Henry VIII
July 1531, 16-31


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'Henry VIII: July 1531, 16-31', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 5: 1531-1532 (1880), pp. 160-177. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=77463 Date accessed: 20 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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July 1531, 16-31

16 July.
R. O.
339. Thomas Godsalve to Cromwell.
According to your letters, received by your chaplain, I shall do the best to accomplish your wishes. The incumbent is now in the North, to whom I will effectually write by the next messenger. Thetford, 16 July. Commend me to my cousin Russhe. Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
17 July.
Vienna Archives.
340. Chapuys to Charles V.
The Queen has kept the articles last sent from Rome till the day before yesterday, in the hope of assembling all those of her Council, which she has found to be impossible, and has accordingly sent them back to me. On considering them, it seems to me that there has been omitted one deduction so necessary that without it conclusive proof cannot be obtained, because the point is to show that the Queen was not known by prince Arthur, which is a general negative without restriction of time or place, a thing in law unprovable, and the presumption is against her, as she lay with the said Prince several nights, and moreover they have brought testimony here that the Prince had several times boasted of having used her like a true and vigorous husband. For these reasons, even if all the Queen's allegations were proved, as set forth in those articles, it would not amount to perfect proof, except by the Queen's oath, which could not be admitted by law in opposition to the said proofs and presumptions. It should therefore be expressly stated in articles, how the said Queen is so virtuous, devout, truthful, and God-fearing that for nothing in the world would she declare a falsehood, and that she would rather die than perjure herself to the injury of any one, especially in order to live in incest, which would be the case if those things were proved. This would do away with all the rules and presumptions of law. I write of it to Mai, and if it be approved by your Majesty's council, I beg you to write to him. We are continually endeavouring here to obtain witnesses informed of the whole case, and have got two, who depose well au possible, whom I have got examined by the Nuncio, by virtue of a secret commission from his Holiness, and the Nuncio will send their testimony with those of the other two who have already deposed.
The Queen has been for some months living in hope that the process would be settled before the re-assembling of Parliament; but now she is quite depressed, seeing that the Pope shows no good will to do her justice. Moreover, it seems that he only delays the affair to open the door to improper practices (inconvenientz). She sees also that the lady and others of that party speak with greater assurance than they used to do, and the King makes difficulties only that the cognizance of the cause may be remitted to England. He has already the opinion of the university of Orleans, as Sampson declares, that the matter should be discussed here, and that the Pope has no right to interfere with it. I think Dr. Fox will solicit those of Paris to conclude the same. I have warned your Majesty's ambassador in France to be on his guard about it, and it is more important now than when the principal article was discussed, that Mai and the others be careful to hinder their practices; for if the King obtained the decision of three or four universities, conformable to that of Orleans, the Queen's case would be half desperate, and there would be no bishop who would refuse to give sentence according to the King's wishes. The lady only allows three or four months for the nuptials. She is preparing her state royal by degrees, and has just taken an almoner and other officers. She goes along with the King to the chase; and the Queen, who used always to follow, has been commanded by the King to stay at Windsor. This very much aggravates her regret, as well because the King is so distant, as because she thinks that he will have a better opportunity of gaining the lords in those districts through which he passes, and inducing them to espouse his side in Parliament.
Yesterday he sent a post to Rome, who was to have carried a very tortuous despatch, for they detained him more than ten days, whilst they were in great deliberation about it. I thought to learn something of it from Joachin, who said to me, that, whatever fair face they show him here, they did not tell him anything, except what they thought was for their own advantage, and in the end they remained English, and he French. He has been more friendly with me than usual. I will give him occasion to continue so. He has told me that the King has several times expressed his wish for the Council, and that he will attend it in person if the place be suitable, for without the personal assistance of princes he thought it would only end in confusion; and such was the opinion of Francis. These are lessons they have rehearsed between them.
I think that the duke of Norfolk is offended that he sees no chance of your confirming or paying his pension, and he finds France more to his taste. Joachin has just given him three horses and three stags. He complains of the men of Gravelines, who want to usurp a certain piece of land within their limits. The young Marquis [Dorset] has been forbidden to go to Court for some time, because he has been charged with assembling the people of Cornwall and the neighbourhood. The Queen thinks this is an invention of the lady, because the Marquis is her humble servant. For the same reason, and to avenge herself on the duke of Suffolk, who had heretofore made some charge against her honor, the same lady has accused him of having connection with his own daughter. I know not what will follow from it.
Wishes to know if he is to correspond with the queen of Hungary, and begs he may have some vacant benefice. London, 17 July.
Hol., Fr., pp. 4, from a modern copy.
18 July.
341. Wolsey's College, Oxford.
Sign manual to Thos. Cromwell to pay out of the moneys received by him 100l. to Wm. Tressham and Wm. Beatts, clk., for the diet and wages of the students, &c. To be received again to the King's use out of the college lands. Monastery of Chertsey, 18 July 23 Hen. VIII. Signed by the King.
Lat., vellum.
19 July.
Add. MS. 28,583, f. 320. B. M.
342. Dr. Ortiz to Charles V.
"Has told him, in his letter of the 3rd of July, that the Pope has given him a book composed in favor of the King of England, in order to explain and to refute it. Has composed a refutation of this book. At the same time, however, the bishop of Rochester, certainly one of the most learned men living, has sent an answer to the reasons contained in the said book. The bishop of Rochester places at the head of his answer all reasons alleged in favor of the King by the university of Orleans, by the Faculty of Theology in Paris, by the university of Angers, by the university of Bourges (fn. 1) , by those of Bologna, Padua, and Toulouse. All these reasons are very superficial, and without weight. The opinions of the said universities were concocted in haste, without knowledge of the subject, and without honesty. They were procured by bribes, which deprive them of all value. Besides, some of these alleged opinions of the universities had no more votes in their favor than those of two or three doctors. Where a great majority was in favor of the King of England, as, for instance, at the university of Paris, the best and most learned men were in favor of the Queen. The reason thereof is that good men cannot be corrupted with bribes.
"The author of the book in favor of the king of England quotes many authorities, which are decidedly against him. On the whole, the writer of the book does not intend to prove his case, but to persuade the reader by rhetorical phrases. Would God the writers of the book would come to Rome : he could utterly confound them by words of mouth.
"Has seen the letter which the ambassador Mai received from England. Is thankful to God that the Queen behaves so prudently as she did in the answers she gave to the persons sent to her by the King. It is clear that the Holy Ghost spoke through her mouth. She answered like St. Katharine when the doctors came to dispute with her. The Pope and Cardinals highly appreciate the behaviour of the Queen, and say that her answers deserve to be printed, for the glory of God, and in justice to the virtues of the Queen.
"The vacancies do not permit now further proceedings to take place.
Had by pope Hadrian a preferment in the church of Guadalaxara, of which he has been deprived by Don Martin de Mendoza, son of the duke de Infantazgo. Begs justice. Rome, 19 July 1531."
English abstract from the original al Simancas.
20 July.
R. O.
343. The Earl of Arundel to Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, Treasurer of the Household.
I have received your letter, and attached Sir Will. Moore, vicar of Southarting, for certain unfitting words spoken against the King contrary to his allegiance. On the 14th inst., Sir Roger Lewkenor sent him to me, and I commanded Ric. Sackevile, the steward of my lands, to take the vicar to the said Sir Roger, and send him to the Council. Downeley, 20 July.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
20 July.
Camusat, 34.
344. Francis I. to Cardinal De Medicis.
Has learnt from the cardinal of Grammont, on his return, the continual pains which De Medicis has taken respecting the abolition and suspension of the privileges of electing in France. Thanks him, and begs credence for the bishop of Auxerre, the bearer, who is going as ambassador to the Pope. Fontainebleau, 20 July 1531. Signed. Countersigned : Breton.
Fr. Add.
20 July.
Camusat, 34.
345. Francis I. to Cardinal De Cesis.
Thanks him for the pains which he has taken respecting the abolition and suspension of the privileges of electing belonging to the churches and monasteries in France. Grammont has brought a writing respecting the matter. Is sending an answer to it to the Pope and the duke of Albany, and has instructed the bishop of Auxerre. Prays him to weigh the answer, and to endeavour to obtain the bulls of abolition. Fontainebleau, 20 July 1531.
Signed and countersigned.
Fr. Add.
21 July.
R. O.
346. William Abbot of York to Cromwell.
I thank you for your kindness to me and my monastery. I send you a falcon and two tassels gentle, bred in our grounds, for a present to the King. It is the whole nest. St. Mary's, York, 21 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right honorable. Endd.
21 July.
Shrews. MS. P. 17, Coll. of Arms.
347. Richard Knyveton, the elder, to [George Earl of Shrewsbury].
Has spoken with the abbot of Croxden, but he was so sick he could give no answer, except that he would give my lady Margaret a cup which cost him 7l. Has since fallen sick himself. Has therefore sent to him by writing, and has received a bill of no effect. Sends by bearer 10l. rent of the land the Earl bought of lord Mongeye. Bradley, 21 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To my Lord.
22 July.
R. O.
348. T. Godsalve to John Godsalve.
I wonder you have not written to me since the departure of your master. I hear Master Dr. Stephen shall succeed in his office, of which I am glad. Remember my evidences with Mr.Wyat and Mastress Stirropp. I write to you often, and get no remedy. Commend me to my cousin Doctor. I wish to know if he has got any promotion at this change. Desire him to be good master to the bearer, Will. Barne. Thomston College, 22 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To John Godsalve at London.
24 July.
Harl. MS. 4637, pt. 3. f. 17. B. M.
349. Charles V. and Scotland.
Ratification by Charles V. of previous treaties with James V. for 100 years. Brussels, 24 July 1531.
Fr., copy, pp. 4. Endd.
26 July.
R. O.
350. W. Daunce to Sir Edw. Gylford.
Wishes to have a buck in accordance with his grant of last year, "ayenst myne unkuls redyng," which was deferred this year. Desires it sent to London on Tuesday, 15 Aug., to Mr. Latton, of the Inner Temple. London, 26 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
26 July.
Add. MS. 28,583, f. 323. B. M. Ib., f. 332.
351. Mai to Charles V.
By letters from England, the Pope hears that the King said a few days ago that his Holiness did not understand that if he pleased he could play a fine game. The Pope told me this in great confidence, declaring that they told it to him as news. Said that it would not be ill to know what he would stake on this game. Things are all right as yet. Rome, 26 July 1531.
Sp., modern copy.
26 July.
Add. MS. 8,583, f. 328. B. M.
352. Charles V.
"Ad ea quæ Cæsareæ Majestati per Rmum Dominum Legatum nomine et pro parte S. D. N. de matrimonio Anglico proposita sunt, sic respondere jussit."
The Emperor thanks the Pope, in his name and that of queen Katharine, for his conduct in the divorce. Promises to protect the authority of the Holy See. No mean course can be taken, as the marriage was contracted with the authority of the Holy See. Does not see how it can be decided at Cambray, or elsewhere than Rome, and at the Holy See, to whose judgment all will submit. Begs the Pope to decide the case without delay.
Endd. : Rome, 1532. (fn. 2) Lo que se respondio al legado sobre la causa de Inglaterra en Bruselas a — di Jullio 1532 enbiose (?) a Roma a xxvj. de Jullio 1532.
Lat., pp. 3, modern copy.

Add. MS. 28,585, f. 197. B. M.
353. Charles V.
"Respuesta del Emperador a la propuesta del Rey de Inglaterra cerca de la causa matrimonial."
From the declaration of the English ambassador, the Emperor is pleased to understand that the King wishes to preserve their old friendship, and has opened his mind to him thus freely. The King will find the same affection in the Emperor. Their friendship ought daily to increase, not only for the common good of their subjects, but on account of their relationship and the union of their minds.
As to the divorce, if the King will consider, he will see that the Emperor has only acted the part of a friend, and could not have omitted what he has done without loss of dignity. Being bound to both parties, and knowing that the King is acting conscientiously, and that the Queen trusts that her cause is so good that impartial judges will declare in her favor, the Emperor has only laboured to obtain a decision from the Pope. There is no other tribunal to which the King can so safely commit his conscience, and the Queen her cause, and which ought to be so respected by every one. To have the case decided in England would be unfair to the Queen. The opinions the King has obtained that the case should be tried there, are based only on the assertion of one party; and, perhaps, the counsel would have given a different opinion if they had heard the other side. The Emperor has acted with moderation. He desires the King to take what he has done in good part, and exhorts him to consider his marriage valid, and say no more about a divorce. As to his conscience, the Pope will provide for that; and he may be assured that the Emperor prefers the friendship of no one to his.
Lat., pp. 5, modern copy.

Add. MS. 28,585, f. 200. B. M.
354. Charles V.
"Respuesta del Emperador a la propuesta del Rey de Inglaterra." The Emperor has received the declaration of the English ambassador by word of mouth, and in writing, asking him to state whether he has been practising with the Pope that the divorce may not be decided anywhere except at Rome, and saying that the King does not think he can ever have demanded such a thing.
The Emperor is surprised that such a declaration should be asked of him, or that the King should have a wrong opinion of him. In the answer lately given in writing, and verbally to the English ambassador, it is stated that the Emperor has urged that the case shall be settled at Rome by the Pope, in the interests of the authority of the Holy See, and the honor and conscience of the King and Queen, and he does not see why he should be asked the same thing again. Then, as to the King's saying that from their mutual goodwill he trusts the Emperor does not wish the cause to be decided out of England, or the King wrongfully cited to Rome, the Emperor certainly does not wish any wrong to be done his brother and ally, aud he would resist any attempt to do such a thing. Summoning the King to Rome, however, does him no wrong, and is not owing to the Emperor, but the fault of the King himself. If he wished to spend the remainder of his life with the Queen, and, if there was anything which affected his conscience, would acknowledge secretly the authority of the Holy See, and be relieved,—think no more of divorce and another marriage,—or, if he thought of it, allow the case to be decided by the Holy See, whose province it is to interpret its own decrees,— there would have been no necessity for his being summoned to Rome. But if the King, from the acts of certain people, has thought of leaving his wife, has put forward his conscience as a pretext, and has tried to have the case decided, not by the See Apostolic, as is just, but in England,—and not by impartial judges, but by those who will rather consider interest than reason, —and, before the case is decided, wishes to leave the Queen, to the danger of his conscience, the injury of the Queen, and the damage of the See Apostolic, —how can the Emperor, being the King's friend, the Queen's nephew, and a supporter of the Holy See, not oppose such evils, and take steps for the good of both parties? What could he do less than allege that there was no cause for suspicion, and solicit the decision of the case by the See Apostolic? If, indeed, the King had seen that the Emperor preferred rather to humour the King's desire than to act in accordance with their friendship and with his duty to the See Apostolic, then he might say that he had formed a mistaken opinion of the Emperor, and might justly expostulate with him. Now that he knows the Emperor's intentions, he will see that he has no just cause of complaint, but rather ought to love him more, which the Emperor promises he will do the King.
As to the King's demand for the surrender of Tyndale, in accordance with the treaty of Cambray, for spreading sedition, the Emperor has answered the English ambassador elsewhere, that when he knows that Tyndale has committed anything by word or writing to justify doing what the King asks, he will take steps to comply with his request and the treaty. If, however, it is not proved that Tyndale has committed these things, which can be easily done if the books alleged to have been published by him exist, and if the Emperor complies with the King's request without examining the case, he will not satisfy the conditions of the treaty of Cambray, or of any other conventions between the princes of England and Burgundy, nor the privileges granted to the English in these provinces. Both the English and other nations would have just cause to complain, and to leave these provinces, to the great injury of the Emperor and of his subjects. The general opinion is that Tyndale is only persecuted for his attachment to the Queen's cause, which it is thought all the best men in England favor.
The Emperor desires the King to consider his (the Emperor's) conduct, and the advantage of having the case decided at Rome. If the King takes his conduct as it was meant, he hopes their friendship will become closer.
Lat., pp. 6, modern copy.
28 July.
Simancas MS.
355. Katharine of Arragon to Charles V.
Your Ambassador has informed me of what the Pope has been treating of with Your Majesty, that the cause of the King and myself should be tried at Cambray, away from the Rota. As we daily expected a sentence from the Pope, I am scandalised by this news, and do not know what to say. His Holiness shows himself as good as ever in remedying what he has so often been supplicated about. If I had not seen your answer to the Pope, I should not know what to do but to commend myself to God, and ask for justice. Their gifts, subornations, and promises are so great, that they will make the judges say that black is white. I beg you not to agree to delay, but to procure a speedy sentence.
The testimony to my virginity from Spain will be of great use. I cannot but complain of the Pope, who, by the delay, keeps the King in bondage (tiene preso al Rey mi señor). Meanwhile they are making new inventions, and gaining new hope. They cause the King to do things which lessen his honor and fame, and imperil his conscience. The Pope is the cause of all this, by his refusal of justice. Commendations for the Ambassadors. Vnysor (Windsor), 28 July.
Sp., pp. 2, modern copy.
29 July.
R. O.
356. Corn.
Corn exported by John Parys, of Norwich, merchant, shipped at Yarmouth, from Mich. 22 Hen. VIII. to 29 July following.
Before the King's letters of restraint were delivered to the customer, 70 qrs. of barley, for which he has given obligations for 200 marks.
Since the letters, but before the proclamation was delivered, 670 qrs. of malt, barley, and mestelyn, for which he is bound in 236l.
Exported the above in accordance with a licence which lady Clere said she had from the King, and for which Parys paid her; without this, he would not have presumed to do so.
P. 1. Endd.
31 July.
R. O.
357. Agnes Vylavyle, widow, to Cromwell.
I have received your letters by Sir Ric. Bulkeley, dated Windsor, 7 July, stating that complaints have been made that I should make claim to certain woods and pastures belonging to the castle of Beaumaris, without any just title, disturbing Sir Ric. Bulkeley in the occupation of the same; and you require me to desist. I have done nothing of the kind; but there is a wood in the franchise of the town of Beaumaris, called the King's Wood, which never belonged to the castle, of which Sir Rowland Vylevyle, my late husband, had a lease for certain years, which I send to you, begging I may enjoy the said wood without interruption. Beaumaris, 31 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
31 July.
Add. MS. 28,583, f. 338. B. M.
358. Mai to Los Covos.
"Speaking with the Pope about the affairs of France, Mai said that the Emperor did not intend to destroy France. The Pope answered these words : Pur sera forza che lo faccia, ch'altramente mai reposara. He added that the English were fanning this fire; that the king of England had offered the king of France to pay one half of the war expenses; and that it was a bad sign that a servant of Renzo da Ceri, who is as much as a Frenchman, was accompanying Gritti, &c. &c. Rome, 31 June (sic) (fn. 3) , 1531."
Modern abstract from original at Simancas.
31 July.
R. O.
359. John Hunt to Cromwell.
If you will make sure to me the prebend you promised to my friends Dygby "et Scribæ" three months ago, you will do me a great favor. The soul of your disciple Hunt lives only on this hope. I beg you will take him, who is without a halfpenny, into your service, and assist him. Your son is in good health with Sadler (fn. 4) , and both are diligent. I will not fail to be industrious with them. Cambridge, Pembroke Hall, 31 July.
Mr. Chekyng, who has given instruction to your son, desires his compliments.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add. : Right worshipful. Endd.
31 July.
R. O.
360. Simon Mountfort to Cromwell.
At our assizes held the 19th July, Ric. Howe was indicted, and would have been sinistrously acquitted, of robbing certain churches. The King desired he should be brought before the Council; and if he were well examined, "it would break such a nest as had not been seen in a country." Some will labor for his pardon, because he has 20l. land; but if he be allowed to go at large, it will comfort evildoers." Kyngyshurst, 31 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
31 July.
Vienna Archives.
361. Chapuys to Charles V.
According to the custom that was between them, of visiting each other every three days, the Queen sent to the King six days ago to inquire of his health, and tell him of the concern she felt in not having been able to speak with him at his departure; but since it was said that she was to be deprived of this pleasure, and likewise not to follow him, it would have been some consolation at least to have bid him adieu; but in this, as in all other his commands, it was for her to show obedience and patience. On hearing the message, the King for some time took counsel with Norfolk and Dr. Stephen, recalled the messenger, and in great choler and anger, as it seemed, charged him to tell the Queen that he had no need to bid her adieu, nor to give her that consolation of which she spoke, nor any other, and still less that she should send to visit him, or tó inquire of his estate; that she had given him occasion to speak such things, and that he was sorry and angry at her because she had wished to bring shame upon him by having him personally cited; and still more, she had refused (like an obstinate woman as she was) the just and reasonable request made by his Council and other nobles of his realm; that she had done all this in trust of your Majesty, but she ought to consider that God was more powerful than you; and, for a conclusion, that henceforth she must desist from sending him messengers or visitors. On this the Queen wrote to him that she was sorry for the anger and illwill he had against her without cause, for all that she had done had been by his leave, and for the honor of both, and discharge of their consciences, and that her hope did not depend on your Majesty, nor on any prince alive, but only on God, who was the real protector of justice and truth, and that what your Majesty had done was quite as much out of regard for him as for her. The King delayed replying to this for three days, and then, after having taken sufficient advice, made a poor enough reply, in which he said nothing about your Majesty or about the other points, but wrote only that she was very obstinate to have sworn she had never known prince Arthur, and also that she had gone saying and preaching it (preschant) to all the world, and that she was very much deceived if she founded herself upon that, for he would make the contrary quite evident by good witnesses; which being the case, nothing was more certain than that the Pope had no power to dispense, as by his knowledge and learning, which was such as all the world knew, he had invincibly shown; and she would do more wisely to employ her time in seeking witnesses to prove her pretended virginity, than to waste it in holding such language to all the world as she did; and instead of writing to him, or sending messages, she had better attend to her own affairs. He also wrote other things of the same character, which have not yet been reported to me. The letter had no address, probably because they mean to change her name, and have not yet determined what title to give her, if they had leisure to do it; for during three days they have been more occupied in drawing up this letter than could be imagined; and it may be supposed, considering the Lady's authority, and the good reasons contained in the said letter, that she must have dictated it (decretee). The Queen, seeing such rude façons de faire, doubted at first that the King had received from Rome some great assurance about his cause; but I showed her the contrary, and that the King's conduct proceeded rather from distrust and half despair; so that she is now free from anxiety. But, as she sent to tell me yesterday, she is greatly piqued by the news, which have been confirmed, of the delay which has been granted in his case, at the intercession of the king of France, fearing that his Holiness may be drawn to something more than delay, or that these here may wait for some new device in the future Parliament. I told her that the Pope had not very much obliged the king of France, being so long in according to him that which justice demanded; viz., that he would observe the holidays, and that to do otherwise would be a wrong to the King, seeing that they had done the same in the process here at her request; and that she must believe that as the Pope had so often been advertised by you and others of the dangers and slanders which would arise from the delay, not merely to this kingdom, but to the See Apostolic, that he would not have granted it, except upon very good reason. For which she was much obliged to me, and has written to me to say that she had escaped from great sorrow and turmoil. The Princess is now with her, and this will make her forget her grief for the absence of the King. They amuse themselves by hunting, and visiting the royal houses round Windsor, expecting some good news from Rome.
The elect of Amiens has been sent hither by De la Barre, provost of Paris, to arrange with the duchess of Suffolk touching her dowry. He went straight to the lodging of the Duchess, and will return immediately. Joachim is gone to Dover, waiting for the King, and to escape the dangers of sickness at this season, and to visit his hermitage. He has sent over six French prisoners to France, who were detained here as Lutherans.
A captain of Monegue arrived here with letters to the King, urging him to send six galleys against the Infidels.
At the request of the abbots of this country, and by advice of the chapter general of the Cistercians, there has lately come hither the abbot of Chalia (Chailly) to visit the houses of his Order, of which there is great need. But, in spite of many good and judicial arguments, the King would not allow him, saying that he would not allow anybody to meddle in the affairs of his kingdom, except himself; and that he was King and Emperor, and, if I remember rightly, Pope.
I have received 1,500 livres, which will not pay one third of my debts. Begs he may be provided with some benefice.
Touching the resolution of your Majesty for the pension of the duke of Norfolk, I will behave to him and other nobles as I have done hitherto, without giving them the least scent of a pension. If Dr. Fox has left Paris. as your ambassador writes, he must have gone and suborned other universities, for he has not returned home. A gentleman of the King's stable, named Penicon, has brought letters from France to Joachim, who has been compelled to leave Dover and come to Court, and expects he will have to stay here five days,—which shows it is matter of importance. And it is probable that the men here, wishing to complete their folly, would make others fools as well as themselves; for there is reason to think they are soliciting France to join in a war against you. For Penicon reports, that, speaking about war to the king of France, he replied he would not undertake anything for which he was not well furnished himself without any aid elsewhere; for he had been deceived by his neighbours. And when Penicon said that was Savoy and Lorraine, the King said clearly that it was all of them. Joachim has been commissioned to ask for a subvention more large and expeditious than the former. Ortiz has written to me that the Pope and the Rota have told him that if there was written evidence of the great familiarity and scandalous conversation and bad example of the King and the Lady, and the illtreatment of the Queen, his Holiness would immediately fulminate his censures. There is no means of getting such an instrument here, but the information of the Nuncio will be sufficient, who has promised to write to the Pope. Advises that the Pope be urged, since the sentence cannot be executed in the holidays, to grant declaratoyres upon the brief already executed in Flanders, to prevent the Parliament taking any steps. London, 31 July 1531.
Hol., pp. 5, from a modern copy.
31 July.
Simancas MS.
362. Charles V. to the Empress.
Hears from Rome that for the Queen's cause it is necessary to examine the treaties and leagues made at the time of both her marriages. Asks her to have them sought for, and authentic copies sent to Mai at Rome.
Sp., p. 1, modern copy. Headed : Copia de parrafo descifrado en carta del Emperador a la Emperatriz desde Augusta, a postrero de Julio de 1531.
Simancas MS. 2. Instructions by [the Empress] (fn. 5) to —, to find the marriage treaty between Henry VIII. and Katharine of Aragon.
You are first to go to Calatayud, where one Juan Perez de Almaçan, son of secretary Almaçan, is said to live, "cuya es la villa de Maella;" and if you do not find him there, you are to pass on to Saragossa, or wherever he and the heirs of the said secretary are to be found, and give them my letter, and show them this instruction, that they may look among the writings left by the said secretary for the following papers :—
(1.) The marriage treaty between Henry VIII. and queen Katharine, our aunt, after the death of Arthur prince of Wales, and the agreement made with the King his father thereupon.
(2.) The letter or letters of payment of the dowry of the said Queen in the said second marriage.
(3.) The grant of the marriage portion made or promised to the Queen.
(4.) Any other writings concerning the said matter, either in Latin, Spanish, or French.
You are to take these writings themselves, if possible, or, if bound up in books, to take copies, authenticated before a judge, and make an abstract of them, signed with your name.
You are also to make a like application to the heirs of the secretary Calcena, and others who may have charge of his papers. If you do not find them, when you come to Saragossa, you will learn from Dr. Calvete, inquisitor, and Dr. Palacios, assessor, who are in the Aljaferia, if, at the time they saw the said writings of secretary Calcena by order of the Council of the Inquisition, there was anything of consequence in them, and who can produce them.
Similarly, you must go to Taraçona, and then to Valencia, in search of the papers of secretary Pedro de Quintana.
As the comendador Martin Cabrero is viceroy in Sardinia, you must apply to the person who keeps his house in Saragoça, to search his writings, and those of his uncle, the chamberlain Juan Cabrera, for any of the abovementioned documents.
You will take a letter to the governor of Aragon to give you help.
When you have finished in Aragon you must go to Valencia, give the enclosed letter to Don Luis Carroz, bailiff of Valencia, and cause him to search for the said documents among his papers. You must bring back his answer, as we write to him for information about the second marriage. Ocaña,— 1531.
Sp., pp. 3, modern copy.
Simancas MS. 3. Memorial for the judge (jucz de rcsidencia) of Granada.
The interrogatories, which are sent separately, must be put to a woman called Catalina, who was slave to the queen of England, and served her in her chamber. She was married at Valdazcaray to a man who made crossbows, named Oviedo, and afterwards lived at Malaga, where her husband died. She then went to live with her two daughters at Motril, her native town.
Directions to be followed if she is not found there. Her answers are to be written, and signed by the judge or his deputy, that they may not be made public. She is to be thoroughly examined, so that she may say all she knows. The questions must be returned with her answers.
ii. Memorial for the Alcalde Mayor of Toledo.
The accompanying questions are to be put to a nun of the monastery of the Mother of God, named Catalina Fortes, niece of the treasurer Morales. She is not to be put on oath, but exhorted to say all she knows. The Alcalde must write her answers, and she sign them, if she can. That she may speak freely, the letters from the Emperor to her and to the Abbess must first be delivered.
iii. Memorial for the archdeacon Reyna.
The accompanying questions are to be put to Formizedo, servant of Alonzo Desquivel, late gentleman sewer to the queen of England, who lives in Seville; and to Tamayo, a scrivener, before whom was executed the act of the Queen's betrothal. He was a servant of Dr. de la Puebla, who was ambassador in England, and afterwards was at Jerusalem with the marquis of Tarifa, whose household will be able to give information about him. These persons must not be examined on oath, but charged to say what they know. The letters from the Emperor must be given to them.
iv. Memorial for the Corregidor of Madrid.
The accompanying questions must be put to the wife of Juan de Cuero, late lady of the bedchamber of the queen of England, who lives at Madrid. The Emperor's letter must be first given her, and the name, which is in blank, filled in.
Donna Maria de Rojas must also be examined. She is wife of Don Alvaro de Mendoça, and slept in the Queen's bed after the death of prince Arthur.
Sp., pp. 3, modern copy.
Simancas MS. 4. Names of the persons away from the court, who know the facts about the first and second marriage of the queen of England.
(1.) Catalina, the Queen's slave and bedmaker. She married a Moor, cross-bow maker, at Valdeyzcarria. She was also present at the second marriage.
(2.) Catalina Fortes, nun in the monastery of the Mother of God, Toledo, niece of the treasurer Morales. She was lady of the bedchamber to the Queen, who trusted much in her.
(3.) Doña Maria de Rojas, wife of Don Alvaro de Mendoça. She lives about Najara, or near Victoria. She slept with the Queen after Arthur's death.
(4.) The wife of Juan de Cuero, late lady of the bedchamber to the Queen. She lives at Madrid.
(5.) Formizedo, servant of Alonzo de Esquivel, near Seville, late gentleman sewer to the Queen.
(6.) Tamayo, a notary, who attested the marriage of Henry and Katharine. He lived with the ambassador Dr. de la Puebla. He now has a place in Seville with the marquis of Tarifa, and went with him to Jerusalem.
(7.) Frai Diego Hernandez, the Queen's late confessor, must be asked what secretary or clerk countersigned or sealed the articles about the second marriage, which, he says, he delivered to the archbishop of Canterbury, chancellor, the bishop of Winchester, and the earl of Surrey (Soroy), by order of the Queen, at the time she espoused Henry.
Sp., pp. 2, modern copy.
Simancas MS. 5. Questions to be asked of those persons who know the circumstances of the marriage of queen Katharine of England with her husband king Henry.
(1.) If they know of any writings concerning the said marriage, and in whose possession they are.
(2.) How long the Queen was married to Arthur prince of Wales; and if the Council of the king of England determined that the marriage should not be consummated, because of Arthur's weakness.
(3.) Concerning prince Arthur's age and bodily condition.
(4.) If there was any report or evidence about her being left a virgin.
(5.) If, after the death of Arthur, Katharine remained weak and crippled, and discharged humours from her mouth, on which there was great consultation of physicians, who said that the cause of her indisposition was that she had remained a virgin, and that marriage with a competent person would restore her health; and so it proved on her marriage with Henry.
(6.) If it was not reported, when she married Henry, that she remained a virgin.
(7.) Whether Henry had great desire to marry her, and, when his father died, sent persons to her to ask her to marry him.
(8.) Whether the King's grandmother, and his Council, strongly advised him to marry the sister of the king of France, but against their advice he determined to marry the Queen.
(9.) That they shall declare what persons can give further information.
Sp., pp. 2, modern copy.
Simancas MS. 6. [Anonymous statement.] At Valladolid on 14 Sept. 1545 I was at the lodging of Señor Ruis de Puebla, in the house of Dr. Arguelles, and notified him of a schedule of the prince our Lord, in reply to which he gave me the following information.
That the Emperor being at Burgos in 1528 when he gave the challenge, the archdeacon (?) (fn. 6) of Malaga, his brother, and himself, gave into his Majesty's own hand the original brief which was granted for the marriage of Henry VIII. and queen Katharine, and the copy of a bull granted for the same marriage. They also gave him a receipt for the dowry she took with her.
Afterwards, when the Court was at Toledo, they gave Mons. de Granvelle, then named Nicholas de Pernot, they being at the time dependents of Juan Aleman (luego que pendieron a Juan Aleman), all the agreements made between the Catholic kings and the king of England, at the time when queen Katharine was married to prince Arthur, and some writings made since; and that he thinks among them was a league made among Christian princes, and some despatches of the Catholic kings, both in Spanish and cipher.
Since the above, during the Emperor's absence from Spain, the cardinal of Toledo, being then archbishop of Santiago and president, asked the said Ruiz de Puebla for all the writings which he had touching the King. He replied that he had given them to his Majesty and Granvelle. Some were translated into Spanish by secretary Carate, examined by the Council, and sent to Rome. In accordance with the Cardinal's orders, De Puebla went to Burgos, and found other writings, which he gave to the Cardinal. Afterwards, when he had gone to Palaçuelos de la Sierra, near Burgos, on account of the pestilence, the Cardinal sent to him to search for more papers at San Francisco, in Burgos, giving him a schedule for the provincial Fray Bernaldino Salzedo. What he found there, with other papers in the possession of Garcia Ruiz de la Mota, he delivered to the Cardinal. There were many papers at San Francisco, some referring to the treaties between Portugal and Castile, and to the "maestrazgos," and exchanges made by the King with noblemen, and some papers of the times of king John and king Henry IV.
He says also that Garcia Ruiz may have writings.
Sp., pp. 3, modern copy.

Harl. MS. 296, f. 37. B. M.
363. Henry VIII. to Brian and Foxe.
Has received their letters of 16 June by Antony Denny, Brian's servant, with two subscriptions, one in parchment and one in paper, made there by learned men in the law, concerning the injuries done to the King by the Pope. Is well contented with Brian's communication to the French king, and Foxe's obtaining the subscriptions. The sending of Pachett to Orleans was well done. Desires them to send letters to the president of Toulouse, who was here in England, whose name De Langey can give them, to obtain like subscriptions there. Returns the subscriptions. That in parchment, which makes special mention of the King's case, is more effectual than the other. Thinks of sending the exemplification thereof to the ambassador at Rome to be shown to the Pope, and desires them to send to him copies of other subscriptions which they may obtain, sending the originals to England. Has received also their letter of 28 June by Pachett. In the former letters they write of the overture made to Bryan by the Great Master, and afterwards to Foxe by the Chancellor, to move the King to offer Francis the delay of the payment of 100,000 cr. of the sun due in November. Approves of their answers, both at that time, and subsequently when the King mentioned his great need of money to redeem the lands of Mons. de Vendosme in Flanders. Is ready to do what he can for the French king without overmuch detriment to himself, but benefits to be done and hoped for, are much more effectual in preserving goodwill than those already received, which lightly pass over and are forgotten.
Thinks it better to put the French king in hope of his request being granted, but not so that he may trust of the whole sum he requires, than suddenly to make him a determinate and certain answer, so that he may neither despair of the King's answer, nor conceive such hope that he would have just cause to complain if part only is granted. Brian and Foxe are severally to answer the Grand Master and Chancellor after this sort. For a beginning they may say that the King takes their frank and plain speech as an argument of their goodwill for the continuance of the amity between the two kings; that because all things ought to be common, and nothing can be reputed a benefit to one which should redound overmuch to the incommodity of the other, he has ordered them to declare the state of his affairs, which require great sums of money, as the putting in order of his ships, which have not been repaired for a long time, the repairing of the frontiers on that side the sea, and against Scotland, and the estimation and reputation of the King in the minds of those who, esteeming him not to be sufficiently furnished, will, perhaps, take the more courage to do him displeasure, or not to show themselves after such sort as otherwise they would. Doubt not they will think it wisely and friendly done to communicate these charges to them, that they may consider them, as the French king said he would. Cannot, however, utterly deny the request; and if they will let him know, between this and November, what sum is necessary for the French king's affairs, will do for him what the perfectness of his friendship requires. If they [speak] about "the application of our book," we like well that the book by the Dolphin's confessor should be approved by the doctors of Paris rather than our book, provided it be as effectual. Foxe must, therefore, diligently peruse it, and, if anything material is wanting, try to persuade the Confessor to supply it. If it is refused, it will not be prejudicial to "our book," of which he can procure the approbation afterwards. They must thank the King for his advice concerning the King's agents and ambassadors at Rome, and that he has so much at heart the direct proceeding of the King's affairs. For correspondence whereof, he may assuredly trust that the King will not fail him in anything in which he can do him pleasure. Desires them to request the French king to order the officers at Homflete to pass, without payment of custom, 50 great cables, provided for the King's use by Edmond Wolsey, factor to Ric. Gresham.
Later copy, pp. 3.
July./Grants. 364. Grants in July 1531.
1. Roger Spencer, of Womborne, Staff., alias of Bowdeley, Worc., yeoman, weaver. Pardon for having feloniously killed William Bowseley at Womborne, 12 July 17 Hen. VIII. Westm., 29 June 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 3.
2. David Bentley, clk. Presentation to the chantry at the altar of the Salutation of St. Mary the Virgin, in the parish church of Myer, Salisbury dioc., for the souls of Sir John Myer and Sir John Berkley; void by the forfeiture of William Bishopp, last chaplain, and at the King's disposal by the minority of Peter Compton, s. and h. of Sir William Compton and Walburga his wife, the King's ward. Addressed to Richard Pace, dean of Salisbury. Westm., 1 July 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 3.
3. Robert Shetford. To be clerk or surveyor of the repairs and works in the town of Calais and the marches thereof, with 8d. a day. Westm., 1 July 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 3.
4. Sir George Throkmarton and Robert Throkmarton, son and heir apparent of the said George. Grant in survivorship of the office of steward in the lordships or manors following; viz., Claredon alias Claverdon, Lighterne, Moreton, Brails, Barkeswell, Bereford, and Kyngton (Warw.), with fees of 14d. a day, viz. 2d. a day in each stewardship; the offices of bailiff and provost of the lordship or manor of Morton (Warw.), with fees of 4d. a day, and with the other emoluments enjoyed in said offices by Sir Wiliam Kyngston, &c.; the said fees to be payable out of the issues of the manors or lordships of Warwicke and Snittesfeld, and of the said lordships or manors of Barkeswell, Moreton, Lighterne, Claredon, and Kington. Further grant to the said George and Robert, of the office of woodward or keeper of the woods in the said lordships or manors of Barkesswell and Claredon or Claverdon, the lordship or manor of Henley in Arderene (Warw.), and the said lordship or manor of Kington, with fees of 8d. a day, viz. 2d. a day in each woodwardship, out of the issues of the said lordships of Warwyke, Snyterfeld, Kyngton, Barkyswell, Moreton, Lighterne, Henley, and Claredon : Westm., 4 July. —Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 1.
5. Brian Hastynges and Elizabeth his wife, widow of John Frechevyle, deceased, who held of the King in chief two parts of the manor of Staveley, and of the park there, and a water-mill, 2 messuages, 300 acres of land, 200 acres of meadow, 100 acres of pasture, 150 acres of wood, and 24s. 6d. rent in Staveley (Derby). Pardon and release. Westm., 4 July.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 8.
6. Christopher Slyngesby and Margaret his wife, Thomas Stutvyle, and John Tournour. Licence to alienate by fine in the Common Pleas the manor of Dalham, and 300 acres of land, 100 acres of meadow, 200 acres of pasture, 200 acres of wood, and 10l. rent in Dalham, Denham, Lydyate, Gaseley, Multon, and Ayssheley, and the advowson of Dalham church, to Leonard Cotton, clk., Henry Tournour, jun., Osbert Moundeford, George Trace, Simon Slyngesby, William Poley, Henry Payn, John Apott, Thomas Payn, and John Godyng, clk., and the heirs of the said John Godyng for ever. Westm., 4 July.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 8.
7. Yorkshire : Commission to Sir Rob. Nevell, Thos. Fairfax, serjeant-at-law, Will. Babthorp, and Thomas Grice, to make inquisition p. m. on the lands and heir of Sir Rob. Skargill. Westm., 4 July.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 32d.
8. Constat and exemplification, in consequence of the loss of the original, sworn to by Sir William Fitzwilliam, knight of the Royal Body, of the inrolmént of patent 14 April 15 Hen. VIII., granting to the said William and to Sir Christopher Conyers, s. and h. of Sir William Conyers, deceased, various offices in the lordship of Barnerd's Castle and elsewhere, and two parcels of land in co. York, called Scale parke and Rand. Westm., 5 July.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 32.
9. Sir George Boleyn, lord Rocheford. Grant of the office of keeper of the park of Hatfield Regis, Essex, parcel of the honor of Beaulieu, vice John Burrell, serjeant-at-arms, deceased, with fees of 2d. a day, and the herbage and pannage of the said park. Westm., 1 July 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 23.
10. Thos. Roberts, of Willesdon, Middx., gentleman, alias of London. Exemption from acting as escheator of Kent, Middx., or other counties. Hampton Court, 28 June 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 July.— P.S.
11. Alexander Burges of Wyrkyngton (Cumb.), yeoman, Edward Wylde of the same, yeoman, Thos. Peerson of the same, laborer, John More of the same, laborer, Christopher Boweke of the same, laborer, Jn. Steilles of the same, husbandman, Thos. Morand of the same, laborer, Christopher Peerson of the same, laborer, John Walker of the same, yeoman, Robert Dey of the same, husbandman, Ric. Banke of the same, husbandman, John Smythe of the same, laborer, John Tavesson of the same, husbandman, Wm. Banke of the same, laborer, Gabriel Johnson of the same, laborer, Thos. Rede of the same, husbandman, Thos. Bakster of the same, laborer, John Herkelby of the same, laborer, James Ferom of the same, laborer, Thos. Hudson of Camerton (Cumb.), chaplain, Miles Spencer of Clifton, husbandman, Wm. Byrkhed of the same, laborer, John Jakson of the same, husbandman, John Jenkenson, of the same, husbandman, John Jakson, of the same, yeoman, George Farset of the same, husbandman, Thos. Barker of the same, husbandman, Robt. Hall of the same, husbandman, Robt. Thompson of Clyfton, husbandman, John Rybton of the same, husbandman, Christopher Rybton of the same, yeoman, John Fausett of the same, yeoman, Robt. Bell of the same, yeoman, Wm. Yewerd of the same, yeoman, Wm. Yeward late of the same, yeoman, Thos. Kendal of the same, yeoman, John Lytster of the same, yeoman, Henry Atkynson late of Staynborow, Cumb., yeoman, John Hygekinson of the same, yeoman, George Wilson of the same, yeoman, Nich. Wilson of the same, yeoman, John Fausett of the same, yeoman, John Smyth of the same, laborer, Ric. Williamson of Wynstales (Cumb.), husbandman, John Hudson of the same, laborer, Wm. Begrygge of the same, yeoman, John Robynson of the same, yeoman, Robt. Couper of the same, yeoman, Christopher Herd of the same, yeoman, Simon Ficher of the same, yeoman, John Gest of the same, yeoman, Nich. Kerckhed of the same, husbandman, Miles Fletcher of the same, husbandman, John Hudson of the same, husbandman, John Robynson of the same, husbandman, John Peyll of the same, husbandman, Wm. Day of Whetherig (Cumb.), husbandman, Thos. Day of the same, husbandman, Robt. Wilson of the same, husbandman, John Greyson of the same, husbandman, Wm. Symson of the same, husbandman, Roger Sybson of Ceton (Cumb.), husbandman, Thos. Milnar of the same, laborer, John Robynson of the same, yeoman, Robt. Stell of the same, husbandman, Wm. Steilles of the same, husbandman, John Bove of the same, husbandman, Robt. Watson of the same, husbandman, Thos. Gillome of the same, husbandman, Hugh Richardson of the same, husbandman, Thos. Alandson of the same, husbandman, Wm. Richardson of the same, husbandman, John Thomson of the same, husbandman, John Manwell of the same, husbandman, Christopher Atkynson of the same, husbandman, Christopher Atkinson of the same, husbandman, Ric. Nawdell of the same, husbandman, Thos. Beve of the same, husbandman, Thos. Atkinson of the same, husbandman, John Peerson of the same, husbandman, John Lawrence of the same, husbandman, Wm. Peerson, of the same, husbandman, Wm. Peerson of the same, husbandman, Wm. Beweke of the same, husbandman, Ric. Beweke of the same, husbandman, John Whelewryght of the same, husbandman, John Nawdell of the same, husbandman, Edw. Marwell late of the same, husbandman, and John Peerson of the same, husbandman. Pardon for having created a disturbance at Camerton (Cumb.), and assaulted and maltreated Joan Curwen, wife of Thos. Curwen, and Margaret Grasse, wife of Nicholas Grasse, and William Herteley, causing the death of an infant in the womb of the said Joan, whereof they were indicted at Penrith (Cumb.) Greenwich, I May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 July. —P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 26.
12. Sir William Skevyngton, deputy of the King and of Henry duke of Richmond and Somerset, lieutenant of Ireland. Commission to add the following articles to those mentioned in patent 16 May last for the consideration of the Parliament of Ireland :
That whereas in a Parliament holden at Lymeryke, the Friday next before Ash Wednesday, 22 Edw. IV., before Gerald earl of Kildare, then deputy to Richard Salop (sic) duke of York, son of king Edw. IV., amongst other acts it was supposed that, notwithstanding the said Earl had peaceably brought into subjection the counties of Kathirlagh and Kyldare, yet the lands of the same remained waste by the negligence of those who claimed them as their inheritance, who would not endeavour to reclaim their possession; wherefore it was ordained that all persons pretending any title should come and enter into posession again between that time and the Feast of Purification then next ensuing; and if it happened that any possessions in the said counties, from the town, village, and lordship of Calveston to the castle of Cathirlagh, and from the said castle to the bridge and castle of Leighlyn, were then waste and unoccupied by the King's subjects, the said Gerald should have power to enter into the same (except lands belonging to the Church), to hold to the said Gerald and his heirs for ever; but that if any person having right to any of the premises should come to the said Earl, his heirs and assigns, within six years after the said Feast of Purification, and make a reasonable offer for the reinhabitation of the premises, or compound to pay annual rent for the same, it should be lawful for such person to have their old right again : And whereas it was enacted by the said Act that all persons under 21 years of age should come to the said Earl, his heirs and assigns, within 11 years after they come of age, and make satisfaction and composition as aforesaid, or else lose their right : And whereas the supposal of the said Act was not altogether true, and the contents of the same impracticable, inasmuch as neither the said Earl, nor the persons pretending title, were able to reinhabit the premises with the King's subjects, and the making the said compositions was found hard, the said Earl being the only judge appointed thereto : And whereas many lands in the said counties belonged by inheritance to persons in England, who could have no notice of the passing of the said Act out of the land : It be enacted that the said Act be not prejudicial to any persons of the realm of England, nor to their heirs, being in England at the time of the making of the said Act and since, but that all such persons may enter and take possession according to their ancient right. [This article is in English.] Del. Westm., 5 July.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 4.
13. Dan (dominus) John Bull, clk. Grant of the free chapel of St. Mary Magdalene, Southwell (Notts.), void by death, and at the King's disposal by reason of the voidance of the see of York. Westm., 3 July 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 1.
14. Thomas Annesley, and Henry Annesley, groom of the Chamber. Grant of a corrody in the monastery of Southwyke, Hants, on surrender by the said Thomas, who lately held the corrody alone. Hampton Court, 22 June 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 July.—P.S.
15. London : Sir Thomas Pargettoure, the mayor, Sir John Dauncy, Sir John Aleyn, and John Baker. Commission to inquire concerning idiots and lunatics. 6 July.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 32d.
16. Robert Pole, one of appositores ciborum of the King's chamber. Grant, with the assent of the King's council, of those lands which were leased for a term of 40 years at stated rents, by patent 19 Nov. last, to John Hyde, ingrosser of the great roll of the Exchequer; viz., 38 acres of land in Shitlyndon, Beds., seized into the King's hands, 1 Aug. 32 Edw. III., by William Oteford, escheator in said co., and cos. Bucks, Camb., and Hunts; it having been found by an inquisition before said escheator that the abbot of Ramsey (Ramsh') had appropriated the same to himself and his house by divers his natives, and Emma Bradmer his native, without licence; viz., 15 acres thereof from John Whyteselawe by Thos. Atwell and Robert Wildefoule his natives, 4 acres by Thomas Hanescombe his native, 4 acres by Hugh Carpenter his native, 1½ acre by Thos. Gilbert his native, 4 acres by Henry Lewyn his native, 2 acres by Robert West his native, 2 acres by Robert Alcyn his native, ½ acre by John Goodman his native, 1 acre by John Chyveley his native, 2 acres by Robt. Atmede his native, 1 acre by Emma Bradmere his native, and the remaining 1 acre by Edmund Hanestombe his native; the custody of which lands was leased to the said John Hyde by the said patent, by the name of certain lands in Shytlyndon (Beds.), taken into the hands of king Hen. VI. on Friday after the Feast of Corpus Christi, 27 Hen. VI., by George Longvyle, sheriff of said co.; and also all those lands in Cranefeld, Shytlyngton, Barton in the Clay, Flatewyke, Gravenhurst, and Sutton (Beds.), which were granted by patent 10 March 15 Edw. IV. to Thos. Master and which John Browne and Bartholomew Willesden lately held to farm of King Hen. VI. for the term of the life of the said Thomas, and which were also leased by the said patent of Hen. VIII. by the name of certain lands in Cranefeld, Barton in the Clay, Flatewyke, Gravon Hurst, and Sutton (Beds.), which John Browne, late underclerk of the kitchen of king Hen. VI., and Bartholomew Willesdon, lately held to farm by a lease of the said King. In the lease of Hen. VIII. above cited, the names of William Butler and John Butler of London are mentioned as mainpernors. Westm., 1 July 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 July. —P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 21.
17. Cheshire : Commission to Sir Will. Stanley, Ric. Snede, Will. Venables, Humph. Newton, and John Leicester, to make inquisitions p. m. on the lands and heir of Geo. Wynnyngton, Fulk (Foulconis) Hope, and Ric. Redych. Westm., 7 July.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 32d.
18. John Weyver, of Rigate (Surrey). Pardon for the murder of Alice Sprynger, Westm., 4 July 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 25.
19. Philip Wilde, one of the yeomen of the Guard. Grant of 6d. a day as fee of the Crown, on the death of Thomas Totheby, Edward Ingham, Richard Forster, William Pole, Simon Burton, Laurence Serle, Robert Berdwell, Edward Lovesley, John Bedon, George Node, Laurence Eglesfeld, William Dawe, Griffith Rede, or Hugh Davy, or on surrender or forfeiture of the said fee of the Crown by any of them. Windsor, 9 July 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 July.— P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 8 and 15.
20. Francis Minutula, citizen and merchant of Messina. Appointment as consul of the English merchants there. Westm., 4 July 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 July. —P.S.
21. Cheshire : — Commission to Ric. Snede, Will. Wilberham, John Donne, and Ric. Hassall, to make inquisition p. m. on the lands and heir of Ralph Vernon. Westm., 10 July.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 32d.
22. John Fylks, of Erythe, Kent. Pardon for having on the 11th April last killed John Jenyns, husbandman, in self-defence, at Sampson's Grove, in Erythe. Westm., 13 July.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 4.
23. Robert Palmer, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Creyton, Linc. dioc., vice John Burges resigned, in the King's gift by the minority of Francis Canfeld. Windsor, 9 July 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 13 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 8.
24. Henry Lightmaker, citizen of Hamborowe. Licence to purchase 1,000 qrs. of barley or malt in Norfolk and Suffolk, and to export the same to the said city. Abbey of Chertsey, 14 July 23 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
25. John Caree, page of the Privy Chamber. Grant of the lordships or manors of Penkern and Cogan, in the lordship of Newporte (Wales), parcel of the lands late of Edward duke of Buckingham, now in the hands of the King by the death of Eleanor duchess of Buckingham; with reservations. Windsor, 8 July 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 14 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 8.
26. Sir Ralph Dodmer, alderman of London. Assent to his election as mayor; and to the election of George Medley and William Wylkynson, citizens and mercers of London, as constables of the staple of wools, hides, fleeces, and lead at Westminster. Westm., 15 July.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 15.
27. John Wellesborne, one of the gentlemen of the Privy Chamber. Grant of the lordship or manor of Stowe, in the lordship of Newporte (S. Wales), parcel of the lands of Edward late duke of Buckingham attainted; in the King's hands by the death of Eleanor late duchess of Buckingham; with reservations. Windsor, 7 July 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 15 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 8.
28. Thomas earl of Wiltshire and Ormond, and George Bolleyne, lord Rocheford, s. and h. apparent of the said Earl. Grant of the offices of steward of the honor of Railegh, keeper of Railegh park, master of the hunt of deer in Railegh park and Thundersley park, and bailiff of the hundred of Rachford alias Rochford, Essex, with 10l. a year for the said office of bailiff, and 4d. a day for the keepership of Railegh park, out of the issues of the said honor and manor of Railegh, and of the lordships and manors of Estwodebury, Thundersley, and Lonedon, Essex, and the herbage and pannage of Railegh park; on surrender by Sir Anthony Browne of patent 17 May 18 Hen. VIII. granting the same to Thomas marquis of Dorset, now deceased, and the said Sir Anthony. Windsor, 12 July 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 15 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 3.
29. Henry Stafford lord Stafford, and Ursula his wife. Grant in tail of the castle and manor of Stafford, and the manor called Stafford manor, and Stafford Rent, and all lands, &c. in the town or borough of Stafford, and in the townships of Bradley, Billyngton, Dunston, Copynhall, Stretton, Cokeslane, Burton, Wuttonslonds, Lichefeld, and Fulforde Richardscott, Staff., with all wood, underwood, &c., and the advowson of the free chapel of St. Nicholas, in Stafford park; also all lands in the manor of Stafford, late of Roger Bradshawe, and all lands late of Richard Bassett, lord of Drayton; also the manor of Essengton, York.; all which lately belonged to Edward late duke of Buckingham, attainted; to hold at the annual rent of 4l. 13s. 4¾d., with a further rent of 6l. 13s. 4d. on the death of one William Cholmsley, an annuitant.
Also, reversion of the parcels of lands and pastures in the foren of the manor of Walsall called "le Wasts," parcel of the rent of the said manor of Stafford, which were leased by patent 2 May 18 Hen. VIII. to Robert Acton (afterwards one of the gentleman ushers of the King's chamber), for 21 years, at an annual rent of 46s. 8d., and 40d. of increase; which annual rent, during the term of the said lease, along with a reversion of the premises on the expiration of the same, was granted in tail male to the said Robert and Margery his wife by patent 5 May 20 Hen. VIII.; to hold to the said Henry and Ursula, on the death of the said Robert and Margery and of the heirs male of their bodies, at the annual rent of 50s. Also, reversion of the herbage and pannage of Stafford park, on the death of Edw. Littelton, who now holds the same by virtue of patent 22 Jan. 13 Hen. VIII., which granted him, inter alia, the said herbage and pannage at an annual rent of 16l. 13s. 4d., which rent was remitted by a writ of privy seal, dated 25 May 4 Hen. VIII.; to hold at the annual rent of 16l. 13s. 4d. Windsor, 13 July 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 15 July.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 2.
30. Alvarez de Medina, merchant of Burgos. Denization. Westm., 27 June 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 15 July.— P.S.
31. Monastery of St. Peter and Paul, Athelney, Bath and Wells dioc. Restitution of the temporalities on the election of John Major as abbot. Greenwich, 28 May 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 16 July.— P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 20.
32. Beds. and Bucks :—Writ to the sheriff to cause proclamations to be made for the enforcement of the statute 5 Ric. II. [cap. ii.] against the exportation of bullion.
Similar writs to the sheriffs of—
Camb. and Hunts.
Essex and Herts.
Notts and Derby.
Norf. and Suff.
Oxon and Berks.
Surrey and Sussex.
Somers. and Dorset.
Warw. and Leic.
Cinque Ports. Similar writ to the sheriffs of London (with the necessary alterations).
Similar writs to the sheriffs of—
Kingeston upon Hull.
Ipswich. —Westm., 18 July.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 32d.
33. Edward Gregory. Presentation to the church of Harpoll, Linc. dioc., void by the resignation of John Underhill, and at the King's disposal by the minority of Francis son and heir of Wm. Tanfeld. [No date.] S.B.
Below in margin : "T., quarto die Aug., anno xxiij." On the dorse : "Expedit' apud Chersey, xx. die Julii anno r. r. Henr. VIII. xxiij. per Godsalve."
34. John Tull, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Lukkyngton, Salisbury dioc., void by death, and at the King's disposal by the minority of Peter Compton, s. and h. of Sir William Compton, deceased. Hampton Court, 5 July 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 21 July.—P.S. Pat. p 2, m. 4.
35. John Grenewode, of Burgh, Norf., husbandman. Pardon. Chertsey, 16 July 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 21 July.— P.S.
36. Glaude de St. Martin, of Paris, merchant. Licence to depart from this realm with six horses and baggage. Guildford, 26 July 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 31 July. —P.S.
37. William Oxenbrige. Grant of the office of bailiff of the lordships and manors of Sutton on Darwent, and Elvyngton, Yorksh., with fees of 2d. a day. Farnham Castle, 31 July 23 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m 5.—Vacated on surrender 13 Mar. 30 Hen. VIII., in order that the office might be granted to John Eglesfeld.


1 "Victoricensis" in MS., which should doubtless be "Bituricensis."
2 Evidently a mistake for 1531.
3 This abstract is by Bergenroth. The date at the end is June, in the margin July. In the bundle at Simancas it comes just before a document of 3 July.
4 Nic. Sadler. See vol. IV. No. 4837.
5 Headed, "La Reyna."
6 arceo in orig.