In Olaveston (through corruption of speech now called Wollaton) there was of William
Peverells fee of a Mannor which defore the Conquest Vlsi had, who paid for it to
the Dane-geld after the rate of a carucat and an half. The Land was then for twelve
oxen, or twelve bovats. (fn. 1) There afterwards Warner the man of William Peverell
had one car. seven sochm. four vill. having four car. small wood, one leuc. long, one qu.
broad. In King Edward the Confessours time this was valued at 100s. but when the
great Survey was made, towards the latter end of the Conquerours reign, but at 60s.—
The Soc extended into Totteshale, Brauncote, and Sudtune.
The family of Mortein were the next successours to Warner in this place, of which
Robert de Mortein lived in King Henry the firsts time, at the foundation of Lenton
Priory; and Adam de Moretonio, (fn. 2) 22 H. 2. gave account of xxx marks of the
amercements of the Forest. Eustachius de Moretoin gave Henry, son of William
Hamelyn of Wollaton, his Villain, with all his sequel and Cattel, to the Priory of Lenton.
Eustace, son and heir of Eustachius de Mortein, had seisin, &c. (fn. 5) 7 H. 3. I suppose
that William de Mortein, who was several years High Sheriff of the Counties of Warewick and Leicester, and married Joane, eldest daughter of Sir Philip Marmion, but had
no issue, was son of Eustachius, son and heir of Eustachius de Mortein, son of Adam,
son of Robert, before named; which William died seised of the Mannors of Wollaton and
Cossale on St. Leonards day, (fn. 6) 12 E. 1. Roger, son of Roger de Mortein, being then
found his next heir; which Roger had a Charter of Free Warren the same year for Wallaton and Cossale in this County, Eyum and Riselle in Darbyshire, and Walesalle in Staffordshire; it seems he was nephew and heir of his uncle the said William Mortayne. (fn. 7)
The Jury, 7 E. 2. returned it no damage to the King, &c. if Roger de Morteyn,
granted and assigned fourscore acres of Wood in Wollaton, and the advowsons of the
Churches of Wollaton and Cossale to Richard Willoughby, and his heirs.
(fn. 8) William, son of Sir Roger de Mortein, 11 E. 2. granted to Richard de Willoughby, Knight, the whole Mannor of Wollaton, except the capital Mess. &c.
This Sir Richard de Willoughby was son of Richard de Willoughby, son of Raph
Bugge of Nottingham, the original Ancestor of divers good Families, as in Willoughby
on the Woldes may be observed, and in some other places of this Book. That branch
of Bingham bore for their Arms, three Waterbougets upon a Fesse, being, it seems, from
the eldest son: this of Willoughby divided the Fesse into two Bars, with two Budgets on
the uppermost, and one upon the lower; (fn. 9) as the Seal of Sir Richard Willoughby,
appendant to his Deed, bearing date 17 E. 3. whereby he passed the Advowson of the
Church of Stanton on the Wold to Sir Ger. de Clifton, yet remaining at Clifton manifesteth.
(fn. 10) This first Sir Richard de Willuby did increase his Patrimony very well in divers
places, and added to it much Land, which he purchased of the Morteins, both in this
place and elsewhere; he died 18 E. 2. (fn. 11) seised of the Mannors of Wollaton and Willughby, and the third part of Riseley, and Lands in Ingleby and Aylwaston in Derbyshire,
which the Kings Eschaetor took into his hands the seventh of April after, and delivered
them the seventeenth of May following to Richard de Willuby his son and heir, who
was then found to be above thirty years old.
This second Sir Richard, was the very great advancer of his family, being a Judge
from the 3 E. 3. to the 31 E. 3. (fn. 12) and sometimes Chief Justice, when Galfr. le Scrop
the Chief Justice was gone on the Kings business beyond the Seas. He married (fn. 13)
Isabell, the daughter of Roger de Mortein, and had the Town of Cossale of his gift, which
he gave to Sir Richard his son, who married the sister of Sir John de Grey, but died,
without issue, as did also Roger another son, so that the entail he had made of Riseley, and
other Lands, (fn. 14) 11 E. 3. brought the inheritance to Hugh Willoughby, Clark, his
next son, who died the 14 Sept. 7 H. 4. and the Jury found Bertram Monboucher, son
of Bertram, son of Isabella his sister, and William Malory, son of Robert, son of Marjory
his other sister his heirs, as John Malory, son of Robert, son of this William did afterwards claim.
(fn. 15) But this Hugh the Clergy-man had a wife (or Concubine) called Joane de Riseley,
by whom he had a daughter named Felice, married to John Armstrong of Thorpe, and a
son called Hugh Willoughby, who married Joan, daughter of Sir John Dabrigecourt,
Knight, by whom he had a son Hugh Willoughby of Risley, who married Isabell,
daughter of Sir Gervase Clifton, and bore the Arms of his mother, viz. Ermine, three
Bars Humett, as appeareth by his Gravestone in Wilne Church, upon which those Arms
of Dabrigecourt impale with Cliftons. From these are descended the Willoughbies of
But the more considerable part of that great Estate descended to Sir Edmund Willoughby, son of Sir Richard the Judge by another wife, who at the death of his brother
Hugh, 7 H. 4. (fn. 16) was about sixty years old, and had livery, 18 Septemb. that year of
this Mannor and Bradmere, three Mess. and seven Bovats in Carleton, &c. his wife was the
daughter of Sir Richard Pole of Suffolk, by whom he had a son of his own name Edmund, who took to wife Isabell, the daughter of Sir Hugh Annesley, Knight, and by
her had Sir Hugh Willughby, whose first wife was Isabell, daughter of—Folejambe,
who brought him Richard Willughby, who married Anne, one of the four daughters
and co-heirs of Simon Leek of Cotham, Esquire, but he died without issue, 12 E. 4. as
his younger brothers Nicholas and Thomas it seems did before. His father the said Sir
Hugh to his second wife had Margaret, (fn. 17) sister and co-heir of Sir Baldwin Frevile, son
and heir of Sir Baldwin Frevile, Knight, afterwards married to Sir Richard Bingham
the Judge, who brought him many children. His eldest was Robert Willoughby, Esq.
heir to his half brother Richard, before named; he married Margaret, daughter of Sir
John Griffith of Nichnor in the County of Stafford, Knight, by whom he had Sir Henry
Willoughby, Knight and Banneret, who had four wives, the first was Margaret,
daughter of Sir Robert Markham, by whom he had Sir John Willughby, who married
Anne, daughter of Edward Grey, Viscount Lisle, but died without issue, and Sir Edward, and others. His second wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Abon (or Burgh)
the relict of Richard Lord Fitz-Hugh. His third was Ellen, daughter and heir of John
Egerton, Esquire, of Wren-Hall in Cheshire, by whom he had Sir Hugh Willoughby the
famous Navigator, who was frozen to death in the North Seas, whose wife was Jane, the
daughter of (Sir Nicholas) Strelley, by whom he had a son called Henry after his grandfather, whose fourth wife was A—daughter of Welles (or Walters.) He died the
seventh of May, and was buried in the Church of St. Leonard at Wollaton, in the 20 H.
8. Sir Edward his son, named before, married Anne, daughter and heir of Sir William
Filioll of Woodlant, afterwards I think married to George Medeley, Esquire; she brought
Henry Willoughby, Esquire, who married Anne, the daughter of Thomas, Marquess
Dorsett, and was slain in the commotion at Norwich, 27 August, 4 E. 6. the year after
the death of his uncle Sir John Willoughby, before named, leaving his son Thomas
Willoughby, his heir then 8 year old, nine weeks and one day, who died 16 August,
1 Eliz. and left his Fortune to his brother Francis, second son of this Henry, (fn. 18) who
by his Will gave the Inne called the Castle in Holborne to George Willoughby alias Fox,
his bastard brother, and to the heirs of his body; remainder to this Francis, who came of
age 10 Eliz. and was the builder of that Stately Pile, the House at Wollaton, the stone
whereof was all brought from Ancaster in Lincolneshire by the people of those parts, who
when fetched Coles from Wollaton, which they had for their labour, which still remains a
conspicuous monument of the greatness of the Family and Estate, the most considerable
part whereof this last Sir Francis Willoughby, having no son, settled on Brigitt his eldest
daughter, the wife of Sir Percivall Willoughby descended from another Judge, of the
House of Eresby in Lincolneshire, but resident in Kent, who had Sir Francis Willoughby,
father of Francis Willoughby, Esquire, who died owner of it in the year 1672, having
two sons by—his wife, the daughter of Henry Barnard, Equire: but besides his
said daughter Bridget, whose posterity still enjoy this Mannor, Sir Francis by Elizabeth,
daughter of Sir John Littleton of Frankeley, his wife, had Dorothy, wife of Henry Hastings, second son of George Earl of Huntington, and father of Sir George Hastings. His
third daughter was Margaret, wife of Robert le Spenser. His fourth Winifrid married
to Edward Willoughby, son of Percivall Willoughby of Bocreplace in Kent. Another
was Abigail, married to William Pargiter of Northamptonshire. Another was Frances,
wife of Mountague Wood of Lamley. Sir Francis Willoughby had another wife, Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Coleby of Grayes Inne, the relict of John Tamworth, and
afterwards was Lady Wharton, who made her advantage of the declining time of her
husband Willoughby, and his great Estate, if we may believe report.
(fn. 19) Sir Galfr. Bakepuz, and his wife the Lady Amicia, demised, during their lives,
the Mill called Ingram, scituate on the Leene, between Lenton and Wollaton, by the wayside which leads from Nott. to Derby, to the Prior and Covent of Lenton for 20s. per ann.
and the Multure of their House and Family of Wollaton, and the Town of Wollaton was
to grinde there for the twentieth grain; which suit Hugh de Weloghby Lord of (fn. 20)
Wollaton, also granted for his life to Sir Galfr. the Prior, and the Covent of Lenton, 8 H.
4, to their said Mill, upon the same terms; and Thomas Elinham tee Prior, and the said
Covent, 1 H. 6, demised the said Mill, with the said suit, to John Botre for ten years for
3l. per annum.
(fn. 21) The Jury, 25 E. 3, found it not to the Kings loss if he granted to Sir Richard de
Willughby the elder, licence to give a Mess. and two Bovats of Land in Wollaton to two
Chaplains in the Parish Church of Wollaton.
(fn. 22) The Chantry House of St. Anthony, in Willerton, was granted, 24 July, 3 E. 6,
to William Nevell, Esquire, amongst many other things.
(fn. 23) The Rectory of Wollaton was 12l. 'Tis now 14l. 2s. 6d. in the Kings Books,
and the Patronage continueth to the Willoughbies.
In the Chancel on a flat marble, whereon is cut in brass, the Effigies of a Man in armor and a Woman.
Hic jacet Richardus Willoughby, Armiger, qui obiit VII. die Octobris, Anno Dom.
nostri JHV CHRISTI M,CCCC, LXXI, & Anna uxor ejus quæ obiit XXIII, die
mensis Julij, Anno ejusdem Domini M,CCCC, LXVII. Cujus animæ propitietur
Deus, Amen.—(See fig. 1 subjoined plate.)
On it are these Arms of Willoughby and Leek, single, and the same impaled also.
In the Church on a Tomb the statue of one lying, with two wives on each side:—
Hic jacet Henricus Willoughby, miles, pro corpore Regis & Baronettus (mistaken
for Bannerettus) & quondam Dominus de Wollaton, qui obiit XX, die mensis Maii,
Anno Domini M,CCCCC,XXVIII. Cujus animæ propitietur Deus.—Fig. 2.
At the east end of the North Ile on a Monument in the wall:—
Henricus Willoughby, Armiger, & Anna uxor ejus, Henrici Grey Ducis Suffolciæ
foror, hic fœliciter in Domino obdormiunt. Ille obiit in Bello contra Rebelles in Norfolcia 1548. Illa occubuit Anno salutis nostræ 1546. Tres liberos susceperunt Thomam;
qui obiit sine prole superstite, Franciscum Willoughby, Equitem Auratum, & Margaretam nuptam Matheo Arundell, militi. Optimis parentibus Francifcus filius mœrosus,
& amoris ergo hoc Monumentum posuit.
On it are many Quarterings.—Fig. 3.
On another Monument on the North wall:—
Hic jacet Henricus Willoughbeus, Armiger, filius quartus Percivalli Willoughbei,
militis, & Dominæ Brigittæ uxoris ejus, Juris confultus & unus Assessorum e Templo
interiore Londinensi instructissimus, studiis devotissimus nec non edocumentis Religionis
& integritatis; qui obiit decimo octavo Septembris, Anno ætatis suæ quadragesimo octavo, Annoque Domini Millesimo quingentesimo quadragesimo primo.
The Arms on it, Azure fretty Or, Willoughby of Eresby, impaling Or on two Bars,
Gules, three Waterbougetts Arg. Willoughby of Wollaton.
On an Alabaster Tomb under an arch in the middle of the Church:—
Hic jacet Nobilis Domina Domina Matildis, quondam uxor Domini Johannis Dabrishecourte, militis, quæ obiit xxi, die mensis Maii, Anno Domini M,CCCC, quinto.
Cujus animæ propitietur Deus. Amen.
The Arms on it are:—
1. A Saltire engrailed, impaling a Fesse, and five Billetts in Chief, (if it should not be
a File of five Labells.) 2. Erm. a Chevron. 3. Erm. three Bars Humette, Dabrichcourt. And 4. on two Bars, three Waterbougets, Willoughby.
In the Chancel on a flat Marble in Brass:—
Hic jacet Robertus Willoughby, Armiger, Dominus de Wollaton, filius & hæres Hugonis Willoughby, militis, & Diminæ Margaretæ uxoris ejus — — — — filia Johannis
Griffyth, quæ obiit die—— mensis———M,CCCC,———uorumanimabus
On this are many quarterings.
This lordship, which is small, abounds in pit-coal; it is owned by Lord Middleton,
and is old enclosure.—The village contains 50 dwellings.
The church is dedicated to St. Leonard, has a spire and six bells, it is neatly pewed,
and has a small viol organ. Here is a vault for the family; but at present no monument for the late lord and others of his predecessors. Those remain given by Thoroton.
Over the family seat, which is conveniently fitted up, is a monument to the memory of
William Willoughby, of Selston, in this county. He died in 1670, aged 49. Thomas
Man, Dr. of Physic, died in 1690. Here are two brass figures not noticed as such by
Thoroton, I have given them in the Broxtow plate, the 4th from this page, fig. 1 & 2.
Patron Lord Middleton. Incumbent Rev. Isaac Pickthall, Wollaton cum Cosall.
K. B. 14l. 2s. 6d. Clear yearly value 44l. 13s. Archiespisc pro Syn. 7s. 6d. Archidiac pro Prox. 6s. 8d. Val. in mans. cum gleb. ibidem. per ann. 1l. 10s. in dec. rec.
de Jo. Willoughby. Mil. & Her. suis infra paroch. 7l. dec. lan. &c. cum decim. in
Cossall. Sir Thomas Willoughby, Bart. presented in 1708, Lord Middleton, in 1724,
The seat of the Right Honourable Henry Willoughby, Baron Middleton, is situate
about two miles west of Nottingham, on a gentle rise of ground, seen in almost every
direction in the county. (fn. 24) This seat is beautifully surrounded with a variety of pleasing foliage matured by age; in the park is a large pond of water, and some agreeable
shady walks, groves, and park scenery. This most noble fabric was built, we learn from
an inscription over one of the entrances, by Sir Francis Willoughby, knight.—"En has
Francisci Willoughbæi ædes rara arte extructas Willoughbæis relictas. Inchoatæ 1580,
The Hall is lofty, and the roof, which is supported with arches something like Westminster-Hall, has a grand appearance. The screen, in the hall, is supported by pillars of
the doric order. There is a variety of devices under the beams, agreeable with the taste
of the times, such as heads of satires, &c. The walls and ceiling were painted, I am informed, by La Guire. The rooms, in general, are on a grand scale, lofty and spacious.
The fabric, taken as one built for a commoner, exceeds the loftiest ideas of imagination;
it is wholly of stone, and must have cost the owner an immense fortune. The stone it
was built with, it is said, came from Ancaster, in exchange for pit-coal. Sir Francis
Willoughby, the builder of this mansion, was extremely rich: some have attributed the
cause of his building such an edifice to ostentation. "Wollaton," says Camden, "is
rich in seams of coal where Sir Francis Willoughby, knight, nobly descended from the
Greys Marquis of Dorset, in our days, built out of the ground with great charges
(yet for the most part levied out of the coal-pits) a stately house with artificial workmanship, standing bleakly, but offering a very goodly prospect to the beholders far and near."
Lovely art thou fair Wollaton; magnificent are thy features! In years now venerable,
thy towery crested presence, eminently bold seated, strikes the beholder with respectful
awe. Unlike many of the visionary built edifices of the present day, designed with but
little variation of stile, and uniform in disordering architectural Order, thee we must admire, chaste in thy component part and presenting an harmonious whole.
In the Hall is a good painting of Charles the first, on horseback; a family piece by
Smith, in which one of the figures represents, Sir Hugh Willoughby who was frozen to
death in the north passage; and several other paintings of merit The gallery, among
others, contains some portraits, Joseph and his brethren, and a piece of still life. Best
staircase: Here is an excellent deception of a picture frame, The dining-room is a
most excellent place; in it are two of the most magnificent glasses I ever saw. In the saloon is a masterly performance of dogs worrying a boar. The Common drawing-room
possesses among other paintings, a view of Nottingham from the trent; good portraits
of the late Lord Middleton and Lady; an old Lady by Sir Godfrey Kneller; two sea pieces
of merit and two India pieces. I saw in this charming dwelling, also, a piece of humour,
two boys eating hasty-pudding: a little story belongs to this painting. One of the late
Lords of Wollaton seeing two boys, at the village, eating hasty-pudding, in the act of
quarrelling over their mess, had this picture drawn. The least appears to be crying because the other acts upon the old adage:—"Love father, love mother, love ownself
best." I saw an old carbine, in the house-keeper's room, very curiously wrought in
figures, doubtless one of the first efforts in the art of gun-making.
Hemlock stone, Stukely is of opinion, a little beyond this place, is the remains of a