Gringeley

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Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

John Throsby

Year published

1796

Supporting documents

Pages

317-320

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'Gringeley', Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: volume 3: Republished with large additions by John Throsby (1796), pp. 317-320. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=77003 Date accessed: 21 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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GRINGELEY, GREENELEGE.

There was of the kings land in Greeneleg Soc to Maunsfeld in Wardebeck Warpentac two bov. ½ for the geld. The land one car. (fn. 1) There six sochm. one vill. one bord. had two car. pasture wood six qu. long, four qu. broad, valued at 10s. But there were seven manors which seven Taynes had in Greeneleya, which were, after the Conquest, of the fee of Roger de Busli, and were charged to the geld for three car. The land being eight car. There Roger the man (or tenant) of Roger de Busli, had three car. and ten vill. and six bord. having eight car. there was a church, and one piscary of a thousand celes, and forty acres of meadow, pasture wood one leu. long, three qu. broad. In king Edward the Confessours time this was valued at 10l. and when the Conquerour made his survey but at 4l.

This Roger, the man of Roger de Busli, was succeeded here, as in other places, by William de Lovetot, as in Coleston is noted, who founded the priory of Wirkesop, (fn. 2) to which he gave, amongst the rest, the church of Gringelai, which his son Richard de Luvetot confirmed and gave in Gringeley by the church on the east side, (fn. 3) a mess. (or mansure) on the south side another for the proper houses of the canons, with a certain space to make an orchard, as it was inclosed by the bank, and the whole (gravam) graffe, as it was incompassed with the bank, and one mansure without the bank, [atte vinas]. These things Matildis de Lovetot also confirmed, (fn. 4) and gave to that priory the wind-mill at Gringeley, with the suit of the whole township, so that the suit should be done as anciently it was wont. This mill which was scituate on the west side of the town, she gave for the soul of sir William de Furnivall, her (younger). son, (fn. 5) to whom she gave this manor; and he, 37 H. 3. (fn. 6) had market and fair granted in it. (fn. 7) Gerard, son of Gerard de Furnivall, released to Henry, son of Richard, king of Almaine, and his heirs, all the right and claim he had or should have in the manor of Gringeley, and lands and tenements in Wiseton, Claworth, Misterton, Walcringham, and Stokheyth, which were sometimes William de Furnivalls his uncle. Thomas de Furnivall by his deed dated at Canterbury on St. Simon and Judes day 50 H. 3, (fn. 8) released this manor to sir Henry, eldest son of the illustrious king of Almaine, being part of his fee of Tikehill, to have to him and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten; and in default thereof to remain to sir Edward, the eldest son of the illustrious king of England, and his heirs: The witnesses were sir Hugh le Bigod, Roger de Mortuomari, Roger de Leyburne, Robert Waler, and Roger de Clifford, &c. The jury, 8 E. 1, (fn. 9) found that the prior of Wirkesop ought to perceive the tythes of the yearly rents of mault, and of paunage, of hens, eggs, and of all other issues coming out of the manor of Grengeley, and that all the priors of that place his predecessors were wont to have them, and were seised thereof in the time of Matilda de Lovetot, William de Furnivall, and their ancestors, lords of the said manor of Grengeley, untill it came to the hands of sir Henry de Allemania, whose bayliff took the said tythes from John the predecessour of the said prior, and the bayliffs of Constancia, wife of the said Henry, then unjustly detained. By a special verdict taken in an affize, in the fourth year of king Edward the first, father of king Edward the second, (in the nineteenth of whose reign there was another hearing, (fn. 10) ) it appeareth that Matilda de Lovethot was seised of the manor of Gringele, and gave by her deed to the prior of Wirksop a wind-mill there; which Matilda afterwards gave the said manor to William de Furnivall her son, who put himself into the (possession of the) said mill all his life, and died without heir of himself, whereby the said manor reverted to the said Matilda, who again enfeoffed the said prior of the said mill and died; after whose death John de Vescy seised the said manor, and ejected the said prior, and so held until the battel of Evesham, where he was taken; and then came Thomas de Furnivall, whose right and inheritance the aforesaid manor ought to have been, and compounded with Edward the first, and Henry de Alemaine, viz: that the said Thomas should enfeoffe the said Henry of the said manor to hold to him and the heirs of his body; remainder to king Edward the first; which Henry died without heir of himself, and the king gave the said manor to Constancia, wife of the said Henry in tenency.— And the jury found precisely that John de Vescy, and his servants, did unjustly eject the said prior out of the said mill. And afterwards the said prior, in the fifth year of king Edward the first, complained that before judgement given, Richard, son of Albred, with forty others, by the command and mission of Henry de Luffenham, constable of Tikhill, with force and arms pulled down the said mill, &c William de Aune, constable of Tikhill, made it appear, and the prior denied not, that the mill then (viz. 19 E. 2,) stood not where it did of old on the soyle of the prior, but two selions off, on the soyle of the king. Therefore the prior had order, if he pleased, to build it where it formerly stood, and to recover the suit to it by the common law. There was more ado afterwards concerning this mill, and suit to it in the former part of the reign of E. 3. (fn. 11)

(fn. 12) Simon de Beresford, 3 E: 3, claimed to have in the manor of Gringele emendation of bread and ale, free waren, park, wrek, and weyf. (fn. 13)

(fn. 14) William de la Pole granted this manor of Gringeley on the Hill to king E. 3. It was granted to John of Gaunt duke of Lancaster, together with Wheatley, as part of Tikhill, where it continued till it was sold away by king James.

The rectory of Grenelay or Gryngeley, late belonging to the monastery of Worksop, with the rectory of Adenburgh, and other things, was granted, 7 E: 6, May 4, to sir James Folejambe, knight, and his heirs, by the kings letters patents, paying yearly for the rectory of Adenburgh 18l. and for that of Gryngeley 22l. 13s. 4d

(fn. 15) The owners of Gringley super montem in 1612, are thus set down, George Dawson, Arthur Gray, Edmund Crosse, William Gamstone, senior, Thomas Sturton, William Walsham, Henry Wylde, Francis Williamson de Walkringham, gent

(fn. 16) The vicarage of Gringley was 8l. when the prior of Wirksop was patron: 'Tis now 7l. 18s. 4d. value in the kings books, and the earl of Devonshire patron.

[Throsby] Gringley-on-the-Hill.

The chief proprietor is the duke of Portland, who is lord of the manor. Impropriator the duke of Rutland. Here are several other considerable proprietors of the land. (fn. 17)

This village stands loftily; on one of the highest eminences, for there are several, appears a large mound of earth, like a mount or beacon, whence you have very extensive views.

The church is handsome, dedicated to St. Peter and St. Paul, and is well pewed; it has a pinnacled tower, a nave and side aisles. Among a variety of gravestones in the church-yard, one I noticed which remembers Winfred Vernam, who died in 1791, aged 74. It says bluntly:—"Remember reader thou must soon be laid in one the shape of me," meaning her grave.

Patron, duke of Rutland in 1781. Incumbent, rev. E. Mason, vic. K. B. 7l. 18s. 4d. Archiepisc. pro Syn. 7s. Val. per ann. in mans. cum ter. gleb. 3s. 4d. dec. lan. agn. &c. Pri Wirksop Propr.

Footnotes

1 Lib. Dooms.
2 Mon: Angl: vol: 2, p: 50.
3 Ib: p: 51.
4 Ib: p: 55.
5 Regist: de Wirksop fol: 11: a.
6 Ch: 37 H: 3: m: 9.
7 Ex libro magno de transcript. divers. Chart. pen. Arth. Agard, fol, 194.
8 Ib:
9 Esc: 8 E: 1: n: 72.
10 Pl: de Banc: Hill: 19 E: 2, ro: 31.
11 Esc: 4 E: 3, n: 91.
12 Claus. 5 E. 3, part. 1, m. 27.
13 Claus. 6 E. 3, m. 37.
14 Quo War. 3 E: 3.
15 Lib. lebere ten.
16 Mss. J. M.
17 J. Acklom, esq. has an acre of land exchanged with his grace of Portland, for some shreds of land belonging to Wiseton, which lay open to the duke's land. This acre, which is an angle, defines the limits, or extreme points of both lordships, and is partly planted with trees, which in time may have a pleasing effect on the road from Gainsborough to Bawtry. The land which the duke of Portland owns, was formerly the property of the duke of Devonshire, who had it in exchange.