1144. John Longland, Bishop of Lincoln, to Cromwell.
Thanks him for getting his payments deferred till after Michaelmas.
Should not else have been able to see his church this summer, as he now
intends to do. Wooborn, 1 July. Signed : Jo. Lo. Lincoll.
P. 1. Add. : To my right worshipful friend, Master Thomas Cromwell,
one of the King his most honorable Council.
1145. Anne Boleyn.
See Grants in July, No. 7.
1146. Lord Leonard Gray to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his kindness, and for his letter in his favor to lady
Taylbusshe. Had rather obtain that matter than to be made lord of as
much goods and lands as any nobleman within this realm. As to the letter,
he wrote to ask Cromwell to persuade him. "If ye should so do, I think it
were remedyless for me to follow, for I promise you at this hour my heart is
not in my governance, nor I ruler thereof." Would do as much for him as
one friend might reasonably do for another; but unless the King were displeased
in this matter, which he is not, his wretched carcase will suffer more
pains in obtaining this matter than other folks would think for. Desires
Cromwell to help him now or never, and now and ever, to the furtherance
of this matter, which he would fainest bring to pass of anything in this
world. Desires credence for his servant, the bearer. Bewmanour, 2 July.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
Order of the Emperor's council, empowering ... to settle some
dispute between ... and the abbess and convent of Bourbourg, together
with Micquiel Floury, farmer of the governor of Douay, who are alleged to
have encroached upon the plaintiff's rights in cultivating certain parcels of
land. Malines, 2 July 1532, 13 Car. V.
Fr., pp. 4. Imperfect at the beginning.
1148. Rodrigo Niño to Charles V.
Extract from a letter dated Venice, 5 July 1532.
Yesterday a merchant arrived here from England, having passed through
France. He says the king of England was never so set upon the divorce as
now, and all the people are discontented with it. The French king is at
Chatesbrian. There is no preparation for war there, because of the diversity
of news about the Turk. It is publicly said that the day Francis knows
that war is begun between the Emperor and the Turk he will march to Italy.
Sp., p. 1. Modern copy.
2. Contemporary abstract of the above.
Sp., p. 1. Modern copy.
1149. Geo. Archbishop Of Armagh, Chancellor of Ireland.
See Grants in July, No. 14.
1150. Kildare, Deputy of Ireland.
See Grants in July, No. 16.
28,585, f. 46.
1151. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Has received her letter of 17 June.
The excusator wishes to use as a commission the King's last letter, of
which he sent a copy previously with the new articles. There has been a
discussion in the Consistory, and informations have been given to the Cardinals.
Last Monday deliberation was commenced in the Consistory, and
the Pope ordered no report to be made of what was done, on pain of excommunication.
Doubts not that the Consistory will give the same sentence as
the Rota, that the excusator must not be admitted without a mandate. Has
heard that the English have had the mandate for a long time, but put off
presenting it to gain time. It would be better if they never presented it, so
that the sentence might be given por contradictas, and then the principal
cause decided by an extravagante.
Hears that the king of England still shows disrespect and disobedience to
the See Apostolic, although some preachers, both in his absence and in his
presence, have inveighed against the great sin which he is committing.
Rome, 5 July 1532.
Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.
Ib., f. 48.
2. English translation.
1152. Thomas Hennege to Cromwell.
Has followed Cromwell's good device, and finds the King very good
to him as to the money he owes his Grace. Expects to be at a point with
him, of which the bearer will give him a book. Desires Cromwell, therefore,
to speak to Mr. Brian Tewcke for his indenture, and to bring it with him,
on which he will make delivery both of money and specialties. Thanks him
heartily for his good counsel. Desires him to remind my lord Great Seal
about the prest, and about a matter between Paten and himself, of which
he spoke to him in the Star Chamber. Waltham Abbey, Friday, 5 July.
P. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Mr. Cromwell.
1153. Thomas [Manning,] Prior [of Butley,] to Cromwell.
On a suit depending between Mr. Jermy and John Langester, desiring
his favor to the latter. Sir Anthony Wingfield ought to have sent up the
King's commission by Jonson, who went to London the day before this
letter was sealed. Has desired Thos. Grimbold to bring up the King's letters
to avoid suspicion. He can tell Cromwell the truth. Butteley, 5 July.
Desires to be recommended to Master Rushe, and that he will give credence
to Thomas Cuk.
P. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Mr. Cromwell. Sealed with T. M.
2. Copy of an agreement made between the prior of Butley and John Jermy
by Sir Anthony Wingfield and Sir Arthur Hopton, the King's commissioners,
touching lands in Bawdesey.
ii. Note (in Jermy's hand?) at the foot.—These men of worship and the
Prior set their hands to these articles before Mich. last; yet I have forborne
to take possession that I might obtain your favor, and I beg you to set some
order between me and other of my party and John Lancaster.
Large paper, pp. 2. Endd.
1154. Eastham, Somerset.
Sale by Edmund lord Bray to Sir Edw. Seymour of the manor of
Estham, Somerset, with lands in Crokhorne and Estham. Dated 5 July
24 Hen. VIII. Signed by lord Bray.
Vellum. Mutilated. Endd.
1155. William Goldwell to Thomas Goldwell, at Padua.
Parson Goldwell, your mother and I give you God's blessing.
Before Candlemas last I delivered to Dr. Chamber, dean of St. Stephen's, 10l.
to be delivered to Mr. Bukler for you; and I am certified by the Dean that
you have received the money, and he wonders you have not written. This
day I delivered to my good lord of Canterbury other 10l., which he promises
shall be conveyed to you. As in my previous letters delivered to Dr. Chamber,
I desire you to send letters of thanks to the said lord "in Greek, with
such sentence as be commendable for such purpose, and also to remember
above all things your duty to God and to your natural Sovereign lord." If
you can do him service in those parts, do it diligently, and it may turn to
your preferment. London, 6 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : This letter be delivered to Antony Sartor, dwellyng
be the bryge callid Orlio in Venece, to be delivered to Thomas Goldwell,
student in Padway. Endd.
1156. Thomas Hall to Cromwell.
I had proposed to have seen you at the latter end of this term, to
learn the state of my suit; but when I was last in Lincolnshire my horse
fell upon me, so that I could neither ride nor go. Please send me word of
the expedition thereof by the bearer when you come to these parts. When
the King is at Bukden I will wait upon you. Huntingdon, 7 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
1157. The Divorce.
Decree of the Pope in Consistory, on Monday, 8 July, on the report
of the card. Cæsarinis, agent for the Vice-chancellor, to wait for the
king of England till October following, that he may produce the mandate in
the principal cause; otherwise the case will be proceeded with.
Lat., p. 1. Endd.
1158. Richard, Abbot Of Leicester, to Cromwell.
Whereas I am informed that I should send you 40l., by which you
might sooner stay my troubles daily wrought against me for my office; I
herewith send it, beseeching you to use it as you shall think best for my
quietness in Christ, and that I may have of the King or you a protection
that my ordinary have no such stroke in my house as he hath had, to the
disorder of me and mine; "and you shall be looked upon therefore at your
own pleasure." Leicester Abbey, 9 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : King's councillor.
28,585, f. 49.
1159. Dr. Ortiz to Charles V.
Sentence has been given for the Queen in the Consistory on 9 July.
It is decided that the King must present a procuration and mandate for the
principal cause, and not only to excuse himself; and if he will not do this,
he will be proceeded against por contradictas. This will be the quickest
way of deciding the case; but it is said the English have a mandate, which
they have hitherto delayed to produce. Rome, 9 July 1532.
Sp., pp. 2. Modern copy.
28,585, f. 50.
1160. Cardinal Of Siguenza to Cobos.
Yesterday it was determined in the Consistory that the king of England
should be warned by a brief, that, unless he sends a power for the principal
cause before October, proceedings will be taken por contraditas. If this be
carried out, nothing could be better; but I fear some change, as the King is
used with great respect. * * * *
Rome, 9 July.
Sp., pp. 4. Modern copy.
1161. Peter De Bardis to Cromwell.
Affirms he has spoken no more than the truth in the cause of
Dodo and Campucci. Will bring manifest evidence to that effect, although
Georgius impudently accused him of falsehood. London, 10 July 1532.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add.
1162. St. Bartholomew's, London.
See Grants in July, Nos. 24, 25, and 35.
1163. Henry VIII. to Sir Giles Strangways and John Horsey.
As the prior of Muntagow has lately resigned, the King has sent
thither his chaplain, Dr. Lee, to direct the election according to the King's
pleasure. You are, therefore, on sight of these, to repair to the monastery,
and assist him.
P. 1. Endd. : Sir Giles Stranguys, knight, and John Horsey, Esq.
Letters of the King for the assistance of Dr. Lee, directed to them for the
priory of Montague.
1164. Priory Of Montacute.
See Grants in July, No. 27
1165. Chapuys to Granvelle.
Seeing that there was no use in exaggerating the imminent danger
of invasion by the Turk, advised the Nuncio to take the contrary way when
speaking to the duke of Norfolk, and magnify the preparations of the
Emperor and the Pope, and the great hopes they had of a glorious victory.
This was successful, as appears in the letters to the Emperor. Where duty
could not move him, jealousy did, though neither will probably take effect.
Gives an account of a young priest, of honest and virtuous life, who has
been hanged, without degradation, for clipping angels. The King pardoned
a French innkeeper for a similar offence, but would not listen to any intercession
in his behalf,—either from hatred of theology or from love of the
Lady, who told her father that he did wrong to speak for a priest, as there
were too many of them already. * * *
London, 11 July.
Fr. From a modern copy.
1166. Dr. John London to Cromwell.
I wrote to you lately that I had a gelding of easy pace, four years
old; which I now send you, desiring you to accept it until I can give
a better recompence. I and my poor college are much bound to you. I
beg your favor in my suit for Candiche and Mr. Higdon's pardon. Oxford,
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's council. Endd., inaccurately, by
Wriothesley : Ep'us London.
1167. Henry Thornton to Cromwell.
Touching the monastery of Michelney, the wilful sort are by crafty
means blended. Four of the monks are put in comfort to be abbot, and all
their efforts are set against dan Thomas Ine; so that the Bishop, if he can,
will make a monk of another place abbot there, i.e. a monk of Glastonbury.
Divers canons residing in the cathedral church of Wells say that Ine shall
never "rejoise" that room; but I do not fear them, as I remember your
promise. It is necessary that the King's letter should be speedily sent to
the bp. of Bath, with another from you before the Doctor comes into these
parts. Rather than I should fail, I had liever be where I shall be a
thousand years hence. Bockland, my poor house, 12 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Master Thomas Cromwell, Esquire.
Ellis, 3 Ser.
1168. William Godolphyn to Cromwell.
I have made four pieces of tin for you, to make pewter vessels for
your household, in weight 1,000 lbs. or more. The mark of the said four
pieces is a bow with a broad arrow on one side, and on the other side a
horse-shoe. I beg you will ask the King for a licence for me for Gascon
wine, to be delivered between Michaelmas and Candlemas. His Grace shall
take advantage by the custom thereof, and I shall be ready to do him service,
if he go to Calais, with six or eight tried wrestlers. Godolphyn, 12 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
1169. Cromwell And Hennage.
Indenture, 12 July 24 Hen. VIII., between Cromwell and Thos.
Hennage, gentleman of the Chamber, acknowledging the receipt by the
former, through John Isake, Hennage's servant, of—(1) two bonds of Will.
Buttes to Thos. Grevys, for 14l. 3s. 4d. altogether; (2) one of Sir Thos.
Wentworth to Grevys for 19l., of which Hennage has received 6l.; (3) three of
Thos. Barnby, of London, haberdasher, to Hennage, of 60 marks, for payment
of 30l.; (4) one of John Ap Howell to Hennage, for 27l. 14s.; (5) four conditional
bonds of Nich. Aworteley to Hennage, amounting to 40l., for
payment of 25l.; (6) one conditional bond of Anth. Knyvett and John
Duffeld, of London, mercer, to Hennage, in 20l., for payment of 17l.;
(7) one bond of John Eston, serjeant-at-arms, to Hennage, for 18l. 18s. 2d.;
(8) a statute staple of Sir Edw. Chamberleyn and Leonard Chamberleyn, his
son and heir apparent, to Rauf Waren, mercer, alderman of London, in 100
marks, for payment of 41l. 11s., which Waren has made over to Henage, and
of which 28l. 4s. 4d. have been received; (9) a conditional bond of Sir
Henry Guldeford to Henage in 50l., for payment of 40l.; (10) a conditional
bond of Hen. earl of Northumbd. to Hennage in 200l., for payment of
104l. 5s. 4d.; (11) another of Sir John Huse, now lord Huse, to Hennage,
in 50l., for payment of 40l.; (12) two bonds of Thos. Androwes, of the
Exchequer, to Hennage, for 10l.; (13) a conditional bond of Sir Thos. à
Borowe, now lord Borowe, and Humph. Stafford, to Hennage, in 40l., for
payment of 40 marks; (14) a conditional bond (forfeited) of Thos. Trygott,
of Kyrkeby, Yorksh., to Hennage, in 100l., for performance of certain
covenants by Thos. Grevys, yeoman, of which 10l. has been received by
Hennage. Total, 470l. 0s. 10d.
Draft, in Cromwell's hand, large paper, pp. 4. Endd. : An indenture
bytwixt my master and Master Henage.
1170. Bishop Of Auxerre to Montmorency.
At the Consistory yesterday week the request of the Imperialists and
the Queen's proctors was refused, and the case prorogued until the first
Consistory after All Saints, which will be four months or more, during
which time the King may send a power to discuss whether the case shall be
heard here or not. They would not decide whether the excusator who is
here in the name of the country was sufficient to demand a remission of the
cause. Thinks the English ambassadors feared they would get less than this,
seeing the influence and boldness of the other side. Has done what he
could to help them. The Pope has asked him to beg the King to urge the
king of England to send the procuration. Understands that he will only do
so conditionally if the cause is to be remitted to England. The Pope tells
him the cause has been remitted "jusques au bon temps." He thinks the
Emperor will return before winter, and that then he will have a better time
than now. If the matter had been decided by the votes of the Cardinals, as
the Imperialists wished, the old and wise Cardinals would have voted for the
King; but they are few, and the Imperialists are a large majority.
Fr. Headed : A Mons. le Grand Maistre, du 13 Juillet 1532.
Vit. B. XIII.
1171. Ghinucci, Benet, and Sir Gregory [Casali] to Hen. VIII.
In the three last Consistories before the vacations the case of the
excusator was discussed; but it is not known what was done in the first two,
as the Cardinals are forbidden to reveal anything on pain of excommunication.
The day after the third, which was held on July 8, we went to the
Pope, who said he would not tell us the deliberation of the Consistory himself,
as he was no lawyer, but we should hear it the next day from cardinals
Monte and Ancona. Notwithstanding this, he told us what we afterwards
heard from them, but did not wish us to take it for an answer. The account
given us by the Cardinals on the morrow was, that the Pope and Cardinals
had determined to write a letter to exhort your Highness to send a proctor,
and to do this for the whole of October next. They also advised us to
exhort you to do so. Answered that we were willing to write as they
enjoined; but it could not be concealed that you seemed to have been
unfairly treated, as neither was an excusator admitted nor your allegations
received and proved, as has often been demanded. Were much surprised,
and complained that although this was certainly according to law, yet it was
refused; and by asking for a mandate for a proctor they seem to reject tacitly
the excusator, and what he has alleged. They replied that neither he nor
his allegations were rejected, and the matter was doubtful, not clear as we asserted.
Ancona also made some remarks, which Karne mentions in his letter.
They said also that we had been more favorably treated than our adversaries;
adding that if the mandate for a proctor were sent, justice would be
administered as favorably as possible. This both Pope and Cardinals
asserted. When we repeated that the excusator must be admitted, they said
that a proctor would amount to the same thing; for if he were appointed,
remissory and compulsory letters for examining witnesses would be decreed,
and some upright man would be delegated, so that proceedings could be
taken in partibus. We should thus obtain what we desired; for the decision
of the case must rest with the Pope, even if permission were given to try it
elsewhere. Do not consider this to be what they wanted. Every one believes
the excusator will be rejected. Rome, 12 July 1532. Signed.
Lat., mutilated. Add.
Vit. B. XIII.
1172. Carne and [Bonner] to [Henry VIII.]
Give an account of the four Consistories, and the proceedings of
card. Ancona, the details of which will be found in Benet's and Casale's
letters. The Imperialists are much displeased that the Pope did not revoke
his decree for the admission of the articles. On their replying to him he
referred them to Monte and Ancona, saying he was no lawyer. He desires
the King to send a proctor; against which we protested. In a conference
with De Monte he said that the Pope and Cardinals were well disposed to
you, and that you need not fear; and, to avoid all contention, it was thought
good that the Pope in Consistory should write to you. Gives further
details of their conversation, and the Pope's protestation that whatever
justice and equity require on his part the King shall receive. Details the
points disputed, which turn upon the interpretation of certain questions of
law. Rome, 15 July 1532.
Pp. 10, mutilated. In Carne's hand.
Vit. B. XIII.
1173. Benet and Casale to Henry VIII.
Since their last, of the 27th, the Imperialists have so handled the
Cardinals that they have persuaded them not to admit Karne; and though
the Old Man was always of opinion that your letters were sufficient, he did
not dare to discover himself by openly opposing the Imperialists, but requested
that the excusatory and other letters should be sent to himself for better
information. Gives further details of the reasons for Ancona's proceedings.
He had much to do to keep matters in statu quo. Details a speech made by
him in the Consistory, and his advice how Henry ought to act in the case.
He is of opinion that you should send a mandate. As nothing has yet come
from France, and no expedition for bishoprics or abbacies, he begins to
grow suspicious. Sir Gregory had great difficulty in removing his suspicions.
De Monte has done good service. Are of opinion that the King
should write to him, Trani, St. Severin, and others. The Old Man, and also
the Young, do marvel that the quarter's rent doth not come. Rome,
15 [July]. Signed.
Cipher, deciphered. Mutilated. Add.
1174. Sir Gregory Casale to [Henry VIII.]
We have often written of the suspicion entertained by those men,
and the difficulties we have had with them, which have driven Sir Gregory
to such perplexity that he can hardly live : "Et certe fuit elaborandum, quia
Galli ita tractarunt Maj. v. ut impossibile esset removere e capite henis
(ejus?) quin esset delusus."
The French king has given the Papal nuncio a bishopric of 3,000 ducats,
in consideration that abbacies of the value of 2,000 ducats had been expedited
in Consistory upon his nomination. The French ambassador also mentioned
casually to a young man that there were now vacant in France about
nine abbeys, which were at the French king's disposal, and that he got them
despatched. Cardinal Trivulcio has affirmed the same. Your Majesty may
judge of the importance of these words in a man so suspected. Certainly
we see that these men are in utter despair; "et si non esset maxima fides
quod Juvenis habet in Gregorium, actum fuisset, maxime quod Maius
promisit Juveni episcopatum de Monreale qui vacavit per mortem Columnæ."
Your Majesty must take care that if the French do not help, they shall not
Si vero Ma. va nolit mittere mandatum, ipse non deficiet sequi voluntatem
Matis vestræ; sed certe difficillimum, immo ipposibile erit quin tandem
appareat ipsum nimis favere Mati vestræ, et ita conduci negocium ut sine
aliqua utilitate nobis efficiatur parum utilis et sine beneficio causæ principalis,
et hoc certe, quia ne nos decipiamus et ita Maj. vestra sit decepta, [quia (fn. 1) ]
nunquam in æternum Curia ista admittet nostras materias, etiam si a
mortuis veniret Bartulus qui illas vellet sustinere, quia in hoc sunt resoluti
causam Majestatis vestræ continere et in eam convenire multa quæ tangunt
interesse Sedis Apostolicæ quæ non erant nec concurrebant in aliis causis.
"Si Maj. vestra dubitat de fide istius Senis, sicut alias diximus, remedium
esta (sic) in manibus suis, quod est conficere ut habeant quæ fuerunt sibi
promissa quo facto sumus certi quod citius exponent vitam propriam quam
deficere Mati vestræ, moti ipsorum interesse."
Resolutio facta in Concistorio fuit nobis communicata per Senem per
aliquos dies ante, qui nobis ostendit magis congruum fore ut res ita diffiniretur
quam si sententia ferretur, in qua multum erat laborandum, ita ut necessarium
foret nimis aperire animum suum, nec plus lucrati essemus, quia
cessante suspitione belli Turcarum, essemus in primis materiis quas nolunt
ullo pacto admittere, et in hoc habemus totum Concistorium contra nos.
Hoc bene curavit senes (Senex) quod cum ostenderet velle pro bono
Reginæ ita conducere causam ut non esset pronuntiandum sed scribendum Regi,
aduxit multa in favorem causæ principalis, et quæ fuerunt magni momenti,
et claucerun hos (clauserunt os) Imperialium, qui clamabant pro sententia
super materiis et expeditione causæ; et cum Imperiales in hoc veementer
insisterent ut pronunciaretur, fuit illis dictum per D. de Monte quod si
pronunciabitur habebitis vota majorum contra vos.
"Cardinales Cesarei in hoc solliciti erant quia videbant majorem partem
Cardinalium esse contra nos in hoc quod ultimæ materiæ essent calumniosæ,
moti quadam equitate rationibus adversariorum qui dicebant certum esse
quod cessante suspicione belli Turcarum Rex non veniet Romam.
Et ex Cardinalibus qui profitentur factionem Christianissimi erant
contra nos, et cum hoc intelleximus voluimus quod orator Christianissimi
"Res ita se habuit ut in materiis non fuerit pronuntiatum et jus nobis
remaneat integrum, et quod dictum fuit citius fuerit in favorem quam aliter.
Circa breve Imperiales instant ut sit præceptivum sed Senes vult conficere ut
sit exortativum, et ita et taliter ut possit suo modo inteligi et respondi.
"Senex multotiens nobis dixit, et nunc maxime asseveranter, ut Mas vestra
mittat mandatum ad causam supra fidem suam; in qua non timet, etiam si
Cesar esset re presens non habilis esset facere ut ferretur sententia contra,
quia non dubitat Pontificem et ipsum posse gogi (sic) ut fiat injustitia
manifesta. Præterea jam Pontifici satis constant jura Regis, et multis Cardinalibus;
bublice etiam, et in Concistorio dicta jura fuerunt narrata et
omnibus Cardinalibus certo modo infissa. Venerunt etiam doctores vocati
a Pontifice, silicet Burles qui est nobiscum et aliis rationibus (fn. 2) motus, Senex
dicit non esse dubitandum et valde sperandum."
Itaque videtur valde fore congruum ut Maj. vestra de novo mittat in
Gallia (sic) qui Christianissimo ita molestus sit Maj. vestræ nomine ut illum
inducat [et] astringat concedere abatiam ... vel alias ad valorem saltem
3,000 ducatorum de is quæ nunc vacant, et ut commodius Christianissimus
hoc facere possit poterit assignare pensiones quas Mati v. optulit illi cui
designatæ erant abatiæ, nec deerit modus, modo velit sibi rem gratam facere.
"Præterea permagni interest ut Christianissimus provideat R. de Monte,
qui, jam diu est quod multa meritus (et pro Gallis multa fecit) nullam inde
gratitudinem habuit; itaque de facili Maj. vestra optinere poterit ut Christianissimus
illi providere velit, &c. Certe D. de Monte extranee et pro posse
se gessit, et magni interest habere ipsum propitium, sicut re vera habuimus.
Præterea prosimus (?) quæ Mas va nobis commisit valde . p .. ret ut executioni
Lat., pp. 5, on three separate leaves. The handwriting is so peculiar
that it has been thought advisable to give an exact transcript of the greater
part of this document.
1175. John Bishop of Lincoln to Cromwell.
Hopes he has received his late letters. Thinks the abbot of Leicester
will make but a bare answer to the writings sent him by the King and
Cromwell. "The man setteth more by his own wit now, and by such light
counsel as he hath, than ever he did before. The place is almost undone
by him, and the longer he tarrieth therein the more it shall decay. If he
come up, as he saith he will, I doubt not but ye shall perceive his wisdom;
and yet in his words he shall sometime appear wise, although his acts
doth not so ensue." Advises other letters to be sent him. Lydyngton,
15 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To my right worshipful friend, Master Cromwell, one of
the King his most honorable Council. Endd. : John Lucas.