons next day at a hill between Louth and Caster.
Next day, Tuesday, they went in a great body to Caster, where were sitting, on the King's commission, lord Borowe, Sir Robert Turwytt, Sir Wm. Ascue, Sir Edw. Madyson, and Mr. Portyngton, who fled from Caster, but were all taken except lord Borowe, whose servant was slain. The commons then returned to Louth with Sir Robert Turwytt and the rest, whom they compelled to be their captains. (fn. 35) Sir Andrew Byllesby and Edward Fo[r]sett were sent for, with threats, to come to Louth, which they did on Wednesday. It was then agreed that every [wap]entake should choose a captain, of the said knights; [Geor]ge Parker was imprisoned with Millesaunt and Bellowe; and proclamation was made for all to be ready under their captains next day, Thursday. Next day they went, under their captains, to Rasyn, and next day, Friday, to Lincoln, where a great number from Horne Castell joined them. One Sir Chr. Ascue, (fn. 35) without being sent for, came to Louth on Wednesday night, went with the commons to Lincoln, and thence, on Saturday, with 400 men, to the house of lord Hussey. They could not find lord Hussey, so they lay at the Bishop's Castle nigh there all night, and next morning lady Hussey sent them meat and drink and offered Ascue money. On [Thu]rsday they had sent for lord Hussey, who came not, but sent word he would not be against them. On Sunday Sir [Christopher] Ascue and his company returned to Lincoln, and brought Sir John Thymmolb[y] from his house with them. The commons were in Lincoln till the [Friday] next, when a "harward" of arms (fn. 36) came from the lord Steward and others and made proclamation that all should disperse home or else the lord Steward would fight them at Ancaster Heath; whereupon all dispersed. The next Sunday a message came from the duke of Suffolk to Robt. Browne, father of deponent, to discharge Millesaunt and his fellows in prison at Louth; which was done on the promise of the said Robert to the commons and traitors to restore them when required.
ii. Interrogatories for John Browne; with answers.
(1.) Cause of the insurrection at Louthe. It was published that the Bishop's Chancellor would take away the jewels of the church, that every man should take his gold to the Tower of London for a new touch, and the like, by Nich. Melton, John Tacy, Thos. Manby, John Onyer, John Wylson and others. (2.) Relief in their journey to Lincoln. Wm. Kyng of Louthe gathered money from religious men and others for them; Sir Robt. Hussey and others sent victuals, &c. (3.) Of priests and monks among them, there were seven or eight hundred: the parish priest of Louth was with them, and at starting the vicar "strake them upon their backs and bade them go in their journey." (4.) Messengers from Beverley and Yorkshire. On Tuesday at Lincoln divers persons came with the town seal of Beverley promising cooperation. Guy Kayem was sent to Beverley in return, and on Friday, after the herald's proclamation, the bailey of Barton was sent, as deponent supposes, to [coun]termand Kayem. (5.) Never heard of [Robert] Aske.
Pp. 8. Mutilated. Endd.
24 Oct.
R. O.
855. Peres Leghe, Esquire, to Cromwell.
I send you by my servant, the bearer, one of "such simple deer half baken as I have in my small grounds." Bradley, 24 October. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Peers a Leygh.
24 Oct.
R. O.
856. Edw. earl of Derby to Henry VIII.
He and the gentlemen of the shire have finally concluded to set forward towards Sauley, where the monks and abbot yet remain, on Saturday next, to execute the King's command. Begs the King will remember their charges in this. Lathom, 24 Oct. (fn. 37) Signed.
P. 1. Add, Endd.: Reed. 28 Oct.
24 Oct.
R. O.
857. Edward earl of Derby to Cromwell.
Intends to set forward on Saturday next with the force of this shire towards Sauley to execute the King's command against the late abbot and monks. As the people are very bare of money, asks him to obtain payment of their expenses from the King. Does not know "what rescous or succour they (the abbot and monks) may hap to have," else would think the King's commands might be accomplished with less force. Lathom, 24 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
24 Oct.
R. O.
858. Edw. earl of Derby to Henry VIII.
Enclosing a letter sent him (Derby) by the rebels in Yorkshire which he has not opened. Lathom, 24 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: Received 28 Oct.
859. — to [Cromwell].
R. O.My lord, in my last letter I wrote that my lord of Derby was true to the King, and so I think he is yet, but how he takes your lordship I am in doubt, for I hear light words among his servants. "Or your lordship should be their as they wolde have you to be I had leyver to be in Jerusalem to come home oppon my bar fete. At my coming to London I shall show your Lordship. I pray you keep this counsel to yourself."
P. 1. Small slip.
24 Oct.
MS. 19,751. f. 194. Bibl. Nat. Paris.
860. — to the Cardinal du Bellay.
London 24 Oct.
Thinks Du Bellay will be glad to learn such news as he has received here in England. Words lately used by Du Bellay, that he who is feared by many must fear many are verified by this rising for restoring the people and the Church to their ancient liberties. They disclaimed any intention of making an enterprise against the King, and only wished to revenge themselves on those who were responsible for the burdens imposed upon them, especially Cromwell, the Chancellor, the bishop of Canterbury, and "le Chancelier de l'Eglise." (fn. 38) Gives an account of the commencement of the insurrection at Lincoln in consequence of the suppression of an abbey, and their determination to march to London, the citizens being, it is said, in intelligence with them. The King was disposed to go against them himself, but sent Talbot, and the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, and the earl of Derby, who issued a proclamation offering pardon to those who had been forced to join the rebels. Some deserted, and the rest have gone northward, leaving some guns which they had taken from ships in the neighbouring harbours. They have taken the towns on their way, even York, the people of which met them in procession and offered them all their goods, some say willingly, but others, from fear. They would not shut themselves up in the town, but are in a strong position in the country, being themselves stronger than ever. Norfolk and the others are following them. Accounts differ as to their numbers, but the rebels are generally said to be more than 20,000, and the others are far more. The King is collecting great stores in the Tower, as if preparing for future war rather than triumph about the past.
The people are thoroughly poisoned by sedition, and one head lost will produce two, like the hydra.
Russel is among them, disguised, and sends information to the King, who is at Windsor, and has sent Cromwell here to raise a loan to test the Londoners, who are always suspected of being rebels. From the beginning of the insurrection, the King took from the city many people and furnished as many men with harness as possible, so as to weaken the town and strengthen his army and the Tower, which is his last refuge. To soften the temper of the people, he caused his two daughters Mesdames Marie and Isabeau (Elizabeth) to come thither, but the bad opinion conceived by the people of his intentions was so fixed that it seems they think of nothing but liberty. For this cause they are now glad that the Scotch King is in France instead of being vexed at it, as it would have been troublesome if he had joined the rebels. At Court, however, they pretend that it would be of no importance.
Madame Marie is now the first after the Queen, and sits at table opposite her, a little lower down, after having first given the napkin for washing to the King and Queen. And the marchioness of Exeter gives the water. Madame Ysabeau is not at that table, though the King is very affectionate to her. It is said he loves her much. At the beginning of the insurrection the Queen threw herself on her knees before the King and begged him to restore the abbeys, but he told her, prudently enough, to get up, and he had often told her not to meddle with his affairs, referring to the late Queen, which was enough to frighten a woman who is not very secure.
Offers to write again if wished.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 6. Add.: Le Cardinal du Bellay en Court.
24 Oct.
R. O.
861. Jehan de Tovar to the Deputy of Calais.
While at Court, whence I have just returned, I heard that you wrote to my lieutenant, Toussans, to claim a certain prisoner taken by my men, as a subject of the King of England. As I have been engaged on the Emperor's business, I have not heard how the case goes, and wish for information. The Queen, our governor, and all the Emperor's subjects have been grieved to hear of the disturbance in England, and would be ready to help the King if necessary. I am anxious to know if the people are pacified. Gravelines Castle, 24 Oct. 1536. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.: John Wodgate, Thos. Appouel, Richard Alley, labourers of Guysnes, of Canterbury.
24 Oct.
R. O.
862. Paul III.
Instructions to Master Dyonisius, general of the Order "Servorum Be. Marie" Papal Nuncio to James V., to intimate the General Council, dated 24 Oct. 1536, directing him when he visits Francis to procure through Cardinal Trivulcio, and the nuncio with him, a safe conduct from the king of England for his journey into Scotland, going and coming, and to wait in France till it is obtained. To be very discreet in his passage through England, to present copies of the brief and bull to James V., and in declaring their purpose add, if he think fit, that the Pope is thankful that Scotland remains steady in this disturbance of the Church. To confer with the abp. of St. Andrews and the abp. of Glasgow on the subject.
Transcript from a contemporary copy at the Vatican among the collections of Cardinal Aleander, pp. 5.
25 Oct.
R. O.
863. Henry VIII. to —.
Two copies of letters missive in the same form as No. 821, but dated 25 Oct. 28 Hen. VIII., with the postscript. One signed with a stamp, the other unsigned.
[25 Oct.]
R. O.
864. Norfolk to Henry VIII.
Having received the letter enclosed, the only only one from my lord Steward since Monday last, though I have several times written to him, I being in bed, not asleep, "accompanied with such as be named in a schedule herein enclosed," took horse with only my brother William, Sir Richard Page, Sir Arthur Darcy, and four servants, to ride to my lord Steward, at his desire, not knowing where or how many the enemies be. Whatever happen, I shall not spare "the little poor carcass," or give cause to object any "lageousnes" in me. I beg you take in good part whatever (at the advice of others) I may promise the rebels; "for surely I shall observe no part thereof, for any respect of that other might call mine honor dystayned, longer than I and my company with my lord Marquess may be assembled together;" for I think no promise made to serve you can "dystayne" me, who would rather be torn to pieces than show cowardice or disloyalty. If it chance me to miscarry, be good to my sons and daughter.
If my lord Steward had not "advansed" the Trent till my coming I might have followed the effect of my letter from Cambridge, and the traitors might have been easily subdued. Welbek, 14 miles from Doncaster, 12 p.m.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.: Received, 27 Oct.
ii. Schedule enclosed.
My son, of Surrey, my brother William, Richard Southwell, Sir Ric. Page, Sir Arthur Darcy, Sir Thos. Lestrange, Pagnam and Freman, with your treasure, and not past 30 more. The rest being at Tuxford, and my lord Marquis, with part of his at Nottingham and my ordnance and artillery at Tuxford.
In Norfolk's hand, p. 1.
25 Oct.
R. O.
865. Fitzwilliam to Cromwell.
Has received his letter by the bearer. Has done nothing more for Cromwell's nephew than he deserves. He is forward, conformable, and very desirous to do the King service. Does not send news, as their common letters will tell him everything. My lord Steward and his company wish Fitzwilliam to be with them, and he has written to the lord Lieutenant about it. Is desirous of going, but the lord Lieutenant will not suffer it, grounding himself upon the King's letters. Lincoln, 25 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: My lord Admiral.
25 Oct.
R. O.
866. [Sir] J. Russell to Cromwell.
I have received your letter, and perceive that you and the King's highness are pleased with our service here. I am glad; for before his last letter we were as men desperate, it being reported that the King thought much slackness in us, because we went not faster against his rebels. I assure you, as soon as we had arms and money, there was no time lost. My Lords and the Council here have taken pains day and night; if there be any fault in us, it is from lack of experience, not of good will. Where you thank me for your nephew, Mr. Richard Cromwell; I will always be ready to do him pleasure. His company is as well horsed and well ordered as any in this army. Lincoln, 25 October. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
25 Oct.
R. O.
867. W. Heydon to Cromwell.
Has received his letter, and on Tuesday last, 24 October, rode to one John Haywards, of Lowdewater, in Rickmansworth, to whom Henry Creke, since the decease of Wm. Creke, delivered a chest with evidences. Henry Creke opened it in presence of all, and of young Mistress Creke. Found but three pieces of evidence concerning the title of the heir and for the discharge of certain estates by Wm. Creke to lord Windsor; which he kept. An old deed of entail of the manor of Mikelfeld, which Wm. Creke once showed him, could not be found. Thinks Henry Creke should be examined about it. Locked and sealed the chest in their presence and keeps the key. Then went with young Mrs. Creke to the Manor Place and spoke with the wife of the said Wm. Creke and some of the tenants, and showed them that John Creke's wife came thither as warden in socage to the heir, being within age, advising them to become her tenants, to the use of the said heir. I said all claims for jointure or other interest would be reasonably heard, but meanwhile they must pay all rents, &c. to her from Michaelmas last. 25 October.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
868. Joan Creke, Widow, to Cromwell.
R. O.Since I was at the manor of Mekilfild there have been there the cellarer of St. Albans and one James, clerk to the abbot of St. Albans, Wm. Hochynson, bailey of Rickmansworth, who is yeoman of the spicery to the King, and Thos. Hybgrave, the bailey's son of Langley. These four men have been with old Mrs. Creke, and have commanded the tenants to pay no rents to me and to fell no woods. They say they will have my son for ward to my lord of St. Albans. They were desired to go to master Haydon for their answer, but refused to go off the ground. The tenants fear the bailey has got the grant of my son already, for my lord of St. Albans will deny him nothing. This is extreme usage towards a poor woman. Please desire Mr. Chambre to take pains in the matter; he will be glad to help me if my son be found my lord of St. Albans' ward.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
869. 2. The Same to the Same.
R. O.On the same subject and nearly in the same words. They say neither your Lordship nor I have anything to do there.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
870. Joan Creke, Widow, to Cromwell.
R. O.Fourscore years ago the then abbot of St. Albans had wrongfully my husband's grandfather to his ward. When he was 14 years old the abbot sold him to a fishmonger of London, who kept him two years. The child then ran away from the fishmonger to a knight, Sir Davy Philip, who married him to Mr. St. John's daughter, of Kent. The friends of the wife sued the abbot, and proved that he was not his ward, when the abbot gave him, in recompense for the injury, a farm called Ballards beside Luton, Beds., and when the young man was dissatisfied the abbot made him master of his game. Old men can attest this. Begs Cromwell's help, else the present abbot will do her children wrong. The abbot is now in London, in a house of his own by the Charterhouse.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
871. Joan Creke, Widow, to Cromwell.
R. O.Whereas your Lordship gave me your letter to my lord Windsor, his answer is that my son's land is his, and that no man shall meddle there till he has received 16l. It was a matter of suretyship for a tenant of my lord Windsor who dwelt at the Catherine Wheel at Colebrook. My father said lord Windsor would not allow him to sue his tenant in his lifetime, and after the tenant's death his Lordship strained all his goods, and now my Lord claims 16l., saying the land is forfeit. Mr. Russel can show your Lordship more.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
25 Oct.
R. O.
872. Salley Abbey.
"The names of the servants and householders in Salley the — (blank) day of October 1536."
42 names, of which 12 are crossed out.
ii. Copy of an oath to be true to God's Faith and Church and to the King; to expulse all villain blood from the Privy Council, and to pay to the abbot and convent of "this monastery" all monies of late received from Sir Arthur Darcy for lands belonging to the monastery.
iii. Copy of a letter from E. earl of Derby to the abbot of Whalley.
Intend to be with you on Monday night and desire you to provide for me and my company, and so do the King service. Laitham, 25 Oct.
Pp. 2.

Footnotes

1 This struck out.
2 See No. 803. The endorsement is clearly wrong if it was meant to apply to this letter; but probably a draft letter to the duke of Norfolk was enclosed along with this.
3 Printed also in the Archæologia, xvi. 331, from a copy in the Herald's College.
4 Blank.
5 This occurs in a part which is struck out.
6 Crossed out.
7 In margin Wylson alias Joken Sene.
8 Noted in margin.
9 Dr. Rayne, the bishop of Lincoln's chancellor.
10 These passages noted in margin.
11 "Thomas" in next deposition.
12 In marg.: "Nom hic that the gentlemen might have fled."
13 Noted in margin.
14 Noted in margin.
15 In marg.: "Exa again."
16 In marg.: "nom Mr. Sandreson, because he moved the people."
17 In marg.: "Lord Hussey ['s] letter and other."
18 Blank.
19 In marg.: "Lord Hussey and Askewe."
20 Opposite the last 12 lines: "Skypwythe—the common seal of Beverlaye—messengers to Beverley with a letter and arls—vic. Guy Keyme and Dun."
21 Noted in margin.
22 These words underlined and noted.
23 Underlined; marginal note lost.
24 In marg.: "Aske said, ha[ve] ye brought any writings from the gentlemen."
25 This on a separate slip with corrections in the King's own hand, a sentence to the same effect in the original being crossed out.
26 Sentence noted in margin.
27 Should be 23rd, as the 22nd was Sunday in 1536.
28 Rasshington Bridge. See No. 850.
29 An extract containing all but the last three sentences in this abstract will be found in Vol. III. of Mr. Stevenson's Vatican Transcripts at the Record Office.
30 Berwick, near Rainham in Essex, a residence of the Prior of St. John's.
31 Didier de St. Jaille died 26 Sept. 1536.
32 Probably at Toulouse, of which St. Jaille was prior.
33 Brown. The writer spells town "towan," Bowthe "Bowathe," &c.
34 Blank.
35 Noted in margin.
36 Lancaster Herald.
37 A copy of this and of the next letter (qu. from an original letter book of the earl of Derby?) are noticed in the Sixth Report of the Historical MSS. Commission, p. 445, as dated 23 Oct., with the following notices subjoined:—
"A like letter was written to the earl of Sussex asking money for the wages.
"The same to Henry VIII. Written at the same time:—A servant of the Earl's was taken by the rebels and compelled to swear service to them, and made to bring a letter to the Earl, who sends it to the King, as it was delivered without knowledge of its contents Latham, Oct."
38 Meaning apparently the chancellor of the Augmentations Riche.