OF THE CITY IN THE TIME OF KING JAMES THE SECOND.
James the Second was crowned King, April 23, 1685.
This year the well in the middle of the market, which was built of
freestone, was pulled down, and a pump erected at the east end of
Barnard Church, Esq. by will dated Feb. 16, 1685, gave the
mayor, sheriffs, &c. of Norwich, 400l. the city giving good security to
his executors, that the said sum may be safe, and for ever go to no
other but the following uses, viz. to be put out by 5l. per cent. to able
men, till they can find a purchase proper to lay it out upon, and the
yearly interest or rent to be disposed of
To find a sermon yearly on the 17th day of May, being his birthday, "to excite unto charitable and good works," for which the minister
to have 13s. 4d. and the clerk of the parish where the sermon is, 3s. 4d.
to be preached in St. John Sepulchre's church in Berstreet, (in which
parish he lived,) the first year, by the minister of that parish for the
time being, if he be a licensed preaching minister, and if not, by such
a minister as the mayor shall appoint; and the second year in the
parish church of Whinburgh in Norfolk, (where he was born,) by the
minister of the parish, if a licensed preacher, if not, by one procured
by the church-wardens; the third year in St. John's church aforesaid,
and the fourth year in the church of Garveston, alias Gaston, near
Whinburgh, by the minister of the parish, if a licensed preacher, if not,
one is to be procured by the church-wardens there, and so successively
from four years to four years for ever. And when the sermon is at
St. John's, the two church-wardens and the two overseers, shall have
6d. each, the mayor 1s. to six of the ancientest justices, two sheriffs,
and the two aldermen of the ward, 6d. each, if they be present to
the town-clerk, chamberlain, sword-bearer, and three other officers
attending the mayor 6d. each; to four officers attending the sheriffs,
to the master of the house of correction, and two other beadlemen,
which shall be present, 4d. each: and when at Garceston or Whinburgh, besides the 13s. 4d. for the minister, and 3s. 4d. for the clerk,
the two church-wardens and two overseers shall have each 1s. and
9s. 4d. to be divided equally among the poor of the parish present at
the sermon; and on the 15th of January the following sums shall be
yearly paid by the city, viz.
20s. to the poor of Whinburgh; 20s. to the poor of Garveston; 10s.
to the poor of St. Laurence's parish in Norwich (where he served his
apprenticeship); and 10s. to the poor of St. Edmund's (where be lived
some time); 20s. to the poor of St. George of Colegate (where he also
lived): 20s. to the poor of St Austin's; and 20s. to the poor of St.
John Sepulcre; 10s. to the poor prisoners in the city goal, to be
equally divided among them; 10s. to the poor prisoners in the castle,
to be equally divided; 50s. to the master of the Old Folks hospital;
to be spent over and above the ordinary allowance in a dinner among
the poor old people there, in such provision as four of the ancientest
old poor men and four or the ancientest old poor women shall best
like of. And also the master of the Boys hospital to have other 50s.
towards the better maintenance of the boys there. Other 50s, to be
paid to the master or mistress of the Girls hospital, for the better
maintenance of the girls there; 20s. to be spent in a friendly meeting
of the mayor, justices, sheriffs, and aldermen, yearly en their court
day, next before the 15th of January, when they are to take "especial
care concerning the gifts and payments aforementioned," all overplus
to go to the hamper box in the council chamber for the relief of the
necessitous poor in their necessities, according to the discretion of the
mayor for the time being: he gave also 50l. to be freely lent by the
mayor and aldermen, for five years to five poor tradesmen, worsted
weavers, "of honest lives and good conversations, such as the headmen,
wardens, and other chief officers of the company of
worsted weavers shall nominate and approve of," to each 10l.
on security given for the repayment, and so to continue to five fresh
ones every five years for ever.
He gave also 9l. to nine ministers in the city and country, and to
the poor of divers parishes about, 20l.
In 1668, the city settled an estate for these uses.
In 1686, on May-day, the freemen assembled to choose a new-elect,
and presented Mr. John Wrench, the youngest alderman, and Robert
Bendish, (that had been mayor and was now unqualified,) to the mayor
and court, who because they could not take their choice, neither of
them being eligible, they went home, and so none was chosen;
whereupon by order from the King, the freemen were summoned the
last of May, and Mr. Will. Salter was chosen. Will. Doughty, Gent.
by will dated April 25, 1687, founded an hospital here, of which
see under Doughty's, hospital.
In 1687, the King suspended all penal laws that respected religion,
and gave free liberty to all Papists and sectaries, to exercise their own
way of worship without control; upon which the Papists had the
granary granted them at the New-hall, over the sealing-hall, for their
publick chapel, which they made very handsome; it was opened on
Sunday Dec. 11, publick mass and a sermon being performed there
by Mr. Acton.
The Presbiterians built a meeting-house from the ground over
against the Black-boys.
And the Independents repaired a house in St. Edmund's that
had been formerly a brew-house.
By the King's mandate 19 of the common-council were turned out,
and 10 aldermen, one of which was sheriff, viz.
Aldermen turned out.
Rich. Brockden or Brogden.
Nic. Bickerdyke, sheriff.
Aldermen placed in their rooms.
John Rarnham, Will. Barnham.
Timothy Wenn, sheriff.
John Hall, John Thompson.
Tho. Hunting, Gamaliel Sugden.
Will. Brereton, John Ransom.
George Bennet, Aug. Corteis.
John Seaman, Laurence Bond.
Will. Hare, Aquila Crusoe.
John Norgate, Peter Scot.
Rich. Sterling, Tho. Furman.
John Freeman, Henry Prattin.
John Wall, Roger Salter.
John Wigget, jun. Rob. Scoulden.
Isaac Paine, Isaac Decelè.
Walter Rayner, Tho. Wasey.
Will. Nockold. Will. Newman.
Anthony Thacker, Peter Castle.
John Man, jun. Tho. Parsley.
Rob. Emperor, Stephen Buttolph.
John Browne, Walter Long.
But in 1688, Oct. 20, came down a proclamation to restore corportions to the same constitution they were in, in 1679; which, on
Oct 30, was performed at Norwich, when all that were cast off by
their new charter took their places again, and the old charter
brought down by the Duke of Norfolk, was restored, and is now
in use. (fn. 1)
On July 25, came an order from the King to admit 30 Quakers
freemen, without taking the oaths; but they were refused by a great
majority, 39 voting against their admission, and only 8 for it.
Seven of the bishops were sent to the Tower June 8 for denying to
authorise their parochial clergy to publish his Majesty's declaration
for liberty of conscience, or a general toleration, in their several parish
churches, they were brought to be tried at the King's Bench bar June
15, their trial was put off to the 29th, and they were then acquitted
to the great joy of the kingdom in general, "at Norwich particularly
the joy was excessive." (fn. 2)
Dec. 1, Henry Duke of Norfolk rode into the market place at
the head of 300 knights and gentlemen, and declared for a free parliament, where the mayor and aldermen met him, from the Gild-hall,
and consented with him.
Dec. 7 and 8, the rabble assembled in a riotous manner, pulled
down and burned all the furniture of the Popish chapel lately opened
at the New-hall, pillaged several houses of the Papists in the city, but
were dispersed by the trained bands; but getting together again on
the Friday and Saturday following, they grew so insolent as to
threaten to plunder the Bishop's palace, and some of the chief citizens
houses, but several being taken up on Monday and whipped, and
others imprisoned, and after punished, they ceased from such actions.
Nov. 5, William Prince of Orange, arrived at Torbay, and on
Dec. 16 came to St. James's.
Dec. 23, James II. went into France.
Feb. 13, King William and Queen Mary were proclaimed at
London, and on the 18th at this city.
Mayors And Sheriffs.
|1685, Francis Gardiner.||Tho. Blofield, Augustine Briggs.|
|1686, Will. Salter.||William Guybon, Rich. Brockden
|1687, Philip Stebbing.||Nic. Bickerdyke turned off by the
|Timothy Wenn put into his place.|
|1688, John Wrench.||Thomas Postle, John Atkinson.|
|Rob. Davy, Esq. recorder.|
|Rob. Ward, Esq. steward.|
Burgesses in Parliament.
1685, Parl. at Westm. Honourable Robert Paston, Esq. brother
to the Earl of Yarmouth. Sir Nevile Catlyn, Knt. of
Kirby-Cane in Norfolk.
1688, Parl. at Westm. Sir Nevile Catlyn, Knt. Rob. Davy, Esq.
these two were elected Jan. 7, by the King's writ, and on
Jan. 11, were elected.
Ditto. Thomas Blofield, alderman, Sir Nevile Catlyn,
Knt. by the circular letter, for the convention.