Henry VIII
June 1537, 11-20

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner (editor)

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1891

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25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42

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'Henry VIII: June 1537, 11-20', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 2: June-December 1537 (1891), pp. 25-42. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=75700 Date accessed: 31 October 2014.


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June 1537, 11-20

11 June.74. Robert Dalyvell.
Cleop. E. iv.
128*.
B. M.
Confession of Robt. Dalyvell, of Royston, Herts, before John Martyn, Edw. Annesley, Ric. Chambre, and Wm. Chambre, of Royston, Peter Robynson, Ric. Gollthorpe, and Tristram Teshe, of York, 11 June 29 Hen. VIII.
That he said the King shall not live a month after the Feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist in 1538 if he do not amend his conditions; and before that time a horse worth 10s. "shall be able to bear all the noble blood of England." Signed by the examiners.
P. 1. Endd.
R. O.2. Copy of the preceding, p 1.
R. O.3. Memoranda for the examination of Dalyvell.
1. To ask him when he was last in Scotland, and why he went thither? 2. How long, and with whom he dwelled there? 3. What he heard of the King and realm, and from whom? 4. With whom he spake and where he stayed in the North on his journey? 5. Whether he has heard of any prophecies? 6. If any religious person has read him any prophecies? 7. To how many people he has told the matters contained in the two articles. 8. What he said to the Scotchman who told him of the effect of the matter contained in the two articles. 9. How long ago and how often the angel appeared to him?
P. 1. In Cromwell's hand. Endd.: The confession of Dalyvell.
11 June.75. Sir Wm. Parre to Cromwell.
R. O.Received last night his letters of the 6th and 9th, and set forward to-day to accomplish them. Has not got the muniments of Barlinges, as Cromwell supposes,' but will get what he can. Wrote that he had books which were the abbot's, of divinity and the like, and asks what to do with them. Horton, 11 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Sir Wm. Parr. 11 June 1537.
11 June.76. Lord Leonard Grey and Brabason to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. ii. 440.
At the end of last Easter term the untruth of the traitor O'Connor was debated in Parliament. His pledges for payment of 800 kine and for keeping peace had been in the King's hands over a year. A "journey" was decreed against him with 14 days' victuals, to start on Monday after Ascension Day (fn. 1) under the Deputy, accompanied by Brabason, treasurer of the wars, and the Chief Justice, by way of West Meath and Maghe Thogan's country. At the same time Ossory, with O'More and McGilpatrick, was to advance through O'More's country. The writers thereupon set out and came to the King's manor of Rathwere, where they found the barons of Delvin and Slane, the lord of Killen, and the Plunkettes, 100 of Mr. Seyntloos men, and 100 kern out of Wexford county. Lay there that Tuesday night, and on Wednesday came to Maghethogan's country. On Thursday took pledges of Maghethogan and O'Mulmoy, and accompanied by them, entered O'Connor's country, and took Brakland Castle, which they delivered to Kair O'Connor. In the castle was the "gossope" to the said Kair, who had induced the others to surrender, and was pardoned, and two or three prisoners; all the others "had the pardon of Maynooth." (fn. 2) On Friday proceeded to the Dengyn Castle, five miles off over the marsh, and won "the diges and baon of the said castle" with the loss of but two men. Then until Monday, when "the great piece" came, kept close watch. Kair O'Connor begged that the castle should not be overthrown, but delivered to him. On Monday the "great piece," &c. arrived, and on Tuesday the battery was made in which the "great piece" was broken. The English then took the castle by assault, killing 18 men inside, and five "running to the wood." On the morrow, Wednesday, Ric. Butler came with certain horse and foot, saying his father had a sore knee, and could not come. That was eight days after the appointment. Have burnt and destroyed most of the country. Men say O'Connor fled to O'Caroll's country, who is Ossory's friend. Concluded with Ric. Butler, as his victuals were still unspent, that he should go and punish O'Caroll. Kair O'Connor, who has been an exile from that country two years, did good service, and promises O'Connor shall never return whilst he is there. O'Connor had been punished long ago, but that the army, having no money, had to wait until the King's revenues came in at Easter term. Help us with money and ordnance as the master of the ordnance here shall require. Dublin, 11 June. Signed.
Add. Lord Privy Seal.
12 June.77. Henry VIII. to the Duke of Norfolk.
R. O.
St. P. i. 551.
We have received your letters of the 2nd inst., with those addressed to the lord Privy Seal, showing your loyal heart upon the news of the quickening of our wife the Queen, which you may be assured we shall have in good remembrance. We have in consultation with our Council in reference to your request what numbers of men should repair to attend us in the North, determined to put off our journey thither till another year. Reasons for this: 1. That the Emperor has sent hither to us a noble man with overtures for the weal of all Christendom, stating that he means to send two other personages of great honour. 2. That the Queen being now quick with child, she might be in danger from rumours blown abroad in our absence, and it is thought we should not go further than 60 miles from her. 3. That as the Emperor and the French king are now both in arms and have each great numbers of men near the marches of Calais, we should be near at hand to prevent a breach of neutrality. 4. We have not visited the North since the beginning of our reign and the year is so far spent and the country so wasted that we could hardly get beyond York, whereas next year we might visit Hull, Carlisle, Newcastle, Durham, and Berwick. For these reasons, and those which you signified to us by Maunsell when you desired to know our decision about our journey, both for a pardon to be otherwise granted to put the people out of fear and for the stay of their preparations, we have determined to send down a personage of honour with our said pardon, and we desire you to proclaim this in York and in all such towns as you can easily visit, by your own mouth. As to your suit to return, although we can hardly be so well served there we purpose shortly to revoke you and establish a standing council there to keep those countries in quiet and administer justice. Let us know by your next letters your advice on this subject, what persons ye think meet for the said council and how you find the country disposed. Finally, on the arrival here of Thomas Strangways we find he has been a most arrant traitor and continues in his treasons, labouring to excuse wholly lord Darcy and Constable, and speaking as if our subjects there much repined at their punishments, saying also they are more meet to rule than you and better beloved. It would be well, therefore, to have them executed about Doncaster, and that we should send the said Darcy, Constable and Aske down for that purpose. If you think this good, make arrangements accordingly.
Thus we have declared to you the causes that have specially moved us to put off our intended journey, which you are to set forth as above expressed. But to be frank with you, which you must keep to yourself, a humour has fallen into our legs, and our physicians advise us not to go so far in the heat of the year, even for this reason only.
Draft with corrections in Wriothesley's hand. Endd.: Minute of letters to my lord Norfolk 12o Junii 1537.
R. O.2. Draft of the principal portion of the preceding letter with many corrections, amongst other things altering the form throughout from the first person ("we") to the third ("the King's Majesty") and introducing in one place the expression "the said Duke and Marquis," showing, apparently, that it was intended at one time to associate Exeter with Norfolk in the execution of these instructions.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 15. A copy of this draft will be found among the Rymer Transcripts in the British Museum, Add. 4622, f 31.
R. O.3. Causes to be declared to the world why the King has given up his intended progress to York for this year.
The reasons given are the same as in § 1, but in a different order.
If the King be pleased at the request of his Council to defer his journey in order to reassure the people and prevent them making further preparations some nobleman or noblemen should be sent down with his pardon [in margin: The marquis of Exeter, the earl of Sussex, viscount Beauchamp, the lord Admiral]; the same to have an entertainment for his charges as he or they might with their trains consume and spend such victuals as be already prepared for the "——
Imperfect. In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 4. Badly mutilated.
12 June.78. Henry VIII. to Gardiner.
Add. MS.
25,114, f. 267.
B. M.
Has received his sundry letters, viz., those he wrote to the King on the departure of Sir Francis Brian, "with the French book, written in form of a tragedy, sent unto us by the same," and those sent by Layton, containing a conference between Gardiner and the Great Master. Wonders that on his first having knowledge of the said book and the malice of it, he did not apply to the French king to have it suppressed. As sundry copies and impressions of it have got abroad, Gardiner is to tell the French king and the Great Master how much Henry is grieved that it should have been written in the house of his ambassador in England, "and now there (in France?) imprinted." Is to urge that all copies may be taken in and suppressed, leaving the punishment of the, devisers to their discretion. Understands that the author was one Carle, attendant upon the French ambassador. Though Gardiner has already been informed by the lord Privy Seal of the King's intention to recall him, the King cannot change his ambassador in this troubled time. Peter Larke shall be reimbursed the money laid out by Gardiner for posts. Hampton Court, 12 June, 29 Hen. VIII.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3. Add.: The Bp. of Winchester, our ambassador in France. Endd.
12 June.79. Monastery Exempted from Suppression.
See Grants in June, No. 10.
12 June.80. Robert Dalyvell.
Calig. B. i.
122.
B. M.
"The sayings of Robert Dalyvell the 12th day of Junii, the 29th year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord king Henry VIII." [on his examination in the Tower]. (fn. 3)
(1.) He came from Scotland "a month before Lammas was twelvemonth;"—went there "to learn cunning in the craft of a saddler." (2.) Dwelt at Edinburgh with one William Sadyller, in the parish of St. Margaret's or St. Andrew's (cannot remember which) for eight weeks complete. (3.) Heard divers Scotchmen, chiefly light persons, but some of reputation, say they read in books of prophecy that their King should be crowned king of England in London before Midsummer day three years or a month after. Cannot remember their names. Divers Scots, householders in Chesterstrete, six miles from Newcastle (servants of one Aleyn), said their King was most worthy to be king of England, being next of blood. (4.) Spoke with no man in the North of this, except the Scots in Chesterstrete. Remained there working with one Nicholson three weeks; before that, worked in York a fortnight, and at Gatessyde another fortnight with Nicholson's son; thence went to his uncles, Sir John and Robert Dalyvell, and to one Thomas Cramlyngton; remained one week and went to Scotland. (5.) No Englishman ever read or told him any prophecies; but when he was in Scotland "the Scots that railed before, read the prophecies of Marlyn in his hearing." (6.) Had known many religious men, but they never read prophecies to him or spoke of them even in confession. (7.) Never told anyone of the contents of the two articles till Monday last, when he mentioned them, unsolicited, to a gentleman's servant in the stable at the Greyhound, Royston. (8.) Did not venture to reply to the Scots in their own country, but told those in Chesterstrete they were false traitors, and their master Aleyn rebuked them. (9.) The angel appeared to him twice; first on Tuesday night after Palm Sunday at midnight, his wife being asleep, then on the Wednesday following, saying, "Arise, and show your prince that the Scots would never be true to him."
"And according to your lordship's commandment, the Thursday at afternoon I brought him to the rack and there strained him, using such circumstances as my poor wit would extend to; but more cannot I get of him than this. Yesternight I proved him at his first coming, and about 8 of the clock again, and in the morning after again, by fair means and also by threatenings." Signed: "Per me, Edmundum Walsyngham."
Pp. 3.
12 June.81. Sir Thos. Tyrell to the Duke of Suffolk.*
Cleop. E. iv.,
124. (fn. 4)
B. M.
Wright's
Suppression
of the
Monasteries,
160.
The vicar of Mendyllsham (fn. 5) my neighbour has at Pentecost last brought home his woman and children to his vicarage, openly declaring he is married to her. This act is in this country a monster, and many grudge at it; but as he declares the King knows he is married, they refrain from doing what they would, and our ordinary dare do nothing.
Begs to know how to reform his open crime, which is a bad example to other carnal evil disposed priests. 12 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
12 June.82. Richard Pollard to Cromwell.
R. O.Was entertained at York by Sir Geo. Lawson, who accompanied him to Shirefhoton. As he had attended upon the duke of Norfolk at the suppression of Byrdlington and Jervaulx, asked him to accompany him to Byrdlington. Suggests his being appointed receiver for these forfeit lands. Brydlington, 12 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
12 June.83. Arthur, Lord Lisle, to Cromwell.
R. O.This day at 3 p.m. lord Butler and Sir Geo. Carre (sic) arrived with your lordship's letter, which I will accomplish. I received from you two letters of late, one concerning the country and denizens, which will be troublesome to execute, but I will do my best; the other that I and the Council should examine a matter, which we have done. I enclose a letter from a servant of mine, who has lain all this year at Roan, both for my business in the provision of wines and for his own. Calais, 12 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
12 June.84. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
R. O.Is very grateful for her manifold goodness. Has had a reasonable fair passage, though not of the shortest. At his coming, neither Justice nor his son were at home. Waited for him this morning, according to her commands, and he has made an end with the clothier, who is a very lewd fellow. Young Justice will take the clothes over by the next passage. They are very honest folks. Yesternight I killed part of the quails, and this morning the rest, but not more than seven of them were fat, so I chose two dozen of the best to take with me, and gave the rest to the master of the Maison Dieu and Mr. Whalley in your ladyship's name. Those sent hereafter should be picked. The first that were sent were as good as these, except some seven of them. I send the cage by young Justice. I beg you not to be displeased with Sendye. My taking him over has done him good. God send you a fair son. Canterbury, 12 June.
Commend me to Mr. Basset and the second person, and to Mr. George. Chowbakon sends commendations to you and my lord and Mr. Basset, and to Jack his brother, and to all other except Mr. Spigot, whose name he says makes him more than half drunk.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
12 June.85. John Whalley to Lord Lisle.
R. O.I thank you and my lady for your many kindnesses. I have received your letter by John Hussey. I thank your lordship for your pains in behalf of my kinsman Thos. Bryan. Mr. Mayor of Calais has stopped the suit, but I would give him a thousand thanks more to do justice, and that he be not put off any longer. My lord Chancellor and my lord Privy Seal have written to them to do justice. They pretended only to delay that they might see the deed of enfeoffment made by John Bingham of Calais to Bryan of Barton-upon-Humber. I beg you to call Mr. Mayor before you and examine him what he and his brethren stick upon. Dover, 12 June.
Hol., p. 1. Mutilated. Add.
12 June.86. Thomas Alen to Cromwell.
Lamb. 607.
f. 20.
My lord Deputy proceeded into O'Chonour's country the Tuesday after Trinity Sunday, entering it on the West between O'Mulmoy, McGoghegan's and O'Molaghlyn's countries, his neighbours and aiders, whom he bound to the King by oaths. No host has passed with carts that way heretofore, it being all wood and marshes. He then marched to O'Chonour's castle, called Braghnoll, which he took, beheading all the ward but three, who were preserved to show his lordship the ways of another of his castles, called in Irish Dengin, i.e., the castle of Most Assurance. He encamped half a mile from it;—could get no nearer for the moor, and could only approach by a causey. My lord caused faggots to be made to repair it, and to fill great double ditches, "so strong and so large have not been seen in this land heretofore," and appointed "my fellow," Martin Pellis, captain of his 100 footmen, and a captain of Seintlowe's to defend the labourers. The ward came out and skirmished with them, wounded Mr. Seintlowe's captain in the arm with a handgun and killed several men, but Martin won the outer works. My lord gained the place at length with as little loss as could be in taking so strong a hold, for in all the land is none like it, being so strong in itself and also so well manned, ordnanced, and victualled. Their gunners were such good marksmen that few spoke after they shot them. Sir Will. Skeffington, when he approached these castles with 1,700 Englishmen, Ossory, the whole Englishry, O'Donell's, McGwiers, O'Raile's, and other Irishmen's aids, did not the tenth part of the hurt this journey has done, All the inhabitants "rejoice much this journey" and thank God the King has sent them such a governor. Dublin, 12 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.. Lord Privy Seal. See Carew Calendar, No. 100.
13 June.87. Sir John Shelton's Chamber.
R. O.Articles whereof Thos. Bromel, servant to Giles Lamander, tailor, was examined in the porter's lodge at Murtlayk, 13 June, 29 Hen. VIII., with his answers.
1. How long he had the key and custody of the chamber of Sir John Shelton, "steward of house" to my lady Mary? His said master delivered it to him at 7 a.m. on Corpus Christi day last, and he kept it only till near sunset that day. 2. Where he was all that forenoon? In the said chamber till dinner time. 3. What company he had with him? Mr. Torrall and one Pyrraunce came up and were there an hour. The former played the virginals and lute; the latter "loked of a book" in the great closet. Meanwhile respondent retired into the bedchamber to look after certain plate and apparel and see if the door in the fore end of the gallery were made fast; then into the gentlewomen's chamber, which was far from the said closet, and looked out of the window. After an absence from them of half an hour or more he suddenly met in the gallery Mr. Torrall, who asked where the gentlewomen's chamber was, and having shown him, he asked Mr. Torrall whether he could go hence or no, who said yea. He then came to Pyrraunce and called him as he was reading. Pyrraunce desired him to tarry mass in the closet, but he would not, so they came down together, and on leaving commanded Bromell to take good heed of the chamber.
4. Where he was all the afternoon? "After dinner he went to the said chamber again, whereunto came one Master Hall, and played of the virginals and the lute, and within the space of a quarter of an hour went down; and this said respondent tarried there the space of one hour alone sewing a pair of fustian sleeves. And in the meantime he, hearing certain pastime of the river, locked the fore door and went down through the chapel, leaving that door open, not remembering whether he barred it at any time after or no. And so he went down to the river and tarried there one hour seeing pastime there, and at his home coming sat a quarter of an hour at the gate, and after returned to the said chamber again, and there sat sewing to it was supper time; and soon after supper Master Steward come home, with whom he went to the chamber, there leaving the said key."
5. Where he was all Friday? All the forenoon he was labouring with his master, and after dinner he was examined of the premises and committed to custody till the Monday next, the 4th inst. He has since been at liberty till this day.
6. Whether he took any money or gold out of a certain casket? He says no, with horrible oaths. 7. Whether he saw any casket on a table in a little close closet beside the great closet? Never saw the said closet door open in his life. 8. Whether he ever spied the "staply" of the lock that hangs at the said little closet door loose? Never marked it. 9. Whether he had any communication with Torrall or Pyrrance since he had the said key? No.
Pp. 2. Endd.
13 June.88. Arthur Russhe to Cromwell.
R. O.His father (fn. 6) is dead, making Cromwell, Mr. Godsalve, and the writer's cousin, Bambruyth, his executors; so Russhe and the others will do nothing concerning the burying till they know Cromwell's pleasure.
R. O.Sends his father's will. After the burial, he and the executors will wait upon Cromwell. Desires to have the receivership of the duchy of Lancaster in Norfolk and Suffolk. Would give Cromwell 40l. He and the bearer, his kinsman, one of the executors, would have the office jointly. Ipswich, 13 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Ld. Privy Seal. Endd.: 1537.
R. O.2. "Remembrance for Sir Thomas Russhe his goods."
Plate delivered to Mr. Thakker, 180l. 15s. 4d. A chain delivered to Thos. Averey worth 60l. "Cattle" delivered to Nasyngburye, 68l. Debts payable at days, 364l. Owing by Bamburgh for wethers and corn, 150l.; 900 sheep at Alborough worth 120l.; 80 steers, ,66l. 13s. 4d.; 500 ewes at Ikyng, 40l. Total, 1,049l. 8s. 8d., of which 423l. 16s. are to be paid for legacies and 447l. 19s. 4d. for debts.
There further remain at Snape 500 sheep and 20 kine claimed by Mrs. Russhe, and valued at 48l.
P. 1. Endd.: My lord his remembrances.
13 June.89. Lewis Thomas, Suffragan Bishop of Shrewsbury.
See Grants in June, No. 14.
14 June.90. Robert Lorde to Cromwell.
R. O.I have been receiving part of the tenths of the abpric. of York, and have delivered to the masters of the Mint 1,000l. Cannot get more than 500l. of the treasurer of the Augmentations, which was delivered to your servant Thos. Averey, and they say the said 1,000l. "is well nigh wrought in Irish money." Wishes more immediately. From my house in London, Thursday, 14 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal..
14 June.91. Thos. Bedyll to [Cromwell].
Cleop. E. iv.
217.
B. M.
Wright's
Suppression
of the
Monasteries,
162.
Ellis I. ii. 76.
The monks of the Charterhouse at London who wore committed to Newgate are almost despatched by the hand of God, as appears by the bill enclosed, whereof, considering their behaviour, I am not sorry. I beg you, out of charity only, to favour the prior, who is as honest a man as ever was in that habit, and has laboured for the reformation of his brethren, and has now at last at my exhortation persuaded them to surrender their house and lands to the King. Thinks the prior should be rewarded: "he is a man of such charity as I have not seen the like." As to the Charterhouse, I pray it may be turned to a better use, "seeing it is in the face of our worle (world), and much communication will run thereof throughout this realm; for London is the common country of all England from which is derived to all parts of this realm all good and ill occurrent here." London, 14 June.
Hol., p. 1. Begins: My very good lord.
Ellis, ib.ii. Enclosure above referred to. (Pasted on back of the letter.)
There be departed: brother Wm. Greenewode, Dan John Davye, brothers Robt. Salt and Walter Peereson and Dan Thomas Greene. There be even at the point of death: brothers Thos. Scryven and Thos. Reedyng. There be sick: Dan Thomas Jonson and brother Wm. Hore. One is whole: Dan Bird.
14 June.92. Richard Pollard to Cromwell.
R. O.Before he came to these parts the duke of Norfolk had been to Bridlington and taken the jewels of the church, the vestments, plate, oxen, and great part of the sheep. Has got more silver and some gold in the church, which he has sent to the Duke to be sent to London with the other. Has sold the sheep and stuff by advice of Sir Marmaduke Constable the elder and Ric. Bellyces. It was the worst stuff he ever saw in any house of reputation, and great part was stolen by the poor people before his coming. Has done nothing with the church, and the lands of the church, and the houses. It stands within half a mile of the sea, and is far in decay. The most profit is to be made out of the lead; 500 mks. has been offered him for the lead of a barn. Has not sold the glass nor the bells. Has offered the demesnes to the inhabitants between this and Michaelmas, and also the corn in the field, but they offer nothing like. Sends a book with a description of the church and monastery. Never saw so needy people as they are in these parts. They made great spoil and robbery before his coming. Sends a survey of the manor of Bulmer, sometime the inheritance of Sir John Bulmer, to know if it is according to his mind. Mr. Lentall takes great pains. The country is in good obedience. They are glad they are the King's tenants. As far as he has surveyed, there will be due to the King at Michaelmas half a year's rent, and so is like to be in all Yorkshire, but they have not used to pay till St. Martin's day. Brydlyngton, 14 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
14 June.93. William, Lord Sandys, to Cromwell.
R .O.Since closing his other letter has this day received Cromwell's of the 8th, declaring the King's satisfaction with his advice for the fortification of Guisnes Castle, and ordering him to send his Highness a platt both of the things to be done and of the fortifications he has made already, getting the surveyor and other expert men here to make an estimate of the cost. Will act accordingly, but the thing requires time, and money is wanted meanwhile to continue what is begun. When the platt is made a sum should be lodged in Mr. Treasurer's hands. The King's approval of his services has more revived his spirits than physicians and medicines could have done. Lord Buttler and Mr. Carow now being here, upon their "propalacion" of the King's licence to visit these parts, "for to see and know, as youth is always desirous," asked advice of Sandys whether to repair to the camp or "first to passe by Bridgese, and so forth to peruse the commodities of those parties unto my lady Regent's court." Advised them that to avoid suspicion they should first consider the commodities of the country (as they had published that their trade was necessary to be followed) and then present themselves to the Regent; after which they might visit the camp boldly. And this they intend to do. Calais, 14 June 29 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Pp. 2. Sealed. Add. Endd.
Vesp. F. ix.
153.
B. M.
2. "Since writing of my letter there is yet come unto me one other espial from Arras, this said 14th day of June." Count de Bure has charge of the Imperial army. Contingents of the prince of Orange, count of Hawstrate, De Lynee, the count of Pynnoye and Van Nasso, the duke d'Arscot, De Rewx, De Owsmond, De Istayn, De Bergus, Madam Regent, lord Bevers, and probably of the bishop of Liege.
Numbers of the Emperor's foot at Arras, Béthune, Aire, St. Omer's, and Tobynye. Mons. Thanys came to Douay on Saturday with 10,000 lanzknechts. Total, 38,000 foot with 45 pieces of ordnance.——Since the above was written news has come of the Imperialists laying siege to St. Pol.
In Sandys' hand, pp. 2. Endd.. "News of the Emperor's army."
15 June.94. Sir John Aleyn, Alderman, to Cromwell.
R. O.Sent him a letter about a fortnight ago with articles concerning Thos. Beckwithe's unlawful usurpation on his lands in Yorkshire in the time of the last commotion. Though he was allied with the traitors in the North, after the King's pardon was granted, he vaunted himself to be on the King's side. Thinking this sounded towards treason, sent up the said letter and articles immediately upon receiving them. Did not do this for malice towards the young man. Asks him to acknowledge the receipt. 15 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.. Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
15 June.95. Edward Bacheler to Wriothesley.
R. O.I must, according to my office, inform you how I stand here, for I am so much bound to you who pulled me out of the blind darkness of our old religion, and brought me to the light of learning in a university which has begun, and a house which continues to set forth the unfeigned verity of Christ's gospel. I have received from you 20s. I have let the benefice you gave me to one of Mr. Sothwell's servants for 3l., and must make the repairs which are great; "for the chancel is supposed to fall." Will not get this year over 30s., the priest's wages, &c, deducted, from the incumbent's death to Easter. Begs help for the fruits due at Michaelmas, 50s. St. John's College, 15 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.. Most honourable. Endd.
15 June.96. John Byrde, Suffragan Bishop of Penreth.
See Grants in June, No. 19.
15 June.97. Sir Arthur Darcy to Lady Owghtredd.
R. O.Desires her to ask for the parsonage of Asskyrthe or Asskrygg for 40 years, at the old rent. It was in the abbot of Gervayx's hands. Will give her for it 100l. and a fair bed of pirled velvet. She can find what value the abbot set it to the King in Mr. Pollard's office above the Temple Gate. If she speaks but a word to the King she may have it. "If I do tarry here in the country, I would have been glad to have had you likewise, but sure it is, as I said, that some Southern lord shall make you forget the North." The duke of Norfolk is merry. Desires to be recommended to lord and lady Beauchamp. "I heard say that ye should have your train borne at Hennyngam. My lord of Oxford can tell you whose castle it is." 15 June.
Asks her to send to the earl of Northumberland to be good lord to the bearer in his right.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
15 June.98. John Butler to Cromwell.
R. O.Has "endeavoured himself" in the furtherance of Cromwell's servant Baynam, who is ill to please. If he would be reasonable could secure him all that is his due and more. Calais, 15 June 1537.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
15 June.99. Adrien Lois to the Deputy of Guisnes.
R. O.In the absence of Mons. de Drenoultre I have received your letter. If the men of this garrison have carried off any cattle belonging to the French at Ballinghen within your jurisdiction I refer it to your discretion whether it be lawful prize or not; although if it was taken on French land as I understood, I think you would have no doubt of it. Tournehen, 15 June. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
16 (?) June.100. Duke of Norfolk to Henry VIII.
Howard's
Lett. 272.
On Thursday received his letters of the 16th [qu. 12th?] "of this month," for which he thanks the King. Begs he will not spare his poor body as long as life remains. Since Sunday, has had his old disease of the flux. Commends the reasons which prevent the King from visiting "these parts for this year." Hopes in his words at York on Sunday to satisfy the men of the shire that you are contented in short time to send them your gracious pardon. Begs that 10 or 12 pardons may be sent under the great seal, with blank schedules annexed, in which he and the Council may insert such names as they think good, and so the less despair remain "in foolish, fearful heads." Thanks the King for consenting to discharge him from his office there. If the King knew in what case he has been, as well as Masters Thirlbee, Currey (Curren), and Wodale, he would think the duke had reason for wishing "to be out of this cold country, where hath been two days this week great frosts in the morning, with the most cold weather that ever I saw in such time of the year."
As to the Council, though there are two earls here, thinks it advisable there should either be a lieutenant, or the bishop of Durham as president. Sir Thomas Tempest, Sir Mar. Constable, Sir Will. Evans (Evers) Sir Ralph Ellewear (Ellerkar), Sir Brian Hastings, are fit to be members, but would do little without great charge to attend. Mr. Magnus is a good old man, but is less able every day; Fairfax, the serjeant, is a good man, but has his living in Westminster Hall. Babthorp is just and diligent, and Lowys (Bowys) has no equal in the North both for law and war; but both are badly paid. Wodall is fit to be secretary. Thinks the two doctors should have licence to return home. Recommends that Chaloner should be with the Council; he has done much to make the people conformable.
Sheriff Hutton, 12 (fn. 7) June (sic).
16 June.101. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O.Cannot recompense fully Cromwell's kindness in his absence. Will be his friend for life, "groinge qui vouldray" and begs him to keep this letter "to be objected unto me if ever fault of promise shall be found in me hereafter."
Has written at length to the King. Wodedall has desired him to write in his favour for the farm of the parsonage of Lethom, of which Sir John Bulmer had a lease not yet expired. Considering what Cromwell wrote about Lord Latimer, has contrived, with Mr. Pollard's help, to make him go to London as a suitor on his own affairs. Cannot discover any evidence but that he was enforced, and no man was in more danger of his life. Sheriff Hutton, 16 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
102. Norfolk to [Cromwell].
R. O."My Lord" I require you to send me the bill, signed by the King, of the councillors and their fees. Also the copy of Bigot's bill "signed with your hand and the rest of the Council." Also to send by Wodall a banner of the King's arms. Praying favour for my servant Ralph Coke to get his bill signed, for he has paid his money to Sir George Lawson for it. Signed.
P. 1. Endd. by Wriothesley: Articles from my lord of Norfolk.
Titus B. i.
130.
B.M.
2. The names of the Council of the North and number of servants allowed in the house. (fn. 8)
Thos. duke of Norfolk, lieutenant, treasurer of England and earl Marshal.
Ralph earl of Westmoreland, Henry earl of Cumberland, Cuthbert bp. of Durham, president. Four servants each.
Sir Thos. Tempest, Sir Wm. Evers, Sir Marmaduke Constable, the elder, Sir Raff Ellercar, Sir Bryan Hastynges, Thos. Fairfax serjeant at law, Robt. Bowes, esq., Wm. Babthorpe, esq., Thos. Magnus, clk., Thos. Thirleby, clk., Ric. Corwen, clk., John Uvedale, gentleman, 2 servants each, and 10l. to each with the exception of the three clerks.
P. 1. Endd.
R. O.3. Names of the Councillors.
My lord of Durham, 24 servants 800l., the earl of Westmoreland 6, earl of Cumberland 6, lord Dacres 5, [lord Latymer, 5], (fn. 9) Bp. of Landaphe 5,—20l., Sir Wm. Evers 4, Sir Thomas Tempest 4—66l. 13s. 4d., Sir Ralph Ellerker 4—66l. 13s. 4d., Sir Marmaduke Constable 4—20l., Mr. Magnus 4, Robert Bowes 4—66l. 13s. 4d., Wm. Bapthorp 4—50l., Robt. Chaloner 3— 50l., Fairfax the serjeant 3, Richard Bellices 3—20l, John Uvedal 3— 33l. 6s. 8d.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: Names of the councillors in the North.
R. O.4. A list of names [suggested for the Council of the North?]
My lord of Durham, earls of Westmoreland and Cumberland, lords Dacres and Latymer, Sir Wm. Evers, Sir Thos. Tempest, Sir Marmaduke Constable, Sir Ralph Ellerker, Mr. Magnus, Robt. Bowes, Wm. Bapthrop, Robt. Chaloner, Fairfax the serjeant, John Uvedale.
P. 1. Endd. by Wriothesley:—Certain noble men's names of the North..

R. O.
5. A list of [proposed] pensioners.
Sir Ralph Ellerker 40l., Sir Henry Savel 40l., Sir Brian Hastings 40l., Sir George Darcy 20l., Sir Reynold Carneby 20l., Sir Ralph Evers 40l., Wm. Thwaytes, Sir Oswald Ulsthorpe, Robt. Bowes, Sir Nich. Fairfax, 20l. each, John Beck 6l. 13s. 4d.
In Cromwell's hand, p. 1. Endd. by Wriothesley. "Sums of money given to divers gentlemen of the North."
16 June.103. Paul III. to Charles V (fn. 10)
Granvelle
Papers ii.
515
What he always feared has come, to pass—that the Emperor's dispute with the French king would be destructive to the whole of Christendom. The enemy is almost, at the door. The Turkish fleet is anchored off Apuglia. Hopes it may not have landed before Charles reads these letters. Has written to Francis and hopes now at last his voice will be regarded. Rome, 16 June 1537, pont. 3.
Lat.
16 June.104. Jo. Guidiccioni to ——
Vatican
MS.
Last night came the reply given by the king of England to Don Diego di Mendocia, who, as I wrote test, was sent by the Emperor. One may guess that nothing is concluded according to the Emperor's wish, because it is said the letters are old, of the 20th ult., and that Don Diego could not yet have spoken with the King: which does not tally well with the fact that the Emperor said he arrived on the 8th and expected an audience with the King within three days. Moreover I have ascertained that last night they had not finished the deciphering of Don Diego's letters, and I cannot see why he should have written so many important things unless he had spoken with the King. After my last on the 14th, perhaps upon this advice from England, the Emperor has appointed the Cortez at Monzon for St. James' day, and has said he will leave on the 18th of July. I think he will go to Barcelona rather than Flanders, where he cannot reasonably go without the aid (intentione) and friendship of that king. He thinks of getting the Cortez to grant full powers in his absence to the Prince his son, whom he will take thither with him.
The Emperor has news that the king of France has already raised the siege of Bethune, (fn. 11) and leaving a garrison of 6,000 Germans, 4,000 Italians, 4,000 French, and 800 lancers on the Flemish frontier, is coming towards Lyons and Savoy. Now Prince Doria reports that if the King does not come to Italy he will send the Grand Master and the Dauphin. There is a report, founded upon the preparations that are being made at Toulon and Marseilles, that the Turkish Armada will come to Provence and will there with other ships take on board a powerful band of Swiss for the enterprise of Genoa or else for an invasion of Valentia and Granada. Hears that the Moors of Valentia are already rendered very insolent by this news of the Turk, and there was a talk of disarming them. The king of France has stopped the passes into Spain. Mons. d'Orton who left with Don Diego to pass into Flanders is ill in London. Yesterday Granvelle said he thought the French King had no money. I replied that I believed he was wrong. Blamed him for not having made a league against the Turk. Poggio's commission to treat of "the marriage." Doria reports the coming of the Turk and of Barbarossa to Valona with 250 sail. Garrison of Perpignan. Valladolid, 16 June 1537.
Italian, pp. 4. From a modern copy in R.O. Begins "Molto Rd Mons."
17 June.105. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
R. O.I have delivered your letter to my lord Privy Seal, who told me I should soon be rid. If it be not at his next coming to Court, I will set Mr. Bryan at him, who will certainly speak to the King. Met Bowthe, Hide's man, at John Graynfyld's. Told him you would not deal with him under 1,000l. Details the terms proposed. My lord Admiral will redress everything concerning the forest. He has written to Ralph Rigsby concerning the deer. He thanks you for the platt of Hesdin. Kyngston has promised I shall have the gelding. Your patent has been in hand these four days, and Mr. Swyllyard's advice will not be wanted. I have moved Mr. Bryan for the boat at Wynchesay. Do not trouble my lord Privy Seal with more suits till your long suit be rid. Wynsor is here. I cannot get your money of Smythe of the Exchequer. He knows nothing of your covenants with Sir John Dudley. Sir Richard Sands came to the Court on Friday. The King's progress Northwards is abandoned. Some think he will go to Dover, but his next removal is to Oking. The lords are yet in the Tower, and divers have been sent prisoners there. Aske's clerk is taken, who will probably open many matters. London, 17 June.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
17 June.106. Sir Thos. Palmer to Cromwell.
R. O.On Friday, 4 p.m., the Burgundians assaulted Sent Pole, and at 8 o'clock they entered at the breach and killed man, woman, and child, saving the chief provost of Paris, the bailly of Rone, and "the roy tyfftaffe" and 3 or 4 gentlemen. There were 100 men of arms, 200 light horse, 2 standards of Almans, 3 standards of French, 1,200 pioneers. "Sir, thys day I sent ij hondred rasers off weyte wyche I have kepyd syne Lent to have servyd us her yff nede chold a requeryd, and sent yt to Donkyrke to selle because new weyte commys chortly, and a Frenche man hathe takyn hym, I pray God send hym good loke; trustyng the Kynges Grase wolbe so good lorde unto me that seyng ther demaunde ys not lawfull, that I may make them as on lawfull a answer, and other recompens I neyvyr loke for noune, and do as moche rejoyse yn yt as yff they had gevyn me as meche; and yff theyr had byn no wyser men than I yn this town, they chold abyn spokyn with all, or they had comyn to Bolen." Calez, 17 June.
After the town was taken the Great Master of Flanders went with 10,000 foot and 3,000 horse and artillery the same night to Haydyng, and swore he would not leave till he had taken it. Was told by a man who was there, and "who I dar sey dyd hys parte for I ensure yow he ys a good bocher."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal
17 June.107. John Hutton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
S.P. vii. 701.
Thanks for an augmentation of his diets. Yesterday news came that the town of St. Pol was taken by assault. Pole remains in the bp's old palace at Liege. No stranger can come to the town and depart unexamined. Will. Vaughan, who had fled from England, and whom Hutton recommended to get into Pole's service, obtained a letter in his favour from Friar Peto to Pole's servant Michael Thrognortun, but on arriving at Liege was suspected to be a spy. After divers questions, however, he obtained audience of Pole, who said, "As I am informed, you be banished out of your native country as well as I," and that he rejoiced to see a Welshman, as his grandfather (fn. 12) came out of Wales; that he had his full number of servants, but if Vaughan could come to Italy when he was there he would be glad to take him. He desired him to go to Antwerp and learn news, and gave him a crown. Thrognorton told him his master would for a time stay his pen, "in hope of amendment," but that during the King's life he could never go to England, for even if the King pardoned him he could not trust it. At his departure Trognortun gave him a letter for Peto (copy enclosed), and a bill of remembrance which was delivered to him. He knows not whether it be Trognorton's hand or Pole's. Pole is afraid to go through Almain, fearing Henry has procured some mischief against him. He told Vaughan that Sir Thomas Palmer, Peter Mewtas, John Wyngffild, Francis Hall, Hutton, and others were sent to these parts to destroy him. Perceives he was so informed by one Antony, sent in espial from Sir Thos. Palmer. Vaughan shall return and enter further into the matter.
For the King's service means to break up his house in London, and bring his wife hither. Begs a licence to repair to England for the purpose for one month. Antwerp, 17 June.
Hol. Sealed.
17 June.108. John Hutton to Cromwell.
R. O.Expresses his thanks to Cromwell for the augmentation of his diet to 20s. a day. Is yet young in wit as otherwise, but hopes being planted by Cromwell to grow to more perfection. Has written to the King (copy enclosed). Has brought the differences of which his brother dean wrote between the nation and the town of Antwerp to a conclusion which he thinks will be advantageous to the nation, allowing them to frequent Antwerp more freely. His absence from the Court has been for that purpose only. "When the Queen went I sent a servant of mine with the lord of Baroughe," who returned last night with news that St. Pol was taken by assault. Michael Thrognortun has not been in England, but was abroad with the bp. of Verona in Mechlyn in the same lodging Hutton was in. He was anxious to learn if the physician thought that the Queen was with a man child. They are very inquisitive for news; by which I trust to know part of theirs. Antwerp, 17 June.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: lord Cromwell lord Privy Seal.
R. O.2. Copy of the letter to the King.
17 June.109. William Medowe to Wriothesley.
R. O.I thank you for your pains in my behalf for the dilapidations of my benefice of Calborn in the Isle of Wight; for I hear from Mr. Neve the executors are glad to come to a reasonable point. I had a dispensation from Rome before any act was made to the contrary to enjoy four benefices with cure and other promotions to the sum of 1,000 ducats a year. This dispensation I now renounce and Mr. Neve shall deliver it to you. If I must, having two benefices already, sue for a new dispensation, I shall desire your aid as Mr. Neve will show. You know the news here better than I. I was glad of the news you wrote to Mr. Germayne that all your family were well, and "that ye have another young Wryothesley toward." Millyoun, 17 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Of the Signet.
2. William Medowe, Priest, to Wriothesley. (fn. 13)
R. O.I thank you for your letters to Mr. Baker of Salisbury in my cause concerning the dilapidations of Calborne in the Isle of Wight. I perceive by Mr. Neve's letters that he will in this be ordered by you. Upon such instructions as Mr. Neve shall give you, please help the matter forward when you speak with Mr. Baker or Mr. Bulkeley who is chief executor. If need be let me have your friendly letters to the said executors; for I would rather obtain the matter by my friends than by law. Valence, 20 September.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: One of the clerks of the Signet.
18 June.110. Nic. Alcock, Barber Surgeon.
Cart. Harl.
45 B. 33.
B. M.
Indenture made 18 June, 20 Henry VIII., between Nich. Alcok, barber surgeon of London, and Robt. Morton of High Holborn, Midd., gentleman. Agreeing that whereas Morton is diseased in the hand by the bite of a dog he will obey, in every condition concerning surgery, the said Alcok and shall pay him 5l. at terms specified. Signed by Morton. Seal gone.
Parchment, p. 1.
18 June.111. Robt. Thacker (fn. 14) to his Brother Thomas Thacker.
R. O.Received his letter of 13 June by John Ball. Hopes he may have an end this term, and begs him to pay Mr. Lether his attorney's fee. The matter is not taken up to make delay. Par withholds his privy tithings, but the writer hopes to bring such a busy fellow to a good frame. Mr. Holand and my brethren have appointed to speak with John Stele the 21 June, who promises to abide the order of Mr. Holand, Thomas Dowghtye, and myself. I hear my cousin, James Thacker, has written to you for money, which I counsel you against. He was with my cousin Thacker at Newark, and might have done well, but his mother would have him set up his occupation, "and nothing of his own to begin withal." If he do not obtain his purpose, my brother Oliver desires your letter to Mr. Foster in favour of him, "and then he would see the woman." My cousin Thacker of Newark thought always she might favour Oliver rather than James, for a woman of her substance will be ware who she taketh. I shall remember to demand your fee of the abbot of Derley and Dale. Derby, 18 June.
My mother says she would fain see you ere she die. "I fear me lest we shall have her but a while in this world, for she breaks marvellously." Have [me] commended to my cousins your children.
Pp. 2. Add.. At the Rolls. Endd.: My brother sub-dean.
18 June.112. William, Lord Dacre, to Cromwell.
R. O.Has often requested my lord of Cumberland for repayment of the yearly farm of the goods, offices, and tithes which were the subject of a decree by Cromwell between the said lord and himself and his uncle Sir Christopher, but is always put off by reason of a former date of an indenture of the captainship of Carlisle, by which Cumberland claims the profits from the Michaelmas before Dacre was in trouble. Nawerd, 18 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
18 [June].113. Sandys to [Cromwell].
Calig. E. ii.
135.
B. M.
" * * * (one line lost) my last letters by my brother ............... xiiijth day of this monyth on the m...........my deputye sent me writing from Guy[snes showing] that divers Bourgonyons had taken for p[rize at] Balynggam (?) wthin the King's Highnes domynyon [certain] catall belonging to Frenchmen, received to.....by the Kinges subgiettes as at altymes of his Hig[hnes] being newter they have ben accustomed to ta[ke both the] one and the other." His deputy detained both the Burgundians and the cattle, and Sandys, by advice of the [deputy] and council of Calais, [wrote] to the captain of Tournehem complaining of the conduct of his men in taking cattle out of the King's obeisance, even though they were French, and there was war between his master and the French. He replied that as the Emperor and French king were enemies, he referred it to Sandys to say whether the cattle were a booty or not. Returning from Calais on Saturday, called the Burgundians before him, and they acknowledged their offence and asked forgiveness. One Vervayn, kinsman to M[ons. du] Beese, seneschal of Boloignese, who had brought a letter (enclosed?) from M. du Beese, was present, as Sandys wished him to see that neither party should take booty out of the King's jurisdiction. Told the Burgundians that their offence was felony, but he would not be severe with them, as it was their first, and sent them back to their captain, desiring him to be lenient. He sent reply he was sorry any men of his had so misconducted themselves.
This morning word came "that Seintpoll [is taken] with great effusion of blood." [My] steward, Ric. Clotton, brought me a letter found at Calais without direction or signature, which I send your Lordship, "also herein enclosed."
Since writing the above his spy has returned from Seintpolle. Describes the assault and capture of the same by the Imperials, who when they have razed it will go to Heding. Numbers of the army of Flanders and numbers of the garrison of Seintpolle. The Imperials burned all the provision in the town for fear of poison. (The next sentence is so mutilated as to be incomprehensible, but it ends with a request that money may be sent to the surveyor's hands, for time lost cannot be recovered.) Requests answer by the bearer, Smith. Guysnes, 18th day of [June], 29 Hen. VIII. Signed.
Pp. 4, injured by fire.
18 June.114. De Wignacourt (fn. 15) to Lord Lisle.
R. O.Asks him to allow the bearer, his chaplain, to pass. Sends him to Ourton, his son, who is with the Imperial ambassador in England, and is at present very ill. Bethune, 18 June xxxvij. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add: Le Debitis de Calais.
19 June.115. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O.As James Rokebye and William Blytheman should be present with Mr. Pollerd at the survey of Jervaulx (three weeks hence) to instruct him in divers things, I beg you will see them despatched with speed. Sheriffhutton, 19 June.
P.S. in his own hand: Bespeaking favour for them as very honest men. Signed.
P 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
19 June.116. John Waren to Lord Lisle.
R. O.On Sunday last a passenger of Dover going to Calais was met near the coast by a French man of war, which boarded her and took out one Peter Johnson, a Dutchman who has long lived in this town, has been twice married to English women and is sworn to the King. We understand he is had to Boulogne and we beg you to write or send thither. Dover, 19 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
19 June.117. William Lord Sandys to Lord Lisle.
R. O.Du Bies, captain of Boulogne, has written to me by the bearer, one of the French king's privy chamber, that I would see him conducted to your lordship to help him over the seas in safety. Guisnes, 19 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
19 June.118. Charles V. to Cifuentes.
Add. MS.
28,589, f. 339.
Wrote on the 2nd by Ant. Dixar by way of Genoa. The war with France.
B. M.Spanish, pp. 4. Headed: Valladolid, 19 June 1537. Modern copy from archives of Simancas.
Ib. f. 326.
B. M.
2. The Emperor's instructions sent into Italy by Juan Mosquera de Molina to prince Doria and the Marquis del Guasto from Valladolid, 19 June 1537.
Spanish, pp. 24. Modern copy from the archives of Simancas.
20 June.119. Antony Sentleger to Cromwell.
R. O.Sends by the bearer, his servant, a "boke" [buck]. Had never so much need of help: since the 10th Dec. last, has never come out of his chamber. Has been taken, from the knees downwards, with cold. Begs favour. Slendon, 20 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
20 June.120. John [Skipp], Commendatory of Wigmore Abbey, to Cromwell.
R. O.Has received two letters from Cromwell, dated 12 May, by his neighbour Thomas Crofte in Pentecost week, for Crofte to have the tithing sheaf of Leyntall Sterkys. Has induced the convent to make the grant for 21 years under the convent seal. Crofte has another "tewthyng" for one mark, which is worth 4l. a year. Another letter, dated 13 June, has come requiring the same tithings. There is some difference in the writing and signature; sends both the letters. Wigmore Abbey, 20 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.. Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Commendatory of Worcester.
20 June.
R. O.
121. John Waren to Lord Lisle.
This morning a secretary of the Dauphin came over, who was very nearly taken by the Flemings now at sea, and forced to land two miles west of this town. He has written a letter to De Be, captain of Boulogne, which I enclose. I desired him to write to De Be for our neighbour (fn. 16) of this town, of whose capture I lately wrote. The letter is unsealed, that you may see it. The Flemings have to-day boarded a passenger of this town, as the Frenchmen did before. How the King's letters are to pass in safety I refer to your Lordship. There are here two Grey friars from London going towards Paris whom the said secretary desires to carry his letter to De Be. Dover, 20 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
20 June.122. Hugh Gills to Lord Lisle.
R. O.Has received his letter dated Calais, the 12th inst. Has communed with James (fn. 17) . Cannot learn the names of the owners of the ship "that was aboard of him and his company." He says there is one of the King's chaplains dwelling within two miles of Scarborough who sent his chief servant aboard with such communication "as did nother like the said James nor yet his captain." He has some things upon his stomach concerning his country of France which he will not tell me, but which your Lordship will doubtless get of him. Rouen, 20 June 1537.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
20 June.123. Christian III. to Henry VIII.
Wegener,
Aarsberet-
ninger iv.
51.
D.K.'s Rep.
xlv.
App. II. 18.
Has received his letter asking for the restitution of the ship Anne, of Orwell, belonging to Adam Sampson and Robt. Legge. Has written the reasons which caused him to prohibit that and other foreign ships passing through his sea. Afterwards explained to Ric. Candishe, who was then ambassador with him, that not he, but rather the state of the times, was to blame for its detention. Now, therefore, having somewhat emerged from his troubles, he has restored the said ship. Explains his reasons for not answering Henry's former letters, and suggests sending plenipotentiaries for a confirmation of treaties. Copenhagen, 20 June 1537.
Latin.
20 June.124. Bp. of Ivrea to the Prothonotary Ricalcato.
Vatican MSS.* * * Da Mellun, 20 June 1537.
P.S. This evening I have been told that in the Imperial camp of Edin (Hédin) has been seen one of the chief captains of England (uno capo de li grandi di Angilterra), with many English gentlemen, and it was thought the enterprise is made at the expense of England. The English ambassador says they have gone thither for pastime. He has also told me he hears that Card. Tornon will shortly go from the King to Rome; which I can hardly believe, as he is superintendent of the enterprise of Italy.
Italian, p. 1. Add.: Pope's chief secretary. Endd.: Rd. 17 July. From a modern extract in R. O.

Footnotes

1 Apparently Monday after Trinity Sunday was the date intended by the writers.
2 i.e., were beheaded.
3 See No. 74 (3).
4 Wright erroneously heads this letter "Thomas Tyrell to Cromwell."
5 Thomas Borow is named as vicar of Mendlesham in the Valor Eccl. iii. 480. But this vicar may be his successor.
6 Sir Thomas Rushe. See Inq. p. m. 29 Hen. VIII., No. 66, upon his son, the writer of this letter, who died 2 July 1537, apparently very soon after his father.
7 Probably an error for the 16th.
8 The words in italics are added in Norfolk's hand.
9 Cancelled.
10 The College of Cardinals wrote also to the Emperor on the same day (Gr. Papers ii. 517); and the Emperor replied to both Pope and Cardinals from Monzon on the 20th August (Ib., 518, 523), exculpating himself, but expressing his willingness to make great sacrifices for peace and defence of Christendom against the Turk, if Francis will declare what he is willing to do for his part.
11 Bethune does not appear to have been besieged at all; but the words "s'era gia levato da Biton" can hardly mean anything else, unless the name of the place was an error.
12 Richard Pole.
13 This letter is clearly of the preceding year, but is of no interest except in connection with § 1.
14 Vicar of St. Werburg's, Derby. See Valor Eccl. iii. 158.
15 According to Vegiano (Nobiliare des Pay Bas, 2127, ed. 1862), Ghislain, Seigneur de Wignacourt et d'Ourton, who is noted only as living in 1500, was succeeded in these titles by his son Charles, who married, it is said for the first time, in 1543, and who, no doubt, here the secondary title of Ourton (written Horton in earlier documents in Part I.) during his father's life.
16 Peter Johnson.
17 James Crane.