Vit. B. XXI. 82.
910. [Aug. De Augustinis to Cromwell.]
Wrote last on the 21st ult. (fn. 1) Expostulates with him for not writing.
Does not believe that business prevents it, which is a vulgar excuse, and
acceptable only to the vulgar. No one who, knows his authority with the
Prinçe of such a wealthy kingdom would think that he could not obtain a small
benefice for a friend and servant for nearly a year. Many must have fallen
vacant, and he knows that Cromwell is not ill-disposed towards him. He
will, perhaps, bid him wait for better times. In answer to which he narrates
a story of a converted Jew, who gave up usury, and was nearly starved before
meeting with good fortune. Speaks of his long friendship with Sir Thos.
Elliot, in the time of the late bishop of Winchester and the Cardinal. Elliot,
lamenting his misfortunes, has often promised to use his influence with
Cromwell on Augustine's behalf. This he did on the last occasion when
he left this court, to the great regret of all.
The diet at Swynforth i.e., in Porcorum Valle, was put off until the
present week, The elector of Mentz, the Count Palatine, the landgrave of
Hesse, and the duke of Saxony, eldest son of John the Elector, have met
there. The right great toe of duke John has been amputated by reason of
gangrene, and some say that he is dead. The following conditions are offered
to the Lutherans : to restore their goods to the clergy, to allow Catholic
preachers to preach in public, and to forbid the marriage of priests in future,
allowing those already married to remain so until the next Council, which will
be the Greek calends.
Does not think they will agree to the first; but the others [may be
referred] to the foresaid Council, unless the approach of the Turk makes them
obstinate. When the Diet is finished, all will come hither to swear fealty to
the king of the Romans.
There is nothing certain about the arrival of the Turk. The Emperor
is arranging everything here and in Italy, and has summoned many German
captains hither. Men can be raised easily in a month. He intends to attack
the Turk in person with 100,000 foot and 15,000 horse, of which 40,000 foot
and 8,000 horse were promised to him by the princes of Germany at the Diet
of Augsburg, when the Turk attacks the limits of the empire; and the
remainder he intends to pay for with the French king's ransom. He hopes
to excite other princes to assist in the war, fearing only lest the Turk should
escape to some safe place.
All the places on the Italian shore open to attack are well fortified, and the
marquis of Guasto is going to Romandiola with 20,000 Italians and Spaniards.
Andrew Doria will be ready with 50 galleys, so that there will be nothing
to fear by sea. The Emperor would prefer the Turk to come this year, as
next year he will be in Spain. " (fn. 2) In hæc instantis belli remedia" (fn. 3) —
Hol., Lat., pp. 4, mutilated and imperfect.
Vit. B. XX.
911. [A. De Augustinis] to Cromwell. (fn. 4)
—"ex datis xvj. præteriti in Urbe, Venetias pervenerat o ...
... ex Venetiis tamen de hac re nihil, nam ultimæ
ex eo loc[o literæ] ... petitum existimatur permutationem
Corcyræ insulæ, aut d ... [in] alium quendam
locum in Græcia longe meliorem, quod quidem non ...
res, nam ejus loci commoditate nedum toti oræ maritimæ Itali[æ] ...
... Turca maximum et manifestissimum facesseret negotium.
"Mons. de Baury Romam mittitur, Mons. de Prato Venetias, Franci[scus]
... in Poloniam. Hodie Mons. de Balanzon per equos dispositos in
Galliam ... modum istuc ad illam serenissimam Majestatem,
Mons. Monfauconeto nobilis Saba[udiæ] ... hinc mensis antequam crearetur
Mons. de Busciu, locum tenens ... equorum ... non major
domus seu magister familias; qui nunc sub ... vir certe
non admodum acuti ingenii, si non ad impetrandum ... aliqui[d contra]
Turcam, tamen ad minus ne Cæsari implicite bello impedimenta ...
.. asmus Auria jam vj. dies Genuam per equos dispositos properat
... computator (?) bellici sumptus cras Genuam versus
contendet ... iis illuc per literas commutatitias sunt
remissa : non cessat ... suadendo, non tamen persuadendo
ut animum ejus avertat ab Italia ut ... aut ... Syriam magna
cum classe contendat ac omnem illum tractum sine pulvere ...
.. fore (?) prædicat atque depingit, Turca maxime cum aliis cu ...
... Sed hæc satis usque ad nauseam, et si unquam .. e aliquid
sp ... pendet Vale. Humillime me commendatum habebi[s] ...
ac ... et R. ... D. Winton, dominis meis singularissimis, quibus
scripsi per ... cui ... dedi tibi monstranda[m] conf[essio]nem Lutheranorum
una cum Apologia Melanc[thonis] de qua jam pridem cum essem
Bruxellis tibi scripsi ... momenti ... libellus (?) a Joanne Coclæo in
illius confutationem ... xxx ...
"De illis xxv. conclusionibus vestris in consistorio disputatis quale
tunc et ibi sunt in ... tunc ob bonum respectum tibi scribere
Lat., p. 1. Add. : D. Thomæ [Crom]well ser. Regis Angliæ ...
Hol. Badly mutilated, and the writing faded. The writing seems to begin
in the middle of a sentence. Marked, in modern hand, in margin : "1522,
(qu. error for 1532 ?) April, Ratisbona, A.A."
6989, f. 158.
912. Latimer to Greenwood. (fn. 5)
I pray you be charitable, and redeem the time with us. In the
malice of these days one must not believe every report; but if all I hear be
true, I am compelled to beg your Christian forbearance. I have enough of
enemies and slanderers, even if you are friendly or silent. You will have to
give an account of every idle word; how much more of injurious ones. As
to what I have preached, as I am not conscious of error, I have not confessed
any publicly, though at times I may have been a little indiscreet. Report
ever as ye would be reported. Although the misbehaviour of the people
might be imputed to other things than to my preaching, I will not be
contentious. Though I will have more respect to the people's capacity, I
will not change the verity of my old preaching, but, according to my promise,
I will do my utmost to reprove their infirmity.
913. Reynold Lytylprow to Cromwell.
This summer I intend to ride to my wife's lands, where there be chases
and parks of the King's, beseeching your help therein. Their names are
Clebere and Yeruneowd (Yearnewood) parks, the forest of Were, Gatle park,
and Bryngewood park.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
914. Thomas Denton to the Archbishop of Canterbury.
I have received your letters, dated 30 March, by which I perceive that
you are informed that Leonard Rede has required the escheator to find an
office since the death of his father William, and that I should sit on the
inquest. On Monday, 1 April last, John Bustarde, escheator, sat at Oxford
by virtue of his office, when I returned him a jury, and thought to have sat
upon two writs directed to me as sheriff, respecting a statute staple touching
Sir William's lands, at the suit of Sir Robert Jones; but as neither my
Lady, your niece, nor Leonard Rede were ready with their evidence, I
caused the escheator to adjourn the jury till after Easter week, that neither of
them might be hurt. For your wish to know to whom the jury belong, and
of whom they hold, I cannot inform you; but I am sure they are honest, and
will find nothing that cannot well be proved. I doubt not so to look to the
matter that there shall be no variance between the said Lady and her
P. 1, broad sheet. Add. Endd.
915. Harry Lord Scrope to Henry VIII.
I learn from Sir Antony Outhrede and Master Cromwell that you
wish to have my lordship of Pissho. (fn. 6) If you will let me know your pleasure
by your Council, and what recompense I am to receive, I shall be ready to
accomplish your pleasure. Langley, 4 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
916. Harry Lord Scrope to Cromwell.
I have received your letter dated London, 19 Feb., and understand it
is the King's pleasure to have my manor of Pisshoo to be annexed to his
honor of Hunsdon, (fn. 7) and in recompense desires me to search for other lands
about me, provided they do not dismember the manor of Barnard Castle,
Middleham, &c. I cannot view the King's lands without his special licence.
Call the King's receiver in these parts, who can instruct you what lands will
not dismember the King's manors. Langley, 4 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Master Cromwell.
2,057, f. 161 b.
Writ of enquiry for concealment of the entry of "le Kateryn de Penmark,"
at Chester. Chester, 4 April 23 Hen. VIII.
918. Edward Lee, Archbishop of York, to Cromwell.
Hopes he will not forget three things to be put in the pardon : 1, for
the intrusion; 2, for dismes due in my lord Cardinal's days and his predecessors';
3, for money paid and to be paid to the merchant strangers for
expediting his bulls and pallium. Moved the King for these things before
the last Parliament, and he was content. For the last, has a bill signed by
the King, and sealed with his signet. Stockwell, 5 April 1532. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Mr. Cromewell, one of the King's most honorable Council.
25 Hen. VIII.
m. 38 d.
m. 37 d.
m. 36 d.
Indenture between the King and Rauff Rowlet and Marten Bowes,
citizens and goldsmiths of London, in pursuance of patent dated 5 April,
appointing them masters and workers of the King's moneys of gold and
silver in his Tower of London, realm of England, and town and marches of
Calais. They have undertaken to make money as follows :
Gold : Sovereign, value 22s. 6d., 24 to the pound troy. Ryall, 11s. 3d.,
48 to the lb. troy. Aungell, 7s. 6d., 72 to the lb. George noble, 6s. 8d.,
81 to the lb. Aungelett, 3s. 9d., 144 to the lb. Fortypence, half the George
noble, 3s. 4d., 162 to the lb. A pound troy of this money is to be worth
27l., and the fineness is to be 23 carats, 3½ gr. fine gold, and ½ gr. alloy,
which is the old right standard of gold in England. The standard is to be
made in gold and indented, one part to remain with the said masters, and
the other in the Treasury, for the assays at Westminster. Of every pound
weight troy of money the warden shall take up 2s. 9d. st., of which the
masters shall have 1s. 6d. for their work, the coiners 7d., and 8d. to pay the
fees of the warden, comptroller, graver of the irons, clerk, and usher of the
coins. For every lb. of gold the merchant shall receive 26l. 17s. 3d.
Default of 1/8 of the carat in a lb. troy (which is called remedy) is not to
regarded, but if more the money must be recast.
Two other gold pieces are also to be made, viz., the crown with the double
rose, at 5s., 100½ in the lb. troy; and the half crown of the double rose,
2s. 6d., 201 to the lb. troy; both to be of 22 carats.
Default of a sixth of a carat to be allowed. Of every lb. weight of this
money the warden of the Mint shall take 3s. st., of which the master shall
have 19d., the coiners 9d., and the remaining 8d. shall be spent in the fees
of the warden, comptroller, &c. The merchant is to have 24l. 19s. 6d. for
every lb. troy.
Five silver coins are to be made. The groat, 4d., 135 to the lb. troy.
The half groat, 2d., 270 to the lb. troy. The sterlynge, 1d., 540 to the lb.
troy. The halfpenny, 1,080 to the lb. troy. The farthing, 2,160 to the lb.
troy. To every lb. troy there shall be 11 oz. 2 dwt. of fine silver of troy,
and 18 dwt. alloy; 1 dwt. being 24 gr., and 20 dwt. an oz., which is the old
right standard of the sterling of England.
Every lb. troy of this coinage is to be worth 45s., of which 12d. is to be
taken by the warden, being 10d. for the master, and 2d. for the fees of the
Default of 2 dwt. (which is called remedy) is to be allowed. The masters
must make a privy mark in all coins. After the assay 10s. from every
10 lb. of gold, and 2s. from every 100 lb. of silver, for which the masters
shall be allowed, shall be put in a box and sealed, and locked with three keys.
Once every three months it is to be opened before some Lord of the Council,
in the presence of the warden, master, and controller, and assay made of the
contents. If they are found good, the masters may have letters patent
for their acquittance, without fee. If deficient within the remedy, the
default is to be entered in record, and the masters charged therewith, and
any excess in goodness is to be entered to the masters' credit. For default
exceeding the remedy, the masters shall make fine and ransom.
The warden, masters, and comptroller may take as many workmen at the
King's wages as they think needful. Gravers of irons shall only work in one
house in the Tower. The warden, &c. have power to punish workmen.
They must receive all gold and silver brought to the Tower, after the very
value, for ascertaining which two good touch-stones called "touches," and
good "nedels," marked with the rose crowned, shall be always ready; and
shall give bills to the merchants of the sums which they bring. The
officers of the Tower are charged to allow free egress and ingress to the
masters and their servants, and to all persons bringing gold or silver. If
the amount coined is not sufficient to pay each man his proper quantity, it
shall be divided proportionally. The masters or their deputies are not bound
to make account before the King, but only the warden.
The King will issue a proclamation forbidding the export of money or
bullion, and the importation of counterfeit coin. Previous charters and
franchises to masters of the Mint are confirmed. The workmen are to be
ready to work when warned by the warden, &c. The bullion is to be given
to the "moyners" (moneyers) in clean ingots by weight, and delivered by
them in clean pieces. Any default in weight must be paid by them to the
masters, who will then pay them their wages. The masters shall have the
use of the usual buildings.
The masters have taken an oath in the Chancery, and found borrows or
sureties, viz., John Chaumpneys, citizen and alderman of London, Walter
Champion, citizen and alderman, Robt. Trapps, citizen and goldsmith, Raffe
Aleyn, grocer, and Bernard Jennyns, citizen and skinner, each of whom is
bound in 200 marks. 6 April 24 Hen. VIII.
Mem. of the acknowledgment of the indenture by Rowlet and Bowles, on
920. John Huse, Prior of Witham, to Cromwell.
I thank you for your kindness to this house, through which the King
has been pleased to receive us into his gracious protection, and to defend the
right of our presentation against all men, and that we shall not sue or be
sued by any. I beg you will obtain a commission of defence for us under
the Great Seal. Mr. Hyde, the bearer, will pay all costs. I beg I may have
the King's letter to my lord of Glastonbury that we may not be disquieted
hereafter. Wyttham, 7 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Mr. Cromwell.
921. Thomas Hattecliff to Cromwell.
It is owing to your goodness that I have been preserved from imprisonment
of my carcase in the Tower, as I had deserved. But that punishment
would have been death to me. I am not yet out of heaviness, as Mr. Treasurer
has this night dismissed me from my room in the house. As I am
therefore in the King's displeasure, I beg you will interpose for me to obtain
the King's favor, as I have been brought up from a child in his house.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
922. T. Baret to Cromwell.
Thanks for his familiar good cheer at Cromwell's last being at Oxford.
His friend Edw. Copeland has been here in his chamber for eight days, and
suffers much from want of sleep, not sleeping more than half an hour or an
hour a night. Baret and his friends do their best to comfort him; but he is
a marvellous man, he will take no comfort. Fears some great evil will
happen to him, he is of so abject a mind. Begs Cromwell to comfort him by
his letters. He has asked Baret to write to Cromwell that one of his acquaintance
of Whyte Hawle may have the advowson of his benefice. Every day he
talks about his testament; for which he is well chidden by Baret, Dr. Owen,
and Archdeacon Fox, (fn. 8) who has been vexed this five year or more with like
disease, and is like to recover. Oxford, Wednesday after Low Sunday.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the worshipful Mr. Cromwell, in London.
Julius, E. II.
923. John Casale, the Prothonotary, to Henry VIII.
Has nothing to write, except about the Turks. The last letters received
by the princes of Venice state that the king of the Turks had sent
Lewis Gritti to cause the Scythians to join his expedition against Pannonia
(Hungary) and Germany. The naval forces seem not to be so strong as
previously reported. It is impossible that they can think of invading Italy
with only 100 galleys, which is the number given. They are probably
intended to protect the coast during the expedition, and prevent the errors
into which they fell at the siege of Vienna. Constantinople might then
have been taken by 20 Christian galleys, and it would be much more likely
now, as there are not such wars in Christendom. It is rumoured that the
Emperor has ordered 60 galleys to be ready, and has written to Rome and to
the princes here that he intends to send a great force of Spanish foot from
Spain, and has ordered his army in Italy to obey the Pope. His offers and
promises are daily increasing, and less fear is felt of the Turks. The report
of their intended invasion of Italy was a pretext for exactions of money by
the Italian princes. Both the Pope and the Venetians exacted money alike
from laity and clergy. His Holiness was vexed at their demanding money
from priests, for they have raised 100,000 aurei, which is a third of the
Church revenues, from priests, as a loan. They did the same when engaged
in war for three years, but part of the money was repaid. The Pope therefore
secretly intimated a sentence of excommunication against the Venetians,
but has suspended it on certain conditions.
The Imperial ambassadors say that the Emperor is busy collecting troops
in Germany, and in fortifying the cities, chiefly Vienna. Has not, however,
heard otherwise of any extraordinary preparations. The Venetians are
sending their galleys to the islands and cities under their rule, to be manned
with rowers and soldiers. Italy is quiet. Has written what he has been
able to get from the signory about the wool trade. Though they will not
give a decided answer, they have opened their minds to him in conversation,
and he thinks they will not give any different answer. Does not think he
should urge the matter when he sees his words are thrown away, and he
wishes to know the King's will. Venice, 9 April 1532. Signed.
Lat., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
924. Sir William Percy to Cromwell.
I hope, with the help of my cousin Heneage, to satisfy you with
regard to the contents of your last letter. By the malicious procurement of
Sir Marmaduke Constable, the elder, though in the name of Anth. Bayles,
upon information in the King's Exchequer, there has come to this bearer, a
very honest priest, chaplain to the dean of York, Herthill, and Hull, considerable
trouble. This has arisen in their displeasure because he had assisted
Adam Olyver, his brother, to whom of late ye made a lease of certain lands
in Dalby. Bushopburton, 9 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
Confession of Francis Spyltherup, otherwise called Francis Armourer,
before Sir John Dauntsye, Sir Edmond Walsingham, and Thos. Crumwell,
councillors to the King, taken 6 April 23 Hen. VIII.
About three years ago he sold to Dyonysyous, an Almain goldsmith, gold
to the value of 5l. embezzled from the gold delivered to him for gilding the
King's harness. At another time he sold to the said Denys gold worth 17l.
delivered to him for gilding clasps for books and "crunstykkes;" and again,
between Midsummer and Bartholomewtide last, gold worth 6l. He never
clipped any money before last Christmas, "that is to say, in the said 23 year."
Since then he has clipped five ounces of silver and an ounce of gold.
Signed : Franczis Speldorp.
P. 1. Endd. : "The confession of Francis Spylthrop alias Francis
Armourer, before Sir John Dauncy, my master, and other." "The depositions
and sayings of one Denys, being prisoner in the Tower."
2. Examination of Denys Selder, goldsmith, before Sir John Dawntsey
and Thos. Cromwell, 9 April 23 Hen. VIII.
He says that Peter Larke bought by his procurement of Erasmus, the
King's armourer, before last Christmas, 17 oz. of gold in grains, swept from
the gilding of the King's books and harness, with three or four broken
crowns, for which he paid 35l. or thereabout. That he bought from Francis
Spelderp, armourer, molten gold, twice, but does not know the value. He
never bought any clippings of him, nor knew that he was other than honest.
P. 1. Endd.
926. Margaret, Marchioness of Dorset, to Cromwell.
Thanks for his services. Has no other succour in all her troubles
but himself. Requests his aid in the matter of the benefice of Bosworth,
which her son the Marquis will declare to him, and of the benefice of Eston,
in Essex, appropriated to the house of Tyltey, claimed by the bishop of
London. Would be glad if her son's schoolmaster were in quiet possession
of the said benefice, because she might attend her son daily in the Court.
Sir Richard Clement's Mote in Kent, 10 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
9,835, f. 24.
927. The Privy Chamber.
An order taken by the King at York Place, Wednesday, 10 April
24 Hen. VIII., how the gentlemen of the Privy Chamber shall give attendance.
My Lord Marques [Dorset], Masters Norrice, Carewe, Browne, Cheyney,
Page, and Weston.
My lord of Rochefort, Masters Hennage, Nevell, Bryanne, Russaile, Welsborne,
and Henry Knevet. The gentlemen ushers of the Privy Chamber are
to enter in a book the attendance of the above gentlemen; each set to serve
for six weeks.
Wednesday, 10 April.—My lord Marquis and Mr. Norrice left.
9,835, f. 26.
2. Another order.
The Master of the Horse, (fn. 9) Sir John Russell, Sir Antony Brown, Sir
Richard Page, and Master Fras. Weston, are to serve for six weeks alternately
with Sir Fras. Bryane, Sir Edw. Nevyle, Sir Thos. Cheney, Master
John Welsborn, and Master Henry Knevet.
The lord of Rochefort, Master Hennage.
The King will not be charged with more than five chambers at once for the
gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, beside the lord Marques extin . . the lord
Rocheforde, Master Norrice, and Mr. Hennage, nor for carriages, livery to
their chambers, or bouche of Court. If any gentleman is absent during his
term of service, from sickness or other reasonable excuse, he must provide
one of his fellows to supply his place, and enter the same in the usher's book,
so that the King may always have six gentlemen and one lord to serve him.
A number of medical recipes and directions for grafting and planting trees.
928. Convocation of Canterbury.
Met at St. Paul's; adjourned, after various prorogations, to Westminster,
21 Jan. , when John the abbot appeared, and on bended
knees alleged the privileges of his abbey, at which nothing could be done
without his consent. On the asseveration of the Archbishop that no infringement
of those privileges was intended, the Abbot gave his consent.
On the 24th Jan. a subsidy was granted to the King of 100,044l. 8s. 8d.
by each house, from which the Mendicant Orders, the prior of St. John's,
and other religious claimed exemption. Their allegations were referred to
the bishops of Ely and Bath. On the 7th Feb. a conference was held
with certain of the King's Council on certain articles prefixed to the Book of
the Subsidy, touching the Supremum Caput, &c., and the general pardon of
all offences against the prœmunire. The King's judges exhibited a copy of
the articles of exceptions from the general pardon, respecting which they
affirm that they had no authority to conclude anything before the bishops
and clergy had concluded as to the first. Hereon a dispute arising, the King
modified the first article to this effect, "Cujus protector et Supremum
Caput post Deum (fn. 10) is solus est," declining all further discussion. On the
11th Feb. the Archbishop proposed the title, "Ecclesiæ, &c. cujus singularem
protectorem, unicum et supremum dominum, et. quantum per Christi legem
licet, etiam Supremum Caput, ipsius Majestatem recognoscimus;" which was
unanimously agreed to.
Convocation then proceeded to the reformation of abuses, and on the
25th Feb. to examine the will of Will. Tracy, and condemn the author of
it as a heretic. On the 3rd March articles were set forth against Crome,
Latimer, and Bilney; and respecting schools and schoolmasters.
March 27 and the following day they examined John Nicolson for
heresy and proceeded to the condemnation of Tracy, and ordered his body
to be exhumed.
After various prorogations, met 23 Jan. , and proceeded to condemn
the will of Thos. Brown, of Bristol. On the 11th March summoned
Hugh Latimer, who refused to sign the aforesaid articles, and was pronounced
contumacious, and committed to prison at Lambeth. On his consenting
to subscribe the 11th and 14th articles his sentence was taken off.
His submission.—On the 10th April he subscribed before Edw. archbishop
of York, Stephen bishop of Winchester, John bishop of Rochester, John
bishop of Exeter, Ric. Wolman, Ric. Sampson, Edw. Fox, &c.; on which
he was absolved, and warned to appear 15 April to hear further process.
929. Convocation of Canterbury.
Complaint exhibited in the Convocation of Canterbury, 23 Hen. VIII.,
against the practice of resident canons preventing other canons from participating
in the distribution of daily offerings until they have paid them a
large sum of money and made a sumptuous feast.
930. Sir Ralph Fenwick.
Indenture made 10 April 23 Hen. VIII. between Edw. archbishop of
York, and Sir Ralph Fenwyk, granting the latter the offices of steward, receiver,
and bailiff of the lordship of Extoldesham, and other offices formerly
held by Thos. lord Dacre, deceased, or by Sir Christopher Dacre.
Copy, large paper, p. 1.
931. The Cistercian Order.
See Grants in April, 23 Hen. VIII., No. 6.
28,584, f. 253.
932. Rodrigo Niño to Charles V.
The deciphered portions of a letter about the league between the
kings of France and England, the Vayvode, and certain Lutheran princes.
It is reported that the king of England will marry his daughter to the
Vayvode. Francis is raising a fleet in Normandy, to be commanded by
Albany. The Doge told him last Sunday that he had letters from England,
of 16 March, saying that the duke of Suffolk had used hard words to the
Ambassador because the Signory had not allowed the professors (doctores
catredaticos) at Padua to go to Rome to discuss the English divorce case.
Some persons with the galleys in England say that if it came to the
knowledge of the king of England that the Emperor had news of the league
from Venice, they would suffer for it, which is the reason why the Doge
has not spoken of it. Believes the Republic will observe their agreements
with the Emperor, and that nothing will move them to do otherwise, as they
know well the kings of France and England.
A Venetian ambassador writes that the Turk has intelligence with France
and England, and that his navy (armada) will not move without the
presence of a French officer, and the French fleet will join it. The Turkish
captains and corsairs are ordered not to interfere with English, French, or
Venetians. Further news from Turkey and France.
Sp., pp. 12. Modern copy. Headed : De Rodrigo Niño, 10 de Abril 1532.
28,584, f. 286.
933. [Dr. Ortiz to Charles V.]
Has received the Emperor's letter of 26 March, saying that he will
consider the advisability of procuring the other brief when he has an
answer from England. Does not think the first brief will be of any use
except to justify the Pope in sending the second, as he has already told his
Holiness. As the King so clearly despises the commandment of God, he
will more easily despise the commandments of the Pope. Fears the second
brief will not produce the proper result, and that even the sentence will not
be obeyed, as the King has already given to understand by his letters.
Gives his reasons for thinking the brief of censure necessary, which he
thinks will not be refused, although the belief that it will have no result,
except in worse treatment for the Queen, is an argument against it. This
need not prevent its being sent to the Emperor, to be used as he thinks best.
If it is not advisable to use it, it would be better that the king of England
should be obliged to the Emperor's clemency, which may cause him to
repent. When the former brief was sent, the Pope allowed the second to
be drawn up, to be sent secretly with it; but difficulties were put in the way
when it had to be engrossed and sealed. Thinks there will still be great
difficulty in getting it completed. The Emperor must consider what is best,
for there is no need of a legal process for this censure. He can demand it
on the ground of the Pope's denying justice, and his Holiness has no excuse.
He may order it to be asked for only if it is certain that it will be effectual,
and have it done secretly, so that he can use it as seems best. The request
should be accompanied by a letter from the Emperor, thanking the Pope for
the offer of this brief, through Ortiz, and asking for its immediate despatch.
If this be done, the Pope cannot excuse himself, as he has done previously,
by saying that the Emperor does not wish such rigour to be used against the
King. A letter of credence will be sufficient.
If the sins of the Church had not hindered the calling of the Council, this
cause, and others no less important, would not have been delayed.
The Ambassador has written about the 12 conclusions which were settled
on March 22. They are of great importance, and were discussed four times.
Juan Luys, the Emperor's advocate, behaved well. On the last occasion he
and the Ambassador protested that this discussion was sufficient for the
principal point, and these conclusions were only proposed by the opposite
party to cause delay; they would not attend these discussions any more,
and required the Pope to conclude this article of the excusator. The latter,
on the other hand, demanded the discussion of the remaining conclusions.
It was determined that both parties should produce information (informen);
and the Wednesday in the Octave of Easter was fixed for the English, but
they did not appear. On the Wednesday following, April 10, they attended
the Consistory to prosecute their information, and prolong the delay.
Sp., pp. 5. Modern copy.
28,584, f. 257.
934. Clement VII. to Charles V.
Is consoled among his many griefs to find that the Emperor intends
seriously to resist the Turk. In the English case, something might perhaps
be gained by proceeding rigorously, but there has been no failure of justice
in any point. As no injurious proceedings have been taken against the
Queen in England, is firmly of opinion that it was advisable not to drive the
King to despair by refusing him absolutely the advantages he hopes to
But there has not been and will not be any failure of justice on this
account. Desires greatly to meet the Emperor, but the safety of Christendom
depends upon the maintenance of his authority in Germany. Rome,
11 April 1532.
Ital., pp. 3. Modern copy from the archives of Simancas.
935. Abbey of Bruton.
See Grants in April, 23 Hen. VIII., No. 9.
936. Eleanor Verney.
See Grants in April, 23 Hen. VIII., No. 10.
937. Nycholas [Heath], Prior of Lenton, to [Thomas] Hennege.
Dan Hamlet Pencriche, one of his brethren, who last year laid an
unjust accusation against him before the Council, has fled from his religion,
as he did twice before, by the instigation of certain men of Nottingham, who
love not this poor house.
He has taken goods of the house which the said men have received. Asks
for Hennege's favor, and for his credence for the bearer. Lenton Abbey,
12 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add : To, &c. Mr. Henege, grome of the stoole to the king's
28,584, f. 264.
938. Katharine of Arragon to Dr. Ortiz.
Thanks him for his letters and his labours in her cause. Sees no
way of acting but to recommend all to God, and ask Him to remedy the evil
which will ensue, as his Vicar will not do so. Can do nothing, as she writes
to the Pope, but declare her truthfulness, and represent the evil consequences
which will follow, and, if this does not suffice, complain to God.
Has shown a copy of the brief to learned persons, who say the medicine to
cure this plague must be stronger,—that is, the sentence. The other will
cause trouble, and do little good. De Mix (fn. 11) (sic), 14 April.
Sp., pp. 2. Modern copy.
939. Robert Amadas.
Commission to Sir Thos. Awdeleley, keeper of the Great Seal,
Sir Wm. Powlett, Sir Wm. Kyngston, and Sir Bryan Tuke to view the
plate, &c. late in the custody of Robert Amadas, master and treasurer of
the Jewels, deceased, whom Thos. Cromwell is appointed to succeed.
Imperfect draft corrected from a similar commission to Sir Andrew
Windesor, Sir John Dauncye, and Roger Lupton, provost of Eton, on the
appointment of Amadas in place of Sir Henry Wyat.
Endd. by Cromwell's clerk.
940. Thomas Cromwell.
See Grants in April, 23 Hen. VIII., No. 13.