Henry VIII
May 1541, 1-10

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1898

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'Henry VIII: May 1541, 1-10', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 16: 1540-1541 (1898), pp. 385-395. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=76242 Date accessed: 29 July 2014.


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May 1541, 1–10

1 May. 782. Winchester Cathedral.
See Grants in May, No. 1.
1 May. 783. The Privy Council.
Nicolas'
P.C.P., vii.
184.
Meeting at Greenwich, 1 May. Present: Abp. of Canterbury, Chancellor, Norfolk, Privy Seal, Gt. Chamb., Hertford, Gt. Admiral, Durham, Treasurer, Comptroller, Wriothesley, Sadler. Business:—Edw. Manwaring, servant to the earl of Derby, brought up on suspicion for selling plate in London, confessed that 7 March last, Thurston Tillesley, the Earl's receiver, delivered him certain plate, at Latham, to take to London to provide money for the Earl for “the marriage of Savage,” saying that the Earl had it out of two monasteries and “one friars” which he suppressed about this time twelvemonth. He weighed it at London, 349½ oz., and sold it to John Wamerley, goldsmith, for 66l. 7s. 1d. Petition (recited) of Ant. Marler for a proclamation that every church not yet provided with a Bible, shall provide one according to the King's former injunctions. It was agreed that there should be such a proclamation and that the day limited for having the said books should be Hallowmas.
1 May. 784. Henry VIII. to McWilliam.
R. O.
St. P., iii.
300.
Has received his letters of 12 March containing his submission and suit for the honour of an earl, which his ancestors enjoyed, and for confirmation in his possessions in tail mail, with remainder to his brother Wm. Bourke. The vile and savage life he and his ancestors have lived might justly move the King to proceed against him as he intends to do against the rest who have rebelled and persist in their devilish blindness; but, seeing that the Deputy and Council have written for him and that a man of his parentage cannot be satisfied with a life which offends both God and his Prince and all that “smell anything of honesty,” has resolved to grant his petition for the lands for him and his brother. The honour of an earl is so great that it is never conferred except by the King in person. If he desires it so much he must repair hither, where it shall be gladly given. If he will be content with the honour of a viscount or a baron, which may be given by letters patent, he shall have it.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 5. Endd.: Minute to McWilliam de Burgo, primo Maii 1541.
1 May. 785. Chapuys to [Charles V.]. (fn. 1)
Spanish
Calendar,
VI. i., No. 158.
Nothing important has occurred since his last, but the King has sent to the North for about 100 men-at-arms, who arrived within this last week, accoutred in the old fashion with jacks or coats of mail, their secrettes (?) under their steel caps, and with small spears instead of long lances. A still larger number is said to be expected and that the whole force will cross over to reinforce the Guisnes garrison. The day before yesterday the King's Councillors sent for the French ambassador to tell him that the King had determined on sending over the lord Privy Seal to stop the disorders arising from taunts and bravadoes between the garrisons of Ardres and Guisnes. The landing of the 2,000 men mentioned in his letter of the 17th April has created much excitement in France, where the number is exaggerated to 20,000. Some think this exaggeration is due to their suspicions of the English; but it may be a ruse to afford the French a pretext for strengthening their garrisons. And this seems the more probable because Francis, to colour matters, has written to his ambassador expressing dissatisfaction at not being warned of the great number of Englishmen who crossed the Channel besides the 2,000 mentioned in Chapuys's last, though the ambassador has been continually sending couriers, sometimes his own cousin, and Francis has been incessantly sending men to complete the fortification of Ardre, on which 3,000 pioneers are now working day and night.
No one has done the King a greater service for a long time than the man who detected the conspiracy mentioned in Chapuys's last (see No. 733), for it was far more dangerous than the former, the people's indignation having risen higher owing to the cruelties and exactions that followed the Northern Rebellion and the time of year being more favourable to rebellion. For there was to be a great fair at Pontefract, where the last rising took place, and the 40 or 50 conspirators, nearly 12 of whom were gentlemen or priests, would have attended the fair with retainers to the number of over 300. Their plan was to gain over as many people as they could, then openly denounce the King's tyranny and slay all who would rise in defence of the Commonwealth. They had hopes also of assistance from the king of Scotland, who would not nowadays meet with much resistance if he were to make war on this King. Henry probably thinks so himself, for he has ordered the Border towns to be strongly fortified.
Has just heard that 10 or 12 days ago a number of Scotchmen crossed the river, and penetrated far into England, where they burned a town merely to recover certain prisoners whom the inhabitants refused to give up, (fn. 2) as the Scots pretend they ought to have done by treaty. London, 1 May 1541.
Original at Vienna.
1 May. 786. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
Spanish
Calendar,
VI. i., No. 159.
Not knowing what to add to the news in his letter to the Emperor (copy enclosed), observes only that most of the packets addressed to him either by her or by the Emperor, and those from Italy are apt to be detained at Antwerp. The fault, however, does not seem to lie with the postmaster, Ant. de Taxis. London, 1 May 1541.
Original at Vienna.
1 May. 787. Francis I. to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 299.
(Abstract.)
Has received his letter of the 19th inst. (sic), (fn. 3) and an instruction (memoire), and thanks him for his ample information. Prays him to thank the King of England for his news, and for notice of trouble intended in Savoy. Hopes, in two or three days, to send back Marillac's cousin with money and the news from Germany and elsewhere, to be imparted to the King of England. He shall keep the matter of the Cauchoide in suspense until further instructions. Countersigned: Bochetel.
French. Modern transcript, p. 1. Headed: 1 May 1541.
1 May. 788. Jehan de Rouvray to the Queen of Scotland.
Balcarres MS.
iv. 36.
Adv. Lib.
Edin.
She will see by these accounts (estatz) sent by her son, the state of his revenue this year and last, which her controller, François de Fou can explain. Hacqueville is gone into Touraine, to get witnesses for the process of Gournay, &c. Has written several times before about his nephew, whom he wishes taken into her mother's service. Is going to Normandy to Bougueville, for her service. It is said the Marquis has sold “le Mesle sur Sarter (?) a Vincene gogne de sauor sil est vray,” for if so your mother is determined “de la faire retirer par Monseigneur votre filz et suplier le Roy de luy permectre de vendre des bois pour rachapter la dite terre de Mesle.” Joynville, 1 May 1541.
Hol., Fr, p. 1. Add.: A la Royne d'Escosse. Endd.: Rouvray.
1 May. 789. Philippe Jehanoraute (?) to [the Queen of Scotland?].
Balcarres MS.
iv. 77.
Adv. Lib.
Edin.
Knowing that my compaignon, François de Fou, was come to your father and mother, “pour le faict de votre etat,”…. [The letter is rather illegible at the beginning, and refers only to financial matters].
Was about to return to Flanders, for the affair of the succession of Orange; but the Prince requested your father to arrange it amicably. “Et ma commandé mondit Seigneur de sennon du conseil du dit Sieur Prince en conte de Bourgne comme entend de besoigner”; and if he will not come to reason, I will return at once to Flanders; and if there I cannot find one going to Scotland, I will go to you myself, to explain what I have done. Nothing has yet been done about the marquise de Rothelin, because the marquis of Baude (Baden) is in Germany, at a Diet held by the Emperor at Ranesbourg. Joynville, 1 May 1541.
Hol., Fr., pp. 2.
2 May. 790. The Privy Council.
Nicolas'
P.C.P., vii.
186.
Meeting at Greenwich, 2 May. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Gt. Chamb., Durham, Treasurer, Comptroller, Wriothesley. Business:— Ric. Germyn, secretary to the bp. of Chester, appeared and confessed things deposed against him by Ric. Lee and Geo. Cornewall, but with such circumstances as they appeared of no such importance as was thought; and he was commanded to await the coming of — Gregory, smith.
2 May. 791. Henry VIII. to the Deputy and Council of Ireland.
R. O.
St. P., iii.
302.
Has received the Deputy's letters from Dublin, 22 March, in favour of McWilliam, and touching Oneyll. Has resolved towards McWilliam, as appears in the copy herewith of letters to him. Debating that matter reminded the King what great possessions pertain to the Crown there, viz., the earldom of Ulster, the lands late of Norfolk, Shrewsbury, and Wiltshire, and the lands come by attainder, suppression, and surrender. If upon every disobedient's suit the King gives away whole countries, they (the Council) must see that by such gifts he does not, in clouds, depart with any of the inheritance of the Crown. (2.) Directs them to draw and send hither an Act that patents of gift of lands there shall contain a clause that if the party or his heirs digress from obedience, the lands shall be forfeited. Although in all patents that is understood, this Act shall specially extend to patents heretofore made. The Act shall be sent hither with diligence, so that it may be remitted to be passed before Parliament there ends. (3.) Sends by bearers — (blank) the sum of — (blank) towards payment of the army. (4.) Agrees that Cavendish may remain one year after the departure of Baron Welshe and Mynne, to perfect the Treasurer's account at Michaelmas next. (5.) Sends letters for the late abbot of Granard to be bp. of Ardaugh.
Draft corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 10. Endd.: “Minute to the Deputy, etc., in Ireland, ijo Maii 1541.”
3 May. 792. The Privy Council.
Nicolas'
P.C.P., vii.
187.
Meeting at Greenwich, 3 May. Present: Gt. Chamb., Durham, Treasurer, Comptroller, Wriothesley. Business:—Gregory, a smith, examined of the matter Germyn was examined of, which appeared to be mere negligence, and both were, with “a good lesson,” discharged. Robt. Sandwich, priest, discharged of his recognisance of 13 April.
3 May. 793. Calais and the Cowswade.
R. O. “Instructions for the lord Privy Seal and the lord Admiral, despatched 3 May 1541.”
A very mutilated document, from which it appears they are to inspect the fortifications of Calais and Guisnes; take order with the mayor and with the merchants of the Staple of Calais about the supply of money; let the captain of the Turneham and Mons. du Bies know that the King intends peace, and advise the latter not, for such trifles as the Cowswade and Cowbridge, to drive the King to dispute about titles; and confer with the Commissioners [to] be appointed for the division and enclosure of land, with a view to the inhabiting of the Pale.
Pp. 19, very mutilated draft with corrections by Wriothesley. Endd. as above.
4 May. 794. The Privy Council.
Nicolas'
P.C.P., vii.
187.
Meeting at Greenwich, 4 May. Present: Gt. Chamb., Durham, Treasurer, Comptroller, Mr. of Horse, Wriothesley. Business:—The earl of Derby sent for, by letter under Stamp, to be here on the 26th inst.
4 May. 795. W. earl of Southampton and J. lord Russell to Henry VIII.
R. O. This morning we received by post from Mr. Secretary Wriothesley our instructions with the double of your like letters to lord William, your ambassador in France, with your warrant to the treasurer and comptroller of Calais for payment of the increase to your Deputy and Marshal there, and a letter from Sir Chr. Mores for delivery of certain bows and arrows to Guisnes. This day, although the wind is N.E. by E., not the best for us, we take ship, trusting to land before night at Sandgate or Calais, or at the worst to return hither. A Portingale of 80 and a ship of Candishe's have been sheltering in your haven here, the works of which go well forward, and your ministers seem to agree very well. Went on board the Portingale to buy some skins or oranges or something to send to your Majesty, but there was no good thing in her. The master said the king of Portugal had lost one of his best towns in Barbaria after a siege of three months. There were in it 700 men of war, who rather than become slaves of the Moors slew their wives and children, and were at length taken and slain, every man. Dover, 4 May. Signed.
Pp.
3. Add. Endd.: My lord Privy Seal and Lord Admiral, 4 May 1541.
5 May. 796. Henry VIII. to Mary Queen of Hungary.
R. O.
St. P., viii.
559.
Is moved by the vexations his subjects suffer in Flanders under colour of the Emperor's proclamation of 1 Dec. last, to send the bearer to say that nothing has been done in Parliament contrary to the amity with the Emperor. The Act for the improvement of the navy (abridged copy enclosed) is only a ratification of former statutes, notably that of 1381–2. His ambassadors with the Emperor have pointed out the injustice of the proclamation. Begs a speedy answer Begs favour for one Thos. Foascham, of Southampton, whose suit about certain depredations made upon him at Escluse has now been prolonged through four years. Manor of Greenwich, 5 May 1541.
French. Copy, pp. 3. Endd.: Minute to the Regent of Flanders, 5 May 1541.
[5 May.] 797. Wallop to Mons. du Biez.
R. O. “Mons. le Seneschal,” John Broke, our post, in returning from Boulogne says you are glad to hear that my lord Privy Seal shall be here shortly, and that you will hunt some venison to send us. I thank you; and as for my lord Privy Seal, he arrived this afternoon about 4 o'clock with the Lord Admiral, my lord of Surrey, and some 22 followers, to view the King's works. For your venison, &c., I trust to repay you with ours of England.
French. Copy, p. 1. Endd.: The copy of Mr. Wallop's letter to Mons. de Biez.
5 May. 798. Lord Wm. Howard to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., viii.
561.
Hearing that a post was leaving for the French ambassador in England, thinks it well to report that the duke of Cleyve is not yet arrived at Court, but is at Etamps, three days' journey from Ambois, where the King abides his coming. His lodging is provided in the castle, and the Dolphyn prepares a great tourney against his coming. It was thought he should marry the queen of Navarre's daughter, but she is very sick of consumption, and some judge he will have the King's daughter. Received on the 2nd a letter from Henry's ambassador with the Duke announcing his coming and the names of his company. An Italian, named Signor Jehan, showed me 1 May a letter he had from Rome about business between the bishop of Rome and a great lord there. Sends copy. Amboys, 5 May. Signed.
Pp.
2. Add. Endd.: 1541.
R. O.
St. P., viii.
562.
2. Copy (i.e., extract) of the Italian letter above referred to.
Describing the war levied by the Pope upon Signor Ascanio Colonna, whose lands have been taken and himself driven out. The Pope has intercepted a letter from Ascanio to a captain named Salvatore Corso, telling him to be of good cheer, for they would soon be in Rome, and rich, &c., and this letter the Pope shows everywhere to inflame men against Ascanio. The viceroy of Naples took alarm at the Pope's preparations.
Italian, pp. 2.
5 May. 799. Scotland.
Harl. MS.
4637 C. f. 18.
B. M.
Ratification by James V. of a treaty (recited, in French) with Charles V. made at Bins (Binche), in Hainault, 19 Feb. 1540, between Mary of Hungary and Sir John Campbell, of Lundy, James's ambassador, who arrived in the Low Countries after the Emperor had left. Stirling, 5 May 1541.
Lat. Copy, pp. 4.
5 May. 800. Two Spanish Priests.
R. O. Certificate by Antonio Melendez de Gumiel, dean of Osma, as administrator and abbas major of the fraternity “charitatis Sepulchri Sancti Petri” in the same cathedral, of the admission of Joannes Abbad de Sant Roman, clk., of Eguinoa Calahorra dioc., as a member of the same fraternity, to all the privileges conferred on it by Pope Paul III. and former Popes, among others to say the hours according to the breviary of Francis [Quiñones] Card. of Holy Cross. Osma, 5 May 1541. Signed and Sealed.
Lat., p.
1.
R. O. 2. Similar certificate by the same, of the admission of Peter Ladron of Sant Roman, Calagurritanen. dioc., clk. Osma, 5 May 1541. Signed and Sealed.
Lat. p.
1.
6 May. 801. Bristol.
See Grants in May, No. 10.
6 May. 802. Carlisle Cathedral.
See Grants in May, Nos. 11, 15.
6 May. 803. The Bible.
Burnet, iv.
507.
Wilkins, iii.
856.
Proclamation confirming injunctions heretofore set forth by Royal authority for curates and parishioners to provide, “by a day now expired,” and set up in every church, Bibles containing the Old and New Testament in English. By these injunctions the King intended his subjects to read the Bibles for their instruction humbly and reverently; not reading aloud in time of Holy Mass or other divine service, nor, being laymen, arguing thereupon. Many towns and parishes having failed to accomplish this, they are straitly commanded, before All Saints Day next, to provide and set up Bibles of the largest volume, upon penalty of 40s. for every month's delay after All Saints Day, half to go to the informer. The sellers of such Bibles are taxed to charge for them not above 10s. for Bibles unbound or 12s. for Bibles well bound and clasped. Ordinaries having ecclesiastical jurisdiction are to see to this.
From Bonner's register. Headed: “A proclamation ordained by the King's Majesty, with the advice of his honorable Council, for the Bible of the largest and greatest volume to be had in every church, devised the sixth day of May the xxxiij. year of the King's most gracious reign.”
*** There is a modern MS. copy of this proclamation in MS. Cleoptra, E. v. 337, B.M. Early printed copies also exist.
6 May. 804. The Queen's Barge.
R. O. Account of Rob. Kyrton, master of the barge, “for serving of the Queen's grace from Chelseye to Barnettes Castyll,” 4 May, with the close barge and 26 men at 8d. each; also for serving the train with 20 men; for rushes and rosemary for both the barges, 8d., and for steersman and master, 16d. each; similarly on Thursday, 5 May, “for serving my lady Elizabeth from Suffolk Place to Chelsea,” and on Friday, 6 May, for serving the Queen from Barnett's Castle to Chelsey Total, 3l. 12s.
P.
1.
6 May. 805. Francis I. to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 299.
(Abstract.)
Since the arrival of his cousin, has received his letters of the 27th [and 30th] ult., showing the King's health and the friendly language of the Council about the sending to Calais and Guisnes, of which Francis took no suspicion, being sure of the entire amity of his good brother. Marillac shall thank the King and his Council and assure them that Francis's friendship will be found to correspond to theirs. A knight of Rhodes has just arrived, who says the Religion have discovered 200 Turkish sail near Corfou. He is sent to notify all the other knights of the Religion to retire to Malta, their present seat, to consult for the defence of Christendom. As for Germany, perceives his good brother is continually informed from thence, and so refrains from repeating news.
Marillac writes that strangers in England are compelled to take letters of naturalisation at an excessive price, to the great injury of poor French subjects there. Requires further information of that affair. Will despatch his cousin, with more ample news, in three or four days.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2. Headed: 6 May 1541.
6 May. 806. Francis I. to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 300.
(Almost the
whole text.)
He shall tell Norfolk that he has, in the ordinary way, as a good ambassador, informed Francis of his speech about the amity, and has answer that Francis will for his part maintain it inviolable; and, therefore he feels sure it will last always. Instructs him to hint that if Norfolk knows the time to be suitable (whether for distrust of the Emperor or doubt of Francis's friendship) to make some overture on their part for a closer amity; he should make it; but this must be done in such a way as not to seem to proceed from Francis, and nothing is to be given in writing or said in presence of any witness.
Upon Marillac's letter to the Chancellor, has commanded the officers of Dieppe to release Jehan Inglet, Englishman, and his ship. Marillac shall inform the English council of this that they may release the man of Dieppe arrested in England. Countersigned: Bochetel.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2. Headed: Amboise, 6 May 1541.
6 May. 807. Montmorency to Marillac.
R. O.
Kaulek, 301.
(Abstract.)
Has received his letters. The King is pleased with his advertisements, and has ordered “que serez despesche de vostre estat,” as his letters will show, to which the writer refers him.
French. Modern transcript, p. 1. Headed: 6 May 1541.
6 May. 808. Southampton and Russell to Henry VIII.
R. O. Came over in three hours yesterday afternoon. Summoned the Deputy, Comptroller, and Treasurer, and warned them to give orders for musters. Saw them this afternoon, and the garrison is wonderfully amended since Southampton was here before. To-morrow, will go to Guisnes. Sent then for the constable [of the Staple?], and gave an order for a payment of money to be sent over (item mutilated). This morning ordered the Deputy, Comptroller, and Treasurer to victual the town for half a year, promising their wages at once. They answered that it was impossible, for, since Easter, neither ox, sheep, ne calf had come from England, and the Picards “came very scarcely in.” At Easter there was but one ox in the town. The victuallers have provision at Hive, Sandwich, and Dover, and dare not bring it over for fear of the proclamation. Have written to the towns of Hive, Dover, and Sandwich to send over provisions, the customers sending copies of the bills of lading hither separately to prevent the goods being taken elsewhere. They desired to be victualled freely after the old fashion; so the writers asked for a book of the names of their victuallers, promising to deliver it to the King and be suitors for them.
Description (very mutilated) of the fortifications they have inspected. Delivered 2,000l. to the [Trea]surer, 500l. to the Surveyor, and 500l. (?) to the treasurer of the works. Also gave order “with Sir Christopher Morice deputy here,” that the “haaks” that came from London, the bills, morice pikes, staves for Northern men, bows, arrows, and strings appointed for Guisnes, should be sent thither to-morrow night.
On Monday last Broke, the post of this town, went to Boulogne to give evidence in the case of one Holande, a merchant here. Mons. du Biez sent for him and questioned him about the arrival of the writers and of men of war at Calais (this page is so mutilated that the meaning is very obscure). Wrote to Sir John Walloppe to certify Du Biez that, together with my lord of Surrey and Sir Thos. Seamour, who came only for their pastime, they have not brought in all over 24 persons with them. The remainder, which is mutilated, seems to import that they enclose Walloppe's answer and copies of the Deputy's letter to Mons. de Biez and of his answer. Signed.
Very mutilated, pp.
9. Add. Endd.: My l.P.S. and the 1. Admiral to the King's Majesty, 6 May 1541.
[6 May.] 809. Wallop to Southampton and Russell.
R. O. This morning I received your letters and perceive that you will be here tomorrow and that I shall certify Du Biez of your coming. Your lodging shall be ready and that for my lord of Surrey and Mr. Semor also, and I shall look for your lordships at dinner, to dress which I pray you send your cooks, for French cook I have none at this time. I shall write to Du Biez and think it will be as agreeable a letter to him as he has had for a long while. I think Mons. du Vandon will also be glad; and likewise the captain of Arde, who is in great fear when he hears of ships with men arriving at Calais, and no doubt will make the better watch to-night. Guisnes, Friday. Signed.
P.
1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal and Lord Admiral. Endd.: 5 (fn. 4) May 1541.
6 May. 810. Jacques de Coucy [Sieur de Vervins] to the Deputy of Calais.
R. O. I have received your letter to Mons. le Seneschal by Broke, your post, and forwarded it to him at Monsept. (fn. 5) He will be glad to hear your news and of the arrival of my lord Privy Seal. Boulogne, 6 May.
“Signe: votre voisin qui de bon cœur vous feroit service, Jacques de Coucy. Et au doz: a Mons. le Debitis de Calais.—J. B.”
Copy, French, p. 1.
7 May. 811. Mons. du Biez to Wallop.
R. O. I thank you for your letter, dated Guisnes, Friday, 6 May, about the arrival of my lord Privy Seal and my lord Admiral, with the eldest son of my lord of Norfolk and the brother of my lord of Hertford. Where you [ask me to meet you] on Monday or Tuesday next at the Bois de Guisnes, I would come with pleasure, but it is impossible, as I am here with Mons. de Vandosme, governor of Picardy and the King's lieutenant-general, who has a double tertian fever. He is, however, recovering, and at the end of next week, if I can get away, I should be glad to see this good company. Meanwhile, if my lord Privy Seal and his company wish to hunt, I have ordered the Sieur de Vervins to do all he can for them. I send you the bacon you ask for and such venison pasties as I have, which I beg you to give to my lord Privy Seal and my lord Admiral. Monstroeul, 7 May.
If you will show this to my lords Privy Seal and Admiral, they will see that I commend myself to them. Signature mutilated.
French, pp.
2. Mutilated. Add.: gouverneur et [cappi]taine du chateau de Guynes. Endd.: 1541.
812. Carlisle Cathedral.
R. O. Launcelot Saulkeld, dean of Carlisle, owes for arrears of rents of tenants due upon the dissolution of the late priory of Carlisle and laid out upon necessary expenses from the surrender of the priory until the erection (fn. 6) of the cathedral or college, as appears by the account of Jas. Rokeby, auditor, 143l. 8s. 8d. Signed: per me Ric'm Hochonson, audit.
P. 1. Headed as among arrearages pending before Ric. Hochonson, auditor.
8 May. 813. Southampton and Russell to Henry VIII.
R. O. We arrived here y[esterday after]noon “and incontinent saw your plattes w[hich your master] mason brought hither” and viewed the castle and town. Today we viewed them again, comparing them with your plattes, and to be plain with your Grace, by our allegiance, you and six of the wisest men in the realm by staying here a fortnight could not have devised better. Cannot see anything to alter in them, and the castle could withstand the Emperor and French king both together. (fn. 7) The Surveyor shall see to the provisions, and after midsummer come twelve months, when your devices are finished, your captain shall not need to fear even if the Turk come.
Tomorrow, with your commissioners appointed to survey your marshes, we will ride along them as far as Newenham Bridge, and will then survey Hampnez Castle and return hither to bed. Next day we will view the marshes over Andern Bridge as far as the Couswade. Will then consider how the marshes may best be inhabited and order Mr. Roux and Mr. Leigh to make a plat of them and send it over after us. (fn. 7) That done, we return to Calais, and lie there Wednesday and Thursday, and come over on Friday unless otherwise commanded.
Yesterday, immediately after our arrival, a gentleman arrived from Mons. du Biez bringing 18 pasties, part of red [deer], part of wild boar, and the rest “ganny hennes.” Sent him in return what we brought out of England “of a barren doa bakin.” He sent letters to Mr. Wallop (enclosed). This morning we delivered weapons to your labourers and saw them muster and march under their captains, in two bands, with standards, drums, and fifes in very good order. Never saw lustier fellows, and they labour as lustily as ever did men, and be as obedient. (fn. 8) Such a set of labourers cannot be matched between this and the Mountains. Last night after supper we walked on the green with Mons. du Biez's man and saw them wrestle. We wished your Majesty had been there to see them, you should have seen “one give another such a hard thwacque and fall to the ground that for the time the breath [w]ould out of the body. And yet when [he c]ame to himself again he was ready” * * *. Think Du Biez's servant nothing liked them. Guisnes Castle, 8 May. Signed.
Pp.
5, much mutilated Add. Endd.: “My 1. P.S. and 1. Admiral,” 1541.
9 May. 814. Dr. Crome.
Harl. MS.
425, f. 65.
B. M.
Notes of a sermon at Pauls Cross by Dr. Crome, on Sunday 9 May 33 Hen. VIII., upon the gospel “I am a good shepherd,” &c., John x.
He said the voice of Jesus was that of the good Shepherd who had given His life to be an everlasting sacrifice for all that should be saved; but that the voice of the bishop of Rome was the voice of a stranger to the flock of Christ. He had lately spoken much against the bishop of Rome, calling him beggar. The King and his Parliament had taken this beggar by the head and hurled him out; but his staff remained, and with it men of worship had of late beaten him, in their sermons, for saying the sacrifice of the mass did not put away sins.
After the customary prayer, he stood up and said, “Worshipful audience, I come not hither to recant, nor yet am I commanded to recant, nor, God willing, I will not recant; yet notwithstanding divers and many have sent letters abroad informing their friends that I should recant, to the great slander of God's word and of me, being a poor preacher of the same admitted within this realm of England; but as for me I care not, but yet I wish them that they would send half so many letters informing their friends that I have not recanted. Well, God forgive them, and yet, will they nill they, I will pray for them, will them good and wish them good.” He then showed them that in a sermon at the Mercers' Chapel on Passion Sunday he had said that the bishop of Rome wrongly applied the Mass in making it a sacrifice for sins, as he had often done the blood of martyrs. He would not stick to call it a sacrifice, for it is a sacrifice of thanks to our only Shepherd for His once offered offering and is a commemoration of His death.
Pp. 3.
9 May. 815. James V. to Henry VIII.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi., 117.
B. M.
Explains, at great length, the grievance of his subject, Thomas Davidsoun, whose ship, the John, of Craill, coming from Lynn with grain to be sold at Newcastle and Berwick, has been seized at Tynmouth on the 9th April last, although Davidsoun had Henry's safe-conduct granted at the writer's special request. Begs him to cause the ship and goods to be restored and redress made. Striveling castle, 9 May 28 James V.
Copy, pp. 2.
10 May. 816. The Privy Council.
Nicolas'
P.C.P., vii.
188.
Note that on 5 May the Council did not sit, as the King removed from Greenwich to Waltham; also that at Waltham 6 and 7 May it did not sit.
Meetings at Waltham 8, 9, and 10 May. Present: Abp. of Canterbury, Norfolk, Gt. Chamb., Hertford, Durham (on the 10th), Treasurer, Mr. of Horse, Wriothesley, Sadler. No business recorded.
10 May. 817. Holy Trinity Cathedral, Dublin.
Irish Pat.Roll,
33, 34, 37
Hen. VIII.,
m. 1.
Alteration of the prior and convent of Holy Trinity, Dublin, to be dean and chapter of secular priests of the cathedral of Holy Trinity. 10 May 33 Hen. VIII.
See Morrin's Calendar, p. 88.
Harl. MS.
2, 101, f. 51.
B. M.
2. Later copy of the preceding, attested by James Newman, clerk in the office of the Master of the Rolls.
Pp. 6.

Footnotes

1 The Editor of the Spanish Calendar assures us that this letter is addressed to the Queen of Hungary. Most probably it is the copy of Chapuys's letter to the Emperor which went with No. 786, and the address on the back refers to that letter, which is not said to bear any address on the back at all.
2 See No. 769.
3 See No. 737, of the 19th April.
4 Friday was the 6th in 1541.
5 No doubt a misreading by the copyist of “Monstreuil.”
6 Erected 8 May 1541. See Grants in May, No. 15.
7 These passages are very mutilated but seem to run as above.
8 The passage is mutilated, but the above appears to be the meaning.