1408. Sir Thos. Audeley to Cromwell.
The Council here have "entered in the experience of part of their
instructions" signed by the King, as they have written to his Grace. Complaint
is made to him that by Cromwell's order Reynold Heygate has entered
on a parcel of copyhold land of the manor of Fylolls Hall, purchased of
Mr. Southwell, which, being in litigation, was sequestered by Audeley last
harvest. Desires to know his mind therein, and also touching the payment
of 7l. for Bonde, late escaped out of the Fleet, for which he is pressed by
Gresham's servant. On Tuesday last the tide flowed in the Thames three
hours longer than usual. Norwich Place, 11 Oct. Signed : Thomas
Audeley, custos sigilli.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To his loving friend Mr. Cromwell.
1409. Sir Thos. Audeley to the Duke Of Norfolk.
Various persons have asked for a commission of sewers for Plumpstead,
&c., and have delivered me certain names (enclosed). I can do nothing
without your assent, and wish to know your pleasure. The Council here
have entered "in the experience of part of their instructions," as they
informed the King, and which you doubtless shall know. Norwich Place,
London, 11 Oct. Signed : Thomas Audeley, custos sigilli.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
1410. The Bishop Of St. Asaph's.
See Grants in October, No. 21.
1411. Peter Ligham to Bishop Fisher.
I thank you for your venison. The King left Canterbury on Thursday
last, (fn. 1) at 12 noon, and reached Calais on Friday about 10 in the morning. I
was named by the prior of Christchurch to be his vicar general and master
of the Prerogative; but the King will none of me, saying that he heard that
I was a good priest, but he would have more experience of me whether I
were plene conversus or I should have any such room. I am well content.
I am very desirous to hear how our good gracious Queen doth, and where
she is, for I heard not of her Grace this many days, nor how her cause doth
at Rome. It is said in Canterbury that the Emperor has the victory over
the Turk. I beseech Jesu preserve him, and keep you long in good health.
My lord of Bath came this day to Canterbury. It is said my lord of London
will be here on Monday. Canterbury, 12 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
1412. Anthony Carsydony to Cromwell.
Will be grateful if you can obtain "the matter of Mr. Maffyo," and
will cause him, besides the butts of Muscatel and Malmesey that you shall
have in every ship, so to do that you shall not think your labor ill employed.
Have received letters from Maffyo, dated Venice, the 13th ult. He
writes that the Turkish fleet, hearing of Andrew Doria, has made for Constantinople
as fast as it might, to anticipate him, who might otherwise have
taken it. By letters from Flanders of the 7th inst., news had come from
the Imperial Court of the 3rd ult., advising that the Turk had sent before
him 12,000 horse, and had entered Austria. The Count Palatine went to
meet them, set upon them between two hills, and destroyed every one of them;
by which the Christians are greatly encouraged. But the Emperor is going
to Vienna with a puissant army. London, 12 Oct. 1532.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
Vit. B. XIII.
1413. A. A[ugustine] to Cromwell.
Forgets how many letters he wrote from Germany. Afterwards he
wrote from Trent, Venice, and Bologna. He will hear the news from others.
Reports the proceedings of the Turks, the news of Hungary, the capture of
Coron, &c. Gregory Casale lately passed this city on his way to the Pope.
Is still staying with Campeggio, who is uncertain of his movements. The
Pope has banished about 100 citizens of Ancona, which he holds by a very
slight tenure. Desires his recommendation to Norfolk, and that Frescobald
may be appointed to pay him 20l. for the last term. Has never heard a
word from Cromwell. Bologna, 12 Oct. 1532.
Hol., Lat., mutilated, pp. 2. Add. at f. 220 b.
St. B. XIV. 30.
1414. [Augustin De Augustinis] to Francis — at London.
tante mie vi tro ... 22 et 23 Agosto
... non so cosi Iddio ...
una gratia parte have ...
amalato, o vi sia ... li giorni
passati ... io non lo vedetti per l ...
qui al cardinale, e ...
se non da Norimberga ...
negligentia, ma per qualcun ... va costi per la
via del quale ... overo per la via di Firenze,
et p ... venendo come è publica fama in ...
con el papa, come si tien per certo in ...
non si facei tal aboccamento, pur tra ...
Delle cose mie vi ho scritto tante volte ...
voi risposta, laqual vi prego o per voi o per altri fati ...
perche non cessaro mai del scrivere in fino (?) da voi non ho qualcun ...
vi guardi, 3 di fa passo, a giornata per alta (?) terra verso voi ...
mie commendationi a tutti a tutti. 1532, adi xij. Ottobre, in
Bologna ... Gilberto le infrascritte (?) parole, accio non
facei molto invogli di lettre ...
Tutto v ... [A. A.]
Omnium admirabilium, quæ mihi in hac vita contigerunt, hoc unum max
... tuo ex Norimberga nec tuis nec alterius quicquam unquam
intelexerim ... te an vivas, non arbitror te eo negligentiæ aut
socordiæ devenisse ... sed etiam tui oblitus sis, sed potius
sinistro aliquo casu te impeditum e[sse] ... me non scripseris.
Quare si me amas, aut potius si is es qui soles, ad ... ea per
vias illas, quas tibi dixi, et multiplicatis literis, ut si aliquæ in ...
destinentur. De rebus meis nescio quid ad te scribam nisi prius a te
tot ... buero. Verumtamen si consilio egueris, habes illic
Freschobaldum nostrum. Si ... me literas tibi deficient,
non deficiet, ut arbitror, Antonius Bruschettu[s] ... Florentiam aut
Venetias, literas autem destinabis ubicunque erit Rmus C. Cam[pegius].
Eodem die ut supra, Bononiæ.
Tuus A [A.]
Vi prego, M. Francesco, vi piaccia intender precisamente meglio poteti
la volunta ... dioceajuti (?) morendo a Marsilia, e per el primo
darmene diligentemente ad[viso] ...
Hol. Mutilated. Add. * * Londini.
1415. Sir T. Wentworth to Cromwell.
I received a letter from John Gosnold, whom I required to wait on
you, touching the manors of Elmesett, Oston, and Somersham, stating that
I was to keep possession of them. Since Michaelmas, Ric. Cooke has been
in hand with divers of the King's tenants to pay the rents to him, though he
never had possession. Let me have some assurance for discharging Cooke's
former lease, as he reports that at his coming to London he would inform
master Chancellor of the Duchy how he is kept out of possession. Netillstede,
12 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
1416. Robert Abbot Of Cokersand to Cromwell.
Has received his letters for the preferment of Sir Jas. Layburne to
certain lands in the manor of Assheton belonging to their monastery. It
is true that the late occupiers paid only 33s. 4d. by extortion, instead of
7l. 6s. 8d. as formerly. Immediately after my entry the heirs of the late
occupants offered to pay that rent, acknowledging the wrong, claiming the
land by custom of the country called tenant-right; to which I consented.
Begs, therefore, to be excused from complying with Cromwell's request.
Cokersand, 12 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
Nero, B. III.
1417. Frederick [King Of Denmark] to Henry VIII.
His subjects of Hamburgh have shown him Henry's letters complaining
of injuries to Englishmen in Iceland. Has inquired concerning these
charges, and finds that the English have molested the people of Iceland and
his other isles; that they claim a fishing-place which the Icelanders have
occupied time out of mind; drive preys out of the land; reduce the people
to bondage; have violently taken away half the tribute due to him this year;
and some have taken away fish appointed for his own use. The head officer,
finding himself so grievously molested, asked in the King's name for assistance
from his subjects, the people of Hamburgh and the Bremes, and thus repelled
the said violence, some Englishmen being killed in the conflict; and it
cannot be denied that they all deserved to have been similarly treated.
Requests the King will excuse the merchants of Hamburgh and Breme, as
they could not refuse their aid, being bound thereto by law. Suffers Henry's
subjects to have free haunt of merchandise in his realms, but cannot suffer
injuries from them. Desires him to prevent such conduct, and to punish the
offenders. Has commanded his head officer, and the Hamburg men and the
Bremes, "that they shall lay nothing for themselves" but what they can
defend by good right rather than by violence. Wishes to have good regard
everywhere to the use of merchandise and the contracts of the people.
Desires an answer by the bearer. Our palace of Gottes, 13 Oct. 1532.
Hears from the head officer of the Isle, that Ludolf Smydt, of Hamburgh,
this summer, for cause of his merchandise, fought with Robert Legge and
John Wyke, Englishmen, captains of ships; that Legge agreed with Smydt,
but Wyke ran aground on the shore, and the goods were adjudged to king
Frederick according to an ancient custom. The head officer received them,
and paid the price of the redemption to the Germans who assisted in collecting
them. Records this in this writing, lest the King might think the
citizens of Hamburgh ought to be accused of it.
English translation, pp. 7.
1418. Sir Edw. Guldeford to Cromwell.
I send you by the bearer two baken cranes, two baken bustards, one
howper, and a wild goose. Halden, 13 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful ... at the Friars Augustines in
1419. Rob. Norwych to Cromwell.
Though you have taken pains with my brother Woode in his matter
at Abingdon, to bring it to a good conclusion, I beg you will not be weary
if I am a further suitor for him. Griffith Reede, clerk of the Check, will
leave his room to my brother if it stand with the King's pleasure, he having
12d. a day to live upon. Woode, who has 6d. a day, will relinquish it if the
King will add 6d. more during the life of Griffith. I have written to
Mr. Norris to put you in remembrance. God send the King speed in his
journey. From Porters, in Essex, 13 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
1420. Anne Boleyn, Marchioness Of Pembroke.
See Grants in October, No. 23.
Vesp. F. XIII.
St. P. I. 384.
1421. The Council In London to Henry VIII.
Congratulate him on his favorable passage to Calais. Search has
been made in the city and suburbs of London, but no great number taken.
There is a rumour of the increase of the plague, and specially at the Inns
of Court. Council Chamber, Westm., 14 Oct. Signed : Edw. Ebor—
Thos. Audeley, custos sigilli—Rob. Sussex—T. Darcy—Andrew Wyndesor
— John Fitzjames—Ric. Woleman—Brian Tuke — John Daunce—John
Aleyn—John Tregonwell—Thos. Bedyll.
Vit. B. XIII.
1422. Augustine to Cromwell.
Repeats the news in his last letter. Bologna, 14 Oct. 1532.
Hears that the meeting of the King with the king of France has been put
off. The Emperor has proposed to the Pope, for a future meeting, three
places, but it is supposed that he will prefer Bologna. One reason for his
leaving Vienna for Italy was the plague, by which the secretary Valdes lost
Lat., hol., mutilated. Add.
1423. John Bishop Of Lincoln to Cromwell.
Begs his favor to the bearer, vicar of Little Okeley, in his suit for
the augmentation of his benefice, which is not worth more than 8 marks,
and is insufficient for the household he is bound by law to keep. The
parsonage belongs to the King's College in Oxford, "which is not yet
perfyted ne stabylished in ther lyveloode, the order whereof is in your
hands." Thame, 14 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Master Thomas Cromwell, one of the King's most hon.
1424. David Cecyll to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his manifold kindness. Sends a couple of cygnets.
Requests he will take into his service the bearer, son of a servant of his own,
whom he has found at school this twelvemonth or more. "He writeth a
good secretary hand and Romans, understandeth well and speaketh Latin well,
to my understanding. He shall never take wages of your mastership but
when ye shall see your pleasure therein." Stamford, 14 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
Titus, B. I.
1425. David Cecyll to Cromwell.
In accordance with Cromwell's letter to the master of the college of
Fodrynghay and to Cecyll, to procure the restoration of the goods taken
from the bearer by John Aley of Stanforde, who is now dead, they summoned
one Arnowde, the duke of Richmond's servant, to whom Aley had given
them, and he was content to pay 26s. 8d. to the poor man, but now refuses
to do so. The poor man will lose his money unless Cromwell sees to it.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right honorable Master Cromwell, one of the
King's most honorable Council. Endd.
1426. Richard Abbot Of Leicester to Cromwell.
I desire nothing in this world except to continue my life in quietness,
as Mr. Richard, your nephew, can more plainly inform you. I send you two
geldings, trusting hereafter to provide you with better. Leicester monastery,
Hol., p. 1. Add. : King's Councillor.
1427. Thomas Bedyll to Cromwell.
Nothing notable has occurred since his departure, except what the
King is informed of by letters of the Council. Dr. Cleyton (fn. 2) died this night
following St. Edward's Day. He had a benefice of the King's patronage,
called Ribchester or Ribford, a prebend in Lichfield, and the vicarage of Dancaster
of the patronage of the abbot and convent of St. Mary Hill in York.
Is so new a man in the King's service that he does not look for any of these
promotions, but writes only that Cromwell may be the first to inform the
King of the vacancies. Westm., the morrow of St. Edward's Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council. Endd.
1428. R. Wrothe to Cromwell.
I beg God will send the King, you, and all the nobles in this honorable
journey, your health, with a safe return. As you have promised to help my
chaplain, Edmund Akerode, to a benefice, there is a priest sore infected with
the great sickness, who has a free chapel of the abbot of Westminster, late
deceased, lying in Cambridgeshire, called Cressehawe, which I should be glad
for my chaplain to have. It is not more than 20 nobles a year, but as it is
without charge he would more gladly have it. London, 14 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Master of the King's Jewels.
1429. Chapuys to Charles V.
The King's departure, for which everything was ready, was delayed,
by the arrival of news on Friday, till Monday the 7th. He will make
shorter stoppages than he intended, and cross on the 14th at latest, if he has
an answer from the Grand Esquire.
The French ambassador, on coming to take leave yesterday, repeated what
he has several times said, that this assembly was only held for the purpose of
resisting the Turk, and driving him out of Christendom. He thought that
if the two Kings made a treaty, they would leave a place for the Emperor to
enter; and if he refused, it would be clear that he did not intend the public
good, but only his private glory and profit. He asked what the Emperor had
replied when he was informed of the interview, and was surprised when
Chapuys said he had received no reply. He inferred either that the
Emperor was displeased and irresolute, or was ill advised to think little of
such an assembly. He and several others thought that the Emperor would
send a special person thither. Comments on the fantasy of these people,
who think to frighten the world by their assemblies, made partly to please
ladies. Told him there was no need for an answer, as the information he
had sent the Emperor of the interview was not from the King, and it was
probable that the King would send him an intimation, either by his
Ambassador or otherwise; besides, it was possible that the Emperor might
make such good preparations against the Turk that there would be no need
to hold an assembly on the pretext which they had published. If his
ambassadors were not allowed to go thither, he would hardly send any one
else. Tried to find out which Prince had first proposed the interview, saying
that the people firmly believed that it was Henry; but he asserted the contrary,
confessing, however, that the Lady had done a great deal towards it.
Talking of the rising of the Scotch, the French ambassador said they had
taken arms rather from fear of an invasion by the English than for any other
reason. It only depended on his master that there should be peace between
them, but as they would do nothing for peace they might both do the worst
they could, for he would not meddle for either of them.
The King is taking with him a legion of doctors and monks who are in
his favor about the divorce, and among them the three Cordeliers whom the
French king sent from Brittany, and the Jews he summoned from Venice.
There will probably be some conference about the divorce, and perhaps the
King wishes it to be discussed before the French Council and Cardinals, and
decided by them. If the Cardinals are so rash or ill advised as to do this,
the King will not fail to complete his folly. From what the Ambassador says,
Francis will have this and other means to make him stumble so as to alienate
him from the Emperor's friendship. Has sent viscount Hannart the copies
of the briefs forbidding any one to take part in such a decision, to be used as
he thinks best, so that the Cardinals and others may not pretend ignorance.
After writing the above, received the Emperor's letters of the 25th, with a
copy of his letter to the Ambassador in France. Will act in accordance with
the letters, and continue to inform the said Ambassador of what he thinks
advisable. Has obtained leave to send a man to the assembly. He will go
straight to the Ambassador, and has charge to speak to the Duke and others
of the Council. Has caused the Nuncio also to send a man who will communicate
with Chapuys' messenger.
Has already written that the duke of Norfolk has expressed shame that the
King's answer about the Turk was so long delayed, and so mean. Hopes the
Emperor will be able to do without these people, or settle this difference
about the Queen shortly.
The Government of the kingdom is in the hands of the archbishop of
York, the earl of Sussex (Succez), and lord Darcy (Sarcy), with the Council.
London, 14 Oct. 1532.
Fr. From a modern copy.
Vesp. C. XIV.
1430. Thos. Audeley to Cromwell.
Received his letters on Sunday, 13 Oct., about 1 p.m. Thanks him
for his news concerning the King's prosperous passage. Sends the lady
Marquis's patent sealed. As to the acquittances, was in great doubt when
he saw the warrants; for some are for May, anno xxiij., others for
anno xxiv., and some have no dates; so that he knows not what day to give
them. Had already made and sealed the acquittances, so now they are
double sealed. Advises Cromwell to take care in the ordering of them, for
it were not honorable that double acquittances should pass for one thing.
It would be well to discover from Fowler, who had the receipt of the money,
what acquittances have been delivered, and to let my lords of Norfolk and
Winchester, and the rest of the Council, know of it. Will have acquittances
enrolled in future, that there may be no uncertainty as to their being sealed.
Sends them, dated as far as possible, and leaves the ordering of them to
Cromwell. Desires him to move the King for his discharge. Last Sunday
afternoon the Chief Justice asked whether the King had made any lieutenant
of the realm in his absence. Said that his Majesty had not done so, not
thinking it requisite for so short a time. The Chief Justice, however, was in
great doubt how the King's laws and justice should proceed, and the matter
was accordingly discussed privately by the justices in the Exchequer Chamber
on Monday morning. It was determined to keep silence about the matter,
for any doubt of error can soon be remedied by Parliament. Found that at
the King's previous interview with the French king, there was no lieutenant
appointed, and that the teste of writs bears date beyond sea, where the
Cardinal was. Wishes him to mention the matter to the King, but to no
other. The King's affairs are well, and the realm is in good peace. The
council give good attendance, and are conformable to good orders. Asks
Cromwell to move my lady Marques to make him keeper of the park at
Mr. Southwell's, if she make one there. Tuesday, 15 Oct., 6 a.m. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : To, &c. Mr. Cromwell, attending upon the King's highness
St. P. VII. 381.
1431. Benet to [Norfolk].
The post arrived on the 12th from Vienna, stating that the Turk had
retired from Hungary, and destroyed the bridges on the Drave and the Save.
The Emperor left Vienna on the 4th, and sent Peter de la Cova to the Pope,
desiring an interview at Piacenza or Genoa, as Bologna was out of the way.
The Emperor has promised the Germans a General Council. The Pope desires
the meeting to be at Pisa, but the place shall be determined when Cova
arrives. He is greatly displeased that he has had no notice of the meeting
of the French and English kings. Believes that he dissembles, and has been
informed of it by the French ambassador. Infers it from the fact that the
Pope told the French ambassador yesterday that the King would have no
ambassador at the meeting. The Emperor has sent Guido Rangone to
Venice to obtain passage for him and his train through Friuli.
Hol., draft. Headed : 15 Oct. 1532.
1432. John Whalley to Cromwell.
Wrote last by Myllis, the pewterer, about "the strait ordering of those
prisoners left behind you, and how that the parson of Honylane (fn. 3) and Master
Abell said mass before Master Lieutenant sithens your departing, as Gilbert,
one of the clerks, showeth me." It is said also the bishop of London was
very sorry he had not got Fryth and his company into his keeping, of whom
he had thought himself sure. Thinks, however, they are in better safeguard.
My mistress your sister, your brother, my mistress your mother, and all
your family are in good health. Your friends and lovers wish you and the
King a merry and prosperous journey and safe return. Your buildings at
home go well forwards. Hopes those at the Tower will be at a good point
in three weeks, but must have money for the finishing. "Mr. Richard
Gresham riding to Walsingham ward, at Barkeway hath buried his wife's
eldest daughter, and at his house in London one of his sons, and his wife very
sick at Barkewey." London and the neighbourhood are in good quiet.
Mr. Peycock, haberdasher, is chosen mayor. London, 15 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To his right worshipful, &c. master, Maister Thomas
1433. Sir John Lamplugh to Cromwell.
I received, 9 Oct., the King's letters, dated Greenwich, 27 Sept., commanding
me to give possession to Sir Ric. Robinson, clk., of the chantry in the
parish church of Brigham. On Thursday, 10 Oct., I went to Brigham church
for that purpose, betwixt 8 and 9 a.m.; and on meeting the parish priest coming
from the church, I asked him where he was going; he said to his chamber
to say matins, for the church doors were shut up, and he could have no entry
there except when he was let in. I desired him to go again with me there,
and he should know the cause of my coming. When I came there I found
another priest in the church porch, and he told me the same. I then called
to the churchwardens to let me in. They said they did not know where the
key was, but drave time with me till knowledge came to Thos. Lamplugh, of
Dowenby, who sent his servant, Ric. Sympson, to know why I came. I told
him I marvelled the church doors were so kept that I could not execute the
King's commands. He said none should not have possession, for he had
received commandment from the earl of Northumberland to refuse it, and
offered to send for his master. At his coming, I willed him, as my kinsman,
to make no further business. He said he had the earl of Northumberland's
letter for his discharge, and read it before many. I desired that I might
enter the church; and when I was with the parishioners in the porch he
went in at the other door with two of his servants, Ric. Sympson and John
Cudbartson. When I entered the church and saw them there, I commanded
them to depart in the King's name. They refused. So I departed, and sent
two of my servants to Cockermouth, to Gilbert Qwarton, deputy to Sir Thomas,
telling him I was prevented by Thos. Lamplugh from executing the King's
commands, he alleging that he was acting by the earl of Northumberland's
orders. I desired him to cause the said Thomas and his servants to avoid.
He answered that neither the King nor the Earl had written to him; therefore
he would not meddle, but rode on the morrow to Westmoreland early.
Then I went again to the said church, and there found Rob. Lamplugh, son
and heir to Thomas, and with him John Cuthbardson, and one Wilson,
servants to the same; and there were churchwardens and others of the
parishioners, of whom I desired that I might execute the King's command.
They proceeded to open the door next the chantry, that I might enter; but
those within would not suffer them; so they fell to "sufflynge" within the
church, and were like to have gone together and have suspended the church;
on which I went in and parted them, commanding them to keep the peace in
the King's name, and so departed for fear of murder. John Cuthbardson
and Wilson remained in the chantry, and had meat and drink and a bed; and
sometimes went to fetch them such things as his fellow and he might occupy.
The others abode till Monday, the 14th; and then I came again to the said
church, and found Cuthbardson and Sympson in the chantry, and asked them
if it was according to the King's laws to keep and use it in that way, as they
were not parishioners nor belonged to the diocese. As they refused to avoid,
I, with four of the parishioners, took them and haled them out of the church,
and so took possession. Lamplugh, 15 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : Of the Council. Sealed.
1434. John Judde to Cromwell.
On Sunday, the 13th inst., I received your letter, dated at Canterbury,
the 9th, and repaired to the Great Seal for a patent for my lady Marchioness
to send you. He had already heard from you, and sent one of his clerks to
write it, and it is now delivered, with other commissions, to the bearer. I
wish your prosperous return to England. London, 15 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : At Calais.
1435. John Wylliamson to Cromwell.
Mr. Smythe, the auditor, repaired, according to your command, to the
sheriffs of London for delivery of the stranger out of Newgate, for whose
sake Peter Champanti moved you; but not knowing Smythe, they staid
deliverance, especially Mr. Raynolde, until they might communicate with me.
They will deliver him on receiving from you a sufficient discharge, and they
have removed him from Newgate to the Counter, where he remains, at great
cost, as Champanty reports, who begs that you will pity the poor man.
Raynolde, one of the sheriffs, has written his whole intent in the matter,
which you will receive by my fellow Swyfte. Please thank Raynolde for his
gift and remembrance to us now in your absence. I have been with
Mr. Recorder for the woman in Thames Street, and he says he will do all he
can for her for your sake. Dr. Clayton, (fn. 4) at Powles, is dead; and he had in
his gift the prebend of Lichfield, the vicarage of Dancastre, and the parsonages
of Richmond and of Bromefeld. Remember Chr. Wellyfed with
some of these. Sir John Hurte, a chaplain of the King's, informed me of
these promotions, and begs you will help him to some of them, and that you
will write to the bishop of York to stay the gift of the prebend of Richmond
till you return. Please to remember good parson Ogle for some of them. I
have caused your house to be broken and set out of order in short time and
for little cost, to be repaired against your return. Your mother, Mr. Wellyfed,
and your sister are in good health. London, 15 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
1436. John Fulwell to Cromwell.
All things in the sanctuary, as well within the monastery as without,
are in due order, according to the advertisement you gave me when I was
last with you in London. At your return I trust "you shall not hear but
that we shall deserve the King's most gracious favor in our suit." The
Prior and all the Convent desire to be recommended. Westm., 16 Oct.
Signed : Dane John Fulwell, monk, bayly of Westm.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Master of the Jewels.
1437. Sir Thomas Audeley to Cromwell.
Has received his letters this Wednesday, 16 Oct., showing that the
King is informed that the acquittances which Cromwell wrote to him to seal
were found in the streets, and are supposed to have been lost by Audeley's
negligence. Has no further charge of warrants when he has once despatched
them, but delivers them always to those who usually have their custody.
Finds, on examination, that both the warrants and the letters patent thereon
made were delivered to Cromwell. Nevertheless, according to Cromwell's
first letter, sends them to him sealed, and desires him to see them cancelled.
London, 16 Oct. Signed : Thomas Audeley, custos sigilli.
P. 1. Add.
1438. Cardinal Of Osma to Charles V.
By the letters of the cardinal of Medicis, of Oct. 3, the Pope is informed
of the Emperor's determination to leave Hungary and Germany, and come to
Italy on his way to Spain. Is troubled that the Pope seems grieved at any
act of the Emperor; but, on the other hand, it shows he loves his Majesty's
greatness and prosperity, since it is clear that what afflicts the Pope gladdens
the French, the English, and the Venetians. Has spoken to the Pope about
it. Rome, 16 Oct.
28,585, f. 144.
1439. Dr. Ortiz to Charles V.
Congratulations on his victory over the Turks.
The Ambassador has procured that the cause of the queen of England is
committed to the Rota, and the Pope has explained the Emperor's coming to
Italy, and that he wishes to meet him. Asks for instructions. Is very
anxious for the brief. Thinks it will be obtained this month. Rome,
16 Oct. 1532.
Sp., pp. 2. Modern copy.
1440. The Same to Cobos.
To the same effect. Rome, 16 Oct. 1532.
Sp., pp. 2. Modern copy.
1441. St. Alban's Abbey.
See Grants in October, No. 26.
1442. John Wylliamson to Cromwell.
I have delivered your letters, as you desired, to my lord of the Great
Seal, and have had as yet no answer. Whereas you desired in your letter
that Swifte should stay at home, I only received it the 15th inst. at 8 p.m.,
before which time Swyfte had left at 3 p.m., taking with him for you divers
writings under the Broad Seal, and other letters directed to you. Body tells
me "that old Sir John Aleyn is now wooing of a young wife whotte." She
is 30 years of age and lusty, and is sister to my lady Sydney, and lieth
within St. Antony's College by us, "and thither the good man, after the
wooer's manner, lurketh almost nightly." Body laments the age of Mr.
Aleyn, "and is right sorry that so wise a man and so grave should be so
heavy asleep, and so soon overcome with so light a fantastical dream."
Mr. Jerveis desires you will remember him for the manor of Nether Court,
of which you have the bill with you.
Before I closed this letter, my lord of the Great Seal delivered me his,
which you will hereby receive. Your works go well forward. Mr. Alwerd,
Mr. Heretage, Mr. Russell, Nedam, Armestronge, Whalley, and divers other
carpenters and bricklayers, bestow great diligence upon them. Please give
thanks to them and to Swalowe for their labors. All yours are well.
London, 17 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : Right worshipful.
1443. James Cruse to Cromwell.
Is grateful for benefits to himself and friends conferred by Cromwell
at his request. There is a priest dead in Warwick, named John Haly, who
had in Wells a prebend of 8l., "and to be resident to have the devident of
the church, which is no small thing, of the bishop of Bath's gift, and another
prebend in Wymborne Mynster, of the gift of Mr. Pole, dean there, of 10l."
Cromwell might ask these preferments for some of his own friends, and if he
has no one else in view bestow them at the writer's nomination, who would
give 40 marks for each of them. Will attend Cromwell on his return.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
1444. Christopher Hales to Cromwell.
I trust that the King and all the nobles attending on him are in good
health. I wish you all a joyful return to England. The lords and others
of the Council here in commission are diligent. I have never seen the judges
so weary for fear to be here. The serjeants of the law, who are only here
for profit, have asked licence to depart,—not without cause, for the sickness is
much increased in London and Westminster since the King left, and universally
death is in London, and most about the Temple and Fleet Street. Will
be glad if it were the King's pleasure for the term to be adjourned. It is
expedient, however, that a Council should always be sitting now the King is
out of the realm. Westm., St. Luke's Eve.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor and Master of the Jewels. Endd. :
"Lettres ao xxiiijo et xxvo R. H. VIII."
1445. Christopher Hales to Cromwell.
I have written other letters to you today. Shortly after, I received
your letters from Calais of the 14th. Among your other instructions I have
spoken as the King commands with Mr. Browne the serjeant in his matter.
He precisely refuses to sell it, and says he has never consented to do so; but
the King shall have his house and lands in return for a house and lands of
equal value, and he hinted at a promise you had made him. I have spoken
with Mr. Riche and Mr. Chauncey touching my lord Scrope. Chauncey,
like an honest man, affirmed that he has not exceeded his warrant in that
matter. I cannot ascertain you of the matter of Chyngford. The realm is
quiet. Westm., Eve of St. Luke.
Recommend me to Mr. Porter of Calais, and his wife.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor and Master of the Jewels.
1446. Christopher Hales to Cromwell.
At 18a Michaelis, which was Wednesday last, Robert of Wode appeared
in the King's Bench, thinking that by nonsuit of the plaintiff and the King's
warrant he should have been delivered. The plaintiff by his attorney
opposed the nonsuit. Unless you write to Audelet and have the plaintiff
nonsuited, Wode will not be delivered this term. All are glad to hear of
the King's prosperity. The plague of sickness is so sore here that I never
saw so thin a Michaelmas term. God send you and all in His service a
joyous return. London, St. Luke's Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor and Master of the Jewels.
1447. John Legh to Cromwell.
I am told you are master of the King's wards. If so, I have need of
a substantial favor. It will be very hard to prevail concerning the King's
rights, the freeholders are put in such fear by those who claim the tenure of
the cornage. If it is held of the King, he can enter upon all their lands.
I desire you to help me to the sheriffwick of Cumberland, and I will send
you a Scotch nag next term. I send you here for a remembrance a Scotch
knife. I thank you for your goodness to my cousin Sir Rowland Legh (fn. 5) and
my cousin Dr. Thomas Legh. Yssell, St. Luce (Luke's) Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To my special friend and lover, Master Cromwell.
1448. Mai to Rodrigo Niño.
Extract from a letter dated Rome, 19 Oct. 1532.
The interview between the kings of France and England is considered as
certain, and they begin to threaten to treat of reformations and councils.
Supposes they do it to frighten the Pope, but thinks they will alter their
plans on hearing of the retreat of the Turk, and the Emperor's arrival in
From England they write that the King has given his mistress an estate
worth 5,000 ducats a year, and they presume he intends to get rid of her, and
marry her to some one. Is not deceived, as he thinks whatever they say or
do bad and diabolical. Is not deceived either by the mission of Gregory
Casale, who said that he was going to do good in this matter. Thinks they
will all follow the King's madness as usual.
Sp., p. 1. Modern copy.
Vit. B. XXI. 79.
1449. [Cranmer to Henry VIII.]
[The Emperor has made] such speed in his journey towards Spain,
that [he has travelled] 200 English miles from Vienna, and is [now at a] town
called Villach, but six Dutch miles from Italy. [It is] possible that he
intends to cross the sea to Spain bef[ore Chri]stmas. On his way he will
speak with the Pope, among other matters, about a General Council to be held
this next year, according to his promise to the princes of Almayne at this
last di[et]. I think he will not forget to mention your great cause to the
Pope, about which I ask for instructions. He has written to his Holiness
to meet him on his way to Genoa, but Mons. de Grandveile tells me the
place is not yet fixed. I wish also to know what I shall treat with the
English ambassadors with the Pope.
The Emperor's Italian and Spanish troops did great damage on their way
to Vienna by Isprugh, Passaw, Lintz, and other places near the Enus and
Danubius, as I wrote in my last letters of the 2nd inst.; and now the Italians
returning by Austria, Stiria, and Carinthia have done much more harm.
Eight thousand of them, led by the count of St. Secundus, the marquis
Colump[na], count Philip Tornierus, and John Baptist Castoldus, being
indignant that the Emperor would not attack the Turk, and that their wages
were not paid, left his service, and, choosing new captains, plundered the
country for more than 200 English miles, both churches and houses, "not
leaving monstral nor the sacrament." The men-at-arms with the Emperor
consume what the others left; so that when I followed the Emperor from
Vienna two days after, I found neither man, woman, child, meat, drink, nor
bedding in unwalled towns, but only straw, hay, and corn for my horses to
eat, and myself and servants to lie in. The people had all fled into the
mountains. Fabricius Maromaus, with a band of about 3,000, comes after
the Emperor, and burns the towns, as I hear from two of my servants whom
I left at Vienna, one sick and the other to keep him. They have spoiled
one walled town, Newmarkes, which the others had not attempted. A
servant of mine was present. The corn, both for food and seed, is burnt, and
the people have been more oppressed by those who came to defend them
than by the Turks, so that I can see no great fruit from this great army
assembled against the Turk. It has alienated the minds of the Almains
from the Italians and Spaniards more than ever, and diminished the minds
of the Italians and Almains towards the Emperor, because he has so quickly
dissolved the army that came to him with so good a courage, and has not
prosecuted his enterprise against the Turk in Hungary and Greece, as they
expected; but now the men-at-arms are much displeased, and many say
openly that they will never return at the Emperor's calling hereafter.
The husbandmen muster together upon the mountains, and with guns and
stones slay many of the Emperor's people. Sometimes they come down in
the night and slay small companies which they find sleeping, and in the day
time plunder the carriages following the court. They have slain many
gentlemen of the court, and yesterday they slew three or four gentlemen of
Burgon, for whose death the Emperor is right pensive; but the boors put no
difference between one man and another, for all with the Emperor are to
them Italians and Spaniards. It is said that they have killed the ambassador
of Mantua, and the legate de Medices was taken priso[ner] at Saint
Vite, six miles hence, [and released] by favor of the Emperor's letters.
Afterwards, in another place, [they would have] slain him, if he had not
escaped with good horses. [They slew] one of his men of arms with an
arcabuse, and took Mons. ... whom your Grace knoweth right
well. He had a narrow escape of being killed with a halberd, and was taken
into the mountains for two days, where they would have killed him, if one
man had not been his friend. Four of the Legate's carriages are robbed,
and every day we hear of much murder and [rob]bing. Tha[nks] be to
God, I have as yet escaped, but these next two days I shall be in more
danger than I have been yet. Nevertheless, I trust that He that conducted
me safely hither will likewise conduct me to Italy and Spain, and after to
Don Ferdinando is not much beloved, neither by the neighbouring Princes
nor by his subjects. This wasting of the country is likely to increase the
murmur of the people against him, and many men fear an insurrection very
shortly, for which this commotion of the commons is a preparative. Deus
omnia vertat in gloriam suam, for inconveniences might follow which could
not be repaired in many years.
A blazing star, called Cometa, has appeared in the East every morning
since the 5th or 6th inst. for two hours before daylight. Its beam inclines
upward, partly toward the south, and it is much whiter in colour than that
which appeared last year. Mine host at a city called Indiburs, and many
other persons, have seen a blue cross above the moon; a flaming horsehead
and a flaming sword have also been seen; but I have seen nothing but the
comet. "What strange things these tokens do signify to come hereafter,
God knoweth, for they do not lightly appear but against some great
mutation. And it hath not been seen (as I suppose) that so m[any] comets
have appeared in so short time."
Many of the household are dead of the plague; among others, Waldesius,
a Spaniard, them[peror's] chief secretary. He was in his Majesty's
singular favor, being well learned in Latin, and partly in Greek. Anything
that the Emperor wished to be done well and exactly was given to him, and
I suppose he made the draught of the Emperor's answer enclosed in my last
Coming from Vienna I passed the place where was the first battle against
the 14,000 Turks who came to Ens, though some say they were only 8,000.
The captains of our part were Cassiander, a Croat, and Bacrespal and Waylande,
two Turks in king Ferdinando's service; but the Turks durst not
abide for fear of duke Frederick, who was near. Saw about 2,000 corpses,
mostly Turks. About 2,000 more were slain at another place, but they
killed 2,000 or 3,000 Spanish arcabusaries, and took many prisoners to
Hungary. From their first entry into Austria and Stiria until their return
to Hungary, they have killed 15,000 or 16,000 Christians, and escaped, all
but 3,000 or 4,000. This is the common report, but Mons. Grandeveile says
that all the Turks were killed except 2,000 or 3,000, as I wrote in my last
Today a chaplain of the bishop of Saltzburg told me that the Turk was
preparing another army, but I can hear no good ground to believe it.
Ferdinando has hitherto accompanied the Emperor, and will shortly go to
Isbrugh, where the Queen is.
Saluted him before his departure, and offered him my service. He [commended]
him to you, and said that as the Emperor [made you] participant
of the news here, there was no need to send any news but this, that the
Emperor and he have rece[ived letters from] sundry parts, according in one
thing, that Andrew Doria h[ad capti]vate and taken from the Turk
Modona and Corona in Morea, [and an]other stronghold, of which he did
not remember the name; but as they have no letters from Doria himself, they
will not give firm credence thereto.
The Emperor has sent for duke William of Baver, that he may conclude
peace between him and Ferdinando before he leaves Almayne. The brother
of duke Dalby has been taken by the boors, with his carriage and horses,
and two of his servants slain; and this is done in the way which, by the
grace of God, I must ride tomorrow.
The French ambassador advised me not to speak with duke Frederick in
the camp, as it would cause the Emperor suspicion; and immediately the
Emperor dissolved his army, the Duke left by way of Regensburg, so that
I could not speak with him to know if he had any communication with the
Emperor in your Grace's cause; but the French ambassador, who had left
his horses at P[as]sawe, and was obliged to return to them, has promised to
speak to him and send me an answer. Villach, 20 Oct.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 5. The passages in italics are in cipher, with
St. P. I. 385.
1450. Sir Thos. Audeley, Lord Keeper, to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his letters of news sent by Mrs. Hampton, received
Sunday, 20 Oct. Many die of the plague, and the serjeants in Fleet Street
have left in consequence. They have broken commons in the Inner Temple,
for the lawyers are in great fear. The Council have commanded the Mayor
to certify how many have died of the plague. The lord of Carlisle and lord
Darcy report from the North that the Scots are quiet. The Council wish to
know if they may open letters that come from Scotland. Parliament must
be prorogued on 4 Nov., for which Audley must have a commission under
the Great Seal. Wish to know to whom the authority for proroguing it
must be given. It used formerly to be by a temporal lord, a bishop, and the
Chancellor. Has sent the lady Marquess's patent. Hopes he will break the
seals of the acquittances that were sent. Norwich Place, Sunday, 20 Oct.
Begs he will move Hampton in behalf of John Eston, who has a great
matter in France, in which Hampton has been his factor.
Hol. Add. : Mr. Cromwell, &c., attending upon the King's highness at
1451. Christopher Coo to Cromwell.
I beg you, at your prosperous return from your journey, to have me
in remembrance to the King. I have everything ready for my pardon in form.
I have never had any aid, except from Mr. Almoner and Sir John Wallop.
Such goods as I paid Ric. Raynold, i.e., 446l. by your award, and 60l. for
costs, were taken by the French to Fontarabia, then in their possession; for
which I was granted a licence for 200l., to be levied out of Picardy, but got
nothing. Further details on the same subject. 20 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right noble Mr. Crumwell, Councillor to the
1452. Thos. Wynter to Cromwell.
I am sorry to trouble you, considering how much you are engaged.
The bearer is an ample witness of my wretchedness, and how much I suffer
from it. I do not write as if I thought you neglected me, or that one hint of
my trouble was not sufficient, but in the hope that some letter of mine will
find you at leisure. All my hope is in you. You are now placed in that
position which I and all your friends have long wished for, and you have
attained that dignity that you can serve them as you please. I am persuaded
that I should not remain so long in a state of distress, but that you did not
know of it; yet some of my letters must have reached you. How much my
money (nostœ pecuniœ) would have served me if it had reached me, for at
this time of year people lay in provision for the twelvemonth. If the profits
of my benefices have not yet come to you through Barton's carelessness, they
were due without any deduction at Michaelmas last. If you will take care
that the next courier brings me a fair sum of money, you will oblige me
much. You need not be afraid that I shall squander it. You may keep as
security the plate I left you before my departure. Please send me immediately
There is no news at present, except that Bonner is always threatening me.
I have received very bitter letters from him, with all kinds of threats that
he will endanger my preferments, and deprive me of all that I have by the
canon law. I beg your assistance; and remember that this is the man to
whom the late Cardinal, just before his death, commended me "quasi fratrem
fratri." This brother of mine strives and threatens to do me all the injury
he can, more than any of my enemies; but whilst you are alive I do not fear
his big words. I had intended to write to the King, but forbore till I knew
more of your wish in this matter. Padua, 20 Oct.
Is obliged to send the letter by the public post.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add. : Consiliario.
1453. Thos. Wynter to Runcorne. (fn. 6)
Although I receive letters and hear reports that the King is not so
well inclined to the bp. of Winchester, your dearest patron and mine, yet
somehow we are always slow in believing what we cannot hear without
sorrow. Unhappy me! that a bishop of so much virtue, faith, probity, and
humanity should fall into trouble of this kind. I should like to hear your
report, and whether it be true that the Bishop is not so much at Court as
usual, and whether he has left it to devote himself to theology and preaching.
I thought, before I left England, he had resolved to give up everything and
take this line; and I even began to offer my prayers to God that he might
accomplish this resolution. I long to hear from you the news, and what
statutes Parliament has resolved on. It is long since I had a letter from
you, for I have not heard a word from my many friends since I left England.
Is there nothing which it is of interest for me to know, or pleasant to hear,
in this long interval? You will allege you did not know my address. I
will receive any kind excuse if, after you have received my letter, "diutius
Harpocratis discipulum non agas." Though I am sorry for Donington's (fn. 7)
death, I am glad it has not been without advantage to you. I cannot sufficiently
wonder at the rashness of my father Hampton. I hear that he has
taken the law against Bonner, who will be certainly more than a match for
him. Urge Hampton to forbear, for he will lose a great sum by it, and my
reputation will suffer. Write to him at once if he is not at home. I promise,
and you may promise him in my name, another benefice if he will but
desist, and whatever money you spend I will repay you.
The Turk has fled. The Emperor is coming with an army into Italy.
Andrea Doria has taken their celebrated "Maris Portum." Remember me
to Dr. Stewar and Dr. Barret, and the rest of my friends. I send you
Bonner's letters. When you have read them you will see the impudence,
not to say madness, of the man. I wish the cause of Hampton could be
defended in good faith, and then I could despise the fellow's big talk; but it
cannot be defended by any astuteness. Pole is at Venice, and is resolved to
stay there. Padua, 20 Oct.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add. : Dño Runcorno amico charissimo, Londini.
1454. John Wylliamson to Cromwell.
I have received this your third letter, and beg you will impute no sloth
to me in default of writing. I have written to you both by Swyfte and by
Swallowe. Since you left, I have received only 33s. 4d. of all the sums due
to you for half year's rent of a farm belonging to Christchurch, called Byrche
holte. Mr. Whalley calls fast upon me for money, to whom, since your
departure, I have paid 200l.; but he calls for more, saying you promised him
400l. at your departure, and he will put away the workmen unless I pay him
more money. But I am somewhat slack in this matter, according to your
commandment, as I have received no money. I have sent you 100 books,
entitled le Myrouer de Verite, received from Mr. Palgrave. I have delivered
your letters to Mr. Attorney and Mr. Sheriff, but have received no answer.
Your mother, Mr. Wellyfed, and your sister are well. London, 20 Oct.
Six of our Friars Austins on this Sunday bore tapers before the cross, for
their penance, in St. Dunstan's-in-the-East, for striving with the priest of the
said parish for the corpse of a stranger that died there. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : Right worshipful. Sealed.
1455. John Onley to Cromwell.
Since the King left, serjeant Knyghtley has not ceased to slander his
title to all the justices, declaring his sister's great griefs and the cause of his
imprisonment. Knowing such days as be prefixed by the Exchequer for the
King, he has ridden down to the country to do some mischief. To counteract
him, I have caused the King's council to meet to survey the matter on the
King's behalf, and have caused Mr. Paul Devon, the King's serjeant, to ride
into the country to meet with him. I wish he had continued in the Fleet.
The Lord bring you well home. London, 20 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : At Calais.