Henry VIII
May 1531, 16-31


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James Gairdner (editor)

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'Henry VIII: May 1531, 16-31', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 5: 1531-1532 (1880), pp. 111-130. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=77459 Date accessed: 17 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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May 1531, 16-31

16 May.
R. O.
240. [Henry VIII.] to —.
Warrant for the payment to William Fermour, clerk of the Crown, of a reward of 100l., to be levied on the profits growing to the King in the year ending at Michaelmas next within the bishopric of Winchester, from fines, heriots, wood sales, &c. Greenwich, 16 May 23 Hen. VIII. Not signed.
P. 1. Endd. : A bill to be signed by Mr. Fermour.
R. O. 2. Another copy.
16 May. 241. Ireland.
Commission to summon Parliament. See Grants in May, No. 21.
17 May. 242. St. Mary's, Burton-On-Trent.
Election of abbot. See Grants in May, No. 25.
17 May.
R. O.
243. Scavage.
"A rate for scavage," giving a list of commodities of various kinds, with a tariff of 12d. a cask or bale, 8d. a pipe, 4s. a ton of oil, or other sums down to a penny for a dozen cork, a ton of Cayne stone, &c., the different kinds of commodities being very variously assessed.
"Brought in the 17th day of May by us, sworn upon our oaths by the Lord Chancellor (fn. 1) the said 17th day of May anno R.R. 23o—Richard Hyll— John Maltby—Roger Dele—Roger Chaloner—William Bolles."
Large paper, pp. 3.
17 May.
Add. MS. 25,114, f. 55. B. M.
244. Hans Metzger to Henry VIII.
As steward (drossaert) of the Emperor's castle at Staveren in West Friesland, desires the deliverance of certain persons belonging to his jurisdiction, who, being in a ship driven out to sea by stress of weather, have been taken and imprisoned in Berwick. Their names are Jarich Annason, Henryc his brother, Barut Eckeson, and Hanuck Tadeson. Staveren in West Friesland, 17 May 1531.
Hol., Dutch, p. 1. Add.

R. O. P. VII. 299.
245. Benet to Henry VIII.
Received his letter of the 23rd ult. by Portcullis (Robt. Fayery). Practised with the Pope to obtain delay. Said you were sore moved by the exclusion of Karne, contrary to the opinion of good lawyers, and such proceeding of the Rota was illegal. States his arguments with the Pope for admitting Carne. He replied that he never intended in this cause anything but justice, and if you were so persuaded of the justice of your cause, you would be satisfied with his proceeding; so far as he could oblige you without transgressing justice, he would do it gladly. He said also he would take advice of his counsel in the matter. Grammont arrived on Ascension Eve. I also showed to Gregory that I had commission to protest in order that he might advise the Cardinals to consider the matter more carefully than they have done. What since has been done you will perceive by our common letter.
Apparently imperfect.
20 May.
R. O. St. P. VII. 301.
246. Stephen Vaughan to Henry VIII.
Received two days ago the King's instructions lately sent to him by Cromwell. The Turk and Don Farnando have made peace for two years. The Germans and the Emperor do not agree, and are not likely to do so, considering the earnest labour made by them for the establishing of their doctrine, and the deaf ears of the Emperor, who is not inclined to regard it. Brabant and Flanders have each offered to pay the Emperor 1,200,000 cr. of 4s. Fl. in six years, if he will require no more money of them in gift during that time, giving them as surety certain jewels which he has in Spain, viz., a crown of gold, a fleur de lys, and others. Has not heard what Holland, Zealand, Hainault, and other countries will give. The queen of Hungary will be made governaunte of these Low Countries. The money which the Emperor had of the French king, of the Venetians and others, remains in Spain. The Spaniards, as it seems, labour to keep his treasure there; the Flemings labour the contrary; so that meantime he has become an evil payer, and keeps a poor and miserable guard as ever I saw. The Flemings labour to have the money raised, complaining the lack thereof, and their great poverty sustained by the contrary.
The Emperor is supposed not to depart out of these parts these two years. The Flemings will not agree to his departure till he has established many things which they require for their weal and quietness. This will take long time.
Will endeavour to persuade Frith, as soon as he meets with him, to leave his heretical opinions. Is informed that he is lately married in Holland, but where, Vaughan does not know. Has been in hand with Tyndale, and, in order to persuade him, has shown him a clause in Cromwell's letter, in which it is stated that if he could by possibility be taken away from the train and opinion he now is in, the King would be glad of his conversion. Vaughan thought these very sweet words, and the water stood in Tyndale's eyes when they were read to him. He remarked that if the King would only allow a bare text of Scripture to be put forth as among the Emperor's subjects, he would never write more, and immediately throw himself at the feet of the King, but till then he will endure all the asperity of fortune. If he has written anything against God's Word, he will renounce it. Has a good expectation of it, and urged him not to put forth the book he has in hand till the King's pleasure were known. He said it was too late. Luther has put out a book against the Emperor in German. Perceives by Cromwell's letter that the King thinks that he has been very remiss in ministering to his Majesty. Reminds him of his poor estate, and that he is minister to a multitude here which requires service on every side. Is often compelled to follow a process defended by English merchants against the Emperor's subjects, which drives him hither and thither. Asks pardon if he has omitted anything. From Barrughe, 20 May 1531.
The Emperor makes many chevisances and shifts for money, "by mean whereof riseth such interest that 10 make not 7."
Galba, B. X. 7. B. M. 2. Draft of the above. Signed, S. V.
Pp. 4.
20 May.
Galba, B. X. 7. B. M.
247. Stephen Vaughan to [Cromwell].
"Your so friendly and rather fatherly writing vinseth and subdueth all my powers, and bringeth them captive unto you, in such wise that I have nothing in special reg[ard] but the same." You see that I answer your instructions with all possible speed, though it is difficult so to do, being a minister and common servant to a multitude, whose continual affairs call me to Barrughe, Andwerp, Bruces, and Gaunt. Excuse my negligence to the King. Nothing shall henceforth pass in these parts whereof I will not immediately give him advertisement.
To know secret affairs here, one must use familiarity with those from whom they can be learnt,—which is costly, and beyond my powers. My living is wasted between me and Avery, without using any excess. If you help me to amend it, I shall be the more able. With your word to the King it may be e ...
Asks Cromwell to answer his letters, and state by whom he sends his own. Has received the copies of his last letters. Sends this by Richard Downys, dwelling in Cornhill. Desires him to help him to come to England after Bartylmew[tyde]. Barrughe, xx. May 15[31].
Hol., p. 1.

Galba, B. X. 338. B. M.
248. [Cromwell] to Stephen Vaughan.
Have received your letters dated Antwerp, 18 April, and that part of Tindal's book enclosed in leather, which you directed with your letters to the King. Presented it to the King, who said that he would read it and your letters at leisure. At my next repair thither he declared to me the contents of your letters, and much of the matter contained in Tindall's book. He was right well pleased with your diligence in sending the book, and in persuading Tindall to come to England, but he nothing liked the book, which was filled with seditious and slanderous lies and fantastical opinions, showing therein neither learning nor truth. He thought you bore much affection towards Tyndale, whose manners and knowledge in worldly things (fn. 2) ye much commend, but his book shows that he lacks grace, virtue, learning, discretion, and all good qualities, nothing else pretending in all his works but to seduce, deceive, and sow sedition among the people of England. The King, therefore, commands you to desist from persuading Tyndale to come into England, for he has no hope of reconciliation in him, and is very joyous to have his realm destitute of such a person, rather than that [he] should return here to manifest his errors and seditious opinions, which he has partly done already by his uncharitable, venomous, and pestilent books. The King considers that if he were present he would probably do what he could to infect and corrupt the whole realm, to the great inquietation and hurt of the commonwealth. I therefore pray you to show yourself the King's true and obedient subject, bearing no favor, love, or affection to the said Tyndale nor his works, but utterly to contemn and abhor them, which will cause the King to set you forwards. By doing the contrary you will acquire the indignation of God, and the displeasure of the King, and cause your friends, who have been ready to bring you into his favor, to lament that their suit should be frustrate. I have firm trust that you will beware to enter into any opinions whereby any slander, dishonesty, danger, or suspicion might ensue towards you, of which I should be as sorry as your natural father.
Touching Frith, whom you mention in your letters, the King laments that he should apply his learning in sowing the seeds of damnable heresies, and maintaining the venomous and pestiferous works, erroneous and seditious opinions of Tyndale and others, but he trusts that he is not so inrooted in these evil doctrines but that, by the grace of God and the exhortation of good people, he may be called to the right way. He, therefore, desires you to advise him to renounce his wilful opinions, and, like a good Christian, return into his native country, where he will find the King mercifully disposed. I, therefore, exhort you to withdraw your affection from Tyndale and all his sect, and politicly and charitably to allure Frith, and all those in those parts whom you know to be his fautors and assistants, from their erroneous minds and opinions. By so doing you will highly merit of Almighty God, and deserve high thanks of the King, who will not forget your labor, if he perceives that you effectually intend it.
The King thanks you for your diligent advertisement of the number of ships arrived with corn and grain in those parts, and wishes you to find out the masters, servants, owners, or others who sold the grain, so that by the examination of some he may have knowledge of the rest. He wishes also to have news of the Emperor's affairs, the descent of the Turk into Germany, the preparations against him, the gift of money in the Low Countries to the Emperor, the abiding of the Emperor there, and the agreement between him and the princes of Germany.
Draft, corrected by Cromwell, pp. 7.
20 May.
Add. MS. 28,583, f. 234. B. M.
249. Cardinal Of Ravenna to Charles V.
"Has received almost at the same time two letters from him, the one concerning the business of England, the other relating to his services in the creation of the two last cardinals. Thanks him. Has been from his childhood an admirer of the Emperor. Offers his services at all and every occasion. Rome, 20 May 1531."
English abstract from original at Simancas.
21 May.
Simancas MS.
250. Archbishop Of Toledo to Charles V.
News of the Empress's proceedings. Has sent the letter about which he wrote [on April 30], which concerns the case of the queen of England, to the licentiate Medina and Dr. Beltran, that they may examine the evidences. Doubts whether it will be of as much use as he thought. Illiescas, 21 May 1531.
Sp., p. 1, modern copy.
22 May.
Vienna Archives.
251. Chapuys to Charles V.
Fox, it is said, will go from France to Rome, where he carries many books touching the divorce, most of them written by the King. He is charged to show them to the French king, to obtain the approval of the university of France, and that the King there, being better informed, may employ greater importunity with the Pope.
Four days ago the clergy of York and Durham sent to the King a strong protestation against the supremacy which he pretends to have over them. The province of Canterbury have done the same, of which I send a copy to Granvella. The King is greatly displeased, still more because one of his couriers coming from Rome has brought him news that his Ambassadors there are afraid that the Pope will definitively quash the process before the vacation.
On Sunday, Stephen Colonna was at court, and on Thursday took his leave. The King praised him greatly for his conduct touching Florence, condemning the captains for treason, without which the Pope could never have tyrannised there, and he taunted the Pope as usual. Colonna had as a present from the King a beautiful hackney, with two gilt flagons. If he had known more of Colonna's real thoughts the present would have been less.
I have been with the French ambassador at the Council touching the impost laid by the Londoners on merchants strangers, and but for our efforts the Londoners would have carried the day; for the King and his Council, considering the times, try greatly to please them; but I think half the tax will be abated. They are very civil to me, and yesterday the duke of Norfolk could not show me sufficient caresses; for after he had entertained me with many civil speeches, that you might know the great affection the King has for you, he said that when something was reported of you to the King that seemed a little unreasonable, he said at once he would [not] for anything have believed such a thing of your Majesty. The said Duke made a great to-do about these words, and, having repeated them three times, on the fourth he summoned the earl of Wiltshire, who was present when the King uttered them; and for this they referred to John Joachin, who was there. I merely replied that you could not suppose that the King would think or say anything else than was to be presumed of a good and virtuous prince and friend; and I was quite sure your Majesty would not give them or any others reason to think otherwise.
Refers to the efforts of La Guiche for the liberation of certain pirates, who immediately seized upon two Breton vessels. Yesterday Norfolk gave Joachin a little taunt. London, 22 May.
Hol., Fr., pp. 3, from a modern copy.
23 May.
Add. MS. 28,583, f. 235. B. M.
252. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Has received her letters of 28 March. The first part of this letter is a copy of the greater portion of his letter to the Emperor of 23 April.
Has written to the cardinal of Compostella, president of the Empress's council, concerning the determinations of the Universities and opinions, which he has sent with so much diligence. Has sent also the resolution which the Cardinal desired. His cousin, Gutierre de Palma, has died on his return to Spain. Sends a letter from the cardinal Salviati with this. Writes to the cardinal of Compostella for money.
Has kept this letter some days. By the last post from Flanders the Emperor has sent him 300 cr. Has received a letter from the queen of England, ordering him to explain to the Pope the injustice which she suffers. Though such an explanation is not in order, his Holiness, in order to be better informed of the manifest justice of the Queen's cause, is willing that he should come at certain hours, and hears him with good will. He wishes to have complete knowledge of the case, and seems well inclined to justice, as Ortiz hears from certain lawyers, of whom he has secretly asked the Pope's opinion. The cardinals are also well inclined. In the last Consistory it was determined that no one should be received in the name of the kingdom of England to propose excuses on the part of the King, without his mandate for the process.
His Holiness was much pleased by a letter of the queen of England, but did not answer by letter, lest it should fall into the hands of the King.
I hear from England that they wonder at the reply made by St. Gregory to the fifth question of St. Augustine, for it had been presented in the King's Parliament as a religious truth, and they lay great stress upon it.
I have sent by two ways the reply made at Salamanca, and have sent to Fisher (obispo Rophense) my answer, that he may add to it, or use it, as he thinks best. He is an excellent man, a good servant of God, and has worked much in this cause. Rome, 23 May 1531.
Sp., pp. 6, modern copy.
24 May.
R. O.
253. Sir John Gage.
Indenture made 24 May 23 Hen. VIII., whereby Sir John Gage, the King's vice-chamberlain, covenants to deliver to Thomas Heritage, clerk, and Thomas Alvarde, to the King's use, 200 loads of timber, 50 "fottes" to the load, at Falkes Hall (Vauxhall), within the parish of Lambeth, part before 30 Sept. next, and the rest before 30 Sept. A.D. 1532; and also 20 loads of "harte lath," each load containing 3,000; and 10,000 of oaken board, one half in quarter board, and the other in planche board. These goods are to be paid for at the rate of 6s. 8d. for every load of timber, 10s. 6d. for every load of lath, and 20s. for every 1,000 of oaken board.
Large paper, pp. 4. Draft in Wriothesley's hand, with corrections by Cromwell.
25 May.
Add. MS. 21,505, f. 12. B. M.
254. James V. to Charles V.
Sent John Campbell to the archduchess Margaret, to renew the old treaties between the houses of Burgundy and Scotland. Now that she is dead, sends David Lyndesaye, Snawdon herald, with the treaty for Charles's confirmation, hearing that he has come to the Low Countries. Stirling Castle, 25 May 1531. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
25 May.
Add. MS. 28,583, f. 241. B. M.
255. Dr. Ortiz to Charles V.
Wrote by the two last posts to thank him for the 300 cr. sent by Los Covos; and since then the cardinal of Compostella, (fn. 3) president of the Council, has sent him 500 cr. by command of the Empress.
The queen of England has desired him by letter to inform the Pope specially of the clear justice of her case. Has done this three times, and his Holiness has given him a thorough hearing, and shows his goodwill.
Is ordered to attend on certain days to give further explanations. The Ambassador still keeps the witnesses who are here. Wishes they had been presented, because there was no one to reply for the king of England, and sentence could have been given por contraditas. Thinks now that the English ambassador says that he has a commission to excuse the King, as he has to be heard first, that the short time left before the holidays will pass in seeing if his excuse is legitimate, and giving answer to it.
The cardinal of Tarbes has lately come to this court. The Pope says that he demands that this cause should be committed to some part near England, as Cambray, so that the King may know what is going on. It remains now to show that the causes alleged are not sufficient to justify this. Rome, 25 May 1531.
Sp., pp. 3, modern copy.
25 May.
Add. MS. 28,583, f. 243. B. M.
256. Mai to Charles V.
The first part of the letter concerns French affairs and the Council. Was told that the English affair ought to be purposely delayed, so as not to drive the king of England to despair; to which he answered what was necessary. Has told the Pope and others, with many threats, that the world will be ruined by this conduct; that the King will despair, and take extreme measures, that the French king will not fail him, and that he has already freed him from some inconveniences. He wishes to procure a commission and the removal of the cause from the Rota. To trick us into delay they say that a marriage is being negotiated between a son of the French king and the princess of Wales. Said all he possibly could to the Pope, who finally said to Andrea del Burgo that it would be better not to give express delay, and not to hurry on the cause either, because time will cure it; if this marriage take place with France he would fail in the marriage he was planning (caheria de suyo). When Del Burgo said that force would not be wanting to such a just quarrel, his Holiness replied that no trust must be put in that, as the Turk would come next year at least; and that Tarbes had brought here, to show, the letters of the duke of Saxony and the Landgrave and others, giving certain free lands to the French king. Will try and gain the sentence por contradittas before the holidays, but does not expect it. Meanwhile the ambassadors in Spain must be examined. Rome, 25 May 1531.
Sp., pp. 5, modern copy.
25 May.
Add. MS. 28,583, f. 246. B. M.
257. Mai to Charles V.
"Spoke with the cardinal of Ancona about the business of Scotland. The Cardinal said he thought that the king of Scotland would be satisfied with a daughter of the king of Denmark, as the letters he has received from the secretary, who probably has already arrived (in Scotland), are to that effect. They (the Scots) have already written to the duke of Albany, telling him to discontinue his negotiation of a marriage with the niece of the Pope.
"The Cardinal says that if he (the Emperor) wishes to conclude the marriage, he will carry on the negotiations in Rome most secretly.
"[Written on the margin by Covos.]—It has already been written that his Majesty approves of this marriage, and that the negotiation will be continued here (in Flanders)."
English translation of a contemporary abstract at Simancas.
25 May.
Add. MS. 28,583, f. 247. B. M.
258. Mai to Charles V.
"... Has already written in another letter how desirable it is that the papers which are expected from Spain should arrive soon, and be delivered to the Auditor de la Rota. That would benefit not only the case of England, but be an advantage in a thousand other respects, &c. Rome, 25 May 1531."
English abstract from original at Simancas.
25 May.
R. O.
259. Abjuration Of The Realm.
Official record by Edw. Broke, one of the coroners in co. Essex, of the abjuration of the realm by Thomas Horsey, of Marten, Wilts, Thos. Harrys, of Downeamney, Glouc., yeoman, and John Anwick, of Rumford, Essex, who took sanctuary in the church of St. Peter, Southwelde, Essex, on the 24th Feb. 22 Hen. VIII. They were abjured 25 May 23 Hen. VIII., and confessed having broken and entered a house at Byknaker, Essex, belonging to Will. Maior, prior of the hospital of St. Mary without Bishopsgate, tied Richard Cressall, one of the canons, hands and feet, and taken away money and other valuables. They chose Bewley, in Hants, for their sanctuary, according to a recent statute.
Large paper, pp. 2.
27 [May?]
R. O.
260. Works At Westminster.
Placard authorising Thomas Herytage and Thomas Alvard, masters [and] principal surveyors of the King's works at his new manor besides Westminster, "of late begun to be edified," to take and retain for the King, at competent wages, "as many carpenters, freemasons, hard-hewers, joiners, carvers, glaziers, tilers, bricklayers, smiths, plumbers, plasterers, sawyers, daubers," and other artificers, as they think necessary, for the finishing of the works; also to take freestone, ragstone, herdstone, timber, brick, tile, lead, iron, glass, lime, sand, &c.; and further, to pull down the palace of Westminster, the Mews beside Charing Cross, and the manor of Kennington, and employ the materials in the building of the said new manor. Westm., "the 27 day (fn. 4) in the 23 year of our reign."
Two drafts, corrected by Cromwell, large paper, pp. 6.

R. O.
261. Building Stone.
Nich. Tyrrye has sold to Thos. Cromwell, to the King's use, 200 tons of Luke stone, each ton containing 14 ft., and 300 tons of Cane stone, each ton containing 16 ft., quality to be approved by Jo. Multon, the King's master mason; all which is to be delivered at the Tower wharf before Mich. next, and to be paid for at the rate of 4s. 6d. a ton for the Cane stone, and 6s. for the Luke stone.
In Cromwell's hand, pp. 2.
28 May.
R. O.
262. Llantrisaint Mines.
Account of the expences of the King's mines at Lantreissent "from the first beginning of the said mines, that is to say, the 10th day of the month of May, anno xxijdo regni Regis Henrici Octavi, until the Feast of Pentecost, anno xxiijcio Regis supradicti; paid by John Ellis, master of the said myndes."
i. For digging and delving to the veins of the lead ore, wages at 6d. a day for 19 days to 11 men, names given.
ii. Wages from Whitsuntide to Midsummer Even, 22 Hen. VIII., to the same 11 men.
iii. Payments for tolls for digging before coming to the vein. For 5 spade trees, 5d.; 6 spade irons, 9d.; 6 iron "weches," 20d.; 4 staples and 2 "gymmells" of iron, 5d. "For stellyng of a ax," 2d. For 24 fathoms of hempen rope for the mine, at 2d. the fathom. "For a spade with his iron," 10d.; 2 hewing axes of iron, 20d. For the hire of a pair of bellows, and their carriage from Colroge to the mine, 20d.; for a cue to the bellows, 2s. 4d. "For a sled, a carsadill, and a hambyr, a lader to go to the mynd pyg," 8d.; a basket for the mine, 1d. "For 200 of bellow nail," 2s. 2d. Hire of a man to fetch stuff from Kerdiff, 6d.
iv. Wages from Midsummer Eve to 11 July, and from that to 11 August; "at which time the iron myndes was first found in the place aforesaid."
v. "Charges of the tolls bought for the working of the said iranne mynde :"—A pair of iron tongs, 2s.; 4 pickaxes, 10d. each; 3 hewing axes, 2s. 4d. each; an iron shovel, 12d.; a timber do., 6d.; ropes for the mine pits, 8s.
"At which time the said Sir John Ellis resorted towards your Grace, and [the men's] wages was not paid there henceforth till the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, that is to say, the 15th day of September, anno prœdicto, then next ensuing; at which time the same Ellys returned again to the said works from your maner of Amptyll; at which time he received of your Grace, by the hands of Mr. Norisse, 23l. 13s. 4d.," from which the following and other sums were paid by the said Ellis and Hugh Norris :—
vi. Wages from the said Feast of Exaltation of Holy Cross to 15 Oct., both for the lead mines and the iron; and monthly from the latter date to 30 April following. Total expenses 63l., leaving 39l. 6s. 8d. due to Ellis and Hugh Norris, yeoman of the King's guard, which they borrowed of one John Horsyngton, near Bristow, and Master Goodwyn, one of the customers of that town, upon an obligation of 500l. to repay it at Midsummer next.
vii. Memorandum that Kyrstover Moris has examined the mines by the King's commission; and it appears by the information of John Ellis, master of the mines, Wm. Monmothe, and Owen Fichehewt, clerk of the same mines, that there are three tons of lead ore beaten above ground, washed and ready to be molten, and five tons unbeaten. Also there is a mine, called St. Peter mine, 7 feet broad and 7 fathoms deep; "to the which mynd appertaineth 4 men,—one to break the ded warke, an nothir to break the myne, and another to convey the ded warke away, and the 4th to wind it furth out of the said mynd; the which 4 workmen for that mind shall daily bring up of led worre after the be come to the vayn 500 on a day, the which 600 shall macke when hit is treyde 200 of led; and yevery of this 4 men shall have daily wages 6d. by the day."
There is also another mine, called St. Jone mynde, as deep and broad, and having as many men; and another, called St. Thomas' mine, 3 feet deep and 6 broad, having as many men, who should bring up a like amount of lead ore when they come to the vein. Also there is a good iron mine, of which 21 cwt. have been already made and sent to Bristow; 2 gaddes of iron still remaining weigh 1 cwt. each; and there is above ground by the mine 20 cwt. of iron ore, of which every 3 cwt. should make a gad of 1 cwt. of iron and more. There are three men working daily in the iron mine, of whom one hews the mine, another hews timber to stay it, and another bears the ore up, who brings up in a day above 1,000 weight. Of these three men, the one that digs the mine has 12d. a day after the rate of the Forest of Dene; the one that shores it 6d. a day; and the third, who bears the ore up, 6d. a day.
Also a man and a horse are employed to carry the iron from the mine to the forge at 8d. a day. They go 16 times a day, bringing each time 1 cwt. There are five men who keep the fire to melt the ore, having 12d. a day each after the use of the said forest. "And there is 4 men at the byllos, wer of 3 blows at a tyme, and won of them stond voyd to refrechesse the othir; for the blowthe 6 or 7 owrs at every gad is mylting, and this the macke 2 gades a daye," each weighing 1 cwt. Each blower receives 7½d. a day, and 12d. is paid to the "fewar." Three colliers are also engaged at 6d. a day. This iron mine is 5 fathoms deep, 4 fathoms eastward, and 4 feet broad above; and from the bottom to the vein eastward, 3 feet.
The King has been informed that there is great plenty of woods belonging to him where these mines are; but as they lie in wild and desert places "far from the yewsise of any of your Grace's subjects," no profit can be made of them, and they can serve no purpose, except the fining of the ores. The said mine lies in a park, which was once a deer park, commonly called the parke of Plom; the "cost[ody"] of which was granted by Henry VII. to Sir Robert John, living in London, and he farms the herbage and "pawllmage" (pannage) of the park to Philip Lowcar, of the county of Gladmorgan, S. Wales. The King should have a profit of 40l. from the lead mine, and 40 marks from the herbage and "pawlmage" of the park, if he keep it in his own hands, or give it to Ellis and Monmouth.
viii. Names of the forests belonging to the King in the county Gladmorgan, of which the earl of Worcester is high forester, and Sir Rice Mawnsell under forester :—The new forest and the old, in the lordship of Roccyn; the forest called the Parke Talavan, in the lordship of Tallavane; the forest called Gathe Maylveke (?); O[ld?] Cadow and Carf Ges . . . , in the lordship of Rewthein; Parke Clenoc, in the lordship of Myskyn, Masserauthe; the Forest nest and Kevynpulthe Davithe, in the lordship of Senyght, with the forest of Kevenvedyssa now destroyed; Glynkennon, Glyne tawe, and Coyde Marighan, in the lordship of Myskyn; Wernedegay and Wenvow, in the county of Gladmorgan.
Pp. 18. Endd.
28 May.
R. O.
263. John Hunt to Cromwell.
I have twice addressed letters to you, but had no answer. Four times have I visited you, but learn from Wylliamson you were so much occupied by weighty business that no one was allowed to see you. I left with regret; but as in these Whitsun holidays I thought you might possibly be disengaged, I have taken the trouble to write to you. I think that my uncle Dygby (fn. 5) has told you how he procured for me out of a living at Edmonton a stipend of 5l. in aid of my food and clothing at the University. His wife and son, the executors of his will, now deny it, and I have no means of getting a halfpenny unless you will assist me. All are opposed to me, and, since my uncle's death, do what they please, however much opposed to his intentions. I will do whatever you direct. From a child I have applied to my studies, especially to the civil law, and would be glad to devote myself to the laws of England. Oxoniæ, vto kal. Junii.
Hol, Lat., pp. 2. Add. : Imprimis honorando viro D. Crumwello, patrono suo benignissimo.
30 May.
R. O.
264. Hampton Court.
Articles concluded, 30 May 23 Hen. VIII., concerning the grant by Sir Wm. Weston, prior of St. John of Jerusalem in England, to the King, of Hampton Court, one tenement and fifteen gardens, whereon parcel of the place called Brydewell is now built, one messuage in Chauncellour Lane, now in the tenure of — Higdon, clerk, and the advowson of the prebend of Blewbery, in the cathedral of Salisbury, in exchange for the site of the late monastery of Stangate, Essex, and the lands thereof elsewhere in England.
Draft, pp. 9. Endd.

R. T. 145,
No. 5, § 1. R. O.
265. Catharine Of Arragon.
Catalogue of three files of papers concerning the divorce. (fn. 6)
1. Bull of Julius II., of 27 Dec. 1503, for the marriage between Henry and Catharine. It differs slightly from the brief produced long after by the Emperor.
2. Despatch of the Emperor to Mendoza bishop of Burgos, his minister at London, bidding him protest against all the proceedings.
3. Protestation of Mendoza, addressed to Campeggio.
4. Draft of a notarial instrument attesting that this protestation was made.
5. Procès-verbal on the occasion of the protestation made in the presence of the Pope, at Viterbo, 20 July 1528, by Jean Antoine Mussetula, ambassador of the Emperor, against the Cardinals chosen as judges of the divorce.
6. Authentic copy of the brief of Julius II. to Henry and Catharine, with the procès-verbal of what passed at the reading of the verification of the brief, before the English ministers and the principal lords of the Emperor's Court. Eustache Chappuis was ordered to present a copy to the King. (fn. 7)
7. Letters of credence for Eustache Chappuis, councillor and master of requests to the Emperor, addressed to Henry and Wolsey. Barcelona, May 1529.
8. On the arrival of the brief in England, the King's counsel attacked its authenticity. The Queen demanded the original by Thos. Abel, her chaplain, but the Emperor refused to part with it, but offered to submit it to the examination of any one appointed. This took place 19 April 1529.
9. Protestation of the Queen against the assertion in the brief, of the consummation of her previous marriage. She declares the contrary on oath. 7 Sept. 1528.
10. Account of what passed at the protestation by the ministers of the Emperor and Ferdinand king of Hungary against the proceedings of the Cardinals, with the petition of the Queen for the removal of the trial to Rome. Extracts from the speech of chevalier Majus to the Pope, showing him the injustice of the proceedings, and demanding the revocation of the commissions granted to the legates. The Pope promises to do justice to every one. 27 April 1529.
11. In consequence of this, the Pope sent on 19 July a brief to Wolsey, citing the parties to appear at Rome. The legates issued a public declaration of the cessation of their office, including the powers of the Queen and the Papal brief, on 11 Sept. 1529.
12. Memorandum of the English ambassador at Madrid, complaining of the Emperor's having forced the Pope to summon the parties to appear at Rome. Begs the Emperor not to continue in a cause which the universities of Paris and Orleans, and the Cardinal, chancellor of France, have already declared unjust.
13. Draft in French, and minute in Latin, of the reply to the above. The Emperor says that it was necessary to try the cause at Rome to secure impartiality.
14. Second memorandum of the English ambassador, asking for a plain answer, whether the Emperor had persuaded the Pope to revoke the cause. Henry offers to have the necessity of the citation discussed, verbally or otherwise, by learned men; both sides to abide by the decision. Demands the person of Tyndal, who is hiding in the Emperor's dominions, and sending thence libels, &c. to England.
15. Categorical answers to the above. The Emperor declares that he would never allow the cause to be tried in any other place than Rome. In a cause in which the honor of the Emperor, the king of the Romans, and the king of Portugal are involved, it is necessary that the tribunal should be by, all parties considered valid. Disapproves of Henry's questioning the Papal authority, now that the Lutheran schism has broken out, which cannot be quieted by any means. Asks why there is such great necessity for a second marriage, and why the Princess should not be considered the heir to the throne.
16. Opinion of Charles Pinelly, Friar Preacher, on the English marriage, which he maintains to be valid, even in case of the consummation of the previous one, and consequently indissoluble. Paris, 19 Oct. 1530.
17. Letter of Alphonse de Herrera, Friar Preacher, to Charles Pinelly at Rome, exhorting him to continue in his opinion. Paris, 10 Nov. 1530.
18. Letter of Tacius de Combout, prior of the Jacobins at Paris, to the same, on the same subject.
19. Theological thesis in Latin and Spanish, proving the validity and indissolubility of the marriage. The principal arguments are,—1. God nowhere forbids such a marriage, consequently the head of the Church can permit it. 2. The constant practice of the Church, which always has deemed such dispensations valid, as that granted by Alexander VI. to Emmanuel king of Portugal, which no one complained of. 4. The opinion of the majority of the doctors of the Church, English and others. 5. If the Pope can grant dispensations in the case of vows, in which the obligation is towards God, he surely can in the case of degrees of affinity. The interpretation of civil and ecclesiastical laws belongs principally to theologians, since the superior science contains the inferior.
20. Another thesis, in which, after stating the case, the author gives a list of doubts which might arise, with the authors who have written either for or against them. He takes Catharine's side. One question proposed is, If the betrothal of Henry to Catharine was valid in case the dispensation mentioned nothing but the marriage.
21. Opinion of the Holy Faculty at Poitiers in favor of the Queen, dated 23 April 1530, and signed by 50 doctors. Reasons are taken from Leviticus and Deuteronomy. The Pope's dispensing power in matters of divine right is asserted.
22. Memorandum of Michel Masjus (Mai), ambassador of the Emperor, and of André du Bourg or de Burgo, ambassador of the king of Hungary, to induce the Pope,—1. To forbid the Parliament, colleges, universities, doctors, or any one in England, from giving any opinion, sentence, or judgment about the divorce while it is pending at Rome. 2. To forbid the King from having any communication with Anne de Bolleyn. 3. To discover, by his nuncios, the manœuvres of the Court at London to obtain the suffrages of the doctors. 4. To discover if the Queen had consummated her first marriage, or not. 5. To cite to Rome all the Parisian doctors who had pronounced against the validity of the marriage.
Fr., from a catalogue of papers formerly at Brussels.
[31 May.]
R. O.
266. Wm. Cursun, Vicar of the Friars Observants, Greenwich, to Sir John Dyve.
Desires to be recommended to him and his wife. Thanks them both for their many kindnesses to the brethren. The King has sent their warden to remain at the Grey Friars of Bedford. Requests him to find out from the warden, or one of the brethren, how he is treated, and whether his friends may resort to him, or write to him. Knows no reason for the King's displeasure, "but because he spake and answered the preacher, being in the pulpit, in his sermon;" for which he has been divers times before the bishops, and once before the Convocation. Fears his answer has been misreported to the King. Wishes the King knew his virtuous and religious conversation, and the true heart he bears to God and his Prince. Does not think well to write or send to him till he knows the King's pleasure. Asks for an answer by the next servant whom he is sending to London, or to the Court, which is now at Greenwich, and desires him to tell the warden to let their father have all he wants, for which they will find the money. Greenwich, the Wensday in Wysson weyk.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To, &c., Sir John Dyve, Knt., dwelling in Bedfordshire. Endd. : "This letter was delivered me, the last day of May, by Thomas Rowthe, of Bedford, innholder, in the presence of Reynold Grey, Esq., Sir John Patynson, vicar of Bromham, and other of my servants."
31 May.
Simancas MS.
267. Peter Paul Parisio to Charles V.
Received from Rodorico [Niño], his ambassador in Venice, letters from him, dated Augsburg, 23 Sept., and Aix, 15 Jan. Lately Peter Roelands has come hither from Rome. Has spoken to him about the divorce, and desires credence for him. Padua, 31 May 1532. (fn. 8)
Ital., pp. 2, modern copy.
31 May.
Simancas MS.
268. Pablo Torrellas, Canon of Padua, to Charles V.
Hearing from Pedro Rolans, the Emperor's servant, that the case of the queen of England is solicited but coldly at Rome, I have communicated what I think about it to the bearer. San Joan de Verdara, Padua, 31 May 1531.
Sp., p. 1, modern copy. Endd. : "De Petro Paulo Parisio, en creencia de M. Petro Rolands."
31 May.
Simancas MS.
269. Pablo Torrellas, Canon of Padua, to Charles V.
Hearing from Pedro Rolans that the cause of the queen of England was but coldly solicited, I wrote on the subject to Rodrigo Niño, telling him that the King had spent 3,000 crowns in Padua in procuring opinions, and advising him also to procure some. He replied that the Emperor did not wish to show himself in the case, so that the king of England might have no reason to complain of him. Could not allow such an erroneous course of conduct to pass unnoticed. Desires credence for the bearer. S. Joan de Verdara, de Padua, 31 May 1531.
Sp., pp. 2, modern copy.
31 May.
Le Grand, III. 526.
270. Nicolas Raince to Montmorency.
Doubts not that Grandmont and Albany will write about what has been gained in the English affair since Grandmont's coming, who has done more than the English ambassadors. Rome, Wednesday, last of May 1531.
31 May.
R. O.
271. — to the Bishop Of —.
Asks him to give Master Nicholas Shaxton (fn. 9) , who has just been admitted inceptor in divinity, license to preach in his diocese. Before admission tried and proved him, finding him agreeable to everything they could require in cautela futurorum, and ready to swear what he prescribed for quietness in these troublous times. He will show the oath to your Lordship, and swear it again, if desired. Testifies, with all the other doctors of divinity in Cambridge, that Shaxton is a good Catholic man, and all that he has done has been of a right purpose, though perhaps it has not been so taken by all men. Is sure he will stand on the Church side, and confute to his power all erroneous opinions. Cambridge, 31 May.
P. 1.
31 May.
R. O.
272. Evan [John] Maskall to his Brother Eustace Maskall.
I thank your for you kindness to me in my sickness. I never thought since I promised you my book, but that you should have it, to take out of it what was for your purpose; "but the knave monk is one of these that now is gone a roving out of his Order, and he took my book with him," some say to the house at Eynsham, and left it there with another knave monk, to whom I have sent four times, yet he will not "be know" of it, though he confesses that the monk left other books with him, which he bought. I am not able to stir in consequence of my sickness. Move my master for my wages, for he promised my wife at Fredeswyde's College that I should have it. Do not move it, however, except ye think it may be sped, for he has been very good to me. For the last 10 days I have had good appetite and sleep, and no ague, up to this last day of May. Commend me to my friends at Hampton Court.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To Ewstes Maskall, clerk of the Check in the King's works at Hampton Court.
31 May.
R. O.
273. William Laurence to Cromwell.
I have given the best knowledge I could to Mr. Hall of the lands, &c. belonging to the manor of Borne. He has found a court roll of certain lands belonging to the same in the hands of John Fox, of Harwharton, who has always paid me 9s. 4d. a year, and he challenges it as belonging to Borne, as they have always paid relief at every change of priors. Mr. Wynkfyld has a meadow containing 2½ acres by patent. Half the profits are to go to the King, but Wynkfyld has taken the whole. Mr. Bennyngfeld will not pay this half year without your letters. Is Master Alford to have the tithe hay as well as the tithe corn? Master Rush and Master Alford commanded me to see what was the offering of Our Lady. There was in the box 20l. 5s., and in the two boxes for wax 6l. 5s. 9d. Out of the said money I have received by Mr. Alford for the teachers and instructors of the grand school 3l., and from himself for his tithes, &c., 43s. 4d. Gypswich, 31 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : [To] the right worshipful [M]aster Crumwell.

R. O.
274. Instructions To The English Ambassadors With The Pope.
" — potentissimum reticuerit, quæ tamen totius hujus periculi quasi prora et puppis, ut dicitur, esse videntur;" viz., for one thing that [the Pope] had against all right and equity, and solely to please the Emperor, excommunicated John king of Hungary, without even giving him a hearing, by the sentence he had pronounced at Bologna; and also what Grimani, whom the Pope declares to be the author of these news, reported before the Pope himself and many Cardinals, viz., that the Turk had made peace with the Emperor and Ferdinand, while, as we are informed by the Hungarian ambassador, king John engages to obtain this peace from the Turk, if only the Emperor and Ferdinand would come to an honorable agreement with him, and submit their differences to arbitration. Even if these things be true, we are compelled to treat them as false, seeing that even they (illi) by their conduct show that they so regard them; for if they thought them true, it is not to be supposed that they would any longer dissemble the things that they have so unjustly designed against such a Prince, in violation of public law, when they could take at once such obvious and easy remedies.
In speaking of these things with the Pope, you must use every effort to impress upon him what bloodshed, wars, and calamities in all Christendom have arisen from this one deed of his, forcing the king of Hungary to seek foreign aid by an excommunication which, whether right or wrong, was passed merely for the sake of the Emperor.
You must denounce this act to the Pope, so that he may be warned never again, in determining the disputes of Princes, to allow himself to be led away from the course dictated by Divine law, sacred canons, the authority of holy men, and natural equity. On these grounds you shall also insist on the reasons alleged by our excusator for remitting our cause to England. If he be not moved to this by justice and the fear of God, the calamity of these times ought to influence him, which nothing but genuine peace among Princes and friendship with the Pope can cure. And you must repeatedly inculcate that the Turk does not do this to subvert the Christian religion everywhere, but only to curb by some means the ambition of the Emperor and Ferdinand, for which he thinks it a favorable opportunity, for he believes there is little sincere friendship between other Christian princes and the Emperor. The Pope has long since alienated the most powerful Kings, e.g. ourselves and Francis, by insisting on taking cognisance of our cause at Rome. But there is a much easier way of resisting the Turk than that proposed by the Pope. He ought to use all his influence and authority with the Emperor to make him place some restraint on his ambition, endeavour to settle matters with the king of Hungary without war, and refrain from interfering with Henry's affairs, allowing the Pope to remit the cause to England. If the Pope will not do this with or without the Emperor's consent, he need not expect Henry to expose himself to such perils for the sake of the private quarrels of the Emperor and the Turk; but if he can bring it about, how much it will conduce to the tranquillity of all Christendom !
You shall, therefore, suggest to the Pope that if he stand so much in dread of the Turk while the Emperor's army is in Italy, and consult chiefly his own safety and glory, how seriously would that be affected if he were to fall into the hands of the Turk. You will, therefore, urge him to settle the affairs he has in Italy, and come in person to his city of Avignon, where Henry and Francis with their combined forces will protect him and his dominions, and either die with him, or vindicate the name of Christ against the Infidel, to his and their eternal glory.
Finally, you are to tell the Pope that as we are determined to leave no means of peace untried, hearing that kings Ferdinand and John have referred their claims to Hungary to the judgment of the king of Poland, we have written to that King to decide the matter speedily and with justice, that the Turk may not find an opportunity to invade Christendom. You shall also say that we are informed by the Imperial ambassador here that the Emperor has long been determined to make peace with the princes of Germany, and agree to all their terms, both as to innovations in ceremonies (novatio ceremoniarum) most generally received in the Church, and even as to reducing the Pope's authority and resources to that degree which they shall think most suitable. If this be true, the Pope would have done well to have preferred Henry's friendship to the wiles of others.
Lat., pp. 7, in Clerk's hand.
Add. MS. 28,583, f. 229. B. M.
275. The Divorce.
"Relacion de las cartas de Muxetula, xx., xxiiij., xxv., xxvj. de Mayo, xxx. de Mayo."
The cardinal of Grammont urges on the part of the king of France that the English cause should be committed either in England or in France, or at least in Cambray; and that two hats should be at the disposal of France, and two others at the disposal of England. He also tries to obtain the presentation of the churches in France.
The remainder is about the Council, the marriage of the duke of Orleans, and Italian affairs.
Sp., pp. 7, modern copy.
R. O.
276. Jewels.
Jewels delivered to the King since the fi[rst] of Aug., anno præterito, by Cornelys Hayes.
Among others, a ring set with emeralds, delivered to Mistress Anne at Beaulieu, 3 Aug., with numerous other presents of jewelry. Also for garnishing a book with silver and gilt, 24 Sept. Also a crown of gold on the 27th. Buttons of gold, &c., on 6th Oct. A brooch, 20 Oct. A girdle of crown gold, 3 Nov. For mending a little book which was garnished in France, 8 Nov. Binding in velvet two books and a table. Mending a bracelet, 3 Dec. Delivered by Master Sissell, for riband for lacing aglets, 16d. For Mistress Anne, a diamond in a brooch of Our Lady of Boulogne, a red riband with the same, by Mr. Sissell. 19 diamonds for her head, 29 Dec. Two bracelets for her, set with 10 diamonds and 8 pearls. Garnishing a little book with crown gold for her, 1 Jan. A ring with a table diamond, 16 Jan. Rings of crown gold for the King, and two diamonds, sent by Wm. Brereton. Graving, &c. 2 arms in a bason and ewer, for Mistress Anne, 18 Jan.; with other items. 19 diamonds set in trueloves of crown gold, 31 Jan., for the same. 21 rubies set in roses of crown gold. A borasse flower of diamonds for her. Two borders of gold for her sleeves, set with 10 diamonds and 8 pearls.
More delivered by Master Parker. Further items, with the marking of dishes and saucers. Two buttons of crown gold, set with 10 diamonds and 40 pearls; 4 ditto, 5 Feb. 2 diamonds on two hearts, for her head, 9 Feb.; with other items.
Jewelry and binding sent to the King by Master Welche. Mending and new enamelling of certain pieces for a book. 21 diamonds and 21 rubies set upon roses and hearts, for Mistress Anne, 21 March. Also a dial and a tablet. Also five diamonds and 4 pieces of Paris work, in April. For the King, a walking staff, garnished with crown gold, furnished with a foot measure, a compass, and a pair of tongs, of coarse gold. A case for the staff and the instruments in it. Various items for binding in silver and gold. Also two walking staves, with 2 foot measures, compasses, and tongs. A waterpot of silver for the King, in May, sent by Mrs. Penne. 10 buttons of gold, set with diamonds, for Mistress Anne, 17 May. More for the same. Mending the stopple of a horn for gunpowder, for the King.
Pp. 13. Endd.

R. O.
277. [Cromwell] to Master Strete.
He will receive by the bearer a commission and warrant to survey the lands of the bishopric of Coventry and Lichfield, and to receive the rents and profits for the King; with letters to the escheator of Chester, ordering him to cease from collecting rents there, and to pay to Strete what he has already received. The King thanks him for the pains he has already taken, and desires him to send up the half year's rent before St. John's Day. He wishes the bearers, Fyndern and Curson, to have the preference in buying the cattle at the priory of Calliche.
Draft, pp. 2, in Wriothesley's hand. On the dorse is the following memorandum : "Robt. Cokett, of Bolton Percye, in the county of the city of York, gentleman, to be bound for Dan Matthew Dynes, monk of the monastery of the Holme."
May./Grants. 278. Grants in May 1531.
1. Monastery of Elnestowe (Linc. diocese). Restitution of temporalities on the election of Elizabeth Boyfeld as abbess, whose fealty has been ordered to be taken by the priors of Newenham and Caldewell. Del. 1 May 23 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 14.
2. John Fermor, of Darton, York, carpenter. Pardon for having, in self-defence, at Notton More, in the township of Notton, York, mortally wounded one John Lound, of Darton, carpenter, as appears by the record of John Froviser, one of the coroners in co. York, sent to John Spelman and his associates, justices of gaol delivery for York Castle. Westm., 1 May.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 1.
3. William Williamson, goldsmith, of Canterbury, als. Carsecorf, als. Goldesmyth. Pardon for having feloniously killed Richard als. Derick Pope, currier, of St. Mary Magdalene, in the ward of Burgate, Canterbury. Greenwich, 30 April 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 3 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 5.
4. Thomas Goldeburgh. Inspeximus and confirmation of charter 12 Oct. 53 Hen. III., being a grant to Ric. de Goldeburg of free warren in his demesne lands of Goldeburgh, Yorksh. Westm., 5 May.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 31.
5. Thos. Barnabe, haberdasher, London. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir John Bourchier, lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 3 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 May.—P.S.
6. Warden and scholars of "Saint Marie College of Wynchestre, in Oxford," founded by William of Wyckham. Pardon of all acquisitions in mortmain before 31 March 22 Hen. VIII. Greenwich, 2 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 17.
7. Sir William Pyrton. Grant of the lordship of Devyles, in the lordship of Newporte (S. Wales), parcel of the possessions of Edward late duke of Buckingham, attainted, in the King's hands by the death of Eleanor late duchess of Buckingham, with reservations. Greenwich, 3 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 19.
8. Cornelius Heys, goldsmith, a native of Holland. Licence to keep six aliens apprentices and 12 journeymen, notwithstanding the statute 14 & 15 Hen. VIII. Westm., 16 March 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 May 23 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 19.
9. Henry earl of Essex. Inspeximus and confirmation of charter 20 June 7 Edw. IV., being a grant to Henry earl of Essex, and his heirs, of a market and two fairs at Halstede, Essex. Westm., 8 May.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 12.
10. John Williams. Grant in reversion of the office of clerk of the King's jewels, with fees of 20 marks a year; which office was granted by patent 21 Oct. 16 Hen. VIII. to Thomas Wiat, esquire of the Royal Body, son and heir of Henry Wyat. Westm., 8 May.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 7.
11. Anthony Vienvan, merchant of Luke. Licence to export 200 qrs. of beans. Greenwich, 29 April 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 May.—P.S.
12. Joan Kayleway, widow. Licence to alienate her whole purparty or moiety of the manor of Branell, and of the advowson of the church of St. Stephen, Branell, Cornw., to John Rowe, serjeant-at-law, Nicholas Assheford, Henry Walrond, Humphrey More, John Skevys, John Cruys, Edward Cruys, William Tornour, and Simon Kaylewaye, to the use of the said Joan for her life. Westm., 12 May. — Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 31.
13. Henry Makwilliam, George Colte, Edmund Grey, Christopher Gouldyngham, Christopher Coo, Henry Spilman, Thomas Danyelle, John Sprynge, and Robert Crane. Pardon for having acquired, by fine before Sir Robert Brudenell and his associates, justices of the Common Pleas, to themselves and the heirs of the said Thomas, from Sir William Clopton and Thomasina his wife, the moiety of the manor of Newton Belhouse alias Newynton Belhouse, 300 acres of land, 200 acres of meadow, 500 acres of pasture, 40 acres of wood, and 10l. rents in Newyngton, Cheryngton, Hithe, Felston [Folkestone], and Dommersche, Kent. Westm., 12 May.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 19.—Vacated because elsewhere.
14. Rouland Goodman, of London, merchant. Licence to ship into Ireland 300 qrs. of malt and 300 qrs. of beans. Greenwich, 10 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 May. —P.S. Fr. roll 23 Hen. VIII. m. 1.
15. George Monoux, alderman of London. Licence to alienate lands in Wotton, Beds., to Thomas Monoux, son and heir apparent of John Monoux, of Burton, Norf., kinsman of the said George. Westm., 12 May.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 31.
16. Commissions of Gaol Delivery. Maydeston Gaol,— at Estmallyng : Sir Hen. Guldeford, Sir Hen. Wyat, Sir Thos. Nevill, Sir Edw. Wotton, Thos. Willoughby, serjeant-at-law, Will. Whetnall, James Pekham, Thos. Roydon, Hen. Fane, Geo. Whetnall, and Geo. Culpeper. Warwick (county) Gaol : Sir Edw. Ferrers, Sir Geo. Throkmarton, Roger Wigston, John Grevyle, Will. Legh, Will. Feldyng, Thos. Trye, Ric. Verney, John Walldyff, Reginald Digby, Thos. Holte, and Baldwin Porter. Leicester Gaol : Sir Ric. Sacheverell, Sir John Villers, Roger Wigston, Thos. Hasilrigge, Thos. Brokesby, Thos. Trye, John Fowler, John Saunders, Thos. Entwisell, and John Beamounte. St. Alban's (the Abbot's) Gaol : Thos. earl of Wiltshire, Sir Humph. Conyngesby, Sir Griffin Donne, Chr. Jenney, Will. Conyngesby, John Conyngesby, Will. Marshall, Will. Pavier, Peter Barons, and John Purs. Westm., 12 May.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 12d.
17. Commission of Sewers. Bishop's Lynn, and cos. Norf., Camb., Hunts, Northt., and Linc. : John abbot of Ramsey, John abbot of Peterburgh, Robt. abbot of Thorney, John abbot of Croylond, John lord Husey, John lord Burgh, Thos. prior of Spalding, Thos. Magnus, clk., Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, sen., Sir Will. Parr, Sir Rob. Dymmok, Sir John Russell, of Thornhall, Sir Rob. Tyrwhitt, Sir Andrew Billesby, Sir John Thymolby, Rob. Husey, Will. Skipwith, Geo. Fitzwilliam, Thos. Tempest, Edw. Mountague, John Hynde, Rob. Sutton, Will. Disney, Thos. Moign, Thos. Dalaland, Hamund Sutton, Will. Sandon, John Mounson, John Goderyke, Ant. Missenden, John Uvedall, Rob. Browne, John Hennege, Thos. Holland, John Littelbury, John Meres, John Turner, Edw. Warner, Ant. Eirby, Alex. Balam, Ric. Ogle, jun., Robert Pulvertofte, Thos. Gildon, Thos. Hall, Ric. Rede, Thos. Dunhold, Simon Fyneham, Nic. Robertson, John Fryskeney, Peter Efford, and Rob. Alenson, for the district from Owtewell to Welney, and thence to Suthery, and by the river Ouze to Lenn Episcopi. Westm., 13 May.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2d.
18. John Hykkookys, "sherman," of Wheymecoote or Wynnecote, in the parish of Durssle, Glouc. Pardon for the murder of John Thessam, of Wheymecote or Whermecote, Glouc., weaver. Greenwich, 7 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 13 May.— P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 5.
19. Wm. Hoggeson and John Thorough-good. To have the keeping of the Guy Warwick's sword in Warwick Castle, on surrender of patent 24 June 1 Hen. VIII., granting it to Hoggeson alone. Greenwich, 11 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 May.—P.S.
20. Thomas Browne. Appointment as comptroller of customs in the port of Boston. Westm., 16 May.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 21.
21. Commission to Sir William Skevyngton, as Deputy to Henry duke of Richmond, Lieutenant of Ireland, to call a Parliament in Ireland, to be dissolved before 1 Nov. next ensuing, to consider the following articles, viz. :— i. For the reformation of the injurious usages of "coyn, lyvery, and pay," by which retainers of lords and gentlemen were in the habit of exacting provisions from the peasantry without paying for them, and committing other depredations; and also for the augmentation of the King's revenues towards the support of the Lieutenant and other expences. That the King shall have yearly a subsidy of 13s. 4d. (Irish money) on every ploughland occupied in the nd for the term of 10 years next ensuing; and that all the cross lands and clergy shall be yearly charged during said term, in like manner as the cross lands and clergy of the four shires, viz., Dublin, Meath, Kildare, and Lowth.
ii. That whereas the king's English subjects have been oppressed by persons pretending title to lands, taking out distresses, and hiding the same from the owners, and sometimes taking such distresses to the marches of the shire towards the Irishry, so that the owners could not follow them to have them replevied according to the order of law : it be enacted, that any person taking out distresses for damage fesaunt, rents, or services, or other cause, shall put them in an open pound or place within the barony where this shall be taken, so that the owners may have sure knowledge to sue a replevy thereof according to law; and that no one take any distress out of the barony, nor "occupy" the same distress without licence of the owner, under a penalty of 20l.
iii. That it be made felony in any of the King's subjects dwelling in the Englishry or marches thereof, committing any offence, to fly into any Irishman's country for aid, succour, or maintenance.
iv. That whereas the statutes against absentees have been found prejudicial to students at Oxford and other universities, and in the inns of Court and Chancery of London : it be enacted, that no such acts shall be to the prejudice of students at any university or inn of Court or Chancery out of Ireland.
v. That it be made felony to take any distress or pledge for debt, trespass, or any other cause, except for damages fesaunt, rent, or services, and other causes reasonable where men ought to distrain by course of the King's law.
vi. That at the request of Gerald earl of Kildare, who wishes to make assurance to Elizabeth his wife, sister of the late lord marquis Dorset (who is of the blood royal), of 300 marks annually out of the manors, messuages, &c. of Portlester, Moylagh, Moynalwey, and Ardmolgham (Meath), Lucan (Dublin), and Rathmore (Kildare), in full recompense of her dowry, the said Elizabeth shall have the said annuity for the term of her life in form following; viz., 240 marks out of the said manors in co. Meath, and 60 marks out of the manors of Lucan and Rathmore. Also that so long as it shall please the said Elizabeth, after the decease of the said Earl, to live in Ireland, she shall have the whole manor of Portlester for the sum of 80 marks, parcel of the said 300 marks; but during such time she shall have no power of distraining in the other manors, &c. aforesaid. And when and as often as she shall please to absent herself from Ireland, then and so often the said Earl's heir male shall have the said manor before any other, if he please to accept it, paying to the said Elizabeth during her absence the said sum of 80 marks, for which the said Elizabeth shall have power to distrain. And that during the said Elizabeth's absence she shall lose no part of the said 300 marks by reason of any statute of absentees. And if at the time of the said Elizabeth leaving the country, she shall ever have any corn in the ground or land ploughed in the said manor, she shall retain the said corn, land, and farms until reasonable time when the crops shall be carried away; and whenever the said Elizabeth shall come to Ireland to dwell there, the said Earl's heir male shall have the like advantage against her.
vii. That whereas the administration of the law is greatly impeded in actions, real and personal, by challenges of the jurors and officers that should return the King's writs, sometimes for insufficiency of freehold, and sometimes on account of kindred and affinity, which is very general among the gentlemen of the English pale, they being precluded by statute from marrying with the Irish, so that they are all allied to each other by blood : it be enacted, that every man having in demesne or in use lands of the yearly value of 20s. above the charges, in fee simple, fee tail, or for term of life, or otherwise in freehold, shall pass in all actions real, assizes and pleas of land, and in all actions mixed and personal, notwithstanding the demand or damages exceed 40 marks; attaints only excepted; and that no principal challenge shall hold good on the plea of affinity, except within the first degree, in any action real or personal, or in any assize, attaint, or plea of land. [The articles are in English.] Del. Westm., 16 May 23 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, mm. 2, 3.
22. Commission of the Peace.
Oxfordshire : Sir Thos. More, Chancellor, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Charles duke of Suffolk, Thos. earl of Wiltshire, Will. prior of St. John's of Jerusalem in England, Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, jun., Sir John Porte, Thos. Willoughby, serjeant-at-law, Sir John Daunce, Sir Adrian Fortescue, Sir Will. Barentyne, Sir Edw. Chamberleyn, Sir Simon Harecourte, Sir Walter Stoner, Sir Rob. Lee, Sir Ant. Hungreford, Sir Thos. Elyott. Humph. Foster, Will. Fermour, Thos. Carter, John More, Thos. Denton, Thos. Umpton, John Osbaldeston, John Busterd, John Brome, Ant. Coope, Ric. Weynman, Will. Counser, Geoff. Dormer, Edm. Nowers. Westm., 16 May. — Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 4d.
23. Robert Webbe, yeoman of the Studs. To be mower of the meadows called Barforde, Brodehale, and Ley, in the lordship of Warwick, with fees from the death of Sir Wm. Compton; and to have the keeping of the waters between Gibcliff mill and Bardforde mill. Greenwich, 12 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 May.—P.S.
24. Sir George Lawson. Grant of the offices of forester of Sourby and Sourbishire, Yorksh., and of keeper of "Le Mote Hall," of Wakefeld, with fees of 1½d. a day, and 6s. 8d. a year for his cloak, as forester, and 2d. a day as keeper of the said Hall, in the same manner as John Toby or John Deka enjoyed the same; on surrender of patent 6 Feb. 14 Hen. VIII. granting the same to the said Edward Decka, one of the yeomen of the Guard. Greenwich, 12 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 7.
25. Benedictine monastery of St. Mary [and] St. Modwen, Burton-upon-Trent. Restitution of the temporalities on the election as abbot of William Boston, a monk of Peterborough (Linc. dioc.), whose fealty is to be taken by John Denton and David Poole, clks. Greenwich, 15 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 14.
26. William Howghton, clk. Grant of the canonry or prebend in the chapel called "Saint Sepulcor chapell," near York cathedral, void by the resignation of Thomas Leghe, clk., and at the King's disposal as belonging to the temporalities of the archbishopric of York. Greenwich, 16 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 14.
27. John Bromfild, one of the yeomen of the Guard. Grant of the custody of the person and property of Elizabeth Archer, an idiot. Greenwich, 13 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 May.— P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 7.
28. Sir William Essex. Custody of the manor of Fittelton (Wilts), with the advowson of Fittelton church, and of 6 messuages, 300 acres of land, 20 acres of meadow, 400 acres of pasture in Fittelton; with an annuity of 8l. 19s. 6d. issuing from the manors of Waxcombe, Burbage, Sanage, Bedwyne, and Orcheston (Wilts), lately belonging to Sir Edward Darell, deceased, during the minority of Edward Darell, his kinsman and heir, viz., son of John, son and heir apparent of the said Sir Edward; with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Greenwich, 18 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 19 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 7.
29. Wm. Dangard, of London, vintner. Pardon for stealing a dagger and six silver spoons, a silver goblet, and a maser with the bond and boss of silver gilt, belonging to John Sewell, inn-holder, London. Greenwich, 16 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 May.—P.S.
30. Edward Grene. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Sir John Grene. Greenwich, 14 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 May.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 14.
31. Commission of the Peace.
Kent : W. archbishop of Canterbury, Sir Thos. More, Chancellor, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Charles duke of Suffolk, Hen. marquis of Exeter, Thos. earl of Wiltshire, J. bishop of Rochester, Will. prior of St. John's of Jerusalem in England, Geo. Nevill lord Bergevenny, John (sic) Broke lord Cobham, Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, jun., Sir Hen. Guldeford, Thos. Iuglefeld, Chr. Hales, attorney general, Sir Hen. Wyatt, Sir Thos. Nevell, Sir Thos. Cheyney, Sir Hen. Guldeford, Sir Edw. Nevell, Sir Will. Crowmer, Sir John Fogge, Sir Ric. Walden, Sir Edw. Wotton, Sir Will. Hawte, Sir John Norton, Sir John Scott, Sir Alexander Culpeper, Sir Edw. Ryngeley, Sir Will. Fynche, Sir Ric. Clement, John Halys, Thos. Willoughby, Hen. Norreys, Geo. Guldeford, Will. Kempe, John Baker, James Walsyngham, Thos. Wood, John Colman, Ant. Seyntleger, jun., Hen. Fane, Will. Roper, James Pekham, Edw. Boveton, Will. Draper, John Crips, John Crowmer, Edw. Monyn, Thos. Willesford, Thos, Roydon, Will. Goldewell, Will. Marten, Edw. Thwaytes, Walter Hendley, John Lovelas, Hen. See, John Culpeper. Westm., 20 May.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 4d.
32. Sir William Kyngeston, knight of the Royal Body, and Edmund Tame. Lease of the manors of Rentcombe (or Rondecombe) and North Cerney, and a tenement with 80 acres of arable land and pasture, called Veynours, and 25 acres of arable land in a field called Woodmancotefeld, in Rentcombe and North Cerney; parcel of the lands of Edward duke of Buckingham, attainted; in the King's hands by the death of Eleanor duchess of Gloucester; with reservations, for the term of 21 years, at the annual rent of 11l.; on surrender of patent 3 March 22 Hen. VIII, being a similar lease of the manor of Rendecombe to the said William. Westm., 22 May. —Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 12.
33. Sir William Essex. Custody of the manors of Waxcombe, Westbedwyn, Burbage, Sanage, and Orcheston (Wilts), in the King's hands by the minority of Edward Darell, kinsman and heir of Sir Edward Darell, deceased, viz., s. of John s. and h. of the said Edward; during the minority of the said heir, of whom the wardship and marriage was granted to the said Wm. Essex by a former patent, along with the custody of the manor of Fittelton (Wilts), and 6 messuages. 300 acres of land, 200 acres of meadow, 400 acres of pasture in Fittelton, the advowson of Fittelton church, and an annuity of 8l. 19s. 6d. issuing from the said manors of Wexcombe, &c. Greenwich, 18 May, 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 22 May. —P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 5.
34. Thomas Hussey, William Clopton, jun., and John Waldegrave, kinsmen and three next heirs of lady Genovefe, formerly wife of Sir William Saye, viz., the said Thomas, being s. and h. of Anne, one of the ds. and hs. of Joan, one of the ds. and hs. of John Cheyne, of Rynne, s. and h. of Elizabeth sister of John Hyll, of Spaxton (Somers.), father of the said Genovefe; the said William Clopton, jun., being s. and h. of Elizabeth, another of the ds. and hs. of the said Joan, daughter of the said John Cheyne; and the said John Waldegrave being s. and h. of Isabella another of the ds. and hs. of the said John Cheyne. Licence of entry, without proof of age, on all the possessions of the said Sir William Saye and Genovefe in England, Calais, Wales, and the marches thereof. Hampton Court, 7 Dec. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 May 23 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 13.
36. Thomas Vaulx, clerk of the controlment of the King's household. To have the pension which the next abbot of Burton-upon-Trent is bound to give to a clerk of the King's nomination, until he shall be by the said abbot promoted to a competent benefice. York Place, 19 Feb. 22 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 May 23 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
37. Nicholas Caldwall, soldier of Calais. Grant of the Artillery garden and house, free of rent, with all issues, profits, &c. thereto belonging, in the parish of St. Nicholas, Calais. Greenwich, 14 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 May.—P.S.
38. Robert Morwent. Presentation to the parish church of Bisshepiston, alias Elsborne, Sarum dioc., vice John Claymond, S.T.B., who resigns with a pension; the right of presentation belonging to the King in consequence of the voidance of the see of Winchester. Greenwich, 18 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 25 May.—P.S.
39. Nicholas Forde, fishmonger, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir John Bourghchyer lord Berners. Fiat signed by lord Berners. Endd. : Apud manerium juxta Westm., xxvjo die Maii, ao R. R. H. Oct. xxiijo.—P.S.
40. John Bird. To be chief carpenter of the works of the town and marches of Calais, which office Thomas Jay, deceased, lately held, with the usual fees, and the old timber of ships, &c. Greenwich, 13 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 26 May. — P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
41. The hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England. Licence to William the present prior, and to any future prior, during the term of 44 years from the date hereof, to purchase in any market, fair, or other places, clothing and other goods for the use of the brethren, and to convey the same to the brethren that now are or shall at any time hereafter be in places beyond the sea. Greenwich, 26 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 May.—P.S.


1 See Statute 22 Hen. VIII. c. 8.
2 Corrected from "modesty and simplicity."
3 Giovanni Tavera.
4 So in MS., no month being given. The date was originally "at our manor of Greenwich, the 14 day," and is corrected.
5 Benjamin Digby? See vol. IV. No. 5069.
6 Prefixed to this inventory is the following note by the transcriber : "Ce travail fut fait pour le Comte de Cobenzl, Ministre Plénipotentiaire de l'Impératrice aux Pays-Bas. A cette époque (1760 à 1770) les pièces dont il présente l'analyse reposaient dans les Archives de Bruxelles. Elles en ont disparu depuis. Peut-être sont elles à Vienne avec tant d'autres papiers de la Belgique. Quoi qu'il en soit, j'ai pensé que ces extraits d'actes d'une si haute importance seroient toujours utiles, d'autant plus qu'ils ont été formés avec soin, et que les pièces principales y sont analysées avec quelque détail."
7 The compiler adds some observations about the cavils raised upon the date, which he thinks should apply to the bull and brief alike.
8 Apparently an error of the copyist for "1531."
9 Bp. of Salisbury in 1535.