Henry VIII
January 1532, 21-31

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1880

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'Henry VIII: January 1532, 21-31', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 5: 1531-1532 (1880), pp. 350-367. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=77476 Date accessed: 21 August 2014.


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January 1532, 21-31

21 Jan.
R. O.
732. Henry VIII. to Benet and Carne.
Sends the bearer, Dr. Bonner, to the court of Rome, with instructions in every point concerning his affairs there, which he will communicate to them on his arrival. They are to give him the fullest information on the state of the cause, and how to proceed. Westm., 21 Jan. Signed at top.
P. 1. Sealed. Add.
21 Jan.
R. O. St. P. VII. 337.
733. Henry VIII. to Ghinucci and Casale.
Begs they will continue their labours. As the labours of Carne are great, sends Edm. Bonner, LL.D., who is esteemed by the King for his virtue, faith, diligence, and acuteness. Westm., 21 Jan. 1531. Signed.
Lat. Add. Endd. : 1532. Del sermo Re d'Inghilterra di xxj. di Gennaro.
21 Jan.
R. O.
734. John Lord Audeley to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his great goodness in procuring him a licence of absence from Parliament at this extreme point of need. If he left his house, he should die by the way. Sends his proxy with a blank for any nobleman the King may name. If not rightly drawn will amend it with the help of the clerk of the Parliament, and will be glad to recompense him for it. Wade, 21 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful and his most singular friend, Mr. Cromewell. Sealed.
21 Jan.
Camusat, 120b.
735. Gilles De La Pomeraye to the Bishop Of Auxerre.
This is his third letter since coming here. It is said that the Emperor leaves to-morrow for Germany; but he fears he will delay long enough to trouble the Pope, who has to pay the army until the Emperor's return. It is thought here, that, unless right is done at Rome in the matter of the divorce, something will be done disagreeable to Rome. It is hinted to him that the Pope proceeds slowly, and more like a partisan than a judge. The bishop of Winchester has not yet returned from France, but is on his way. London, 21 Jan.
Hears from France that M. de Nyssé raptus est usque ad tertium cœlum, and saw the Virgin Mary, and Peter and Paul, who told him he ought to execute justice. He fainted, or pretended to, while saying mass.
Fr.
21 Jan.
Camusat, 35.
736. Francis I. to the Bishop Of Auxerre.
Long ago learnt from the duke of Albany the affection borne to him (Francis) by the cardinal De Medicis. The Bishop is to tell the Pope that if he will grant the Cardinal leave to come to Francis, "soit qu'il vueille estre du monde ou demourer comme il est," Francis will entertain him; and to deliver Francis's letter to the Cardinal. Dieppe, 21 Jan. 1531. Signed. Countersigned : Breton.
Fr. Add. : L'evesque d'Auxerre, mon ambassadeur devers le Pape, &c.
II. The Same to the Same.
Has drawn up the above letter for exhibition to the Pope. The Bishop is to inform the Cardinal that Francis has learnt his final resolution, "de se faire du monde," and to leave the Church. As often as he comes to Francis he will be welcome. Will give him lordships, lands, and "party de mariage." Has learnt from the duke of Albany the affection borne to him (Francis) by the cardinal Palmier; the Bishop is to present to him the goblet (couppe) which was destined for the late cardinal Sanctorum Quatuor. This matter is to be kept secret.
Fr.
22 Jan.
Vienna Archives.
737. Chapuys to Charles V.
Parliament will open on the 16th. It is summoned principally for the divorce, and to ask money from the laity; but nothing has yet been proposed, and they will probably temporise until they have news from France and Rome. Almost all the great lords, spiritual and temporal, will be present, except the bishop of Durham, one of the Queen's champions, who has not been summoned. It is said that the bishop of Rochester is not summoned, but he will come with the intention of boldly speaking the truth about the divorce to the King. On hearing of his arrival, the King sent to say he was glad of it, and wished to speak with him; but he, fearing lest the King might forbid him to speak about the divorce, presented himself to the King just as he was going to mass; and though he was well received, he left before the end, to avoid any conversation. He thanks the Emperor for his message, and offers his services. He begs Chapuys to write to him only in cypher. The son of the Princess's governess, (fn. 1) who refused the archbishopric of York because he would not adopt the King's opinions, could not obtain licence to study abroad until the other day. He told the King that if he remained here he must attend Parliament, and if the divorce were discussed he must speak according to his conscience. On this, the King immediately gave him leave to go, and promised to continue his income of 400 ducats, and to allow him to retain his benefices.
Last week the King sent out three ships, well equipped with artillery, and with 150 marines in each, in pursuit of some ships belonging to the king of Denmark, which have taken some English merchantmen. The new ambassador to the Emperor (fn. 2) will start in a few days. Does not know why they are discontented with the present ambassador. (fn. 3) This man is one of the doctors who was at Bologna with the earl of Wiltshire, on whom and his daughter he depends entirely. He has written in favor of the divorce, and was one of the translators of the King's book. Expects he will be ordered to obtain opinions from the German universities, whether Lutheran or otherwise. If he has no better future than the Augustinian Lutherans (les Lutheriens Augustins), whom the King caused to come here with a safeconduct, he will not do much. The said Lutheran (le dit Lutherien (fn. 4) ) returned as he came, with much ill-will from the English.
Judging from what Wiltshire said the day before yesterday, they expect that if the Emperor does not leave for Germany before Candlemas, he will go by sea to Spain, which they wish.
Hears that the Kingintends to make Wiltshire a duke, to enhance the alliance.
Jean Jocquin had been asked by the King not to leave until the return of the bishop of Winchester; but he left yesterday, either in consequence of orders from France, or because the English thought he might help the said Bishop. On taking leave of Chapuys, he would not speak clearly, and assured him that he knew nothing more of the Bishop's charge than Pommeraye had said. Pommeraye accompanied Jocquin, and spoke of the peace and union of Christendom, with praises for the Emperor's wish for the preservation therof, which would be easy, were it not for the dissensions caused by "ce diable de Pape." London, 22 Jan. 1532.
Fr. From a modern copy.
22 Jan.
Add. MS. 28,584, f. 174. B. M.
738. The Divorce.
Paper by Dr. Ortiz, enclosed in a letter to Cobos, dated 25 Jan. 1532 (f. 172.)
Yesterday, Sunday, the 21st Jan., the Pope told me that he had letters from his Nuncio in England, who had spoken to the King about his strange treatment of the Queen. He replied that she was his wife, and bound to obey him; that he had sent to tell her not to urge so strongly that the cause should be tried in Rome, but she persevered, and therefore he had given her four places to choose from, in which to live separate from him (adonde se apartase). The Nuncio said that the cause had been deferred for three years for the public good and peace of Christendom, and the Pope could not put it off any longer, but must give sentence; therefore his Majesty should send a mandate, with confidence that justice would be observed (por tanto que su alteza enbiase). He replied that it was not competent for the Pope to be a judge of kings, and that as he (the Pope?) was not learned enough to judge this cause (que pues no era doctor como avia de juzgar esta causa), he had asked for three judges to be appointed on the part of the Pope, himself, and the Queen; he was astonished that so much difficulty was made, as he had on his side so many doctors, universities, and reasons. The Nuncio replied that the Pope, as vicar of Christ, was a competent judge in such cases. Though not learned himself, he had learned men at his side, by whose counsel he proceeded, as his predecessors had done, and therefore the King should send a mandate, so that afterwards he might not complain of not having been heard.
The King replied that the auditors of the Rota were venal and corrupt, not fit to be his judges, and he would send no mandate.
The Nuncio rejoined, that, if he did not, the Pope would be obliged to give sentence against him as a person who did not appear and had nothing to allege in his behalf. The King said he cared nothing for such a sentence. The Nuncio said the Pope would first proceed to excommunicate him, calling to aid the secular arm. All this, the King said, he cared nothing for. And the Nuncio left him.
The Pope told me he had sent to ask him (Henry?) to write to the King of Scotland about his having said that a separation from the Holy See had been attempted in his kingdom; but he did not wish to write, saying that although it had been attempted, it had not taken effect.
His Holiness added that he had also desired him to send back to Scotland certain Scotch knights who were now in England, and that he answered that he would not,—speaking very contemptuously of the Scotch king, who, he said, ruled his kingdom by low plebeian persons, and did not know how to govern.
At the same time there was an auditor of the Rota in England, whom the Pope was sending to Scotland. The king of England said to him that he was sending certain articles [to Rome] by Benet, and if they were not agreed to, he did not care what was done here (at Rome).
Benet left Rome in post when the majority of the Rota had determined that the case must be tried here, and that the King's excuse could not be heard unless he sent a mandate.
He promised the Pope that he would soon return with a message, and the subsequent delay has been to wait for him. The Pope has had a letter from him from the French court, saying that he brings certain capitulations, and will soon arrive.
The Nuncio in the French court writes that Gardiner (un obispo Sthefano), who had come to the French court, said that the delay had been good, because some good middle course would be found to finish the case. Told the Pope that there is no course but for the King to acknowledge his error, since the contrary must be held as part of the Faith. By the declaration and defence of this error, the Pope lost his position as vicar in the Church militant. It was a great sin for princes, who were bound to procure the declaration and exaltation of the Faith, to hinder it for their own interests.
His Holiness replied, that as what I said was the truth, he was determined to proceed, without more delay, to give sentence, and do whatever else was right. He saw how the French king was joined with the king of England, but he did not care for them, although they separated from the Holy See. Thanked him for the determination. He told me that he heard from the Nuncio in England that some of the nobles already differed from the King's opinion.
I am grieved to find that when the Pope and Ancona had seen the minute of the brief to be sent, and had given it to Blosio to be written, Blosio showed it to the Ambassador, who took four days to consider it. Now, the Pope, hearing that the English ambassador is at Placencia, has consented to postpone the brief till his arrival.
Thanks God for his having convinced the Pope that this brief should be sent to the Emperor; and the Ambassador now sends it. Asks Cobos to order it to be made known. If it has no effect, the brief of excommunication will be sent.
Sp., pp. 5. Modern copy.
22 Jan.
Galba, B. X. 2. B. M.
739. Stephen Vaughan to Cromwell.
"I [have] made an end of my book, and do la[ck only a] trusty bearer, which I ... find not." I have declared things therein which I should not wish to be known to come from me, and have used so strange a manner that few men will think it mine. If you think it necessary, for the accomplishment of my promise to the King, to give it to him in my name, beg him that I may not be known as the author. Excuses imperfections on account of Cromwell's hasty calling for it. The subject is right hard in a day or twain to be well studied. Will send it by the first trusty bearer. The Emperor left Brussels towards Germany the xv. . day of January, lord of Barrughe died at Brussels the fourth day after. Barrughe, 22 Jan. 1531.
Hears from Lovain that Œcolampadius is dead. The news came thither in letters of Erasmus.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To his right worshipful Mr., Maister Thos. Crumwell, within the gate of the Fryers Augnes in London.
23 Jan.
R. O.
740. The Abbot Of Miravall to Cromwell.
I received your letter on the 23rd Jan. Whereas you write to me for my specialty under our convent seal; I have delivered to Justice Fitzherbert 25l., being the residue of 50l. to be paid at Midsummer next. For your goodwill shown to me, I sent by your servant 4 marks to your own use. Your servant, the bearer, has shown me that my father of Furness promised you to be good unto me in my business, 6l. 13s. 4d. I was never privy to it, and am sore charged this year by barrenness of corn, and therefore I cannot wait upon you. Miravall, 23 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
23 Jan.
R. O.
741. Henry [Earl Of] Essex to Cromwell.
Has received the King's letters desiring his attendance at the Parliament, but the King licensed him at the beginning of Parliament to appoint a prolocutor, who is there under the seal of his arms. Cannot revoke the appointment. Has been driven from his house by sickness, and obliged to send away his servants, so that he has no one to wait on him, and no house to lie in. Desires credence for William Clopton, the bearer. Falkeborne, 23 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To Mr. Cromwell. Endd.

R. O.
742. [Henry VIII. to Gardiner.]
As the King is sending Dr. Bonner to Rome for purposes mentioned in his instructions, he is instructed to repair first to [Gardiner], and communicate them to him; and if he think anything should be added to them, he may use his discretion therein, especially touching the conceiving of the King's proxy, which, if he think necessary, he may alter in form, despatching at the same time a courier to England in all haste to let the King know what he has done.
Draft, in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2.
[24 Jan.]
R. O.
743. Edmund Boner to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his great kindness. Dr. Bagard will give him what Bonner promised, and some seeds for his garden. Starts this morning for Rochester, and so forth on his journey. Could not get his passport till 11 o'clock last night. His servants had much ado before they could have it; "Mr. Godsalve had so well delivered it." Desires to be recommended to the King and to the duke of Norfolk. Begs him to continue good master to Dr. Bagard, himself, and the bearer his servant. Scribbled in haste while the horses were making ready at Gravesend, this Thursday morning.
Reminds him of the warrant for the King's reward.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Privy Council. Endd. Sealed.
24 Jan.
Add. MS. 28,584, f. 170. B. M.
744. Muxetula to Charles V.
We have been working for the despatch of the English cause, and finally the Pope and Consistory have allowed the rest of this month for the advocates to dispute and allege what they like. On the 1st of February the case will be despatched without hearing more. We did not consent to this delay, but the Pope has promised that there shall be no more. It is thought Dr. Benet will return this month. He has written from Lyons, but it is not known whether he brings a mandate for the principal cause. His Holiness fears that further delay will be mischievous, especially as he has only allowed delays hitherto that he might not give any pretext for the King's imputations of partiality against him and the Court of Rome, and his obstinate refusal to send a mandate. And because he has done wrong to the Queen by granting these delays in the hope of reclaiming the King, he says that if Benet does not bring a mandate he will shut his eyes and try no more, as it has only increased his obstinacy. He has promised to despatch the brief about the separation of the King from "aquella diabolica mujer," and the continuation of the marriage state with the Queen, during the trial. Will not cease to importune him about it. Rome, 24 Jan. 1532.
Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.
25 Jan.
Simancas MS.
745. Dr. Ortiz to the Comendador Mayor.
Asks him to relate the contents of his letter to the Emperor. Since writing the Pope has repeated to him all that he has written to Cobos, and enclosed in it.
Makes a request about the pension granted him by the Emperor. Asks him to show the enclosed minute in Latin to Mosior de Grandvela. Rome, 25 Jan. 1531.
Sp., pp. 2. Modern copy.
25 Jan.
Heine, Letters to Charles V. 142.
746. Cardinal Of Osma to Charles V.
* The Pope told him today that the French king advised the king of England to marry "la manceba" (Anne Boleyn) because he thought this act would bind the King to him, so that he could never fail to assist him with men and money when he had need of them. The Pope considers that Francis is acting basely, and endeavouring to lure the king of England to his ruin, because, after the marriage, he would exert himself to gain the Emperor, and offer him all his forces against all the princes of the world. Rome, 25 Jan.
Sp.
25 Jan.
Add.MS. 584, f. 183. B. M.
747. Mai to Charles V.
Has already written that after the vote of the Rota in the Queen's favor, Dr. Benet departed by post. Before he left, the Pope promised to do nothing till his return.
The English demanded that the cause should be discussed in public; to which I consented, to avoid delay. Then they asked for time to bring lawyers to Rome; which I opposed; but a day was fixed after the Epiphany.
When the term approached, and I had the lawyers ready, the English said that they could not obtain lawyers in consequence of my practices. Told the Pope and Cardinals that your Majesty was not served by villany. Though they believed this, they said there were good reasons for not hurrying. Said to the Pope, as well as I could without breaking with him, that he was denying justice, discrediting the Queen's cause, and damaging the Emperor's authority. Told him, between complaints and threats, that I should be obliged to petition for the justice that was refused; that he was bound to respect justice, in spite of inconvenience; that justice was found to put a stop to inconveniences, but that he desired inconveniences to put a stop to justice. He never said so much as not to confess that I was right.
I have been at three Consistories since the Epiphany, and it is concluded to grant delay for the whole of January, which will not be so bad if they stop other delays thereby, as they promise, but I believe that meanwhile they will fall in suspicion of the Council, (fn. 5) and that the shameless conduct of the English will always serve them for an excuse.
Thinks, however, they will see the unprofitableness of delay. There is no way to obtain despatch, except by always soliciting, as I have done, without coming to a rupture. Will continue to carry out the Emperor's wishes till he has further orders. All his Majesty's servants here have the same intention, as well his lawyers as the Queen's. Has engaged a new lawyer, one of the best in Rome, for the Queen.
The Pope hears from the abbot del Nero, who has come from France, that Benet is arrived, and he hopes a good result. Of this I have doubts, as letters from the French court state that the king of England was urging the French king to break with your Majesty. It is said also that the King has secretly married his mistress; which I do not think could happen without intelligence with France, nor that the intelligence could subsist without their being sure of each other. Your Majesty will know more about it there.
Dr. Ortiz has asked the Pope for a brief for the separation of the King and his mistress. Though I doubt his giving it us, as he refused it at Bologna, and since here, I will press it until I have a third denial. Rome, 15 Jan. 1532.
After writing the above, had an interview with Sanga, who told me they had granted this delay for the greater confusion of the English, as every one was certain that they would have to condemn them; the relation would be made without fail on 1 Feb. Said that the Pope had made many promises; that I had written about them and nothing was done; no one would think it was his fault, but I should be blamed. He said very decidedly that this had not yet been promised to me, but he pledged his faith that after this delay he would be my advocate and proctor; for which I thanked him, and said that I should write to you.
Benet has despatched a courier from Paris, saying that he brings a good resolution for everything. I do not believe it, for these English have complained of this delay, and say that they are wronged in time not being given them for the lawyers to come. It seems they wish to insist on it. I think they will cause some lawyer to come, not because they need him, but that they may have cause to complain if they are condemned. They say they have on their side the opinions of very great lawyers, "si quiera para hazer el juego maya."
I shall inform all the cardinals, and your Majesty's and the Queen's lawyers will do the same.
They will not give a brief with censures, but they promise that the Nuncio shall present this to the King, and afterwards another with censures. If they give it to me I will send it to your Majesty, that you may forward it to the Nuncio, who is your servant and a gentleman, and I hope will do his office well. I send a copy with this.
The king of England has insulted an auditor of the Rota, who was going as Nuncio to Scotland, and told him that the auditors set themselves to judge the affairs of kings. The Auditor replied that this was nothing new, as it was the pre-eminence of the Apostolic See and the Vicar of Christ, and he wondered that the King objected to it (lo queria deffender). To this the King said that he objected so strongly that he would never suffer it. The King also said that he would be content if the Queen, himself, and the Pope each named a judge, all prelates of England, and it appears to him that they do him a gratuitous injury (que se le haze sobras) in not consenting to it.
The Pope said to Ortiz the other day that the kings of France and England were so united that if one were lost, both would be lost, but he would not on this account fail in doing justice.
The Auditor of the Chamber (Ghinucci) does not want to give up the provision about Malta.
The Pope is more out of countenance than we are, for having interceded with your Majesty for the Chancellor of the Religion. Rome, 25 Jan. 1532.
Sp., pp. 8. Modern copy.
25 Jan.
Add. MS. 28,584, f. 177. B. M.
748. Dr. Ortiz to Charles V.
Repeats his last letter [of 30 Dec.] Went to the Pope again to ask for what had been promised during the vacation; that if the report about the Queen was true, he would send this brief. Told him I had written this to the Emperor, and now asked for the performance.
He replied that he was quite willing, and that a minute for the brief should now be drawn. Thanked him for the service he was doing for God, and then told the Ambassador, who was surprised, and said he should go to the Pope and speak of it. He told me afterwards the Pope had said the same to him; but he was discontented, and thought he would do nothing, although he knew that I would get the minute drawn up. As the Pope had told me to keep it secret, I, though inexperienced in this style, then made a draft, of which a copy is enclosed. Took it to the cardinal of Ancona on Twelfth Day, for correction and assistance in its speedy execution. He said it was very good and weighty; the Pope's secretary would insert the passage touching excommunication, and he himself would work for its quick despatch. The same day showed the Pope the minute, of which he approved, but some harsh words wanted softening. Since the death of Sanctorum Quatuor the office of briefs has been held by the Auditor of the Chamber, who is our principal adversary. Told the Pope I had showed the minute to cardinal Ancona, and asked him to order the Cardinal to see and correct it. He agreed to this, and that no one should know of it but the Cardinal and his secretary. At another time asked the Pope whether I might write to your Majesty that he would look over (proveeria) this brief; to which he agreed. Two days after he told me that the minute was being put into the proper form; but the Ambassador does not believe it. I, however, am bound to believe the prince of the Church and vicar of Christ.
As the post has not yet left, I can continue my account. The Pope's secretary has put in order the minute of the brief, which was to be posted in the usual places "de bruxas y Nutreque (Brussels and Utrecht?)" In it the king of England is excommunicated if he does not cast off his concubine Ana in 15 days, and return to the Queen. Drew up this minute when Juan Luis, the advocate, and Dr. Anguiano, the Emperor's procurator, came. When they had seen it, I went with the Pope's secretary to the Cardinal of Ancona, who approved of it, and made some additions. Afterwards the secretary went to the Pope. I do not know what had happened before, but when he (the Pope) knew that Ancona had approved of it, he replied that he was astonished at his approving a brief in which the king of England was excommunicated, and at the same time was declared excommunicated in 15 days without being previously admonished. He therefore ordered a brief to be directed to him, admonishing him with all benevolence, and threatening excommunication. This is now sent to the Nuncio in England, to be presented to the King. The other brief will be sent in case of disobedience. A copy of the first will be sent to your Majesty through the Legate.
Advises the Emperor to write to the Pope that in case of the King's disobedience he will immediately inform his Holiness of it so that the second brief can be sent; and suggesting that it would be well for the Queen and Princess to be out of the King's power, for if he has a son by this Ana, it is to be feared he will attempt some greater iniquity.
Although the Pope is obliged to proceed against the King by ecclesiastical censures and other legal penalties, your Majesty by your Imperial authority is competent to repress and punish such manifest injustice, as the sword is committed to you for the chastisement of notorious sins, and there is no need for the Church to declare them such.
Monday after Twelfth Day was appointed to discuss in the Consistory whether the case should be tried here or remitted elsewhere. The [Spanish] ambassador proposed, as our advocates were ready for the discussion, that a decree should be passed that the English ambassadors should not be heard without their producing a mandate, and that the case should be proceeded with. The English ambassadors then entered, and stated that they had sent for advocates, one of whom had answered that the Emperor had written to forbid him to take part in the case; another held benefices in the Emperor's dominions, and feared to lose them; another said the Imperial ambassador had written to forbid his coming. They therefore asked for delay, and were ordered to put this in writing and prove it. It is impossible that the Emperor can have written to the Advocate in such a short time. At a subsequent Consistory delay till the end of the month was granted to them.
I have visited all the Cardinals (yo he dado una buelta por todos los Cardinales), and found them well inclined to the principal cause; but as to this delay they say that as sentence has to be given against the King, his complaints must first be satisfied, so that he will have no cause of complaint afterwards. I wonder they dare to attribute to your Majesty having forbidden a lawyer to take part in the case. What you want is a just sentence, and as many lawyers as possible. Hopes the principal point will be publicly discussed.
The Pope has since told me of the Nuncio's interview with the king of England, of which Cobos will give you an account. His Holiness concluded by expressing his determination to give sentence, even though the kings of France and England separate from the Apostolic See.
News has now come that the English ambassador is at Placentia, and will soon be here. The Pope will defer sending the brief until he knows what despatch he brings. Told his Holiness that, whatever the despatch may be, he ought to admonish and threaten the King, and afterwards excommunicate him, for his great sin in separating from the Queen. He replied that he feared sending this brief might injure the Queen. Suggested that he should send it to your Majesty to forward, if you thought fit;—which has been done. Rome, 25 Jan. 1532.
Sp., pp. 10. Modern copy.
25 Jan.
Nero, B. III. 114. B. M.
749. Thos. Leghens to the Duke Of Norfolk.
Has finished the business. Sends the credence translated into Latin, with the answer of the king of Denmark, which he thinks will not be displeasing to the Duke. As he directed, has made inquiry, and discovered that the King has a most quiet disposition and no desire of dominion. He has many relatives, both by blood and affinity. His mother comes from a noble family in Upper Germany. His first wife was the [daughter] of the marquis of Brandenburg, by whom he has a son, duke of Holsatia, who has married a daughter of the duke of Saxony and Lunygburth, sister (fn. 6) of the king of Sweden. The King's second wife was a daughter of the duke of Pomerania. by whom he has four sons. The eldest, John, is being educated amongst the Danes, and will succeed his father. The King's feelings towards the Scots can be seen by his answer. The kingdom is not quite quiet, for Christiern is making what plots he can. Two men with letters from him have been arrested and put into prison. His councillors say that Hamburg is subject to the king of Denmark, not as king, but because it is situate in the duchy of Holsatia. 25 Jan.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add. at f. 117 b. Endd.
25 Jan.
R. O. Le Grand, III. 560. Pocock, II. 166.
750. Clement VII. to Henry VIII.
Is informed of what he would fain believe to be false, viz., that the King, who, even since the beginning of his suit with Katharine touching the validity of his marriage, has treated her as his queen, has recently removed her from his Court, and cohabited openly with a certain Anne. Hopes Henry will see what a scandal this is to the Church, and how unworthy a religious prince, and how unbecoming to decide in his own cause. Henry has hitherto been the Church's most zealous defender, and the Pope would remonstrate with him as a loving father before assuming the function of a judge. Suggests how Catholics will grieve and heretics rejoice to hear that he has repudiated his queen, who is the daughter of kings and the aunt of the Emperor and the king of the Romans. Is convinced that what Henry is said to have done he would not have approved, but punished, in any of his subjects. Hopes he will take Katharine back again, and put away Anne. Rome, 25 Jan. 1532.
Lat., vellum. Add.
25 Jan.
R. O.
751. Francis I. to the Bishop Of Auxerre.
By his letter to him of the 4th, and his letter to the Grand Master, understands the proposition made by the Pope on Innocents' Day, concerning the news sent by the patriarch Grimani of the Turk's preparations at Constantinople, and the intention of Lewis Gritti to oppose the Emperor and his brother in Italy and Hungary, unless some appointment was made with the Turk. Has seen also the Pope's request to the ambassadors to write to their respective sovereigns for help; the proposal of cardinal Farnese, and the words of the Imperial ambassador and others. Approves of the Bishop's reply. Has been much surprised at the words used by the ambassadors of the Emperor and the king of Hungary, by which they try to throw the blame on princes who are not in fault, and to make the world think that they have done all they could to break the Turk's design;—which is not so; for, as the bishops told his Holiness, they could not have found a better way to bring in the Turk than to cause the excommunication of John king of Hungary, who only demanded justice. Is surprised that the said ambassadors should desire aid from him against the Turk, in money not in men, seeing that he has always been accustomed to go to war in person; that his kingdom is in peace and his children recovered, and that his ancestors have never failed in such enterprises, and have merited the name of "Most Christian," which he hopes to keep. Desires him to tell the Pope that he is ready to protect him against the Turk in person with 50,000 foot, 3,000 men-at-arms, and artillery, but he is not inclined to make war on account of the private quarrels of any one. It is more reasonable that those who have received his ransom, and to whom the quarrel belongs, should employ their forces. They have never allowed him to interfere in any enterprise from which profit might be derived, but now that there is only danger they wish him to enter into war. Is surprised that they allow their troops to be idle in Lombardy, instead of sending them to the harbours where the Turk might land. As the Emperor has such fear of losing Naples, and desires an aid from Christendom to protect it, the bishop may tell his ambassadors that if he will repay Francis the money he has paid him, and release him from his debts, he will guard it at his own expence for four years. Desires him to tell the Pope and the ambassadors that he is surprised that [the Emperor] and his brother have such fear of the Turk, for it is in their power to stop the whole enterprise. Has lately received an ambassador from John king of Hungary, and would have exerted himself on his behalf if he thought it would do any good. One cause of the Turk's expedition is the number of Neapolitan exiles, who, despairing of the Emperor's mercy, have urged the Turk to undertake this enterprise.
The Bishop must ask the Pope, in return for these offers of aid, to grant Francis power to levy an aid, as he has done to other princes. Will immediately begin to provide forces. If it is not thought good for him to go to Italy, he will remain in Provence or Languedoc to see the course of events. Desires him to send news. La Meilleraye, 25 Jan. 1531.
Fr., copy, pp. 5. Endd.
25 Jan.
alig. E. II. 168. B. M.
752. Montmorency to [Gardiner] Bishop Of Winchester.
Has received from the bearer the pa[cket] from England, which Gardiner sent him. Returns a letter for Taylor which was therein. The King will not leave this place for five or six days, and Gardiner can visit him when he pleases, not as a stranger, but as one of his familiar councillors (cons[eillers]). Wishes to know a day before he comes, that he may prepare his lodging. La Meilleraye, 25 Jan.
Received yesterday letters from Flanders, dated the 18th, stating that the Emperor was at Louvain on his way to Germany. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
26 Jan.
R. O.
753. S. V[Aughan] to Cromwell.
By my friend, Ric. Downes, I send you the book I promised the King, which I could not finish as I desired. I have made an end of it, because of your fast calling for it. When you think it necessary, put it in the hands of the King in my name, requesting him not to discover to any man that I am the deviser of it. It shall not be to my credit to be noted the maker of anything which may be supposed by indiscreet persons to be maliciously invented against those by whom I have had my living. If the King be minded to treat with the Germans for uttering of his cloths, desire him that I may not be one of those to be employed in the matter. Barughe, 26 Jan. 1531.
Before the book goes out of your hands let me have a copy of it.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
26 Jan.
Add. MS. 28,584, f. 187. B. M.
754. Muxetula to Charles V.
News from France. The English ambassadors were urging the French king to declare war against the Emperor, and offered a favorable treaty in that case.
The Waywode's confessor has come to Rome. Rome, 26 Jan. 1532.
Sp., pp. 4. Modern copy.
27 Jan.
R. O.
755. Gardiner to Benet.
Cannot add anything to what he has already said and written concerning the charge of the bearer, Master Boner, lately sent by the King. He was ordered to receive instructions from Gardiner how to use himself. Doubts not that Benet and Kerne will do what is most beneficial to the King's purpose. Sends letters from the duke of Suffolk for a dispensation. Desires him to help on the expedition as much as possible. Roone, 27 Jan. Signed : Ste. Winton.
Desires to be recommended to Dr. Kerne.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
27 Jan.
Add. MS. 25,114, f. 67. B. M. Pocock, II. 169.
756. Henry VIII. to Gardiner.
Has received his letters of the 22nd by his servant Henry Francis. Had despatched already on the 21st the Bishop's servant Christopher, "with the minutes of such letters and instructions as we before sent unto you by your (our?) servant Cromwell." Doubts not he has received them with other letters sent unto him by Mr. Bonner. Has sent John Ridley, page of the Chamber, and Davy Miller, yeoman of the Guard, to chase certain pirates who espied a Scotch ship sailing towards France, and on sending a boat to hail it were attacked with wildfire, darts, &c. Whereon the two ships gave chase, and the Scotch ship, seeing itself in danger, cast overboard a packet of letters directed to the duke of Albany, which was recovered and sent to the King. On reading the letters the King has found things sounding to his high displeasure, and confirmation of the reports of the practices of France and Scotland. Gardiner is to read them over and digest them, and decipher their covert dealing. He shall then go to the French king, and disclose such articles of the letters, without delivering them, as he thinks proper, and tell him that the King has, notwithstanding, so much confidence in his good brother's sincerity that he would conceal nothing which might seem to be against his honor. And if his Council say that "these are but Scottish brags, only devised for their own glory," Gardiner shall say that he believes them, and his master will be no less a friend to France than before, and cannot be convinced that Francis would think of concluding any marriage with Scotland without Henry's consent, considering the provocations daily received from thence. Furthermore, he shall urge the expediency of revising the treaties between the two Crowns relative to Scotland, and a new clause to be added of aid to be given to England in event of its making war upon Scotland. On making search for the treaties the King has been able to find only one for that purpose, from which he encloses two articles. By these Gardiner will perceive whether they intend to hide from him any of the old treaties. This done, he is to tell the King, the Great Master, and Mons. de Bayonne, that he is commissioned to ask their advice how he is to deliver the letters to Albany, "so as he, being our friend, by the opening of them, think in us none unkindness." He is then to repack them, deliver them to the Duke, explain how they came into the King's hands, and request of him to think of him as no other than his friend. Has received a brief from the Pope, requiring aid against the Turks. Wishes to know what Francis intends to do. Westm., 27 Jan. Signed.
Pp
. 5. Add. To, &c. the bishop of Winchester, our ambassador with the French king, and our principal secretary.
28 Jan.
R. O.
757. The Warden Of Canterbury College, Oxford, to Cromwell.
I have procured two books out of the hands of Master Goldwell. He swears he never read a word of them, and would often have buried them; but I required him to keep all such writings that were found of Dompne John Deryng, which I have sent you, desiring you to continue the same favor to me as you have done to my master, prior of Christchurch, Canterbury. If it pleased you and him to make me warden of our manors, I shall be much bound to you. The prior and subprior are your friends. I have a scholar named Dompne Will. Jerome, who is and will be a perfectly learned man. Speak a good word for him to my lord of Canterbury. Canterbury College, Oxford, 28 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right honorable.
28 Jan.
Vesp. F. XIII. 115. B. M.
758. Wm. [Lord] Sandys to Mr. Secretary [of Calais].
Thanks him for his kind remembrance. Has shown his news to the King, who perused them substantially and demanded whence they came. On being told, he praised Mr. Secretary, and commanded Sandys to thank him, adding that the more part was true, though the whole was not so apparent. He desires the woman of Thorneham to be entertained, so that he may have like news from time to time.
Asks Mr. Secretary to reward her occasionally with a piece of gold at her coming, which Sandys will repay. 28 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII.
The King not only thanked you for the said advertisement, but openly referred the same to your duty as one of his council in those parts. Signed.
P
. 1. Begins : Mr. Secretary. Endd. : From my Lord Chamberlain.
28 Jan.
R. O.
759. Conspiracy.
Deposition of Peter Alleyn before John earl of Oxford, high chamberlain, Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, Sir Hen. Guldeford, K.G., and Thos. Cromwell, 28 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Formerly imprisoned at Ilchester. He charges John Ashewood alias Tayler with stating that he knew of certain persons who had conspired to poison the King. Signed by the Commissioners.
In Cromwell's hand, pp
. 2.
28 Jan.
Add. MS. 28,584, f. 189. B. M.
760. Charles V. to the Cardinal Of Ravenna.
"Has received his letter of the 20th of last month. Thanks him for the good service he is rendering him, and promises him to show him favor when an opportunity for it offers itself. Concerning the affair of Scotland, there is nothing to be said at present. Must wait until the answer (from Scotland) arrives. Begs him to do all he can to give a favorable turn to these negotiations.
"Endd. : To the card. of Ravenna. From Cologne, 28 Jan. 1532." Modern abstract from original draft at Simancas.
28 Jan.
Add. MS. 28,584, f. 190. B. M.
761. Charles V. to Dr. Ortiz.
"Thanks him for his letter of 30 Dec. Is much satisfied with his valuable services in the cause of the queen of England. As, however, the Ambassador is the person who has to decide in what manner and by what means the interests of the Queen are to be secured, he (Dr. Ortiz) must not do anything he has not first concerted with the Ambassador; otherwise he would commit a grave error. From Cologne, 28 Jan. 1532.
"Endd. : Dr. Ortiz."
Modern abstract from original draft at Simancas.
30 Jan.
Vienna Archives.
762. [Chapuys to Charles V.]
Since writing last the King has sent Dr. Bonart to Italy. Formerly he was of the Queen's council, but has been suborned, and goes to the universities for a confirmation of the opinion of the Parisian canonists on the trial of the cause here. Advises the Emperor to warn the Pope, that the same abuses may not be committed as at the first consultation. Has caused the Nuncio to write to him, but the Emperor's message will have more effect. Thinks the doctor who is going to the Emperor will deal with the universities which he passes about this article. It will be well to have him watched. The Queen's affair has not been discussed in Parliament. They are losing time in their endeavours to gain all the world. Hears that it was discussed in Parliament that the King should have all the goods of lords who die, even when they leave a son of full age. Does not know if it will be so, but thinks that the King demands it, in addition to the money aid, which he asks for on pretence of an expected attack from the Scotch. He has begun to fortify the frontiers. Thinks Parliament will grant the aid, as the deputies are chosen by the King's will, but when it is put into execution there will be disturbances.
A Florentine, a servant of the Vayvode, has just arrived from France. He met Jocquin on the road, who recommended him to a friend of his here, Will try to find out what he has come for. Jocquin has had a present of 3,000 ducats from the King, but is not content with this, and demands payment for wine supplied to the Cardinal.
Complained five days ago of the ships which the King had sent against the pirates, and which had plundered certain Flemish vessels.
Norfolk gave him to understand that the King had sent for the ships; that the Flemings should be compensated, and the plunderers punished. The Duke went on to say that the Turk had made great preparations for the invasion of Sicily, Naples, and Malta, and he feared that he would be successful in consequence of the bad intelligence between Christian princes, and that, if the Emperor wished, a union would be accomplished. Mentioned the Emperor's endeavours to effect this; to which he could say nothing, but that everything went ill; and he then separated, as he was sent for by the King. Next day he sent a gentleman to say that he had news of the descent of the Turk, much more horrible than he had before spoken of. Yesterday he repeated it to Chapuys' people, and left the duke of Suffolk and the French ambassador to show them the Pope's brief about it. Does not know whether he wants to annoy him, or whether he is pleased at the news, as the principal expence falls upon the Emperor, whom he would gladly see compelled by necessity to agree to their fancies. The Nuncio presented the brief four days ago. After the King had made him wait from 9 o'clock till 12, he spoke to him roughly, said he knew what he had come about, and had already answered the Pope, and there was no need to say any more, and he was astonished that the Emperor and Pope did not make more preparations if the coming of the Turk was as certain as they said. The King would hardly allow the Nuncio to see the brief, and told him the Duke would give him an answer. The King began to make his usual complaints, but they were not long, as dinner was on the table. He allowed the Nuncio to go away alone, but the French ambassador dined at his table, as he had done several times. Yesterday the Nuncio went to the Duke for his answer, but he was put off for five or six days, probably to see what answer the French king gives. The Duke tried to induce him to write to the Pope to remit the cause, promising that in that case the King and his allies would do wonders. Not having been able to discover anything about the mission of the Germans of whom he has already written, asked the Nuncio to mention them when speaking to the Duke; which he did; but the Duke only said that they had come on matters of small importance. The persons from Cleves had asked for a safe-conduct for 20 horses, but came . . . . . . without using it. The man from the landgrave of Hesse has gone hence to France.
Thanks the Emperor for a pension of 500 ducats. London, 30 Jan. 1532. Fr. From a modern copy.

Calig. B. VII. 170. B. M. St. P. IV. 593.
763. Scotland.
Articles responsive to the answers sent to James from Henry VIII. by Carlisle herald, in reply to the credence of James's servant, Scot.
1. Whereas Henry exculpates his wardens; James can find no fault in his own officers. 2. As to the King's justification of the refusal of redress in the matter of Canaby, whether lord Dacre and Sir Christopher moved the first plea of Canaby, or not, it was moved on the English side; for when the Scotch wardens asked redress, they were told it was debateable, though it has been in possession of Scotland past memory of man. James never heard of the annual payment to the castle of Carlisle, nor can a subject thus do prejudice to his prince. Moreover, the English wardens have in times past made redress to the inhabitants of Canaby as lieges of Scotland, and their resorting to the market of Carlisle should not make the land debateable. 3. Combats Henry's argument from the indenture, and justifies his commissioners for not proceeding further to make redress till it was understood if restitution were to be made for Canaby. 4. Will do no less for the promotion of justice than Henry promises in his 6th article of James's credence, especially in sending ambassadors for longer peace.
Endd. by Wriothesley.

Vesp. F. III.
17. B. M.
764. Queen Margaret to Cromwell.
Sends her servant, the bearer, to the King. Prays Cromwell to advance his errand.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : "To my trast frend, Master Crommel."

R. O.
765. Gascon Wine.
Form of a licence for importing Gascon wine, notwithstanding the statute 23 Hen. VIII. [c. 7].
Large paper, p. 1.
Jan./Grants.
766. Grants in January 1532.
1. Edw. archbp. of York. Writ ordering him to summon a convocation of the clergy of his province at St. Peter's, York, or elsewhere. Greenwich, 1 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
2. Robert the abbot and the convent of the exempt monastery of Waltham Holy Cross, Essex. Mortmain grant of the site, &c. of the late monastery or priory of St. Laurence, Blakemore, Essex, the manor of Blakemore, lately called the priory manor of Blakemore, and 30 messuages, 300 acres of land, 300 acres of pasture, 100 acres of pasture, 100 acres of meadow, 100 acres of wood, and 12l. rent, in the towns, parishes, or fields of Blakemore, Gyngmargaret alias Margaret Ing, Fyngred alias Fyngrith, Willyngball alias Willingall, Bowellis, Bromefeld, Shellowe, Norton, Writtell, South Weld, Keldon, and Standon, Essex, which Thomas Goodwyn, prior of the said late monastery of Blakamore, or any of his predecessors, held in right of the monastery in co. Essex, and in the city of London; also 16s. annual rent issuing from a messuage in the parish of St. Mary Colchurch, in the ward of Westechepe, of the city of London, late in the tenure of John Abraham, citizen and poulterer; 5s. annual rent issuing from a great garden in the parish of St. Gabriel, Fanchurch alias Fanchurch Strete, in the ward of Langbourne, in the said city, late in the tenure of William Birch; of which rents the said Thomas Goodwyn was seized in right of the monastery; also the manor of Wormyngford, Essex, and all other lands, &c., in the town, parish, and fields of Wormyngford alias Withermondford, belonging to the late monastery or priory of St. Mary Wick, Essex; also the advowsons of the parish churches, vicarages, or rectories of Blakamore, Gyngmargaret alias Margaret Ing, and Wormyngford alias Withermondford, Essex, and of the parish church of Hormede alias Hornemede alias Hornemede Magna, Herts, with power to appropriate, annex, and unite the rectories of the said churches; all which premises came to the King's hands by the suppression of the said priories, and by the attainder of Thomas cardinal archbishop of York, or by the dissolution of the Cardinal's College in Ipswich, or by the dissolution of the College of Thomas Wolsey, cardinal of York, in the university of Oxford. Also grant to the said abbot and convent of a fair in the manor or town of Blakamore, on the grounds of the said late prior of Blakamore, on the eve and feast of St. Laurence, and on the morrow of the said feast, with views of frankpledge, &c.
This patent is granted according to indenture dated 5 Sept. 23 Hen. VIII. between the King on the one part and the said abbot and convent on the other, and in consideration of a grant which the said abbot and convent made to the King by their charter, dated 1 Nov. 23 Hen. VIII., inrolled in Chancery, [Close Roll 23 Hen. VIII. No. 29,] of the manor of Stansted Abbot, the lands and tenements called Joyses, the wood or park commonly called Isney Parke, and the lands and tenements called Boure House. —S.B. partly obliterated. Chelsehith, 1 Jan. Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 2, ms. 26, 27.
3. Alvarus de Astodillo, a Spaniard dwelling in London. Denization. Greenwich, 28 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 2 Jan. —P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 9.
4. Henry Lokewood, clk., the master or warden, and the fellows and scholars of Christ's College, Cambridge. Mortmain grant of the foundation, land, site, &c. of the late monastery or priory of Bromehill, Norf.; the manors of Oterynghith, Bromehill, Croxton, Roughtenhome alias Routonhome. Estmore, Methwold, and Esthall in Feltwell, Norf.; a windmill in Wetynge, and all messuages, &c. in the towns, parishes, and fields of Bromehill, Brandon, Croxton, Methwold, Routonholme, Estmore, Hoghold, Wilton, Downebam, Fordeham, Rokenham, Todyngton, Grymston, Wangford, Feltwell, Wetynge, Oterynghith, Moundeford, Fouldon, Dudlyngton, Colneston, Berton, Bendishe, and South Roughton, Norf., and in Berneham near Thetford, Ikeworth and Mildenhale, Suff., or elsewhere in said cos., which William Fynch, late prior of the said monastery, or any of his predecessors, held in right of the priory; also an annual rent of 20l. issuing from the manor of Wetyng, and the advowson of the church or rectory of Croxton, Norf.; all which premises came to the King's hands by the suppression of the said monastery of Bromehill, and by the attainder of Thomas cardinal of York, or by the dissolution of the Cardinal's college of St. Mary in Ipswich.
Further grant to the said master or warden, &c. of a yearly fair of five days, viz., on the 4th July and four days following, to be held at Bromehill, viz., from Brandonsferye bridge to Oterynghith church, both on land and water.
This patent is granted according to the indenture, 5 Sept. 23 Hen. VIII., between the King on the one part and the said master or warden, &c. on the other, and in consideration of a grant which the said college made to the King, by their charter dated 1 Nov. 23 Hen. VIII., inrolled in Chancery [Close Roll 23 Hen. VIII. No. 30], of the manor of Roydon, Essex and Herts, with reservation of a messuage, with a croft thereto adjoining, in the town of Roydon. Chelsehith, 2 Jan.
Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 2, ms. 23 and 24.
Draft of the preceding.—R. O. Pp. 13, Endd.
5. Edward Fox, S.T.P., the King's almoner. Grant, in augmentation of the royal alms, of all goods and chattels of suicides and deodands in England, so long as the said Edward shall happen to be the King's almoner. Greenwich, 28 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 2 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 36. Rymer, XIV. 429.
6. John Brown. Grant of the office of gauger in the port of Lynne, vice John Symson, deceased, with usual wages and fees. Richmond, 5 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Croydon, 10 Jan.—P.S.
7. The Brotherhood of the Conception of the Virgin Mary. Grant of incorporation to a fraternity or brotherhood for men and women, to be entertained and kept in the convent of the Black Friars, London, which has been instituted by person living beyond sea, and by foreign artificers and handicraftsmen dwelling in London and the suburbs, setting forth the ceremonies, customs, and obligations to be observed, and the names of the governors and wardens appointed to the same; viz., John Towlarg, Palomides Patallier, John le Serse, and Michell Laundoys. Greenwich, 8 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 10 Jan.—P.S.
8. Roger Horton, of London, yeoman, late one of the keepers of Newgate prison. Pardon for receiving and abetting George Hopye, Humfrey West alias Weston, and James Mychell, of London, who, on Aug. 17, 22 Hen. VIII., broke into St. Dunstan's church, Stepenhith, and stole a cross, chalices, and other plate. Greenwich, 2 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsehith, 11 Jan.— P.S.
9. Mons. John Joachin, ambassador of France. Licence to depart from this country with his servants, 14 horses or geldings, ambling or trotting, three mules, all his gold and silver coined plate, baggage, &c. Greenwich, 11 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 12 Jan.—P.S.
10. Commission of the Peace.
Cornwall : Sir Thos. More, chancellor, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Charles duke of Suffolk, Hen. marquis of Exeter, Thos. earl of Wiltshire, J. bishop of Exeter, Sir John Fitzjames, Sir Will. Shelley, Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, jun., Sir John Arundell de la Hern, Sir Peter Eggecombe, Sir Ric. Greynvyle, Sir John Chamounde, John Arundell, son of Sir John Arundell de la Hern, John Densyll, serjeant-at-law, John Arundell of Talfern, sen., Hugh Trevanyon, Will. Godolgham, John Carmynowe, Chr. Tredennek, Rob. Vyvyan, Ric. Penrose, Will. Lowre, Hen. Trecarell, Thos. Seyntabyn, Will. Carneshewe, Rob. Langdon, John Tregean, Thos. Chamond, Humph. Trevelyan, Nic. Carmynowe, Will. Beere, Walter Kendall. Westm., 14 Jan.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 5d.
11. Robert Kynge, one of the messengers of the King's chamber. Grant of the office of one of the four messengers of the Exchequer, with fees of 4½d. a day, and the livery worn by yeomen of the Chamber; on surrender of patent 10 May 11 Hen. VIII. granting the same to John Hune. Greenwich, 5 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 15 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 9.
12. Thomas Wynter, the King's chaplain. Licence to leave this country with three servants, four horses or geldings, ambling or trotting, and baggage and necessaries usual. Greenwich, 7 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 15 Jan.— P.S.
13. Jehan de Brana, merchant and burgess of Bordeaux. Licence to export 300 qrs. of beans and 400 qrs. of barley. Westm., 12 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 15 Jan.—P.S. 2. Another licence for the same, to export 500 qrs. of wheat, and 500 qrs. of barley. [Dated and delivered as above.] P.S.
14. Christopher Draper, clk. Grant of the free chapel or hospital of St. John the Baptist without the West Gate of Shrewsbury, on the death or resignation of David ap Owen, the present incumbent. Greenwich, 8 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 9.
15. Ric. Hall, of Chedyngston, Kent, yeoman. Pardon for the murder of Henry Tomson. Westm. 17 Jan.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, mm. 29, 30.
16. Anthony Chabo. Licence to import 200 tuns of Gascon wine and Toulouse woad. Greenwich, 28 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 Jan.—P.S.
17. Ric. Hall, late of Chedyngston, Kent, yeoman. Pardon for the murder of Hen Tomson. Westm., 20 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 18 Jan. (sic).—P.S.
18. David Griffith ap Jenkin, of Llangernyw, in the lordship of Denbigh. Pardon for robbing Jevan ap Hoell ap Gigon of some cattle. Del. Chelsea, 19 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
19. William Bentley. Exemption from serving on juries, and from being made coroner, assessor, constable, bailiff, or other officer. Chelsehith, 20 Jan.—Pat 23 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 8.
20. Thomas Heyne of Fareway, Devon, weaver. Pardon. Greenwich, 18 Nov. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 29.
21. Wm. Matres, purveyor for the but chers of Calais. Licence to export 439 oxen, 1273 sheep, 317 lambs, and 60 pigs for victualling the said town of Calais and the marches thereof, from the ports of Hith, Folyston, and Sandewiche; the customs and subsidies to be duly answered. And upon the lading from time to time mention is to be made on the back of the licence of the number of the said oxen, sheep, &c., that when the same shall be fully served the licence may be left with the officers. Endd. : Hethe. Md Willam Matrass hathe witn the havyn of Hethe, the xxvi. of January ao R. R. Henr. VIII. (year omitted), xix. bullocks.—Hethe. Item, he hathe shipped within the said havyn, the xxix. day of January, anno prædicto, xl. shepe in woll, ix. bullocks, and xviij. porcars. Westm., 22 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII.— S.B.
22. Robt. Arnwaye, purveyor for the brewers of the lordships of Marke and Oye, East pale of Calais. Licence to export 1,333 qrs. of malt, for victualling of the said lordships, from the ports of Sandwiche, Blakeney, Yarmouth, Hull, and Boston. Westm., 23 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
23. James Wadyng of Calais, brewer. Licence to export from the ports of Sandewich, Blakeney, Yarmouth, Hulle, Boston, Pevisey, and Rye, for the victualling of the said town of Calais and the marches thereof, 400 qrs. of malt, 31 qrs. of wheat, and 100 qrs. of oats. Westm., 23 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. —S.B.
24. John Malte. Grant of the office of King's tailor, with fees of 12d. a day, as enjoyed by Stephen Jasper, John Apparys, and William Hylton. Greenwich, 18 Oct. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Jan.— P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 16, and p. 2, m. 29.
25. The merchants of Venice. Licence to export 1,600 sacks of wool, in accordance with a former patent dated 12 Mar. 21 Hen. VIII. Westm., 22 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Jan.—P.S. Fr. Roll 23 Hen. VIII. m. 3. (fn. 7)
26. Derbyshire : Commission to Thos. Curson of Crakesall, German Pole, Ric. Curson of Kedilston, Ralph Sacheverell, Hen. Pole, and Rouland Babyngton, to hold an inquisition on the lands and heir of Roger Fulgeam. Westm., 24 Jan.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 32 d.
27. James Yannes, William Dunken, Simon Edgor, and Robert Gerard. Licence to alienate 50 acres of land, 5 acres of meadow, and 5 acres of wood in Mendelesham, Suff.,; and to Humphrey Wyngfeld, George Waldegrave, George Asshefeld, Robert Garneys, John Sulyard, Edward Grymstede, and Edmund Poley, to alienate 1 messuage, 30 acres of land, 5 acres of meadow, and 5 acres of wood, in Mendelesham, Suff., to Humphrey Bowland, Thos. Hayward, Thomas Aswood, Thomas Gosse, William Weste, John Holland, Henry Aylmer, and Thos. Blowe, and their heirs for ever. Westm., 26 Jan.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 28.
28. William Davys, bachelor in decrees. Presentation to the parish church of Norbeth, St. David's dioc. Westm., 22 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII.—Del. Westm., 26 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 10.
29. Ralph Evers. Annuity of 6l. 5s. 10d. out of the issues of the possessions of William Buckton, deceased, in Buckton, Boynton, Thuyng, Homondby, Spitton, and Hotton Boyshell, York., during the minority of Ursula Buckton, daughter and heir of the said William, with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Westm., 25 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 29.
30. Edward Toy, clk. Presentation to the chantry of St. Nicholas, in the parish church of Clerebure Mortimer, Heref. dioc., vice Richard Lance, resigned. Westm., 20 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Jan. —P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 30.
31. Northumberland : Commission to Sir Thos. Hilton, Sir John Heron, Sir Ralph Redworth, and Chr. Mytforth to make inquisition p.m. on the lands and heir of Sir Rob. Ogle lord Bottell and Ogle. Westm., 26 Jan.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 32d.
32. John Parker, yeoman of the King's wardrobe. Grant of the office of ranger of the King's forest in the Isle of Wight, vice George Fraunces, deceased, with fee of 4d. a day. Westm., 21 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 16, and p. 2, m. 29.
33. John Pate, page of the King's wardrobe. Grant in fee of a tenement in "le Chepe" of the city of London, called "le Herre," in which Anthony Malaard lately dwelt, and another there late in the tenure of John Adamson "Tyler," which came to the King's hands because Peter Curtes of London, being an alien born in France, acquired the same to himself and his heirs, without licence, from Humphrey Grey; also a quit-rent of 6s. out of the issues of a tenement in the parish of St. Michael, in Queenhithe, in the said city, in which John Nasshe lately dwelt; another quit-rent of 20s. out of the issues of a tenement called "the signe of the thre Noones," in the parish of St. James, Garlikehyth, in the said city; another quit-rent of 6s. 8d. out of the issues of a tenement in Watlyngstrete, in the parish of All Saints, Breadstrete, in the said city, in which Henry Stuckeley lately dwelt; another quit-rent of 4s. out of the issues of a tenement in Wit Crosse Strete, in the parish of St. Giles without Creplegate, in which John Thurston dwelt; and another quit-rent of 4s. out of the issues of a tenement called "the sign of the Panyer," in Paternoster Rowe, in the said city; all which rents lately belonged to Sir Richard Charleton, deceased, who was attainted by Act of Parliament 1 Hen. VII., on surrender by the said John of patent 14 Nov. 10 Hen. VIII., granting to him and George Dukworth, page, pro ore, in the King's cellar, now deceased, the said tenement called "le Herre," and the other tenement late in the tenure of John Adamson, Tyler, and of patent 28 May 22 Hen. VIII. granting to the said John the other premises, and a messuage or tenement in the parish of All Saints, in Honey Lane, London. [Also inrolled on p. 2 of this year, m. 30.] Greenwich, 2 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 Jan—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 16.
34. Philip Luca alias Luke Philippyn of London, alias of Jean or Geane [Genoa], mariner. Pardon for having feloniously assaulted and killed John de Monte Nigro, gunner, by a blow given in Towre Strete in Tower ward of the said city, 1 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII., whereof the said John died on the 4th Jan. following. Westm., 29 Jan.— Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 29.
35. John Peck. Custody of 2 messuages and 1 croft in Wakfeld, York., 1 messuage and 2 acres of land in Ouckthorpe, in the town of Stanley, and 3 inclosures called Twibill close, Thompson close, and France close, York., late of John Box, deceased, during the minority of Robert Box, son and heir of the said John, with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Westm., 30 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 29.
36. Gerard Crofte, clk., rector of the parish church or chapel in Nottingham Castle, Notts, York dioc. Licence to absent himself from his said rectory, and stay in any conventual, collegiate, or parish church, chapel or chantry, notwithstanding the statute 21 Hen. VIII. [cap. xiii.] Westm., 24 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 Jan. —P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 35.
37. Nicholas Hawkins. Presentation to the parish church of Fakenhandame, Norwich dioc., void by the resignation of Master Thomas Baugh, clk., and at the King's disposal by reason of a gift of the next presentation granted by Geoffrey Blythe, LL.D., warden of King's Hall, Cambridge. Westm., 13 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 Jan. —P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 17. Commissions of the Peace.
38. Sussex : Sir Thos. More, chancellor, W. archbishop of Canterbury, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Charles duke of Suffolk, Thos. earl of Wiltshire, Will. earl of Arundel, Hen. earl of Northumberland, R. bishop of Chichester, Arthur viscount Lisle, Hen. ld. Mountague, Geo. Nevell lord Bergavenny, Thos. West lord De la Warr, Thos. Fynes lord Dacre, Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, jun., Sir John Lister, Sir Thos. Inglefeld, Chr. Hales, attorney general, Rob. prior of Lewys, Sir Thos. Nevyle, Sir John Dudley, John Halys, Sir David Owen, Sir John Gage, Sir Edward Nevell, Sir Geoff. Pole, Sir Alex. Culpeper, Sir Roger Copley, Sir Hen. Owen, Sir Will. Pelham, Sir John Dawtrey, Sir Ric. Shyrley, Sir Edward Bray, Sir Will. Goryng, Ant. Wyndesore, John Sakvyle, Hen. Darell, Ric. Covert, Giles Fenys, Ric. Devenyssh, Thos. Thetcher, Ric. Sakevyle, Will. Skardevyle, John Shelley, Will. Ernley, Walter Hendeley, John Coverte, John Palmer, John Parker, John Stanney, Thos. Shirley, Will, Waller, Edw. Scott, Will. Staple, Nic. Tuston. Westm., 30 Jan. — —Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 5d.
39. Derbyshire : Sir Thos. More, C., Thos. duke of Norfolk, Charles duke of Suffolk, Thos. earl of Wiltshire, Geo. earl of Shrewsbury, Will. ld. Mountjoy, Francis ld. Talbott, Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, jun., Sir Humph. Conyngesby, Sir Ant. Fitzherbert, Sir John Porte, Sir Godfrey Fuljambe, Sir Roger Mynours, Sir Hen. Sacheverell, Sir Thos. Cokayn, Ant. Babyngton, John Fitzherbert, Matthew Knyfton, German Poole, Thos. Corson, Ric. Curson, Arthur Aire, Edw. Ayre, Geo. Fyndern, Ralph Sacheverell. Westm., 30 Jan.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 6d.
40. Henry Burton. Annuity of 6l. 13s. 4d. out of the issues of a messuage, 5 tofts 28½ acres of meadow, and 8s. rent in Caywudd, York., late of Ralph Aunger, deceased, in the King's hands by the minority of Ralph Aunger, son and heir of the said Ralph, with the wardship and marriage of the said heir. Del. Westm., 31 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII.—S.B. —Pat. p. 1, m. 15.

Footnotes

1 Reginald Pole, the son of the countess of Salisbury.
2 It does not appear that any new ambassador was really sent to the Emperor for some time after this date.
3 Sir Thomas Elyot.
4 See No. 593.
5 Cipher.
6 Qy. sister-in-law? Gustavus Vasa married Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg in 1531. (Art de Vérifier les Dates.)
7 The inrolment is very illegible from damp.