In this retrospect of the preceding pages, in addition to Thoroson, some things have
been omitted, which were collected too late for publication in the regular order; they
are inserted here agreeab'e with the original proposals, which set forth, That a place
should be reserved for additional collections at the end of the last volume.
In this small portion of the work, I have not confined myself to any very regular arrangement; but have taken in the whole county, as it were, at one point of view, dropping here and there new matter, various in its complection and degree of worth.
Nottinghamshire than, at one view, contains fertil plains embellished with variety and
beauty; abounding with wood, and water, hill and dale, splendid seats, with diversity of
village scenery, and with comforts of life to make men happy. Throughout this district
the rigor of winter is softened by the treasures of the earth, and its bowels afford
also aid to the hand of industry. In the large towns live a people busied in a variety of
occupations; but in general, the sheep, the cotton-tree and the silk-worm, afford the chief
employment. In the villages, the inhabitants (many of which, in the southern parts of
the county, are also employed in the produce of these respectively) are, in general, soeial,
civilized, and courteous to strangers. The county notwithstanding the disrobing of
its once extensive forest, affords still enough of field sports for the pleasure and health of
those who are placed by fortune above the ordinary level of mankind.
On the Leicestershire borders it is the most numerously inhabited. The Lincolnshire
is watered by the river trent, and partly separated from it by that prolific and useful
stream. On the Yorkshire side of the county, the inhabitants are more thinly scattered;
the soil and convenience of life being less bountiful. That portion also which borders
on Derbyshire is also but thinly inhabited; but if population here has not extended
itself equal to other portions of the county, yet it has riches within its bowels unknown
to any other quarter.
On my passing over this county in various directions, while I was collecting the additions to Thoroton, I could not help noticing some of the vulgarisms of the lower orders
of the people, common, it must be acknowldeged, to those in the neighbouring counties.
Although the collection may not be generally interesting, yet it may be considered, by
some, as not extra matter.
Yed for head
Sen — yourself
Weant — will not
Musent — must not
Shanno — shall not
Ax — ask
Hopanny — halfpenny
Thot — thought
Watten — what must
Red — bid
Haden for had
Kaunt — cannot
Ston — stone
Yon — yonder
Neet — night
Fun out — found out
Wor — were
Note — not
Geit — give it
Imsoever — howsoever
Weent for wont
Dey — day
Pley — play
Wonnaugh — will not
Shannaugh — shall not
Cannaugh — cannot
Dom — damn
Waiter — water
Hobs bobs — indeed
Pickle — wicked
Kiver for cover
Ship — sheep
Newens — new ones
As well again — twice as well
Furder — further
Mon — man
Afead — afraid
Weme — with me
Telled for told
Ant — am not
Pee — pay
Yow — you
Neels — nails
Sprigs — brads
Seed — saw
Hey — hay
Leather for ladder
Wis — with us
Surry — sorrow
Whome — home
Her — she
Stey — stay
W[?]ets — weights
Frit — frightened
Page 137, Vol. 1. Samuel Smith, esq. representative in parliament for the borough of
Leicester, is mentioned to be the principal owner of Normanton, in Rushcliff hundred.
I understand that he bought his portion of that land, of a natural son of Braunston
Seywell, esq. to whom it descended from Captain Kirkby, who was an officer in the
parliament army in the last century.
Page 209, Earl Howe, since that page was published, has rendered his name immortal,
as a sea commander, by his great victory over the naval power of France, June 1, 1794.
Page 228, Thoroton Hall and the estate there belonging to the Barrets was purchased
of them about the year 1718, by Richard Brough, esq. from whom it descended to his
grand-daughter, Esther the only surviving child of his eldest son George Staunton
Brough, late rector of Staunton and Wollarton and who is married to the rev. Charles
Wylde, rector of St. Nicholas in Nottingham, and official of the archdeaconry.
Page 252. Thomas Thoroton, esq. mentioned there as a descendant of Dr. Thoroton, died since the publication of that account.
Page 257, A former incumbent of Flintham, the rev. Mr. — was an odd
character, and saved 1500l. chiefly by a penurious way of living: he has served the
thatchers, it has been said, to get a penny: he once went thence to Newark with a letter
Page 291. The following very curious and extraordinary transfer took place a little
time ago at Shelford, near Bingham, in this county:—a young woman of that place
lately made affidavit that she was with child by a man of the same village; and after the
usual process of warrant, and all the et-ceteras, he entered into a recognizances to appear at the next general quarter sessions to answer to such affidavit; but, behold, another
swain of the same place, struck with the disagreeable situation of his neighbour, and
wishing for an amiable partner to "lull his cares, and smoothe the rugged paths of life,"
made the following overtures, namely, that if the former would give him sixteen pounds,
viz. three guineas at that time, and the remainder at stated periods, and, providing the
fair one's consent could be obtained, he would take her "for better, for worse."—This
being acceded to, and the lady, who was all softness and goodness, having given her consent, the parties went to Bingham on Monday afternoon, where security being given for
the payment of the money, and a Licence obtained, the bargain was fully ratified the
next morning in the Temple of Hymen, amidst a great assemblage of spectators.—
Page 298. East Bridgeford, June 4, 1795, I dined with a friend or two at the rev.
Mr. Beaumont's of that place, who has just finished a neat and convenient dwelling on
a scite well chosen. The diversified ground on the other side the trent, sinking with
a gentle sloop, as that on this, seen at an easy distance from his pleasure garden, and the
silvery trent passing between, form a delightful landscape. The foliage at hand is a
pretty embellishment to the scene.
"—some rural deity,
Presiding, scatters o'er the unequal lawns,
In beauteous wildness, yon' fair-spreading trees,
And mingling woods and water, hills and dales,
And herds and bleating flocks, domestic fowl,
And those that swim the lake, sees rising ground
More pleasing landscapes than in Tempe's vale
Peneu's watered. Yes some silvan God
Spreads wide the vary'd prospect, waves the woods
Lists the proud hills, and clears the shining lakes."—SHENSTON.
At East Bridgeford Ferry or Gunthorp Ferry, we passed the trent, that day, on horseback, where the late unfortunate Mr. Blagg, surgeon and apothecary of Carcolston,
lately was drowned.
The following melancholy circumstance befel Mr. Blagg, surgeon and apothecary, of
Carcolston, Nottinghamshire:—About 11 o'clock at night, on the day of the accident as
he was on his return from Nottingham, in company with Mr. G. Maltby, of Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire, and had arrived at Gunthorpe Ferry at the hour above-mentioned, instead of taking the boat, he (Mr. Blagg) very imprudently attempted to cross
the trent on horseback at a ford below; but unhappily mistaking the line of the shallows,
his horse plunged into a deep pit, and precipitated his rider therein. Mr. Maltby, who
but a few minutes before had parted with his friend on the river's brink, hearing the
horse plunge, returned, and notwithstanding the darkness of the night, fancied he saw
the horse crossing the river alone, and immediately afterwards found his conjectures but
too well founded, by hearing the unfortunate gentleman call out "halloo!" which he
immediately answered—and well knowing Mr. Blagg to be an expert swimmer, gave him
instructions to bear up against the stream: he twice more called as before, and was answered in the same manner:—at last he exclaimed, "for God's sake get me some assistance,
or I shall be drowned!" Mr. Maltby, upon this galloped to the Ferry-house, and the
people being up, a boat was instantly put off to his relief, but too late, as, on its arrival
at the place, Mr. Blagg had totally disappeared: his hat was found in the river, but
although the most diligent search was made the body remained undiscovered for more
then a week.—Nottingham Journal.
Page 339, Elveston or Elveston, line 1. The village in reality is but one parish,
one of the divisions belongs to a chapel of Elston which is a chapel of ease to Stoke.
Page 345. Cothams and Sibsthorp are donatives or perpetual curacies. The person who enjoys the donatives is the rev. —Wood.
Page 339, Newark. Mr. Hercules Clay, of Newark, who lived there during the
siege in 1643, in consequence of his escape and family from death, March 11th, when
his house was thrown down by a fire-ball, from a bomb by the forces of the parliament,
made the following will:—
In the name of God, Amen I Hercules Clay of Newark, mercer: first, I give the
sum of 100l to be put into the hands, and to be disposed of by the mayor and aldermen
of Newark, with the consent of the vicar, to the best benefit and behoof of the said vicar,
and to continue to them, successively for ever, to be paid yearly to him or them upon
the 11th day of March, provided there be a sermon preached in the church there, by the
vicar if he be able or else by some able minister, upon the 11th day of March for ever,
desiring them in their sermons to exhort the people not to set their affections on things of
this world, but by their good works to lay a foundation for themselves, that so they may
lay hold on eternal life.
I do likewise give unto the poor of Newark one hundred pounds to be put forth by
the mayor and aldermen, with the consent of the vicar, for the advantage of the said poor,
all which shall be paid upon the 11th day of March yearly, to the poor in the church of
Newark, in bread or money, at the discretion of the vicar and church-wardens. And
my will is that the said two hundred pounds shall be paid, by my executors, or security
given for it, within one month after my death. And I heartily beseech Almighty God
to bless them as I freely give it, and those persons I put in trust, with this my charity, I
desire the lord may deal with them according to their care.
Signed by Henry Trueman, vicar, and four others.
Sacred to the Memory
Of Hercules Clay, Alderman of Newark,
who died in the year of his Mayoralty,
January 1, 1644.
On the Eleventh of March, 1643,
He, and his family, were preserved
By the Divine Providence
From the dreadful Effects of a Bomb,
Which had been levelled against his house
By the Besiegers,
And entirely destroyed the same.
Out of Gratitude, for this deliverance,
He has taken care
To perpetuate the remembrance thereof
By an Alms to the Poor and a Sermon;
By this means
Raising to himself a Monument
More durable than brass.
The Thund'ring Cannon sends forth from its Mouth the devouring Flames
Against my Houshold Goods, and yours, O Newark.
The Ball, thus thrown, Involved the House in Ruin;
But by a Divine Admonition from Heaven I was saved. (fn. 1)
Being thus delivered by a strength Greater than that of Hercules.
And having left behind this Body of Clay
I now Inhabit the stars on high.
Now, Rebel, direct thy unavailing Fires at Heaven.
Art thou afraid to fight against God
Who hast been a Murderer of his People?
Thou durst not, Coward, scatter thy Flames
Whilest Charles Remains on Earth,
Whilest Charles Inhabits the Skies.
Page 115, Vol. 2. William de Bohun was created earl of Nottingham in the second
parliament of Edward III. Cart 2d Edward III, n. 49.
Page 127. Dr. Watts, a gentleman of much taste, speaking of the river trent, said
that the ride by the side of the trent from Newark to Nottingham, was one of the finest
Page 149. Bourne the ventriloquist was a native of Ireland.—Nottingham Journal.
Page 69, Vol. 3. The weaving factory of Gourton was burnt down by the carlessness of two girls employed to take away some embers, December 2, 1792. The damage
was estimated at 18,000l.
Page 90. 1795, lately was buried at Southwell, the remains of Sherbrooke Lowe,
esq. of Southwell, (one of his Majesty's justices of the peace for this county who died
suddenly) were deposited in a vault in the south aisle of the collegiate church in that
The deceased gentlemen having been a brother of the Corinthian Lodge of free and
accepted Masons in Newark, a great number of the brethren of that and other Lodges
attended his funeral.
An astonishing number of people attended on the occasion; and the silent tear which
stole down the cheeks of numbers of them, plainly bespoke their emotions for the loss of
so worthy a character. In short, so long as a pacific disposition, urbanity of manners,
extensive charity, and universal philanthropy are considered as essential to adorn the
christian and the man,—so long will the memory of Sherbrooke Lowe be remembered
ELEGIAC VERSES on the late SHERBROOKE LOWE, Esq.
"An honest Man's the NOBLEST Work of God."—POPE.
IF genuine Worth o'er challeng'd just applause,
Or fair Benev'lence claim'd sepulchral tear;
Or Bard, entitled, sang in Merit's cause.—
Such sacred tribute LOW demands thy bier.
Ample thy mind as Earth's capacious womb,
Generous as Heaven's mild, benignant show'ers,
Sorrow's true Offprings trickle round thy tomb,
Candour and Sympathy cry, "He was ours."
Each Virtue that adorns the worthy Great
Conspicuous shone within thy honest breast;
With social affability elate,
Friendly to ev'ry one, by all caress'd.
Ne'er did the wretched wanderer implore
With shiv'ring suppliance thy aid in vein;
Nor did the pallid Cheek of Woe thy door
Recede from, unalleviated, of pain.
Void of fastidious sneer, or servile sawn,
In happy medium thy carriage flow'd;
Cheerful as lively Summer's orient dawn,
Comely as vintag'd Autumn'd mellow'd load.
Tho' prompt the summons, and Life's sragile thread
(In Frailty's thought) was immaturely brooke,
Yet, Oh! how envied are the happy Dead,
Freed from a venal world's corrosive yoke!
Heav'n knows its moment, let not mortals scan
Omnipotence, by Pride's assuming nod,
He who is just, humane, sincere to Man,
Dreads not too meet the audit of his God.
Page 340. The last time I visited the Hon. Lumley Savile's seat at Rufford, a
number of workmen was busied in alterations; particularly in the improvement of the
gardens and grounds before the house. At a point of view, near the water before the
house, I caught a most beautiful water scene (which I have faintly represented, facing
the account of Rufford Abbey) the island near the centre, and that which rests behind
it, at some distance on the left, are charmingly wooded, the branches and sprays, from the
hanging trees thereon, sip, as it were, the water at every gust of wind: upon the whole
the scene is a happy combination of water and woody ornament. This view from near
the dwelling, I think is a much preferable view than any that might be made of the
house, which is extensive but not uniform.
Page 349. Near Ollerton, on the road to Worksop, many acres of ground are covered
with oak trees, most of them with decayed tops, some with only trunks and others
very valuable. I understand that they are the property of the crown. Cockglode
which I have noticed, page 320, Vol. 2, adjoins the grounds on which these ancient
oaks stand, most of which have been marked it is discoverable many years since, as the
bark in some instances has over grown the marks.
The townships and hamlets of Caunton, Beesthorpe, Earlshaw, and Knapthorp, and
the hamlet of Dean-Hall, were enclosed in 1795.
Upton inclosed in 1795, i. e. that then an act had been recently or about to be obtained, which is to be understood thoughout this account of the enclosures.
Lenton and Retford in 1796.—Before this bill passed a motion was made by the members for the town of Nottingham to reserve the race ground as usual for the races,
which was lost in the house of parliament by a considerable majority.
Newark, June 4, 1795. The Newark Volunteer Infantry had their standards consecrated. Present of this body upwards of 100. On this occasion a troop of the
Windsor Foresters, and a troop of the Nottinghamshire Yeomanry, attended to keep
order. The mayor and aldermen of Newark and the principal inhabitants of the town
were present. The day was concluded with hilarity.
Woodborough enclosure 1795.
Riots at Nottingham, Monday the 20th of July, and Tuesday the 21st at Newark
on account of the high price of provisions.
Nottingham races 1795, one horse walked over the course for the 100 guineas.—
Only one horse for the 50 the same day.—The second day only two horses for the 50,
and only one heat. The sweepstakes only two horses, and on Thursday no race for
want of horses. So that in fact out of five races advertised to run the three days, there
were only two heats.
South Leverton enclosure 1795.
North Leverton ditto and Hablesthorp 1795.
Bingham, on Monday the 22d of June 1795, a riot about the high price of provisions.
Nottingham, a riot, Saturday 18th of April 1795, about butchers' meat.
Weston enclosed 1796.
North Collingham enclosed 1794.
Stoke and Elston enclosure 1795.
Orston and Thoroton enclosure 1794.
Tuesday, 8th December 1795, a poor man was burnt to death in a house in Paradiserow, New-building, occasioned by a snuff of a candle falling upon some cotton which
set the room on fire in which he was in.
Sutton in Ashfield enclosed 1795.
Gringley enclosure 1796.
Everton, Scaftworth, Gringley, Misterton and Walkeringham drainage act 1796.
Gateford and Shireokes enclosure 1796.
Gedling enclosure 1794.
Lambley ditto 1794
In October sessions 1794, held at the Shire Hall, Nottingham, a poor woman was
found guilty of stealing Two hundred blades of wheat corn, for which she was sentenced to
the house of correction for one week.
East Bridgeford enclosure 1796.—Snenton ditto 1796.
Willoughby enclosed 1796.
In surveying the feeble efforts which I have made to add something to the elaborate
History of this country, by the learned and judicious Dr. Thoroton, I find it necessary
to say a little under the following two or three heads, as they are classed below.
Causes and Effects.
Man endued with reason is born with strong propensities; From his birth to manhood he may be said to shew signs of his future destiny; and, as he approachs maturity
the bent of his inclination may be seen afloat, by the inquisitive observer. But it must
be understood, that nature, or chance, in some instances, seems to have led men to pursuits in which the want of chief requisites of the mind are conspicuous; in antiquarian researches. in particular, we, at times, find the would be man only the inquisitive
school-boy, finishing his career of life, as it were, in an inferior class of a seminary of
learning. In this class, perhaps, some with propriety or prejudice, may arrange me,
notwithstanding the favourable opinions of professed critics, respecting my former
labours in the line of literature I have pursued.
As to effects, or rather what reception this long and laborious labour may meet with
from the public, I know not. From the friendly and the candid it cannot suffer much;
as the indications of application and industry, may, in some measure, shelter it from the
severe censure of those better qualified for such an undertaking; the four and crabbed
censurers may retain their unenviable rank among men unregarded.
This new edition of Thoroton's Nottinghamshire with large editions and embellishments, it must be allowed, without hazarding a vain opinion, will have many superior
advantages over the old. In the first instance the standard price of the old edition before
this was published, was equal to that of the new. To be more particular, the events
of the county in this are brought down from the year 1672, the time when Thoroton
published, to the present time; and the aditions respecting churches and their respective
parishes are very considerable: in that of the Town of Nottingham alone, in the new
edition, there is an history of 180 quarto pages, in the old only 10 folio, in the former
50 plates in the latter 5.
Embellishements Upon The Whole.
|No.||Copied from the Old Edition.|
|No.||Additions in the New Edition.|
|1||Facing Title-page, Thoroton's head|
Four plates of folio
Arms at the end
|1||J. T.'s head|
|No.||From the Old Edition.|
|1||Map facing Title-page|
|No.||Addition to the New Edition:|
|1||facing page 6|
Thus there are at least Seventeen additional plates in Vol. I; Thirty-two in Vol. 2;
and Twenty-two in Vol. 3, in all Seventy-one plates, among which are many beautiful,
costly, and interesting views of Noblemen and Gentlemen's seats.
As to the present parochial statistical accounts, exclusive of the Editor's own, many
are of consequence, being from the application of several gentlemen in Nottinghamshire,
whose friendly assistance I have at all times acknowledged with thankfulness.
Provincial history is the most liable to mistakes, it having so much to do with
dates, names, and local statements. But the man of candour, who has a knowledge of the subject, is not offended when he discovers an ear of bearded barley raring its
head amidst a fine crop of wheat. A modern writer has finely expressed his opinion of
little snarling critics: of whom he says, It is easy for them to discover a straw sliding
gently down with the stream upon its surface, when the pearl beneath lies by them neglected. To be brief on this head:—He must know but little of the difficulties attending
such undertakings as this, who does not read with liberal sentiments. I remember some
years ago being in a book society, in which one of its members was a would be critic;
I have known him, to shew his superior judgment, draw his pen across a letter n which
only stood with its legs uppermost, and deface the page by writing n as large as two
letters, above it.
Perhaps no man was honoured more by the snarling of little critics, than the Great
Camden when he wrote his inestimable work: one Sir Symonds D'Ewas boldly asserted.
that he could discover errors in every page; (fn. 2) but their names perished with their invectives, Camden's name is immortal. Dr. Thoroton in his day had also his share of
such dignified abuse.
Under this head, in a tablet of Errata, we will notice those friendly intimations which
have been received respecting the errors of the press, erroneous information or otherwise.
N. B.—It should be understood that as the editor of this work was nearly six years,
at various periods, in visiting the different places in the county, some things in consequence may have undergone an alteration before his account, of certain places was published: for example, a lordship may have been enclosed since he visited it four or five
years ago, and the additions to that place might not be published till two or three years
after; consequently it might be inserted an open field land when enclosed; but very few
instances of this sort can have occured.