28,583, f. 310.
319. Substance Of Letters Of Micer Mai, 3 July.
Has spoken to the auditors Capisuches and Simoneta. The former said
that if the Emperor wished to reward him, he should give the reward to
cardinal Cesarino, his cousin. Simoneta was ready to take a reward
The English have revoked the protectorship held by Campeggio, and
have not yet given it to another. The process of the cause of England is in
the hands of the relator. It cannot be despatched before the vacation, unless
a commission is obtained to continue it in spite of the holidays.
Sp., modern copy.
3881, f. 31.
320. Francis Lord Hastings.
Articles concluded between Margaret countess of Salisbury and
Henry lord Mountague on one part, and Geo. earl of Huntingdon on the
other, for a marriage between Fras. lord Hastings, son of the said Earl, and
Katharine daughter of lord Mountague. 3 July 23 Hen. VIII. (fn. 1)
321. Richard Layton, Priest, to Sir Will. Paulet.
In behalf of two parishioners and others belonging to the chapelry
of East Farnham, Hants, who had procured an acre of ground for a churchyard,
but as they have not the King's licence of mortmain to exhibit to the
chancellor their ordinary, it cannot be consecrated. London, 4 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Mr. Pawlett, controller of
household to the king's Grace.
322. The Prior, Subprior, &c. Of Malmesbury to Henry VIII.
Received on the 3rd his letters, showing that the King had been
informed that there had been great variance among them as to the election,
and had sent Dr. Lee to them to signify his pleasure. They are in perfect
concord; and Dr. Lee, who has been with them twice, has not declared the
King's pleasure so largely as was done today by Sir Edw. Baynton, steward
of the monastery. Are content, accordingly, to send by Baynton or Dr. Lee
the names of four brethern, that the King may choose one. Bromham,
Signed : John Codryngton, prior — Dan John Gloceter, subprioure—
Dan Water Brystowe, coffurer—Dan John Calne, fermerer.
P. 1. Add.
Vesp. F. XIII.
323. G. Earl Of Huntyngdon to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his kindness. Desires him to continue good master
to the bearer, his servant, whose annuity he excepted in his bargain with Sir
Wm. Compton. Thinks that Cromwell knows how the escheator's quest
would have found. Asks him, therefore, to help him to enjoy what the Earl
gave him. 5 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To, &c., Mr. Cromwell, one of the King's most
Cal. B. I. 298.
324. Sir David Lyndsay to the Lord Great Secretary Of
Came to Brussels, 3rd July. Had audience of the Emperor three
days after, and got good expedition of his principal charges. The old
alliances are confirmed for a hundred years. Has sent a duplicate of the
confirmation to the Conservator. Will bring another with him to Scotland,
both under the Emperor's great seal. Has delivered the counterpart, under
the great seal of Scotland. Don Peder de le Cowe, to whom he delivered the
Secretary's writings, showed him great kindness, but did not remain in the
court long after he came. Sends his answer by bearer. Remained in the
court over seven weeks, on the matters of the merchants. When he came it
was reported that the Scotch king was dead. The queen of Hungary
enquired if it was true, and rejoiced to find it was not. Was told that the
Emperor made all the "kirkmen" in Brussels pray for his soul. The news
came from England, and was believed till his arrival. It would be too long
to write the triumphs that have been celebrated here. Jousts, tournaments,
fighting on foot, "in barras," and the names of the lords and knights wounded
at the Great Tournament, he has written to show the King on his return.
The Emperor intends leaving for Germany, for reformation of the Lutherans,
at the end of the month. The queen of Hungary remains here as Regent,
"and was affermit (?) regent by the iij. estates" at Brussels on the 5th July.
Antwerp, 23 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : "To my special lord my lord ye gret secretar to our
sowerain lord of Scotland." Endd. by Wriothesley : "Letters from David
Lindsay to the secretary of Scotland."
Thomas a Lee, one of the King's gunners, to be principal searcher and
maker of saltpetre, with power to search and dig for the same in the King's
lands and elsewhere. The said Thomas is to "replenish and make up plain"
all ground broken, at his own cost, so that the owner be not injured. He is,
however, authorised to hire workmen in the King's name, and to take wood
for burning and trying the saltpetre, with carriage for the same by land
and water, and to take any house or houses at reasonable rent, with all
other necessaries and commodities for the same. Windsor Castle, 8 July
23 Hen. VIII.
326. Henry VIII. to Ghinucci, Benet, and Casale.
Has delayed answering their letters of the 7th June, awaiting the
judgments of the lawyers from France, which he now sends, touching the
injuries done him by the Pope in citing him to Rome, and refusing to hear
Dr. Kerne. Not only the French but also the English lawyers are almost
all agreed that the Pope has no right to cite the King thither. We wish
certainly that you would get this opinion confirmed by universities and
learned men in Italy; which, doubtless, you will have little difficulty in doing.
You are also to represent to the Pope and Cardinals the injury done to us.
We do not altogether despair of the Pope, if he will be guided by those who
seek the weal of Christendom, and not their own. The approaching holidays
will give you an opportunity of conversing more freely with the Pope on this
matter, and urging him to do justice with all celerity; not that we would ask
anything of him, but that he may see the truth and come to his senses
(resipiscat). We desire you to use such gentleness in talking with him that he
may not think our friendship so grievously wounded as that in time it may
not be healed again, especially as we have gladly learned that he has agreed
to suspend the process for some months.
We learn from Flanders that the Emperor is going into Germany, and has
determined to treat with the princes of Germany upon the question of the
Faith; and as he will doubtless look chiefly to his own reputation, he
will probably grant the princes all that can be allowed without prejudice
to orthodoxy. He will, therefore, probably allow the laity to appropriate
the possessions of the Church, which is a matter that does not touch the
foundations of the Faith; and what an example this will afford to others
it is easy to see. We are, therefore, much surprised to learn, as we do
from Flanders also, that the Pope has arranged a meeting with the Emperor
in Italy after the Diet in Germany. What can induce him to agree to a
meeting with him, who, having settled his own affairs according to his mind
will then treat him just as he pleases? This interview is objectionable to us,
not on our own account, but on the Pope's, to whom we wish no ill, if he is
inclined to treat us well; and we do not wish to see him so abused in this
matter as he has been in that of Ferrara. Windsor, 10 July.
Lat., pp. 4. Add.
ii. "Articuli."—The letter which Francis is to write to the Pope, and to
his ambassadors at Rome, to urge his Holiness by all means (1) to admit
the excusatory pleas of Kerne, and desist from further process; (2) not to
interfere if the archbishop of Canterbury or other English metropolitan take
cognisance of the cause; (3) to give a commission in the form of letters
decretal, in which the Pope shall give sentence, but commit the examination
of the matter to the archbishop of Canterbury alone, or to him and one or
two English abbots.
Lat., p. 1.
t. P. VII. 305.
327. Henry VIII. to Benet.
Has received their letters of 7 June, with other their common letters,
and commends their wise handling of the Pope, of which they wrote in
cipher. As he proffers his friendship to us, and willingness to oblige,
though we know him to be a man of great wit that can fashion his communications
as best suits his purpose, we think it best to accept his offers. We
wish you to repair to him, and say that though he has allowed himself to be
overruled by his Council, we have never doubted his affection; and now that
we see some chance of reformation, though he has wronged us in the matter
of Karne, contrary to the determination of the universities of Paris and
Orleans, whose subscriptions we send, we should gladly accept his proffers
if they agree with his deeds. You will the better be able to persuade him
to admit Karne's allegations, and suspend the process during this vacation.
If he urges that we should apply de loco indifferenti, you shall tell him that
this is contrary to the opinion of all learned men, and take the opportunity
of insisting on the illegality of the marriage, and the insufficiency of the
dispensation, desiring him to hear what Decius, the great clerk of Italy, has
to say upon it. As to the Queen's carnal knowledge of Arthur, you shall
urge that the truth can best be discovered here, and submit to him the depositions
of the nobles of this realm, with divers articles manifestly proving it.
Gives the details. You shall urge that you are surprised at his friendship
with the Emperor, considering what he has suffered from him, and is like
to suffer, if the Emperor proceed to the Diet (at Spires), in which it is
likely he will join with the princes of Germany, as they will not relent, and
he has no strength, and thus a general council will be summoned, in which
he would have no friends. You shall then say, ex abrupto, why should not
the archbishop of Canterbury determine this matter, as that would be most
expedient for his purpose, if he is afraid of the Emperor? If he says it were
well done, so it were not procured by himself, you shall answer that no
process would be so convenient if he did not interfere; and if the Emperor
objects, you may urge the Council of Nice, ut permittat causam terminari
ubi nata est. If you can obtain his promise in writing, send it to us; and if
he deny it, urge it again, or offer him a sum of money in secret. But if he
is so full of dread that he will not trust you with the writing, urge him that
the matter must have an end, and without his consent if no other way is
possible; and so urge him by some other way to commit the cause to the
examination of the archbishop of Canterbury, or to the Archbishop, with
some abbots conjoined with him. You shall speak highly of the Archbishop,
as one who was formerly of the Queen's council, and is above 80,
and has never received any benefit from our hands. We took from him the
chancellorship, and in the last Parliament the probate of testaments, to the
amount of 1,000 marks per annum. As metropolitan the Archbishop must
necessarily intervene as judge in this matter, as no other judgment would
be sufficient. With him the late abbot of Winchcombe, a man of remarkable
learning and experience, who has been at Rome, and preached sundry times
before the Pope; or there is the abbot of Westminster, a good old father, or
the abbot of Hyde, a great clerk. And if he wonders why we desire this
matter to be committed to abbots, you may say that the Bishops have been
for the most part of counsel on one side or the other. Gives instances. If
after long sticking this cannot be had, propose that the matter be committed
to the bishop of London, or the Almoner, named by us; one to be named by
the Queen, the Archbishop to be named by the Pope, the fourth by the
French king. The commissioners to sit at Calais, or, if this is not granted,
have the cause committed to the upper house of the clergy,—speaking as of
yourself. If he objects to the bishop of London because he solicited for us
the learned men in Bologna, say he will be countervailed by the Queen's
nominee. He is to be earnestly pressed in these matters, and told if he will
have his laws observed he must observe our privileges. Thinks that the
talk of some meeting between the Pope and Emperor is a mere "fraske," of
which they are to discover the truth. Are to urge the Pope to find "some
mean way" between himself and the king of France touching the marriage
of his niece and the duke of Orleans, whom the duke of Milan desires to
betroth, with large offers. If, however, the Pope's niece were kept in some
safe place till the Duke were of full years, we would gladly move the French
king in that behalf. Thinks that the Pope cannot desire to accept the offers
of the duke of Milan, as he is debilitated with sickness, and cannot ensure
her dower, and in case the Duke dies, his niece would fall into the hands
of the Emperor. Therefore, it were better he should trust the French king,
with whom her dower would be more secure. You shall thus endeavour to
dissuade him from hearkening to the Duke, for by so doing he will have
two strong friends,—ourselves and the king of France. Urge him to send
an ambassador here who is not so much of an Imperialist as the present.
Are advertised from the ambassadors of the French king that the Pope has
promised Grammont not to give sentence against us, though the cause should
extend for 20 years. Are to get, if possible, a promise in writing to that
effect. Windsor, 10 July.
Copy in Carne's hand.
25,114, f. 88.
Pocock, II. 281.
328. Henry VIII. to [Brian and Foxe].
Had sent a courier to Rome with a request to the Pope for speedy
determination of his cause. Sends him a copy of the despatch to guide his
conduct with the French king. Has written to Dr. Benet in cipher : 1,
declaring the injustice done the King by the Pope in citing him to Rome,
and refusing to hear Kerne : 2, the final decision to be given, of which the
King makes five degrees, of which he is to make overture to the French
king and the Chancellor, and induce them to send letters to their Ambassador
at Rome to urge the same to the Pope, "foreseeing always that ye disclose
nothing there, either of any promise to be made by the Pope in writing, as
is contained in the first degree, ne of money to be offered unto him by us :"
3, that Benet is to say nothing of the marriage between the duke of Orleans
and the Pope's niece, except on advertisement from France, of which Mr.
Secretary is "to write unto you;" he is to learn on what terms the marriage
stands : 4, to say nothing of changing the Pope's ambassador, except that he
is a Sicilian addicted to the Emperor : 5, to speak as he thinks good of the
promise of the Pope, mentioned by Francis, that he will not give sentence
against Henry : 6, to prevent the rumored meeting between the Pope and
the Emperor, which might favor his practices with the princes of Italy. The
renewal of the marriage, an abbey conferred on cardinal de Medicis, a proposition
for the marriage of duke Alexander, and of a meeting at Avignon,
might prevent it.
Pp. 4, in Wriothesley's hand, and endorsed by him, "10 Jul. 1531."
329. The Chantry Priest And Others Of Lamburon to
I have received your letters, dated London, 27 June, stating that I
have intruded upon the King by withholding certain lands belonging to the
monastery of Wallingford. I never intruded; but, in the right of the poor
almshouse, occupy certain lands in Ardyngton belonging to the same, by a
title I am ready to show you. We beg, therefore, you will allow us to have
peaceable possession. 10 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's council.
330. Katharine Of Arragon.
Grant to Geo. Frauncesse, gentleman usher of her chamber, of the
offices of keeper and bailiff of her manor and park of Stonden, Herts.
Copy, p. 1.
II. Richard Manchester to John Pen, of the King's Privy Chamber.
I have been at Greenwich to see your house. The "hey" is let out
to fell for 18d. the acre. Let us know how you will bestow it. Here is the
copy of the patent you know of. Ye may nowise show where ye had it.
The Savoy, 10 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
Pocock, II. 152.
331. The Divorce.
Arguments against the dispensing power of the Pope. The Pope has
no other authority than other bishops. The excusator should be admitted.
A general council is superior to all episcopal power, "vel, ut vocant, papali."
Appeals are always to be allowed from the Pope to a general council. Sentence
of excommunication by the Pope after appeal to a council is void.
Lat. Begins : Ducere uxorem patris mortui sine liberis.
2. Positions against the Pope's dispensing power.
Lat., p. 1.
332. Ric. Strete, Priest, to Cromwell.
I have sent by the bearer part of the spiritualities of Coventry and
Lichfield, so much as have come to the hands of Dr. Pole and me, viz., 80l.
As we are in my lord of Canterbury's commission, please send us an acquittance.
Lichfield, 10 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's council.
333. Henry Sadleyer to Cromwell.
My wife wrote to me that you would get the warrant signed by the
King, that the master of the Savoy (fn. 2) might take my accounts sooner. You
are our help on all occasions. God reward you for your goodness to my son.
Tiltey, 11 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
334. William Tresham to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his good treatment of his brother-in-law, Edmond
Odingselzs, when he should have received the order of knighthood. Sends
a small present of heronsewis and half a dozen Banbury cheeses from his
brother-in-law. The accounts of this college, which Cromwell so sincerely
favors, for last Michaelmas, are yet unfinished. Mr. Williams alone is in
fault. He will not do his duty, though he has been often desired, as Mr.
Hastings can declare. King Henry the VIII. College, 11 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To, &c., Mr. Thomas Cromwell, one of the King's most
335. Sir Will. Weston to Cromwell.
I understand that commissioners shall be assigned to inquire into the
lands appropriated to St. Frideswide's College in Oxford; and as no man
knows the perfect truth of it so well as you do, the King has put his confidence
in you that the right of all things may appear. As the lease of
Sampforde was passed without free assent, and contrary to right, to the
perpetual loss of my religion, if you can obtain it and return it into my hands,
I shall acquit your pains. Melcheborne, 12 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To my trusty and well-beloved friend, Mr. Cromwell.
336. John Bowyer, Bailiff of Petteworth, to Elysse Davye.
Sir William More, vicar of South Artyng, Sussex, was attached on
Monday last, for saying that there were two devils in England,—one of which
was the Cardinal, and that now he was dead,—one was alive, and that was
the King. Four of his neighbours have sworn to his words. Sir Roger
Lewkenor has sent them all to the earl of Arundel. Has arrested his goods,
worth 20l. or more, for the King, and desires Davye to ask them of the
King for himself and Bowyer. The King's letter should be directed to Sir
Roger Lewkenor and the constable of Dempford. His benefice is worth
10l. a year. Petworth, 13 July.
Hol., pp. 2. Endd.
Calig. E. II. 151.
337. [Henry VIII. to Brian and Foxe.]
"Trusty and wellbeloved, we grete [you well, and let you] wit that,
taking for truth the advertisement gev[en] from you of the French king's
m[ou]th, and likewise fro[m our] ambassador with the Emperor, concerning
the said Emperor's departure to] Germany, there to compose such
controversies and var[iances as] dependeth between him, his brother Ferdinandus
and the [princes] of Germany, we have thought it expedient
to . . . discuss or debate (?) what may ensue to the detriment, hurt, and
hindrance of our and our good brother's affairs by the agreement to be made
without mediation of other princ[es], and deeply pondering that matter, and
communicating the same with John Joachim, like as we now write unto you,
[desire to] know the mind and opinion of our good [brother] and his counse[l],
thinking it, as it is indeed, a matter of great weight and importance, and
for the briefness of time and nearness (?) of the said Emperor's journey
requiring more speedy ... expedition than is accustomably made in that
court. Wherefore our pleasure is, ye incontinently upon receipt of these our
letters repair to the said French king, [and] make overture unto the same of
our mind and opinion in this matter, which is, that albeit the agreement to
ensue between the said Emperor and Princes could no[t be] so prejudicial to
us and the determination of our cause, as whereunto we should have any
great regard or resp[ect]
f. 151 b.
[how] highly it might redound to the def ... f and cont ... of our good
brother, and the empechement of his affairs ... being by that means
alienate and abandoned from such strength as hath been accustomed to
... and might percace stand in stead hereof, [our said] good brother
of his high wisdom can consider ... Joachim here present thinketh
the same. W[e taking our] good brother's causes to heart as our own, and
est[eeming] matters prejudicial to him likewise to touch us [as] friendship
and amity doth require, have ... devised with his ambassador thereupon,
but ... you in that behalf, to the intent ways and means [by]
mutual conferences might be excogitate how to [advance] the said agreement,
and the same with all celerity ... set forth and executed. Wherein ye may
say we thi[nk] that forasmuch as the election of the king of Rom[ans] is by
the duke of Saxony called in question and affe[rmed] to be contrary bullœ
aureœ, unto whose opinion th ... many princes of Germany do agree, and
have conf[ederate] themself to assist him in the same, some compforth [might
be] given to the said Duke of favorable hearing of the ... justness of his
denial and good allectives as would (?) ... hard to devise, should in our
judgment work and effect
in the empechement of the effect ... Wherefore if our good
brother will with all cel[erity send] one from him to the said duke of Sax,
and the other ... princes of Germany, we shall likewise depeche [one]
there, they both to have with them letters of credence and instructions after
one form and tenor, in which instructions ... may be for the chief and
principal grounds whereupo[n] to speak with the said Princes, expressed of
what sort the two grieves be now to be componed between them [and] the
Emperor; whereof the first is touching certain articl[es] which they require
may be observed in the Church; the second is concerning the election of
the king of Romans. And albeit in the first we may not offer directly any
mitigation or agreement be[tween] the same in some part, contrarious to the
laudable cerem[onies] hitherto observed, the destruction whereof might be
an occasion of more confusion, yet it may be said on ... behalf, that they
being so contented we would rather t[ake] pains by hearing them quietly
and peaceably what ... could be said for maintenance of their request,
a ... so lovingly and friendly with their good contentment b ... an
end, which should be stable and permanent, approv ...
f. 152 b.
princes then otherwise the ... to grant to that they else would
not, which can ... endure, or to agree to such an end as should not [of great]
likelihood continue, for it may be said unto the ... they in those
articles relent unto the Emperor's ... shall be noted to proceed of
fear, where ... shall be touched, and if the Emperor re ...
It is but for a policy to indure at ... and in the meantime to
serve his ... in the end to revoke to their confusion, f[or] th ...
princes not condescending thereunto t ... pretend that he must agree
unto them ... necessity should, so as his relenting at this ...
to the said Princes should serve them to no pur[pose] or effect. And in this
article may be ... at length the Emperor's manner of proceeding
after such s[ort] with the Pope in the cause of Ferrara, and like[wise] other.
It may be also touched how thEmperor seeke[th] glory by his means to
induce them to the Church of Rome. And whatsoever he should now
hereticis non est observanda fides. Et quod ... jam sed ... gloriam
Dei. And so ascribe it to ... honor not to keep any such appointment
with them ... with such like suspicions as may be accumulate
un[to the] same. As the intended meeting of the Pope and the Emperor
... such other to be extended in the said instructions. And as touching
the second grief from the election of the king of Romans, it may be put in
tha[ir] heads how thereupon dependeth their honor and ... reputation.
And being once by such indue means as they pretend to have been used in
this election ... interrupted and by force compelled to suffer the same
... as that shall be much to the defesing of the Princes ... and
renowne of the nobility of Germany, which ... hath been ever noted
desirous of liberty. So should it be much to their honor to have the
justene[ss] of this election indifferently discussed and ordered accordingly.
And in this point may be laid before their eyes the necessity of the Emperor
to dep[art] shortly thence; the unlikelihood of his return or
f. 149 b.
... should proceed indifferently ... de the .. be ... we and
our good brother will show unto them accordingly unto the same; which
matters opened to ... with good dexterity, we think, woll
fac[illy cause them] to desist and forbear to condescend to the said E[mperor
for] this tyme, by reason whereof he sh ... to depart thence
to Spain, with diminution ... of his reputation and credit, to the furtherance
and [benefit of our] and our good brother's affairs. And forasmuch as
[it shall] percase chance that the said duke of Sax[ony and other] of the
Princes unto whom these matters should longe (?) would use this overture
to their commodity with the Emperor, [and] open the same unto him; we,
foreseeing that as th[e] only danger in practising of this matter, have
de[vised] no letters to be sent, but only to such as heretofore [have]
written thereof unto us. And in our letters to make men[tion] only of the
election of the king of Romans, whe[rein,] forasmuch as they have written
unto us saying the sa[me] to be nought, we, therefore, desirous to know
the truth, and as justice will so to favor or disfavor the same, have
depeched our serv[ant ... to] whom we desire them to give
firm credence ... and after this tenor the letters to be conceived,
and no[t] otherwise, so as those our letters showed to the Emperor shall
[not] make against them that shall so show them, and [be] to us nothing prejudicial;
whereupon our pleasure is ye know how our said good brother
liketh the gross of this matter, and what he thinketh convenient to be
further done or added unto t[he] same, which our pleasure is ye signify
unto us with all possible diligence, for, as he may perceive, the delay of
a little time shall utterly dis[ap]point all that herein is intended.
"As these letters were finished, arrived our chaplain Mr. Chamberleyn
with your letters, which w[e] have read, and shall make answer unto you
concerning the same shortly; but we thought not convenient to tarry this
depeche, which the French a[mbassador] maketh for that matter, but we
shall write further unto you within these two days, willing you to send
answer of these letters with diligence. At Windsor, 14 die Jul[ii]."
Draft, mutilated and faded.
Nero, B. VI. 163.
338. Wynter to Cromwell.
Is surprised at not receiving an answer to his letters, as he earnestly
desired to know Cromwell's wishes. Has written four times since he came
hither, and would have written oftener but for fear of troubling him. Necessity
now compels him to write. Will not know how to live unless the
200 cr., for which he has often asked, arrive before the end of August. It
would be a great disgrace to sell his furniture, clothes, and books. Cromwell
will not think he has spent money carelessly, if he reads his last letters,
and considers what he has spent on his journey, at Padua and Venice, at
inns before he could find a suitable place, in furniture, clothes, books, and
house rent, and in medical treatment of George Lauson and Belson, who
were in great danger. Would have sent Lauson back to England if he had
had money, not because he is now disposed to sickness, but lest he should
be ill again. Has more fear for Lauson than for himself.
Thinks the 200 cr., besides what he already owes Cromwell, can be easily
repaid from his revenues, if Barton is diligent, from whom Wynter has not
had one letter, though he has written three times. Suggested to Cromwell
in former letters that he should take his plate for his debts, and that his
yearly revenue should be paid to a banker, so that he could obtain money
Would write sometimes about Italian affairs if he thought it would please
him. Venice, 14 July.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add. : Clarissimo viro Domino Crumwello, S. Regis
Angliæ Consiliario, Londini.