North Leverton

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Institute of Historical Research

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Author

John Throsby

Year published

1796

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Pages

290-291

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'North Leverton', Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: volume 3: Republished with large additions by John Throsby (1796), pp. 290-291. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=76991 Date accessed: 01 October 2014.


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NORTH LEVERTON.

Legreton is certified to be a Berew of the Arch-bishop of Yorkes great Soc of Lanum, and no other mention can I find of it in Doomsday Book.

There was a Fine at Nott. the Saturday after the Feast of the Apostles Peter and Paul, 4 Joh. (fn. 1) between Gilbert de Everingham, Pet. and Robert de Everingham, Tenant of one Bovat of Land, with the Appurtenances in Leghirton, which Gilbert remised to the said Robert, and he for it gave the said Gilbert in Helpirthorp one Bovat, of which Land twelve Carucats made one Knights Fee. (fn. 2) This Manor continued to the Family of Everingham, as in Laxton may be discerned.

Robert, son of Alexander, 31 H. 3, called to warrant Adam de Everingham, concerning fourteen Acres of Land in North Leirton, which Simon, son of Alexander, claimed against him.

(fn. 3) Richard, son of Moysy, 10 E. 1, by his Atturney claimed against William de Knapton, and Matild. his wife, one Mess. and one Car. of Land in North Leyrton, to whom he afterwards remitted his whole right.

(fn. 4) By a Fine, 2 E 2, between Adam, son of Robert de Everingham, and Claricia his wife, Plaintiffs, and Thomas de Slaynton, Desorc. the Manor of Leverton, with the Appurtenances, was settled on the said Adam and Claricia, and the heirs of their bodies; remainder to the right heirs of Adam.

(fn. 5) Robert de Dyggeby, and Sibyll his wife, 2 E. 3, levied a fine at York of the manor of Leyrton to Adam de Everingham of Laxton. By another fine at York, 11 and 12 E. 3, (fn. 6) between Adam de Everingham, the elder, quer. and Nicolas de Scalton, parson of Laxton deforc. this manor was settled on the said Adam for life, and after his decease, the moyety, with the appurtenances towards the east, to Adam de Everingham, the younger, and the heirs males of his body; remainder to Robert his brother, and his; remainder to Edmund his brother, and his; remainder to Alexander his brother, and his; remainder to Nicolas his brother, and his; remainder to the right heirs of the said Adam de Everingham, the elder. The other moyety was likewise intailed much after the same manner.

(fn. 7) George, son of Adam de Everingham, made a deed of release 28 May 7 H. 4, to Robert de Waterton, son of William Elys, chr. and to the heirs of the said. Robert, son of William, and heir of William, son of Adam de Everingham, knight, concerning his whole right, &c. in the manor of North Leverton, and other lands; which manor Robert de Elys was to have for life, after the decease of Robert de Waterton, &c.

In a recovery, 9 H. 7, Robert Moresby claimed against John Babington, knight, the manor of North Leverton, with the appurtenances, seventy-five mess. one thousand acres of land, (fn. 8) six hundred of meadow, eight hundred of pasture, forty of wood, 8l. rent, and rent of fifty cocks and one hundren hens, with the appurtenances in North Leverton, Cotes, Habilsthorp, Bole, and Bekingham.

(fn. 9) William de Chadworth chr. in the time of Edward the first, gave the manor of North Leverton to Elen, the daughter of John de Bosevill, and the heirs of her body; which Elen, 3 E. 3, had a son and heir named Thomas Shadworth.

(fn. 10) The manor of North Leverton was heretofore William Willoughbyes; and after Katherins, the wife of John Eaton; and after Christopher Kendalls. After the death of Christopher Kendall, esquire, 25 Oct. 3 Eliz. who held the manor of North Leverton of the Arch-bishop of York of his manor of Scrowby, called the North Soke, by fealty, and 2s. per annum, Marmaduk Kendall his son and heir was found of the age of nineteen years and seven months. It was of late the inheritance of Peter Roos, and since of Thomas Broughton, esquire.

— Norton of Yorkeshire had lands there which came to the crown by his attainder in the northern rebellion, and were granted to Appleby and Shepston in fee 22 Eliz.

(fn. 11) The freeholders of North Leverton Town 1612, were many, viz: the heirs of Edward Nightingale, John Cotton, William More, Alvered Gelland, Roger Fretwell, Henry Parnham of East Retford, Nicolas Colton, John Spencer, William Butler, Peter Sawe, John Hopkinson, Thomas Bunby, James Husband, Edward Burden, John Draper, &c.

(fn. 12) The church is appropriated to, and makes a prebend in the collegiate church of Southwell, as is there noted. The vicarage of North Leverton was ten marks, but is now 5l: value in the Kings books, and the prebendary continueth patron,

[Throsby] North Leverton.

This is a divided property lordship. Mr. Mason, a principal owner, has the great tythes. Mr. Foljambe is lord of the manor. I cannot withhold, from the public, the communication below, respecting the lordships of this and Hablethorp, which I give in the respectable Communicators own words. His death we have to lament. (fn. 13)

This village is large; but I found the road leading thereto uncomfortable.

The church has a nave and side aisles, with a tower and three bells. William Coltman, gent. rests here, who died in 1719. His estate is now enjoyed by Mr. Mason.

Patron, archbishop of York. Incumbent, Rev. Mr. Wood. K. B. 5l. yearly tenths 10s. Val. in decim. garb. & fœn. 9l. &c.

Footnotes

1 Fin: lev: 4 Joh:
2 Inter: plac: de Jur: & Assis: in Com: Leicest: 31 H: 3, cor: R: Thurklby, &c: in receipt: Scac: 10: 22:
3 Pl: de Banc: Pasch: 10 E: 1, ro: 34:
4 Fin: lev: Trin: 2 E: 2:
5 Fin: lev: apud Ebor: Mic: 2 E: 3:
6 Fin: lev: apud Ebor: Mich: 11 E 3, & Hill: 12 E: 3:
7 Pl: de Banc: Mic: 8 H: 4, ro: 28:
8 Trin; 9 H: 7, ro: 154:
9 Pl: de Jur: & Assis: cor: W: de Herle, 3 E: 3, ro: 26:
10 Lib: 3, post mort: fol: 165:
11 Lib: libere ten:
12 Mss: J: M:
13 To Mr: Throsby, Leicester, April 28, 1790,
Sir,
The two contiguous, or rather intermixt lordships, or parishes, of North Leverton and Hablesthorp, in this county of Nottingham, run from west to east; the form, nearly the figure of a parallelogram, whose mean bredth is not quite a mile, and its length is above three miles.
There is a great particularity in the description of the several lands belonging to these two lordships or parishes, the most part of which are in tenure, as they call it; and a scheme of the like sort, for its exactness in the plotting, or laying out of lands, where several owners are concerned, is not to be met with, in any other lordships, or parishes, that I have as yet heard of. It is generally believed, that no part of England can produce an instance of the like extraordinary nature, and which is so well calculated for ascertaining the just boundaries of property. This tenure is held in such high estimarion, for its utility, by the several landholders, and inhabitants of North Leverton, and Hablesthorp aforesaid; and, as it seems to me, is so very deserving of it, that I cannot help recommending it to your notice and attention, in the new edition you are are about to give us of Thoroton's Antiquities of Nottinghamshire.
It is a misfortune to the public, that Dr. Thoroton was entirely unacquainted with the tenure above mentioned: for, had he known it, a circumstance so curious would have induced that learned gentleman to exert his talents, in finding out and explaining to us, what was its origin, and how it happened to be so contrived and effected.
All the lands, in the two contiguous, or intermixt parishes in tenure, as above mentioned, whether arable, meadow, or pasture, are distinguished by their particular names, and exact bredths and dimensions; so that it is not possible for any disputes to arise, by unfair ploughing, mowing, &c. as in other places; because every man knows, to the utmost nicety, in every part of these lordships. or parishes, in tenure, how many wards, rods, feet, or even inches, his land, or lands, in bredth, ought to be.
The lands, in tenure, as before mentioned, are, in every instance, disposed in the following order, and have their distinct and separate names; always begining with Gamble, and ending with Wyemark:—
WandsRods.½ Rods, or ¼ parts of a Wand.
1 Gamble110
2 Cicily Oxgang200
3 Doll in Tenure110
4 Oad110
5 Amery110
6 Ravil110
7 Stick201
8 Pill100
9 Mary Dole211
10 Cobb100
11 Huggon100
12 Cockermeat100
13 Poovy Dole110
14 Hablesthorp Dale700
15 Bolingbroke Dale700
16 Whitten200
17 Waggon300
18 Leverton Dale700
19 Allison Tenman200
20 Widow Dale300
21 Hablesthorp Roodbroad100
22 Leverton Roodbroad100
23 Land Dole100
24 Fallow Dole100
25 Hopkin Tenman111
26 Scutt101
27 Rose100
28 Wyemark100

N. B A wand is in length fourteen feet six inches. A rod is in length seven feet three inches:
A complete tenure, that is piece of ground which takes in all the names in succession, with their full bredths, as in the catalogue I have set down, beginning with Gamble, and ending with Wyemark, is, from the outside of the one, to the outside of the other, sixty wands, that is 290 yards.
In some instances, as the furlongs, in different parts of the common fields, happen to be disposed, and likewise in the meadow, or pasture grounds, the tenure is confined to half its bredth, that is thirty wands; sometimes it is limited by two thirds of its just bredth, that is by forty wands; in such cases, the bredths of the various lands, as they are named, in order, are ascertained in due proportion, down from Gamble to Wyemark.
For example, when tha bredth of the tenure is known to consist of its full quantity, that is sixty wands, then the bredth of Gamble must invariably be, according to the catalogue, one wand, and one rod; Wyemark, in this case, as the catalogue sheweth, will be found to be in bredth one wand.
If the tenure happens to be limitted, either to half its bredth, that is thirty wands, or if it consists of two thirds of its just bredth, which is forty wands, as before observed; then in these cases, the names in the catalogue, beginning with Gamble, and ending always with Wyemark, will have their several bredths reduced accordingly in an exact degree.
It seems proper to be noted, that, as soon as any one tenure is finished, as the rule, in every instance is, and ought to be, with Wyemark, then a fresh tenure immediately commences, beginning with Gamble, and so the names succeed each other, in due order, as before described.
The lands, in tenure, sometimes run from north to south, and sometimes from east to west; in the former case, the reckoning, or description of the several lands, parallel to each other, always sets off with Gamble, on the east side, and ends with Wyemark, on the west side; in the latter case, that is, when the lands run from east to west, Gamble is invariably found, where it should be, on the south side of the tenure, and so on you go, with Cicily Oxgang, Doll in tenure, &c. &c. till you finally close with Wyemark, on the north.
It is worthy observation too, that the lengths of the lands, in tenure, like the lands in other parishes or lordships, not so circumstanced, are impossible to be ascertained, in the same manner, as the bredths belonging to the names, in the catalogue, are; for, the lengths of all the lands, in tenure, in the several furlongs, or places, where they are found, are increased, or diminished, according to the accidental size, or situation of those furlongs or places.
We must also take notice, that, as the several intermixt lands, in the open fields and enclosures, belonging to the two lordships, or parishes before mentioned, have various owners, so are the tytheowners not the same; and lands in the very same furlong, or place, being in these imtermixt parishes, lordships, or manors, are tythed by separate tything-men.
I trouble you, Sir, with the above, on account of the supposed very uncommon, and extraordinary information it contains.—It may possibly strike you, for its novelty at least, as much as it has done some friends I much respect, and whose judgment I have a value for, who have persuaded me to send it.—I can only say, further, should what I have set down in your opinion, deserve to be laid before the public, and the form I have put it in be sufficiently clear and intelligible, you are at liberty to make such use of it as you shall think proper.
I am, Sir, your most obedient humble Servant,
J. SHELLETO.
Rector and Vicar of Headon cum Upton, near Retford, Nottinghamshire.


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