OF THE CITY IN THE TIME OF KING GEORGE THE FIRST.
George the First was proclaimed King of Great Britain, &c.
Aug. 1, 1714, the same day the Queen died; and in this city on
the 3d of August, being solemnly crowned on the 20th of Oct. when
there were great rejoicings here.
Febr. 1, a great storm of wind from the west did much damage.
In 1715, Dec. 17, Mr. Tho. Hall, late of London, merchant, son
of John Hall of Norwich, Esq. lieutenant colonel of the militia regiment, justice of peace, and late mayor, was interred at St. George's of
Before the corpse went 34 boys clothed at the expense of his executors, being the number of the years of his age; they were followed
by most of the city clergy; the pall was supported by six bachelors,
the artillery company, (fn. 1) near 100 in number, all in black cloaks, laced
hats, swords, white gloves, and silk knots, (given at the funeral,)
closed the procession. The Rev. Mr. John Clark preached his funeral
sermon from Revelations xiv. v. 13.
He gave for erecting a monthly lecture, (now called by his name, (fn. 2) )
in the city of Norwich, 200l.
Towards the maintenance of Bethel hospital (or Bedlam) 200l.
To the charity schools in the city of Norwich 100l.; 50l. to those
of the church of England, and 50l. to the Protestant dissenters.
An 100l. to be laid out in a gold chain, to be worn by the mayors
successively, with which the present  gold chain, to be worn
by the mayors was purchased, which weighs 23 ounces and 6 penny
weights; Mr. Aug. Metcalf was the first that put it on, on the Gildday when he was sworn.
Sir Peter Seaman, Knt. died in January this year, and was
buried in a vault made for him in St. Gregory's by the north chancel
door; he left provision by will, to bind out two poor lads yearly for
ever; the first year, out of St. Gregory's parish, and then year by year
out of all the parishes in East-Wimer ward, (of which he was
alderman,) in their several turns, and then to revert again to St. Gregory's, &c.
On the 6th of March, about 7 at night, appeared a very strange and
unusual sight in the north, a little above the horizon, which surprised
many; several of the same nature (though not so fierce in appearance)
having been since seen, make these auroræ boreales common, and
consequently not taken much notice of.
In 1717, two mayors died in less than four months time.
In 1720, on the 20th day of Sept. a great riot happened, under
pretence of destroying callicoes, as pernicious to the trade of Norwich
stuffs; the rabble cutting several gowns in pieces on women's backs,
entering shops to seize all callicoes found there, &c. beating the constables that endeavoured to apprehend them, opposing the sheriffs
power to such a degree, that the artillery company was forced to be
raised, upon the approach of which, they instantly dispersed.
In 1722, an act passed for the better qualifying the manufacturers
of stuffs and yarn, in the city and liberties thereof, to bear offices of
magistracy, and for regulating the elections of such officers. It
took place on Midsummer day,
1723, and sets forth, that whereas anciently the chief manufactures
of the city were russels, sattens, sattens reverses, and fustians, the makers
of which, by an act of 1st and 2d of P. and M. (fn. 3) were obliged to
become freemen, by means of which the city had a constant supply of
able magistrates, but those manufactures being disused, and others
introduced in their stead, the good designs of the said act were
wholly lost; to remedy which, this act obliged all manufacturers or
makers of any sort of stuffs made of wool, or wherein there is any
mixture of wool; and all makers of wool into yarn, who are not
journeymen or servants for hire, master-weavers, and master woolcombers, and persons dealing or trading as such, or employing servants
or journeymen in any such manufactures, or having any interest, stock,
share, or partnership, in any such manufactures, inhabiting or living
within the said city of Norwich and county of the same, to be made free
of the said city, and admitted freemen thereof. All persons then in trade
were obliged to take up their freedom, paying a guinea each, before
June 24, 1723, and all future manufacturers being foreigners, upon
their request at any publick assembly, were to be admitted and made
free of the city, paying any sum not exceeding 5l. and taking the
Every person exercising any of the said manufactures, and refusing
so to take up their freedom, upon a prosecution commenced within
six months after such fact committed, shall forfeit 10l. every kalendar
month so long as he shall use the said manufactures contrary to this
And for the better qualifying persons for to bear office of magistracy,
and to prevent false polling, it was enacted, that if any person elected
sheriff, at any court of mayoralty between the 24th of June and 10th
of August following, shall within 14 days after notice in writing given
him of his being elected, make oath, or if a quaker, solemnly affirm,
that he is not at that time worth 2000l. in the world, his debts being
paid, every such person shall for that turn be excused serving the
office, gratis; and any person that shall in like manner swear himself
not worth 3000l. shall be excused serving the office, if he pays a fine
of 50l.; and if under 4000l. he shall be excused serving the office for
80l.; but no person worth above 2000l. shall be excused from serving
for above one year, without the consent of the mayor, sheriffs, citizens
and commonalty, in common council assembled.
After the first of May, 1723, at every election of mayor, sheriff,
alderman, or common-council-man, the mayor, or presiding officer, in
case a poll be demanded by any of the candidates, or any three or
more of the electors, shall appoint a convenient number of clerks to
take the polls, which clerks shall be sworn indifferently to take the
poll, and set down the name of each voter, with his addition and place
of abode, and for whom be shall poll, but shall not admit any one to
poll, unless he first swears (or being a quaker affirms) that he is a
freeman of the city of Norwich, (and in case of an election for an
alderman, or common-council-man,) that he is an inhabitant in the
ward for which such election is made, and hath not been polled at
that election. And at every election, on closing the polls, the number
of voters in each poll shall be publickly proclaimed; and if a scrutiny
be demanded by or in behalf of any candidate, or by any three or
more of the electors voting at such election, within 24 hours after
closing the polls, or proclamation made of the numbers as aforesaid,
such scrutiny shall be proceeded in by the mayor or presiding officer,
who within seven days after demand, shall deliver to the person or
persons requiring such scrutiny, or some of them, under 500l. penalty,
a true copy of the polls, paying only reasonably for writing the same,
not exceeding the rate of 6d. for the names and additions of 20 voters,
and such scrutiny shall begin within 12 days, and not less than 10 days
after closing the poll, and shall be publickly proceeded in at the place
of election, without any unnecessary delay.
And whereas it hath sometimes happened, that at the death of an
alderman, the election of another hath been long deferred, it is enacted,
that after the 25th of March 1723, upon the death or removal of any
alderman, the mayor or his deputy appointed by him, shall within the
space of five days at the longest, and not sooner than two days after
such death or removal, and the said mayor or deputy have notice
thereof, proceed to elect a new alderman, giving twenty-four hours
notice of such election, to the freemen of the ward.
It is to be taken as a publick act, and all judges, justices, &c. are to
take notice of it as such, without specially pleading the same.
And it is in no wise to extend to the palace of the Bishop, or the
precinct of the cathedral.
About this time was passed an act also, (fn. 4) for clearing, depthning,
extending, maintaining, and improving the haven and piers of Great
Yarmouth, and for depthning and making more navigable the several
rivers, emptying themselves in the said town: and also for preserving
ships wintering in the said haven, from accidents by fire;
By which the channels of that part of the river Yare, leading from
Great Yarmouth to Norwich, called Braydon, and that part lying
between the new mills in Norwich, and Hardly-cross in Hardly, and
also the rivers Waveny, and Bure, commonly called the North River,
are to be depthned and made more navigable for boats and keels, for
which the following duties shall be paid for 21 years to come, and to
the end of the then next session of parliament, computing from Lady
day 1723, for all goods unladen in Yarmouth haven, or in the sea called
Yarmouth Road, extending from the south part of Scrathy town in
Norfolk, to the north part of Corton town in Suffolk, viz. every chalder
of coals, Winchester measure, last of wheat, rye, barley malt, or other
grain, weigh of salt, every tun of other goods or merchandise whatever,
(fish only excepted,) such sum or sums of money (not exceeding the
sum o 12d.) as the mayor, burgesses, and commonalty of Great Yarmouth in common council assembled shall from time to time order
and appoint, the produce of the said duties to be applied to the said
uses in the following proportions, such part not exceeding the sum
of 6d. for the town of Yarmouth, for their haven, &c. and three-pence,
other part of the said duties, shall be paid by the chamberlains of
Yarmouth, every Midsummer day, viz. one penny halfpenny to the
chamberlain of Norwich, to be applied in cleansing and depthning
the river from the New mills to Hardly cross, and for such other
purposes as the mayor, sheriffs, citizens, and commonalty, in common
council assembled, shall appoint; and one halfpenny of each 3d.
shall be paid to such person or persons as shall be yearly appointed
by the justices of peace at the quarter sessions held at Norwich castle,
to be applied towards depthning and clearing the river Bure, or North
River, or such other purposes as the justices shall appoint, one other
halfpenny to such persons as the Suffolk justices shall appoint at
Beccles sessions for the river Waveney, or such other purposes as they
shall appoint; and the other halfpenny to such persons as the corporation of Yarmouth shall appoint towards repairing the bridge and publick keys there, or for such other purposes as the said corporation shall
appoint, and the other three-pence in the shilling, or so much thereof
as shall be thought by the 12 commissioners, or any seven of them,
necessary to be raised by this act, to be applied in the effectual clearing
and depthning the channel in Braydon, in such manner as shall be
ordered by the majority of the commissioners, at their meeting at Yarmouth; and the overplus, if any be, to be applied by the majority, to
such other uses as they think convenient.
The last three-pence is not to be raised, but upon notice, signed by
seven of the commissioners, at their meeting at Yarmouth, acquainting the mayor there, that it is necessary to raise it, and for what
The justices of Norfolk may allot part of the money belonging to
the river Bure, for depthning that branch of the said river leading
from St. Bennet's abbey, to Dilham in Norfolk.
Yarmouth corporation is to nominate collectors and receivers, who
are to pay the money into the chamberlain's hands.
There are 12 commissioners to have the inspection and take account
of the money, &c. (except the three-pence paid to Norwich, Norfolk,
Suffolk, and Yarmouth, as aforesaid.)
Three of which to be nominated every year, by the mayors, burgesses, and commonalty of Yarmouth, in common council assembled.
Three others by the city of Norwich, in common council assembled.
Three by the justices of peace for Norfolk, at their Christmas
And three other in like manner by the justices of Suffolk; which
commissioners, or any number of them, five being of Norfolk, Suffolk,
and Norwich, may act, &c.
The mayor of Yarmouth, or his deputy, is to swear the collectors and
receivers, who are to be allowed any sum not exceeding 6d. in the
pound, and to remove them, &c.
The commissioners are to meet at Yarmouth every year, on or before
the 20th of May, after their nomination any two of the commissioners of Norwich or the counties, giving the mayor of Yarmouth, or
his deputy, fourteen days notice of such their meeting; and if five
commissioners of the city and counties do not meet, the mayor, burgesses, and commonalty of Yarmouth, in common council assembled,
may execute the powers given by the act.
All goods that are exported out of Yarmouth haven, upon oath
made before a receiver, are to have the custom paid by this act allowed
Watchers are to be appointed by the mayor, on the key, to take
care of fire in ships, &c. from Nov. 1, to March 1, and each ship
lying one month in the harbour, between those days, are to pay a
halfpenny a ton towards finding them, and to forfeit 10s. for each
fire or candle seen in their ships laid up to winter in the haven, and
the watchers are to enter and extinguish them, such ships as have
custom-house officers on board, only excepted.
The city of Norwich may assign over their part of this tonnage, by
indenture under their common seal, as security for money borrowed
by them for the said uses, and so may the justices of Norfolk, or the
major part of them, at any quarter sessions.
This is to be deemed as a publick act, and taken as such without
special pleading the same.
In 1724, the statue of Justice was placed on the hall in the market
place, and the sheriff's office rebuilt.
In 1725, on Monday, Oct. 4, the court, attended with near 200
gentlemen and principal tradesmen, passed through the market to the
New-hall, which was then opened, and solemnly proclaimed an
exchange, to be kept from 11 to one of the clock every day, (except
Saturdays and Sundays,) for the dispatch of business between merchants and tradesmen.
This year a petition of the mayor, sheriffs, citizens, and commonalty, of the city of Norwich in common council assembled, was presented to the house and read, setting forth, that the greatest part of
the city of Norwich is encompassed with thick stone walls, wherein
are 12 large gates, and there are also six large bridges over the river,
running through the same city, also divers publick wastes, stathes,
and wharfs, which are become very ruinous and out of repair, and
that the revenues of the corporation of Norwich are so exhausted,
that they are not able any longer to support the charge of the same:
and likewise the roads leading from St. Stephen's-gate in the said city,
towards Eaton, to the end of the Town Close, and from the said gate
towards Hartford bridges, to the end of the said Town Close, being the
great roads to London, are in a very ruinous and dangerous condition,
and it is not known what towns or parishes ought to repair the
same, and that it will require a large sum of money to defray the
charges of the said several reparations; and therefore praying that leave
may be given to bring in a bill to relieve the petitioners in such
manner as the house shall think meet and convenient. Which was
accordingly granted, and an act thereupon passed, which commenced
May 1, 1726, by which there were laid divers tolls or duties upon all
goods or merchandises brought up the river, higher than Thorp-hall,
in Thorp, viz. every chaldron of coals Winchester measure, to pay 4d.
every last of corn, malt, or grain, 4d.; every 3 hogsheads of sugar,
tobacco, melasses, or hogsheads packed with dry goods, 4d.; every 3
puncheons of liquor, 4d.; every 8 barrels of soap, raisins, oil, pitch,
tar, or packed with dry goods, 4d.; every whole butt or two half butts
of currants, 4d.; every two pipes of Smyrna raisins, 4d.; every 24 bags
of nails, 4d.; every 60 bars of iron, 4d.; every 50 pieces of iron called
shortboards, 4d.; every 8 pigs or a fodder of lead, 4d.; every Peak
milstone, or pair of Cologn milstones, 4d.; every 40 firkins of butter or
archel, 4d.; every 22 hundred weight of cheese, 4d.; every 20 square
feet of stone, 4d.; every thousand pantiles, 4d.; every 80 single deals
and 40 double deals, 4d.; every 50 square feet of fir or other timber, 4d.;
every two bags of hops, 4d.; every 8 horse packs of any sort of goods,
4d.; every ton of all other sorts of goods, 4d.; to be computed according
to the custom of ship or water tonnage, and so in proportion for every
greater or lesser quantity, which shall be water born or brought up
the river higher than Thorp-hall, to be paid to the mayor, sheriffs, &c.
or the collectors by them appointed; and when received; to be by them
applied towards rebuilding or repairing the walls and bridges aforesaid, and towards amending, repairing, and maintaining the gates,
wastes, stathes, wharfs, and highways or roads aforesaid, and other
publick works within the said city, and to no other purpose whatsoever.
Every one giving a false account more than of three tons of the
number of tons of his lading, to forfeit 20s.
An office to be erected somewhere between Thorp-hall, and St.
Anne's stath in Norwich, where a collector or receiver shall constantly
reside for receiving such duties, from five in the morning to eight at
night, from the 10th of March yearly, to the 10th of Sept. and from
seven in the morning to five in the afternoon, daring the rest of the
And if the city erects a boom, they shall place near it an office as
aforesaid, and an officer shall attend day and night and let pass all
boars, wherries, keels, &c. on their giving an account of their lading,
and paying the duty, and let all pass at all times down to Yarmouth
without interruption; and if any be voluntarily stopped above half an
hour, the officer so offending shall for every half hour forfeit to the
person so aggrieved, 2s. 6d. to be levied by any justice of pence in the
city, on the oath of the party aggrieved.
The city under their common seal, may borrow money, and assign
over the produce of the customs, or part thereof, to repay it with legal
The act is not to lessen or take away any duties, which before the
making of it were due and payable to the mayor, sheriffs, &c. at their
common stathe, or any other stathes, in the city, but they are to continue in like manner as they were before the act.
And whereas the inhabitants of Norfolk must necessarily bear some
share of the duty arising from this act, and to put an end to all disputes
between the county and city, relating to the repairing, amending, or
rebuilding the bridges called Trowse bridges, Harford bridges, Cringleford and Earlham bridges, the city agreed to pay yearly for bridgemoney, to the treasurer of the county of Norfolk, 30l. towards the
charges of the said bridges, every 25th day of March, for which all
the said bridges are to belong to the county of Norfolk, in the same
manner as other publick county bridges do.
The act is to be deemed and allowed as a publick act in all courts,
without specially pleading the same.
In 1726, Berstreet gates and Brazen door were rebuilt.
In 1727, the fish-market was new paved, and the stalls built.
The extreme heat in July and August occasioned many to be carried
off with fevers and agues; and the contagion was general.
On Sunday the 11th of June, about three in the morning, died
King George I. at the palace of the Bishop of Osnaburgh, in
Mayors and Sheriffs.
|1715, Peter Attlesey.||† Jacob Robins, Sam. Freemoult.|
|1716, Augustine Metcalfe.||Tho. Newton, Ric. Mott.|
|1717, Richard Lubbock, died
July 26.||Edm. Hunton, Edw. Colebourn.|
|Tho. Bubbin, died Oct. 30.|
|1718, Ric. Mott.||† Ben Nuthall, John Osborn, died
|1719, John Hall, 2.||Dan. Fromanteel, † Rob. Marsh.|
|1720, Edw. Colburn.||John Croshold, John Harvey.|
|1721, † Ben. Nuthall.||† Tho. Harmer, † Tim. Balderstone.|
|1722, Tho. Newton.||† John Pell, Nat. Paul.|
|1723, Edm. Hunton.||Francis Arnam, Tho. Tawell, died
|† John Custance.|
|1724, John Croshold.||John Black, † Philip Meadows.|
|1725, Daniel Fromanteel.||† Will. Clarke, † John Langley.|
|1726, † John Custance.||Jeremiah Ives, Abraham Yestis.|
|1727, John Harvey.||Sept. 23, Sam. Morgan died, and
Will. Pearce was elected for the
remaining five days of Mr. Morgan's year. † Rob. Harvey.|
June 7, died Steph. Gardiner,
recorder, and on the 14th.
|Ric. Berney, Esq. was chosen.|
Burgesses in Parliament.
1714, Waller Bacon of Earlham, Esq. † Rob. Britiffe of Norwich, Esq.
1722, They were re-elected.
1727, They were chosen the third time.