There was a manor in Hoctune which became the fee (fn. 1) of Roger Pictavensis, and
before the Conquest was Baldric's, who for it paid the geld as twelve bovats.—
The land then being four car. but was waste when the survey was taken in the
time of king William the first. There was sixteen acres of meadow, pasture wood
one qu. long, eight perches broad. In the time of king Edward the confessor the
value of this was 60s. in the conquerours 20s. it had soc in Walesby.
This came to be of the fee of Lancaster, as the rest of Roger Pictavensis his lands in
this county did.
The family of Maresey (or Mattersey) held it, as in Gameleston is already shown.
Yet the chapel was accounted to belong to Tikhill, as in many places may be noted.
(fn. 2) Henry earl of Lancaster and Leicester, 3 E. 3, claimed to have in the towns of
Bothumsell, Gameleston, Hoghton, Crophull, and Holme, with all their members which
are of the fee of Lancaster, return of all writs, pleas of Withernam, view of Frankepledge, with all things which to view belong, Waif and Stray, &c. and all freedoms
and priviledges, &c.
(fn. 3) The jury, 35 E. 3, found that John de Lungvillers had in Houghton two mess.
and half a car. of land, ten acres of meadow, and two water-mills, which he held of
Nicolas Monboucher by the service of a rose, and Thomas de Lungvillers was heir
of the said John, as in Tuxford is also shown.
Upon the river Idle lies Houghton in common appellation called Houghton Lungvillers. It came to Mallovell lord of Rampton by the marriage of the heir of Lungvillers, and afterwards to Stanhope, in which family it continued till John Babington, and Saunchia his wife, daughter and heir of Richard Stanhope, sold it to sir
William Hollis, or his father, great grandfather to the earl of Clare, the seat of which
family it still continueth.
Anthony Stapleton, and John Stanley, gent. 29 H. 8, claimed against John Babington, esq. and Saunchia his wife, the manors of Hoghton, Laxton, and Egmanton,
with the appurtenances, and forty-five mess. &c. in Hoghton, Laxton, Egmanton,
Little Markham, Milneton, South Marneham, Walesby, Ellesley, South Leverton, Cottum, and East Retford.
Sir William Hollys, and the lady Elizabeth his wife, sister of Thomas Scopeham,
mentioned by Mr. Dugdale in his book of Warwickshire at Coventry Cross, I take to
be the parents of this William Hollys the younger, who became the good sir William, and married Anne, the daughter and heir of John Densill of Cornewall, serjeant
at law, by which lady (for he after her death had also to wife Jane, daughter of —
Grosvenor) he had Denzill Hollis, and Gervas, who married Frances, daughter and
heir of Peter Frechevile of Stavely in Darbysh. and Elizabeth his wife, only daughter
of gentle sir Gervas Clifton, and Mary his wife, daughter of sir John Nevill, by
whom the said Gervas had Frechevile Hollis, who married Elizabeth, daughter and
heir of John Kingston of Grimsby in Lincolneshire, which Frechevile Hollis was fa
ther of Gervas Hollis, one of his majesties masters of requests, a great lover of antiquities, whose son sir Frechevile Hollis lost an arm in the Dutch war at sea, and
since that his life. Densill Hollys, son of good sir William married Elianor, daughter
of Edmund lord Sheffeild of Butterwick, and by her had sir John Hollys, created by
king James baron of Houghton, July 9, in the fourteenth year of his reign, and in the
twenty-second year earl of Clare, 2 November. Anne the daughter of sir Thomas
Stanhope was his wife, and bore him John earl of Clare, and Denfill Hollis, who
married Dorothy, sole daughter and heir of sir Francis Ashley, knight, of Dorchester,
serjeant at law, by whom he hath issue William, &c. He was by this king, in the
thirteenth year of his reign, created lord Hollis of Iseild in Sussex. His brother the
said John earl of Clare married Elizabeth, eldest daughter and co-heir of sir Horatio
Vere, lord Vere of Tilbury, and by her had Gilbert the present earl, whose countess
is — the daughter of the honourable William Pierrepont.
The duke of Newcastle proprietor, enclosed. This domain was once the abode
of the Stanhopes, and afterwards that of the Holles', but now the dwelling is in total
decay. Haughton, now, as a place of residence, is known by a house or two, and a
paper-mill. Of what it has been, we learn by an article inserted in Gervase Holles's
MSS. collections for the county of Lincoln, now in the British museum:—
"Haughton neare Tuxford, Nottinghamshire,
"This mannour gives the title of baron to the present erles of Clare. It is seated
on the verge of the forest of Shirewood, and therefore more triumphes in pleasantnesse, then richnesse of soyl, and yet the best part of it is not unfertile. It is very
well watered, the river Idle running quite through it (as a lesser brooke doeth in another part) encompassing the house rounde about in its passage. The house it self is
an old building with little uniformity in it, as being built att severall tymes. The
oldest part of it is the tower at the entrance; (as it should appeare by some escocheons cut in stone on the north sides of it and south,) built by some of the family of
Langvillers, or of Stanhope (for that family for a time bore Langvillers armes for
their owne paternal coate.) The escocheons on the south are these underneath.
Sa. a bend betw. 6 crosses botany arg.—Longvillers.
Sa. a bend between 6 cross croslets arg. (which is the Longvillers coate put for
Stanhope) impaling Longvillers. There are also 3 other coats of Longvillers.—
These 3 on the north side. Two of the Longviller's arms, (one of which is reversed)
and another coat—argt. a cross moline sab.
It appears that the hall was built by the last sir William Holles, as appears by this
ensueing, which is carved in stone on either side the entrance doore, and expresses
the yeare of the lord, his name and rebus.
On the right hande, is a mans hand holding a vine branch loaded with fruit, upon
which is a shield inscribed thus W. H. Ao Di. 1545. (fn. 4)
On the left is a similar one transversed."
The following is from a tour, in 1787, from London to the western highlands:—
" All the great estate of the duke of Newcastle in the parts, (speaking of Clumber)
came by his wife, the daughter of Henry Pelham, from the Holles's, earls of Clare:
but this was not their seat, at least not the principal; if any thing, probably a lodge.
Haughton. in this neighbourhood, was their mansion, which was bought of the Stanhope's by sir William Holles, a great merchant, and lord mayor of London, in the reign
of Henry the 8th, who left an estate to his eldest son, which was worth 10,000l. per
annum, in the above reign. What an enormous estate for that time! Sir William,
the son, lived at Haughton, in great splendor and hospitality. "He began his christmas, at All-hollow-tide, and continued it until candlemas, during which any man
was permitted to stay three days, without being asked whence he came or what he
was." His son dying before his father, never came to the family estate, but lived at
Irby, in Lincolnshire, "where he was seen many times to confront Henry Clinton,
earl of Lincoln, who was a great tyrant amongst the gentry of that country, and carry
business against him, as it were, in despite of his teeth." How little he thought, that
his estates and his blood would centre in the heir of this tyrannical earl, which the duke
of Newcastle is! The 4th and last earl of Clare married the coheiress of H. Cavendish,
duke of Newcastle, and was himself, after the death of his father-in-law, in 1691, created duke by that title; his own estate, and the Cavendish together, amounting to
40,000l. per annum. Haughton, upon the acquisition of these estates, was probably
neglected, if not already in ruins, and the duke resided at Welbeck Abbey. Afterwards, when the Holles and the Cavendish estates came to separate again, and the latter went through the Harleys, to the Bentnicks, a mansion probably was wanted for the
former, and Clumber Park, which might be a lodge before, was by degrees extended
to its present size and importance." (fn. 5)
Near the park-gate of Haughton was erected, in 1692, a free school, for the benefit
of those of this place, Bothamsall, Elksey, Gamston, West Drayton, Milton, and
This school was endowed with 27l. per annum, by Mr. Henry Walters, steward to
Gilbert and John earls of Clare. He also gave 20l. per annum for the maintenance of
four minister's widows, 5l. each.
I found a little pleasing ruin, surrounded by a young plantation of trees; a sketch of
which, in its present state, is subjoined, figure 2. This chapel seems originally built
in an old stile of church building, many parts, it is visible, has been altered or repaired
since its original erection. It had, by what is visible at present, only a nave and north
cemetery, or burial place; the presinæ at the east end is discoverable. In the chapel
is an old floor-stone with a cross, see figure 1, same plate, "Jesu mercy. Lady Helpe,"
under the arms "Orate pro aia Johanne Stanhope uxor Henrici Stanhope Arm. &c."
The male arms on this stone are those of Longvider, borne, at that time, by the family of Stanhope. Henry Stanhope; younger son of John Stanhope, Com. Nott. in
the reigns of Henry 6th and Edward 4th, married Joan, daughter of Henry Rochford,
of Stoke Rochford, Com. Lincoln. whose monumental stone, probably this is. Impaled
—sab. a bend betw. 6 cross crosslets arg. The female, are much injured.
In Hollie's MSS. above recited we have the following respecting this chapel —
"North by the side of this gravestone (Stanhopes) lyes buryed the body of sir Wm.
Hollys, knight, qui obiit, 18° die Jan. Anno Dom. 1590. And Anne his first wife,
daughter and coheire of John Densell of Densel in the county of Cornewall, serjeant
at law; and Jane his seconde wife, daughter of sir Richard Grosvenour, knight, which
Jane dyed without issue.
"On the outside of the chapell close by the north wall lies the portravture of a
lady elegantly carved in freestone, hir head supported by an angell, at her feete—
------ No inscriptions.
"In the porch two other portraytures without inscriptions; they doe seem by their
habitts to have been chaplaynes.
"In Fenestris Capellæ.—Empaled. Quarterly, ermine 2 piles in point sa.—
Holles. Argent, on a chevron between 3 cross crosslets sa. 5 crescents of the first.—
Scopham. Quarterly. Sa. a cresent surmounted of a mullet arg.—Densel. Arg. a
chevron g. between 3 moores heads proper.—Wenlocke.
"Quarterly. Ermine 2 piles in point Sa.—Holles. Arg. on a chevron betw. 3 cross
crosslets sa. as many crescents of the first.—Scopham. Quarterly or and g. on a bend
sa. 3 crosses formy arg.—Hanham. Sa. a crescent surmounted of a mullet in pale
"In senestris mansions hujus manerii hæc quæ sequuntur, quam sæpissime.
"Quarterly. Ermine, 2 piles in point sa.—Holles. Arg. on a chevron between 3
crosse crosslets sa. 5 crescents of the first.—Scopham. With a crescent in the sess
"Empaled. Quarterly, ermine, 2 piles in point sa.—Hollies. Argent on a chevron between 3 crosse crosslets sa. 5 crescents of the first.—Scopham. Quarterly. Sa.
a crescent surmounted of a mullet argt.—Densel. Arg. a chevron. G. between 3
moores heads, proper.—Wenlocke.
Quarterly. Ermine, 2 piles in point sa.—Holles. Arg. a lyon rampant g.—Estley.
Arg. on a chevron between 3 crosse crosslets sa. 5 crescents of the first.—Scopham.
Quarterly or & g. on a bend sa. 3 crosses for my argent.—Hanham.—"
On the outside of this chapel, amid some rubbish and nettles, lies the figure of a lady,
much mutilated. This lump of stone, which once was sheltered within this little sanctuary and for ages, perhaps, carefully preserved, lies now busseted by the weather, in
a comfortless and solitary abode. It had a cherub on either side its head: See fig. 3.
Probably that mentioned above by Hollis.