Henry VIII
January 1531, 16-31


Institute of Historical Research



James Gairdner (editor)

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22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37


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'Henry VIII: January 1531, 16-31', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 5: 1531-1532 (1880), pp. 22-37. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=77451 Date accessed: 20 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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January 1531, 16-31

16 Jan.
Parl. Roll. 22 Hen. 8.
48. Parliament.
Held by prorogation at Westminster, 16 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII. Acts passed concerning—
1. The duke of Richmond.
2. The King's household.
3. Assurance of lands to the heirs of Sir Ric. Fyloll.
4. Town of Southampton.
5. Exchange between the King and the heirs of the marquis of Montagu.
6. Annuities granted out of the bishopric of Winchester.
7. Jointure of Dorothy, countess of Derby.
8. Regraters and gatherers of wools.
9. For avoiding of foreign pleas.
10. Plumstead Marsh.
11. To avoid exactions levied on prentices.
12. For amendment of bridges and highways.
13. For butchers not to keep tan-houses.
14. Against conveying horses out of the realm.
15. For denizens to pay strangers' customs.
16. Poisoning.
17. Egyptians.
18. Powdyke in Marshland.
19. Beggars and vagabonds.
20. Bakers, brewers, surgeons, and scriveners.
21. Abjurations into sanctuaries.
22. Pardon of the præmunire to the King's spiritual subjects in the province of Canterbury.
23. Pardon of the præmunire to the King's temporal subjects.

Cleop. F. II. 223. B. M.
49. The Clergy.
"Hæ sunt abusiones quæ modernis temporibus magis invaluisse videntur, tam in episcopis aliisque prælatis et ecclesiasticis quam etiam in religiosis."
Complains that bishops connive at the vices of the people, instead of correcting them. Although many can sin with impunity, the sword of excommunication is used only in money matters. They appoint officers who by their exactions devour the flock instead of nourishing it. Institution to benefices, elections of abbots and priors, and visitations are used as means for gaining money. Provincial synods are not held, nor preachers appointed, according to the canons. Inveighs against the luxury and ambition of prelates.
Accuses archdeacons of the same faults, and of living at the Court, hunting for benefices, disregarding the Act against plurality passed in the last Parliament. Priests may be found whose income exceeds that of a bishop, which they spend in magnificence and on their relations. Their freedom from the jurisdiction of the secular magistrate gives them impunity to commit crime. The laity are already beginning to cry out, "Cut them down; why cumber they the ground?" It may be said of the priestly order that the name of God is blasphemed through them, not only among the heathen, but among the Christian brethren. Simony is daily practised, even by bishops.
Blames the religious orders likewise for their luxury, simony, and other sins. Recommends the enforcing of their rules and purity of election, and that visitations should be held for the purpose of reformation, and not of gain. Monks and canons should live in common, apply themselves to study, and rarely leave their houses. It is needless to say anything of the faults of the laity, as the correction of the above faults in the clergy will cause their reformation. "In Christo vale."
Lat., pp. 7. With many corrections.

R. O.
50. Spiritual Causes.
Draft of an Act of Parliament for appointing certain lords to hear opinions of those who wish to have the New Testament in the mother tongue; also for appointing a great standing council for inquiring into heresy; also for the reformation of spiritual laws, and to take cognizance of dilapidations; to see that curates and religious houses once a month say dirige over night and requiem in the morning, and pray for the King and the realm, and souls departed; also to see that no lands are given in mortmain, except where religious houses have availed themselves of the statute made in the 21st year of our reign; also to see that spiritual men assign to charitable purposes the 20th part of the fruits of their benefices, and that they do not deprive any of their parishioners of their houseling for any dues, or in any matters touching legacies, contrary to the laws.
It is further enacted that the laity shall not report ill of the clergy or the reverse, and that in all pilgrimages a sermon shall be preached to the people, and tables set up for their instruction. That no miracle should be noised abroad till it is sufficiently proved. Also forbidding children from taking the habit, as it was enacted in 4 Hen. VIII. that none of the Four Orders should receive any novices till the age of 14.
Also for repressing of vagabonds; for setting up poor boxes in every church, and collecting assessments.
Pp. 18.

R. O
51. The Dispensing Power.
Extracts respecting the dispensing power of the Pope, from such books as the writer could find in the libraries in London. They consist only of a letter of St Anselm, Wydforde against Wyclif, and one or two others.
Lat., pp. 7.

R. O.
52. Treasons.
Draft Act of Parliament touching treasons, directed against [persons who, on being summoned to come to the King, resort to any of the King's castles or strongholds (fn. 1) ], persons who contemptuously depart out of the realm or bind themselves by oath to a foreign prince, or who, being in the dominions of a foreign prince, interfere with the King's ambassadors in any of his affairs; or who, after 6 March 22 [Hen. VIII.], shall publish or put in execution within the realm any writing or commandment from foreign parts to the King's dishonor. Offences done beyond the sea are to be tried by a jury of 12 men in any county, like any treason or felony committed within the shire. If any conspiracy be formed against the King, the conspirator who first reveals it, so that the rest are convicted, shall have free pardon and a fourth part of the inheritance and goods which the rest shall forfeit.
Corrected draft, pp. 4.
R. O. 2. Another draft to much the same effect, in which the date 6 Feb. 23 Hen. VIII. stands in place of 6 March 22 Hen. VIII.
Large paper, pp. 4. With corrections in Cromwell's hand.

R. O.
53. Fens Of Ely.
A representation, addressed seemingly to the King, on the necessity of preserving the marsh-land from inundation, by repair of the dykes called Waldersey Dyke and Powdych, the former of which has been kept by the bishop of Ely and his tenants time out of mind. The sea has made great encroachments on the towns of Walsoken, Walton, Walpoll, and Teryngton on the north, and on the towns of Tylney, Wygenhalle, and part of the lordship of Stowbardolf on the east. If the circuit of the country were truly kept, it would be one of the plentifullest countries in the King's realm.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
17 Jan.
R. O.
54. [Ghinucci and Benet to Henry VIII.]
Headed : "Duplicatæ aliarum xvij. Januarii."
"Quidam Hispanus ex regno Aragoniæ, vocatus Sancius de la Cavallares, venit ad nos, asseruitque quod, tan (sic) in partibus Aragoniœ quam in partibus Castellæ, multi ma[g] nates et universitates principalium civitatum convenerunt de tollendo obedientiam Imperatori, et dederunt ei commissionem super hac re, etiam dando ei litteras credentiales quod ipse habuit ab eis commissionem ut super hac re alloqueretur Pontificem, Regem Franciæ, et Majestatem vestram; quod est super ea re alloquutus Pontificem. Invenit eum cupidum ut hæc res procedat, tamen non audentem. Dicit etiam tentasse ducem Albaniæ; illum noluisse vel non ausum fuisse in hoc aures dare; quare dixit statuisse, si Majestas vestra sit contenta, venire ad eam et rem sibi narrare, dicens autem magnates et alios qui in hoc concurrunt intendere recognoscere in eorum superiorem filium Imperatoris, rejecto Imperatore tanquam dissipatore spectantium ad coronam regiam et regnum suum ac subditos male gubernante; hoc eis licere ex constitutionibus regni; alias ad id deventum fuisse. Dixit quoque nolle habere pecunias ut aliud pro se particulariter, nec pro illis qui in hoc concurrunt aliquid petere, nisi solum quod post rem factam detur eis favor et auxilium ad continendum Imperatorem extra illa regna. Nos ei replicavimus quod scribemus ad Majestatem vestram mi(?), et quod hæc res videntur magni momenti; propterea debet advertere quod si isthuc sit venturus, erit opus ut clare ostendat rem habere fundamentum u[t] dicit. Ipse autem respondit quod Majestas vestra videbit ipsum non leviter in hoc se movere, inmo negocium habere magnum fundamentum et quod si hoc non ostenderit vult decapitari. Visum est officii nostri hæc ad Majestatem vestram significare, quam rogamus ut quam citius poteris ad nos rescribere dignetur an velis hunc hominem isthuc venire vel non. Nos interim, quia asserit habere conversationem cum Casareis, conabimur aliquid ab eo haurire, caventes ne qui aquam a nobis hauriat, præsertim cum videamus eum non clam ad nos venire, sicut videretur in talium tractatione requiri. Quia hic Hispanus voluit a nobis habere fidem quod ea quæ nobis dixit non venirent ad notitiam alicujus nisi Majestatis vestrœ rogamus eam ut si aliquid super hac re rescripserit ad solum me Benedictum rescribat. Decima septima Januarii."
Cipher undeciphered.
19 Jan.
Simancas MS.
55. Mai to the Empress.
The courier has taken him by surprise.
Writes fully about the Queen's case to the president. Begs the Empress to use all diligence in matters concerning it, as the Emperor wishes. *** Rome, 19 Jan. 1531.
Sp., p. 1, modern copy.
20 Jan.
R. O. St. P. VII. 274.
56. Bryan to Henry VIII.
After receiving the King's letter of the 8th sent De Vaux's letter to the Grand Master. Begged to know when I could speak with the King. He says the King will write to Albany to speak to the Pope, which should have been done before, but for my Lady's sickness.
Saturday the 14th, De Vaux arrived and brought me a letter from you, of the 9th, with instructions. Had answer from the Grand Master that the King will be here on Thursday. Went to court at St. Germain's on Monday, where the King was hunting. Returned there on Tuesday before the King was up. When he was up, and had heard mass, he mounted his horse for Paris, and dined at St. Cloud; and as I and De Vaux were riding together, my servant Harry brought your letters of the 12th. When we had well perused the same De Vaux was almost desperate for despite. Showed them to the Grand Master whilst the King dined, who was in no less a fume. Explained our commission to the King, who spoke of it with such affection as left nothing to be desired, and said we should ask nothing that would not be granted, and that to further your cause he would lose an ounce of blood to write with it to the Pope in his own hand. As to the marriage of the Pope's niece with one of his sons, he says, but for you he would rather burn his son than that he should have her, for the Pope comes of a base stock; but for your purpose he will spare neither goods, child, nor person. Next day declared their matter to cardinal Grammont, who was not a little moved. After the King had dined, we were summoned with Vendosme, the Grand Master, and Grammont, when the King said he would write so sharply to the Pope that he should know that Francis is your dear friend and good brother. I have not yet seen the letter. I have a courier, who has promised to be at Rome in eight days, but cannot make more haste. Francis has ordered all couriers to be stopped except mine, so that I shall see their papers. Has heard nothing of the funeral of the duchess of Savoy. I have written to Benet. The King, at his going away, said, "Let the Pope and Emperor do what they list, I will be the King my brother's friend, in spite of them all." I urged Grammont also to write sharply, as it was he that brought the tidings of the Pope's good mind, who now does the contrary. Francis says that the Emperor is in favor of a General Council, as he can get nothing from Almain without it; but the Pope would as lief die as have one. Gambara has been sent by him to the Emperor. Mentions the places proposed. De Vaux said if it were held in Avignon, you might be inclined to attend, but would not venture into strange realms. Francis said, wheresoever it were kept, his person should live and die with yours. The duke of Lorraine is here with a great train. Paris, 20 Jan. Signed.
Add. Endd.
20 Jan.
Add. MS. 28,582, f. 306. B. M.
57. Mai to the Archbishop Of Santiago.
Expects Dr. Ortiz to press on the English affair. It seems now that the difficulty is to prove that the dispensation was given for the sake of peace, and it is necessary to find the acts at the marriage of the present King. If they agree with what the Archbishop sent "de quando caso con el Arcturo," they will come very à propos. Sends a "compulsorias." The copies of the bull of dispensation and the brief are at the Court, but they think that John Aleman will know where the bull and the acts of the last marriage are. Has made Dr. Beltram and the Licenciate Prado proctors. Haste is necessary, as we are on the eve of a Council. Advises him to apply for information to Donna Maria Manrique, whose brother was there (in England ?) at that time. Many people will be found in Burgos who know something of the matter. Rome, 20 Jan. 1531.
Sp., pp. 4, modern copy.
21 Jan.
Simancas MS.
58. Marriage Of Henry VIII.
Treatise by Bernardo de Lauro, entitled "Super Matrimonio Angliæ et illius validitate inventa veritas," dated Rome, 20 Oct. 1530, with additions made 26 Dec. 1531. Prefixed to it is a letter to the Empress, dated Rome, 21 Jan. 1531.
Lat., modern copy.
21 Jan.
R. O.
59. Lord Darcy.
Indenture, dated 20 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII., between Thomas lord Darcy and Thos. Sotehill, of Sotehill Haw, Yorkshire, by which the latter binds himself not to alienate any of his lands, or to make an end of matters now depending in the law between Henry Savell and himself, without the consent of lord Darcy. Signed by Sotehill.
P. 1.
ii. Memorandum endorsed that the indenture was sealed and delivered, 21 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII., before Cuthbert Conyers, Thos. Trygett, and John Nevyll, who sign as witnesses.
22 Jan.
Add. MS. 8,582, f. 308. B. M. Ib., f. 313.
60. Mai to Charles V.
Writes to Granvele about the English affair. The cardinal De Monte suggested yesterday that, Madame Margaret being dead, the Emperor might give the government of the Low Countries to his other aunt the queen of England. Fears some villanous practice is on foot. Alberto del Carpio is reported to be dead. French news, and an interview with the Pope about the Council, the duke of Albany, &c. Rome, 22 Jan. 1531.
Sp., pp. 6, modern copy.
22 Jan.
Add. MS. 8,582, f. 312. B. M.
61. Mai to Francis De Los Covos.
"Duke of Albany, king of Hungary, &c."
"Has been told that the king of England has quarrelled with his Lady, Mistress Anne, because she had illtreated a gentleman in his presence, but that they afterwards reconciled themselves with each other. According to what happens generally in such cases, their love will be greater than before."
"Archbishoprics of Taragona and Santiago, &c. Rome, 22 Jan. 1531."
English abstract from the original letter, which is partly in cipher, deciphered.
23 Jan.
Vienna Archives.
62. Chapuys to Charles V.
Nothing has yet been said in the estates concerning the affair of the Queen. They have been occupied with police arrangements against plague, and also what is considered to be the principal cause of this assembly, to exact a composition from the clergy, who heretofore acknowledged the legation of the Cardinal, and whom the King, as I wrote to your Majesty, pretends to be liable to a confiscation in bodies and goods. Though the clergy know themselves innocent, seeing that it was determined to find fault with them, they offered of their own accord 160,000 ducats, which the King refused to accept, swearing that he will have 400,000, or that he will punish every one with extreme rigour; so that they will be obliged to pass it, though it will compel them to sell their chalices and reliquaries. About five days ago it was agreed between the Nuncio and me that he should go to the said ecclesiastics in their congregation, and recommend them to support the immunity of the Church, and to inform themselves about the Queen's affair, showing them the letters which the Pope has written to them thereupon, and offering to intercede for them with the King about the gift with which he wishes to charge them. On coming into the congregation they were all utterly astonished and scandalized, and, without allowing him to open his mouth, they begged him to leave them in peace, for they had not the King's leave to speak with him, and if he came to execute any Apostolic mandate he ought to address himself to the archbishop of Canterbury their chief, who was not then present. The Nuncio accordingly returned without having public audience of them, and only explained his intention to the bishop of London their proctor, who said he would report it. But he will beware of doing so without having the King's command, for he is the principal promoter of these affairs. The bishop of Rochester lately sent to me to say that the King had made new attempts to suborn him and others who hold for the Queen, telling him many follies and falsehoods; among other things, that the Pope had promised cardinal Grammont that whatever show be made of proceeding against the King, he would favor him to the utmost of his power, and that his Holiness was in secret a great enemy of your Majesty, because you wished to compel him to convoke the Council, and moreover that you had been intriguing to make Campeggio Pope; also that by means of the marriages, which, as I wrote, John Joquin had been setting in train, they would obtain from the Pope whatever they liked. The Nuncio had also heard something of these canards, and at my request he explained to the Bishop the truth about them. Next day the King sent for the Bishop early to know what had passed between them, and the Bishop replied it was nothing but that the Nuncio had expressed to him the desire the Pope had to convoke the Council, and had requested him to do his utmost to promote it both with the King and with the clergy. Of this answer he apprised the Nuncio, in order that if he were examined their answers might correspond.
The practices made to suborn everybody are almost incredible, but they cannot succeed, so that it is not probable this affair of the Queen will be mentioned to the estates. The earl of Wiltshire lately gave a supper to seigneur De la Guiche, when there was played a farce of the going of the Cardinal to hell; for which De la Guiche blamed the Earl, and still more the Duke, because he had commanded it to be printed. They are making great cheer to the said De la Guiche; "toutesfois ilz n'en servent tout fere quil ne s'en gaudisse, et ne leur die de leur entreprinses pour ce gouvernement et conseil."
At Calais lately they have opened all the merchants' letters, and others brought by a courier, except a little packet, which he brought to me from Flanders, and which they could not find. They took from him an instrument in parchment, which he thinks concerned the affairs of the Queen. Even in time of war nothing like this has been done. I think they have done it to prevent anything coming from Rome. They have not yet replied to the brief for the calling of the Council, and are quite incredulous about the election of the king of the Romans. London, 23 Jan.
Hol., Fr., pp. 4, from a modern copy.
23 Jan.
Add. MS. 28,582, f. 317. B. M.
63. Mai to the Comendador Mayor.
Has sent an account of what is done in the English cause to Granvelle by the same courier. Has since heard by the letters of the Ambassador there (in England), and by those the Pope has received from his Nuncio, that there is danger of their doing something mad there, and he has therefore arranged to have another letter from the Pope sent to his Nuncio with one of the briefs which accompany this despatch.
This same letter was already sent by the courier who left on the 13th, but it is more complete. At first, it directed the brief only to be presented if the King wished to marry again, or there was a necessity; but now, if they wish to try the case. Rome, 23 Jan. 1531.
Sp., pp. 2, modern copy.
23 Jan.
Add. MS. 8,582, f. 318. B. M.
64. Muxetula to Charles V.
The Pope told him that he heard by the last letters from France that the king of England is so passionately in love with the woman whom he wishes to marry, that, having some difference with her, he summoned certain of her relations, and implored them with tears to make peace. By this he has shown himself so forgetful of what is right, and of his dignity and authority, that everybody thinks little of him, as of a man who is acting against his truth, honor, and conscience.
The cases and opinions have been printed in London and elsewhere in England, stating that the King is acting on conscientious grounds, as many Christians think the Pope has no power of dispensing in such a case, and that this is published to prevent scandal. The Pope laughed at this new madness, and said that it was very suitable that the cause should be proceeded with as it is. He was amused when I said that it would have been better for Henry to publish as his excuse that he had been crying very much in consequence of the quarrel he had had with his mistress; and that the theologians advised him to cry for the discharge of his conscience. The news of the election has not much pleased either the duke of Albany or some others. Rome, 23 Jan. 1531.
Sp., pp. 3, modern copy.
26 Jan.
Galba, B. X. 42. B. M.
65. Stephen Vaughan to Henry VIII.
My mind continually labours to attain the knowledge of what your Majesty commands me to learn and practise, but I am often dismayed by mischances which obviate my labour. Wrote three letters to William Tyndall, directed to Frankforde, Hanboroughe, and Marleborughe, (fn. 2) not knowing in which place he was. Had heard in England that he would go thither on your Majesty's promise and safe conduct, and hoped that my promise that my friends should labour to obtain any reasonable surety for his safe going and returning would induce him to go; but the bruit of what has lately happened in England has provoked him to the contrary, and made him suspect that my persuasions would lead him to greater danger than he would have need to fear, considering your benignity and piteous regard for your subjects. Sends Tyndall's answer to his letter, and a copy of his answer to some other person. Can neither get a copy of his answer to More, for which Fitzwilliam wrote, nor ascertain whether it is published.
Is detained at home during the marts, and has less chance of hearing news.
The Emperor entered Brussels the 25th inst., where he remaineth to this day. Barrugh, 26 Jan. 1530.
ii. The above is a copy sent to Cromwell, with the following addition :—
You see my rudeness and inability to be a writer to so great a Prince, but his gracious benignity encourages me so to do. I pray you to wait to deliver it at a time when his Highness will immediately look at it, for then you can excuse any faults therein. I send a copy of one of Tyndall's letters; the other I had not time to copy. Mr. Lok will give you the dialogues of Okham. It is unlikely Tyndall will go to England, as he daily hears news thence which frightens him. After his book in answer to my Lord Chancellor is put forth, I think he will write no more. The man is of a greater knowledge than the King takes him for, as appears by his works. Would God he we[re] in England ! I cannot sell your spermaceti. It is in manner nothing worth. I am going to Lovayne in two days, to stay ail Lent, and apply [to] my book. I pray you help me to be quiet. Clarencieux will never pay me unless you help me. Barrugh, 26 Jan.
Hacket is gone or intending to go to England. Commend him to the King, who will not get in 40 years a man to handle his matters here so substantially, nor one who can do more in these parts than he. He is exceedingly well entertained and beloved by all the great men of these parts, which he has purchased by his wisdom, his gentle humanity, and great cost and charge. I have been exceedingly well entertained by him, which does not move me to praise him so much as his virtues.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. : To his right worshipful master, Master Thomas Crumwell in London.
28 Jan.
R. O.
66. William Lelegrave to Sir William Kingston.
Thanks him and his Lady for their goodness to his wife in his absence. Dr. Palmes says he told Kyngston that the Prior of St. Oswald's in Gloucestershire owed 100l. to my Lord Cardinal for his admission, and would have paid it to Palmes, going with the Cardinal from Cawood to Sheffield, but then it was refused. It would be well to put the same in remembrance for the King's advantage.
Asks Kyngston to be good master to him in his absence, and "if any fall" to put him in remembrance. Asks his favor for the bearer. Has no news worth writing. York, 28 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
28 Jan.
Add. MS. 28,582, f. 326. B. M.
67. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Wrote from Turin of the diligence he used there to procure the opinions of lawyers in the duchy of Savoy in favor of the cause for which the Empress sent him here. Found that the king of England had corrupted them all. The Infanta and the Duke ordered their Ambassador to unite with Ortiz in everything touching this cause, and also wrote on the same subject to several cardinals. Wrote also that the university of Toulouse had decided in the King's favor without much examination. Hears now that the same determination has been procured at Bologna, Mantua, and Padua. But it is all of no consequence, as it proceeds from a false foundation and erroneous judgment. The King has procured them all by money and the indecent means used by his servants. Arrived at Rome Jan. 23, and has not yet visited the Pope. Rome, 28 Jan. 1531.
Sp., pp. 2, modern copy.
30 Jan.
R. O. St. P. VII. 279.
68. Benet to Henry VIII.
By the letters subscribed by Worcester and me, you will understand the matter of which I send you word by Cranmer, which "this said person" showed only to us before Cranmer left. You will receive copies of the inhibition decreed before Christmas, and of a commission granted at Bologna before the Emperor left. The Pope was moved to this by a schedule, as he called it, printed in English, of the determination of the universities and doctors in your cause. The Pope was extremely displeased. I endeavoured to mollify him, said it was the work of some unthrifty person—a Lutheran, and you thought it necessary to show that it was false, and publish that many universities therein mentioned and others had found your cause to be lawful. The Pope replied that many doctors in that book had determined that the Pope might not dispense, which was not for them to judge. He said that you had asked the cause to be committed to my Lord of Canterbury, whose chancellor had asserted the justice of your cause, by which it was clear that the Archbishop was not a fit judge.
I explained this, endeavouring to remove his anger lest he should grant too much to the opposite party, which desires to have the cause tried here and settled speedily. Saturday last, "they stood in the signature for a remissiorial ad partes to receive proofs that the Queen was not known by prince Arthur." Karne "leyde yn thys mater" as excusator only. 30 Jan.
P.S. to Gardiner.—Received by Alexander a letter from Wriothesley, dated Greenwich, 7th ult., with three printed books on the King's cause. I have shown one to Fra Dionysio, whom the King recommended as penitentiary in Cranmer's place.
Hol., draft, mutilated. Endd. : "Wryten the XXXti day of Januari 153- (fn. 3) after our cownt, and 1531 after the cownth—."
30 Jan.
Galba, B. IX. 234. B. M.
69. Charles V. to Henry VIII.
Recommends Hackett, whom Henry has recalled in consequence of the death of Margaret of Savoy. Brussels, 30 Jan. 1530. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
31 Jan.
Vienna Archives.
70. Chapuys to Charles V.
On Wednesday, 25th inst., I received your letter from Aix of the 11th, notifying the coronation of the king of the Romans. I sent immediately to ask for an audience, but my messenger was told by Norfolk that the King was somewhat indisposed, and that he did not think I could speak to him for two or three days. I accordingly sent the letters to the Duke, who made no great show of being pleased. I don't know whether the Duke was then at play, but he never showed himself so cold any time I have sent to speak with him. Yesterday he tried to make up for it; for, finding one of my men at Court, he showed him great kindness, and begged that I would make use of his services whenever I saw fit. The same day that I was denied audience, a similar answer was made to the Nuncio, "combien certainement que icellui roy ne sa indisposition glauque (?);" which gives good reason to believe that this refusal was for fear of some mandate from Rome being intimated to him, of which he has very great dread, for all his bragging. I believe he was intending, seeing that he would ultimately be compelled to it, to separate the lady from him; and I am told he is putting in order for her a house that he gave her some time ago. Probably he intends to recall her again shortly; but I fancy that if once she is sent away, God and the Queen will guard against her return. I hope to know the truth very soon. The clergy, in spite of the aid the Nuncio desired to give them, who has remonstrated strongly with the Council, have made a composition with the King, of 400,000 ducats payable in five or six years. Now that he has thus bled them, the King shows them favor, and puts them in hope of restoring their liberties, which were taken away at the last Parliament. This is all done to bring about a union between the clergy and the nobles, to which the former have not hitherto been inclined, considering that the latter might do them injury in Parliament. At the beginning of the Parliament, the Queen, fearing that they would treat of her affair, begged the King for leave to join her Council; but, seeing that the matter has not been touched upon, she has put off calling them till she finds it necessary.
The King has accordingly reminded her, and given her leave to call them to Richmond, where she now is, or to come and speak with them here, whichever she prefers. This kindness is only shown her in order to discover whether she has had the despatch from Rome, and that, if so, her Council should desist from executing it. For when the King gave her this reminder, the Duke said to some bishops of her Council that she ought to call them, but let them beware on their lives of making any execution against the King, promising them on his oath and honour that nothing should be treated against her in this Parliament. Yesterday the duchess of Norfolk sent to tell the Queen that her opponents were trying to draw her over to their party, but that if all the world were to try it she would remain faithful to her. She also desired the Queen to be of good courage, for her opponents were at their wits' end, being further off from their object than the day they began.
The Jew sent for by the King arrived six days ago, notwithstanding all the efforts made by Mai to prevent his passage. He has had two interviews with the King, who has made him good cheer, but better the first time than the second; and perhaps if he does not tell them something more to their satisfaction, "l'on en rabbatra tous les jours quelque peu." I am told his opinion is not to impugn the Queen's marriage, but that the King might take another wife;—which advice is not to the King's taste, as it would be too infamous to attempt such a course. I believe his ground is that though the King's marriage with the Queen is legitimate, the issue must be reputed those of his brother, and it would be unreasonable that he should be precluded from having issue for himself. The Jewish law also permits him to take another wife, so that the said Jew, who says he has been some time ago baptised, under colour of charity "vouldroit semer telle dragee indaignee."
He told the Venetian ambassador that he had spoken with your Majesty at Augsburg, and that you had given him a present;—a falsehood devised to augment his credit. He also pretends to have spoken with you at Bologna. London, 21 Jan.
Hol., Fr., pp. 4, from a modern copy.
31 Jan.
Add. MS. 28,582, f. 337. B. M.
71. Mai to Charles V.
Discussion about peace between the Emperor and France. The Pope told him, laughing, that the duke of Albany had said that he wished the king [Ferdinand] (Serenissimo Rey) to be the third; and now that he was made king of the Romans, he had not so much need of the Emperor as at first, and that in secret he wished to procure help from them. As his Holiness is wise, and knows Ferdinand's fidelity, judging that it will be to the service of both parties, he said that he was much confirmed in this opinion. Has communicated this to Micer Andrea and the Cardinal, who think that we shall get the better of "this good lord" in everything by this artifice. Rome, 31 Jan. 1531.
Sp., modern copy, pp. 8.
31 Jan.
Add. MS. 28,582, f. 331. B. M.
72. Mai to Charles V.
Wrote at another time of the great part taken by the auditor Simoneta in the Rota, and the trouble he takes for the cause of justice in the affair of England. Asks the Emperor to reward him. Rome, 31 Jan. 1531.
Sp., modern copy, p. 1.
31 Jan.
Add. MS. 28,582, f. 330. B. M.
73. Mai to the Commendador Mayor.
Told him at Bologna how much service has been done in the English affair and other matters, by the auditor of Arragon and his brother the advocate. Asks that favor may be shown them in their causes. Rome, 31 Jan. 1531.
Sp., modern copy, p. 1.
31 Jan.
R. O.
74. [Ghinucci] to Henry VIII.
Headed : "Duplicatæ aliarum sub data xxxj. Januarii."
"Cardinalis de Valle multum affectuose et benigne nobis operam suam obtulit in causa matrimoniali et in omnibus aliis quæ possint cedere in servitium Maj. vestræ. Credimus non ab re ut Maj. vestra suis literis ei gratias agat; est enim vir alicujus momenti et qui solitus est libere et aperte loqui, et pluries [ho]c fecit etiam contra Imperatorem, non obstante quod domus sua semper parti Cæsareæ visa fuerat adhærere. Cardinalis etiam Tranensis ostendit se promptum ad servitia Maj. vestræ, adeo quod Cardinalis Oxemensis et aliqui alii ei succensuerunt, propterea quod, aliquando dum de causa matrimoniali actum est, visus est inclinare in partes Maj. vestræ. Dux Albaniæ diebus præteritis dixit nobis quod Cæsarei habebant suam intrinsecam conversationem cum Pontifice valde suspectam, adeo quod ipsi non bene ferentes illam conversationem super ea aliqua verba habuerunt cum Sanctitate sua; quibus respondit quod mirabatur de eis, cum non putaret non posse libere conversari cum uno suo affine, præsertim oratore unius regis. Et post hæc protulit dux quædam verba, spemque (fn. 4) visus est innuere aliquid ejus medio tractari inter Papam et Regem Francorum quod tenderet ad moderationem nimiæ propagationis virium lmperatoris. Dixit (fn. 5) etiam dux Albaniæ habuisse in mandatis a rege Francorum ut diceret quod non videbatur ei expedire reipublicæ Christianæ ad præsens ut fieret generale concilium et quod id quod superioribus diebus ipse rex Franciæ scripserat in contrarium, scilicet pro celebratione concilii, feccrit ad nimiam instantiam Cæsaris."
Hol., cipher undeciphered. Add. Sealed.
R. O. 2. Memoranda of the commencements of Ghinucci's letters of the 17th and 31st Jan.
Lat., p. 1.

R. T., 145, No. 5, § 26. R. O.
75. The King's Citation.
Henry, cited to appear at Rome personally or by proxy, sends Edward Karne as excusator. The memoir presented by him declares that Henry could not plead by proxy in a cause on which the ease of his conscience depended, as it would be necessary for him to communicate personally with his judges. He could not appear in person either, as it was not suitable for a king to abandon his kingdom to the disorders produced by absence. Such a citation is contrary to the customs of the Church, and to the privileges of Christian sovereigns.
Fr., p. 1, from a catalogue of papers now lost, formerly at Brussels.
Ib., § 27. R. O. 2. Arguments used by the King's advocates at Rome to prove that Edw. Karne should be received as excusator, though without the powers usually required in such cases.
Fr., p. 1, from the same catalogue.
Ib., § 28. R. O. 3. Decision of the assembly of doctors and "régens en droit canon" of Paris university, on the two questions, whether Henry was obliged to appear at Rome, personally or by proxy; and whether Edw. Karne should be received in the capacity of excusator, though without powers. The faculty determined that the citation could be of no avail, but that the Pope should send judges to terminate the cause in a place recognized as impartial by both parties. To the second question, they reply that Karne should be received as excusator. They declare that they had only in view, in deciding these questions, natural equity, decisions of the Councils, and the usages of the Church, and their interest for the preservation of Emperors and Kings.
Fr., p. 1, from the same catalogue.
Camusat, 26 4. Objections to the Papal censures against Henry VIII.
"Gravamina et iniquitates Brevis Apostolici."
"(1.) Defectus citationis contra c. Sacro de sent. exco. glosa in c. epis. II. q. 3. Doc. in c. I. de judiciis ac in c. d[e] sen. exco. in 6.
(2.) Defectus causæ cognitionis contra dictum c. sacro et c. I. de sen. exc. in 6. ac contra doctores communiter in c. Romana p. caveant. de sen. exco. in 6.
(3.) Defectus liquidationis moræ culpæ vel offensæ contra dictum C. Romana p. caveant et doct. ibidem.
(4.) Defectus ordinis quia denunciationem et declarationem excommunicationis continet ante purificatam conditionem contra notata communiter per doc. in c., præterea de appel.
(5.) Defectus liquidationis contumaciæ seu purificationis contra notata scribentium in 1. I. dig. si quis Ju. dicen. non obtemp.
(6.) Defectus certitudinis, quia ponitur clausula in brevi 'si ita est,' quæ verba præsupponunt ignorantiam et incertitudinem facti et talem ignorantiam revera declarant faciunt ea quæ notant doct. in 1. ait Prætor par. si judex, et præsertim Jason ibid. dig. de re Judic.
(7.) Defectus formæ, quia admonitio et fulminatio sententiæ simul junctæ contra text. in d. c. Romaua par. 1. et 2, et ibi Phi. Fran. et alii.
"(8.) Defectus monitionis canonicæ, quæ ad regem unica, et quo ad illustrissimam dominam marchionissam de Pennebroke nulla præsupponitur, contra c. quæstionem de sent. excom. in 6. &c. sacro. præallegatum."
Considering what is aforesaid, and because at the time of the grant of the brief, and previously, an appeal and an excusator from certain grievances were interposed, with a protest against anything being done against the king of England, especially while the Emperor was in Italy, to which the Pope answered that he had not aggrieved nor wished to;—and also because the brief emanated clandestinely without the knowledge of the King's orators or agents here in the court, at the sole instance and importunity of the adverse party, while the termination of the cause was pending, it being necessary for the King to consult concerning certain overtures from the Pope;—the King cannot but think himself ill-treated, and that, instead of the benefits due to him, he has received great injuries.

Add. MS. 28,582, f. 201. B. M.
76. [— to Charles V.]
To prevent any misunderstanding with the Emperor, Henry had desired the writer to explain to him what had lately occurred likely to endanger their friendship. He had sent ambassadors to the Pope to complain that he had been summoned to Rome by a deputy of his Holiness,—a thing which was a great injury to his Highness after the universities of Paris and Orleans, the chancellor of France, the president of the Parliament of Paris, the French king's councillors, and the majority of the most learned lawyers everywhere had confirmed [the justice of the King's cause]. The Pope made answer to the King that although his Holiness had written to the Emperor, the latter would not be persuaded to allow the King's cause to be examined anywhere but at Rome. The King, however, remembering that the Emperor himself had protested he would not interfere in the matter except for the preservation of justice, suspects that his Holiness, trusting to the Emperor's authority, is seeking to extend his own. He doubts not that if the Emperor from ignorance of law has encouraged the Pope to do the King this injury, he will rectify the error. Doubtless, when informed by the writer of the opinions above referred to, he will attach more weight to these public declarations than to the suggestions of any one privately advising him to the contrary.
Lat., pp. 4, modern copy from Simancas. Apparently a speech addressed to the Emperor by the English ambassador.

R. O.
77. Darcy to [Tunstall].
"My Lord, affor my syngler good Lord Cardinallis grace, then being Mr. Wooilce, and sithens oft and many tymes, ye hav promest to me and written that yowr Lordship wold doo for me, and be my good lord, with sum plesers, as in your nobill and kynd letters of your owen hand yet evidently appeires; and, my Lord, I hav xii. yeres paste my tym withowtt any importunete or rond (?) maner or laboures unto your Lordship, and as yett I never hadde office, ffee, rememberaunce of pleyser, ferme, nor uther thing of proffett of yor Lordship that ever I laborid for, or that yee promest me, and for all that I never shewd liffyng man so but now yourselff. Howbeit, good my Lord, I beseich yow remember your wordes to mee in the gallerc at Richmund, at my chamer door affor ye wer electt, and after, specially when ye layd your hand uppon your brest, my said Lordis grace by, and a temporall man that is of the Kyng consaylle [ (fn. 6) by, beyng at my bak], and I hering, of yor owen meir mynd saying that I shold hav [no less rowm (?), but the half that ever ye schold be worth at my commandment, and in my nessessite, or to advaunce and do me pleser with (fn. 7) ] thoffice of steward and sheref of yor busshoprich for me or any frend of myn that I wold naym thereto, and your graunte therof I shold hav, as ye at severall tymes promest unto me from your bulles wer cumen hom; and hederto nothing thereof is perfowrmed, but only that ye lent unto me on hundreth powyndes at a tym, and so that payd at a nother, werof as affor for onn hundreth myn obligacion remayns, and for that to be payd your chansler, Mr. Franklyn, wrott this wek to me, and I desired hym to spair to that he herd from your Lord[ship] after this letter shold cum to yow w ..." *
Hol., draft, p. 1.

R. O.
78. Monastery of St. Alban's.
Clause declaring the condition of an obligation, that if A.B., prior of St. Alban's, be elected abbot of that monastery, within twenty days after he shall suffer, by deed, fine, feoffment, or otherwise under the conventual seal, all that shall be devised by the Council of the King, Defender of the Faith, for the full assurance of the manors of More and Tytenhangre, Herts, to the King's use.
P. 1. Endd.

R. O.
79. Cromwell.
Warrant for the delivery of two bucks to Thomas Cromwell, out of our park of — (blank).
Draft, p. 1.
Jan./Grants. 80. Grants in January 1531.
1. Edmund Pekham, Thomas Hatteclif, and Edward Weldon. To have the first presentation to the parish church and rectory of the town of Stansford Ryvers, Essex, London dioc. York Place, 18 Dec. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 3 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 3.
2. Robert Aldriche, chaplain. Presentation to the parish church of Cheriton, Winchester dioc., vice Thomas Lupset, deceased. Greenwich, 2 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 3 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 3.
3. Henry Alen. Licence to alienate 8 acres of land in Lachyndon, Essex, to Richard Frenshe and William Sone; and to the said Richard and William to grant the same to Richard Osborne and John Peche, jun., James Osborne, sen., John Osborne. John Pyke, jun., and William Kyng, to hold to them and the heirs of the said Richard Osborne for ever. Westm., 3 Jan. —Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 3.
4. Eleanor More, wife of Nicholas More, of Kydermynster, Worc., labourer. Pardon for having stolen certain articles belonging to Agnes Olyver, widow. Greenwich, 31 Dec. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 Jan. —P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
5. George Jenour, of Herst, Sussex. Lease of the lordship of Borham and Rokelond, with all lands, &c. in the parishes of Wertlyng (Worthing), Horstmounceux, Hoo, and Assheburneham, Sussex, except a pond called "Borham Ponde" containing 60 acres of land and water, and other reservations, for 21 years at the annual rent of 19l. This lease confirms to the said George the estate and title which he has in the premises by an indenture made 8 July 21 Hen. VIII., between John Higdon, S.T.P., the dean, and the canons of Cardinal's College, Oxford, whereby the said dean and canons lease the premises to the said George for 21 years; the former undertaking to support all "waterscotts" for cleaning the harbour, and all charges for cleansing the common sewer in Pannemersshe, Waterhowsemersshe, and Rokelondmersshe, and all gutters belonging to the said lordship, and the sewers leading from the great gutter in Rokelondmersshe to the harbour of Hoo called Hoo Haven, and other expenses. Del. Chelsea, 7 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 1.
6. Roger Radclyf, Edward Lee, clk., and John Chamber, clk. Grant of the next presentation to a canonry and prebend in the collegiate chapel of St. Stephen, Westminster. York Place, 16 Dec. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 9 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 3.
7. Emerius Tukfyld, clk Presentation, as one of the ministers of the Chapel Royal, to the parish church of Hexton, Linc. dioc., void by death, and at the King's disposal by the voidance of the monastery of St. Alban's. Greenwich, 8 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 11 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 3.
8. Eleanor duchess of Buckingham. Grant of the manor of Newporte and the castle and borough of Newborough "de Novo Burgo," and the manor of Stowe in the commote of Wentllok, in South Wales, and all lands, &c. in South Wales belonging to the premises, with view of frankpledge, &c., in the same manner as Edward late duke of Buckingham attainted, or any of his ancestors, held the same. Also annuity of 100l. issuing from the manors of Brechon and Haye, Wallent, Cantrecelle, Penkelley, and Alexandreston in South Wales, and the marches thereof, which lately belonged to the said Duke. Greenwich, 6 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 11 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 21.
9. William Cholmeley. To be bailiff of Wargrave, West Wicombe, and Ivingo, Berks and Bucks, which came to the King's hand by the forfeiture of Thomas cardinal archbishop of York. Hampton Court, 10 Dec. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 12 Jan. —P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 1.
10. James Martin, chaplain. Presentation to the parish church of the Virgin Mary, Morton, London dioc. Greenwich, 28 Dec. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 13 Jan.— P.S.
11. Sir William Paulett. To be surveyor-general in England, Wales, and Calais, of all possessions in the King's hands by the minority of heirs, according to the Act 14 & 15 Hen. VIII. c. xv. Also to be surveyor of the King's widows, and governor of all idiots and naturals in the King's hands, &c., vice Thos. Magnus, archdeacon of the East Riding of York. Greenwich,. . . Jan. Del. Westm., 14 Jan.—P.S. Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 32.
12. John de Brana, merchant of Bordeaux. Licence to export 500 quarters of wheat, and 500 quarters of barley. Westm., 15 Jan.—Fr. 22 Hen. VIII. m. 1.
13. John de Brana, merchant, of Bordeaux. Licence to export 300 quarters of beans and 200 quarters of barley. Westm., 15 Jan.—Fr. 22 Hen. VIII. m. 2.
14. Sir Anthony Ughtred and Elizabeth his wife. Grant, in survivorship, of the manors of Lepington and Kexby, York; in the King's hands by the forfciture of Thomas cardinal archbishop of York. Hampton Court, 25 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 30. Copy of the Patent in R.O.
15. Joan Lawre, of Southwerke, Surrey, spinster. Pardon for having abetted Marion Meriall, of Southwerke, spinster, in stealing a piece of silver worth 3l. York Place, 14 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 21.
16. Antonio Chabo. Licence to import 200 tuns of Gascoigne wine and Toulouse woad. Westm., 18 Jan.—Fr., 22 Hen. VIII. m. 1.
17. Sir Edward Baynton. Grant, on the security of Robert Baynard of Lackham, Wilts, and John Bonham of Hasylbury, Wilts, of the keepership of the town or borough of Old Sarum, containing about five acres of land, and two islands containing 2 acres — perches of land, called "le Kyngys Islondys," with all lands and rents belonging to the said town and messuage, and 32 acres of land in Wynterslowe, near Southampton, lately belonging to John Stewarde of Wynterslowe, deceased; to hold for 40 years, at stated old and increased rents. Westm., 20 Jan.—Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 13.
18. John Annsley. To be prior of the Cluniac priory of Lenton, Notts, in the King's hands by the surrender of Thos. Nottyngham alias Hobson, last prior. York Place, 17 Jan. 22 Hen.VIII. Del. Chelsea, 21 Jan. —P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
19. Wm. Smythe, grocer, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. York Place, 20 Jan. 22 Hen.VIII. Del. Westm., 22 Jan.—P.S.
20. Wm. Norvolle, of Batcom, Somerset, fuller alias yeoman. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. York Place, 22 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Jan.—P.S.
Fiat for the same, signed by Sir Rob. Wingfield.
Endd. : Apud Yorke Place, xxijo die Januarii, R. R. H. Octavi xxijo.—P.S.
21. Edward Bradborne, clerk. Presentation to the parish church of Donton Basset, Linc. dioc., in the King's gift by the death of the last incumbent, and the suppression of the monastery of Camvell. York Place, 16 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Jan. —P.S.
22. Thomas Lucas. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Jasper Lucas and Margery his wife, deceased, d. and h. of Robert Geddyng, kinswoman and heir of John Geddyng, viz., daughter of the said Robert, son of the said John. York Place, 16 Jan. Del. Westm., 24 Jan. —P.S. Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 16.
23. Thos. Englefeld and Chr. Hales. To be justices of assize for the Home Circuit. Del. Westm., 26 Jan. 22 Hen.VIII.—S.B.37
24. Reginald Pekham. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Thomas Pekham, deceased, and brother and heir of Nicholas Pekham, deceased, and kinsman and heir of William Horne, deceased, viz., son of Dorothy late wife of the said Thomas, daughter of Gervaise Horne, and sister of the said William, on all possessions of the said Thomas Pekham, Nicholas Pekham, or Gervase Horne, in England Wales, Calais, and the marches thereof. Greenwich, 22 Dec. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Jan. —P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 12.
25. Thos. Wryothesley, clerk of the Signet. To have the pension of 5l. a year which the abbot of St. Mary beside York is bound to give to a person nominated by the archbishop of York. The archbishopric being vacant this gift is in the King's hands. York Place, 18 Jan. 22 Hen.VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Jan.—P.S.
26. Sir Nicholas Carewe, Master of the Horse. Confirmation of patent 6 Nov. 22 Hen. VIII. granting him the office of seneschal of the manors of Bromesgrove, Kyngesnorton, Odyngley, Clyfton, and Droytwych, Worc. Greenwich, 4 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Jan.—P.S.
27. The priory of St. Giles of Barnewell, of the Augustinian Order, Ely dioc. Congé d'élire to the sub-prior and convent of the above, upon the resignation of Thos. Cambridge, last prior. York Place, 23 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Jan.—P.S.
Petition for the above ... Jan. 1530.
28. John Lambarte, jun. To be feodary of all possessions of the King in chief, with power to take into the King's hands the persons of heirs under age, and deliver them to Sir William Poulet, master of the King's wards. Westm., 26 Jan.—Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 33.
29. Sir Edward Boleyn. Custody of the possessions of Roger Appleyard, deceased; with wardship of John, s. and h. of the said Roger. York Place, 24 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 Jan.—P.S.
30. William Ingelby. Inspeximus and confirmation of charter 28 Oct. 21 Edw. III., being a grant to Thomas de Ingelby of a market and fair at Ryppley, York. Westm., 27 Jan.—Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 32.
31. Matthew Kyng, girdeler alias merchant, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Tho. Clifforde, vice-captain of the town and castle of Berwick-on-Tweed. Signed by Clifford. Endd. : Apud Yorke Place, xxviijo die Januarii, ao R.R. H. VIII. xxijdo.—P.S.
32. Richard Cotton. Lease of the manor of Whittyngton, Glouc., and a water-mill there, with all lands, &c. belonging to the said lordship and mill, parcel of Warwick's lands, except one messuage and two carucates of land in Whittyngton, Barkehampton near Southampton, and Powdeswell, late of William Walby, which came to the King's hands as an escheat on the death of the said William without heir, with reservations; for 21 years, at the annual rent of 18l. 6s. 8d., and 4d. of increase. Del. Westm., 28 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 14.
33. Sir Arthur Darci. Annuity of 20 marks out of the manors of Hakthorp, Silar, and Natlond, Westmor., lately belonging to Sir Walter Striklond, deceased, during the minority of Sir Walter, s. and h. of the said Sir Walter; with wardship of the said heir. Westm., 28 Jan.—Pat. 22 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 26.
34. Philip Scarlet, of Leomynster, Heref., butcher. Pardon for having, on 14 Oct. last, in self-defence, killed Philip Dyer, of Leomynster, labourer. Westm., 28 Jan. —Pat. 22 Hen.VIII. p. 1, m. 14.
35. Richard Hunton and John Haytor. Grant of the first presentation to Kynton church, Dorset, (fn. 8) in the King's hands by the minority of Peter Compton, should a voidance occur during the minority of the said Peter. York Place, 23 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 33.
36. SirWilliam Paulet, master of the King's wards. Licence to build walls and towers within and around and to fortify the manor of Basyng, and to impark 300 acres of land and 20 acres of wood at and about the said manor. York Place, 22 Jan. 22 Hen.VIII. Del. Westm., 30 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 34, which is dated 20 Jan.


1 The clause to this effect is struck out.
2 Marburg in Hesse Cassel?
3 The place of the cipher is left blank.
4 Sperque, according to cipher.
5 Rixit in the cipher.
6 These words are crossed out in the MS.
7 These words are interlined and in the margin.
8 "Wilts" in P.S.; "Dorset" on erasure in Patent Roll.