Truswell

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Institute of Historical Research

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Author

John Throsby

Year published

1796

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Pages

265-268

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'Truswell', Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: volume 3: Republished with large additions by John Throsby (1796), pp. 265-268. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=76981 Date accessed: 23 November 2014.


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TRUSWELL. TIRESWELL.

In Tircswelle, and a place now unknown, called in the book of doomsday Cledreton, before the Normans invaded this kingdom, Godric and Ulmar had each a manor, besides that which belonged to the kings Soc of Mansfeild in Cledreton, which answered the geld for twelve bovats, the land being four car. There twenty two sochm. and eleven vill. had nine car. These sochmen paid 20s. to the Dane-geld of custom. (fn. 1) — In that which was earl Alans fee of Richmond in Cledreton, Godric and Ulmar had seven bovats, and one third of a bov. for the geld. That land held earl Alan and Roger de Busli until the making of the great survey by king William the Conquerour. The land then was eleven car. the value 20s. In Cledreton Soc to Treswell of Roger de Buslies fee were three bovats and an half, and two fifths of a bovat for the geld. That land had Roger, and there had seven villains, having one car. and an half. There was half a church, pasture wood one qu. and an half long, one qu. broad; and meadow one qu. and an half long, one qu. broad: of this wood and meadow Roger had the moyety; the value was 10s. The land one car. In Terswell, Godric's manor answered the publick taxation for six bovats of land, and a third part, and a fifteenth part of a bovat. The land was four car. There Roger the man of Roger de Busli had two car. & fourteen vill. and five bord. having five car. Meadow four qu. long, one qu. and an half broad. This in king Edward the Confessours time, and then also kept the value of 50s. That manor in Tireswell, which Ulmar had before the conquest, paid then for six bovats, and one third to the common charge. The land being then four car. Afterwards Robert de Musters the man of earl Alan had one car. eight vill. five bord. having four car. forty acres of meadow, pasture wood four qu. long, one qu. and an half broad. This also retained the old value it had in the time of king Edward the Confessour, viz. 40s.

The family of Musters or de Monasteriis the posterity of this Robert had their residence here.

(fn. 2) John de Mustiers of Tireswell, chivaler, 22 E. 3. said that his ancestor John de Mustiers was seized of 3s. rent in Sibthorp (as in that place is already mentioned) in the time of king Richard the first, and from him the right descended to Robert his son and heir, and from Robert to John his son and heir, but John died without issue, so that William was his brother and heir, who likewise left Robert his brother his heir, which Robert was father of John de Mustiers who then claimed. (fn. 3)

(fn. 4) By a fine at York, 1. E. 3. William de Mustiers settled the manor of Tireswell, and the advowson of the moyety of the church of the said manor on himself for life, and after his decease on John, son of Robert de Mustiers, and on Alice his wife, and the heirs of the bodies of the said John and Alice; remainder to the right heirs of John. William de Musters, 3 E. 3. (fn. 5) claimed to have emendation of the assize of bread and ale broken in his manor of Tyreswell.

(fn. 6) In an assize, 21 E. 1. between Adam de Eyvill, plaintiff, and Robert de Musters, defendant, for common of pasture in sixscore acres of wood, with swine in the time of (Pesson) paunage in Tireswell, the jury found that the ancestors of Thomas de Eyvill, and of the said Robert were parceners of the said town in lands, woods, and commons, &c. and that the said Robert disseized the said Adam of the said commons, and required a special verdict.

(fn. 7) It seems the fore-named sir John de Musters had a son and heir called Henry de Musters, knight, whose first wife was Alice, but by his second who was Elizabeth, daughter of sir Brian Thornton, he had an only daughter and heir named Elizabeth, who was first married to Alexan. de Moubrey, & after his death to John de Wandesford of Westwike in Yorkshire, by whom she had a son and heir called John de Wandesford of Kirtlington in that county, born about 45 E. 3. of whom there is a family still remaining, but by her husband Moubrey she had a daughter and heir Elizabeth, the first wife of sir William Gascoigne the chief justice, by whom she had sir William Gascoigne the father of sir William, &c. whose family had interest here.


[Pedigree]

(fn. 8) Sir William Gascoigne the younger, knight, and Margaret his wife, 7 H. 8. suffered a recovery of the manor of Tyreswell, and advowson of the church, also of ten mess two hundred acres of land, one hundred of pasture, sixty of wood, 60s. rent with the appurtenances in Tyreswell to sir John Cutt, sir Richard Cholmeley, sir Henry Wyott, Richard Broke, serjeant at law, Miles Gerard, and John Wood.

This part of Treswell, which belonged to the family of Musters, was called the West Hold, and was of Richmond see, as the other which was of Tikhill fee was called the East Hold, being that manor which Roger the man of Roger de Busli had, which, as the rest of his lands did, came to William de Lovetot lord of Wirkesop in the time of H. 1. who gave his part of the church here to the priory he there founded, as in that place will be shown. Reginald Tailbois, 6 Joh. (fn. 9) put in the place of Gerard de Furnivall, and Matildis his wife (daughter & heir of William de Lovetot, grandson of the former) offered himself against Hugh Ridell, then under age, in a plea of right concerning the fourth part of a knights fee, with the appurtenances in Tireswell, and Hugh prosequted not, &. Galfr. Rydell, 3 E. 3. (fn. 10) claimed the manor of Tireswell, as cousin and heir of Alice de Loveton, who was seised in the time of H. 3. as son of Hugh, son of Hugh, son of the said Alice de Lovetot, great grandmother of the said Galfr.

(fn. 11) There was a fine, 1 E. 2. between Roger de Morteyn, and Cecilia who had been wife of Richard de la Rokele, quer. and Simon de Walcote, deforc. of the manor of Tyreswell, whereby it was estated on Roger and Cecilia for life; remainder to Nicolas, son of the said Cecilia for life; remainder to John, brother of the said Nicolas for life; remainder to the right heirs of Roger.

(fn. 12) Another was levied at York, 16 E. 2. between Raph de Crophill, and Matilda his wife, quer. and Alan de Hothum, clerk, deforc. of the manor of Tyreswell, thereby settled on the said Raph and Maud for life; remainder to Raph his son, and the heirs of his body; remainder to John, another son, and the heirs of his; remainder to Nicolas, brother of the said John, and his heirs for ever.

(fn. 13) Robert, son of Avicia, daughter of Thomas de Eyvill, knight, by his deed dated at Nott. on Saturday the morrow after St. Ceadde the bishop, 4 E. 3. remised and released to Roger de Crophull, and Raph de Crophull, father of the said Roger, and the heirs of Raph, all his right in the manor of Tireswell, with all the appurtenances, with general warranty; for which release and warranty Thomas de Furnivall, senior, in acquittance of the said Roger and Raph, paid the said Robert and Avicia his said mother 106l. 13s. 4d.

(fn. 14) This manor held of the honour of Tikhill, was John Merburyes, and Agnes his wifes, as in Arnall is seen. Walter Devereux, son of Walter, son of the said Agnes, married Elizabeth daughter and next heir of John Merbury.

(fn. 15) In 9 H. 8. Robert Fingham, Thomas Elton, chaplain, and Seth Godley, chaplain, claimed against John Roper, and John Lascells, fourteen mess. fourteen gardens, five tofts, two hundred acres of land, one hundred of meadow, one hundred of pasture, eighty of wood, and 100s. rent, with the appurtenances in Tireswell, and the moyety of the manor of Tireswell, with the appurtenances, who called to warrant Walter Devereux of Ferrers and Chartley, knight.

(fn. 16) John Babington, and Saunchea his wife, 23 H. 8. claimed against Anthony Babington, esquire, one hundred acres of land, and ten of wood, with the appurtenances in Trysswell upon a formedon.

(fn. 17) There was a Quare impedit, 27 and 29 H. 8. recovered by John Hercy, esq. against Edward arch-bishop of York, together with sir William Gascoigne the elder, knt. and Edward Sayle, clark, of the advowson of the church of Tyreswell called the West Part.

Sir John Hercy had both the parts or manors, and gave the West Hold to John Littlebury, and the East Hold to Edward Bussy. Both the manors came to the hands of Peter Roos, esquire, and by his heir Gilbert Roos the greatest part was sold to Peter Broughton, esquire, and so were the inheritance of Thomas Broughton his nephew.

(fn. 18) In 1612, Truswell had many owners, viz. George Leggatt, William Porter, Thomas Howton, Nicolas Steedman, senior, Augustine Steedman, Palamedes Gilby, Gregory Vickers, one mess. one cottage, one garden, one orchard, sixty eight acres of land, John Hoggard, Thomas Sibthorp, John Chambers, cott. Rowland Hall, cott. &c. many more cottages, and some other owners.

(fn. 19) John the prior of St. Cuthberts of Wirkesop by fine, 33 E. 1. conveyed the advowson of the mediety of the church of Tyreswell to William the dean and the chapter of York, and their successours.

(fn. 20) Each mediety or rectory of Truswell was xl. the chapter of York having the patronage of one, and Mr. Gascoigne of the other. The East Part rectory is now 8l. 1s. 5d, 0b. and the dean and chapter of York patrons: and the West Part 9l. 16s. 0d. 0b. value in the king's books, and Mary Saunderson patron.

[Throsby] Truswell or Treswell.

Land is divided among a greater number of proprietors than any other lordship hereabouts. It is chiefly open fields. The village contains about 60 dwellings.

The church is ornamented with a tower, like the greater number of others in these parts. Nothing in it particularly worthy of notice. It is dedicated to St. John Baptist.

Patron, the Dean and Chapter of York alternately with the Stevensons. Incumbent, Rev. Seth Ellis Stevenson, Rec. King's book, 9l. 15s. 8d. Treswell west part was united to Treswell east part, December 12th. 1764. Archiepisc. pro Syn. 1s. Archidiac. pro Prox. 3s. 4d. Val. in mans. ter. gleb. prat. dec. &c. Sir John Willoughby presented in 1709. Eliz. Sharp, widow, in 1733. West part.

Footnotes

1 Lib. Dooms.
2 Pl. de Banc. Mich. 22 E. 3. rot. 590.
3 Regist. de Sibthorp pen. meips. R. T.
4 Fin. lev. Mic. 1 E. 3. apud Ebor.
5 Rot. Quo. War. 3 E. 3.
6 Pl. de Banc. Hill. 21 E 1. ro. 26.
7 Ex Coll. Will. Dugdale Norroy.
8 Mic. 7 H. 8. ro. 616.
9 Plac. 6 Joh. Term. Hill. ro. 1.
10 Pl. de Jur. & Assis. apud Nott. 3 E. 3. ro. 70. & ro. 90.
11 Fin. lev. Trin. 1 E. 2.
12 Fin. apud Ebor. Pasc. 16 E. 2.
13 Chart. irrotul. & recogn. co. ram Will. Heile apud Nott. 3 E. 3. ro. 2.
14 Esc. 14 H. 6. n. 32. & 16 H. 6. n. 43.
15 Trin. 9 H. 8. ro. 131.
16 Pasc. 23 & 24 H. 8. ro. 127.
17 Pasch. 27 H. 8. rot. 176. & Mich. 29 H. 8. ro. 422.
18 Lib. libere ten.
19 Fin. lev. Trin. 33 E. 1.
20 Mss. J. M.


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