1209. The Prior Of The Crutched Friars.
Deposition taken before Thomas Cromwell and John Alleyn, aldermen,
councillors to the King, 1 Aug. 24 Hen. VIII.
"William Crochun, Bachelor in Divinity, sayeth and deposeth that one
John Dryver, now prior of the Crossed Freres, in London, upon the vigil of
St. James the Apostle last past, sitting at his dinner in the Fratry of the
said Crossed Friars, had sundry communications touching the King's highness,
amongst the which one was that a certain fool, whose name this deponent
knoweth not, named by the said Prior to be the King's fool or dysert, which
(as the said Prior alleged) was by divers of the King's servants so handled
that he was compelled to fall from his horse back; which communication
grew by way of exhortation, saying unto his convent there present, that they
should keep good religion, saying that the fool should say at the time of his
fall, and after that he was set upon his horse again, that the King should
have a fall shortly. And further, the said deponent sayeth, that the said
Prior in his said exhortation said, amongst other, that a certain religious man
should come unto him who privily should say that the King's highness was
determined to put down certain religious houses; adding these words,—that
if he so did, whereas tofore he was called Defensor Fidei, he should be
called Destructor Fidei. In witness whereof Robert Balle, fryre of the said
house, hath upon an oath by him solemnly made in the presence abovesaid,
confessed, declared, and knowledged the premises to be true." Signed : Freyer
Wyll'm Crochun—Freyer Robert Ball.
"The foresaid John Dryver, in presence aforesaid, confesseth the effect of
all the premises to be true." Signed : John Dryvar, prior.
In Wriothesley's hand, p. 1. Endd. by Cromwell : The proctor of the
Blake Frers, namyd Holmys.
1210. Thos. Wynter to Cromwell.
Good friends are better than riches, because when riches fail friends
can help those who are fallen into poverty. Your friendship has been a
treasure to me. Your letters to Donatus have done me good service, as you
told him that you would consider whatever good offices he did me the same as
if they were done to your brother. I am overwhelmed with your kindness.
My friend Runcorn writes to me that he is under great obligation to your
benevolence. Barton and Belson (Wilson?) say, that though you are overwhelmed
with business, and are in the high tide of prosperity, you never fail
to talk at length with them when my affairs are on the carpet. Barton
writes me, that Sir Rob. Constable is attempting many things which will
give him great trouble and injure me. He promised me far otherwise, as
Barton hoped, at whose persuasion I granted him the use of my house. I
know not the particulars, but apply to you for succour. If, however, you
will allow me to say the truth without offence, I think you ought to show
yourself a little less compliant. I live here wretchedly enough, and ever
since my departure from England I have been in want of funds, which has
been an obstacle to my study. If I did not sometimes think that my revenues
would be less disturbed, and if I am always to be in dread of poverty, there
would be no reason why I should expect that advancement in my studies
that I have long wished for and might easily obtain by pecuniary aid. I
have many books, but I want more. I have no clothes and no money. You
know the taste of the Italians; they don't endure shabbiness, nor willingly
admit poor people into their society. I have no friendship with learned men,
and seldom enjoy their conversation, because I am ashamed of my poverty.
You know how rich I was when I left you, and what you have hitherto sent
me. Belson is there, and can, without doubt, as you say, give you an account
how slenderly we have lived. I am much devoted to study; and I trust, by
your efforts, that I may spend several years in the quiet pursuit of it. Belson
has been sent into England for no other purpose than to learn your sentiments,
and what you wish should be done by me, which hitherto I have not been
able to extort by any entreaty. I have written to Barton to pay Belson as
much money as will be necessary for the year's support, and I have given
orders that Barton should do nothing without your consent. Belson has
hitherto never received anything from me, though he has always performed
the duties of a trusty servant. Padua, postrid. kal. Augusti.
Hol., Lat., pp. 3. Add. : Ex Regis Angliæ consiliariis.
6,989, f. 36.
1211. Donatus Rullus to Cromwell.
Acknowledges a letter thanking him for kindness to Wynter, who has
always repaid any services with interest. Praises Wynter. Will be happy
to do anything Cromwell bids him. Venice, postridie kal. Aug.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add. : "Dño Crumwello, illmi [Regis] Angliæ consiliario,
1212. Leonard Horsman to Cromwell.
My patron, Sir Henry Everhyngham, is troubled with a froward fellow
called Wetherhald, which would occupy his land against his will. He will,
however, be afraid of you. Everyngham would gladly have a placard for his
servants to shoot in a crossbow on his lands. Please write to Mr. John
Pullen, justice of the peace, to send the judgment of 28 persons to the King's
Bench, and also take the other indictment that Mr. Everyngham doth write
you for into your hands, that people may know you are his good master and
steward of his lands. I trust to bring your letters patent for your fee.
Cambridge, 2 Aug., Christ's College.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
1213. Sir John Fitzjames to Cromwell.
I hear the matter of Montague (fn. 1) has taken good effect according to
my suit, and I trust the bearer shall perform such promise as has been made.
As to the obligation for the 100 marks for the restitution of the temporalities,
I have advised them to spare the making thereof until the Prior has the
King's royal assent, and then he will be able to make an obligation under the
convent seal. Exeter, 4 Aug. Signed.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
1214. John Judde to Cromwell.
I have received your letter. My lord of the Great Seal sealed the
patent of arms when I was at Ipswich with Mrs. Hall, who desires to be
commended to you, and thanks you for your comfortable letter, beseeching
your favor for her and her children; or else she thinks herself utterly
undone. Had I been at the sealing, it should have been with green wax and
laces of silk, which cannot now be done "because of the cut that the angnus
is in." As it is a perpetuity granted to "him" and his heirs, he must pay
8l. 9s. unless you obtain a warrant for his discharge. If the King license
any one to empark any ground or embattle his house, it is a perpetuity. On
coming to London I will visit you. Berechurch, 4 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful, — at London.
1215. Llantrissant Mines
Warrant under the sign manual to Cromwell, as master of the jewels,
to pay to John Ellys and Hugh Norres 33l. 6s. 8d. for expences about the
King's iron mines in Lantrisshent in Myskyn, S. Wales. Grafton, 5 Aug.
24 Hen. VIII.
1216. Will. Roche, Ric. Reynold, and Thos. Wattes to Cromwell.
The Lord Mayor has sent an answer to you by Roiston, the town clerk,
greatly in favor of the butchers of this city, and that the foreign butchers
brought in unwholesome meat; which is not true. This day there came plenty
in from the country, between 7 and 9 o'clock, and the foreign butchers offer
the people the fore quarters of beef for a halfpenny a pound, and the hind
quarters for a little more. We beg you, therefore, to spare a day or two, for
the butchers of the country come in daily more and more, instead of taking a
new order upon the Mayor's letter. If the London butchers were in as good
mind to the continuance of the Act as the country butchers are, this business
had not needed. London, 6 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
1217. John Davy to Lady Lisle.
After writing I was informed that lord Daubeney was at Waram, in
the manor of Beauford, today, the Transfiguration, to sell wood and put out
those who took land from the parson of Haukechurche. There shall be no
default in me. I have seen the Sheriff's book of Cornwall from the Exchequer,
and my master, (fn. 2) whose soul God pardon, runs in issues in the Exchequer to
the sum of 37l. or more, "and would have distrained your land but I have
ceased it for the time." Glyn was bound to discharge the matter against my
master, but he is dead, and his land out in mortgage. Exeter, the day abovenamed.
The matter was touching his office in Cornwall, having been twice sheriff
Hol., p. 1. Add.
1218. The King's Books.
See Grants in August, No. 2.
1219. John Lord Berners to Cromwell.
I beg you to be my friend, as you have been, and let me know the
King's pleasure what recompense I shall have for Pete Caleys. I send herewith
the indenture between Master Lee and me for the purchase of part of
the ground and housing. I have written before what charges I have been
at since, and you have both written and said to me that I should be no loser.
I desire to be no winner, but whatever the King's pleasure is I beg to know
it shortly. I know well all others who have lands or houses taken from them
are well rewarded. Calais, 7 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right wellbeloved Master Cromwell.
1220. Stephen Vaughan to Cromwell.
Yesterday I wrote you a letter stating that the King looked for you
after you could be sufficiently informed of the matters he recommended you
to know or do. This morning he desired me to make inquiry for the books in
the keeping of Mr. Hall touching the King's business, and that you should
bring them. If you were come, the King would put me to some occupation.
Woodstock, Friday, 9 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful, — within the Friars Austins.
1221. Thomas Whalley to Cromwell.
I have received of Will. Brabizon certain chalices, vestments, and
other stuff, as appears by the bill, and will send them to you. I should like
to know your pleasure touching Little Crowley tithe. The farmer there is
Will. Jonson, who will house the crop, contrary to your commandment to me.
One Latymere there has half the tithes. Gives advice what is best to be
done. The name of the prior of Bradwell is John Ascheby. Lathbury,
St. Laurence's Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful. Endd.
9,835, f. 20.
Warrant to the keeper of "my park of Falborne" to deliver six oaks
to Wm. Thynne, chief clerk of the King's kitchen. Woodstock, 10 Aug.
24 Hen. VIII.
Copy in a letter book.
Vit. B. XXI. 64.
1223. [A. De Augustinis] (fn. 3) to [the Duke Of Norfolk].
Wrote on the 23rd and 28th July. Details the news respecting
Ferdinand and the Turks. It is said that the Turk was to have entered
Buda on the 24th, but was delayed by the overflowing of the Danube.
Omits the story of the 12 elephants he brought with him, which could not
be persuaded to cross the bridge by reason of the noise of the river, nor yet
drawn back, till they were pricked by hot irons. It is said that he has
laboured not a little about one Peter Perina, a popular Hungarian nobleman,
who refused to yield his towns and fortresses. Another hindrance was that
Ibrahim Bassa has planted the banner of Hungary, desiring that Aloysius
Gritti should be keeper of it, and that the Lords should swear fealty to him;
among whom the bishop of Colocza, a Minorite, who, I think, was not so
taught by his rules, has been the first to comply. The Waywode is in great
danger. Gives a further account of the state of affairs in Hungary, and the
proceedings of the Spaniards to oppose them. The Emperor returned here
on the 3rd, where he was taken by a fever, and on the 8th returned to the
baths. They complain that the master of the baths fed him on the flesh of
wild swine and other dry meats, and are afraid that the itching in his skin
and legs will return with the fever worse than before. His navy has come
to Naples, and is more than a match for the Turk's. It consists of 150 sail.
A Venetian ship has been taken by the Turks, and the crew all slain, notwithstanding
they were in the Venetian jurisdiction. It is feared the
Turkish navy will enter the Adriatic; and the Venetians, to avoid all cause
of quarrel, are taking every precaution. The Turk has sent for Ringoni,
ordering him into his presence, though he is very ill at Ragusa. Nothing
is yet known of the diet at Baden, or the disputes there. It is thought that
some arrangement will be made between Ferdinand and the Waywode. The
former has sent handsome presents to the Turk at Nyssa. Sends the acts of
the last Council at Ratisbon. All other things are deferred till the return of
the Emperor. The Legate de Medici is expected with a very great train,
among whom is the prothonotary Gambara. John prince of Denmark died
yesterday morning. It is said that the Emperor wishes to marry his sister
to the king of Scots. Leaves in eight days for Italy. Ratisbon, 11 Aug.
It is understood for certain the Turks have invaded Semprun, and
will besiege Binzie; but the lord of that town is in no fear. He writes also
about the defence of Vienna, which it is expected the Turks will besiege. (fn. 4)
The Bohemians, Moravians, and Slesis have long been in arms to defend
their frontier against the Turks. The duke of Saxony elector and
the elector of Brandenburg are also in their parts.
1224. James Layburn to Cromwell.
I send you 4l., and hope you are not displeased at my not sending
you the gelding I promised, for sometimes he halts on a hinder leg. If he
mends, I will send him; if not, I will provide another. This day my lord
Dacre sent me a letter commanding me to be in readiness to set forward;
for he says, by information of my lord of Northumberland, the Scotch king
intends to invade this realm. Cunswycke, 13 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
1225. Henry Thornton to Cromwell.
"The time of Mr. Dr. Lee is being at Muchelney, he that is vicarie of
the same parish is godfather to dan Thomas Ine." Much labor has been made
by various monks of the house, especially by dan John Michell, who would
fain be abbot, and has so labored with the vicar that he now affirms that
Ine is only 23 years old. The contrary can be proved by many in the parish
of Ilmister, among them by Thos. Caslyn, his godfather, who are ready to be
examined, who will state that at Christmas last, 23 Hen. VIII., he was 24
years old. If this matter fail it were no little discredit to me. As it might
be no little trouble for Dr. Lee to return here, it might be as well for you to
direct your letters to my lord of Bath to admit his vicar general as ordinary
in these parts. Buckland, 13 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
1226. Robert Studley to [Cromwell].
Remember my suit for Chellesfeld (fn. 5) , in Kent, and get Dr. Butt to
present your friend Thos. Lloyde, LL.B.; and say you will cause me to
relinquish my title, and I will give you 10l. and 20 nobles or 10l. for you to
give to him. If you promise him for his scholar 5 marks or 4l. per annum
out of the said benefice until I can obtain an advowson for him, it shall be
done. I have it already of the abbot of Gloucester's gift, and the incumbent
is a very old man. One word of your mouth will help me, even if it
were a greater matter. The time we have passes away, and the fruits are
daily taken by one Colgate, farmer there, and the house is spoiled. I understand
that Dr. Butt has from the earl of Northumberland another advowson
in the same grant in Suffolk or Norfolk, called Holkwold; some say it is
fallen; and as he can have but one, he will lose nothing by suffering you to
have your friend in Chellesfeld. Let me know your determination when
you return to London. London, 14 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right honorable Mr. Crumwell at the Court.
1227. Rowland Lee to Cromwell.
This day the vicar of St. Sepulchre's departed. I shall beg the continuance
of your goodness to me for the same. (fn. 6) I have informed your
servant Candish what is to be done for me. London, this Thursday.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To my singular good friend, Mr. Thomas Crumwell.
1228. William Gonson to Cromwell.
Has received of Mr. Tuke 300l. according to Cromwell's letter to
him of the 12th Aug. Sent yesterday his clerk and others to Harwich and
along the coast to seek the ships of war, with money and commission for
fulfilling all things according to the King's pleasure. Is informed now, at
9 a.m., that all the ships of war have arrived in the Thames, except the Mynyon,
and where she is they cannot tell. Part are on this side Gravesend. Has
written to them the King's command that they should remain at sea till the
King's pleasure be known, and sent money for their victuals and wages.
London, 15 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Master Thomas Crumwell, councillor to the King.