Henry VIII
September 1537, 11-20

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

James Gairdner (editor)

Year published

1891

Pages

Annotate

Comment on this article
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'Henry VIII: September 1537, 11-20', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 2: June-December 1537 (1891), pp. 245-262. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=75713 Date accessed: 01 September 2014.


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

September 1537, 11-20

11 Sept.676. Sir Thos. Palmer to [Lord Lisle].
R. O.My lord Privy Seal has promised to have your daughters in remembrance, both to the King and Queen, and I shall not fail to call upon him for them. I find him very gentle and familiar. He treats me as if I were a great man. He killed a great buck and sent it to my lodging, and next day sent me a pasty of a "stake" (stag), and another day he sent me another pasty of a "stake," which I sent to your lordship. My lord sent me so much venison that I told him I came for no venison, and prayed him to remember me otherwise, "and if he do not, by God's body, he shall hear of it." If you are writing to my lord Privy Seal, I beg you to desire him, at the end of your letter, to send me home. According to your desire I have remembered Russell to my lord Privy Seal. I think he will be hanged if it be not for the sake of his wife and children. I wish you heard all that passed between my lord and me touching your Lordship. I promise you he often assured me that as long as the King and he live together you shall be the King's deputy at Calais, in spite of all who would say to the contrary. I pray you write to have me home, "for I have two days to speak with your [lordship]." I think my Lord will show you that I have declared of your lordship nothing to your hindrance. He said you would spend well. I told him a man that kept such a house could be no sparer. I showed him "that we hanged all upon you," and that you feasted all strangers for the King's honour, and I was sure the best duke in England could do no more. You wrote that the knave Broke would not suffer you to send out two barrels of beer(?). I would you had given him a broken palett (pate?) and that it had cost me the best horse in my stable, or else I pray God I be hanged in the market of Calais. London, 11 Sept.
P.S.—I would fain be at home as I have more suitors than any lord I see, except my lord Privy Seal. "By God's body I am ashamed on them, for so many waiters and so bare a master, I think, came not to London this 20 year." Commend me to my lady, Mr. Mayor, and Mr. Surveyor. I pray you send my lord another partridge pasty, for he said it was the best that ever he ate.
Hol., pp. 2.
[11 Sept.]677. Chr. Hales to Cromwell.
R. O.The master of the Maison Dieu of Dover is dead, (fn. 1) and I beg you to be good lord to the bearer, Sir Peter Baker, that he may succeed him. He has been long with me, and is both my kinsman and godson. I hear also of the death of Mr. Bedyll. Hakynton, Tuesday before the Exaltation of the Holy Cross.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Keeper of the Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.: 12 Septembris.
11 Sept.678. John Bishop of Lincoln to Cromwell.
R. O.Have required the surrender of this prebend of Master Robertson, (fn. 2) who, knowing it to be your pleasure, gave it at once; to whom "I beseche you to be good lord." I send "a collation of the said prebend with a wyndowe." The letters you write of, sent me twelve months ago, never came to my hands.
I beseech you that the ferme of this prebend, given out by Master Bedyll under his seal and writing, may stand. The holder gave 40l. in a fine for it. He has married the sister of John Pate, your servant. His harvest is in and his cattle on the ground, so unless allowed to enjoy his lease he will be undone. Lydyngton, 11 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add: "Lord Privy Seal." Endd.
11 Sept.679. Edw. Abp. of York to Cromwell.
R. O.Sends by bearer the presentation to the prebend of Massham with a glass window as the King desired. Hopes it will be bestowed on one who can keep residence, for no church has more need of residentiaries. If Mr. Beddle had had any other promotion of my gift I would have sent it too. Cawood, 11 Sept. 1537. Signed
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
12 Sept.680. Fitzwilliam to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. i. 564.
On his arrival here last night showed the King the order taken by Cromwell with the French ambassador. The King at first said he had been informed by Sir John Dudley that the two French ships were pirates, who came to Portsmouth to rob his subjects, but I showed him there was no proof of it, and the ambassador declared they had discharged their cargo at St. Wallerie's, in the Somme, and were driven to the Wight by foul weather;—also that they had rescued an Englishman chased by a Spaniard. Told the King also they had satisfied the ambassador that there was good reason to detain the other two; so that the King in the end was pleased. He thanked Cromwell for his pears, and desired to have more. On Sunday next the Queen will take her chamber.
The King wishes one of Mr. Bedell's benefices, if any more remain, for a priest who makes his hawks fly. Hampton Court, Wednesday, 12 Sept. Signed.
Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
13 Sept.681. Sir William Fitzwilliam to Lord Lisle.
R. O.Thanks him for the wild swine. And whereas I wrote that I had not received the same, I must cry you mercy. It was delivered at my house at Cowdrey six weeks before I had notice of it. I have sent a buck for you to Sabbys keye. Guildford, 13 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
13 Sept.682. Loys Ferrers, Abbot of Wymondham, to Cromwell.
R. O.Has received his answer to their letter, and perceives he is informed that the whole lordship of Happisburge has been let to farm in times past, and that hospitality was better maintained than now. Only the demesnes, farm lands, and the parsonage have been let, the rent of assize, leet fee, perquisites of courts, with other profits, remaining continually in the abbot's hands. Is sure that hospitality is better maintained, both for rich and poor, than it was when the demesnes of Happisburge were let, which is about 30 years since, for all the "muttons" they spend yearly are fed there. Have no other pasture in their hands. When it was let they had three "follde coerses" in the precinct of the town of Wyndham, which are let for many years by abbot Bramford. If they grant this also, will be compelled to sell their sheep and buy mutton in the market. Ask him rather to tender the maintenance and profit of a multitude than the particular commodity and preferment of this one person, Wm. Clifton. 13 Sept., with the consent of the convent of Wyndham.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell. Sealed. Endd.
13 Sept.683. John Bp. of Bath to Cromwell.
R. O.This morning I received your letter declaring the King's pleasure about Master Bedyll's prebend, and accordingly send a collation thereof, leaving the name blank. Please inform the King how willing I am to accomplish his pleasure. "And, therefore, my singular good Lord, in my heart, here even upon my bare knees, lifting up my hands etiam cum lachrimis in my most humble manner, and as earnestly as I can, I beseech your good Lordship to continue still my good lord," and be no less faithful minister for me to the King than you were at my last being at London, to my great comfort. Banwell, 13 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
13 Sept.684. Edw. Abp. of York to Cromwell.
R. O.Perceives by Cromwell's letters by Master Clifton, chaplain to the late bp. of Carlisle, that the King wishes him to release the sequestration made of the said bp.'s goods within his province. Has twice written that the bp.'s executors have not yet come to prove his testament except before my lord of Canterbury, who admits, notwithstanding what Sir John Dawncye says, that it was only for the goods in his province; and this was confirmed by my lords of Durham and Bath. Would do injustice and run in danger of the statute if he released sequestration before the executors have taken administration. Cawood, 13 Sept. 1537. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
685. [Lady Lisle to Will. le Gras.]
R. O.I take the opportunity of this bearer to express my regret that it is so long since I heard from you. I wrote to you twice some days ago for half a dozen hats such as the French ladies wear, and for some crapes; and also to know what I have to pay for the crapes and taffetas you last sent. But I have had no answer.
Draft, Fr., p. 1. Begins: Monsieur.
686. [Lady Lisle to Will. le Gras.]
R. O.Monsieur, I had written to you to send me another half dozen of "crespins," and as many hats, such as the ladies wear in France, for now the ladies here follow the French fashion, but since I received the crespins you sent, with the white taffeta of my Lord, I have had no news from you. I therefore write again to ask for half a dozen more of the same sort, and one dozen of cheap crespins for my daughters; also half a dozen ladies' hats, three of them to be lined with velvet, and the other three with silk, and one more with gold, making seven in all.
Draft. Fr., p. 1.
13 Sept.687. Guillaume le Gras to Lord Lisle.
R. O.The bearer has given me your letter, and as he is returning, I write to let you know that your son James is well and studies with good will. If he were sent to live at the college with the man whom he has to look after him, he would be a good grammarian in two years. He would profit much more there than elsewhere. It will be bad for him to go from my house to the college this winter, as it is a long way. I shall be glad to know your pleasure about it. I do not except to be at Calais (par dela) this herring season, but I will send you the two swords with velvet scabbords, which you desire. I wish to know whether the ornaments shall be gilt or black. I will also send Madame the crapes for which she asks. Rouen, 13 Sept. 1537.
Hol., Fr. p. 1 Add. Endd.: R. xxviijo.
14 Sept.688. Thomas Thacker to Cromwell.
R. O.Encloses the copy of Richard Hawtreyll's bill mentioned in his last letter, which was by negligence left out. At your place of the Rolls, 14 September.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Crumwell, lord Privy Seal. Endd.
14 Sept.689. Sir John Aleyn, Alderman, to Cromwell.
R. O.Thanks him for his goodness at his last being with him, and or promising to speak to the King in his behalf, continuing his goodness in Aleyn's old age and daily increase of diseases. Cromwell shall have Redehouse at his own proffer and Stooke upon Tierne better cheap than any other, though many are desirous of it. Asks if he wishes to have any other lordships mentioned in the bill he showed Cromwell. London, 14 Sept. 1537. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Cromwell. Endd.
14 Sept.690. Sir John Fitzjames to Cromwell.
R. O.Lately a servant of Sir John Seyntlow's showed him that the King was miscontent that no assize was held in Devon or Cornwall this last time. Was somewhat troubled with his old disease, and desired his fellow to ride to Devon and Cornwall for this circuit. But when he came to Kyrton, they began to die, and both the gentlemen of the country and the sheriff of Cornwell asked him to adjourn the assize as they were dying fast at Launceston; so he returned home.
Could not adjourn them to any other place within the shire; for as all nisi prius have their day and place given them at Westminster, so likewise in commissions of gaol delivery, the place where they must be executed, is limited. Asks him to tell this to the King. Redliche, 14 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
14 Sept.691. Nicholz Longmed to Cromwell.
R. O.This bringer has received a privy seal to appear before the King and Council. He does not know the cause, but supposes it is for a business between the masters of divers Flemish ships and the purser of my lord Admiral's ship. This bringer is an honest man, and was mayor of Dartmouth this last year, in which office he did good service when the French King's galleass and galleon would have "fet" out of our port two Flemish ships, as we wrote to your Lordship. I beg your favour for him, and that he may have a commission to certain gentlemen nigh here who were present at the said business to see the peace kept, and I doubt not he will clear himself and have thanks of my lord Admiral for saving his purser's life. At head: Dartmouth, 14 September.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
14 Sept.692. The Bailiffs and Aldermen of Worcester to Cromwell.
R. O.Have received his letter concerning Thos. Grene, touching the office of town clerk. Half a year ago Robt. Newdycke, late town clerk, died, after whose death, Thos. Hyll, of Gray's Inn, late one of their citizens of the Parliament was chosen, and uses himself lawfully and like a learned man. So long as he demeans himself discreetly, the office will not be void. This is the custom in the case of the recorder, town clerk, and serjeant. Are not minded to put him out of office unless Cromwell commands to the contrary, and desire his favour for him. Worcester, 14 Sept.
Signed by Humfrey Burneford and Wyllyame Robynson, bailiffs, (fn. 3) Robarte Leyddyngton and Roger Ward, aldermen, "and their bretheryn."
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
14 Sept.693. Nicholas Wentworth, Thomas Brokesby, and William Wogan to Cromwell.
R. O.About Shrovetide last, Cromwell's servant Edward Gyffard, who had suffered wrongs of one Edward Blood, required the writers to examine into the demeanour of both. This done, it appeared Blood had misdemeaned himself against divers. Blood, when summoned by one of the writers, being custos of the peace, refused to appear; and now of late has so behaved that there is like to be manslaughter. 14 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
15 Sept.694. Ric. Abyngnon, Mayor of Bristol, to Cromwell.
R. O.Before the receipt of your letter, Domingo and Franciso de Sovieta were bound in sufficient sureties to appear before the Council when required, and also to be ready to produce the mariners who came in their ships. An inventory has been taken of the goods in the ships, which have been put in safeguard. Send a duplicate, and examinations of the mariners. Bristol, 15 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Sealed. Endd.
15 Sept.695. Duke of Norfolk to Henry VIII.
R. O.Came to Newcastle yesterday, and received letters from the king and queen of Scotland, which he sends with these.
Tyndale and Redesdale are far out of order, and will be till other men have the rule. Will sit upon oier determiner on Monday and Tuesday. The number of those who shall suffer is not much under a dozen, but many more might have suffered if the officers had been as quick in taking thieves as they should have been. Carnabe has not taken one since he was officer; he is too much afraid of being hurt himself. The other, when he has taken any, lets them to upon sureties. No restitution is made for spoils committed during the rebellion. Does not expect to be able to depart for a fortnight. If the king of Scots will perform his promise, Tyndale will be the easier to bring to good order. Asks the King's pleasure about the Queen's letter. Sends Thos. Cary to tell the King the state of the country. Asks that the bp. of Durham may be sent here before he departs. Newcastle, 15 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Sealed. Add. Endd.
15 Sept.696. Norfolk to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. v. 107.
Sends Thomas Cary to the King with letters and instructions. Is sorry to write so sore against Weddrington and Carnaby, and to see so few good persons to supply their rooms. My lord of Westmoreland, Sir Thomas Tempest, Sir Marmaduke Constable, Sir Wm. Evers, Sir Ralph Ellerker and Wodall are privy to what he writes. Would like my lord of Durham to be here before his departure, which will not be till a fortnight, unless he see better order. Babthropp and Chaloner have no doubt shown the proposal of Sir Thomas Tempest for lord Dacre to have the rule of Tyndale. Finds that Dacre, who is now here, would rather lose a finger of each hand. Must defer sending the inventory of the stuff at Sheriff Hutton, which the King has lent to my lord of Durham, till he returns from Newcastle. Has examined the witnesses brought by Wilstroppe to prove Stapleton to be within age, and also those who would prove the contrary, and sends their depositions. Can find little for Wilstroppe's purpose. Has news from Scotland, which he knows to be partly true, that the friends of Angus are daily put in prison, and that those who have lands will suffer at next Parliament, and those who have little shall refuse the name of Douglas, and be called Stewards. Never was king so ill-beloved. My lord of Westmoreland tells him of a letter he writes to Cromwell. He put Henry Evers from him when his servant George Smith, came from Cromwell, and will not take him again except by Cromwell's order. Newcastle, 15 Sept.
Sealed. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O.2. Instructions to Thomas Cary, to be declared to the King and Council.
1. To show the state of Tyndale and Riddesdale, and what opinion the gentlemen and commons have of Carnaby. 2. To show the slackness of Sir John Wedrington in taking of thieves, and how when taken he lets them depart on sureties, especially one Thomas Pott, called Stringham, and the four Fosters. 3. That envy and malice reign more in Nthld. then ever, "to the amending whereof I shall do my best." 4. That, in my opinion and that of the Council here, Ric. Maners should be vice-warden for Riddesdale, wherein I sent my opinion by Babthropp and Chaloner. 5. That for Tyndale we think Carnaby will never serve, and whoever has the rule there, should also have that of Hexham and Langley, for he must lie at Hexham till Tarset Hall or Walk in Tyndale be built. 6. That the man most meet to serve there is either Sir Thomas Hilton or Thomas Dacre, bastard brother of lord Dacre. The former is young and lusty, of good wit, and can spend 500 marks a year. He is of kin to many gentlemen of Nthld., and has a lordship adjoining Tyndale, called Austeyne More, from which he can shortly have 100 good men to help him. The latter is a quick, sharp man, brought up in practices of such wild people, and can command the lord Dacre's power of Gillesland, but he is too poor to serve in that office unless the King give him 40l. or 50l. a year above the fees of Hexham and Langley. 7. Thursday and Friday next are to be peremptory days for Riddesdale and Tyndale to make restitution, and if any refuse, I will be busy with them. I think few of Riddesdale will start out, but many of Tyndale. And those that do I will burn and destroy their houses and corn, after which garrisons must be laid for a time, to defend their malice. It is not the first time such garrisons have been laid, when Tyndale men have been likewise burned, as in my lord of Richmond's time.
In the hand of Norfolk's clerk. Pp. 3. Endd.
15 Sept.697. John Bunolt to Cromwell.
R. O.Begs him to be good lord to his friend Sir Will. Richardson, priest, who has been in durance in the Flyght (Fleet) since 1 Aug. last for declaring the Translation of St. Thomas to be holiday, which he did in ignorance of the statutes. Calais, 15 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My lord Privy Seal. Endd.: The Secretary of Calais.
15 Sept.698. The Irish Commissioners to James FitzJohn, of Desmond.
R. O.Summon him to declare to them his title to the earldom of Desmond, resorting to them in place convenient. Dublin, 15 Sept.
Copy, p. 1.
R. O.
St. P. ii. 536.
2. "Articles delivered by us, Antony Seyntleger, George Poulet, Thomas Moyle, and William Berners, commissioners assigned by the King's Highness, to our loving friend and fellow William Welshe, esquire, mayor of Yoghill, and to Patrick Gold of Kylmallok, secretary to the right honourable lord James FitzJohn, of Desmond, of which we the said Commissioners require to be certified by the said lord James with speed."
(1.) That he renounce the bp. of Rome. (2.) That he show his clear title and the bastardy of James Fitzmorice, now in England. (3.) As he is exempt, under the King's great seal, from attending any Parliaments, will he take oath to abide by their enactments? (4.) What entertainment he will yearly give James Fitzmorice, and what sureties for the same. (5.) What entertainment he will give to the 40 gunners he requires to assist him in subduing Munster. (6.) What rent he will give for the lands of the earldom of Kildare, which he requires in Limerick, as Crome and Adare. (7.) Gerald FitzGerald, second son to the late earl of Kildare, has withdrawn himself from the King, who minded nothing but to cherish him as his other brother is cherished with his mother in England: we require the said Desmond to write to him, as his uncle the Lord Deputy has done, advising him to submit, and if he refuse to treat him as the King's rebel. (8.) If the said Gerald submit he shall have the King's pardon. Signatures (copied) of William Walshe and Patrike Gowlls.
Copy, pp. 2.
15 Sept.699. Hutton to Cromwell. (fn. 4)
R. O.
St. P. vii. 666.
The lady Regent has received letters from Venice that the Turk has withdrawn his army with many reproaches to the French King's ambassador that his master came not into Italy according to his promise. The lords of Prat and of Liskirke have been ordered not to leave till the certainty of this be known. If this and the news I wrote on the 12th inst. be confirmed, notwithstanding the abstinence lately concluded, they never had more desire to invade France than now, thinking the French King to be at a great afterdeal. M. de Lekis has obtained a safe-conduct to pass through France, and this day leaves for Spain. Bregis, 15 Sept.
Hol. Add.: My lord Privy Seal, Mortlake. Endd.
15 Sept.700. Charles V. to Cifuentes.
Add. MS.
28,589, f. 352.
Instructions about affairs of Florence. The duchess of Florence and duchess of Camarino.
B. M.Spanish, pp. 4. Headed: Monçon, 15 Sept. 1537. Modern copy from Archives at Simancas.
15 Sept.701. Charles V. to Aguilar.
Add. MS.
28,589, f. 354.
B. M.
The Datary. Creation of Cardinals. Cornelius Scepero and the negociations for peace with France on the side of Flanders. Clergy and monasteries in Spain.
Spanish, pp. 10. Headed: Monçon, 15 Sept. 1537. Modern copy from the Archives of Simancas.
15 Sept.702. Charles V. to Don Lope de Soria.
Add. MS.
28,589 f. 359.
B. M.
The Turk, king Ferdinand, Venice, &c. The Pope's desire for peace between the Emperor and France. Arrival of Sceppero from Flanders with news of the truce.
Spanish, pp. 17. Headed: Monçon, 15 Sept. 1537.
16 Sept.703. Holy Days.
Wilkins,
iii. 827.
Mandate by Abp. Cranmer to the dean of Bocking: that whereas the King in the Convocation of the province of Canterbury at St. Paul's, London, in the year 1536 commanded certain holydays to be abrogated (the tenor of which statute was by the Abp. printed and published) and whereas also the King in his Royal visitation held in that year by his commissaries exhibited certain injunctions to be observed by the clergy of Bocking, the Archbishop is grieved to hear that very many of that deanery have not obeyed the said statute, and commands the said dean or his commissary to intimate that all who neglect to do so in future will, if beneficed, be deprived of their benefices and, if not, will be proceeded against according to law. And since lately in the learned council of the archbishops, bishops, and other learned men of this realm many disputed points (controversa) in religion have been defined and many things explained to the people "ad vitæ institutionem" which will shortly be issued in a volume under the Royal authority; the dean is to warn all the clergy to read aloud from the pulpit every Sunday a part of the said book. Ford, 10 Sept. 1537.
Latin.
ii. Tenor of the statute, 19 July 1536, referred to above. (fn. 5)
(1.) The day of dedication of any church in the province of Canterbury to be kept on the first Sunday of October each year. (2.) The "festum loci" not to be kept as a feast unless it fall on a Sunday or other feast day. (3.) Between the feast of the Nativity of St. John Baptist and Michaelmas no Saints' days are to be observed except the days of the Apostles, the Assumption and Nativity of St. Mary. (4.) The holydays wont to be observed at Westminster Hall in the four law terms, to be kept. (5.) Christmas day and the feasts following it, Easter, Pentecost, and Corpus Christi days to be observed. (6.) No other Saints' days to be observed unless they fall on Sunday, except those of St. Mary, the Apostles, St. Gregory, St. John Baptist and St. Michael. (7.) The days of oblations for the whole province to be in future on the days of Christmas, Easter, St. John Baptist, and St. Michael.
Latin.
iii. Cranmer to Potkyn, his register.
Has received the King's letters for the speedy declaration of the abolition of the holidays named in the late Act of Convocation (transumpt enclosed). Orders him to publish it to the clergy of all the deaneries of the archbishop's "peculiars." Ford, 16 Sept.
16 Sept.704. Sir Thos. Palmer to Lord Lisle.
R. O.I have received your letter by a servant of Mr. Dean of Lincoln, whereby I understand that some of your friends do bid you good morrow and good even I know no one at Calais who is not at your commandment, and to whom you cannot do a good turn by your report, or a shrewd turn, if he merit it. Who ever disdains you finds that he is beguiled himself, for, by my faith, you shall die deputy of Calais, if you please. As for me and others, I think you shall hear of a gaol delivery(?) sooner than they look for. If Mr. Surveyor shows any manner of ungentleness he were much to blame. I will not believe it till I see it, for I take him for an honest man. I have lied loudly both to the King and to my lord Privy Seal, but I would not have him make any appointment with Mr. Marshal nor with any other matter, but only with your lordship's consent, for you lost your friends for his sake, which I think he will never forget, and likewise my good lady, to whom I beg you to recommend me. Mrs. Anne is sworn the Queen's woman and is much commended by everybody. Mrs. Katharine will be right well entertained by Hussey. The lord Privy Seal has promised to speak and do for them. I beseech you to be merry and laugh at the folly of fools, with which Calais is not unprovided, beside my fellow Jack of Rydyng. I have been three days evil at ease and kept to my lodging, but to-morrow I will to the Court. From the Meners, 16 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
16 Sept.705. Richard Lee to Lady Lisle.
R. O.My lord of Canterbury does not deny speaking to your servant after the rate your ladyship wrote to me. I told him you marvelled that he should have such an opinion of you, for you entertained all the preachers that came thither. He confessed he knew that to be true, but for all that the report had been made by them and others that your ladyship was given to be a little "papisch," and in speaking of it he did nothing but his office. He asked me to desire you and my Lord to favour those who favour the truth, and in so doing you shall be as assured of him as of any friend you have. Thanks for the advertisement concerning the room of 8d. a day. I will give your recommendations to Mr. Wriesley. As for Mr. Halles, I have done it already. He thanks you for his good cheer. Excuses his slack writing. Will remember lord Lisle's suit. Sopewell beside St. Alban's, 16 Sept. Signed: By your loving cousin during life without threats.
Pp. 2. Add.: at Calais.
16 Sept.706. Sir William Kyngston to Cromwell.
R. O.This day I received your letter for an advowson of the archdeaconry of Cornwall, in the gift of the bp. of Exeter, which advowson I never saw, but understand my lord of Exeter gave it to a friend of mine, Mr. Rowsewell, on condition that if he had any other promotion it should be void, and Rowsewell has had a prebend of my Lord a year past, so the advowson is void, "which I will be ready to justify," and so I sent Rowsewell word a quarter of a year ago. Wansted, 16 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
16 Sept.707. Sir William Kyngston to Mr. Rowsewell.
R. O."Master Rowsewell," now Doctor Bedyll is dead I understand you intend to take the archdeaconry of Cornwall of which you had the advowson. I will not advise you to do so, for the advowson was conditionally—to be void if you had any promotion ere it fell. You had a prebend of my Lord's gift more than a year ago in possession, and if you attempt further I must be against you. Wanstead, 16 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Not add.
16 Sept.708. Harry Huttoft to Cromwell.
R. O.On Friday last a balinger of Pole which was riding under the Isle of Wight, bound for Flanders, espied 10 sail of Frenchmen at St. Helen's, of which one made sail towards them. They (the balinger), mistrusting, weighed and came into Hampton water. The Frenchmen followed, and the Englishmen put out a flag to show they were Englishmen; nevertheless the Frenchmen cared not and pursued the others into Hamyll water before the town, where they would probably have boarded them but for a ship riding there. The Englishmen came into the town and we made out both by water and land and within five hours took the same ship and have 30 of the men in ward. It is a ship of Dieppe, and the rest of the 10 sails are all men of war. We desire to know what to do, for they have no money, neither wares, but are victualled for four or five months. Sir John Wallop was here when the said ship of Pole showed his matter, and sent some of his servants with us. 16 September.
Please to remember the two bills lately delivered to you.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
16 Sept.709. John Hutton to Cromwell.
R. O.To-day the Regent departs hence to Brussels, where she intends to stay the winter. Cannot perceive that she is at any conclusion with the lords of Gaunt. Last night Capt. Tovart, captain of Gravelines castle, made his appointment for delivering without licence the provost of Paris, which was heinously taken. He had for his ransom 10,000 cr., whereof he has received one half. The duke of Arscot sent to-day to the Regent to obtain licence for the despatch of Mons. Hanyball, which "would not be granted." The bearer told him of certain munitions of war attached at Sluys, which he says are for the King. Not knowing the truth, will not meddle till he knows Cromwell's pleasure. Bregis, 16 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
16 Sept.710. Wm. Lord Sandys to Lord Lisle.
R. O.My lord Grey fell sick last night within this castle, of which I must inform you, as your Lordship intended to be here this day. Guisnes, Sunday morning, 16 Sept., 29 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
17 Sept.711. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
R. O.
1537
I wrote by Godale and Hercules. Those of the King's and Queen's wardrobes are content to forbear the carpets a reasonable time; and so are my lady Sussex and lady Rutland. My lady Sussex I think will need her's at Christmas. Your daughter Mrs. Anne was sworn the Queen's maid on Saturday last, "and furnesheth the room of a yeoman usher." My lady Sussex would have preferred both, but it would not be, and Mrs. Katharine remains with the countess of Rutland till she knows your pleasure. You must send thanks to ladies Beauchamp, Sussex, and Rutland. My lady Sussex has given Mrs. Anne a kirtle of crimson damask and sleeves, and has promised Mrs. Katharine a gown of taffeta. Mrs. Anne lies in her chamber and Mrs. Katharine in lady Rutland's. Against Mrs. Assheley's going out, which will be in two months, your Ladyship must send such bedding as is written in Mrs. Pole's book of reckoning. Mrs. Anne must also have the apparel written in the same book, as appointed by lady Rutland and lady Sussex. However, since that time James is come from the Court and says the Queen's pleasure is Mrs. Anne shall wear out her French apparel, but she must have a bonnet and frontlet of velvet. I saw her yesterday in the velvet bonnet in which lady Sussex attired her, which I thought became her nothing so well as the French hood, but the Queen's pleasure must be done. Mrs. Katharine also lacks the things set down for her in the said book Lady Rutland wishes to know if she should ask lady Suffolk to take her now or wait till her coming to Court, which will probably be long deferred, as she is with child. Of this Mrs. Polle can inform you. My lady Sussex thinks Colpeper should not have the hawk, as he can do you small pleasure. By her advice it was offered to my lord of Sussex, who declined it with thanks, and afterwards to Mr. Coffyn. Mrs. Staynyngs' husband died of the plague, so I would not have her come near your daughters. Your Ladyship should give thanks to Mr. Porter, Sir Chr. Morys, Anthony Antonys, the surveyor of the Ordnance, Mrs. Hutton, and Mr. Lee, who highly feasted your daughters, as did also my lady Dudley, at their going to Court. I have spent on them 20l. that I received from Mr. Fowler. Things bought on credit are both dearer and worse than what is paid for in ready money. Mrs. Mary wrote to Mrs. Anne her sister for a great mastiff and two ells of fine Holland cloth. As to exhortations and good counsel to be given your daughters, there is no fear as long as lady Sussex is here; besides, the gentlewomen have good judgment and fine wits. Mrs. Katharine would like to be with my lady Mary. St. Katharine's, 17 Sept.
Lady Sussex desires you to return her the ring she sent you with a wreath of gold, for it is the Queen of Hungary's, "who would not lose it for a king's ransom, but maketh much ado for it. The owner is kin to my lady Pawlet. Mrs. Polle knoweth who oweth it."
Hol., pp. 3. Add.
[18 Sept.] (fn. 6) 712. Henry VIII. to the Duke of Norfolk.
R.O.
St. P. i. 565.
We have received your letters by our servant Thomas Cary and heard his credence, to which we reply as follows:—1. As to Tyndale and Riddesdale, which you write to be far out of order, blaming our officers, Sir John of Withrington and Sir Reginald Carnaby, whom you think we should change for others named in your instructions; as we have no doubt you can with your wisdom reform them, so we think we should be accused of want of foresight and circumspection if we should often make change of our officers, and wish you rather to try and make them better. Yet if we had inclined to your opinion we think you would not on further consideration prefer to us either Hilton or Dacres—the one because he cannot serve us but to our great charge, and then at the pleasure of another man ["lord Dacre" struck out] whose tenants he should use by his favour, so that he, being our officer, should hang upon another man's sleeve; the other because no one knows better than you what manner of man he is. And again, how could you advise us to take things from any man which he has already by lease or grant unless we either do him injustice or buy his interest, which would be costly? As to the opinion of the country that Carnaby wants stomach, we think and partly know that an old grudge between him and others there may prevent one from trusting another, but your wisdom may remove it and make them friends. Cannot see how Carnaby and Witherington, with Norfolk's counsel, should not do as good service as any of those named in his instructions. Young men must have a time to learn and others put in their rooms may do as ill at their beginning. As to the punishment of those who fly for fear of justice; you will remember they be our subjects though evil men, and considering the clemency we have hitherto shown you will use moderation for their reformation rather than destruction. For a more ample declaration of our mind we send Robert Bowes. As to the letters of our sister the queen of Scots you are to write to the king our nephew according to her desire. You shall also cause the Douglases to withdraw from the Borders, so that they come no nearer to us than the River Doon, but without letting them see that any such limitation has been made by us. Finally, you are to call before you the gentlemen and honest yeomen of those parts and tell them they must cast away all dissension and be ready to serve us under such officers as we have now there or shall hereafter appoint. Else we shall make an example of the obstinate; for you may plainly tell them that anyone of what degree soever who will not humbly serve under such as we put in authority we shall not look upon as a good subject.
Corrected draft in Wriothesley's hand.
18 Sept.713. Sir John Aleyn, Alderman, to Cromwell.
R. O.Thanks him for his goodness when last with him and desires him to move the King touching what they spoke of, wherein he trusts to do such service to his Grace as has not been done heretofore. London, 18 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
18 Sept.714. Sir Richard Ryche, Chancellor of the Augmentations, to Lord Lisle.
R. O.Before I knew of the King's grant of the priory and parsonage of Frythelstock to your lordship and lady Lisle, I had promised the lease of the parsonage at lord Beauchamp's request to one Walter Farr. I beg you to grant it now to him at the rent as it was valued to the King. At the beginning of next term you shall have your letters patent sealed. The Augustyne Friers in London, 18 Sept.
Hol., pp. 2. Sealed. Add. Endd.
18 Sept.715. William Stapilton to Cromwell.
R. O."Upon your lordship's letter to my lord's Grace of Norfolk," his Grace "like a noble and indifferent justiciar" hath set forth the same with respect to the King's title and sent the depositions of witnesses by post, wherein my poor nephew is bound to be with his poor service, under the King's Highness, ready at your command. Wighull, 18 September.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: Sir William Stapleton. Scaled.
18 Sept.716. Richard Abyngdon, Mayor of Bristol, to Cromwell.
R. O.We received information this day of a letter sent by one Hugh Typton, servant to Will. Spratt, containing words which seem to disclose offenders against the King, and which, at Spratt's request, I send by this bearer. Domingo and Francis, who are named in the letter, are now abiding, and servants of theirs, in Spain, engaged in trading for the said William and other merchants, and they and the trade will be in danger for opening this matter, if it be not avoided by your wisdom. Bristol, 18 September. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O.2. Abridgment of two letters by Hugh Typton to William Spratte of Bristol, from St. Sebastian's in Spain.
On the 12 July Hugh Typton and one Thomas Shipman were sentenced to public penance in the church of St. Sebastianes, to pay 600 ducats within three days (Shipman paid 350 and Typton 250 and for costs 120 ducats) and to stay within the city for two years on penalty of 10,000 ducats:—All because they said, six years ago, they did not believe in the Pope or in prayers to Saints, and that the King made no laws but that stood with God's laws. In another letter Typton writes that a boy of Bridgewater was fined 20 ducats for words spoken in England, that one of London had been burnt, and that Englishmen were punished for words spoken in England.
P. 1. Endd.
18 Sept.717. Royal Supremacy.
Wilkins,
iii. 828.
Mandate of the abp. of York for the abolition of the Pope's authority and declaration of the King's supremacy. 18 Sept. 1537.
18 Sept.718. St. Alban's.
R. O.Bill of Thos. Chapman for his standing wages (8s. 4d. a quarter) and board wages (16d. a week) due to him by the abbot of St. Alban's, and for his livery 10s., first for the quarter due at Mich. 28 Hen. VIII., then for those ending Christmas and Lady Day 28 Hen. VIII., and Midsummer 29 Hen. VIII. Total, 4l. 11s. 4d.; of which 40s. was paid him by receiver Ric. Standon, late prior of Hatfield Brodeok, 19 Aug. 29 Hen. VIII., and 6s. 8d., 18 Sept.
P. 1. A thin strip of paper. On the back: "I pray you give this poor man part of his demand, and at my return ye shall see my books, and then he shall have the rest. Per me Robertum Abb. S. Albani."
18 Sept.719. Anthoine Brusset to Lord Lisle.
R. O.I am informed that one of your subjects of Oye, named Richard Hallebart, is accused by two footsoldiers of this castle, who are men of bad character, of having sometimes brought victuals to the Emperor's camp before Therouenne. They have made this accusation only because he would not agree with them about some tuns of beer, expecting that all his goods will be confiscated. This seems a severe punishment, especially as many of your men of Calais, Mark, &c., have done the like, and because it was only for the sustenance of the Emperor's men at the said camp, and there is no war between us and you. Gravelines, 18 Sept. '37. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
19 Sept.720. John Bishop of London to Cromwell.
R. O.Thanks for your commendations of me to the King. "Histre" even, after 7 o'clock, I received your letters signifying that the King desired the prebend of Islington, void by the death of Dr. Wolman. Mr. Wolman had never that prebend, but only Fynnesbury, which I gave yesterday forenoon to one who forthwith paid the whole firstfruits to Mr. Hales, as appears by the bill subscribed with his own hand, enclosed. So it is out of my power to grant the King's desire if it were for Finsbury, though you wrote for Iseldon. Yet to prove my towardness, not only by Hadham and Fulham, which I gave the King, I send his Grace by bearer the collation of Islington, void by this chance; though I have no familiar chaplain that has a prebend but Mr. Saxey. I have had the disposition of very few, and those to whom I disposed any have been called away to other service; thus I am, and ever shall be, destitute of learned men, having no fitting promotion for them. All my trust is in your favour. Shordiche, Wednesday morning.
Of the 30 prebends of this church 20 be of less valor than Iseldon, and few better.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.: 19 Septembris.
19 Sept.721. Sir Thos. Palmer to Cromwell.
R. O.Has been very ill for 3 or 4 days, and on Sunday night till 10 next day in the greatest sweat that could be; but is now well. Dare not come to the country or to Cromwell till he hears his pleasure. Begs his mediation to obtain help of the King, without which he can no longer maintain his room. The Menerys, 19 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord of the Privy Seal. Endd.
19 Sept.722. T. Earl of Wiltshire to Cromwell.
R. O.Has received today a letter from him touching the stewardship of St. Alban's. Last term delivered his patent of the office, and released his right in it to the Lord Chancellor. If it had been in his hands, trusts Cromwell would rather have helped him to have kept it for his weal, than helped him from it to his loss. Hever, this Imbyr (Ember) Wednesday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.: 19 Sept.
19 Sept.723. Lord Leonard Grey to Henry VIII.
R. O.Received his letters by Ant. Sayntleger and other the Commissioners now sent hither. Will assist them to the utmost of his power. That rank traitor, the late O'Connor, goes about to his old friends for meat and drink with scant four light persons to follow him, liker a rascal than one who was captain of a country. He makes daily suit, but shall have little succour. Dublin, 19 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
19 Sept.724. Lord Leonard Grey to Cromwell.
R. O.
St. P. ii. 474.
Received the King's letters by Sentleger and the other Commissioners and also several letters from Cromwell. Protestations of thanks and promises of diligence. Describes O'Connor as in his letter to the King. On Cromwell's letter in favour of Edw. Wagham, the Queen's servant, has accomplished his desire, as Wagham will relate. Would have sent his trusty servant Stephen Apparie, but stayed him for certain conclusions to be made with the Commissioners. Dublin, 19 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
19 Sept.725. John Hutton to Cromwell.
R. O. St. P.vii. 710.Sent on the 11th a messenger to Throgmorton with Cromwell's letter and one of his own, of which he sent Cromwell a copy. The messenger has returned reporting that Throgmorton had left Speir with his master (fn. 7) for Rome. His master made no stay at Mastrik, but was conveyed through the bp. of Utrecht's country, clean out of the usual way. The messenger learned of his departure from the two monks and four of the Cardinal of Liege's servants appointed to conduct him through Almain. One of them said he (Pole) had of his master 15,000 guilderns. Retains the letter till he hears whether to send it after him. Letters from Venice of the 31st ultimo confirm the French king's overthrow in Piedmont, and the Turk's retreat. The Imperialists are strong in Italy. Andrea Doria has pursued the Turk with 34 galleys. The Venetians have sent an ambassador to the Turk to complain of Barbarossa, who took four of their galleys, sunk one, and beheaded two of the captains; but it is thought they will suffer much wrong before they break with the Turk. The Regent is at the monastery of Bowlo where she means to hunt and then go to Brussels. Antwerp, 19 Sept.
Hol. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd. by Wriothesley.
20 Sept.726. Anthony Denny.
See Grants in September, No. 13.
20 Sept.727. Cranmer to Cromwell.
R. O.
C's. Letters.
349.
Thanks him for being good lord to the bearer, Thos. Wakefield Cranmer's servant. Asks that notwithstanding Cromwell's recent letters touching that benefice, he may enjoy the parsonage of St. Quintyne of Spellacke, in the Marches of Calais, to which he is presented by virtue of the King's advowson, and that Cromwell will give him a token to the Archbp.'s chancellor for institution. Forde, 20 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
20 Sept.728. Thomas Abbot of Bieuley to Cromwell.
R. O.I have received your letter of the 17th Sept., desiring me to deliver to the bearers the body of James Mangni, Florentine. Would have done so, but he left sanctuary on Sunday last during my absence from home. From Hide Monastery, 20 Sept.
P. 1. Add.: Privy Seal. Endd.
20 Sept.729. Reports to the Irish Commission.
R. O.David Sutton's book.
"This book made" 20 Sept. 29 Hen. VIII., "by commandment of the commissioners then being in Ireland, which had me sworn to declare the truth how the counties of Kildare and Carlagh was used by the late earl of Kildare, and sithens and now."
Enumerates many extortions practised by Kildare upon the people. He used the King's laws or Brehen's laws as suited him best, and his own proclamations were taken for laws.
The lord of Kilkullyn is now the only man who sets coyne and livery on the King's tenants, as his own lands would not keep half his men of war. They are nominally for defence of the country, but many of them are naughty men, and if not with him, or executed, would be doing hurt, as Piers Fitzgarrate's sons do. Great exactions practised by Wm. Brymycham, who among other things has proclaimed throughout his barony of Carbre that no man shall take anything to market but only to his wife, and she to make the price. Two strong thieves were taken lately in "harst;" one is with the Deputy and the other Wm. Brymycham let go because he was Cayre Acconner's servant. He harbours the Connors. Philip Morice sets coyne and livery in Allon and my lord Bp's. lands there and keeps the Doucyes with him, who are the best spies in our country. James McGerald accompanies with the Doucyes and with strong thieves. Many of the lord of Kilcolyn's men, [and] James Gerald's sons' men exact "foysse" (that is meat). Piers FitzGarrat's sons are succoured by the baron of Noragh. When we are at peace with Leysse and the Doucyes they come in companies to ask meat, and the borderers, being afraid to refuse, are so impoverished that the King's tenants have given warning to quit their holdings. James FitzGerot, of Ballysonnan, succours the thieves of Leyxe, and his brother Piers leads them. They take their spoils the first night to the Black Wood, next night to Ballysonnan, next night to Leyxe, and so from place to place that they cannot be traced.
Pp. 6.Headed: Presented by David Sutton.
2. The Lord Deputy's Book.
R.O.
St. P. II. 477.
Twenty-one items of the evil rule of the English lords who border upon the Irishry. They all employ more thieves than true men; they make several peaces with their Irish neighbours and allow the small freeholders and poor gentlemen to be robbed; they exact coyne and livery on the King's tenants; use the Irish apparel and tongue,&c., &c.
In Alen's hand. Headed: The Lord Deputy's book.
R.O.3. Another copy of § 2, headed: "An abstract of misorders and evil rule in Ireland," with the addition of a first article that some members of the Council have failed to attend the Deputy when summoned, and the conclusion:—"Item, further if it shall please your majesty to command me to your presence, which your Grace not offended I most humbly desire," I shall declare my truth, &c.
Pp. 4. Endd.: A complaint against the March borderers that they maintain thieves and pyll their tenants.
4. [Alen's Book.]
R.O.
St. P. II. 480.
(1.) The Irish have long looked upon the kings of England but as governors here for the bp. of Rome. An Act should be passed recognising the King as king of Ireland, and the Irish captains should be sworn to him as such. (2.) As it is enacted that the King is Supreme Head of the Church in Ireland, that every man should be sworn to it; and this oath should be offered by commissioners in each county, and given to the Lords at next Parliament. (3.) Danger of great power of individuals, as witness the Garrentynes. (4.) Every man of great power should have some grave personage joined with him, so as to divide his influence. (5.) To be ready to resist Irish inroads the Deputy should reside at Trym. The monasteries of St. Peter, (fn. 8) . the Bettye, (fn. 9) .and Blackfriars (fn. 10) might be used to repair the castle there; and oaks felled in Offaly while we have it. (6.) It should be enacted that in case a lord marcher lack capacity to defend the Pale another of his "nation" may be appointed by the Deputy and Council to do so, with a reasonable stipend out of the said lord's lands. (7.) There is such lack of English blood that we are bound to take Irishmen, our natural enemies, as tenants and even servants; but it should be enacted that none bide amongst us whose grandfather, father, and self have not been born in the Pale. (8.) Irishmen calling themselves Englishmen's servants go about stealing, for there is no difference between our marchers and the Irish in habit: all inhabitants of the Pale should be ordered to have "no upper beard called a crommell nor turffid head, but other wear a bonnet or else polled heads." (9.) Such as have "made marriage, given byinges, or fostrid to any Irishman of late" should be punished and forbidden to do so again. (10.) It should be enacted that no Irishman should have the keeping of an Englishman's castle on the borders. (11.) Two captains should be appointed to every barony, and musters taken every quarter. (12.) In towns the people should be compelled to teach their children English, every owner of a plough should wear a coat of English fashion, and every merchant worth over 4l ride in a saddle. (13.) Archery to be encouraged. (14.) Terms should be kept at Trym to which the Dillons, Tyrrelles, Daltuns, and all Westmeath might answer the King's writs and grow to due obedience, from which they are now far astray. (15.) Borough towns to be encouraged. (16.) Fees of judges, &c. to be increased and made competent: the revenues of the abbeys of St. Thomas Court and Allhallows and the hospital of St. James without Newgate, in all 1,000 mks., might be applied to this. (17.) Tenants were discouraged because they could get no more than three year's leases; leases for 21 years with promises of renewal should be given, and the tenant defended from oppression. (18.) Commissioners should yearly view whether the gentlemen marchers use excesses in quartering their men upon the husbands and freeholders. (19.) A yearly rent, called treason money, should be exacted from those who lately rebelled, to perpetuate their reproach. (20.) Pardons to be granted, for certain fines. (21.) Offally, called Okynhowres country, should be put in order, the hither part of it to Tower Trowan restored to Wm. Brymmynjame, and the rest to Kayer O'Coner as baron of Offaly. (22.) As the nature of Irishmen is "that for money one shall have the son to war against the father and the father against the child," the King should always have treasure ready. (23.) The treasure should he kept in Brymmynjames tower in Dublin Castle and the King's records should also be preserved there, for former keepers have suffered them to be embezzled.
In Alen's hand. Numbers not in original.
5. The Justice Luttrell's Book.
R.O.
St. P. ii. 502.
Taking of "coyne and livery" is the root of all the disorders in Ireland, and will ultimately bring Dublin, Kildare, and Uriel to the same state as Munster, Connaught, and Ulster, wherein there is but a feigned obedience to our Prince. Abuse of coyne by the Walshmen, marchers of the county of Dublin, the Geraldines, the baron of Delvyn, and others. Coyne of gallow-glasses called "coyne bon," introduced by Gerald, father to Gerald late earl of Kildare, and extended by the baron of Delvyn, substitute-deputy under the said earl, by the earl of Ossory, deputy after the first rebellion of this O'Connor and the Geraldines, and by the earl of Kildare. English husbandmen left Kildare county on this account. Explanation of abuses called "foys," "canys" (much taken by the lord of Kilkullyn), "byinges," and "brehennes." Abuses practiced by horsemen outside the district which would be enclosed by a line drawn from Dublin by Taulaught, Oughtyrhard, St. Wolstons, Lexlip, Donboyn, Rathergan, Trym, Athboy, Arbreakan, Slane, Mellyfount, and Drogheda, back to Dublin. Impoverishment of the free-holders. Knows nothing of the shires of Wexford, Kilkenny, Tipperary, and Waterford. If the part of Leinster inhabited by the McMorrowes, otherwise called Kevanaghes, Byrnes and Tolys, were brought into good rule, so that the King's subjects should have nothing to fear but from their outward border, it would greatly increase the revenue and good order. This would be easy, as "your Mastership" may learn by consulting the Council. Against employment of Irish soldiers. Borough towns to be protected (the Nasse is like to be deserted because of excess in levying horsemeat.) Soldiers taking oats for their horses should do so indifferently from every one in a town or parish. Against frequent changing of Deputies. An English Deputy better than an Irishman born. Justices for Wexford, Waterford, Tipperary, and Kilkenny. English habit and language should be compulsory, and children made to practice archery an hour or two every day. Irish beggars, rhymers, bards, common women, pardoners, pipers, harpers, and the like, not to be suffered within the Pale. No beggar to be except in his own parish. No Irish horsekeepers to be employed. The daily returning of Englishmen back to England to be restrained. Government of shires. The Statutes should be printed.
Hol. Headed: The Justice Luttrell's book.
20 Sept.730. Francesco G .... to George Colins.
Otho C. ix.
87.
B. M.
* * * "del Turcho chon ............. Barbarossa e chon l'armat[a] ........
"Osservandissimo S. m[io].
"[Pa]rtendo il brigantino inpressa, breve[mente ho] scritto la presente che chontiene chom[e il] principe Doria chollarmata giener[ale di sua] Maesta e chongiunto chollarmata d[ei] Venitiani a Chorfu et egni giorno na[viga da] una punta a una altra per aspettare ...... chariche dinfanteria che per essere stato ........ temporale anno chorso chi inqua chi ........ modo che l'una non sapeva de l'altra ....... aquesto giorno il signiore Principe [non ne ha] auto nuove. Eggi che siamo alii 20 di se[ttembre] il Signiore a auto la nuova come sono ch … a salvamento, et che ne sono una parte ......da 8 ne sono capitate alla Cefalonia ......... a gionte qui nel chanale di Chorfu chon li an ……. rotte et frachassate, benche Barba Rossa ..... inanti sera partito chon 200 vele et ....... depredato tutte quelle isole et ne me ....... secho 'da etto milia anime e sene andat[o] ....... eli aspalmato li suoi miglior vasegli e ..... la nostra armata valente niente per chonb ....... noi disorta che il signior Principe anchor lu ....... animo ebene disposto di andarlo a trovare [e di] battere chonlui, ma prima era danimo ....... sua nave per andare a una cie ............. circha 10 giorni che * * * ................s altre nave del pr ............ ...ti contrari non sono anchora .......... avessino determinato chon questo ......... ova qui unita andare achonbatter[e] ...........ci nondimeno li tenpi choutrari non lian ........ re di questo chanale di Chorfu, et chosi se ...........ando syno chel tenpo sera favorevole ............. a armata. Barbarossa chon larm[ata Tur]chescha sitruova lontano dalla nostra ......... Santa Miclia piantato nel golfo de lar ......... lla pranessa et mandovi il disegnio ch ......... apontino e per molti rinchontri che sene au .......... da 120 galere buone et quaranta tra ......... galeotte il resto sono tristissime. Le nostr[e] ........106 molto bene guarniti di tutto quello ……. ede ha una simile inpresa, edi omini da ......... da chonbattere; il resto non sono chosi forniti ......... ne, ma benissimo armate di soldati e da ............ E di piu cisono circha 15 tra fuste et [gale]otte et brigantmi; eltre alii galeoni che so[no benisjsimo armati di soldati e dartiglieria et quel[li dei Ve]nitiani sono da 12 o 13 navi e vi prometto [o]gnuno e tanto volontaroso dichonbattere quanto si possa, et spero che a questa volta sivedra che li ..... ti de Venitiani non sono soldati della sanita. [Sa]pia V. S. che il Magnificho Messere Vincientio Chapell[o, bravi]ssimo generale dell armata di mare etanto [volont]aroso di chonbattere chon questo Barbarossa ………… e andassi nai sulla guerra, Diopiac * * * * * ....... udio et nella p ............................... siavera vittoria, benche ............ [g]uerra sono dubiose, chome sa ………… potere della fortuna, pero non h .......... dare sentezia insino alla fine.
"Averemo damettore in terra quan ............ venuta tutta larmata 15 mila Spag[nuoli] bene aordine et valenti soldati et .......... 9 milia Italiani et armate le nav ..... andremo atrovar gli inimici valente ...... Et speriamo picliare la pravessa inq ….. mentre se Barba Rossa viene alla ……. nostra chonbatteremo secho anchora …… sia tutto le navi et speriamo in D[io et] nella prudenza del Principe et ...... forze dellarmta che averemo ....... Et succedendo altro ne daro rag[ione] .... a V.S., allaquale inchinevolmente [bacio] lamano. Di Chorfu, alli 20 di Settenb[re]."
Hol., pp. 3. Mutilated. Add.: Dño Giorgio Cholin mercyeri in Londra.

Footnotes

1 A false report, for he lived till 1544, and surrendered his house that year, but the report of Bedyll's death was correct. It may have been that the news of Whalley's death about the same time was misunderstood by some reporter as that of the Master of the Maison Dieu.
2 Thomas Robertson, who held different stalls at Lincoln at various times from 1533 to 1547. He is stated to have been admitted prebendary of Gretton 29 March 1536, and to have quitted it for Cropredy in 1541–2.
3 They were bailiffs in 1536–7 according to Nash (Hist. of Worcestershire).
4 Placed erroneously in the year 1536 by the editors of the State Papers. That date is also given in a modern endorsement.
5 See also Vol. XI. 270 from Wilkins, III. 823.
6 See Norfolk's letter of the 22nd, No. 731.
7 Cardinal Pole.
8 Augustinan priory of St. Peters and St. Paul, Newtown, by Trim
9 Priory of St. John the Baptist, Newtown
10 Blackfriars, Trim.