The book of doomsday shows that in the beginning of the Norman government,
Rolleston contained three manors, each belonging to a several lord. One was then
of Thomas, the arch-bishop of Yorkes fee, where Aluric had for his manor four
bov. ½ for the geld or tax. The land was for one plow which he had there, and five
vill. There were twelve acres of meadow, in former time it had been 20s. then was
10s, value. Another (and that much the best) was of the fee of Odo bishop of Bayon,
which before he came, was Godwins, and rated to the Dane-geld at two car. and an
half, and the fourth part of a bovat. The land being six car. There Lesoardus the
man, or tenant of this bishop had 1 car. and eleven vill. and nine bord. having 4 car.
& ½. There were 4 mills 27s. and sixty-eight acres of meadow. In king Edward the
Confessours time this was valued at 8l. then, viz. in the Conquerours at 4l. 10s. (fn. 1) —
To this manor belonged seven sochm. in Opeton and Colingham. The third was of the fee
of Walter de Ayncurt, who succeeded Tori, whose manor here paid the tax; as eleven
bov. and a quarter. The land was two car. There was one car. in demesne, eight
vill. six bord. having three car. three bov. There was a priest, and a church, thirty
two acres of meadow, pasture wood, four quarters long, two broad. In the Confessours time this was 40s. then 60s. There was Soc of this manor in Calun.
(fn. 2) Malgerus de Rolleston was a benefactor to Rufford monastery, whose gifts king
Stephen being at Wirchesop confirmed. Thomas, his son, held two knights fees, of
Walter de Fyncurt. (fn. 3) Henry. son of Thomas de Rolleston, confirmed to the monks
of Rusord, whatsoever his grand-father Mulger gave, or his father Thomas, in Kelumshrubs. between the bounds of Muskham and Hegrum, which Thomas. son of this
Henry, and also Benedict, son of that Thomas de Rolleston, confirmed. (fn. 4)
Benenict de Rolleston, knight, gave and confirmed to God and the church of St.
Peter, at Thurgarton, and the canons there serving God, several lands in Rolleston, (fn. 5)
in the tenures of several persons, so free, that neither he nor his heirs should for the
future claim or challenge any aid of the said tenements, or the natives, or villains
who held them, or their sequells or cattel, to make their eldest sons knights, or marry their eldest daughters. (fn. 6) Dionysia his lady also released her dower in those lands,
which her said husband gave. Benedict, son of Thomas, held of Oliver de Eynecourt, in Rouleston and Kelum, a knights fee and an half, of the old feoffment. (fn. 7)
The jury found that the lady Amflisia de Roldeston, who had been wife of Jollanus de Nevill, (a justice itinerant 18 H. 3.) (fn. 8) held her land in the wapentag of Turgarton, of the honour of Richmond, (whither it seems the lands of the bishop of Bayons fee in this place were transferred,) and that the value was ten marks per annum;
but they did not know whether the was of the kings gift, or the earl of Chesters. Jolanus de Novilla gave to the priory of Thurgarton, the whole tythe of his mill of Roldestun, (fn. 9) by the consent of his heir John, and of his wife Amselisa, to whose dower
that mill belonged, in pure alms for the souls of his father, and mother, and brother
R. saving to himself the multure of his house of Roldestun. This gift he made when
he took his journey from Roldeston to Hieresalem.
John de Nevill held one knights fee, of the honour of Richmond, in Roleston, (fn. 10)
with the appurtenances, of the old feoffment, viz. whereof his ancestor was infeoff'd
in the time of king H. 1.
(fn. 11) The jury, 4 E. 1. found that Roger de Eynecurt, the earl of Lincolne, Andrew de Nevill, and Henry de Perpunt, claimed certain royalties in Rolleston, but
they knew not by what warrant.
(fn. 12) Andrew de Nevil, 9 E. 1. offered himself the fourth day against Hugh de Babington, and Joane his wife, in a plea that they should hold covenant with him,
made between them concerning the manor of Roldeston, with the appurtenances.—
Sir Hugh de Babington, and sir Henry de Perpunt, 10 E. 1. (fn. 13) held one knights
fee in Rolieston, Colington, Barneby, and Colingham, of the honour of Richmond, for
10s. per ann. &c.
(fn. 14) Jollanus de Nevil, 3 E. 3. summoned to answer the king by what warrant he
claimed to have free-warren in all his demesne lands in Roldeston, pleaded that king
Edward the first, 26 May, in the thirty-fifth year of his reign, granted a charter to
him the said Jollanus, and his heirs: but the jury finding that the said Jollanus put
no custody in the said warren, and that he permitted any body to course at their pleasure, without licence either asked or obtained, the judgement was that he should lose
it. There was a fine then levyed at Nottingham, viz. the Munday after the feast of
St Martin, 3 E. 3. between the said Jollanus de Nevill, quer. and Henry Gernoun,
and Alice his wife, desorcients, of one mess. with the appurtenances in Roldeston, by
which it was passed to the said Jollanus.
(fn. 15) Sir William Nevill, knight, of Rolleston, granted licence to the prior and covent of Thurgarton, to make obstruction in the water of Greete, (the land of the said
William being on both sides the water) in a place called Old Milnestede, in the fields
of Rolleston, or in any other place of the water, between that and their meadow, called the Priour Carre, and to make a mill damm, and build a water mill, 5 R. 2. paying him and his heirs 6s. 8d. per annum. (fn. 16) This sir William Nevill was a witness,
15 R. 2. and 16 R. 2. to the writings, whereby Mr. Richard de Wynwick, & William de Gunthorp, clarks, passed to that monastery, by the kings licence, several
lands in Rolleston, Southwell, Edingley, Farnesfeld, Bleseby, Gourton, Gypesmere, Morton, and Halum.
(fn. 17) This mans grand-child, sir Thomas Nevill, of Roldeston, married Elizabeth,
the daughter of sir William Babington, the judge, by whom he had many daughters
married to the principal gentry of that time; besides his sons, one whereof William
Nevill married—the daughter and heir of Thomas Palmer, esquire, of Holt in
Leicestershire, which occasioned the remove of this family to that place.
(fn. 18) Anselm Blount, and John Smalley, claimed against John Kellam, gentleman,
and William Wilson the manor of Rolstun, with the appurtenances, &c. 6 Eliz. and
20l. rent, with the appurtenances in Rolston, Farneton, Newark, Codington, and
Barneby, and another recovery was suffered 12 Eliz. (fn. 19) in both which sir Thomas
Nevill, knight, was called to warrant.
Sir Thomas Nevill, of Holt, the said William Nevills (great) grandchild in the
time of queen Elizabeth, sold this manor to—Lodge, an alderman of London,
from whom by mean conveyance, it is become the inheritance of Robert Sutton, esquire, (lord Lexington of Averham) descended from Elizabeth wife of William Meringe, esquire, one of those daughters of sir Thomas Nevill before-named, the being mother of Margery, the wife of Thomas Basset, of Fledburgh, whose daughter
Katherine, was the wife of sir Thomas Sutton, of Averham, and ancestor of the said
Robert, whose only son Robert, the present lord Lexington, under age at this day,
viz. Mar. 27, 1674, continueth owner of the whole township inclosed by his father,
about 18 years since, saving that which Mr. Wimondswold of Southwell hath, which
may possibly be that of the churches fee.
By a fine at York, 2 E. 3. (fn. 20) between Thomas de Radeclive, and Alice his wife,
quer. and William de Radeclive, chappellan, deforc. one mess. fifty acres of land,
ten of meadow, 2s. and 6d. rent, with the appurtenances in Roldeston, were settled
on the said Thomas and Alice for life, remainder to Adam, son of John Biyonden,
and to Joane his wife, and the heirs of their bodies; remainder to the right heirs of
the said Thomas.
Sir William Babington, knight, about 33 H. 6. (fn. 21) was seized of the manor of Rolleston, called Babington manor, & of the manor of Lenton, called Elme manor, & that of
Bramcote, called Karr manor, and one in Orton called Yke, (or rather Jeke) manor, as
in that place may be guessed. William Babington, esquire, was then found his son
Sir William Pierpount, knight, 23 H. 7. (fn. 22) suffered a recovery, wherein Richard
Emson, knight, Brian Stapleton, knight, Thomas Emson, esquire, George Stapleton,
esquire, Edward Bulstrode, esquire, Henry Pyerpont, esquire, Richard Drewell, esquire, and Roger Pverpont, esquire, claimed the manors of Rolleston, Barton in le Beanes,
and Kirkeby in Ashefeld, with the appurtenances, and twenty two mess. twelve tofts,
eight hundred and ten acres of land, two hundred and ten of meadow, two hundred
an fifty of pasture, one hundred and ten of wood, and 4l. 3s. 4d. rent in Rolston, Barton in le Beanes, Kyrkeby in Asshefeld, Newark, Rolleston, Codington, Balderton, and Skoke.
Mr. — Pierpont hath the rectory, and some cottages, I suppose, in lease from
the church of Southwell
(fn. 23) The vicarage of Rolston was 8l. 'tis now 10l. 1s. 3d. value in the kings books,
and the chapter of Southwell continueth in the patronage.
Lordship is owned by the Sutton family. It is enclosed.
The church is dedicated to St. Wilfrid, has a nave and side aisles; but its tower is
far superior to the rest of the building; it is pinnacled and has a bold appearance.
The village appears rather small.
Patron and Propr. Southwell College. Incumbent, Charles Fowler, V. K. B.
10l. 1s. 2d. Yearly tenths 1l. 0s. 1d. ½. Archiepisc. pro Syn. 3s. Archidiac pro
Prox. 7s. Val. per ann. in mans. in gleb. 1l. in dec. lan. aqu. &c.